Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                  USDL-14-2184
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 5, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:      (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:  (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:       (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                             THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 321,000 in November, and the unemployment
rate was unchanged at 5.8 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Job gains were widespread, led by growth in professional and business services, retail
trade, health care, and manufacturing.

Household Survey Data

In November, the unemployment rate held at 5.8 percent, and the number of unemployed
persons was little changed at 9.1 million. Over the year, the unemployment rate and
the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.2 percentage points and 1.7 million,
respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men rose to 5.4 percent
in November. The rates for adult women (5.3 percent), teenagers (17.7 percent), whites
(4.9 percent), blacks (11.1 percent), and Hispanics (6.6 percent) showed little change
over the month. The jobless rate for Asians was 4.8 percent (not seasonally adjusted),
little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little
changed at 2.8 million in November. These individuals accounted for 30.7 percent of
the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed declined
by 1.2 million. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate held at 62.8 percent in November and has
been essentially unchanged since April. The employment-population ratio, at 59.2
percent, was unchanged in November but is up by 0.6 percentage point over the year.
(See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers), at 6.9 million, changed little in November. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time
because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)

In November, 2.1 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force,
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work,
and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 698,000 discouraged workers in November,
little different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached
to the labor force in November had not searched for work for reasons such as school
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 321,000 in November, compared with an
average monthly gain of 224,000 over the prior 12 months. In November, job growth
was widespread, led by gains in professional and business services, retail trade,
health care, and manufacturing. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services increased by 86,000 in November,
compared with an average gain of 57,000 per month over the prior 12 months. Within
the industry, accounting and bookkeeping services added 16,000 jobs in November.
Employment continued to trend up in temporary help services (+23,000), management
and technical consulting services (+7,000), computer systems design and related
services (+7,000), and architectural and engineering services (+5,000).

Employment in retail trade rose by 50,000 in November, compared with an average
gain of 22,000 per month over the prior 12 months. In November, job gains occurred
in motor vehicle and parts dealers (+11,000); clothing and accessories stores
(+11,000); sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores (+9,000); and nonstore
retailers (+6,000).

Health care added 29,000 jobs over the month. Employment continued to trend up in
offices of physicians (+7,000), home health care services (+5,000), outpatient care
centers (+4,000), and hospitals (+4,000). Over the past 12 months, employment in
health care has increased by 261,000.

In November, manufacturing added 28,000 jobs. Durable goods manufacturers accounted
for 17,000 of the increase, with small gains in most of the component industries.
Employment in nondurable goods increased by 11,000, with plastics and rubber products
(+7,000) accounting for most of the gain. Over the year, manufacturing has added
171,000 jobs, largely in durable goods.

Financial activities added 20,000 jobs in November, with half of the gain in insurance
carriers and related activities. Over the past year, insurance has contributed 70,000
jobs to the overall employment gain of 114,000 in financial activities.

Transportation and warehousing employment increased by 17,000 in November, with a
gain in couriers and messengers (+5,000). Over the past 12 months, transportation
and warehousing has added 143,000 jobs.

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in November
(+27,000) and has increased by 321,000 over the year.

Construction employment also continued to trend up in November (+20,000). Employment in
specialty trade contractors rose by 21,000, mostly in the residential component. Over
the past 12 months, construction has added 213,000 jobs, with just over half the gain
among specialty trade contractors.

In November, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose
by 0.1 hour to 34.6 hours. The manufacturing workweek rose by 0.2 hour to 41.1 hours,
and factory overtime edged up by 0.1 hour to 3.5 hours. The average workweek for
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at
33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 9 cents
to $24.66 in November. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.1 percent.
In November, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
employees increased by 4 cents to $20.74. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised from +256,000
to +271,000, and the change for October was revised from +214,000 to +243,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in September and October combined were 44,000 more
than previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 9, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



   __________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                  |
  |               Upcoming Changes to the Employment Situation News Release          |
  |                                                                                  |
  |Effective with the release of January 2015 data on February 6, 2015, the U.S.     |
  |Bureau of Labor Statistics will introduce several changes to The Employment       |
  |Situation news release tables.                                                    |
  |                                                                                  |
  |Household survey table A-2 will introduce seasonally adjusted series on the labor |
  |force characteristics of Asians. These series will appear in addition to the not  |
  |seasonally adjusted data for Asians currently displayed in the table. Also, in    |
  |summary table A, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Asians will replace|
  |the not seasonally adjusted series that is currently displayed for the group.     |
  |                                                                                  |
  |Household survey table A-3 will introduce seasonally adjusted series on the labor |
  |force characteristics of Hispanic men age 20 and over, Hispanic women age 20 and  |
  |over, and Hispanic teenagers age 16 to 19. The not seasonally adjusted series for |
  |these groups will continue to be displayed in the table.                          |
  |                                                                                  |
  |The establishment survey will introduce two data series: (1) total nonfarm        |
  |employment, 3-month average change and (2) total private employment, 3-month      |
  |average change. These new series will be added to establishment survey summary    |
  |table B. Additionally, in the employment section of summary table B, the list     |
  |of industries will be expanded to include utilities (currently published in       |
  |table B-1). Also, hours and earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees   |
  |will be removed from summary table B, although these series will continue to be   |
  |published in establishment survey tables B-7 and B-8. A sample of the new summary |
  |table B is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/ces/cesnewsumb.pdf.        |
  |__________________________________________________________________________________|




   __________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                  |
  |            Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data                 |
  |                                                                                  |
  |In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation news release for      |
  |December 2014, scheduled for January 9, 2015, will incorporate annual revisions in|
  |seasonally adjusted household survey data. Seasonally adjusted data for the most  |
  |recent 5 years are subject to revision.                                           |
  |__________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Change from:
Oct.
2014-
Nov.
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

246,567 248,446 248,657 248,844 187

Civilian labor force

155,284 155,862 156,278 156,397 119

Participation rate

63.0 62.7 62.8 62.8 0.0

Employed

144,443 146,600 147,283 147,287 4

Employment-population ratio

58.6 59.0 59.2 59.2 0.0

Unemployed

10,841 9,262 8,995 9,110 115

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 0.0

Not in labor force

91,283 92,584 92,378 92,447 69

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.7 5.3 5.1 5.4 0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.2 5.5 5.4 5.3 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

20.8 20.0 18.6 17.7 -0.9

White

6.1 5.1 4.8 4.9 0.1

Black or African American

12.4 11.0 10.9 11.1 0.2

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.3 4.3 5.0 4.8 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

8.7 6.9 6.8 6.6 -0.2

Total, 25 years and over

5.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

10.6 8.4 7.9 8.5 0.6

High school graduates, no college

7.3 5.3 5.7 5.6 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

6.4 5.4 4.8 4.9 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.4 2.9 3.1 3.2 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,731 4,530 4,358 4,483 125

Job leavers

890 829 794 838 44

Reentrants

3,065 2,809 2,871 2,773 -98

New entrants

1,169 1,105 1,063 1,064 1

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,439 2,383 2,473 2,529 56

5 to 14 weeks

2,585 2,508 2,312 2,390 78

15 to 26 weeks

1,742 1,416 1,417 1,431 14

27 weeks and over

4,044 2,954 2,916 2,815 -101

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,723 7,103 7,027 6,850 -177

Slack work or business conditions

4,869 4,162 4,214 4,064 -150

Could only find part-time work

2,499 2,562 2,447 2,453 6

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,858 19,561 19,769 20,004 235

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,096 2,226 2,192 2,109 -

Discouraged workers

762 698 770 698 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

274 271 243 321

Total private

272 249 236 314

Goods-producing

68 36 28 48

Mining and logging

1 6 1 0

Construction

32 18 7 20

Manufacturing

35 12 20 28

Durable goods(1)

19 11 18 17

Motor vehicles and parts

4.7 1.7 2.0 3.0

Nondurable goods

16 1 2 11

Private service-providing(1)

204 213 208 266

Wholesale trade

16.8 2.9 6.1 2.5

Retail trade

22.3 39.9 34.2 50.2

Transportation and warehousing

32.4 7.0 15.3 16.7

Information

1 3 -5 4

Financial activities

-4 14 6 20

Professional and business services(1)

73 66 52 86

Temporary help services

36.6 23.2 19.5 22.7

Education and health services(1)

25 35 37 38

Health care and social assistance

24.4 24.8 31.5 37.2

Leisure and hospitality

37 47 55 32

Other services

-1 0 7 15

Government

2 22 7 7

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3

Total private women employees

48.0 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$24.15 $24.54 $24.57 $24.66

Average weekly earnings

$833.18 $846.63 $847.67 $853.24

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

99.6 101.4 101.6 102.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.2 0.2 0.6

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

114.8 118.7 119.1 120.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 0.2 0.3 0.9

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.8 33.8

Average hourly earnings

$20.30 $20.67 $20.70 $20.74

Average weekly earnings

$684.11 $696.58 $699.66 $701.01

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

107.1 109.1 109.6 109.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 -0.1 0.5 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

145.3 150.6 151.6 152.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 -0.1 0.7 0.4

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

66.9 63.4 63.8 69.7

Manufacturing (81 industries)

65.4 59.3 64.2 63.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

246,567 248,657 248,844 246,567 248,023 248,229 248,446 248,657 248,844

Civilian labor force

155,046 156,616 156,297 155,284 156,023 155,959 155,862 156,278 156,397

Participation rate

62.9 63.0 62.8 63.0 62.9 62.8 62.7 62.8 62.8

Employed

144,775 147,936 147,666 144,443 146,352 146,368 146,600 147,283 147,287

Employment-population ratio

58.7 59.5 59.3 58.6 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.2 59.2

Unemployed

10,271 8,680 8,630 10,841 9,671 9,591 9,262 8,995 9,110

Unemployment rate

6.6 5.5 5.5 7.0 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.8

Not in labor force

91,521 92,041 92,547 91,283 92,001 92,269 92,584 92,378 92,447

Persons who currently want a job

5,437 6,122 6,227 5,779 6,259 6,304 6,349 6,537 6,545

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,011 120,112 120,208 119,011 119,788 119,893 120,004 120,112 120,208

Civilian labor force

82,397 83,075 82,835 82,554 83,043 82,968 82,973 82,959 82,927

Participation rate

69.2 69.2 68.9 69.4 69.3 69.2 69.1 69.1 69.0

Employed

76,726 78,696 78,208 76,560 77,866 77,843 78,102 78,321 78,053

Employment-population ratio

64.5 65.5 65.1 64.3 65.0 64.9 65.1 65.2 64.9

Unemployed

5,671 4,379 4,627 5,993 5,177 5,125 4,872 4,638 4,874

Unemployment rate

6.9 5.3 5.6 7.3 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.9

Not in labor force

36,614 37,037 37,373 36,458 36,744 36,924 37,031 37,153 37,281

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

110,515 111,679 111,778 110,515 111,342 111,451 111,567 111,679 111,778

Civilian labor force

79,743 80,241 80,074 79,700 80,208 80,196 80,165 80,032 80,003

Participation rate

72.2 71.9 71.6 72.1 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.7 71.6

Employed

74,686 76,399 75,922 74,373 75,654 75,664 75,910 75,956 75,650

Employment-population ratio

67.6 68.4 67.9 67.3 67.9 67.9 68.0 68.0 67.7

Unemployed

5,058 3,843 4,152 5,328 4,554 4,531 4,255 4,076 4,353

Unemployment rate

6.3 4.8 5.2 6.7 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.4

Not in labor force

30,772 31,437 31,704 30,815 31,133 31,256 31,402 31,646 31,774

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,555 128,545 128,637 127,555 128,236 128,336 128,442 128,545 128,637

Civilian labor force

72,649 73,541 73,462 72,730 72,979 72,991 72,889 73,320 73,470

Participation rate

57.0 57.2 57.1 57.0 56.9 56.9 56.7 57.0 57.1

Employed

68,049 69,240 69,459 67,882 68,486 68,525 68,499 68,962 69,234

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.9 54.0 53.2 53.4 53.4 53.3 53.6 53.8

Unemployed

4,600 4,301 4,003 4,848 4,494 4,466 4,390 4,358 4,236

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.8 5.4 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8

Not in labor force

54,907 55,004 55,175 54,825 55,256 55,345 55,553 55,225 55,167

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,341 120,370 120,465 119,341 120,052 120,156 120,265 120,370 120,465

Civilian labor force

69,912 70,701 70,743 69,871 70,177 70,222 70,072 70,392 70,629

Participation rate

58.6 58.7 58.7 58.5 58.5 58.4 58.3 58.5 58.6

Employed

65,775 66,900 67,176 65,547 66,197 66,247 66,189 66,559 66,891

Employment-population ratio

55.1 55.6 55.8 54.9 55.1 55.1 55.0 55.3 55.5

Unemployed

4,137 3,800 3,567 4,323 3,980 3,974 3,884 3,833 3,738

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.4 5.0 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3

Not in labor force

49,429 49,670 49,722 49,470 49,875 49,934 50,192 49,978 49,836

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,710 16,608 16,602 16,710 16,629 16,622 16,615 16,608 16,602

Civilian labor force

5,390 5,674 5,480 5,713 5,637 5,542 5,626 5,854 5,765

Participation rate

32.3 34.2 33.0 34.2 33.9 33.3 33.9 35.3 34.7

Employed

4,315 4,637 4,569 4,523 4,501 4,457 4,502 4,768 4,746

Employment-population ratio

25.8 27.9 27.5 27.1 27.1 26.8 27.1 28.7 28.6

Unemployed

1,076 1,037 911 1,190 1,136 1,085 1,124 1,087 1,019

Unemployment rate

20.0 18.3 16.6 20.8 20.2 19.6 20.0 18.6 17.7

Not in labor force

11,320 10,933 11,122 10,997 10,992 11,080 10,989 10,753 10,837

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

194,833 195,896 195,995 194,833 195,537 195,652 195,777 195,896 195,995

Civilian labor force

123,123 123,610 123,438 123,050 123,314 123,275 122,944 123,212 123,353

Participation rate

63.2 63.1 63.0 63.2 63.1 63.0 62.8 62.9 62.9

Employed

116,056 117,901 117,724 115,514 116,757 116,754 116,708 117,247 117,263

Employment-population ratio

59.6 60.2 60.1 59.3 59.7 59.7 59.6 59.9 59.8

Unemployed

7,067 5,709 5,713 7,536 6,557 6,521 6,236 5,965 6,090

Unemployment rate

5.7 4.6 4.6 6.1 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.9

Not in labor force

71,710 72,286 72,558 71,783 72,222 72,377 72,832 72,684 72,642

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,475 64,445 64,440 64,287 64,430 64,498 64,259 64,164 64,282

Participation rate

72.6 72.1 72.0 72.4 72.2 72.2 71.9 71.8 71.8

Employed

60,871 61,906 61,640 60,480 61,361 61,355 61,438 61,473 61,345

Employment-population ratio

68.6 69.2 68.9 68.1 68.8 68.7 68.8 68.7 68.6

Unemployed

3,605 2,539 2,800 3,806 3,069 3,142 2,820 2,691 2,937

Unemployment rate

5.6 3.9 4.3 5.9 4.8 4.9 4.4 4.2 4.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,298 54,698 54,730 54,181 54,356 54,356 54,227 54,455 54,602

Participation rate

58.0 58.1 58.1 57.9 57.9 57.8 57.6 57.9 58.0

Employed

51,596 52,250 52,435 51,307 51,695 51,761 51,646 51,932 52,146

Employment-population ratio

55.1 55.5 55.7 54.8 55.0 55.1 54.9 55.2 55.4

Unemployed

2,702 2,449 2,295 2,874 2,661 2,595 2,581 2,523 2,456

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.5 4.2 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,350 4,466 4,268 4,582 4,529 4,420 4,458 4,594 4,469

Participation rate

35.0 36.1 34.6 36.8 36.6 35.7 36.1 37.2 36.2

Employed

3,589 3,745 3,649 3,727 3,701 3,637 3,624 3,843 3,771

Employment-population ratio

28.8 30.3 29.5 30.0 29.9 29.4 29.3 31.1 30.5

Unemployed

760 721 618 855 827 783 834 751 698

Unemployment rate

17.5 16.1 14.5 18.7 18.3 17.7 18.7 16.3 15.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,535 30,969 31,005 30,535 30,856 30,893 30,932 30,969 31,005

Civilian labor force

18,460 19,124 19,037 18,482 19,025 18,849 19,082 19,005 19,082

Participation rate

60.5 61.8 61.4 60.5 61.7 61.0 61.7 61.4 61.5

Employed

16,262 17,086 17,019 16,188 16,853 16,693 16,981 16,940 16,971

Employment-population ratio

53.3 55.2 54.9 53.0 54.6 54.0 54.9 54.7 54.7

Unemployed

2,199 2,038 2,017 2,295 2,172 2,157 2,100 2,065 2,111

Unemployment rate

11.9 10.7 10.6 12.4 11.4 11.4 11.0 10.9 11.1

Not in labor force

12,075 11,846 11,968 12,053 11,832 12,044 11,850 11,964 11,923

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,362 8,701 8,597 8,334 8,671 8,605 8,774 8,677 8,611

Participation rate

66.5 67.9 66.9 66.3 68.0 67.3 68.5 67.7 67.1

Employed

7,416 7,821 7,700 7,327 7,704 7,676 7,810 7,753 7,642

Employment-population ratio

59.0 61.0 60.0 58.3 60.4 60.1 61.0 60.5 59.5

Unemployed

945 880 897 1,007 967 929 964 925 969

Unemployment rate

11.3 10.1 10.4 12.1 11.1 10.8 11.0 10.7 11.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,471 9,693 9,723 9,475 9,720 9,595 9,592 9,605 9,717

Participation rate

61.4 61.9 62.0 61.4 62.3 61.5 61.4 61.4 62.0

Employed

8,443 8,758 8,801 8,428 8,736 8,581 8,674 8,700 8,786

Employment-population ratio

54.7 56.0 56.2 54.6 56.0 55.0 55.5 55.6 56.1

Unemployed

1,028 935 922 1,047 984 1,015 918 905 931

Unemployment rate

10.9 9.6 9.5 11.1 10.1 10.6 9.6 9.4 9.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

628 729 717 673 634 649 716 723 754

Participation rate

24.8 29.2 28.8 26.5 25.3 25.9 28.6 29.0 30.3

Employed

402 506 519 433 413 436 498 487 543

Employment-population ratio

15.9 20.3 20.8 17.1 16.5 17.4 19.9 19.5 21.8

Unemployed

225 223 198 240 221 213 218 236 212

Unemployment rate

35.9 30.6 27.6 35.7 34.9 32.8 30.5 32.6 28.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,484 13,782 13,927 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,666 8,729 8,749 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.3 63.3 62.8 - - - - - -

Employed

8,209 8,295 8,333 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.9 60.2 59.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

457 433 416 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.0 4.8 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,819 5,054 5,178 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,876 38,679 38,760 37,876 38,430 38,512 38,596 38,679 38,760

Civilian labor force

25,060 25,732 25,753 25,124 25,320 25,432 25,445 25,652 25,775

Participation rate

66.2 66.5 66.4 66.3 65.9 66.0 65.9 66.3 66.5

Employed

22,905 24,051 24,076 22,949 23,345 23,523 23,696 23,917 24,078

Employment-population ratio

60.5 62.2 62.1 60.6 60.7 61.1 61.4 61.8 62.1

Unemployed

2,154 1,681 1,676 2,175 1,975 1,909 1,748 1,736 1,697

Unemployment rate

8.6 6.5 6.5 8.7 7.8 7.5 6.9 6.8 6.6

Not in labor force

12,817 12,947 13,007 12,753 13,110 13,080 13,152 13,026 12,985

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,967 14,279 14,337 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.6 81.6 81.7 - - - - - -

Employed

12,896 13,550 13,503 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

75.4 77.4 77.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,071 728 833 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.7 5.1 5.8 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,018 10,284 10,307 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.6 58.8 58.8 - - - - - -

Employed

9,192 9,568 9,645 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.7 54.7 55.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

826 717 662 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.0 6.4 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,075 1,169 1,109 - - - - - -

Participation rate

29.4 31.8 30.2 - - - - - -

Employed

817 933 928 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

22.4 25.4 25.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

257 236 181 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

23.9 20.2 16.3 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,937 10,683 11,168 10,898 10,221 10,659 10,641 10,782 11,124

Participation rate

44.6 44.7 45.8 44.5 44.4 45.0 44.3 45.1 45.6

Employed

9,784 9,896 10,213 9,741 9,243 9,689 9,751 9,927 10,179

Employment-population ratio

39.9 41.4 41.9 39.7 40.2 40.9 40.6 41.5 41.7

Unemployed

1,153 787 955 1,157 978 970 890 855 945

Unemployment rate

10.5 7.4 8.6 10.6 9.6 9.1 8.4 7.9 8.5

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,960 36,258 35,432 35,895 36,146 36,338 36,029 36,248 35,637

Participation rate

58.3 58.1 57.7 58.2 57.7 58.1 58.0 58.1 58.0

Employed

33,464 34,315 33,499 33,277 33,931 34,094 34,112 34,183 33,624

Employment-population ratio

54.2 55.0 54.5 53.9 54.2 54.5 55.0 54.8 54.7

Unemployed

2,496 1,943 1,932 2,618 2,216 2,244 1,917 2,065 2,012

Unemployment rate

6.9 5.4 5.5 7.3 6.1 6.2 5.3 5.7 5.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,406 37,671 37,320 37,244 37,727 37,567 37,368 37,325 37,230

Participation rate

67.8 67.2 66.9 67.5 67.0 66.9 66.5 66.6 66.7

Employed

35,121 35,836 35,579 34,872 35,716 35,543 35,338 35,520 35,407

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.9 63.7 63.2 63.5 63.3 62.9 63.3 63.4

Unemployed

2,285 1,836 1,742 2,372 2,011 2,024 2,030 1,805 1,823

Unemployment rate

6.1 4.9 4.7 6.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 4.8 4.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

49,919 50,601 51,342 49,929 50,355 50,093 50,404 50,437 51,149

Participation rate

75.2 74.8 74.9 75.2 74.7 74.6 74.7 74.6 74.6

Employed

48,302 49,109 49,799 48,246 48,771 48,474 48,918 48,899 49,534

Employment-population ratio

72.8 72.6 72.6 72.7 72.4 72.2 72.5 72.3 72.2

Unemployed

1,616 1,493 1,543 1,683 1,584 1,618 1,485 1,538 1,615

Unemployment rate

3.2 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.1 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,276 21,403 19,043 19,416 2,233 1,987

Civilian labor force

10,837 10,836 9,435 9,568 1,402 1,268

Participation rate

50.9 50.6 49.5 49.3 62.8 63.8

Employed

10,113 10,344 8,823 9,151 1,290 1,193

Employment-population ratio

47.5 48.3 46.3 47.1 57.8 60.0

Unemployed

724 492 613 417 112 75

Unemployment rate

6.7 4.5 6.5 4.4 8.0 5.9

Not in labor force

10,439 10,567 9,608 9,848 831 719

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,963 3,601 2,319 2,937 644 664

Civilian labor force

2,429 2,826 1,965 2,360 463 466

Participation rate

82.0 78.5 84.7 80.4 72.0 70.2

Employed

2,187 2,665 1,770 2,236 417 429

Employment-population ratio

73.8 74.0 76.3 76.1 64.8 64.6

Unemployed

241 162 195 124 46 38

Unemployment rate

9.9 5.7 9.9 5.3 10.0 8.1

Not in labor force

535 774 354 577 181 198

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,107 3,300 2,557 2,821 550 479

Civilian labor force

2,633 2,715 2,216 2,361 417 354

Participation rate

84.7 82.3 86.7 83.7 75.7 74.0

Employed

2,458 2,653 2,068 2,308 390 345

Employment-population ratio

79.1 80.4 80.9 81.8 70.9 71.9

Unemployed

175 63 148 53 27 10

Unemployment rate

6.6 2.3 6.7 2.2 6.4 2.8

Not in labor force

474 585 340 461 134 125

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,701 9,159 9,339 8,834 361 325

Civilian labor force

2,737 2,481 2,653 2,396 83 85

Participation rate

28.2 27.1 28.4 27.1 23.1 26.2

Employed

2,593 2,355 2,514 2,274 78 81

Employment-population ratio

26.7 25.7 26.9 25.7 21.7 24.9

Unemployed

144 127 139 122 5 4

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.1 5.2 5.1 6.1 5.2

Not in labor force

6,964 6,678 6,686 6,438 278 240

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,505 5,343 4,827 4,824 678 519

Civilian labor force

3,039 2,813 2,600 2,451 438 362

Participation rate

55.2 52.7 53.9 50.8 64.7 69.8

Employed

2,875 2,672 2,470 2,333 405 339

Employment-population ratio

52.2 50.0 51.2 48.4 59.7 65.3

Unemployed

164 141 130 118 34 23

Unemployment rate

5.4 5.0 5.0 4.8 7.7 6.4

Not in labor force

2,467 2,530 2,227 2,373 239 157

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

216,254 218,372 95,425 96,180 120,829 122,192

Civilian labor force

142,265 143,517 72,055 72,271 70,210 71,246

Participation rate

65.8 65.7 75.5 75.1 58.1 58.3

Employed

133,143 135,693 67,210 68,245 65,933 67,448

Employment-population ratio

61.6 62.1 70.4 71.0 54.6 55.2

Unemployed

9,122 7,823 4,844 4,026 4,277 3,798

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.5 6.7 5.6 6.1 5.3

Not in labor force

73,989 74,855 23,370 23,909 50,619 50,946

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,589 29,786 217,978 219,058

Civilian labor force

5,590 5,881 149,456 150,416

Participation rate

19.6 19.7 68.6 68.7

Employed

4,900 5,245 139,875 142,422

Employment-population ratio

17.1 17.6 64.2 65.0

Unemployed

690 637 9,581 7,994

Unemployment rate

12.3 10.8 6.4 5.3

Not in labor force

22,999 23,905 68,522 68,642

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,485 2,502 75,372 75,706

Participation rate

32.8 31.9 82.0 82.2

Employed

2,110 2,239 70,300 71,594

Employment-population ratio

27.9 28.5 76.4 77.7

Unemployed

374 263 5,072 4,111

Unemployment rate

15.1 10.5 6.7 5.4

Not in labor force

5,084 5,344 16,585 16,399

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,255 2,348 66,745 67,285

Participation rate

28.6 29.1 70.1 70.6

Employed

1,985 2,043 62,595 63,727

Employment-population ratio

25.2 25.3 65.8 66.9

Unemployed

270 305 4,150 3,558

Unemployment rate

12.0 13.0 6.2 5.3

Not in labor force

5,624 5,735 28,419 27,992

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

850 1,031 7,339 7,425

Participation rate

6.5 7.4 23.8 23.4

Employed

805 962 6,980 7,100

Employment-population ratio

6.1 6.9 22.6 22.4

Unemployed

45 69 359 325

Unemployment rate

5.3 6.7 4.9 4.4

Not in labor force

12,290 12,826 23,519 24,251

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,737 40,027 18,840 19,774 19,897 20,254

Civilian labor force

25,579 26,536 14,802 15,518 10,777 11,018

Participation rate

66.0 66.3 78.6 78.5 54.2 54.4

Employed

23,961 25,108 13,920 14,740 10,040 10,368

Employment-population ratio

61.9 62.7 73.9 74.5 50.5 51.2

Unemployed

1,618 1,428 882 778 736 651

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.4 6.0 5.0 6.8 5.9

Not in labor force

13,158 13,491 4,038 4,256 9,121 9,235

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,830 208,817 100,172 100,434 107,658 108,383

Civilian labor force

129,467 129,760 67,595 67,317 61,872 62,444

Participation rate

62.3 62.1 67.5 67.0 57.5 57.6

Employed

120,814 122,558 62,806 63,467 58,009 59,091

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.7 62.7 63.2 53.9 54.5

Unemployed

8,653 7,202 4,790 3,850 3,863 3,352

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.6 7.1 5.7 6.2 5.4

Not in labor force

78,363 79,056 32,577 33,117 45,786 45,939

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,050 2,517 2,332 2,139 2,133 2,224 2,379 2,402 2,410

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,258 1,689 1,587 1,310 1,413 1,522 1,545 1,584 1,624

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

754 800 729 780 709 727 785 784 749

Unpaid family workers

38 28 16 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

142,725 145,419 145,335 142,317 144,274 144,106 144,225 144,919 144,926

Wage and salary workers(1)

134,074 136,454 136,379 133,694 135,823 135,659 135,423 135,951 136,039

Government

20,211 20,049 20,034 20,086 20,453 20,120 19,717 19,940 19,931

Private industries

113,863 116,405 116,345 113,610 115,297 115,576 115,697 116,098 116,118

Private households

849 773 791 - - - - - -

Other industries

113,014 115,631 115,554 112,760 114,456 114,791 114,945 115,325 115,339

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,589 8,916 8,911 8,547 8,424 8,454 8,685 8,936 8,801

Unpaid family workers

62 50 44 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,563 6,787 6,713 7,723 7,511 7,277 7,103 7,027 6,850

Slack work or business conditions

4,793 4,109 3,999 4,869 4,609 4,261 4,162 4,214 4,064

Could only find part-time work

2,504 2,414 2,399 2,499 2,519 2,587 2,562 2,447 2,453

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,628 20,332 20,868 18,858 19,662 19,526 19,561 19,769 20,004

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,478 6,698 6,597 7,619 7,400 7,203 6,990 6,923 6,723

Slack work or business conditions

4,738 4,059 3,931 4,807 4,548 4,232 4,088 4,155 3,992

Could only find part-time work

2,494 2,394 2,380 2,484 2,507 2,585 2,537 2,400 2,397

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,320 19,935 20,519 18,593 19,250 19,098 19,167 19,319 19,616

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

144,775 147,936 147,666 144,443 146,352 146,368 146,600 147,283 147,287

16 to 19 years

4,315 4,637 4,569 4,523 4,501 4,457 4,502 4,768 4,746

16 to 17 years

1,519 1,657 1,629 1,555 1,494 1,475 1,499 1,607 1,661

18 to 19 years

2,796 2,980 2,939 2,917 3,030 2,998 3,003 3,139 3,055

20 years and over

140,460 143,299 143,098 139,920 141,851 141,912 142,099 142,516 142,541

20 to 24 years

13,789 14,144 14,007 13,733 13,976 13,893 13,821 14,083 13,936

25 years and over

126,671 129,155 129,090 126,232 127,827 128,022 128,242 128,541 128,678

25 to 54 years

94,953 96,262 96,191 94,562 95,365 95,617 95,607 95,782 95,864

25 to 34 years

31,652 32,396 32,490 31,430 31,885 31,986 32,058 32,217 32,261

35 to 44 years

30,814 31,162 31,131 30,682 30,843 30,945 31,033 30,999 31,025

45 to 54 years

32,487 32,705 32,569 32,450 32,637 32,685 32,516 32,566 32,578

55 years and over

31,718 32,893 32,900 31,670 32,462 32,405 32,635 32,760 32,814

Men, 16 years and over

76,726 78,696 78,208 76,560 77,866 77,843 78,102 78,321 78,053

16 to 19 years

2,040 2,297 2,286 2,188 2,212 2,179 2,192 2,365 2,403

16 to 17 years

693 784 811 752 700 702 730 771 853

18 to 19 years

1,348 1,513 1,474 1,421 1,514 1,496 1,460 1,581 1,558

20 years and over

74,686 76,399 75,922 74,373 75,654 75,664 75,910 75,956 75,650

20 to 24 years

7,101 7,353 7,156 7,045 7,250 7,237 7,199 7,326 7,117

25 years and over

67,585 69,045 68,766 67,345 68,357 68,464 68,706 68,684 68,585

25 to 54 years

50,794 51,610 51,419 50,591 51,178 51,255 51,403 51,336 51,282

25 to 34 years

17,117 17,494 17,449 16,953 17,306 17,322 17,356 17,351 17,318

35 to 44 years

16,635 16,899 16,850 16,563 16,713 16,731 16,814 16,818 16,794

45 to 54 years

17,042 17,217 17,120 17,075 17,159 17,203 17,233 17,167 17,170

55 years and over

16,790 17,435 17,346 16,755 17,179 17,208 17,303 17,348 17,303

Women, 16 years and over

68,049 69,240 69,459 67,882 68,486 68,525 68,499 68,962 69,234

16 to 19 years

2,275 2,340 2,283 2,335 2,289 2,278 2,310 2,403 2,343

16 to 17 years

826 872 818 803 795 773 769 836 807

18 to 19 years

1,448 1,468 1,465 1,497 1,517 1,502 1,543 1,558 1,497

20 years and over

65,775 66,900 67,176 65,547 66,197 66,247 66,189 66,559 66,891

20 to 24 years

6,688 6,790 6,852 6,688 6,726 6,656 6,622 6,757 6,820

25 years and over

59,086 60,110 60,324 58,887 59,469 59,558 59,536 59,858 60,093

25 to 54 years

44,159 44,653 44,771 43,971 44,186 44,361 44,204 44,445 44,582

25 to 34 years

14,535 14,902 15,041 14,477 14,578 14,664 14,701 14,866 14,943

35 to 44 years

14,179 14,263 14,282 14,118 14,130 14,214 14,219 14,181 14,231

45 to 54 years

15,445 15,488 15,448 15,376 15,478 15,483 15,284 15,398 15,408

55 years and over

14,927 15,457 15,553 14,916 15,283 15,197 15,332 15,412 15,511

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,480 44,624 44,482 44,162 44,331 44,273 44,261 44,339 44,229

Married women, spouse present

34,695 34,995 35,108 34,366 34,598 34,720 34,805 34,877 34,818

Women who maintain families

9,184 9,483 9,385 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

116,875 120,176 119,441 116,951 118,489 118,616 119,287 119,632 119,482

Part-time workers(2)

27,900 27,760 28,225 27,461 28,070 27,743 27,359 27,693 27,770

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,973 7,773 7,549 6,880 6,939 7,070 7,140 7,715 7,422

Percent of total employed

4.8 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,330 5,507 5,585 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,343 9,715 9,640 9,327 9,133 9,181 9,470 9,720 9,550

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

10,841 8,995 9,110 7.0 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.8

16 to 19 years

1,190 1,087 1,019 20.8 20.2 19.6 20.0 18.6 17.7

16 to 17 years

479 459 359 23.6 23.1 23.7 20.9 22.2 17.8

18 to 19 years

701 634 657 19.4 18.8 17.8 19.8 16.8 17.7

20 years and over

9,651 7,909 8,091 6.5 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.4

20 to 24 years

1,808 1,654 1,711 11.6 11.3 10.6 11.4 10.5 10.9

25 years and over

7,840 6,300 6,389 5.8 5.0 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.7

25 to 54 years

6,198 4,925 4,864 6.2 5.2 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.8

25 to 34 years

2,507 2,126 2,078 7.4 6.6 6.9 6.2 6.2 6.1

35 to 44 years

1,833 1,439 1,410 5.6 4.8 4.8 4.3 4.4 4.3

45 to 54 years

1,858 1,360 1,376 5.4 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.1

55 years and over

1,619 1,384 1,530 4.9 4.5 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.5

Men, 16 years and over

5,993 4,638 4,874 7.3 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.9

16 to 19 years

666 562 521 23.3 22.0 21.4 22.0 19.2 17.8

16 to 17 years

247 259 215 24.7 25.7 25.5 21.4 25.2 20.1

18 to 19 years

416 312 312 22.7 20.5 19.9 22.3 16.5 16.7

20 years and over

5,328 4,076 4,353 6.7 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.4

20 to 24 years

991 842 953 12.3 12.5 11.5 12.6 10.3 11.8

25 years and over

4,337 3,251 3,414 6.1 4.9 5.0 4.4 4.5 4.7

25 to 54 years

3,411 2,484 2,572 6.3 5.1 5.3 4.6 4.6 4.8

25 to 34 years

1,371 1,106 1,110 7.5 6.5 6.6 5.7 6.0 6.0

35 to 44 years

1,027 720 725 5.8 4.8 4.9 3.9 4.1 4.1

45 to 54 years

1,012 658 737 5.6 3.8 4.3 4.0 3.7 4.1

55 years and over

927 767 842 5.2 4.3 4.4 4.0 4.2 4.6

Women, 16 years and over

4,848 4,358 4,236 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8

16 to 19 years

525 525 498 18.3 18.3 17.8 18.0 17.9 17.5

16 to 17 years

233 199 144 22.5 20.6 22.0 20.3 19.2 15.2

18 to 19 years

285 322 345 16.0 17.1 15.6 17.3 17.1 18.7

20 years and over

4,323 3,833 3,738 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3

20 to 24 years

817 812 758 10.9 9.8 9.6 10.2 10.7 10.0

25 years and over

3,503 3,050 2,975 5.6 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.7

25 to 54 years

2,787 2,441 2,292 6.0 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 4.9

25 to 34 years

1,136 1,020 967 7.3 6.6 7.2 6.6 6.4 6.1

35 to 44 years

806 719 685 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.6

45 to 54 years

846 701 640 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.0

55 years and over

739 595 691 4.7 4.6 4.7 3.9 3.7 4.3

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,916 1,360 1,449 4.2 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.0 3.2

Married women, spouse present

1,605 1,298 1,259 4.5 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5

Women who maintain families(1)

982 904 843 9.7 9.1 9.3 8.3 8.7 8.2

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

9,176 7,538 7,612 7.3 6.4 6.3 6.0 5.9 6.0

Part-time workers(3)

1,631 1,462 1,500 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.0 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,400 3,995 4,182 5,731 4,859 4,836 4,530 4,358 4,483

On temporary layoff

912 593 876 1,128 996 1,085 925 865 1,064

Not on temporary layoff

4,488 3,402 3,306 4,603 3,863 3,752 3,606 3,493 3,419

Permanent job losers

3,329 2,458 2,365 3,428 2,718 2,653 2,665 2,492 2,454

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,160 944 941 1,174 1,145 1,098 940 1,001 965

Job leavers

874 803 830 890 862 860 829 794 838

Reentrants

2,935 2,863 2,656 3,065 2,848 2,845 2,809 2,871 2,773

New entrants

1,062 1,019 962 1,169 1,087 1,066 1,105 1,063 1,064

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

52.6 46.0 48.5 52.8 50.3 50.3 48.9 48.0 49.0

On temporary layoff

8.9 6.8 10.2 10.4 10.3 11.3 10.0 9.5 11.6

Not on temporary layoff

43.7 39.2 38.3 42.4 40.0 39.1 38.9 38.4 37.3

Job leavers

8.5 9.3 9.6 8.2 8.9 9.0 8.9 8.7 9.1

Reentrants

28.6 33.0 30.8 28.2 29.5 29.6 30.3 31.6 30.3

New entrants

10.3 11.7 11.2 10.8 11.3 11.1 11.9 11.7 11.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.5 2.6 2.7 3.7 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.9

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

New entrants

0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,155 2,283 2,231 2,439 2,587 2,609 2,383 2,473 2,529

5 to 14 weeks

2,449 2,146 2,256 2,585 2,431 2,449 2,508 2,312 2,390

15 weeks and over

5,666 4,251 4,144 5,786 4,566 4,450 4,371 4,332 4,247

15 to 26 weeks

1,677 1,413 1,374 1,742 1,412 1,486 1,416 1,417 1,431

27 weeks and over

3,989 2,838 2,770 4,044 3,155 2,963 2,954 2,916 2,815

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

37.9 33.8 34.1 37.1 32.4 31.7 31.5 32.7 33.0

Median duration, in weeks

18.0 14.0 13.6 17.0 13.3 13.2 13.3 13.7 12.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

21.0 26.3 25.8 22.6 27.0 27.4 25.7 27.1 27.6

5 to 14 weeks

23.8 24.7 26.1 23.9 25.4 25.8 27.1 25.4 26.1

15 weeks and over

55.2 49.0 48.0 53.5 47.6 46.8 47.2 47.5 46.3

15 to 26 weeks

16.3 16.3 15.9 16.1 14.7 15.6 15.3 15.5 15.6

27 weeks and over

38.8 32.7 32.1 37.4 32.9 31.2 31.9 32.0 30.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

144,775 147,666 10,271 8,630 6.6 5.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,583 57,110 1,749 1,656 3.1 2.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,065 23,207 770 654 3.2 2.7

Professional and related occupations

32,518 33,904 980 1,002 2.9 2.9

Service occupations

25,675 26,131 2,177 1,909 7.8 6.8

Sales and office occupations

33,349 33,136 2,436 1,857 6.8 5.3

Sales and related occupations

15,683 15,656 1,173 880 7.0 5.3

Office and administrative support occupations

17,667 17,480 1,263 977 6.7 5.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,092 13,699 1,224 1,049 8.6 7.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

940 1,017 127 157 11.9 13.4

Construction and extraction occupations

7,218 7,823 826 698 10.3 8.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,935 4,859 271 194 5.2 3.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,075 17,590 1,576 1,158 8.5 6.2

Production occupations

8,474 8,478 728 581 7.9 6.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,602 9,112 848 577 9.0 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,271 8,630 6.6 5.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

7,882 6,413 6.5 5.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

65 32 5.9 2.8

Construction

706 629 8.6 7.5

Manufacturing

984 640 6.2 4.2

Durable goods

617 416 6.2 4.4

Nondurable goods

368 224 6.4 4.0

Wholesale and retail trade

1,423 1,010 7.0 4.9

Transportation and utilities

410 314 6.7 5.0

Information

176 159 6.4 5.6

Financial activities

407 325 4.3 3.5

Professional and business services

1,164 944 7.5 6.1

Education and health services

890 924 3.9 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,212 1,128 9.0 8.2

Other services

443 308 6.8 4.7

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

131 193 9.7 11.2

Government workers

666 622 3.2 3.0

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

530 440 5.3 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.7 2.7 2.7 3.7 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.5 2.6 2.7 3.7 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.6 5.5 5.5 7.0 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.8

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.1 6.0 5.9 7.4 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.9 6.8 6.8 8.2 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.7 11.1 11.0 13.1 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5 11.4

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

91,521 92,547 36,614 37,373 54,907 55,175

Persons who currently want a job

5,437 6,227 2,562 3,025 2,874 3,202

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,096 2,109 1,080 1,153 1,016 956

Discouraged workers(2)

762 698 471 433 290 265

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,334 1,412 609 721 726 691

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,973 7,549 3,387 3,657 3,586 3,892

Percent of total employed

4.8 5.1 4.4 4.7 5.3 5.6

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,575 4,019 1,960 2,223 1,615 1,796

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,043 2,127 694 684 1,349 1,442

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

212 208 128 117 84 91

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,117 1,147 592 602 524 546

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Change from:
Oct.2014 - Nov.2014(p)

Total nonfarm

138,536 139,753 140,804 141,301 137,311 139,481 139,724 140,045 321

Total private

116,196 117,937 118,488 118,868 115,455 117,562 117,798 118,112 314

Goods-producing

18,928 19,489 19,483 19,393 18,824 19,176 19,204 19,252 48

Mining and logging

881 939 935 929 882 925 926 926 0

Logging

56.7 58.1 58.4 57.6 55.2 55.3 55.7 56.4 0.7

Mining

824.7 880.5 876.9 871.8 826.7 870.0 870.3 869.1 -1.2

Oil and gas extraction

202.6 212.9 215.2 214.8 203.1 213.1 215.0 215.2 0.2

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

211.5 216.5 215.0 211.2 211.8 211.6 211.1 209.4 -1.7

Coal mining

79.2 78.3 77.2 75.6 80.2 77.9 77.1 75.9 -1.2

Support activities for mining

410.6 451.1 446.7 445.8 411.8 445.3 444.2 444.5 0.3

Construction

5,996 6,320 6,319 6,227 5,896 6,082 6,089 6,109 20

Construction of buildings

1,331.5 1,408.5 1,408.2 1,390.6 1,312.6 1,373.8 1,368.4 1,369.4 1.0

Residential building

639.5 697.0 693.9 687.4 630.0 677.5 673.9 677.3 3.4

Nonresidential building

692.0 711.5 714.3 703.2 682.6 696.3 694.5 692.1 -2.4

Heavy and civil engineering construction

919.8 990.1 989.1 955.2 889.8 921.2 924.3 923.0 -1.3

Specialty trade contractors

3,744.2 3,920.9 3,921.6 3,881.4 3,694.0 3,787.0 3,796.3 3,816.9 20.6

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,601.3 1,694.1 1,700.7 1,681.0 1,579.7 1,632.3 1,641.9 1,655.2 13.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,142.9 2,226.8 2,220.9 2,200.4 2,114.3 2,154.7 2,154.4 2,161.7 7.3

Manufacturing

12,051 12,230 12,229 12,237 12,046 12,169 12,189 12,217 28

Durable goods

7,583 7,718 7,732 7,749 7,581 7,704 7,722 7,739 17

Wood products

358.5 373.6 373.8 374.3 357.8 371.1 372.3 373.6 1.3

Nonmetallic mineral products

383.2 398.5 398.5 398.9 380.4 391.7 392.6 394.2 1.6

Primary metals

393.1 403.9 404.5 405.2 394.3 403.1 403.9 405.5 1.6

Fabricated metal products

1,444.8 1,462.5 1,468.1 1,469.2 1,443.8 1,459.8 1,464.2 1,466.4 2.2

Machinery

1,105.5 1,130.6 1,137.2 1,137.6 1,107.4 1,133.5 1,137.3 1,139.4 2.1

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,062.3 1,057.8 1,058.0 1,061.4 1,063.2 1,057.6 1,059.7 1,060.6 0.9

Computer and peripheral equipment

160.1 169.3 169.7 171.8 160.1 169.1 170.1 171.4 1.3

Communications equipment

100.4 96.8 96.2 97.0 100.3 97.0 96.5 97.0 0.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

373.1 367.0 367.9 368.1 373.6 366.8 368.3 367.7 -0.6

Electronic instruments

390.3 385.9 385.5 385.6 391.4 386.0 386.0 385.7 -0.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

374.2 372.9 372.1 373.7 374.5 373.4 372.2 373.4 1.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,515.8 1,562.3 1,560.4 1,566.0 1,515.7 1,559.5 1,561.3 1,564.6 3.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

838.8 873.5 874.0 878.0 838.4 870.8 872.8 875.8 3.0

Furniture and related products

361.9 374.6 374.6 377.0 364.1 373.1 376.5 378.3 1.8

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

583.5 581.2 584.3 585.8 580.1 581.0 581.8 582.7 0.9

Nondurable goods

4,468 4,512 4,497 4,488 4,465 4,465 4,467 4,478 11

Food manufacturing

1,483.4 1,505.1 1,489.8 1,479.2 1,478.7 1,471.2 1,469.4 1,473.0 3.6

Textile mills

117.1 117.4 116.9 116.8 116.6 116.9 116.7 116.8 0.1

Textile product mills

113.6 112.9 113.2 113.3 113.0 112.3 112.5 112.0 -0.5

Apparel

140.2 132.8 132.2 130.8 139.7 131.8 131.3 130.6 -0.7

Paper and paper products

376.6 370.3 370.8 370.9 377.5 370.9 371.4 371.2 -0.2

Printing and related support activities

445.0 439.6 438.8 441.9 443.7 440.1 438.5 440.5 2.0

Petroleum and coal products

111.1 115.6 115.3 113.4 110.9 113.6 113.2 112.9 -0.3

Chemicals

791.2 806.0 807.6 806.4 794.4 805.7 807.8 806.0 -1.8

Plastics and rubber products

656.6 666.3 668.3 674.3 658.6 664.9 668.7 675.8 7.1

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

233.0 245.6 244.1 240.6 232.2 237.4 237.9 239.3 1.4

Private service-providing

97,268 98,448 99,005 99,475 96,631 98,386 98,594 98,860 266

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,600 26,416 26,639 27,126 26,090 26,506 26,562 26,633 71

Wholesale trade

5,798.6 5,889.1 5,903.8 5,904.0 5,785.8 5,884.0 5,890.1 5,892.6 2.5

Durable goods

2,897.4 2,946.4 2,956.6 2,952.5 2,894.0 2,946.0 2,951.1 2,952.6 1.5

Nondurable goods

1,998.0 2,024.5 2,026.8 2,030.7 1,990.9 2,020.2 2,020.6 2,022.0 1.4

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

903.2 918.2 920.4 920.8 900.9 917.8 918.4 918.0 -0.4

Retail trade

15,645.5 15,298.9 15,471.6 15,906.1 15,209.7 15,415.3 15,449.5 15,499.7 50.2

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,815.1 1,880.0 1,878.8 1,881.0 1,816.6 1,867.1 1,872.3 1,882.8 10.5

Automobile dealers

1,152.4 1,190.2 1,194.0 1,197.3 1,152.6 1,184.4 1,190.6 1,198.3 7.7

Furniture and home furnishings stores

465.7 452.2 463.4 476.4 445.7 458.7 458.2 459.0 0.8

Electronics and appliance stores

542.9 499.2 513.6 536.5 513.3 509.7 506.6 506.2 -0.4

Building material and garden supply stores

1,198.8 1,220.5 1,216.4 1,213.6 1,224.8 1,233.9 1,234.3 1,237.5 3.2

Food and beverage stores

2,986.3 3,014.6 3,031.9 3,055.9 2,960.5 3,019.9 3,028.5 3,034.2 5.7

Health and personal care stores

1,032.4 1,014.5 1,026.9 1,042.1 1,018.9 1,020.7 1,023.3 1,028.0 4.7

Gasoline stations

875.0 884.3 884.6 888.3 872.8 879.7 883.0 885.8 2.8

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,518.6 1,355.5 1,377.8 1,499.4 1,388.9 1,389.0 1,384.9 1,396.2 11.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

653.8 589.7 603.2 650.8 609.5 595.0 599.2 607.8 8.6

General merchandise stores(1)

3,252.8 3,080.4 3,128.3 3,304.4 3,099.6 3,135.1 3,144.3 3,145.5 1.2

Department stores

1,449.8 1,299.1 1,321.5 1,436.2 1,347.2 1,336.2 1,334.9 1,330.5 -4.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

805.2 816.7 835.4 819.9 792.8 809.2 812.6 808.0 -4.6

Nonstore retailers

498.9 491.3 511.3 537.8 466.3 497.3 502.3 508.7 6.4

Transportation and warehousing

4,604.5 4,675.1 4,708.8 4,760.8 4,542.1 4,652.6 4,667.9 4,684.6 16.7

Air transportation

448.7 456.5 459.1 458.8 450.4 456.5 460.3 460.5 0.2

Rail transportation

233.1 240.9 241.6 242.5 232.6 240.9 240.8 242.0 1.2

Water transportation

65.5 68.6 67.7 67.2 66.1 67.7 66.9 68.0 1.1

Truck transportation

1,397.1 1,436.8 1,438.6 1,434.2 1,387.8 1,415.9 1,419.8 1,422.8 3.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

469.2 472.4 479.7 480.9 452.1 461.0 461.1 463.1 2.0

Pipeline transportation

44.6 45.6 45.6 45.8 44.9 45.5 45.7 45.8 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

25.4 34.1 30.5 25.5 28.5 29.3 29.8 29.7 -0.1

Support activities for transportation

597.9 613.2 621.6 621.1 597.4 615.0 617.6 620.3 2.7

Couriers and messengers

583.4 560.8 571.8 622.6 560.9 577.8 582.0 586.7 4.7

Warehousing and storage

739.6 746.2 752.6 762.2 721.4 743.0 743.9 745.7 1.8

Utilities

551.1 553.1 554.3 555.0 552.6 554.0 554.4 555.8 1.4

Information

2,699 2,683 2,688 2,708 2,689 2,692 2,687 2,691 4

Publishing industries, except Internet

733.6 727.1 725.7 729.0 731.2 726.3 724.4 726.3 1.9

Motion picture and sound recording industries

351.1 299.6 304.3 310.7 346.8 307.4 306.7 301.7 -5.0

Broadcasting, except Internet

288.6 295.6 293.2 294.4 287.2 294.3 292.2 292.8 0.6

Telecommunications

858.3 870.7 868.7 874.9 856.0 872.4 869.5 871.8 2.3

Data processing, hosting and related services

268.2 274.5 277.1 277.9 268.5 275.3 276.5 277.7 1.2

Other information services

199.3 215.9 218.8 221.5 199.2 216.6 217.8 220.5 2.7

Financial activities

7,897 7,992 7,999 8,013 7,899 7,987 7,993 8,013 20

Finance and insurance

5,888.8 5,919.7 5,933.2 5,958.4 5,881.3 5,927.9 5,932.8 5,947.5 14.7

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.6 18.2 18.2 18.2 18.2 18.1 18.1 18.0 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,603.8 2,571.2 2,569.1 2,577.1 2,601.1 2,573.1 2,570.4 2,573.8 3.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,717.0 1,692.4 1,691.2 1,693.9 1,719.0 1,697.0 1,693.4 1,695.2 1.8

Commercial banking

1,292.4 1,265.5 1,263.9 1,266.3 1,294.3 1,269.1 1,265.9 1,266.8 0.9

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

866.1 880.4 886.7 888.9 865.6 884.2 888.2 889.5 1.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,400.3 2,449.9 2,459.2 2,474.2 2,396.4 2,452.5 2,456.1 2,466.2 10.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,007.8 2,072.3 2,065.7 2,054.4 2,017.7 2,058.7 2,059.7 2,065.2 5.5

Real estate

1,465.1 1,493.6 1,490.6 1,488.2 1,470.1 1,487.4 1,487.3 1,492.9 5.6

Rental and leasing services

519.9 556.7 553.0 544.0 525.1 549.4 550.3 550.1 -0.2

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

22.8 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.5 21.9 22.1 22.2 0.1

Professional and business services

18,975 19,453 19,602 19,663 18,826 19,384 19,436 19,522 86

Professional and technical services(1)

8,209.3 8,325.6 8,415.2 8,470.5 8,218.4 8,412.1 8,438.9 8,476.4 37.5

Legal services

1,137.7 1,127.3 1,134.7 1,135.1 1,135.6 1,133.8 1,133.7 1,133.7 0.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

899.7 893.6 910.6 938.6 946.0 968.1 973.5 989.9 16.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,373.2 1,423.2 1,428.9 1,429.9 1,370.6 1,416.8 1,420.6 1,425.1 4.5

Computer systems design and related services

1,731.5 1,762.0 1,785.5 1,795.4 1,722.4 1,770.3 1,777.7 1,784.2 6.5

Management and technical consulting services

1,207.7 1,246.7 1,263.8 1,272.4 1,197.7 1,247.8 1,253.8 1,261.1 7.3

Management of companies and enterprises

2,109.5 2,138.9 2,139.9 2,147.8 2,107.5 2,141.4 2,141.1 2,147.9 6.8

Administrative and waste services

8,656.0 8,988.2 9,046.8 9,044.9 8,500.3 8,830.5 8,855.9 8,897.6 41.7

Administrative and support services(1)

8,281.2 8,602.3 8,663.6 8,663.1 8,125.0 8,448.4 8,474.9 8,515.5 40.6

Employment services(1)

3,543.6 3,735.9 3,800.3 3,826.0 3,427.9 3,657.5 3,686.2 3,714.6 28.4

Temporary help services

2,843.8 3,004.7 3,050.8 3,077.1 2,741.6 2,933.0 2,952.5 2,975.2 22.7

Business support services

883.5 867.4 882.3 892.3 864.3 869.6 869.5 871.8 2.3

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,917.5 2,015.4 1,991.1 1,950.7 1,905.4 1,948.3 1,944.8 1,942.4 -2.4

Waste management and remediation services

374.8 385.9 383.2 381.8 375.3 382.1 381.0 382.1 1.1

Education and health services

21,488 21,511 21,825 21,914 21,237 21,591 21,628 21,666 38

Educational services

3,551.9 3,367.4 3,576.3 3,605.9 3,362.6 3,420.9 3,425.9 3,426.5 0.6

Health care and social assistance

17,935.7 18,144.0 18,248.9 18,308.0 17,874.1 18,170.3 18,201.8 18,239.0 37.2

Health care(3)

14,635.2 14,794.0 14,866.2 14,908.1 14,602.4 14,806.3 14,834.7 14,863.6 28.9

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,583.8 6,717.7 6,769.3 6,800.5 6,565.8 6,725.7 6,749.7 6,774.0 24.3

Offices of physicians

2,464.6 2,502.2 2,515.9 2,526.0 2,456.8 2,506.9 2,510.4 2,517.0 6.6

Outpatient care centers

697.7 722.5 727.5 732.2 697.6 724.8 726.4 730.3 3.9

Home health care services

1,271.2 1,297.3 1,311.3 1,317.0 1,266.1 1,295.9 1,304.2 1,309.2 5.0

Hospitals

4,806.8 4,819.4 4,829.8 4,838.8 4,797.5 4,820.0 4,821.7 4,826.0 4.3

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,244.6 3,256.9 3,267.1 3,268.8 3,239.1 3,260.6 3,263.3 3,263.6 0.3

Nursing care facilities

1,651.8 1,651.4 1,652.1 1,651.7 1,649.3 1,651.5 1,649.9 1,648.6 -1.3

Social assistance(1)

3,300.5 3,350.0 3,382.7 3,399.9 3,271.7 3,364.0 3,367.1 3,375.4 8.3

Child day care services

866.0 866.1 883.8 891.3 849.7 865.2 868.5 872.3 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

14,148 14,885 14,727 14,522 14,417 14,707 14,762 14,794 32

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,915.8 2,153.0 2,084.5 1,966.9 2,075.6 2,105.5 2,122.3 2,127.7 5.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

421.7 463.4 459.7 436.5 435.8 449.4 455.1 453.5 -1.6

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

137.2 142.6 141.7 137.0 142.3 141.2 141.6 141.7 0.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,356.9 1,547.0 1,483.1 1,393.4 1,497.5 1,514.9 1,525.6 1,532.5 6.9

Accommodation and food services

12,232.4 12,732.1 12,642.6 12,554.7 12,341.0 12,601.9 12,639.4 12,666.7 27.3

Accommodation

1,808.2 1,916.9 1,862.4 1,808.5 1,865.8 1,872.6 1,869.9 1,870.7 0.8

Food services and drinking places

10,424.2 10,815.2 10,780.2 10,746.2 10,475.2 10,729.3 10,769.5 10,796.0 26.5

Other services

5,461 5,508 5,525 5,529 5,473 5,519 5,526 5,541 15

Repair and maintenance

1,202.4 1,222.6 1,220.8 1,219.5 1,206.5 1,217.8 1,216.5 1,222.5 6.0

Personal and laundry services

1,347.9 1,368.6 1,370.9 1,375.5 1,348.8 1,368.8 1,373.4 1,378.7 5.3

Membership associations and organizations

2,910.5 2,916.7 2,933.3 2,933.6 2,917.2 2,932.1 2,935.9 2,939.3 3.4

Government

22,340 21,816 22,316 22,433 21,856 21,919 21,926 21,933 7

Federal

2,730.0 2,720.0 2,715.0 2,717.0 2,739.0 2,716.0 2,714.0 2,719.0 5.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,139.3 2,129.5 2,124.0 2,123.6 2,147.6 2,123.5 2,124.2 2,125.3 1.1

U.S. Postal Service

590.4 590.8 590.6 593.7 591.5 592.6 589.5 593.5 4.0

State government

5,241.0 5,095.0 5,245.0 5,264.0 5,060.0 5,070.0 5,077.0 5,080.0 3.0

State government education

2,595.0 2,443.8 2,593.3 2,618.4 2,404.7 2,413.8 2,418.5 2,423.9 5.4

State government, excluding education

2,645.8 2,651.1 2,651.2 2,645.9 2,655.6 2,656.3 2,658.1 2,655.7 -2.4

Local government

14,369.0 14,001.0 14,356.0 14,452.0 14,057.0 14,133.0 14,135.0 14,134.0 -1.0

Local government education

8,140.8 7,699.9 8,077.6 8,170.9 7,780.8 7,823.9 7,815.8 7,813.3 -2.5

Local government, excluding education

6,227.7 6,301.5 6,278.4 6,281.0 6,276.4 6,309.2 6,318.9 6,321.1 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Goods-producing

40.6 40.5 40.6 40.7

Mining and logging

44.6 44.5 45.0 45.0

Construction

39.2 39.0 39.2 39.1

Manufacturing

41.0 40.9 40.9 41.1

Durable goods

41.5 41.5 41.4 41.6

Nondurable goods

40.1 40.0 40.0 40.3

Private service-providing

33.3 33.4 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.6 34.6 34.7

Wholesale trade

38.9 39.0 38.8 38.9

Retail trade

31.2 31.4 31.4 31.5

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 38.6 38.7 38.8

Utilities

42.0 42.2 42.7 42.7

Information

36.8 36.7 36.8 36.8

Financial activities

37.2 37.3 37.3 37.3

Professional and business services

36.2 36.2 36.2 36.1

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 26.2 26.2 26.2

Other services

31.7 31.8 31.8 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5

Durable goods

3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)

Total private

$24.15 $24.54 $24.57 $24.66 $833.18 $846.63 $847.67 $853.24

Goods-producing

25.38 25.78 25.85 25.88 1,030.43 1,044.09 1,049.51 1,053.32

Mining and logging

30.50 30.98 30.99 30.90 1,360.30 1,378.61 1,394.55 1,390.50

Construction

26.23 26.83 26.87 26.93 1,028.22 1,046.37 1,053.30 1,052.96

Manufacturing

24.58 24.85 24.94 24.96 1,007.78 1,016.37 1,020.05 1,025.86

Durable goods

25.98 26.17 26.25 26.25 1,078.17 1,086.06 1,086.75 1,092.00

Nondurable goods

22.12 22.48 22.59 22.67 887.01 899.20 903.60 913.60

Private service-providing

23.86 24.24 24.27 24.37 794.54 809.62 810.62 813.96

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.17 21.44 21.46 21.52 728.25 741.82 742.52 746.74

Wholesale trade

27.96 28.11 28.12 28.28 1,087.64 1,096.29 1,091.06 1,100.09

Retail trade

16.71 17.05 17.09 17.13 521.35 535.37 536.63 539.60

Transportation and warehousing

22.65 22.90 22.89 22.90 876.56 883.94 885.84 888.52

Utilities

35.13 35.60 35.80 36.09 1,475.46 1,502.32 1,528.66 1,541.04

Information

33.43 34.30 34.09 34.48 1,230.22 1,258.81 1,254.51 1,268.86

Financial activities

30.32 30.95 30.92 31.16 1,127.90 1,154.44 1,153.32 1,162.27

Professional and business services

28.73 29.29 29.32 29.42 1,040.03 1,060.30 1,061.38 1,062.06

Education and health services

24.57 24.77 24.84 24.94 803.44 812.46 814.75 818.03

Leisure and hospitality

13.59 14.00 14.07 14.10 353.34 366.80 368.63 369.42

Other services

21.65 22.00 22.04 22.12 686.31 699.60 700.87 703.42

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2014 - Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2014 - Nov.
2014(p)

Total private

99.6 101.4 101.6 102.2 0.6 114.8 118.7 119.1 120.2 0.9

Goods-producing

87.1 88.5 88.8 89.3 0.6 99.9 103.1 103.8 104.4 0.6

Mining and logging

123.6 129.3 130.9 130.9 0.0 151.4 160.9 162.9 162.4 -0.3

Construction

79.7 81.8 82.3 82.3 0.0 90.8 95.3 96.1 96.3 0.2

Manufacturing

88.9 89.5 89.7 90.3 0.7 101.6 103.5 104.0 104.9 0.9

Durable goods

88.6 90.0 90.0 90.6 0.7 102.2 104.6 104.9 105.7 0.8

Nondurable goods

89.4 89.1 89.2 90.1 1.0 100.3 101.7 102.2 103.6 1.4

Private service-providing

103.0 105.2 105.4 105.7 0.3 119.1 123.6 124.0 124.9 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.6 99.7 100.0 100.5 0.5 111.2 115.1 115.5 116.4 0.8

Wholesale trade

98.2 100.1 99.7 100.0 0.3 114.6 117.5 117.0 118.0 0.9

Retail trade

96.4 98.3 98.5 99.2 0.7 106.5 110.8 111.3 112.3 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

100.6 102.8 103.4 104.0 0.6 115.6 119.4 120.1 120.9 0.7

Utilities

100.4 101.2 102.4 102.7 0.3 116.6 119.0 121.1 122.4 1.1

Information

90.4 90.2 90.3 90.4 0.1 107.6 110.2 109.6 111.0 1.3

Financial activities

96.2 97.6 97.6 97.9 0.3 113.8 117.8 117.8 119.0 1.0

Professional and business services

107.2 110.4 110.7 110.8 0.1 124.8 131.0 131.4 132.1 0.5

Education and health services

111.5 113.7 113.9 114.1 0.2 129.0 132.6 133.2 134.0 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

107.0 109.9 110.4 110.6 0.2 117.3 124.2 125.3 125.8 0.4

Other services

96.1 97.2 97.4 97.6 0.2 118.1 121.4 121.8 122.6 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

67,906 68,861 68,983 69,091 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3

Total private

55,426 56,334 56,464 56,564 48.0 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,136 4,201 4,215 4,218 22.0 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

117 124 125 125 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.5

Construction

749 773 777 779 12.7 12.7 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,270 3,304 3,313 3,314 27.1 27.2 27.2 27.1

Durable goods

1,749 1,777 1,785 1,788 23.1 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,521 1,527 1,528 1,526 34.1 34.2 34.2 34.1

Private service-providing

51,290 52,133 52,249 52,346 53.1 53.0 53.0 52.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,595 10,723 10,745 10,762 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.4

Wholesale trade

1,718.2 1,729.2 1,729.5 1,726.0 29.7 29.4 29.4 29.3

Retail trade

7,669.9 7,762.5 7,778.8 7,802.5 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,070.9 1,097.4 1,103.3 1,099.7 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.5

Utilities

135.8 133.6 133.3 133.5 24.6 24.1 24.0 24.0

Information

1,077 1,082 1,081 1,084 40.1 40.2 40.2 40.3

Financial activities

4,541 4,568 4,575 4,584 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2

Professional and business services

8,394 8,643 8,668 8,705 44.6 44.6 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,309 16,585 16,618 16,643 76.8 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,502 7,637 7,662 7,661 52.0 51.9 51.9 51.8

Other services

2,872 2,895 2,900 2,907 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5

Government

12,480 12,527 12,519 12,527 57.1 57.2 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)

Total private

95,397 97,105 97,276 97,502

Goods-producing

13,556 13,811 13,826 13,851

Mining and logging

648 674 676 676

Construction

4,466 4,584 4,581 4,588

Manufacturing

8,442 8,553 8,569 8,587

Durable goods

5,209 5,301 5,317 5,321

Nondurable goods

3,233 3,252 3,252 3,266

Private service-providing

81,841 83,294 83,450 83,651

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,051 22,358 22,394 22,444

Wholesale trade

4,670.8 4,754.0 4,754.5 4,747.0

Retail trade

13,007.9 13,134.9 13,158.6 13,198.2

Transportation and warehousing

3,925.7 4,022.1 4,034.4 4,052.7

Utilities

446.9 447.1 446.6 446.5

Information

2,177 2,185 2,183 2,185

Financial activities

6,082 6,172 6,169 6,179

Professional and business services

15,590 16,065 16,097 16,157

Education and health services

18,646 18,962 18,996 19,028

Leisure and hospitality

12,734 12,961 13,024 13,045

Other services

4,561 4,591 4,587 4,613

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.8 33.8

Goods-producing

41.4 41.6 41.7 41.7

Mining and logging

46.1 47.1 47.5 47.6

Construction

39.7 39.7 39.9 39.8

Manufacturing

42.0 42.2 42.1 42.2

Durable goods

42.5 42.6 42.6 42.5

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.4 41.4 41.7

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.6 38.5 38.6

Retail trade

30.0 30.0 30.0 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.3 38.3 38.4

Utilities

41.5 42.0 42.6 42.6

Information

35.9 36.0 36.3 36.3

Financial activities

36.7 36.7 36.8 36.9

Professional and business services

35.5 35.6 35.6 35.5

Education and health services

32.1 32.0 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.1 25.1 25.1

Other services

30.8 30.7 30.7 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5

Durable goods

4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.3 4.2 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)

Total private

$20.30 $20.67 $20.70 $20.74 $684.11 $696.58 $699.66 $701.01

Goods-producing

21.35 21.66 21.70 21.71 883.89 901.06 904.89 905.31

Mining and logging

27.08 27.20 27.22 27.38 1,248.39 1,281.12 1,292.95 1,303.29

Construction

24.24 24.77 24.81 24.85 962.33 983.37 989.92 989.03

Manufacturing

19.42 19.61 19.63 19.63 815.64 827.54 826.42 828.39

Durable goods

20.48 20.67 20.69 20.67 870.40 880.54 881.39 878.48

Nondurable goods

17.66 17.84 17.87 17.92 727.59 738.58 739.82 747.26

Private service-providing

20.08 20.46 20.49 20.53 650.59 662.90 665.93 667.23

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.97 18.32 18.36 18.41 603.79 615.55 616.90 618.58

Wholesale trade

22.93 23.28 23.32 23.51 889.68 898.61 897.82 907.49

Retail trade

14.16 14.45 14.49 14.49 424.80 433.50 434.70 436.15

Transportation and warehousing

20.09 20.57 20.58 20.61 773.47 787.83 788.21 791.42

Utilities

32.43 32.80 32.95 33.06 1,345.85 1,377.60 1,403.67 1,408.36

Information

28.23 28.55 28.52 28.66 1,013.46 1,027.80 1,035.28 1,040.36

Financial activities

24.17 24.90 24.91 25.09 887.04 913.83 916.69 925.82

Professional and business services

23.84 24.24 24.25 24.24 846.32 862.94 863.30 860.52

Education and health services

21.46 21.70 21.76 21.81 688.87 694.40 698.50 700.10

Leisure and hospitality

11.83 12.20 12.25 12.27 295.75 306.22 307.48 307.98

Other services

18.23 18.50 18.53 18.59 561.48 567.95 568.87 570.71

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2014 - Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Nov.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2014 - Nov.
2014(p)

Total private

107.1 109.1 109.6 109.8 0.2 145.3 150.6 151.6 152.2 0.4

Goods-producing

85.8 87.8 88.1 88.3 0.2 112.1 116.5 117.1 117.3 0.2

Mining and logging

158.7 168.7 170.6 171.0 0.2 250.0 266.9 270.1 272.3 0.8

Construction

88.8 91.1 91.5 91.4 -0.1 116.2 121.9 122.6 122.7 0.1

Manufacturing

81.4 82.9 82.8 83.2 0.5 103.4 106.3 106.3 106.8 0.5

Durable goods

83.2 84.9 85.1 85.0 -0.1 106.4 109.5 109.9 109.7 -0.2

Nondurable goods

78.5 79.3 79.3 80.2 1.1 97.9 100.0 100.2 101.6 1.4

Private service-providing

113.0 115.0 115.5 115.8 0.3 155.5 161.3 162.3 163.0 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103.3 104.7 104.9 105.1 0.2 132.4 136.9 137.4 138.1 0.5

Wholesale trade

106.7 108.1 107.8 107.9 0.1 144.2 148.2 148.1 149.4 0.9

Retail trade

98.8 99.7 99.9 100.6 0.7 119.9 123.5 124.1 124.9 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

113.8 116.0 116.3 117.1 0.7 145.0 151.3 151.8 153.2 0.9

Utilities

94.8 96.0 97.3 97.3 0.0 128.4 131.5 133.8 134.2 0.3

Information

89.2 89.8 90.4 90.5 0.1 124.7 126.9 127.7 128.4 0.5

Financial activities

105.1 106.6 106.9 107.3 0.4 156.3 163.4 163.8 165.7 1.2

Professional and business services

124.0 128.2 128.4 128.5 0.1 176.0 184.9 185.3 185.4 0.1

Education and health services

127.8 129.5 130.1 130.4 0.2 180.9 185.4 186.8 187.6 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

116.6 119.2 119.7 119.9 0.2 156.7 165.1 166.6 167.1 0.3

Other services

98.5 98.8 98.8 99.3 0.5 130.9 133.2 133.3 134.5 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: December 05, 2014
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