Economic News Release

Worker Displacement News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 24, 2012             USDL-12-1719

Technical information: (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        WORKER DISPLACEMENT:  2009-2011


From January 2009 through December 2011, 6.1 million workers were
displaced from jobs they had held for at least 3 years, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This was down from 6.9
million for the survey period covering January 2007 to December 2009.
In January 2012, 56 percent of workers displaced from 2009-11 were
reemployed, up by 7 percentage points from the prior survey in January
2010.

Since 1984, the Employment and Training Administration of the U.S.
Department of Labor has sponsored surveys that collect information on
workers who were displaced from their jobs. These surveys have been
conducted biennially as supplements to the Current Population Survey
(CPS), a monthly survey of households that is the primary source of
information on the nation's labor force.

Displaced workers are defined as persons 20 years of age and older who
lost or left jobs because their plant or company closed or moved,
there was insufficient work for them to do, or their position or shift
was abolished. The period covered in this study was 2009-11, the 3
calendar years prior to the January 2012 survey date. Most of this
period was characterized by modest employment growth. The following
analysis focuses primarily on the 6.1 million persons who had worked
for their employer for 3 or more years at the time of displacement
(referred to as long-tenured). An additional 6.7 million persons were
displaced from jobs they had held for less than 3 years (referred to
as short-tenured). Combining the short- and long-tenured groups, the
number of displaced workers totaled 12.9 million from 2009-11. In the
prior survey, which was conducted in January 2010 and covered 2007-09,
this group numbered 15.4 million. This previous survey reflected the
steep employment declines associated with the recession that began in
December 2007.

Highlights from the January 2012 survey include:

   --In January 2012, 56 percent of the 6.1 million long-tenured
     displaced workers were reemployed, up from 49 percent for the 
     prior survey in January 2010. (See table 1.)

   --Forty percent of long-tenured displaced workers from the 2009-11
     period cited insufficient work as the reason for their displacement,
     and 31 percent cited that their plant or company closed down or 
     moved. (See table 2.)

   --Nearly 1 in 5 long-tenured displaced workers lost a job in
     manufacturing. (See table 4.)

   --Among long-tenured workers who were displaced from full-time wage
     and salary jobs and who were reemployed in such jobs in January 2012,
     46 percent had earnings that were as much or greater than those of
     their lost job. (See table 7.)

Characteristics of the Reemployed

Fifty-six percent of the 6.1 million long-tenured displaced workers
were reemployed at the time of the survey in January 2012, up from 49
percent for the January 2010 survey. The proportion unemployed at the
time of the most recent survey was 27 percent, down from 36 percent in
the January 2010 survey. Seventeen percent of long-tenured displaced
workers were not in the labor force in January 2012, up from 15
percent for the previous survey. (See table 1.)

In January 2012, reemployment rates were about 62 percent for workers
ages 20 to 54. Reemployment rates were lower for older workers. The
rates for those ages 55 to 64 and 65 years and over were 47 and 24
percent, respectively. Among those age 65 and over, 49 percent were no
longer in the labor force when surveyed in January 2012.

Among long-tenured displaced workers, men had a higher reemployment
rate (61 percent) in January 2012 than women (50 percent). The
reemployment rate for men increased from 49 percent in January 2010,
while the rate for women was about unchanged from the prior survey.
Displaced men were less likely than displaced women to be unemployed
at the time of the survey in January 2012--23 versus 31 percent. The
share of displaced men who had left the labor force, at 16 percent,
continued to be lower than that for women--20 percent.

In January 2012, the reemployment rates for long-tenured displaced
whites (57 percent), Hispanics (55 percent), and Asians (60 percent)
were higher than in January 2010. The reemployment rate for blacks was
little changed at 46 percent in January 2012.

Reason for Job Loss and Receipt of Advance Notice

Of the 6.1 million long-tenured workers displaced during the January
2009 through December 2011 period, 40 percent lost or left their jobs
due to insufficient work, 31 percent due to plant or company closings
or moves, and 30 percent because their position or shift was
abolished. (See table 2.)

Thirty-eight percent of long-tenured displaced workers in the January
2012 survey received written advance notice that their jobs would be
terminated, about the same proportion as in the January 2010 survey.
Workers who lost jobs during the 2009-11 period due to plant or
company closings or moves were most likely to receive written advance
notice. Of this group, 52 percent received such notice. In contrast,
39 percent of workers who were displaced because their position or
shift was abolished and 25 percent of those who lost jobs due to
insufficient work were notified in advance. For each of these groups,
reemployment rates were similar for those who received written
advanced notice and those who did not. (See table 3.)

Industry and Occupation

During the 2009-11 period, 1.2 million long-tenured manufacturing
workers were displaced from their jobs--19 percent of all long-tenured
displaced workers, down from 23 percent in the prior survey period. In
the January 2012 survey, manufacturing displacements were concentrated
within the durable goods component (844,000). Workers in wholesale and
retail trade accounted for 14 percent of all long-tenured displaced, and
professional and business services made up 12 percent. (See table 4.)

Among the major industry groups, workers displaced from transportation
and utilities (67 percent) had a reemployment rate that was higher
than the overall reemployment rate for displaced workers. Workers
displaced from wholesale and retail trade were the least likely to be
reemployed (50 percent). (Workers were not necessarily reemployed in
the same industries from which they were displaced.)

Reemployment rates differed by major occupation, but were highest for
those displaced from management, professional, and related occupations
and from natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations
(60 percent each). They were lower for those displaced from service
occupations and sales and office occupations, 50 percent and 51
percent, respectively. Compared with the January 2010 survey,
reemployment rates were higher in January 2012 for displaced workers
from natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations and
from production, transportation, and material moving occupations.
Reemployment rates for workers displaced from other major occupational
groups were similar across the 2012 and 2010 surveys. (See table 5.)

Geographic Divisions

The number of long-tenured workers displaced during 2009-11 declined
from the 2007-09 period in the East North Central, South Atlantic,
Mountain, and New England geographic divisions of the United States.
Reemployment rates for the divisions ranged from 49 percent for the
Pacific division to 64 percent for the East South Central division.
(See table 6.)

Earnings

Of the 3.0 million displaced workers who lost full-time wage and
salary jobs during the 2009-11 period and were reemployed, 2.4 million
had full-time wage and salary jobs in January 2012. Of these reemployed 
full-time workers who reported earnings on their lost job, 46 percent 
were earning as much or more in January 2012 as they did at their lost 
job. About one-third reported earnings losses of 20 percent or more. 
These proportions were similar to those from the January 2010 survey. 
(See table 7.)

Total Displaced Workers (With No Tenure Restriction)

The total number of workers displaced between January 2009 and
December 2011 (regardless of how long they had held their jobs) was
12.9 million, down by 2.6 million from the 2007-2009 survey period. Of
the total number of workers who lost jobs over the 2009-11 period, 57
percent were reemployed and 28 percent were unemployed in January 2012. 
(See table 8.)




Technical Note

   The data presented in this release were collected through a supplement to the
January 2012 Current Population Survey (CPS), the monthly survey of about 60,000
eligible households that provides basic data on employment and unemployment for 
the nation. The CPS is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS). The purpose of this supplement was to obtain information on the
number and characteristics of persons who had been displaced (as defined below)
from their jobs over the prior 3 calendar years. Additional information, reports,
and archived news releases, including the Worker Displacement 2007-2009 news re-
lease, are available online at www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#displaced.

   Data presented in this release are based on Census 2010 population con-
trols that are updated annually in January. For additional information, see
"Population control adjustments to the CPS" available on the Internet at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance
that the sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they re-
present. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the parti-
cular sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of
the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that
an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors
from the "true" population value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are
generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can
occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the popula-
tion, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inabil-
ity or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors
made in the collection or processing of the data.

   A full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information on
estimating standard errors is documented and can be found on the BLS web site at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

Concepts and questions

   Displaced workers are wage and salary workers 20 years of age and older who
lost or left jobs because their plant or company closed or moved, there was in-
sufficient work for them to do, or their position or shift was abolished. Data
are often presented for long-tenured displaced workers--those who had worked for
their employer for 3 or more years at the time of displacement.

   Wage and salary workers receive wages, salaries, commissions, tips, payment
in kind, or piece rates. The group includes employees in both the private and
public sectors but excludes all self-employed persons, both those with incor-
porated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses.

   Data discussed in this release on displaced workers were obtained from the
following questions:

   (This question was asked of all persons 20 years and over.) During the last
3 calendar years, that is, January 2009 through December 2011, did (you/name)
lose a job or leave one because: (your/his/her) plant or company closed or
moved, (your/his/her) position or shift was abolished, insufficient work, or
another similar reason?

   (If the respondent answered "yes" to the above question on job loss, the
following question was then asked.) Which of these specific reasons describes
why (name/you) (is/are) no longer working at that job?

   Plant or company closed down or moved
   Plant or company operating but lost or left job because of:
     Insufficient work
     Position or shift abolished
     Seasonal job completed
   Self-operated business failed
   Some other reason

   Respondents who provided one of the first three reasons--plant or company
closed or moved, insufficient work, or position or shift abolished--were clas-
sified as displaced and asked additional questions about the lost job, including
how many years they had worked for their employer; the year the job was lost;
the earnings, industry, and occupation of the lost job; and whether health insur-
ance had been provided. Other questions were asked to determine what occurred
before and after the job loss, such as: Was the respondent notified of the up-
coming dismissal?  How long did he/she go without work? Did he/she receive un-
employment benefits? And, if so, were the benefits used up? Did the person move
to another location after the job loss to take or look for another job? Informa-
tion also was collected about current health insurance coverage (other than Medi-
care and Medicaid) and current earnings for those employed in January 2012.




Table 1. Long-tenured displaced workers (1) by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and
employment status in January 2012

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                         
                                                         Percent distribution by employment status       
   Age, sex, race, and Hispanic                                                                          
        or Latino ethnicity              Total                                                           
                                                      Total        Employed     Unemployed    Not in the 
                                                                                             labor force 
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                         
               TOTAL                                                                                     
                                                                                                         
    Total, 20 years and over.......      6,121        100.0          56.0          26.7          17.4    
20 to 24 years.....................        128        100.0          61.7          22.4          15.9    
25 to 54 years.....................      4,268        100.0          61.5          26.2          12.3    
55 to 64 years.....................      1,338        100.0          47.4          28.1          24.5    
65 years and over..................        386        100.0          23.5          27.5          49.0    
                                                                                                         
                Men                                                                                      
                                                                                                         
    Total, 20 years and over.......      3,440        100.0          60.9          23.4          15.7    
20 to 24 years.....................         78        100.0          70.6          15.0          14.4    
25 to 54 years.....................      2,438        100.0          66.7          22.7          10.6    
55 to 64 years.....................        727        100.0          50.8          25.6          23.7    
65 years and over..................        197        100.0          23.5          27.3          49.2    
                                                                                                         
               Women                                                                                     
                                                                                                         
    Total, 20 years and over.......      2,681        100.0          49.7          30.8          19.5    
20 to 24 years.....................         50        100.0          (2)           (2)           (2)     
25 to 54 years.....................      1,831        100.0          54.6          30.9          14.5    
55 to 64 years.....................        611        100.0          43.3          31.1          25.6    
65 years and over..................        189        100.0          23.5          27.7          48.8    
                                                                                                         
               White                                                                                     
                                                                                                         
    Total, 20 years and over.......      5,027        100.0          57.4          26.1          16.5    
Men................................      2,920        100.0          61.9          23.1          14.9    
Women..............................      2,107        100.0          51.2          30.2          18.7    
                                                                                                         
     Black or African American                                                                           
                                                                                                         
    Total, 20 years and over.......        662        100.0          46.1          31.2          22.7    
Men................................        284        100.0          52.7          24.8          22.4    
Women..............................        378        100.0          41.2          35.9          22.9    
                                                                                                         
               Asian                                                                                     
                                                                                                         
    Total, 20 years and over.......        230        100.0          60.3          26.7          13.1    
Men................................        121        100.0          61.5          27.6          10.9    
Women..............................        109        100.0          58.9          25.6          15.5    
                                                                                                         
   Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                          
                                                                                                         
    Total, 20 years and over.......        901        100.0          54.9          27.7          17.4    
Men................................        594        100.0          60.3          25.7          14.0    
Women..............................        307        100.0          44.3          31.6          24.1    

   1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between
January 2009 and December 2011 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the
abolishment of their positions or shifts.
   2 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
   NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum
to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Table 2. Long-tenured displaced workers (1) by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and reason for job
loss, January 2012

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                  
                                                                  Percent distribution by reason for job loss     
                                                                                                                  
        Age, sex, race, and Hispanic                                                                              
            or Latino ethnicity                   Total                     Plant or                  Position or 
                                                               Total        company     Insufficient     shift    
                                                                          closed down       work       abolished  
                                                                            or moved                              
                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                  
                   TOTAL                                                                                          
                                                                                                                  
    Total, 20 years and over................      6,121        100.0          30.8          39.5          29.7    
20 to 24 years..............................        128        100.0          40.5          39.3          20.3    
25 to 54 years..............................      4,268        100.0          31.8          40.2          28.0    
55 to 64 years..............................      1,338        100.0          27.8          37.0          35.2    
65 years and over...........................        386        100.0          26.7          40.8          32.5    
                                                                                                                  
                    Men                                                                                           
                                                                                                                  
    Total, 20 years and over................      3,440        100.0          31.1          43.2          25.7    
20 to 24 years..............................         78        100.0          40.2          36.7          23.1    
25 to 54 years..............................      2,438        100.0          32.6          43.4          24.0    
55 to 64 years..............................        727        100.0          27.6          43.0          29.4    
65 years and over...........................        197        100.0          21.7          44.2          34.2    
                                                                                                                  
                   Women                                                                                          
                                                                                                                  
    Total, 20 years and over................      2,681        100.0          30.4          34.8          34.8    
20 to 24 years..............................         50        100.0          (2)           (2)           (2)     
25 to 54 years..............................      1,831        100.0          30.8          35.9          33.3    
55 to 64 years..............................        611        100.0          28.1          29.9          42.0    
65 years and over...........................        189        100.0          31.9          37.3          30.8    
                                                                                                                  
                   White                                                                                          
                                                                                                                  
    Total, 20 years and over................      5,027        100.0          30.2          38.9          30.9    
Men.........................................      2,920        100.0          30.5          42.5          27.0    
Women.......................................      2,107        100.0          29.8          34.0          36.2    
                                                                                                                  
         Black or African American                                                                                
                                                                                                                  
    Total, 20 years and over................        662        100.0          33.5          41.0          25.5    
Men.........................................        284        100.0          35.5          44.9          19.6    
Women.......................................        378        100.0          32.0          38.0          30.0    
                                                                                                                  
                   Asian                                                                                          
                                                                                                                  
    Total, 20 years and over................        230        100.0          30.5          46.9          22.7    
Men.........................................        121        100.0          24.3          56.8          18.9    
Women.......................................        109        100.0          37.3          35.9          26.8    
                                                                                                                  
        Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                              
                                                                                                                  
    Total, 20 years and over................        901        100.0          35.9          50.1          14.0    
Men.........................................        594        100.0          37.3          52.4          10.3    
Women.......................................        307        100.0          33.3          45.6          21.1    

   1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2009
and December 2011 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their
positions or shifts.
   2 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
   NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals
because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be
of any race.




Table 3. Long-tenured displaced workers (1) by whether they received written advance notice, reason for job loss, and
employment status in January 2012

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                         Percent distribution by employment status   
                                                                                                                     
                     Characteristic                           Total                                                  
                                                                         Total      Employed   Unemployed  Not in the
                                                                                                          labor force
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                          TOTAL                                                                                      
                                                                                                                     
    Total, 20 years and over (2).........................     6,121      100.0        56.0        26.7        17.4   
Received written advance notice..........................     2,307      100.0        54.5        26.9        18.6   
Did not receive written advance notice...................     3,707      100.0        56.5        26.8        16.7   
                                                                                                                     
          Plant or company closed down or moved                                                                      
                                                                                                                     
    Total, 20 years and over (2).........................     1,884      100.0        57.2        24.6        18.2   
Received written advance notice..........................       987      100.0        53.1        26.9        19.9   
Did not receive written advance notice...................       861      100.0        61.5        22.2        16.3   
                                                                                                                     
                    Insufficient work                                                                                
                                                                                                                     
    Total, 20 years and over (2).........................     2,418      100.0        55.1        27.2        17.7   
Received written advance notice..........................       613      100.0        56.3        25.8        17.9   
Did not receive written advance notice...................     1,759      100.0        54.3        27.9        17.7   
                                                                                                                     
               Position or shift abolished                                                                           
                                                                                                                     
    Total, 20 years and over (2).........................     1,819      100.0        55.9        28.1        16.0   
Received written advance notice..........................       708      100.0        54.7        28.0        17.3   
Did not receive written advance notice...................     1,087      100.0        56.1        28.5        15.4   

   1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2009 and
December 2011 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their positions
or shifts.
   2 Includes a small number who did not report information on advance notice.




Table 4. Long-tenured displaced workers (1) by industry and class of worker of lost job and employment status in
January 2012

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                         Percent distribution by employment status   
                                                                                                                     
        Industry and class of worker of lost job              Total                                                  
                                                                         Total      Employed   Unemployed  Not in the
                                                                                                          labor force
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
     Total, 20 years and over (2)........................     6,121      100.0        56.0        26.7        17.4   
Agriculture and related industries wage and salary                                                                   
 workers.................................................        43      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
Nonagricultural industries wage and salary workers.......     5,974      100.0        55.7        26.8        17.4   
                                                                                                                     
  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers........     5,629      100.0        55.8        26.8        17.4   
        Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction....        29      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
        Construction.....................................       691      100.0        58.7        24.9        16.4   
        Manufacturing....................................     1,183      100.0        55.6        23.8        20.6   
             Durable goods manufacturing ................       844      100.0        55.6        23.5        20.9   
                 Primary metals and fabricated metal                                                                 
                  products...............................       126      100.0        67.6        19.7        12.7   
                 Machinery manufacturing.................        93      100.0        49.5        20.6        29.9   
                 Computers and electronic products.......       151      100.0        52.9        25.8        21.3   
                 Electrical equipment and appliances.....        24      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                 Transportation equipment................       169      100.0        50.1        22.0        27.9   
                 Miscellaneous manufacturing.............       123      100.0        58.2        22.5        19.3   
                 Other durable goods industries..........       158      100.0        55.4        25.6        18.9   
             Nondurable goods manufacturing .............       339      100.0        55.5        24.7        19.8   
                 Food manufacturing......................        52      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                 Textiles, apparel, and leather..........        55      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
                 Paper and printing......................        75      100.0        55.7        31.5        12.7   
                 Other nondurable goods industries.......       158      100.0        51.5        23.2        25.2   
        Wholesale and retail trade.......................       859      100.0        49.9        32.1        18.0   
             Wholesale trade.............................       197      100.0        49.9        30.2        19.9   
             Retail trade................................       663      100.0        49.9        32.6        17.4   
        Transportation and utilities (4).................       240      100.0        66.5        20.7        12.8   
             Transportation and warehousing..............       207      100.0        71.7        15.8        12.5   
        Information (4)..................................       197      100.0        56.4        27.9        15.7   
             Telecommunications..........................        81      100.0        70.6        15.2        14.2   
        Financial activities.............................       478      100.0        54.9        26.9        18.2   
             Finance and insurance.......................       352      100.0        63.6        21.1        15.3   
                 Finance.................................       237      100.0        65.8        19.3        14.9   
                 Insurance...............................       115      100.0        59.2        24.8        16.0   
             Real estate and rental and leasing..........       127      100.0        30.8        42.9        26.3   
        Professional and business services...............       751      100.0        55.1        31.0        13.9   
             Professional and technical services.........       442      100.0        59.4        28.9        11.6   
             Management, administrative, and waste                                                                   
              services...................................       309      100.0        48.8        34.1        17.1   
        Education and health services....................       605      100.0        56.5        28.0        15.6   
             Educational services........................       111      100.0        64.8        16.4        18.7   
             Health care and social assistance (4).......       494      100.0        54.6        30.6        14.8   
                 Hospitals...............................       136      100.0        55.3        26.8        17.9   
                 Health services, except hospitals.......       259      100.0        57.7        26.3        15.9   
        Leisure and hospitality (4)......................       381      100.0        61.7        21.4        17.0   
             Accommodation and food services (4).........       288      100.0        61.8        21.7        16.5   
                 Food services and drinking places.......       235      100.0        57.7        23.4        18.9   
        Other services...................................       201      100.0        55.1        27.7        17.2   
                                                                                                                     
  Government wage and salary workers.....................       345      100.0        54.3        26.9        18.8   
    
   1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2009 and
December 2011 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their positions
or shifts.
   2 Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers and persons who did not report industry or class of
worker, not shown separately.
   3 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
   4 Includes other industries, not shown separately.




Table 5. Long-tenured displaced workers (1) by occupation of lost job and employment status in January 2012
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                                  Percent distribution by employment status   
                                                                                                              
              Occupation of lost job                   Total                                                  
                                                                  Total      Employed   Unemployed  Not in the
                                                                                                   labor force
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
     Total, 20 years and over (2).................     6,121      100.0        56.0        26.7        17.4   
                                                                                                              
 Management, professional, and related occupations     2,008      100.0        60.3        25.1        14.7   
   Management, business, and financial operations                                                             
   occupations....................................     1,051      100.0        60.2        26.7        13.1   
   Professional and related occupations...........       956      100.0        60.4        23.3        16.3   
                                                                                                              
 Service occupations..............................       611      100.0        50.0        28.7        21.3   
                                                                                                              
 Sales and office occupations.....................     1,563      100.0        50.6        32.1        17.3   
   Sales and related occupations..................       625      100.0        52.4        31.1        16.5   
   Office and administrative support occupations..       938      100.0        49.3        32.8        17.9   
                                                                                                              
 Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                             
   occupations....................................       788      100.0        60.0        23.6        16.4   
   Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations.....        30      100.0        (3)         (3)         (3)    
   Construction and extraction occupations........       516      100.0        55.5        26.0        18.5   
   Installation, maintenance, and repair                                                                      
   occupations....................................       242      100.0        69.1        18.0        13.0   
                                                                                                              
 Production, transportation, and material moving                                                              
   occupations....................................     1,055      100.0        55.9        22.8        21.4   
   Production occupations.........................       644      100.0        52.1        24.1        23.8   
   Transportation and material moving occupations        411      100.0        61.8        20.7        17.6   

   1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January
2009 and December 2011 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of
their positions or shifts.
   2 Total includes a small number who did not report occupation.
   3 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
   NOTE: Beginning with displacement data for January 2012, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010
Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey. This classification system is
derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data
for 2012 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.




Table 6. Long-tenured displaced workers (1) by selected characteristics and area of residence in January 2012
(In thousands)
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                New    Middle   East    West   South    East    West                   
           Characteristic              Total  England  Atlan-   North   North  Atlan-   South   South  Mountain Pacific
                                                         tic   Central Central   tic   Central Central                 
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
       Workers who lost jobs                                                                                           
                                                                                                                       
    Total, 20 years and over........   6,121      318     851   1,002     401   1,170     307     515      423    1,136
Men.................................   3,440      176     425     598     232     675     167     288      242      636
Women...............................   2,681      142     426     403     169     495     140     227      181      500
                                                                                                                       
        Reason for job loss                                                                                            
                                                                                                                       
Plant or company closed down or                                                                                        
   moved............................   1,884       81     268     344     107     347     107     185      112      332
Insufficient work...................   2,418      113     329     374     147     455     110     195      205      490
Position or shift abolished.........   1,819      123     254     283     146     367      90     135      105      314
                                                                                                                       
Industry and class of worker of lost                                                                                   
              job (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                       
Agriculture and related industries                                                                                     
   wage and salary workers..........      43        1       4      -        3      16      -        4        3       13
Nonagricultural industries wage and                                                                                    
   salary workers...................   5,974      313     824   1,002     396   1,131     295     504      418    1,091
                                                                                                                       
  Private nonagricultural wage and                                                                                     
    salary workers..................   5,629      301     770     972     366   1,076     283     471      388    1,003
        Mining, quarrying, and oil                                                                                     
          and gas extraction........      29        1      -        3       4       6      -        9        6       - 
        Construction................     691       26      62      88      52     163      18      56       57      169
        Manufacturing...............   1,183       59     171     264      94     167      70      99       59      199
             Durable goods..........     844       46      99     210      74     114      42      75       47      137
             Nondurable goods.......     339       13      72      54      21      53      28      24       12       62
        Wholesale and retail trade..     859       42     121     166      53     145      71      74       53      135
        Transportation and utilities     240        5      29      50      14      48      14      19       15       46
        Information.................     197       12      39      22       7      27       3      24       17       47
        Financial activities........     478       33      54      60      38     124      23      27       34       86
        Professional and business                                                                                      
         services...................     751       35      91     121      25     143      38      73       77      149
        Education and health                                                                                           
          services..................     605       53     100      99      46     134      21      32       27       91
        Leisure and hospitality.....     381       15      86      54      24      63      18      31       35       55
        Other services..............     201       20      17      45       9      43       8      26        7       26
                                                                                                                       
  Government wage and salary workers     345       13      54      30      30      55      12      34       30       88
                                                                                                                       
         Employment status                                                                                             
          in January 2012                                                                                              
                                                                                                                       
Employed............................   3,427      181     436     592     250     644     195     318      253      558
Unemployed..........................   1,631       81     244     269      73     292      67     123       87      394
Not in the labor force..............   1,062       56     171     140      77     233      45      74       83      184

   1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2009 and
December 2011 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their positions
or shifts.
   2 Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers and persons who did not report industry or class of worker,
not shown separately.
   NOTE: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont compose the New England
Division; New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania compose the Middle Atlantic Division; Illinois, Indiana, Michigan,
Ohio, and Wisconsin compose the East North Central Division; Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota,
and South Dakota compose the West North Central Division; Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia compose the South Atlantic Division; Alabama, Kentucky,
Mississippi, and Tennessee compose the East South Central Division; Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas compose
the West South Central Division; Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming compose the
Mountain Division; Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington compose the Pacific Division. Dash represents or
rounds to zero.




Table 7. Long-tenured displaced workers (1) who lost full-time wage and salary jobs and were reemployed in January
2012 by industry of lost job and characteristics of new job

(In thousands)
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                                                     Reemployed in January 2012                       
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                                                     Wage and salary workers                          
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                Full time                             
                                                                                                               Self-  
  Industry and class of worker of lost job                                                                    employed
                                              Total                   Earnings relative to those of lost job    and   
                                                       Part                                                    unpaid 
                                                       time                                                    family 
                                                              Total        20      Below,   Equal or     20   workers 
                                                               (2)      percent     but      above,   percent         
                                                                       or more  within 20    but     or more          
                                                                         below    percent  within 20   above          
                                                                                          percent                     
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                      
    Total who lost full-time wage and salary                                                                          
     jobs (3)...............................   3,003     424   2,368      630       408       538       352       211 
Agriculture and related industries wage and                                                                           
 salary workers.............................      24       1      23       11         3         5         4        -  
Nonagricultural industries wage and salary                                                                            
 workers....................................   2,943     423   2,313      619       398       529       340       208 
                                                                                                                      
  Private nonagricultural wage and salary                                                                             
   workers..................................   2,805     402   2,209      589       385       506       308       195 
        Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas                                                                            
         extraction.........................      15       2      12       12        -         -         -         -  
        Construction........................     393      54     290       89        49        64        43        49 
        Manufacturing.......................     645      66     544      171       108        87        64        35 
             Durable goods..................     457      43     387      125        74        53        48        28 
             Nondurable goods...............     188      24     157       46        34        34        16         7 
        Wholesale and retail trade..........     368      60     290       84        42        77        52        18 
        Transportation and utilities........     139      14     114       22        26        15        20        11 
        Information.........................      95      21      72       27        14         8        10         2 
        Financial activities................     255      18     220       52        29        46        27        18 
        Professional and business services..     373      31     301       56        60        93        36        41 
        Education and health services.......     257      70     176       29        30        67        21        11 
        Leisure and hospitality.............     174      50     115       25        17        31        22         9 
        Other services......................      91      14      75       20        10        18        11         2 
                                                                                                                      
  Government wage and salary workers........     138      21     104       30        13        22        33        13 
  
   1 Data refer to persons who had 3 or more years of tenure on a job they had lost or left between January 2009 and
December 2011 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work, or the abolishment of their positions
or shifts.
   2 Includes about 440,000 persons who did not report earnings on lost job.
   3 Includes a small number who did not report industry.
   NOTE: Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 8. Total displaced workers (1) by selected characteristics and employment status in January 2012
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                         
                                                                Percent distribution by employment status
                                                                                                         
                  Characteristic                      Total                                              
                                                                 Total  Employed  Unemployed   Not in the
                                                                                              labor force
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                         
              Workers who lost jobs                                                                      
                                                                                                         
    Total, 20 years and over......................    12,854     100.0     56.9       27.5        15.7   
20 to 24 years....................................     1,118     100.0     54.4       27.2        18.4   
25 to 54 years....................................     9,220     100.0     60.7       27.4        11.9   
55 to 64 years....................................     2,006     100.0     49.2       28.3        22.5   
65 years and over.................................       509     100.0     22.3       27.2        50.5   
                                                                                                         
    Men, 20 years and over........................     7,485     100.0     60.5       26.7        12.8   
20 to 24 years....................................       668     100.0     55.1       30.9        13.9   
25 to 54 years....................................     5,457     100.0     64.5       26.1         9.4   
55 to 64 years....................................     1,092     100.0     53.2       26.6        20.2   
65 years and over.................................       268     100.0     23.0       26.4        50.6   
                                                                                                         
    Women, 20 years and over......................     5,368     100.0     51.7       28.6        19.6   
20 to 24 years....................................       450     100.0     53.3       21.7        25.0   
25 to 54 years....................................     3,763     100.0     55.2       29.1        15.7   
55 to 64 years....................................       915     100.0     44.5       30.3        25.2   
65 years and over.................................       241     100.0     21.5       28.1        50.4   
                                                                                                         
White.............................................    10,166     100.0     58.8       26.6        14.6   
Black or African American.........................     1,686     100.0     47.3       31.8        20.9   
Asian.............................................       493     100.0     54.1       29.7        16.2   
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity......................     2,304     100.0     54.8       30.5        14.7   
                                                                                                         
               Reason for job loss                                                                       
                                                                                                         
Plant or company closed down or moved.............     3,424     100.0     59.7       23.1        17.2   
Insufficient work.................................     6,119     100.0     54.2       29.9        16.0   
Position or shift abolished.......................     3,311     100.0     58.9       27.5        13.5   
                                                                                                         
            Occupation of lost job (2)                                                                   
                                                                                                         
 Management, professional, and related occupations     3,492     100.0     64.7       23.2        12.1   
   Management, business, and financial operations                                                        
    occupations...................................     1,764     100.0     64.0       24.9        11.1   
   Professional and related occupations...........     1,728     100.0     65.5       21.4        13.1   
 Service occupations..............................     1,752     100.0     50.6       30.8        18.7   
 Sales and office occupations.....................     3,179     100.0     52.4       29.5        18.1   
   Sales and related occupations..................     1,424     100.0     54.5       26.9        18.6   
   Office and administrative support occupations..     1,755     100.0     50.7       31.6        17.7   
 Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                        
  occupations.....................................     1,904     100.0     58.3       29.3        12.4   
   Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations.....        61     100.0     (3)        (3)         (3)    
   Construction and extraction occupations........     1,297     100.0     55.5       31.5        12.9   
   Installation, maintenance, and repair                                                                 
    occupations...................................       546     100.0     64.4       24.4        11.2   
 Production, transportation, and material moving                                                         
  occupations.....................................     2,159     100.0     55.4       26.7        17.9   
   Production occupations.........................     1,228     100.0     53.3       26.9        19.9   
   Transportation and material moving occupations        931     100.0     58.3       26.5        15.2   
                                                                                                         
   Industry and class of worker of lost job (2)                                                          
                                                                                                         
Agriculture and related industries wage and salary                                                       
 workers..........................................        90     100.0     53.5       35.3        11.1   
Nonagricultural industries wage and salary workers    12,403     100.0     57.0       27.4        15.6   
                                                                                                         
  Private nonagricultural wage and salary workers     11,733     100.0     57.1       27.4        15.5   
        Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas                                                               
         extraction...............................        85     100.0     62.0       22.6        15.5   
        Construction..............................     1,579     100.0     57.8       29.6        12.6   
        Manufacturing.............................     2,024     100.0     58.7       25.4        15.8   
             Durable goods........................     1,437     100.0     57.3       26.3        16.4   
             Nondurable goods.....................       586     100.0     62.3       23.2        14.5   
        Wholesale and retail trade................     1,835     100.0     52.6       29.0        18.4   
        Transportation and utilities..............       559     100.0     62.5       24.5        13.0   
        Information...............................       314     100.0     56.6       28.8        14.6   
        Financial activities......................       792     100.0     57.6       26.5        15.9   
        Professional and business services........     1,676     100.0     57.6       27.6        14.7   
        Education and health services.............     1,193     100.0     58.4       26.1        15.5   
        Leisure and hospitality...................     1,144     100.0     57.6       27.1        15.3   
        Other services............................       512     100.0     54.1       29.5        16.5   
                                                                                                         
  Government wage and salary workers..............       670     100.0     55.8       27.3        16.8   
  
   1 Data refer to all persons (regardless of years of tenure on lost job) who had lost or left a job
between January 2009 and December 2011 because of plant or company closings or moves, insufficient work,
or the abolishment of their positions or shifts.
   2 Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers and persons who did not report occupation,
industry, or class of worker, not shown separately.
   3 Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.
   NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum
to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
Beginning with displacement data for January 2012, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010
Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey. This classification system
is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been
revised. Data for 2012 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.




Last Modified Date: August 24, 2012
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