Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                  USDL-15-1274
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, July 2, 2015

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2015


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223,000 in June, and the unemployment 
rate declined to 5.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, retail trade, 
financial activities, and in transportation and warehousing. 

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.3 percent in June, and 
the number of unemployed persons declined by 375,000 to 8.3 million. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.8 percent), 
adult women (4.8 percent), and blacks (9.5 percent) edged down in June, while the rates 
for teenagers (18.1 percent), whites (4.6 percent), Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics 
(6.6 percent) showed little change. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined by 
381,000 to 2.1 million in June. These individuals accounted for 25.8 percent of the 
unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined 
by 955,000. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force declined by 432,000 in June, following an increase of similar 
magnitude in May. The labor force participation rate declined by 0.3 percentage point 
to 62.6 percent in June. The employment-population ratio, at 59.3 percent, was 
essentially unchanged in June and has shown little movement thus far this year. 
(See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to 
as involuntary part-time workers), at 6.5 million, changed little in June. These 
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time 
because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time 
job. (See table A-8.)

In June, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little 
changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals 
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for 
a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because 
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 653,000 discouraged workers in June, 
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe 
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally 
attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as 
school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 223,000 in June, compared with an average 
monthly gain of 250,000 over the prior 12 months. In June, job gains occurred in 
professional and business services, health care, retail trade, financial activities, 
and in transportation and warehousing. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services increased by 64,000 in June, about 
in line with the average monthly gain of 57,000 over the prior 12 months. In June, 
employment continued to trend up in temporary help services (+20,000), in architectural 
and engineering services (+4,000), and in computer systems design and related services 
(+4,000).

Health care added 40,000 jobs in June. Job gains were distributed among the three 
component industries--ambulatory care services (+23,000), hospitals (+11,000), and 
nursing and residential care facilities (+7,000). Employment in health care had grown 
by an average of 34,000 per month over the prior 12 months.

Employment in retail trade increased by 33,000 in June and has risen by 300,000 over 
the year. In June, general merchandise stores added 10,000 jobs.

In June, employment in financial activities increased by 20,000, with most of the 
increase in insurance carriers and related activities (+9,000) and in securities, 
commodity contracts, and investments (+7,000). Commercial banking employment 
declined by 6,000. Employment in financial activities has grown by 159,000 over 
the year, with insurance accounting for about half of the gain.

Transportation and warehousing added 17,000 jobs in June. Employment in truck 
transportation continued to trend up over the month (+7,000) and has increased by 
19,000 over the past 3 months.

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in June 
(+30,000) and has increased by 355,000 over the year.

Employment in mining continued to trend down in June (-4,000). Since a recent 
high in December 2014, employment in mining has declined by 71,000, with losses 
concentrated in support activities for mining.

Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing, 
wholesale trade, information, and government, showed little or no change over 
the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 34.5 hours 
in June for the fourth month in a row. The manufacturing workweek for all employees 
edged down by 0.1 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory overtime edged up by 0.1 hour to 
3.4 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private 
nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls were 
unchanged at $24.95. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.0 percent.
Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees 
edged up by 2 cents to $20.99 in June. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +221,000 
to +187,000, and the change for May was revised from +280,000 to +254,000. With 
these revisions, employment gains in April and May combined were 60,000 lower than 
previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 221,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 7, 2015,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
Change from:
May
2015-
June
2015

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

247,814 250,266 250,455 250,663 208

Civilian labor force

155,700 157,072 157,469 157,037 -432

Participation rate

62.8 62.8 62.9 62.6 -0.3

Employed

146,247 148,523 148,795 148,739 -56

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.3 59.4 59.3 -0.1

Unemployed

9,453 8,549 8,674 8,299 -375

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.4 5.5 5.3 -0.2

Not in labor force

92,114 93,194 92,986 93,626 640

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.1 5.4 5.5 5.3 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.7 5.0 5.0 4.8 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.3 4.9 5.0 4.8 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

20.7 17.1 17.9 18.1 0.2

White

5.3 4.7 4.7 4.6 -0.1

Black or African American

10.7 9.6 10.2 9.5 -0.7

Asian

4.8 4.4 4.1 3.8 -0.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

7.6 6.9 6.7 6.6 -0.1

Total, 25 years and over

4.9 4.5 4.5 4.2 -0.3

Less than a high school diploma

9.1 8.6 8.6 8.2 -0.4

High school graduates, no college

5.8 5.4 5.8 5.4 -0.4

Some college or associate degree

5.1 4.7 4.4 4.2 -0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.3 2.7 2.7 2.5 -0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,791 4,136 4,267 4,088 -179

Job leavers

848 828 829 773 -56

Reentrants

2,701 2,685 2,615 2,516 -99

New entrants

1,059 868 971 933 -38

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,423 2,729 2,418 2,355 -63

5 to 14 weeks

2,418 2,307 2,532 2,364 -168

15 to 26 weeks

1,516 1,139 1,293 1,393 100

27 weeks and over

3,076 2,525 2,502 2,121 -381

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,496 6,580 6,652 6,505 -147

Slack work or business conditions

4,499 3,885 3,891 3,915 24

Could only find part-time work

2,610 2,374 2,390 2,216 -174

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,844 20,056 19,961 20,480 519

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,028 2,115 1,862 1,914 -

Discouraged workers

676 756 563 653 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

286 187 254 223

Total private

272 189 250 223

Goods-producing

34 16 4 1

Mining and logging

4 -14 -18 -3

Construction

7 30 15 0

Manufacturing

23 0 7 4

Durable goods(1)

19 -3 1 2

Motor vehicles and parts

8.5 1.9 6.6 0.5

Nondurable goods

4 3 6 2

Private service-providing

238 173 246 222

Wholesale trade

12.8 -3.9 5.3 -0.2

Retail trade

39.3 10.8 26.4 32.9

Transportation and warehousing

11.7 11.5 12.2 17.1

Utilities

0.5 0.8 1.1 -0.4

Information

12 10 -1 7

Financial activities

17 7 10 20

Professional and business services(1)

74 66 74 64

Temporary help services

14.4 10.8 17.2 19.8

Education and health services(1)

43 54 56 50

Health care and social assistance

32.0 59.4 56.7 52.8

Leisure and hospitality

31 8 54 22

Other services

-4 8 8 10

Government

14 -2 4 0

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

284 191 187 221

Total private

274 189 185 221

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 47.9 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.7 82.5 82.5 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$24.46 $24.89 $24.95 $24.95

Average weekly earnings

$843.87 $858.71 $860.78 $860.78

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

101.0 103.0 103.2 103.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

117.8 122.4 122.9 123.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (263 industries)

66.5 60.3 61.4 60.5

Manufacturing (80 industries)

59.4 52.5 50.0 53.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 588,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-55,000 to +155,000 (50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

247,814 250,455 250,663 247,814 249,899 250,080 250,266 250,455 250,663

Civilian labor force

156,997 157,719 158,283 155,700 157,002 156,906 157,072 157,469 157,037

Participation rate

63.4 63.0 63.1 62.8 62.8 62.7 62.8 62.9 62.6

Employed

147,104 149,349 149,645 146,247 148,297 148,331 148,523 148,795 148,739

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.6 59.7 59.0 59.3 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.3

Unemployed

9,893 8,370 8,638 9,453 8,705 8,575 8,549 8,674 8,299

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.3 5.5 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3

Not in labor force

90,817 92,736 92,380 92,114 92,898 93,175 93,194 92,986 93,626

Persons who currently want a job

6,694 6,536 6,561 6,143 6,538 6,369 6,258 6,058 6,076

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,680 120,927 121,032 119,680 120,647 120,738 120,831 120,927 121,032

Civilian labor force

83,850 84,020 84,461 82,850 83,772 83,694 83,805 83,892 83,490

Participation rate

70.1 69.5 69.8 69.2 69.4 69.3 69.4 69.4 69.0

Employed

78,541 79,474 79,902 77,665 79,006 79,014 79,203 79,201 79,020

Employment-population ratio

65.6 65.7 66.0 64.9 65.5 65.4 65.5 65.5 65.3

Unemployed

5,310 4,546 4,560 5,185 4,766 4,680 4,602 4,691 4,471

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.4 5.4 6.3 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4

Not in labor force

35,830 36,907 36,571 36,830 36,875 37,044 37,026 37,035 37,541

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

111,230 112,498 112,605 111,230 112,209 112,304 112,400 112,498 112,605

Civilian labor force

80,458 81,102 81,074 80,056 80,831 80,752 80,884 80,915 80,680

Participation rate

72.3 72.1 72.0 72.0 72.0 71.9 72.0 71.9 71.6

Employed

76,018 77,137 77,315 75,504 76,588 76,653 76,805 76,833 76,783

Employment-population ratio

68.3 68.6 68.7 67.9 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.2

Unemployed

4,440 3,965 3,759 4,552 4,243 4,099 4,079 4,082 3,897

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.9 4.6 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8

Not in labor force

30,772 31,396 31,532 31,174 31,379 31,552 31,516 31,583 31,925

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

128,133 129,528 129,631 128,133 129,252 129,342 129,434 129,528 129,631

Civilian labor force

73,147 73,699 73,822 72,850 73,230 73,211 73,267 73,577 73,547

Participation rate

57.1 56.9 56.9 56.9 56.7 56.6 56.6 56.8 56.7

Employed

68,563 69,875 69,744 68,582 69,291 69,317 69,320 69,594 69,719

Employment-population ratio

53.5 53.9 53.8 53.5 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.7 53.8

Unemployed

4,584 3,824 4,078 4,268 3,939 3,894 3,947 3,983 3,828

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.2 5.5 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.2

Not in labor force

54,987 55,829 55,809 55,284 56,023 56,131 56,167 55,951 56,085

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,948 121,342 121,445 119,948 121,060 121,152 121,246 121,342 121,445

Civilian labor force

69,795 70,874 70,436 70,003 70,370 70,330 70,419 70,731 70,665

Participation rate

58.2 58.4 58.0 58.4 58.1 58.1 58.1 58.3 58.2

Employed

65,952 67,493 67,003 66,267 66,901 66,874 66,935 67,178 67,294

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.6 55.2 55.2 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.4 55.4

Unemployed

3,843 3,381 3,433 3,736 3,469 3,455 3,483 3,553 3,372

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.8 4.9 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.8

Not in labor force

50,152 50,467 51,009 49,945 50,690 50,823 50,828 50,611 50,780

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,636 16,615 16,613 16,636 16,630 16,624 16,619 16,615 16,613

Civilian labor force

6,744 5,743 6,773 5,641 5,801 5,824 5,769 5,823 5,691

Participation rate

40.5 34.6 40.8 33.9 34.9 35.0 34.7 35.0 34.3

Employed

5,134 4,718 5,327 4,476 4,808 4,804 4,784 4,784 4,662

Employment-population ratio

30.9 28.4 32.1 26.9 28.9 28.9 28.8 28.8 28.1

Unemployed

1,610 1,025 1,446 1,165 993 1,021 986 1,039 1,029

Unemployment rate

23.9 17.8 21.4 20.7 17.1 17.5 17.1 17.9 18.1

Not in labor force

9,892 10,872 9,840 10,995 10,829 10,800 10,849 10,792 10,922

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

195,416 196,673 196,786 195,416 196,392 196,482 196,574 196,673 196,786

Civilian labor force

124,241 124,087 124,526 123,346 123,875 123,739 123,510 123,875 123,649

Participation rate

63.6 63.1 63.3 63.1 63.1 63.0 62.8 63.0 62.8

Employed

117,383 118,457 118,598 116,757 117,992 117,886 117,719 118,048 117,942

Employment-population ratio

60.1 60.2 60.3 59.7 60.1 60.0 59.9 60.0 59.9

Unemployed

6,858 5,630 5,928 6,588 5,883 5,853 5,791 5,827 5,707

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.5 4.8 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6

Not in labor force

71,175 72,586 72,260 72,070 72,517 72,743 73,064 72,798 73,137

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,697 64,942 65,013 64,415 64,920 64,899 64,764 64,790 64,727

Participation rate

72.6 72.3 72.4 72.3 72.4 72.4 72.2 72.2 72.1

Employed

61,652 62,297 62,419 61,275 62,015 62,023 61,919 62,037 62,031

Employment-population ratio

69.2 69.4 69.5 68.7 69.2 69.2 69.0 69.1 69.1

Unemployed

3,045 2,645 2,594 3,140 2,906 2,876 2,845 2,753 2,696

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,194 54,619 54,162 54,431 54,401 54,256 54,198 54,481 54,400

Participation rate

57.7 57.7 57.2 58.0 57.6 57.4 57.3 57.6 57.5

Employed

51,523 52,347 51,801 51,830 52,105 51,998 51,912 52,121 52,097

Employment-population ratio

54.9 55.3 54.7 55.2 55.2 55.0 54.9 55.1 55.0

Unemployed

2,671 2,271 2,361 2,602 2,296 2,258 2,286 2,359 2,303

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.2 4.4 4.8 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,350 4,526 5,350 4,499 4,554 4,584 4,548 4,604 4,522

Participation rate

43.2 36.7 43.4 36.3 36.9 37.2 36.9 37.4 36.7

Employed

4,208 3,812 4,378 3,653 3,872 3,865 3,888 3,890 3,814

Employment-population ratio

34.0 30.9 35.5 29.5 31.4 31.3 31.5 31.6 31.0

Unemployed

1,143 714 972 846 682 719 660 714 708

Unemployment rate

21.4 15.8 18.2 18.8 15.0 15.7 14.5 15.5 15.7

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,821 31,326 31,362 30,821 31,222 31,257 31,293 31,326 31,362

Civilian labor force

18,992 19,443 19,541 18,814 19,101 19,055 19,397 19,428 19,346

Participation rate

61.6 62.1 62.3 61.0 61.2 61.0 62.0 62.0 61.7

Employed

16,885 17,489 17,630 16,794 17,122 17,129 17,529 17,441 17,501

Employment-population ratio

54.8 55.8 56.2 54.5 54.8 54.8 56.0 55.7 55.8

Unemployed

2,107 1,953 1,911 2,019 1,979 1,926 1,868 1,988 1,845

Unemployment rate

11.1 10.0 9.8 10.7 10.4 10.1 9.6 10.2 9.5

Not in labor force

11,829 11,883 11,821 12,007 12,122 12,202 11,896 11,898 12,016

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,674 8,927 8,870 8,611 8,710 8,711 8,926 8,905 8,808

Participation rate

68.1 68.7 68.1 67.6 67.3 67.2 68.7 68.5 67.6

Employed

7,752 7,994 8,058 7,671 7,805 7,841 8,109 7,995 7,970

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.5 61.9 60.2 60.3 60.5 62.5 61.5 61.2

Unemployed

922 933 812 940 905 870 817 911 838

Unemployment rate

10.6 10.5 9.2 10.9 10.4 10.0 9.2 10.2 9.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,563 9,798 9,829 9,567 9,665 9,703 9,792 9,808 9,827

Participation rate

61.4 61.9 62.0 61.4 61.3 61.4 61.9 61.9 62.0

Employed

8,670 8,990 9,054 8,696 8,809 8,807 8,928 8,946 9,046

Employment-population ratio

55.7 56.8 57.1 55.8 55.8 55.8 56.4 56.5 57.1

Unemployed

893 808 775 871 857 895 864 862 781

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.2 7.9 9.1 8.9 9.2 8.8 8.8 7.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

755 718 842 636 726 642 678 715 712

Participation rate

30.1 28.8 33.8 25.3 29.1 25.7 27.2 28.7 28.6

Employed

463 506 518 427 508 481 491 500 486

Employment-population ratio

18.4 20.3 20.8 17.0 20.4 19.3 19.7 20.1 19.5

Unemployed

292 212 324 208 218 161 187 215 226

Unemployment rate

38.7 29.6 38.5 32.8 30.0 25.0 27.5 30.1 31.8

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,807 14,403 14,430 13,807 14,291 14,296 14,290 14,403 14,430

Civilian labor force

8,746 9,157 9,128 8,695 9,038 8,934 9,038 9,169 9,076

Participation rate

63.3 63.6 63.3 63.0 63.2 62.5 63.3 63.7 62.9

Employed

8,301 8,804 8,754 8,278 8,680 8,646 8,644 8,794 8,730

Employment-population ratio

60.1 61.1 60.7 60.0 60.7 60.5 60.5 61.1 60.5

Unemployed

445 353 374 417 358 288 394 375 346

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.9 4.1 4.8 4.0 3.2 4.4 4.1 3.8

Not in labor force

5,061 5,246 5,303 5,113 5,253 5,363 5,251 5,234 5,354

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,352 39,483 39,566 38,352 39,244 39,323 39,405 39,483 39,566

Civilian labor force

25,577 26,179 26,309 25,413 25,962 26,087 26,167 26,149 26,132

Participation rate

66.7 66.3 66.5 66.3 66.2 66.3 66.4 66.2 66.0

Employed

23,589 24,521 24,520 23,480 24,238 24,319 24,354 24,385 24,401

Employment-population ratio

61.5 62.1 62.0 61.2 61.8 61.8 61.8 61.8 61.7

Unemployed

1,988 1,658 1,789 1,933 1,724 1,768 1,813 1,764 1,730

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.3 6.8 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.6

Not in labor force

12,775 13,304 13,257 12,939 13,282 13,236 13,237 13,334 13,434

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,127 14,505 14,438 14,087 14,465 14,465 14,484 14,479 14,402

Participation rate

81.4 81.5 80.9 81.2 81.8 81.6 81.6 81.4 80.7

Employed

13,229 13,676 13,600 13,172 13,601 13,627 13,614 13,615 13,549

Employment-population ratio

76.3 76.8 76.3 75.9 76.9 76.9 76.7 76.5 76.0

Unemployed

898 829 838 916 864 837 870 863 853

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.7 5.8 6.5 6.0 5.8 6.0 6.0 5.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,193 10,575 10,565 10,195 10,309 10,435 10,526 10,537 10,552

Participation rate

58.8 58.8 58.6 58.8 57.7 58.3 58.6 58.6 58.5

Employed

9,458 9,936 9,933 9,459 9,685 9,755 9,802 9,854 9,919

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.2 55.1 54.5 54.2 54.5 54.6 54.8 55.0

Unemployed

735 639 632 736 625 680 725 684 633

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.0 6.0 7.2 6.1 6.5 6.9 6.5 6.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,257 1,099 1,306 1,131 1,187 1,187 1,157 1,133 1,178

Participation rate

34.4 29.7 35.3 30.9 32.2 32.2 31.3 30.6 31.8

Employed

902 910 987 849 952 937 938 916 933

Employment-population ratio

24.6 24.6 26.7 23.2 25.8 25.4 25.4 24.8 25.2

Unemployed

355 190 319 281 235 250 218 217 245

Unemployment rate

28.3 17.3 24.4 24.9 19.8 21.1 18.9 19.2 20.8

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,673 11,481 11,209 10,486 11,126 11,089 11,338 11,153 11,065

Participation rate

44.3 45.9 45.2 43.5 46.3 45.1 45.7 44.6 44.6

Employed

9,795 10,561 10,388 9,529 10,196 10,134 10,367 10,192 10,161

Employment-population ratio

40.6 42.2 41.9 39.5 42.4 41.2 41.8 40.7 41.0

Unemployed

878 919 821 957 929 955 971 961 904

Unemployment rate

8.2 8.0 7.3 9.1 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,137 35,442 34,925 36,106 35,371 35,656 35,577 35,341 34,996

Participation rate

57.9 57.4 56.9 57.8 57.4 57.3 57.2 57.2 57.1

Employed

34,130 33,515 33,136 34,004 33,464 33,752 33,639 33,304 33,110

Employment-population ratio

54.7 54.3 54.0 54.5 54.3 54.2 54.1 53.9 54.0

Unemployed

2,007 1,927 1,789 2,101 1,907 1,904 1,938 2,037 1,886

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.4 5.1 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.8 5.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,290 37,403 37,719 37,346 37,490 37,558 37,755 37,594 37,674

Participation rate

67.2 67.0 66.9 67.3 66.8 67.6 67.4 67.4 66.8

Employed

35,393 35,841 36,162 35,455 35,588 35,755 35,996 35,934 36,084

Employment-population ratio

63.8 64.2 64.1 63.9 63.4 64.4 64.2 64.4 64.0

Unemployed

1,896 1,562 1,556 1,891 1,902 1,803 1,759 1,660 1,590

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.2 4.1 5.1 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

50,047 52,052 51,505 50,365 51,583 51,272 51,156 51,938 51,855

Participation rate

74.7 75.2 74.1 75.1 74.4 74.3 74.6 75.0 74.6

Employed

48,364 50,722 50,171 48,728 50,172 50,007 49,758 50,518 50,548

Employment-population ratio

72.1 73.3 72.2 72.7 72.3 72.5 72.5 73.0 72.7

Unemployed

1,683 1,329 1,333 1,638 1,411 1,265 1,399 1,419 1,307

Unemployment rate

3.4 2.6 2.6 3.3 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,181 21,224 18,930 19,227 2,251 1,997

Civilian labor force

10,621 10,541 9,245 9,407 1,377 1,133

Participation rate

50.1 49.7 48.8 48.9 61.2 56.8

Employed

10,043 10,082 8,771 9,025 1,273 1,057

Employment-population ratio

47.4 47.5 46.3 46.9 56.5 52.9

Unemployed

578 459 474 382 104 77

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.4 5.1 4.1 7.5 6.8

Not in labor force

10,560 10,683 9,685 9,820 874 864

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,093 3,576 2,461 2,951 632 626

Civilian labor force

2,492 2,796 2,061 2,409 432 387

Participation rate

80.6 78.2 83.7 81.6 68.3 61.9

Employed

2,317 2,645 1,930 2,302 387 343

Employment-population ratio

74.9 74.0 78.4 78.0 61.2 54.8

Unemployed

175 151 131 107 44 44

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.4 6.3 4.5 10.3 11.4

Not in labor force

601 780 400 542 201 238

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,380 3,449 2,712 2,911 668 537

Civilian labor force

2,797 2,746 2,280 2,373 518 373

Participation rate

82.8 79.6 84.1 81.5 77.6 69.4

Employed

2,670 2,630 2,192 2,278 478 352

Employment-population ratio

79.0 76.3 80.8 78.3 71.5 65.4

Unemployed

127 116 87 95 40 22

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.2 3.8 4.0 7.8 5.8

Not in labor force

582 702 432 538 150 164

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,399 8,920 9,046 8,603 353 317

Civilian labor force

2,623 2,348 2,519 2,261 104 87

Participation rate

27.9 26.3 27.8 26.3 29.4 27.5

Employed

2,489 2,250 2,397 2,164 92 86

Employment-population ratio

26.5 25.2 26.5 25.2 26.2 27.0

Unemployed

133 98 122 96 11 1

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.2 4.8 4.3 10.9 1.7

Not in labor force

6,776 6,572 6,527 6,342 249 230

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,309 5,279 4,711 4,762 598 517

Civilian labor force

2,709 2,650 2,386 2,364 323 286

Participation rate

51.0 50.2 50.6 49.7 54.1 55.3

Employed

2,567 2,557 2,252 2,280 315 277

Employment-population ratio

48.4 48.4 47.8 47.9 52.7 53.5

Unemployed

142 93 134 84 8 9

Unemployment rate

5.2 3.5 5.6 3.6 2.4 3.3

Not in labor force

2,600 2,629 2,325 2,398 275 231

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

217,844 220,583 96,293 97,257 121,550 123,326

Civilian labor force

144,013 145,295 73,460 73,791 70,553 71,505

Participation rate

66.1 65.9 76.3 75.9 58.0 58.0

Employed

135,399 137,702 69,006 69,934 66,393 67,768

Employment-population ratio

62.2 62.4 71.7 71.9 54.6 54.9

Unemployed

8,614 7,594 4,453 3,857 4,161 3,737

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.2 6.1 5.2 5.9 5.2

Not in labor force

73,831 75,288 22,834 23,466 50,997 51,822

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,014 30,170 218,800 220,493

Civilian labor force

5,604 6,032 151,394 152,251

Participation rate

19.3 20.0 69.2 69.1

Employed

4,883 5,470 142,221 144,175

Employment-population ratio

16.8 18.1 65.0 65.4

Unemployed

721 562 9,173 8,076

Unemployment rate

12.9 9.3 6.1 5.3

Not in labor force

23,410 24,138 67,406 68,241

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,526 2,638 76,781 76,988

Participation rate

32.7 34.1 83.4 83.1

Employed

2,140 2,402 72,072 72,819

Employment-population ratio

27.7 31.0 78.3 78.6

Unemployed

387 236 4,709 4,169

Unemployment rate

15.3 8.9 6.1 5.4

Not in labor force

5,208 5,108 15,234 15,620

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,071 2,339 67,409 67,574

Participation rate

27.0 28.1 70.6 70.7

Employed

1,794 2,069 63,274 63,950

Employment-population ratio

23.4 24.9 66.2 66.9

Unemployed

277 269 4,135 3,625

Unemployment rate

13.4 11.5 6.1 5.4

Not in labor force

5,592 5,988 28,118 27,988

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,007 1,056 7,204 7,689

Participation rate

7.4 7.5 23.0 23.8

Employed

949 999 6,875 7,406

Employment-population ratio

7.0 7.1 22.0 22.9

Unemployed

57 57 329 282

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.4 4.6 3.7

Not in labor force

12,610 13,042 24,054 24,633

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,787 40,342 18,726 19,563 20,061 20,779

Civilian labor force

25,389 26,100 14,692 15,310 10,697 10,791

Participation rate

65.5 64.7 78.5 78.3 53.3 51.9

Employed

24,039 24,816 13,975 14,646 10,064 10,169

Employment-population ratio

62.0 61.5 74.6 74.9 50.2 48.9

Unemployed

1,350 1,285 717 664 633 621

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.9 4.9 4.3 5.9 5.8

Not in labor force

13,398 14,241 4,034 4,254 9,364 9,988

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,027 210,321 100,954 101,469 108,073 108,853

Civilian labor force

131,608 132,183 69,158 69,151 62,450 63,031

Participation rate

63.0 62.8 68.5 68.2 57.8 57.9

Employed

123,065 124,830 64,566 65,255 58,499 59,575

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.4 64.0 64.3 54.1 54.7

Unemployed

8,543 7,353 4,592 3,896 3,951 3,457

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.6 6.6 5.6 6.3 5.5

Not in labor force

77,419 78,139 31,796 32,317 45,623 45,821

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,288 2,431 2,703 2,165 2,430 2,559 2,435 2,405 2,544

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,494 1,536 1,687 1,406 1,572 1,628 1,610 1,536 1,590

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

769 866 952 737 833 893 794 828 905

Unpaid family workers

25 30 65 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

144,815 146,918 146,942 144,078 145,880 145,699 146,111 146,417 146,192

Wage and salary workers(1)

136,186 137,648 138,083 135,610 137,447 136,830 137,148 137,175 137,458

Government

19,891 20,902 20,416 20,288 20,582 20,246 20,455 20,613 20,744

Private industries

116,294 116,746 117,667 115,288 116,890 116,654 116,707 116,572 116,678

Private households

859 770 854 - - - - - -

Other industries

115,435 115,976 116,813 114,464 116,042 115,839 115,899 115,821 115,857

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,571 9,207 8,780 8,403 8,386 8,685 8,826 9,142 8,645

Unpaid family workers

59 63 80 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,805 6,363 6,776 7,496 6,635 6,705 6,580 6,652 6,505

Slack work or business conditions

4,598 3,673 4,011 4,499 3,847 4,069 3,885 3,891 3,915

Could only find part-time work

2,793 2,434 2,308 2,610 2,426 2,337 2,374 2,390 2,216

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,825 20,192 19,649 19,844 19,837 19,733 20,056 19,961 20,480

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,706 6,272 6,650 7,395 6,539 6,620 6,501 6,541 6,384

Slack work or business conditions

4,552 3,624 3,932 4,444 3,791 4,028 3,835 3,830 3,828

Could only find part-time work

2,761 2,416 2,284 2,607 2,415 2,302 2,352 2,419 2,195

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,526 19,824 19,232 19,516 19,505 19,374 19,705 19,603 19,996

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

147,104 149,349 149,645 146,247 148,297 148,331 148,523 148,795 148,739

16 to 19 years

5,134 4,718 5,327 4,476 4,808 4,804 4,784 4,784 4,662

16 to 17 years

1,661 1,593 1,862 1,466 1,637 1,615 1,630 1,678 1,654

18 to 19 years

3,473 3,126 3,466 3,013 3,186 3,189 3,147 3,128 3,014

20 years and over

141,970 144,630 144,318 141,771 143,489 143,527 143,740 144,011 144,077

20 to 24 years

14,288 13,990 14,462 13,906 14,114 13,823 13,851 14,060 14,055

25 years and over

127,682 130,640 129,857 127,903 129,349 129,614 129,861 129,890 130,043

25 to 54 years

95,556 96,939 96,611 95,597 96,565 96,501 96,482 96,507 96,618

25 to 34 years

31,937 32,935 32,747 31,940 32,682 32,693 32,734 32,786 32,756

35 to 44 years

30,882 31,224 31,236 30,956 31,071 31,095 31,072 31,095 31,277

45 to 54 years

32,736 32,780 32,629 32,700 32,812 32,713 32,676 32,625 32,584

55 years and over

32,126 33,701 33,245 32,307 32,784 33,113 33,379 33,383 33,425

Men, 16 years and over

78,541 79,474 79,902 77,665 79,006 79,014 79,203 79,201 79,020

16 to 19 years

2,523 2,337 2,586 2,161 2,418 2,361 2,399 2,368 2,237

16 to 17 years

764 803 942 661 791 762 830 845 824

18 to 19 years

1,759 1,534 1,644 1,503 1,636 1,584 1,557 1,528 1,415

20 years and over

76,018 77,137 77,315 75,504 76,588 76,653 76,805 76,833 76,783

20 to 24 years

7,460 7,232 7,418 7,218 7,324 7,088 7,158 7,259 7,181

25 years and over

68,558 69,905 69,897 68,325 69,190 69,506 69,633 69,531 69,633

25 to 54 years

51,442 51,950 52,084 51,203 51,860 51,948 51,863 51,716 51,828

25 to 34 years

17,416 17,820 17,901 17,326 17,743 17,804 17,798 17,755 17,799

35 to 44 years

16,775 16,840 16,935 16,768 16,760 16,824 16,818 16,766 16,903

45 to 54 years

17,251 17,290 17,248 17,109 17,357 17,321 17,247 17,195 17,125

55 years and over

17,116 17,955 17,813 17,122 17,330 17,557 17,770 17,816 17,806

Women, 16 years and over

68,563 69,875 69,744 68,582 69,291 69,317 69,320 69,594 69,719

16 to 19 years

2,611 2,382 2,741 2,315 2,389 2,442 2,385 2,416 2,425

16 to 17 years

898 790 919 804 846 853 800 833 830

18 to 19 years

1,714 1,592 1,821 1,510 1,550 1,605 1,590 1,600 1,599

20 years and over

65,952 67,493 67,003 66,267 66,901 66,874 66,935 67,178 67,294

20 to 24 years

6,828 6,758 7,043 6,688 6,790 6,735 6,693 6,801 6,874

25 years and over

59,124 60,735 59,960 59,578 60,159 60,108 60,228 60,358 60,409

25 to 54 years

44,114 44,990 44,528 44,393 44,705 44,552 44,619 44,791 44,790

25 to 34 years

14,521 15,115 14,846 14,614 14,939 14,889 14,936 15,032 14,957

35 to 44 years

14,107 14,385 14,301 14,188 14,311 14,271 14,255 14,329 14,374

45 to 54 years

15,486 15,490 15,381 15,591 15,456 15,392 15,429 15,431 15,459

55 years and over

15,010 15,746 15,432 15,185 15,453 15,556 15,609 15,567 15,619

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,478 45,077 44,894 44,470 44,951 45,304 45,023 44,792 44,878

Married women, spouse present

34,380 35,035 34,620 34,712 34,910 35,106 34,974 34,879 34,940

Women who maintain families

9,572 9,787 9,600 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

119,472 121,863 122,268 118,252 120,834 121,024 120,772 121,402 121,053

Part-time workers(2)

27,631 27,486 27,378 27,997 27,471 27,301 27,738 27,506 27,667

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,960 7,081 7,025 7,057 7,059 7,158 6,986 6,946 7,119

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,302 5,457 5,555 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,340 10,073 9,731 9,140 9,220 9,579 9,620 9,970 9,550

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

9,453 8,674 8,299 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3

16 to 19 years

1,165 1,039 1,029 20.7 17.1 17.5 17.1 17.9 18.1

16 to 17 years

444 402 371 23.2 18.6 18.1 20.0 19.3 18.3

18 to 19 years

721 629 672 19.3 16.4 17.1 15.1 16.7 18.2

20 years and over

8,288 7,635 7,269 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.8

20 to 24 years

1,644 1,584 1,544 10.6 10.0 10.4 9.6 10.1 9.9

25 years and over

6,660 6,057 5,715 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.2

25 to 54 years

5,152 4,771 4,414 5.1 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.4

25 to 34 years

2,229 2,012 1,948 6.5 5.4 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.6

35 to 44 years

1,495 1,427 1,280 4.6 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.4 3.9

45 to 54 years

1,428 1,332 1,187 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.5

55 years and over

1,491 1,290 1,276 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.7

Men, 16 years and over

5,185 4,691 4,471 6.3 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4

16 to 19 years

633 609 573 22.7 17.8 19.8 17.9 20.5 20.4

16 to 17 years

236 238 199 26.3 19.2 20.5 21.0 22.0 19.5

18 to 19 years

401 361 386 21.1 17.3 19.6 15.2 19.1 21.4

20 years and over

4,552 4,082 3,897 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8

20 to 24 years

970 900 881 11.8 10.9 11.2 10.5 11.0 10.9

25 years and over

3,598 3,194 3,011 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.1

25 to 54 years

2,714 2,473 2,311 5.0 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.3

25 to 34 years

1,217 1,061 995 6.6 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.3

35 to 44 years

772 748 709 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.3 4.0

45 to 54 years

726 664 606 4.1 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.4

55 years and over

884 721 701 4.9 4.6 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.8

Women, 16 years and over

4,268 3,983 3,828 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.2

16 to 19 years

532 430 456 18.7 16.4 15.2 16.3 15.1 15.8

16 to 17 years

208 163 172 20.5 18.0 15.8 18.9 16.4 17.2

18 to 19 years

320 269 286 17.5 15.4 14.5 15.0 14.4 15.2

20 years and over

3,736 3,553 3,372 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.8

20 to 24 years

673 684 663 9.1 9.0 9.5 8.5 9.1 8.8

25 years and over

3,062 2,863 2,704 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.3

25 to 54 years

2,437 2,298 2,103 5.2 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.5

25 to 34 years

1,012 951 953 6.5 5.2 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.0

35 to 44 years

724 679 570 4.9 4.7 4.2 4.6 4.5 3.8

45 to 54 years

702 668 580 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.6

55 years and over

621 585 590 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,564 1,329 1,310 3.4 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.8

Married women, spouse present

1,361 1,189 1,138 3.8 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.2

Women who maintain families(1)

847 717 812 8.1 7.7 8.1 7.0 6.8 7.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

7,847 7,214 6,771 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3

Part-time workers(3)

1,622 1,420 1,513 5.5 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,670 3,962 3,951 4,791 4,180 4,189 4,136 4,267 4,088

On temporary layoff

1,002 818 1,044 1,031 1,021 999 950 1,041 1,052

Not on temporary layoff

3,668 3,144 2,907 3,760 3,158 3,190 3,185 3,226 3,035

Permanent job losers

2,695 2,175 2,060 2,740 2,212 2,223 2,238 2,217 2,126

Persons who completed temporary jobs

974 969 847 1,020 946 967 948 1,009 909

Job leavers

816 771 736 848 884 875 828 829 773

Reentrants

2,948 2,719 2,662 2,701 2,655 2,689 2,685 2,615 2,516

New entrants

1,459 918 1,289 1,059 972 815 868 971 933

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

47.2 47.3 45.7 51.0 48.1 48.9 48.6 49.1 49.2

On temporary layoff

10.1 9.8 12.1 11.0 11.7 11.7 11.2 12.0 12.7

Not on temporary layoff

37.1 37.6 33.7 40.0 36.3 37.2 37.4 37.2 36.5

Job leavers

8.3 9.2 8.5 9.0 10.2 10.2 9.7 9.5 9.3

Reentrants

29.8 32.5 30.8 28.7 30.5 31.4 31.5 30.1 30.3

New entrants

14.7 11.0 14.9 11.3 11.2 9.5 10.2 11.2 11.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.0 2.5 2.5 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6

New entrants

0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,239 2,473 3,102 2,423 2,431 2,488 2,729 2,418 2,355

5 to 14 weeks

2,207 2,046 2,167 2,418 2,223 2,312 2,307 2,532 2,364

15 weeks and over

4,448 3,851 3,369 4,593 4,044 3,816 3,663 3,795 3,514

15 to 26 weeks

1,443 1,346 1,316 1,516 1,335 1,253 1,139 1,293 1,393

27 weeks and over

3,005 2,505 2,052 3,076 2,709 2,563 2,525 2,502 2,121

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

31.4 31.9 26.2 33.3 31.7 30.7 30.8 30.7 28.1

Median duration, in weeks

11.3 12.6 9.4 13.2 13.1 12.2 11.7 11.6 11.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

32.7 29.5 35.9 25.7 27.9 28.9 31.4 27.6 28.6

5 to 14 weeks

22.3 24.4 25.1 25.6 25.6 26.8 26.5 29.0 28.7

15 weeks and over

45.0 46.0 39.0 48.7 46.5 44.3 42.1 43.4 42.7

15 to 26 weeks

14.6 16.1 15.2 16.1 15.4 14.5 13.1 14.8 16.9

27 weeks and over

30.4 29.9 23.8 32.6 31.1 29.8 29.0 28.6 25.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

147,104 149,645 9,893 8,638 6.3 5.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,714 57,710 2,001 1,714 3.5 2.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,351 24,049 661 603 2.8 2.4

Professional and related occupations

32,363 33,661 1,340 1,111 4.0 3.2

Service occupations

26,542 26,795 1,963 1,789 6.9 6.3

Sales and office occupations

33,460 33,707 2,065 1,777 5.8 5.0

Sales and related occupations

15,543 15,899 1,009 950 6.1 5.6

Office and administrative support occupations

17,917 17,807 1,056 827 5.6 4.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,764 13,956 1,078 926 7.3 6.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,157 1,226 79 88 6.4 6.7

Construction and extraction occupations

7,686 7,694 778 617 9.2 7.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,921 5,036 221 221 4.3 4.2

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,625 17,478 1,299 1,122 6.9 6.0

Production occupations

8,600 8,510 570 462 6.2 5.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,025 8,969 729 660 7.5 6.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

9,893 8,638 6.3 5.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

7,164 6,162 5.8 5.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

26 87 2.5 8.9

Construction

710 522 8.2 6.3

Manufacturing

695 599 4.4 3.9

Durable goods

396 353 4.0 3.6

Nondurable goods

299 246 5.1 4.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,174 1,169 5.8 5.7

Transportation and utilities

333 280 5.4 4.5

Information

150 109 5.2 3.9

Financial activities

419 239 4.4 2.5

Professional and business services

1,042 818 6.6 5.2

Education and health services

1,001 953 4.5 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,228 1,101 8.6 7.5

Other services

385 283 5.9 4.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

71 133 4.7 7.6

Government workers

745 689 3.6 3.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

454 364 4.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.8 2.4 2.1 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.2

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.0 2.5 2.5 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.3 5.3 5.5 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.7 5.6 5.8 6.5 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.5 6.4 6.6 7.3 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.4 10.4 10.8 12.0 11.0 10.9 10.8 10.8 10.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015
June
2014
June
2015

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

90,817 92,380 35,830 36,571 54,987 55,809

Persons who currently want a job

6,694 6,561 2,946 3,009 3,748 3,552

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,028 1,914 1,025 898 1,004 1,016

Discouraged workers(2)

676 653 385 384 291 269

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,353 1,261 640 514 713 747

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,960 7,025 3,503 3,471 3,456 3,554

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.7 4.5 4.3 5.0 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,620 3,787 2,030 2,013 1,590 1,774

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,888 1,870 674 682 1,214 1,188

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

272 302 162 196 110 107

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,127 1,014 610 554 517 460

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
Change from:
May2015 - June2015(p)

Total nonfarm

139,891 141,437 142,362 142,817 138,907 141,365 141,619 141,842 223

Total private

118,069 119,094 120,066 120,959 117,052 119,459 119,709 119,932 223

Goods-producing

19,465 19,376 19,592 19,831 19,190 19,556 19,560 19,561 1

Mining and logging

900 852 839 844 892 864 846 843 -3

Logging

52.2 50.6 52.3 54.2 52.2 54.6 54.0 54.2 0.2

Mining

847.6 801.8 786.2 789.7 839.8 809.3 792.3 788.7 -3.6

Oil and gas extraction

199.1 192.2 193.3 194.3 197.6 194.4 194.0 193.2 -0.8

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

212.6 200.4 203.9 204.9 206.5 201.8 201.3 199.7 -1.6

Coal mining

75.0 70.0 69.1 68.8 74.3 70.2 69.2 68.4 -0.8

Support activities for mining

435.9 409.2 389.0 390.5 435.7 413.1 397.0 395.8 -1.2

Construction

6,310 6,254 6,439 6,572 6,121 6,365 6,380 6,380 0

Construction of buildings

1,380.0 1,374.3 1,408.5 1,436.7 1,353.5 1,404.9 1,409.6 1,408.0 -1.6

Residential building

674.7 675.0 694.0 705.7 656.7 691.4 692.4 686.3 -6.1

Nonresidential building

705.3 699.3 714.5 731.0 696.8 713.5 717.2 721.7 4.5

Heavy and civil engineering construction

962.1 926.9 965.6 992.1 915.6 941.7 942.2 946.0 3.8

Specialty trade contractors

3,967.7 3,952.6 4,064.6 4,143.4 3,852.0 4,018.3 4,027.8 4,025.9 -1.9

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,720.9 1,718.8 1,776.0 1,821.4 1,658.0 1,748.6 1,751.7 1,755.4 3.7

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,246.8 2,233.8 2,288.6 2,322.0 2,194.0 2,269.7 2,276.1 2,270.5 -5.6

Manufacturing

12,255 12,270 12,314 12,415 12,177 12,327 12,334 12,338 4

Durable goods

7,729 7,781 7,803 7,855 7,678 7,803 7,804 7,806 2

Wood products

375.9 375.8 378.0 380.4 372.0 377.0 376.6 376.8 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

393.5 399.2 406.6 410.0 385.4 399.0 401.1 401.2 0.1

Primary metals

400.7 402.0 400.7 401.6 399.6 403.5 401.3 401.3 0.0

Fabricated metal products

1,460.6 1,469.9 1,467.9 1,473.4 1,451.6 1,474.7 1,470.3 1,465.8 -4.5

Machinery

1,134.5 1,131.4 1,130.0 1,135.6 1,129.4 1,133.7 1,132.2 1,132.5 0.3

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,051.6 1,054.1 1,055.8 1,060.7 1,048.0 1,057.8 1,057.7 1,056.8 -0.9

Computer and peripheral equipment

162.7 168.2 170.1 171.5 161.8 169.8 171.0 170.8 -0.2

Communications equipment

93.9 89.8 89.6 89.9 93.3 89.9 89.7 89.4 -0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

367.5 369.3 369.2 370.7 366.9 370.7 370.5 370.0 -0.5

Electronic instruments

389.4 389.5 390.4 392.4 388.2 389.9 390.1 390.6 0.5

Electrical equipment and appliances

375.8 370.7 373.0 375.3 375.5 372.7 373.7 375.0 1.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,576.6 1,601.5 1,608.9 1,622.5 1,562.9 1,604.9 1,608.4 1,608.0 -0.4

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

884.9 914.9 924.1 931.4 876.8 917.4 924.0 924.5 0.5

Furniture and related products

375.5 386.3 387.3 392.4 370.8 387.5 386.9 388.0 1.1

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

584.7 590.3 594.7 603.5 582.5 592.2 596.1 600.2 4.1

Nondurable goods

4,526 4,489 4,511 4,560 4,499 4,524 4,530 4,532 2

Food manufacturing

1,481.5 1,465.5 1,471.8 1,503.7 1,475.8 1,490.3 1,493.1 1,498.0 4.9

Textile mills

117.9 118.7 119.9 118.0 117.1 118.5 119.2 117.3 -1.9

Textile product mills

113.8 113.8 114.8 115.5 113.1 114.9 115.2 114.7 -0.5

Apparel

139.8 135.8 136.1 136.9 139.7 136.2 136.2 136.6 0.4

Paper and paper products

376.2 366.0 366.6 367.6 373.0 366.5 366.4 364.8 -1.6

Printing and related support activities

455.7 446.8 445.7 446.1 454.1 447.4 445.4 444.6 -0.8

Petroleum and coal products

114.0 108.1 110.8 112.9 111.2 108.8 109.8 110.2 0.4

Chemicals

807.3 809.5 811.3 817.3 803.6 811.5 812.5 812.9 0.4

Plastics and rubber products

678.1 686.7 689.1 691.7 673.2 685.7 687.3 687.0 -0.3

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

241.8 238.3 245.0 249.8 237.7 243.7 245.2 245.5 0.3

Private service-providing

98,604 99,718 100,474 101,128 97,862 99,903 100,149 100,371 222

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,407 26,571 26,791 26,940 26,362 26,807 26,852 26,901 49

Wholesale trade

5,867.2 5,887.7 5,919.2 5,944.2 5,827.2 5,899.7 5,905.0 5,904.8 -0.2

Durable goods

2,929.5 2,937.4 2,949.5 2,960.8 2,912.0 2,945.6 2,945.5 2,943.5 -2.0

Nondurable goods

2,034.7 2,042.8 2,057.8 2,065.1 2,017.5 2,044.4 2,047.5 2,048.2 0.7

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

903.0 907.5 911.9 918.3 897.7 909.7 912.0 913.1 1.1

Retail trade

15,353.6 15,429.1 15,567.3 15,655.7 15,357.4 15,598.2 15,624.6 15,657.5 32.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,879.8 1,909.3 1,928.6 1,941.9 1,862.8 1,911.5 1,921.1 1,923.9 2.8

Automobile dealers

1,190.0 1,214.1 1,224.9 1,230.2 1,183.2 1,217.1 1,223.6 1,223.3 -0.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

445.1 457.2 460.2 462.5 452.6 465.1 467.5 469.8 2.3

Electronics and appliance stores

473.9 489.0 488.3 490.2 488.5 501.3 503.0 504.6 1.6

Building material and garden supply stores

1,297.4 1,302.4 1,331.9 1,313.5 1,234.8 1,255.7 1,256.4 1,251.9 -4.5

Food and beverage stores

3,016.4 3,003.4 3,029.5 3,065.2 2,994.9 3,033.1 3,034.0 3,043.0 9.0

Health and personal care stores

1,019.0 1,020.3 1,021.9 1,027.5 1,020.9 1,028.1 1,027.4 1,029.4 2.0

Gasoline stations

891.8 894.8 903.7 919.5 880.4 902.0 899.8 907.0 7.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,348.5 1,323.0 1,341.0 1,357.0 1,379.6 1,376.7 1,385.1 1,386.9 1.8

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

593.7 590.6 588.6 585.3 609.0 609.1 607.0 604.0 -3.0

General merchandise stores(1)

3,069.7 3,110.4 3,121.3 3,133.3 3,111.2 3,160.1 3,163.0 3,173.4 10.4

Department stores

1,317.0 1,297.4 1,294.1 1,296.9 1,352.8 1,334.3 1,328.8 1,331.5 2.7

Miscellaneous store retailers

821.1 809.4 828.6 832.5 816.9 823.2 824.0 826.7 2.7

Nonstore retailers

497.2 519.3 523.7 527.3 505.8 532.3 536.3 536.9 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

4,630.4 4,695.9 4,742.0 4,774.8 4,625.8 4,748.2 4,760.4 4,777.5 17.1

Air transportation

445.7 445.6 448.0 451.3 441.5 445.6 446.7 447.4 0.7

Rail transportation

234.8 246.0 244.3 245.6 233.9 246.0 244.0 244.7 0.7

Water transportation

69.2 65.2 65.4 66.5 67.8 66.2 65.4 65.4 0.0

Truck transportation

1,430.8 1,424.1 1,448.3 1,475.4 1,415.2 1,442.2 1,451.1 1,458.5 7.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

452.7 484.3 489.1 467.0 460.0 471.1 473.2 473.9 0.7

Pipeline transportation

47.2 48.8 49.5 49.7 47.0 48.7 49.6 49.4 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

37.8 28.3 34.3 39.7 30.5 31.3 31.8 32.1 0.3

Support activities for transportation

628.5 645.4 644.5 649.3 627.6 647.1 645.0 647.7 2.7

Couriers and messengers

549.6 557.3 562.6 567.3 563.2 588.9 589.4 591.4 2.0

Warehousing and storage

734.1 750.9 756.0 763.0 739.1 761.1 764.2 767.0 2.8

Utilities

555.3 558.1 562.6 565.3 551.2 560.5 561.6 561.2 -0.4

Information

2,738 2,787 2,791 2,798 2,735 2,788 2,787 2,794 7

Publishing industries, except Internet

724.9 716.2 714.2 718.5 725.5 718.7 718.3 718.8 0.5

Motion picture and sound recording industries

378.7 388.3 392.4 386.3 375.1 383.2 380.8 382.8 2.0

Broadcasting, except Internet

287.1 289.5 288.2 290.5 286.3 290.2 289.6 289.6 0.0

Telecommunications

853.6 865.4 866.3 868.8 854.4 868.8 868.7 869.1 0.4

Data processing, hosting and related services

277.2 294.7 296.7 298.1 277.2 292.9 295.9 298.1 2.2

Other information services

216.9 232.5 232.9 235.9 216.6 233.9 234.1 235.7 1.6

Financial activities

8,020 8,057 8,093 8,181 7,968 8,097 8,107 8,127 20

Finance and insurance

5,933.2 5,996.7 6,011.7 6,055.9 5,922.6 6,019.8 6,028.8 6,043.5 14.7

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.5 18.2 18.2 18.5 18.4 18.5 18.4 18.4 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,566.7 2,561.1 2,571.6 2,582.4 2,563.8 2,573.8 2,579.9 2,578.5 -1.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,711.5 1,694.1 1,698.3 1,699.8 1,707.9 1,697.8 1,701.0 1,696.2 -4.8

Commercial banking

1,294.9 1,275.8 1,278.9 1,275.1 1,293.4 1,278.2 1,280.2 1,273.9 -6.3

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

880.7 891.2 891.6 906.7 877.8 895.1 896.0 903.4 7.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,467.3 2,526.2 2,530.3 2,548.3 2,462.6 2,532.4 2,534.5 2,543.2 8.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,086.9 2,060.1 2,080.9 2,125.1 2,045.3 2,077.4 2,078.6 2,083.4 4.8

Real estate

1,509.1 1,502.5 1,511.4 1,535.9 1,485.6 1,511.4 1,510.9 1,512.6 1.7

Rental and leasing services

554.1 534.6 546.0 565.3 536.1 542.7 544.2 547.0 2.8

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.7 23.0 23.5 23.9 23.6 23.3 23.5 23.8 0.3

Professional and business services

19,207 19,596 19,694 19,878 19,079 19,613 19,687 19,751 64

Professional and technical services(1)

8,314.2 8,664.8 8,551.4 8,607.8 8,339.7 8,586.1 8,608.0 8,631.9 23.9

Legal services

1,128.9 1,117.8 1,119.4 1,130.9 1,119.4 1,122.0 1,122.2 1,121.4 -0.8

Accounting and bookkeeping services

898.2 1,099.4 942.2 937.0 958.7 996.8 989.1 997.6 8.5

Architectural and engineering services

1,393.3 1,409.4 1,423.6 1,443.8 1,378.8 1,418.3 1,424.3 1,428.7 4.4

Computer systems design and related services

1,776.5 1,846.3 1,855.2 1,859.8 1,777.6 1,845.2 1,855.7 1,860.1 4.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,246.4 1,294.5 1,304.6 1,310.6 1,243.6 1,301.5 1,309.6 1,308.4 -1.2

Management of companies and enterprises

2,185.4 2,191.3 2,208.0 2,229.0 2,170.0 2,201.6 2,208.5 2,213.6 5.1

Administrative and waste services

8,707.0 8,739.8 8,934.8 9,040.8 8,569.7 8,825.1 8,870.0 8,905.6 35.6

Administrative and support services(1)

8,313.2 8,350.2 8,538.6 8,636.6 8,183.1 8,430.6 8,474.0 8,509.1 35.1

Employment services(1)

3,427.9 3,483.4 3,569.6 3,617.8 3,411.1 3,550.2 3,574.8 3,603.9 29.1

Temporary help services

2,769.9 2,819.7 2,893.9 2,924.5 2,757.2 2,877.7 2,894.9 2,914.7 19.8

Business support services

870.1 911.7 907.8 902.0 882.2 915.9 915.8 914.8 -1.0

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,060.5 1,970.6 2,058.2 2,099.2 1,944.5 1,972.0 1,982.2 1,982.4 0.2

Waste management and remediation services

393.8 389.6 396.2 404.2 386.6 394.5 396.0 396.5 0.5

Education and health services

21,254 22,096 22,049 21,831 21,452 21,917 21,973 22,023 50

Educational services

3,226.0 3,631.7 3,502.3 3,254.1 3,419.4 3,454.6 3,454.4 3,452.0 -2.4

Health care and social assistance

18,028.1 18,464.3 18,546.2 18,576.8 18,032.8 18,461.9 18,518.6 18,571.4 52.8

Health care(3)

14,677.9 14,985.0 15,047.3 15,113.4 14,667.0 15,006.7 15,054.2 15,094.3 40.1

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,631.3 6,843.9 6,882.7 6,907.9 6,628.8 6,850.3 6,879.3 6,901.9 22.6

Offices of physicians

2,462.0 2,534.6 2,543.8 2,543.9 2,465.0 2,537.3 2,543.6 2,546.3 2.7

Outpatient care centers

711.0 736.3 741.2 743.7 710.7 736.7 740.7 743.2 2.5

Home health care services

1,260.7 1,302.2 1,312.2 1,316.9 1,259.7 1,302.4 1,309.9 1,315.2 5.3

Hospitals

4,779.8 4,855.7 4,868.4 4,890.5 4,779.4 4,862.2 4,876.4 4,887.0 10.6

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,266.8 3,285.4 3,296.2 3,315.0 3,258.8 3,294.2 3,298.5 3,305.4 6.9

Nursing care facilities

1,658.2 1,649.7 1,651.7 1,661.5 1,653.2 1,653.6 1,653.5 1,656.4 2.9

Social assistance(1)

3,350.2 3,479.3 3,498.9 3,463.4 3,365.8 3,455.2 3,464.4 3,477.1 12.7

Child day care services

832.6 891.5 896.1 859.2 853.1 870.6 873.7 877.3 3.6

Leisure and hospitality

15,343 14,982 15,387 15,781 14,698 15,047 15,101 15,123 22

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,376.6 2,089.3 2,259.7 2,448.6 2,101.9 2,140.0 2,167.7 2,163.7 -4.0

Performing arts and spectator sports

472.2 473.1 501.9 492.1 448.9 461.8 472.9 468.1 -4.8

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

157.7 143.4 150.9 159.5 145.8 145.2 146.5 147.4 0.9

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,746.7 1,472.8 1,606.9 1,797.0 1,507.2 1,533.0 1,548.3 1,548.2 -0.1

Accommodation and food services

12,966.8 12,892.7 13,127.4 13,332.3 12,596.2 12,906.8 12,933.4 12,959.6 26.2

Accommodation

1,992.4 1,850.5 1,906.7 1,998.3 1,890.4 1,892.7 1,902.5 1,898.8 -3.7

Food services and drinking places

10,974.4 11,042.2 11,220.7 11,334.0 10,705.8 11,014.1 11,030.9 11,060.8 29.9

Other services

5,635 5,629 5,669 5,719 5,568 5,634 5,642 5,652 10

Repair and maintenance

1,248.0 1,268.3 1,277.8 1,281.1 1,240.2 1,264.2 1,267.5 1,272.3 4.8

Personal and laundry services

1,382.2 1,388.3 1,403.0 1,409.2 1,366.1 1,386.7 1,389.8 1,392.8 3.0

Membership associations and organizations

3,004.3 2,971.9 2,987.9 3,029.1 2,962.1 2,983.2 2,984.8 2,986.7 1.9

Government

21,822 22,343 22,296 21,858 21,855 21,906 21,910 21,910 0

Federal

2,738.0 2,742.0 2,734.0 2,748.0 2,726.0 2,733.0 2,735.0 2,735.0 0.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,147.9 2,135.3 2,141.8 2,155.7 2,133.4 2,137.5 2,140.0 2,139.3 -0.7

U.S. Postal Service

589.9 606.3 592.4 592.7 592.7 595.8 595.2 595.7 0.5

State government

4,817.0 5,249.0 5,112.0 4,831.0 5,057.0 5,082.0 5,081.0 5,078.0 -3.0

State government education

2,143.5 2,606.6 2,459.1 2,167.8 2,404.6 2,438.0 2,436.8 2,435.4 -1.4

State government, excluding education

2,673.8 2,642.2 2,652.9 2,663.3 2,652.1 2,643.6 2,644.3 2,642.2 -2.1

Local government

14,267.0 14,352.0 14,450.0 14,279.0 14,072.0 14,091.0 14,094.0 14,097.0 3.0

Local government education

7,800.4 8,127.9 8,139.6 7,774.8 7,786.5 7,784.6 7,780.4 7,779.4 -1.0

Local government, excluding education

6,466.4 6,223.8 6,310.5 6,503.8 6,285.2 6,306.5 6,313.1 6,318.0 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.6 40.3 40.3 40.3

Mining and logging

44.9 44.1 43.6 43.4

Construction

39.1 38.9 38.9 39.1

Manufacturing

41.0 40.7 40.8 40.7

Durable goods

41.6 41.1 41.2 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.2 40.1 40.1 40.0

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.5 34.6 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.8 38.9 38.8

Retail trade

31.2 31.3 31.4 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.9 38.9 38.8

Utilities

42.2 42.6 42.3 42.1

Information

36.6 36.4 36.4 36.4

Financial activities

37.2 37.6 37.7 37.7

Professional and business services

36.2 36.0 36.2 36.1

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.2 26.3 26.2

Other services

31.7 31.7 31.7 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4

Durable goods

3.6 3.3 3.3 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)

Total private

$24.46 $24.89 $24.95 $24.95 $843.87 $858.71 $860.78 $860.78

Goods-producing

25.71 26.07 26.10 26.07 1,043.83 1,050.62 1,051.83 1,050.62

Mining and logging

30.97 30.85 30.94 30.88 1,390.55 1,360.49 1,348.98 1,340.19

Construction

26.70 27.28 27.34 27.37 1,043.97 1,061.19 1,063.53 1,070.17

Manufacturing

24.82 25.11 25.13 25.08 1,017.62 1,021.98 1,025.30 1,020.76

Durable goods

26.20 26.43 26.48 26.46 1,089.92 1,086.27 1,090.98 1,087.51

Nondurable goods

22.39 22.78 22.75 22.64 900.08 913.48 912.28 905.60

Private service-providing

24.16 24.60 24.68 24.69 804.53 819.18 824.31 824.65

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.39 21.70 21.78 21.75 735.82 748.65 753.59 752.55

Wholesale trade

28.03 28.50 28.73 28.70 1,090.37 1,105.80 1,117.60 1,113.56

Retail trade

17.01 17.34 17.40 17.42 530.71 542.74 546.36 546.99

Transportation and warehousing

22.89 22.82 22.79 22.72 878.98 887.70 886.53 881.54

Utilities

35.41 36.94 36.98 36.79 1,494.30 1,573.64 1,564.25 1,548.86

Information

34.00 34.55 34.70 34.73 1,244.40 1,257.62 1,263.08 1,264.17

Financial activities

30.76 31.37 31.49 31.53 1,144.27 1,179.51 1,187.17 1,188.68

Professional and business services

29.26 29.92 29.98 29.99 1,059.21 1,077.12 1,085.28 1,082.64

Education and health services

24.68 25.11 25.21 25.21 807.04 823.61 826.89 826.89

Leisure and hospitality

13.90 14.29 14.30 14.28 362.79 374.40 376.09 374.14

Other services

21.95 22.21 22.32 22.38 695.82 704.06 707.54 711.68

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
Percent change from:
May
2015 - June
2015(p)
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
Percent change from:
May
2015 - June
2015(p)

Total private

101.0 103.0 103.2 103.4 0.2 117.8 122.4 122.9 123.2 0.2

Goods-producing

88.8 89.8 89.8 89.8 0.0 103.1 105.8 105.9 105.8 -0.1

Mining and logging

125.9 119.7 115.9 115.0 -0.8 156.5 148.3 144.0 142.5 -1.0

Construction

82.5 85.4 85.6 86.0 0.5 95.7 101.2 101.6 102.3 0.7

Manufacturing

89.8 90.3 90.5 90.3 -0.2 103.7 105.4 105.8 105.4 -0.4

Durable goods

89.9 90.3 90.5 90.3 -0.2 104.6 106.0 106.5 106.1 -0.4

Nondurable goods

90.3 90.5 90.7 90.5 -0.2 102.5 104.6 104.6 103.9 -0.7

Private service-providing

104.3 106.5 107.0 107.3 0.3 122.2 127.0 128.1 128.4 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

98.6 100.6 101.0 101.2 0.2 113.5 117.5 118.5 118.5 0.0

Wholesale trade

98.9 99.9 100.2 100.0 -0.2 115.7 118.8 120.2 119.7 -0.4

Retail trade

97.3 99.2 99.7 99.9 0.2 109.5 113.7 114.6 115.0 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

101.7 105.7 106.0 106.1 0.1 118.1 122.4 122.6 122.3 -0.2

Utilities

100.6 103.3 102.8 102.2 -0.6 117.7 126.1 125.6 124.3 -1.0

Information

91.4 92.7 92.6 92.9 0.3 110.7 114.0 114.5 114.9 0.3

Financial activities

97.1 99.7 100.1 100.3 0.2 116.5 122.0 122.9 123.4 0.4

Professional and business services

108.6 111.1 112.1 112.1 0.0 128.8 134.6 136.1 136.3 0.1

Education and health services

112.6 115.4 115.7 115.9 0.2 130.9 136.5 137.4 137.7 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

109.5 112.5 113.3 113.1 -0.2 122.7 129.7 130.7 130.2 -0.4

Other services

97.8 99.0 99.1 99.6 0.5 121.8 124.7 125.5 126.5 0.8

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

68,594 69,747 69,918 70,068 49.4 49.3 49.4 49.4

Total private

56,113 57,217 57,382 57,531 47.9 47.9 47.9 48.0

Goods-producing

4,203 4,277 4,276 4,291 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

118 119 116 116 13.2 13.8 13.7 13.8

Construction

776 803 805 807 12.7 12.6 12.6 12.6

Manufacturing

3,309 3,355 3,355 3,368 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.3

Durable goods

1,769 1,811 1,815 1,821 23.0 23.2 23.3 23.3

Nondurable goods

1,540 1,544 1,540 1,547 34.2 34.1 34.0 34.1

Private service-providing

51,910 52,940 53,106 53,240 53.0 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,681 10,862 10,881 10,894 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,723.3 1,738.3 1,738.2 1,737.1 29.6 29.5 29.4 29.4

Retail trade

7,732.2 7,863.4 7,888.5 7,905.9 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,091.6 1,125.4 1,119.7 1,116.1 23.6 23.7 23.5 23.4

Utilities

133.7 134.5 134.4 134.5 24.3 24.0 23.9 24.0

Information

1,097 1,115 1,115 1,117 40.1 40.0 40.0 40.0

Financial activities

4,573 4,629 4,630 4,635 57.4 57.2 57.1 57.0

Professional and business services

8,518 8,727 8,778 8,815 44.6 44.5 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,487 16,859 16,904 16,960 76.9 76.9 76.9 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,636 7,802 7,845 7,863 52.0 51.9 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,918 2,946 2,953 2,956 52.4 52.3 52.3 52.3

Government

12,481 12,530 12,536 12,537 57.1 57.2 57.2 57.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)

Total private

96,772 98,495 98,728 98,934

Goods-producing

13,836 14,098 14,118 14,130

Mining and logging

654 633 620 617

Construction

4,621 4,793 4,808 4,810

Manufacturing

8,561 8,672 8,690 8,703

Durable goods

5,289 5,374 5,388 5,399

Nondurable goods

3,272 3,298 3,302 3,304

Private service-providing

82,936 84,397 84,610 84,804

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,287 22,570 22,602 22,624

Wholesale trade

4,716.0 4,744.0 4,737.4 4,734.9

Retail trade

13,120.5 13,267.3 13,293.7 13,308.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,004.6 4,108.0 4,118.6 4,130.6

Utilities

445.8 450.7 452.2 450.1

Information

2,217 2,258 2,257 2,261

Financial activities

6,156 6,253 6,257 6,290

Professional and business services

15,796 16,135 16,191 16,225

Education and health services

18,848 19,229 19,279 19,341

Leisure and hospitality

12,993 13,265 13,326 13,359

Other services

4,639 4,687 4,698 4,704

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.6 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

41.6 41.2 41.1 41.3

Mining and logging

47.4 45.8 45.6 45.2

Construction

39.7 39.5 39.4 39.9

Manufacturing

42.1 41.8 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.6 42.0 42.1 42.1

Nondurable goods

41.4 41.4 41.3 41.3

Private service-providing

32.3 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.5 38.6

Retail trade

30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.6 38.7 38.6

Utilities

42.3 42.4 42.3 41.8

Information

35.9 36.0 35.9 35.7

Financial activities

36.7 37.0 37.2 37.0

Professional and business services

35.4 35.2 35.3 35.3

Education and health services

31.9 32.1 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.1 25.0 25.0 25.0

Other services

30.7 30.6 30.6 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.5 4.3 4.3 4.4

Durable goods

4.7 4.3 4.3 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)

Total private

$20.59 $20.91 $20.97 $20.99 $693.88 $702.58 $704.59 $705.26

Goods-producing

21.57 21.86 21.90 21.96 897.31 900.63 900.09 906.95

Mining and logging

26.84 26.27 26.42 26.43 1,272.22 1,203.17 1,204.75 1,194.64

Construction

24.66 25.14 25.18 25.26 979.00 993.03 992.09 1,007.87

Manufacturing

19.55 19.80 19.84 19.88 823.06 827.64 829.31 830.98

Durable goods

20.65 20.87 20.92 20.97 879.69 876.54 880.73 882.84

Nondurable goods

17.71 18.03 18.03 18.06 733.19 746.44 744.64 745.88

Private service-providing

20.37 20.71 20.77 20.78 657.95 671.00 672.95 673.27

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.26 18.55 18.59 18.58 613.54 623.28 624.62 624.29

Wholesale trade

23.19 23.54 23.65 23.56 895.13 908.64 910.53 909.42

Retail trade

14.40 14.67 14.71 14.76 432.00 440.10 441.30 442.80

Transportation and warehousing

20.54 20.69 20.67 20.63 786.68 798.63 799.93 796.32

Utilities

32.81 33.88 34.04 33.83 1,387.86 1,436.51 1,439.89 1,414.09

Information

28.69 28.77 28.91 28.83 1,029.97 1,035.72 1,037.87 1,029.23

Financial activities

24.66 25.20 25.26 25.35 905.02 932.40 939.67 937.95

Professional and business services

24.29 24.60 24.69 24.71 859.87 865.92 871.56 872.26

Education and health services

21.61 21.97 22.04 22.07 689.36 705.24 707.48 708.45

Leisure and hospitality

12.06 12.37 12.38 12.37 302.71 309.25 309.50 309.25

Other services

18.47 18.78 18.86 18.91 567.03 574.67 577.12 578.65

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
Percent change from:
May
2015 - June
2015(p)
June
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015(p)
June
2015(p)
Percent change from:
May
2015 - June
2015(p)

Total private

108.7 110.3 110.5 110.8 0.3 149.5 154.1 154.9 155.4 0.3

Goods-producing

88.0 88.8 88.7 89.2 0.6 116.2 118.8 118.9 119.9 0.8

Mining and logging

164.7 154.1 150.2 148.2 -1.3 257.1 235.4 230.9 227.8 -1.3

Construction

91.9 94.8 94.8 96.1 1.4 122.3 128.7 129.0 131.1 1.6

Manufacturing

82.7 83.2 83.4 83.5 0.1 105.8 107.7 108.2 108.6 0.4

Durable goods

84.7 84.8 85.2 85.4 0.2 109.1 110.5 111.3 111.8 0.4

Nondurable goods

79.8 80.4 80.3 80.4 0.1 99.9 102.5 102.4 102.6 0.2

Private service-providing

114.1 116.5 116.8 117.0 0.2 159.4 165.4 166.3 166.8 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

104.4 105.7 105.9 106.0 0.1 136.0 139.9 140.4 140.5 0.1

Wholesale trade

107.2 107.8 107.4 107.6 0.2 146.4 149.5 149.6 149.4 -0.1

Retail trade

99.6 100.7 100.9 101.1 0.2 123.0 126.7 127.3 127.8 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

115.5 119.4 120.0 120.0 0.0 150.4 156.7 157.3 157.1 -0.1

Utilities

96.4 97.7 97.8 96.2 -1.6 132.1 138.2 139.0 135.9 -2.2

Information

90.8 92.8 92.5 92.1 -0.4 129.0 132.1 132.4 131.5 -0.7

Financial activities

106.4 108.9 109.6 109.6 0.0 161.4 168.9 170.3 170.9 0.4

Professional and business services

125.3 127.3 128.1 128.4 0.2 181.1 186.3 188.2 188.7 0.3

Education and health services

128.3 131.7 132.1 132.5 0.3 183.0 191.0 192.1 192.9 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

119.5 121.5 122.0 122.3 0.2 163.6 170.6 171.6 171.9 0.2

Other services

99.9 100.6 100.8 100.9 0.1 134.4 137.6 138.5 139.1 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: July 02, 2015
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