Economic News Release

Volunteering in the United States News Release


Technical information:  (202) 691-6378        USDL 08-0090
               http://www.bls.gov/cps/
                                              For release:  10:00 A.M. EST
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902        Wednesday, January 23, 2008


(NOTE:  This release was reissued on Friday, February 8, 2008, to acknowl-
edge the Corporation for National and Community Service in the second para-
graph as the sponsor of the supplement.  No other changes were made to
the news release.)



                  VOLUNTEERING IN THE UNITED STATES, 2007

   About 60.8 million people volunteered through or for an organization at
least once between September 2006 and September 2007, the Bureau of Labor
Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  The proportion
of the population who volunteered was 26.2 percent.  This 0.5 percentage
point decrease in the volunteer rate follows a decline of 2.1 percentage
points in the prior year.  The volunteer rate had held constant at 28.8 per-
cent from 2003 through 2005, after rising slightly from its 2002 level of
27.4 percent.

   These data on volunteering were collected through a supplement to the
September 2007 Current Population Survey (CPS).  The supplement was spon-
sored by the Corporation for National and Community Service.  The CPS is a
monthly survey of about 60,000 households that obtains information on
employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian noninstitutional
population age 16 and over.  Volunteers are defined as persons who did
unpaid work (except for expenses) through or for an organization.  For
more information about the volunteer supplement, see the Technical Note.

Volunteering Among Demographic Groups

   In the year ending September 2007, both the number of volunteers and the
volunteer rate declined from the previous year.  About 29.3 percent of women
did volunteer work during the year, down from 30.1 percent during the prior
year.  The volunteer rate for men was about unchanged at 22.9 percent.  As
in previous years, women volunteered at a higher rate than men across all
age groups, educational levels, and other major characteristics. (See tables
A and 1.)

   By age, persons age 35 to 54 continued to be the most likely to volunteer
(30.3 percent), while persons in their early twenties were the least likely
(17.7 percent).  The volunteer rate for teens showed the largest decline in
the year ending in September 2007; the rate for females age 16 to 19 fell
from 28.8 to 26.6 percent and the volunteer rate for males of that age fell
from 24.1 to 22.5 percent.

   Whites continued to volunteer at a higher rate (27.9 percent) than blacks
(18.2 percent) and Asians (17.7 percent).  Among Hispanics, 13.5 percent
volunteered.

   Married persons volunteered at a higher rate (31.9 percent) than those
who had never married (19.2 percent) and those with other marital statuses
(20.9 percent).  Parents with children under age 18 were substantially more
likely to volunteer than were persons without children of that age, 33.7
versus 23.2 percent.

   Individuals with higher levels of educational attainment volunteered at
higher rates than did those with less education.  Among persons age 25 and
over, more than 4 in 10 college graduates volunteered compared with fewer
than 2 in 10 high school graduates and almost 1 in 10 of those with less
than a high school diploma.  The volunteer rate of college graduates of
each sex declined more than did that of individuals of that sex with lower
levels of education.

   Among employed persons, 28.3 percent had volunteered during the year 
ended in September 2007.  By comparison, 23.2 percent of unemployed persons
and 22.3 percent of those not in the labor force volunteered.  Among the
employed, part-time workers were more likely than full-time workers to have
participated in volunteer activities--35.4 versus 26.9 percent.

Total Annual Hours Spent Volunteering

   Volunteers of both sexes spent a median of 52 hours on volunteer activi-
ties during the period from September 2006 to September 2007.  Median annual
hours spent on volunteer activities ranged from a high of 96 hours for vol-
unteers age 65 and over to a low of 36 hours for those 25 to 34 years old.
(See table 2.)


                                   - 2 -

Table A.  Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2003 through September 2007

(Numbers in thousands)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |September 2003|September 2004|September 2005|September 2006|September 2007
    Characteristic            |---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |      |Percent|      |Percent|      |Percent|      |Percent|      |Percent 
                              |Number|of pop-|Number|of pop-|Number|of pop-|Number|of pop-|Number|of pop- 
                              |      |ulation|      |ulation|      |ulation|      |ulation|      |ulation 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Sex              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
Total, both sexes ............|63,791|  28.8 |64,542|  28.8 |65,357|  28.8 |61,199|  26.7 |60,838|  26.2  
   Men .......................|26,805|  25.1 |27,011|  25.0 |27,370|  25.0 |25,546|  23.0 |25,724|  22.9  
   Women .....................|36,987|  32.2 |37,530|  32.4 |37,987|  32.4 |35,653|  30.1 |35,114|  29.3  
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
             Age              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
Total, 16 years and over .....|63,791|  28.8 |64,542|  28.8 |65,357|  28.8 |61,199|  26.7 |60,838|  26.2  
   16 to 24 years ............| 8,671|  24.1 | 8,821|  24.2 | 8,955|  24.4 | 8,044|  21.7 | 7,798|  20.8  
   25 to 34 years ............|10,337|  26.5 |10,046|  25.8 | 9,881|  25.3 | 9,096|  23.1 | 9,019|  22.6  
   35 to 44 years ............|15,165|  34.7 |14,783|  34.2 |14,809|  34.5 |13,308|  31.2 |12,902|  30.5  
   45 to 54 years ............|13,302|  32.7 |13,584|  32.8 |13,826|  32.7 |13,415|  31.2 |13,136|  30.1  
   55 to 64 years ............| 8,170|  29.2 | 8,784|  30.1 | 9,173|  30.2 | 8,819|  27.9 | 9,316|  28.4  
   65 years and over .........| 8,146|  23.7 | 8,524|  24.6 | 8,712|  24.8 | 8,518|  23.8 | 8,667|  23.8  
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
Race and Hispanic or Latino   |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
        ethnicity             |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
White  .......................|55,572|  30.6 |55,892|  30.5 |56,170|  30.4 |52,850|  28.3 |52,586|  27.9  
Black or African American  ...| 5,145|  20.0 | 5,435|  20.8 | 5,879|  22.1 | 5,211|  19.2 | 5,010|  18.2  
Asian  .......................| 1,735|  18.7 | 1,832|  19.3 | 2,055|  20.7 | 1,881|  18.5 | 1,887|  17.7  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity .| 4,364|  15.7 | 4,102|  14.5 | 4,511|  15.4 | 4,212|  13.9 | 4,279|  13.5  
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
  Educational attainment (1)  |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
Less than a high school       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
 diploma .....................| 2,793|   9.9 | 2,718|   9.6 | 2,837|  10.0 | 2,615|   9.3 | 2,394|   9.0  
High school graduates, no     |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
 college (2). ................|12,882|  21.7 |12,709|  21.6 |12,594|  21.2 |11,537|  19.2 |11,379|  18.6  
Some college or associate     |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
 degree ......................|15,966|  34.1 |16,414|  34.2 |16,452|  33.7 |15,196|  30.9 |15,468|  30.7  
Bachelor's degree and         |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
 higher (3) ..................|23,481|  45.6 |23,880|  45.7 |24,517|  45.8 |23,808|  43.3 |23,799|  41.8  
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
        Employment status     |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
Civilian labor force .........|45,499|  30.9 |45,896|  30.9 |46,872|  31.1 |43,579|  28.5 |43,405|  28.1  
   Employed ..................|43,138|  31.2 |43,886|  31.2 |44,894|  31.3 |41,861|  28.7 |41,708|  28.3  
     Full time (4) ...........|33,599|  29.6 |34,237|  29.6 |35,225|  29.8 |32,951|  27.3 |32,714|  26.9  
     Part time (5) ...........| 9,539|  38.4 | 9,649|  38.5 | 9,669|  38.2 | 8,910|  35.5 | 8,994|  35.4  
   Unemployed.................| 2,361|  26.7 | 2,010|  25.6 | 1,978|  26.4 | 1,718|  23.8 | 1,697|  23.2  
Not in the labor force........|18,293|  24.6 |18,646|  24.7 |18,485|  24.4 |17,621|  23.1 |17,433|  22.3  
                              |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |       |      |        
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   5 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to
totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or
Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of
January data.  See the Technical Note for further information.


                                   - 3 -

Number and Type of Organizations

   Most volunteers were involved with either one or two organizations--68.8
and 19.7 percent, respectively.  Individuals with higher educational attain-
ment were more likely to volunteer for multiple organizations than were those
with less education.  Parents also were somewhat more likely to volunteer for
more than one organization than were persons without children under 18.  (See
table 3.)

   The main organization--the organization for which the volunteer worked the
most hours during the year--was most frequently religious (35.6 percent of
all volunteers), followed by educational/youth service related (26.2 percent).
Another 13.1 percent of volunteers performed activities mainly for social or
community service organizations.  (See table 4.)

   Older volunteers were more likely to volunteer mainly for religious organi-
zations than were their younger counterparts.  For example, 47.2 percent of
volunteers age 65 and over did their service mainly through or for a religious
organization compared with 29.9 percent of volunteers age 16 to 24 years.

   Among volunteers with children under 18 years old, 45.7 percent of mothers
and 37.7 percent of fathers volunteered mainly for an educational/youth ser-
vice-related organization, such as a school or scouting group.  Volunteers
without children under 18 were considerably more likely than parents to vol-
unteer for other types of organizations, such as hospitals or other health
organizations and social or community service organizations.

Main Volunteer Activity for Main Organization

   When volunteers were asked the main activity they performed for their main
organization, fundraising (10.9 percent) and tutoring or teaching (10.8 per-
cent) were the most frequently reported.  Men and women tended to engage in
different main activities.  Male volunteers were most likely to engage in
general labor (12.4 percent) or to coach, referee, or supervise sports teams
(10.0 percent), while female volunteers were most likely to tutor or teach
(12.9 percent) or fundraise (12.4 percent).  (See table 5.)

   Educational attainment influenced the types of activities volunteers per-
formed.  College graduates were more likely than those with less education 
to provide professional or management assistance or to tutor or teach.  They
were least likely to collect, prepare, distribute, or serve food or to engage
in general labor.

   Parents were considerably more likely than those without children to engage
in some types of volunteer activities that are frequently related to children,
including coaching, refereeing, or supervising sports teams; tutoring or teach-
ing; mentoring youth; and fundraising.

How Volunteers Became Involved with Main Organization

   About 44.6 percent of volunteers became involved with their main organiza-
tion after being asked to volunteer, most often by someone in the organization.
A slightly smaller proportion, 40.1 percent, became involved on their own ini-
tiative; that is, they approached the organization.  (See table 6.)







                                   - 4 -


Technical Note

   The data in this release were collected through a supplement
to the September 2007 Current Population Survey (CPS).  The CPS--
a monthly survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S.
Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--focuses on ob-
taining information on employment and unemployment among the 
nation's civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over.
The purpose of this supplement to the CPS was to obtain informa-
tion on the incidence of volunteering and the characteristics of
volunteers in the United States.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and
nonsampling error.  When a sample, rather than the entire popu-
lation, is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates
may differ from the "true" population values they represent.  The
exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the par-
ticular sample selected, and this variability is measured by the
standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance,
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will dif-
fer by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population
value because of  sampling error.  BLS analyses are generally con-
ducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsam-
pling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain informa-
tion for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in
the collection or processing of the data.

   For a full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS
and for information on estimating standard errors, see the House-
hold Data Section of "Explanatory Notes and Estimates of Error"
at http://www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_methods.pdf.

   The Census Bureau introduces adjustments to the population
controls for the CPS as part of its annual update of population
estimates.  The 2003 adjustment resulted in an increase to the
estimates for all population categories. This increase was partly
offset by downward adjustments in 2004, 2005, and 2006. The 2007
adjustment was in the upward direction.  Consequently, estimated
levels of volunteers for September 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and
2007 are not strictly comparable with one another, or with esti-
mated levels for September 2002.  These adjustments to the levels,
however, should have had only negligible effects on the volunteer
rates.  In addition to the population control adjustments, new
questions on race and ethnicity were introduced into the CPS in
January 2003.  For a discussion of the changes introduced into
the CPS in January 2003, see "Revisions to the Current Population
Survey Effective in January 2003," in the February 2003 issue of
Employment and Earnings, available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/
rvcps03.pdf on the BLS Web site.  For a discussion of the changes
introduced in January 2004, see "Adjustments to Household Survey
Population Estimates in January 2004," in the February 2004 issue
of Employment and Earnings, available on the BLS Web site at http:
//www.bls.gov/cps/cps04adj.pdf.  For a discussion of the changes
introduced in January 2005, see "Adjustments to Household Survey
Population Estimates in January 2005," in the February 2005 issue
of Employment and Earnings, available on the BLS Web site at http:
//www.bls.gov/cps/cps05adj.pdf.  For a discussion of the changes
introduced in January 2006, see "Adjustments to Household Survey
Population Estimates in January 2006," in the February 2006 issue
of Employment and Earnings, available on the BLS Web site at http:
//www.bls.gov/cps/cps06adj.pdf.  For a discussion of the changes
introduced in January 2007, see "Adjustments to Household Survey
Population Estimates in January 2007," in the February 2007 issue
of Employment and Earnings, available on the BLS Web site at http:
//www.bls.gov/cps/cps07adj.pdf.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory-
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200;
TDD message referral phone number:  1-800-877-8339.


                                   - 5 -

Volunteer questions and concepts

   In the September 2007 supplement, questions on volunteer activ-
ities were asked of all households.  Efforts were made to have
household members answer the volunteer questions for themselves.
(Generally, one member of the household answers all the questions
in the CPS on behalf of the entire household.)  Self-response was
considered important for the volunteer supplement because research
indicated that self-respondents could more easily answer questions
on the characteristics of the volunteer activity.  About 72 percent
of the responses were self-reports.

   The survey was introduced as follows:  "This month, we are inter-
ested in volunteer activities, that is, activities for which people
are not paid, except perhaps expenses.  We only want you to include
volunteer activities that you did through or for an organization,
even if you only did them once in a while."

   Following this introduction, respondents were asked the first
supplement question:  "Since September 1st of last year, have you
done any volunteer activities through or for an organization?"

   If respondents did not answer "yes" to the first question, they
were asked the following question:  "Sometimes people don't think
of activities they do infrequently or activities they do for chil-
dren's schools or youth organizations as volunteer activities.  Since
September 1st of last year, have you done any of these types of vol-
unteer activities?"

   Respondents were considered volunteers if they answered "yes" to
either of these questions.  This is the same method of identifying
volunteers as was used in each of the five prior supplements.

   Respondents classified as volunteers were asked further questions
about the number and type of organizations for which they volunteered,
total hours spent volunteering, how they became involved with the main
organization for which they volunteered, the type of activities they
performed for the main organization, and what their main activity was.

   The reference period for the questions on volunteering was about
1 year, from September 1, 2006, through the survey week in September
2007.  The reference period for other characteristics, such as labor
force status, educational attainment, and marital status, refer to the
survey reference week in September 2007.  It is possible that these
characteristics were different at the time volunteer activities were
performed.

   Several new questions were added to the 2007 survey.  A question was
added to determine if volunteers had done any of their volunteering at
a distance of 120 miles or more from home but still within the United
States and its territories.  Those who had were then asked what share of
their volunteering it constituted and in what state or states it took
place.

   The question in the 2006 supplement that asked about time spent
volunteering abroad was changed to ask about the share of volunteering
that was done abroad in 2007.  The answer categories for the questions
on the share of volunteering done abroad or 120 miles or more from home
were made consistent by this change.

Definitions

   Volunteers are persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities at any
point from September 1, 2006, through the survey period in September 2007.
The count of volunteers only includes persons who volunteered through or 
for an organization; the figures do not include persons who volunteered in
a more informal manner.  For example, a woman who taught acting to children
through a local theater would be considered a volunteer.  However, a woman
who, on her own, organized softball games for the children in her neighbor-
hood would not be counted as a volunteer for the purpose of this survey.


                                   - 6 -

   Organizations are associations, societies, or groups of people who share a
common interest.  Examples include churches, youth groups, and civic organiz-
ations.  For the purpose of this study, organizations are grouped into eight
major categories, including religious, youth, and social or community service
organizations.  (See table 4.)

   In the 2005 survey, one organization category, immigrant/refugee assistance,
was added to the questionnaire as a possible response.  Responses that were
collected in this category may have been distributed over at least six of the
major organization categories in previous years.  For this reason, the addition
of the new response category created a break in the comparability of organiza-
tions between 2005 and prior years.  Because few people reported volunteering
for immigrant/refugee assistance organizations and because the group was not a
definite subset of any of the major organization categories, those persons who
did report that they volunteered for immigrant/refugee assistance organizations
were placed in the "other" group.

   The main organization is the organization for which the volunteer worked the
most hours during the year.  If a respondent volunteered for only one organiza-
tion, it was considered the main organization, even if exact hours were not 
obtained.

   In order to identify the type of main organization, respondents had to pro-
vide information about the organization and, for those who volunteered for more
than one organization, annual hours worked for each.  Some respondents did not
provide the information necessary to determine the main organization.  For these
respondents, the follow-up questions on activities and how they became involved
with the main organization asked them to report on the organization for which
they think they spent the most time volunteering.

   Activities are the specific tasks the volunteer did for an organization.
Examples include tutoring, fundraising, and serving food.  The activity cate-
gories were modified in 2005; thus creating a break in the comparability of
activities between 2005 and prior years.

   In 2006, a question was added that asks respondents on which of the activi-
ties they mentioned they spent the most time.  Previously, respondents reported
all of the activities they did for their main organization.  The new question 
identified which of them was the main activity for the main organization.







     Table 1.  Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2007
     
     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                   Total, both sexes                 Men                         Women     
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                      Volunteers                  Volunteers                 Volunteers    
     Characteristics in September 2007  Civilian                     Civilian                    Civilian                  
                                        noninsti-                    noninsti-                   noninsti-                 
                                         tutional           Percent   tutional          Percent  tutional           Percent
                                         popula-   Number     of     popula-   Number     of     popula-   Number     of   
                                           tion             popula-     tion            popula-     tion            popula-
                                                              tion                        tion                       tion  
                                                                                                                           
                    Age                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                           
     Total, 16 years and over..........  232,461   60,838    26.2    112,486   25,724    22.9    119,975   35,114    29.3  
       16 to 24 years..................   37,467    7,798    20.8     18,935    3,422    18.1     18,533    4,376    23.6  
          16 to 19 years...............   17,024    4,173    24.5      8,639    1,940    22.5      8,385    2,233    26.6  
          20 to 24 years...............   20,443    3,625    17.7     10,296    1,482    14.4     10,147    2,143    21.1  
       25 years and over...............  194,993   53,040    27.2     93,551   22,303    23.8    101,442   30,737    30.3  
          25 to 34 years...............   39,874    9,019    22.6     19,933    3,620    18.2     19,942    5,399    27.1  
          35 to 44 years...............   42,318   12,902    30.5     20,874    5,341    25.6     21,444    7,561    35.3  
          45 to 54 years...............   43,667   13,136    30.1     21,376    5,676    26.6     22,291    7,460    33.5  
          55 to 64 years...............   32,774    9,316    28.4     15,775    4,103    26.0     16,999    5,213    30.7  
          65 years and over............   36,360    8,667    23.8     15,593    3,563    22.8     20,767    5,104    24.6  
                                                                                                                           
        Race and Hispanic or Latino                                                                                        
                 ethnicity                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                           
     White.............................  188,644   52,586    27.9     92,286   22,321    24.2     96,359   30,265    31.4  
     Black or African American.........   27,584    5,010    18.2     12,411    1,946    15.7     15,173    3,064    20.2  
     Asian.............................   10,674    1,887    17.7      5,043      844    16.7      5,631    1,042    18.5  
     Hispanic or Latino ethnicity......   31,617    4,279    13.5     16,278    1,640    10.1     15,339    2,638    17.2  
                                                                                                                           
         Educational attainment (1)                                                                                        
                                                                                                                           
     Less than a high school diploma...   26,528    2,394     9.0     13,009      974     7.5     13,519    1,421    10.5  
     High school graduates, no
      college (2)......................   61,046   11,379    18.6     29,111    4,539    15.6     31,934    6,840    21.4  
     Some college or associate degree                                                                                      
     ..................................   50,454   15,468    30.7     22,971    6,047    26.3     27,483    9,421    34.3  
     Bachelor's degree and higher (3)..   56,966   23,799    41.8     28,460   10,744    37.7     28,506   13,055    45.8  
     
                                                                                                                           
               Marital status                                                                                              
                                                                                                                           
     Single, never married.............   65,734   12,612    19.2     35,228    5,745    16.3     30,506    6,867    22.5  
     Married, spouse present...........  121,892   38,876    31.9     61,465   17,351    28.2     60,427   21,525    35.6  
     Other marital status (4)..........   44,835    9,350    20.9     15,792    2,628    16.6     29,043    6,722    23.1  
                                                                                                                           
          Presence of own children                                                                                         
             under 18 years (5)                                                                                            
                                                                                                                           
     Without own children under 18.....  166,154   38,496    23.2     83,302   16,880    20.3     82,852   21,616    26.1  
     With own children under 18........   66,307   22,342    33.7     29,184    8,844    30.3     37,123   13,498    36.4  
                                                                                                                           
             Employment status                                                                                             
                                                                                                                           
     Civilian labor force..............  154,445   43,405    28.1     82,585   20,097    24.3     71,860   23,308    32.4  
       Employed........................  147,118   41,708    28.3     78,783   19,393    24.6     68,335   22,315    32.7  
         Full time (6).................  121,737   32,714    26.9     70,207   17,125    24.4     51,530   15,588    30.3  
         Part time (7).................   25,382    8,994    35.4      8,576    2,268    26.4     16,806    6,726    40.0  
       Unemployed......................    7,327    1,697    23.2      3,802      704    18.5      3,525      994    28.2  
     Not in the labor force............   78,016   17,433    22.3     29,901    5,628    18.8     48,115   11,805    24.5  
     
        1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
        2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
        3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
        4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
        5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews,
     grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
        6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
        7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
        NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any
     point from September 1, 2006, through the survey period in September 2007.  Estimates for the above race groups
     (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. 
     Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
     
     
     
     
     
    


     Table 2.  Volunteers by annual hours of volunteer activities and selected characteristics, September 2007
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                    Percent distribution of total annual hours spent volunteering           
                                                                        at all organizations                                
                                           Total                                                                    Median  
                                        volunteers                                                                  annual  
     Characteristics in September 2007  (thousands)                                                          Not   hours (1)
                                                             1 to 14 15 to 49 50 to 99  100 to     500   reporting          
                                                     Total   hour(s)   hours    hours     499     hours   annual            
                                                                                         hours  and over   hours            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                    Sex                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                            
     Total, both sexes.................   60,838     100.0     20.6     24.3     15.6     29.2      5.8      4.5       52   
        Men............................   25,724     100.0     19.9     24.5     15.9     28.9      6.5      4.4       52   
        Women..........................   35,114     100.0     21.2     24.2     15.4     29.3      5.3      4.5       52   
                                                                                                                            
                    Age                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                            
     Total, 16 years and over..........   60,838     100.0     20.6     24.3     15.6     29.2      5.8      4.5       52   
       16 to 24 years..................    7,798     100.0     22.9     29.2     15.1     23.0      3.9      6.0       40   
          16 to 19 years...............    4,173     100.0     22.5     32.2     16.3     21.3      3.1      4.6       39   
          20 to 24 years...............    3,625     100.0     23.4     25.6     13.7     24.9      4.8      7.6       41   
       25 years and over...............   53,040     100.0     20.3     23.6     15.7     30.1      6.1      4.3       54   
          25 to 34 years...............    9,019     100.0     27.0     27.6     13.9     23.3      4.1      4.1       36   
          35 to 44 years...............   12,902     100.0     21.8     24.4     16.4     28.8      5.2      3.5       52   
          45 to 54 years...............   13,136     100.0     19.0     24.9     16.2     30.1      6.0      3.8       55   
          55 to 64 years...............    9,316     100.0     18.9     22.3     16.0     31.7      6.0      5.1       60   
          65 years and over............    8,667     100.0     14.3     17.8     15.4     37.2      9.8      5.5       96   
                                                                                                                            
        Race and Hispanic or Latino                                                                                         
                 ethnicity                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                            
     White.............................   52,586     100.0     20.3     24.8     15.7     29.4      5.7      4.1       52   
     Black or African American.........    5,010     100.0     18.9     20.1     15.7     29.0      8.2      8.1       60   
     Asian.............................    1,887     100.0     30.4     22.3     12.9     23.3      4.3      6.8       36   
     Hispanic or Latino ethnicity......    4,279     100.0     21.9     25.4     13.7     27.5      5.6      5.9       48   
                                                                                                                            
         Educational attainment (2)                                                                                         
                                                                                                                            
     Less than a high school diploma...    2,394     100.0     22.3     23.6     14.8     26.5      7.4      5.3       50   
     High school graduates, no                                                                                              
       college (3).....................   11,379     100.0     22.2     22.9     14.6     28.7      6.7      5.0       52   
     Some college or associate degree                                                                                       
     ..................................   15,468     100.0     22.2     22.8     14.9     30.2      5.8      4.0       52   
     Bachelor's degree and higher (4)..   23,799     100.0     17.9     24.5     16.8     31.0      5.9      4.0       60   
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
               Marital status                                                                                               
                                                                                                                            
     Single, never married.............   12,612     100.0     24.0     28.1     14.5     23.3      4.8      5.4       40   
     Married, spouse present...........   38,876     100.0     19.4     23.4     16.3     30.9      5.8      4.1       59   
     Other marital status (5)..........    9,350     100.0     21.0     22.9     14.3     29.6      7.3      4.9       54   
                                                                                                                            
          Presence of own children                                                                                          
             under 18 years (6)                                                                                             
                                                                                                                            
     Men:                                                                                                                   
       No own children under 18 years                                                                                       
        old............................   16,880     100.0     19.4     24.1     15.5     28.7      7.3      5.0       52   
       With own children under 18 years                                                                                     
        old............................    8,844     100.0     20.7     25.3     16.6     29.3      4.9      3.2       52   
     Women:                                                                                                                 
       No own children under 18 years                                                                                       
        old............................   21,616     100.0     20.9     23.6     14.6     29.9      5.9      5.1       52   
       With own children under 18 years                                                                                     
        old............................   13,498     100.0     21.6     25.1     16.7     28.5      4.5      3.6       52   
                                                                                                                            
             Employment status                                                                                              
                                                                                                                            
     Civilian labor force..............   43,405     100.0     21.8     25.6     15.6     27.9      4.9      4.2       50   
       Employed........................   41,708     100.0     21.8     25.6     15.7     28.0      4.8      4.2       50   
         Full time (7).................   32,714     100.0     22.1     25.7     15.7     27.7      4.6      4.2       50   
         Part time (8).................    8,994     100.0     20.8     25.2     15.4     29.1      5.5      4.0       52   
       Unemployed......................    1,697     100.0     21.7     27.3     13.7     25.8      6.4      5.1       48   
     Not in the labor force............   17,433     100.0     17.6     21.1     15.7     32.2      8.2      5.2       71   
     
        1 For those reporting annual hours.
        2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
        3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
        4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
        5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
        6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews,
     grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
        7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
        8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
        NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any
     point from September 1, 2006, through the survey period in September 2007.  Estimates for the above race groups
     (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.
     Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. 
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 3.  Volunteers by number of organizations for which volunteer activities were performed
     and selected characteristics, September 2007
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                                                          Percent distribution of the number of     
                                                      organizations for which volunteer activities  
                                                                     were performed                 
                                            Total                                                   
      Characteristics in September 2007  volunteers                                                 
                                         (thousands)                                         Not    
                                                                                   Five   reporting 
                                                    Total  One   Two  Three  Four   or    number of 
                                                                                   more  organiza-  
                                                                                           tions    
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                     Sex                                                                            
                                                                                                    
     Total, both sexes..................   60,838   100.0  68.8  19.7   7.3   2.5   1.4       0.3   
        Men.............................   25,724   100.0  69.7  19.2   7.1   2.3   1.3        .4   
        Women...........................   35,114   100.0  68.2  20.0   7.5   2.6   1.5        .3   
                                                                                                    
                     Age                                                                            
                                                                                                    
     Total, 16 years and over...........   60,838   100.0  68.8  19.7   7.3   2.5   1.4        .3   
       16 to 24 years...................    7,798   100.0  74.8  17.4   4.8   1.3   1.0        .7   
          16 to 19 years................    4,173   100.0  72.6  18.8   5.6   1.8   1.0        .3   
          20 to 24 years................    3,625   100.0  77.4  15.7   3.9    .8   1.1       1.1   
       25 years and over................   53,040   100.0  68.0  20.0   7.6   2.7   1.4        .3   
          25 to 34 years................    9,019   100.0  75.1  17.6   5.3   1.2    .7        .3   
          35 to 44 years................   12,902   100.0  65.2  21.9   8.2   3.0   1.4        .3   
          45 to 54 years................   13,136   100.0  66.1  20.4   8.5   3.0   1.8        .3   
          55 to 64 years................    9,316   100.0  67.7  19.6   7.6   3.3   1.4        .4   
          65 years and over.............    8,667   100.0  67.8  19.4   8.1   2.7   1.8        .2   
                                                                                                    
         Race and Hispanic or Latino                                                                
                 ethnicity                                                                          
                                                                                                    
     White..............................   52,586   100.0  67.4  20.5   7.7   2.7   1.5        .3   
     Black or African American..........    5,010   100.0  78.3  14.4   4.1   1.6   1.1        .6   
     Asian..............................    1,887   100.0  80.6  13.6   3.5   1.6    .6        .1   
     Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.......    4,279   100.0  80.6  13.5   3.6   1.3    .7        .4   
                                                                                                    
         Educational attainment (1)                                                                 
                                                                                                    
     Less than a high school diploma....    2,394   100.0  88.1   9.1   2.1    .4    .2       -     
     High school graduates, no                                                                      
      college (2).......................   11,379   100.0  76.2  16.5   4.6   1.7    .6        .4   
     Some college or associate degree                                                               
     ...................................   15,468   100.0  70.5  19.6   6.8   2.1    .9        .2   
     Bachelor's degree and higher (3)...   23,799   100.0  60.4  23.0  10.2   3.8   2.3        .3   
                                                                                                    
               Marital status                                                                       
                                                                                                    
     Single, never married..............   12,612   100.0  74.2  17.0   6.0   1.4    .9        .5   
     Married, spouse present............   38,876   100.0  66.9  20.7   7.7   2.8   1.6        .2   
     Other marital status (4)...........    9,350   100.0  69.7  19.0   7.2   2.6   1.2        .3   
                                                                                                    
      Presence of own children under 18                                                             
                 years (5)                                                                          
                                                                                                    
     Men:                                                                                           
       No own children under 18 years                                                               
        old.............................   16,880   100.0  70.9  18.4   6.9   2.1   1.2       0.5   
       With own children under 18 years                                                             
        old.............................    8,844   100.0  67.5  20.9   7.3   2.8   1.4        .2   
     Women:                                                                                         
       No own children under 18 years                                                               
        old.............................   21,616   100.0  70.1  18.8   6.9   2.5   1.3        .3   
       With own children under 18 years                                                             
        old.............................   13,498   100.0  65.1  21.9   8.3   2.8   1.7        .2   
                                                                                                    
              Employment status                                                                     
                                                                                                    
     Civilian labor force...............   43,405   100.0  68.4  20.0   7.4   2.5   1.4        .3   
       Employed.........................   41,708   100.0  68.2  20.1   7.5   2.5   1.4        .3   
         Full time (6)..................   32,714   100.0  68.9  19.8   7.3   2.4   1.3        .3   
         Part time (7)..................    8,994   100.0  65.6  21.0   8.3   3.0   1.7        .4   
       Unemployed.......................    1,697   100.0  72.7  18.2   5.5   2.2    .7        .7   
     Not in the labor force.............   17,433   100.0  69.9  18.8   7.0   2.5   1.5        .3   
     
        1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
        2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
        3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
        4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
        5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included
      are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
        6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
        7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
        NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for
     an organization at any point from September 1, 2006, through the survey period in September
     2007.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not
     sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.   Persons whose ethnicity is
     identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.   Dash represents or rounds to zero.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 4.  Volunteers by type of main organization for which volunteer activities were performed and selected
     characteristics, September 2007
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                      Percent distribution of volunteers by type of main organization (1)             
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                Total            Civic,                                                               
         Characteristics        volun-          polit-    Educa-  Envi-  Hos-             Social   Sport,             
          in September           teers           ical,   tional  ron-   pital  Pub-         or     hobby,         Not 
             2007               (thou-   Total  profes-     or   mental   or   lic  Reli- commu-    cul-  Other deter-
                                sands)          sional,   youth    or   other safe- gious  nity    tural,        mined
                                                 inter-    ser-  animal health  ty       service  or arts             
                                                ational    vice   care                                                
                                                                                                                      
            Sex                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                      
     Total, both  sexes.......   60,838  100.0     5.1     26.2    1.9   7.8   1.3   35.6   13.1     3.5    3.7    1.7
        Men...................   25,724  100.0     6.5     24.3    2.0   5.7   2.3   35.0   13.9     4.2    4.2    1.8
        Women.................   35,114  100.0     4.1     27.5    1.9   9.4    .6   36.0   12.4     3.1    3.4    1.6
                                                                                                                      
            Age                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                      
     Total, 16 years and over.   60,838  100.0     5.1     26.2    1.9   7.8   1.3   35.6   13.1     3.5    3.7    1.7
       16 to 24 years.........    7,798  100.0     3.9     30.8    2.4   8.1   1.3   29.9   13.9     2.8    3.9    2.8
          16 to 19 years......    4,173  100.0     3.4     35.8    1.9   6.9    .7   30.8   12.8     2.9    3.0    1.8
          20 to 24 years......    3,625  100.0     4.5     25.1    3.1   9.5   2.0   29.0   15.2     2.8    5.0    3.9
       25 years and over......   53,040  100.0     5.3     25.5    1.9   7.8   1.3   36.4   13.0     3.6    3.7    1.6
          25 to 34 years......    9,019  100.0     4.3     32.3    1.9   7.9   1.5   31.1   12.4     3.4    3.8    1.2
          35 to 44 years......   12,902  100.0     3.9     39.0    1.6   6.6   1.2   30.3   10.3     3.3    2.5    1.3
          45 to 54 years......   13,136  100.0     5.1     27.3    2.0   7.7   1.3   35.8   11.9     4.0    3.3    1.6
          55 to 64 years......    9,316  100.0     7.2     13.9    2.3   8.6   1.2   41.0   15.7     3.6    4.5    2.1
          65 years and over...    8,667  100.0     6.5      8.1    1.6   8.8   1.3   47.2   16.1     3.9    4.9    1.7
                                                                                                                      
     Race and Hispanic                                                                                                
        or Latino                                                                                                     
        ethnicity                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                      
     White....................   52,586  100.0     5.2     26.3    2.1   8.1   1.5   34.5   13.1     3.7    3.8    1.6
     Black or African                                                                                                 
      American................    5,010  100.0     4.0     24.3     .6   5.1    .2   47.9   11.6      .9    2.6    2.6
     Asian....................    1,887  100.0     3.4     24.9     .9   7.9    .4   38.3   12.9     4.4    3.8    3.1
     Hispanic or Latino                                                                                               
      ethnicity...............    4,279  100.0     3.1     34.8    1.4   6.3    .6   35.5   10.9     2.6    3.1    1.8
                                                                                                                      
        Educational                                                                                                   
      attainment (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                      
     Less than a high school                                                                                          
      diploma.................    2,394  100.0     3.3     22.0     .8   5.0   0.8   48.3   13.4     2.0    3.7     .9
     High school graduates, no                                                                                        
      college (3).............   11,379  100.0     4.2     22.3    1.4   6.9   1.9   41.4   13.3     3.3    3.7    1.7
     Some college or associate                                                                                        
      degree .................   15,468  100.0     5.4     25.3    1.7   8.4   1.6   36.1   13.2     3.4    3.6    1.2
     Bachelor's degree                                                                                                
      and higher (4)..........   23,799  100.0     6.0     27.5    2.3   8.1    .9   33.1   12.6     4.1    3.7    1.8
                                                                                                                      
      Marital status                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                      
     Single, never married....   12,612  100.0     5.0     27.6    2.7   9.4   1.3   27.3   15.6     4.0    4.7    2.4
     Married, spouse present..   38,876  100.0     5.0     26.8    1.7   6.7   1.3   39.1   11.5     3.3    3.1    1.5
     Other marital status (5).    9,350  100.0     5.9     21.7    1.8  10.4   1.6   32.4   16.2     3.6    4.8    1.7
                                                                                                                      
      Presence of own                                                                                                 
         children                                                                                                     
       under 18 years (6)                                                                                             
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
     Men:                                                                                                             
       No own children under                                                                                          
        18 years old..........   16,880  100.0     7.3     17.4    2.5   6.7   2.6   36.1   16.1     4.2    4.9    2.1
       With own children under                                                                                        
        18 years old..........    8,844  100.0     5.0     37.7    1.0   3.7   1.8   33.1    9.8     4.0    2.7    1.4
     Women:                                                                                                           
       No own children under                                                                                          
        18 years old..........   21,616  100.0     5.0     16.2    2.5  11.7    .6   38.9   15.3     3.4    4.3    1.9
       With own children under                                                                                        
        18 years old..........   13,498  100.0     2.5     45.7    0.9   5.6   0.5   31.4    7.8     2.5    1.9    1.2
                                                                                                                      
     Employment status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                      
     Civilian labor force.....   43,405  100.0     5.4     27.7    2.0   7.8   1.4   34.3   12.7     3.5    3.6    1.7
       Employed...............   41,708  100.0     5.3     27.6    2.0   7.8   1.5   34.5   12.5     3.5    3.5    1.7
         Full time  (7).......   32,714  100.0     5.8     27.1    2.0   7.8   1.6   34.1   12.6     3.6    3.6    1.7
         Part time (8)........    8,994  100.0     3.7     29.6    2.0   7.6    .9   36.1   12.2     3.2    3.2    1.5
       Unemployed.............    1,697  100.0     5.4     29.7    2.2   8.8    .9   28.0   16.6     1.8    4.5    2.2
     Not in the labor force...   17,433  100.0     4.5     22.4    1.7   7.8   1.0   39.0   14.1     3.7    4.1    1.8
     
        1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during
     the year.  See the Technical Note for more details.
        2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
        3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
        4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
        5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
        6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces,
     nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
        7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
        8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
          NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization
     at any point from September 1, 2006, through the survey period in September 2007.  Estimates for the above
     race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented
     for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 5.  Main volunteer activity for main organization for which activities were performed and selected characteristics, September 2007
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                Percent distribution of main volunteer activity for main organization (1)                    
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                         Pro-             En-                
                                                                                                         vide            gage                
                                                                          Collect,        Pro-           profes-          in                 
                                                                          make or         vide           sional   Engage  gen-               
                                       Coach                       Col-   distri-         coun-            or      in     eral               
                               Total   ref-                        lect,   bute    Fund-  seling,        manage-  music,  lab-          Equal
                               volun-  eree,                Be an  pre-   cloth-   raise  medi-  Provide  ment    perfor-, or,           time
        Characteristics in     teers    or,   Tutor         usher, pare,   ing,      or    cal   general assis-   mance,  sup-          among
          September 2007       (thou-  super-   or   Mentor greet- dis-    crafts  sell   care,   office  tance,   or,    ply    Other   all 
                               sands)  vise   teach  youth  er, or tri-   or goods items  fire/,  ser-   includ-  other   trans-             
                                       sports               mini-  bute,   other     to   EMS,    vices    ing    artis-  port-              
                                       teams                ster    or     than    raise   or,           serving   tices  ation              
                                                                   serve   food    money  pro-            on a    activ-   to                
                                                                   food                   tec-           board    ities   peo-               
                                                                                          tive             or             ple                
                                                                                          ser-           commi-                              
                                                                                         vices            tee                                
                                                                                                                                             
                Sex                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, both sexes........ 60,838    5.8  10.8    5.8    4.2    9.2     3.2    10.9   3.1      4.7    7.6      4.4    8.3     14.3    7.7
        Men................... 25,724   10.0   8.0    5.5    5.4    7.2     1.8     8.8   3.6      2.7    9.3      4.1   12.4     14.3    7.0
        Women................. 35,114    2.7  12.9    6.0    3.4   10.7     4.2    12.4   2.8      6.2    6.3      4.7    5.4     14.3    8.2
                                                                                                                                             
                Age                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
     Total, 16 years and over. 60,838    5.8  10.8    5.8    4.2    9.2     3.2    10.9   3.1      4.7    7.6      4.4    8.3     14.3    7.7
       16 to 24 years.........  7,798    6.1  10.4    9.4    3.3    6.8     3.1     9.9   3.0      3.9    2.1      6.2   11.7     16.9    7.1
          16 to 19 years......  4,173    6.4   9.8    9.9    3.3    8.2     3.3    10.7   1.8      4.2    1.1      6.6   12.0     15.2    7.5
          20 to 24 years......  3,625    5.9  11.2    8.8    3.3    5.3     2.8     8.9   4.4      3.5    3.2      5.8   11.4     18.9    6.7
       25 years and over...... 53,040    5.8  10.8    5.3    4.4    9.5     3.2    11.0   3.1      4.9    8.4      4.2    7.9     13.9    7.8
          25 to 34 years......  9,019    7.7  12.4    8.3    2.5    8.1     2.6    11.3   3.7      3.8    5.5      4.4    7.5     14.1    8.2
          35 to 44 years...... 12,902   10.1  13.8    6.8    3.1    7.2     2.6    12.7   2.7      3.9    6.4      3.5    6.9     12.8    7.5
          45 to 54 years...... 13,136    6.1  10.2    5.3    4.6    9.3     3.0    11.9   3.2      4.2    9.0      4.4    8.4     12.9    7.6
          55 to 64 years......  9,316    1.9   9.5    3.6    5.8    9.4     3.2    10.1   3.7      5.1   12.3      4.5    8.2     14.4    8.1
          65 years and over...  8,667    1.1   7.3    1.6    6.4   15.0     4.8     7.8   2.3      8.1    9.1      4.2    8.4     16.1    7.7
                                                                                                                                             
       Race and Hispanic or                                                                                                                  
         Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                             
     White.................... 52,586    6.0  10.7    5.6    4.0    9.0     3.2    11.2   3.1      4.8    8.0      4.2    8.4     14.3    7.5
     Black or African                                                                                                                        
     American.................  5,010    5.0  10.8    8.8    7.4   10.3     3.9     8.2   2.9      5.0    3.9      5.6    6.3     12.5    9.5
     Asian....................  1,887    3.2  12.3    3.4    3.3   12.0     2.0    10.6   2.3      3.9    6.4      4.9    9.6     19.0    7.2
     Hispanic or Latino                                                                                                                      
     ethnicity................  4,279    6.1  12.7    5.6    4.5    9.8     2.8    10.3   2.8      5.1    3.4      4.6    6.4     18.5    7.4
                                                                                                                                             
     Educational attainment (2)                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                             
     Less than a high school                                                                                                                 
     diploma..................  2,394    3.7   7.6    2.6    5.0   20.8     5.4     6.0   2.6      4.2    1.5      4.0   12.2     18.5    5.9
     High school graduates, no                                                                                                               
     college (3).............. 11,379    5.2   8.4    4.4    5.8   13.0     4.2    11.0   2.8      5.5    4.3      3.1    9.8     15.0    7.5
     Some college or associate                                                                                                               
     degree .................. 15,468    5.5  10.1    5.5    3.9   10.2     2.9    12.1   3.4      5.0    6.3      4.7    8.2     13.8    8.5
     Bachelor's degree and                                                                                                                   
     higher (4)............... 23,799    6.4  12.8    5.8    4.0    6.3     2.6    10.8   3.1      4.5   12.4      4.3    6.3     12.9    7.6
                                                                                                                                             
          Marital status                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                             
     Single, never married.... 12,612    5.8   9.1    8.0    3.4    8.0     2.9    10.6   3.4      4.2    4.5      5.5   10.4     17.0    7.2
     Married, spouse present.. 38,876    6.3  11.9    5.5    4.5    8.9     2.9    10.8   2.9      4.5    8.8      4.1    7.8     13.1    7.8
     Other marital status (5).  9,350    3.8   8.5    4.0    4.2   11.8     4.6    11.3   3.3      6.5    6.5      4.2    7.7     15.4    8.0
                                                                                                                                             
     Presence of own children                                                                                                                
         under 18 years (6)                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
     Men:                                                                                                                                    
       No own children under                                                                                                                 
        18 years old.......... 16,880    5.3   7.3    5.0    5.9    7.8     2.1     8.7   3.9      3.3    9.4      4.2   13.6     15.8    7.6
       With own children under                                                                                                               
         18 years old.........  8,844   19.1   9.1    6.5    4.4    6.0     1.2     9.1   2.9      1.7    9.0      3.7   10.0     11.2    6.0
     Women:                                                                                                                                  
       No own children under                                                                                                                 
        18 years old..........  1,616    1.8  10.3    5.0    4.1   11.6     4.7    11.7   3.0      6.7    7.0      5.2    6.0     15.2    7.7
       With own children under                                                                                                               
        18 years old.......... 13,498    4.3  17.0    7.6    2.2    9.1     3.4    13.4   2.3      5.3    5.2      3.8    4.5     12.7    9.0
                                                                                                                                             
         Employment status                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                             
     Civilian labor force..... 43,405    7.1  10.9    6.3    4.1    8.1     2.8    11.8   3.3      3.7    8.0      4.4    8.4     13.6    7.4
       Employed............... 41,708    7.2  11.0    6.3    4.1    8.0     2.8    11.9   3.3      3.7    8.2      4.4    8.2     13.5    7.3
         Full time (7)........ 32,714    8.2  10.3    6.2    4.2    7.9     2.5    12.2   3.4      3.3    8.8      4.2    8.3     13.3    7.2
         Part time (8)........  8,994    3.5  13.3    6.9    4.0    8.7     3.5    10.8   3.0      5.2    5.6      5.2    8.0     14.4    7.8
       Unemployed.............  1,697    5.7   9.0    7.0    2.8    9.8     4.9    10.5   4.3      3.7    4.0      4.6   11.7     13.8    8.2
     Not in the labor force... 17,433    2.5  10.6    4.4    4.6   11.9     4.0     8.5   2.5      7.2    6.5      4.4    8.3     16.0    8.5
     
        1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year.  See the Technical
     Note for more details.
        2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
        3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
        4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
        5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
        6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews,  grandchildren, and
     other related and unrelated children.
        7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
        8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
        NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from
     September 1, 2006, through the survey period in September 2007.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American,
     and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as  Hispanic or
     Latino may be of any race.
     
     
     
     
     
     


     Table 6.  Volunteers by how they became involved with main organization for which volunteer activities were
     performed and selected characteristics, September 2007
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                          Percent distribution of how volunteers became involved with main            
                                                                  organization (1)                                    
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                  Total                             Was asked by:                                     
         Characteristics in       volun-                                                                         Not  
           September 2007         teers          Approach-                                                     report-
                                  (thou-          ed the                       Rela-   Someone                 ing how
                                  sands) Total   organi-            Boss or   tive     in the           Other   became
                                                 zation  Total (2)  employer friend,  organi-    Some-            in- 
                                                                               or     zation/     one           volved
                                                                               co-     school     else                
                                                                              worker                                  
                                                                                                                      
              Sex                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                      
     Total, both sexes.........   60,838  100.0    40.1     44.6       1.3     14.8     27.2       1.2   12.7     2.6 
        Men....................   25,724  100.0    39.9     45.1       1.3     15.8     26.5       1.3   12.3     2.7 
        Women..................   35,114  100.0    40.2     44.3       1.3     14.1     27.6       1.1   13.0     2.5 
                                                                                                                      
              Age                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                      
     Total, 16 years and over..   60,838  100.0    40.1     44.6       1.3     14.8     27.2       1.2   12.7     2.6 
       16 to 24 years..........    7,798  100.0    40.4     42.2        .6     16.9     22.6       1.9   13.5     3.9 
          16 to 19 years.......    4,173  100.0    41.9     42.5        .1     16.1     24.6       1.7   12.6     3.0 
          20 to 24 years.......    3,625  100.0    38.8     41.8       1.3     17.9     20.3       2.2   14.5     4.8 
       25 years and over.......   53,040  100.0    40.0     45.0       1.4     14.5     27.8       1.1   12.6     2.4 
          25 to 34 years.......    9,019  100.0    39.1     44.8       2.6     15.3     25.9       1.0   13.7     2.3 
          35 to 44 years.......   12,902  100.0    39.9     45.9       1.3     13.6     30.0        .9   12.1     2.1 
          45 to 54 years.......   13,136  100.0    39.3     46.0       1.6     14.7     28.3       1.3   12.6     2.2 
          55 to 64 years.......    9,316  100.0    40.2     43.5       1.2     14.5     26.5       1.1   13.3     2.9 
          65 years and over....    8,667  100.0    41.9     44.0        .3     14.7     27.4       1.2   11.4     2.7 
                                                                                                                      
      Race and Hispanic or                                                                                            
       Latino ethnicity                                                                                               
                                                                                                                      
     White.....................   52,586  100.0    40.0     45.1       1.3     14.9     27.6       1.1   12.5     2.4 
     Black or African                                                                                                 
      American.................    5,010  100.0    41.3     40.8       1.8     13.8     23.8       1.4   14.4     3.5 
     Asian.....................    1,887  100.0    42.6     39.9       1.3     12.0     23.8       2.7   13.2     4.4 
     Hispanic or Latino                                                                                               
      ethnicity................    4,279  100.0    41.4     43.8       1.2     13.7     27.2       1.7   11.8     3.1 
                                                                                                                      
     Educational attainment (3)                                                                                       
                                                                                                                      
     Less than a high school                                                                                          
      diploma..................    2,394  100.0    44.5     42.0        .6     15.0     24.5       1.9   11.9     1.7 
     High school graduates, no                                                                                        
      college (4)..............   11,379  100.0    38.8     46.0       1.2     15.4     28.3        .9   12.8     2.4 
     Some college or associate                                                                                        
      degree ..................   15,468  100.0    41.3     43.4       1.5     14.1     26.7       1.0   13.1     2.2 
     Bachelor's degree and                                                                                            
     higher (5)................   23,799  100.0    39.3     45.9       1.6     14.3     28.7       1.2   12.2     2.6 
                                                                                                                      
         Marital status                                                                                               
                                                                                                                      
     Single, never married.....   12,612  100.0    39.6     42.4       1.6     17.7     21.4       1.7   14.2     3.7 
     Married, spouse present...   38,876  100.0    40.4     45.5       1.2     13.6     29.5       1.0   12.0     2.2 
     Other marital status (6)..    9,350  100.0    39.1     44.2       1.7     15.8     25.3       1.3   13.8     2.9 
                                                                                                                      
        Presence of own                                                                                               
       children under                                                                                                 
        18 years (7)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                      
     Men:                                                                                                             
       No own children under                                                                                          
        18 years old...........   16,880  100.0    40.0     44.4       1.3     16.9     24.5       1.5   12.4     3.2 
       With own children under                                                                                        
        18 years old...........    8,844  100.0    39.7     46.4       1.3     13.6     30.4       1.0   12.1     1.8 
     Women:                                                                                                           
       No own children under                                                                                          
        18 years old...........   21,616  100.0    40.4     42.8       1.4     15.8     24.3       1.2   13.8     3.0 
       With own children under                                                                                        
        18 years old...........   13,498  100.0    39.8     46.7       1.3     11.5     32.9       1.0   11.8     1.7 
                                                                                                                      
       Employment status                                                                                              
                                                                                                                      
     Civilian labor force......   43,405  100.0    39.2     45.5       1.8     15.2     27.2       1.2   12.8     2.5 
       Employed................   41,708  100.0    39.2     45.6       1.8     15.1     27.3       1.2   12.7     2.5 
         Full time (8).........   32,714  100.0    38.8     45.9       2.1     15.6     26.9       1.2   12.7     2.5 
         Part time (9).........    8,994  100.0    40.5     44.5        .9     13.3     28.8       1.3   12.5     2.5 
       Unemployed..............    1,697  100.0    39.7     42.9        .7     16.2     23.7       2.0   15.2     2.2 
     Not in the labor force....   17,433  100.0    42.2     42.5        .2     13.9     27.1       1.1   12.5     2.8 
     
        1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours
     during the year.  See the Technical Note for more details.
        2 Includes persons who did not specify who asked them to volunteer, not shown separately.
        3 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
        4 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
        5 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
        6 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
        7 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces,
     nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
        8 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
        9 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
        NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at
     any point from September 1, 2006, through the survey period in September 2007.  Estimates for the above race
     groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all
     races.   Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
     
     
     
     
     
     

Last Modified Date: February 08, 2008
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