Economic News Release

Work Experience of the Population News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 18, 2012           USDL-12-2459

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                     WORK EXPERIENCE OF THE POPULATION -- 2011


A total of 153.5 million persons worked at some point during 2011, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The proportion of the civilian 
noninstitutional population age 16 and over who worked at some time during 
2011 was 63.3 percent, down from 63.7 percent in 2010. The number of persons 
who experienced some unemployment during 2011 was 23.7 million, down by 1.5 
million from 2010.

These data are based on information collected in the Annual Social and
Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS 
is a monthly survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics. The ASEC collects information on employment and 
unemployment experienced during the prior calendar year. Additional 
information about the CPS and the ASEC, including concepts and definitions, 
is provided in the Technical Note.

Highlights from the 2011 data:

   --The proportion of workers who worked full time, year round in 2011 was 
     65.8 percent, up from 64.7 percent in 2010. (See table 1.)

   --The "work-experience unemployment rate"--defined as the number of
     persons unemployed at some time during the year as a proportion of the
     number of persons who worked or looked for work during the year--was
     14.9 percent in 2011, down from 15.9 percent in 2010. (See table 3.)

   --The number of individuals who looked for a job but did not work at all 
     during 2011 declined by 348,000 over the year to 6.2 million. (See 
     table 3.)

Persons with Employment

Overall, 63.3 percent of the population worked in 2011. The proportion of 
men who worked during the year was 68.8 percent, down from 69.3 percent in 
2010. The proportion of women who worked at some point during 2011 was 58.1 
percent, little changed from the prior year. (See table 1.)

The proportion of whites (64.1 percent) who worked at some time during 2011
declined from 2010, while the share of blacks (58.2 percent), Asians (62.8 
percent), and Hispanics (63.4 percent) showed little or no change. (See 
table 2.)

Of those employed at some time during 2011, 78.6 percent usually worked full 
time, up from 78.2 percent a year earlier. The proportion of employed men 
working full time rose, while the proportion of women changed little. Men 
continued to be more likely than women to work full time during the year, 
84.8 versus 71.7 percent. 

Of the total who worked during 2011, 77.0 percent were employed year round 
(working 50 to 52 weeks, either full or part time), an increase from 75.9 
percent in 2010. The share of men employed year round rose by 1.7 percentage 
points to 78.4 percent in 2011, while the percentage of women working year 
round was little changed at 75.5 percent. (See table 1.)

Persons with Unemployment

About 159.7 million persons worked or looked for work at some time in 2011. 
Of those, 23.7 million experienced some unemployment during the year, 1.5 
million fewer than in 2010.

At 14.9 percent in 2011, the work-experience unemployment rate (those looking 
for work during the year as a percent of those who worked or looked for work 
during the year) was 1.0 percentage point lower than in 2010. The rate for 2009 
(16.4 percent) was the highest since 1985. The work-experience unemployment 
rate for men has also fallen since a recent peak in 2009, but the rate for 
women was about unchanged. Men continued to have higher work-experience 
unemployment rates in 2011 than women, 15.8 versus 13.8 percent. (See 
table 3.)

The work-experience unemployment rates for whites (13.7 percent) and Hispanics 
(18.3 percent) declined from 2010 to 2011, while the rates for blacks (22.2 
percent) and Asians (12.2 percent) were little changed. Among whites, blacks, 
and Hispanics, the rates for men were higher than the rates for women. Among 
Asians, the rates for men and women were little different from each other. 
(See table 4.)

Among those who experienced unemployment in 2011, the median number of weeks 
spent looking for work was 19.8, about unchanged from 2009 and 2010. The number 
of persons who looked for a job but did not work at all in 2011 declined by 
348,000 over the year to 6.2 million. Of the 17.5 million individuals who worked 
during 2011 and also experienced unemployment, 1 in 5 had two or more spells of 
joblessness, about the same as in the prior 2 years. (See table 3.)




Technical Note

   The data presented in this release were collected in the Annual Social and Economic 
Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS is a monthly sample 
survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 
Data from the CPS are used to obtain the monthly estimates of the nation's employment and 
unemployment levels. The supplement, conducted in the months of February through April, 
includes questions about work activity during the prior calendar year. For instance, data 
collected in 2012 refer to the 2011 calendar year. Because the reference period is a full 
year, the number of persons with some employment or unemployment greatly exceeds the average 
levels for any given month, which are based on a 1-week reference period, and the corresponding 
annual average of the monthly estimates. As shown below, for example, the number experiencing 
any unemployment during 2011 was about twice the number unemployed in an average month during 
the year.

                                      Employed     Unemployed
  2011 estimates (in thousands)
   Annual average of
    monthly estimates                  139,869       13,747
   Annual supplement data              153,479       23,739


   In addition, estimates from the supplement differ from those obtained in the basic CPS
because the questions used to classify workers as either employed or unemployed are different.
More important, perhaps, is that fewer questions by which to categorize respondents are asked
in the supplement. In regard to unemployment in particular, the supplement has no questions
on the type of job search activity or on the respondent's availability to work. Also, individuals
can be counted as both employed and unemployed in the work experience supplement data, whereas, 
for a specific monthly reference week, each person is only counted in one category and employment 
activity takes precedence over job search activity.

   Work experience data for 2011, which were collected in the 2012 Annual Social and
Economic Supplement to the CPS, are not strictly comparable with data for 2010 and earlier
years because of the introduction in January 2012 of revised population controls used in
the CPS. The effect of the revised population controls on the work experience estimates
is unknown. However, the effect of the new January 2012 controls on the monthly CPS
estimates was to increase the December 2011 employment level by 216,000 and the unemployment
level by 42,000. Additional information is online at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The 
component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known as 
sampling error, and its variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. 
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a 
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level 
of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can
occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population,
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the
collection or processing of the data.

   A full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information on estimating
standard errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

Concepts and definitions

   Persons who worked. In the 2012 supplement, persons are considered to have worked if
they responded "yes" to either the question "Did you work at a job or business at any time
during 2011?" or "Did you do any temporary, part-time, or seasonal work even for a few
days during 2011?"

   Unemployed persons. Persons who worked during the year but not in every week are counted
as unemployed if they also reported looking for work or being on layoff from a job during
the year. Those who reported no work activity during the year are considered unemployed if
they responded "yes" to the question "Even though you did not work in 2011, did you spend
any time trying to find a job or on layoff?"

   Work-experience unemployment rate. The number of persons unemployed at some point during 
the year as a proportion of the number of persons who worked or looked for work during the 
year.

   Labor force participants. Persons who either worked or were unemployed during the year.

   Usual full- and part-time employment. These data refer to the number of hours a worker
typically works during most weeks of the year. Workers are classified as full time if they
usually worked 35 hours or more in a week; part-time employment refers to workers whose
typical workweek was between 1 and 34 hours.

   Year-round and part-year employment. Workers are classified as year round if they
worked 50 to 52 weeks. Part-year employment refers to workers who worked fewer than 50 weeks.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1.  Work experience of the population during the year by sex and extent of employment, 2010-11
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                        Total               Men                 Women       
                      Extent of employment                                                                                  
                                                                                                                            
                                                                    2010      2011      2010      2011      2010      2011  
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                 
                                                                                   Numbers (in thousands)
                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
Civilian noninstitutional population............................  238,999   242,602   115,986   116,984   123,012   125,619 
  Total who worked or looked for work...........................  158,882   159,693    84,000    83,715    74,882    75,978 
    Percent of the population...................................     66.5      65.8      72.4      71.6      60.9      60.5 
  Total who worked during the year (1)..........................  152,320   153,479    80,341    80,503    71,980    72,976 
    Percent of the population...................................     63.7      63.3      69.3      68.8      58.5      58.1 
                                                                                                                            
    Full time (2)...............................................  119,145   120,585    67,693    68,289    51,452    52,295 
      50 to 52 weeks............................................   98,490   100,915    55,738    57,288    42,752    43,627 
      48 to 49 weeks............................................    1,800     1,691     1,084       971       715       720 
      40 to 47 weeks............................................    5,392     4,862     3,052     2,639     2,340     2,223 
      27 to 39 weeks............................................    4,498     4,474     2,609     2,561     1,888     1,913 
      14 to 26 weeks............................................    5,287     5,291     3,103     2,941     2,184     2,350 
      1 to 13 weeks.............................................    3,680     3,351     2,106     1,889     1,574     1,463 
                                                                                                                            
    Part time (3)...............................................   33,175    32,895    12,648    12,214    20,528    20,681 
      50 to 52 weeks............................................   17,113    17,247     5,874     5,786    11,239    11,460 
      48 to 49 weeks............................................      780       791       257       295       523       496 
      40 to 47 weeks............................................    2,941     2,633     1,079       987     1,863     1,647 
      27 to 39 weeks............................................    2,856     2,855     1,183     1,121     1,673     1,735 
      14 to 26 weeks............................................    4,753     4,729     2,141     2,009     2,611     2,719 
      1 to 13 weeks.............................................    4,732     4,639     2,113     2,016     2,619     2,623 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                 
                                                                                    Percent distribution
                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
Total who worked during the year (1)............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
                                                                                                                            
  Full time (2).................................................     78.2      78.6      84.3      84.8      71.5      71.7 
    50 to 52 weeks..............................................     64.7      65.8      69.4      71.2      59.4      59.8 
    48 to 49 weeks..............................................      1.2       1.1       1.3       1.2       1.0       1.0 
    40 to 47 weeks..............................................      3.5       3.2       3.8       3.3       3.3       3.0 
    27 to 39 weeks..............................................      3.0       2.9       3.2       3.2       2.6       2.6 
    14 to 26 weeks..............................................      3.5       3.4       3.9       3.7       3.0       3.2 
    1 to 13 weeks...............................................      2.4       2.2       2.6       2.3       2.2       2.0 
                                                                                                                            
  Part time (3).................................................     21.8      21.4      15.7      15.2      28.5      28.3 
    50 to 52 weeks..............................................     11.2      11.2       7.3       7.2      15.6      15.7 
    48 to 49 weeks..............................................      0.5       0.5       0.3       0.4       0.7       0.7 
    40 to 47 weeks..............................................      1.9       1.7       1.3       1.2       2.6       2.3 
    27 to 39 weeks..............................................      1.9       1.9       1.5       1.4       2.3       2.4 
    14 to 26 weeks..............................................      3.1       3.1       2.7       2.5       3.6       3.7 
    1 to 13 weeks...............................................      3.1       3.0       2.6       2.5       3.6       3.6 
  
  1 Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
  2 Usually worked 35 hours or more per week.
  3 Usually worked 1 to 34 hours per week.
  NOTE: Data refer to persons 16 years and over. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of
January data.
  
  
  

Table 2.  Work experience of the population during the year by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex, 2010-11
  
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                        Total                Men                 Women       
  Extent of employment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                              
                                                                                                                            
                                                                    2010      2011      2010      2011      2010      2011  
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                             WHITE                                                                                          
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population..........................  192,792   192,898    94,689    94,146    98,103    98,752 
    Total who worked or looked for work.........................  129,249   127,809    69,593    68,304    59,656    59,505 
      Percent of the population.................................     67.0      66.3      73.5      72.6      60.8      60.3 
    Total who worked during the year (1) .......................  124,651   123,717    66,984    66,180    57,667    57,537 
      Percent of the population.................................     64.7      64.1      70.7      70.3      58.8      58.3 
                                                                                                                            
    Percent who worked during the year (1) .....................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
      Full time (2).............................................     77.9      78.4      84.5      85.1      70.2      70.6 
        50 to 52 weeks..........................................     64.5      65.8      69.6      71.7      58.6      59.0 
        27 to 49 weeks..........................................      7.7       7.2       8.5       7.7       6.7       6.7 
        1 to 26 weeks...........................................      5.7       5.4       6.4       5.8       4.9       5.0 
      Part time (3).............................................     22.1      21.6      15.5      14.9      29.8      29.4 
        50 to 52 weeks..........................................     11.5      11.4       7.3       7.0      16.4      16.5 
        27 to 49 weeks..........................................      4.5       4.2       3.1       3.0       6.0       5.5 
        1 to 26 weeks...........................................      6.1       6.0       5.1       4.8       7.3       7.4 
                                                                                                                            
                   BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population..........................   29,004    29,790    13,108    13,447    15,896    16,343 
    Total who worked or looked for work.........................   18,263    18,822     8,466     8,685     9,797    10,137 
      Percent of the population.................................     63.0      63.2      64.6      64.6      61.6      62.0 
    Total who worked during the year (1) .......................   16,868    17,332     7,708     7,932     9,160     9,399 
      Percent of the population.................................     58.2      58.2      58.8      59.0      57.6      57.5 
                                                                                                                            
    Percent who worked during the year (1) .....................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
      Full time (2).............................................     79.6      79.4      82.0      82.2      77.6      77.1 
        50 to 52 weeks..........................................     64.5      65.0      66.0      66.1      63.2      64.0 
        27 to 49 weeks..........................................      8.3       7.2       8.6       8.1       8.0       6.5 
        1 to 26 weeks...........................................      6.8       7.2       7.4       8.1       6.3       6.5 
      Part time (3).............................................     20.4      20.6      18.0      17.8      22.4      22.9 
        50 to 52 weeks..........................................      9.5      10.0       7.3       8.3      11.4      11.3 
        27 to 49 weeks..........................................      3.4       4.0       3.2       3.2       3.6       4.6 
        1 to 26 weeks...........................................      7.4       6.7       7.5       6.3       7.4       7.0 
                                                                                                                            
                             ASIAN                                                                                          
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population..........................   11,320    12,813     5,325     5,979     5,995     6,834 
    Total who worked or looked for work.........................    7,569     8,364     3,955     4,347     3,614     4,017 
      Percent of the population.................................     66.9      65.3      74.3      72.7      60.3      58.8 
    Total who worked during the year (1) .......................    7,253     8,048     3,811     4,194     3,442     3,854 
      Percent of the population.................................     64.1      62.8      71.6      70.1      57.4      56.4 
                                                                                                                            
    Percent who worked during the year (1) .....................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
      Full time (2).............................................     81.7      81.4      87.2      87.0      75.7      75.3 
        50 to 52 weeks..........................................     70.7      70.4      76.4      76.6      64.4      63.6 
        27 to 49 weeks..........................................      5.7       6.2       5.9       5.7       5.5       6.7 
        1 to 26 weeks...........................................      5.4       4.9       5.0       4.7       5.8       5.0 
      Part time (3).............................................     18.3      18.6      12.8      13.0      24.3      24.7 
        50 to 52 weeks..........................................     10.1      11.0       6.6       7.2      14.1      15.1 
        27 to 49 weeks..........................................      3.6       3.1       2.6       2.0       4.7       4.3 
        1 to 26 weeks...........................................      4.5       4.5       3.6       3.8       5.5       5.3 
                                                                                                                            
                  HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                              
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population..........................   34,155    36,461    17,602    18,276    16,552    18,185 
    Total who worked or looked for work.........................   22,825    24,216    13,301    13,683     9,524    10,533 
      Percent of the population.................................     66.8      66.4      75.6      74.9      57.5      57.9 
    Total who worked during the year (1) .......................   21,686    23,124    12,663    13,127     9,023     9,997 
      Percent of the population.................................     63.5      63.4      71.9      71.8      54.5      55.0 
                                                                                                                            
    Percent who worked during the year (1) .....................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
      Full time (2).............................................     78.9      79.2      84.0      84.6      71.8      72.1 
        50 to 52 weeks..........................................     62.2      64.3      65.7      68.6      57.2      58.8 
        27 to 49 weeks..........................................      9.8       8.5      11.0       9.6       8.1       7.1 
        1 to 26 weeks...........................................      7.0       6.3       7.3       6.4       6.5       6.2 
      Part time (3).............................................     21.1      20.8      16.0      15.4      28.2      27.9 
        50 to 52 weeks..........................................     11.2      11.3       8.0       7.8      15.8      15.9 
        27 to 49 weeks..........................................      4.1       3.8       3.4       3.0       5.0       4.8 
        1 to 26 weeks...........................................      5.8       5.7       4.6       4.7       7.4       7.2 
  
  1 Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
  2 Usually worked 35 hours or more per week.
  3 Usually worked 1 to 34 hours per week.
  NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals shown in
table 1 because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be
of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

Table 3.  Extent of unemployment during the year by sex, 2010-11
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                        Total                Men                Women       
                     Extent of unemployment                                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                    2010      2011      2010      2011      2010      2011  
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                 
                                                                                   Numbers (in thousands)
                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
Total who worked or looked for work.............................  158,882   159,693    84,000    83,715    74,882    75,978 
  Percent with unemployment.....................................     15.9      14.9      17.7      15.8      13.8      13.8 
                                                                                                                            
  Total with unemployment.......................................   25,241    23,739    14,880    13,262    10,360    10,477 
    Did not work but looked for work............................    6,562     6,214     3,659     3,212     2,903     3,002 
      1 to 14 weeks.............................................    1,351     1,395       634       656       717       739 
      15 weeks or more..........................................    5,211     4,819     3,025     2,556     2,186     2,263 
    Worked during the year......................................   18,679    17,525    11,221    10,050     7,458     7,476 
      Year-round workers (1) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment..      591       417       379       271       211       147 
      Part-year workers (2) with unemployment...................   18,088    17,108    10,842     9,779     7,246     7,329 
        1 to 4 weeks............................................    2,259     2,211     1,178     1,170     1,081     1,041 
        5 to 10 weeks...........................................    2,393     2,273     1,419     1,238       974     1,035 
        11 to 14 weeks..........................................    2,299     2,063     1,438     1,276       861       787 
        15 to 26 weeks..........................................    5,113     4,942     3,231     2,936     1,882     2,007 
        27 weeks or more........................................    6,024     5,619     3,577     3,159     2,447     2,459 
                                                                                                                            
            Median weeks of unemployment for all workers........     19.9      19.8      20.1      19.9      19.5      19.8 
                                                                                                                            
            With 2 spells or more of unemployment...............    3,872     3,524     2,620     2,448     1,252     1,076 
              2 spells..........................................    1,786     1,745     1,129     1,121       657       624 
              3 spells or more..................................    2,086     1,779     1,491     1,327       595       451 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                 
                                                                                    Percent distribution
                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
Did not work but looked for work................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
  1 to 14 weeks.................................................     20.6      22.4      17.3      20.4      24.7      24.6 
  15 weeks or more..............................................     79.4      77.6      82.7      79.6      75.3      75.4 
Worked during the year..........................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
  Year-round workers (1) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment......      3.2       2.4       3.4       2.7       2.8       2.0 
  Part-year workers (2) with unemployment.......................     96.8      97.6      96.6      97.3      97.2      98.0 
    1 to 4 weeks................................................     12.1      12.6      10.5      11.6      14.5      13.9 
    5 to 10 weeks...............................................     12.8      13.0      12.6      12.3      13.1      13.8 
    11 to 14 weeks..............................................     12.3      11.8      12.8      12.7      11.5      10.5 
    15 to 26 weeks..............................................     27.4      28.2      28.8      29.2      25.2      26.8 
    27 weeks or more............................................     32.3      32.1      31.9      31.4      32.8      32.9 
                                                                                                                            
              With 2 spells or more of unemployment.............     20.7      20.1      23.3      24.4      16.8      14.4 
                2 spells........................................      9.6      10.0      10.1      11.2       8.8       8.4 
                3 spells or more................................     11.2      10.1      13.3      13.2       8.0       6.0 
  
  1 Worked 50 or 51 weeks.
  2 Worked less than 50 weeks.
  NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

Table 4.  Extent of unemployment during the year by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex, 2010-11
  
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                        Total                Men                Women       
 Extent of unemployment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                             
                                                                                                                            
                                                                    2010      2011      2010      2011      2010      2011  
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                             WHITE                                                                                          
                                                                                                                            
  Total who worked or looked for work...........................  129,249   127,809    69,593    68,304    59,656    59,505 
    Percent with unemployment...................................     15.0      13.7      16.8      14.7      12.8      12.5 
                                                                                                                            
    Total with unemployment.....................................   19,329    17,479    11,687    10,026     7,643     7,453 
      Did not work but looked for work..........................    4,598     4,092     2,609     2,124     1,989     1,968 
      Worked during the year....................................   14,732    13,387     9,078     7,902     5,654     5,485 
                                                                                                                            
        Median weeks of unemployment for all workers............     19.2      18.8      19.6      19.0      18.5      18.4 
                                                                                                                            
      Percent who worked during the year (1) ...................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
        Year-round workers (2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment      3.4       2.6       3.6       3.0       3.1       2.1 
        Part-year workers (3) with unemployment.................     96.6      97.4      96.4      97.0      96.9      97.9 
          1 to 4 weeks..........................................     12.0      13.6      10.2      12.3      14.9      15.5 
          5 to 14 weeks.........................................     26.3      25.7      26.6      25.8      25.7      25.5 
          15 weeks or more......................................     58.3      58.1      59.6      58.9      56.3      56.9 
                                                                                                                            
                With 2 spells or more of unemployment...........     21.5      20.4      23.7      24.5      17.9      14.6 
                                                                                                                            
                   BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                
                                                                                                                            
  Total who worked or looked for work...........................   18,263    18,822     8,466     8,685     9,797    10,137 
    Percent with unemployment...................................     22.5      22.2      25.9      24.5      19.5      20.3 
                                                                                                                            
    Total with unemployment.....................................    4,105     4,180     2,192     2,124     1,913     2,056 
      Did not work but looked for work..........................    1,395     1,491       758       753       637       737 
      Worked during the year....................................    2,710     2,689     1,434     1,371     1,276     1,319 
                                                                                                                            
        Median weeks of unemployment for all workers............     22.9      23.9      22.3      23.6      23.6      24.1 
                                                                                                                            
      Percent who worked during the year (1) ...................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
        Year-round workers (2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment      1.8       1.7       2.0       1.7       1.6       1.8 
        Part-year workers (3) with unemployment.................     98.2      98.3      98.0      98.3      98.4      98.2 
          1 to 4 weeks..........................................     11.7       8.9      11.4       8.8      12.2       9.1 
          5 to 14 weeks.........................................     19.9      20.6      20.0      21.2      19.8      19.9 
          15 weeks or more......................................     66.5      68.7      66.6      68.2      66.4      69.2 
                                                                                                                            
                With 2 spells or more of unemployment...........     17.2      17.7      20.7      22.8      13.2      12.4 
                                                                                                                            
                             ASIAN                                                                                          
                                                                                                                            
  Total who worked or looked for work...........................    7,569     8,364     3,955     4,347     3,614     4,017 
    Percent with unemployment...................................     12.9      12.2      12.9      12.0      12.9      12.4 
                                                                                                                            
    Total with unemployment.....................................      973     1,020       509       522       465       498 
      Did not work but looked for work..........................      316       316       144       153       172       162 
      Worked during the year....................................      657       705       364       369       293       335 
                                                                                                                            
        Median weeks of unemployment for all workers............     21.3      20.5      21.7      20.2      20.8      20.7 
                                                                                                                            
      Percent who worked during the year (1) ...................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
        Year-round workers (2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment      3.0       0.8       3.6       0.9       2.3       0.6 
        Part-year workers (3) with unemployment.................     97.0      99.2      96.4      99.1      97.7      99.4 
          1 to 4 weeks..........................................     14.6      10.6      15.3      12.1      13.9       8.9 
          5 to 14 weeks.........................................     20.6      27.1      19.5      28.1      21.9      25.9 
          15 weeks or more......................................     61.8      61.6      61.6      58.8      61.9      64.6 
                                                                                                                            
                With 2 spells or more of unemployment...........     14.0      18.9      16.9      22.0      10.5      15.4 
                                                                                                                            
                  HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                              
                                                                                                                            
  Total who worked or looked for work...........................   22,825    24,216    13,301    13,683     9,524    10,533 
    Percent with unemployment...................................     20.5      18.3      22.4      19.2      18.0      17.1 
                                                                                                                            
    Total with unemployment.....................................    4,686     4,427     2,974     2,630     1,712     1,798 
      Did not work but looked for work..........................    1,138     1,093       638       556       500       536 
      Worked during the year....................................    3,548     3,335     2,336     2,073     1,212     1,261 
                                                                                                                            
        Median weeks of unemployment for all workers............     20.0      20.0      19.9      19.7      20.2      20.6 
                                                                                                                            
      Percent who worked during the year (1) ...................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
        Year-round workers (2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment      2.3       2.4       2.3       2.9       2.1       1.7 
        Part-year workers (3) with unemployment.................     97.7      97.6      97.7      97.1      97.9      98.3 
          1 to 4 weeks..........................................     10.7      11.0       8.9      10.3      14.0      12.3 
          5 to 14 weeks.........................................     26.5      24.8      27.8      25.2      24.1      24.1 
          15 weeks or more......................................     60.5      61.7      60.9      61.6      59.8      61.9 
                                                                                                                            
                With 2 spells or more of unemployment...........     24.0      22.5      26.7      25.9      18.8      16.8 
   
  1 Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
  2 Worked 50 or 51 weeks.
  3 Worked less than 50 weeks.
  NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals shown in
table 3 because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be
of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




Last Modified Date: December 18, 2012
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