Economic News Release

Table 10. The 30 occupations with the largest projected number of total job openings due to growth and replacements, 2010-20

Table 10.  The 30 occupations with the largest projected number of total job openings due to growth and replacements, 2010-20
(In thousands)
                  Occupation                                Occupational group                    Employment       Change     Replacement     Total job             Pre-employment                      During employment
                                                                                                 2010    2020  Number Percent needs        openings due  Typical education needed Work experience Typical on-the-job training(4)
                                                                                                                                          to growth and  for entry(2)             in a related
                                                                                                                                          replacements(1)                         occupation(3)

Retail Salespersons                            Sales and Related Occupations                  4,261.6 4,968.4   706.8    16.6     1,251.9       1,958.7  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Cashiers                                       Sales and Related Occupations                  3,362.6 3,612.8   250.2     7.4     1,525.7       1,775.9  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Waiters and Waitresses                         Food Preparation and Serving Related 
                                                 Occupations                                  2,260.3 2,456.2   195.9     8.7     1,128.4       1,324.3  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Registered Nurses                              Healthcare Practitioners and Technical 
                                                 Occupations                                  2,737.4 3,449.3   711.9    26.0       495.5       1,207.4  Associate's degree          None         None
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, 
  Including Fast Food                          Food Preparation and Serving Related 
                                                 Occupations                                  2,682.1 3,080.1   398.0    14.8       748.5       1,146.5  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Office Clerks, General                         Office and Administrative Support Occupations  2,950.7 3,440.2   489.5    16.6       522.0       1,011.5  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Short-term on-the-job training
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material 
  Movers, Hand                                 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 2,068.2 2,387.3   319.1    15.4       661.1         980.2  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Customer Service Representatives               Office and Administrative Support Occupations  2,187.3 2,525.6   338.4    15.5       621.2         959.6  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Short-term on-the-job training
Home Health Aides                              Healthcare Support Occupations                 1,017.7 1,723.9   706.3    69.4       131.2         837.5  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and 
  Housekeeping Cleaners                        Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance 
                                                 Occupations                                  2,310.4 2,556.8   246.4    10.7       435.6         682.0  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Personal Care Aides                            Personal Care and Service Occupations            861.0 1,468.0   607.0    70.5        68.2         675.2  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Childcare Workers                              Personal Care and Service Occupations          1,282.3 1,544.3   262.0    20.4       403.8         665.8  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Short-term on-the-job training
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers        Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 1,604.8 1,934.9   330.1    20.6       319.3         649.4  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                1 to 5 year  Short-term on-the-job training
Postsecondary Teachers                         Education, Training, and Library Occupations   1,756.0 2,061.7   305.7    17.4       280.4         586.1  Doctoral or professional 
                                                                                                                                                           degree                    None         None
First-Line Supervisors of Office and 
  Administrative Support Workers               Office and Administrative Support Occupations  1,424.4 1,627.8   203.4    14.3       381.0         584.4  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                1 to 5 year  None
Elementary School Teachers, Except Special 
  Education                                    Education, Training, and Library Occupations   1,476.5 1,725.3   248.8    16.8       324.4         573.2  Bachelor's degree           None         Internship/residency
Receptionists and Information Clerks           Office and Administrative Support Occupations  1,048.5 1,297.0   248.5    23.7       317.1         565.6  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Short-term on-the-job training
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and 
  Manufacturing. Except Technical and
  Scientific Products                          Sales and Related Occupations                  1,430.0 1,653.4   223.4    15.6       336.5         559.9  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Moderate-term on-the-job training
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers Sales and Related Occupations                  1,619.5 1,755.5   136.0     8.4       377.7         513.7  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                1 to 5 year  None
Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants       Healthcare Support Occupations                 1,505.3 1,807.2   302.0    20.1       194.1         496.1  Postsecondary non-degree 
                                                                                                                                                           award                     None         None
Teacher Assistants                             Education, Training, and Library Occupations   1,288.3 1,479.3   191.1    14.8       290.5         481.6  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Short-term on-the-job training
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks   Office and Administrative Support Occupations  1,898.3 2,157.4   259.0    13.6       208.8         467.8  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Moderate-term on-the-job training
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers                 Office and Administrative Support Occupations  1,787.4 1,808.3    20.9     1.2       444.1         465.0  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
Accountants and Auditors                       Business and Financial Operations Occupations  1,216.9 1,407.6   190.7    15.7       261.4         452.1  Bachelor's degree           None         None
Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers         Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance
                                                 Occupations                                  1,151.5 1,392.3   240.8    20.9       203.6         444.4  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training
General and Operations Managers                Management Occupations                         1,767.1 1,848.6    81.6     4.6       328.5         410.1  Associate's degree          1 to 5 year  None
Carpenters                                     Construction and Extraction Occupations        1,001.7 1,197.6   196.0    19.6       212.3         408.3  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Apprenticeship
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, 
  Except Legal, Medical, and Executive         Office and Administrative Support Occupations  2,032.2 2,150.8   118.5     5.8       272.5         391.0  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Short-term on-the-job training
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General        Installation, Maintenance, and Repair 
                                                 Occupations                                  1,289.0 1,431.0   142.0    11.0       237.1         379.1  High school diploma or 
                                                                                                                                                           equivalent                None         Moderate-term on-the-job training
Food Preparation Workers                       Food Preparation and Serving Related 
                                                 Occupations                                    813.7   897.9    84.1    10.3       293.0         377.1  Less than high school       None         Short-term on-the-job training

1 Total job openings represent the sum of employment increases and replacements.  If employment change is negative, job openings due to growth are zero and total job openings equal replacements.  For more 
information about occupational replacement needs, see "Estimating Occupational Replacement Needs," on the Internet at www.bls.gov/emp/ep_replacements.htm.
2 Represents the typical education level needed to enter the occupation.
3 Indicates if work experience in a related occupation is commonly considered necessary by employers for entry, or is a commonly accepted substitute for formal types of training.
4 Indicates the typical on-the-job training needed to attain competency in the occupation.
NOTE:  For more information about the education, work experience, and on-the-job training categories assigned to occupations, see www.bls.gov/emp/ep_education_training_system.htm.



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Last Modified Date: February 01, 2012
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