Economic News Release

Consumer Price Index News Release

 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
 8:30 a.m. (EDT) April 14, 2016                 USDL-16-0747

 Technical information: (202) 691-7000  Reed.Steve@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov 

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – MARCH 2016

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.1 percent
 in March on a seasonally adjusted basis, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
 reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index rose 0.9 percent
 before seasonal adjustment.

 The food index declined in March, while the indexes for energy and for all items
 less food and energy rose, leading to the slight seasonally adjusted increase in
 the all items index. The food index fell 0.2 percent after rising in February,
 as five of the six major grocery store food groups declined. The energy index
 rose for the first time since November, with all of its major components except
 natural gas increasing.  

 While the index for all items less food and energy increased in March, the 0.1
 percent advance was the smallest increase since August. Major component indexes
 were mixed in March. The indexes for shelter, recreation, medical care, education,
 tobacco, and personal care were among those that rose, while the indexes for
 apparel, airline fares, communication, household furnishings and operations, and
 used cars and trucks all declined.  

 The all items index rose 0.9 percent over the last 12 months, a slightly smaller
 increase than the 1.0-percent change for the 12 months ending February. The index
 for all items less food and energy has risen 2.2 percent over the last 12 months,
 and the food index has increased 0.8 percent. Despite rising in March, the energy
 index has declined 12.6 percent over the last year. 

 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.   ended 
                              2015  2015  2015  2015  2016  2016  2016   Mar.  
                                                                         2016  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................   -.1    .2    .1   -.1    .0   -.2    .1       .9
  Food......................    .3    .1   -.1   -.2    .0    .2   -.2       .8
   Food at home.............    .2    .0   -.3   -.4   -.2    .2   -.5      -.5
   Food away from home (1)..    .5    .2    .2    .1    .3    .1    .2      2.7
  Energy....................  -3.7    .4    .3  -2.8  -2.8  -6.0    .9    -12.6
   Energy commodities.......  -6.8    .9    .7  -4.8  -4.8 -12.5   1.9    -21.2
    Gasoline (all types)....  -7.1    .9    .8  -4.8  -4.8 -13.0   2.2    -20.9
    Fuel oil (1)............  -2.4  -1.1  -1.3  -7.8  -6.5  -2.9   1.7    -34.8
   Energy services..........   -.3   -.1   -.2   -.7   -.7    .1    .2     -3.3
    Electricity.............   -.1    .1    .2   -.4   -.7   -.2    .4     -1.7
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.9   -.9  -1.7  -1.9   -.6   1.0   -.7     -9.2
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .2    .2    .2    .3    .3    .1      2.2
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .0   -.1   -.1   -.1    .2    .3   -.2      -.4
    New vehicles............    .0   -.1    .0    .0    .3    .2    .0       .4
    Used cars and trucks....   -.2   -.1    .1    .2    .1    .2   -.1      -.6
    Apparel.................   -.4   -.5   -.1   -.2    .6   1.6  -1.1      -.6
    Medical care commodities   -.1    .2    .2    .1    .4    .6    .3      2.4
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .3    .3    .2    .3    .3    .2      3.0
    Shelter.................    .3    .3    .2    .2    .3    .3    .2      3.2
    Transportation services     .1    .1    .5    .3    .4    .2    .2      2.8
    Medical care services...    .2    .7    .3    .1    .5    .5    .1      3.6

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.
 



 Consumer Price Index Data for March 2016

 Food

 The food index fell 0.2 percent in March after rising 0.2 percent in February.
 The food at home index decreased 0.5 percent, the largest decline since April
 2009. Five of the six major grocery store food group indexes fell, with the
 fruits and vegetables index declining 1.9 percent, the largest decrease since
 January 2005. The index for fresh fruits fell 1.7 percent, and the fresh
 vegetables index declined 3.2 percent. The cereals and bakery products index fell
 0.6 percent in March, and the index for dairy and related products decreased 0.5
 percent. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs fell 0.3 percent, as did the
 index for nonalcoholic beverages. The index for other food at home, in contrast,
 rose in March, increasing 0.4 percent. The index for food at home has declined 0.5
 percent over the last 12 months, with declines in the indexes for dairy and related
 products, for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, and for cereals and bakery products
 outweighing increases in the other indexes. The index for food away from home rose
 0.2 percent in March and has risen 2.7 percent over the past 12 months.  

 Energy

 The energy index rose 0.9 percent in March after declining in each of the 3 previous
 months. The gasoline index, which fell 13.0 percent in February, rose in March,
 increasing 2.2 percent. (Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices increased 10.2
 percent in March.)  The fuel oil index also turned up in March, rising 1.7 percent,
 its first increase since May. The electricity index rose 0.4 percent in March after
 declining in each of the last 3 months. In contrast, the index for natural gas
 turned down in March, falling 0.7 percent after rising 1.0 percent in February.
 Despite the March increases, all the major energy component indexes have declined
 over the past year. The fuel oil index declined 34.8 percent, and the gasoline index
 fell 20.9 percent. The index for natural gas decreased 9.2 percent, and the
 electricity index declined 1.7 percent.   


 All items less food and energy

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in March after
 rising 0.3 percent in February. The shelter index rose 0.2 percent after rising
 0.3 percent in both January and February. The index for rent rose 0.3 percent and
 the index for owners' equivalent rent increased 0.2 percent. The index for lodging
 away from home turned down in March, falling 1.8 percent after rising in 5 of the
 6 previous months. The medical care index rose slightly in March, increasing 0.1
 percent after rising 0.5 percent in both January and February. The indexes for
 prescription drugs and physicians' services both rose, but the hospital services
 index declined. The recreation index rose 0.2 percent in March, and the tobacco
 index rose 0.5 percent. The indexes for education and personal care both rose
 slightly, increasing 0.1 percent. The indexes for new vehicles and for alcoholic
 beverages were unchanged in March, while a number of indexes declined. The apparel
 index, which rose 1.6 percent in February, fell 1.1 percent in March. The index for
 airline fares fell 0.9 percent, and the indexes for used cars and trucks, for
 communication, and for household furnishings and operations all declined 0.1 percent.
   
 The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.2 percent over the past
 12 months, a slightly smaller figure than the 2.3 percent change for the 12 months
 ending February. The shelter index has risen 3.2 percent over the last year, and the
 index for medical care has risen 3.3 percent. The indexes for airline fares, used
 cars and trucks, apparel, communication, and household furnishings and operations
 have all declined over the past 12 months.  
 
 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.9 percent over
 the last 12 months to an index level of 238.132 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
 index increased 0.4 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 increased 0.5 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 232.209
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.5 percent prior to seasonal
 adjustment.  

 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 0.4
 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index rose 0.6 percent on a not
 seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12
 months are subject to revision.  

	
 The Consumer Price Index for April 2016 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
 May 17, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 









 Facilities for Sensory Impaired

 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
 upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200, Federal Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.  

 Brief Explanation of the CPI
      
 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over
 time of goods and services purchased by households. The Bureau of Labor Statistics
 publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
 Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which covers households of wage earners and clerical workers
 that comprise approximately 28 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for All
 Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U), which
 covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and includes, in addition to
 wage earners and clerical worker households, groups such as professional, managerial,
 and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and
 retirees and others not in the labor force.
      
 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation fares,
 charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
 people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 87 urban areas
 across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail
 establishments-department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other
 types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the
 purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other
 items are obtained every month in all 87 locations. Prices of most other commodities
 and services are collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and every
 other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal
 visits or telephone calls of the Bureau’s trained representatives.
      
 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are
 averaged together with weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the
 appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.
 For the CPI-U and CPI-W separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region
 of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and
 for 27 local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among
 cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base
 period.  For the C-CPI-U data are issued only at the national level. It is important to
 note that the CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is
 issued in preliminary form and subject to two annual revisions.
      
 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For the CPI-U and the
 CPI-W the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is
 December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for
 example, is shown as 116.500. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows:
 the price of a base period market basket of goods and services in the CPI has risen
 from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. 
      
 For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi/ or
 contact our CPI Information and Analysis Section on (202) 691-7000.




 Note on Sampling Error in the Consumer Price Index

 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based
 upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS
 calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month and 12-month percent
 change standard errors annually, for the CPI-U.  These standard error estimates can be
 used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated
 standard error of the 1 month percent change is 0.04 percent for the U.S. All Items
 Consumer Price Index.  This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all
 retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample,
 then 95% of these estimates would be within 0.08 percent of the 1 month percentage change
 based on all retail prices.  For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the All
 Items CPI for All Urban Consumers, we are 95 percent confident that the actual percent
 change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.12 and 0.28 percent. For the latest
 data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see "Variance
 Estimates for Price Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January-December 2014."  These
 data are available on the CPI home page (www.bls.gov/cpi), or by using the following
 link: www.bls.gov/cpi/cpivar2014.pdf   

 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent changes
 rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level
 of the index in relation to its base period while percent changes are not.  The example
 below illustrates the computation of index point and percent changes.
      
 Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as annual rates and are
 computed according to the standard formula for compound growth rates. These data indicate
 what the percent change would be if the current rate were maintained for a 12-month period.

 Index Point Change

 CPI                                                                    202.416
 Less previous index                                                    201.800
 Equals index point change                                                 .616



 Percent Change

 Index point difference                                                    .616
 Divided by the previous index                                          201.800
 Equals                                                                   0.003
 Results multiplied by one hundred                                    0.003x100
 Equals percent change                                                      0.3





 A Note on the Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 Introduction

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS
 Seasonal Adjustment Method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are
 used to revise the previous five years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on
 data revisions and exceptions to the usual revision schedule, please see the Fact Sheet on
 Seasonal Adjustment (http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisaqanda.htm) and the Timeline of Seasonal
 Adjustment Methodological Changes (http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpiseastimeline.htm).
 
 How to Use Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
 preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and
 in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from changing
 climatic conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows
 data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year.  The unadjusted data
 are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted
 data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract
 agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index
 before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted
 data in escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

 Intervention Analysis
 
 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI
 series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern
 of price change. Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment is a process by which the distortions
 caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of
 seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal
 pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

 2016 Series Adjusted Using Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment

 For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2016, BLS adjusted 37 series using Intervention
 Analysis Seasonal Adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels and natural
 gas. For example, this procedure was used for the Motor fuel series to offset the effects of
 events such as the response in crude oil markets to the worldwide economic downturn in 2008.
 
 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes 

 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average All items index levels, are subject to
 revision for up to five years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
 calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last five years
 of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last five years of data are considered to be final
 and not subject to revision. In January 2016, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
 indexes for 2011-2015 were calculated and published. For directly adjusted series, the seasonal
 factors for 2015 will be applied to data in 2016 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2016 indexes. 

 Determining Seasonal Status

 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
 Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status: from "not
 seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the U.S.
 city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not
 seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent
 series for the last five years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be
 changed. 28 of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted
 for 2016.

 Contact Information 
 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please write to the Bureau of Labor
 Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact Justin
 Yarros, Samuel An or Marie Rogers at (202) 691-6968 or by e-mail at Yarros.Justin@bls.gov,
 An.Samuel@bls.gov or Rogers.Marie@bls.gov. If you have general questions about the CPI, please call
 our information staff at (202) 691-7000. 


























Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2016
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015-
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016
Dec.
2015-
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016-
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016

All items

100.000 236.119 237.111 238.132 0.9 0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Food

14.031 246.045 248.800 247.978 0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Food at home

8.233 241.588 242.062 240.329 -0.5 -0.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

1.101 273.812 274.801 273.162 -0.2 -0.6 -0.2 0.2 -0.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.842 260.077 251.290 250.837 -3.6 -0.2 -1.3 -0.1 -0.3

Dairy and related products

0.840 224.449 219.732 218.131 -2.8 -0.7 -0.2 0.0 -0.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.432 289.858 306.778 298.162 2.9 -2.8 1.3 0.8 -1.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.985 167.706 169.248 168.187 0.3 -0.6 -0.2 0.6 -0.3

Other food at home

2.033 208.463 209.385 209.743 0.6 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.4

Food away from home(1)

5.798 254.108 260.319 260.883 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Energy

6.379 204.731 172.061 179.017 -12.6 4.0 -2.8 -6.0 0.9

Energy commodities

2.789 221.577 159.404 174.500 -21.2 9.5 -4.8 -12.5 1.9

Fuel oil(1)

0.084 295.603 189.373 192.617 -34.8 1.7 -6.5 -2.9 1.7

Motor fuel

2.618 216.691 155.361 171.050 -21.1 10.1 -4.8 -12.9 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

2.577 215.442 154.564 170.356 -20.9 10.2 -4.8 -13.0 2.2

Energy services(2)

3.591 197.727 191.532 191.203 -3.3 -0.2 -0.7 0.1 0.2

Electricity(2)

2.837 205.894 202.528 202.487 -1.7 0.0 -0.7 -0.2 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.754 170.592 155.981 154.822 -9.2 -0.7 -0.6 1.0 -0.7

All items less food and energy

79.589 241.067 245.680 246.358 2.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.746 146.887 145.856 146.367 -0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 -0.2

Apparel

3.163 128.245 125.567 127.427 -0.6 1.5 0.6 1.6 -1.1

New vehicles

3.770 147.574 148.268 148.227 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

Used cars and trucks

2.118 147.023 144.024 146.178 -0.6 1.5 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Medical care commodities

1.834 353.995 361.435 362.386 2.4 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.965 239.437 242.437 242.230 1.2 -0.1 0.5 0.2 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.655 919.240 951.247 953.512 3.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5

Services less energy services

59.844 298.612 306.932 307.703 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.308 276.360 284.435 285.196 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

7.755 283.130 292.777 293.489 3.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

24.281 283.244 291.505 292.080 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Medical care services

6.654 472.645 489.432 489.520 3.6 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.1

Physicians' services(2)

1.685 363.531 372.091 372.672 2.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Hospital services(2)(4)

2.234 287.420 301.007 300.303 4.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5 -0.2

Transportation services

5.891 288.349 295.533 296.363 2.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.165 268.907 273.072 273.980 1.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.388 455.373 477.297 478.644 5.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6

Airline fare

0.679 287.362 283.520 283.584 -1.3 0.0 1.2 0.1 -0.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, March 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2016
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2015-
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016
Dec.
2015-
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016-
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016

All items

100.000 0.9 0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Food

14.031 0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Food at home

8.233 -0.5 -0.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

1.101 -0.2 -0.6 -0.2 0.2 -0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.372 -1.2 -1.1 -1.0 1.2 -1.1

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.045 -4.1 -2.4 0.6 -0.3 -1.9

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.190 -0.8 -1.0 -2.2 1.5 -1.0

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.137 -0.9 -0.7 1.1 0.3 -0.7

Rice(1)(2)(3)

-2.0 0.0 0.5 -0.3 0.0

Bakery products(1)

0.729 0.3 -0.4 0.8 -0.3 -0.4

Bread(1)(2)

0.217 0.1 -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.6

White bread(1)(3)

0.3 -0.6 0.1 -0.5 -0.6

Bread other than white(1)(3)

0.2 -0.7 -0.1 0.6 -0.7

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.107 0.1 -0.1 0.3 -1.2 0.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.176 1.5 0.3 1.1 -0.5 0.2

Cookies(3)

-0.6 -0.2 0.9 -0.3 -0.3

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

3.9 0.6 0.7 -0.7 0.6

Other bakery products

0.228 -0.5 -0.7 -0.2 0.1 -0.7

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

0.0 -0.7 1.1 0.8 -0.7

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

-1.8 -0.9 -0.7 -0.8 -0.6

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

0.2 -0.4 -0.5 -0.2 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.842 -3.6 -0.2 -1.3 -0.1 -0.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.704 -3.8 0.3 -0.7 -0.1 0.1

Meats

1.091 -4.0 0.4 -0.8 -0.2 0.2

Beef and veal

0.491 -5.1 1.1 -0.8 -0.3 0.7

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.202 -8.8 0.0 -2.0 -0.7 0.0

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.067 -3.3 2.2 -1.2 2.3 2.2

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.174 -2.0 2.4 -0.4 -0.1 1.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.049 -2.4 -0.4 -0.8 1.1 -0.4

Pork

0.333 -5.6 0.1 -0.7 -0.7 -0.1

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.139 -2.0 0.6 -0.3 -2.1 0.2

Bacon and related products(3)

1.4 2.2 -0.8 -3.1 1.2

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

-6.1 -1.2 1.6 -1.1 -0.7

Ham

0.060 -9.6 0.9 -0.1 -0.7 -1.3

Ham, excluding canned(3)

-10.4 1.4 -0.6 -1.2 -0.9

Pork chops(1)

0.055 -4.0 0.6 -3.7 0.4 0.6

Other pork including roasts and picnics(2)

0.079 -8.9 -1.8 -1.2 0.3 -1.3

Other meats

0.266 0.7 -0.5 -0.8 0.8 -0.2

Frankfurters(3)

5.8 0.1 -2.9 2.1 0.9

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

1.3 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.3

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

-4.1 -0.8 0.1 0.9 -0.8

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

-5.7 -1.2 0.4 0.5 -1.2

Poultry

0.352 -4.0 -0.4 -0.8 0.3 -0.8

Chicken(1)(2)

0.284 -4.7 -0.5 -0.7 -0.1 -0.5

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

-3.1 -0.9 -0.3 2.2 -0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

-5.0 0.3 -0.7 -1.3 0.3

Other poultry including turkey(2)

0.067 -0.9 -0.2 -0.7 -0.6 -0.7

Fish and seafood

0.262 -2.7 0.7 0.1 -0.4 0.6

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.141 -2.6 1.9 0.9 -1.0 1.0

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.122 -3.1 -0.7 -0.6 0.1 0.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

-0.3 -1.3 -0.7 -0.8 -1.3

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

-5.0 -0.8 -0.2 0.6 0.0

Eggs

0.138 0.7 -5.8 -8.4 0.4 -5.2

Dairy and related products

0.840 -2.8 -0.7 -0.2 0.0 -0.5

Milk(1)(2)

0.237 -6.0 -1.3 -1.4 -1.0 -1.3

Fresh whole milk(3)

-6.9 -1.3 0.3 -0.9 -0.8

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

-5.5 -1.3 -1.5 0.7 -1.3

Cheese and related products

0.272 -2.6 -0.8 0.4 0.1 -0.4

Ice cream and related products

0.120 -0.4 -0.3 -0.5 -1.0 1.1

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.210 -0.7 -0.3 0.6 -0.4 -0.3

Fruits and vegetables

1.432 2.9 -2.8 1.3 0.8 -1.9

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.128 3.8 -3.3 1.6 1.0 -2.4

Fresh fruits

0.597 4.8 -2.8 1.1 2.3 -1.7

Apples

0.090 11.0 0.8 0.3 1.6 1.6

Bananas(1)

0.089 -0.6 0.8 -0.5 -1.0 0.8

Citrus fruits(2)

0.141 3.6 2.7 -1.0 -0.9 1.6

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

2.6 1.0 -1.5 1.5 0.3

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.278 5.5 -7.8 2.9 5.4 -6.0

Fresh vegetables

0.531 2.6 -3.9 2.2 -0.4 -3.2

Potatoes

0.080 2.0 -0.6 0.4 1.6 0.3

Lettuce

0.071 -3.9 -5.8 -5.1 -2.6 -2.6

Tomatoes(1)

0.097 4.5 -7.2 15.3 -6.1 -7.2

Other fresh vegetables

0.283 3.8 -3.2 0.9 1.0 -2.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.304 -0.1 -1.0 0.4 -0.3 -0.1

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.159 -0.5 -1.2 1.1 -0.6 -0.5

Canned fruits(2)(3)

0.4 -1.0 1.1 -1.2 -0.7

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

-0.8 -1.3 1.2 -0.2 -0.3

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.087 0.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 1.0

Frozen vegetables(3)

-0.5 -0.3 0.3 -0.7 0.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.057 0.1 -2.4 -0.1 0.4 -1.2

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

1.0 -0.4 -0.7 1.7 -0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.985 0.3 -0.6 -0.2 0.6 -0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.693 1.2 -0.5 -0.4 0.7 -0.3

Carbonated drinks

0.277 1.8 -0.1 -0.4 0.9 0.1

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.011 1.8 -0.1 -1.7 2.5 -0.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.404 0.7 -0.8 -0.4 0.7 -0.3

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.292 -2.0 -1.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.7

Coffee

0.183 -3.3 -0.7 -0.2 0.1 -1.2

Roasted coffee(3)

-3.0 -1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -1.7

Instant and freeze dried coffee(1)(3)

-4.3 0.4 -0.9 1.0 0.4

Other beverage materials including tea(2)

0.109 0.1 -1.5 -0.1 0.8 -1.2

Other food at home

2.033 0.6 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.4

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.296 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.052 -1.1 -2.6 -0.7 0.6 -1.6

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.188 -0.1 0.9 -1.1 0.0 0.9

Other sweets(2)

0.057 -0.7 -0.6 -1.2 -0.4 -0.1

Fats and oils

0.241 0.2 -0.7 -0.6 0.3 -0.3

Butter and margarine(2)

0.070 3.3 -1.3 -0.5 0.0 -0.3

Butter(3)

6.7 0.1 -0.7 0.1 2.0

Margarine(3)

1.4 -3.3 -0.8 0.4 -3.4

Salad dressing(2)

0.059 -0.3 -0.8 -1.1 1.1 -0.3

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.113 -1.7 -0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.4

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

-3.4 -0.6 -0.2 0.5 -0.6

Other foods

1.496 0.9 0.4 -0.2 -0.3 0.5

Soups

0.092 2.9 3.8 -0.3 0.4 1.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.268 0.1 -0.7 -1.4 1.3 -0.7

Snacks(1)

0.338 1.3 1.0 0.1 -0.3 1.0

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.292 1.9 -0.1 0.2 -0.5 0.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

5.3 -1.0 1.7 0.7 0.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

2.0 -0.8 1.6 1.0 -0.8

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

0.8 1.0 1.0 -2.0 1.5

Other condiments(3)

0.5 -1.0 0.1 -1.9 -0.3

Baby food(1)(2)

0.056 0.7 -0.6 0.3 1.0 -0.6

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.450 0.0 0.2 -1.8 0.1 0.2

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

3.9 1.0 -1.5 -0.3 1.0

Food away from home(1)

5.798 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.807 2.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.462 2.8 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.198 5.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

4.7 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 1.9 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.249 2.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Energy

6.379 -12.6 4.0 -2.8 -6.0 0.9

Energy commodities

2.789 -21.2 9.5 -4.8 -12.5 1.9

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.171 -24.4 -0.2 -5.7 -4.2 -2.0

Fuel oil(1)

0.084 -34.8 1.7 -6.5 -2.9 1.7

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.087 -9.1 -2.0 -0.9 0.2 -1.8

Motor fuel

2.618 -21.1 10.1 -4.8 -12.9 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

2.577 -20.9 10.2 -4.8 -13.0 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

-21.8 10.8 -5.0 -13.4 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

-17.6 10.7 -4.6 -12.5 3.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

-16.7 6.8 -3.3 -11.1 -0.3

Other motor fuels(2)

0.041 -29.2 2.7 -5.4 -7.5 -0.2

Energy services(8)

3.591 -3.3 -0.2 -0.7 0.1 0.2

Electricity(8)

2.837 -1.7 0.0 -0.7 -0.2 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(8)

0.754 -9.2 -0.7 -0.6 1.0 -0.7

All items less food and energy

79.589 2.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.746 -0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 -0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(9)

3.311 -1.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.271 -1.7 -1.7 0.5 -0.4 -1.7

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.059 1.2 1.0 0.3 -0.5 1.0

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.054 0.8 0.3 2.9 -3.0 0.3

Other linens(1)(2)

0.158 -3.6 -3.5 -0.2 0.5 -3.5

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.786 -1.2 0.3 0.0 -0.7 0.3

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.274 0.6 1.2 -0.6 -1.2 1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.373 -0.6 -0.2 1.4 -0.1 -0.2

Other furniture(2)

0.134 -6.3 -0.4 -2.2 -2.4 -1.8

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

Appliances(2)

0.192 -3.4 -0.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.8

Major appliances(2)

0.059 -4.7 0.9 -0.5 -2.1 0.6

Laundry equipment(3)

-5.5 1.1 -0.5 -1.7 0.3

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.130 -1.9 -1.7 1.8 1.0 -1.7

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.485 -2.5 -0.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.252 -4.5 -0.5 0.6 -0.1 -0.5

Indoor plants and flowers(10)

0.107 2.3 -1.4 0.2 1.1 -1.2

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.054 -0.9 -0.4 3.9 -2.5 -0.4

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.072 -3.2 0.8 1.2 -0.8 0.5

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.693 -0.7 0.2 -0.4 -0.2 0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.183 -1.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.346 -0.2 0.1 -0.5 -0.1 0.0

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.884 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.4 0.1

Household cleaning products(2)

0.349 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.239 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.296 -1.5 -0.1 -0.5 0.6 -0.1

Apparel

3.163 -0.6 1.5 0.6 1.6 -1.1

Men's and boys' apparel

0.798 -3.2 -1.0 -0.2 0.5 -2.2

Men's apparel

0.642 -3.7 -1.0 -0.8 1.4 -2.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.098 -7.6 -1.1 1.4 -1.9 -3.0

Men's furnishings

0.206 -1.2 0.2 -3.3 1.6 0.6

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.176 -1.7 1.5 -2.9 4.0 -1.1

Men's pants and shorts

0.155 -5.9 -5.3 0.2 1.0 -7.9

Boys' apparel

0.156 -1.7 -1.1 1.4 -2.6 -1.5

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 -0.1 4.6 0.6 1.8 0.0

Women's apparel

1.058 -0.1 5.2 0.0 1.9 0.0

Women's outerwear

0.072 5.5 1.5 7.2 2.7 -0.8

Women's dresses

0.148 -6.3 8.9 1.5 1.6 -1.2

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.479 0.2 7.7 -1.2 1.7 1.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.348 0.2 0.9 -1.6 2.4 -0.8

Girls' apparel

0.213 -0.1 1.9 3.7 1.6 0.0

Footwear

0.706 0.4 0.7 1.0 1.3 -0.7

Men's footwear(1)

0.222 3.4 -0.1 1.2 3.5 -0.1

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.172 -0.5 0.2 1.4 2.4 -0.9

Women's footwear

0.311 -1.0 1.5 0.2 0.2 -1.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.158 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2 2.8 -2.2

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.231 3.5 -3.4 3.2 5.1 -3.7

Watches(1)(6)

0.086 4.5 -4.4 2.6 8.9 -4.4

Jewelry(6)

0.145 3.2 -2.8 4.1 3.2 -3.1

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(9)

6.381 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 -0.1

New vehicles

3.770 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

0.4 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

New cars(3)

-0.3 -0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.2

New trucks(3)(11)

1.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1

Used cars and trucks

2.118 -0.6 1.5 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.396 -0.2 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Tires(1)

0.239 -0.4 -0.4 0.5 -0.1 -0.4

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.158 0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

-0.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.7 -0.2

Medical care commodities

1.834 2.4 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.3

Medicinal drugs(1)(9)

1.773 2.5 0.3 0.7 1.1 0.3

Prescription drugs

1.408 3.6 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.5

Nonprescription drugs(1)(9)

0.365 -1.6 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(9)

0.061 -0.8 -1.0 0.3 0.6 -1.0

Recreation commodities(9)

1.885 -2.9 -0.4 0.0 -0.5 -0.3

Video and audio products(9)

0.251 -8.4 -0.7 -1.2 -0.8 -0.8

Televisions

0.129 -16.6 -1.9 -2.2 -1.4 -2.4

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 -2.2 2.4 -0.8 -0.6 2.0

Audio equipment

0.064 -2.0 -0.3 -1.1 0.1 0.5

Audio discs, tapes and other media(1)(2)

0.024 2.2 0.9 1.2 -0.2 0.9

Pets and pet products(1)

0.596 -0.8 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

-1.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

-0.1 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.3

Sporting goods(1)

0.443 -1.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.1

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.230 -2.1 -0.3 0.2 -0.4 -0.3

Sports equipment

0.204 -0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.6 0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.038 -5.6 -0.6 -0.1 -1.1 -1.0

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

-3.6 0.0 0.0

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

-6.0 -0.6 0.0 -1.2 -0.9

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.154 0.6 -1.6 -0.7 0.9 -1.6

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.087 2.6 1.0 -0.3 0.8 1.0

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.067 -2.0 -4.9 -1.1 1.0 -4.9

Other recreational goods(2)

0.403 -5.6 -0.7 0.0 -1.5 -0.5

Toys

0.329 -7.6 -0.9 -0.3 -1.8 -0.7

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

-5.3 -1.1 -0.3 -1.7 -0.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.025 -1.6 1.2 -1.6 -1.7 1.2

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.034 2.4 -0.2 1.3 0.5 -0.2

Education and communication commodities(9)

0.641 -4.6 -0.4 -1.3 -0.7 -0.5

Educational books and supplies

0.159 2.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.1

College textbooks(1)(3)(12)

3.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.8 -0.3

Information technology commodities(9)

0.482 -8.0 -0.5 -1.7 -1.0 -0.6

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.291 -7.2 0.0 -2.2 -1.3 -0.1

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.095 -4.8 -2.0 -0.7 -0.6 -2.0

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.096 -14.3 -0.7 -0.8 -0.4 -0.7

Alcoholic beverages

0.965 1.2 -0.1 0.5 0.2 0.0

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.598 0.8 -0.2 0.6 0.1 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.271 1.9 0.3 0.5 -0.4 0.3

Distilled spirits at home

0.075 0.6 -0.3 -0.2 1.0 0.1

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

0.5 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(3)

0.3 -0.5 -0.1 0.8 0.0

Wine at home

0.252 -0.4 -0.7 0.8 0.6 -0.8

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.367 1.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

0.9 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.2

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

1.2 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

4.6 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.5

Other goods(9)

1.564 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.655 3.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5

Cigarettes(2)

0.592 3.7 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.045 3.7 0.5 1.1 -0.4 0.5

Personal care products(1)

0.718 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.383 -1.1 -0.3 0.1 0.8 -0.3

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.328 0.5 0.2 0.2 -0.4 0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.192 -2.8 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.5

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

-0.3 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.0

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

-6.9 -2.8 0.1 0.7 -2.8

Services less energy services

59.844 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.308 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Rent of shelter(13)

32.957 3.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence(8)

7.755 3.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

0.921 2.3 2.5 2.0 0.9 -1.8

Housing at school, excluding board(8)(13)

0.120 2.9 -0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.801 1.1 2.9 1.4 1.0 -2.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(8)(13)

24.281 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(8)(13)

23.168 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.350 1.5 -0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.2

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.163 3.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4

Water and sewerage maintenance(8)

0.875 4.3 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5

Garbage and trash collection(1)(11)

0.287 2.0 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Household operations(1)(2)

0.851 3.4 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.2

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.284 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.279 2.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.116 12.4 0.1 -0.7 3.1 0.3

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.088 3.1 0.1 -0.1 1.0 0.1

Medical care services

6.654 3.6 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.1

Professional services

3.149 2.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.0

Physicians' services(8)

1.685 2.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Dental services(8)

0.824 2.8 -0.3 0.3 0.8 -0.3

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.326 1.6 0.4 1.0 -0.2 0.4

Services by other medical professionals(8)(6)

0.314 0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Hospital and related services

2.505 4.3 -0.2 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Hospital services(8)(14)

2.234 4.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5 -0.2

Inpatient hospital services(8)(14)(3)

5.3 -0.3 0.6 0.9 -0.2

Outpatient hospital services(8)(3)(6)

2.5 -0.2 0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(8)(14)

0.193 3.5 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.078 2.7 -0.3 0.5 0.4 -0.3

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.000 6.2 0.4 1.1 1.3 0.4

Transportation services

5.891 2.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2

Leased cars and trucks(12)

0.566 -0.5 -0.3 0.3 -0.1 -0.9

Car and truck rental(2)

0.101 0.5 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.165 1.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 2.4 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.676 1.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.390 2.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Motor vehicle insurance

2.388 5.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.531 2.4 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(8)(2)

0.285 2.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(2)

0.235 1.7 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(1)(2)(3)

2.4 0.2 1.0 0.1 0.2

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Public transportation

1.140 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.1 -0.3

Airline fare

0.679 -1.3 0.0 1.2 0.1 -0.9

Other intercity transportation

0.175 4.6 1.1 0.1 0.6 -0.2

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

2.8 1.0 -3.6 0.8 1.0

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

7.2 1.6 -0.8 -0.8 1.6

Intracity transportation(1)

0.283 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(9)

2.9 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Recreation services(9)

3.885 3.1 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.5

Video and audio services(9)

1.625 3.2 1.3 0.0 0.7 0.7

Cable and satellite television and radio service(11)

1.520 3.4 1.4 0.0 0.8 0.8

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(1)(2)

0.106 0.7 -0.3 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

0.0 -1.1 -1.8 -0.3 -1.1

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.370 4.1 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.3

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

2.9 0.3 -0.1 0.3 0.3

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

4.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2

Photographers and film processing(1)(2)

0.050 2.7 -0.3 0.3 0.3 -0.3

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

2.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Film processing(1)(2)(3)

3.1 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Other recreation services(2)

1.839 2.8 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(1)(2)

0.644 2.7 0.9 0.2 0.9 0.9

Admissions(1)

0.644 2.6 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

3.9 2.3 -0.8 0.1 2.3

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

0.0 -4.6 5.4 -0.7 -4.6

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.224 3.0 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Education and communication services(9)

6.479 1.8 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.023 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1

College tuition and fees

1.796 3.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.311 3.8 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3

Child care and nursery school(10)

0.743 3.2 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.042 1.6 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.141 2.0 0.0 0.4 1.5 0.0

Postage(1)

0.134 2.2 0.0 0.6 1.6 0.0

Delivery services(2)

0.007 -1.3 -0.2 -2.6 -0.8 0.5

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.570 0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.6 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.827 0.6 0.0 -0.1 -1.0 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(9)

0.743 1.6 -0.2 0.7 0.5 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.734 -0.5 0.8 0.8 -0.4 0.2

Other personal services(1)(9)

1.615 2.8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Personal care services(1)

0.611 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.611 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services

1.003 2.6 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.4

Legal services(1)(6)

0.239 2.0 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.145 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.267 3.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.027 1.7 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Financial services(1)(6)

0.228 2.3 1.3 0.6 0.3 1.3

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

1.3 0.9 0.1 0.6 0.9

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

2.5 1.0 0.9 0.3 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(9) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, March 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Feb.
2016
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015-
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016
Dec.
2015-
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016-
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016

All items less food

85.969 234.580 235.295 236.602 0.9 0.6 0.0 -0.2 0.1

All items less shelter

66.692 223.014 221.229 222.363 -0.3 0.5 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

All items less food and shelter

52.661 217.015 214.168 215.747 -0.6 0.7 -0.1 -0.5 0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.282 221.558 224.171 224.802 1.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

44.163 226.035 228.968 229.479 1.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0

All items less medical care

91.512 226.093 226.494 227.545 0.6 0.5 0.0 -0.2 0.1

All items less energy

93.621 241.135 245.459 245.913 2.0 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0

Commodities

36.565 182.318 177.049 178.437 -2.1 0.8 -0.4 -0.9 0.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.627 147.574 146.712 147.024 -0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 -0.2

Commodities less food

22.534 153.493 145.378 147.528 -3.9 1.5 -0.6 -1.5 0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

21.569 150.463 142.077 144.277 -4.1 1.5 -0.6 -1.6 0.1

Services

63.435 289.323 296.351 297.024 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.477 313.483 319.366 319.935 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Services less medical care services

56.781 275.388 281.727 282.437 2.6 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durables

9.681 109.587 108.252 108.525 -1.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Nondurables

26.884 218.297 210.749 212.806 -2.5 1.0 -0.7 -1.2 -0.4

Nondurables less food

12.853 194.444 179.008 183.308 -5.7 2.4 -1.2 -2.5 -0.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.888 191.634 175.116 179.677 -6.2 2.6 -1.4 -2.7 -0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.724 235.475 210.056 216.383 -8.1 3.0 -1.7 -4.3 0.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.690 234.672 211.883 217.611 -7.3 2.7 -1.6 -3.9 -0.1

Housing

42.394 236.435 241.015 241.485 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Education and communication(2)

7.120 137.564 139.236 139.279 1.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Education(2)

3.182 237.447 244.864 244.876 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1

Communication(2)

3.938 80.432 80.046 80.088 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Information and information processing(2)

3.797 76.596 76.158 76.199 -0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.6 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.227 8.197 7.898 7.919 -3.4 0.3 -0.2 -0.6 -0.1

Recreation(2)

5.770 115.835 116.631 117.071 1.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2

Video and audio(2)

1.876 100.088 100.504 101.510 1.4 1.0 -0.2 0.5 0.5

Pets, pet products and services(2)

0.966 167.180 168.657 168.942 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2

Photography(2)

0.088 75.166 74.535 74.233 -1.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.3 -0.6

Food and beverages

14.996 245.689 248.459 247.677 0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.898 250.202 250.853 248.842 -0.5 -0.8 -0.2 0.2 -0.5

Other services

11.978 337.185 344.061 345.176 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.458 121.474 118.342 120.371 -0.9 1.7 0.5 1.7 -1.2

Fuels and utilities

4.925 229.829 224.063 223.918 -2.6 -0.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.1

Household energy

3.762 194.967 186.518 186.198 -4.5 -0.2 -0.9 -0.1 0.1

Medical care

8.488 444.020 458.295 458.620 3.3 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1

Transportation

14.889 199.363 187.345 191.257 -4.1 2.1 -0.8 -2.5 0.4

Private transportation

13.750 194.270 181.626 185.706 -4.4 2.2 -1.0 -2.7 0.5

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.652 101.032 100.656 101.180 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 -0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.983 213.584 213.032 213.433 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.162 122.803 122.482 122.389 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.179 412.402 419.627 420.632 2.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Personal care

2.524 219.877 222.707 223.241 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, March 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Mar. 2016 from: Percent change to Feb. 2016 from:
Mar.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

U.S. city average

M

0.9 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.1

Region and area size(2)

Northeast urban

M

0.6 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.2

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

0.6 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.2

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.4 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.1

Midwest urban

M

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

0.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.2 -0.2

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.3 0.8 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.1

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)

M

1.0 1.3 1.2 0.4 0.3 0.1

South urban

M

0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.1

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

1.0 0.6 0.5 1.3 0.2 0.2

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 -0.1 0.0

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)

M

-0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2

West urban

M

1.5 0.3 0.2 2.1 0.6 0.1

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

2.0 0.4 0.3 2.5 0.6 0.1

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.3 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.1

Size classes

A(4)

M

1.1 0.4 0.4 1.4 0.4 0.1

B/C(3)

M

0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1

D

M

0.9 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.1 0.0

Selected local areas(5)

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI

M

0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.7 0.5 -0.2

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA

M

1.7 0.3 0.3 2.4 0.7 0.0

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA

M

0.7 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.2

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT

1

0.6 0.5

Cleveland-Akron, OH

1

-0.2 0.5

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

1

0.6 0.8

Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV(6)

1

1.0 0.6

Atlanta, GA

2

1.6 0.3

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI

2

0.9 0.3

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX

2

2.0 0.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

2

1.6 0.2

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

0.3 0.3

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA

2

3.0 0.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA

2

2.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(5) In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
(6) Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, March 2016 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

2.6 3.4

December 2001

1.3 1.6

December 2002

2.0 2.4

December 2003

1.7 1.9

December 2004

3.2 3.3

December 2005

2.9 3.4

December 2006

2.3 2.5

December 2007

3.7 4.1

December 2008

0.2 0.1

December 2009

2.5 2.7

December 2010

1.3 1.5

December 2011

2.9 3.0

December 2012

1.5 1.7

December 2013

1.3 1.5

January 2014

0.4 0.4 1.4 1.6

February 2014

0.4 0.4 1.0 1.1

March 2014

0.6 0.6 1.4 1.5

April 2014

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.0

May 2014

0.3 0.3 1.9 2.1

June 2014

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.1

July 2014

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.0

August 2014

-0.2 -0.2 1.5 1.7

September 2014

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.7

October 2014

-0.2 -0.3 1.5 1.7

November 2014

-0.6 -0.5 1.1 1.3

December 2014

-0.7 -0.6 0.5 0.8

January 2015

-0.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1

February 2015

0.4 0.4 -0.4 0.0

March 2015

0.7 0.6 -0.3 -0.1

April 2015

0.2 0.2 -0.4 -0.2

May 2015

0.6 0.5 -0.1 0.0

June 2015

0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1

July 2015

0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2

August 2015

-0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

September 2015

-0.3 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

October 2015

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2

November 2015

-0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.5

December 2015

-0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.7

January 2016

(r)0.1 0.2 (r)1.0 1.4

February 2016

(r)0.0 0.1 (r)0.5 1.0

March 2016

(r)0.6 0.4 0.4 0.9

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.
(r) Revised

NOTE: Revised index for C-CPI-U: Jan. 2016=134.845. Revised index for C-CPI-U: Feb. 2016=134.779. Associated calculations, including percent change, may also have changed.
Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2016, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2016
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Feb. 2016-
Mar. 2016
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Feb. 2016-
Mar. 2016(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.1 0.04 L-Nov. 2015 0.1

Food

14.031 -0.2 -0.027 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 -0.2

Food at home

8.233 -0.5 -0.040 0.12 S-Apr. 2009 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

1.101 -0.6 -0.007 0.27 S-Jun. 2000 -0.7

Cereals and cereal products

0.372 -1.1 -0.004 0.44 S-Feb. 2006 -1.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.045 -1.9 -0.001 0.64 S-Mar. 2010 -2.2

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.190 -1.0 -0.002 0.71 S-Jan. 2016 -2.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.137 -0.7 -0.001 0.67 S-Dec. 2015 -0.7

Rice(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.83 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Bakery products(4)

0.729 -0.4 -0.003 0.31 S-Dec. 2015 -0.4

Bread(4)(5)

0.217 -0.6 -0.001 0.57 S-Oct. 2014 -0.8

White bread(4)(6)

-0.6 0.81 S-Aug. 2015 -1.5

Bread other than white(4)(6)

-0.7 0.88 S-Dec. 2015 -1.1

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.107 0.2 0.000 0.69 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.176 0.2 0.000 0.64 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Cookies(6)

-0.3 0.97 - -

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

0.6 0.86 L-Jan. 2016 0.7

Other bakery products

0.228 -0.7 -0.002 0.66 S-Aug. 2015 -0.8

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

-0.7 0.84 S-Dec. 2015 -3.0

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

-0.6 1.25 L-Dec. 2015 0.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

-0.5 0.88 S-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.842 -0.3 -0.006 0.22 S-Jan. 2016 -1.3

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.704 0.1 0.001 0.24 L-Jun. 2015 0.2

Meats

1.091 0.2 0.003 0.27 L-Jun. 2015 0.2

Beef and veal

0.491 0.7 0.004 0.40 L-Jun. 2015 0.7

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.202 0.0 0.000 0.55 L-Jun. 2015 0.2

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.067 2.2 0.001 0.87 S-Jan. 2016 -1.2

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.174 1.6 0.003 0.70 L-Dec. 2014 1.6

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.049 -0.4 0.000 0.81 S-Jan. 2016 -0.8

Pork

0.333 -0.1 -0.001 0.47 L-Oct. 2015 0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.139 0.2 0.000 0.76 L-Nov. 2015 1.1

Bacon and related products(6)

1.2 0.95 L-Nov. 2015 1.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

-0.7 0.94 L-Jan. 2016 1.6

Ham

0.060 -1.3 -0.001 0.91 S-Nov. 2015 -1.6

Ham, excluding canned(6)

-0.9 1.16 L-Jan. 2016 -0.6

Pork chops(4)

0.055 0.6 0.000 1.17 L-Dec. 2015 0.8

Other pork including roasts and picnics(5)

0.079 -1.3 -0.001 1.01 S-Dec. 2015 -1.8

Other meats

0.266 -0.2 -0.001 0.48 S-Jan. 2016 -0.8

Frankfurters(6)

0.9 1.56 S-Jan. 2016 -2.9

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

0.3 0.62 L-Nov. 2015 0.7

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

-0.8 1.72 S-Dec. 2015 -1.4

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

-1.2 2.54 S-Dec. 2015 -3.8

Poultry

0.352 -0.8 -0.003 0.63 S-Jan. 2016 -0.8

Chicken(4)(5)

0.284 -0.5 -0.001 0.76 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

-0.9 1.42 S-Dec. 2015 -1.6

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

0.3 0.72 L-Oct. 2015 0.6

Other poultry including turkey(5)

0.067 -0.7 0.000 0.78 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Fish and seafood

0.262 0.6 0.002 0.54 L-Aug. 2015 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.141 1.0 0.001 0.87 L-Aug. 2015 2.0

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.122 0.0 0.000 0.53 S-Jan. 2016 -0.6

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

-1.3 0.88 S-Aug. 2014 -1.3

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

0.0 0.75 S-Jan. 2016 -0.2

Eggs

0.138 -5.2 -0.007 0.62 S-Jan. 2016 -8.4

Dairy and related products

0.840 -0.5 -0.004 0.26 S-Nov. 2015 -0.5

Milk(4)(5)

0.237 -1.3 -0.003 0.33 S-Jan. 2016 -1.4

Fresh whole milk(6)

-0.8 0.53 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

-1.3 0.45 S-Jan. 2016 -1.5

Cheese and related products

0.272 -0.4 -0.001 0.46 S-Dec. 2015 -0.6

Ice cream and related products

0.120 1.1 0.001 0.83 L-Dec. 2014 2.0

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.210 -0.3 -0.001 0.57 L-Jan. 2016 0.6

Fruits and vegetables

1.432 -1.9 -0.027 0.37 S-Jan. 2005 -3.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.128 -2.4 -0.027 0.46 S-Nov. 2006 -2.7

Fresh fruits

0.597 -1.7 -0.010 0.64 S-Mar. 2015 -1.8

Apples

0.090 1.6 0.001 1.11 - -

Bananas(4)

0.089 0.8 0.001 0.62 L-Aug. 2015 1.2

Citrus fruits(5)

0.141 1.6 0.002 1.44 L-Oct. 2014 1.7

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

0.3 1.41 S-Jan. 2016 -1.5

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.278 -6.0 -0.016 1.08 S-Apr. 2010 -6.9

Fresh vegetables

0.531 -3.2 -0.017 0.59 S-Jun. 2010 -3.2

Potatoes

0.080 0.3 0.000 1.14 S-Nov. 2015 -1.4

Lettuce

0.071 -2.6 -0.002 1.44 - -

Tomatoes(4)

0.097 -7.2 -0.007 1.42 S-Feb. 2015 -8.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.283 -2.9 -0.008 0.74 S-Feb. 2012 -3.1

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.304 -0.1 0.000 0.49 L-Jan. 2016 0.4

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.159 -0.5 -0.001 0.76 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Canned fruits(5)(6)

-0.7 0.86 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

-0.3 1.02 S-Oct. 2015 -2.6

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.087 1.0 0.001 0.86 L-May 2015 1.4

Frozen vegetables(6)

0.4 1.07 L-Aug. 2015 0.9

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.057 -1.2 -0.001 0.73 S-Apr. 2014 -1.9

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

-0.4 0.79 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.985 -0.3 -0.003 0.34 S-Nov. 2015 -0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.693 -0.3 -0.002 0.43 S-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Carbonated drinks

0.277 0.1 0.000 0.68 S-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.011 -0.1 0.000 0.64 S-Jan. 2016 -1.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.404 -0.3 -0.001 0.61 S-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.292 -0.7 -0.002 0.44 S-Nov. 2013 -0.9

Coffee

0.183 -1.2 -0.002 0.59 S-Aug. 2013 -2.0

Roasted coffee(6)

-1.7 0.64 S-Aug. 2013 -2.2

Instant and freeze dried coffee(4)(6)

0.4 1.03 S-Jan. 2016 -0.9

Other beverage materials including tea(5)

0.109 -1.2 -0.001 0.62 S-Nov. 2013 -1.7

Other food at home

2.033 0.4 0.008 0.23 L-Sep. 2015 0.6

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.296 0.0 0.000 0.58 - -

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.052 -1.6 -0.001 0.62 S-Oct. 2014 -1.8

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.188 0.9 0.002 0.89 L-May 2015 1.6

Other sweets(5)

0.057 -0.1 0.000 0.63 L-Dec. 2015 0.5

Fats and oils

0.241 -0.3 -0.001 0.42 S-Jan. 2016 -0.6

Butter and margarine(5)

0.070 -0.3 0.000 0.65 S-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Butter(6)

2.0 0.92 L-Oct. 2015 3.9

Margarine(6)

-3.4 1.02 S-Dec. 2002 -5.5

Salad dressing(5)

0.059 -0.3 0.000 0.82 S-Jan. 2016 -1.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.113 -0.4 0.000 0.62 S-Oct. 2015 -0.6

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

-0.6 1.00 S-Nov. 2015 -2.8

Other foods

1.496 0.5 0.008 0.28 L-Sep. 2015 0.7

Soups

0.092 1.4 0.001 1.02 L-May 2014 1.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.268 -0.7 -0.002 0.63 S-Jan. 2016 -1.4

Snacks(4)

0.338 1.0 0.003 0.66 L-Feb. 2015 2.7

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.292 0.6 0.002 0.59 L-Sep. 2015 0.9

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

0.2 0.93 S-Dec. 2015 -1.4

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

-0.8 1.56 S-Dec. 2015 -1.1

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

1.5 0.87 L-Sep. 2015 2.3

Other condiments(6)

-0.3 0.97 L-Jan. 2016 0.1

Baby food(4)(5)

0.056 -0.6 0.000 0.38 S-Oct. 2015 -0.6

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.450 0.2 0.001 0.51 L-Dec. 2015 0.3

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

1.0 0.55 L-Sep. 2015 2.1

Food away from home(4)

5.798 0.2 0.013 0.06 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.807 0.2 0.005 0.07 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.462 0.3 0.007 0.10 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.198 0.3 0.001 0.16 L-Jan. 2016 0.4

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

0.0 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.2 0.000 0.34 - -

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.249 0.0 0.000 0.11 - -

Energy

6.379 0.9 0.062 0.15 L-May 2015 2.5

Energy commodities

2.789 1.9 0.056 0.12 L-May 2015 5.7

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.171 -2.0 -0.003 0.53 L-Nov. 2015 -0.2

Fuel oil(4)

0.084 1.7 0.001 0.37 L-Mar. 2015 5.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.087 -1.8 -0.002 0.78 S-Jan. 2015 -4.0

Motor fuel

2.618 2.2 0.060 0.12 L-May 2015 6.0

Gasoline (all types)

2.577 2.2 0.059 0.12 L-May 2015 6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

2.5 0.38 L-May 2015 6.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

3.3 0.36 L-May 2015 5.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

-0.3 0.31 L-Nov. 2015 1.1

Other motor fuels(5)

0.041 -0.2 0.000 0.12 L-May 2015 0.5

Energy services(11)

3.591 0.2 0.006 0.28 L-Aug. 2015 0.3

Electricity(11)

2.837 0.4 0.011 0.35 L-Feb. 2015 0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(11)

0.754 -0.7 -0.005 0.28 S-Dec. 2015 -1.9

All items less food and energy

79.589 0.1 0.055 0.04 S-Aug. 2015 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.746 -0.2 -0.043 0.09 S-Dec. 2014 -0.2

Household furnishings and supplies(12)

3.311 -0.2 -0.007 0.16 - -

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.271 -1.7 -0.005 0.56 S-Dec. 2014 -2.5

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.059 1.0 0.001 0.41 L-Jun. 2011 1.0

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.054 0.3 0.000 0.50 L-Jan. 2016 2.9

Other linens(4)(5)

0.158 -3.5 -0.005 0.83 S-Jun. 1998 -4.2

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.786 0.3 0.002 0.31 L-Sep. 2015 0.5

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.274 1.2 0.003 0.47 L-Apr. 2015 1.7

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.373 -0.2 -0.001 0.50 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

Other furniture(5)

0.134 -1.8 -0.002 0.61 L-Dec. 2015 0.3

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

Appliances(5)

0.192 -0.8 -0.002 0.46 S-Nov. 2015 -0.8

Major appliances(5)

0.059 0.6 0.000 0.67 L-Sep. 2015 0.7

Laundry equipment(6)

0.3 0.95 L-Sep. 2015 0.5

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.130 -1.7 -0.002 0.66 S-Dec. 2014 -2.1

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.485 -0.2 -0.001 0.51 - -

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.252 -0.5 -0.001 0.88 S-Nov. 2015 -3.2

Indoor plants and flowers(13)

0.107 -1.2 -0.001 0.50 S-Jul. 2015 -1.2

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.054 -0.4 0.000 1.23 L-Jan. 2016 3.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.072 0.5 0.000 0.42 L-Jan. 2016 1.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.693 0.3 0.002 0.25 L-Oct. 2015 0.4

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.183 0.4 0.001 0.39 L-Dec. 2014 0.4

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.346 0.0 0.000 0.32 L-Oct. 2015 0.5

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.884 0.1 0.001 0.26 S-Jan. 2016 -0.2

Household cleaning products(5)

0.349 0.3 0.001 0.45 L-Dec. 2015 0.3

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.239 0.2 0.000 0.43 L-Nov. 2015 0.5

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.296 -0.1 0.000 0.41 S-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Apparel

3.163 -1.1 -0.036 0.41 S-Sep. 1998 -1.5

Men's and boys' apparel

0.798 -2.2 -0.018 0.74 S-EVER -

Men's apparel

0.642 -2.5 -0.016 0.80 S-EVER -

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.098 -3.0 -0.003 2.00 S-Nov. 2015 -3.1

Men's furnishings

0.206 0.6 0.001 0.89 S-Jan. 2016 -3.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.176 -1.1 -0.002 1.56 S-Jan. 2016 -2.9

Men's pants and shorts

0.155 -7.9 -0.012 1.57 S-EVER -

Boys' apparel

0.156 -1.5 -0.002 1.48 L-Jan. 2016 1.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 0.0 -0.001 0.73 S-Dec. 2015 -0.3

Women's apparel

1.058 0.0 0.000 0.78 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Women's outerwear

0.072 -0.8 -0.001 2.43 S-Dec. 2015 -2.0

Women's dresses

0.148 -1.2 -0.002 2.38 S-Dec. 2015 -2.1

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.479 1.0 0.005 0.97 S-Jan. 2016 -1.2

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.348 -0.8 -0.003 0.92 S-Jan. 2016 -1.6

Girls' apparel

0.213 0.0 0.000 1.83 S-Dec. 2015 -0.3

Footwear

0.706 -0.7 -0.005 0.73 S-Sep. 2015 -1.0

Men's footwear(4)

0.222 -0.1 0.000 1.07 S-Dec. 2015 -2.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.172 -0.9 -0.002 1.10 S-Dec. 2015 -0.9

Women's footwear

0.311 -1.6 -0.005 1.17 S-May 2015 -2.2

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.158 -2.2 -0.004 0.98 S-Dec. 2015 -4.0

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.231 -3.7 -0.009 0.78 S-Dec. 1991 -4.0

Watches(4)(9)

0.086 -4.4 -0.004 0.87 S-Aug. 2013 -5.8

Jewelry(9)

0.145 -3.1 -0.004 0.96 S-Feb. 2002 -3.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(12)

6.381 -0.1 -0.004 0.09 S-Oct. 2015 -0.2

New vehicles

3.770 0.0 -0.001 0.14 S-Dec. 2015 0.0

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

0.0 0.12 S-Dec. 2015 0.0

New cars(6)

-0.2 0.14 S-Nov. 2015 -0.2

New trucks(14)(6)

0.1 0.13 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.118 -0.1 -0.002 0.01 S-Oct. 2015 -0.1

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.396 -0.3 -0.001 0.21 S-Oct. 2015 -0.9

Tires(4)

0.239 -0.4 -0.001 0.29 S-Oct. 2015 -0.7

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.158 -0.1 0.000 0.27 - -

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

-0.2 0.24 S-Oct. 2015 -1.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

-0.2 0.52 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Medical care commodities

1.834 0.3 0.005 0.21 S-Dec. 2015 0.1

Medicinal drugs(4)(12)

1.773 0.3 0.005 0.22 S-Dec. 2015 -0.4

Prescription drugs

1.408 0.5 0.007 0.24 S-Jan. 2016 0.5

Nonprescription drugs(4)(12)

0.365 -0.2 -0.001 0.47 - -

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(12)

0.061 -1.0 -0.001 0.39 S-Jan. 2015 -1.5

Recreation commodities(12)

1.885 -0.3 -0.007 0.17 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Video and audio products(12)

0.251 -0.8 -0.002 0.35 - -

Televisions

0.129 -2.4 -0.003 0.60 S-Dec. 2015 -3.0

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 2.0 0.001 0.78 L-Apr. 2014 2.3

Audio equipment

0.064 0.5 0.000 0.55 L-Feb. 2014 0.7

Audio discs, tapes and other media(4)(5)

0.024 0.9 0.000 0.62 L-Jan. 2016 1.2

Pets and pet products(4)

0.596 0.1 0.000 0.30 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

-0.1 0.33 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

0.3 0.43 S-Dec. 2015 0.2

Sporting goods(4)

0.443 -0.1 0.000 0.31 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.230 -0.3 -0.001 0.43 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Sports equipment

0.204 0.4 0.001 0.44 L-Dec. 2015 0.5

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.038 -1.0 0.000 0.96 L-Jan. 2016 -0.1

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.64 L-Nov. 2015 0.0

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

-0.9 1.06 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.154 -1.6 -0.002 0.48 S-EVER -

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.087 1.0 0.001 0.68 L-Jul. 2015 1.2

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.067 -4.9 -0.003 0.59 S-EVER -

Other recreational goods(5)

0.403 -0.5 -0.002 0.48 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Toys

0.329 -0.7 -0.002 0.59 L-Jan. 2016 -0.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

-0.9 0.68 L-Jan. 2016 -0.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.025 1.2 0.000 1.32 L-Oct. 2015 2.3

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.034 -0.2 0.000 0.42 S-Dec. 2015 -1.0

Education and communication commodities(12)

0.641 -0.5 -0.003 0.30 L-Dec. 2015 -0.4

Educational books and supplies

0.159 -0.1 0.000 0.45 S-Jan. 2016 -0.4

College textbooks(4)(15)(6)

-0.3 0.41 L-Jan. 2016 0.1

Information technology commodities(12)

0.482 -0.6 -0.003 0.40 L-Oct. 2015 -0.2

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.291 -0.1 0.000 0.49 L-Sep. 2015 0.3

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.095 -2.0 -0.002 0.82 S-Aug. 2012 -2.3

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.096 -0.7 -0.001 0.84 S-Jan. 2016 -0.8

Alcoholic beverages

0.965 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-Dec. 2015 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.598 -0.2 -0.001 0.23 S-Dec. 2015 -0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.271 0.3 0.001 0.28 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Distilled spirits at home

0.075 0.1 0.000 0.39 S-Jan. 2016 -0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

0.4 0.40 S-Jan. 2016 0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(6)

0.0 0.55 S-Jan. 2016 -0.1

Wine at home

0.252 -0.8 -0.002 0.44 S-Oct. 2013 -1.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.367 0.1 0.000 0.18 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

-0.2 0.15 S-Jun. 2015 -0.4

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

0.3 0.24 - -

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

0.5 0.20 L-Sep. 2015 0.5

Other goods(12)

1.564 0.2 0.004 0.18 S-Jan. 2016 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.655 0.5 0.003 0.16 L-Nov. 2015 0.5

Cigarettes(5)

0.592 0.5 0.003 0.17 L-Nov. 2015 0.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.045 0.5 0.000 0.53 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Personal care products(4)

0.718 -0.1 -0.001 0.31 S-Dec. 2015 -0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.383 -0.3 -0.001 0.46 S-Aug. 2015 -0.7

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.328 0.2 0.000 0.40 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.192 0.5 0.001 0.44 L-Oct. 2013 0.7

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

0.0 0.54 S-Dec. 2015 -0.2

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

-2.8 0.51 S-Jun. 2015 -2.8

Services less energy services

59.844 0.2 0.106 0.04 S-Dec. 2015 0.2

Shelter

33.308 0.2 0.056 0.06 S-Dec. 2015 0.2

Rent of shelter(16)

32.957 0.2 0.056 0.06 S-Nov. 2015 0.2

Rent of primary residence(11)

7.755 0.3 0.022 0.04 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

0.921 -1.8 -0.017 1.89 S-Jun. 2015 -2.0

Housing at school, excluding board(11)(16)

0.120 0.1 0.000 0.04 S-Aug. 2015 -0.4

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.801 -2.1 -0.017 2.30 S-Jun. 2015 -2.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(11)(16)

24.281 0.2 0.051 0.03 S-Jan. 2016 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(11)(16)

23.168 0.2 0.048 0.03 S-Jan. 2016 0.2

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.350 -0.2 -0.001 0.31 S-Jun. 2015 -0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.163 0.4 0.004 0.13 L-Sep. 2015 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance(11)

0.875 0.5 0.005 0.16 L-Sep. 2015 0.5

Garbage and trash collection(4)(14)

0.287 -0.1 0.000 0.17 S-Jun. 2015 -0.1

Household operations(4)(5)

0.851 0.2 0.001 0.14 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.284 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Jul. 2015 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.279 0.001 0.09 - -

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.116 0.3 0.000 0.59 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.088 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Jan. 2016 -0.1

Medical care services

6.654 0.1 0.004 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 0.1

Professional services

3.149 0.0 0.001 0.10 S-Dec. 2015 0.0

Physicians' services(11)

1.685 0.2 0.004 0.13 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Dental services(11)

0.824 -0.3 -0.002 0.11 S-EVER -

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.326 0.4 0.001 0.38 L-Jan. 2016 1.0

Services by other medical professionals(11)(9)

0.314 -0.1 0.000 0.14 - -

Hospital and related services

2.505 -0.1 -0.003 0.11 S-Nov. 2015 -0.2

Hospital services(11)(17)

2.234 -0.2 -0.003 0.12 S-Nov. 2015 -0.2

Inpatient hospital services(11)(17)(6)

-0.2 0.21 S-Jun. 2015 -1.1

Outpatient hospital services(11)(9)(6)

-0.2 0.20 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(11)(17)

0.193 0.4 0.001 0.10 L-Aug. 2015 0.4

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.078 -0.3 0.000 0.10 S-Feb. 2015 -0.7

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.000 0.4 0.004 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 0.3

Transportation services

5.891 0.2 0.012 0.14 - -

Leased cars and trucks(15)

0.566 -0.9 -0.005 0.31 S-May 2015 -1.2

Car and truck rental(5)

0.101 2.2 0.002 1.50 S-Dec. 2015 -4.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.165 0.3 0.004 0.17 L-Dec. 2015 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.4 0.000 0.14 - -

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.676 0.2 0.001 0.20 L-Dec. 2015 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.390 0.6 0.002 0.27 L-Sep. 2014 0.8

Motor vehicle insurance

2.388 0.6 0.013 0.23 L-Nov. 2015 1.0

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.531 0.1 0.000 0.11 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(11)(5)

0.285 0.0 0.000 0.08 - -

Parking and other fees(5)

0.235 0.2 0.000 0.18 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)(6)

0.2 0.24 L-Jan. 2016 1.0

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.17 - -

Public transportation

1.140 -0.3 -0.003 0.36 S-Sep. 2015 -0.3

Airline fare

0.679 -0.9 -0.006 0.51 S-Aug. 2015 -1.3

Other intercity transportation

0.175 -0.2 0.000 0.67 S-Nov. 2015 -1.1

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

1.0 1.12 L-Dec. 2015 3.8

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

1.6 0.79 L-Oct. 2015 1.7

Intracity transportation(4)

0.283 0.0 0.000 0.06 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Intracity mass transit(4)(12)(6)

0.0 0.08 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Recreation services(12)

3.885 0.5 0.020 0.16 - -

Video and audio services(12)

1.625 0.7 0.012 0.13 - -

Cable and satellite television and radio service(14)

1.520 0.8 0.012 0.13 - -

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(4)(5)

0.106 -0.3 0.000 0.90 L-Jan. 2016 -0.1

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

-1.1 1.27 S-Jan. 2016 -1.8

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.29 - -

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.370 0.3 0.001 0.11 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

0.3 0.12 - -

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

0.2 0.12 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Photographers and film processing(4)(5)

0.050 -0.3 0.000 0.39 S-Nov. 2015 -0.8

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

0.0 0.14 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Film processing(4)(5)(6)

-0.2 0.57 S-Nov. 2015 -1.7

Other recreation services(5)

1.839 0.4 0.007 0.33 - -

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(4)(5)

0.644 0.9 0.006 0.45 - -

Admissions(4)

0.644 0.0 0.000 0.55 - -

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

2.3 0.52 L-Jun. 2012 2.4

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

-4.6 0.66 S-EVER -

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.224 -0.2 0.000 0.18 S-Apr. 2015 -0.4

Education and communication services(12)

6.479 0.1 0.004 0.07 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.023 0.1 0.004 0.08 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

College tuition and fees

1.796 0.2 0.004 0.12 S-Jan. 2016 -0.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.311 0.3 0.001 0.07 - -

Child care and nursery school(13)

0.743 0.0 0.000 0.11 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.042 0.1 0.000 0.10 - -

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.141 0.0 0.000 0.02 S-Oct. 2015 -0.2

Postage(4)

0.134 0.0 0.000 0.00 S-Dec. 2015 0.0

Delivery services(5)

0.007 0.5 0.000 0.18 L-Dec. 2015 0.6

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.570 0.0 -0.001 0.10 L-Jan. 2016 0.1

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.827 0.0 0.000 0.12 L-Dec. 2015 0.0

Land-line telephone services(4)(12)

0.743 -0.2 -0.002 0.13 S-Feb. 2014 -0.3

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.734 0.2 0.002 0.26 L-Jan. 2016 0.8

Other personal services(4)(12)

1.615 0.3 0.005 0.08 L-Oct. 2015 0.3

Personal care services(4)

0.611 0.2 0.001 0.11 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.611 0.2 0.001 0.11 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services

1.003 0.4 0.004 0.10 L-Sep. 2015 0.4

Legal services(4)(9)

0.239 0.0 0.000 0.15 - -

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.145 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.267 0.2 0.000 0.11 - -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.027 0.2 0.000 0.17 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Financial services(4)(9)

0.228 1.3 0.003 0.28 L-Jan. 2015 2.2

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

0.9 0.02 L-Apr. 2015 1.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

1.0 0.39 L-Jan. 2015 3.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.969 0.1 0.117 0.04 L-Nov. 2015 0.2

All items less shelter

66.692 0.1 0.034 0.04 L-Nov. 2015 0.1

All items less food and shelter

52.661 0.1 0.061 0.05 L-Nov. 2015 0.1

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.282 0.0 -0.001 0.05 S-Aug. 2015 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

44.163 0.0 0.001 0.05 S-Aug. 2015 0.0

All items less medical care

91.512 0.1 0.081 0.04 L-Nov. 2015 0.1

All items less energy

93.621 0.0 0.027 0.03 S-Apr. 2010 0.0

Commodities

36.565 0.0 -0.014 0.06 L-Nov. 2015 0.0

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.627 -0.2 -0.041 0.10 S-Dec. 2014 -0.2

Commodities less food

22.534 0.1 0.013 0.07 L-Oct. 2015 0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

21.569 0.1 0.014 0.08 L-Oct. 2015 0.1

Services

63.435 0.2 0.112 0.05 S-Dec. 2015 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(16)

30.477 0.2 0.066 0.07 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Services less medical care services

56.781 0.2 0.120 0.05 - -

Durables

9.681 -0.1 -0.011 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 -0.1

Nondurables

26.884 -0.4 -0.103 0.07 L-Dec. 2015 -0.4

Nondurables less food

12.853 -0.3 -0.042 0.11 L-Nov. 2015 -0.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.888 -0.3 -0.038 0.11 L-Nov. 2015 -0.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.724 0.0 -0.001 0.08 L-Oct. 2015 0.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.690 -0.1 -0.008 0.07 L-Nov. 2015 0.1

Housing

42.394 0.1 0.057 0.06 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Education and communication(5)

7.120 0.0 0.001 0.07 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Education(5)

3.182 0.1 0.004 0.08 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Communication(5)

3.938 -0.1 -0.002 0.10 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Information and information processing(5)

3.797 -0.1 -0.002 0.10 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.227 -0.1 -0.001 0.23 L-Oct. 2015 0.3

Recreation(5)

5.770 0.2 0.014 0.12 - -

Video and audio(5)

1.876 0.5 0.010 0.14 - -

Pets, pet products and services(5)

0.966 0.2 0.002 0.20 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Photography(5)

0.088 -0.6 -0.001 0.54 S-Nov. 2015 -0.6

Food and beverages

14.996 -0.2 -0.028 0.07 S-Dec. 2015 -0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.898 -0.5 -0.037 0.13 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

Other services

11.978 0.2 0.029 0.07 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.458 -1.2 -0.031 0.48 S-Dec. 2014 -1.2

Fuels and utilities

4.925 0.1 0.007 0.21 L-Aug. 2015 0.2

Household energy

3.762 0.1 0.003 0.27 L-Dec. 2014 0.5

Medical care

8.488 0.1 0.009 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 0.1

Transportation

14.889 0.4 0.067 0.06 L-Nov. 2015 0.4

Private transportation

13.750 0.5 0.070 0.07 L-May 2015 1.6

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.652 -0.1 -0.006 0.10 S-Oct. 2015 -0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.983 0.2 0.022 0.13 L-Nov. 2015 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.162 -0.1 -0.006 0.13 S-Jan. 2016 -0.1

Other goods and services

3.179 0.2 0.006 0.09 L-Oct. 2015 0.4

Personal care

2.524 0.1 0.002 0.11 - -

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(12) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, March 2016, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Feb.
2016
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Mar. 2015-
Mar. 2016
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2015-
Mar. 2016(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.9 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 0.7

Food

14.031 0.8 0.111 0.13 S-Jan. 2016 0.8

Food at home

8.233 -0.5 -0.043 0.18 S-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

1.101 -0.2 -0.003 0.40 S-Jun. 2014 -0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.372 -1.2 -0.005 0.67 S-Jan. 2013 -1.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.045 -4.1 -0.002 0.84 S-Jul. 2010 -5.4

Breakfast cereal

0.190 -0.8 -0.001 1.05 S-Jan. 2016 -1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.137 -0.9 -0.001 1.01 S-Dec. 2014 -2.1

Rice(4)(5)

-2.0 1.28 L-Jan. 2016 -1.9

Bakery products

0.729 0.3 0.002 0.49 S-Sep. 2014 -0.1

Bread(4)

0.217 0.1 0.000 0.84 S-Nov. 2014 -0.4

White bread(5)

0.3 1.17 S-Apr. 2015 0.0

Bread other than white(5)

0.2 1.26 S-Dec. 2015 0.2

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.107 0.1 0.000 1.13 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.176 1.5 0.003 1.20 L-Jan. 2016 2.3

Cookies(5)

-0.6 1.51 S-Sep. 2014 -0.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

3.9 1.71 L-Jan. 2016 4.7

Other bakery products

0.228 -0.5 -0.001 1.03 S-Apr. 2014 -0.7

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

0.0 1.50 S-Jan. 2016 -0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

-1.8 1.50 S-Jul. 2013 -3.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

0.2 1.38 L-Dec. 2015 0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.842 -3.6 -0.070 0.38 L-Jan. 2016 -3.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.704 -3.8 -0.070 0.40 L-Dec. 2015 -3.4

Meats

1.091 -4.0 -0.048 0.51 L-Dec. 2015 -3.8

Beef and veal

0.491 -5.1 -0.030 0.70 L-Dec. 2015 -4.3

Uncooked ground beef

0.202 -8.8 -0.021 0.99 L-Jan. 2016 -8.4

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.067 -3.3 -0.003 1.52 L-Nov. 2015 -2.3

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.174 -2.0 -0.005 1.31 L-Nov. 2015 1.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.049 -2.4 -0.001 1.35 L-Nov. 2015 -2.0

Pork

0.333 -5.6 -0.020 0.81 L-Apr. 2015 -3.7

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.139 -2.0 -0.003 1.18 L-Mar. 2015 -1.4

Bacon and related products(5)

1.4 1.27 L-Sep. 2014 3.8

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

-6.1 1.72 - -

Ham

0.060 -9.6 -0.007 1.93 L-Oct. 2015 -8.7

Ham, excluding canned(5)

-10.4 1.91 L-Oct. 2015 -10.4

Pork chops

0.055 -4.0 -0.002 1.66 L-Jul. 2015 -2.7

Other pork including roasts and picnics(4)

0.079 -8.9 -0.008 1.74 S-Jan. 2016 -10.4

Other meats

0.266 0.7 0.002 0.88 S-Jan. 2016 0.5

Frankfurters(5)

5.8 2.45 L-Nov. 2015 6.8

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

1.3 1.08 L-Dec. 2015 2.4

Lamb and organ meats(5)

-4.1 2.53 S-Mar. 2013 -8.3

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

-5.7 4.22 S-Jul. 2014 -6.9

Poultry

0.352 -4.0 -0.015 0.83 S-Jun. 1990 -4.4

Chicken(4)

0.284 -4.7 -0.014 0.94 S-EVER -

Fresh whole chicken(5)

-3.1 1.98 S-Jan. 2016 -5.7

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

-5.0 1.18 S-Nov. 2006 -6.4

Other poultry including turkey(4)

0.067 -0.9 -0.001 1.61 S-Jan. 2015 -1.7

Fish and seafood

0.262 -2.7 -0.008 0.84 L-Jan. 2016 -2.7

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.141 -2.6 -0.004 1.49 L-Jan. 2016 -2.3

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.122 -3.1 -0.004 0.95 L-Nov. 2015 -3.1

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

-0.3 1.25 S-Jun. 2015 -0.3

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

-5.0 1.70 L-Sep. 2015 -4.8

Eggs

0.138 0.7 0.001 1.09 S-Aug. 2013 -1.0

Dairy and related products

0.840 -2.8 -0.024 0.42 S-Jan. 2016 -3.0

Milk(4)

0.237 -6.0 -0.015 0.64 S-Jan. 2016 -7.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

-6.9 1.04 S-Jan. 2016 -7.7

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

-5.5 0.89 S-Jan. 2016 -6.6

Cheese and related products

0.272 -2.6 -0.007 0.81 S-Jan. 2016 -2.7

Ice cream and related products

0.120 -0.4 0.000 1.18 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.210 -0.7 -0.001 0.81 S-Apr. 2014 -1.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.432 2.9 0.038 0.60 S-Jan. 2016 2.7

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.128 3.8 0.038 0.73 S-Jan. 2016 3.3

Fresh fruits

0.597 4.8 0.026 1.01 L-Oct. 2014 6.6

Apples

0.090 11.0 0.009 2.01 L-May 2013 12.4

Bananas

0.089 -0.6 -0.001 0.98 L-Jan. 2016 0.4

Citrus fruits(4)

0.141 3.6 0.005 2.67 L-Dec. 2014 5.4

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

2.6 2.41 L-Aug. 2015 3.5

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.278 5.5 0.013 1.57 S-Jan. 2016 3.5

Fresh vegetables

0.531 2.6 0.012 0.92 S-Dec. 2015 0.4

Potatoes

0.080 2.0 0.002 1.93 L-Jun. 2014 6.6

Lettuce

0.071 -3.9 -0.003 2.31 L-Jan. 2016 -0.9

Tomatoes

0.097 4.5 0.004 1.99 S-Dec. 2015 -10.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.283 3.8 0.009 1.33 S-Dec. 2015 2.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.304 -0.1 0.000 0.64 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.159 -0.5 -0.001 1.05 L-Jan. 2016 0.7

Canned fruits(4)(5)

0.4 1.33 S-Nov. 2014 -0.7

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

-0.8 1.44 L-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.087 0.5 0.000 1.18 L-Nov. 2015 1.3

Frozen vegetables(5)

-0.5 1.47 L-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.057 0.1 0.000 1.17 S-Mar. 2015 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

1.0 2.10 L-Nov. 2015 1.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.985 0.3 0.003 0.45 L-Dec. 2015 0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.693 1.2 0.008 0.53 L-Oct. 2015 1.6

Carbonated drinks

0.277 1.8 0.005 0.84 L-Apr. 2012 2.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.011 1.8 0.000 1.20 L-Sep. 2015 3.7

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.404 0.7 0.003 0.83 S-Jan. 2016 0.6

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.292 -2.0 -0.005 0.78 S-Apr. 2014 -2.4

Coffee

0.183 -3.3 -0.005 1.06 S-May 2014 -4.0

Roasted coffee(5)

-3.0 1.22 S-Jun. 2014 -3.4

Instant and freeze dried coffee(5)

-4.3 1.65 L-Nov. 2015 -3.7

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.109 0.1 0.000 0.88 S-Nov. 2015 -0.7

Other food at home

2.033 0.6 0.013 0.34 L-Jan. 2016 0.8

Sugar and sweets

0.296 -0.4 -0.001 0.76 L-Jan. 2016 0.6

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.052 -1.1 -0.001 1.02 S-Nov. 2014 -2.2

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.188 -0.1 0.000 1.19 L-Jan. 2016 0.8

Other sweets(4)

0.057 -0.7 0.000 0.96 L-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Fats and oils

0.241 0.2 0.001 0.66 L-Feb. 2015 0.4

Butter and margarine(4)

0.070 3.3 0.002 1.16 L-Feb. 2015 6.4

Butter(5)

6.7 1.61 L-Feb. 2015 13.6

Margarine(5)

1.4 1.36 S-Nov. 2015 0.2

Salad dressing(4)

0.059 -0.3 0.000 1.06 L-Jan. 2016 -0.2

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.113 -1.7 -0.002 1.06 L-Sep. 2014 -1.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)

-3.4 1.50 S-Dec. 2015 -3.7

Other foods

1.496 0.9 0.013 0.40 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Soups

0.092 2.9 0.003 1.38 L-Oct. 2015 3.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.268 0.1 0.001 0.91 S-Jan. 2016 -0.3

Snacks

0.338 1.3 0.004 1.07 L-Jan. 2016 2.8

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.292 1.9 0.005 0.90 L-Jan. 2016 2.3

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

5.3 1.35 S-Jan. 2016 5.2

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

2.0 2.00 S-Sep. 2015 1.5

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

0.8 1.34 L-Jan. 2016 1.5

Other condiments(5)

0.5 1.74 L-Jan. 2016 3.1

Baby food(4)

0.056 0.7 0.000 0.77 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.450 0.0 0.000 0.70 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Prepared salads(6)(5)

3.9 1.20 L-Nov. 2015 4.8

Food away from home

5.798 2.7 0.154 0.17 L-Jan. 2016 2.7

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.807 2.4 0.067 0.23 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.462 2.8 0.067 0.29 L-Oct. 2015 3.0

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.198 5.1 0.011 0.64 L-Jan. 2016 5.2

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

4.7 0.41 S-Jan. 2016 4.7

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.081 1.9 0.001 1.22 L-Dec. 2015 2.2

Other food away from home(4)

0.249 2.7 0.009 0.44 S-Apr. 2015 2.6

Energy

6.379 -12.6 -0.975 0.17 S-Dec. 2015 -12.6

Energy commodities

2.789 -21.2 -0.851 0.19 S-Nov. 2015 -24.2

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.171 -24.4 -0.055 0.81 S-Oct. 2015 -25.4

Fuel oil

0.084 -34.8 -0.047 0.82 S-Sep. 2015 -34.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.087 -9.1 -0.008 1.48 S-Dec. 2015 -11.6

Motor fuel

2.618 -21.1 -0.796 0.20 S-Nov. 2015 -24.2

Gasoline (all types)

2.577 -20.9 -0.778 0.20 S-Nov. 2015 -24.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

-21.8 0.46 - -

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

-17.6 0.52 L-Jan. 2016 -4.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

-16.7 0.38 S-Nov. 2015 -19.4

Other motor fuels(4)

0.041 -29.2 -0.018 0.26 L-Jan. 2016 -26.3

Energy services(10)

3.591 -3.3 -0.124 0.30 L-Nov. 2015 -2.8

Electricity(10)

2.837 -1.7 -0.049 0.38 L-Dec. 2015 -1.2

Utility (piped) gas service(10)

0.754 -9.2 -0.075 0.49 L-Feb. 2015 -6.5

All items less food and energy

79.589 2.2 1.717 0.10 S-Jan. 2016 2.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.746 -0.4 -0.064 0.24 S-Dec. 2015 -0.4

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.311 -1.3 -0.042 0.30 S-Nov. 2015 -1.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.271 -1.7 -0.005 1.12 S-Nov. 2015 -4.1

Floor coverings(4)

0.059 1.2 0.001 1.00 L-Apr. 2015 1.2

Window coverings(4)

0.054 0.8 0.000 1.32 L-Nov. 2014 1.1

Other linens(4)

0.158 -3.6 -0.006 1.68 S-Oct. 2015 -5.3

Furniture and bedding

0.786 -1.2 -0.009 0.70 S-Feb. 2015 -1.5

Bedroom furniture

0.274 0.6 0.001 1.13 S-Dec. 2015 0.4

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.373 -0.6 -0.002 1.16 - -

Other furniture(4)

0.134 -6.3 -0.009 1.75 S-Feb. 2014 -6.4

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

Appliances(4)

0.192 -3.4 -0.010 0.92 S-Dec. 2015 -3.4

Major appliances(4)

0.059 -4.7 -0.008 1.24 L-Jan. 2016 -4.0

Laundry equipment(5)

-5.5 1.34 L-Jan. 2016 -4.0

Other appliances(4)

0.130 -1.9 -0.002 1.22 S-Dec. 2015 -2.6

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.485 -2.5 -0.012 0.97 S-Dec. 2015 -2.5

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.252 -4.5 -0.011 1.78 - -

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.107 2.3 0.002 1.42 S-Jan. 2016 1.6

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.054 -0.9 0.000 2.60 S-Jul. 2015 -3.4

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.072 -3.2 -0.002 1.20 S-Dec. 2015 -5.0

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.693 -0.7 -0.005 0.69 L-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.183 -1.7 -0.003 1.14 L-Nov. 2015 -1.6

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.346 -0.2 -0.001 0.82 - -

Housekeeping supplies

0.884 -0.2 -0.002 0.45 S-Nov. 2015 -0.2

Household cleaning products(4)

0.349 0.3 0.001 0.73 S-Dec. 2015 0.0

Household paper products(4)

0.239 0.5 0.001 0.95 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.296 -1.5 -0.004 0.87 S-Oct. 2015 -1.6

Apparel

3.163 -0.6 -0.029 1.10 S-Dec. 2015 -0.9

Men's and boys' apparel

0.798 -3.2 -0.028 1.58 S-Jul. 2015 -3.2

Men's apparel

0.642 -3.7 -0.026 1.68 S-Aug. 2003 -4.3

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.098 -7.6 -0.009 4.45 S-Jul. 2009 -9.1

Men's furnishings

0.206 -1.2 -0.002 1.95 S-Nov. 2015 -1.9

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.176 -1.7 -0.004 3.27 L-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.155 -5.9 -0.011 2.93 S-Jan. 2014 -6.6

Boys' apparel

0.156 -1.7 -0.002 3.15 S-Jul. 2015 -3.9

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 -0.1 -0.011 2.28 S-Jan. 2016 -2.1

Women's apparel

1.058 -0.1 -0.010 2.36 S-Jan. 2016 -2.1

Women's outerwear

0.072 5.5 0.005 6.49 L-Jan. 2015 6.2

Women's dresses

0.148 -6.3 -0.010 11.82 S-Jan. 2016 -6.4

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.479 0.2 -0.006 2.53 L-Jun. 2014 1.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.348 0.2 0.000 2.23 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Girls' apparel

0.213 -0.1 -0.001 5.34 L-Aug. 2015 -0.1

Footwear

0.706 0.4 0.003 1.58 S-Jan. 2016 0.3

Men's footwear

0.222 3.4 0.007 2.42 L-Aug. 2013 3.8

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.172 -0.5 -0.001 2.48 S-Dec. 2015 -2.6

Women's footwear

0.311 -1.0 -0.004 2.86 S-May 2015 -1.1

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.158 -0.2 0.000 2.06 S-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.231 3.5 0.008 1.91 S-Jan. 2016 1.8

Watches(8)

0.086 4.5 0.004 2.38 S-Jan. 2016 0.8

Jewelry(8)

0.145 3.2 0.003 2.38 S-Jan. 2016 2.9

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.381 0.2 0.021 0.23 S-Dec. 2015 0.2

New vehicles

3.770 0.4 0.018 0.34 S-Dec. 2015 0.2

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

0.4 0.32 S-Dec. 2015 0.2

New cars(5)

-0.3 0.35 S-Dec. 2015 -0.4

New trucks(13)(5)

1.1 0.35 - -

Used cars and trucks

2.118 -0.6 0.004 0.12 S-Nov. 2015 -0.6

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.396 -0.2 -0.001 0.42 L-Jan. 2016 -0.1

Tires

0.239 -0.4 -0.001 0.58 L-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.158 0.1 0.000 0.51 L-Jan. 2016 0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

0.5 0.66 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

-0.7 0.81 S-Dec. 2015 -0.7

Medical care commodities

1.834 2.4 0.043 0.64 L-Nov. 2015 2.5

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.773 2.5 0.043 0.66 L-Nov. 2015 2.7

Prescription drugs

1.408 3.6 0.049 0.82 L-Oct. 2015 3.7

Nonprescription drugs(11)

0.365 -1.6 -0.006 0.81 L-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(11)

0.061 -0.8 -0.001 1.18 S-Dec. 2015 -1.8

Recreation commodities(11)

1.885 -2.9 -0.057 0.45 S-Dec. 2015 -2.9

Video and audio products(11)

0.251 -8.4 -0.024 0.71 S-Jun. 2015 -8.5

Televisions

0.129 -16.6 -0.023 1.27 S-Jan. 2015 -16.7

Other video equipment(4)

0.026 -2.2 -0.001 2.04 L-Feb. 2015 0.8

Audio equipment

0.064 -2.0 -0.001 1.54 L-Nov. 2015 -1.3

Audio discs, tapes and other media(4)

0.024 2.2 0.001 1.31 L-Oct. 2015 2.3

Pets and pet products

0.596 -0.8 -0.005 0.75 S-Dec. 2015 -1.8

Pet food(4)(5)

-1.1 0.73 S-Dec. 2015 -1.5

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

-0.1 1.57 L-Sep. 2015 1.0

Sporting goods

0.443 -1.3 -0.005 0.98 L-Jan. 2016 -1.0

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.230 -2.1 -0.004 1.25 L-Jan. 2016 -1.4

Sports equipment

0.204 -0.6 -0.001 1.25 L-Dec. 2012 0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.038 -5.6 -0.003 2.13 S-Dec. 2015 -6.2

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

-3.6 3.72 L-Aug. 2015 -2.1

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

-6.0 2.32 - -

Recreational reading materials

0.154 0.6 0.002 1.23 S-Apr. 2015 0.6

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.087 2.6 0.003 1.55 L-Sep. 2015 3.7

Recreational books(4)

0.067 -2.0 0.000 1.76 S-Jul. 2014 -2.0

Other recreational goods(4)

0.403 -5.6 -0.021 1.31 S-Dec. 2015 -5.7

Toys

0.329 -7.6 -0.021 1.52 S-Dec. 2015 -7.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

-5.3 1.31 S-Mar. 2015 -5.3

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.025 -1.6 0.000 3.78 - -

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.034 2.4 0.001 1.24 S-Jan. 2016 1.6

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.641 -4.6 -0.029 0.87 S-Aug. 2015 -4.6

Educational books and supplies

0.159 2.5 0.006 1.22 S-Jul. 2014 2.4

College textbooks(14)(5)

3.3 1.32 S-Jul. 2014 2.9

Information technology commodities(11)

0.482 -8.0 -0.034 1.09 L-Jan. 2016 -7.6

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.291 -7.2 -0.020 1.27 L-Jan. 2016 -7.1

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.095 -4.8 -0.004 1.91 S-May 2014 -4.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.096 -14.3 -0.010 3.25 L-Nov. 2015 -13.4

Alcoholic beverages

0.965 1.2 0.011 0.31 S-Jan. 2016 1.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.598 0.8 0.005 0.46 S-Dec. 2015 -0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.271 1.9 0.005 0.51 L-Jan. 2016 1.9

Distilled spirits at home

0.075 0.6 0.000 0.63 L-Apr. 2015 1.0

Whiskey at home(5)

0.5 1.12 L-May 2015 1.5

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

0.3 1.00 L-Aug. 2015 0.3

Wine at home

0.252 -0.4 -0.001 0.86 S-Dec. 2015 -1.2

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.367 1.6 0.007 0.42 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

0.9 0.55 S-EVER -

Wine away from home(4)(5)

1.2 0.80 L-Oct. 2015 1.4

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

4.6 0.61 L-Apr. 2012 4.6

Other goods(11)

1.564 1.2 0.019 0.40 L-Nov. 2015 1.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.655 3.7 0.026 0.44 L-Jan. 2016 3.8

Cigarettes(4)

0.592 3.7 0.024 0.46 - -

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.045 3.7 0.002 1.26 L-Jan. 2016 3.9

Personal care products

0.718 -0.3 -0.002 0.79 L-Dec. 2015 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.383 -1.1 -0.004 1.10 S-Sep. 2015 -1.1

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.328 0.5 0.002 1.18 L-Feb. 2015 0.8

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.192 -2.8 -0.005 1.06 L-May 2015 -2.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

-0.3 1.13 L-Dec. 2014 0.0

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

-6.9 1.47 S-EVER -

Services less energy services

59.844 3.0 1.780 0.11 S-Jan. 2016 3.0

Shelter

33.308 3.2 1.047 0.16 S-Jan. 2016 3.2

Rent of shelter(15)

32.957 3.2 1.041 0.16 S-Dec. 2015 3.2

Rent of primary residence(10)

7.755 3.7 0.265 0.17 - -

Lodging away from home(4)

0.921 2.3 0.020 2.00 S-Dec. 2015 1.9

Housing at school, excluding board(10)(15)

0.120 2.9 0.005 0.26 L-Jan. 2016 2.9

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.801 1.1 0.015 2.41 S-Jun. 2015 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(10)(15)

24.281 3.1 0.756 0.16 S-Dec. 2015 3.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(10)(15)

23.168 3.1 0.713 0.16 S-Dec. 2015 3.1

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.350 1.5 0.006 0.95 S-Jan. 2016 1.4

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.163 3.7 0.045 0.47 L-Jan. 2016 3.9

Water and sewerage maintenance(10)

0.875 4.3 0.039 0.55 L-Jan. 2016 4.4

Garbage and trash collection(13)

0.287 2.0 0.005 0.61 S-Nov. 2015 2.0

Household operations(4)

0.851 3.4 0.028 0.38 L-Dec. 2015 3.4

Domestic services(4)

0.284 0.9 0.003 0.42 - -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.279 2.1 0.006 0.58 S-Dec. 2013 0.9

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.116 12.4 0.014 1.30 L-Dec. 2015 12.9

Repair of household items(4)

0.088 3.1 0.002 0.70 L-Nov. 2015 3.5

Medical care services

6.654 3.6 0.221 0.24 S-Jan. 2016 3.3

Professional services

3.149 2.3 0.069 0.30 S-Jan. 2016 2.1

Physicians' services(10)

1.685 2.5 0.040 0.46 S-Jan. 2016 2.3

Dental services(10)

0.824 2.8 0.023 0.54 S-Jan. 2016 2.7

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.326 1.6 0.005 0.74 L-Dec. 2014 2.6

Services by other medical professionals(10)(8)

0.314 0.3 0.001 0.56 S-Dec. 2015 -0.3

Hospital and related services

2.505 4.3 0.099 0.41 S-Jan. 2016 4.3

Hospital services(10)(16)

2.234 4.5 0.090 0.46 S-Dec. 2015 4.2

Inpatient hospital services(10)(16)(5)

5.3 0.91 S-Jan. 2016 4.8

Outpatient hospital services(10)(8)(5)

2.5 0.63 S-EVER -

Nursing homes and adult day services(10)(16)

0.193 3.5 0.006 0.44 L-Dec. 2012 3.6

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.078 2.7 0.003 0.74 S-Jan. 2016 2.1

Health insurance(7)

1.000 6.2 0.052 0.25 L-Mar. 2013 6.5

Transportation services

5.891 2.8 0.158 0.31 L-Jun. 2014 3.2

Leased cars and trucks(14)

0.566 -0.5 -0.003 1.26 S-Nov. 2015 -0.7

Car and truck rental(4)

0.101 0.5 0.004 2.42 L-Oct. 2015 1.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.165 1.9 0.022 0.33 L-Jun. 2015 2.0

Motor vehicle body work

0.057 2.4 0.001 0.68 L-Aug. 2014 2.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.676 1.4 0.007 0.44 L-Jun. 2015 1.8

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.390 2.4 0.013 0.53 L-Dec. 2015 2.4

Motor vehicle insurance

2.388 5.1 0.118 0.59 - -

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.531 2.4 0.013 0.45 L-Jan. 2016 2.8

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(10)(4)

0.285 2.9 0.009 0.66 S-Nov. 2015 2.9

Parking and other fees(4)

0.235 1.7 0.004 0.47 L-Jan. 2016 2.3

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

2.4 0.63 L-Jan. 2016 2.8

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

0.0 0.75 S-Feb. 2015 -0.5

Public transportation

1.140 0.3 0.004 0.75 L-Jun. 2014 3.5

Airline fare

0.679 -1.3 -0.009 0.98 L-Jul. 2014 -0.2

Other intercity transportation

0.175 4.6 0.006 1.86 L-Nov. 2010 5.1

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

2.8 1.59 S-Jan. 2016 -1.0

Ship fare(4)(5)

7.2 2.34 L-EVER -

Intracity transportation

0.283 2.4 0.006 0.22 L-Dec. 2015 2.5

Intracity mass transit(11)(5)

2.9 0.59 L-Feb. 2014 4.0

Recreation services(11)

3.885 3.1 0.118 0.52 L-Nov. 2012 3.2

Video and audio services(11)

1.625 3.2 0.051 0.39 L-Nov. 2012 3.3

Cable and satellite television and radio service(13)

1.520 3.4 0.050 0.40 L-Feb. 2013 3.4

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(4)

0.106 0.7 0.000 1.79 L-Jan. 2016 1.9

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

0.0 2.46 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(4)(5)

0.7 0.99 S-Nov. 2014 -0.3

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.370 4.1 0.016 0.44 L-Dec. 2015 4.2

Pet services(4)(5)

2.9 1.08 L-Dec. 2015 3.1

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

4.1 0.58 S-Jan. 2016 4.1

Photographers and film processing(4)

0.050 2.7 0.002 1.18 L-Aug. 2014 3.0

Photographer fees(4)(5)

2.2 0.77 L-Sep. 2014 2.4

Film processing(4)(5)

3.1 1.23 L-Oct. 2015 4.3

Other recreation services(4)

1.839 2.8 0.050 1.03 - -

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(4)

0.644 2.7 0.017 1.34 L-Jul. 2014 3.0

Admissions

0.644 2.6 0.017 1.31 S-Feb. 2015 2.4

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

3.9 0.98 L-Dec. 2015 4.4

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

0.0 1.47 S-Dec. 2011 -0.6

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.224 3.0 0.006 0.60 S-Nov. 2015 2.9

Education and communication services(11)

6.479 1.8 0.117 0.19 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.023 3.2 0.098 0.31 S-Dec. 2014 3.2

College tuition and fees

1.796 3.1 0.057 0.45 S-Jan. 2016 3.1

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.311 3.8 0.014 0.42 - -

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.743 3.2 0.023 0.52 S-Feb. 2015 3.0

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.042 1.6 0.001 0.48 L-Jul. 2015 1.6

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.141 2.0 0.003 0.35 L-Jan. 2015 3.4

Postage

0.134 2.2 0.003 0.38 - -

Delivery services(4)

0.007 -1.3 0.000 0.53 L-Dec. 2015 0.8

Telephone services(4)

2.570 0.8 0.019 0.30 L-Jan. 2016 0.9

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.827 0.6 0.006 0.39 L-Aug. 2004 0.6

Land-line telephone services(11)

0.743 1.6 0.012 0.42 S-Jan. 2015 1.1

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.734 -0.5 -0.003 0.75 L-May 2015 -0.1

Other personal services(11)

1.615 2.8 0.047 0.29 - -

Personal care services

0.611 3.1 0.020 0.43 S-Jan. 2016 2.7

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.611 3.1 0.020 0.43 S-Jan. 2016 2.7

Miscellaneous personal services

1.003 2.6 0.028 0.40 L-Dec. 2015 2.7

Legal services(8)

0.239 2.0 0.007 0.66 S-Aug. 2015 1.7

Funeral expenses(8)

0.145 2.3 0.004 0.63 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.267 3.4 0.009 0.42 L-Apr. 2009 3.8

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.027 1.7 0.001 0.68 S-Aug. 2015 1.4

Financial services(8)

0.228 2.3 0.005 1.01 L-Dec. 2015 2.7

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

1.3 0.60 L-Aug. 2015 2.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

2.5 1.40 L-Dec. 2015 3.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

85.969 0.9 0.742 0.09 S-Dec. 2015 0.7

All items less shelter

66.692 -0.3 -0.194 0.10 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

All items less food and shelter

52.661 -0.6 -0.305 0.12 S-Dec. 2015 -0.8

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.282 1.5 0.670 0.13 S-Jan. 2016 1.5

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

44.163 1.5 0.666 0.14 S-Jan. 2016 1.5

All items less medical care

91.512 0.6 0.589 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 0.6

All items less energy

93.621 2.0 1.828 0.08 S-Jan. 2016 2.0

Commodities

36.565 -2.1 -0.803 0.13 S-Dec. 2015 -2.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.627 -0.4 -0.068 0.27 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

Commodities less food

22.534 -3.9 -0.915 0.19 S-Dec. 2015 -3.9

Commodities less food and beverages

21.569 -4.1 -0.926 0.20 S-Dec. 2015 -4.1

Services

63.435 2.7 1.656 0.10 L-Jul. 2014 2.7

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.477 2.1 0.615 0.12 L-Dec. 2014 2.1

Services less medical care services

56.781 2.6 1.436 0.11 L-Oct. 2014 2.6

Durables

9.681 -1.0 -0.080 0.19 S-Nov. 2015 -1.0

Nondurables

26.884 -2.5 -0.724 0.16 S-Dec. 2015 -2.6

Nondurables less food

12.853 -5.7 -0.835 0.26 S-Dec. 2015 -5.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

11.888 -6.2 -0.846 0.28 S-Dec. 2015 -6.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.724 -8.1 -0.817 0.17 S-Nov. 2015 -10.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.690 -7.3 -0.806 0.15 S-Nov. 2015 -9.4

Housing

42.394 2.1 0.898 0.13 - -

Education and communication(4)

7.120 1.2 0.088 0.20 - -

Education(4)

3.182 3.1 0.104 0.30 S-Jan. 2014 3.0

Communication(4)

3.938 -0.4 -0.016 0.25 L-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Information and information processing(4)

3.797 -0.5 -0.019 0.26 L-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.227 -3.4 -0.038 0.66 L-Jan. 2016 -3.4

Recreation(4)

5.770 1.1 0.061 0.35 L-Nov. 2012 1.4

Video and audio(4)

1.876 1.4 0.027 0.36 L-Aug. 2012 1.6

Pets, pet products and services(4)

0.966 1.1 0.010 0.48 - -

Photography(4)

0.088 -1.2 -0.001 1.30 L-Feb. 2015 -0.9

Food and beverages

14.996 0.8 0.123 0.12 S-Dec. 2015 0.8

Domestically produced farm food

6.898 -0.5 -0.038 0.20 S-Feb. 2010 -1.5

Other services

11.978 2.4 0.282 0.20 L-Feb. 2013 2.4

Apparel less footwear

2.458 -0.9 -0.032 1.32 S-Dec. 2015 -0.9

Fuels and utilities

4.925 -2.6 -0.134 0.23 L-Nov. 2015 -2.2

Household energy

3.762 -4.5 -0.179 0.29 L-Nov. 2015 -4.1

Medical care

8.488 3.3 0.263 0.24 S-Jan. 2016 3.0

Transportation

14.889 -4.1 -0.618 0.16 S-Dec. 2015 -4.1

Private transportation

13.750 -4.4 -0.621 0.16 S-Dec. 2015 -4.4

New and used motor vehicles(4)

6.652 0.1 0.022 0.25 S-Dec. 2015 0.1

Utilities and public transportation

9.983 -0.1 -0.007 0.17 L-Feb. 2015 0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.162 -0.3 -0.014 0.25 S-Nov. 2015 -0.6

Other goods and services

3.179 2.0 0.066 0.25 L-Nov. 2015 2.1

Personal care

2.524 1.5 0.040 0.31 L-Nov. 2015 1.7

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Last Modified Date: April 14, 2016
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