Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                 USDL-14-1796
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 3, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- SEPTEMBER 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 248,000 in September, and the 
unemployment rate declined to 5.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Employment increased in professional and business services, 
retail trade, and health care.

Household Survey Data

In September, the unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.9
percent. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 329,000 to 9.3 million.
Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were
down by 1.3 percentage points and 1.9 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, unemployment rates declined in September for
adult men (5.3 percent), whites (5.1 percent), and Hispanics (6.9 percent). The
rates for adult women (5.5 percent), teenagers (20.0 percent), and blacks (11.0
percent) showed little change over the month. The jobless rate for Asians was
4.3 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier.
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary
jobs decreased by 306,000 in September to 4.5 million. The number of long-term
unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 3.0
million in September. These individuals accounted for 31.9 percent of the unemployed.
Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed is down by 1.2 million.
(See tables A-11 and A-12.) 

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, changed little in
September. The employment-population ratio was 59.0 percent for the fourth
consecutive month. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in September at 7.1 million.
These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a
full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In September, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force,
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work,
and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 698,000 discouraged workers in September,
down by 154,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are
available for them. The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in September had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or
family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 248,000 in September, compared with an
average monthly gain of 213,000 over the prior 12 months. In September, job growth
occurred in professional and business services, retail trade, and health care.
(See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 81,000 jobs in September, compared with an
average gain of 56,000 per month over the prior 12 months. In September, job gains
occurred in employment services (+34,000), management and technical consulting
services (+12,000), and architectural and engineering services (+6,000). Employment
in legal services declined by 5,000 over the month.

Employment in retail trade rose by 35,000 in September. Food and beverage stores
added 20,000 jobs, largely reflecting the return of workers who had been off payrolls
in August due to employment disruptions at a grocery store chain in New England.
Employment in retail trade has increased by 264,000 over the past 12 months.

Health care added 23,000 jobs in September, in line with the prior 12-month average
gain of 20,000 jobs per month. In September, employment rose in home health care
services (+7,000) and hospitals (+6,000).

Employment in information increased by 12,000 in September, with a gain of 5,000
in telecommunications. Over the year, employment in information has shown little net
change.

Mining employment rose by 9,000 in September, with the majority of the increase
occurring in support activities for mining (+7,000). Over the year, mining has added
50,000 jobs.

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places
continued to trend up in September (+20,000) and is up by 290,000 over the year.

In September, construction employment continued on an upward trend (+16,000).
Within the industry, employment in residential building increased by 6,000. Over
the year, construction has added 230,000 jobs.

Employment in financial activities continued to trend up in September (+12,000) and
has added 89,000 jobs over the year. In September, job growth occurred in insurance
carriers and related activities (+6,000) and in securities, commodity contracts,
and investments (+5,000).

Employment in other major industries, including manufacturing, wholesale trade,
transportation and warehousing, and government, showed little change over the month.

In September, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
edged up by 0.1 hour to 34.6 hours. The manufacturing workweek was unchanged at
40.9 hours, and factory overtime edged up by 0.1 hour to 3.5 hours. The average
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls
edged down by 0.1 hour to 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls, at $24.53,
changed little in September (-1 cent). Over the year, average hourly earnings
have risen by 2.0 percent. In September, average hourly earnings of private-sector
production and nonsupervisory employees were unchanged at $20.67. 
(See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised from +212,000
to +243,000, and the change for August was revised from +142,000 to +180,000.
With these revisions, employment gains in July and August combined were 69,000 more
than previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for October is scheduled to be released on Friday,
November 7, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Change from:
Aug.
2014-
Sept.
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

246,168 248,023 248,229 248,446 217

Civilian labor force

155,473 156,023 155,959 155,862 -97

Participation rate

63.2 62.9 62.8 62.7 -0.1

Employed

144,270 146,352 146,368 146,600 232

Employment-population ratio

58.6 59.0 59.0 59.0 0.0

Unemployed

11,203 9,671 9,591 9,262 -329

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 -0.2

Not in labor force

90,695 92,001 92,269 92,584 315

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.0 5.7 5.7 5.3 -0.4

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.2 5.7 5.7 5.5 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

21.3 20.2 19.6 20.0 0.4

White

6.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 -0.2

Black or African American

13.0 11.4 11.4 11.0 -0.4

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.3 4.5 4.5 4.3 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

8.9 7.8 7.5 6.9 -0.6

Total, 25 years and over

5.9 5.0 5.1 4.7 -0.4

Less than a high school diploma

10.4 9.6 9.1 8.4 -0.7

High school graduates, no college

7.5 6.1 6.2 5.3 -0.9

Some college or associate degree

6.1 5.3 5.4 5.4 0.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.7 3.1 3.2 2.9 -0.3

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,803 4,859 4,836 4,530 -306

Job leavers

984 862 860 829 -31

Reentrants

3,165 2,848 2,845 2,809 -36

New entrants

1,211 1,087 1,066 1,105 39

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,571 2,587 2,609 2,383 -226

5 to 14 weeks

2,685 2,431 2,449 2,508 59

15 to 26 weeks

1,802 1,412 1,486 1,416 -70

27 weeks and over

4,125 3,155 2,963 2,954 -9

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,914 7,511 7,277 7,103 -174

Slack work or business conditions

4,955 4,609 4,261 4,162 -99

Could only find part-time work

2,548 2,519 2,587 2,562 -25

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,919 19,662 19,526 19,561 35

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,302 2,178 2,141 2,226 -

Discouraged workers

852 741 775 698 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

164 243 180 248

Total private

153 239 175 236

Goods-producing

22 63 14 29

Mining and logging

6 9 2 9

Construction

13 30 16 16

Manufacturing

3 24 -4 4

Durable goods(1)

9 27 0 7

Motor vehicles and parts

2.9 13.7 -4.5 3.3

Nondurable goods

-6 -3 -4 -3

Private service-providing(1)

131 176 161 207

Wholesale trade

11.3 3.0 2.5 1.8

Retail trade

27.3 25.4 -4.7 35.3

Transportation and warehousing

23.1 21.1 8.5 1.9

Information

13 10 5 12

Financial activities

-1 15 12 12

Professional and business services(1)

37 50 63 81

Temporary help services

19.7 15.7 24.6 19.7

Education and health services(1)

9 37 42 32

Health care and social assistance

14.5 40.7 40.7 22.7

Leisure and hospitality

9 10 20 33

Other services

2 3 10 0

Government

11 4 5 12

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3

Total private women employees

48.1 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$24.06 $24.46 $24.54 $24.53

Average weekly earnings

$830.07 $843.87 $846.63 $848.74

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

99.1 101.0 101.2 101.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

113.8 117.9 118.5 119.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.6 33.7 33.8 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$20.21 $20.61 $20.67 $20.67

Average weekly earnings

$679.06 $694.56 $698.65 $696.58

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

106.3 108.7 109.2 109.1

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.2 0.5 -0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

143.5 149.7 150.8 150.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.0 0.3 0.7 -0.1

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

59.8 67.8 62.7 57.8

Manufacturing (81 industries)

54.9 56.2 54.9 51.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

246,168 248,229 248,446 246,168 247,622 247,814 248,023 248,229 248,446

Civilian labor force

155,536 156,434 155,903 155,473 155,613 155,694 156,023 155,959 155,862

Participation rate

63.2 63.0 62.8 63.2 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.7

Employed

144,651 146,647 146,941 144,270 145,814 146,221 146,352 146,368 146,600

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.1 59.1 58.6 58.9 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0

Unemployed

10,885 9,787 8,962 11,203 9,799 9,474 9,671 9,591 9,262

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.3 5.7 7.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9

Not in labor force

90,632 91,794 92,543 90,695 92,009 92,120 92,001 92,269 92,584

Persons who currently want a job

5,775 6,382 6,007 6,118 6,438 6,115 6,259 6,304 6,349

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,807 119,893 120,004 118,807 119,582 119,680 119,788 119,893 120,004

Civilian labor force

82,759 83,567 83,006 82,806 82,590 82,860 83,043 82,968 82,973

Participation rate

69.7 69.7 69.2 69.7 69.1 69.2 69.3 69.2 69.1

Employed

76,750 78,576 78,409 76,464 77,310 77,653 77,866 77,843 78,102

Employment-population ratio

64.6 65.5 65.3 64.4 64.7 64.9 65.0 64.9 65.1

Unemployed

6,009 4,991 4,596 6,342 5,280 5,207 5,177 5,125 4,872

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.0 5.5 7.7 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.9

Not in labor force

36,048 36,326 36,999 36,000 36,992 36,821 36,744 36,924 37,031

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

110,292 111,451 111,567 110,292 111,126 111,230 111,342 111,451 111,567

Civilian labor force

79,824 80,486 80,278 79,757 79,830 80,068 80,208 80,196 80,165

Participation rate

72.4 72.2 72.0 72.3 71.8 72.0 72.0 72.0 71.9

Employed

74,527 76,120 76,286 74,151 75,127 75,510 75,654 75,664 75,910

Employment-population ratio

67.6 68.3 68.4 67.2 67.6 67.9 67.9 67.9 68.0

Unemployed

5,297 4,366 3,993 5,605 4,703 4,558 4,554 4,531 4,255

Unemployment rate

6.6 5.4 5.0 7.0 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.3

Not in labor force

30,468 30,965 31,288 30,536 31,296 31,162 31,133 31,256 31,402

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,361 128,336 128,442 127,361 128,040 128,133 128,236 128,336 128,442

Civilian labor force

72,776 72,867 72,898 72,667 73,023 72,835 72,979 72,991 72,889

Participation rate

57.1 56.8 56.8 57.1 57.0 56.8 56.9 56.9 56.7

Employed

67,901 68,071 68,532 67,806 68,504 68,568 68,486 68,525 68,499

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.0 53.4 53.2 53.5 53.5 53.4 53.4 53.3

Unemployed

4,875 4,796 4,366 4,862 4,519 4,267 4,494 4,466 4,390

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.6 6.0 6.7 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.0

Not in labor force

54,585 55,469 55,545 54,694 55,017 55,299 55,256 55,345 55,553

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,131 120,156 120,265 119,131 119,852 119,948 120,052 120,156 120,265

Civilian labor force

70,153 69,898 70,228 69,898 70,153 69,987 70,177 70,222 70,072

Participation rate

58.9 58.2 58.4 58.7 58.5 58.3 58.5 58.4 58.3

Employed

65,748 65,631 66,335 65,539 66,137 66,254 66,197 66,247 66,189

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.6 55.2 55.0 55.2 55.2 55.1 55.1 55.0

Unemployed

4,405 4,266 3,893 4,359 4,016 3,733 3,980 3,974 3,884

Unemployment rate

6.3 6.1 5.5 6.2 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.5

Not in labor force

48,978 50,258 50,036 49,232 49,699 49,961 49,875 49,934 50,192

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,745 16,622 16,615 16,745 16,644 16,636 16,629 16,622 16,615

Civilian labor force

5,559 6,050 5,397 5,818 5,630 5,640 5,637 5,542 5,626

Participation rate

33.2 36.4 32.5 34.7 33.8 33.9 33.9 33.3 33.9

Employed

4,376 4,896 4,321 4,580 4,550 4,457 4,501 4,457 4,502

Employment-population ratio

26.1 29.5 26.0 27.4 27.3 26.8 27.1 26.8 27.1

Unemployed

1,183 1,155 1,076 1,239 1,080 1,183 1,136 1,085 1,124

Unemployment rate

21.3 19.1 19.9 21.3 19.2 21.0 20.2 19.6 20.0

Not in labor force

11,186 10,571 11,218 10,927 11,014 10,996 10,992 11,080 10,989

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

194,610 195,652 195,777 194,610 195,310 195,416 195,537 195,652 195,777

Civilian labor force

123,362 123,667 123,165 123,123 123,287 123,379 123,314 123,275 122,944

Participation rate

63.4 63.2 62.9 63.3 63.1 63.1 63.1 63.0 62.8

Employed

115,862 117,095 117,130 115,374 116,669 116,778 116,757 116,754 116,708

Employment-population ratio

59.5 59.8 59.8 59.3 59.7 59.8 59.7 59.7 59.6

Unemployed

7,500 6,573 6,035 7,748 6,618 6,600 6,557 6,521 6,236

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.3 4.9 6.3 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1

Not in labor force

71,248 71,985 72,611 71,487 72,022 72,037 72,222 72,377 72,832

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,463 64,753 64,438 64,307 64,343 64,435 64,430 64,498 64,259

Participation rate

72.7 72.5 72.1 72.5 72.2 72.3 72.2 72.2 71.9

Employed

60,796 61,763 61,792 60,414 61,129 61,291 61,361 61,355 61,438

Employment-population ratio

68.6 69.2 69.2 68.2 68.6 68.8 68.8 68.7 68.8

Unemployed

3,667 2,990 2,646 3,893 3,214 3,144 3,069 3,142 2,820

Unemployment rate

5.7 4.6 4.1 6.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,506 54,112 54,442 54,237 54,520 54,454 54,356 54,356 54,227

Participation rate

58.3 57.6 57.9 58.0 58.1 58.0 57.9 57.8 57.6

Employed

51,488 51,345 51,838 51,258 51,864 51,847 51,695 51,761 51,646

Employment-population ratio

55.1 54.6 55.1 54.8 55.3 55.2 55.0 55.1 54.9

Unemployed

3,018 2,767 2,604 2,978 2,656 2,606 2,661 2,595 2,581

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.1 4.8 5.5 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,392 4,802 4,285 4,579 4,425 4,490 4,529 4,420 4,458

Participation rate

35.2 38.8 34.7 36.7 35.7 36.3 36.6 35.7 36.1

Employed

3,578 3,987 3,500 3,702 3,676 3,640 3,701 3,637 3,624

Employment-population ratio

28.7 32.2 28.3 29.7 29.7 29.4 29.9 29.4 29.3

Unemployed

815 815 785 877 749 850 827 783 834

Unemployment rate

18.5 17.0 18.3 19.1 16.9 18.9 18.3 17.7 18.7

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,462 30,893 30,932 30,462 30,787 30,821 30,856 30,893 30,932

Civilian labor force

18,559 18,931 18,982 18,675 18,715 18,791 19,025 18,849 19,082

Participation rate

60.9 61.3 61.4 61.3 60.8 61.0 61.7 61.0 61.7

Employed

16,168 16,653 16,929 16,248 16,564 16,784 16,853 16,693 16,981

Employment-population ratio

53.1 53.9 54.7 53.3 53.8 54.5 54.6 54.0 54.9

Unemployed

2,391 2,278 2,052 2,428 2,151 2,007 2,172 2,157 2,100

Unemployment rate

12.9 12.0 10.8 13.0 11.5 10.7 11.4 11.4 11.0

Not in labor force

11,903 11,963 11,950 11,787 12,072 12,029 11,832 12,044 11,850

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,450 8,623 8,750 8,503 8,496 8,592 8,671 8,605 8,774

Participation rate

67.5 67.5 68.4 67.9 66.8 67.5 68.0 67.3 68.5

Employed

7,289 7,700 7,816 7,305 7,519 7,660 7,704 7,676 7,810

Employment-population ratio

58.2 60.3 61.1 58.3 59.1 60.1 60.4 60.1 61.0

Unemployed

1,160 923 934 1,199 977 932 967 929 964

Unemployment rate

13.7 10.7 10.7 14.1 11.5 10.9 11.1 10.8 11.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,424 9,588 9,571 9,425 9,521 9,566 9,720 9,595 9,592

Participation rate

61.2 61.4 61.2 61.2 61.2 61.4 62.3 61.5 61.4

Employed

8,439 8,470 8,655 8,459 8,564 8,702 8,736 8,581 8,674

Employment-population ratio

54.8 54.3 55.4 55.0 55.1 55.9 56.0 55.0 55.5

Unemployed

985 1,118 916 966 957 864 984 1,015 918

Unemployment rate

10.5 11.7 9.6 10.2 10.0 9.0 10.1 10.6 9.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

685 720 661 748 698 632 634 649 716

Participation rate

26.9 28.8 26.5 29.3 27.8 25.2 25.3 25.9 28.6

Employed

440 483 458 484 481 421 413 436 498

Employment-population ratio

17.3 19.3 18.3 19.0 19.1 16.8 16.5 17.4 19.9

Unemployed

245 237 203 263 217 211 221 213 218

Unemployment rate

35.8 32.9 30.7 35.2 31.1 33.4 34.9 32.8 30.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,330 13,704 13,788 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,675 8,751 8,718 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.1 63.9 63.2 - - - - - -

Employed

8,218 8,354 8,339 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.0 60.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

458 398 379 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.5 4.3 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,655 4,952 5,070 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,713 38,512 38,596 37,713 38,277 38,352 38,430 38,512 38,596

Civilian labor force

24,802 25,465 25,443 24,821 25,108 25,409 25,320 25,432 25,445

Participation rate

65.8 66.1 65.9 65.8 65.6 66.3 65.9 66.0 65.9

Employed

22,690 23,567 23,787 22,601 23,162 23,433 23,345 23,523 23,696

Employment-population ratio

60.2 61.2 61.6 59.9 60.5 61.1 60.7 61.1 61.4

Unemployed

2,112 1,898 1,655 2,220 1,946 1,976 1,975 1,909 1,748

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.5 6.5 8.9 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.5 6.9

Not in labor force

12,911 13,047 13,154 12,892 13,169 12,943 13,110 13,080 13,152

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,782 14,137 14,141 - - - - - -

Participation rate

80.9 81.1 81.0 - - - - - -

Employed

12,756 13,309 13,469 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.9 76.4 77.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,026 828 673 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.4 5.9 4.8 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,900 10,178 10,275 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.1 58.4 58.9 - - - - - -

Employed

9,102 9,356 9,539 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.4 53.7 54.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

798 822 736 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.1 8.1 7.2 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,120 1,149 1,026 - - - - - -

Participation rate

30.6 31.3 28.0 - - - - - -

Employed

831 901 780 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

22.8 24.6 21.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

289 248 247 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

25.8 21.6 24.0 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,995 10,627 10,763 10,867 10,861 10,451 10,221 10,659 10,641

Participation rate

45.0 44.8 44.8 44.5 44.2 43.3 44.4 45.0 44.3

Employed

9,967 9,712 9,971 9,739 9,869 9,497 9,243 9,689 9,751

Employment-population ratio

40.8 41.0 41.5 39.9 40.2 39.4 40.2 40.9 40.6

Unemployed

1,027 914 791 1,128 993 954 978 970 890

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.6 7.4 10.4 9.1 9.1 9.6 9.1 8.4

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,559 36,291 36,165 36,589 36,096 36,112 36,146 36,338 36,029

Participation rate

58.9 58.1 58.3 58.9 57.9 57.8 57.7 58.1 58.0

Employed

33,891 34,100 34,304 33,834 33,750 34,001 33,931 34,094 34,112

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.6 55.3 54.5 54.1 54.5 54.2 54.5 55.0

Unemployed

2,668 2,191 1,860 2,756 2,346 2,112 2,216 2,244 1,917

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.0 5.1 7.5 6.5 5.8 6.1 6.2 5.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,658 37,865 37,753 37,277 37,178 37,476 37,727 37,567 37,368

Participation rate

67.8 67.4 67.2 67.1 67.2 67.6 67.0 66.9 66.5

Employed

35,413 35,802 35,768 35,007 35,131 35,598 35,716 35,543 35,338

Employment-population ratio

63.8 63.7 63.7 63.1 63.5 64.2 63.5 63.3 62.9

Unemployed

2,245 2,063 1,985 2,270 2,047 1,878 2,011 2,024 2,030

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.4 5.3 6.1 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.4 5.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

49,140 49,836 50,265 49,195 50,208 50,383 50,355 50,093 50,404

Participation rate

75.2 74.2 74.5 75.3 75.4 75.2 74.7 74.6 74.7

Employed

47,336 48,062 48,793 47,395 48,611 48,728 48,771 48,474 48,918

Employment-population ratio

72.5 71.6 72.3 72.6 73.0 72.7 72.4 72.2 72.5

Unemployed

1,804 1,774 1,471 1,800 1,596 1,654 1,584 1,618 1,485

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.6 2.9 3.7 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,331 21,099 19,102 18,842 2,229 2,257

Civilian labor force

10,933 10,839 9,500 9,355 1,432 1,483

Participation rate

51.3 51.4 49.7 49.7 64.3 65.7

Employed

10,225 10,327 8,900 8,960 1,325 1,367

Employment-population ratio

47.9 48.9 46.6 47.6 59.4 60.6

Unemployed

708 511 600 395 108 117

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.7 6.3 4.2 7.5 7.9

Not in labor force

10,398 10,260 9,602 9,487 797 774

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,024 3,284 2,388 2,587 637 697

Civilian labor force

2,419 2,573 1,961 2,086 458 488

Participation rate

80.0 78.4 82.1 80.6 72.0 69.9

Employed

2,175 2,414 1,770 1,975 405 439

Employment-population ratio

71.9 73.5 74.1 76.3 63.6 63.0

Unemployed

244 159 191 111 53 49

Unemployment rate

10.1 6.2 9.7 5.3 11.6 10.0

Not in labor force

605 711 427 501 178 210

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,040 3,244 2,535 2,630 505 614

Civilian labor force

2,584 2,732 2,192 2,229 393 503

Participation rate

85.0 84.2 86.5 84.7 77.7 81.9

Employed

2,442 2,645 2,067 2,177 376 468

Employment-population ratio

80.3 81.5 81.5 82.7 74.3 76.3

Unemployed

142 87 125 53 17 34

Unemployment rate

5.5 3.2 5.7 2.4 4.3 6.9

Not in labor force

456 512 343 401 113 111

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,717 9,283 9,347 8,934 370 349

Civilian labor force

2,836 2,635 2,725 2,539 111 96

Participation rate

29.2 28.4 29.2 28.4 29.9 27.6

Employed

2,680 2,518 2,576 2,426 105 92

Employment-population ratio

27.6 27.1 27.6 27.2 28.3 26.4

Unemployed

155 118 149 113 6 4

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.5 5.5 4.5 5.5 4.5

Not in labor force

6,881 6,648 6,622 6,395 259 253

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,550 5,288 4,833 4,691 717 597

Civilian labor force

3,094 2,899 2,623 2,502 471 397

Participation rate

55.8 54.8 54.3 53.3 65.7 66.5

Employed

2,928 2,751 2,488 2,383 440 368

Employment-population ratio

52.8 52.0 51.5 50.8 61.3 61.6

Unemployed

166 148 135 118 31 29

Unemployment rate

5.4 5.1 5.1 4.7 6.6 7.4

Not in labor force

2,456 2,389 2,209 2,189 246 200

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

215,886 218,339 95,202 96,601 120,685 121,738

Civilian labor force

142,644 143,186 72,266 72,708 70,378 70,477

Participation rate

66.1 65.6 75.9 75.3 58.3 57.9

Employed

132,907 135,071 67,109 68,686 65,798 66,386

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.9 70.5 71.1 54.5 54.5

Unemployed

9,738 8,114 5,157 4,023 4,581 4,092

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.7 7.1 5.5 6.5 5.8

Not in labor force

73,242 75,154 22,936 23,893 50,306 51,261

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,701 29,690 217,467 218,756

Civilian labor force

6,005 5,971 149,531 149,932

Participation rate

20.9 20.1 68.8 68.5

Employed

5,218 5,235 139,432 141,706

Employment-population ratio

18.2 17.6 64.1 64.8

Unemployed

786 736 10,098 8,226

Unemployment rate

13.1 12.3 6.8 5.5

Not in labor force

22,696 23,719 67,936 68,824

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,720 2,638 75,531 75,762

Participation rate

35.3 33.1 82.3 82.4

Employed

2,330 2,264 70,135 71,705

Employment-population ratio

30.2 28.4 76.4 78.0

Unemployed

390 375 5,396 4,057

Unemployment rate

14.4 14.2 7.1 5.4

Not in labor force

4,989 5,328 16,231 16,164

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,349 2,358 66,738 66,756

Participation rate

29.7 29.1 70.2 70.1

Employed

2,012 2,052 62,395 62,889

Employment-population ratio

25.5 25.3 65.6 66.1

Unemployed

337 306 4,343 3,867

Unemployment rate

14.4 13.0 6.5 5.8

Not in labor force

5,551 5,738 28,349 28,453

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

936 975 7,261 7,415

Participation rate

7.1 7.2 23.7 23.4

Employed

877 919 6,902 7,113

Employment-population ratio

6.7 6.7 22.5 22.5

Unemployed

59 55 359 302

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.7 4.9 4.1

Not in labor force

12,156 12,653 23,357 24,207

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,854 39,860 18,816 19,471 20,039 20,389

Civilian labor force

25,713 26,238 14,769 15,241 10,944 10,996

Participation rate

66.2 65.8 78.5 78.3 54.6 53.9

Employed

24,041 25,019 13,897 14,672 10,144 10,348

Employment-population ratio

61.9 62.8 73.9 75.4 50.6 50.8

Unemployed

1,671 1,218 872 570 799 649

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.6 5.9 3.7 7.3 5.9

Not in labor force

13,142 13,622 4,047 4,229 9,095 9,393

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,314 208,587 99,991 100,534 107,323 108,053

Civilian labor force

129,823 129,666 67,990 67,764 61,833 61,901

Participation rate

62.6 62.2 68.0 67.4 57.6 57.3

Employed

120,610 121,922 62,852 63,738 57,757 58,184

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.5 62.9 63.4 53.8 53.8

Unemployed

9,213 7,744 5,138 4,027 4,076 3,717

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.0 7.6 5.9 6.6 6.0

Not in labor force

77,491 78,921 32,001 32,769 45,490 46,152

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,271 2,472 2,482 2,208 2,045 2,138 2,133 2,224 2,379

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,477 1,699 1,677 1,399 1,273 1,379 1,413 1,522 1,545

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

762 756 782 774 738 734 709 727 785

Unpaid family workers

32 18 23 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

142,380 144,175 144,459 142,058 143,843 144,159 144,274 144,106 144,225

Wage and salary workers(1)

133,612 135,541 135,591 133,323 135,355 135,687 135,823 135,659 135,423

Government

20,309 19,410 19,795 20,172 20,051 20,357 20,453 20,120 19,717

Private industries

113,303 116,131 115,796 113,138 115,257 115,294 115,297 115,576 115,697

Private households

694 789 747 - - - - - -

Other industries

112,610 115,342 115,050 112,454 114,460 114,487 114,456 114,791 114,945

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,723 8,576 8,810 8,614 8,375 8,370 8,424 8,454 8,685

Unpaid family workers

44 58 58 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,522 7,083 6,711 7,914 7,269 7,544 7,511 7,277 7,103

Slack work or business conditions

4,763 4,055 3,966 4,955 4,453 4,525 4,609 4,261 4,162

Could only find part-time work

2,532 2,548 2,524 2,548 2,537 2,648 2,519 2,587 2,562

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,151 17,872 19,771 18,919 19,040 19,880 19,662 19,526 19,561

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,437 7,021 6,618 7,850 7,199 7,436 7,400 7,203 6,990

Slack work or business conditions

4,715 4,020 3,909 4,895 4,407 4,474 4,548 4,232 4,088

Could only find part-time work

2,517 2,538 2,509 2,548 2,530 2,637 2,507 2,585 2,537

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,848 17,523 19,396 18,627 18,727 19,533 19,250 19,098 19,167

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

144,651 146,647 146,941 144,270 145,814 146,221 146,352 146,368 146,600

16 to 19 years

4,376 4,896 4,321 4,580 4,550 4,457 4,501 4,457 4,502

16 to 17 years

1,519 1,655 1,543 1,476 1,494 1,451 1,494 1,475 1,499

18 to 19 years

2,857 3,241 2,778 3,102 3,052 3,010 3,030 2,998 3,003

20 years and over

140,275 141,751 142,620 139,690 141,264 141,763 141,851 141,912 142,099

20 to 24 years

13,667 14,076 13,784 13,689 13,952 13,933 13,976 13,893 13,821

25 years and over

126,608 127,675 128,837 126,013 127,277 127,810 127,827 128,022 128,242

25 to 54 years

94,997 95,548 96,117 94,492 95,041 95,507 95,365 95,617 95,607

25 to 34 years

31,440 31,951 32,204 31,287 31,699 31,923 31,885 31,986 32,058

35 to 44 years

30,906 30,908 31,183 30,761 30,840 30,940 30,843 30,945 31,033

45 to 54 years

32,651 32,689 32,730 32,443 32,503 32,643 32,637 32,685 32,516

55 years and over

31,611 32,128 32,720 31,521 32,236 32,303 32,462 32,405 32,635

Men, 16 years and over

76,750 78,576 78,409 76,464 77,310 77,653 77,866 77,843 78,102

16 to 19 years

2,223 2,456 2,124 2,313 2,183 2,143 2,212 2,179 2,192

16 to 17 years

740 798 763 720 689 648 700 702 730

18 to 19 years

1,483 1,658 1,360 1,593 1,492 1,500 1,514 1,496 1,460

20 years and over

74,527 76,120 76,286 74,151 75,127 75,510 75,654 75,664 75,910

20 to 24 years

7,035 7,422 7,188 7,044 7,194 7,227 7,250 7,237 7,199

25 years and over

67,491 68,698 69,097 67,112 67,915 68,263 68,357 68,464 68,706

25 to 54 years

50,725 51,506 51,684 50,453 50,837 51,146 51,178 51,255 51,403

25 to 34 years

17,037 17,422 17,478 16,904 17,110 17,322 17,306 17,322 17,356

35 to 44 years

16,628 16,795 16,905 16,548 16,676 16,762 16,713 16,731 16,814

45 to 54 years

17,060 17,288 17,302 17,001 17,052 17,062 17,159 17,203 17,233

55 years and over

16,766 17,192 17,413 16,659 17,079 17,117 17,179 17,208 17,303

Women, 16 years and over

67,901 68,071 68,532 67,806 68,504 68,568 68,486 68,525 68,499

16 to 19 years

2,153 2,440 2,197 2,266 2,367 2,314 2,289 2,278 2,310

16 to 17 years

779 857 779 756 805 803 795 773 769

18 to 19 years

1,374 1,583 1,418 1,509 1,560 1,510 1,517 1,502 1,543

20 years and over

65,748 65,631 66,335 65,539 66,137 66,254 66,197 66,247 66,189

20 to 24 years

6,632 6,654 6,595 6,646 6,758 6,706 6,726 6,656 6,622

25 years and over

59,116 58,978 59,740 58,901 59,362 59,547 59,469 59,558 59,536

25 to 54 years

44,272 44,042 44,433 44,038 44,205 44,361 44,186 44,361 44,204

25 to 34 years

14,403 14,529 14,726 14,383 14,589 14,601 14,578 14,664 14,701

35 to 44 years

14,278 14,113 14,278 14,214 14,164 14,178 14,130 14,214 14,219

45 to 54 years

15,591 15,401 15,428 15,442 15,451 15,582 15,478 15,483 15,284

55 years and over

14,845 14,936 15,307 14,862 15,157 15,186 15,283 15,197 15,332

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,130 44,374 44,600 43,720 44,608 44,508 44,331 44,273 44,261

Married women, spouse present

34,638 34,282 34,977 34,523 34,716 34,728 34,598 34,720 34,805

Women who maintain families

9,337 9,337 9,351 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

117,308 120,110 119,791 116,883 118,727 118,204 118,489 118,616 119,287

Part-time workers(2)

27,343 26,537 27,150 27,421 27,219 28,018 28,070 27,743 27,359

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,952 6,819 7,100 7,007 7,113 7,031 6,939 7,070 7,140

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,310 5,294 5,400 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,486 9,332 9,592 9,388 9,113 9,104 9,133 9,181 9,470

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

11,203 9,591 9,262 7.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9

16 to 19 years

1,239 1,085 1,124 21.3 19.2 21.0 20.2 19.6 20.0

16 to 17 years

503 458 395 25.4 23.0 23.3 23.1 23.7 20.9

18 to 19 years

756 649 741 19.6 17.1 19.3 18.8 17.8 19.8

20 years and over

9,965 8,506 8,138 6.7 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.4

20 to 24 years

2,007 1,646 1,785 12.8 11.1 10.5 11.3 10.6 11.4

25 years and over

7,942 6,906 6,271 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.7

25 to 54 years

6,191 5,382 4,913 6.1 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.3 4.9

25 to 34 years

2,474 2,359 2,101 7.3 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.9 6.2

35 to 44 years

1,822 1,552 1,410 5.6 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.3

45 to 54 years

1,895 1,471 1,401 5.5 4.6 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.1

55 years and over

1,757 1,549 1,332 5.3 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.9

Men, 16 years and over

6,342 5,125 4,872 7.7 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.9

16 to 19 years

736 594 617 24.1 20.9 23.2 22.0 21.4 22.0

16 to 17 years

280 240 199 28.0 25.0 26.6 25.7 25.5 21.4

18 to 19 years

464 371 419 22.6 18.6 21.1 20.5 19.9 22.3

20 years and over

5,605 4,531 4,255 7.0 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.3

20 to 24 years

1,210 938 1,034 14.7 11.9 11.7 12.5 11.5 12.6

25 years and over

4,416 3,636 3,179 6.2 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.4

25 to 54 years

3,440 2,843 2,454 6.4 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.6

25 to 34 years

1,411 1,220 1,055 7.7 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.6 5.7

35 to 44 years

1,001 856 685 5.7 5.1 4.5 4.8 4.9 3.9

45 to 54 years

1,029 767 715 5.7 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.0

55 years and over

975 794 725 5.5 4.6 4.9 4.3 4.4 4.0

Women, 16 years and over

4,862 4,466 4,390 6.7 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.0

16 to 19 years

502 492 507 18.1 17.5 18.7 18.3 17.8 18.0

16 to 17 years

224 218 196 22.8 21.2 20.5 20.6 22.0 20.3

18 to 19 years

292 278 322 16.2 15.7 17.5 17.1 15.6 17.3

20 years and over

4,359 3,974 3,884 6.2 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.5

20 to 24 years

798 709 751 10.7 10.2 9.1 9.8 9.6 10.2

25 years and over

3,526 3,269 3,092 5.6 5.2 4.9 5.2 5.2 4.9

25 to 54 years

2,750 2,540 2,458 5.9 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.3

25 to 34 years

1,063 1,139 1,047 6.9 6.4 6.5 6.6 7.2 6.6

35 to 44 years

821 696 725 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.9

45 to 54 years

866 705 686 5.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.3

55 years and over

779 756 620 5.0 4.6 4.1 4.6 4.7 3.9

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,986 1,502 1,302 4.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.9

Married women, spouse present

1,595 1,350 1,325 4.4 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.7

Women who maintain families(1)

896 960 848 8.8 8.4 8.1 9.1 9.3 8.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

9,510 7,932 7,574 7.5 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.0

Part-time workers(3)

1,678 1,639 1,657 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,470 4,750 4,176 5,803 5,018 4,862 4,859 4,836 4,530

On temporary layoff

732 1,070 608 1,091 1,003 1,029 996 1,085 925

Not on temporary layoff

4,738 3,681 3,567 4,712 4,015 3,833 3,863 3,752 3,606

Permanent job losers

3,536 2,605 2,622 3,531 2,946 2,806 2,718 2,653 2,665

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,201 1,076 946 1,181 1,069 1,027 1,145 1,098 940

Job leavers

1,068 922 892 984 875 854 862 860 829

Reentrants

3,206 2,943 2,851 3,165 2,857 2,707 2,848 2,845 2,809

New entrants

1,140 1,171 1,043 1,211 1,062 1,064 1,087 1,066 1,105

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

50.3 48.5 46.6 52.0 51.1 51.2 50.3 50.3 48.9

On temporary layoff

6.7 10.9 6.8 9.8 10.2 10.8 10.3 11.3 10.0

Not on temporary layoff

43.5 37.6 39.8 42.2 40.9 40.4 40.0 39.1 38.9

Job leavers

9.8 9.4 10.0 8.8 8.9 9.0 8.9 9.0 8.9

Reentrants

29.5 30.1 31.8 28.4 29.1 28.5 29.5 29.6 30.3

New entrants

10.5 12.0 11.6 10.9 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.1 11.9

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.5 3.0 2.7 3.7 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9

Job leavers

0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Reentrants

2.1 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8

New entrants

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,588 2,664 2,341 2,571 2,559 2,410 2,587 2,609 2,383

5 to 14 weeks

2,527 2,802 2,379 2,685 2,390 2,416 2,431 2,449 2,508

15 weeks and over

5,770 4,321 4,242 5,927 4,814 4,553 4,566 4,450 4,371

15 to 26 weeks

1,683 1,354 1,332 1,802 1,441 1,472 1,412 1,486 1,416

27 weeks and over

4,087 2,967 2,910 4,125 3,374 3,081 3,155 2,963 2,954

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

37.6 31.2 32.1 36.8 34.5 33.5 32.4 31.7 31.5

Median duration, in weeks

16.6 12.0 13.5 16.4 14.6 13.1 13.3 13.2 13.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

23.8 27.2 26.1 23.0 26.2 25.7 27.0 27.4 25.7

5 to 14 weeks

23.2 28.6 26.5 24.0 24.5 25.8 25.4 25.8 27.1

15 weeks and over

53.0 44.1 47.3 53.0 49.3 48.5 47.6 46.8 47.2

15 to 26 weeks

15.5 13.8 14.9 16.1 14.8 15.7 14.7 15.6 15.3

27 weeks and over

37.6 30.3 32.5 36.9 34.6 32.8 32.9 31.2 31.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

144,651 146,941 10,885 8,962 7.0 5.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,013 56,365 1,978 1,617 3.5 2.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,822 23,556 790 579 3.3 2.4

Professional and related occupations

32,192 32,809 1,188 1,037 3.6 3.1

Service occupations

26,116 25,617 2,281 2,041 8.0 7.4

Sales and office occupations

33,077 32,979 2,597 2,020 7.3 5.8

Sales and related occupations

15,521 15,358 1,261 872 7.5 5.4

Office and administrative support occupations

17,556 17,621 1,336 1,149 7.1 6.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,221 13,924 1,181 955 8.2 6.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,041 1,130 119 132 10.3 10.5

Construction and extraction occupations

7,258 7,889 815 648 10.1 7.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,922 4,905 246 174 4.8 3.4

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,224 18,056 1,636 1,252 8.7 6.5

Production occupations

8,346 8,616 868 563 9.4 6.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,878 9,440 768 689 8.0 6.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,885 8,962 7.0 5.7

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,216 6,766 6.8 5.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

52 70 4.7 6.1

Construction

697 604 8.5 7.0

Manufacturing

1,093 700 6.9 4.5

Durable goods

630 447 6.3 4.6

Nondurable goods

463 253 7.9 4.3

Wholesale and retail trade

1,462 1,239 7.3 6.1

Transportation and utilities

369 351 6.0 5.3

Information

189 128 6.6 4.4

Financial activities

365 319 3.9 3.5

Professional and business services

1,167 1,006 7.5 6.4

Education and health services

1,174 896 5.2 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,236 1,110 9.0 8.3

Other services

413 342 6.4 5.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

147 131 9.4 7.5

Government workers

827 605 3.9 3.0

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

554 417 5.5 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.7 2.8 2.7 3.8 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.5 3.0 2.7 3.7 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.0 6.3 5.7 7.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.5 6.7 6.2 7.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.4

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.4 7.5 7.1 8.6 7.6 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

13.1 12.0 11.3 13.6 12.2 12.1 12.2 12.0 11.8

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

90,632 92,543 36,048 36,999 54,585 55,545

Persons who currently want a job

5,775 6,007 2,556 2,695 3,219 3,312

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,302 2,226 1,124 1,101 1,178 1,125

Discouraged workers(2)

852 698 462 438 391 260

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,450 1,527 663 663 787 864

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,952 7,100 3,559 3,499 3,393 3,600

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.8 4.6 4.5 5.0 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,774 3,785 2,166 2,109 1,608 1,675

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,889 1,926 671 646 1,218 1,280

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

214 252 136 146 79 106

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,035 1,103 558 582 477 521

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Change from:
Aug.2014 - Sept.2014(p)

Total nonfarm

137,069 138,669 139,051 139,752 136,800 139,007 139,187 139,435 248

Total private

115,322 118,065 118,242 117,940 114,936 117,113 117,288 117,524 236

Goods-producing

19,032 19,465 19,534 19,477 18,718 19,118 19,132 19,161 29

Mining and logging

886 931 935 939 876 917 919 928 9

Logging

56.0 56.9 58.0 58.5 52.9 55.1 55.5 55.4 -0.1

Mining

830.0 874.0 877.2 880.9 822.6 861.6 863.5 872.2 8.7

Oil and gas extraction

199.9 214.7 214.2 213.4 199.7 212.2 211.9 213.5 1.6

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

213.5 218.8 218.2 216.1 209.1 212.7 211.7 211.7 0.0

Coal mining

79.3 79.5 78.6 78.2 79.5 79.1 78.3 78.3 0.0

Support activities for mining

416.6 440.5 444.8 451.4 413.8 436.7 439.9 447.0 7.1

Construction

6,081 6,316 6,350 6,316 5,849 6,047 6,063 6,079 16

Construction of buildings

1,324.5 1,406.2 1,410.6 1,405.6 1,293.9 1,362.8 1,368.2 1,374.4 6.2

Residential building

634.1 693.4 695.0 694.7 617.8 668.0 671.3 677.5 6.2

Nonresidential building

690.4 712.8 715.6 710.9 676.1 694.8 696.9 696.9 0.0

Heavy and civil engineering construction

957.5 977.8 986.2 986.1 889.3 918.1 917.8 918.3 0.5

Specialty trade contractors

3,798.9 3,931.9 3,952.9 3,924.0 3,665.8 3,765.9 3,777.2 3,786.0 8.8

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,623.0 1,697.8 1,709.4 1,694.1 1,560.1 1,616.2 1,624.2 1,629.8 5.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,175.9 2,234.1 2,243.5 2,229.9 2,105.7 2,149.7 2,153.0 2,156.2 3.2

Manufacturing

12,065 12,218 12,249 12,222 11,993 12,154 12,150 12,154 4

Durable goods

7,566 7,711 7,730 7,715 7,549 7,689 7,689 7,696 7

Wood products

356.8 374.7 375.8 373.9 354.4 368.8 370.7 370.8 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

381.8 396.0 398.2 396.4 375.1 385.8 388.3 389.1 0.8

Primary metals

394.7 401.0 401.1 402.3 393.3 400.8 400.4 401.5 1.1

Fabricated metal products

1,441.1 1,462.0 1,463.4 1,462.5 1,437.3 1,455.8 1,457.0 1,459.0 2.0

Machinery

1,103.8 1,135.0 1,133.0 1,128.8 1,106.1 1,129.4 1,130.5 1,130.9 0.4

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,067.3 1,062.1 1,062.9 1,057.5 1,066.9 1,056.2 1,056.7 1,056.3 -0.4

Computer and peripheral equipment

160.5 168.5 171.0 169.2 160.4 166.5 169.0 168.7 -0.3

Communications equipment

101.0 97.3 97.0 96.7 101.0 97.3 96.9 96.8 -0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

375.2 367.8 368.4 366.2 374.4 366.3 366.2 365.6 -0.6

Electronic instruments

392.0 389.3 387.3 386.6 392.6 387.4 385.8 386.5 0.7

Electrical equipment and appliances

373.4 375.5 375.3 373.3 373.4 373.8 374.5 373.4 -1.1

Transportation equipment(1)

1,508.9 1,550.1 1,562.6 1,564.5 1,506.8 1,568.3 1,560.7 1,561.9 1.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

830.6 857.8 871.9 876.5 829.1 875.1 870.6 873.9 3.3

Furniture and related products

358.9 374.3 376.7 374.1 356.8 370.2 370.9 372.3 1.4

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

579.6 579.8 580.5 581.2 579.1 579.5 579.3 580.8 1.5

Nondurable goods

4,499 4,507 4,519 4,507 4,444 4,465 4,461 4,458 -3

Food manufacturing

1,505.1 1,493.4 1,507.2 1,505.8 1,466.9 1,472.1 1,471.4 1,471.8 0.4

Textile mills

116.8 116.9 117.0 117.0 116.5 116.6 116.7 116.6 -0.1

Textile product mills

113.2 113.4 114.5 112.9 112.8 112.6 112.8 112.2 -0.6

Apparel

141.0 130.4 130.8 132.5 140.2 131.7 131.4 131.5 0.1

Paper and paper products

377.0 375.4 374.1 371.3 376.8 372.9 372.9 371.5 -1.4

Printing and related support activities

443.1 441.6 440.4 439.5 442.9 440.5 439.4 439.7 0.3

Petroleum and coal products

113.0 116.6 116.7 115.5 110.8 113.9 114.0 113.6 -0.4

Chemicals

790.2 808.5 808.6 804.3 789.9 803.5 804.7 803.8 -0.9

Plastics and rubber products

659.4 666.9 667.6 665.1 655.3 663.0 662.4 661.6 -0.8

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

240.0 243.4 242.1 243.3 232.1 238.2 235.5 235.2 -0.3

Private service-providing

96,290 98,600 98,708 98,463 96,218 97,995 98,156 98,363 207

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,908 26,444 26,432 26,411 25,973 26,442 26,451 26,488 37

Wholesale trade

5,777.6 5,914.5 5,902.3 5,883.1 5,770.8 5,875.4 5,877.9 5,879.7 1.8

Durable goods

2,888.1 2,965.8 2,962.0 2,947.2 2,885.5 2,945.2 2,947.3 2,945.5 -1.8

Nondurable goods

1,993.6 2,032.2 2,024.4 2,020.3 1,989.7 2,017.8 2,017.8 2,018.6 0.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

895.9 916.5 915.9 915.6 895.6 912.4 912.8 915.6 2.8

Retail trade

15,042.6 15,387.0 15,376.4 15,307.7 15,145.5 15,379.3 15,374.6 15,409.9 35.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,818.1 1,878.8 1,883.2 1,879.5 1,803.7 1,859.0 1,865.9 1,865.1 -0.8

Automobile dealers

1,152.8 1,185.8 1,192.1 1,189.2 1,145.3 1,178.1 1,184.1 1,181.0 -3.1

Furniture and home furnishings stores

436.4 444.5 450.6 451.3 444.0 452.9 456.5 458.8 2.3

Electronics and appliance stores

492.4 491.8 490.9 495.6 503.7 504.1 503.8 506.5 2.7

Building material and garden supply stores

1,203.4 1,273.4 1,242.6 1,221.3 1,217.5 1,235.3 1,232.4 1,234.5 2.1

Food and beverage stores

2,951.3 3,038.0 3,016.0 3,013.7 2,955.9 3,014.5 2,998.9 3,018.4 19.5

Health and personal care stores

1,018.2 1,015.4 1,015.7 1,012.4 1,023.4 1,018.7 1,018.0 1,017.1 -0.9

Gasoline stations

875.6 889.8 893.3 885.9 870.9 876.2 879.4 880.0 0.6

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,364.9 1,387.6 1,399.4 1,357.1 1,388.9 1,398.1 1,390.2 1,387.3 -2.9

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

594.3 573.4 583.6 591.9 596.1 589.5 587.0 592.3 5.3

General merchandise stores(1)

3,025.8 3,097.7 3,099.6 3,090.8 3,078.4 3,131.1 3,138.8 3,144.2 5.4

Department stores

1,304.7 1,317.2 1,315.6 1,312.0 1,341.2 1,345.0 1,345.8 1,348.8 3.0

Miscellaneous store retailers

800.8 814.2 816.0 817.9 797.4 807.9 811.0 811.5 0.5

Nonstore retailers

461.4 482.4 485.5 490.3 465.6 492.0 492.7 494.2 1.5

Transportation and warehousing

4,536.9 4,584.3 4,595.4 4,667.8 4,504.9 4,634.2 4,642.7 4,644.6 1.9

Air transportation

448.5 462.0 459.2 456.3 447.4 457.2 456.4 456.1 -0.3

Rail transportation

231.3 238.7 239.9 239.6 231.5 238.0 238.5 239.8 1.3

Water transportation

66.5 70.6 71.0 68.8 65.3 68.2 68.5 67.8 -0.7

Truck transportation

1,403.0 1,429.2 1,435.1 1,435.0 1,381.8 1,409.3 1,410.0 1,413.8 3.8

Transit and ground passenger transportation

462.8 394.4 398.4 466.3 451.2 458.2 465.0 455.7 -9.3

Pipeline transportation

44.1 45.8 45.5 45.3 44.0 45.5 45.4 45.3 -0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

33.8 38.0 37.9 34.1 28.8 29.6 30.0 29.3 -0.7

Support activities for transportation

596.0 614.8 610.8 613.9 597.3 613.9 611.8 615.3 3.5

Couriers and messengers

528.6 548.3 552.2 561.0 539.7 570.7 572.8 577.6 4.8

Warehousing and storage

722.3 742.5 745.4 747.5 717.9 743.6 744.3 743.9 -0.4

Utilities

550.8 558.3 558.3 552.8 551.8 553.4 555.6 553.5 -2.1

Information

2,665 2,689 2,697 2,685 2,682 2,675 2,680 2,692 12

Publishing industries, except Internet

733.1 730.4 731.1 725.7 731.8 726.9 727.2 724.8 -2.4

Motion picture and sound recording industries

327.4 316.3 321.2 309.3 340.7 308.2 309.4 314.8 5.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

286.1 293.8 296.6 298.9 285.7 294.5 297.2 297.8 0.6

Telecommunications

854.0 861.6 857.4 860.7 857.2 861.4 858.4 863.0 4.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

268.1 273.1 274.4 275.3 269.5 272.9 274.0 275.7 1.7

Other information services

196.2 213.3 216.5 215.5 197.1 211.4 213.9 215.9 2.0

Financial activities

7,897 8,031 8,031 7,993 7,896 7,961 7,973 7,985 12

Finance and insurance

5,874.0 5,927.0 5,931.1 5,923.0 5,884.8 5,905.3 5,916.7 5,927.8 11.1

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.0 18.4 18.3 18.2 17.9 18.2 18.1 18.1 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,609.5 2,580.8 2,579.4 2,570.7 2,613.7 2,571.1 2,572.0 2,572.0 0.0

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,720.7 1,705.7 1,703.0 1,689.7 1,725.8 1,697.6 1,696.8 1,694.0 -2.8

Commercial banking

1,296.7 1,276.0 1,273.9 1,263.5 1,300.7 1,270.6 1,269.9 1,266.9 -3.0

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

861.6 885.4 886.4 884.6 865.5 879.6 882.8 887.6 4.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,384.9 2,442.4 2,447.0 2,449.5 2,387.7 2,436.4 2,443.8 2,450.1 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,023.3 2,104.2 2,100.2 2,070.1 2,010.9 2,055.4 2,056.2 2,057.2 1.0

Real estate

1,471.3 1,513.0 1,511.8 1,493.1 1,465.3 1,484.8 1,485.2 1,486.7 1.5

Rental and leasing services

528.8 568.8 566.1 555.0 522.5 548.5 549.0 548.6 -0.4

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.2 22.4 22.3 22.0 23.1 22.1 22.0 21.9 -0.1

Professional and business services

18,773 19,362 19,460 19,492 18,700 19,269 19,332 19,413 81

Professional and technical services(1)

8,080.0 8,369.1 8,369.2 8,339.3 8,165.3 8,379.5 8,396.8 8,417.9 21.1

Legal services

1,130.3 1,145.5 1,140.7 1,127.4 1,136.8 1,134.9 1,138.4 1,133.8 -4.6

Accounting and bookkeeping services

863.5 897.3 899.6 896.1 940.2 962.2 965.3 966.9 1.6

Architectural and engineering services

1,364.6 1,429.5 1,430.4 1,425.3 1,358.7 1,410.7 1,413.3 1,419.3 6.0

Computer systems design and related services

1,699.8 1,771.9 1,774.0 1,767.6 1,704.8 1,764.2 1,768.4 1,773.3 4.9

Management and technical consulting services

1,187.4 1,243.2 1,243.7 1,251.2 1,189.3 1,237.4 1,239.5 1,251.0 11.5

Management of companies and enterprises

2,097.6 2,148.3 2,149.8 2,139.4 2,099.5 2,135.3 2,141.9 2,141.9 0.0

Administrative and waste services

8,595.7 8,844.4 8,941.4 9,012.9 8,435.6 8,754.0 8,793.5 8,853.3 59.8

Administrative and support services(1)

8,215.9 8,452.1 8,551.8 8,626.5 8,059.1 8,372.3 8,411.7 8,470.6 58.9

Employment services(1)

3,466.0 3,576.0 3,671.3 3,745.6 3,381.2 3,604.0 3,632.3 3,665.9 33.6

Temporary help services

2,781.1 2,858.6 2,941.8 3,006.8 2,701.0 2,889.2 2,913.8 2,933.5 19.7

Business support services

854.8 854.1 855.7 869.1 858.7 867.0 867.2 871.6 4.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,963.4 2,062.4 2,052.7 2,019.1 1,898.4 1,944.8 1,950.7 1,953.4 2.7

Waste management and remediation services

379.8 392.3 389.6 386.4 376.5 381.7 381.8 382.7 0.9

Education and health services

21,086 21,163 21,229 21,497 21,181 21,506 21,548 21,580 32

Educational services

3,293.6 3,108.6 3,102.9 3,350.6 3,355.5 3,400.3 3,401.9 3,410.8 8.9

Health care and social assistance

17,792.1 18,054.1 18,126.2 18,146.3 17,825.3 18,105.6 18,146.3 18,169.0 22.7

Health care(3)

14,534.9 14,760.0 14,808.9 14,798.8 14,550.0 14,745.9 14,783.6 14,806.2 22.6

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,517.1 6,686.9 6,719.8 6,724.0 6,523.5 6,688.5 6,712.4 6,726.6 14.2

Offices of physicians

2,440.7 2,497.0 2,507.0 2,501.2 2,445.0 2,497.7 2,506.0 2,505.6 -0.4

Outpatient care centers

689.0 719.2 722.0 722.0 691.1 719.0 721.7 724.1 2.4

Home health care services

1,254.2 1,283.0 1,290.9 1,302.4 1,252.2 1,287.3 1,292.1 1,298.9 6.8

Hospitals

4,791.2 4,808.5 4,817.6 4,819.1 4,795.9 4,802.5 4,813.2 4,819.4 6.2

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,226.6 3,264.6 3,271.5 3,255.7 3,230.6 3,254.9 3,258.0 3,260.2 2.2

Nursing care facilities

1,649.1 1,657.8 1,660.0 1,652.6 1,650.1 1,653.2 1,654.2 1,653.2 -1.0

Social assistance(1)

3,257.2 3,294.1 3,317.3 3,347.5 3,275.3 3,359.7 3,362.7 3,362.8 0.1

Child day care services

851.3 796.7 820.5 863.7 847.6 863.4 864.4 861.9 -2.5

Leisure and hospitality

14,498 15,337 15,300 14,874 14,315 14,634 14,654 14,687 33

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,090.0 2,417.2 2,359.3 2,155.9 2,033.5 2,095.0 2,092.7 2,101.7 9.0

Performing arts and spectator sports

430.4 463.6 469.7 467.1 417.5 442.2 444.0 451.2 7.2

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

141.4 155.2 151.9 143.1 139.3 141.6 141.6 141.6 0.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,518.2 1,798.4 1,737.7 1,545.7 1,476.7 1,511.2 1,507.1 1,508.9 1.8

Accommodation and food services

12,407.6 12,919.8 12,940.8 12,718.3 12,281.1 12,538.5 12,561.5 12,584.8 23.3

Accommodation

1,904.3 2,021.4 2,010.6 1,918.3 1,862.0 1,872.6 1,873.2 1,876.1 2.9

Food services and drinking places

10,503.3 10,898.4 10,930.2 10,800.0 10,419.1 10,665.9 10,688.3 10,708.7 20.4

Other services

5,463 5,574 5,559 5,511 5,471 5,508 5,518 5,518 0

Repair and maintenance

1,216.9 1,219.4 1,225.1 1,224.6 1,212.1 1,213.8 1,220.5 1,219.0 -1.5

Personal and laundry services

1,349.2 1,376.8 1,377.8 1,368.3 1,349.6 1,367.1 1,369.8 1,367.6 -2.2

Membership associations and organizations

2,897.0 2,977.8 2,955.7 2,917.9 2,909.6 2,926.6 2,927.6 2,931.4 3.8

Government

21,747 20,604 20,809 21,812 21,864 21,894 21,899 21,911 12

Federal

2,751.0 2,727.0 2,728.0 2,717.0 2,744.0 2,713.0 2,713.0 2,711.0 -2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,161.2 2,138.6 2,137.2 2,127.6 2,152.7 2,123.2 2,122.2 2,119.5 -2.7

U.S. Postal Service

589.6 588.1 590.7 589.1 591.0 589.8 591.2 591.2 0.0

State government

5,076.0 4,733.0 4,766.0 5,103.0 5,051.0 5,057.0 5,050.0 5,072.0 22.0

State government education

2,426.9 2,056.1 2,094.7 2,451.7 2,397.0 2,397.8 2,393.8 2,415.3 21.5

State government, excluding education

2,649.4 2,677.3 2,671.4 2,651.7 2,654.0 2,659.3 2,656.1 2,656.8 0.7

Local government

13,920.0 13,144.0 13,315.0 13,992.0 14,069.0 14,124.0 14,136.0 14,128.0 -8.0

Local government education

7,651.4 6,598.1 6,820.3 7,702.9 7,798.0 7,818.4 7,825.1 7,831.8 6.7

Local government, excluding education

6,268.2 6,546.0 6,494.2 6,288.8 6,270.5 6,305.2 6,310.9 6,296.5 -14.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Goods-producing

40.5 40.5 40.6 40.5

Mining and logging

44.3 44.5 44.8 44.5

Construction

39.2 39.2 39.2 39.0

Manufacturing

40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9

Durable goods

41.3 41.4 41.4 41.4

Nondurable goods

40.2 40.0 40.1 40.0

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.5 34.5 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.9 38.9 39.0

Retail trade

31.4 31.3 31.3 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.5 38.5 38.6

Utilities

42.3 42.5 42.3 42.0

Information

36.8 36.8 36.8 36.8

Financial activities

37.1 37.2 37.2 37.3

Professional and business services

36.1 36.2 36.2 36.2

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.8 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 26.2 26.2 26.3

Other services

31.7 31.7 31.7 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5

Durable goods

3.4 3.6 3.5 3.6

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)

Total private

$24.06 $24.46 $24.54 $24.53 $830.07 $843.87 $846.63 $848.74

Goods-producing

25.28 25.73 25.78 25.75 1,023.84 1,042.07 1,046.67 1,042.88

Mining and logging

30.02 30.93 31.04 31.07 1,329.89 1,376.39 1,390.59 1,382.62

Construction

26.17 26.69 26.72 26.76 1,025.86 1,046.25 1,047.42 1,043.64

Manufacturing

24.49 24.84 24.90 24.82 1,001.64 1,015.96 1,018.41 1,015.14

Durable goods

25.86 26.19 26.23 26.13 1,068.02 1,084.27 1,085.92 1,081.78

Nondurable goods

22.10 22.44 22.53 22.48 888.42 897.60 903.45 899.20

Private service-providing

23.77 24.15 24.24 24.25 791.54 804.20 807.19 809.95

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.08 21.40 21.47 21.44 729.37 738.30 740.72 739.68

Wholesale trade

27.83 28.02 28.21 28.07 1,079.80 1,089.98 1,097.37 1,094.73

Retail trade

16.67 17.03 17.05 17.06 523.44 533.04 533.67 533.98

Transportation and warehousing

22.53 22.86 22.89 22.92 874.16 880.11 881.27 884.71

Utilities

35.37 35.40 35.50 35.64 1,496.15 1,504.50 1,501.65 1,496.88

Information

33.13 34.18 34.32 34.77 1,219.18 1,257.82 1,262.98 1,279.54

Financial activities

30.30 30.76 30.86 30.96 1,124.13 1,144.27 1,147.99 1,154.81

Professional and business services

28.58 29.21 29.29 29.31 1,031.74 1,057.40 1,060.30 1,061.02

Education and health services

24.53 24.67 24.78 24.71 802.13 809.18 812.78 812.96

Leisure and hospitality

13.55 13.90 13.96 13.98 352.30 364.18 365.75 367.67

Other services

21.54 21.92 21.98 22.00 682.82 694.86 696.77 699.60

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2014 - Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2014 - Sept.
2014(p)

Total private

99.1 101.0 101.2 101.7 0.5 113.8 117.9 118.5 119.0 0.4

Goods-producing

86.4 88.2 88.5 88.4 -0.1 98.7 102.6 103.1 102.9 -0.2

Mining and logging

121.9 128.2 129.4 129.8 0.3 147.0 159.2 161.2 161.9 0.4

Construction

79.0 81.7 81.9 81.7 -0.2 89.9 94.8 95.1 95.0 -0.1

Manufacturing

88.2 89.4 89.4 89.4 0.0 100.5 103.3 103.5 103.2 -0.3

Durable goods

87.8 89.6 89.6 89.7 0.1 100.8 104.2 104.4 104.1 -0.3

Nondurable goods

89.2 89.1 89.3 89.0 -0.3 100.0 101.5 102.1 101.5 -0.6

Private service-providing

102.5 104.4 104.6 105.1 0.5 118.2 122.3 122.9 123.6 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.7 99.2 99.2 99.4 0.2 110.9 114.3 114.7 114.7 0.0

Wholesale trade

97.7 99.7 99.8 100.1 0.3 113.5 116.6 117.4 117.2 -0.2

Retail trade

96.6 97.8 97.8 98.0 0.2 106.5 110.1 110.2 110.5 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

100.0 102.1 102.3 102.6 0.3 114.4 118.5 118.8 119.3 0.4

Utilities

101.0 101.8 101.7 100.6 -1.1 118.0 119.0 119.3 118.4 -0.8

Information

90.1 89.9 90.1 90.5 0.4 106.3 109.4 110.1 112.0 1.7

Financial activities

95.9 97.0 97.1 97.5 0.4 113.4 116.4 116.9 117.8 0.8

Professional and business services

106.2 109.7 110.1 110.5 0.4 122.9 129.8 130.6 131.2 0.5

Education and health services

111.2 113.2 113.4 113.9 0.4 128.5 131.6 132.4 132.6 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

106.2 109.4 109.5 110.2 0.6 116.1 122.7 123.4 124.3 0.7

Other services

96.1 96.7 96.9 97.2 0.3 117.5 120.3 120.9 121.4 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

67,718 68,619 68,707 68,808 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3

Total private

55,227 56,121 56,201 56,289 48.1 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,115 4,178 4,190 4,193 22.0 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

117 122 123 124 13.4 13.3 13.4 13.4

Construction

746 767 770 771 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,252 3,289 3,297 3,298 27.1 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,740 1,767 1,770 1,777 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,512 1,522 1,527 1,521 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.1

Private service-providing

51,112 51,943 52,011 52,096 53.1 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,538 10,702 10,698 10,703 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.4

Wholesale trade

1,713.8 1,732.4 1,732.4 1,724.8 29.7 29.5 29.5 29.3

Retail trade

7,623.1 7,735.4 7,734.7 7,751.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,064.8 1,099.2 1,095.9 1,091.8 23.6 23.7 23.6 23.5

Utilities

136.5 134.7 134.8 134.8 24.7 24.3 24.3 24.4

Information

1,071 1,076 1,082 1,083 39.9 40.2 40.4 40.2

Financial activities

4,545 4,554 4,558 4,562 57.6 57.2 57.2 57.1

Professional and business services

8,358 8,590 8,617 8,646 44.7 44.6 44.6 44.5

Education and health services

16,285 16,522 16,550 16,574 76.9 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,444 7,605 7,616 7,632 52.0 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,871 2,894 2,890 2,896 52.5 52.5 52.4 52.5

Government

12,491 12,498 12,506 12,519 57.1 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)

Total private

94,932 96,790 96,912 97,103

Goods-producing

13,456 13,783 13,790 13,830

Mining and logging

644 668 669 679

Construction

4,418 4,561 4,569 4,585

Manufacturing

8,394 8,554 8,552 8,566

Durable goods

5,185 5,303 5,304 5,316

Nondurable goods

3,209 3,251 3,248 3,250

Private service-providing

81,476 83,007 83,122 83,273

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,968 22,323 22,326 22,327

Wholesale trade

4,653.9 4,749.2 4,754.2 4,752.7

Retail trade

12,976.3 13,119.7 13,109.5 13,119.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,891.3 4,006.9 4,013.1 4,008.4

Utilities

446.0 447.5 449.6 446.3

Information

2,178 2,175 2,181 2,185

Financial activities

6,078 6,154 6,161 6,173

Professional and business services

15,474 15,978 16,028 16,108

Education and health services

18,591 18,883 18,916 18,949

Leisure and hospitality

12,626 12,906 12,916 12,941

Other services

4,561 4,588 4,594 4,590

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.7 33.8 33.7

Goods-producing

41.4 41.6 41.5 41.5

Mining and logging

46.1 47.3 47.7 47.1

Construction

39.7 39.9 39.8 39.6

Manufacturing

41.9 42.0 42.0 42.1

Durable goods

42.3 42.5 42.4 42.5

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.2 41.3 41.5

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.5 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.5 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

30.1 29.9 30.0 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.4 38.4 38.4

Utilities

42.0 42.4 42.1 42.1

Information

36.0 36.0 36.2 36.2

Financial activities

36.8 36.7 36.7 36.7

Professional and business services

35.3 35.5 35.6 35.5

Education and health services

32.0 31.9 32.1 32.0

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.0 25.2 25.2

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.7 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.4 4.4 4.5

Durable goods

4.4 4.6 4.6 4.7

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.2 4.2 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)

Total private

$20.21 $20.61 $20.67 $20.67 $679.06 $694.56 $698.65 $696.58

Goods-producing

21.27 21.61 21.64 21.66 880.58 898.98 898.06 898.89

Mining and logging

27.02 27.00 27.07 27.13 1,245.62 1,277.10 1,291.24 1,277.82

Construction

24.14 24.66 24.67 24.74 958.36 983.93 981.87 979.70

Manufacturing

19.35 19.60 19.63 19.62 810.77 823.20 824.46 826.00

Durable goods

20.41 20.68 20.70 20.70 863.34 878.90 877.68 879.75

Nondurable goods

17.58 17.77 17.83 17.81 724.30 732.12 736.38 739.12

Private service-providing

19.99 20.40 20.46 20.46 647.68 660.96 664.95 662.90

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.86 18.28 18.36 18.33 600.10 612.38 616.90 615.89

Wholesale trade

22.73 23.20 23.37 23.28 877.38 895.52 902.08 898.61

Retail trade

14.10 14.43 14.45 14.46 424.41 431.46 433.50 435.25

Transportation and warehousing

20.00 20.45 20.58 20.59 770.00 785.28 790.27 790.66

Utilities

32.46 32.82 32.87 32.84 1,363.32 1,391.57 1,383.83 1,382.56

Information

28.05 28.99 28.82 28.61 1,009.80 1,043.64 1,043.28 1,035.68

Financial activities

24.06 24.74 24.90 24.97 885.41 907.96 913.83 916.40

Professional and business services

23.74 24.24 24.28 24.30 838.02 860.52 864.37 862.65

Education and health services

21.38 21.58 21.65 21.66 684.16 688.40 694.97 693.12

Leisure and hospitality

11.83 12.09 12.13 12.16 295.75 302.25 305.68 306.43

Other services

18.12 18.46 18.51 18.51 556.28 566.72 568.26 568.26

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2014 - Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Sept.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2014 - Sept.
2014(p)

Total private

106.3 108.7 109.2 109.1 -0.1 143.5 149.7 150.8 150.6 -0.1

Goods-producing

85.1 87.6 87.5 87.7 0.2 110.9 115.9 115.9 116.3 0.3

Mining and logging

157.8 167.9 169.6 169.9 0.2 247.9 263.7 267.0 268.2 0.4

Construction

87.8 91.1 91.1 90.9 -0.2 114.5 121.3 121.3 121.4 0.1

Manufacturing

80.7 82.5 82.5 82.8 0.4 102.2 105.7 105.8 106.2 0.4

Durable goods

82.4 84.7 84.5 84.9 0.5 105.0 109.3 109.2 109.7 0.5

Nondurable goods

77.9 78.9 79.0 79.5 0.6 96.8 99.1 99.6 100.0 0.4

Private service-providing

112.5 114.6 115.1 114.9 -0.2 154.1 160.3 161.5 161.2 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.9 104.3 104.6 104.6 0.0 131.1 135.9 137.0 136.7 -0.2

Wholesale trade

105.8 108.0 108.1 108.0 -0.1 141.7 147.5 148.8 148.2 -0.4

Retail trade

98.9 99.3 99.6 100.0 0.4 119.5 122.8 123.3 123.9 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

112.8 115.8 116.0 115.9 -0.1 143.1 150.2 151.4 151.3 -0.1

Utilities

95.8 97.0 96.8 96.1 -0.7 129.8 132.9 132.8 131.7 -0.8

Information

89.5 89.4 90.1 90.3 0.2 124.3 128.3 128.6 127.9 -0.5

Financial activities

105.3 106.3 106.4 106.6 0.2 155.9 161.8 163.1 163.8 0.4

Professional and business services

122.4 127.1 127.9 128.2 0.2 172.9 183.4 184.8 185.3 0.3

Education and health services

127.0 128.6 129.6 129.4 -0.2 179.1 183.0 185.1 184.9 -0.1

Leisure and hospitality

115.6 118.2 119.2 119.5 0.3 155.3 162.3 164.2 165.0 0.5

Other services

98.2 98.8 98.9 98.8 -0.1 129.7 132.9 133.4 133.3 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: October 03, 2014
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