Economic News Release

Volunteering in the United States News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, January 26, 2010            USDL-10-0097

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


     NOTE: This version of the release was reissued, Wednesday,
     January 27, 2010, to include table A which was missing 
     from the original posting. The PDF version of the release
     was not affected. Analysis and other data were not affected.


                       VOLUNTEERING IN THE UNITED STATES--2009


Both the number of volunteers and the volunteer rate rose over the year ended
in September 2009, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. About
63.4 million people, or 26.8 percent of the population, volunteered through
or for an organization at least once between September 2008 and September
2009. In 2008, the volunteer rate was 26.4 percent.

These data on volunteering were collected through a supplement to the Septem-
ber 2009 Current Population Survey (CPS). The supplement was sponsored by the
Corporation for National and Community Service. The CPS is a monthly survey of
about 60,000 households that obtains information on employment and unemploy-
ment among the nation's civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over.
Volunteers are defined as persons who did unpaid work (except for expenses)
through or for an organization. For more information about the volunteer
supplement, see the Technical Note.

Volunteering Among Demographic Groups

The volunteer rate of women increased from 29.4 percent in 2008 to 30.1 per-
cent in 2009, while the volunteer rate for men, at 23.3 percent, was essen-
tially unchanged. As in previous years, women volunteered at a higher rate than
did men across all age groups, educational levels, and other major demographic
characteristics. (See tables A and 1.)

By age, 35- to 44-year olds and 45- to 54-year olds were the most likely to
volunteer. Their volunteer rates were 31.5 percent and 30.8 percent, respec-
tively, in 2009. Volunteer rates were lowest among persons in their early twen-
ties (18.8 percent) and those age 65 and over (23.9 percent).

Among the major race and ethnicity groups, whites continued to volunteer at a
higher rate (28.3 percent) than did blacks (20.2 percent), Asians (19.0 per-
cent), and Hispanics (14.7 percent). Of these groups, the volunteer rate of
blacks and whites rose in 2009. Among blacks it rose by 1.1 percentage points,
driven by an increase in the volunteer rate of black women.

Volunteer rates were higher among married persons (32.3 percent) than those who
had never married (20.6 percent) and those with other marital statuses (21.5
percent). Parents with children under age 18 were substantially more likely to
volunteer than were persons without children under 18 years of age, 34.4 per-
cent compared with 23.9 percent.

Individuals with higher levels of educational attainment were more likely to
volunteer than were those with less education. Among persons age 25 and over,
42.8 percent of college graduates volunteered, compared with 18.8 percent of
high school graduates and 8.6 percent of those with less than a high school
diploma.


Table A.  Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2005 through September 2009

(Numbers in thousands)
                                          September 2005      September 2006       September 2007     September 2008      September 2009  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Percent             Percent             Percent             Percent             Percent
                                         Number   of popu-   Number   of popu-   Number   of popu-   Number   of popu-   Number   of popu-
                                                   lation              lation              lation              lation              lation 
                Sex                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
Total, both sexes .....................  65,357     28.8     61,199     26.7     60,838     26.2     61,803     26.4     63,361     26.8  
   Men ................................  27,370     25.0     25,546     23.0     25,724     22.9     26,268     23.2     26,655     23.3  
   Women ..............................  37,987     32.4     35,653     30.1     35,114     29.3     35,535     29.4     36,706     30.1  
                                                                                                                                          
               Age                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
Total, 16 years and over ..............  65,357     28.8     61,199     26.7     60,838     26.2     61,803     26.4     63,361     26.8  
   16 to 24 years .....................   8,955     24.4      8,044     21.7      7,798     20.8      8,239     21.9      8,290     22.0  
   25 to 34 years .....................   9,881     25.3      9,096     23.1      9,019     22.6      9,154     22.8      9,511     23.5  
   35 to 44 years .....................  14,809     34.5     13,308     31.2     12,902     30.5     13,016     31.3     12,835     31.5  
   45 to 54 years .....................  13,826     32.7     13,415     31.2     13,136     30.1     13,189     29.9     13,703     30.8  
   55 to 64 years .....................   9,173     30.2      8,819     27.9      9,316     28.4      9,456     28.1      9,894     28.3  
   65 years and over ..................   8,712     24.8      8,518     23.8      8,667     23.8      8,749     23.5      9,129     23.9  
                                                                                                                                          
Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                          
White  ................................  56,170     30.4     52,850     28.3    52,586      27.9     53,078     27.9     54,078     28.3  
Black or African American  ............   5,879     22.1      5,211     19.2     5,010      18.2      5,325     19.1      5,712     20.2  
Asian  ................................   2,055     20.7      1,881     18.5     1,887      17.7      2,022     18.7      2,060     19.0  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity ..........   4,511     15.4      4,212     13.9     4,279      13.5      4,662     14.4      4,873     14.7  
                                                                                                                                          
   Educational attainment (1)                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
Less than a high school diploma .......   2,837     10.0      2,615      9.3     2,394       9.0      2,427      9.4      2,242      8.6  
High school graduates, no college (2) .  12,594     21.2     11,537     19.2    11,379      18.6     10,998     19.1     11,408     18.8  
Some college or associate degree ......  16,452     33.7     15,196     30.9    15,468      30.7     15,519     30.0     15,931     30.5  
Bachelor's degree and higher (3) ......  24,517     45.8     23,808     43.3    23,799      41.8     24,620     42.2     25,490     42.8  
                                                                                                                                          
        Employment status                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                          
Civilian labor force ..................  46,872     31.1     43,579     28.5    43,405      28.1     44,313     28.5     44,833     29.0  
   Employed ...........................  44,894     31.3     41,861     28.7    41,708      28.3     42,131     28.9     41,372     29.7  
     Full time (4).....................  35,225     29.8     32,951     27.3    32,714      26.9     33,344     27.8     32,085     28.7  
     Part time (5).....................   9,669     38.2      8,910     35.5     8,994      35.4      8,788     34.2      9,287     33.7  
   Unemployed..........................   1,978     26.4      1,718     23.8     1,697      23.2      2,181     22.3      3,462     22.9  
Not in the labor force.................  18,485     24.4     17,621     23.1    17,433      22.3     17,491     22.2     18,528     22.6  

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   5 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not
presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls
are introduced annually with the release of January data.  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activi-
ties for an organization at any point in the year ending in September.  See the Technical Note for further information


Volunteering By Employment Status

During the year ending in September 2009, 29.7 percent of all employed persons
volunteered. By comparison, the volunteer rates of the unemployed (22.9 per-
cent) and those not in the labor force (22.6 percent) were lower. Among the em-
ployed, part-time workers were more likely than full-time workers to have par-
ticipated in volunteer activities--33.7 versus 28.7 percent.  (See table 1.)

From 2008 to 2009, those employed full time showed a large increase in their
volunteer rate--from 27.8 to 28.7 percent. This was led by women employed full
time, with an increase of 1.4 percentage points in their volunteer rate. Among
men, the largest increase in the volunteer rate was among the unemployed; it
rose from 17.0 to 18.2 percent over the year.

Total Annual Hours Spent Volunteering

Male volunteers spent a median of 52 hours on volunteer activities during the
period from September 2008 to September 2009, while female volunteers spent a
median of 50 hours. Median annual hours spent on volunteer activities ranged
from a low of 36 hours for those 25 to 34 years old to a high of 90 hours for
volunteers age 65 and over. The 20- to 24-year-old group showed the largest
over-the-year change in median hours volunteered, decreasing by 8 hours to a
median of 40 hours. This followed an increase of 7 hours for this group in
2008. (See table 2.)

Number and Type of Organizations

Most volunteers were involved with either one or two organizations--68.9 and
19.8 percent, respectively. Individuals with higher educational attainment were
more likely to volunteer for multiple organizations than were those with less
education. Parents with children under age 18 also were somewhat more likely to
volunteer for more than one organization than were persons without children
under 18. (See table 3.)

In 2009, the main organization--the organization for which the volunteer worked
the most hours during the year--was most frequently religious (34.0 percent of
all volunteers), followed by educational or youth service related (26.1 per-
cent). Another 13.9 percent of volunteers performed activities mainly for so-
cial or community service organizations. (See table 4.)

Older volunteers were more likely to volunteer mainly for religious organiza-
tions than were their younger counterparts. For example, 44.8 percent of vol-
unteers age 65 and over did their service mainly through or for a religious
organization, compared with 28.6 percent of volunteers age 16 to 24.

The type of main organization for which individuals volunteered also varied by
educational attainment. Volunteering mainly for religious organizations de-
creased as educational attainment increased, from 47.1 percent of volunteers
with less than a high school diploma to 31.3 percent of those with a bachelor's
degree and higher. Volunteering primarily for sport, hobby, cultural, or arts
organizations increased with educational attainment. Of volunteers with less
than a high school diploma, 0.9 percent volunteered mainly for this type of
organization, compared with 4.2 percent of those with a bachelor's degree and
higher.

Among volunteers with children under 18 years old, 47.4 percent of mothers and
38.9 percent of fathers volunteered mainly for an educational or youth service
organization, such as a school or scouting group. Parents were more than twice
as likely to volunteer for such organizations as persons with no children of
that age. Conversely, volunteers without children under 18 were considerably
more likely than parents to volunteer for other types of organizations, such
as hospitals or other health organizations and social or community service
organizations.

Main Volunteer Activity for Main Organization

The main activity volunteers performed for their main organization was most
frequently fundraising (11.3 percent), followed by collecting, preparing,
distributing, or serving food (10.3 percent). Men and women often engaged in
different main activities. Men who volunteered were most likely to engage in
general labor (12.4 percent); coach, referee, or supervise sports teams (9.4
percent); provide professional or management assistance (9.4 percent); or fund-
raise (9.4 percent). Female volunteers were most likely to fundraise (12.6 per-
cent); collect, prepare, distribute, or serve food (11.8 percent); or tutor
or teach (11.0 percent).  (See table 5.)

Educational attainment influenced the types of activities volunteers performed.
College graduates were more likely than those with less education to provide
professional or management assistance or to tutor or teach. They were much less
likely to collect, prepare, distribute, or serve food or engage in general
labor.

Parents with children under age 18 were considerably more likely than persons
without children to engage in some types of volunteer activities that are fre-
quently related to children--including coaching, refereeing, or supervising
sports teams; tutoring or teaching; and mentoring youth.

How Volunteers Became Involved with Main Organization

About 44.0 percent of volunteers became involved with their main organization
after being asked to volunteer, most often by someone in the organization. A
slightly smaller proportion, 40.9 percent, became involved on their own initia-
tive; that is, they approached the organization. (See table 6.)





Technical Note

   The data in this release were collected through a supplement to the September 2009
Current Population Survey (CPS).  The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 house-
holds conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--focuses
on obtaining information on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian
noninstitutional population age 16 and over.  The purpose of this supplement to the
CPS was to obtain information on the incidence of volunteering and the characteris-
tics of volunteers in the United States.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired individuals
upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance
that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they repre-
sent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the es-
timate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an esti-
mate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  BLS analyses are generally con-
ducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, in-
ability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwil-
lingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the col-
lection or processing of the data.

   A full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and for information
on estimating standard errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_methods.pdf.

   The Census Bureau introduces adjustments to the population controls for the CPS as
part of its annual update of population estimates.  For this reason, the data for 2009
presented in this release are not strictly comparable with data for 2008 and earlier
years.  For a discussion of the introduction of the revised population controls and the
impact of their introduction on CPS data, see "Adjustments to Household Survey Popula-
tion Estimates in January 2009," available at www.bls.gov/cps/cps09adj.pdf.

Volunteer questions and concepts

   In the September 2009 supplement, questions on volunteer activities were asked of
all households.  Efforts were made to have household members answer the volunteer
questions for themselves.  (Generally, one member of the household answers all the
questions in the CPS on behalf of the entire household.)  Self-response was consid-
ered important for the volunteer supplement because research indicated that self-re-
spondents could more easily answer questions on the characteristics of the volunteer
activity.  About 68 percent of the responses were self-reports.

   The survey was introduced as follows:  "This month, we are interested in volunteer
activities, that is, activities for which people are not paid, except perhaps expenses.
We only want you to include volunteer activities that you did through or for an organ-
ization, even if you only did them once in a while."

   Following this introduction, respondents were asked the first supplement question:
"Since September 1st of last year, have you done any volunteer activities through or
for an organization?"

   If respondents did not answer "yes" to the first question, they were asked the fol-
lowing question: "Sometimes people don't think of activities they do infrequently or 
activities they do for children's schools or youth organizations as volunteer activi-
ties. Since September 1st of last year, have you done any of these types of volunteer
activities?"

   Respondents were considered volunteers if they answered "yes" to either of these
questions. This is the same method of identifying volunteers as was used in each of
the seven prior supplements.

   Respondents classified as volunteers were asked further questions about the number
and type of organizations for which they volunteered, total hours spent volunteering,
how they became involved with the main organization for which they volunteered, the
type of activities they performed for the main organization, and what their main acti-
vity was.

   The reference period for the questions on volunteering was about 1 year, from
September 1, 2008, through the survey week in September 2009.  The reference period
for other characteristics--such as labor force status, educational attainment, and
marital status--refer to the survey reference week in September 2009.  It is possi-
ble that these characteristics were different at the time volunteer activities were
performed.

   One new question was added to the 2008 survey to determine whether or not respon-
dents had donated money, assets, or property with a combined value of more than $25
to charitable or religious organizations in the past 12 months.  Two questions asked
in the 2007 supplement were removed in 2008.  These questions asked how often respon-
dents who had attended public meetings or who had worked with others in their neigh-
borhood to fix a problem did so.

Definitions

   Volunteers are persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities at any point from
September 1, 2008, through the survey period in September 2009.  The count of volun-
teers only includes persons who volunteered through or for an organization; the figures
do not include persons who volunteered in a more informal manner.  For example, a woman
who taught acting to children through a local theater would be considered a volunteer.
However, a woman who, on her own, organized softball games for the children in her
neighborhood would not be counted as a volunteer for the purpose of this survey.

   Organizations are associations, societies, or groups of people who share a common
interest.  Examples include churches, youth groups, and civic organizations.  For the
purpose of this study, organizations are grouped into eight major categories, including
religious, youth, and social or community service organizations.

   In the 2005 survey, one organization category, immigrant/refugee assistance, was ad-
ded to the questionnaire as a possible response. Responses that were collected in this
category may have been distributed over at least six of the major organization catego-
ries in previous years.  For this reason, the addition of the new response category
created a break in the comparability of organizations between 2005 and prior years.
Because few people reported volunteering for immigrant/refugee assistance organizations
and because the group was not a definite subset of any of the major organization cate-
gories, those persons who did report that they volunteered for immigrant/refugee assis-
tance organizations were placed in the "other" group.

   The main organization is the organization for which the volunteer worked the most
hours during the year.  If a respondent volunteered for only one organization, it was
considered the main organization, even if exact hours were not obtained.

   In order to identify the type of main organization, respondents provided information
about the organization and, for those who volunteered for more than one organization,
annual hours worked for each.  Some respondents did not provide the information neces-
sary to determine the main organization.  For these respondents, the follow-up questions
on activities and how they became involved with the main organization asked them to re-
port on the organization for which they think they spent the most time volunteering.

   Activities are the specific tasks the volunteer did for an organization.  Examples
include tutoring, fundraising, and serving food.  The activity categories were modified
in 2005, thus creating a break in the comparability of activities between 2005 and prior
years.

   In 2006, a new question was added that asked respondents on which of the activities
they mentioned they spent the most time. Previously, respondents reported all of the
activities they did for their main organization.  The new question identified which of
them was the main activity for the main organization.





Table 1.  Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2009

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                              Total, both sexes                 Men                         Women     
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                                  Volunteers                  Volunteers                 Volunteers   
    Characteristics in              Civilian                     Civilian                    Civilian                 
      September 2009                noninsti-                    noninsti-                   noninsti-                
                                    tutional           Percent   tutional          Percent   tutional          Percent
                                    popula-   Number     of      popula-  Number     of      popula-  Number     of   
                                      tion             popula-     tion            popula-     tion            popula-
                                                         tion                        tion                       tion  
               Age                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                      
Total, 16 years and over..........  236,322   63,361    26.8    114,411   26,655    23.3    121,911   36,706    30.1  
  16 to 24 years..................   37,606    8,290    22.0     18,944    3,709    19.6     18,661    4,581    24.6  
     16 to 19 years...............   17,020    4,429    26.0      8,631    2,042    23.7      8,389    2,387    28.5  
     20 to 24 years...............   20,586    3,861    18.8     10,314    1,666    16.2     10,272    2,194    21.4  
  25 years and over...............  198,717   55,071    27.7     95,467   22,946    24.0    103,250   32,125    31.1  
     25 to 34 years...............   40,388    9,511    23.5     20,229    3,921    19.4     20,159    5,590    27.7  
     35 to 44 years...............   40,799   12,835    31.5     20,143    5,318    26.4     20,655    7,517    36.4  
     45 to 54 years...............   44,436   13,703    30.8     21,776    5,772    26.5     22,660    7,931    35.0  
     55 to 64 years...............   34,937    9,894    28.3     16,830    4,182    24.8     18,107    5,712    31.5  
     65 years and over............   38,157    9,129    23.9     16,488    3,754    22.8     21,669    5,375    24.8  
                                                                                                                      
   Race and Hispanic or Latino                                                                                        
            ethnicity                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                      
White.............................  191,244   54,078    28.3     93,619   23,034    24.6     97,625   31,044    31.8  
Black or African American.........   28,330    5,712    20.2     12,750    2,158    16.9     15,580    3,554    22.8  
Asian.............................   10,825    2,060    19.0      5,171      851    16.5      5,654    1,209    21.4  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity......   33,110    4,873    14.7     17,013    2,033    11.9     16,097    2,841    17.6  
                                                                                                                      
    Educational attainment (1)                                                                                        
                                                                                                                      
Less than a high school diploma...   26,112    2,242     8.6     12,953      858     6.6     13,159    1,384    10.5  
High school graduates, no college                                                                                     
(2)...............................   60,741   11,408    18.8     29,514    4,716    16.0     31,227    6,692    21.4  
Some college or associate degree     52,270   15,931    30.5     23,702    5,934    25.0     28,568    9,997    35.0  
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)..   59,594   25,490    42.8     29,298   11,438    39.0     30,296   14,052    46.4  
                                                                                                                      
          Marital status                                                                                              
                                                                                                                      
Single, never married.............   68,156   14,064    20.6     36,532    6,379    17.5     31,624    7,684    24.3  
Married, spouse present...........  121,856   39,348    32.3     61,509   17,526    28.5     60,347   21,822    36.2  
Other marital status (4)..........   46,311    9,949    21.5     16,370    2,750    16.8     29,941    7,200    24.0  
                                                                                                                      
     Presence of own children                                                                                         
        under 18 years (5)                                                                                            
                                                                                                                      
Without own children under 18.....  171,608   41,081    23.9     85,860   17,864    20.8     85,748   23,217    27.1  
With own children under 18........   64,714   22,280    34.4     28,551    8,791    30.8     36,163   13,489    37.3  
                                                                                                                      
        Employment status                                                                                             
                                                                                                                      
Civilian labor force..............  154,480   44,833    29.0     82,334   20,611    25.0     72,146   24,222    33.6  
  Employed........................  139,389   41,372    29.7     73,730   19,048    25.8     65,660   22,324    34.0  
    Full time (6).................  111,795   32,085    28.7     63,798   16,531    25.9     47,997   15,554    32.4  
    Part time (7).................   27,594    9,287    33.7      9,931    2,517    25.3     17,663    6,769    38.3  
  Unemployed......................   15,091    3,462    22.9      8,604    1,563    18.2      6,486    1,899    29.3  
Not in the labor force............   81,842   18,528    22.6     32,077    6,044    18.8     49,765   12,484    25.1  

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any
point from September 1, 2008, through the survey period in September 2009.  Estimates for the above race groups
(white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. 
Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.





Table 2.  Volunteers by annual hours of volunteer activities and selected characteristics, September 2009
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                               Percent distribution of total annual hours spent volunteering         
                                                                   at all organizations                              
                                     Total                                                                   Median 
                                   volunteers                                                                annual 
    Characteristics in             (thousands)                                                        Not   hours (1)
      September 2009                                   1 to 14 15 to 49 50 to 99  100 to   500    reporting          
                                                Total  hour(s)   hours    hours     499   hours    annual            
                                                                                   hours  and over   hours           
                Sex                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                     
Total, both sexes.................   63,361     100.0     21.1     25.5     15.3     27.5      5.7      5.0     50   
   Men............................   26,655     100.0     20.3     25.7     15.0     27.4      6.3      5.4     52   
   Women..........................   36,706     100.0     21.7     25.3     15.5     27.6      5.2      4.7     50   
                                                                                                                     
               Age                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                     
Total, 16 years and over..........   63,361     100.0     21.1     25.5     15.3     27.5      5.7      5.0     50   
  16 to 24 years..................    8,290     100.0     23.4     28.9     15.1     22.4      3.9      6.4     40   
     16 to 19 years...............    4,429     100.0     21.9     30.5     16.6     22.1      2.5      6.5     40   
     20 to 24 years...............    3,861     100.0     25.2     27.0     13.4     22.8      5.4      6.3     40   
  25 years and over...............   55,071     100.0     20.7     24.9     15.3     28.3      5.9      4.8     52   
     25 to 34 years...............    9,511     100.0     27.5     26.6     14.1     22.4      4.1      5.4     36   
     35 to 44 years...............   12,835     100.0     23.2     26.7     16.0     25.3      4.6      4.2     48   
     45 to 54 years...............   13,703     100.0     19.5     26.5     15.8     28.2      5.7      4.2     52   
     55 to 64 years...............    9,894     100.0     19.0     22.7     15.9     30.5      6.9      5.0     60   
     65 years and over............    9,129     100.0     13.9     20.9     14.2     36.3      9.0      5.7     90   
                                                                                                                     
   Race and Hispanic or Latino                                                                                       
            ethnicity                                                                                                
                                                                                                                     
White.............................   54,078     100.0     20.9     25.6     15.5     27.7      5.6      4.8     50   
Black or African American.........    5,712     100.0     21.1     24.0     14.0     27.2      6.5      7.2     52   
Asian.............................    2,060     100.0     25.2     26.6     14.1     25.6      3.8      4.8     40   
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity......    4,873     100.0     24.5     24.9     13.4     24.2      6.3      6.8     42   
                                                                                                                     
    Educational attainment (2)                                                                                       
                                                                                                                     
Less than a high school diploma...    2,242     100.0     26.3     23.4     10.6     25.1      8.2      6.3     45   
High school graduates, no college                                                                                    
(3)...............................   11,408     100.0     22.7     24.6     14.0     27.1      5.7      5.9     48   
Some college or associate degree     15,931     100.0     21.8     25.5     14.8     27.5      5.9      4.4     50   
Bachelor's degree and higher (4)..   25,490     100.0     18.6     24.9     16.6     29.6      5.8      4.4     54   
                                                                                                                     
          Marital status                                                                                             
                                                                                                                     
Single, never married.............   14,064     100.0     24.4     27.7     14.8     22.5      4.3      6.3     40   
Married, spouse present...........   39,348     100.0     20.0     25.0     15.7     28.9      5.8      4.5     52   
Other marital status (5)..........    9,949     100.0     20.5     24.3     14.2     29.0      7.0      5.1     52   
                                                                                                                     
     Presence of own children                                                                                        
        under 18 years (6)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                     
Men:                                                                                                                 
  No own children under 18 years                                                                                     
    old...........................   17,864     100.0     19.8     25.6     14.5     27.3      6.8      6.0     52   
  With own children under 18 years                                                                                   
    old...........................    8,791     100.0     21.3     25.9     15.9     27.4      5.2      4.2     50   
Women:                                                                                                               
  No own children under 18 years                                                                                     
    old...........................   23,217     100.0     20.2     24.8     15.1     28.9      5.7      5.3     52   
  With own children under 18 years                                                                                   
    old...........................   13,489     100.0     24.2     26.1     16.3     25.4      4.3      3.7     45   
                                                                                                                     
        Employment status                                                                                            
                                                                                                                     
Civilian labor force..............   44,833     100.0     22.6     26.6     15.5     25.7      4.9      4.7     48   
  Employed........................   41,372     100.0     22.6     26.8     15.6     25.8      4.7      4.6     48   
    Full time (7).................   32,085     100.0     23.3     27.0     15.3     25.3      4.4      4.7     45   
    Part time (8).................    9,287     100.0     20.2     25.9     16.5     27.5      5.8      4.2     52   
  Unemployed......................    3,462     100.0     22.3     25.0     14.7     25.3      6.7      6.1     48   
Not in the labor force............   18,528     100.0     17.4     22.6     14.8     31.8      7.6      5.7     63   

   1 For those reporting annual hours.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any
point from September 1, 2008, through the survey period in September 2009.  Estimates for the above race groups
(white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.
Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.





Table 3.  Volunteers by number of organizations for which volunteer activities were performed
and selected characteristics, September 2009
                                                                                               
                                                     Percent distribution of the number of     
                                                 organizations for which volunteer activities  
                                                                were performed                 
                                     Total                                                     
    Characteristics in             volunteers                                                  
      September 2009              (thousands)                                           Not    
                                                                              Five   reporting 
                                               Total  One   Two  Three  Four   or    number of 
                                                                              more   organiza- 
                                                                                       tions   
                Sex                                                                            
                                                                                               
Total, both sexes..................   63,361   100.0  68.9  19.8   7.3   2.3   1.4       0.3   
   Men.............................   26,655   100.0  70.0  19.4   6.8   2.2   1.3        .3   
   Women...........................   36,706   100.0  68.1  20.1   7.6   2.4   1.4        .3   
                                                                                               
                Age                                                                            
                                                                                               
Total, 16 years and over...........   63,361   100.0  68.9  19.8   7.3   2.3   1.4        .3   
  16 to 24 years...................    8,290   100.0  74.0  18.1   4.7   1.5    .8        .8   
     16 to 19 years................    4,429   100.0  69.4  20.9   5.6   2.0   1.3        .7   
     20 to 24 years................    3,861   100.0  79.2  15.0   3.7   1.0    .3        .8   
  25 years and over................   55,071   100.0  68.1  20.0   7.7   2.4   1.5        .3   
     25 to 34 years................    9,511   100.0  74.0  17.4   5.7   1.6   1.0        .4   
     35 to 44 years................   12,835   100.0  65.9  21.7   8.1   2.4   1.6        .3   
     45 to 54 years................   13,703   100.0  66.9  20.3   8.4   2.6   1.6        .2   
     55 to 64 years................    9,894   100.0  67.3  20.3   8.1   2.4   1.6        .3   
     65 years and over.............    9,129   100.0  67.9  19.7   7.5   3.2   1.5        .1   
                                                                                               
    Race and Hispanic or Latino                                                                
            ethnicity                                                                          
                                                                                               
White..............................   54,078   100.0  67.9  20.3   7.6   2.4   1.5        .3   
Black or African American..........    5,712   100.0  75.4  16.0   4.9   1.7   1.1        .9   
Asian..............................    2,060   100.0  78.4  15.4   4.6    .7    .5        .5   
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.......    4,873   100.0  79.9  14.4   3.6    .8    .6        .6   
                                                                                               
    Educational attainment (1)                                                                 
                                                                                               
Less than a high school diploma....    2,242   100.0  87.4   9.9   1.6    .6    .5        .1   
High school graduates, no                                                                      
 college (2).......................   11,408   100.0  77.6  16.0   4.2   1.4    .5        .4   
Some college or associate degree ..   15,931   100.0  70.2  19.6   6.8   2.0   1.2        .2   
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)...   25,490   100.0  60.9  23.0  10.3   3.3   2.2        .2   
                                                                                               
          Marital status                                                                       
                                                                                               
Single, never married..............   14,064   100.0  72.1  19.1   5.6   1.7    .9        .6   
Married, spouse present............   39,348   100.0  67.5  20.1   8.0   2.5   1.6        .2   
Other marital status (4)...........    9,949   100.0  69.8  19.4   6.7   2.4   1.3        .2   
                                                                                               
 Presence of own children under 18                                                             
            years (5)                                                                          
                                                                                               
Men:                                                                                           
  No own children under 18 years                                                               
   old.............................   17,864   100.0  71.3  18.3   6.6   2.2   1.2        .4   
  With own children under 18 years                                                             
   old.............................    8,791   100.0  67.4  21.5   7.2   2.2   1.5        .3   
Women:                                                                                         
  No own children under 18 years                                                               
   old.............................   23,217   100.0  69.1  19.7   7.0   2.4   1.4        .4   
  With own children under 18 years                                                             
   old.............................   13,489   100.0  66.4  20.8   8.6   2.4   1.6        .2   
                                                                                               
         Employment status                                                                     
                                                                                               
Civilian labor force...............   44,833   100.0  68.6  20.0   7.3   2.3   1.4        .3   
  Employed.........................   41,372   100.0  68.2  20.3   7.4   2.4   1.4        .3   
    Full time (6)..................   32,085   100.0  68.6  20.0   7.3   2.4   1.4        .3   
    Part time (7)..................    9,287   100.0  66.4  21.5   7.5   2.5   1.7        .4   
  Unemployed.......................    3,462   100.0  73.8  16.4   6.9   1.5   1.2        .2   
Not in the labor force.............   18,528   100.0  69.7  19.2   7.1   2.3   1.3        .4   

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included
are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities
for an organization at any point from September 1, 2008, through the survey period in
September 2009.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and
Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.   Persons whose
ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.   Dash represents or rounds
to zero.





Table 4.  Volunteers by type of main organization for which volunteer activities were performed and selected
characteristics, September 2009
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                 Percent distribution of volunteers by type of main organization (1)             
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                           Total           Civic,                                                                
    Characteristics in     volun-          polit-    Educa-  Envi-  Hos-             Social   Sport,             
      September 2009       teers            ical,   tional  ron-   pital  Pub-         or     hobby,         Not 
                           (thou-   Total  profes-     or   mental   or   lic  Reli- commu-    cul-  Other deter-
                           sands)          sional,   youth    or   other safe- gious  nity    tural,        mined
                                            inter-    ser-  animal health  ty       service  or arts             
                                           national   vice   care                                                
                                                                                                                 
       Sex                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                 
Total, both  sexes.......   63,361  100.0     5.5     26.1    2.2   8.5   1.2   34.0   13.9     3.4    3.4    1.9
   Men...................   26,655  100.0     6.7     24.2    2.1   6.7   2.0   33.7   14.9     4.0    3.6    2.1
   Women.................   36,706  100.0     4.6     27.5    2.3   9.7    .6   34.2   13.2     2.9    3.2    1.7
                                                                                                                 
       Age                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                 
Total, 16 years and over.   63,361  100.0     5.5     26.1    2.2   8.5   1.2   34.0   13.9     3.4    3.4    1.9
  16 to 24 years.........    8,290  100.0     4.2     30.1    2.6   9.9   1.9   28.6   15.0     2.8    2.7    2.3
     16 to 19 years......    4,429  100.0     4.0     33.5    2.4   8.1    .8   29.7   14.2     2.4    2.3    2.5
     20 to 24 years......    3,861  100.0     4.3     26.1    2.9  11.8   3.2   27.4   16.0     3.2    3.1    2.0
  25 years and over......   55,071  100.0     5.6     25.5    2.1   8.2   1.1   34.8   13.8     3.5    3.5    1.8
     25 to 34 years......    9,511  100.0     4.9     32.0    2.1   8.6   1.2   27.5   14.2     3.3    3.7    2.4
     35 to 44 years......   12,835  100.0     4.0     40.2    2.0   6.5   1.1   27.7   10.6     3.4    2.8    1.8
     45 to 54 years......   13,703  100.0     5.4     27.4    2.3   7.8    .9   35.9   12.6     3.3    3.2    1.3
     55 to 64 years......    9,894  100.0     7.1     14.3    2.5   9.1   1.2   40.4   15.3     3.9    4.4    1.9
     65 years and over...    9,129  100.0     7.5      7.5    1.9  10.1   1.0   44.8   18.0     3.6    3.7    2.0
                                                                                                                 
Race and Hispanic                                                                                                
   or Latino                                                                                                     
   ethnicity                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                 
White....................   54,078  100.0     5.5     26.0    2.5   8.8   1.3   33.2   14.1     3.5    3.4    1.8
Black or African                                                                                                 
 American................    5,712  100.0     5.2     23.2     .1   6.0    .4   43.9   13.5     1.8    3.1    2.8
Asian....................    2,060  100.0     3.6     33.3    1.0   7.8    .1   32.2   12.5     4.7    3.6    1.4
Hispanic or Latino                                                                                               
 ethnicity...............    4,873  100.0     3.4     34.1     .9   6.1    .7   36.0   10.9     2.3    3.3    2.5
                                                                                                                 
   Educational                                                                                                   
 attainment (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                 
Less than a high school                                                                                          
 diploma.................    2,242  100.0     3.1     24.2    1.4   4.6   1.5   47.1   11.7      .9    4.0    1.5
High school graduates, no                                                                                        
 college (3).............   11,408  100.0     5.4     22.7    1.2   7.7   1.4   40.4   13.9     2.4    3.0    1.8
Some college or associate                                                                                        
 degree .................   15,931  100.0     5.1     25.6    2.2   9.0   1.4   34.7   13.1     3.4    3.9    1.6
Bachelor's degree                                                                                                
 and higher (4)..........   25,490  100.0     6.3     26.8    2.6   8.4    .7   31.3   14.3     4.2    3.5    2.0
                                                                                                                 
 Marital status                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                 
Single, never married....   14,064  100.0     5.9     26.5    3.0  10.6   1.3   26.0   16.6     3.6    4.0    2.6
Married, spouse present..   39,348  100.0     5.2     27.4    1.8   7.0   1.2   37.3   12.3     3.3    3.0    1.6
Other marital status (5).    9,949  100.0     5.9     20.2    2.7  11.4    .9   32.5   16.5     3.5    4.2    2.1
                                                                                                                 
 Presence of own                                                                                                 
    children                                                                                                     
  under 18 years (6)                                                                                             
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
Men:                                                                                                             
  No own children under                                                                                          
   18 years old..........   17,864  100.0     7.9     16.9    2.5   8.2   2.1   34.6   17.3     3.9    4.3    2.3
  With own children under                                                                                        
   18 years old..........    8,791  100.0     4.2     38.9    1.2   3.9   1.7   32.0   10.2     4.2    2.2    1.6
Women:                                                                                                           
  No own children under                                                                                          
   18 years old..........   23,217  100.0     5.5     16.0    3.0  12.1    .7   37.3   16.1     3.6    3.8    2.1
  With own children under                                                                                        
   18 years old..........   13,489  100.0     2.9     47.4    1.1   5.6    .5   29.0    8.3     1.8    2.3    1.1
                                                                                                                 
Employment status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
Civilian labor force.....   44,833  100.0     5.5     27.8    2.3   8.4   1.3   32.4   13.4     3.7    3.4    1.8
  Employed...............   41,372  100.0     5.6     27.6    2.3   8.4   1.4   32.5   13.3     3.7    3.4    1.8
    Full time  (7).......   32,085  100.0     5.9     27.2    2.4   8.7   1.5   31.5   13.8     3.7    3.4    1.9
    Part time (8)........    9,287  100.0     4.4     29.0    2.0   7.4    .9   35.9   11.8     3.7    3.4    1.5
  Unemployed.............    3,462  100.0     4.8     30.3    2.3   7.7   1.3   31.4   13.5     3.5    3.3    1.9
Not in the labor force...   18,528  100.0     5.3     22.0    1.9   8.7    .8   37.8   15.4     2.7    3.3    2.0

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during
the year.  See the Technical Note for more details.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces,
nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an
organization at any point from September 1, 2008, through the survey period in September 2009.  Estimates
for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data
are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of
any race. 





Table 5.  Main volunteer activity for main organization for which activities were performed and selected characteristics, September 2009
                                                                                                                                        
                                         Percent distribution of main volunteer activity for main organization (1)                      
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Pro-             En-              
                                                                                                      vide            gage              
                                                                     Collect,         Pro-           profes-           in               
                                                                     make or          vide           sional  Engage   gen-              
                                 Coach                        Col-   distri-         coun-            or      in      eral              
                         Total    ref-                        lect,   bute    Fund-  seling,        manage-  music,   lab-         Equal
                         volun-   eree,                Be an  pre-   cloth-   raise  medi-   Provide  ment    perfor-, or,          time
    Characteristics in   teers     or,  Tutor         usher,  pare,   ing,      or    cal    general assis-   mance,  sup-         among
      September 2009     (thou-  super-   or   Mentor greet-  dis-    crafts  sell   care,   office  tance,   or,     ply    Other  all 
                         sands)  vise   teach  youth  er, or  tri-   or goods items  fire/,   ser-   includ-  other  trans-             
                                sports                mini-   bute,   other     to    EMS,   vices    ing    artis-   port-             
                                 teams                 ster    or     than    raise   or,           serving   tic     ation             
                                                              serve   food    money  pro-            on a    activ-    to               
                                                              food                   tec-           board    ities    peo-              
                                                                                    tive             or               ple               
                                                                                     ser-           commit-                             
                                                                                    vices            tee                                

Total, both sexes........ 63,361    5.5  9.4    6.0    4.4     10.3    3.5    11.3    2.7      4.9    7.7      4.3     8.6    13.4   8.0
   Men................... 26,655    9.4  7.3    5.7    5.6      8.2    2.1     9.4    3.1      2.8    9.4      4.1    12.4    13.1   7.3
   Women................. 36,706    2.6 11.0    6.2    3.6     11.8    4.5    12.6    2.5      6.5    6.4      4.4     5.8    13.6   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
           Age                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                        
Total, 16 years and over. 63,361    5.5  9.4    6.0    4.4     10.3    3.5    11.3    2.7      4.9    7.7      4.3     8.6    13.4   8.0
  16 to 24 years.........  8,290    5.7  9.8    9.9    2.6      8.7    3.4    11.0    2.9      4.2    1.3      6.4    11.8    13.9   8.4
     16 to 19 years......  4,429    5.4  9.4    8.1    2.1      9.5    3.3    11.5    1.3      3.4     .9      7.3    13.9    14.5   9.3
     20 to 24 years......  3,861    6.0 10.3   12.0    3.1      7.7    3.5    10.4    4.8      5.3    1.8      5.3     9.3    13.3   7.3
  25 years and over...... 55,071    5.4  9.4    5.4    4.7     10.5    3.5    11.3    2.7      5.0    8.7      4.0     8.1    13.3   8.0
     25 to 34 years......  9,511    7.4 12.0    8.0    3.0      8.6    3.0    11.3    3.3      4.3    5.6      4.1     8.1    13.7   7.6
     35 to 44 years...... 12,835    9.3 10.7    7.5    3.1      9.3    3.0    11.7    2.3      4.6    7.1      3.5     8.4    12.1   7.4
     45 to 54 years...... 13,703    5.8  9.1    4.8    5.1     10.7    3.3    12.8    3.0      4.2    8.6      3.4     8.0    12.9   8.1
     55 to 64 years......  9,894    2.3  8.6    4.1    6.1     10.2    3.5    11.4    2.5      5.2   12.0      4.6     7.7    13.5   8.3
     65 years and over...  9,129     .6  5.9    1.8    6.9     14.4    5.2     8.2    2.6      7.5   10.5      4.6     8.3    15.0   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
  Race and Hispanic or                                                                                                                  
    Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                        
White.................... 54,078    5.6  9.4    5.7    4.2    10.0    3.5    11.7     2.7    4.8    8.2        4.1     9.0    13.1   7.8
Black or African                                                                                                                        
 American................  5,712    5.3  9.4    8.7    6.7    12.0    3.9     7.6     2.7    4.7    4.3        5.6     5.7    14.1   9.3
Asian....................  2,060    3.0 11.6    4.3    4.5    12.7    2.0     9.0     3.6    6.9    6.3        5.5     6.2    16.0   8.5
Hispanic or Latino                                                                                                                      
 ethnicity................ 4,873    6.2 10.0    6.9    6.5    10.7    3.6    10.0     2.4    4.4    3.2        3.9     7.9    16.4   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
Educational attainment (2)                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                        
Less than a high school                                                                                                                 
 diploma.................  2,242    2.7  5.8    3.7    7.4    17.7    4.4     8.2     2.4    3.1    2.0        3.8    13.6    17.3   8.1
High school graduates, no                                                                                                               
 college (3)............. 11,408    5.8  6.5    3.9    6.1    14.3    5.0    10.9     2.1    4.9    4.0        3.7    10.9    13.8   8.1
Some college or associate                                                                                                               
 degree ................. 15,931    5.5  9.6    5.8    4.2    11.3    3.4    11.9     2.7    5.4    6.4        4.0     8.0    13.9   7.8
Bachelor's degree and                                                                                                                   
 higher (4).............. 25,490    5.4 10.8    5.9    4.2     7.7    2.9    11.3     3.0    5.0   12.7        4.1     6.4    12.3   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
     Marital status                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                        
Single, never married.... 14,064    5.2  8.6    8.0    2.8     9.4    3.3    11.4     3.2    4.6    4.1        5.5    11.1    15.0   7.7
Married, spouse present.. 39,348    6.1 10.4    5.5    5.0    10.3    3.2    11.3     2.4    4.7    9.1        3.9     7.8    12.3   8.0
Other marital status (5).  9,949    3.4  6.8    4.8    4.6    11.5    5.3    10.9     3.3    6.3    7.1        4.2     8.2    15.4   8.3
                                                                                                                                        
Presence of own children                                                                                                                
    under 18 years (6)                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                        
Men:                                                                                                                                    
  No own children under                                                                                                                 
   18 years old.......... 17,864    5.1  6.6    4.8    6.1     9.3    2.3     9.4     3.1    3.2   10.0        4.8    13.7    14.4   7.2
  With own children under                                                                                                               
    18 years old.........  8,791   18.2  8.7    7.5    4.6     6.0    1.8     9.4     2.9    2.0    8.4        2.6     9.9    10.5   7.5
Women:                                                                                                                                  
  No own children under                                                                                                                 
   18 years old.......... 23,217    1.7  8.8    5.2    4.2    12.5    5.0    11.7     2.9    6.7    6.8        5.1     6.3    14.6   8.5
  With own children under                                                                                                               
   18 years old.......... 13,489    4.1 14.6    7.8    2.6    10.6    3.7    14.1     1.9    6.0    5.8        3.4     5.0    12.0   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
    Employment status                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
Civilian labor force..... 44,833    6.7  9.3    6.5    4.4     9.3    3.1    12.2     3.0    4.0    8.4        4.1     8.7    12.5   7.8
  Employed............... 41,372    6.8  9.2    6.5    4.3     9.3    3.0    12.5     3.1    3.8    8.7        4.1     8.4    12.4   7.9
    Full time (7)........ 32,085    7.8  8.4    6.2    4.4     8.8    2.9    12.8     3.2    3.6    9.3        3.9     8.5    12.5   7.6
    Part time (8)........  9,287    3.3 11.8    7.6    3.9    11.2    3.2    11.4     2.6    4.6    6.6        4.8     8.1    12.1   9.0
  Unemployed.............  3,462    5.5 10.3    6.0    5.1     9.8    4.1     8.5     2.5    5.8    5.0        4.5    11.9    13.8   7.3
Not in the labor force... 18,528    2.4  9.8    4.8    4.6    12.6    4.6     9.0     2.1    7.2    6.0        4.7     8.3    15.6   8.4

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year.  See the Technical
Note for more details.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and
other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from
September 1, 2008, through the survey period in September 2009.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African
American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.





Table 6.  Volunteers by how they became involved with main organization for which volunteer activities
were performed and selected characteristics, September 2009
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                    Percent distribution of how volunteers became involved with main          
                                                            organization (1)                                  
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                         Total                              Was asked by:                                     
   Characteristics in    volun-                                                                          Not  
     September 2009      teers          Approach-                                                      report-
                         (thou-           ed the                       Rela-   Someone                 ing how
                         sands)  Total   organi-             Boss or   tive     in the           Other  became
                                          zation  Total (2)  employer friend,  organi-    Some-           in- 
                                                                        or     zation/     one          volved
                                                                        co-     school     else               
                                                                      worker                                  
                                                                                                              
Total, both sexes.....   63,361  100.0    40.9      44.0       1.7     14.8     26.0       1.2   12.3     2.8 
   Men................   26,655  100.0    39.5      45.3       1.9     16.3     25.8       1.2   12.1     3.1 
   Women..............   36,706  100.0    41.8      43.0       1.6     13.7     26.2       1.3   12.5     2.7 
                                                                                                              
         Age                                                                                                  
                                                                                                              
Total, 16 years and                                                                                           
over..................   63,361  100.0    40.9      44.0       1.7     14.8     26.0       1.2   12.3     2.8 
  16 to 24 years......    8,290  100.0    39.1      43.1       1.7     16.4     23.0       1.8   14.0     3.8 
     16 to 19 years...    4,429  100.0    39.3      42.9        .7     15.1     24.9       2.1   14.2     3.6 
     20 to 24 years...    3,861  100.0    39.0      43.3       2.9     18.0     20.9       1.5   13.7     3.9 
  25 years and over...   55,071  100.0    41.1      44.1       1.7     14.6     26.5       1.2   12.1     2.7 
     25 to 34 years...    9,511  100.0    40.8      44.5       3.2     16.4     23.5       1.3   11.8     2.8 
     35 to 44 years...   12,835  100.0    40.3      45.8       1.9     12.8     30.1        .9   11.3     2.6 
     45 to 54 years...   13,703  100.0    40.7      43.7       1.5     14.7     26.3       1.0   13.0     2.6 
     55 to 64 years...    9,894  100.0    41.0      42.7       1.4     14.8     25.0       1.2   13.3     3.0 
     65 years and over    9,129  100.0    43.3      43.5        .5     14.7     26.3       1.6   10.8     2.4 
                                                                                                              
 Race and Hispanic or                                                                                         
  Latino ethnicity                                                                                            
                                                                                                              
White.................   54,078  100.0    41.1      44.1       1.7     14.9     26.1       1.2   12.1     2.7 
Black or African                                                                                              
American..............    5,712  100.0    38.4      43.9       2.0     14.8     25.5       1.1   13.1     4.5 
Asian.................    2,060  100.0    41.8      42.0       2.1     13.5     25.0       1.1   13.9     2.4 
Hispanic or Latino                                                                                            
ethnicity.............    4,873  100.0    44.0      40.7       1.4     13.2     25.4        .8   11.7     3.6 
                                                                                                              
Educational attainment                                                                                        
         (3)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                              
Less than a high                                                                                              
school diploma........    2,242  100.0    42.7      44.8        .8     14.9     27.3       1.3   10.5     2.0 
High school graduates,                                                                                        
no college (4)........   11,408  100.0    39.9      45.1       1.4     15.4     26.9       1.0   12.4     2.6 
Some college or                                                                                               
associate degree .....   15,931  100.0    41.2      43.9       1.5     15.3     25.8       1.1   12.4     2.6 
Bachelor's degree and                                                                                         
higher (5)............   25,490  100.0    41.4      43.8       2.0     13.8     26.6       1.3   11.9     2.9 
                                                                                                              
    Marital status                                                                                            
                                                                                                              
Single, never married    14,064  100.0    39.6      43.3       2.0     17.5     22.2       1.4   13.2     3.8 
Married, spouse                                                                                               
present...............   39,348  100.0    40.8      44.7       1.5     13.8     28.1       1.1   11.9     2.5 
Other marital status                                                                                          
(6)...................    9,949  100.0    42.7      42.0       1.8     15.2     23.1       1.7   12.7     2.6 
                                                                                                              
   Presence of own                                                                                            
  children under 18                                                                                           
      years (7)                                                                                               
                                                                                                              
Men:                                                                                                          
  No own children                                                                                             
under 18 years old....   17,864  100.0    39.4      44.7       1.8     17.6     23.9       1.2   12.5     3.4 
  With own children                                                                                           
under 18 years old....    8,791  100.0    39.7      46.6       2.1     13.7     29.6       1.1   11.3     2.4 
Women:                                                                                                        
  No own children                                                                                             
under 18 years old....   23,217  100.0    42.4      41.6       1.7     15.5     22.8       1.4   13.0     3.0 
  With own children                                                                                           
under 18 years old....   13,489  100.0    40.9      45.3       1.4     10.7     32.1       1.0   11.7     2.1 
                                                                                                              
  Employment status                                                                                           
                                                                                                              
Civilian labor force..   44,833  100.0    40.1      44.7       2.3     15.3     25.8       1.1   12.3     2.8 
  Employed............   41,372  100.0    40.0      44.9       2.3     15.3     26.1       1.1   12.3     2.8 
    Full time (8).....   32,085  100.0    39.6      45.2       2.8     15.5     25.7       1.1   12.3     2.9 
    Part time (9).....    9,287  100.0    41.2      44.1        .9     14.3     27.4       1.3   12.3     2.5 
  Unemployed..........    3,462  100.0    42.0      42.1       1.3     16.2     22.8       1.6   12.3     3.5 
Not in the labor force   18,528  100.0    42.6      42.2        .3     13.6     26.5       1.5   12.4     2.9 

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours
during the year.  See the Technical Note for more details.
   2 Includes persons who did not specify who asked them to volunteer, not shown separately.
   3 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   4 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   5 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   6 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   7 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces,
nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   8 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   9 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE:  Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an
organization at any point from September 1, 2008, through the survey period in September 2009. 
Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals
because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or
Latino may be of any race.




Last Modified Date: January 27, 2010
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