Economic News Release

U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release


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Internet address:   http://www.bls.gov/mxp					  Tuesday, May 13, 2008


                                     U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES
                                                 - APRIL 2008 -

   The U.S. Import Price Index increased 1.8 percent in April, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the 
U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  For the second consecutive month, higher prices for both 
petroleum and nonpetroleum imports contributed to the advance.  The rise followed a 2.9 percent 
increase in March.  Export prices also increased in April, rising 0.3 percent after advancing at least 1.0 
percent in each of the previous three months.

                               Percent changes in import and export price indexes
                                              by End Use category
                                          - not seasonally adjusted -
 
Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Petroleum
imports
Non-
petroleum
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2007

April

1.4 6.8 0.3 0.4 -1.4 0.5

May

0.9 2.7 0.6 0.3 -0.1 0.4

June

1.2 4.8 0.3 0.4 2.7 0.2

July

1.2 6.0 0.1 0.1 1.6 -0.1

August

-0.3 -1.5 0.0 0.2 1.0 0.1

September

0.6 3.1 -0.1 0.3 4.2 0.0

October

1.5 5.0 0.6 0.8 3.8 0.5

November

3.2 12.4 0.7 0.9 1.4 0.9

December

-0.2 -1.8 0.4 0.5 2.6 0.3

2008

January

1.5 4.2 (r)0.7 1.2 (r)4.8 (r)0.8

February

0.2 (r)-1.5 (r)0.6 (r)1.0 (r)4.5 (r)0.6

March

(r)2.9 (r)9.2 1.1 1.5 (r)4.2 (r)1.3

April

1.8 4.4 1.1 0.3 -2.2 0.6

Apr. 2006 to 2007

2.1 -1.1 3.0 5.1 18.9 4.0

Apr. 2007 to 2008

15.4 57.2 6.2 7.7 32.3 5.6

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Import Goods
   
   The 1.8 percent rise in April followed increases of 2.9 percent, 0.2 percent, and 1.5 percent in 
March, February, and January, respectively.  Petroleum prices advanced 4.4 percent in April after a 9.2 
percent rise in March.  Prices for petroleum rose 57.2 percent for the year ended in April following a 1.1 
percent drop over the previous 12-month period.  Nonpetroleum prices increased 1.1 percent for the 
second consecutive month, matching the largest one-month increase for the index since nonpetroleum 
prices were first published on a monthly basis in December 1988.  The price indexes for overall imports 
and nonpetroleum imports advanced 15.4 percent and 6.2 percent, respectively, during the past year.          
   
   The largest contributor to the April increase in nonpetroleum prices was a 3.3 percent advance in 
the price index for nonpetroleum industrial supplies and materials.  That rise was mostly driven by a 
jump in unfinished metals prices, although higher prices for natural gas, finished metals, and chemicals 
also factored into the advance.  Over the past 12 months, nonpetroleum industrial supplies and materials 
prices rose 17.0 percent.        

   Prices for capital goods, automotive vehicles, and consumer goods were all up in April as well.  
Capital goods prices increased 0.8 percent, the largest increase for the index since an equivalent rise in 
May 1995.  Prices for capital goods advanced 2.1 percent over the past 12 months.  The price index for 
automotive vehicles rose 0.4 percent in April after advancing 0.2 percent in each of the previous two 
months.  Over the past year, the index went up 3.3 percent, the largest rise since an identical increase in 
August 1995.  Consumer goods prices advanced 0.2 percent in April after rising 0.4 percent in each of 
the previous two months.  Prices for consumer goods rose 2.8 percent for the year ended in April, the 
largest increase since a 3.9 percent advance in November 1992.   
   
   Prices for foods, feeds, and beverages rose 0.4 percent in April, following a 2.8 percent rise in 
March, as rising fruit prices more than offset falling prices for coffee.  
 
Export Goods 

   Export prices advanced a comparatively modest 0.3 percent in April following a 1.5 percent 
jump in March, which was the largest one-month increase since the index was first published in 
September 1983.  Prices of overall exports advanced 7.7 percent over the past year.  In April, a 0.6 
percent advance in nonagricultural prices more than offset a 2.2 percent downturn in agricultural prices.  
Prices for nonagricultural exports rose for the seventh consecutive month and advanced 5.6 percent for 
the year ended in April.  
   
   The increase in nonagricultural prices was led by the continued rise in the price index for 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials prices, which rose 1.3 percent in April after rising 3.8 
percent in March.  Higher prices for fuels, metals, and chemicals contributed to the increase.  
   
   Prices for each of the major finished goods indexes also rose in April.  Capital goods prices 
advanced 0.3 percent after falling 0.1 percent in March.  The price indexes for export automotive 
vehicles and consumer goods increased 0.4 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.    
   
   Agricultural prices decreased 2.2 percent in April, the first decrease in 11 months and the largest 
decline since an 8.4 percent drop in August 2004.  Soybean and wheat prices led the downturn in 
agricultural prices, falling 13.7 percent and 17.8 percent, respectively.  Despite the decline, agricultural 
prices rose 32.3 percent over the past year. 

Imports by Locality of Origin 
	
   The price indexes for imports from Canada, the European Union, and Mexico increased in April, 
led by higher fuel prices.  Prices for imports from Canada rose 2.6 percent for the month and 18.1 
percent for the year ended in April.  Import prices from the European Union advanced 1.3 percent in 
April and 8.3 percent over the past year.  The price index for imports from Mexico increased 2.2 percent 
following a 2.9 percent rise in March.  Prices of imports from Mexico advanced 18.3 percent over the 
past 12 months.  
   
   Import prices from China also increased in April, rising 0.2 percent after a 0.6 percent gain the 
previous month.  Prices for imports from China rose 4.1 percent for the April 2007-08 period, the largest 
12-month increase recorded since the index was first published in December 2003. 
    
   The price index for imports from Japan edged up 0.2 percent in April and advanced 1.0 percent 
over the past year.
   
Import and Export Services

   Import air passenger fares rose 9.1 percent in April after advancing 0.2 percent in March.  A 17.3 
percent increase in fares from Europe was the largest contributor to the overall increase, although prices 
also rose for Latin America-Caribbean and Asian fares.  The price index for overall fares increased 12.6 
percent for the year ended in April.  In contrast, export air passenger fares decreased 5.0 percent in April 
following a 2.4 percent increase in March.  The April decline was led by lower Asian fares.  Over the 
past year, the index rose 3.3 percent.
	
   The price index for import air freight advanced 4.5 percent in April, driven by a 9.6 percent 
increase in European air freight prices.  Import air freight prices increased 15.1 percent for the year 
ended in April.  Export air freight prices rose 2.4 percent in April after falling 0.2 percent the previous 
month.  The index advanced 14.7 percent over the past year.  

CONTENTS OF RELEASE

This news release includes the following tables:

Table 1    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by End Use
Table 2    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by End Use
Table 3    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by NAICS
Table 4    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by NAICS
Table 5    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by Harmonized System
Table 6    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by Harmonized System
Table 7    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by Locality of Origin
Table 8    U.S. International Price Indexes for Selected Transportation Services
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Import and Export Price Index data for May are scheduled for release on June 12 at 
8:30 A.M. (EDT)

Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2007 to April 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2007
to
Apr.
2008
Dec.
2007
to
Jan.
2008
Jan.
2008
to
Feb.
2008
Feb.
2008
to
Mar.
2008
Mar.
2008
to
Apr.
2008

All commodities

100.000 133.2 135.6 15.4 1.5 0.2 2.9 1.8

All imports excluding petroleum

77.135 111.6 112.8 6.2 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.1

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

74.936 113.9 115.0 5.8 0.7 0.5 1.0 1.0

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

4.340 141.6 142.2 12.6 2.8 -0.3 2.8 0.4

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

3.355 156.9 157.5 14.5 3.2 -0.4 2.9 0.4

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.985 106.9 107.6 6.6 1.3 0.1 2.4 0.7

Industrial supplies & materials

1

40.306 233.2 242.2 37.3 3.3 0.2 6.6 3.9

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

17.441 159.6 164.8 17.0 2.0 2.6 3.4 3.3

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

15.242 167.0 172.3 16.4 2.1 2.0 3.2 3.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

10.022 159.1 165.8 15.5 0.2 2.1 4.3 4.2

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

5.220 159.4 162.5 19.0 4.6 3.2 2.1 1.9

Fuels & lubricants

10

25.064 325.8 339.8 53.0 4.0 -0.8 8.8 4.3

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

22.864 343.8 358.8 57.2 4.2 -1.5 9.2 4.4

Crude

10000

17.062 359.8 377.1 66.9 4.4 0.7 9.0 4.8

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

1.887 214.7 226.6 28.8 2.3 7.9 6.1 5.5

Gas-natural

10110

1.731 211.7 224.3 30.0 2.2 8.9 6.6 6.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.727 114.1 116.2 5.1 3.0 0.8 0.6 1.8

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.562 148.0 149.7 20.2 6.1 2.1 1.0 1.1

Selected building materials

13

1.682 114.0 114.2 2.5 -0.1 -1.8 0.2 0.2

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

4.896 241.9 259.1 23.7 -0.9 4.2 7.8 7.1

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.863 146.2 150.5 17.7 2.1 2.1 3.9 2.9

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.512 105.1 106.0 4.3 1.5 0.5 -0.8 0.9

Capital goods

2

20.492 92.1 92.8 2.1 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.8

Electric generating equipment

20

2.618 109.3 111.7 6.5 -0.2 0.9 0.6 2.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

16.311 87.5 87.9 1.2 -0.3 0.0 0.1 0.5

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

1.563 115.4 115.5 4.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

12.808 107.5 107.9 3.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

22.054 103.9 104.1 2.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

10.221 107.4 107.5 3.3 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

10.754 100.3 100.5 2.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.079 104.2 105.2 2.8 0.2 0.1 0.1 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2007 to April 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2007
to
Apr.
2008
Dec.
2007
to
Jan.
2008
Jan.
2008
to
Feb.
2008
Feb.
2008
to
Mar.
2008
Mar.
2008
to
Apr.
2008

All commodities

100.000 123.7 124.1 7.7 1.2 1.0 1.5 0.3

Agricultural commodities

10.194 193.2 189.0 32.3 4.8 4.5 4.2 -2.2

Nonagricultural commodities

89.806 118.8 119.5 5.6 0.8 0.6 1.3 0.6

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

9.296 195.7 191.2 31.6 5.5 4.5 3.8 -2.3

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.600 201.3 196.4 33.8 5.6 4.8 3.9 -2.4

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.696 148.2 146.3 9.3 4.3 1.9 2.4 -1.3

Industrial supplies & materials

1

30.775 165.5 167.5 13.8 1.9 1.3 4.0 1.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

11.990 172.6 174.2 8.2 0.4 3.5 4.3 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

18.786 162.0 164.3 17.4 2.9 -0.1 3.7 1.4

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.594 159.3 158.0 24.5 0.9 3.2 5.8 -0.8

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

29.181 166.0 168.2 13.2 2.0 1.2 3.8 1.3

Fuels & lubricants

11

4.992 249.2 256.8 29.3 4.2 -2.8 10.5 3.0

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

23.180 158.2 159.8 10.7 1.6 2.1 2.7 1.0

Selected building materials

13

1.009 114.1 114.0 1.0 -0.4 0.4 0.3 -0.1

Capital goods

2

38.628 101.2 101.5 2.2 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.3

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.661 108.2 108.2 1.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

27.328 93.7 94.0 1.4 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

7.639 128.1 128.7 5.7 1.5 0.6 0.3 0.5

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

9.542 107.2 107.6 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

11.759 107.6 107.8 2.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.496 108.5 109.4 3.5 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.8

Durables, manufactured

41

5.266 105.3 104.8 0.9 0.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2007 to April 2008 December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2007
to
Apr.
2008
Dec.
2007
to
Jan.
2008
Jan.
2008
to
Feb.
2008
Feb.
2008
to
Mar.
2008
Mar.
2008
to
Apr.
2008

Nonmanufactured articles

21.325 159.9 166.9 55.3 3.9 0.9 8.0 4.4

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.620 132.4 130.9 15.3 8.6 -3.2 5.8 -1.1

Crop production

111

1.166 137.2 134.0 18.7 10.7 -5.6 7.4 -2.3

Mining

21

19.705 162.6 170.4 59.3 3.5 1.3 8.2 4.8

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.343 110.0 114.2 12.2 2.2 -0.4 1.1 3.8

Manufactured articles

78.083 111.1 112.2 7.4 0.9 0.1 1.6 1.0

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

9.497 107.8 108.2 5.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4

Food manufacturing

311

2.374 123.7 124.5 15.6 1.4 1.7 2.5 0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.782 104.5 105.3 2.6 0.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.8

Textile mills

313

0.423 110.3 111.7 5.8 1.0 1.1 -1.0 1.3

Textile product mills

314

0.719 101.5 102.2 1.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.7

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.830 102.4 102.3 1.6 0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.369 103.9 104.3 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.4

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.724 123.5 124.9 16.6 3.8 -1.7 3.7 1.1

Wood product manufacturing

321

1.036 90.6 90.8 0.7 -0.4 -3.0 0.6 0.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.217 108.6 110.3 6.6 3.9 0.8 0.3 1.6

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.719 150.1 154.7 36.4 6.5 -9.0 12.4 3.1

Chemical manufacturing

325

8.000 123.3 123.4 13.5 3.6 1.8 1.3 0.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

1.601 108.6 109.6 6.2 1.9 0.4 0.4 0.9

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.057 110.9 110.9 5.7 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

50.863 107.8 109.0 4.7 0.0 0.7 1.0 1.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

5.794 168.3 177.1 23.4 -0.9 4.9 8.3 5.2

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.470 114.9 116.3 8.7 2.0 0.4 0.6 1.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

6.345 108.4 109.9 4.9 0.7 0.6 0.2 1.4

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

13.418 93.5 93.2 -1.9 -0.6 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.531 110.1 112.0 6.2 0.2 0.7 0.5 1.7

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

13.495 104.1 104.5 3.5 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.391 105.8 107.6 6.5 1.2 0.2 1.8 1.7

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.420 109.4 110.2 4.1 -0.1 0.7 0.4 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2007 to April 2008 December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2007
to
Apr.
2008
Dec.
2007
to
Jan.
2008
Jan.
2008
to
Feb.
2008
Feb.
2008
to
Mar.
2008
Mar.
2008
to
Apr.
2008

Nonmanufactured articles

7.706 164.3 157.4 36.8 6.3 5.2 4.9 -4.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

6.293 188.9 179.2 47.5 7.7 6.3 5.0 -5.1

Crop production

111

5.930 197.4 187.1 53.6 7.7 6.7 5.3 -5.2

Mining

21

1.413 108.1 108.2 7.2 0.8 0.6 4.0 0.1

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

0.891 102.1 99.6 0.3 -0.5 1.6 1.5 -2.4

Manufactured articles

89.168 110.4 111.3 6.3 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.8

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.606 118.9 120.5 11.7 0.8 1.3 1.5 1.3

Food manufacturing

311

4.316 132.0 134.3 18.2 1.3 1.9 2.3 1.7

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.488 105.6 106.8 4.6 -0.1 0.8 1.1 1.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

0.463 101.0 100.9 0.5 0.6 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

22.740 120.2 121.8 12.8 2.3 -0.2 2.6 1.3

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.519 112.6 111.3 1.8 0.7 1.5 0.3 -1.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.892 113.8 114.9 5.6 0.9 0.2 0.1 1.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

3.418 162.6 168.8 38.8 5.2 -4.4 14.2 3.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.922 117.3 118.6 11.4 2.3 0.6 0.8 1.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.099 107.4 107.7 3.7 0.0 0.6 0.7 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.805 109.0 108.5 2.3 1.4 0.2 0.0 -0.5

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

59.822 106.1 106.6 3.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.804 147.3 151.7 22.9 0.6 5.1 7.0 3.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.631 114.4 114.7 3.8 1.0 0.3 -0.2 0.3

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.653 108.1 108.9 4.1 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.7

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

16.418 95.7 95.7 -0.7 -0.2 0.1 -0.6 0.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.565 106.9 106.8 2.8 0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.138 106.1 106.5 2.6 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.4

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.280 106.0 106.1 2.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2007 to April 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2007
to
Apr.
2008
Dec.
2007
to
Jan.
2008
Jan.
2008
to
Feb.
2008
Feb.
2008
to
Mar.
2008
Mar.
2008
to
Apr.
2008

Live animals; animal products

I

1.045 130.0 131.8 6.8 -0.2 2.3 1.1 1.4

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.239 152.3 150.5 5.0 0.4 1.3 1.7 -1.2

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.535 103.7 106.5 6.1 0.9 0.2 3.5 2.7

Vegetable products

II

1.278 150.6 152.1 16.2 8.2 -5.0 3.6 1.0

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.330 212.9 206.0 0.4 29.5 -22.9 4.4 -3.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.348 95.0 106.2 24.6 -1.9 5.0 -1.8 11.8

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.258 171.2 162.4 19.9 3.5 -0.1 8.6 -5.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.110 135.2 135.7 10.5 3.0 0.5 1.6 0.4

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.171 105.1 107.0 - 0.7 1.6 2.7 1.8

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.232 140.6 141.8 16.4 0.9 2.1 1.4 0.9

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

0.766 115.2 117.2 5.4 3.2 -0.3 -0.5 1.7

Mineral products

V

24.721 321.4 335.7 53.3 4.0 -0.7 8.8 4.4

Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plaster materials, lime & cement (Dec.2007=100)

25

0.205 102.8 102.6 - 0.4 1.8 0.6 -0.2

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

24.188 322.9 337.3 54.4 4.1 -0.8 9.0 4.5

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

7.299 137.7 137.5 12.5 3.5 1.9 1.7 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.987 262.8 259.0 24.3 12.2 7.0 3.2 -1.4

Organic chemicals

29

2.455 134.9 132.7 8.9 3.9 0.6 1.7 -1.6

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.186 112.2 112.9 5.3 1.1 -0.1 0.8 0.6

Tanning & dyeing extracts; dye & pigments; varnish & paints; putty

32

0.156 103.4 103.4 1.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2001=100)

33

0.389 122.3 124.0 10.5 2.4 3.4 1.0 1.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.397 99.3 99.5 5.5 -1.1 1.0 0.8 0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

2.732 129.5 131.2 8.3 2.1 0.6 0.5 1.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

1.804 127.0 129.3 9.7 2.4 0.6 0.2 1.8

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.928 134.5 135.1 6.0 1.3 0.7 0.9 0.4

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.555 111.2 111.9 5.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.6

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.510 111.7 112.4 5.4 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.6

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

1.075 111.1 111.3 0.0 -0.2 -3.1 0.5 0.2

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.372 113.1 114.5 6.3 4.2 0.7 0.0 1.2

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.937 108.0 110.0 5.8 5.7 0.7 -0.1 1.9

Printed matter

49

0.245 118.6 118.5 3.0 0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

4.824 103.6 103.7 1.9 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

1.746 100.8 100.2 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.6

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.912 103.0 103.2 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.489 95.3 95.9 2.1 0.5 0.3 1.8 0.6

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.143 104.4 104.8 3.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

0.954 103.1 103.4 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.913 115.0 115.3 5.1 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.3

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2001=100)

68

0.323 106.5 107.0 4.2 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.5

Ceramic products

69

0.296 124.3 124.9 8.9 0.4 2.0 0.2 0.5

Glass and glassware

70

0.294 113.7 113.3 2.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.4

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.794 156.5 158.0 19.8 0.5 4.6 4.5 1.0

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

6.693 183.5 195.0 15.5 0.4 2.0 4.6 6.3

Iron and steel

72

1.982 242.2 271.0 36.1 4.6 3.6 6.4 11.9

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.604 144.8 148.7 16.7 4.0 1.4 2.5 2.7

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.831 307.6 323.9 22.0 -8.9 5.3 8.6 5.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.984 149.6 158.2 8.4 -0.4 0.7 5.8 5.7

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.346 113.1 114.0 5.6 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.8

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.429 127.0 127.5 2.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.4

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

23.111 88.3 88.6 1.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

11.893 88.6 89.2 1.2 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.7

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

11.218 88.1 88.1 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

11.811 108.8 109.3 3.5 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

10.953 108.1 108.5 3.6 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

0.771 110.7 110.7 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

2.725 100.0 101.1 1.8 0.0 -0.2 0.4 1.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

2.440 98.0 99.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.3 1.2

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.214 119.8 121.0 4.5 -0.1 0.4 1.4 1.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

3.530 104.1 104.9 3.9 0.6 0.3 1.3 0.8

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.038 108.5 109.8 5.0 0.8 0.5 1.7 1.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.305 98.0 98.1 2.1 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.187 108.5 110.6 3.8 0.3 -0.1 0.3 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2007 to April 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2007
to
Apr.
2008
Dec.
2007
to
Jan.
2008
Jan.
2008
to
Feb.
2008
Feb.
2008
to
Mar.
2008
Mar.
2008
to
Apr.
2008

Live animals; animal products

I

1.486 155.7 158.9 6.2 0.8 -0.5 -0.7 2.1

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

0.779 124.7 130.8 13.7 -1.4 1.1 0.2 4.9

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.439 152.8 150.6 14.5 5.6 2.8 3.1 -1.4

Vegetable products

II

5.818 245.3 234.8 50.7 8.4 6.4 5.1 -4.3

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.680 121.2 122.4 -2.6 1.4 -0.7 -0.7 1.0

Cereals

10

2.771 313.1 304.4 84.0 9.5 12.0 6.5 -2.8

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.785 262.5 233.7 57.4 10.3 5.3 8.3 -11.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.356 134.7 134.7 11.7 1.9 1.4 1.4 0.0

Miscellaneous edible preparations

21

0.438 119.8 120.1 7.5 1.3 0.2 0.8 0.3

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.590 197.8 194.9 36.5 4.8 3.9 3.3 -1.5

Mineral products

V

5.110 304.0 310.8 29.2 3.9 -2.2 10.8 2.2

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

4.506 298.2 306.4 33.4 4.6 -2.7 11.8 2.7

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

11.541 140.0 141.9 12.1 2.4 0.9 1.1 1.4

Inorganic chemicals

28

1.135 184.2 184.8 21.9 3.6 1.7 1.8 0.3

Organic chemicals

29

3.592 157.2 160.6 13.1 1.5 1.7 2.3 2.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.501 117.0 118.7 5.3 -0.3 0.3 0.3 1.5

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints, varnish, putty, & inks

32

0.542 116.5 116.4 2.5 -1.0 0.1 0.5 -0.1

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.653 120.1 121.8 5.0 -0.2 0.8 0.9 1.4

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.393 115.7 115.8 5.4 -0.4 2.6 0.2 0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.581 122.9 124.4 4.1 0.9 0.2 0.2 1.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.164 137.4 138.1 6.5 1.0 0.1 0.3 0.5

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.189 133.2 133.7 6.5 1.1 -0.2 0.2 0.4

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.975 155.3 157.0 6.2 0.7 1.0 0.7 1.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.395 116.9 117.2 -6.2 -0.3 -0.8 0.6 0.3

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.636 112.1 111.0 -1.8 0.1 0.9 0.4 -1.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.510 116.8 117.7 7.1 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.8

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.706 129.1 129.8 15.9 1.5 2.3 1.0 0.5

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.278 110.8 112.2 3.7 0.8 -0.4 0.0 1.3

Printed material

49

0.525 121.3 121.2 5.1 -0.7 -0.2 0.7 -0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

2.239 109.1 108.4 6.0 0.7 0.7 2.2 -0.6

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.728 114.6 111.3 18.8 2.0 1.8 6.7 -2.9

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.792 111.8 111.3 2.6 0.4 0.0 0.2 -0.4

Glass and glassware

70

0.428 99.7 100.0 3.2 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.3

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.112 189.3 190.2 10.8 -0.9 4.9 6.0 0.5

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.865 175.4 178.6 8.1 1.1 3.0 3.7 1.8

Iron and steel

72

1.553 230.7 231.2 15.9 4.5 6.8 5.8 0.2

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.380 150.7 150.8 4.4 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.710 264.3 271.6 13.2 -1.7 7.4 7.1 2.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

1.009 150.2 155.5 4.6 -1.7 1.1 7.1 3.5

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.379 118.0 118.9 3.8 2.0 -0.1 0.3 0.8

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.351 124.7 124.7 -1.9 0.2 0.5 -3.7 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.276 95.1 95.3 1.2 0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.811 103.6 104.0 1.6 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.4

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

13.465 85.9 85.8 0.7 0.2 0.3 -0.3 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.752 115.5 116.0 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.4

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.147 106.2 106.7 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.5

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.980 106.1 106.6 3.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.5

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.411 107.6 108.6 3.8 0.8 -0.1 0.1 0.9

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.756 116.7 116.6 3.1 1.8 -0.3 0.2 -0.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.504 92.6 94.7 5.7 -0.3 0.0 0.0 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: April 2007 to April 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Percent
of
U.S.
imports(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2007
to
Apr.
2008
Dec.
2007
to
Jan.
2008
Jan.
2008
to
Feb.
2008
Feb.
2008
to
Mar.
2008
Mar.
2008
to
Apr.
2008

Industrialized Countries(2)

42.888 131.0 133.5 13.2 2.0 0.8 2.6 1.9

Nonmanufactured articles

4.201 282.3 295.2 56.4 4.2 6.0 12.0 4.6

Manufactured articles

38.251 119.8 121.3 8.1 1.5 0.2 1.3 1.3

Other Countries(3)

57.112 132.6 134.8 17.3 1.7 -0.4 2.6 1.7

Nonmanufactured articles

12.058 307.8 321.4 56.6 4.1 -0.7 6.8 4.4

Manufactured articles

44.837 107.9 108.5 6.1 0.9 -0.3 1.1 0.6

Canada

16.032 152.2 156.1 18.1 1.5 1.5 3.9 2.6

Nonmanufactured articles

3.711 280.2 292.4 54.5 4.4 7.0 12.8 4.4

Manufactured articles

12.028 127.9 129.9 6.8 0.3 -0.5 0.5 1.6

European Union(4)

17.355 129.5 131.2 8.3 2.1 0.7 1.5 1.3

Nonmanufactured articles

0.249 300.9 312.7 45.8 0.9 -3.0 0.9 3.9

Manufactured articles

16.987 126.5 128.1 7.4 2.1 0.8 1.5 1.3

France (Dec. 2003=100)

1.844 115.5 117.6 9.4 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.8

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

4.732 111.7 113.4 6.0 1.4 0.3 0.5 1.5

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

2.684 134.8 135.0 13.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 0.1

Latin America(5)

18.032 171.2 175.6 24.5 2.7 -0.5 3.8 2.6

Nonmanufactured articles

5.151 318.3 332.7 56.9 3.9 -1.6 7.6 4.5

Manufactured articles

12.786 139.5 141.4 10.5 1.9 0.1 1.8 1.4

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

10.710 142.3 145.4 18.3 2.1 -1.5 2.9 2.2

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

33.822 101.0 101.5 3.4 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.5

China (Dec. 2003=100)

15.926 101.2 101.4 4.1 0.9 0.1 0.6 0.2

Japan

8.032 94.6 94.8 1.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.2

Asian NICs(7)

5.887 89.2 90.2 2.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

6.041 100.7 100.8 5.3 1.0 0.2 0.8 0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

3.928 250.1 259.4 45.7 2.3 1.9 5.1 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Percentage of trade figures are based on 2006 trade values.
(2) Includes Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Includes Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) Includes European Union countries.
(5) Includes Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) Includes China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries. Includes Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Includes Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: April 2007 to April 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2008
Apr.
2008
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2007
to
Apr.
2008
Dec.
2007
to
Jan.
2008
Jan.
2008
to
Feb.
2008
Feb.
2008
to
Mar.
2008
Mar.
2008
to
Apr.
2008

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 144.4 150.9 15.1 0.1 0.6 1.1 4.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

28.585 150.3 164.7 28.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 9.6

Asia

61.482 123.8 126.5 10.3 -0.2 0.8 1.7 2.2

Export Air Freight

100.000 131.4 134.6 14.7 3.9 -0.3 -0.2 2.4

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

42.465 123.5 127.0 26.1 8.3 0.0 0.2 2.8

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 140.7 145.7 14.8 0.5 0.5 0.9 3.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.722 146.4 157.2 26.2 1.2 0.2 0.3 7.4

Asia

57.310 118.4 120.5 9.7 0.2 0.5 1.4 1.8

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 128.1 130.5 15.3 1.9 0.2 0.9 1.9

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

41.479 145.2 149.6 17.1 2.5 -0.1 0.3 3.0

Asia

40.806 114.7 115.6 11.7 1.5 0.3 1.6 0.8

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 131.3 143.2 12.6 -2.1 -1.1 0.2 9.1

Europe

41.286 124.5 146.1 13.3 0.4 -0.4 0.3 17.3

Asia

25.688 117.0 120.5 4.4 -11.2 -1.6 0.3 3.0

Latin America/Caribbean

13.583 130.0 135.6 18.8 -0.5 0.6 1.2 4.3

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 156.4 148.6 3.3 4.0 -5.6 2.4 -5.0

Europe

28.335 178.0 184.7 3.5 0.8 -4.7 1.5 3.8

Asia

35.227 133.2 126.2 15.1 11.6 -8.2 2.9 -5.3

Latin America/Caribbean

19.780 155.2 151.0 -9.6 -0.8 -9.1 1.3 -2.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures for Air Passenger Fares Indexes are based on 2006 trade values, while the relative importance figures for the Air Freight Indexes are based on 2005 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available



                                          TECHNICAL NOTE

Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes for merchandise goods are reweighted annually, 
with a two-year lag in the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More 
detailed index series and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by 
calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using 
three classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification 
System (NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While 
classification by end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for 
classifying items by industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output 
industry, not input industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products 
manufacturing) include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The 
NAICS classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price 
Index) to produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- The Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes are calculated from data obtained 
from a commercial airline reservation system.  These data exclude frequent flyer tickets and those sold 
by consolidators.  The Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines.  These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by consolidators.  Taxes and fees 
are excluded from both the Import and Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes.  The Air Freight Indexes are 
calculated from data collected directly from companies.  These data exclude mail and passenger 
baggage.  The scope of the service being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, 
and does not include any ground transportation or port service.  The Air Freight Indexes are presented 
using two definitions: Balance of Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign 
residents) and International (which represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.).  Fact 
sheets specifying detailed information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp 
under "Publications and Other Documentation."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further data 
revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision in 
the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The IPP news release is available through an e-mail subscription service at 
(http://www.bls.gov/mxp) or (http://www.bls.gov/bls/newsrels.htm).
 
Additional Information -- More detailed IPP data are available on the IPP home page at 
(http://www.bls.gov/mxp).  Flat Files and the FTP server are available for users requiring access to 
either a large volume of time series data or other IPP-related documentation. The FTP site can be 
accessed at ftp://ftp.bls.gov.   For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For IPP data requests, send e-mail to (mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: May 13, 2008
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