Economic News Release

Employment Cost Index News Release


TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                               USDL-14-0128
8:30 A.M. (EST) FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 2014


Technical information:   (202) 691-6199  NCSinfo@bls.gov  http://www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov


                             EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX - DECEMBER 2013


Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.5 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month 
period ending December 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries 
(which make up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.6 percent, and benefits (which 
make up the remaining 30 percent of compensation) increased 0.6 percent.

Civilian Workers

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.0 percent for the 12-month period ending 
December 2013, essentially unchanged from the December 2012 increase of 1.9 percent. Wages and 
salaries increased 1.9 percent for the current 12-month period. In December 2012 the increase was 
1.7 percent. Benefit costs increased 2.2 percent for the 12-month period ending December 2013. In 
December 2012 the increase was 2.4 percent.


                                  Updated Employment Weights

Beginning with this release, Employment Cost Index measures are based on 2012 fixed employment 
counts, rather than 2002 counts. For additional information, see the Technical Note on page 4.


Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.0 percent over the year. In 
December 2012 the increase was 1.8 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.1 percent for the current 
12-month period.  In December 2012 the increase was 1.7 percent. The increase in the cost of benefits 
was 1.9 percent for the 12-month period ending December 2013, essentially unchanged from the 
December 2012 increase of 2.0 percent. Employer costs for health benefits increased 3.0 percent over 
the year.  In December 2012 the increase was 2.1 percent.

Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 
12-month period ending December 2013 ranged from 1.4 percent for service occupations to 2.3 percent 
for sales and office occupations.

Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the current 
12-month period ranged from 0.8 percent for information to 2.9 percent for other services, except public 
administration.  

State and Local Government Workers

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 1.9 percent for the 12-month 
period ending December 2013, unchanged from December 2012. Wages and salaries increased 
1.1 percent for the 12-month period ending December 2013, unchanged from December 2012. Prior 
values for this series, which began in June 1982, ranged from 0.9 percent to 8.5 percent. Benefit costs 
increased 3.3 percent in December 2013. In December 2012, the increase was 3.4 percent.

_____________

The Employment Cost Index for March 2014 is scheduled to be released on 
Wednesday, April 30, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request-Voice 
phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339

New seasonal factors for 2014, along with revised seasonally adjusted indexes for the past five years 
will be available online Monday, April 28, 2014.

BLS news releases, including the ECI, are available through an e-mail subscription service at: 
www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.


                               Corrections to ECI Data Series

Some Employment Cost Index estimates from September 2012 through March 2013 were corrected on 
June 26, 2013. (Seasonally adjusted estimates were subject to corrections back to March 2008.) For 
further information, see: www.bls.gov/bls/eci_corrections_043013.htm.



______________________________________________________________________________________________

Table A.  Major series of the Employment Cost Index
(Percent change)

Category                     3-month,                        12-month,
                       seasonally adjusted             not seasonally adjusted
                         Sep.       Dec.            Dec.    Mar.    June      Sep.     Dec.
                         2013       2013            2012    2013    2013      2013     2013
______________________________________________________________________________________________
   CIVILIAN WORKERS[1]

Compensation[2]          0.4        0.5             1.9    1.9       1.9       1.9      2.0
Wages and salaries       0.3        0.6             1.7    1.6       1.7       1.6      1.9
Benefits                 0.7        0.6             2.4    2.4       2.2       2.2      2.2

   PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Compensation[2]          0.4        0.5             1.8    1.9       1.9       1.9      2.0
Wages and salaries       0.3        0.6             1.7    1.7       1.9       1.8      2.1
Benefits                 0.6        0.5             2.0    2.0       1.9       2.0      1.9

   STATE AND LOCAL
     GOVERNMENT

Compensation[2]          0.4        0.7             1.9    1.9       1.8       1.7      1.9
Wages and salaries       0.3        0.5             1.1    1.0       1.0       0.9      1.1
Benefits                 0.5        1.1             3.4    3.5       3.3       2.9      3.3
______________________________________________________________________________________________

[1] Includes private industry and State and local government.
[2] Includes wages and salaries and benefits.



                                       TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of 
employment shifts among occupations and industries. Detailed information on survey concepts, 
coverage, and methods can be found in BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 8, “National Compensation 
Measures,” Bureau of Labor Statistics, on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch8.pdf.

Sample size

Data for the December 2013 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 
44,200 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 9,100 establishments in private 
industry and approximately 9,100 occupations from a sample of about 1,400 establishments in state and 
local governments.

Health insurance data

Data from the ECI that provide 12-month percent changes in employer costs for health insurance in 
private industry are available at www.bls.gov/ect/sp/echealth.pdf.

Historical listings

Historical listings that provide all ECI data are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Included among 
these listings is one that provides continuous occupational and industry series. This listing uses the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Census of Population series through 2005 and the North 
American Industry Classification System and Standard Occupational Classification from 2006 to the 
present. It provides the official series from the beginning of the ECI in 1975 through the current quarter. 
For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the article published in the 
Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

The costs per hour worked of compensation components, based on data from the ECI, are published in a 
separate news release titled "Employer Costs for Employee Compensation" (ECEC). The next ECEC 
release is scheduled for 10:00 a.m. (EDT), Wednesday, March 12, 2014. Historical ECEC data are 
available in summary documents at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current 
employment weights rather than the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in 
the cost levels usually differ from those in the ECI.

Updated employment weights and methodology changes

Fixed employment weights are used each quarter to calculate aggregate indexes for civilian, private, and 
state and local government. These fixed weights are also used to derive all of the industry and 
occupation series indexes. Beginning in December 2013, the 2012 employment counts from the 
Bureau’s Occupational Employment Survey were used. Additional methodology changes include a 
partial implementation of the new NCS national sample design and adjustments to aggregate seasonally 
adjusted series. For more information, please contact the National Compensation Survey at 202-691-
6199 or NCSinfo@bls.gov.



    Table 1.  Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended–          
                                                 2005 = 100)                                                         
          Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                     
                                                 Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                 2013   2013   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                     
                 Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                     
    All workers(2).............................  119.5  120.1    0.5    0.5    0.4    0.4    0.5    0.5    0.4    0.5
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(3)............  117.4  118.0     .0     .4     .6     .5     .4     .4     .4     .5
        Manufacturing..........................  116.6  117.3     .0     .4     .6     .5     .3     .4     .4     .6
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(4)..........  120.0  120.6     .7     .5     .3     .4     .5     .5     .4     .5
        Education and health services..........  120.4  121.2     .7     .4     .3     .4     .4     .4     .3     .7
          Education services...................  119.9  120.8     .5     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .2     .8
            Elementary and secondary schools...  119.5  120.4     .4     .4     .4     .3     .4     .3     .0     .8
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
             universities, and professional                                                                          
             schools...........................  120.6  121.3     .7     .5     .7     .6     .5     .6     .4     .6
          Health care and social assistance(5)   121.0  121.7     .9     .4     .3     .4     .3     .4     .6     .6
            Hospitals..........................  121.5  122.0     .4     .4     .3     .4     .3     .6     .5     .4
            Nursing and residential care                                                                             
             facilities........................  117.2  117.7     .4     .3     .3     .3     .3     .3     .4     .4
        Public administration..................  122.6  123.5     .6     .6     .5     .4     .5     .2     .7     .7
                                                                                                                     
             Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  119.0  119.6     .5     .5     .4     .4     .4     .6     .4     .5
                                                                                                                     
                Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related....  120.0  120.6     .4     .6     .4     .6     .2     .8     .6     .5
        Management, business, and financial....  119.6  120.3     .3     .8     .3     .4     .3    1.0     .5     .6
        Professional and related...............  120.2  120.7     .5     .5     .5     .6     .2     .6     .7     .4
                                                                                                                     
      Sales and office.........................  118.3  119.1     .7     .5     .3     .3     .7     .4     .4     .7
        Sales and related......................  114.8  115.9    1.1     .4     .4     .1    1.1     .2     .4    1.0
        Office and administrative support......  120.8  121.4     .5     .5     .3     .5     .4     .6     .5     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
       maintenance.............................  119.8  120.3     .4     .4     .5     .4     .6     .3     .7     .4
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                           
         fishing, and forestry.................  119.8  120.4     .2     .3     .5     .2     .8     .1     .8     .5
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..  119.8  120.1     .7     .5     .6     .5     .5     .4     .6     .3
                                                                                                                     
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
       moving..................................  117.4  118.1     .2     .3     .5     .5     .5     .3     .3     .6
        Production.............................  116.3  116.9    -.2     .4     .3     .4     .3     .3     .3     .5
        Transportation and material moving.....  119.1  119.7     .7     .3     .7     .7     .7     .2     .4     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Service occupations......................  118.4  119.1     .3     .4     .3     .6     .2     .5     .1     .6
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(3)............  117.4  117.9     .1     .4     .6     .5     .5     .4     .4     .4
        Construction...........................  118.2  118.7     .2     .3     .5     .4     .8     .3     .6     .4
        Manufacturing..........................  116.6  117.3     .0     .4     .6     .5     .3     .4     .4     .6
          Aircraft manufacturing...............  104.0  104.6    1.8     .5    4.9     .4     .2     .9   -1.6     .6
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(6)..........  119.5  120.1     .7     .5     .3     .3     .5     .6     .4     .5
        Trade, transportation, and utilities...  118.6  119.7     .8     .5     .3     .3     .7     .5     .5     .9
          Wholesale trade......................  117.6  119.3     .8     .4    1.0    -.3     .3    1.1     .8    1.4
          Retail trade.........................  117.6  118.3     .4     .5    -.3     .3     .9     .6     .3     .6
          Transportation and warehousing.......  120.4  121.2    1.6     .4    1.0     .9     .8     .0     .8     .7
          Utilities............................  126.2  127.7     .5    1.2     .6    1.0     .1     .1    -.4    1.2
        Information............................  119.0  117.8    2.2     .9     .3     .4     .6     .5     .5   -1.0
        Financial activities...................  118.4  119.2     .1     .8     .4     .2     .7     .8     .5     .7
          Finance and insurance................  118.9  119.4     .0     .8     .4     .2     .9     .8     .6     .4
            Credit intermediation and related                                                                        
             activities........................  118.0  118.0     .3     .6     .1     .3    1.1     .6     .3     .0
            Insurance carriers and related                                                                           
             activities........................  120.4  121.3    -.3     .6    1.0    -.2     .3    1.4    1.3     .7
          Real estate and rental and leasing...  116.5  118.2     .2    1.1     .4     .4    -.2     .6     .4    1.5
        Professional and business services.....  121.0  121.3     .5     .4     .4     .6     .3     .5     .4     .2
          Professional, scientific, and                                                                              
           technical services..................  123.8  124.2     .3     .4     .4     .7     .2     .7     .4     .3
          Administrative and support and waste                                                                       
           management and remediation services   117.3  117.7     .4     .4     .3     .6     .8     .2     .2     .3
        Education and health services..........  120.6  121.2     .9     .4     .3     .4     .3     .5     .6     .5
          Education services...................  120.9  121.6     .3     .4     .3     .4     .3     .8     .5     .6
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
             universities, and professional                                                                          
             schools...........................  121.9  122.6     .8     .4     .5     .5     .4     .8     .7     .6
          Health care and social assistance(5)   120.5  121.2     .9     .5     .3     .4     .3     .5     .5     .6
            Hospitals..........................  121.1  121.5     .4     .4     .3     .4     .3     .6     .5     .3
            Nursing and residential care                                                                             
             facilities........................  116.2  116.6     .4     .2     .3     .3     .2     .3     .3     .3
        Leisure and hospitality................  117.3  117.6     .3     .5    -.1     .4     .1     .4     .2     .3
          Accommodation and food services......  117.9  118.3     .1     .7    -.3     .6    -.2     .5     .2     .3
        Other services, except public                                                                                
         administration........................  120.1  121.4     .4     .4     .5     .3     .5    1.1     .3    1.1
                                                                                                                     
        State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  121.4  122.2     .5     .5     .4     .5     .4     .3     .4     .7
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
        Education and health services..........  120.3  121.2     .6     .3     .5     .4     .4     .4     .2     .7
          Education services...................  119.8  120.6     .5     .4     .4     .5     .4     .3     .2     .7
            Schools............................  119.7  120.6     .5     .4     .4     .4     .5     .3     .1     .8
              Elementary and secondary schools   119.6  120.5     .5     .3     .3     .4     .4     .3     .1     .8
          Health care and social assistance(5)   124.5  125.2     .6     .4     .2     .5     .5     .5     .7     .6
            Hospitals..........................  123.2  123.8     .5     .5     .4     .3     .4     .5     .6     .5
        Public administration..................  122.6  123.5     .6     .6     .5     .4     .5     .2     .7     .7

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
    sector, except the federal government.
      3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except
    public administration; and public administration.
      5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
      6 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
    except public administration.



    Table 2.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended–          
                                                 2005 = 100)                                                         
          Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                     
                                                 Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                 2013   2013   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                     
                 Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                     
    All workers(1).............................  118.1  118.8    0.5    0.4    0.3    0.3    0.5    0.4    0.3    0.6
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(2)............  117.3  117.7     .4     .4     .4     .4     .5     .6     .4     .3
        Manufacturing..........................  116.8  117.4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .5     .6     .4     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(3)..........  118.4  119.0     .5     .4     .3     .3     .4     .5     .3     .5
        Education and health services..........  118.1  118.7     .5     .3     .3     .3     .3     .4     .3     .5
          Education services...................  116.6  117.2     .3     .3     .2     .3     .2     .3     .2     .5
            Elementary and secondary schools...  115.8  116.4     .3     .2     .3     .2     .2     .2     .1     .5
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
             universities, and professional                                                                          
             schools...........................  117.7  118.4     .6     .3     .6     .4     .3     .6     .2     .6
          Health care and social assistance(4)   119.8  120.4     .8     .3     .3     .3     .4     .4     .4     .5
            Hospitals..........................  120.3  120.6     .4     .3     .3     .4     .4     .5     .3     .2
            Nursing and residential care                                                                             
             facilities........................  115.9  116.5     .4     .2     .3     .3     .3     .3     .3     .5
        Public administration..................  117.3  118.0     .3     .3     .3     .3     .2     .1     .5     .6
                                                                                                                     
             Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  118.4  119.1     .5     .4     .4     .3     .5     .6     .3     .6
                                                                                                                     
                Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related....  119.9  120.4     .3     .7     .3     .5     .3     .8     .5     .4
        Management, business, and financial....  119.4  120.1     .3     .8     .2     .4     .5    1.1     .3     .6
        Professional and related...............  120.2  120.7     .4     .4     .5     .6     .2     .6     .7     .4
                                                                                                                     
      Sales and office.........................  117.6  118.5     .8     .3     .5     .3     .7     .4     .3     .8
        Sales and related......................  114.8  116.0    1.2     .3     .7    -.1    1.0     .0     .5    1.1
        Office and administrative support......  119.7  120.3     .3     .6     .3     .4     .5     .6     .3     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
       maintenance.............................  118.5  118.8     .3     .3     .4     .2     .6     .3     .7     .3
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                           
         fishing, and forestry.................  118.1  118.5     .1     .3     .5     .0     .4     .1     .6     .3
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..  118.9  119.2     .5     .3     .3     .3     .8     .3     .8     .3
                                                                                                                     
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
       moving..................................  116.6  117.3     .8     .2     .5     .4     .6     .3     .4     .6
        Production.............................  115.9  116.6     .5     .4     .3     .5     .4     .5     .4     .6
        Transportation and material moving.....  117.5  118.2     .9     .2     .6     .7     .7    -.1     .5     .6
                                                                                                                     
      Service occupations......................  117.6  118.3     .2     .5     .3     .5     .3     .5    -.1     .6
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(2)............  117.3  117.7     .4     .4     .4     .4     .5     .5     .5     .3
        Construction...........................  117.1  117.3     .1     .4     .4     .3     .5     .4     .5     .2
        Manufacturing..........................  116.8  117.4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .5     .6     .4     .5
          Aircraft manufacturing...............  124.3  125.3     .7     .7     .8     .7     .4    1.2     .7     .8
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(5)..........  118.8  119.5     .6     .5     .3     .3     .5     .6     .3     .6
        Trade, transportation, and utilities...  117.3  118.3     .9     .4     .5     .2     .6     .7     .5     .9
          Retail trade.........................  117.5  118.3     .5     .3    -.1     .4     .6     .6     .2     .7
          Transportation and warehousing.......  118.2  118.8    1.5     .4    1.1     .7    1.1    -.2     .6     .5
          Utilities............................  124.9  125.6     .4    1.2     .2     .7     .8     .7     .9     .5
        Information............................  116.6  116.3     .4     .5     .4     .6     .6     .3     .5    -.3
        Financial activities...................  118.5  119.4     .4    1.0     .4     .1     .8     .9     .3     .8
          Finance and insurance................  119.6  120.3     .4    1.0     .4     .1     .9     .9     .3     .6
            Insurance carriers and related                                                                           
             activities........................  120.3  121.2     .3     .3    1.2    -.5     .2    1.6    1.4     .7
        Professional and business services.....  120.6  121.1     .4     .5     .3     .7     .4     .3     .2     .4
          Professional, scientific, and                                                                              
           technical services..................  123.3  123.7     .3     .4     .4     .7     .1     .6     .3     .3
          Administrative and support and waste                                                                       
           management and remediation services   117.3  117.9     .6     .4     .4     .7     .8     .1     .0     .5
        Education and health services..........  119.8  120.3     .7     .4     .3     .4     .3     .6     .4     .4
          Education services...................  119.9  120.4     .3     .4     .2     .3     .2     .8     .4     .4
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
             universities, and professional                                                                          
             schools...........................  120.4  121.1     .7     .4     .4     .5     .3     .9     .4     .6
          Health care and social assistance(4)   119.7  120.3     .8     .3     .3     .3     .5     .4     .4     .5
            Hospitals..........................  120.3  120.6     .3     .4     .3     .3     .5     .6     .3     .3
        Leisure and hospitality................  117.8  118.2     .2     .7    -.2     .3     .2     .4     .1     .3
          Accommodation and food services......  118.3  118.7     .0     .8    -.3     .6    -.2     .5     .1     .3
        Other services, except public                                                                                
         administration........................  119.6  121.0     .3     .4     .2     .3     .9    1.2     .1    1.1
                                                                                                                     
        State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  116.9  117.5     .3     .3     .3     .3     .2     .2     .3     .5
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
        Education and health services..........  116.4  117.0     .3     .3     .2     .3     .2     .3     .1     .5
          Education services...................  115.9  116.5     .3     .3     .3     .3     .1     .3     .1     .5
            Schools............................  115.9  116.5     .3     .3     .3     .3     .2     .3     .1     .5
              Elementary and secondary schools   115.7  116.3     .4     .2     .1     .3     .1     .2     .1     .5
          Health care and social assistance(4)   120.6  121.1     .4     .3     .1     .4     .3     .2     .4     .4
            Hospitals..........................  120.1  120.6     .3     .3     .3     .3     .3     .2     .3     .4
        Public administration..................  117.3  118.0     .3     .3     .3     .3     .2     .1     .5     .6

      1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
    sector, except the federal government.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except
    public administration; and public administration.
      4 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
      5 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
    except public administration.



    Table 3.  Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended–          
                                                 2005 = 100)                                                         
          Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                     
                                                 Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                 2013   2013   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                     
                 Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                     
    All workers(1).............................  122.6  123.3    0.6    0.7    0.5    0.6    0.6    0.4    0.7    0.6
                                                                                                                     
             Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  120.3  120.9     .4     .6     .4     .6     .4     .4     .6     .5
                                                                                                                     
                Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related....  120.2  120.8     .5     .6     .5     .7    -.2     .8     .8     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Sales and office.........................  120.2  120.8     .7     .7     .0     .4     .8     .4     .7     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
       maintenance.............................  122.5  123.3     .6     .8     .8     .7     .8     .2     .6     .7
                                                                                                                     
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
       moving..................................  119.1  119.7    -.9     .7     .6     .5     .4     .2     .2     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Service occupations......................  120.8  121.5     .7     .3     .6     .8    -.1     .5     .5     .6
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(2)............  117.6  118.4    -.6     .5     .8     .7     .5     .1     .4     .7
        Manufacturing..........................  116.3  117.1   -1.0     .5     .9     .7     .2     .1     .4     .7
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(3)..........  121.4  121.9     .9     .6     .3     .5     .3     .6     .7     .4
                                                                                                                     
        State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  130.7  132.1    1.0     .9     .9     .7    1.0     .6     .5    1.1

      1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
    sector, except the federal government.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
    except public administration.



    Table 4.  Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and
    industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
          Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                 Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                  2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                 
                 Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
    All workers(2).............................  117.7   119.6   120.0     0.3    0.5    0.3    1.9    1.9    2.0
        Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)  118.0   119.9   120.2      .3     .5     .3    1.7    1.9    1.9
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  118.1   120.2   120.5      .3     .6     .2    2.0    2.0    2.0
        Management, business, and financial....  117.4   119.8   120.2      .1     .3     .3    1.8    2.1    2.4
        Professional and related...............  118.5   120.3   120.7      .3     .6     .3    2.0    1.9    1.9
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  116.7   118.8   119.4      .0     .4     .5    1.8    1.8    2.3
        Sales and related......................  112.9   115.2   116.0     -.3     .5     .7    1.9    1.8    2.7
        Office and administrative support......  119.0   121.1   121.4      .2     .4     .2    1.9    1.9    2.0
                                                                                                                 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
       maintenance.............................  118.1   120.2   120.4      .1     .8     .2    1.7    1.9    1.9
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                       
         fishing, and forestry.................  118.0   120.0   120.5      .0     .8     .4    1.3    1.7    2.1
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..  118.3   120.4   120.4      .3     .6     .0    2.3    2.0    1.8
                                                                                                                 
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
       moving..................................  116.5   118.0   118.4      .3     .4     .3    1.7    1.6    1.6
        Production.............................  115.1   116.5   116.9      .2     .3     .3    1.1    1.4    1.6
        Transportation and material moving.....  118.2   119.8   120.3      .5     .5     .4    2.2    1.9    1.8
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  118.7   120.0   120.6      .4     .3     .5    1.8    1.5    1.6
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
      Goods-producing industries(4)............  115.6   117.5   117.8      .2     .4     .3    1.5    1.8    1.9
        Manufacturing..........................  114.9   116.7   117.0      .3     .3     .3    1.6    1.8    1.8
                                                                                                                 
      Service-providing industries(5)..........  118.0   119.9   120.4      .2     .5     .4    1.9    1.8    2.0
        Education and health services..........  119.0   120.7   121.2      .2     .8     .4    1.9    1.6    1.8
          Education services...................  118.8   120.4   120.8      .2     .8     .3    1.8    1.5    1.7
            Elementary and secondary schools...  118.7   120.0   120.4      .1     .7     .3    1.6    1.2    1.4
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                           
             universities, and professional                                                                      
             schools...........................  118.8   121.0   121.4      .3    1.1     .3    2.4    2.1    2.2
          Health care and social assistance(6)   119.3   121.0   121.6      .3     .6     .5    2.1    1.8    1.9
            Hospitals..........................  119.7   121.5   121.9      .3     .6     .3    1.6    1.8    1.8
            Nursing and residential care                                                                         
             facilities........................  115.9   117.2   117.6      .2     .4     .3    1.4    1.3    1.5
        Public administration..................  120.7   122.7   123.4      .2     .9     .6    2.1    1.8    2.2

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
    public sector, except the federal government.
      3 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
      4 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      5 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other
    services, except public administration; and public administration.
      6 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



    Table 5.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational
    group and industry
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                    Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                            100)                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
           Occupational group and industry                                   3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                   Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                    2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                           Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                           2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                   
              Private industry workers                                                                             
                                                                                                                   
    All workers..................................  117.1   119.0   119.4     0.3    0.3    0.3    1.8    1.9    2.0
        Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)..  117.5   119.4   119.7      .3     .3     .3    1.7    1.9    1.9
                                                                                                                   
                 Occupational group                                                                                
                                                                                                                   
      Management, professional, and related......  117.7   119.9   120.2      .3     .4     .3    2.0    2.1    2.1
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  117.7   119.9   120.1      .3     .4     .2    1.8    2.1    2.0
        Management, business, and financial......  117.1   119.6   119.9      .2     .3     .3    1.8    2.3    2.4
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  117.3   119.8   120.0      .1     .3     .2    1.6    2.2    2.3
        Professional and related.................  118.2   120.2   120.5      .4     .6     .2    2.2    2.1    1.9
                                                                                                                   
      Sales and office...........................  116.3   118.4   119.0      .1     .3     .5    1.8    1.9    2.3
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  117.7   119.8   119.9      .3     .4     .1    1.6    2.0    1.9
        Sales and related........................  112.8   115.1   115.9     -.3     .5     .7    1.9    1.8    2.7
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  115.5   117.8   117.7      .2     .4    -.1    1.1    2.2    1.9
        Office and administrative support........  118.7   120.7   121.1      .3     .2     .3    1.9    1.9    2.0
                                                                                                                   
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                         
       maintenance...............................  117.8   119.9   120.1      .1     .7     .2    1.7    1.9    2.0
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                         
         fishing, and forestry...................  117.9   119.9   120.3      .1     .8     .3    1.2    1.8    2.0
        Installation, maintenance, and repair....  117.8   119.9   119.9      .3     .5     .0    2.4    2.0    1.8
                                                                                                                   
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                     
       moving....................................  116.0   117.5   118.0      .3     .3     .4    1.6    1.6    1.7
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  116.1   117.6   118.0      .3     .3     .3    1.4    1.6    1.6
        Production...............................  115.0   116.3   116.7      .2     .2     .3    1.1    1.3    1.5
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  115.1   116.5   116.9      .1     .2     .3    1.0    1.3    1.6
        Transportation and material moving.......  117.6   119.2   119.7      .5     .5     .4    2.3    1.9    1.8
                                                                                                                   
      Service occupations........................  117.4   118.4   119.0      .5     .1     .5    1.7    1.4    1.4
                                                                                                                   
           Industry and occupational group                                                                         
                                                                                                                   
      Goods-producing industries(3)..............  115.6   117.5   117.7      .3     .4     .2    1.6    1.9    1.8
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  116.0   117.8   118.1      .3     .4     .3    1.6    1.9    1.8
          Management, professional, and related..  114.6   116.9   116.8      .3     .3    -.1    2.0    2.3    1.9
          Sales and office.......................  115.5   118.0   118.5      .1     .4     .4    2.7    2.3    2.6
          Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
           maintenance...........................  117.6   119.6   119.9      .3     .8     .3    1.5    2.0    2.0
          Production, transportation, and                                                                          
           material moving.......................  114.8   116.1   116.6      .2     .2     .4    1.1    1.3    1.6
                                                                                                                   
        Construction.............................  116.3   118.4   118.6      .3     .7     .2    1.6    2.1    2.0
                                                                                                                   
        Manufacturing............................  114.9   116.7   117.0      .3     .3     .3    1.6    1.8    1.8
            Management, professional, and related  114.4   116.8   116.7      .3     .5    -.1    2.0    2.4    2.0
            Sales and office.....................  116.6   118.8   119.6      .1     .4     .7    2.6    2.0    2.6
            Natural resources, construction, and                                                                   
             maintenance.........................  116.4   118.5   118.5      .3     .5     .0    1.9    2.2    1.8
            Production, transportation, and                                                                        
             material moving.....................  114.5   115.9   116.3      .2     .2     .3    1.0    1.4    1.6
                                                                                                                   
          Aircraft manufacturing.................  104.2   104.0   104.1      .0   -1.7     .1    7.8    -.2    -.1
                                                                                                                   
      Service-providing industries(4)............  117.6   119.6   120.0      .3     .4     .3    2.0    2.0    2.0
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  118.1   120.0   120.2      .3     .4     .2    1.8    2.0    1.8
          Management, professional, and related..  118.3   120.5   120.9      .3     .4     .3    2.0    2.1    2.2
          Sales and office.......................  116.4   118.5   119.0      .1     .4     .4    1.8    1.9    2.2
          Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
           maintenance...........................  118.2   120.4   120.5     -.2     .6     .1    2.2    1.7    1.9
          Production, transportation, and                                                                          
           material moving.......................  117.7   119.4   119.8      .4     .5     .3    2.3    1.9    1.8
          Service occupations....................  117.4   118.4   119.0      .5     .1     .5    1.7    1.4    1.4
                                                                                                                   
        Trade, transportation, and utilities.....  116.4   118.7   119.5      .1     .4     .7    2.0    2.1    2.7
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  117.2   119.4   119.7      .3     .3     .3    1.6    2.1    2.1
          Wholesale trade........................  114.9   117.7   119.2     -.4     .8    1.3    1.9    2.0    3.7
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  117.1   119.4   120.0      .3     .7     .5    1.4    2.2    2.5
          Retail trade...........................  115.5   117.7   118.3      .2     .3     .5    1.0    2.1    2.4
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  115.3   117.6   117.8      .0     .3     .2     .6    2.0    2.2
          Transportation and warehousing.........  118.1   120.5   120.8      .4     .7     .2    4.0    2.5    2.3
          Utilities..............................  125.7   126.3   126.9      .2    -.9     .5    3.4     .7    1.0
                                                                                                                   
        Information..............................  116.9   119.0   117.8      .3     .3   -1.0    3.9    2.1     .8
                                                                                                                   
        Financial activities.....................  115.9   118.5   118.9     -.1     .4     .3    1.5    2.2    2.6
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  116.6   118.9   119.3      .1     .4     .3    1.0    2.1    2.3
          Finance and insurance..................  116.0   119.0   119.1     -.2     .5     .1    1.3    2.4    2.7
            Credit intermediation and related                                                                      
             activities..........................  115.7   118.0   118.0      .3     .2     .0    1.4    2.3    2.0
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  118.1   120.6   120.7      .3     .4     .1     .8    2.4    2.2
            Insurance carriers and related                                                                         
             activities..........................  116.5   120.5   120.9     -.7    1.1     .3    1.1    2.7    3.8
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  117.0   119.7   119.9      .0     .4     .2    1.1    2.3    2.5
          Real estate and rental and leasing.....  115.2   116.4   118.0      .2     .3    1.4    2.0    1.2    2.4
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  118.1   119.7   120.8      .0     .3     .9    2.1    1.4    2.3
                                                                                                                   
        Professional and business services.......  119.3   120.9   121.2      .5     .2     .2    1.9    1.9    1.6
          Professional, scientific, and technical                                                                  
           services..............................  121.9   123.7   124.0      .5     .2     .2    1.8    2.0    1.7
          Administrative and support and waste                                                                     
           management and remediation services...  116.0   117.2   117.7      .7    -.2     .4    1.8    1.7    1.5
                                                                                                                   
        Education and health services............  118.9   120.6   121.2      .3     .6     .5    2.1    1.7    1.9
          Education services.....................  119.0   121.3   121.7      .1    1.2     .3    1.4    2.0    2.3
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                             
             universities, and professional                                                                        
             schools.............................  119.5   122.3   122.6      .2    1.4     .2    2.2    2.5    2.6
          Health care and social assistance(5)...  118.9   120.5   121.1      .3     .5     .5    2.1    1.7    1.9
            Hospitals............................  119.4   121.0   121.5      .4     .5     .4    1.6    1.8    1.8
            Nursing and residential care                                                                           
             facilities..........................  115.2   116.2   116.5      .3     .3     .3    1.3    1.1    1.1
              Nursing care facilities(2).........  115.2   116.1   116.4      .1     .1     .3     .9     .9    1.0
                                                                                                                   
        Leisure and hospitality..................  116.5   117.3   117.6      .4     .3     .3    1.1    1.1     .9
          Accommodation and food services........  117.3   117.9   118.2      .5     .3     .3    1.1    1.0     .8
                                                                                                                   
        Other services, except public                                                                              
         administration..........................  117.7   120.2   121.1      .1     .3     .7    1.8    2.2    2.9

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
      3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.
      5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



    Table 6.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining
    status and census region and division
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
      Bargaining status and census region and                                                                    
                     division                                              3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                 Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                  2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                 
                 Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Union....................................  120.5   122.5   122.6     0.2    0.3    0.1    2.2    1.9    1.7
        Goods-producing industries(2)..........  118.0   119.2   119.6      .3     .3     .3     .9    1.3    1.4
          Manufacturing........................  113.7   113.8   114.2      .1    -.3     .4    -.1     .2     .4
        Service-providing industries(3)........  122.6   125.2   125.2      .3     .2     .0    3.2    2.5    2.1
                                                                                                                 
      Nonunion.................................  116.6   118.5   119.0      .3     .4     .4    1.8    1.9    2.1
        Goods-producing industries(2)..........  114.9   116.9   117.2      .3     .4     .3    1.8    2.0    2.0
          Manufacturing........................  115.3   117.5   117.8      .3     .4     .3    2.0    2.2    2.2
        Service-providing industries(3)........  117.1   119.0   119.4      .3     .4     .3    1.8    1.9    2.0
                                                                                                                 
           Census region and division(4)                                                                         
                                                                                                                 
      Northeast................................  117.8   119.7   120.1      .2     .3     .3    1.5    1.8    2.0
        New England............................  118.5   120.5   121.6      .4     .4     .9    1.9    2.1    2.6
        Middle Atlantic........................  117.6   119.5   119.6      .2     .3     .1    1.4    1.8    1.7
                                                                                                                 
      South....................................  117.7   119.7   120.1      .4     .3     .3    2.3    2.1    2.0
        South Atlantic.........................  118.3   120.2   120.6      .4     .3     .3    2.5    2.0    1.9
        East South Central.....................  115.8   117.5   117.8      .4     .5     .3    2.3    1.9    1.7
        West South Central.....................  117.6   119.8   120.2      .5     .4     .3    2.3    2.4    2.2
                                                                                                                 
      Midwest..................................  115.9   117.4   117.8      .3     .3     .3    1.8    1.6    1.6
        East North Central.....................  114.8   116.4   116.7      .2     .3     .3    1.4    1.6    1.7
        West North Central.....................  118.7   119.9   120.6      .4     .4     .6    2.7    1.4    1.6
                                                                                                                 
      West.....................................  116.8   119.2   119.6      .0     .6     .3    1.5    2.1    2.4
        Mountain...............................  115.7   118.7   119.2     -.7     .5     .4     .3    1.9    3.0
        Pacific................................  117.4   119.5   119.9      .3     .7     .3    2.0    2.1    2.1

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.
      4 The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
    Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New
    York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
    Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi,
    and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois,
    Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
    North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and
    Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
      
      NOTE:  The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and
      industry series. Dashes indicate data not available.



    Table 7.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for State and local government workers, by
    occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
          Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                 Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                  2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                 
        State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                                 
    All workers................................  119.9   121.7   122.2     0.2    0.8    0.4    1.9    1.7    1.9
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  119.2   120.8   121.2      .2     .8     .3    2.0    1.5    1.7
        Professional and related...............  119.0   120.6   121.0      .2     .8     .3    1.8    1.5    1.7
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  120.9   122.9   123.4      .2     .8     .4    2.1    1.8    2.1
        Office and administrative support......  121.0   123.0   123.4      .2     .9     .3    2.0    1.8    2.0
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  121.7   123.7   124.3      .2     .9     .5    1.8    1.8    2.1
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
      Education and health services............  119.1   120.7   121.1      .1     .8     .3    1.8    1.4    1.7
        Education services.....................  118.7   120.2   120.6      .1     .8     .3    1.8    1.3    1.6
          Schools(2)...........................  118.7   120.2   120.6      .2     .8     .3    1.9    1.4    1.6
            Elementary and secondary schools...  118.7   120.1   120.5      .0     .8     .3    1.5    1.2    1.5
        Health care and social assistance(3)...  122.2   124.6   125.0      .2     .9     .3    1.7    2.2    2.3
          Hospitals............................  121.2   123.2   123.7      .2     .6     .4    1.7    1.8    2.1
      Public administration....................  120.7   122.7   123.4      .2     .9     .6    2.1    1.8    2.2

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 Includes elementary and secondary schools; junior colleges; colleges, universities, and professional
    schools.
      3 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



    Table 8.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and
    industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
          Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                 Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                  2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                 
                 Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
    All workers(1).............................  116.5   118.2   118.7     0.2    0.3    0.4    1.7    1.6    1.9
        Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)  116.8   118.5   118.8      .3     .4     .3    1.5    1.7    1.7
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  117.1   118.9   119.3      .3     .3     .3    1.6    1.8    1.9
        Management, business, and financial....  116.8   119.1   119.5      .2     .2     .3    1.7    2.1    2.3
        Professional and related...............  117.4   118.9   119.2      .4     .6     .3    1.7    1.7    1.5
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  115.8   117.7   118.3      .0     .4     .5    1.8    1.6    2.2
        Sales and related......................  113.1   115.2   116.0     -.5     .5     .7    2.1    1.3    2.6
        Office and administrative support......  117.5   119.3   119.7      .3     .3     .3    1.7    1.8    1.9
                                                                                                                 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
       maintenance.............................  116.7   118.5   118.8      .1     .8     .3    1.1    1.6    1.8
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                       
         fishing, and forestry.................  116.6   118.1   118.4      .0     .8     .3     .9    1.3    1.5
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..  116.9   119.1   119.3      .3     .8     .2    1.5    2.1    2.1
                                                                                                                 
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
       moving..................................  115.2   116.8   117.3      .3     .4     .4    1.9    1.7    1.8
        Production.............................  114.3   116.1   116.5      .3     .4     .3    1.7    1.8    1.9
        Transportation and material moving.....  116.4   117.7   118.2      .4     .5     .4    2.3    1.6    1.5
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  117.0   117.8   118.5      .4     .2     .6    1.4    1.1    1.3
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
      Goods-producing industries(3)............  115.4   117.4   117.6      .3     .5     .2    1.7    2.0    1.9
        Manufacturing..........................  114.8   116.9   117.2      .2     .4     .3    1.9    2.0    2.1
                                                                                                                 
      Service-providing industries(4)..........  116.8   118.4   118.9      .3     .4     .4    1.7    1.6    1.8
        Education and health services..........  117.0   118.3   118.7      .3     .6     .3    1.5    1.4    1.5
          Education services...................  115.9   116.9   117.2      .2     .7     .3    1.1    1.0    1.1
            Elementary and secondary schools...  115.4   116.1   116.4      .1     .4     .3     .9     .7     .9
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                           
             universities, and professional                                                                      
             schools...........................  116.5   118.1   118.5      .3     .9     .3    2.0    1.6    1.7
          Health care and social assistance(5)   118.3   119.8   120.4      .3     .4     .5    1.8    1.6    1.8
            Hospitals..........................  118.8   120.2   120.7      .4     .3     .4    1.4    1.6    1.6
            Nursing and residential care                                                                         
             facilities........................  115.0   116.0   116.5      .3     .3     .4    1.1    1.1    1.3
        Public administration..................  116.3   117.3   117.9      .2     .5     .5    1.1    1.0    1.4

      1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
    public sector, except the federal government.
      2 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
      3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other
    services, except public administration; and public administration.
      5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



    Table 9.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and
    industry
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                    Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                            100)                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
           Occupational group and industry                                   3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                   Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                    2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                           Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                           2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                   
              Private industry workers                                                                             
                                                                                                                   
    All workers..................................  116.6   118.5   119.0     0.2    0.3    0.4    1.7    1.8    2.1
        Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)..  117.0   118.9   119.1      .3     .4     .2    1.6    2.0    1.8
                                                                                                                   
                 Occupational group                                                                                
                                                                                                                   
      Management, professional, and related......  117.7   119.8   120.2      .3     .3     .3    1.9    2.1    2.1
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  117.6   119.7   120.0      .3     .3     .3    1.6    2.1    2.0
        Management, business, and financial......  116.9   119.4   119.8      .2     .1     .3    1.7    2.3    2.5
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  117.0   119.5   119.7      .1     .3     .2    1.4    2.2    2.3
        Professional and related.................  118.2   120.2   120.5      .4     .6     .2    2.0    2.1    1.9
                                                                                                                   
      Sales and office...........................  115.8   117.8   118.4      .0     .4     .5    1.9    1.7    2.2
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  117.1   119.0   119.2      .3     .3     .2    1.6    1.9    1.8
        Sales and related........................  113.2   115.2   116.0     -.4     .5     .7    2.1    1.3    2.5
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  116.0   117.8   117.6      .3     .3    -.2    1.3    1.8    1.4
        Office and administrative support........  117.7   119.7   120.1      .3     .3     .3    1.7    2.0    2.0
                                                                                                                   
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                         
       maintenance...............................  116.7   118.5   118.8      .1     .8     .3    1.1    1.6    1.8
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                         
         fishing, and forestry...................  116.7   118.2   118.5     -.1     .8     .3     .9    1.2    1.5
        Installation, maintenance, and repair....  116.7   119.0   119.2      .3     .8     .2    1.5    2.2    2.1
                                                                                                                   
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                     
       moving....................................  115.1   116.7   117.2      .3     .4     .4    2.0    1.7    1.8
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  115.2   116.9   117.3      .3     .4     .3    1.9    1.8    1.8
        Production...............................  114.2   116.0   116.4      .3     .4     .3    1.7    1.8    1.9
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  114.3   116.1   116.5      .2     .3     .3    1.7    1.8    1.9
        Transportation and material moving.......  116.3   117.7   118.2      .5     .6     .4    2.4    1.7    1.6
                                                                                                                   
      Service occupations........................  116.8   117.6   118.3      .5     .0     .6    1.5    1.2    1.3
                                                                                                                   
           Industry and occupational group                                                                         
                                                                                                                   
      Goods-producing industries(2)..............  115.4   117.4   117.6      .3     .5     .2    1.7    2.0    1.9
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  115.9   117.8   118.0      .3     .5     .2    1.7    2.0    1.8
          Management, professional, and related..  115.9   118.4   118.3      .2     .3    -.1    1.9    2.3    2.1
          Sales and office.......................  115.1   117.7   118.2      .0     .5     .4    2.5    2.3    2.7
          Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
           maintenance...........................  116.7   118.3   118.4      .3     .9     .1    1.2    1.6    1.5
          Production, transportation, and                                                                          
           material moving.......................  114.0   115.8   116.3      .3     .4     .4    1.6    1.8    2.0
                                                                                                                   
        Construction.............................  115.5   117.3   117.4      .3     .8     .1    1.2    1.8    1.6
                                                                                                                   
        Manufacturing............................  114.8   116.9   117.2      .2     .4     .3    1.9    2.0    2.1
            Management, professional, and related  115.8   118.1   118.0      .3     .3    -.1    2.1    2.3    1.9
            Sales and office.....................  116.0   118.1   119.0     -.1     .4     .8    2.2    1.7    2.6
            Natural resources, construction, and                                                                   
             maintenance.........................  116.0   118.6   118.4      .3     .9    -.2    2.2    2.6    2.1
            Production, transportation, and                                                                        
             material moving.....................  113.7   115.5   116.1      .2     .3     .5    1.5    1.8    2.1
                                                                                                                   
          Aircraft manufacturing.................  120.6   124.3   124.4      .0     .5     .1    2.8    3.1    3.2
                                                                                                                   
      Service-providing industries(3)............  117.0   118.9   119.4      .3     .4     .4    1.8    1.9    2.1
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  117.4   119.2   119.5      .3     .4     .3    1.6    1.9    1.8
          Management, professional, and related..  118.0   120.1   120.5      .4     .4     .3    1.9    2.2    2.1
          Sales and office.......................  115.9   117.8   118.4      .0     .3     .5    1.8    1.6    2.2
          Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
           maintenance...........................  116.8   118.9   119.3     -.2     .7     .3    1.1    1.6    2.1
          Production, transportation, and                                                                          
           material moving.......................  116.4   117.9   118.3      .4     .5     .3    2.5    1.7    1.6
          Service occupations....................  116.8   117.6   118.3      .5     .0     .6    1.5    1.2    1.3
                                                                                                                   
        Trade, transportation, and utilities.....  115.1   117.4   118.2      .0     .5     .7    1.9    2.0    2.7
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  115.8   118.0   118.2      .2     .5     .2    1.5    2.1    2.1
          Wholesale trade........................  112.4   115.1   116.7     -.7     .8    1.4    2.0    1.7    3.8
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  114.4   116.4   116.8      .4     .6     .3    1.4    2.1    2.1
          Retail trade...........................  115.7   117.6   118.2      .3     .2     .5    1.1    1.9    2.2
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  115.5   117.5   117.6      .1     .3     .1     .9    1.8    1.8
          Transportation and warehousing.........  116.3   118.4   118.7      .4     .8     .3    3.7    2.2    2.1
          Utilities..............................  121.7   124.9   125.2      .3     .6     .2    2.4    3.0    2.9
                                                                                                                   
        Information..............................  114.8   116.6   116.2      .3     .3    -.3    2.0    1.9    1.2
                                                                                                                   
        Financial activities.....................  116.0   118.7   119.2     -.3     .3     .4    1.9    2.1    2.8
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  116.7   118.9   119.3      .0     .3     .3    1.3    1.9    2.2
          Finance and insurance..................  116.8   119.8   120.0     -.3     .3     .2    2.0    2.2    2.7
            Credit intermediation and related                                                                      
             activities..........................  114.7   116.8   116.9      .3    -.2     .1    2.4    2.2    1.9
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  117.6   119.9   120.1      .3     .2     .2    2.1    2.2    2.1
            Insurance carriers and related                                                                         
             activities..........................  116.3   120.5   120.9     -.9    1.3     .3    1.3    2.6    4.0
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  116.5   118.7   119.0     -.1     .3     .3    1.4    1.8    2.1
          Real estate and rental and leasing.....  112.9   114.2   115.8      .4     .3    1.4    1.6    1.5    2.6
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  115.9   117.8   118.9      .1     .3     .9    1.6    1.7    2.6
                                                                                                                   
        Professional and business services.......  119.3   120.5   121.0      .7     .0     .4    2.0    1.7    1.4
          Professional, scientific, and technical                                                                  
           services..............................  121.8   123.2   123.5      .6     .2     .2    1.8    1.7    1.4
          Administrative and support and waste                                                                     
           management and remediation services...  116.2   117.2   118.0      .9    -.3     .7    2.2    1.7    1.5
                                                                                                                   
        Education and health services............  118.2   119.8   120.4      .3     .6     .5    1.8    1.7    1.9
          Education services.....................  118.3   120.3   120.6      .2    1.2     .2    1.3    1.9    1.9
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                             
             universities, and professional                                                                        
             schools.............................  118.5   120.8   121.2      .3    1.2     .3    2.1    2.2    2.3
          Health care and social assistance(4)...  118.2   119.7   120.3      .4     .4     .5    1.9    1.7    1.8
            Hospitals............................  118.8   120.3   120.7      .4     .4     .3    1.5    1.7    1.6
            Nursing and residential care                                                                           
             facilities..........................  114.9   115.8   116.3      .3     .3     .4    1.1    1.0    1.2
              Nursing care facilities(1).........  114.8   115.7   116.2      .1     .2     .4     .8     .9    1.2
                                                                                                                   
        Leisure and hospitality..................  117.1   117.8   118.2      .3     .3     .3    1.1     .9     .9
          Accommodation and food services........  117.8   118.4   118.7      .5     .4     .3    1.1    1.0     .8
                                                                                                                   
        Other services, except public                                                                              
         administration..........................  116.7   119.7   120.7      .0     .3     .8    1.3    2.6    3.4

      1 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.
      4 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



    Table 10.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status
    and census region and division
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
      Bargaining status and census region and                                                                    
                     division                                              3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                 Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                  2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                 
                 Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Union....................................  117.4   119.6   119.8     0.4    0.5    0.2    2.2    2.3    2.0
        Goods-producing industries(1)..........  115.0   116.8   117.0      .5     .8     .2    1.9    2.1    1.7
          Manufacturing........................  112.5   114.4   114.8      .4     .4     .3    1.6    2.1    2.0
        Service-providing industries(2)........  119.1   121.7   121.8      .3     .3     .1    2.4    2.5    2.3
                                                                                                                 
      Nonunion.................................  116.5   118.4   118.9      .2     .4     .4    1.7    1.8    2.1
        Goods-producing industries(1)..........  115.5   117.5   117.8      .2     .4     .3    1.6    1.9    2.0
          Manufacturing........................  115.4   117.5   117.8      .2     .3     .3    1.9    2.0    2.1
        Service-providing industries(2)........  116.8   118.6   119.2      .3     .3     .5    1.7    1.8    2.1
                                                                                                                 
           Census region and division(3)                                                                         
                                                                                                                 
      Northeast................................  117.0   118.7   119.1      .3     .3     .3    1.5    1.7    1.8
        New England............................  118.2   120.5   121.8      .3     .6    1.1    1.9    2.3    3.0
        Middle Atlantic........................  116.5   118.0   118.1      .1     .1     .1    1.3    1.4    1.4
                                                                                                                 
      South....................................  117.8   119.7   120.2      .4     .3     .4    2.3    2.0    2.0
        South Atlantic.........................  118.5   120.2   120.7      .4     .2     .4    2.5    1.9    1.9
        East South Central.....................  115.4   116.8   117.3      .4     .3     .4    1.7    1.7    1.6
        West South Central.....................  117.7   120.0   120.6      .5     .4     .5    2.2    2.5    2.5
                                                                                                                 
      Midwest..................................  115.0   116.6   117.1      .3     .5     .4    1.9    1.7    1.8
        East North Central.....................  113.5   115.3   115.7      .1     .5     .3    1.4    1.7    1.9
        West North Central.....................  118.5   119.8   120.7      .4     .5     .8    2.7    1.5    1.9
                                                                                                                 
      West.....................................  116.4   118.8   119.2     -.1     .6     .3    1.3    2.0    2.4
        Mountain...............................  115.2   118.3   118.8     -.9     .4     .4     .0    1.7    3.1
        Pacific................................  117.0   119.1   119.5      .3     .7     .3    1.8    2.1    2.1

      1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      2 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.
      3 The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
    Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New
    York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
    Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi,
    and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois,
    Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
    North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and
    Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
      
      NOTE:  The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and
      industry series. Dashes indicate data not available.



    Table 11.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for State and local government workers, by
    occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
          Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                 Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                  2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                 
        State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                                 
    All workers................................  116.2   117.1   117.5     0.2    0.5    0.3    1.1    0.9    1.1
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  115.9   116.7   117.1      .2     .5     .3    1.2     .9    1.0
        Professional and related...............  115.9   116.8   117.1      .3     .6     .3    1.1    1.0    1.0
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  115.6   116.4   116.8      .1     .4     .3    1.2     .8    1.0
        Office and administrative support......  115.9   116.7   117.1      .1     .3     .3    1.1     .8    1.0
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  117.4   118.4   119.0      .1     .5     .5     .9     .9    1.4
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
      Education and health services............  115.8   116.7   117.0      .1     .5     .3    1.0     .9    1.0
        Education services.....................  115.4   116.3   116.5      .1     .6     .2    1.1     .9    1.0
          Schools(1)...........................  115.4   116.2   116.5      .1     .5     .3    1.1     .8    1.0
            Elementary and secondary schools...  115.3   116.0   116.3      .1     .5     .3     .9     .7     .9
        Health care and social assistance(2)...  119.4   120.6   121.1      .3     .4     .4    1.1    1.3    1.4
          Hospitals............................  119.0   120.0   120.5      .3     .3     .4    1.3    1.2    1.3
      Public administration....................  116.3   117.3   117.9      .2     .5     .5    1.1    1.0    1.4

      1 Includes elementary and secondary schools; junior colleges; colleges, universities, and professional
    schools.
      2 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.



    Table 12.  Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
         Occupational group, industry, and                                                                       
                 bargaining status                                         3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                 Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                            
                                                  2012    2013    2013                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                 
                 Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
    All workers(1).............................  120.3   122.7   123.0     0.2    0.7    0.2    2.4    2.2    2.2
                                                                                                                 
             Private industry workers                                                                            
                                                                                                                 
    All workers................................  118.2   120.3   120.5      .3     .4     .2    2.0    2.0    1.9
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  117.9   120.2   120.2      .2     .6     .0    2.3    2.1    2.0
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  117.6   120.1   120.5      .2     .4     .3    1.8    2.3    2.5
                                                                                                                 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
       maintenance.............................  120.2   122.7   122.9      .2     .4     .2    2.9    2.2    2.2
                                                                                                                 
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
       moving..................................  118.0   119.2   119.5      .3     .1     .3     .9    1.4    1.3
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  119.2   120.7   121.0      .4     .2     .2    2.4    1.7    1.5
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
      Goods-producing industries(2)............  116.0   117.7   118.0      .3     .3     .3    1.4    1.7    1.7
        Manufacturing..........................  115.0   116.4   116.6      .3     .3     .2    1.0    1.5    1.4
          Aircraft manufacturing...............   86.6    82.4    82.4      .0   -5.1     .0   16.1   -4.8   -4.8
                                                                                                                 
      Service-providing industries(3)..........  119.1   121.4   121.5      .3     .5     .1    2.3    2.2    2.0
                                                                                                                 
                 Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Union....................................  125.6   127.1   127.3      .1    -.2     .2    2.3    1.3    1.4
      Nonunion.................................  116.7   118.9   119.1      .3     .5     .2    2.0    2.1    2.1
                                                                                                                 
        State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                                 
    All workers................................  127.8   131.3   132.0      .2    1.4     .5    3.4    2.9    3.3

      1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
    public sector, except the federal government.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.



    Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation,(1) and wages and salaries,
    for private industry workers, by area
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                   Percent changes for 12-months ended–  
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
        Census region and metropolitan area      Total compensation   Wages and salaries 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                 Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                 2012   2013   2013   2012   2013   2013 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
    Northeast                                                                            
                                                                                         
      Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH CSA...    1.6    1.9    2.0    1.3    2.2    2.2
                                                                                         
      New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA                                            
       CSA.....................................    1.6    2.0    1.8    1.4    1.5    1.3
                                                                                         
      Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD                                          
       CSA.....................................    1.8    2.8    2.2    2.4    2.3    1.7
                                                                                         
    South                                                                                
                                                                                         
      Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL                                           
       CSA.....................................    4.7    4.0    2.0    4.4    3.9    1.5
                                                                                         
      Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CSA................    1.1    2.3    3.3    1.2    2.3    3.5
                                                                                         
      Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX CSA.......    2.7    1.9    2.0    2.8    2.5    2.3
                                                                                         
      Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL                                            
       MSA.....................................    2.0    2.4    1.9    1.9    2.6    2.4
                                                                                         
      Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia,                                            
       DC-MD-VA-WV CSA.........................    1.4    1.7    1.7    1.1    1.6    1.8
                                                                                         
    Midwest                                                                              
                                                                                         
      Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City,                                                  
       IL-IN-WI CSA............................    2.0    1.3    1.6    1.3    1.4    2.2
                                                                                         
      Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI CSA.............    -.3    1.7    1.7    2.5    2.3    2.0
                                                                                         
      Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI CSA     .8    1.5    2.0     .4    1.1    1.6
                                                                                         
    West                                                                                 
                                                                                         
      Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA     2.6    2.2    1.7    2.4    2.2    1.7
                                                                                         
      Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA..........     .5    1.5    1.5    1.2    2.1    2.0
                                                                                         
      San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA...    2.6    3.4    2.6    2.4    3.3    2.4
                                                                                         
      Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA CSA...........    3.1    2.9    1.7    2.0    3.0    1.8

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.


Last Modified Date: January 31, 2014
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