Economic News Release

U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release


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                                   U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES
                                             - SEPTEMBER 2008 -

   The U.S. Import Price Index decreased 3.0 percent in September, the Bureau of Labor Statistics 
of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today, following a 2.6 percent decline in August.  Falling 
petroleum prices led the overall decrease, although nonpetroleum prices also declined.  Prices for overall 
exports decreased 1.0 percent for the month.

                              Percent changes in import and export price indexes
                                             by End Use category
                                          - not seasonally adjusted -

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Petroleum
imports
Non-
petroleum
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2007

September

0.6 3.1 -0.1 0.3 4.2 0.0

October

1.5 5.0 0.6 0.8 3.8 0.5

November

3.2 12.4 0.7 0.9 1.4 0.9

December

-0.2 -1.8 0.4 0.5 2.6 0.3

2008

January

1.5 4.2 0.7 1.2 4.8 0.8

February

0.2 -1.3 0.6 0.9 4.6 0.6

March

3.1 10.1 1.1 1.6 4.7 1.3

April

2.8 8.1 1.3 0.5 -2.0 0.7

May

2.8 9.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.4

June

(r)3.0 (r)9.2 (r)0.9 1.0 2.3 0.9

July

(r)1.4 (r)3.4 0.7 1.5 6.5 0.9

August

(r)-2.6 (r)-8.2 (r)-0.5 -1.7 -9.6 -0.7

September

-3.0 -9.0 -0.9 -1.0 -0.3 -1.0

Sept. 2006 to 2007

4.8 17.0 2.2 4.5 23.4 2.9

Sept. 2007 to 2008

14.5 47.1 6.5 6.8 19.5 5.6

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Import Goods
   
   Import prices fell 3.0 percent in September, the largest one-month decline since April 2003.  
Despite the 5.5 percent drop over August and September, the largest two-month decline since the index 
was first published monthly in December 1988; import prices were still up 14.5 percent over the past 
year.  The September decrease in import prices was led by a 9.0 percent decline in petroleum prices, the 
largest monthly drop since October 2006.  The September decline in petroleum prices followed an 8.2 
percent decrease in August; however, the index still rose 47.1 percent over the past 12 months.  
Nonpetroleum import prices also fell in September, declining 0.9 percent after a 0.5 percent drop in 
August.  Prices for nonpetroleum imports rose 6.5 percent for the year ended in September.        
   
   The September decrease in nonpetroleum prices was driven by a 2.9 percent drop in the price 
index for nonpetroleum industrial supplies and materials.  Falling prices for natural gas and metals drove 
the decline.  A 1.7 percent decrease in the foods, feeds, and beverages index largely resulted from lower 
prices for food oils, meat, and fish.  

   Prices for each of the major finished goods categories also fell in September.  The price indexes 
for capital goods, automotive vehicles, and consumer goods each decreased 0.1 percent.  The decrease in 
capital goods prices was led by computer prices, which continued to trend down in September.  The fall 
in computer prices more than offset a 0.2 percent advance in capital goods prices excluding computers.  
The downturn in prices for automotive vehicles was the first decrease since the index fell 0.2 percent in 
January 2006.  Similarly, consumer goods prices decreased for the first time since April 2006. 

 
Export Goods 

   Export prices decreased 1.0 percent in September following a 1.7 percent decline in August.  The 
September decline was led by a 1.0 percent drop in nonagricultural prices, although agricultural prices 
also fell, decreasing 0.3 percent.  Despite the 2.7 percent downturn over August and September, the 
largest two-month decline since the index was first published monthly in December 1988; export prices 
were still up 6.8 percent for the year ended in September.  The decline in nonagricultural prices in 
September followed a 0.7 percent drop in August, and was the largest one-month drop since the index 
was first published monthly in December 1988.  Nonagricultural prices rose 5.6 percent for the 
September 2007-2008 period.  
   
   The September decline in nonagricultural prices was led by a 2.7 percent drop in the price index 
for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials.  Lower prices for gold, precious metals, and fuel oil 
led the decline.
   
   Prices for capital goods and consumer goods also decreased in September, falling 0.1 percent and 
0.3 percent, respectively.  Excluding a 0.8 percent decrease in computer prices, capital goods prices 
advanced 0.1 percent in September.  In contrast, the price index for automotive vehicles ticked up 0.1 
percent.
   
   The modest decline in agricultural prices was led by lower prices for soybeans, fruit, and 
vegetables, which more than offset increasing corn and wheat prices.  The September decrease in 
agricultural prices followed a 9.6 percent decline in August.  The index advanced 19.5 percent over the 
past twelve months.        

Imports by Locality of Origin 
	
   Lower fuel prices in September drove the declines in import prices from Canada, Mexico, and 
the European Union for the second consecutive month.  Import prices from Canada fell 4.9 percent, the 
largest one-month drop since the index was first published monthly in September 1992.  Prices for 
imports from Mexico declined 1.7 percent, and import prices from the European Union fell 1.3 percent.  
Despite the decreases over the past two months, prices for imports from Canada, Mexico, and the 
European Union rose 19.8 percent, 16.3 percent, and 7.8 percent, respectively, over the past year.
   
   Prices for imports from Japan also declined in September, falling 0.6 percent, which was the first 
monthly downturn for the index since November 2007 and the largest one-month drop since January 
2006.  The index rose 1.1 percent over the past year.
   
   In contrast, import prices from China continued to rise in September, ticking up 0.1 percent for 
the second consecutive month after rising 3.2 percent from February to July.  Import prices from China 
increased 4.8 percent for the year ended in September.    
   
Import and Export Services

   Import air passenger fares decreased 6.9 percent in September after falling 3.0 percent in August.  
The September decline was led by a 10.1 percent seasonal decrease in European fares.  The index for 
import air passenger fares increased 15.0 percent for the September 2007-2008 period.  Export air 
passenger fares fell 8.7 percent in September.  The decrease was driven by a 10.9 percent seasonal drop 
in European fares.  Over the past 12 months, the index increased 13.1 percent.

   The price index for import air freight decreased 3.4 percent in September, led by an 8.1 percent 
decline in European air freight prices.  The September drop in overall import air freight prices followed a 
0.2 percent decrease the previous month.  Export air freight prices fell 1.4 percent in September after 
advancing 3.6 percent in August.  Import air freight prices rose 16.8 percent over the past 12 months 
while export air freight prices advanced 22.0 percent over the same period.  
   	
CONTENTS OF RELEASE

This news release includes the following tables:

Table 1    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by End Use
Table 2    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by End Use
Table 3    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by NAICS
Table 4    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by NAICS
Table 5    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by Harmonized System
Table 6    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by Harmonized System
Table 7    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by Locality of Origin
Table 8    U.S. International Price Indexes for Selected Transportation Services
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Import and Export Price Index data for October are scheduled for release on November 14 at 
8:30 A.M. (EST)

Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2007 to September 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2008
Sept.
2008
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2007
to
Sept.
2008
May
2008
to
June
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008

All commodities

100.000 143.8 139.5 14.5 3.0 1.4 -2.6 -3.0

All imports excluding petroleum

73.684 115.1 114.1 6.5 0.9 0.7 -0.5 -0.9

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

71.539 117.4 116.8 6.1 0.6 0.6 0.2 -0.5

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

4.283 150.8 148.3 12.5 1.9 1.5 0.6 -1.7

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

3.335 168.5 165.4 14.5 1.8 1.7 0.4 -1.8

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.948 111.0 109.6 5.9 2.4 0.6 1.7 -1.3

Industrial supplies & materials

1

43.880 274.1 256.2 34.3 6.8 2.9 -5.8 -6.5

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

17.563 173.5 168.4 19.4 3.1 2.1 -2.1 -2.9

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

15.418 182.4 179.7 18.8 2.5 1.7 0.3 -1.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

10.227 175.3 171.1 17.0 2.7 1.3 -0.3 -2.4

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

5.192 170.1 163.9 22.7 3.8 3.1 -4.6 -3.6

Fuels & lubricants

10

28.462 399.4 362.4 45.0 9.1 3.4 -8.9 -9.3

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

26.317 427.2 388.9 47.1 9.2 3.4 -8.2 -9.0

Crude

10000

19.955 454.4 411.6 51.9 9.2 3.7 -7.6 -9.4

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

1.911 234.7 200.8 39.9 8.8 5.0 -17.3 -14.4

Gas-natural

10110

1.757 231.9 195.8 43.5 9.5 5.3 -18.8 -15.6

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.707 119.9 119.8 7.7 0.2 1.4 0.8 -0.1

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.549 159.3 160.0 24.8 2.2 2.8 1.3 0.4

Selected building materials

13

1.667 122.1 122.5 4.8 2.6 1.8 0.7 0.3

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

5.089 271.5 260.1 24.4 3.6 0.7 -1.3 -4.2

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.915 162.3 159.3 18.2 2.2 1.4 0.8 -1.8

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.491 111.9 111.8 9.1 0.3 3.0 1.0 -0.1

Capital goods

2

19.234 93.4 93.3 1.5 -0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

2.505 113.0 112.9 6.0 0.3 0.6 0.3 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

15.248 88.3 88.1 0.5 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

1.480 117.9 118.0 4.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

11.934 108.1 108.0 2.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

20.670 105.2 105.1 2.9 0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

9.554 108.4 108.1 3.0 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

10.093 101.7 101.8 3.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.023 106.6 106.6 3.1 0.8 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2007 to September 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2008
Sept.
2008
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2007
to
Sept.
2008
May
2008
to
June
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008

All commodities

100.000 125.8 124.6 6.8 1.0 1.5 -1.7 -1.0

Agricultural commodities

9.750 187.9 187.4 19.5 2.3 6.5 -9.6 -0.3

Nonagricultural commodities

90.250 121.4 120.2 5.6 0.9 0.9 -0.7 -1.0

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.833 189.1 189.1 19.8 2.4 6.6 -10.4 0.0

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.161 194.2 194.4 20.9 2.6 7.1 -11.1 0.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.672 145.6 143.5 7.9 0.4 0.5 -0.9 -1.4

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.775 173.7 169.1 13.6 2.1 2.6 -2.3 -2.6

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

11.918 174.5 165.5 6.4 -0.3 1.1 -0.2 -5.2

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

19.857 174.1 172.1 18.3 3.6 3.6 -3.5 -1.1

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.589 161.5 158.0 12.9 0.7 3.0 -0.8 -2.2

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

30.187 174.7 170.0 13.7 2.2 2.6 -2.3 -2.7

Fuels & lubricants

11

5.421 275.2 268.8 33.8 7.8 5.3 -12.1 -2.3

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

23.771 165.0 160.3 10.6 0.9 2.0 0.1 -2.8

Selected building materials

13

0.995 114.4 113.8 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.5

Capital goods

2

38.279 102.0 101.9 2.0 0.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.635 109.2 109.6 2.7 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.4

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.984 94.1 93.9 0.9 0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

7.659 130.6 130.7 5.9 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

9.435 107.8 107.9 1.5 -0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

11.677 108.6 108.3 2.0 0.1 0.4 0.0 -0.3

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.472 109.9 109.0 1.9 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.8

Durables, manufactured

41

5.225 106.3 106.4 2.1 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2007 to September 2008 December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2008
Sept.
2008
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2007
to
Sept.
2008
May
2008
to
June
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008

Nonmanufactured articles

24.450 197.8 179.7 47.4 8.5 4.0 -7.7 -9.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.625 143.2 139.5 19.2 1.6 2.8 1.4 -2.6

Crop production

111

1.150 145.9 143.2 19.7 0.6 3.4 1.3 -1.9

Mining

21

22.825 203.1 183.6 50.0 9.0 4.1 -8.3 -9.6

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.365 126.4 125.5 21.3 -0.1 1.0 1.9 -0.7

Manufactured articles

74.879 114.9 113.8 7.2 1.2 0.5 -0.9 -1.0

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

9.004 110.3 109.4 4.1 0.6 0.6 0.1 -0.8

Food manufacturing

311

2.348 132.0 129.3 13.0 2.4 1.5 0.2 -2.0

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.741 106.7 106.6 3.3 0.3 0.7 0.1 -0.1

Textile mills

313

0.406 114.5 113.7 6.1 -0.1 0.8 0.6 -0.7

Textile product mills

314

0.669 101.9 102.6 2.5 -0.7 0.1 0.1 0.7

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.545 102.2 101.7 -0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.5

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.295 105.9 105.7 3.0 0.1 0.8 0.0 -0.2

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.678 132.9 129.8 16.9 3.8 1.4 -3.1 -2.3

Wood product manufacturing

321

1.049 99.0 99.5 4.4 3.8 1.1 1.1 0.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.191 114.6 114.2 9.8 0.3 1.3 1.5 -0.3

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.068 173.8 161.2 35.1 10.0 1.1 -11.5 -7.2

Chemical manufacturing

325

7.705 128.1 127.3 13.2 1.1 1.2 0.9 -0.6

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

1.557 113.9 114.4 9.6 0.5 1.9 0.5 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.021 115.4 115.4 7.4 0.2 3.7 -0.7 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

48.197 110.2 109.6 4.5 0.5 0.3 -0.3 -0.5

Primary metal manufacturing

331

5.910 185.1 177.7 23.1 3.5 0.9 -1.5 -4.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.429 121.8 121.7 11.0 1.6 1.1 0.6 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

6.042 111.4 111.6 5.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

12.270 92.2 91.9 -3.2 -0.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.387 113.9 114.2 6.3 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

12.634 105.1 105.0 3.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.358 111.4 111.6 9.6 0.4 1.4 0.1 0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.167 111.3 111.0 3.5 0.5 0.5 -0.1 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2007 to September 2008 December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2008
Sept.
2008
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2007
to
Sept.
2008
May
2008
to
June
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008

Nonmanufactured articles

6.839 148.3 146.6 17.5 2.3 6.8 -13.3 -1.1

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

5.494 167.8 168.1 20.8 2.4 9.1 -14.8 0.2

Crop production

111

5.149 174.3 174.9 22.7 2.5 9.6 -15.6 0.3

Mining

21

1.345 104.6 97.7 5.3 1.8 -2.5 -6.8 -6.6

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

0.871 101.5 98.7 1.2 -0.9 1.1 1.3 -2.8

Manufactured articles

90.295 113.7 112.9 6.3 1.1 1.0 -0.6 -0.7

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.934 126.9 126.2 12.8 1.5 1.5 -0.2 -0.6

Food manufacturing

311

4.637 144.2 143.0 18.8 1.9 1.9 -0.3 -0.8

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.485 106.9 106.2 3.2 0.2 -0.2 0.3 -0.7

Apparel manufacturing

315

0.457 101.3 101.3 0.8 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

23.866 128.3 127.2 13.9 2.7 3.0 -2.4 -0.9

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.508 112.1 111.9 0.6 -0.1 -0.5 0.6 -0.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.896 116.0 116.2 4.6 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

3.840 185.8 180.9 42.6 10.3 7.6 -13.9 -2.6

Chemical manufacturing

325

14.617 125.3 124.3 12.1 1.7 2.5 0.2 -0.8

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.129 110.7 111.5 5.7 1.1 0.9 0.3 0.7

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.791 109.0 110.2 3.7 0.1 0.3 0.1 1.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

59.495 107.3 106.6 2.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.7

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.964 154.8 143.9 16.6 0.9 1.2 0.3 -7.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.688 118.9 118.6 5.4 0.7 1.5 0.8 -0.3

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.729 110.7 110.7 4.6 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

15.983 94.7 94.3 -1.9 0.4 -0.8 -0.3 -0.4

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.510 107.1 107.2 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.018 107.1 107.2 2.6 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.274 107.7 107.6 3.1 0.2 0.8 0.0 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2007 to September 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2008
Sept.
2008
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2007
to
Sept.
2008
May
2008
to
June
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008

Live animals; animal products

I

1.110 149.1 145.0 13.0 1.6 1.2 4.0 -2.7

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.263 181.0 173.7 17.0 3.6 4.4 4.8 -4.0

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.522 109.3 106.7 5.2 2.0 0.5 2.3 -2.4

Vegetable products

II

1.293 164.6 163.0 16.3 1.6 1.7 1.5 -1.0

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.316 219.8 216.7 9.1 -2.7 5.6 2.7 -1.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.390 115.0 116.6 15.4 5.5 -4.0 6.2 1.4

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.242 173.3 173.0 17.9 0.2 4.1 -0.2 -0.2

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.062 142.7 140.7 11.7 1.9 1.9 0.1 -1.4

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.173 114.8 111.8 - 1.5 4.8 0.8 -2.6

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.215 140.5 140.1 9.4 0.0 -0.6 -0.6 -0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

0.741 120.4 117.8 5.8 0.8 1.2 0.1 -2.2

Mineral products

V

28.165 395.3 359.2 46.1 9.0 3.5 -8.7 -9.1

Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plaster materials, lime & cement (Dec.2007=100)

25

0.191 103.4 103.1 - 0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.3

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

27.591 397.6 360.6 46.8 9.3 3.5 -8.9 -9.3

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

6.990 142.3 143.7 14.7 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.0

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.947 272.2 295.4 33.8 0.9 0.9 5.8 8.5

Organic chemicals

29

2.270 134.7 134.4 11.1 1.1 0.5 0.9 -0.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.061 114.2 113.8 4.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.4

Tanning & dyeing extracts; dye & pigments; varnish & paints; putty

32

0.149 107.1 109.2 6.6 0.6 1.1 0.7 2.0

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2001=100)

33

0.372 126.0 124.4 9.3 0.5 0.1 0.5 -1.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.378 102.1 99.8 1.1 -0.1 0.4 0.6 -2.3

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

2.694 137.9 137.4 11.6 0.9 2.6 0.9 -0.4

Plastics and articles thereof

39

1.776 135.0 135.2 12.2 0.5 2.6 1.2 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.918 143.5 141.8 10.7 1.7 2.6 0.1 -1.2

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.524 113.3 112.9 3.4 0.3 0.7 0.1 -0.4

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.482 113.8 113.4 3.5 0.3 0.8 0.0 -0.4

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

1.088 121.4 122.1 4.4 3.8 1.3 1.2 0.6

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.327 118.2 117.8 8.5 0.0 0.9 1.6 -0.3

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.923 114.9 114.0 9.7 -0.2 1.3 2.3 -0.8

Printed matter

49

0.226 118.2 120.5 2.9 0.1 -0.3 0.0 1.9

Textile and textile articles

XI

4.488 104.1 103.9 1.1 -0.1 0.3 0.3 -0.2

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

1.617 100.7 100.7 0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.763 102.5 101.8 -1.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.7

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.454 95.5 96.6 4.3 -1.2 0.6 0.0 1.2

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.078 106.4 106.0 3.9 0.0 0.5 0.1 -0.4

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

0.904 105.4 105.0 3.1 0.0 0.6 0.1 -0.4

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.876 119.1 119.1 6.5 0.1 3.9 -0.7 0.0

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2001=100)

68

0.325 115.6 115.6 11.7 -0.1 8.4 -0.3 0.0

Ceramic products

69

0.272 123.3 123.0 2.8 0.6 -0.1 -1.9 -0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.279 116.6 116.7 4.3 -0.2 2.9 0.1 0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.527 152.8 141.6 5.8 1.0 0.1 -2.8 -7.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

7.086 209.7 206.2 21.1 3.0 1.2 0.2 -1.7

Iron and steel

72

2.408 317.7 317.8 54.3 8.1 3.3 -0.4 0.0

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.711 166.8 167.0 28.0 3.4 3.1 1.3 0.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.806 322.3 302.0 -0.3 -2.3 -1.7 0.6 -6.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.968 158.9 151.1 6.5 -1.5 0.4 1.5 -4.9

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.330 116.4 116.6 7.0 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.408 130.5 130.3 3.5 0.9 0.7 0.2 -0.2

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

21.479 88.6 88.6 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

11.056 89.0 88.8 -0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

10.423 88.3 88.4 0.8 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

11.038 109.8 109.7 3.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

10.232 109.0 108.9 3.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

0.724 112.2 112.3 2.7 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

2.571 101.8 101.9 2.5 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

2.302 99.7 99.8 2.3 -0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.202 121.9 121.9 4.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

3.372 107.3 107.5 5.8 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.2

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

1.965 113.0 113.2 7.8 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.226 99.4 99.6 2.9 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.181 113.3 113.1 5.6 0.1 1.5 0.3 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: September 2007 to September 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2008
Sept.
2008
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2007
to
Sept.
2008
May
2008
to
June
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008

Live animals; animal products

I

1.704 181.9 184.0 14.6 2.5 2.0 2.2 1.2

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

0.953 155.4 156.8 19.1 2.4 2.3 4.4 0.9

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.421 149.1 148.8 14.1 0.1 0.5 -0.5 -0.2

Vegetable products

II

5.146 221.1 223.7 25.4 2.6 9.2 -15.4 1.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.683 124.0 119.2 -2.9 0.7 -1.5 2.3 -3.9

Cereals

10

2.139 246.3 267.5 33.0 0.4 9.9 -23.7 8.6

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.664 249.3 238.7 36.7 8.8 15.3 -16.6 -4.3

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.334 135.9 136.6 11.0 1.0 1.5 -1.8 0.5

Miscellaneous edible preparations

21

0.433 120.5 120.7 4.8 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.582 198.9 204.3 33.1 3.2 6.4 -8.3 2.7

Mineral products

V

5.572 337.7 327.1 35.6 7.8 5.5 -11.2 -3.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

4.997 336.8 327.0 42.7 8.8 6.2 -12.4 -2.9

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

11.959 147.8 147.0 11.8 1.9 2.4 -0.7 -0.5

Inorganic chemicals

28

1.302 200.7 206.2 23.9 1.5 2.3 1.9 2.7

Organic chemicals

29

4.024 167.4 164.5 13.8 3.3 3.9 -3.2 -1.7

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.666 118.6 117.4 2.4 0.0 -0.3 -0.7 -1.0

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints, varnish, putty, & inks

32

0.562 114.8 115.6 1.1 0.3 -0.8 0.9 0.7

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.713 124.7 123.5 6.0 0.0 0.7 1.5 -1.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.434 121.6 122.2 5.4 0.8 1.2 1.3 0.5

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.753 129.5 129.7 8.1 0.5 2.6 0.3 0.2

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.491 148.9 148.0 10.9 1.9 3.1 1.6 -0.6

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.411 142.9 141.4 9.2 1.6 2.5 1.5 -1.0

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.080 175.2 177.5 18.5 2.9 5.3 1.6 1.3

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.386 116.2 115.0 -3.5 -0.3 -0.5 -0.4 -1.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.627 112.6 111.7 -1.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.4 -0.8

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.495 118.3 117.9 4.6 0.4 0.6 0.1 -0.3

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.703 130.9 130.1 10.6 1.0 2.0 0.0 -0.6

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.286 113.5 113.8 3.8 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3

Printed material

49

0.506 119.0 117.4 -0.8 0.3 -1.6 -0.3 -1.3

Textile and textile articles

XI

2.212 109.8 109.4 4.6 0.4 1.8 -0.1 -0.4

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.704 112.8 110.5 9.5 0.9 3.9 -1.1 -2.0

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.775 111.3 111.7 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4

Glass and glassware

70

0.417 98.9 98.9 0.6 -0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.975 186.4 170.0 7.5 -1.7 1.5 0.3 -8.8

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

6.001 182.8 176.7 9.3 0.7 1.2 -0.3 -3.3

Iron and steel

72

1.651 249.9 234.2 22.2 2.9 3.1 -0.4 -6.3

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.452 161.5 160.6 8.9 2.9 1.5 1.6 -0.6

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.683 258.8 249.0 3.7 -2.2 0.4 -1.3 -3.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.982 148.8 138.4 -1.8 -2.7 0.4 -1.6 -7.0

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.378 120.0 120.0 3.9 -0.1 0.9 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.361 130.5 130.6 1.6 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.733 95.2 95.0 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.605 104.3 104.0 1.3 -0.1 0.4 0.2 -0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

13.128 85.3 85.3 0.1 0.8 -0.8 -0.2 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.659 116.9 117.1 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.053 107.0 107.1 1.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.943 107.4 107.1 3.1 0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.396 108.4 108.7 3.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.3

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.743 116.8 117.7 4.1 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.8

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.503 94.2 94.4 3.4 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: September 2007 to September 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Percent
of
U.S.
imports(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2008
Sept.
2008
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2007
to
Sept.
2008
May
2008
to
June
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008

Industrialized Countries(2)

42.888 140.0 135.7 12.7 1.9 1.5 -1.2 -3.1

Nonmanufactured articles

4.201 334.5 298.2 52.6 6.9 3.7 -7.0 -10.9

Manufactured articles

38.251 125.5 123.6 7.9 1.1 1.0 -0.1 -1.5

Other Countries(3)

57.112 146.1 141.8 17.1 3.7 1.8 -2.6 -2.9

Nonmanufactured articles

12.058 393.8 361.2 49.5 9.0 4.0 -5.9 -8.3

Manufactured articles

44.837 111.5 111.0 6.6 1.3 0.8 -1.1 -0.4

Canada

16.032 170.1 161.7 19.8 3.6 1.5 -2.1 -4.9

Nonmanufactured articles

3.711 329.4 291.1 55.1 7.2 3.4 -7.7 -11.6

Manufactured articles

12.028 139.3 137.1 9.4 1.9 0.5 0.8 -1.6

European Union(4)

17.355 133.7 131.9 7.8 0.8 0.4 -0.5 -1.3

Nonmanufactured articles

0.249 428.9 398.1 44.8 2.7 7.2 0.0 -7.2

Manufactured articles

16.987 129.7 128.1 7.0 0.8 0.2 -0.5 -1.2

France (Dec. 2003=100)

1.844 121.2 120.5 9.8 0.4 0.9 0.7 -0.6

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

4.732 113.2 112.0 3.2 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -1.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

2.684 141.8 136.5 10.7 1.1 1.3 -1.8 -3.7

Latin America(5)

18.032 192.2 185.3 21.7 4.2 3.2 -3.9 -3.6

Nonmanufactured articles

5.151 397.1 365.4 45.8 8.8 5.3 -7.8 -8.0

Manufactured articles

12.786 146.8 145.8 10.0 1.2 1.8 -1.2 -0.7

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

10.710 154.8 152.2 16.3 3.1 2.5 -2.1 -1.7

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

33.822 103.6 102.6 3.3 0.4 0.8 0.1 -1.0

China (Dec. 2003=100)

15.926 103.8 103.9 4.8 0.6 0.9 0.1 0.1

Japan

8.032 95.5 94.9 1.1 0.2 0.4 0.0 -0.6

Asian NICs(7)

5.887 93.8 93.1 4.8 0.1 1.3 1.6 -0.7

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

6.041 102.7 101.7 4.2 0.8 0.5 -1.0 -1.0

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

3.928 310.6 287.8 38.0 6.0 1.9 -2.1 -7.3

Footnotes
(1) Percentage of trade figures are based on 2006 trade values.
(2) Includes Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Includes Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) Includes European Union countries.
(5) Includes Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) Includes China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries. Includes Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Includes Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: September 2007 to September 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Relative
import-
ance
Aug.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Aug.
2008
Sept.
2008
Annual Monthly
Sept.
2007
to
Sept.
2008
May
2008
to
June
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 162.3 156.8 16.8 0.9 2.5 -0.2 -3.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

30.936 182.9 168.1 25.0 0.6 3.0 1.6 -8.1

Asia

57.201 129.5 127.7 9.8 0.2 1.9 -1.7 -1.4

Export Air Freight

100.000 148.3 146.2 22.0 2.5 1.7 3.6 -1.4

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

43.278 142.1 139.8 36.7 3.7 2.4 2.3 -1.6

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 155.6 151.8 17.1 1.3 2.0 0.3 -2.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

32.718 172.4 161.7 24.6 1.7 2.7 1.7 -6.2

Asia

54.394 124.2 123.5 11.4 0.6 1.5 -0.9 -0.6

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 150.1 147.9 26.4 4.8 3.8 0.7 -1.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

41.980 172.2 168.3 27.9 5.1 3.2 1.5 -2.3

Asia

40.449 133.2 132.4 25.3 5.1 4.3 -0.9 -0.6

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 173.3 161.3 15.0 18.3 4.1 -3.0 -6.9

Europe

47.222 188.0 169.1 11.3 27.0 2.6 -1.7 -10.1

Asia

24.361 146.6 135.1 13.8 20.9 4.0 -5.7 -7.8

Latin America/Caribbean

12.202 154.2 134.1 10.9 4.2 5.7 -1.0 -13.0

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 191.5 174.9 13.1 8.2 6.2 5.2 -8.7

Europe

31.078 237.8 211.9 13.0 16.2 6.2 -0.4 -10.9

Asia

37.261 171.7 156.2 23.3 2.2 5.1 19.7 -9.0

Latin America/Caribbean

18.402 175.9 161.4 -4.3 3.2 6.3 -0.3 -8.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures for Air Passenger Fares Indexes are based on 2006 trade values, while the relative importance figures for the Air Freight Indexes are based on 2005 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available



                                        TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes for merchandise goods are reweighted annually, 
with a two-year lag in the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More 
detailed index series and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by 
calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using 
three classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification 
System (NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While 
classification by end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for 
classifying items by industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output 
industry, not input industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products 
manufacturing) include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The 
NAICS classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price 
Index) to produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are excluded from both indexes. The Air Freight Indexes are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. 
The scope of the service being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does 
not include any ground transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two 
definitions: Balance of Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and 
International (which represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets 
specifying detailed information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under 
"Publications and Other Documentation."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further data 
revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision in 
the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The IPP news release is available through an e-mail subscription service at 
(http://www.bls.gov/mxp) or (http://www.bls.gov/bls/newsrels.htm).
 
Additional Information -- More detailed IPP data are available on the IPP home page at 
(http://www.bls.gov/mxp).  Flat Files and the FTP server are available for users requiring access to 
either a large volume of time series data or other IPP-related documentation. The FTP site can be 
accessed at ftp://ftp.bls.gov.   For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For IPP data requests, send e-mail to (mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: October 10, 2008
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