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Table 9. Employment and total job openings by education, work experience, and on-the-job training category, 2010 and projected 2020

Table 9. Employment and total job openings by education, work experience, and on-the-job training 
category, 2010 and projected 2020
(In thousands)

Education, work experience, and                          Employment                           Total job openings
      on-the-job training                                           Percent    Change, 2010-20 due to growth and
                                                    Number       distribution                  replacement needs,
                                                                                                   2010-20(1)
                                                2010       2020   2010   2020   Number Percent    Number   Percent
                                                							 distribution

Typical education needed for entry(2)
     Total, all occupations...........     143,068.2  163,537.1  100.0  100.0  20,468.9   14.3  54,787.4   100.0
Doctoral or professional degree.......       4,409.7    5,286.3    3.1    3.2     876.6   19.9   1,701.8     3.1
Master's degree.......................       1,986.0    2,417.2    1.4    1.5     431.2   21.7     903.9     1.6
Bachelor's degree.....................      22,171.1   25,827.2   15.5   15.8   3,656.1   16.5   8,562.4    15.6
Associate's degree....................       7,994.6    9,434.6    5.6    5.8   1,440.0   18.0   2,941.0     5.4
Postsecondary non-degree award........       6,524.0    7,624.9    4.6    4.7   1,100.9   16.9   2,389.6     4.4
Some college, no degree...............         811.6      953.8    0.6    0.6     142.2   17.5     362.0     0.7
High school diploma or equivalent.....      62,089.6   69,665.7   43.4   42.6   7,576.1   12.2  21,745.9    39.7
Less than high school.................      37,081.7   42,327.4   25.9   25.9   5,245.7   14.1  16,180.8    29.5

Work experience in a related occupation(3)
     Total, all occupations...........     143,068.2  163,537.1  100.0  100.0  20,468.9   14.3  54,787.4   100.0
More than 5 years.....................       4,612.4    4,956.0    3.2    3.0     343.6    7.4   1,368.5     2.5
1 to 5 years..........................      17,103.0   19,078.2   12.0   11.7   1,975.2   11.5   5,638.7    10.3
Less than 1 year......................       3,129.6    3,535.2    2.2    2.2     405.6   13.0   1,125.2     2.1
None..................................     118,223.3  135,967.7   82.6   83.1  17,744.5   15.0  46,654.9    85.2

Typical on-the-job training(4)
     Total, all occupations...........     143,068.2  163,537.1  100.0  100.0  20,468.9   14.3  54,787.4   100.0
Internship/residency..................       5,374.2    6,271.5    3.8    3.8     897.3   16.7   2,193.6     4.0
Apprenticeship........................       2,539.0    3,109.2    1.8    1.9     570.2   22.5   1,183.0     2.2
Long-term.............................       7,039.0    7,920.5    4.9    4.8     881.5   12.5   2,545.5     4.6
Moderate-term.........................      25,007.0   28,244.5   17.5   17.3   3,237.5   12.9   8,682.0    15.8
Short-term............................      58,171.0   66,040.0   40.7   40.4   7,869.0   13.5  23,767.8    43.4
None..................................      44,937.9   51,951.3   31.4   31.8   7,013.4   15.6  16,415.5    30.0

1 Total job openings represent the sum of employment increases and replacement needs. If employment change is
negative, job openings due to growth are zero and total job openings equals replacements.
2 Represents the typical education level needed to enter the occupation.
3 Indicates if work experience in a related occupation is commonly considered necessary by employers for entry, or
is commonly accepted substitute for formal training.
4 Indicates the typical on-the-job training needed to attain competency in the occupation.
NOTE:  For more information about the education, work experience, and on-the-job training categories assigned to
occupations, see www.bls.gov/emp/ep_education_training_system.htm.



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Last Modified Date: February 01, 2012
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