Economic News Release

American Time Use Survey Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, June 20, 2013                   USDL-13-1178


Technical information:  (202) 691-6339  *  atusinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2012 RESULTS    


In 2012, on days they worked, 23 percent of employed persons did some or all of 
their work at home, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Among 
workers age 25 and over, those with a bachelor's degree or higher were more likely
to work at home than were persons with less education--38 percent of those with a 
bachelor's degree or higher performed some work at home on days worked compared 
with 5 percent of those with less than a high school diploma.

These and other results from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) were released 
today. These data include the average amount of time per day in 2012 that 
individuals worked, did household activities, and engaged in leisure and sports 
activities. Additionally, measures of the average time per day spent providing 
childcare--both as a primary (or main) activity and while doing other things--
for the combined years 2008-12 are provided. For a further description of ATUS 
data and methodology, see the Technical Note.

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2012

  --Employed persons worked an average of 7.7 hours on the days they
    worked. More hours were worked, on average, on weekdays than on
    weekend days--8.0 hours compared with 5.7 hours. (See table 4.)
   
  --On the days they worked, employed men worked 55 minutes more than
    employed women. This difference partly reflects women's greater
    likelihood of working part time. However, even among full-time workers
    (those usually working 35 hours or more per week), men worked longer
    than women--8.5 hours compared with 7.9 hours. (See table 4.)
    
  --Many more people worked on weekdays than on weekend days--83
    percent of employed persons worked on an average weekday, compared
    with 34 percent on an average weekend day.  (See table 4.)
    
  --On the days they worked, 85 percent of employed persons did some
    or all of their work at their workplace and 23 percent did some or all
    of their work at home. They spent more time working at the workplace
    than at home--7.9 hours compared with 3.0 hours. (See table 6.)
    
  --Multiple jobholders were more likely to work on an average day than 
    were single jobholders--83 percent compared with 67 percent. (For
    a definition of average day, see the Technical Note.) Multiple
    jobholders also were more likely to work at home than were single
    jobholders--34 percent compared with 22 percent. (See table 6.)
   
  --Self-employed workers were nearly three times more likely than wage 
    and salary workers to have done some work at home on days worked--56 
    percent compared with 20 percent. Self-employed workers also were 
    more likely to work on weekend days than were wage and salary 
    workers--42 percent compared with 31 percent. (See tables 5 and 7.)
    
  --On the days they worked, 38 percent of employed people age 25 and
    over with a bachelor's degree or higher did some work at home,
    compared with only 5 percent of those with less than a high school
    diploma. (See table 6.)

Household Activities in 2012

  --On an average day, 82 percent of women and 65 percent of men spent 
    some time doing household activities such as housework, cooking, lawn 
    care, or financial and other household management. (See table 1.)
     
  --On the days they did household activities, women spent an average
    of 2.6 hours on such activities, while men spent 2.0 hours. (See 
    table 1.)
      
  --On an average day, 20 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning 
    or doing laundry--compared with 48 percent of women. Thirty-nine 
    percent of men did food preparation or cleanup, compared with 65
    percent of women. (See table 1.)

Leisure Activities in 2012

  --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (96 percent)
    engaged in some sort of leisure activity, such as watching TV,
    socializing, or exercising. Of those who engaged in leisure
    activities, men spent more time in these activities (6.0 hours) 
    than did women (5.2 hours). (See table 1.)

  --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time
    (2.8 hours per day), accounting for about half of leisure time, on
    average, for those age 15 and over. Socializing, such as visiting 
    with friends or attending or hosting social events, was the next most
    common leisure activity, accounting for nearly three-quarters of an
    hour per day. (See table 1.)

  --Men were more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise, 
    or recreation on any given day--22 percent compared with 17 percent. 
    On the days that they participated, men also spent more time in these 
    activities than did women--1.9 hours compared with 1.4 hours. (See 
    table 1.)
  
  --On an average day, adults age 75 and over spent 7.7 hours engaged
    in leisure activities--more than any other age group; 25- to 34-year-
    olds spent 4.4 hours and 35- to 44-year-olds spent 4.3 hours engaged
    in leisure and sports activities--less than other age groups. (See
    table 11.)
  
  --Time spent reading for personal interest and playing games or using 
    a computer for leisure varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75
    and over averaged 1.0 hour of reading per weekend day and 20 minutes
    playing games or using a computer for leisure. Conversely, individuals
    ages 15 to 19 read for an average of 7 minutes per weekend day while
    spending 1.0 hour playing games or using a computer for leisure. (See
    table 11.)
       
  --Employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 engaged 
    in leisure activities for 4.7 hours per day, about an hour more than 
    employed adults living with a child under age 6. (See table 8.)

Care of Household Children (by Adults in Households with Children) for
the period 2008-12

  --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average 
    of 2.0 hours per day providing primary childcare to household
    children. Adults living in households where the youngest child was
    between the ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as much time
    providing primary childcare to household children--47 minutes per 
    day. Primary childcare is childcare that is done as a main activity, 
    such as physical care of children and reading to or talking with 
    children. (See table 9.)
     
  --On an average day, among adults living in households with children 
    under age 6, women spent 1.1 hours providing physical care (such as 
    bathing or feeding a child) to household children; by contrast, men
    spent 26 minutes providing physical care. (See table 9.)
     
  --Adults living in households with at least one child under age 6 spent
    an average of 5.4 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that 
    is, they had at least one child in their care while doing activities 
    other than primary childcare. Secondary childcare provided by adults 
    living in households with children under age 6 was most commonly provided 
    while doing leisure activities (2.1 hours) or household activities 
    (1.3 hours). (See table 10.)

  --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent more time
    providing primary childcare on an average weekday (2.1 hours) than 
    on an average weekend day (1.7 hours). However, they spent less time
    providing secondary childcare on weekdays than on weekend days--4.5
    hours compared with 7.6 hours. (See tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data

ATUS 2012 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations 
and analyses. In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that 
protect survey respondents' privacy, identifying information was removed 
from the data files and some responses have been edited. The 2012 data 
files are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.



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Last Modified Date: June 20, 2013
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