Economic News Release

U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

 
Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until			            USDL-09-1099
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 11, 2009

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Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov



                             U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - AUGUST 2009

The U.S. Import Price Index increased 2.0 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today, driven primarily by a 9.8 percent advance in fuel prices. Import prices fell 0.7 percent in July. Prices 
for U.S. exports rose 0.7 percent in August after falling 0.3 percent the previous month.

Imports

All Imports: Import prices increased for the fifth time in the past six months in August, rising 2.0 percent 
for the month. Despite the recent advances, the price index for overall imports fell 15.0 percent over the past 
year and the decline was led by a 21.0 percent decrease for the index between August 2008 and January 
2009. Import prices subsequently rose 7.6 percent from January 2009 to August 2009.   

Fuel Imports: Volatile fuel prices were the primary contributor to both the August increase and 12-month 
decrease in overall import prices. The price index for import fuel advanced 9.8 percent in August and 
declined 39.6 percent for the August 2008-2009 period, though prices rose 61.5 percent from January to 
August.  

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for imports excluding fuel increased 0.4 percent in August following a 
0.2 percent decline the previous month. The August increase was the largest monthly advance since a 0.6 
percent increase in July 2008 and was led by higher prices for industrial supplies and materials. Despite the 
increase in August, prices for imports excluding fuel remain down 5.1 percent over the past 12 months, 
similar to the 5.3 percent decrease recorded for the year ended in July, which was the largest 12-month drop 
since the index was first published in December 2001.


Table A. Percent changes
Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2008

August

-3.1 -10.4 0.2 -1.6 -9.6 -0.7

September

-3.6 -11.7 -0.5 -0.8 0.1 -0.9

October

-6.0 -20.8 -0.8 -2.1 -8.4 -1.4

November

-7.4 -27.8 -1.7 -3.2 -6.9 -2.8

December

-4.6 -22.2 -1.1 -2.2 -6.1 -1.9

2009

January

-1.3 -4.7 -0.7 0.7 5.9 0.3

February

0.0 2.7 -0.4 -0.3 -1.7 -0.2

March

0.5 7.8 -0.6 -0.7 -3.4 -0.4

April

1.1 7.5 0.1 0.5 3.7 0.2

May

1.7 (r)9.8 0.2 (r)0.4 (r)3.6 0.3

June

(r)2.7 (r)16.0 (r)0.2 1.0 (r)4.2 (r)0.6

July

-0.7 (r)-2.9 (r)-0.2 -0.3 -4.9 (r)0.1

August

2.0 9.8 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.8

Aug. 2007 to 2008

18.1 60.7 6.6 8.3 25.0 6.8

Aug. 2008 to 2009

-15.0 -39.6 -5.1 -6.1 -14.1 -5.3

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports 

All Exports: The price index for overall exports increased 0.7 percent in August, led upward mostly by a 
0.8 percent advance in nonagricultural export prices. The rise followed a 0.3 percent decline in July and 
resumed the upward trend recorded in April, May, and June. Export prices fell 6.1 percent for the 12 months 
ended in August despite the recent advances, driven by a 7.3 percent drop in the final quarter of 2008.

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural prices ticked up 0.2 percent in August after a 4.9 percent decline in 
July. Falling wheat prices were more than offset by higher prices for fruit and corn. Prices for export 
agricultural goods decreased 14.1 percent over the past year, a decline that was led by a drop in prices for 
corn, wheat, meat, and soybeans. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural exports rose 0.8 percent in 
August, the largest one-month rise since the index increased 0.9 percent in July 2008. The advance was 
driven by a 2.3 percent rise in nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials prices. Prices for each of the 
major finished goods areas also contributed to the overall increase. August marked the fifth consecutive 
month the price index for nonagricultural prices advanced, but the index declined 5.3 percent for the August 
2008-2009 period. 

 

                                           SELECTED AUGUST HIGHLIGHTS


Import Prices

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Import foods, feeds, and beverages prices rose 1.7 percent in August, the 
largest monthly increase since a 2.0 percent advance in December 2008. The August advance was led by a 
tunaround in green coffee prices which were down in July. Higher prices for meat, fruit, and vegetables 
also contributed to the increase in foods, feeds, and beverages prices in August.

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: A 1.3 percent jump in nonfuel industrial supplies and 
materials prices was the largest contributor to higher nonfuel prices in August. The advance was driven by 
higher metals prices and was the biggest one-month increase since July 2008. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mixed in August. Automotive vehicles prices rose 0.2 percent 
and capital goods prices ticked up 0.1 percent. In contrast, consumer goods prices edged down 0.2 percent 
led by lower prices for import televisions and video receivers.

Transportation Services: The indexes for both air freight prices and air passenger fares decreased in 
August. Air freight prices edged down 0.2 percent while air passenger fares decreased 2.2 percent.    

Imports by Locality of Origin: Higher fuel prices impacted a couple of the major locality of origin indexes 
in August. The price indexes for imports from Canada and from Mexico each rose for the month, increasing 
2.7 percent and 2.3 percent, respectively. Prices of imports from China and from Japan also rose in August, 
increasing 0.2 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively.


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials advanced 2.3 percent in August, driven by higher prices for fuel and metals. Prices for aluminum, 
copper, and precious metals all increased in August. 

Finished Goods: Prices for each of the major finished goods areas advanced in August. Led by higher 
computer prices, capital goods prices ticked up 0.1 percent in August. Prices for automotive vehicles also 
rose a modest 0.1 percent while consumer goods prices increased 0.3 percent.

Transportation Services: In contrast to imports, the export price index for export air freight and export air 
passenger fares increased in August. Prices for export air freight rose 0.5 percent and export air passenger 
fares jumped 9.6 percent, led by a sharp rise in Asian fares.

________		
Import and Export Price Index data for September 2009 are scheduled for release on Wednesday, 
October 14, 2009 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2008 to August 2009 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2009(1)
Index Percent change
July
2009
Aug.
2009
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2008
to
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2009
to
May
2009
May
2009
to
June
2009
June
2009
to
July
2009
July
2009
to
Aug.
2009

All commodities

100.000 119.2 121.6 -15.0 1.7 2.7 -0.7 2.0

All imports excluding petroleum

83.177 107.2 107.6 -6.5 0.2 0.2 -0.3 0.4

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

81.838 111.0 111.4 -5.1 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

4.692 138.4 140.8 -6.4 0.2 0.4 -1.0 1.7

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

3.621 153.5 156.8 -6.6 0.5 0.3 -1.3 2.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.071 104.3 104.7 -5.6 -0.5 0.8 -0.1 0.4

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.885 174.2 184.9 -31.7 5.6 8.8 -1.8 6.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

15.062 131.0 132.8 -23.1 0.7 0.7 -0.9 1.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

13.723 146.1 148.0 -18.8 1.1 0.3 -0.3 1.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

8.666 138.5 140.8 -19.5 0.3 1.3 1.8 1.7

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

5.057 122.1 123.1 -27.2 1.2 -0.2 -4.2 0.8

Fuels & lubricants

10

18.161 215.7 236.8 -39.6 9.8 16.0 -2.9 9.8

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

16.822 235.2 259.8 -38.1 11.1 17.2 -2.6 10.5

Crude

10000

12.302 242.9 270.0 -39.1 13.1 15.9 -1.8 11.2

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

1.144 104.1 105.4 -53.9 -3.4 3.6 -7.5 1.2

Gas-natural

10110

0.937 88.9 90.2 -60.0 -4.1 4.3 -9.0 1.5

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.679 99.0 98.9 -17.4 -1.2 -1.5 -2.8 -0.1

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.456 132.3 133.5 -16.4 2.9 -1.1 -3.9 0.9

Selected building materials

13

1.674 118.2 119.5 -2.1 -0.6 1.3 1.9 1.1

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.519 184.7 190.1 -29.7 1.0 3.2 3.6 2.9

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.851 133.6 134.9 -16.9 0.8 -0.2 0.3 1.0

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.544 102.7 103.2 -7.7 -0.9 -0.4 -0.3 0.5

Capital goods

2

23.818 91.9 92.0 -1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.067 110.2 110.3 -2.4 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

18.616 86.5 86.5 -2.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.135 123.1 123.3 4.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

14.095 108.1 108.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

25.510 104.1 103.9 -1.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

11.751 107.7 107.7 -0.6 -0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

12.534 100.6 100.4 -1.3 0.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.225 101.5 101.0 -5.3 -1.4 0.1 0.1 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2007 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2008 to August 2009 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2009(1)
Index Percent change
July
2009
Aug.
2009
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2008
to
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2009
to
May
2009
May
2009
to
June
2009
June
2009
to
July
2009
July
2009
to
Aug.
2009

All commodities

100.000 117.4 118.2 -6.1 0.4 1.0 -0.3 0.7

Agricultural commodities

8.830 161.3 161.7 -14.1 3.6 4.2 -4.9 0.2

Nonagricultural commodities

91.171 114.2 115.1 -5.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.8

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.209 165.0 164.9 -13.0 2.8 4.4 -5.6 -0.1

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.547 167.6 167.3 -14.1 3.2 4.8 -6.1 -0.2

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.662 143.3 145.0 -0.5 -2.7 0.3 1.1 1.2

Industrial supplies & materials

1

27.099 140.4 143.6 -17.5 0.6 2.0 0.0 2.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

10.590 145.0 147.7 -15.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.9

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

16.509 138.3 141.9 -18.5 0.5 2.8 -0.4 2.6

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.283 134.9 138.4 -14.0 5.3 0.6 3.0 2.6

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

25.816 140.9 144.1 -17.7 0.4 2.0 -0.1 2.3

Fuels & lubricants

11

3.671 165.4 181.7 -34.1 2.1 9.1 -5.3 9.9

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

21.124 139.7 141.1 -14.6 0.1 0.9 0.9 1.0

Selected building materials

13

1.021 112.5 113.7 -1.3 -0.9 0.4 -0.4 1.1

Capital goods

2

41.433 103.4 103.5 1.6 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.727 106.9 107.0 -2.0 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

28.695 94.7 94.9 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

9.010 137.6 137.6 5.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.357 107.8 107.9 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.903 108.7 109.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.718 108.3 108.8 -0.7 0.6 0.6 -0.1 0.5

Durables, manufactured

41

6.083 109.5 109.6 2.2 0.3 0.2 1.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2007 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2008 to August 2009 December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2009(1)
Index Percent change
July
2009
Aug.
2009
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2008
to
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2009
to
May
2009
May
2009
to
June
2009
June
2009
to
July
2009
July
2009
to
Aug.
2009

Nonmanufactured articles

15.717 108.2 117.7 -39.2 8.8 12.9 -2.3 8.8

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.691 129.0 133.0 -7.3 -2.0 -1.0 -3.2 3.1

Crop production

111

1.213 135.9 140.6 -3.7 -2.6 -0.9 -4.6 3.5

Mining

21

14.026 105.9 115.9 -41.6 10.3 15.1 -2.3 9.4

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.440 125.7 125.7 -0.5 -0.5 0.8 -3.0 0.0

Manufactured articles

83.753 106.5 107.2 -6.8 0.6 0.9 -0.3 0.7

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

10.489 106.6 106.9 -3.0 0.1 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Food manufacturing

311

2.446 116.2 117.3 -11.0 0.7 1.4 0.0 0.9

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.949 107.3 107.3 1.0 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Textile mills

313

0.453 112.3 112.3 -1.8 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.0

Textile product mills

314

0.811 99.4 99.4 -2.4 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.246 101.8 101.9 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.583 107.0 107.2 1.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.5 0.2

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.704 112.0 114.9 -13.6 1.9 3.8 -2.2 2.6

Wood product manufacturing

321

1.010 93.3 95.1 -4.0 -1.0 1.9 3.8 1.9

Paper manufacturing

322

1.222 99.0 98.5 -13.7 -0.6 -0.8 -3.2 -0.5

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

3.751 104.8 116.3 -33.2 7.1 19.7 -5.9 11.0

Chemical manufacturing

325

8.565 118.5 118.8 -7.4 1.5 0.0 -1.6 0.3

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

1.869 111.8 112.1 -1.5 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.177 119.8 119.6 3.5 0.5 0.5 -0.4 -0.2

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

55.560 104.7 104.9 -4.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.061 124.5 127.6 -30.7 0.3 1.5 2.2 2.5

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.833 115.9 115.7 -5.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.009 112.1 112.2 0.8 -0.2 0.5 0.5 0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

15.350 88.9 88.9 -3.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.077 112.5 112.6 -1.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

15.298 105.5 105.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.600 109.4 109.3 -1.9 -0.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.331 111.9 111.8 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2007 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2008 to August 2009 December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2009(1)
Index Percent change
July
2009
Aug.
2009
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2008
to
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2009
to
May
2009
May
2009
to
June
2009
June
2009
to
July
2009
July
2009
to
Aug.
2009

Nonmanufactured articles

6.071 119.5 121.1 -18.5 3.5 4.2 -6.7 1.3

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.846 139.9 140.4 -16.5 4.4 5.0 -7.8 0.4

Crop production

111

4.507 144.5 144.7 -17.2 4.9 5.3 -8.1 0.1

Mining

21

1.225 74.5 78.5 -25.0 -0.1 1.3 -2.4 5.4

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

0.943 86.1 87.0 -14.4 -1.7 1.4 -2.4 1.0

Manufactured articles

92.120 108.4 109.0 -4.2 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.6

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.622 120.5 120.4 -5.1 1.4 1.8 0.1 -0.1

Food manufacturing

311

4.462 135.5 135.1 -6.4 2.1 2.4 -0.1 -0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.519 106.9 107.0 1.2 0.3 1.2 -0.1 0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

0.391 102.4 102.4 1.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

21.823 110.0 111.8 -12.9 0.3 2.2 -0.1 1.6

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.452 105.0 106.1 -5.4 -2.4 0.4 1.1 1.0

Paper manufacturing

322

1.875 109.4 109.3 -6.0 -1.7 0.8 -1.0 -0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.139 96.2 109.5 -41.1 2.1 15.4 -9.7 13.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

14.342 113.5 114.0 -9.0 0.4 1.3 1.7 0.4

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.177 108.0 107.9 -2.8 0.0 -0.6 0.0 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.839 109.7 109.7 0.5 0.0 0.0 -3.0 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

63.675 106.5 106.7 -0.7 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.185 120.2 121.4 -21.7 -0.8 0.8 0.4 1.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.835 120.9 121.2 2.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

12.787 112.4 112.3 1.4 0.1 -0.1 0.5 -0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

16.592 93.8 94.1 -0.5 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.618 107.1 107.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.345 110.3 110.3 3.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.971 110.6 110.6 1.4 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2007 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2008 to August 2009 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2009(1)
Index Percent change
July
2009
Aug.
2009
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2008
to
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2009
to
May
2009
May
2009
to
June
2009
June
2009
to
July
2009
July
2009
to
Aug.
2009

Live animals; animal products

I

1.145 129.5 130.6 -11.8 0.2 2.1 0.4 0.8

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.259 153.5 156.6 -11.3 1.7 2.8 1.8 2.0

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.563 99.3 99.8 -8.6 -0.9 1.4 -0.5 0.5

Vegetable products

II

1.415 154.2 159.7 -2.9 -1.7 -1.3 -4.3 3.6

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.418 282.5 291.8 32.8 -5.9 -7.4 -3.6 3.3

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.413 97.5 100.4 -12.7 2.7 0.0 -6.1 3.0

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.250 147.7 164.2 -4.7 4.3 5.2 -8.3 11.2

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.313 135.0 135.8 -4.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.6

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.252 111.6 111.7 -2.4 1.3 2.8 1.4 0.1

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.282 125.1 125.5 -10.5 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

0.953 116.4 116.5 -2.8 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Mineral products

V

18.307 217.7 238.4 -38.5 9.4 15.5 -3.1 9.5

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

17.936 214.7 235.5 -39.6 9.7 15.8 -3.0 9.7

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

7.775 129.9 130.8 -8.2 2.2 -0.7 -1.1 0.7

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.729 201.3 194.1 -29.4 25.4 -9.6 -9.5 -3.6

Organic chemicals

29

2.488 125.6 128.4 -4.5 0.2 1.5 0.8 2.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.765 114.0 114.0 -0.3 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.0

Tanning & dyeing extracts; dye & pigments; varnish & paints; putty

32

0.174 104.5 104.6 -2.3 -0.2 0.1 0.6 0.1

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2001=100)

33

0.430 120.3 120.5 -4.4 0.1 1.2 1.3 0.2

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.428 89.6 89.8 -12.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.8 0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

2.923 126.0 126.4 -8.3 1.2 0.4 -2.9 0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

1.902 123.6 123.8 -8.2 1.8 0.7 -4.3 0.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.021 130.7 131.4 -8.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.5

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.630 113.2 113.4 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.568 114.2 114.4 0.5 0.3 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

1.037 113.7 115.8 -4.6 -0.9 1.8 3.3 1.8

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.408 104.8 104.3 -11.3 -0.5 -0.7 -3.1 -0.5

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.968 102.7 101.5 -11.1 -0.7 -1.1 -4.7 -1.2

Printed matter

49

0.289 120.3 120.3 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.333 102.7 102.8 -1.3 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.013 99.6 99.6 -1.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

2.041 102.9 102.9 0.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.5 0.0

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.548 90.7 90.7 -5.0 0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.0

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.292 107.6 107.6 1.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.4 0.0

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.088 106.6 106.7 1.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

1.049 124.8 124.4 4.5 0.2 0.7 -0.4 -0.3

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2001=100)

68

0.389 117.6 117.4 1.6 -0.4 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Ceramic products

69

0.331 139.4 139.3 12.9 1.1 1.7 -0.1 -0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.328 117.3 116.6 0.0 0.2 0.3 -0.9 -0.6

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.664 140.5 140.1 -9.1 0.7 3.0 -0.1 -0.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.569 153.0 155.7 -25.3 0.6 0.1 1.3 1.8

Iron and steel

72

1.199 178.6 184.6 -40.7 -4.7 0.1 2.1 3.4

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.762 136.8 134.9 -19.1 -1.2 -2.7 -1.9 -1.4

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.589 245.3 262.8 -19.1 12.7 4.9 4.5 7.1

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.720 109.4 115.0 -27.4 4.2 0.8 3.5 5.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.398 117.3 117.3 0.9 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.481 130.1 129.0 -1.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.8

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

26.302 87.0 87.1 -1.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

13.290 88.3 88.4 -0.8 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.1

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

13.012 85.7 85.8 -3.1 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.035 109.8 109.9 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

11.836 108.8 108.9 -0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.094 115.6 115.9 3.3 0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.3

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.262 102.3 102.3 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

2.928 100.0 100.0 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.253 123.8 123.8 1.4 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.322 108.1 108.0 0.6 0.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.352 112.4 112.4 -0.5 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.752 101.5 101.5 2.0 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.218 116.3 116.3 2.8 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2007 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2008 to August 2009 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2009(1)
Index Percent change
July
2009
Aug.
2009
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2008
to
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2009
to
May
2009
May
2009
to
June
2009
June
2009
to
July
2009
July
2009
to
Aug.
2009

Live animals; animal products

I

1.529 157.8 157.5 -12.9 0.6 1.7 -1.3 -0.2

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

0.800 127.8 126.6 -17.7 3.4 3.6 -3.1 -0.9

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.389 141.9 143.2 -4.1 -3.4 -1.3 0.6 0.9

Vegetable products

II

4.651 187.6 187.7 -15.4 4.2 5.6 -8.7 0.1

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.582 102.7 106.0 -14.5 -1.5 1.5 1.5 3.2

Cereals

10

1.825 183.4 183.7 -25.4 1.3 8.1 -17.4 0.2

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.589 228.7 228.6 -9.2 9.9 8.0 -3.9 0.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.514 139.8 138.9 2.0 1.3 2.1 -0.7 -0.6

Miscellaneous edible preparations

21

0.366 117.6 117.4 -2.7 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec.2008=100)

22

0.285 101.7 101.9 - 0.6 1.4 -0.1 0.2

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.569 210.7 204.7 2.9 6.1 9.3 -3.5 -2.8

Mineral products

V

3.504 187.8 207.2 -38.3 2.7 9.2 -7.7 10.3

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

3.008 181.1 202.4 -39.5 3.1 10.3 -8.4 11.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

11.777 136.1 136.4 -7.6 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.2

Inorganic chemicals

28

1.250 188.2 188.3 -8.5 -2.7 -2.2 2.3 0.1

Organic chemicals

29

3.318 139.4 141.6 -16.3 1.5 1.7 0.6 1.6

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.675 115.3 115.5 -2.4 0.6 0.8 -0.7 0.2

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints, varnish, putty, & inks

32

0.543 114.2 114.2 -1.3 0.4 1.5 0.2 0.0

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.737 124.7 126.0 1.7 1.2 1.3 -0.2 1.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.413 115.2 114.7 -5.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 -0.4

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.815 132.0 131.7 1.5 -1.0 2.2 0.5 -0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.385 133.8 134.3 -10.0 0.0 0.6 3.1 0.4

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.394 129.3 129.4 -9.6 0.1 1.1 3.3 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.991 152.6 155.3 -11.5 -0.3 -1.6 2.5 1.8

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.290 86.0 93.2 -19.8 -1.9 4.1 8.7 8.4

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.554 100.0 102.1 -9.4 -1.5 0.5 -2.4 2.1

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.373 106.9 107.4 -9.2 -0.5 1.4 -0.4 0.5

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.519 94.5 96.9 -26.0 -1.1 5.2 1.4 2.5

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.315 110.4 110.1 -3.0 -0.6 0.3 -1.5 -0.3

Printed material

49

0.538 117.0 117.1 -1.6 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.989 103.1 102.7 -6.5 1.7 -0.9 1.2 -0.4

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.563 95.5 94.9 -15.9 6.2 -3.5 4.6 -0.6

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc. (Dec.2008=100)

XIII

0.828 113.6 113.6 1.5 0.1 0.1 -2.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.430 96.2 96.2 -2.7 0.1 -0.1 -3.9 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.880 173.9 173.8 -8.3 -1.0 2.6 1.6 -0.1

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.070 144.6 149.6 -18.0 1.8 -0.4 0.8 3.5

Iron and steel

72

1.238 155.3 167.4 -32.7 -2.6 -1.5 3.7 7.8

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.476 159.9 160.0 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1 -2.3 0.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.474 173.6 186.8 -27.8 25.4 -2.3 0.9 7.6

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.718 104.0 108.6 -27.1 5.5 1.2 3.5 4.4

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.405 122.3 122.3 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.340 122.0 122.0 -6.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

31.459 95.6 95.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

18.087 105.3 105.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

13.372 85.0 85.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.906 120.5 120.5 3.1 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.103 107.5 107.5 0.5 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.318 108.2 108.6 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.575 107.1 107.1 -1.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.766 116.1 116.1 -0.7 0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.684 93.4 93.4 -0.8 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2007 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: August 2008 to August 2009 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Percent
of
U.S.
imports(1)
Index Percent change
July
2009
Aug.
2009
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2008
to
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2009
to
May
2009
May
2009
to
June
2009
June
2009
to
July
2009
July
2009
to
Aug.
2009

Industrialized Countries(2)

42.434 119.1 120.5 -13.6 0.5 1.5 -0.2 1.2

Nonmanufactured articles

4.390 168.1 179.7 -44.6 4.9 10.9 -1.5 6.9

Manufactured articles

37.621 114.9 115.6 -8.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.6

Other Countries(3)

57.566 117.9 120.9 -16.4 2.5 3.2 -0.8 2.5

Nonmanufactured articles

12.442 220.8 242.0 -36.2 10.1 12.6 -2.1 9.6

Manufactured articles

44.910 103.3 103.9 -7.1 0.8 0.9 -0.3 0.6

Canada

15.963 128.1 131.5 -22.1 1.7 2.7 -0.7 2.7

Nonmanufactured articles

3.979 160.8 172.8 -45.9 4.9 10.9 -1.6 7.5

Manufactured articles

11.678 122.5 124.0 -11.2 0.7 0.6 -0.4 1.2

European Union(4)

17.447 124.7 125.0 -6.3 -0.1 0.6 0.2 0.2

Nonmanufactured articles

0.222 231.6 248.9 -35.9 3.1 13.2 -0.9 7.5

Manufactured articles

17.133 122.3 122.6 -5.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.2

France (Dec. 2003=100)

1.954 121.6 122.0 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.8 0.3

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

4.735 109.3 109.8 -3.0 -0.1 0.4 0.6 0.5

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

2.660 121.0 121.8 -12.9 0.3 1.5 0.2 0.7

Latin America(5)

17.808 145.2 150.1 -21.4 3.8 3.6 -1.1 3.4

Nonmanufactured articles

5.160 248.4 271.5 -30.2 10.3 9.8 -2.2 9.3

Manufactured articles

12.547 124.3 125.3 -14.9 1.3 1.0 -0.7 0.8

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

10.785 131.6 134.6 -12.7 3.1 1.1 -1.2 2.3

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

1.947 130.4 144.1 - 12.9 6.3 -3.8 10.5

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

8.788 95.5 95.4 - 0.6 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

33.590 99.4 99.8 -3.7 0.1 0.4 -0.2 0.4

China (Dec. 2003=100)

16.852 100.3 100.5 -3.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Japan

7.488 97.0 97.1 1.7 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.1

Asian NICs(7)

5.647 85.4 86.0 -8.4 0.0 0.9 -0.4 0.7

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

5.729 96.7 97.3 -5.3 0.7 0.9 -0.4 0.6

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

3.992 183.2 198.0 -32.2 6.3 9.8 -2.8 8.1

Footnotes
(1) Percentage of trade figures are based on 2007 trade values.
(2) Includes Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Includes Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) Includes European Union countries.
(5) Includes Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) Includes China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries. Includes Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Includes Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: August 2008 to August 2009 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2009(1)
Index Percent change
July
2009
Aug.
2009
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2008
to
Aug.
2009
Apr.
2009
to
May
2009
May
2009
to
June
2009
June
2009
to
July
2009
July
2009
to
Aug.
2009

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 132.9 132.7 -18.2 -0.9 2.1 0.2 -0.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.175 130.6 131.9 -27.8 1.3 2.4 3.4 1.0

Asia

67.007 114.6 114.0 -12.0 -2.3 1.7 -1.1 -0.5

Export Air Freight

100.000 119.1 119.7 -18.2 -3.0 -1.2 1.4 0.5

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

36.718 108.3 108.3 -23.8 -4.6 -2.2 2.5 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 125.0 125.7 -19.2 -1.0 0.6 0.0 0.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

25.180 122.8 123.5 -28.3 0.8 0.6 2.7 0.6

Asia

62.626 107.8 108.4 -12.7 -2.0 0.6 -1.2 0.6

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 111.6 110.4 -26.2 -2.3 -1.1 0.1 -1.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

39.248 126.2 126.5 -26.5 -1.5 -4.5 0.1 0.2

Asia

41.301 102.1 101.8 -23.5 -3.0 2.1 -0.6 -0.3

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 142.7 139.5 -19.5 -2.1 13.0 -3.1 -2.2

Europe

44.265 151.0 143.0 -23.9 -6.0 28.6 -6.0 -5.3

Asia

29.572 135.4 130.0 -11.3 3.8 6.6 -0.4 -4.0

Latin America/Caribbean

11.711 122.8 128.3 -16.8 -6.4 0.9 7.8 4.5

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 141.8 155.4 -19.5 -1.7 3.3 2.5 9.6

Europe

34.886 186.1 187.4 -21.2 -2.2 15.7 6.7 0.7

Asia

31.553 111.2 137.2 -20.1 3.2 -9.9 1.6 23.4

Latin America/Caribbean

21.295 149.1 155.5 -15.6 -12.4 7.9 3.8 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2007 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available



                                         TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes for merchandise goods are reweighted annually, 
with a two-year lag in the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More 
detailed index series and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by 
calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using 
three classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification 
System (NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While 
classification by end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for 
classifying items by industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output 
industry, not input industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products 
manufacturing) include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The 
NAICS classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price 
Index) to produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the Import Air Passenger Fares Index and excluded 
from the Export Air Passenger Fares Index. The Air Freight Indexes are calculated from data collected 
directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being 
priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground 
transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two definitions: Balance of 
Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and International (which 
represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed 
information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP 
Publications".

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further data 
revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision in 
the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The IPP news release is available through an e-mail subscription service at 
(http://www.bls.gov/mxp) or (http://www.bls.gov/bls/newsrels.htm).
 
Additional Information -- More detailed IPP data are available on the IPP home page at 
(http://www.bls.gov/mxp).  Flat Files and the FTP server are available for users requiring access to 
either a large volume of time series data or other IPP-related documentation. The FTP site can be 
accessed at ftp://ftp.bls.gov.   For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For IPP data requests, send e-mail to (mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: September 11, 2009
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