Economic News Release

Major Work Stoppages (Annual) News Release



Information:                                          USDL 09-0150
     (202) 691-6275  WorkStoppagesInfo@bls.gov
Media Contact:                                        FOR RELEASE: 10:00 A.M. EST
     (202) 691-5902                                   WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2009
Internet Address:
     http://www.bls.gov/wsp


                                MAJOR WORK STOPPAGES IN 2008

     Major work stoppages idled 72,000 workers for nearly two million workdays in
2008, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
In 2008, the number of workers idled declined by more than half compared with 2007 when
there were 189,000 workers idled for 1.3 million workdays.  In 2008, the largest work
stoppage in total days idle and number of workers was between the Boeing Company and the
International Association of Machinists Districts 24, 70, and 751 with 27,000 workers
accounting for 1,053,000 lost workdays.

     In 2008, there were 15 major lockouts and strikes involving 1,000 or more workers
compared with 21 major work stoppages in 2007. (See table 1 and charts A-F)  Of the 15 major
work stoppages beginning in 2008, 12 were in private industry and three were in State and
local government.  In private industry, seven work stoppages occurred in goods-producing
industries along with five in service-producing industries.  All three major work stoppages
in State and local government were in educational services.

     The longest work stoppage that began in 2008 was between American Axle & Manufacturing,
Incorporated and the United Auto Workers International Union Locals 235, 262, 424, 846, and
2093, which was 63 days.  Another long stoppage, between the Alliance of Motion Picture and
Television Producers and the Writers Guild of America West and East, was in effect in 2008
(having begun in November of 2007 and ending in February 2008) and lasted 68 days.  The mean
length of a major work stoppage in 2008 was 14.9 days, up from 10.5 days in 2007.  However, the
majority of work stoppages in 2008 were shorter with nine lasting 10 days or less (See table A).

     The major work stoppages series, which dates back to 1947, covers strikes and lockouts
involving 1,000 or more employees and lasting at least one full shift.  For work stoppages that
began prior to 2008, only days of idleness in calendar year 2008 are counted.


    Table A. Duration of work stoppages beginning in 2008, 2007, and 2006
Duration              2008              2007              2006
                 Number  Percent   Number  Percent   Number  Percent
1-2 days           4       27        6       29        5       25
3-10 days          5       33        6       29        6       30
11-30 days         3       20        7       33        6       30
31-50 days         2       13        2       10        1        5
>50 days           1        7        0        0        2       10


Note:  Percent totals may not add to 100 because of rounding.  The annual numbers represent
the total duration of all work stoppages initiated during each calendar year.


    Table B.  Number of work stoppages by the number of workers idled in 2008, 2007, and 2006
Number of workers idled            2008              2007              2006
                              Number  Percent   Number  Percent   Number  Percent
1,000 to 1,999                  5       33        8       38        10      50
2,000 to 2,999                  4       27        2       10         2      10
3,000 to 4,999                  2       13        4       19         3      15
5,000 to 7,499                  2       13        3       14         2      10
7,500 to 9,999                  1        7        0        0         2      10
10,000 to 19,999                0        0        1        5         1       5
20,000 or more                  1        7        3       14         0       0


  Table C.  Number of work stoppages by number of work days idled in 2008, 2007, and 2006
Number of days of idleness         2008              2007              2006
                              Number  Percent   Number  Percent   Number  Percent
1,000 to 4,999                  2       13        2       10        2       10
5,000 to 9,999                  3       20        3       14        5       25
10,000 to 14,999                2       13        3       14        2       10
15,000 to 19,999                0        0        3       14        2       10
20,000 to 29,999                1        7        1        5        2       10
30,000 to 49,999                2       13        4       19        2       10
50,000 to 99,999                3       20        1        5        1        5
100,000 to 299,999              1        7        3       14        2       10
300,000 or more                 1        7        1        5        2       10


Note:  The annual numbers represent the number of work days idled of all work stoppages
initiated during each calendar year.


________________________________________________________________________________________________________

     The term "major work stoppage" includes both worker-initiated strikes and employer-initiated
lockouts that involve 1,000 workers or more. BLS does not distinguish between lockouts and strikes
in its statistics.

     Information on work stoppages is obtained from reports from the Federal Mediation and Conciliation
Service, State labor market information offices, BLS Strike Reports from the Office of Employment and
Unemployment Statistics, and from media sources such as the Daily Labor Report and the Wall Street
Journal.  One or both parties involved in the work stoppage (employer or union) is contacted to verify
the duration and number of workers idled by the stoppage.

     Days of idleness is calculated by taking the number of workers involved in the strike or lockout
and multiplying it by the number of days workers are off the job.  The number of working days lost for
every major work stoppage is based on a 5-day workweek (Monday through Friday), excluding Federal
holidays.  For more information on work stoppage definitions and methods, please see
http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch8.pdf.

     For detailed monthly and annual work stoppage statistics, please see http://www.bls.gov/wsp.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________




Table 1.  Work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers, 1947-2008


                                      Number of                      Days idle(2)
                                        work      Numbers of
                                      stoppages     workers
              Period                  beginning    involved                 Percent of
                                         in      (thousands)-    Number      estimated
                                       period         (1)      (thousands)    working
                                                                              time(3)

2008...............................       15            72         1,954        .01
2007...............................       21           189         1,265        (4)
2006...............................       20            70         2,688        .01
2005...............................       22           100         1,736        .01

2004...............................       17           171         3,344        .01
2003...............................       14           129         4,091        .01
2002...............................       19            46           660        (4)
2001...............................       29            99         1,151        (4)
2000...............................       39           394        20,419        .06

1999...............................       17            73         1,996        .01
1998...............................       34           387         5,116        .02
1997...............................       29           339         4,497        .01
1996...............................       37           273         4,889        .02
1995...............................       31           192         5,771        .02

1994...............................       45           322         5,021        .02
1993...............................       35           182         3,981        .01
1992...............................       35           364         3,989        .01
1991...............................       40           392         4,584        .02
1990...............................       44           185         5,926        .02

1989...............................       51           452        16,996        .07
1988...............................       40           118         4,381        .02
1987...............................       46           174         4,481        .02
1986...............................       69           533        11,861        .05
1985...............................       54           324         7,079        .03

1984...............................       62           376         8,499        .04
1983...............................       81           909        17,461        .08
1982...............................       96           656         9,061        .04
1981...............................      145           729        16,908        .07
1980...............................      187           795        20,844        .09

1979...............................      235         1,021        20,409        .09
1978...............................      219         1,006        23,774        .11
1977...............................      298         1,212        21,258        .10
1976...............................      231         1,519        23,962        .12
1975...............................      235           965        17,563        .09

1974...............................      424         1,796        31,809        .16
1973...............................      317         1,400        16,260        .08
1972...............................      250           975        16,764        .09
1971...............................      298         2,516        35,538        .19
1970...............................      381         2,468        52,761        .29

1969...............................      412         1,576        29,397        .16
1968...............................      392         1,855        35,367        .20
1967...............................      381         2,192        31,320        .18
1966...............................      321         1,300        16,000        .10
1965...............................      268           999        15,140        .10

1964...............................      246         1,183        16,220        .11
1963...............................      181           512        10,020        .07
1962...............................      211           793        11,760        .08
1961...............................      195         1,031        10,140        .07
1960...............................      222           896        13,260        .09

1959...............................      245         1,381        60,850        .43
1958...............................      332         1,587        17,900        .13
1957...............................      279           887        10,340        .07
1956...............................      287         1,370        26,840        .20
1955...............................      363         2,055        21,180        .16

1954...............................      265         1,075        16,630        .13
1953...............................      437         1,623        18,130        .14
1952...............................      470         2,746        48,820        .38
1951...............................      415         1,462        15,070        .12
1950...............................      424         1,698        30,390        .26

1949...............................      262         2,537        43,420        .38
1948...............................      245         1,435        26,127        .22
1947...............................      270         1,629        25,720        (5)

  1 Number of workers involved includes only those workers who participated in work
stoppages that began in the calendar year. Workers are counted more than once if they
are involved in more than one stoppage during the reference period. Numbers are rounded
to the nearest thousand.
  2 Days idle includes all stopages in effect during the reference period. For work
stoppages that are still ongoing at the end of the calendar year, only those days of
idleness in the calendar year are counted.
  3 Agricultural and government employees are included in the calculation of estimated
working time; private households, forestry, and fishery employees are excluded.
  4 Less than .005.
  5 Data not available.




Table 2.  Work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers beginning in 2008


                                                Industry     Beginning     Ending      Number of
           Organizations involved,               code(1)       date         date       workers(2)   Days idle
         location, and industry type


Volvo Trucks North America
  Dublin, VA,
  United Auto Workers International Union
  Local 2069
  Private Industry...........................    336120    2/01/08      3/17/08           2,500       77,500

American Axle & Manufacturing, Inc.
  Cheektowaga, Tonawanda, NY,
  Detroit, Hamtramck, Three Rivers, MI,
  United Auto Workers International Union
  Locals 235, 262, 424, 846, 2093
  Private Industry...........................    336350    2/26/08      5/22/08           3,600      226,800

Sutter Hospitals
  San Francisco Bay Area, CA,
  California Nurses Association
  Private Industry...........................    622110    3/21/08      3/30/08           4,000       24,000

University of Michigan
  Ann Arbor, MI,
  Graduate Employees Organizations
  State Government...........................    611310    3/25/08      3/25/08           1,700        1,700

General Motors Corporation
  Lansing, MI,
  United Auto Workers International Union
  Local 602
  Private Industry...........................    336111    4/17/08      5/16/08           2,300       50,600

General Motors Corporation
  Kansas City, MO,
  United Auto Workers International Union
  Local 31
  Private Industry...........................    336111    5/05/08      5/21/08           2,400       31,200

Bay Area Maintenance Contractors
  San Francisco Bay Area, CA,
  Service Employees International Union
  Local 1877
  Private Industry...........................    561720    5/19/08      5/28/08           1,800       12,600

Indiana Construction Association
  Indiana,
  Laborers International Union of
  North America
  Private Industry...........................    236220    6/04/08      6/05/08           2,900        5,800

Performance Transportation Services
  AZ, CA, DE, IL, IN, KY, MA, MI, MN, NJ,
  NM, NY, OH, PA, TX, UT,
  International Brotherhood of Teamsters
  Private Industry...........................    484121    6/09/08      6/13/08           1,300        6,500

University of California
  California (Statewide),
  American Federation of State, County and
  Muncipal Employees
  Local 3299
  State Government...........................    611310    7/14/08      7/18/08           8,500       42,500

Hawker Beechcraft, Inc.
  Wichita, Salina, KS,
  International Association of Machinists
  Local 733 and 2328
  Private Industry...........................    336411    8/04/08      8/28/08           5,200       98,800

Daughters of Charity Health System
  California,
  Service Employees International Union /
  United Health Care Workers West
  Private Industry...........................    622110    8/28/08      8/29/08           1,800        1,800

Bellevue School District
  Washington,
  Bellevue Education Association
  Local Government...........................    611110    9/02/08      9/12/08           1,200       10,800

The Boeing Company
  Puget Sound Area, WA, Gresham, OR,
  Wichita, KS,
  Edwards Air Force Base, CA,
  International Association of Machinists
  Districts 24, 70, 751
  Private Industry...........................    336411    9/06/08      11/01/08         27,000    1,053,000

Sutter Hospitals, Daughters of Charity and
Alliance Clinic
  San Francisco Bay Area, CA,
  Service Employees International Union
  United Health Care Workers West
  Private Industry...........................    622110    10/29/08     10/29/08          6,000        6,000

  1 Industry code is from the 2007 NAICS (North American Industry Classification System).
  2 The number of workers involved is rounded to the nearest 100.


Last Modified Date: February 11, 2009
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