Economic News Release

Volunteering in the United States News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 22, 2012           USDL-12-0329

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                VOLUNTEERING IN THE UNITED STATES -- 2011


The volunteer rate rose by 0.5 percentage point to 26.8 percent for the year 
ending in September 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
About 64.3 million people volunteered through or for an organization at least 
once between September 2010 and September 2011. The increase in the volunteer 
rate in 2011 followed a decline of equal size in 2010.

These data on volunteering were collected through a supplement to the September 
2011 Current Population Survey (CPS). The supplement was sponsored by the 
Corporation for National and Community Service. The CPS is a monthly survey of 
about 60,000 households that obtains information on employment and unemployment 
among the nation's civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over. 
Volunteers are defined as persons who did unpaid work (except for expenses) 
through or for an organization. For more information about the volunteer 
supplement, see the Technical Note.

Volunteering Among Demographic Groups

The volunteer rate of women increased from 29.3 percent to 29.9 percent in the 
year ending in September 2011, while the volunteer rate for men, at 23.5 percent, 
changed little. Women continued to volunteer at a higher rate than did men across 
all age groups, educational levels, and other major demographic characteristics. 
(See tables A and 1.)

By age, 35- to 44-year-olds and 45- to 54-year-olds were the most likely to 
volunteer (31.8 and 30.6 percent, respectively). Persons in their early twenties 
were the least likely to volunteer (19.4 percent). Among the major race and 
ethnicity groups, whites continued to volunteer at a higher rate (28.2 percent) 
than did blacks (20.3 percent), Asians (20.0 percent), and Hispanics (14.9 percent). 
The volunteer rate for blacks increased in 2011. For all other major race and ethnicity
groups, the volunteer rates were little different from the rates in 2010.

As in earlier years, married persons volunteered at a higher rate (32.3 percent) 
in 2011 than did those who had never married (20.9 percent) and those with other 
marital statuses (21.5 percent). The volunteer rate of parents with children under 
age 18 (33.7 percent) remained higher than the rate for persons without children 
(24.1 percent).

Individuals with higher levels of educational attainment engaged in volunteer 
activities at higher rates than did those with less education. Among persons age 
25 and over, 42.4 percent of college graduates volunteered, compared with 18.2 
percent of high school graduates and 9.8 percent of those with less than a high 
school diploma.



Table A. Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2007 through September 2011

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                       September 2007   September 2008   September 2009   September 2010   September 2011 
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
                                      Number   Percent  Number  Percent  Number  Percent  Number  Percent  Number  Percent
                                              of popu-         of popu-         of popu-         of popu-         of popu-
                                               lation           lation           lation           lation           lation 
                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                         
                  Sex                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                         
Total, both sexes.....................60,838    26.2    61,803   26.4    63,361   26.8    62,790   26.3   64,252   26.8  
 Men..................................25,724    22.9    26,268   23.2    26,655   23.3    26,787   23.2   27,354   23.5  
 Women ...............................35,114    29.3    35,535   29.4    36,706   30.1    36,004   29.3   36,898   29.9  
                                                                                                                         
                  Age                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                         
Total, 16 years and over..............60,838    26.2    61,803   26.4    63,361   26.8    62,790   26.3   64,252   26.8  
 16 to 24 years....................... 7,798    20.8     8,239   21.9     8,290   22.0     8,297   21.9    8,578   22.5  
 25 to 34 years....................... 9,019    22.6     9,154   22.8     9,511   23.5     9,140   22.3    9,691   23.3  
 35 to 44 years.......................12,902    30.5    13,016   31.3    12,835   31.5    12,904   32.2   12,566   31.8  
 45 to 54 years.......................13,136    30.1    13,189   29.9    13,703   30.8    13,435   30.3   13,420   30.6  
 55 to 64 years....................... 9,316    28.4     9,456   28.1     9,894   28.3     9,830   27.2   10,449   28.1  
 65 years and over.................... 8,667    23.8     8,749   23.5     9,129   23.9     9,184   23.6    9,547   24.0  
                                                                                                                         
 Race and Hispanic or Latino 
         ethnicity                                                                                       
                                                                                                                         
White.................................52,586    27.9    53,078   27.9    54,078   28.3    53,556   27.8   54,432   28.2  
Black or African American............. 5,010    18.2     5,325   19.1     5,712   20.2     5,580   19.4    5,934   20.3  
Asian................................. 1,887    17.7     2,022   18.7     2,060   19.0     2,207   19.6    2,304   20.0  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.......... 4,279    13.5     4,662   14.4     4,873   14.7     4,982   14.7    5,151   14.9  
                                                                                                                         
    Educational attainment (1)                                                                                        
                                                                                                                         
Less than a high school diploma....... 2,394     9.0     2,427    9.4     2,242    8.6     2,231    8.8    2,461    9.8  
High school graduates, no college (2).11,379    18.6    10,998   18.1    11,408   18.8    10,887   17.9   11,049   18.2  
Some college or associate degree......15,468    30.7    15,519   30.0    15,931   30.5    15,505   29.2   15,946   29.5  
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)......23,799    41.8    24,620   42.2    25,490   42.8    25,870   42.3   26,218   42.4  
                                                                                                                         
        Employment status                                                                                             
                                                                                                                         
Civilian labor force..................43,405    28.1    44,313   28.5    44,833   29.0    44,522   28.7   45,249   29.1  
 Employed.............................41,708    28.3    42,131   28.9    41,372   29.7    40,980   29.2   41,881   29.6  
  Full time (4).......................32,714    26.9    33,344   27.8    32,085   28.7    31,625   28.2   32,517   28.7  
  Part time (5)....................... 8,994    35.4     8,788   34.2     9,287   33.7     9,355   33.2    9,363   33.3  
 Unemployed........................... 1,697    23.2     2,181   22.3     3,462   22.9     3,542   23.8    3,368   23.8  
Not in the labor force................17,433    22.3    17,491   22.2    18,528   22.6    18,268   22.0   19,003   22.5  

  1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
  2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
  3 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
  4 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
  5 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
  NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
in the year ending in September. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not
sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. See the Technical Note for further information.



Volunteers by Employment Status

Among employed persons, 29.6 percent volunteered during the year ending in 
September 2011. By comparison, 23.8 percent of unemployed persons and 22.5 percent 
of those not in the labor force volunteered. Among the employed, part-time workers 
were more likely than full-time workers to have participated in volunteer 
activities--33.3 percent compared with 28.7 percent. (See table 1.)

Total Annual Hours Spent Volunteering

Volunteers of both sexes spent a median of 51 hours on volunteer activities during 
the period from September 2010 to September 2011. Median annual hours spent on 
volunteer activities ranged from a high of 96 hours for volunteers age 65 and over 
to a low of 32 hours for those 25 to 34 years old. (See table 2.)

Number and Type of Organizations

Most volunteers were involved with either one or two organizations--69.6 and 19.4 
percent, respectively. Individuals with higher educational attainment were more 
likely to volunteer for multiple organizations than were those with less education. 
(See table 3.)

In 2011, the main organization--the organization for which the volunteer worked 
the most hours during the year--was most frequently religious (33.2 percent of all 
volunteers), followed by educational or youth service related (25.7 percent). 
Another 14.3 percent of volunteers performed activities mainly for social or 
community service organizations. (See table 4.)

Older volunteers were more likely to volunteer for religious organizations than 
were their younger counterparts. For example, 44.9 percent of volunteers age 65 
and over did their service mainly through or for a religious organization, 
compared with 26.5 percent of volunteers age 16 to 24.

The type of main organization for which individuals volunteered also varied by 
educational attainment. Volunteering mainly for religious organizations decreased 
as educational attainment increased. Among volunteers with less than a high school 
diploma, 47.8 percent volunteered mainly for religious organizations, compared 
with 31.3 percent of those with a bachelor's degree and higher. Volunteering
primarily for educational or youth service organizations increased with educational 
attainment. Of volunteers with less than a high school diploma, 22.7 percent 
volunteered mainly for this type of organization, compared with 26.7 percent of 
those with a bachelor's degree and higher.

Among volunteers with children under 18 years old, 45.9 percent of mothers and 
37.3 percent of fathers volunteered mainly for an educational or youth service 
organization, such as a school or scouting group. Volunteers without children 
under 18 were more likely than parents to volunteer for other types of 
organizations, such as social or community service organizations and hospitals 
or other health organizations.

Main Volunteer Activity for Main Organization

Fundraising (11.0 percent) and collecting, preparing, distributing, or serving 
food (10.6 percent) were the activities volunteers performed most frequently 
for their main organization. Men and women tended to engage in different main 
activities. Men who volunteered were most likely to engage in general labor 
(13.3 percent); coach, referee, or supervise sports teams (10.1 percent); or 
fundraise (8.9 percent). Female volunteers were most likely to fundraise 
(12.6 percent); collect, prepare, distribute, or serve food (12.5 percent); 
or tutor or teach (10.7 percent). (See table 5.)

Educational attainment influenced the types of activities volunteers performed. 
College graduates were more likely than those with less education to tutor or 
teach or to provide professional or management assistance. They were least 
likely to collect, make, or distribute clothing, crafts, or goods other than 
food. Volunteers with less than a high school diploma were more likely to collect, 
prepare, and distribute food than those with higher levels of education.

Parents were considerably more likely than those without children to engage in 
volunteer activities that are related to children--including coaching, refereeing, 
or supervising sports teams; and mentoring youth.

How Volunteers Became Involved with Main Organization

Among volunteers, 41.9 percent became involved with their main organization 
after being asked to volunteer, most often by someone in the organization. 
About the same proportion (41.6 percent) became involved on their own 
initiative--that is, they approached the organization. (See table 6.)




Technical Note


   The data in this release were collected through a supplement to the September 2011
Current Population Survey (CPS).  The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible 
households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--
focuses on obtaining information on employment and unemployment among the nation's 
civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over.  The purpose of this supplement 
to the CPS was to obtain information on the incidence of volunteering and the 
characteristics of volunteers in the United States.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired individuals
upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance
that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they repre-
sent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the es-
timate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an esti-
mate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  BLS analyses are generally con-
ducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, in-
ability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwil-
lingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the col-
lection or processing of the data.

   A full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and for information
on estimating standard errors is available on the BLS Web Site at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

   The Census Bureau introduces adjustments to the population controls for the CPS as
part of its annual update of population estimates.  For this reason, the data for 2011
presented in this release are not strictly comparable with data for 2010 and earlier
years.  Additional information is available on the internet at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

Volunteer questions and concepts

   In the September 2011 supplement, questions on volunteer activities were asked of
all households.  Efforts were made to have household members answer the volunteer
questions for themselves.  (Generally, one member of the household answers all the
questions in the CPS on behalf of the entire household.)  Self-response was consid-
ered important for the volunteer supplement because research indicated that self-re-
spondents could more easily answer questions on the characteristics of the volunteer
activity.  About 69 percent of the responses were self-reports.

   The survey was introduced as follows:  "This month, we are interested in volunteer
activities, that is, activities for which people are not paid, except perhaps expenses.
We only want you to include volunteer activities that you did through or for an organ-
ization, even if you only did them once in a while."

   Following this introduction, respondents were asked the first supplement question:
"Since September 1st of last year, have you done any volunteer activities through or
for an organization?"

   If respondents did not answer "yes" to the first question, they were asked the fol-
lowing question: "Sometimes people don't think of activities they do infrequently or 
activities they do for children's schools or youth organizations as volunteer activi-
ties. Since September 1st of last year, have you done any of these types of volunteer
activities?"

   Respondents were considered volunteers if they answered "yes" to either of these
questions. This is the same method of identifying volunteers as was used in each of
the nine prior supplements.

   Respondents classified as volunteers were asked further questions about the number
and type of organizations for which they volunteered, total hours spent volunteering,
how they became involved with the main organization for which they volunteered, the
type of activities they performed for the main organization, and what their main acti-
vity was.

   The reference period for the questions on volunteering was about 1 year, from
September 1, 2010, through the survey week in September 2011.  The reference period
for other characteristics--such as labor force status, educational attainment, and
marital status--refer to the survey reference week in September 2011.  It is possi-
ble that these characteristics were different at the time volunteer activities were
performed.

   One new question was added to the 2008 survey to determine whether or not respon-
dents had donated money, assets, or property with a combined value of more than $25
to charitable or religious organizations in the past 12 months.  Two questions asked
in the 2007 supplement were removed in 2008.  These questions asked how often respon-
dents who had attended public meetings or who had worked with others in their neigh-
borhood to fix a problem did so.

Definitions

   Volunteers are persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities at any point from
September 1, 2010, through the survey period in September 2011.  The count of volun-
teers only includes persons who volunteered through or for an organization; the figures
do not include persons who volunteered in a more informal manner.  For example, a woman
who taught acting to children through a local theater would be considered a volunteer.
However, a woman who, on her own, organized softball games for the children in her
neighborhood would not be counted as a volunteer for the purpose of this survey.

   Organizations are associations, societies, or groups of people who share a common
interest.  Examples include churches, youth groups, and civic organizations.  For the
purpose of this study, organizations are grouped into eight major categories, including
religious, youth, and social or community service organizations.

   In the 2005 survey, one organization category, immigrant/refugee assistance, was ad-
ded to the questionnaire as a possible response. Responses that were collected in this
category may have been distributed over at least six of the major organization catego-
ries in previous years.  For this reason, the addition of the new response category
created a break in the comparability of organizations between 2005 and prior years.
Because few people reported volunteering for immigrant/refugee assistance organizations
and because the group was not a definite subset of any of the major organization cate-
gories, those persons who did report that they volunteered for immigrant/refugee assis-
tance organizations were placed in the "other" group.

   The main organization is the organization for which the volunteer worked the most
hours during the year.  If a respondent volunteered for only one organization, it was
considered the main organization, even if exact hours were not obtained.

   In order to identify the type of main organization, respondents provided information
about the organization and, for those who volunteered for more than one organization,
annual hours worked for each.  Some respondents did not provide the information neces-
sary to determine the main organization.  For these respondents, the follow-up questions
on activities and how they became involved with the main organization asked them to re-
port on the organization for which they think they spent the most time volunteering.

   Activities are the specific tasks the volunteer did for an organization.  Examples
include tutoring, fundraising, and serving food.  The activity categories were modified
in 2005, thus creating a break in the comparability of activities between 2005 and prior
years.

   In 2006, a new question was added that asked respondents on which of the activities
they mentioned they spent the most time. Previously, respondents reported all of the
activities they did for their main organization.  The new question identified which of
them was the main activity for the main organization.




Table 1.  Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2011

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                              Total, both sexes                  Men                        Women           
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Volunteers                  Volunteers                  Volunteers   
   Characteristics in September 2011      Civilian                    Civilian                    Civilian                  
                                         noninsti-                   noninsti-                   noninsti-                  
                                          tutional          Percent   tutional          Percent   tutional          Percent 
                                          popula-   Number    of      popula-   Number    of      popula-   Number    of    
                                           tion             popula-    tion             popula-     tion            popula- 
                                                             tion                        tion                        tion   
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                  Age                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
Total, 16 years and over................  239,972   64,252    26.8    116,532   27,354    23.5    123,441   36,898    29.9  
  16 to 24 years........................   38,203    8,578    22.5     19,478    3,799    19.5     18,726    4,779    25.5  
     16 to 19 years.....................   16,802    4,436    26.4      8,598    2,041    23.7      8,203    2,395    29.2  
     20 to 24 years.....................   21,402    4,142    19.4     10,879    1,758    16.2     10,522    2,385    22.7  
  25 years and over.....................  201,769   55,674    27.6     97,054   23,555    24.3    104,715   32,119    30.7  
     25 to 34 years.....................   41,508    9,691    23.3     20,769    4,023    19.4     20,739    5,668    27.3  
     35 to 44 years.....................   39,458   12,566    31.8     19,410    5,332    27.5     20,048    7,234    36.1  
     45 to 54 years.....................   43,859   13,420    30.6     21,501    5,760    26.8     22,358    7,660    34.3  
     55 to 64 years.....................   37,201   10,449    28.1     17,888    4,491    25.1     19,313    5,958    30.9  
     65 years and over..................   39,743    9,547    24.0     17,486    3,949    22.6     22,257    5,598    25.2  
                                                                                                                            
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                      
                                                                                                                            
White...................................  193,281   54,432    28.2     94,935   23,292    24.5     98,346   31,140    31.7  
Black or African American...............   29,179    5,934    20.3     13,196    2,374    18.0     15,983    3,560    22.3  
Asian...................................   11,494    2,304    20.0      5,429    1,007    18.6      6,065    1,296    21.4  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............   34,613    5,151    14.9     17,858    2,221    12.4     16,755    2,930    17.5  
                                                                                                                            
       Educational attainment (1)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                            
Less than a high school diploma.........   25,188    2,461     9.8     12,584    1,038     8.2     12,604    1,423    11.3  
High school graduates, no college (2)...   60,682   11,049    18.2     29,587    4,726    16.0     31,096    6,322    20.3  
Some college or associate degree .......   54,026   15,946    29.5     24,986    6,259    25.0     29,040    9,687    33.4  
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   61,873   26,218    42.4     29,898   11,531    38.6     31,976   14,687    45.9  
                                                                                                                            
           Marital status                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
Single, never married...................   70,650   14,744    20.9     37,488    6,642    17.7     33,163    8,102    24.4  
Married, spouse present.................  121,798   39,289    32.3     61,958   17,732    28.6     59,840   21,557    36.0  
Other marital status (4)................   47,524   10,219    21.5     17,086    2,980    17.4     30,438    7,240    23.8  
                                                                                                                            
        Presence of own children                                                                                            
           under 18 years (5)                                                                                               
                                                                                                                            
Without own children under 18...........  172,501   41,535    24.1     86,497   18,113    20.9     86,004   23,422    27.2  
With own children under 18..............   67,472   22,716    33.7     30,035    9,241    30.8     37,437   13,476    36.0  
                                                                                                                            
          Employment status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                            
Civilian labor force....................  155,679   45,249    29.1     82,954   21,234    25.6     72,724   24,015    33.0  
  Employed..............................  141,525   41,881    29.6     75,477   19,857    26.3     66,048   22,024    33.3  
    Full time (6).......................  113,410   32,517    28.7     65,219   17,144    26.3     48,191   15,374    31.9  
    Part time (7).......................   28,115    9,363    33.3     10,259    2,713    26.4     17,857    6,650    37.2  
  Unemployed............................   14,153    3,368    23.8      7,477    1,377    18.4      6,676    1,991    29.8  
Not in the labor force..................   84,294   19,003    22.5     33,577    6,120    18.2     50,717   12,883    25.4  

  1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
  2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
  3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
  4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
  5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
  6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
  7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
  NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2010, through the survey period in September 2011. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is
identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Table 2.  Volunteers by annual hours of volunteer activities and selected characteristics, September 2011
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                     Percent distribution of total annual hours spent volunteering         
                                                                         at all organizations                              
                                            Total                                                                   Median 
                                         volunteers                                                                 annual 
   Characteristics in September 2011     (thousands)                                                          Not    hours 
                                                              1 to 14 15 to 49 50 to 99  100 to     500     report-   (1)  
                                                      Total   hour(s)   hours    hours     499     hours     ing           
                                                                                          hours  and over   annual         
                                                                                                             hours         
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                  Sex                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                           
Total, both sexes.......................   64,252     100.0     21.4     24.8     15.0     27.7      5.7      5.3     51   
   Men..................................   27,354     100.0     20.7     24.9     15.1     28.1      5.8      5.4     52   
   Women................................   36,898     100.0     22.0     24.7     14.9     27.5      5.6      5.3     50   
                                                                                                                           
                  Age                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                           
Total, 16 years and over................   64,252     100.0     21.4     24.8     15.0     27.7      5.7      5.3     51   
  16 to 24 years........................    8,578     100.0     24.2     28.0     14.8     21.1      4.3      7.5     38   
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,436     100.0     22.3     30.8     17.1     20.6      3.0      6.2     39   
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,142     100.0     26.3     25.0     12.3     21.7      5.8      8.9     36   
  25 years and over.....................   55,674     100.0     21.0     24.3     15.1     28.7      5.9      5.0     52   
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,691     100.0     29.8     25.9     13.8     22.0      3.6      4.9     32   
     35 to 44 years.....................   12,566     100.0     23.6     25.7     15.1     27.1      4.6      3.8     48   
     45 to 54 years.....................   13,420     100.0     19.3     25.5     16.2     28.8      5.5      4.7     52   
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,449     100.0     18.8     24.2     15.4     29.0      6.9      5.7     53   
     65 years and over..................    9,547     100.0     13.5     19.3     14.3     37.4      9.5      6.1     96   
                                                                                                                           
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
White...................................   54,432     100.0     21.4     25.0     15.1     27.8      5.7      5.0     51   
Black or African American...............    5,934     100.0     21.0     22.0     13.8     28.4      6.5      8.3     52   
Asian...................................    2,304     100.0     23.0     26.1     15.9     25.7      4.3      5.0     48   
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,151     100.0     26.1     24.7     13.6     24.6      5.8      5.3     40   
                                                                                                                           
       Educational attainment (2)                                                                                          
                                                                                                                           
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,461     100.0     26.3     22.1     12.0     24.9      7.0      7.7     45   
High school graduates, no college (3)...   11,049     100.0     22.5     24.3     13.6     27.7      6.2      5.8     50   
Some college or associate degree .......   15,946     100.0     22.3     24.1     14.7     28.1      6.2      4.6     52   
Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........   26,218     100.0     19.1     24.6     16.2     29.9      5.5      4.6     56   
                                                                                                                           
           Marital status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                           
Single, never married...................   14,744     100.0     25.2     27.2     14.6     21.3      4.5      7.2     38   
Married, spouse present.................   39,289     100.0     20.1     24.1     15.5     29.8      5.9      4.5     52   
Other marital status (5)................   10,219     100.0     21.0     23.9     13.9     29.0      6.7      5.6     52   
                                                                                                                           
        Presence of own children                                                                                           
           under 18 years (6)                                                                                              
                                                                                                                           
Men:                                                                                                                       
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,113     100.0     20.1     25.3     14.8     27.1      6.5      6.2     52   
  With own children under 18 years old..    9,241     100.0     21.9     24.1     15.8     29.9      4.5      3.8     52   
Women:                                                                                                                     
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,422     100.0     20.6     23.8     14.9     28.4      6.4      5.9     52   
  With own children under 18 years old..   13,476     100.0     24.4     26.4     15.0     25.9      4.2      4.1     44   
                                                                                                                           
          Employment status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                           
Civilian labor force....................   45,249     100.0     23.0     26.0     15.3     25.9      4.8      5.0     48   
  Employed..............................   41,881     100.0     22.9     26.1     15.3     26.1      4.6      4.9     48   
    Full time (7).......................   32,517     100.0     23.6     26.4     15.4     25.3      4.4      4.9     45   
    Part time (8).......................    9,363     100.0     20.7     24.9     15.2     28.7      5.4      5.0     52   
  Unemployed............................    3,368     100.0     23.5     25.7     14.1     23.6      7.2      6.0     45   
Not in the labor force..................   19,003     100.0     17.8     21.8     14.5     32.2      7.8      6.0     66   
   
   1 For those reporting annual hours.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2010, through the survey period in September 2011. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity
is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. 




Table 3.  Volunteers by number of organizations for which volunteer activities were performed and
selected characteristics, September 2011
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                                                          Percent distribution of the number of     
                                                      organizations for which volunteer activities  
                                                                     were performed                 
                                            Total                                                   
   Characteristics in September 2011     volunteers                                                 
                                         (thousands)                                         Not    
                                                                                   Five   reporting 
                                                    Total  One   Two  Three  Four   or    number of 
                                                                                   more   organiza- 
                                                                                            tions   
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                  Sex                                                                               
                                                                                                    
Total, both sexes.......................   64,252   100.0  69.6  19.4   7.0   2.2   1.4       0.4   
   Men..................................   27,354   100.0  71.0  18.7   6.8   1.9   1.3        .3   
   Women................................   36,898   100.0  68.5  19.9   7.2   2.5   1.5        .4   
                                                                                                    
                  Age                                                                               
                                                                                                    
Total, 16 years and over................   64,252   100.0  69.6  19.4   7.0   2.2   1.4        .4   
  16 to 24 years........................    8,578   100.0  75.1  16.5   5.2   1.5    .9        .7   
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,436   100.0  71.2  19.1   6.4   2.0    .9        .5   
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,142   100.0  79.3  13.7   4.0   1.1    .9       1.0   
  25 years and over.....................   55,674   100.0  68.7  19.8   7.3   2.4   1.5        .3   
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,691   100.0  75.2  16.7   5.9   1.3    .6        .3   
     35 to 44 years.....................   12,566   100.0  68.5  20.5   7.3   2.5   1.1        .2   
     45 to 54 years.....................   13,420   100.0  66.6  20.5   8.2   2.5   2.0        .3   
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,449   100.0  67.4  20.6   7.1   2.8   1.8        .3   
     65 years and over..................    9,547   100.0  67.0  20.5   7.6   2.6   1.8        .5   
                                                                                                    
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                              
                                                                                                    
White...................................   54,432   100.0  68.1  20.1   7.5   2.4   1.5        .3   
Black or African American...............    5,934   100.0  78.6  14.6   4.2   1.1   1.0        .4   
Asian...................................    2,304   100.0  80.5  13.8   4.2   1.2    .1        .2   
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,151   100.0  81.7  12.8   3.8    .9    .6        .2   
                                                                                                    
       Educational attainment (1)                                                                   
                                                                                                    
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,461   100.0  88.2   8.4   2.3    .3    .5        .3   
High school graduates, no college (2)...   11,049   100.0  79.1  14.6   4.5    .9    .6        .3   
Some college or associate degree .......   15,946   100.0  70.8  20.1   5.8   1.9   1.1        .4   
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   26,218   100.0  61.2  23.0   9.9   3.4   2.2        .2   
                                                                                                    
             Marital status                                                                         
                                                                                                    
Single, never married...................   14,744   100.0  73.7  17.3   5.7   1.8    .9        .6   
Married, spouse present.................   39,289   100.0  67.8  20.4   7.6   2.4   1.5        .3   
Other marital status (4)................   10,219   100.0  70.6  18.5   6.5   2.3   1.9        .3   
                                                                                                    
Presence of own children under 18 years                                                             
                  (5)                                                                               
                                                                                                    
Men:                                                                                                
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,113   100.0  71.6  18.2   6.3   1.9   1.6        .4   
  With own children under 18 years old..    9,241   100.0  69.8  19.6   7.8   1.9    .7        .2   
Women:                                                                                              
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,422   100.0  69.3  19.5   7.1   2.3   1.3        .4   
  With own children under 18 years old..   13,476   100.0  67.2  20.8   7.3   2.8   1.8        .3   
                                                                                                    
           Employment status                                                                        
                                                                                                    
Civilian labor force....................   45,249   100.0  69.4  19.5   7.2   2.1   1.4        .3   
  Employed..............................   41,881   100.0  69.2  19.6   7.3   2.2   1.5        .3   
    Full time (6).......................   32,517   100.0  69.5  19.3   7.3   2.1   1.4        .3   
    Part time (7).......................    9,363   100.0  67.8  20.4   7.3   2.6   1.7        .3   
  Unemployed............................    3,368   100.0  71.9  19.3   5.7   1.5   1.2        .4   
Not in the labor force..................   19,003   100.0  70.1  19.1   6.6   2.5   1.3        .4   
      
   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are
nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an
organization at any point from September 1, 2010, through the survey period in September 2011. 
Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to
totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 4.  Volunteers by type of main organization for which volunteer activities were performed and selected characteristics,
September 2011
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
                                                        Percent distribution of volunteers by type of main organization (1)     
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
                                           Total           Civic,                                                               
                                           volun-         politi-   Educa-  Envi-  Hos-               Social  Sport,            
   Characteristics in September 2011       teers            cal,    tional   ron- pital  Pub-           or    hobby,        Not 
                                           (thou-  Total  profes-    or    mental   or   lic   Reli- commun- cultur- Other deter-
                                           sands)          sional,  youth    or   other  safe- gious   ity     al,         mined
                                                             or      ser-  animal health  ty         service or arts             
                                                           inter-    vice   care                                                
                                                          national                                                              
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
                  Sex                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Total, both sexes.......................   64,252  100.0     5.4     25.7    2.3   7.7   1.3   33.2   14.3     3.8    3.9    2.4
   Men..................................   27,354  100.0     7.0     23.9    2.1   5.7   2.4   32.8   14.9     4.9    3.9    2.5
   Women................................   36,898  100.0     4.3     27.0    2.4   9.2    .5   33.5   13.8     3.1    3.9    2.3
                                                                                                                                
                  Age                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Total, 16 years and over................   64,252  100.0     5.4     25.7    2.3   7.7   1.3   33.2   14.3     3.8    3.9    2.4
  16 to 24 years........................    8,578  100.0     4.0     29.4    2.9   8.1   1.5   26.5   15.1     4.1    3.8    4.5
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,436  100.0     3.6     34.6    2.4   6.5    .7   29.0   13.4     3.8    2.9    3.1
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,142  100.0     4.5     23.8    3.5   9.9   2.4   23.8   17.0     4.4    4.9    5.9
  25 years and over.....................   55,674  100.0     5.6     25.1    2.2   7.6   1.3   34.2   14.2     3.8    3.9    2.1
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,691  100.0     4.6     30.8    2.3   9.3   1.7   27.7   14.2     3.1    4.0    2.2
     35 to 44 years.....................   12,566  100.0     4.5     39.4    1.8   5.7   1.1   28.3   11.3     3.4    3.1    1.4
     45 to 54 years.....................   13,420  100.0     5.4     27.5    2.2   7.1   1.2   34.1   12.6     3.8    4.0    2.1
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,449  100.0     7.0     14.8    3.0   8.6   1.7   37.6   16.0     4.3    4.4    2.6
     65 years and over..................    9,547  100.0     7.1      8.2    1.7   8.1    .8   44.9   18.3     4.5    4.2    2.2
                                                                                                                                
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
White...................................   54,432  100.0     5.7     25.7    2.6   8.0   1.4   31.9   14.4     4.1    4.1    2.2
Black or African American...............    5,934  100.0     3.2     23.9     .2   6.4    .8   44.5   13.1     1.5    3.1    3.4
Asian...................................    2,304  100.0     5.5     29.0     .5   6.5    .2   35.5   14.7     3.9    1.8    2.1
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,151  100.0     3.8     36.6    1.2   6.0    .5   32.9   10.4     2.7    3.3    2.5
                                                                                                                                
       Educational attainment (2)                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,461  100.0     4.9     22.7    1.5   4.4   1.5   47.8   10.7     1.4    3.1    2.2
High school graduates, no college (3)...   11,049  100.0     5.0     22.3    1.4   7.1   2.2   39.0   14.4     3.4    3.6    1.8
Some college or associate degree .......   15,946  100.0     5.6     24.7    2.4   7.5   1.6   33.5   15.0     3.5    4.1    2.0
Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........   26,218  100.0     6.0     26.7    2.5   8.2    .7   31.3   13.9     4.4    4.0    2.2
                                                                                                                                
             Marital status                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
Single, never married...................   14,744  100.0     5.3     26.7    3.1   9.1   1.5   24.4   17.2     4.2    4.5    3.9
Married, spouse present.................   39,289  100.0     5.4     26.7    1.8   6.7   1.2   36.9   12.3     3.7    3.5    1.8
Other marital status (5)................   10,219  100.0     5.9     20.3    3.0   9.4   1.3   31.3   18.0     3.9    4.6    2.3
                                                                                                                                
        Presence of own children                                                                                                
           under 18 years (6)                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
Men:                                                                                                                            
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,113  100.0     7.9     17.0    2.7   6.6   2.8   32.7   17.7     4.9    4.6    3.0
  With own children under 18 years old..    9,241  100.0     5.2     37.3    1.0   3.9   1.5   32.8    9.4     4.8    2.5    1.7
Women:                                                                                                                          
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,422  100.0     5.2     16.1    3.2  11.3    .6   36.2   16.6     3.7    4.5    2.6
  With own children under 18 years old..   13,476  100.0     2.8     45.9    1.1   5.5    .3   28.8    9.0     1.9    3.0    1.7
                                                                                                                                
           Employment status                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Civilian labor force....................   45,249  100.0     5.7     27.1    2.4   7.7   1.5   31.7   13.7     4.0    3.9    2.3
  Employed..............................   41,881  100.0     5.7     26.6    2.3   7.8   1.5   32.3   13.6     4.0    3.9    2.3
    Full time (7).......................   32,517  100.0     6.0     26.5    2.3   8.0   1.7   31.5   13.9     4.0    3.8    2.3
    Part time (8).......................    9,363  100.0     4.5     26.9    2.5   7.0   1.0   34.7   12.9     4.1    4.1    2.3
  Unemployed............................    3,368  100.0     5.3     33.4    2.9   7.4   1.1   25.4   14.2     3.5    4.1    2.6
Not in the labor force..................   19,003  100.0     4.9     22.2    2.1   7.6    .9   36.6   15.8     3.5    4.0    2.5

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year. See the
Technical Note for more details.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren,
and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from
September 1, 2010, through the survey period in September 2011. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African
American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified
as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. 




Table 5.  Main volunteer activity for main organization for which activities were performed and selected characteristics, 
September 2011
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                          Percent distribution of main volunteer activity for main organization (1)       
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                            Pro-                             
                                                                                                            vide                             
                                                                                                            pro-                             
                                                                                 Col-          Pro-         fes-                             
                                                                                 lect,         vide        sional                            
                                                  Coach,                   Col-  make,         coun-         or    Engage  Engage            
                                           Total   re-,                    lect,  or     Fund- sel-        manage-  in      in               
                                           volun-  fer-            Be an   pre- distrib- raise ing,  Pro-   ment   music,  gener-            
   Characteristics in September 2011       teers   ee,  Tu-        usher, pare,  ute     or   medi-  vide    as-   perfor-   al        Equal
                                          (thou-   or   tor  Ment- greet-  dis- cloth-   sell  cal   gener-  sis-   mance  labor; Oth- time 
                                           sands)  sup-  or   or   er, or  trib-  ing,  items care,   al   tance,    or   supply   er  among
                                                   er- teach youth minis-  ute, crafts,  to   fire/ office includ- other  trans-        all 
                                                   vise              ter    or    or    raise  EMS,  servi-  ing   artis-  por-             
                                                  sports                  serve  goods  money   or     ces  serv-    tic   tation            
                                                  teams                    food  other        protec-       ing on activi-  to              
                                                                                 than          tive           a      ties  people            
                                                                                 food          ser-         board                            
                                                                                              vices           or                             
                                                                                                             com-                            
                                                                                                             mit-                            
                                                                                                             tee                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
                  Sex                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                             
Total, both sexes.......................  64,252    5.6  9.2   6.5    4.2  10.6    3.7  11.0    3.1    4.6    7.3    3.9     9.3   13.4   7.4
   Men..................................  27,354   10.1  7.2   6.6    5.4   8.0    2.2   8.9    3.6    2.8    8.7    4.0    13.3   12.7   6.7
   Women................................  36,898    2.3 10.7   6.5    3.4  12.5    4.7  12.6    2.8    6.0    6.3    3.9     6.3   14.0   8.0
                                                                                                                                             
                  Age                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                             
Total, 16 years and over................  64,252    5.6  9.2   6.5    4.2  10.6    3.7  11.0    3.1    4.6    7.3    3.9     9.3   13.4   7.4
  16 to 24 years........................   8,578    6.6 10.4   9.3    1.7   8.5    3.4   9.5    2.9    3.5    1.5    5.2    13.0   16.8   7.8
     16 to 19 years.....................   4,436    6.8 10.2   9.4    2.2   9.1    3.8   9.5    1.3    2.3    1.5    5.5    14.6   15.6   8.2
     20 to 24 years.....................   4,142    6.3 10.6   9.1    1.2   7.9    2.9   9.5    4.5    4.9    1.5    4.9    11.3   18.2   7.4
  25 years and over.....................  55,674    5.5  9.0   6.1    4.6  10.9    3.7  11.2    3.2    4.8    8.2    3.7     8.7   12.9   7.4
     25 to 34 years.....................   9,691    6.5 10.6   8.8    3.2   9.2    3.8  11.5    4.3    4.0    5.1    3.7     9.3   13.9   6.4
     35 to 44 years.....................  12,566    9.9 10.6   7.9    3.1   9.4    3.0  12.8    2.6    4.0    6.4    3.1     8.8   10.8   7.6
     45 to 54 years.....................  13,420    6.2  8.9   6.5    4.6  10.0    2.8  12.4    3.0    4.7    9.0    3.5     8.3   12.4   7.6
     55 to 64 years.....................  10,449    2.8  8.5   4.5    5.7  11.6    3.5  10.4    3.6    5.1   11.1    4.4     8.8   12.9   7.1
     65 years and over..................   9,547     .6  6.2   2.1    7.0  15.0    6.2   8.1    2.5    6.6    9.7    4.3     8.2   15.6   8.1
                                                                                                                                             
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                             
White...................................  54,432    5.7  8.9   6.4    3.9  10.4    3.7  11.6    3.1    4.5    7.8    3.8     9.4   13.5   7.3
Black or African American...............   5,934    5.6 10.0   8.6    7.0  12.4    3.6   7.7    3.2    4.7    3.2    5.2     7.5   12.6   8.6
Asian...................................   2,304    2.6 12.9   5.0    4.8  10.3    3.7   7.0    3.5    6.1    6.2    4.1     9.2   14.7   9.9
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............   5,151    8.2 10.9   6.6    4.1  10.6    4.2  10.5    2.2    4.6    2.8    3.5     9.5   15.0   7.4
                                                                                                                                             
       Educational attainment (2)                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                             
Less than a high school diploma.........   2,461    2.9  4.8   3.0    7.8  18.0    5.6   8.6    1.3    4.4    1.3    2.7    15.5   16.9   7.2
High school graduates, no college (3)...  11,049    5.7  6.6   4.8    5.5  15.7    4.6  11.6    3.1    4.6    3.6    3.1    10.9   12.7   7.4
Some college or associate degree .......  15,946    5.2  8.4   6.0    4.2  11.4    3.9  12.1    3.3    5.2    6.1    3.9     9.6   13.4   7.3
Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........  26,218    5.8 10.8   7.0    4.3   7.9    3.1  10.8    3.3    4.7   12.1    4.0     6.5   12.3   7.4
                                                                                                                                             
             Marital status                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
Single, never married...................  14,744    5.2  9.0   7.8    2.8   9.6    3.7  10.0    3.0    3.8    4.1    4.7    12.1   17.0   7.1
Married, spouse present.................  39,289    6.2  9.7   6.5    4.7   9.9    3.4  11.6    3.0    4.7    8.8    3.7     8.2   11.9   7.5
Other marital status (5)................  10,219    3.8  7.5   4.6    4.6  14.4    4.6  10.2    3.7    5.6    6.3    3.7     9.1   14.2   7.7
                                                                                                                                             
        Presence of own children                                                                                                             
           under 18 years (6)                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
Men:                                                                                                                                         
  No own children under 18 years old....  18,113    5.2  7.1   5.5    5.7   9.0    2.6   8.7    4.0    3.1    9.4    4.5    14.0   14.3   6.9
  With own children under 18 years old..   9,241   19.8  7.4   8.6    4.6   6.0    1.5   9.2    2.8    2.1    7.3    2.9    11.8    9.7   6.1
Women:                                                                                                                                       
  No own children under 18 years old....  23,422    1.6  8.8   5.6    4.2  13.1    5.3  11.4    3.2    6.2    6.6    4.5     6.6   15.0   8.0
  With own children under 18 years old..  13,476    3.4 14.1   8.0    2.2  11.5    3.8  14.7    2.1    5.6    5.8    2.9     5.7   12.2   8.1
                                                                                                                                             
           Employment status                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                             
Civilian labor force....................  45,249    7.0  9.2   7.2    4.0   9.6    3.0  11.8    3.4    3.9    7.9    3.9     9.5   12.4   7.2
  Employed..............................  41,881    7.1  9.2   7.2    4.1   9.3    3.0  11.9    3.5    3.8    8.3    4.0     9.2   12.1   7.1
    Full time (7).......................  32,517    8.1  8.7   7.5    4.2   9.1    2.7  12.1    3.8    3.3    8.8    3.7     9.4   11.7   6.8
    Part time (8).......................   9,363    3.9 10.9   6.1    3.8  10.2    3.9  11.4    2.6    5.4    6.6    4.8     8.4   13.6   8.4
  Unemployed............................   3,368    5.3  9.0   7.1    2.5  13.2    4.0   9.5    2.5    4.8    3.3    3.0    12.7   15.8   7.4
Not in the labor force..................  19,003    2.4  9.3   4.8    4.8  12.9    5.2   9.2    2.4    6.4    6.0    4.0     8.7   15.8   8.1
 
   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year. See the Technical
Note for more details.                
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.                
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.                
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other
related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.          
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from September
1, 2010, through the survey period in September 2011. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian)
do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of
any race.     




Table 6.  Volunteers by how they became involved with main organization for which volunteer activities were performed and
selected characteristics, September 2011
                                         
                                                                                                                          
                                                       Percent distribution of how volunteers became involved with main   
                                                                               organization (1)                           
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
                                           Total                                 Was asked by:                            
                                           volun-                                                                     Not  
   Characteristics in September 2011       teers          Approached                                               report-
                                           (thou-            the                   Rela-   Someone                  ing how
                                           sands)  Total    organi-       Boss or  tive,    in the           Other  became
                                                            zation  Total employ-  friend, organiza-  Someone         in-
                                                                    (2)     er      or      tion/      else         volved
                                                                                    co-    school                        
                                                                                   worker                                 
                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          
                  Sex                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                          
Total, both sexes.......................   64,252  100.0    41.6    41.9    1.3     15.3     23.8       1.2   13.0    3.6 
   Men..................................   27,354  100.0    40.7    43.0    1.3     16.5     23.8       1.1   12.5    3.8 
   Women................................   36,898  100.0    42.2    41.0    1.3     14.4     23.8       1.3   13.3    3.4 
                                                                                                                          
                  Age                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                          
Total, 16 years and over................   64,252  100.0    41.6    41.9    1.3     15.3     23.8       1.2   13.0    3.6 
  16 to 24 years........................    8,578  100.0    40.8    40.3     .5     16.6     21.2       1.9   14.0    5.0 
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,436  100.0    38.8    44.3     .1     15.9     26.3       1.9   13.1    3.8 
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,142  100.0    42.9    35.9     .8     17.4     15.8       1.9   14.9    6.3 
  25 years and over.....................   55,674  100.0    41.7    42.1    1.5     15.1     24.2       1.1   12.8    3.4 
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,691  100.0    40.3    43.5    2.3     18.1     21.8       1.2   12.7    3.5 
     35 to 44 years.....................   12,566  100.0    42.2    42.5    1.5     13.9     26.1        .9   12.4    2.8 
     45 to 54 years.....................   13,420  100.0    40.8    42.5    1.5     14.2     25.4       1.1   13.2    3.5 
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,449  100.0    41.4    42.1    1.5     15.7     23.5       1.1   13.0    3.5 
     65 years and over..................    9,547  100.0    44.1    39.6     .3     14.3     23.4       1.4   12.8    3.4 
                                                                                                                          
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                    
                                                                                                                          
White...................................   54,432  100.0    41.7    42.3    1.4     15.6     23.9       1.3   12.6    3.4 
Black or African American...............    5,934  100.0    43.5    37.4    1.1     11.9     23.0       1.2   14.2    4.8 
Asian...................................    2,304  100.0    38.8    42.4    1.3     14.5     25.7        .6   14.8    4.0 
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,151  100.0    45.0    40.1    1.4     14.6     22.2       1.7   11.3    3.7 
                                                                                                                          
       Educational attainment (3)                                                                                         
                                                                                                                          
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,461  100.0    43.4    42.3     .5     14.8     25.1       1.7   11.4    2.9 
High school graduates, no college (4)...   11,049  100.0    41.6    41.8    1.2     16.5     23.0       1.0   12.9    3.7 
Some college or associate degree .......   15,946  100.0    40.6    42.3    1.5     14.8     24.6       1.1   14.0    3.2 
Bachelor's degree and higher (5)........   26,218  100.0    42.3    42.1    1.6     14.8     24.4       1.1   12.2    3.4 
                                                                                                                          
             Marital status                                                                                               
                                                                                                                          
Single, never married...................   14,744  100.0    40.8    40.4    1.4     17.7     19.6       1.6   14.0    4.8 
Married, spouse present.................   39,289  100.0    41.2    43.1    1.3     14.3     26.2       1.0   12.5    3.1 
Other marital status (6)................   10,219  100.0    44.2    39.2    1.2     15.7     20.7       1.5   13.2    3.5 
                                                                                                                          
     Presence of own children under                                                                                    
               18 years (7)                                                                                               
                                                                                                                          
Men:                                                                                                                      
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,113  100.0    40.9    42.4    1.4     17.6     22.0       1.2   12.6    4.0 
  With own children under 18 years old..    9,241  100.0    40.3    44.2    1.1     14.5     27.4       1.0   12.2    3.3 
Women:                                                                                                                    
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,422  100.0    43.0    39.7    1.4     16.1     20.6       1.5   13.6    3.7 
  With own children under 18 years old..   13,476  100.0    40.9    43.4    1.2     11.4     29.5       1.0   12.7    3.0 
                                                                                                                          
           Employment status                                                                                              
                                                                                                                          
Civilian labor force....................   45,249  100.0    40.7    42.7    1.8     16.1     23.5       1.1   13.0    3.5 
  Employed..............................   41,881  100.0    40.6    43.0    1.9     16.2     23.7       1.2   12.8    3.6 
    Full time (8).......................   32,517  100.0    40.6    43.0    2.2     16.4     23.2       1.1   12.7    3.7 
    Part time (9).......................    9,363  100.0    40.6    43.3     .8     15.5     25.3       1.5   13.0    3.2 
  Unemployed............................    3,368  100.0    42.1    38.8     .5     15.6     21.6       1.0   16.2    3.0 
Not in the labor force..................   19,003  100.0    43.7    39.8     .3     13.4     24.6       1.4   12.8    3.7 
 
   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year. See
the Technical Note for more details.
   2 Includes persons who did not specify who asked them to volunteer, not shown separately.
   3 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   4 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   5 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   6 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   7 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   8 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   9 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2010, through the survey period in September 2011. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity
is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  




Last Modified Date: February 22, 2012
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