Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until          USDL-15-1697
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 4, 2015

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                     THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2015


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 173,000 in August, and the 
unemployment rate edged down to 5.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Job gains occurred in health care and social assistance and in 
financial activities. Manufacturing and mining lost jobs.

Household Survey Data

In August, the unemployment rate edged down to 5.1 percent, and the number of 
unemployed persons edged down to 8.0 million. Over the year, the unemployment 
rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.0 percentage point 
and 1.5 million, respectively. (See table A-1.) 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for whites declined to 
4.4 percent in August. The rates for adult men (4.7 percent), adult women
(4.7 percent), teenagers (16.9 percent), blacks (9.5 percent), Asians
(3.5 percent), and Hispanics (6.6 percent) showed little change in August.
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks decreased by 393,000 
to 2.1 million in August. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless 
for 27 weeks or more) held at 2.2 million in August and accounted for 27.7 
percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term 
unemployed is down by 779,000. (See table A-12.)

In August, the civilian labor force participation rate was 62.6 percent for 
the third consecutive month. The employment-population ratio, at 59.4 percent, 
was about unchanged in August and has shown little movement thus far this 
year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in August 
at 6.5 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time 
employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or 
because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In August, 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
down by 329,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available 
for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They 
were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in 
the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 624,000 discouraged workers in 
August, down by 151,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 
million persons marginally attached to the labor force in August had not 
searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family 
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 173,000 in August. Over the prior 
12 months, employment growth had averaged 247,000 per month. In August, job 
gains occurred in health care and social assistance and in financial 
activities. Employment in manufacturing and mining declined. (See 
table B-1.)

Health care and social assistance added 56,000 jobs in August. Health care 
employment increased by 41,000 over the month, with job growth occurring in 
ambulatory health care services (+21,000) and hospitals (+16,000). Employment 
rose by 16,000 in social assistance, which includes child day care services 
and services for the elderly and disabled. Over the year, employment has 
risen by 457,000 in health care and by 107,000 in social assistance.

In August, financial activities employment increased by 19,000, with job 
gains in real estate (+8,000) and in securities, commodity contracts, and 
investments (+5,000). Over the year, employment in financial activities has 
grown by 170,000. 

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in 
August (+33,000) and has increased by 641,000 over the year.

Employment in food services and drinking places continued on an upward trend 
in August (+26,000), in line with its average monthly gain of 31,000 over 
the prior 12 months.

Manufacturing employment decreased by 17,000 in August, after changing little 
in July (+12,000). Job losses occurred in a number of component industries, 
including fabricated metal products and food manufacturing (-7,000 each). 
These losses more than offset gains in motor vehicles and parts (+6,000) and 
in miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing (+4,000). Thus far this year, 
overall employment in manufacturing has shown little net change.

Employment in mining fell in August (-9,000), with losses concentrated in 
support activities for mining (-7,000). Since reaching a peak in December 2014, 
mining employment has declined by 90,000. 

Employment in other major industries, including construction, wholesale 
trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, and government, 
showed little change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up 
by 0.1 hour to 34.6 hours in August. The manufacturing workweek was unchanged 
at 40.8 hours, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.3 hours. The 
average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private 
nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In August, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls rose by 8 cents to $25.09, following a 6-cent gain in July. Hourly 
earnings have risen by 2.2 percent over the year. Average hourly earnings 
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 5 
cents to $21.07 in August. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised from 
+231,000 to +245,000, and the change for July was revised from +215,000 to 
+245,000. With these revisions, employment gains in June and July combined 
were 44,000 more than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job 
gains have averaged 221,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on 
Friday, October 2, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                            |
   |           2015 CES Preliminary Benchmark Revision to be released           |
   |                         on September 17, 2015                              |
   |                                                                            |
   | Each year, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey estimates are    |
   | benchmarked to comprehensive counts of employment from the Quarterly       |
   | Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the month of March. These counts |
   | are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax records that nearly |
   | all employers are required to file. On September 17, 2015, at 10:00 a.m.   |
   | (EDT), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary   |
   | estimate of the upcoming annual benchmark revision to the establishment    |
   | survey employment series. This is the same day the First Quarter 2015 data |
   | from the QCEW will be issued. Preliminary benchmark revisions for all      |
   | major industry sectors, as well as total nonfarm and total private levels, |
   | will be available on the BLS website at                                    |
   | www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesprelbmk.htm.                                     |
   |                                                                            |
   | The final benchmark revision will be issued with the publication of the    |
   | January 2016 Employment Situation news release in February.                |
   |                                                                            |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Change from:
July
2015-
Aug.
2015

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

248,229 250,663 250,876 251,096 220

Civilian labor force

156,018 157,037 157,106 157,065 -41

Participation rate

62.9 62.6 62.6 62.6 0.0

Employed

146,451 148,739 148,840 149,036 196

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.3 59.3 59.4 0.1

Unemployed

9,568 8,299 8,266 8,029 -237

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.3 5.3 5.1 -0.2

Not in labor force

92,210 93,626 93,770 94,031 261

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.1 5.3 5.3 5.1 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.7 4.8 4.8 4.7 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.6 4.8 4.9 4.7 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

19.4 18.1 16.2 16.9 0.7

White

5.3 4.6 4.6 4.4 -0.2

Black or African American

11.6 9.5 9.1 9.5 0.4

Asian

4.6 3.8 4.0 3.5 -0.5

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

7.4 6.6 6.8 6.6 -0.2

Total, 25 years and over

5.1 4.2 4.3 4.2 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

9.1 8.2 8.3 7.7 -0.6

High school graduates, no college

6.2 5.4 5.5 5.5 0.0

Some college or associate degree

5.4 4.2 4.4 4.4 0.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.2 2.5 2.6 2.5 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,813 4,088 4,143 4,070 -73

Job leavers

851 773 843 790 -53

Reentrants

2,845 2,516 2,447 2,349 -98

New entrants

1,064 933 826 850 24

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,609 2,355 2,488 2,095 -393

5 to 14 weeks

2,444 2,364 2,257 2,374 117

15 to 26 weeks

1,500 1,393 1,188 1,250 62

27 weeks and over

2,966 2,121 2,180 2,187 7

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,223 6,505 6,325 6,483 158

Slack work or business conditions

4,217 3,915 3,828 3,841 13

Could only find part-time work

2,546 2,216 2,213 2,242 29

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,538 20,480 19,891 19,760 -131

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,141 1,914 1,927 1,812 -

Discouraged workers

775 653 668 624 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

213 245 245 173

Total private

209 218 224 140

Goods-producing

34 -3 13 -24

Mining and logging

3 -5 -6 -10

Construction

17 1 7 3

Manufacturing

14 1 12 -17

Durable goods(1)

16 1 -7 -5

Motor vehicles and parts

4.3 0.0 1.6 5.7

Nondurable goods

-2 0 19 -12

Private service-providing

175 221 211 164

Wholesale trade

4.7 3.1 6.4 7.8

Retail trade

-3.4 36.2 32.4 11.2

Transportation and warehousing

10.0 12.7 13.6 7.3

Utilities

2.2 0.0 2.6 1.5

Information

13 3 2 -7

Financial activities

13 21 21 19

Professional and business services(1)

56 68 39 33

Temporary help services

19.2 19.9 -9.2 10.7

Education and health services(1)

42 61 53 62

Health care and social assistance

35.9 56.9 45.4 56.4

Leisure and hospitality

25 19 30 33

Other services

12 -3 11 -4

Government

4 27 21 33

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

249 231 250 221

Total private

241 220 231 194

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 48.0 48.0 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.7 82.5 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$24.55 $24.95 $25.01 $25.09

Average weekly earnings

$846.98 $860.78 $862.85 $868.11

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

101.3 103.4 103.6 104.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

118.7 123.2 123.7 124.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.2 0.4 0.7

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (263 industries)

65.8 57.2 60.5 56.3

Manufacturing (80 industries)

55.6 51.3 50.6 41.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 588,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-55,000 to +155,000 (50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

248,229 250,876 251,096 248,229 250,266 250,455 250,663 250,876 251,096

Civilian labor force

156,434 158,527 157,390 156,018 157,072 157,469 157,037 157,106 157,065

Participation rate

63.0 63.2 62.7 62.9 62.8 62.9 62.6 62.6 62.6

Employed

146,647 149,722 149,228 146,451 148,523 148,795 148,739 148,840 149,036

Employment-population ratio

59.1 59.7 59.4 59.0 59.3 59.4 59.3 59.3 59.4

Unemployed

9,787 8,805 8,162 9,568 8,549 8,674 8,299 8,266 8,029

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.6 5.2 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1

Not in labor force

91,794 92,349 93,706 92,210 93,194 92,986 93,626 93,770 94,031

Persons who currently want a job

6,382 6,446 5,920 6,334 6,258 6,058 6,076 6,135 5,932

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,893 121,139 121,250 119,893 120,831 120,927 121,032 121,139 121,250

Civilian labor force

83,567 84,831 83,996 83,010 83,805 83,892 83,490 83,578 83,472

Participation rate

69.7 70.0 69.3 69.2 69.4 69.4 69.0 69.0 68.8

Employed

78,576 80,436 79,898 77,873 79,203 79,201 79,020 79,202 79,211

Employment-population ratio

65.5 66.4 65.9 65.0 65.5 65.5 65.3 65.4 65.3

Unemployed

4,991 4,394 4,098 5,136 4,602 4,691 4,471 4,376 4,261

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.2 4.9 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1

Not in labor force

36,326 36,309 37,253 36,883 37,026 37,035 37,541 37,562 37,778

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

111,451 112,714 112,825 111,451 112,400 112,498 112,605 112,714 112,825

Civilian labor force

80,486 81,320 80,892 80,210 80,884 80,915 80,680 80,790 80,640

Participation rate

72.2 72.1 71.7 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.6 71.7 71.5

Employed

76,120 77,541 77,311 75,668 76,805 76,833 76,783 76,903 76,880

Employment-population ratio

68.3 68.8 68.5 67.9 68.3 68.3 68.2 68.2 68.1

Unemployed

4,366 3,779 3,581 4,543 4,079 4,082 3,897 3,887 3,760

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.6 4.4 5.7 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.7

Not in labor force

30,965 31,395 31,933 31,241 31,516 31,583 31,925 31,924 32,185

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

128,336 129,737 129,846 128,336 129,434 129,528 129,631 129,737 129,846

Civilian labor force

72,867 73,696 73,393 73,008 73,267 73,577 73,547 73,528 73,593

Participation rate

56.8 56.8 56.5 56.9 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.7 56.7

Employed

68,071 69,286 69,329 68,577 69,320 69,594 69,719 69,638 69,825

Employment-population ratio

53.0 53.4 53.4 53.4 53.6 53.7 53.8 53.7 53.8

Unemployed

4,796 4,410 4,064 4,431 3,947 3,983 3,828 3,891 3,768

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.0 5.5 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.1

Not in labor force

55,469 56,041 56,453 55,327 56,167 55,951 56,085 56,209 56,253

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,156 121,551 121,660 120,156 121,246 121,342 121,445 121,551 121,660

Civilian labor force

69,898 70,339 70,460 70,230 70,419 70,731 70,665 70,745 70,826

Participation rate

58.2 57.9 57.9 58.4 58.1 58.3 58.2 58.2 58.2

Employed

65,631 66,485 66,874 66,289 66,935 67,178 67,294 67,271 67,502

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.7 55.0 55.2 55.2 55.4 55.4 55.3 55.5

Unemployed

4,266 3,854 3,585 3,942 3,483 3,553 3,372 3,474 3,324

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.5 5.1 5.6 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.7

Not in labor force

50,258 51,212 51,200 49,925 50,828 50,611 50,780 50,806 50,833

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,622 16,611 16,611 16,622 16,619 16,615 16,613 16,611 16,611

Civilian labor force

6,050 6,868 6,038 5,578 5,769 5,823 5,691 5,570 5,599

Participation rate

36.4 41.3 36.4 33.6 34.7 35.0 34.3 33.5 33.7

Employed

4,896 5,696 5,042 4,495 4,784 4,784 4,662 4,666 4,654

Employment-population ratio

29.5 34.3 30.4 27.0 28.8 28.8 28.1 28.1 28.0

Unemployed

1,155 1,172 996 1,083 986 1,039 1,029 904 945

Unemployment rate

19.1 17.1 16.5 19.4 17.1 17.9 18.1 16.2 16.9

Not in labor force

10,571 9,743 10,573 11,044 10,849 10,792 10,922 11,040 11,012

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

195,652 196,904 197,024 195,652 196,574 196,673 196,786 196,904 197,024

Civilian labor force

123,667 124,667 123,676 123,266 123,510 123,875 123,649 123,607 123,390

Participation rate

63.2 63.3 62.8 63.0 62.8 63.0 62.8 62.8 62.6

Employed

117,095 118,603 118,168 116,760 117,719 118,048 117,942 117,880 117,903

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.2 60.0 59.7 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.9 59.8

Unemployed

6,573 6,064 5,508 6,506 5,791 5,827 5,707 5,727 5,487

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.9 4.5 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.4

Not in labor force

71,985 72,237 73,349 72,386 73,064 72,798 73,137 73,297 73,634

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,753 65,207 64,815 64,519 64,764 64,790 64,727 64,819 64,617

Participation rate

72.5 72.5 72.1 72.3 72.2 72.2 72.1 72.1 71.8

Employed

61,763 62,550 62,328 61,360 61,919 62,037 62,031 62,057 61,964

Employment-population ratio

69.2 69.6 69.3 68.7 69.0 69.1 69.1 69.0 68.9

Unemployed

2,990 2,657 2,488 3,159 2,845 2,753 2,696 2,762 2,652

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.1 3.8 4.9 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,112 54,032 54,120 54,315 54,198 54,481 54,400 54,369 54,372

Participation rate

57.6 57.1 57.1 57.8 57.3 57.6 57.5 57.4 57.4

Employed

51,345 51,403 51,755 51,739 51,912 52,121 52,097 52,027 52,167

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.3 54.6 55.0 54.9 55.1 55.0 54.9 55.1

Unemployed

2,767 2,628 2,365 2,576 2,286 2,359 2,303 2,342 2,205

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.9 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,802 5,428 4,740 4,432 4,548 4,604 4,522 4,418 4,401

Participation rate

38.8 44.1 38.5 35.8 36.9 37.4 36.7 35.9 35.7

Employed

3,987 4,649 4,085 3,661 3,888 3,890 3,814 3,796 3,772

Employment-population ratio

32.2 37.8 33.2 29.6 31.5 31.6 31.0 30.8 30.6

Unemployed

815 779 655 772 660 714 708 622 629

Unemployment rate

17.0 14.4 13.8 17.4 14.5 15.5 15.7 14.1 14.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,893 31,399 31,438 30,893 31,293 31,326 31,362 31,399 31,438

Civilian labor force

18,931 19,537 19,449 18,867 19,397 19,428 19,346 19,298 19,388

Participation rate

61.3 62.2 61.9 61.1 62.0 62.0 61.7 61.5 61.7

Employed

16,653 17,649 17,529 16,685 17,529 17,441 17,501 17,534 17,556

Employment-population ratio

53.9 56.2 55.8 54.0 56.0 55.7 55.8 55.8 55.8

Unemployed

2,278 1,887 1,919 2,182 1,868 1,988 1,845 1,764 1,832

Unemployment rate

12.0 9.7 9.9 11.6 9.6 10.2 9.5 9.1 9.5

Not in labor force

11,963 11,862 11,989 12,026 11,896 11,898 12,016 12,101 12,050

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,623 8,791 8,773 8,614 8,926 8,905 8,808 8,738 8,763

Participation rate

67.5 67.4 67.2 67.4 68.7 68.5 67.6 67.0 67.1

Employed

7,700 8,023 7,979 7,678 8,109 7,995 7,970 7,966 7,956

Employment-population ratio

60.3 61.5 61.1 60.1 62.5 61.5 61.2 61.1 60.9

Unemployed

923 769 794 936 817 911 838 773 807

Unemployment rate

10.7 8.7 9.1 10.9 9.2 10.2 9.5 8.8 9.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,588 9,866 9,932 9,591 9,792 9,808 9,827 9,861 9,934

Participation rate

61.4 62.2 62.5 61.4 61.9 61.9 62.0 62.1 62.5

Employed

8,470 9,020 9,048 8,559 8,928 8,946 9,046 9,070 9,125

Employment-population ratio

54.3 56.8 56.9 54.8 56.4 56.5 57.1 57.2 57.4

Unemployed

1,118 846 884 1,032 864 862 781 791 809

Unemployment rate

11.7 8.6 8.9 10.8 8.8 8.8 7.9 8.0 8.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

720 879 744 662 678 715 712 698 691

Participation rate

28.8 35.3 29.9 26.4 27.2 28.7 28.6 28.1 27.8

Employed

483 607 503 447 491 500 486 498 474

Employment-population ratio

19.3 24.4 20.2 17.9 19.7 20.1 19.5 20.0 19.1

Unemployed

237 273 241 215 187 215 226 200 216

Unemployment rate

32.9 31.0 32.4 32.4 27.5 30.1 31.8 28.7 31.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,704 14,540 14,558 13,704 14,290 14,403 14,430 14,540 14,558

Civilian labor force

8,751 9,181 9,107 8,752 9,038 9,169 9,076 9,113 9,110

Participation rate

63.9 63.1 62.6 63.9 63.3 63.7 62.9 62.7 62.6

Employed

8,354 8,795 8,794 8,348 8,644 8,794 8,730 8,751 8,790

Employment-population ratio

61.0 60.5 60.4 60.9 60.5 61.1 60.5 60.2 60.4

Unemployed

398 387 313 404 394 375 346 362 321

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.2 3.4 4.6 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.5

Not in labor force

4,952 5,359 5,451 4,952 5,251 5,234 5,354 5,427 5,448

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,512 39,648 39,737 38,512 39,405 39,483 39,566 39,648 39,737

Civilian labor force

25,465 26,334 26,078 25,410 26,167 26,149 26,132 26,158 26,077

Participation rate

66.1 66.4 65.6 66.0 66.4 66.2 66.0 66.0 65.6

Employed

23,567 24,478 24,344 23,536 24,354 24,385 24,401 24,374 24,343

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.7 61.3 61.1 61.8 61.8 61.7 61.5 61.3

Unemployed

1,898 1,856 1,734 1,873 1,813 1,764 1,730 1,784 1,734

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.0 6.6 7.4 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.6

Not in labor force

13,047 13,314 13,659 13,102 13,237 13,334 13,434 13,491 13,660

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,137 14,511 14,361 14,104 14,484 14,479 14,402 14,468 14,352

Participation rate

81.1 81.2 80.2 80.9 81.6 81.4 80.7 80.9 80.1

Employed

13,309 13,694 13,662 13,238 13,614 13,615 13,549 13,596 13,595

Employment-population ratio

76.4 76.6 76.3 76.0 76.7 76.5 76.0 76.1 75.9

Unemployed

828 817 699 866 870 863 853 872 757

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.6 4.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,178 10,518 10,537 10,223 10,526 10,537 10,552 10,574 10,606

Participation rate

58.4 58.2 58.2 58.7 58.6 58.6 58.5 58.5 58.6

Employed

9,356 9,751 9,760 9,433 9,802 9,854 9,919 9,850 9,859

Employment-population ratio

53.7 54.0 53.9 54.2 54.6 54.8 55.0 54.5 54.4

Unemployed

822 766 777 790 725 684 633 724 747

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.3 7.4 7.7 6.9 6.5 6.0 6.8 7.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,149 1,305 1,180 1,082 1,157 1,133 1,178 1,116 1,118

Participation rate

31.3 35.2 31.8 29.5 31.3 30.6 31.8 30.1 30.1

Employed

901 1,033 922 865 938 916 933 928 889

Employment-population ratio

24.6 27.9 24.9 23.6 25.4 24.8 25.2 25.0 24.0

Unemployed

248 272 258 217 218 217 245 188 230

Unemployment rate

21.6 20.9 21.8 20.1 18.9 19.2 20.8 16.9 20.6

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,627 10,622 10,546 10,709 11,338 11,153 11,065 10,843 10,692

Participation rate

44.8 45.3 44.7 45.2 45.7 44.6 44.6 46.2 45.4

Employed

9,712 9,750 9,776 9,738 10,367 10,192 10,161 9,942 9,865

Employment-population ratio

41.0 41.6 41.5 41.1 41.8 40.7 41.0 42.4 41.9

Unemployed

914 872 770 971 971 961 904 901 827

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.2 7.3 9.1 8.6 8.6 8.2 8.3 7.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,291 35,088 35,617 36,286 35,577 35,341 34,996 35,130 35,534

Participation rate

58.1 57.0 57.3 58.1 57.2 57.2 57.1 57.1 57.1

Employed

34,100 33,149 33,689 34,046 33,639 33,304 33,110 33,194 33,584

Employment-population ratio

54.6 53.9 54.2 54.5 54.1 53.9 54.0 53.9 54.0

Unemployed

2,191 1,939 1,928 2,240 1,938 2,037 1,886 1,936 1,950

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.5 5.4 6.2 5.4 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.5

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,865 37,731 37,194 37,503 37,755 37,594 37,674 37,547 37,053

Participation rate

67.4 66.2 66.2 66.8 67.4 67.4 66.8 65.9 65.9

Employed

35,802 36,044 35,535 35,490 35,996 35,934 36,084 35,900 35,427

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.2 63.2 63.2 64.2 64.4 64.0 63.0 63.0

Unemployed

2,063 1,688 1,659 2,013 1,759 1,660 1,590 1,646 1,626

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.5 4.5 5.4 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

49,836 51,924 52,065 50,162 51,156 51,938 51,855 52,361 52,454

Participation rate

74.2 73.9 73.8 74.7 74.6 75.0 74.6 74.5 74.3

Employed

48,062 50,446 50,650 48,561 49,758 50,518 50,548 51,021 51,167

Employment-population ratio

71.6 71.8 71.8 72.3 72.5 73.0 72.7 72.6 72.5

Unemployed

1,774 1,477 1,415 1,600 1,399 1,419 1,307 1,339 1,286

Unemployment rate

3.6 2.8 2.7 3.2 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,124 21,171 18,870 19,172 2,254 1,999

Civilian labor force

10,667 10,686 9,300 9,452 1,368 1,234

Participation rate

50.5 50.5 49.3 49.3 60.7 61.7

Employed

10,070 10,236 8,784 9,067 1,286 1,170

Employment-population ratio

47.7 48.3 46.5 47.3 57.1 58.5

Unemployed

598 449 516 385 82 64

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.2 5.5 4.1 6.0 5.2

Not in labor force

10,457 10,486 9,570 9,720 886 765

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,154 3,581 2,464 2,956 690 625

Civilian labor force

2,484 2,878 2,009 2,434 475 444

Participation rate

78.8 80.4 81.5 82.3 68.8 71.1

Employed

2,282 2,744 1,843 2,322 439 422

Employment-population ratio

72.4 76.6 74.8 78.6 63.6 67.6

Unemployed

201 134 165 112 36 22

Unemployment rate

8.1 4.7 8.2 4.6 7.6 5.0

Not in labor force

670 702 455 522 215 180

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,353 3,479 2,737 2,936 616 543

Civilian labor force

2,789 2,832 2,352 2,410 437 422

Participation rate

83.2 81.4 85.9 82.1 70.9 77.6

Employed

2,663 2,724 2,247 2,331 417 393

Employment-population ratio

79.4 78.3 82.1 79.4 67.6 72.4

Unemployed

125 107 105 79 20 28

Unemployment rate

4.5 3.8 4.5 3.3 4.6 6.7

Not in labor force

565 648 385 526 180 122

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,321 8,852 8,971 8,537 350 315

Civilian labor force

2,651 2,293 2,555 2,221 96 72

Participation rate

28.4 25.9 28.5 26.0 27.4 22.9

Employed

2,507 2,198 2,411 2,125 96 72

Employment-population ratio

26.9 24.8 26.9 24.9 27.4 22.9

Unemployed

144 95 144 95 0 0

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.2 5.6 4.3 0.0 -

Not in labor force

6,670 6,559 6,416 6,316 254 243

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,296 5,259 4,698 4,743 598 516

Civilian labor force

2,744 2,683 2,384 2,387 361 296

Participation rate

51.8 51.0 50.7 50.3 60.3 57.4

Employed

2,617 2,570 2,282 2,288 335 282

Employment-population ratio

49.4 48.9 48.6 48.2 56.0 54.6

Unemployed

127 113 101 99 26 14

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.2 4.3 4.1 7.1 4.8

Not in labor force

2,552 2,576 2,314 2,356 237 220

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

218,405 221,138 96,629 97,597 121,775 123,542

Civilian labor force

143,636 144,530 73,225 73,454 70,411 71,076

Participation rate

65.8 65.4 75.8 75.3 57.8 57.5

Employed

134,922 137,213 68,994 69,932 65,928 67,281

Employment-population ratio

61.8 62.0 71.4 71.7 54.1 54.5

Unemployed

8,713 7,318 4,231 3,523 4,482 3,795

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.1 5.8 4.8 6.4 5.3

Not in labor force

74,769 76,608 23,404 24,142 51,365 52,466

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,443 29,858 218,786 221,238

Civilian labor force

5,819 5,833 150,615 151,557

Participation rate

19.8 19.5 68.8 68.5

Employed

5,075 5,237 141,572 143,991

Employment-population ratio

17.2 17.5 64.7 65.1

Unemployed

744 596 9,043 7,566

Unemployment rate

12.8 10.2 6.0 5.0

Not in labor force

23,624 24,025 68,171 69,681

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,660 2,518 76,348 76,612

Participation rate

33.8 32.7 83.0 82.6

Employed

2,270 2,240 71,955 72,974

Employment-population ratio

28.8 29.1 78.2 78.7

Unemployed

390 277 4,392 3,637

Unemployment rate

14.7 11.0 5.8 4.7

Not in labor force

5,220 5,179 15,615 16,146

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,199 2,291 66,986 67,218

Participation rate

27.7 28.1 70.3 70.1

Employed

1,895 2,027 62,751 63,576

Employment-population ratio

23.8 24.9 65.8 66.3

Unemployed

304 264 4,235 3,642

Unemployment rate

13.8 11.5 6.3 5.4

Not in labor force

5,748 5,854 28,337 28,636

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

960 1,024 7,281 7,727

Participation rate

7.1 7.3 23.1 23.7

Employed

910 969 6,865 7,440

Employment-population ratio

6.7 6.9 21.8 22.8

Unemployed

50 55 416 287

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.4 5.7 3.7

Not in labor force

12,656 12,992 24,219 24,899

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

39,289 40,290 19,302 19,535 19,986 20,754

Civilian labor force

26,046 26,056 15,216 15,267 10,830 10,788

Participation rate

66.3 64.7 78.8 78.2 54.2 52.0

Employed

24,639 24,914 14,538 14,745 10,101 10,169

Employment-population ratio

62.7 61.8 75.3 75.5 50.5 49.0

Unemployed

1,407 1,142 678 522 728 620

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.4 4.5 3.4 6.7 5.7

Not in labor force

13,243 14,234 4,086 4,268 9,157 9,966

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

208,940 210,806 100,590 101,715 108,349 109,092

Civilian labor force

130,388 131,334 68,351 68,729 62,038 62,605

Participation rate

62.4 62.3 67.9 67.6 57.3 57.4

Employed

122,008 124,314 64,038 65,153 57,970 59,161

Employment-population ratio

58.4 59.0 63.7 64.1 53.5 54.2

Unemployed

8,381 7,021 4,313 3,576 4,068 3,444

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.3 6.3 5.2 6.6 5.5

Not in labor force

78,552 79,472 32,240 32,985 46,312 46,487

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,472 2,601 2,539 2,265 2,435 2,405 2,544 2,375 2,345

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,699 1,654 1,590 1,518 1,610 1,536 1,590 1,490 1,437

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

756 912 922 732 794 828 905 853 886

Unpaid family workers

18 34 26 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

144,175 147,121 146,689 144,111 146,111 146,417 146,192 146,439 146,679

Wage and salary workers(1)

135,541 138,143 137,890 135,641 137,148 137,175 137,458 137,628 137,988

Government

19,410 19,720 19,994 20,027 20,455 20,613 20,744 20,547 20,620

Private industries

116,131 118,423 117,896 115,553 116,707 116,572 116,678 117,059 117,331

Private households

789 792 825 - - - - - -

Other industries

115,342 117,632 117,072 114,787 115,899 115,821 115,857 116,257 116,509

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,576 8,879 8,747 8,483 8,826 9,142 8,645 8,741 8,682

Unpaid family workers

58 99 52 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,083 6,511 6,361 7,223 6,580 6,652 6,505 6,325 6,483

Slack work or business conditions

4,055 3,883 3,674 4,217 3,885 3,891 3,915 3,828 3,841

Could only find part-time work

2,548 2,263 2,227 2,546 2,374 2,390 2,216 2,213 2,242

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,872 18,273 17,933 19,538 20,056 19,961 20,480 19,891 19,760

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,021 6,414 6,265 7,152 6,501 6,541 6,384 6,223 6,380

Slack work or business conditions

4,020 3,813 3,621 4,178 3,835 3,830 3,828 3,752 3,779

Could only find part-time work

2,538 2,249 2,216 2,557 2,352 2,419 2,195 2,199 2,239

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,523 17,895 17,597 19,171 19,705 19,603 19,996 19,504 19,445

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

146,647 149,722 149,228 146,451 148,523 148,795 148,739 148,840 149,036

16 to 19 years

4,896 5,696 5,042 4,495 4,784 4,784 4,662 4,666 4,654

16 to 17 years

1,655 2,073 1,779 1,500 1,630 1,678 1,654 1,637 1,623

18 to 19 years

3,241 3,624 3,263 2,998 3,147 3,128 3,014 3,034 3,030

20 years and over

141,751 144,026 144,185 141,956 143,740 144,011 144,077 144,174 144,382

20 to 24 years

14,076 14,637 14,535 13,884 13,851 14,060 14,055 14,043 14,315

25 years and over

127,675 129,389 129,651 128,022 129,861 129,890 130,043 130,123 130,051

25 to 54 years

95,548 96,107 96,506 95,627 96,482 96,507 96,618 96,487 96,628

25 to 34 years

31,951 32,518 32,682 32,013 32,734 32,786 32,756 32,652 32,765

35 to 44 years

30,908 31,089 31,315 30,953 31,072 31,095 31,277 31,261 31,343

45 to 54 years

32,689 32,499 32,509 32,661 32,676 32,625 32,584 32,574 32,520

55 years and over

32,128 33,282 33,145 32,395 33,379 33,383 33,425 33,636 33,423

Men, 16 years and over

78,576 80,436 79,898 77,873 79,203 79,201 79,020 79,202 79,211

16 to 19 years

2,456 2,896 2,587 2,206 2,399 2,368 2,237 2,299 2,331

16 to 17 years

798 1,063 900 717 830 845 824 799 808

18 to 19 years

1,658 1,832 1,687 1,498 1,557 1,528 1,415 1,498 1,526

20 years and over

76,120 77,541 77,311 75,668 76,805 76,833 76,783 76,903 76,880

20 to 24 years

7,422 7,592 7,472 7,225 7,158 7,259 7,181 7,177 7,256

25 years and over

68,698 69,949 69,839 68,462 69,633 69,531 69,633 69,730 69,615

25 to 54 years

51,506 52,020 52,127 51,252 51,863 51,716 51,828 51,740 51,891

25 to 34 years

17,422 17,778 17,775 17,330 17,798 17,755 17,799 17,689 17,705

35 to 44 years

16,795 16,904 17,002 16,734 16,818 16,766 16,903 16,838 16,931

45 to 54 years

17,288 17,338 17,350 17,188 17,247 17,195 17,125 17,213 17,255

55 years and over

17,192 17,929 17,712 17,210 17,770 17,816 17,806 17,990 17,724

Women, 16 years and over

68,071 69,286 69,329 68,577 69,320 69,594 69,719 69,638 69,825

16 to 19 years

2,440 2,801 2,455 2,289 2,385 2,416 2,425 2,367 2,322

16 to 17 years

857 1,009 879 783 800 833 830 838 814

18 to 19 years

1,583 1,792 1,576 1,500 1,590 1,600 1,599 1,536 1,504

20 years and over

65,631 66,485 66,874 66,289 66,935 67,178 67,294 67,271 67,502

20 to 24 years

6,654 7,045 7,063 6,659 6,693 6,801 6,874 6,865 7,059

25 years and over

58,978 59,440 59,812 59,560 60,228 60,358 60,409 60,392 60,437

25 to 54 years

44,042 44,087 44,379 44,375 44,619 44,791 44,790 44,746 44,738

25 to 34 years

14,529 14,741 14,907 14,684 14,936 15,032 14,957 14,962 15,060

35 to 44 years

14,113 14,185 14,313 14,219 14,255 14,329 14,374 14,423 14,413

45 to 54 years

15,401 15,162 15,158 15,473 15,429 15,431 15,459 15,361 15,265

55 years and over

14,936 15,353 15,433 15,185 15,609 15,567 15,619 15,646 15,699

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,374 44,762 45,048 44,293 45,023 44,792 44,878 44,855 44,994

Married women, spouse present

34,282 34,098 34,516 34,722 34,974 34,879 34,940 34,815 34,963

Women who maintain families

9,337 9,799 9,696 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

120,110 123,142 123,420 118,758 120,772 121,402 121,053 121,589 122,024

Part-time workers(2)

26,537 26,580 25,808 27,681 27,738 27,506 27,667 27,265 26,916

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,819 6,997 6,901 7,114 6,986 6,946 7,119 7,124 7,187

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.7 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,294 5,453 5,176 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,332 9,791 9,669 9,214 9,620 9,970 9,550 9,593 9,569

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

9,568 8,266 8,029 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1

16 to 19 years

1,083 904 945 19.4 17.1 17.9 18.1 16.2 16.9

16 to 17 years

449 346 369 23.1 20.0 19.3 18.3 17.4 18.5

18 to 19 years

643 576 577 17.6 15.1 16.7 18.2 15.9 16.0

20 years and over

8,484 7,362 7,084 5.6 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.7

20 to 24 years

1,655 1,577 1,395 10.7 9.6 10.1 9.9 10.1 8.9

25 years and over

6,891 5,809 5,739 5.1 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.2

25 to 54 years

5,373 4,526 4,417 5.3 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.4

25 to 34 years

2,350 1,895 1,825 6.8 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.3

35 to 44 years

1,552 1,340 1,265 4.8 4.3 4.4 3.9 4.1 3.9

45 to 54 years

1,472 1,291 1,327 4.3 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.9

55 years and over

1,544 1,282 1,329 4.5 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8

Men, 16 years and over

5,136 4,376 4,261 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1

16 to 19 years

594 488 501 21.2 17.9 20.5 20.4 17.5 17.7

16 to 17 years

235 184 186 24.7 21.0 22.0 19.5 18.7 18.7

18 to 19 years

370 315 319 19.8 15.2 19.1 21.4 17.4 17.3

20 years and over

4,543 3,887 3,760 5.7 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.7

20 to 24 years

942 883 792 11.5 10.5 11.0 10.9 11.0 9.8

25 years and over

3,648 3,009 3,006 5.1 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.1

25 to 54 years

2,857 2,340 2,284 5.3 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2

25 to 34 years

1,222 1,017 977 6.6 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.2

35 to 44 years

860 668 622 4.9 4.0 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.5

45 to 54 years

774 656 685 4.3 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.8

55 years and over

792 668 723 4.4 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.9

Women, 16 years and over

4,431 3,891 3,768 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.1

16 to 19 years

490 416 444 17.6 16.3 15.1 15.8 15.0 16.1

16 to 17 years

214 161 183 21.5 18.9 16.4 17.2 16.1 18.3

18 to 19 years

273 260 257 15.4 15.0 14.4 15.2 14.5 14.6

20 years and over

3,942 3,474 3,324 5.6 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.7

20 to 24 years

713 694 603 9.7 8.5 9.1 8.8 9.2 7.9

25 years and over

3,243 2,801 2,733 5.2 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3

25 to 54 years

2,517 2,186 2,133 5.4 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.6

25 to 34 years

1,127 879 848 7.1 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.3

35 to 44 years

692 672 643 4.6 4.6 4.5 3.8 4.4 4.3

45 to 54 years

698 635 642 4.3 3.7 4.1 3.6 4.0 4.0

55 years and over

752 591 602 4.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,487 1,294 1,275 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8

Married women, spouse present

1,333 1,179 1,130 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.1

Women who maintain families(1)

960 855 855 9.3 7.0 6.8 7.8 8.0 8.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

7,912 6,838 6,618 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.1

Part-time workers(3)

1,623 1,457 1,386 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,750 4,204 3,987 4,813 4,136 4,267 4,088 4,143 4,070

On temporary layoff

1,070 1,140 954 1,106 950 1,041 1,052 999 1,001

Not on temporary layoff

3,681 3,063 3,032 3,708 3,185 3,226 3,035 3,145 3,069

Permanent job losers

2,605 2,182 2,116 2,622 2,238 2,217 2,126 2,224 2,147

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,076 881 916 1,086 948 1,009 909 921 922

Job leavers

922 875 849 851 828 829 773 843 790

Reentrants

2,943 2,604 2,389 2,845 2,685 2,615 2,516 2,447 2,349

New entrants

1,171 1,122 938 1,064 868 971 933 826 850

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

48.5 47.7 48.8 50.3 48.6 49.1 49.2 50.2 50.5

On temporary layoff

10.9 13.0 11.7 11.5 11.2 12.0 12.7 12.1 12.4

Not on temporary layoff

37.6 34.8 37.2 38.7 37.4 37.2 36.5 38.1 38.1

Job leavers

9.4 9.9 10.4 8.9 9.7 9.5 9.3 10.2 9.8

Reentrants

30.1 29.6 29.3 29.7 31.5 30.1 30.3 29.6 29.1

New entrants

12.0 12.7 11.5 11.1 10.2 11.2 11.2 10.0 10.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.0 2.7 2.5 3.1 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.9 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5

New entrants

0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,664 2,870 2,100 2,609 2,729 2,418 2,355 2,488 2,095

5 to 14 weeks

2,802 2,690 2,744 2,444 2,307 2,532 2,364 2,257 2,374

15 weeks and over

4,321 3,245 3,318 4,465 3,663 3,795 3,514 3,368 3,437

15 to 26 weeks

1,354 1,049 1,136 1,500 1,139 1,293 1,393 1,188 1,250

27 weeks and over

2,967 2,196 2,183 2,966 2,525 2,502 2,121 2,180 2,187

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

31.2 26.5 27.6 31.9 30.8 30.7 28.1 28.3 28.4

Median duration, in weeks

12.0 9.4 11.0 13.3 11.7 11.6 11.3 11.3 12.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

27.2 32.6 25.7 27.4 31.4 27.6 28.6 30.7 26.5

5 to 14 weeks

28.6 30.5 33.6 25.7 26.5 29.0 28.7 27.8 30.0

15 weeks and over

44.1 36.9 40.7 46.9 42.1 43.4 42.7 41.5 43.5

15 to 26 weeks

13.8 11.9 13.9 15.8 13.1 14.8 16.9 14.6 15.8

27 weeks and over

30.3 24.9 26.7 31.2 29.0 28.6 25.8 26.9 27.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

146,647 149,228 9,787 8,162 6.3 5.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,646 57,288 1,930 1,686 3.4 2.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,854 24,331 643 555 2.6 2.2

Professional and related occupations

31,792 32,957 1,287 1,132 3.9 3.3

Service occupations

26,183 26,886 2,139 1,847 7.6 6.4

Sales and office occupations

33,045 33,158 2,037 1,738 5.8 5.0

Sales and related occupations

15,102 15,596 900 890 5.6 5.4

Office and administrative support occupations

17,943 17,561 1,138 848 6.0 4.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,046 14,025 1,116 817 7.4 5.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,183 1,145 111 62 8.6 5.1

Construction and extraction occupations

7,888 7,774 752 585 8.7 7.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,975 5,106 253 170 4.8 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,727 17,871 1,372 1,109 7.2 5.8

Production occupations

8,586 8,619 623 482 6.8 5.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,141 9,252 749 627 7.6 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

9,787 8,162 6.3 5.2

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

7,200 6,039 5.8 4.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

74 77 6.3 8.0

Construction

678 525 7.7 6.1

Manufacturing

787 639 5.0 4.0

Durable goods

506 426 5.1 4.2

Nondurable goods

281 213 4.8 3.6

Wholesale and retail trade

1,160 1,034 5.8 5.1

Transportation and utilities

412 251 6.3 4.0

Information

131 151 4.5 5.2

Financial activities

322 236 3.5 2.5

Professional and business services

1,039 852 6.5 5.4

Education and health services

1,068 934 4.8 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,149 1,012 8.1 7.2

Other services

382 328 5.8 4.8

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

145 87 8.1 5.3

Government workers

798 779 3.9 3.7

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

473 319 4.8 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug.
2015

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.8 2.0 2.1 2.9 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.0 2.7 2.5 3.1 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.3 5.6 5.2 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.7 6.0 5.6 6.6 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.5 6.7 6.3 7.4 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.0 10.7 10.3 12.0 10.8 10.8 10.5 10.4 10.3

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2015

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

91,794 93,706 36,326 37,253 55,469 56,453

Persons who currently want a job

6,382 5,920 2,657 2,589 3,725 3,331

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,141 1,812 984 967 1,157 846

Discouraged workers(2)

775 624 424 391 351 234

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,366 1,188 560 576 806 612

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,819 6,901 3,419 3,475 3,401 3,427

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3 5.0 4.9

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,658 3,832 1,996 2,150 1,662 1,682

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,748 1,708 609 561 1,139 1,146

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

269 286 186 183 83 103

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,085 1,038 602 555 483 482

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Change from:
July2015 - Aug.2015(p)

Total nonfarm

139,232 142,836 141,868 142,126 139,369 141,870 142,115 142,288 173

Total private

118,464 120,971 121,170 121,241 117,504 119,929 120,153 120,293 140

Goods-producing

19,681 19,831 19,912 19,927 19,277 19,551 19,564 19,540 -24

Mining and logging

921 843 844 830 903 839 833 823 -10

Logging

55.1 53.9 55.2 56.3 52.5 53.9 54.0 54.1 0.1

Mining

865.7 788.6 788.7 774.1 850.6 784.8 778.5 769.2 -9.3

Oil and gas extraction

200.6 194.1 195.0 193.4 198.4 193.2 193.7 192.6 -1.1

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

213.6 204.5 204.9 203.0 207.0 199.2 198.7 197.7 -1.0

Coal mining

74.4 69.1 68.3 67.6 74.1 68.5 68.1 67.3 -0.8

Support activities for mining

451.5 390.0 388.8 377.7 445.2 392.4 386.1 378.9 -7.2

Construction

6,460 6,573 6,653 6,681 6,169 6,378 6,385 6,388 3

Construction of buildings

1,413.4 1,436.4 1,456.8 1,459.8 1,368.2 1,407.5 1,412.1 1,410.7 -1.4

Residential building

693.0 706.9 716.5 718.0 667.4 688.2 694.2 694.4 0.2

Nonresidential building

720.4 729.5 740.3 741.8 700.8 719.3 717.9 716.3 -1.6

Heavy and civil engineering construction

983.5 992.2 1,002.8 1,014.0 916.0 944.6 947.3 948.8 1.5

Specialty trade contractors

4,062.8 4,144.3 4,192.9 4,207.1 3,884.6 4,026.1 4,025.5 4,028.6 3.1

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,761.3 1,819.3 1,840.8 1,841.7 1,677.1 1,755.3 1,758.9 1,761.1 2.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,301.5 2,325.0 2,352.1 2,365.4 2,207.5 2,270.8 2,266.6 2,267.5 0.9

Manufacturing

12,300 12,415 12,415 12,416 12,205 12,334 12,346 12,329 -17

Durable goods

7,748 7,853 7,825 7,824 7,709 7,801 7,794 7,789 -5

Wood products

379.6 379.9 381.2 384.1 375.2 376.6 376.7 377.7 1.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

398.0 409.5 410.6 412.0 388.3 401.2 401.7 403.0 1.3

Primary metals

401.6 402.4 399.9 397.8 401.1 401.3 399.2 397.1 -2.1

Fabricated metal products

1,462.2 1,475.3 1,469.8 1,460.8 1,455.4 1,466.0 1,463.9 1,457.0 -6.9

Machinery

1,137.5 1,135.6 1,130.0 1,125.5 1,135.2 1,130.9 1,128.4 1,124.1 -4.3

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,054.2 1,060.3 1,060.2 1,056.5 1,048.8 1,055.7 1,053.5 1,051.7 -1.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

167.3 170.7 170.6 171.4 165.0 169.8 169.1 169.6 0.5

Communications equipment

92.8 89.9 89.3 88.2 92.6 89.4 89.0 88.2 -0.8

Semiconductors and electronic components

367.9 370.6 369.4 368.6 366.5 369.4 368.5 366.7 -1.8

Electronic instruments

388.0 392.9 395.2 392.3 386.9 391.1 391.6 391.2 -0.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

375.7 375.8 376.5 375.5 374.7 375.0 373.9 373.7 -0.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,576.0 1,619.7 1,603.1 1,616.5 1,574.0 1,607.7 1,610.7 1,615.8 5.1

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

886.3 931.1 915.2 931.8 885.4 924.2 925.8 931.5 5.7

Furniture and related products

380.4 393.0 394.7 393.1 374.8 388.1 388.1 387.9 -0.2

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

582.7 601.5 598.7 602.2 581.5 598.5 597.6 601.3 3.7

Nondurable goods

4,552 4,562 4,590 4,592 4,496 4,533 4,552 4,540 -12

Food manufacturing

1,511.8 1,503.9 1,522.9 1,529.5 1,475.0 1,496.4 1,501.3 1,494.8 -6.5

Textile mills

117.7 119.6 118.2 118.0 117.3 118.5 118.4 117.7 -0.7

Textile product mills

117.1 115.1 116.5 115.4 115.6 114.6 115.2 114.7 -0.5

Apparel

138.2 137.2 135.4 137.4 139.4 137.2 137.4 137.2 -0.2

Paper and paper products

371.1 367.2 370.0 369.4 370.0 364.6 367.1 367.8 0.7

Printing and related support activities

452.9 445.1 444.6 444.3 451.9 443.8 444.9 444.2 -0.7

Petroleum and coal products

114.0 113.2 115.4 114.8 111.3 110.6 112.3 112.2 -0.1

Chemicals

809.0 816.4 818.0 814.6 806.1 812.4 813.1 812.3 -0.8

Plastics and rubber products

677.5 692.2 694.2 691.3 672.9 687.6 691.6 688.8 -2.8

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

243.1 251.9 255.0 257.4 236.4 247.7 250.2 250.6 0.4

Private service-providing

98,783 101,140 101,258 101,314 98,227 100,378 100,589 100,753 164

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,413 26,956 26,966 26,974 26,427 26,916 26,971 26,999 28

Wholesale trade

5,860.9 5,951.6 5,956.3 5,953.0 5,839.1 5,912.4 5,918.8 5,926.6 7.8

Durable goods

2,929.9 2,962.5 2,966.4 2,969.1 2,917.1 2,946.8 2,949.6 2,955.1 5.5

Nondurable goods

2,028.6 2,073.2 2,073.7 2,065.9 2,022.5 2,054.2 2,055.3 2,056.9 1.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

902.4 915.9 916.2 918.0 899.5 911.4 913.9 914.6 0.7

Retail trade

15,383.1 15,667.1 15,701.9 15,709.2 15,378.5 15,667.4 15,699.8 15,711.0 11.2

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,887.9 1,941.5 1,953.1 1,957.3 1,869.0 1,925.6 1,936.6 1,938.6 2.0

Automobile dealers

1,198.9 1,232.3 1,238.1 1,242.9 1,190.1 1,226.1 1,232.7 1,234.3 1.6

Furniture and home furnishings stores

453.5 462.3 462.8 463.9 458.8 469.4 470.2 471.2 1.0

Electronics and appliance stores

480.3 491.1 493.0 491.4 491.7 504.5 505.1 503.3 -1.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,246.3 1,316.5 1,293.2 1,267.4 1,235.9 1,256.0 1,260.1 1,264.6 4.5

Food and beverage stores

3,000.6 3,063.7 3,065.6 3,069.8 2,984.7 3,042.3 3,047.2 3,051.8 4.6

Health and personal care stores

1,018.4 1,029.9 1,028.9 1,027.3 1,021.6 1,030.5 1,029.6 1,028.9 -0.7

Gasoline stations

896.7 917.0 918.6 923.3 883.2 904.4 903.7 906.2 2.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,383.6 1,360.6 1,383.4 1,400.7 1,372.2 1,392.9 1,397.0 1,402.3 5.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

600.0 585.6 588.9 590.6 603.7 603.5 605.2 599.6 -5.6

General merchandise stores(1)

3,089.5 3,138.8 3,146.9 3,148.2 3,126.9 3,175.3 3,179.5 3,178.9 -0.6

Department stores

1,327.8 1,296.6 1,300.7 1,299.5 1,354.7 1,330.0 1,328.5 1,321.7 -6.8

Miscellaneous store retailers

826.1 831.1 837.5 835.9 822.8 825.1 825.6 823.6 -2.0

Nonstore retailers

500.2 529.0 530.0 533.4 508.0 537.9 540.0 542.0 2.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,611.3 4,771.3 4,738.7 4,741.8 4,654.1 4,774.1 4,787.7 4,795.0 7.3

Air transportation

443.8 451.0 453.9 454.7 442.0 447.5 449.7 451.3 1.6

Rail transportation

237.4 243.4 241.6 242.2 236.1 242.7 240.5 242.7 2.2

Water transportation

70.3 66.8 66.6 65.3 67.7 65.2 64.5 63.5 -1.0

Truck transportation

1,445.4 1,472.6 1,478.9 1,478.5 1,419.5 1,455.4 1,458.1 1,458.8 0.7

Transit and ground passenger transportation

408.9 464.4 412.0 410.5 473.5 472.3 473.5 474.5 1.0

Pipeline transportation

47.2 49.6 49.6 49.9 47.1 49.4 49.5 49.7 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

39.4 39.3 41.3 42.4 31.4 32.2 32.5 33.5 1.0

Support activities for transportation

625.4 647.9 651.6 651.5 625.7 646.6 649.2 650.2 1.0

Couriers and messengers

550.8 571.1 566.8 571.2 569.8 594.3 596.5 598.1 1.6

Warehousing and storage

742.7 765.2 776.4 775.6 741.3 768.5 773.7 772.7 -1.0

Utilities

557.5 565.6 568.8 569.5 555.1 562.0 564.6 566.1 1.5

Information

2,774 2,796 2,807 2,802 2,753 2,790 2,792 2,785 -7

Publishing industries, except Internet

728.4 719.5 721.0 719.8 724.5 719.9 718.3 717.3 -1.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

388.7 393.2 395.2 394.6 376.1 387.3 384.5 381.4 -3.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

290.7 288.6 288.6 286.6 290.3 287.9 288.3 287.0 -1.3

Telecommunications

860.6 860.0 864.6 861.7 859.5 860.9 864.9 861.4 -3.5

Data processing, hosting and related services

281.9 297.1 297.4 298.6 281.3 297.1 297.9 299.5 1.6

Other information services

223.2 237.7 240.5 240.5 220.8 237.1 237.8 238.7 0.9

Financial activities

8,057 8,178 8,217 8,224 7,997 8,127 8,148 8,167 19

Finance and insurance

5,960.1 6,055.5 6,079.3 6,084.2 5,944.3 6,044.6 6,057.7 6,069.7 12.0

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.6 18.5 18.7 18.2 18.4 18.3 18.3 18.0 -0.3

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,572.6 2,582.3 2,591.0 2,593.5 2,563.7 2,579.4 2,580.5 2,586.0 5.5

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,712.2 1,702.7 1,705.6 1,705.8 1,705.3 1,699.3 1,698.8 1,699.9 1.1

Commercial banking

1,294.9 1,277.1 1,279.2 1,279.2 1,290.6 1,276.5 1,275.0 1,275.7 0.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

889.6 904.2 910.3 913.7 885.5 901.6 904.3 908.8 4.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,479.3 2,550.5 2,559.3 2,558.8 2,476.7 2,545.3 2,554.6 2,556.9 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,096.5 2,122.5 2,137.3 2,139.3 2,052.4 2,082.1 2,089.8 2,097.6 7.8

Real estate

1,516.0 1,534.3 1,545.0 1,550.7 1,488.5 1,512.5 1,519.6 1,527.6 8.0

Rental and leasing services

556.7 564.3 568.2 564.8 540.4 545.9 546.4 546.5 0.1

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.8 23.9 24.1 23.8 23.5 23.7 23.8 23.5 -0.3

Professional and business services

19,315 19,885 19,917 19,967 19,180 19,749 19,788 19,821 33

Professional and technical services(1)

8,357.3 8,620.7 8,675.5 8,664.3 8,383.7 8,642.8 8,672.2 8,686.7 14.5

Legal services

1,124.7 1,131.3 1,131.2 1,121.8 1,122.4 1,120.6 1,119.6 1,117.6 -2.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

902.4 938.9 941.0 943.4 968.5 1,000.1 1,004.1 1,007.2 3.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,404.4 1,441.9 1,454.4 1,447.0 1,386.0 1,425.6 1,432.4 1,428.0 -4.4

Computer systems design and related services

1,790.5 1,864.9 1,889.6 1,890.1 1,784.8 1,865.2 1,876.3 1,883.3 7.0

Management and technical consulting services

1,256.9 1,315.0 1,324.8 1,326.7 1,252.3 1,312.2 1,316.1 1,322.2 6.1

Management of companies and enterprises

2,186.7 2,230.4 2,241.6 2,242.7 2,178.2 2,215.9 2,229.2 2,231.9 2.7

Administrative and waste services

8,771.1 9,034.2 8,999.8 9,059.5 8,617.7 8,890.6 8,886.7 8,902.5 15.8

Administrative and support services(1)

8,375.4 8,629.4 8,592.1 8,656.3 8,230.4 8,494.0 8,491.2 8,506.6 15.4

Employment services(1)

3,486.7 3,610.7 3,575.6 3,634.7 3,444.5 3,590.1 3,579.5 3,586.9 7.4

Temporary help services

2,819.9 2,921.8 2,883.3 2,945.0 2,787.8 2,906.2 2,897.0 2,907.7 10.7

Business support services

873.5 897.8 896.3 896.1 884.7 909.8 908.1 907.3 -0.8

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,055.8 2,103.8 2,115.5 2,109.1 1,952.8 1,987.9 1,998.0 2,003.7 5.7

Waste management and remediation services

395.7 404.8 407.7 403.2 387.3 396.6 395.5 395.9 0.4

Education and health services

21,216 21,839 21,752 21,812 21,539 22,035 22,088 22,150 62

Educational services

3,119.9 3,262.9 3,174.3 3,155.2 3,424.3 3,457.6 3,465.1 3,470.5 5.4

Health care and social assistance

18,095.8 18,575.8 18,577.3 18,657.1 18,115.1 18,577.4 18,622.8 18,679.2 56.4

Health care(3)

14,745.5 15,113.9 15,162.2 15,204.7 14,720.9 15,099.9 15,137.4 15,177.9 40.5

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,677.2 6,921.0 6,933.0 6,956.5 6,670.5 6,914.3 6,926.0 6,947.1 21.1

Offices of physicians

2,481.3 2,550.3 2,559.7 2,569.9 2,480.0 2,552.7 2,558.8 2,565.7 6.9

Outpatient care centers

715.7 746.1 747.9 749.6 715.3 745.2 747.5 749.1 1.6

Home health care services

1,263.8 1,322.0 1,323.1 1,328.7 1,265.1 1,319.9 1,324.5 1,330.3 5.8

Hospitals

4,790.8 4,884.7 4,912.6 4,927.6 4,786.7 4,885.3 4,905.2 4,921.1 15.9

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,277.5 3,308.2 3,316.6 3,320.6 3,263.7 3,300.3 3,306.2 3,309.7 3.5

Nursing care facilities

1,659.5 1,657.8 1,660.9 1,663.7 1,652.4 1,653.9 1,656.7 1,658.7 2.0

Social assistance(1)

3,350.3 3,461.9 3,415.1 3,452.4 3,394.2 3,477.5 3,485.4 3,501.3 15.9

Child day care services

812.3 854.3 812.0 830.6 856.2 873.7 877.4 875.8 -1.6

Leisure and hospitality

15,383 15,780 15,876 15,848 14,746 15,122 15,152 15,185 33

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,367.4 2,435.8 2,490.3 2,439.0 2,102.6 2,155.0 2,151.9 2,159.5 7.6

Performing arts and spectator sports

474.1 496.5 498.8 505.4 449.1 471.3 469.2 474.3 5.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

155.1 158.8 161.7 158.3 145.3 146.8 147.3 147.3 0.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,738.2 1,780.5 1,829.8 1,775.3 1,508.2 1,536.9 1,535.4 1,537.9 2.5

Accommodation and food services

13,015.5 13,343.9 13,385.2 13,409.4 12,643.3 12,967.2 13,000.1 13,025.6 25.5

Accommodation

2,030.9 1,995.7 2,049.8 2,043.1 1,890.5 1,897.2 1,901.3 1,900.7 -0.6

Food services and drinking places

10,984.6 11,348.2 11,335.4 11,366.3 10,752.8 11,070.0 11,098.8 11,124.9 26.1

Other services

5,625 5,706 5,723 5,687 5,585 5,639 5,650 5,646 -4

Repair and maintenance

1,250.7 1,280.3 1,279.8 1,278.1 1,246.0 1,270.9 1,271.8 1,271.6 -0.2

Personal and laundry services

1,380.6 1,408.6 1,405.2 1,397.4 1,373.3 1,391.8 1,393.1 1,391.0 -2.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,993.8 3,017.4 3,037.8 3,011.2 2,965.5 2,975.9 2,985.1 2,983.5 -1.6

Government

20,768 21,865 20,698 20,885 21,865 21,941 21,962 21,995 33

Federal

2,739.0 2,748.0 2,754.0 2,748.0 2,727.0 2,736.0 2,736.0 2,738.0 2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,147.7 2,155.3 2,160.9 2,155.7 2,135.0 2,140.1 2,140.8 2,141.5 0.7

U.S. Postal Service

591.7 592.5 593.4 592.5 591.6 595.8 595.3 596.5 1.2

State government

4,757.0 4,839.0 4,756.0 4,794.0 5,042.0 5,085.0 5,083.0 5,092.0 9.0

State government education

2,092.5 2,174.7 2,094.8 2,137.2 2,391.8 2,440.8 2,437.6 2,446.3 8.7

State government, excluding education

2,664.4 2,664.7 2,660.9 2,656.7 2,649.8 2,643.9 2,645.4 2,645.2 -0.2

Local government

13,272.0 14,278.0 13,188.0 13,343.0 14,096.0 14,120.0 14,143.0 14,165.0 22.0

Local government education

6,800.9 7,785.6 6,634.3 6,837.1 7,804.5 7,810.6 7,829.6 7,852.5 22.9

Local government, excluding education

6,471.1 6,492.8 6,553.4 6,505.5 6,291.9 6,309.4 6,313.7 6,312.2 -1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Goods-producing

40.6 40.3 40.3 40.4

Mining and logging

44.9 43.3 44.0 44.0

Construction

39.2 39.2 38.9 39.0

Manufacturing

40.9 40.7 40.8 40.8

Durable goods

41.5 41.0 41.1 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.1 40.0 40.3 40.3

Private service-providing

33.3 33.4 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.6 34.6 34.7

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.8 38.9 38.8

Retail trade

31.3 31.4 31.4 31.5

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.8 38.9 38.9

Utilities

42.4 42.2 42.6 42.7

Information

36.6 36.3 36.4 36.4

Financial activities

37.2 37.7 37.8 37.7

Professional and business services

36.2 36.1 36.1 36.2

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.3 26.3 26.2

Other services

31.8 31.8 31.8 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3

Durable goods

3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.5 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)

Total private

$24.55 $24.95 $25.01 $25.09 $846.98 $860.78 $862.85 $868.11

Goods-producing

25.77 26.09 26.21 26.29 1,046.26 1,051.43 1,056.26 1,062.12

Mining and logging

30.90 30.84 31.21 31.43 1,387.41 1,335.37 1,373.24 1,382.92

Construction

26.73 27.38 27.42 27.49 1,047.82 1,073.30 1,066.64 1,072.11

Manufacturing

24.90 25.11 25.24 25.33 1,018.41 1,021.98 1,029.79 1,033.46

Durable goods

26.25 26.48 26.57 26.64 1,089.38 1,085.68 1,092.03 1,094.90

Nondurable goods

22.49 22.69 22.92 23.03 901.85 907.60 923.68 928.11

Private service-providing

24.26 24.68 24.73 24.81 807.86 824.31 825.98 828.65

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.47 21.74 21.82 21.87 740.72 752.20 754.97 758.89

Wholesale trade

28.21 28.68 28.70 28.86 1,097.37 1,112.78 1,116.43 1,119.77

Retail trade

17.08 17.41 17.48 17.51 534.60 546.67 548.87 551.57

Transportation and warehousing

22.88 22.73 22.80 22.80 880.88 881.92 886.92 886.92

Utilities

35.52 36.85 37.25 37.54 1,506.05 1,555.07 1,586.85 1,602.96

Information

34.16 34.75 34.70 35.12 1,250.26 1,261.43 1,263.08 1,278.37

Financial activities

30.85 31.49 31.51 31.64 1,147.62 1,187.17 1,191.08 1,192.83

Professional and business services

29.39 30.00 30.08 30.17 1,063.92 1,083.00 1,085.89 1,092.15

Education and health services

24.78 25.18 25.22 25.26 812.78 825.90 829.74 831.05

Leisure and hospitality

13.99 14.29 14.34 14.40 366.54 375.83 377.14 377.28

Other services

22.05 22.38 22.34 22.44 701.19 711.68 710.41 715.84

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
July
2015 - Aug.
2015(p)
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
July
2015 - Aug.
2015(p)

Total private

101.3 103.4 103.6 104.0 0.4 118.7 123.2 123.7 124.6 0.7

Goods-producing

89.2 89.8 89.8 89.9 0.1 103.9 105.9 106.4 106.9 0.5

Mining and logging

127.4 114.2 115.2 113.8 -1.2 158.1 141.3 144.3 143.6 -0.5

Construction

83.4 86.2 85.6 85.9 0.4 96.8 102.5 102.0 102.6 0.6

Manufacturing

89.8 90.3 90.6 90.5 -0.1 104.0 105.5 106.4 106.6 0.2

Durable goods

90.1 90.0 90.2 90.1 -0.1 105.0 105.9 106.4 106.6 0.2

Nondurable goods

90.0 90.5 91.5 91.3 -0.2 102.7 104.2 106.5 106.7 0.2

Private service-providing

104.7 107.3 107.5 107.7 0.2 123.1 128.4 128.9 129.5 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99.2 101.3 101.5 101.9 0.4 114.6 118.5 119.2 119.9 0.6

Wholesale trade

99.1 100.1 100.5 100.3 -0.2 116.7 119.8 120.3 120.8 0.4

Retail trade

97.8 99.9 100.1 100.5 0.4 110.4 115.0 115.7 116.4 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

102.6 106.0 106.6 106.8 0.2 119.1 122.3 123.3 123.5 0.2

Utilities

101.8 102.6 104.1 104.6 0.5 119.5 124.9 128.1 129.7 1.2

Information

92.0 92.5 92.8 92.6 -0.2 111.9 114.4 114.7 115.8 1.0

Financial activities

97.4 100.3 100.9 100.8 -0.1 117.2 123.3 124.0 124.4 0.3

Professional and business services

109.2 112.1 112.4 112.9 0.4 130.0 136.3 136.9 137.9 0.7

Education and health services

113.4 116.0 116.6 117.0 0.3 132.4 137.6 138.6 139.2 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

110.2 113.5 113.7 113.5 -0.2 124.4 130.8 131.5 131.9 0.3

Other services

98.4 99.4 99.5 99.8 0.3 123.1 126.2 126.2 127.1 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

68,788 70,095 70,220 70,327 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

56,304 57,540 57,633 57,715 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.0

Goods-producing

4,221 4,287 4,295 4,284 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9

Mining and logging

120 115 115 113 13.3 13.7 13.8 13.7

Construction

783 807 812 810 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,318 3,365 3,368 3,361 27.2 27.3 27.3 27.3

Durable goods

1,775 1,819 1,815 1,816 23.0 23.3 23.3 23.3

Nondurable goods

1,543 1,546 1,553 1,545 34.3 34.1 34.1 34.0

Private service-providing

52,083 53,253 53,338 53,431 53.0 53.1 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,707 10,913 10,927 10,936 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,722.9 1,740.9 1,740.9 1,741.5 29.5 29.4 29.4 29.4

Retail trade

7,746.8 7,914.7 7,923.9 7,927.6 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,102.6 1,122.5 1,126.8 1,130.7 23.7 23.5 23.5 23.6

Utilities

134.3 134.9 135.2 136.2 24.2 24.0 23.9 24.1

Information

1,108 1,117 1,119 1,119 40.2 40.0 40.1 40.2

Financial activities

4,579 4,643 4,648 4,653 57.3 57.1 57.0 57.0

Professional and business services

8,557 8,813 8,812 8,832 44.6 44.6 44.5 44.6

Education and health services

16,548 16,964 17,005 17,058 76.8 77.0 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,666 7,852 7,873 7,880 52.0 51.9 52.0 51.9

Other services

2,918 2,951 2,954 2,953 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.3

Government

12,484 12,555 12,587 12,612 57.1 57.2 57.3 57.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)

Total private

97,118 98,919 99,057 99,154

Goods-producing

13,904 14,103 14,099 14,069

Mining and logging

661 615 608 602

Construction

4,655 4,804 4,806 4,812

Manufacturing

8,588 8,684 8,685 8,655

Durable goods

5,316 5,378 5,365 5,348

Nondurable goods

3,272 3,306 3,320 3,307

Private service-providing

83,214 84,816 84,958 85,085

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,332 22,652 22,688 22,717

Wholesale trade

4,723.3 4,743.3 4,746.5 4,744.7

Retail trade

13,128.6 13,324.8 13,344.2 13,363.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,031.7 4,132.7 4,143.4 4,153.1

Utilities

448.8 451.0 453.7 456.3

Information

2,239 2,260 2,262 2,260

Financial activities

6,177 6,283 6,291 6,302

Professional and business services

15,870 16,226 16,243 16,254

Education and health services

18,925 19,352 19,398 19,445

Leisure and hospitality

13,021 13,349 13,381 13,412

Other services

4,650 4,694 4,695 4,695

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.5 41.3 41.2 41.2

Mining and logging

47.7 45.2 46.1 45.4

Construction

39.8 39.8 39.4 39.5

Manufacturing

42.0 41.8 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.4 42.1 42.1 42.1

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.2 41.3 41.3

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.5

Retail trade

30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.5 38.7 38.8

Utilities

42.1 41.9 42.3 42.4

Information

35.9 35.7 35.8 35.8

Financial activities

36.7 37.0 37.1 37.1

Professional and business services

35.6 35.4 35.4 35.5

Education and health services

32.0 32.1 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.2 25.1 25.1 25.0

Other services

30.7 30.6 30.7 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3

Durable goods

4.6 4.4 4.3 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.4 4.4 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)

Total private

$20.68 $20.98 $21.02 $21.07 $696.92 $707.03 $708.37 $710.06

Goods-producing

21.66 21.96 21.96 22.00 898.89 906.95 904.75 906.40

Mining and logging

27.02 26.37 26.39 26.56 1,288.85 1,191.92 1,216.58 1,205.82

Construction

24.68 25.27 25.19 25.27 982.26 1,005.75 992.49 998.17

Manufacturing

19.63 19.88 19.93 19.93 824.46 830.98 833.07 833.07

Durable goods

20.73 20.96 20.99 20.98 878.95 882.42 883.68 883.26

Nondurable goods

17.80 18.09 18.19 18.20 733.36 745.31 751.25 751.66

Private service-providing

20.47 20.78 20.82 20.88 663.23 673.27 674.57 676.51

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.36 18.59 18.65 18.70 616.90 624.62 626.64 628.32

Wholesale trade

23.35 23.55 23.59 23.74 901.31 909.03 910.57 913.99

Retail trade

14.48 14.77 14.82 14.85 434.40 443.10 444.60 445.50

Transportation and warehousing

20.59 20.67 20.73 20.70 790.66 795.80 802.25 803.16

Utilities

32.83 33.92 34.15 34.20 1,382.14 1,421.25 1,444.55 1,450.08

Information

28.74 28.86 28.92 29.07 1,031.77 1,030.30 1,035.34 1,040.71

Financial activities

24.86 25.30 25.38 25.45 912.36 936.10 941.60 944.20

Professional and business services

24.35 24.70 24.76 24.81 866.86 874.38 876.50 880.76

Education and health services

21.67 22.06 22.07 22.11 693.44 708.13 708.45 709.73

Leisure and hospitality

12.14 12.34 12.39 12.44 305.93 309.73 310.99 311.00

Other services

18.58 18.90 18.89 18.98 570.41 578.34 579.92 582.69

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
July
2015 - Aug.
2015(p)
Aug.
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
Aug.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
July
2015 - Aug.
2015(p)

Total private

109.1 111.1 111.2 111.4 0.2 150.7 155.7 156.3 156.8 0.3

Goods-producing

88.2 89.0 88.8 88.6 -0.2 117.0 119.7 119.4 119.3 -0.1

Mining and logging

167.6 147.7 148.9 145.2 -2.5 263.3 226.6 228.6 224.3 -1.9

Construction

92.8 95.7 94.8 95.2 0.4 123.6 130.6 129.0 129.9 0.7

Manufacturing

82.8 83.3 83.3 83.0 -0.4 106.3 108.3 108.6 108.2 -0.4

Durable goods

84.7 85.1 84.9 84.6 -0.4 109.6 111.3 111.2 110.8 -0.4

Nondurable goods

79.4 80.3 80.8 80.5 -0.4 99.9 102.6 103.8 103.5 -0.3

Private service-providing

114.9 117.1 117.3 117.4 0.1 161.2 166.8 167.4 168.1 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

104.6 106.1 106.3 106.4 0.1 137.0 140.7 141.4 141.9 0.4

Wholesale trade

107.4 107.8 107.9 107.6 -0.3 147.7 149.6 149.9 150.4 0.3

Retail trade

99.7 101.2 101.3 101.5 0.2 123.7 128.1 128.7 129.2 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

116.5 119.8 120.7 121.3 0.5 152.2 157.0 158.7 159.3 0.4

Utilities

96.6 96.6 98.1 98.9 0.8 132.4 136.8 139.9 141.2 0.9

Information

91.7 92.1 92.4 92.3 -0.1 130.5 131.6 132.3 132.9 0.5

Financial activities

106.7 109.4 109.9 110.1 0.2 163.2 170.3 171.6 172.3 0.4

Professional and business services

126.6 128.7 128.9 129.3 0.3 183.5 189.2 189.9 190.9 0.5

Education and health services

129.3 132.6 132.9 133.2 0.2 184.8 193.0 193.5 194.3 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

120.2 122.7 123.0 122.8 -0.2 165.7 172.0 173.1 173.5 0.2

Other services

100.1 100.7 101.1 101.1 0.0 135.5 138.7 139.1 139.8 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: September 04, 2015
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