Economic News Release

U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

 
Technical information:					      		  	  USDL-08-1671 
     (202) 691-7101								  Transmission of this
Media contact:								  	  material is embargoed
     (202) 691-5902								  until 8:30 A.M. EST
Internet address:   http://www.bls.gov/mxp					  Friday, November 14, 2008


                                   U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES
                                              - OCTOBER 2008 -

   The U.S. Import Price Index fell for the third consecutive month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics 
of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today, decreasing 4.7 percent in October and 10.6 percent over 
the past three months.  Export prices declined 1.9 percent in October, the third consecutive monthly 
decrease.

                             Percent changes in import and export price indexes
                                            by End Use category
                                         - not seasonally adjusted -

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Petroleum
imports
Non-
petroleum
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2007

October

1.5 5.0 0.6 0.8 3.8 0.5

November

3.2 12.4 0.7 0.9 1.4 0.9

December

-0.2 -1.8 0.4 0.5 2.6 0.3

2008

January

1.5 4.2 0.7 1.2 4.8 0.8

February

0.2 -1.3 0.6 0.9 4.6 0.6

March

3.1 10.1 1.1 1.6 4.7 1.3

April

2.8 8.1 1.3 0.5 -2.0 0.7

May

2.8 9.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.4

June

3.0 9.2 0.9 1.0 2.3 0.9

July

1.4 (r)3.3 (r)0.6 1.5 (r)6.7 0.9

August

(r)-3.0 (r)-9.7 (r)-0.4 (r)-1.6 -9.6 -0.7

September

(r)-3.3 (r)-10.2 -0.9 (r)-0.8 (r)0.1 (r)-0.9

October

-4.7 -16.7 -0.9 -1.9 -8.7 -1.2

Oct. 2006 to 2007

9.1 37.1 3.4 5.6 26.8 3.9

Oct. 2007 to 2008

6.7 13.1 5.0 4.2 5.7 4.0

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Import Goods
   
   Import prices fell 4.7 percent in October after decreases of 3.3 percent and 3.0 percent in 
September and August, three of the four largest monthly declines for the index since being published 
monthly for the first time in December 1988.  Despite falling 10.6 percent over the past three months, 
import prices increased 6.7 percent for the year ended in October.  The three-month decline in import 
prices was largely driven by falling petroleum prices which plunged 16.7 percent in October after 
decreasing 10.2 percent and 9.7 percent, respectively, in September and August.  The October drop in 
petroleum prices was the largest monthly decline since an 18.8 percent fall in April 2003 and the 32.4 
percent decrease over the past three months is the largest quarterly decline since the three months ended 
in February 1991.  For the October 2007-2008 period, however petroleum prices rose 13.1 percent.                
   
   The price index for nonpetroleum imports fell 0.9 percent for the second consecutive month in 
October, although the index increased 5.0 percent over the past year.  The October decrease was led by a 
3.2 percent decline in prices for nonpetroleum industrial supplies and materials, the largest one-month 
drop for that index since a 5.3 percent decrease in April 2003.  Lower prices for metals and natural gas 
were the major factors for the October decline in nonpetroleum industrial supplies and materials prices.  
Lower prices for foods, feeds, and beverages and capital goods, down 1.6 percent and 0.2 percent, 
respectively, also contributed to the decrease in nonpetroleum prices.  

   In contrast, the price indexes for consumer goods and automotive vehicles each ticked up 0.1 
percent in October.
 

Export Goods 

   Export prices fell 1.9 percent in October, the largest one-month decline since the index was first 
published monthly in December 1988.  The decrease followed drops of 0.8 percent in September and 1.6 
percent in August and the 4.3 percent decrease over the past three months was the largest quarterly 
decline since the index was first published in September 1983.  Despite the recent downward trend, 
export prices advanced 4.2 percent over the past 12 months.  The price index for agricultural exports fell 
8.7 percent in October, the second decline in the past three months.  The October drop was led by falling 
prices for soybeans, corn, and wheat.  Agricultural prices rose 5.7 percent for the year ended in October.  
   
   Nonagricultural prices fell for the third consecutive month, declining 1.2 percent in October 
following decreases of 0.9 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively, in September and August.  The October 
decline was the largest one-month drop for the index since first being published monthly in December 
1988 and was led by a 3.8 percent drop in prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials.  
That decline was driven by lower prices for fuels, metals, and chemicals.  The price index for 
nonagricultural exports increased 4.0 percent over the past year.
   
   Most of the major finished goods price indexes advanced in October.  Consumer goods prices 
rose 0.5 percent for the month and increased 3.2 percent over the past 12 months.  The price index for 
automotive vehicles advanced 0.4 percent, an increase that was partially attributable to year-end model 
changeovers.  Capital goods prices, in contrast, declined in October, edging down 0.1 percent, a decrease 
that resulted from a 1.8 percent drop in computer prices.  Excluding computer prices, capital goods 
prices increased 0.3 percent.
   
   
Imports by Locality of Origin 
	
   The sharp decline in fuel prices continued to impact import prices from Canada, the European 
Union, and Mexico in October.  Prices for imports from Canada fell 4.4 percent for the second 
consecutive month and decreased 11.4 percent over the past three months, which was the largest 
quarterly drop since the index was first published in December 1990.  The price index for imports from 
the European Union also fell for the third month in a row, decreasing 1.3 percent in October after 
dropping 1.1 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively, in September and August.  Import prices from 
Mexico decreased 4.9 percent in October, the largest monthly drop since the index was first published in 
December 2003, and the October decrease followed declines of 2.4 percent and 2.5 percent the two 
previous months.  Despite the declines, the price indexes for imports from Canada, the European Union, 
and Mexico increased 12.7 percent, 6.3 percent, and 7.6 percent, respectively, over the past 12 months.
   
   The price index for imports from China declined for the first time since January 2007, falling 0.3 
percent in October.  Previous to the downturn, prices for imports from China were unchanged in 
September and ticked up 0.2 percent in August.  The index rose 4.2 percent for the year ended in 
October.    
   
   Import prices from Japan rose 0.5 percent in October following a 0.6 percent decline the previous 
month.  The index advanced 1.5 percent for the October 2007-2008 period.    
   
   
Import and Export Services

   Import air passenger fares rose 2.9 percent in October after declining 6.9 percent and 3.0 percent, 
respectively, over the previous two months.  The October increase was led by a 4.1 percent advance in 
European fares.  In contrast, export air passenger fares declined for the second consecutive month, 
falling 3.1 percent in October after a 9.9 percent drop in September.  For the year ended in October, 
import air passenger fares rose 25.3 percent while export air passenger fares advanced 8.8 percent.

   Prices for import air freight declined 3.1 percent in October after decreasing 3.4 percent the 
previous month.  Despite the recent declines, the index increased 12.3 percent over the past 12 months.  
A 5.1 percent drop in European air freight prices in October led the overall decline.  The price index for 
export air freight fell 1.2 percent in October; however the index advanced 18.0 percent over the past 
year.   


CONTENTS OF RELEASE

This news release includes the following tables:

Table 1    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by End Use
Table 2    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by End Use
Table 3    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by NAICS
Table 4    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by NAICS
Table 5    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by Harmonized System
Table 6    U.S. Export Price Indexes, by Harmonized System
Table 7    U.S. Import Price Indexes, by Locality of Origin
Table 8    U.S. International Price Indexes for Selected Transportation Services
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Import and Export Price Index data for November are scheduled for release on December 11 at 
8:30 A.M. (EST)

Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2007 to October 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2008
Oct.
2008
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2007
to
Oct.
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008
Sept.
2008
to
Oct.
2008

All commodities

100.000 138.4 131.9 6.7 1.4 -3.0 -3.3 -4.7

All imports excluding petroleum

75.865 114.1 113.1 5.0 0.6 -0.4 -0.9 -0.9

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

74.015 116.9 116.0 4.9 0.6 0.2 -0.4 -0.8

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

4.369 148.1 145.7 9.4 1.4 0.5 -1.5 -1.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

3.396 165.1 162.1 10.6 1.5 0.2 -1.7 -1.8

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.973 109.6 108.7 5.3 0.6 1.6 -1.2 -0.8

Industrial supplies & materials

1

41.779 251.1 223.6 13.4 2.7 -6.8 -7.3 -11.0

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

17.644 167.6 162.2 13.3 1.9 -2.4 -3.0 -3.2

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

15.794 179.8 174.2 13.9 1.7 0.2 -1.3 -3.1

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

10.313 170.2 162.3 10.4 1.2 -0.3 -2.7 -4.6

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

5.481 163.2 161.3 17.4 3.0 -5.2 -3.4 -1.2

Fuels & lubricants

10

25.985 350.9 295.6 12.7 3.3 -10.3 -10.6 -15.8

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

24.136 377.1 314.2 13.1 3.3 -9.7 -10.2 -16.7

Crude

10000

17.893 392.1 320.1 12.4 3.6 -9.6 -11.7 -18.4

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

1.607 189.9 182.1 15.1 4.5 -19.1 -16.9 -4.1

Gas-natural

10110

1.436 182.3 173.4 14.5 4.7 -20.7 -19.1 -4.9

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.735 119.8 119.9 6.9 1.4 0.7 0.1 0.1

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.813 162.3 161.8 23.1 2.9 1.3 1.8 -0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.738 122.5 120.4 4.1 1.8 0.7 0.3 -1.7

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

5.005 257.0 238.2 12.9 0.1 -1.2 -4.9 -7.3

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.960 159.9 154.1 13.1 2.1 0.1 -1.4 -3.6

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.543 111.4 110.6 7.4 2.9 1.0 -0.4 -0.7

Capital goods

2

19.982 93.4 93.2 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Electric generating equipment

20

2.599 112.8 112.0 4.9 0.6 0.3 -0.2 -0.7

Nonelectrical machinery

21

15.843 88.3 88.1 0.5 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

1.541 118.2 118.3 3.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

12.409 108.2 108.3 2.6 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

21.461 105.1 105.2 2.9 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

9.897 108.1 108.2 2.9 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

10.502 101.8 102.0 3.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.062 106.5 105.8 2.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2007 to October 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2008
Oct.
2008
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2007
to
Oct.
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008
Sept.
2008
to
Oct.
2008

All commodities

100.000 124.9 122.5 4.2 1.5 -1.6 -0.8 -1.9

Agricultural commodities

9.839 188.3 172.0 5.7 6.7 -9.6 0.1 -8.7

Nonagricultural commodities

90.163 120.4 119.0 4.0 0.9 -0.7 -0.9 -1.2

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.946 190.2 173.9 6.0 6.8 -10.4 0.3 -8.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.279 195.7 177.5 5.9 7.3 -11.1 0.5 -9.3

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.667 143.6 143.4 6.9 0.6 -0.9 -1.4 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.191 169.4 162.8 8.2 2.7 -2.1 -2.7 -3.9

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

11.468 166.8 160.0 1.4 1.4 0.1 -4.9 -4.1

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

19.724 171.8 165.3 12.5 3.4 -3.4 -1.3 -3.8

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.560 157.4 148.8 4.3 3.0 -1.2 -2.2 -5.5

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

29.632 170.3 163.8 8.4 2.6 -2.1 -2.7 -3.8

Fuels & lubricants

11

5.303 267.4 240.7 17.5 5.1 -11.7 -3.0 -10.0

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

23.319 160.8 156.6 6.9 2.2 0.2 -2.8 -2.6

Selected building materials

13

1.010 115.4 116.8 2.3 0.6 0.6 0.2 1.2

Capital goods

2

38.522 101.9 101.8 1.7 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.672 109.6 109.8 2.5 0.4 -0.1 0.4 0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

27.134 94.0 93.7 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

7.716 130.7 131.1 5.7 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

9.508 107.9 108.3 1.7 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

11.834 109.3 109.8 3.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.466 109.0 108.8 1.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.382 108.7 109.9 5.5 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2007 to October 2008 December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2008
Oct.
2008
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2007
to
Oct.
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008
Sept.
2008
to
Oct.
2008

Nonmanufactured articles

22.097 172.1 144.7 12.8 3.8 -9.4 -11.2 -15.9

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.645 139.6 135.5 14.2 2.8 1.7 -2.7 -2.9

Crop production

111

1.174 143.4 136.3 11.9 3.4 1.5 -1.8 -5.0

Mining

21

20.452 175.2 145.5 12.5 3.9 -10.1 -11.8 -17.0

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.386 128.8 129.8 24.6 1.0 1.9 2.0 0.8

Manufactured articles

77.272 114.2 112.7 5.5 0.5 -0.8 -0.7 -1.3

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

9.285 109.5 109.1 3.5 0.5 0.1 -0.6 -0.4

Food manufacturing

311

2.396 129.7 127.0 10.2 1.3 0.1 -1.5 -2.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.765 106.2 106.1 2.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Textile mills

313

0.419 113.6 112.8 4.3 0.8 0.5 -0.7 -0.7

Textile product mills

314

0.698 102.2 102.3 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.1

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.665 101.7 102.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.3

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.343 105.8 106.3 3.3 0.8 0.1 -0.2 0.5

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

18.227 131.9 127.9 13.8 1.4 -3.0 -0.8 -3.0

Wood product manufacturing

321

1.096 99.6 94.8 1.6 1.2 1.1 0.5 -4.8

Paper manufacturing

322

1.233 114.2 114.3 9.1 1.3 1.1 0.1 0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.015 165.6 147.9 18.6 1.0 -11.3 -4.9 -10.7

Chemical manufacturing

325

8.113 129.9 129.9 15.2 1.4 0.9 1.2 0.0

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

1.620 114.1 113.5 8.0 1.8 0.5 0.3 -0.5

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.060 115.4 119.0 9.6 3.7 -0.7 0.0 3.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

49.760 109.6 108.6 3.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.6 -0.9

Primary metal manufacturing

331

5.838 176.1 164.1 12.5 0.3 -1.4 -4.4 -6.8

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.520 121.7 121.5 10.1 1.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

6.280 111.5 111.1 4.2 0.5 0.1 0.1 -0.4

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

12.731 92.1 91.8 -3.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.525 114.1 114.6 6.2 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.4

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

13.133 105.2 105.2 2.7 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.414 111.6 111.3 9.0 1.3 0.3 0.1 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.318 111.0 111.1 3.4 0.5 -0.1 -0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2007 to October 2008 December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2008
Oct.
2008
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2007
to
Oct.
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008
Sept.
2008
to
Oct.
2008

Nonmanufactured articles

6.831 147.0 131.3 -1.7 6.9 -13.3 -1.0 -10.7

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

5.556 168.4 147.7 -1.1 9.3 -14.8 0.2 -12.3

Crop production

111

5.216 175.2 152.5 -0.9 9.8 -15.5 0.3 -13.0

Mining

21

1.275 98.4 94.7 -4.1 -2.5 -6.7 -6.0 -3.8

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

0.859 99.3 97.6 -2.8 1.1 1.5 -2.4 -1.7

Manufactured articles

90.547 113.2 112.1 5.2 1.0 -0.5 -0.5 -1.0

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.943 126.1 123.8 10.1 1.5 -0.2 -0.6 -1.8

Food manufacturing

311

4.635 143.0 139.3 15.1 2.0 -0.2 -1.0 -2.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.478 104.4 104.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.8 -1.2 -0.4

Apparel manufacturing

315

0.460 101.2 101.3 0.8 -0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

23.888 127.4 124.4 11.0 2.9 -2.3 -0.8 -2.4

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.514 112.5 113.2 2.1 -0.3 0.4 0.3 0.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.918 116.5 116.2 4.6 0.4 0.2 0.2 -0.3

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

3.749 180.0 156.9 22.2 7.2 -13.5 -3.2 -12.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

14.648 124.6 123.6 11.2 2.5 0.2 -0.6 -0.8

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.167 111.9 112.4 6.3 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.805 110.1 111.8 4.9 0.3 0.2 0.9 1.5

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

59.716 106.9 106.6 2.5 0.3 0.2 -0.6 -0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.667 144.4 137.2 9.1 1.6 0.3 -7.1 -5.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.701 118.5 119.4 5.9 1.5 0.8 -0.3 0.8

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.834 110.9 111.3 4.9 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.4

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

16.055 94.4 93.5 -2.7 -0.8 -0.4 -0.2 -1.0

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.552 107.5 107.5 2.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.158 107.2 107.8 2.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.6

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.417 110.5 112.1 6.9 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2007 to October 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2008
Oct.
2008
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2007
to
Oct.
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008
Sept.
2008
to
Oct.
2008

Live animals; animal products

I

1.099 142.0 139.5 10.5 1.1 3.4 -4.1 -1.8

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.262 173.3 170.8 13.8 3.9 2.7 -1.9 -1.4

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.529 106.7 104.8 5.0 0.4 2.3 -2.3 -1.8

Vegetable products

II

1.330 163.0 158.5 9.7 1.7 1.5 -1.0 -2.8

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.323 216.7 240.2 25.4 5.6 2.7 -1.4 10.8

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.412 116.8 109.0 0.4 -4.0 6.2 1.6 -6.7

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.251 172.8 159.2 5.2 4.1 -0.2 -0.3 -7.9

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.109 140.5 137.5 8.5 1.7 0.1 -1.4 -2.1

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.176 112.2 108.6 - 4.5 0.8 -2.0 -3.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.222 139.8 139.0 7.1 -0.6 -0.7 -0.3 -0.6

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

0.750 117.3 115.1 3.3 0.8 0.1 -2.2 -1.9

Mineral products

V

25.735 347.7 294.1 13.6 3.3 -10.2 -10.4 -15.4

Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plaster materials, lime & cement (Dec.2007=100)

25

0.198 103.1 103.1 - 0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.0

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

25.141 348.8 293.7 13.4 3.4 -10.4 -10.7 -15.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

7.402 145.1 145.0 15.4 1.1 1.2 1.8 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

1.065 294.7 295.1 44.5 2.6 5.0 7.2 0.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.354 134.4 134.1 7.8 0.5 0.7 0.0 -0.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.130 113.6 113.4 3.8 -0.1 0.3 -0.6 -0.2

Tanning & dyeing extracts; dye & pigments; varnish & paints; putty

32

0.158 109.3 105.0 2.5 1.1 0.7 2.1 -3.9

Essential oils and resinoids (Dec. 2001=100)

33

0.380 124.2 125.1 9.9 0.2 0.5 -1.5 0.7

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.386 100.4 100.8 1.8 0.4 0.8 -1.9 0.4

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

2.799 137.9 138.0 11.4 2.6 0.9 0.1 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

1.846 135.1 134.6 11.1 2.6 1.1 0.1 -0.4

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.953 143.5 144.6 11.6 2.2 0.6 -0.1 0.8

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.542 112.9 114.0 3.7 0.7 0.1 -0.4 1.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.498 113.4 114.6 3.9 0.8 0.0 -0.4 1.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

1.135 121.9 115.8 1.3 1.3 1.2 0.4 -5.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.371 117.6 117.6 7.7 0.9 1.1 0.0 0.0

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.951 114.0 114.5 10.0 1.2 1.8 -0.2 0.4

Printed matter

49

0.237 119.3 119.3 1.7 -0.3 0.0 0.9 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

4.650 103.8 103.9 1.0 0.3 0.3 -0.3 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

1.679 100.7 100.8 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.822 102.0 102.1 -0.7 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.474 96.0 95.8 3.6 0.5 0.1 0.5 -0.2

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.117 106.1 106.4 4.1 0.5 0.1 -0.3 0.3

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

0.936 105.1 105.5 3.4 0.6 0.1 -0.3 0.4

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.908 118.9 124.1 10.1 3.9 -0.7 -0.2 4.4

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2001=100)

68

0.338 115.9 121.3 15.7 8.3 -0.2 0.3 4.7

Ceramic products

69

0.282 123.1 133.7 11.0 -0.1 -1.8 -0.2 8.6

Glass and glassware

70

0.288 115.8 115.8 3.2 2.9 0.1 -0.7 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.447 142.5 139.3 1.8 0.1 -2.0 -7.5 -2.2

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

7.165 204.2 193.1 13.3 0.8 -0.1 -2.0 -5.4

Iron and steel

72

2.435 309.3 281.3 36.2 1.9 -1.0 -0.7 -9.1

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.771 166.2 161.7 22.4 3.7 0.5 -0.2 -2.7

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.784 302.0 277.4 -9.5 -1.7 0.6 -6.3 -8.1

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.961 151.9 143.7 3.5 0.4 1.2 -4.1 -5.4

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.343 116.6 117.5 7.4 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.8

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.423 130.3 131.1 4.0 0.7 0.2 -0.2 0.6

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

22.328 88.7 88.5 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

11.479 88.9 88.7 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

10.849 88.5 88.4 0.8 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

11.457 109.8 109.7 2.6 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

10.620 108.9 108.9 2.7 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

0.752 112.3 112.5 2.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

2.664 101.5 101.5 2.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

2.384 99.5 99.3 1.6 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.210 122.3 123.8 5.7 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

3.511 107.6 107.6 5.7 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.0

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.046 113.2 113.2 7.4 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.279 99.8 99.8 3.0 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.187 112.9 113.1 5.6 1.3 0.3 -0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: October 2007 to October 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2008
Oct.
2008
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2007
to
Oct.
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008
Sept.
2008
to
Oct.
2008

Live animals; animal products

I

1.700 180.2 177.9 14.1 2.0 1.6 -0.4 -1.3

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

0.935 151.5 147.6 15.7 2.3 3.5 -1.6 -2.6

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.420 147.8 148.5 12.2 0.6 -0.5 -1.0 0.5

Vegetable products

II

5.259 224.3 198.2 3.3 9.5 -15.4 1.1 -11.6

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.661 119.2 111.9 -11.4 -1.5 2.3 -3.9 -6.1

Cereals

10

2.341 267.5 227.5 2.8 9.9 -23.7 8.6 -15.0

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.618 240.7 203.0 9.3 16.3 -16.5 -4.4 -15.7

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.366 136.8 132.1 5.3 1.7 -1.7 0.4 -3.4

Miscellaneous edible preparations

21

0.437 120.9 122.1 5.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.0

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.598 202.6 170.6 5.0 6.4 -8.3 1.9 -15.8

Mineral products

V

5.390 324.4 294.7 18.9 5.1 -11.4 -3.4 -9.2

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

4.823 322.8 289.7 22.7 5.8 -12.6 -3.5 -10.3

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

11.956 146.7 145.8 10.5 2.2 -0.7 -0.6 -0.6

Inorganic chemicals

28

1.280 210.2 212.7 28.3 5.3 1.7 2.0 1.2

Organic chemicals

29

3.786 167.6 166.0 13.6 3.9 -2.1 -1.0 -1.0

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.481 117.5 116.9 1.3 -0.4 -0.8 -0.7 -0.5

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints, varnish, putty, & inks

32

0.531 115.4 115.1 -0.2 -0.8 1.7 -0.3 -0.3

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.661 122.9 122.2 4.5 0.1 1.6 -0.8 -0.6

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.413 123.1 123.2 11.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.643 129.2 129.9 8.7 2.7 0.2 -0.2 0.5

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.529 148.8 148.7 11.2 3.1 1.8 -0.3 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.427 142.4 141.7 9.2 2.5 1.7 -0.6 -0.5

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.102 177.6 180.5 19.9 5.2 1.9 1.3 1.6

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.385 115.1 114.1 -3.7 -0.4 -0.5 -0.9 -0.9

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.629 112.2 112.7 0.0 0.1 0.3 -0.4 0.4

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.505 117.9 116.1 2.3 0.6 0.1 -0.3 -1.5

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.703 130.1 121.9 0.9 2.0 0.0 -0.6 -6.3

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.299 113.8 114.5 4.9 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.6

Printed material

49

0.503 117.4 117.3 -1.9 -1.6 -0.3 -1.3 -0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

2.220 109.4 107.3 1.9 1.8 -0.1 -0.4 -1.9

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.694 110.5 102.7 -1.0 3.9 -1.1 -2.0 -7.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.788 112.4 113.6 2.7 0.5 0.3 0.4 1.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.420 98.9 99.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.793 176.6 173.8 5.6 1.5 2.0 -6.9 -1.6

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.835 176.5 166.0 2.5 1.2 -0.3 -3.4 -5.9

Iron and steel

72

1.550 232.9 207.4 7.9 3.1 -0.4 -6.7 -10.9

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.454 160.6 159.3 7.8 1.4 1.6 -0.5 -0.8

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.663 249.5 226.2 -9.4 0.4 -1.3 -3.6 -9.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.920 138.5 126.1 -8.6 0.4 -1.5 -7.0 -9.0

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.381 120.3 121.8 5.4 1.0 0.1 0.1 1.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.363 130.6 130.6 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.945 95.2 94.9 0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.716 104.2 104.2 1.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

13.229 85.4 84.7 -0.4 -0.8 -0.2 0.1 -0.8

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.776 117.1 117.8 2.8 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.120 107.1 107.7 1.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.6

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.960 107.0 106.9 2.2 0.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.408 108.6 108.8 3.0 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.753 117.5 117.7 4.1 -0.3 0.2 0.5 0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.507 94.4 95.1 3.3 -0.1 -0.3 0.2 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2006 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: October 2007 to October 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Percent
of
U.S.
imports(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2008
Oct.
2008
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2007
to
Oct.
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008
Sept.
2008
to
Oct.
2008

Industrialized Countries(2)

42.888 135.5 131.0 8.1 1.5 -1.6 -2.8 -3.3

Nonmanufactured articles

4.201 285.7 244.5 21.9 3.6 -9.8 -11.8 -14.4

Manufactured articles

38.251 124.2 122.3 6.3 1.1 -0.1 -1.1 -1.5

Other Countries(3)

57.112 139.6 131.7 6.6 1.7 -3.4 -3.5 -5.7

Nonmanufactured articles

12.058 342.3 283.9 10.9 3.8 -8.9 -10.0 -17.1

Manufactured articles

44.837 111.2 110.1 5.1 0.7 -0.7 -0.5 -1.0

Canada

16.032 161.1 154.0 12.7 1.5 -3.0 -4.4 -4.4

Nonmanufactured articles

3.711 279.6 239.7 21.0 3.4 -10.5 -12.4 -14.3

Manufactured articles

12.028 138.7 138.4 10.5 0.7 0.8 -0.6 -0.2

European Union(4)

17.355 131.9 130.2 6.3 0.4 -0.7 -1.1 -1.3

Nonmanufactured articles

0.249 390.7 332.9 25.9 7.1 -9.4 0.6 -14.8

Manufactured articles

16.987 128.2 126.9 5.7 0.2 -0.5 -1.1 -1.0

France (Dec. 2003=100)

1.844 120.6 120.6 9.5 0.9 0.7 -0.5 0.0

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

4.732 111.9 110.7 2.3 0.1 -0.2 -1.1 -1.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

2.684 136.2 132.2 7.6 1.3 -3.2 -2.6 -2.9

Latin America(5)

18.032 182.3 170.5 9.5 3.2 -4.5 -4.6 -6.5

Nonmanufactured articles

5.151 356.4 304.9 15.1 5.2 -9.4 -8.6 -14.5

Manufactured articles

12.786 144.3 141.8 6.5 1.8 -1.0 -2.0 -1.7

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

10.710 150.6 143.2 7.6 2.5 -2.5 -2.4 -4.9

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

33.822 102.5 102.3 2.8 0.8 0.1 -1.1 -0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

15.926 103.8 103.5 4.2 0.8 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Japan

8.032 94.9 95.4 1.5 0.4 0.0 -0.6 0.5

Asian NICs(7)

5.887 93.2 92.4 4.3 1.3 1.7 -0.7 -0.9

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

6.041 101.6 100.2 3.0 0.5 -1.0 -1.1 -1.4

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

3.928 270.9 232.3 5.8 1.4 -7.5 -7.4 -14.2

Footnotes
(1) Percentage of trade figures are based on 2006 trade values.
(2) Includes Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Includes Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) Includes European Union countries.
(5) Includes Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) Includes China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries. Includes Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Includes Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: October 2007 to October 2008 2000=100, unless otherwise noted
Description Relative
import-
ance
Sept.
2008(1)
Index Percent change
Sept.
2008
Oct.
2008
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2007
to
Oct.
2008
June
2008
to
July
2008
July
2008
to
Aug.
2008
Aug.
2008
to
Sept.
2008
Sept.
2008
to
Oct.
2008

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 156.8 152.0 12.3 2.5 -0.2 -3.4 -3.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

29.922 168.3 159.7 16.2 3.0 1.6 -8.0 -5.1

Asia

59.240 127.6 126.6 8.6 1.9 -1.7 -1.5 -0.8

Export Air Freight

100.000 146.0 144.3 18.0 1.7 3.5 -1.5 -1.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

43.288 139.8 135.7 25.9 2.4 2.3 -1.6 -2.9

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 151.7 148.9 13.6 2.0 0.3 -2.5 -1.8

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

31.451 161.6 155.1 16.6 2.7 1.6 -6.2 -4.0

Asia

55.462 123.5 122.5 10.0 1.5 -0.8 -0.6 -0.8

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 147.8 144.3 21.4 3.8 0.6 -1.5 -2.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

41.641 168.3 163.6 22.1 3.2 1.5 -2.3 -2.8

Asia

40.837 132.4 129.2 21.1 4.3 -0.9 -0.6 -2.4

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 161.3 165.9 25.3 4.1 -3.0 -6.9 2.9

Europe

45.658 169.1 176.1 32.7 2.6 -1.7 -10.1 4.1

Asia

24.148 135.1 136.3 17.3 4.0 -5.7 -7.8 0.9

Latin America/Caribbean

11.407 134.1 129.7 4.6 5.7 -1.0 -13.0 -3.3

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 172.6 167.2 8.8 6.2 5.2 -9.9 -3.1

Europe

30.486 211.8 203.6 9.1 6.2 -0.4 -10.9 -3.9

Asia

34.930 146.1 139.5 14.4 5.1 19.7 -14.9 -4.5

Latin America/Caribbean

19.873 172.5 181.3 7.5 6.3 -0.3 -1.9 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures for Air Passenger Fares Indexes are based on 2006 trade values, while the relative importance figures for the Air Freight Indexes are based on 2005 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available



                                        TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes for merchandise goods are reweighted annually, 
with a two-year lag in the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More 
detailed index series and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by 
calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using 
three classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification 
System (NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While 
classification by end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for 
classifying items by industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output 
industry, not input industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products 
manufacturing) include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The 
NAICS classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price 
Index) to produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are excluded from both indexes. The Air Freight Indexes are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. 
The scope of the service being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does 
not include any ground transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two 
definitions: Balance of Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and 
International (which represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets 
specifying detailed information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under 
"Publications and Other Documentation."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further data 
revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision in 
the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The IPP news release is available through an e-mail subscription service at 
(http://www.bls.gov/mxp) or (http://www.bls.gov/bls/newsrels.htm).
 
Additional Information -- More detailed IPP data are available on the IPP home page at 
(http://www.bls.gov/mxp).  Flat Files and the FTP server are available for users requiring access to 
either a large volume of time series data or other IPP-related documentation. The FTP site can be 
accessed at ftp://ftp.bls.gov.   For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For IPP data requests, send e-mail to (mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: November 14, 2008
Recommend this page using: