Economic News Release

Work Experience of the Population (Annual) News Release


Technical information:  (202) 691-6378     USDL 08-1803
               http://www.bls.gov/cps/
                                           For release:  10:00 A.M. (EST)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902     Wednesday, December 10, 2008
                                   
                                   
               WORK EXPERIENCE OF THE POPULATION IN 2007


   A total of 157.7 million persons worked at some point during 2007, the 
Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  
The proportion of workers who worked full time, year round in 2007 was 
68.4 percent, the same as in 2006.  The number of persons who experienced 
some unemployment increased by 693,000, to 15.1 million.
   
   These data are based on information collected in the Annual Social
and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS).
The CPS is a monthly survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for
the Bureau of Labor Statistics.  The ASEC collects information on em-
ployment and unemployment experienced during the prior calendar year.  
Additional information about the CPS and the ASEC, including concepts 
and definitions, is provided in the Technical Note.  Highlights from 
the 2007 data include:
   
   --The proportion of the civilian noninstitutional population age 16
     years and over who worked at some time during 2007 was 67.7 percent,
     essentially unchanged from 2006.
  
   --The proportion of workers who worked full time, year round in 2007 
     was 68.4 percent, the same as in the prior year.

   --The "work-experience unemployment rate"--defined as the number unem-
     ployed at some time during the year as a proportion of the number
     who worked or looked for work during the year--was 9.5 percent in 
     2007, up from 9.1 percent in 2006.

Persons with Employment

   The percent of men who worked during 2007 was 74.1 percent, down
slightly from 74.4 percent in 2006.  The proportion of women who worked 
at some point during 2007 held at 61.6 percent.  (See table 1.)
   
   The proportions of whites (68.3 percent), blacks (63.5 percent), and 
Asians (67.8 percent) who worked at some time during the year were essen-
tially unchanged in 2007.  The proportion of Hispanics who worked at some 
point during 2007 (68.5 percent) was down from 2006 (69.1 percent).  (See
table 2.)

                               - 2 -
   
   Among those with work experience during 2007, 78.2 percent were em-
ployed year round (working 50 to 52 weeks, either full or part time), 
little changed from 2006.  The percentage of women working year round 
rose 0.9 percentage point to 75.7 percent in 2007, and the percentage 
of men employed year round edged down 0.4 percentage point to 80.5 per-
cent.  (See table 1.)
   
   Of those employed at some time during 2007, 80.9 percent usually
worked full time, the same share as in 2006.  Men were more likely to 
work full time during the year (87.4 percent) than were women (73.6 per-
cent), but the gap narrowed in 2007.  The incidence of men working full 
time declined by 0.4 percentage point while the incidence of women work-
ing full time increased by 0.6 percentage point.

Persons with Unemployment
   
   About 159.8 million persons worked or looked for work at some time
in 2007.  Of those, 15.1 million experienced some unemployment during
the year, up from 14.4 million in 2006.  Men accounted for the major-
ity of the over-the-year increase in unemployment.  (See table 3.)
   
   At 9.5 percent in 2007, the "work-experience unemployment rate"
(those looking for work during the year as a percent of those who
worked or looked for work during the year) was 0.4 percentage point
higher than in 2006.  The 2007 rate is relatively low by historical
standards, but is above the series low of 8.6 percent reached in 2000.
The rates for Hispanics (12.3 percent) and whites (9.0 percent) rose
in 2007, while the rates for blacks (12.7 percent) and Asians (6.9
percent) were little changed.  (See tables 3 and 4.)
   
   Overall, men continued to have higher "work-experience unemployment
rates" in 2007 than did women, 10.3 versus 8.6 percent, respectively.
Among whites, the rate for men (9.9 percent) was higher than that for 
women (8.0 percent).  This also was the case among blacks (13.9 and 11.6 
percent, respectively) and Hispanics (13.0 and 11.3 percent, respectively.)
The rates for Asian men (7.0 percent) and women (6.8 percent) were little 
different.
   
   Among those who experienced unemployment in 2007, the median number
of weeks spent looking for work was 13.8, unchanged from the prior
year.  About 2.1 million individuals looked for a job but did not work
at all in 2007, up from 1.9 million in 2006.  Of the 13.0 million per-
sons who worked during 2007 and also experienced unemployment, 23.8 per-
cent had 2 or more spells of joblessness, little different than the 
share in 2006.








                                  - 3 -

Technical Note


   The data presented in this release were collected in the Annual Social
and Economic Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS).  The CPS is
a monthly sample survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau
of Labor Statistics.  Data from the CPS are used to obtain the monthly
estimates of the nation's employment and unemployment levels.  The supple-
ment, conducted in the months of February through April, includes questions
about work activity during the prior calendar year.  For instance, data col-
lected in 2008 refer to the 2007 calendar year.  Because the reference period
is a full year, the number of persons with some employment or unemployment
greatly exceeds the average levels for any given month, which are based on
a 1-week reference period, and the corresponding annual average of the monthly
estimates.  As shown below, for example, the number experiencing any unemploy-
ment during 2007 was about twice the number unemployed in an average month
during the year.

                                            Employed      Unemployed
   2007 estimates (in thousands)
     Annual average of
       monthly estimates                     146,047         7,078
     Annual supplement data                  157,653        15,117

   In addition, estimates from the supplement differ from those obtained
in the basic CPS because the questions used to classify workers as either
employed or unemployed are different.  More important, perhaps, is that
fewer questions by which to categorize respondents are asked in the sup-
plement.  In regard to unemployment in particular, the supplement has no
questions on the type of job search activity or on the respondent's avail-
ability to work.  Also, individuals can be counted as both employed and
unemployed in the work experience data, whereas, for a specific reference
week, each person is only counted in one category and employment activity
takes precedence over job search activity.
   
   Work experience data for 2007, which were collected in the 2008 Annual
Social and Economic Supplement to the CPS, are not strictly comparable with
data for 2006 and earlier years because of the introduction in January 2008
of revised population controls used in the CPS.  The effect of the revised
population controls on the work experience estimates is unknown.  However,
the effect of the new controls on the monthly CPS estimates was to decrease
the December 2007 employment level by 598,000 and the unemployment level by
40,000.  For additional information, see "Adjustments to Household Survey
Population Estimates in January 2008," available on the Internet at http://
www.bls.gov/cps/cps08adj.pdf.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral
phone:  1-800-877-8339.

                                  - 4 -

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there
is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population
values they represent.  The exact difference, or sampling error, varies de-
pending on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured
by the standard error of the estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance,
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no
more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value because of
sampling error.  BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level
of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error.  Nonsampling error
can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and
errors made in the collection or processing of the data.

   For a full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and informa-
tion on estimating standard errors, see  "Reliability of estimates from 
the CPS" available on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.
htm#reliability.

Concepts and definitions

   Persons who worked.  In the 2008 supplement, persons are considered to have
worked if they responded "yes" to either the question "Did you work at a job
or business at any time during 2007?" or "Did you do any temporary, part-time,
or seasonal work even for a few days during 2007?"

   Unemployed persons.  Persons who worked during the year but not in every
week are counted as unemployed if they also reported looking for work or
being on layoff from a job during the year.  Those who reported no work
activity during the year are considered unemployed if they responded "yes"
to the question "Even though you did not work in 2007, did you spend any
time trying to find a job or on layoff?"

   Labor force participants.  Persons who either worked or were unemployed
during the year.

   Usual full- and part-time employment.  These data refer to the number of
hours a worker typically works during most weeks of the year.  Workers are
classified as full time if they usually worked 35 hours or more in a week;
part-time employment refers to workers whose typical workweek was between
1 and 34 hours.

   Year-round and part-year employment.  Workers are classified as year round
if they worked 50 to 52 weeks.  Part-year employment refers to workers who
worked fewer than 50 weeks.







     Table 1.  Work experience of the population during the year by sex and extent of employment, 2006-07
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                             Total               Men                Women        
                           Extent of employment                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                        2006      2007      2006      2007      2006      2007   
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                      
                                                                                        Numbers (in thousands)
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
     Civilian noninstitutional population ...........................  231,033   232,995   111,733   112,695   119,300   120,300 
       Total who worked or looked for work ..........................  158,563   159,750    84,100    84,614    74,463    75,136 
         Percent of the population ..................................     68.6      68.6      75.3      75.1      62.4      62.5 
       Total who worked during the year (1) .........................  156,658   157,653    83,131    83,538    73,527    74,115 
         Percent of the population ..................................     67.8      67.7      74.4      74.1      61.6      61.6 
                                                                                                                                 
         Full time (2) ..............................................  126,677   127,538    72,967    72,994    53,709    54,544 
           50 to 52 weeks ...........................................  107,105   107,858    62,479    62,287    44,626    45,571 
           48 to 49 weeks ...........................................    1,945     2,031     1,110     1,203       835       829 
           40 to 47 weeks ...........................................    5,481     5,235     3,029     2,810     2,452     2,425 
           27 to 39 weeks ...........................................    4,286     4,623     2,213     2,560     2,073     2,063 
           14 to 26 weeks ...........................................    4,728     4,704     2,466     2,474     2,262     2,230 
           1 to 13 weeks ............................................    3,132     3,087     1,670     1,661     1,462     1,426 
                                                                                                                                 
         Part time (3) ..............................................   29,981    30,115    10,163    10,544    19,818    19,571 
           50 to 52 weeks ...........................................   15,124    15,472     4,744     4,930    10,381    10,541 
           48 to 49 weeks ...........................................      793       832       268       296       525       536 
           40 to 47 weeks ...........................................    2,641     2,580       844       903     1,797     1,678 
           27 to 39 weeks ...........................................    2,783     2,776       929       961     1,854     1,815 
           14 to 26 weeks ...........................................    4,283     4,248     1,605     1,709     2,678     2,539 
           1 to 13 weeks ............................................    4,356     4,207     1,773     1,745     2,583     2,462 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                      
                                                                                         Percent distribution
                                                                      
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
     Total who worked during the year (1) ...........................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
                                                                                                                                 
       Full time (2) ................................................     80.9      80.9      87.8      87.4      73.0      73.6 
         50 to 52 weeks .............................................     68.4      68.4      75.2      74.6      60.7      61.5 
         48 to 49 weeks .............................................      1.2       1.3       1.3       1.4       1.1       1.1 
         40 to 47 weeks .............................................      3.5       3.3       3.6       3.4       3.3       3.3 
         27 to 39 weeks .............................................      2.7       2.9       2.7       3.1       2.8       2.8 
         14 to 26 weeks .............................................      3.0       3.0       3.0       3.0       3.1       3.0 
         1 to 13 weeks ..............................................      2.0       2.0       2.0       2.0       2.0       1.9 
                                                                                                                                 
       Part time (3) ................................................     19.1      19.1      12.2      12.6      27.0      26.4 
         50 to 52 weeks .............................................      9.7       9.8       5.7       5.9      14.1      14.2 
         48 to 49 weeks .............................................      0.5       0.5       0.3       0.4       0.7       0.7 
         40 to 47 weeks .............................................      1.7       1.6       1.0       1.1       2.4       2.3 
         27 to 39 weeks .............................................      1.8       1.8       1.1       1.2       2.5       2.4 
         14 to 26 weeks .............................................      2.7       2.7       1.9       2.0       3.6       3.4 
         1 to 13 weeks ..............................................      2.8       2.7       2.1       2.1       3.5       3.3 

        1 Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
        2 Usually worked 35 hours or more per week.
        3 Usually worked 1 to 34 hours per week.
        NOTE:  Data refer to persons 16 years and over.  Data for 2007, which were collected in the 2008 Annual Social and
     Economic Supplement to the Current Population Survey, are not strictly comparable with data for 2006 and earlier years
     because of the introduction of updated population controls, which are introduced annually with the release of January data. 
     For additional information, see the technical note and  "Adjustments to Household Survey Population Estimates in January
     2008" available on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps08adj.pdf.







     Table 2.  Work experience of the population during the year by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex, 2006-07

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                             Total                Men                Women       
       Extent of employment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                              
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                        2006      2007       2006      2007      2006      2007  
                                                                                                                                 
                                  WHITE                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                 
       Civilian noninstitutional population .........................  187,721   189,045    91,792    92,469    95,929    96,576 
         Total who worked or looked for work ........................  129,766   130,472    70,160    70,392    59,606    60,080 
           Percent of the population ................................     69.1      69.0      76.4      76.1      62.1      62.2 
         Total who worked during the year (1) .......................  128,503   129,078    69,504    69,659    58,999    59,419 
           Percent of the population ................................     68.5      68.3      75.7      75.3      61.5      61.5 
                                                                                                                                 
         Percent who worked during the year (1) .....................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
           Full time (2) ............................................     80.4      80.5      87.9      87.5      71.7      72.3 
             50 to 52 weeks .........................................     68.1      68.1      75.4      74.7      59.4      60.3 
             27 to 49 weeks .........................................      7.6       7.6       7.7       7.9       7.5       7.2 
             1 to 26 weeks ..........................................      4.8       4.8       4.7       4.8       4.8       4.8 
           Part time (3) ............................................     19.6      19.5      12.1      12.5      28.3      27.7 
             50 to 52 weeks .........................................     10.0      10.1       5.7       5.9      15.0      15.0 
             27 to 49 weeks .........................................      4.1       4.1       2.5       2.7       6.1       5.8 
             1 to 26 weeks ..........................................      5.5       5.3       4.0       4.0       7.3       6.9 
                                                                                                                                 
                        BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                
                                                                                                                                 
       Civilian noninstitutional population .........................   27,345    27,709    12,291    12,448    15,055    15,261 
         Total who worked or looked for work ........................   17,879    18,112     8,200     8,347     9,678     9,765 
           Percent of the population ................................     65.4      65.4      66.7      67.1      64.3      64.0 
         Total who worked during the year (1) .......................   17,405    17,602     7,973     8,104     9,432     9,499 
           Percent of the population ................................     63.6      63.5      64.9      65.1      62.7      62.2 
                                                                                                                                 
         Percent who worked during the year (1) .....................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
           Full time (2) ............................................     83.5      83.6      87.1      87.0      80.4      80.7 
             50 to 52 weeks .........................................     70.5      69.9      73.0      72.4      68.3      67.8 
             27 to 49 weeks .........................................      6.7       7.6       7.4       8.1       6.2       7.1 
             1 to 26 weeks ..........................................      6.3       6.1       6.7       6.4       6.0       5.7 
           Part time (3) ............................................     16.5      16.4      12.9      13.0      19.6      19.3 
             50 to 52 weeks .........................................      7.6       7.9       5.6       5.6       9.3       9.9 
             27 to 49 weeks .........................................      3.2       2.9       2.6       1.9       3.7       3.7 
             1 to 26 weeks ..........................................      5.7       5.6       4.6       5.5       6.6       5.8 
                                                                                                                                 
                                  ASIAN                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                 
       Civilian noninstitutional population .........................   10,518    10,571     4,999     4,992     5,519     5,580 
         Total who worked or looked for work ........................    7,174     7,291     3,797     3,810     3,378     3,480 
           Percent of the population ................................     68.2      69.0      76.0      76.3      61.2      62.4 
         Total who worked during the year (1) .......................    7,096     7,171     3,754     3,745     3,342     3,427 
           Percent of the population ................................     67.5      67.8      75.1      75.0      60.5      61.4 
                                                                                                                                 
         Percent who worked during the year (1) .....................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
           Full time (2) ............................................     83.3      83.7      88.7      89.1      77.4      77.8 
             50 to 52 weeks .........................................     72.7      74.3      79.1      80.5      65.6      67.5 
             27 to 49 weeks .........................................      5.7       5.6       4.9       5.3       6.6       5.9 
             1 to 26 weeks ..........................................      4.9       3.8       4.6       3.4       5.2       4.4 
           Part time (3) ............................................     16.7      16.3      11.3      10.9      22.6      22.2 
             50 to 52 weeks .........................................      9.4       9.1       5.9       5.9      13.3      12.6 
             27 to 49 weeks .........................................      3.0       2.9       2.0       1.9       4.1       4.1 
             1 to 26 weeks ..........................................      4.3       4.2       3.4       3.0       5.3       5.5 
                                                                                                                                 
                       HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                              
                                                                                                                                 
       Civilian noninstitutional population .........................   31,054    31,820    15,979    16,355    15,075    15,465 
         Total who worked or looked for work ........................   21,708    22,092    12,906    13,113     8,802     8,978 
           Percent of the population ................................     69.9      69.4      80.8      80.2      58.4      58.1 
         Total who worked during the year (1) .......................   21,447    21,791    12,795    12,978     8,651     8,814 
           Percent of the population ................................     69.1      68.5      80.1      79.3      57.4      57.0 
                                                                                                                                 
         Percent who worked during the year (1) .....................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
           Full time (2) ............................................     85.2      84.1      91.4      90.0      75.9      75.5 
             50 to 52 weeks .........................................     70.9      69.4      77.0      74.8      61.9      61.5 
             27 to 49 weeks .........................................      8.5       9.4       9.1      10.3       7.6       8.1 
             1 to 26 weeks ..........................................      5.8       5.3       5.3       4.9       6.4       6.0 
           Part time (3) ............................................     14.8      15.9       8.6      10.0      24.1      24.5 
             50 to 52 weeks .........................................      7.5       8.3       4.0       5.0      12.7      13.3 
             27 to 49 weeks .........................................      2.9       3.1       1.9       2.3       4.3       4.2 
             1 to 26 weeks ..........................................      4.4       4.5       2.6       2.8       7.1       6.9 

        1 Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
        2 Usually worked 35 hours or more per week.
        3 Usually worked 1 to 34 hours per week.
        NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals shown in
     table 1 because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of
     any race.  Also, see Note, table 1.







     Table 3.  Extent of unemployment during the year by sex, 2006-07
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                             Total                Men                Women       
                          Extent of unemployment                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                        2006      2007       2006      2007      2006      2007  
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                      
                                                                                        Numbers (in thousands)
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
     Total who worked or looked for work ............................  158,563   159,750    84,100    84,614    74,463    75,136 
       Percent with unemployment ....................................      9.1       9.5       9.6      10.3       8.5       8.6 
                                                                                                                                 
       Total with unemployment ......................................   14,424    15,117     8,097     8,685     6,326     6,432 
         Did not work but looked for work ...........................    1,905     2,097       969     1,076       936     1,021 
           1 to 14 weeks ............................................      797       918       349       390       448       527 
           15 weeks or more .........................................    1,108     1,179       620       686       488       494 
         Worked during the year .....................................   12,519    13,020     7,128     7,609     5,391     5,411 
           Year-round workers (1) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment .      449       500       295       365       154       135 
           Part-year workers (2) with unemployment ..................   12,069    12,520     6,833     7,244     5,236     5,276 
             1 to 4 weeks ...........................................    2,596     2,591     1,278     1,365     1,317     1,226 
             5 to 10 weeks ..........................................    2,098     2,090     1,262     1,214       836       876 
             11 to 14 weeks .........................................    1,613     1,888       959     1,163       655       725 
             15 to 26 weeks .........................................    3,170     3,373     1,863     2,058     1,307     1,316 
             27 weeks or more .......................................    2,592     2,577     1,472     1,443     1,120     1,134 
                                                                                                                                 
                 Median weeks of unemployment for all workers .......     13.8      13.8      14.0      14.0      13.4      13.6 
                                                                                                                                 
                 With 2 spells or more of unemployment ..............    3,068     3,098     1,929     1,982     1,139     1,116 
                   2 spells .........................................    1,559     1,420       940       840       619       580 
                   3 spells or more .................................    1,508     1,678       988     1,143       520       536 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                      
                                                                                         Percent distribution
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
     Did not work but looked for work ...............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
       1 to 14 weeks ................................................     41.8      43.8      36.0      36.3      47.8      51.7 
       15 weeks or more .............................................     58.2      56.2      64.0      63.7      52.2      48.3 
     Worked during the year .........................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
       Year-round workers (1) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment .....      3.6       3.8       4.1       4.8       2.9       2.5 
       Part-year workers (2) with unemployment ......................     96.4      96.2      95.9      95.2      97.1      97.5 
         1 to 4 weeks ...............................................     20.7      19.9      17.9      17.9      24.4      22.6 
         5 to 10 weeks ..............................................     16.8      16.1      17.7      16.0      15.5      16.2 
         11 to 14 weeks .............................................     12.9      14.5      13.4      15.3      12.1      13.4 
         15 to 26 weeks .............................................     25.3      25.9      26.1      27.0      24.3      24.3 
         27 weeks or more ...........................................     20.7      19.8      20.6      19.0      20.8      21.0 
                                                                                                                                 
                   With 2 spells or more of unemployment ............     24.5      23.8      27.1      26.1      21.1      20.6 
                     2 spells .......................................     12.5      10.9      13.2      11.0      11.5      10.7 
                     3 spells or more ...............................     12.0      12.9      13.9      15.0       9.6       9.9 

        1 Worked 50 or 51 weeks.
        2 Worked less than 50 weeks.
        NOTE:  See Note, table 1.







     Table 4.  Extent of unemployment during the year by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex, 2006-07

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                             Total                Men                Women       
      Extent of unemployment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                             
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                        2006      2007       2006      2007      2006      2007  
                                                                                                                                 
                                  WHITE                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                 
       Total who worked or looked for work ..........................  129,766   130,472    70,160    70,392    59,606    60,080 
         Percent with unemployment ..................................      8.5       9.0       9.0       9.9       7.9       8.0 
                                                                                                                                 
         Total with unemployment ....................................   11,042    11,782     6,308     6,951     4,734     4,831 
           Did not work but looked for work .........................    1,263     1,394       656       733       607       661 
           Worked during the year ...................................    9,779    10,388     5,652     6,218     4,127     4,170 
                                                                                                                                 
             Median weeks of unemployment for all workers ...........     13.1      13.4      13.5      13.6      12.5      13.0 
                                                                                                                                 
           Percent who worked during the year (1) ...................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
             Year-round workers (2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment      4.0       4.3       4.6       5.3       3.2       2.8 
             Part-year workers (3) with unemployment ................     96.0      95.7      95.4      94.7      96.8      97.2 
               1 to 4 weeks .........................................     21.5      20.7      18.3      18.7      25.9      23.6 
               5 to 14 weeks ........................................     30.6      30.8      32.3      31.2      28.4      30.1 
               15 weeks or more .....................................     43.9      44.2      44.8      44.8      42.6      43.5 
                                                                                                                                 
                     With 2 spells or more of unemployment ..........     24.6      24.3      26.9      26.5      21.4      20.9 
                                                                                                                                 
                        BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                
                                                                                                                                 
       Total who worked or looked for work ..........................   17,879    18,112     8,200     8,347     9,678     9,765 
         Percent with unemployment ..................................     13.0      12.7      14.5      13.9      11.7      11.6 
                                                                                                                                 
         Total with unemployment ....................................    2,323     2,293     1,188     1,163     1,136     1,130 
           Did not work but looked for work .........................      474       510       228       244       246       266 
           Worked during the year ...................................    1,850     1,783       960       919       889       864 
                                                                                                                                 
             Median weeks of unemployment for all workers ...........     18.8      17.4      19.4      17.1      18.2      17.7 
                                                                                                                                 
           Percent who worked during the year (1) ...................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
             Year-round workers (2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment      2.2       1.3       2.5       0.8       1.9       1.8 
             Part-year workers (3) with unemployment ................     97.8      98.7      97.5      99.2      98.1      98.2 
               1 to 4 weeks .........................................     17.1      15.2      15.2      14.6      19.1      16.0 
               5 to 14 weeks ........................................     24.1      28.5      25.3      30.0      22.8      26.8 
               15 weeks or more .....................................     56.6      55.0      56.9      54.5      56.2      55.4 
                                                                                                                                 
                     With 2 spells or more of unemployment ..........     23.7      21.4      27.3      22.9      19.9      19.9 
                                                                                                                                 
                                  ASIAN                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                 
       Total who worked or looked for work ..........................    7,174     7,291     3,797     3,810     3,378     3,480 
         Percent with unemployment ..................................      7.3       6.9       7.5       7.0       7.0       6.8 
                                                                                                                                 
         Total with unemployment ....................................      521       500       285       265       236       235 
           Did not work but looked for work .........................       78       119        42        66        36        54 
           Worked during the year ...................................      443       381       243       200       200       181 
                                                                                                                                 
             Median weeks of unemployment for all workers ...........     14.0      13.5      14.7      15.4      13.5      12.1 
                                                                                                                                 
           Percent who worked during the year (1) ...................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
             Year-round workers (2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment      1.1       4.6       1.6       7.8       0.4       1.2 
             Part-year workers (3) with unemployment ................     98.9      95.4      98.4      92.2      99.6      98.8 
               1 to 4 weeks .........................................     19.8      18.2      20.2       9.8      19.3      27.5 
               5 to 14 weeks ........................................     32.7      31.7      29.2      30.9      37.1      32.5 
               15 weeks or more .....................................     46.4      45.5      49.0      51.5      43.2      38.9 
                                                                                                                                 
                     With 2 spells or more of unemployment ..........     24.3      15.9      24.9      12.9      23.6      19.1 
                                                                                                                                 
                       HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                              
                                                                                                                                 
       Total who worked or looked for work ..........................   21,708    22,092    12,906    13,113     8,802     8,978 
         Percent with unemployment ..................................     10.2      12.3      10.7      13.0       9.6      11.3 
                                                                                                                                 
         Total with unemployment ....................................    2,220     2,720     1,378     1,708       842     1,012 
           Did not work but looked for work .........................      261       300       110       136       151       165 
           Worked during the year ...................................    1,959     2,420     1,267     1,572       691       848 
                                                                                                                                 
             Median weeks of unemployment for all workers ...........     14.1      14.2      14.2      13.9      13.9      14.6 
                                                                                                                                 
           Percent who worked during the year (1) ...................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
             Year-round workers (2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment      3.6       2.6       4.3       2.5       2.4       2.8 
             Part-year workers (3) with unemployment ................     96.4      97.4      95.7      97.5      97.6      97.2 
               1 to 4 weeks .........................................     18.5      21.1      15.9      20.4      23.1      22.4 
               5 to 14 weeks ........................................     31.0      29.9      32.6      31.9      27.9      26.3 
               15 weeks or more .....................................     46.9      46.4      47.1      45.3      46.5      48.5 
                                                                                                                                 
                     With 2 spells or more of unemployment ..........     29.4      27.8      32.8      30.8      23.1      22.1 

        1 Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
        2 Worked 50 or 51 weeks.
        3 Worked less than 50 weeks.
        NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals shown in
     table 3 because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of
     any race.  Also, see Note, table 1.






Last Modified Date: December 10, 2008
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