Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                  USDL-15-0838
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, May 8, 2015

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- APRIL 2015


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223,000 in April, and the 
unemployment rate was essentially unchanged at 5.4 percent, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in professional and 
business services, health care, and construction. Mining employment 
continued to decline.

Household Survey Data

In April, both the unemployment rate (5.4 percent) and the number of 
unemployed persons (8.5 million) were essentially unchanged. Over the 
year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down 
by 0.8 percentage point and 1.1 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Asians increased 
to 4.4 percent. The rates for adult men (5.0 percent), adult women (4.9 
percent), teenagers (17.1 percent), whites (4.7 percent), blacks (9.6 
percent), and Hispanics (6.9 percent) showed little or no change in April. 
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks increased by 241,000 
to 2.7 million in April. The number of long-term unemployed (those 
jobless for 27 weeks or more) changed little at 2.5 million, accounting 
for 29.0 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number 
of long-term unemployed has decreased by 888,000. (See table A-12.)

In April, the civilian labor force participation rate (62.8 percent) 
changed little. Since April 2014, the participation rate has remained 
within a narrow range of 62.7 percent to 62.9 percent. The employment-
population ratio held at 59.3 percent in April and has been at this level 
since January. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 6.6 
million in April, but is down by 880,000 from a year earlier. These 
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working 
part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were 
unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In April, 2.1 million persons were marginally attached to the labor 
force, little changed over the year. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and 
were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 
12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not 
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 756,000 discouraged workers 
in April, little different from a year earlier. (The data are not 
seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently 
looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. 
The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor 
force in April had not searched for work for reasons such as school 
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 223,000 in April, after 
edging up in March (+85,000). In April, employment increased in 
professional and business services, health care, and construction, 
while employment in mining continued to decline. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 62,000 jobs in April. 
Over the prior 3 months, job gains averaged 35,000 per month. In 
April, services to buildings and dwellings added 16,000 jobs, 
following little change in March. Employment continued to trend up 
in April in computer systems design and related services (+9,000), 
in business support services (+7,000), and in management and 
technical consulting services (+6,000).

Health care employment increased by 45,000 in April. Job growth was 
distributed among the three major components--ambulatory health care 
services (+25,000), hospitals (+12,000), and nursing and residential 
care facilities (+8,000). Over the past year, health care has added 
390,000 jobs.

Employment in construction rose by 45,000 in April, after changing 
little in March. Over the past 12 months, construction has added 
280,000 jobs. In April, job growth was concentrated in specialty 
trade contractors (+41,000), with employment gains about evenly 
split between the residential and nonresidential components. 
Employment declined over the month in nonresidential building 
construction (-8,000).

In April, employment continued to trend up in transportation and 
warehousing (+15,000).

Employment in mining fell by 15,000 in April, with most of the job 
loss in support activities for mining (-10,000) and in oil and gas 
extraction (-3,000). Since the beginning of the year, employment 
in mining has declined by 49,000, with losses concentrated in 
support activities for mining.

Employment in other major industries, including manufacturing, 
wholesale trade, retail trade, information, financial activities, 
leisure and hospitality, and government, showed little change 
over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
remained at 34.5 hours in April. The manufacturing workweek for 
all employees edged down by 0.1 hour to 40.8 hours, and factory 
overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.2 hours. The average workweek 
for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In April, average hourly earnings for all employees on private 
nonfarm payrolls rose by 3 cents to $24.87. Over the past 12 
months, average hourly earnings have increased by 2.2 percent. 
Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees edged up by 2 cents to $20.90 in April. 
(See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for February was 
revised from +264,000 to +266,000, and the change for March was 
revised from +126,000 to +85,000. With these revisions, 
employment gains in February and March combined were 39,000 
lower than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job 
gains have averaged 191,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for May is scheduled to be released 
on Friday, June 5, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Change from:
Mar.
2015-
Apr.
2015

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

247,439 249,899 250,080 250,266 186

Civilian labor force

155,420 157,002 156,906 157,072 166

Participation rate

62.8 62.8 62.7 62.8 0.1

Employed

145,724 148,297 148,331 148,523 192

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.3 59.3 59.3 0.0

Unemployed

9,696 8,705 8,575 8,549 -26

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.5 5.5 5.4 -0.1

Not in labor force

92,019 92,898 93,175 93,194 19

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.2 5.5 5.5 5.4 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.9 5.2 5.1 5.0 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

19.1 17.1 17.5 17.1 -0.4

White

5.3 4.7 4.7 4.7 0.0

Black or African American

11.4 10.4 10.1 9.6 -0.5

Asian

5.9 4.0 3.2 4.4 1.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

7.5 6.6 6.8 6.9 0.1

Total, 25 years and over

5.2 4.5 4.4 4.5 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

8.8 8.4 8.6 8.6 0.0

High school graduates, no college

6.3 5.4 5.3 5.4 0.1

Some college or associate degree

5.6 5.1 4.8 4.7 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.3 2.7 2.5 2.7 0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,153 4,180 4,189 4,136 -53

Job leavers

786 884 875 828 -47

Reentrants

2,631 2,655 2,689 2,685 -4

New entrants

1,052 972 815 868 53

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,451 2,431 2,488 2,729 241

5 to 14 weeks

2,346 2,223 2,312 2,307 -5

15 to 26 weeks

1,509 1,335 1,253 1,139 -114

27 weeks and over

3,413 2,709 2,563 2,525 -38

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,460 6,635 6,705 6,580 -125

Slack work or business conditions

4,517 3,847 4,069 3,885 -184

Could only find part-time work

2,624 2,426 2,337 2,374 37

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,915 19,837 19,733 20,056 323

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,160 2,159 2,055 2,115 -

Discouraged workers

783 732 738 756 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

330 266 85 223

Total private

313 261 94 213

Goods-producing

58 20 -21 31

Mining and logging

6 -14 -12 -15

Construction

41 31 -9 45

Manufacturing

11 3 0 1

Durable goods(1)

12 6 1 -1

Motor vehicles and parts

0.5 3.4 -0.7 6.0

Nondurable goods

-1 -3 -1 2

Private service-providing

255 241 115 182

Wholesale trade

14.9 10.4 9.9 -4.5

Retail trade

42.7 23.1 24.5 12.1

Transportation and warehousing

12.9 9.4 8.1 15.2

Utilities

-0.8 0.9 1.0 1.3

Information

5 7 0 3

Financial activities

9 9 7 9

Professional and business services(1)

72 49 35 62

Temporary help services

13.8 -4.4 13.2 16.1

Education and health services(1)

39 61 35 61

Health care and social assistance

29.7 38.7 30.6 55.6

Leisure and hospitality

45 61 -6 17

Other services

15 10 1 6

Government

17 5 -9 10

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

248 265 184 191

Total private

237 261 186 189

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.7 82.5 82.5 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.6 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$24.34 $24.78 $24.84 $24.87

Average weekly earnings

$839.73 $857.39 $856.98 $858.02

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

100.5 103.1 102.8 103.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.3 -0.3 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

116.8 121.9 121.9 122.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.3 0.0 0.3

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (263 industries)

69.8 62.0 59.5 57.0

Manufacturing (80 industries)

58.1 54.4 45.6 50.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 588,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-55,000 to +155,000 (50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

247,439 250,080 250,266 247,439 249,027 249,723 249,899 250,080 250,266

Civilian labor force

154,845 156,318 156,554 155,420 156,129 157,180 157,002 156,906 157,072

Participation rate

62.6 62.5 62.6 62.8 62.7 62.9 62.8 62.7 62.8

Employed

145,767 147,635 148,587 145,724 147,442 148,201 148,297 148,331 148,523

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.0 59.4 58.9 59.2 59.3 59.3 59.3 59.3

Unemployed

9,079 8,682 7,966 9,696 8,688 8,979 8,705 8,575 8,549

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.6 5.1 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4

Not in labor force

92,594 93,762 93,712 92,019 92,898 92,544 92,898 93,175 93,194

Persons who currently want a job

6,088 6,065 6,096 6,173 6,445 6,358 6,538 6,369 6,258

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,488 120,738 120,831 119,488 120,301 120,559 120,647 120,738 120,831

Civilian labor force

82,104 83,229 83,358 82,580 83,210 83,771 83,772 83,694 83,805

Participation rate

68.7 68.9 69.0 69.1 69.2 69.5 69.4 69.3 69.4

Employed

77,086 78,275 78,996 77,329 78,400 78,869 79,006 79,014 79,203

Employment-population ratio

64.5 64.8 65.4 64.7 65.2 65.4 65.5 65.4 65.5

Unemployed

5,018 4,954 4,362 5,251 4,810 4,903 4,766 4,680 4,602

Unemployment rate

6.1 6.0 5.2 6.4 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5

Not in labor force

37,384 37,509 37,473 36,908 37,091 36,787 36,875 37,044 37,026

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

111,027 112,304 112,400 111,027 111,875 112,117 112,209 112,304 112,400

Civilian labor force

79,571 80,533 80,670 79,837 80,271 80,804 80,831 80,752 80,884

Participation rate

71.7 71.7 71.8 71.9 71.8 72.1 72.0 71.9 72.0

Employed

75,059 76,122 76,749 75,163 76,026 76,496 76,588 76,653 76,805

Employment-population ratio

67.6 67.8 68.3 67.7 68.0 68.2 68.3 68.3 68.3

Unemployed

4,512 4,411 3,921 4,674 4,245 4,308 4,243 4,099 4,079

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.5 4.9 5.9 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0

Not in labor force

31,456 31,771 31,730 31,190 31,603 31,313 31,379 31,552 31,516

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,951 129,342 129,434 127,951 128,726 129,165 129,252 129,342 129,434

Civilian labor force

72,741 73,089 73,196 72,840 72,919 73,408 73,230 73,211 73,267

Participation rate

56.9 56.5 56.6 56.9 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.6 56.6

Employed

68,680 69,360 69,591 68,395 69,042 69,332 69,291 69,317 69,320

Employment-population ratio

53.7 53.6 53.8 53.5 53.6 53.7 53.6 53.6 53.6

Unemployed

4,061 3,729 3,605 4,445 3,878 4,076 3,939 3,894 3,947

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.1 4.9 6.1 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.4

Not in labor force

55,210 56,253 56,238 55,111 55,807 55,756 56,023 56,131 56,167

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,760 121,152 121,246 119,760 120,557 120,970 121,060 121,152 121,246

Civilian labor force

70,100 70,374 70,509 70,041 70,111 70,558 70,370 70,330 70,419

Participation rate

58.5 58.1 58.2 58.5 58.2 58.3 58.1 58.1 58.1

Employed

66,452 67,022 67,303 66,076 66,632 66,983 66,901 66,874 66,935

Employment-population ratio

55.5 55.3 55.5 55.2 55.3 55.4 55.3 55.2 55.2

Unemployed

3,648 3,352 3,206 3,964 3,479 3,575 3,469 3,455 3,483

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.8 4.5 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9

Not in labor force

49,660 50,779 50,737 49,719 50,446 50,412 50,690 50,823 50,828

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,652 16,624 16,619 16,652 16,595 16,636 16,630 16,624 16,619

Civilian labor force

5,174 5,411 5,375 5,542 5,747 5,817 5,801 5,824 5,769

Participation rate

31.1 32.5 32.3 33.3 34.6 35.0 34.9 35.0 34.7

Employed

4,256 4,491 4,536 4,485 4,784 4,722 4,808 4,804 4,784

Employment-population ratio

25.6 27.0 27.3 26.9 28.8 28.4 28.9 28.9 28.8

Unemployed

918 920 840 1,057 963 1,096 993 1,021 986

Unemployment rate

17.7 17.0 15.6 19.1 16.8 18.8 17.1 17.5 17.1

Not in labor force

11,478 11,213 11,244 11,110 10,849 10,819 10,829 10,800 10,849

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

195,210 196,482 196,574 195,210 196,091 196,307 196,392 196,482 196,574

Civilian labor force

122,659 123,196 123,089 123,085 123,058 124,119 123,875 123,739 123,510

Participation rate

62.8 62.7 62.6 63.1 62.8 63.2 63.1 63.0 62.8

Employed

116,536 117,178 117,642 116,602 117,186 118,035 117,992 117,886 117,719

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.6 59.8 59.7 59.8 60.1 60.1 60.0 59.9

Unemployed

6,123 6,018 5,448 6,483 5,872 6,084 5,883 5,853 5,791

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.9 4.4 5.3 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7

Not in labor force

72,550 73,286 73,484 72,125 73,033 72,189 72,517 72,743 73,064

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,216 64,674 64,613 64,396 64,392 64,871 64,920 64,899 64,764

Participation rate

72.1 72.1 72.0 72.3 71.9 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.2

Employed

61,097 61,538 61,870 61,161 61,551 61,953 62,015 62,023 61,919

Employment-population ratio

68.6 68.6 69.0 68.7 68.8 69.2 69.2 69.2 69.0

Unemployed

3,119 3,136 2,744 3,235 2,842 2,918 2,906 2,876 2,845

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.8 4.2 5.0 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,358 54,239 54,238 54,309 54,223 54,683 54,401 54,256 54,198

Participation rate

58.0 57.4 57.4 57.9 57.5 57.9 57.6 57.4 57.3

Employed

51,984 52,027 52,115 51,761 51,824 52,267 52,105 51,998 51,912

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.1 55.1 55.2 55.0 55.4 55.2 55.0 54.9

Unemployed

2,374 2,212 2,123 2,547 2,399 2,416 2,296 2,258 2,286

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.1 3.9 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,085 4,283 4,239 4,380 4,443 4,565 4,554 4,584 4,548

Participation rate

33.0 34.7 34.4 35.3 36.0 37.0 36.9 37.2 36.9

Employed

3,455 3,613 3,657 3,680 3,811 3,814 3,872 3,865 3,888

Employment-population ratio

27.9 29.3 29.7 29.7 30.9 30.9 31.4 31.3 31.5

Unemployed

630 670 582 701 632 751 682 719 660

Unemployment rate

15.4 15.6 13.7 16.0 14.2 16.4 15.0 15.7 14.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,755 31,257 31,293 30,755 31,040 31,188 31,222 31,257 31,293

Civilian labor force

18,675 19,020 19,380 18,728 19,037 19,040 19,101 19,055 19,397

Participation rate

60.7 60.8 61.9 60.9 61.3 61.0 61.2 61.0 62.0

Employed

16,682 17,117 17,648 16,595 17,050 17,071 17,122 17,129 17,529

Employment-population ratio

54.2 54.8 56.4 54.0 54.9 54.7 54.8 54.8 56.0

Unemployed

1,993 1,902 1,731 2,133 1,986 1,969 1,979 1,926 1,868

Unemployment rate

10.7 10.0 8.9 11.4 10.4 10.3 10.4 10.1 9.6

Not in labor force

12,080 12,237 11,913 12,027 12,003 12,148 12,122 12,202 11,896

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,391 8,714 8,868 8,444 8,717 8,676 8,710 8,711 8,926

Participation rate

66.1 67.2 68.3 66.5 67.8 67.1 67.3 67.2 68.7

Employed

7,520 7,810 8,095 7,543 7,756 7,757 7,805 7,841 8,109

Employment-population ratio

59.2 60.2 62.3 59.4 60.3 60.0 60.3 60.5 62.5

Unemployed

872 904 773 901 962 919 905 870 817

Unemployment rate

10.4 10.4 8.7 10.7 11.0 10.6 10.4 10.0 9.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,626 9,714 9,868 9,578 9,598 9,667 9,665 9,703 9,792

Participation rate

62.0 61.5 62.4 61.7 61.2 61.3 61.3 61.4 61.9

Employed

8,722 8,853 9,067 8,606 8,812 8,824 8,809 8,807 8,928

Employment-population ratio

56.1 56.0 57.3 55.4 56.2 56.0 55.8 55.8 56.4

Unemployed

903 862 801 972 785 843 857 895 864

Unemployment rate

9.4 8.9 8.1 10.2 8.2 8.7 8.9 9.2 8.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

658 591 643 706 722 697 726 642 678

Participation rate

26.2 23.7 25.8 28.0 29.0 27.9 29.1 25.7 27.2

Employed

440 455 486 446 482 490 508 481 491

Employment-population ratio

17.5 18.2 19.5 17.7 19.4 19.6 20.4 19.3 19.7

Unemployed

218 137 157 260 240 207 218 161 187

Unemployment rate

33.2 23.1 24.4 36.8 33.2 29.7 30.0 25.0 27.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,841 14,296 14,290 13,841 13,886 14,253 14,291 14,296 14,290

Civilian labor force

8,782 8,967 9,023 8,803 8,771 8,899 9,038 8,934 9,038

Participation rate

63.4 62.7 63.1 63.6 63.2 62.4 63.2 62.5 63.3

Employed

8,283 8,685 8,644 8,287 8,398 8,540 8,680 8,646 8,644

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.7 60.5 59.9 60.5 59.9 60.7 60.5 60.5

Unemployed

498 282 379 516 373 359 358 288 394

Unemployment rate

5.7 3.1 4.2 5.9 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.2 4.4

Not in labor force

5,059 5,329 5,267 5,038 5,115 5,355 5,253 5,363 5,251

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,203 39,323 39,405 38,203 38,839 39,165 39,244 39,323 39,405

Civilian labor force

25,028 25,991 26,092 25,159 25,644 26,047 25,962 26,087 26,167

Participation rate

65.5 66.1 66.2 65.9 66.0 66.5 66.2 66.3 66.4

Employed

23,343 24,177 24,443 23,268 23,988 24,305 24,238 24,319 24,354

Employment-population ratio

61.1 61.5 62.0 60.9 61.8 62.1 61.8 61.8 61.8

Unemployed

1,685 1,814 1,650 1,891 1,656 1,742 1,724 1,768 1,813

Unemployment rate

6.7 7.0 6.3 7.5 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.9

Not in labor force

13,175 13,332 13,312 13,044 13,196 13,118 13,282 13,236 13,237

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,869 14,407 14,442 13,926 14,264 14,479 14,465 14,465 14,484

Participation rate

80.3 81.3 81.3 80.6 81.1 82.1 81.8 81.6 81.6

Employed

13,080 13,519 13,646 13,047 13,507 13,647 13,601 13,627 13,614

Employment-population ratio

75.7 76.3 76.8 75.5 76.8 77.3 76.9 76.9 76.7

Unemployed

789 888 796 879 757 832 864 837 870

Unemployment rate

5.7 6.2 5.5 6.3 5.3 5.7 6.0 5.8 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,136 10,453 10,556 10,152 10,168 10,344 10,309 10,435 10,526

Participation rate

58.7 58.4 58.8 58.8 57.9 58.0 57.7 58.3 58.6

Employed

9,462 9,748 9,876 9,403 9,501 9,704 9,685 9,755 9,802

Employment-population ratio

54.8 54.4 55.0 54.4 54.1 54.4 54.2 54.5 54.6

Unemployed

674 705 680 749 667 640 625 680 725

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.7 6.4 7.4 6.6 6.2 6.1 6.5 6.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,023 1,131 1,094 1,081 1,211 1,224 1,187 1,187 1,157

Participation rate

28.0 30.6 29.6 29.6 32.9 33.2 32.2 32.2 31.3

Employed

801 909 920 818 980 954 952 937 938

Employment-population ratio

21.9 24.6 24.9 22.4 26.6 25.9 25.8 25.4 25.4

Unemployed

222 222 174 263 231 270 235 250 218

Unemployment rate

21.7 19.6 15.9 24.3 19.1 22.1 19.8 21.1 18.9

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,946 11,113 11,544 10,796 11,031 11,439 11,126 11,089 11,338

Participation rate

44.9 45.2 46.6 44.2 45.4 46.0 46.3 45.1 45.7

Employed

10,006 10,067 10,577 9,849 10,079 10,468 10,196 10,134 10,367

Employment-population ratio

41.0 40.9 42.7 40.4 41.5 42.1 42.4 41.2 41.8

Unemployed

940 1,046 967 947 952 971 929 955 971

Unemployment rate

8.6 9.4 8.4 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.6 8.6

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,050 35,620 35,565 36,112 35,164 35,418 35,371 35,656 35,577

Participation rate

57.9 57.2 57.2 58.0 57.5 57.9 57.4 57.3 57.2

Employed

33,890 33,591 33,712 33,854 33,310 33,492 33,464 33,752 33,639

Employment-population ratio

54.4 53.9 54.2 54.4 54.5 54.8 54.3 54.2 54.1

Unemployed

2,160 2,029 1,853 2,258 1,854 1,926 1,907 1,904 1,938

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.7 5.2 6.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,176 37,411 37,715 37,389 37,140 37,479 37,490 37,558 37,755

Participation rate

66.9 67.3 67.3 67.3 66.9 67.2 66.8 67.6 67.4

Employed

35,165 35,568 36,044 35,277 35,310 35,540 35,588 35,755 35,996

Employment-population ratio

63.3 64.0 64.3 63.5 63.6 63.8 63.4 64.4 64.2

Unemployed

2,011 1,843 1,671 2,112 1,831 1,939 1,902 1,803 1,759

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.9 4.4 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.1 4.8 4.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

50,212 51,573 51,314 50,001 51,772 51,550 51,583 51,272 51,156

Participation rate

75.5 74.8 74.8 75.2 74.6 74.4 74.4 74.3 74.6

Employed

48,684 50,333 50,013 48,357 50,290 50,084 50,172 50,007 49,758

Employment-population ratio

73.2 73.0 72.9 72.7 72.5 72.3 72.3 72.5 72.5

Unemployed

1,527 1,240 1,301 1,645 1,482 1,466 1,411 1,265 1,399

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.4 2.5 3.3 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,239 21,274 18,992 19,281 2,247 1,993

Civilian labor force

10,727 10,783 9,337 9,539 1,390 1,244

Participation rate

50.5 50.7 49.2 49.5 61.8 62.4

Employed

10,124 10,277 8,815 9,089 1,308 1,188

Employment-population ratio

47.7 48.3 46.4 47.1 58.2 59.6

Unemployed

603 507 522 450 81 57

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.7 5.6 4.7 5.8 4.6

Not in labor force

10,512 10,491 9,655 9,742 857 749

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,019 3,609 2,444 3,005 575 604

Civilian labor force

2,403 2,927 2,019 2,500 385 427

Participation rate

79.6 81.1 82.6 83.2 66.9 70.7

Employed

2,240 2,726 1,885 2,329 355 397

Employment-population ratio

74.2 75.5 77.1 77.5 61.7 65.8

Unemployed

163 201 134 171 30 30

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 7.7 7.0

Not in labor force

615 682 425 505 190 177

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,421 3,380 2,704 2,827 717 553

Civilian labor force

2,764 2,695 2,246 2,309 518 386

Participation rate

80.8 79.7 83.0 81.7 72.2 69.8

Employed

2,635 2,620 2,144 2,251 491 369

Employment-population ratio

77.0 77.5 79.3 79.6 68.5 66.6

Unemployed

129 76 102 58 27 18

Unemployment rate

4.7 2.8 4.5 2.5 5.2 4.6

Not in labor force

658 685 458 518 199 167

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,476 8,988 9,120 8,669 356 319

Civilian labor force

2,755 2,415 2,659 2,308 96 107

Participation rate

29.1 26.9 29.2 26.6 26.9 33.6

Employed

2,620 2,309 2,536 2,202 85 107

Employment-population ratio

27.7 25.7 27.8 25.4 23.8 33.6

Unemployed

134 106 123 106 11 0

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.4 4.6 4.6 11.6 0.0

Not in labor force

6,721 6,573 6,461 6,361 260 212

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,323 5,297 4,724 4,780 599 517

Civilian labor force

2,805 2,746 2,414 2,422 391 324

Participation rate

52.7 51.8 51.1 50.7 65.3 62.6

Employed

2,629 2,622 2,251 2,307 378 315

Employment-population ratio

49.4 49.5 47.6 48.3 63.1 60.8

Unemployed

177 124 163 115 13 9

Unemployment rate

6.3 4.5 6.8 4.7 3.4 2.8

Not in labor force

2,518 2,551 2,310 2,358 208 193

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

217,259 220,131 95,940 97,005 121,319 123,127

Civilian labor force

142,440 143,938 71,995 72,880 70,445 71,058

Participation rate

65.6 65.4 75.0 75.1 58.1 57.7

Employed

134,317 136,829 67,700 69,160 66,617 67,668

Employment-population ratio

61.8 62.2 70.6 71.3 54.9 55.0

Unemployed

8,123 7,109 4,295 3,720 3,828 3,390

Unemployment rate

5.7 4.9 6.0 5.1 5.4 4.8

Not in labor force

74,819 76,193 23,945 24,124 50,874 52,069

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,915 29,608 218,524 220,658

Civilian labor force

5,528 5,704 149,317 150,850

Participation rate

19.1 19.3 68.3 68.4

Employed

4,838 5,136 140,929 143,451

Employment-population ratio

16.7 17.3 64.5 65.0

Unemployed

690 568 8,389 7,399

Unemployment rate

12.5 10.0 5.6 4.9

Not in labor force

23,388 23,904 69,207 69,807

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,488 2,504 74,982 75,994

Participation rate

32.5 32.5 81.5 82.1

Employed

2,128 2,221 70,562 72,124

Employment-population ratio

27.8 28.8 76.7 77.9

Unemployed

359 282 4,421 3,870

Unemployment rate

14.4 11.3 5.9 5.1

Not in labor force

5,172 5,199 17,038 16,576

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,057 2,240 66,893 67,015

Participation rate

26.4 27.9 70.2 70.0

Employed

1,782 2,026 63,250 63,745

Employment-population ratio

22.8 25.2 66.4 66.6

Unemployed

275 214 3,643 3,270

Unemployment rate

13.4 9.6 5.4 4.9

Not in labor force

5,745 5,801 28,425 28,721

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

983 960 7,442 7,841

Participation rate

7.3 6.9 23.9 24.2

Employed

927 889 7,117 7,582

Employment-population ratio

6.9 6.4 22.8 23.4

Unemployed

56 71 325 259

Unemployment rate

5.7 7.4 4.4 3.3

Not in labor force

12,470 12,905 23,743 24,510

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,391 39,997 18,592 19,286 19,799 20,711

Civilian labor force

25,127 26,103 14,590 15,094 10,536 11,008

Participation rate

65.5 65.3 78.5 78.3 53.2 53.2

Employed

23,713 24,819 13,828 14,406 9,885 10,413

Employment-population ratio

61.8 62.1 74.4 74.7 49.9 50.3

Unemployed

1,414 1,284 763 689 652 595

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.9 5.2 4.6 6.2 5.4

Not in labor force

13,264 13,895 4,001 4,192 9,263 9,703

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,049 210,268 100,896 101,545 108,152 108,723

Civilian labor force

129,718 130,451 67,514 68,263 62,205 62,188

Participation rate

62.1 62.0 66.9 67.2 57.5 57.2

Employed

122,054 123,769 63,259 64,590 58,795 59,179

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.9 62.7 63.6 54.4 54.4

Unemployed

7,664 6,683 4,255 3,673 3,409 3,009

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.1 6.3 5.4 5.5 4.8

Not in labor force

79,330 79,817 33,383 33,281 45,948 46,535

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,048 2,405 2,294 2,167 2,358 2,419 2,430 2,559 2,435

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,265 1,490 1,463 1,393 1,506 1,566 1,572 1,628 1,610

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

773 881 799 768 815 835 833 893 794

Unpaid family workers

10 34 32 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

143,718 145,230 146,293 143,566 145,101 145,743 145,880 145,699 146,111

Wage and salary workers(1)

135,119 136,563 137,371 134,918 136,415 136,949 137,447 136,830 137,148

Government

20,626 20,729 20,840 20,316 19,956 20,330 20,582 20,246 20,455

Private industries

114,494 115,834 116,531 114,630 116,469 116,664 116,890 116,654 116,707

Private households

868 798 793 - - - - - -

Other industries

113,625 115,037 115,738 113,742 115,676 115,724 116,042 115,839 115,899

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,518 8,588 8,837 8,545 8,660 8,725 8,386 8,685 8,826

Unpaid family workers

81 79 84 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,243 6,672 6,356 7,460 6,790 6,810 6,635 6,705 6,580

Slack work or business conditions

4,346 4,027 3,728 4,517 4,061 4,012 3,847 4,069 3,885

Could only find part-time work

2,615 2,333 2,370 2,624 2,432 2,460 2,426 2,337 2,374

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,707 20,159 20,992 18,915 19,730 19,822 19,837 19,733 20,056

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,120 6,569 6,277 7,335 6,699 6,690 6,539 6,620 6,501

Slack work or business conditions

4,277 3,966 3,674 4,453 3,983 3,951 3,791 4,028 3,835

Could only find part-time work

2,604 2,320 2,354 2,585 2,411 2,432 2,415 2,302 2,352

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,393 19,786 20,622 18,614 19,416 19,446 19,505 19,374 19,705

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

145,767 147,635 148,587 145,724 147,442 148,201 148,297 148,331 148,523

16 to 19 years

4,256 4,491 4,536 4,485 4,784 4,722 4,808 4,804 4,784

16 to 17 years

1,325 1,445 1,482 1,455 1,678 1,651 1,637 1,615 1,630

18 to 19 years

2,931 3,046 3,053 3,026 3,090 3,058 3,186 3,189 3,147

20 years and over

141,511 143,144 144,052 141,239 142,658 143,480 143,489 143,527 143,740

20 to 24 years

13,765 13,584 13,706 13,881 13,847 14,011 14,114 13,823 13,851

25 years and over

127,745 129,560 130,346 127,309 128,860 129,435 129,349 129,614 129,861

25 to 54 years

95,421 96,300 96,742 95,201 95,975 96,464 96,565 96,501 96,482

25 to 34 years

31,751 32,563 32,767 31,729 32,354 32,574 32,682 32,693 32,734

35 to 44 years

31,031 31,103 31,200 30,913 31,021 31,157 31,071 31,095 31,072

45 to 54 years

32,639 32,634 32,775 32,559 32,600 32,734 32,812 32,713 32,676

55 years and over

32,324 33,260 33,605 32,107 32,885 32,971 32,784 33,113 33,379

Men, 16 years and over

77,086 78,275 78,996 77,329 78,400 78,869 79,006 79,014 79,203

16 to 19 years

2,027 2,153 2,247 2,166 2,374 2,372 2,418 2,361 2,399

16 to 17 years

571 668 746 641 828 802 791 762 830

18 to 19 years

1,457 1,485 1,501 1,514 1,531 1,560 1,636 1,584 1,557

20 years and over

75,059 76,122 76,749 75,163 76,026 76,496 76,588 76,653 76,805

20 to 24 years

7,099 6,932 7,050 7,204 7,167 7,198 7,324 7,088 7,158

25 years and over

67,960 69,190 69,698 67,927 68,890 69,248 69,190 69,506 69,633

25 to 54 years

50,903 51,615 51,861 50,931 51,448 51,809 51,860 51,948 51,863

25 to 34 years

17,132 17,639 17,763 17,184 17,534 17,722 17,743 17,804 17,798

35 to 44 years

16,674 16,746 16,832 16,672 16,748 16,807 16,760 16,824 16,818

45 to 54 years

17,097 17,230 17,266 17,076 17,166 17,281 17,357 17,321 17,247

55 years and over

17,056 17,575 17,837 16,996 17,441 17,439 17,330 17,557 17,770

Women, 16 years and over

68,680 69,360 69,591 68,395 69,042 69,332 69,291 69,317 69,320

16 to 19 years

2,228 2,339 2,288 2,318 2,410 2,349 2,389 2,442 2,385

16 to 17 years

754 778 736 814 850 849 846 853 800

18 to 19 years

1,474 1,561 1,553 1,512 1,559 1,499 1,550 1,605 1,590

20 years and over

66,452 67,022 67,303 66,076 66,632 66,983 66,901 66,874 66,935

20 to 24 years

6,666 6,652 6,655 6,677 6,680 6,813 6,790 6,735 6,693

25 years and over

59,786 60,370 60,648 59,381 59,970 60,187 60,159 60,108 60,228

25 to 54 years

44,518 44,685 44,881 44,270 44,527 44,655 44,705 44,552 44,619

25 to 34 years

14,619 14,924 15,004 14,546 14,820 14,852 14,939 14,889 14,936

35 to 44 years

14,357 14,356 14,369 14,241 14,273 14,350 14,311 14,271 14,255

45 to 54 years

15,542 15,404 15,508 15,483 15,434 15,453 15,456 15,392 15,429

55 years and over

15,268 15,685 15,768 15,111 15,443 15,532 15,453 15,556 15,609

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,449 45,103 45,042 44,477 44,588 44,934 44,951 45,304 45,023

Married women, spouse present

34,830 35,232 35,045 34,795 34,645 34,843 34,910 35,106 34,974

Women who maintain families

9,602 9,443 9,706 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

118,073 119,981 120,402 118,458 119,934 120,711 120,834 121,024 120,772

Part-time workers(2)

27,693 27,655 28,185 27,251 27,506 27,546 27,471 27,301 27,738

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,162 7,264 7,000 7,100 7,285 7,485 7,059 7,158 6,986

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.7

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,384 5,514 5,378 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,290 9,469 9,636 9,313 9,475 9,560 9,220 9,579 9,620

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

9,696 8,575 8,549 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4

16 to 19 years

1,057 1,021 986 19.1 16.8 18.8 17.1 17.5 17.1

16 to 17 years

414 356 407 22.2 18.8 19.9 18.6 18.1 20.0

18 to 19 years

636 659 560 17.4 15.4 18.2 16.4 17.1 15.1

20 years and over

8,639 7,554 7,563 5.8 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0

20 to 24 years

1,638 1,599 1,466 10.6 10.8 9.8 10.0 10.4 9.6

25 years and over

6,927 5,932 6,054 5.2 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5

25 to 54 years

5,366 4,559 4,687 5.3 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.6

25 to 34 years

2,235 1,955 2,003 6.6 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.8

35 to 44 years

1,575 1,346 1,387 4.8 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.1 4.3

45 to 54 years

1,556 1,259 1,297 4.6 4.0 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.8

55 years and over

1,560 1,356 1,377 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.3 3.9 4.0

Men, 16 years and over

5,251 4,680 4,602 6.4 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5

16 to 19 years

577 581 522 21.0 19.2 20.0 17.8 19.8 17.9

16 to 17 years

235 196 220 26.9 20.0 20.8 19.2 20.5 21.0

18 to 19 years

334 387 280 18.1 18.2 19.4 17.3 19.6 15.2

20 years and over

4,674 4,099 4,079 5.9 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0

20 to 24 years

974 893 844 11.9 11.6 11.5 10.9 11.2 10.5

25 years and over

3,664 3,184 3,207 5.1 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4

25 to 54 years

2,827 2,432 2,427 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5

25 to 34 years

1,211 1,053 1,011 6.6 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.4

35 to 44 years

821 720 704 4.7 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0

45 to 54 years

795 660 712 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.0

55 years and over

837 752 780 4.7 4.2 4.1 4.6 4.1 4.2

Women, 16 years and over

4,445 3,894 3,947 6.1 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.4

16 to 19 years

481 439 464 17.2 14.2 17.6 16.4 15.2 16.3

16 to 17 years

179 160 187 18.0 17.6 19.0 18.0 15.8 18.9

18 to 19 years

303 272 280 16.7 12.4 16.9 15.4 14.5 15.0

20 years and over

3,964 3,455 3,483 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9

20 to 24 years

664 706 622 9.0 9.9 7.9 9.0 9.5 8.5

25 years and over

3,263 2,747 2,847 5.2 4.4 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5

25 to 54 years

2,539 2,127 2,260 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.8

25 to 34 years

1,024 902 992 6.6 6.0 5.9 5.2 5.7 6.2

35 to 44 years

754 626 683 5.0 4.3 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.6

45 to 54 years

762 599 585 4.7 3.9 4.4 3.8 3.7 3.7

55 years and over

712 604 602 4.5 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.7 3.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,601 1,309 1,392 3.5 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.8 3.0

Married women, spouse present

1,401 1,107 1,222 3.9 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.4

Women who maintain families(1)

897 830 730 8.5 7.8 8.1 7.7 8.1 7.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

8,149 7,159 7,068 6.4 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5

Part-time workers(3)

1,503 1,418 1,443 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,972 4,503 3,977 5,153 4,325 4,242 4,180 4,189 4,136

On temporary layoff

931 1,199 871 1,014 959 902 1,021 999 950

Not on temporary layoff

4,041 3,304 3,106 4,139 3,366 3,339 3,158 3,190 3,185

Permanent job losers

2,996 2,298 2,224 3,016 2,388 2,371 2,212 2,223 2,238

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,045 1,006 882 1,123 977 968 946 967 948

Job leavers

751 853 780 786 798 851 884 875 828

Reentrants

2,425 2,597 2,465 2,631 2,701 2,829 2,655 2,689 2,685

New entrants

932 729 745 1,052 971 1,033 972 815 868

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

54.8 51.9 49.9 53.6 49.2 47.4 48.1 48.9 48.6

On temporary layoff

10.3 13.8 10.9 10.5 10.9 10.1 11.7 11.7 11.2

Not on temporary layoff

44.5 38.0 39.0 43.0 38.3 37.3 36.3 37.2 37.4

Job leavers

8.3 9.8 9.8 8.2 9.1 9.5 10.2 10.2 9.7

Reentrants

26.7 29.9 30.9 27.3 30.7 31.6 30.5 31.4 31.5

New entrants

10.3 8.4 9.4 10.9 11.0 11.5 11.2 9.5 10.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.2 2.9 2.5 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Reentrants

1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7

New entrants

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

1,993 2,108 2,235 2,451 2,375 2,383 2,431 2,488 2,729

5 to 14 weeks

1,946 2,511 1,930 2,346 2,293 2,318 2,223 2,312 2,307

15 weeks and over

5,139 4,064 3,802 4,922 4,059 4,180 4,044 3,816 3,663

15 to 26 weeks

1,653 1,428 1,238 1,509 1,274 1,380 1,335 1,253 1,139

27 weeks and over

3,486 2,635 2,564 3,413 2,785 2,800 2,709 2,563 2,525

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

37.1 31.3 32.8 34.8 32.8 32.3 31.7 30.7 30.8

Median duration, in weeks

18.4 13.2 13.5 15.6 12.6 13.4 13.1 12.2 11.7

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.0 24.3 28.1 25.2 27.2 26.8 27.9 28.9 31.4

5 to 14 weeks

21.4 28.9 24.2 24.1 26.3 26.1 25.6 26.8 26.5

15 weeks and over

56.6 46.8 47.7 50.6 46.5 47.1 46.5 44.3 42.1

15 to 26 weeks

18.2 16.5 15.5 15.5 14.6 15.5 15.4 14.5 13.1

27 weeks and over

38.4 30.4 32.2 35.1 31.9 31.5 31.1 29.8 29.0

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

145,767 148,587 9,079 7,966 5.9 5.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,896 57,953 1,642 1,435 2.9 2.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,707 23,960 748 633 3.2 2.6

Professional and related occupations

33,189 33,993 894 802 2.6 2.3

Service occupations

25,755 25,419 1,777 1,733 6.5 6.4

Sales and office occupations

33,873 34,129 2,079 1,852 5.8 5.1

Sales and related occupations

16,076 15,875 997 920 5.8 5.5

Office and administrative support occupations

17,797 18,253 1,082 932 5.7 4.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,178 13,584 1,168 1,097 8.1 7.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

935 1,036 152 127 14.0 10.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,536 7,734 821 718 9.8 8.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,707 4,814 195 253 4.0 5.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,065 17,503 1,446 1,077 7.8 5.8

Production occupations

8,184 8,505 671 494 7.6 5.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,881 8,998 776 584 8.0 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

9,079 7,966 5.9 5.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

7,105 6,078 5.8 5.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

39 83 3.8 8.7

Construction

796 652 9.4 7.5

Manufacturing

790 609 5.2 4.0

Durable goods

441 381 4.6 3.9

Nondurable goods

349 228 6.1 4.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,225 1,148 5.9 5.6

Transportation and utilities

372 272 6.0 4.4

Information

175 84 5.7 3.2

Financial activities

470 251 5.0 2.7

Professional and business services

1,062 838 6.8 5.3

Education and health services

826 723 3.7 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,047 1,069 8.0 7.8

Other services

304 350 4.8 5.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

151 197 11.0 12.2

Government workers

581 521 2.7 2.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

310 425 3.2 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.3 2.6 2.4 3.2 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.2 2.9 2.5 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.9 5.6 5.1 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.3 6.0 5.5 6.7 6.0 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.2 6.8 6.4 7.5 6.9 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.8 11.0 10.4 12.3 11.2 11.3 11.0 10.9 10.8

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2014
Apr.
2015

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

92,594 93,712 37,384 37,473 55,210 56,238

Persons who currently want a job

6,088 6,096 2,963 2,796 3,125 3,300

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,160 2,115 1,192 1,096 969 1,019

Discouraged workers(2)

783 756 488 450 295 306

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,378 1,360 704 646 674 713

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,162 7,000 3,498 3,293 3,665 3,707

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.7 4.5 4.2 5.3 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,805 3,759 2,105 1,936 1,699 1,823

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,008 1,939 686 618 1,322 1,320

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

246 214 149 144 97 70

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,055 1,050 539 570 516 480

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Change from:
Mar.2015 - Apr.2015(p)

Total nonfarm

138,377 139,519 140,284 141,462 138,385 141,059 141,144 141,367 223

Total private

116,107 117,317 117,996 119,126 116,542 119,153 119,247 119,460 213

Goods-producing

18,923 19,034 19,139 19,388 19,131 19,560 19,539 19,570 31

Mining and logging

877 878 866 851 886 892 880 865 -15

Logging

48.1 52.4 52.2 50.4 51.6 54.2 54.5 54.5 0.0

Mining

828.6 825.5 814.2 800.4 834.7 838.1 825.8 810.9 -14.9

Oil and gas extraction

193.6 196.8 196.7 192.1 194.6 197.6 197.7 194.4 -3.3

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

205.7 196.7 197.6 200.6 207.7 205.0 203.8 202.4 -1.4

Coal mining

74.0 70.7 70.6 70.3 73.9 71.2 70.9 70.8 -0.1

Support activities for mining

429.3 432.0 419.9 407.7 432.4 435.5 424.3 414.1 -10.2

Construction

5,966 5,926 6,014 6,265 6,103 6,347 6,338 6,383 45

Construction of buildings

1,314.5 1,342.8 1,358.8 1,374.6 1,347.2 1,408.2 1,410.0 1,405.0 -5.0

Residential building

635.9 651.7 659.9 675.3 652.4 687.8 690.8 693.6 2.8

Nonresidential building

678.6 691.1 698.9 699.3 694.8 720.4 719.2 711.4 -7.8

Heavy and civil engineering construction

885.3 834.1 854.7 926.3 911.6 939.8 936.3 944.7 8.4

Specialty trade contractors

3,766.6 3,749.2 3,800.2 3,963.9 3,844.5 3,999.0 3,992.0 4,033.0 41.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,612.7 1,621.0 1,638.3 1,723.9 1,646.2 1,742.3 1,737.5 1,758.3 20.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,153.9 2,128.2 2,161.9 2,240.0 2,198.3 2,256.7 2,254.5 2,274.7 20.2

Manufacturing

12,080 12,230 12,259 12,272 12,142 12,321 12,321 12,322 1

Durable goods

7,616 7,756 7,775 7,781 7,640 7,800 7,801 7,800 -1

Wood products

367.3 373.1 373.3 378.2 369.9 378.8 379.0 379.0 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

377.7 382.0 389.1 398.5 381.3 397.6 398.5 397.4 -1.1

Primary metals

396.6 405.0 405.6 404.8 396.7 406.5 405.9 406.1 0.2

Fabricated metal products

1,445.1 1,466.6 1,468.5 1,469.7 1,449.2 1,475.7 1,475.2 1,476.2 1.0

Machinery

1,120.4 1,140.0 1,139.1 1,132.8 1,121.2 1,141.1 1,138.3 1,133.1 -5.2

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,043.7 1,054.6 1,055.4 1,052.9 1,048.1 1,058.3 1,057.3 1,056.3 -1.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

158.7 167.9 168.2 168.2 159.9 168.7 169.4 169.6 0.2

Communications equipment

94.6 90.3 90.1 89.6 94.9 90.6 90.1 89.8 -0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

366.0 369.8 369.7 368.8 367.2 370.4 370.1 370.1 0.0

Electronic instruments

387.1 389.8 390.3 389.0 388.4 391.2 390.1 389.2 -0.9

Electrical equipment and appliances

374.7 372.6 371.5 370.8 376.0 372.8 372.5 372.2 -0.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,543.9 1,598.9 1,602.2 1,598.2 1,547.1 1,598.1 1,598.6 1,602.2 3.6

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

859.0 910.1 913.5 911.3 861.0 909.7 909.0 915.0 6.0

Furniture and related products

366.4 380.3 384.0 385.9 367.7 385.4 386.6 388.0 1.4

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

580.0 583.0 585.9 588.8 582.5 586.1 588.6 589.4 0.8

Nondurable goods

4,464 4,474 4,484 4,491 4,502 4,521 4,520 4,522 2

Food manufacturing

1,459.6 1,467.3 1,470.2 1,468.2 1,485.5 1,492.8 1,492.8 1,490.4 -2.4

Textile mills

117.6 118.5 118.6 118.7 117.6 119.0 118.7 118.7 0.0

Textile product mills

113.0 113.1 113.3 113.6 113.8 114.6 114.2 114.7 0.5

Apparel

141.6 138.1 137.7 135.1 141.6 137.3 137.0 135.6 -1.4

Paper and paper products

372.1 364.7 365.5 366.7 373.9 366.7 367.1 367.3 0.2

Printing and related support activities

453.9 445.6 446.6 446.8 454.6 448.0 447.8 447.8 0.0

Petroleum and coal products

108.7 102.5 102.3 107.0 109.8 106.0 104.7 107.8 3.1

Chemicals

797.0 808.8 809.8 809.1 798.9 810.6 810.4 810.9 0.5

Plastics and rubber products

670.4 682.3 685.4 687.1 671.7 685.5 686.0 685.6 -0.4

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

230.0 232.7 234.5 238.4 234.8 240.6 241.6 243.3 1.7

Private service-providing

97,184 98,283 98,857 99,738 97,411 99,593 99,708 99,890 182

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,026 26,347 26,458 26,585 26,260 26,748 26,791 26,815 24

Wholesale trade

5,793.0 5,853.0 5,879.1 5,890.1 5,807.9 5,898.2 5,908.1 5,903.6 -4.5

Durable goods

2,892.0 2,928.8 2,936.3 2,939.8 2,901.2 2,944.4 2,946.5 2,948.9 2.4

Nondurable goods

2,008.9 2,017.7 2,031.1 2,039.0 2,012.8 2,040.8 2,046.6 2,041.5 -5.1

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

892.1 906.5 911.7 911.3 893.9 913.0 915.0 913.2 -1.8

Retail trade

15,132.5 15,259.7 15,328.5 15,429.7 15,307.5 15,555.8 15,580.3 15,592.4 12.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,846.2 1,884.4 1,897.4 1,909.7 1,847.0 1,907.6 1,909.9 1,910.3 0.4

Automobile dealers

1,169.8 1,205.3 1,210.5 1,215.2 1,171.4 1,214.0 1,216.4 1,217.6 1.2

Furniture and home furnishings stores

444.5 459.4 456.5 458.0 450.9 464.3 463.4 464.9 1.5

Electronics and appliance stores

472.3 494.4 491.6 489.0 484.4 497.5 499.2 500.3 1.1

Building material and garden supply stores

1,273.1 1,205.4 1,244.1 1,304.1 1,229.8 1,255.0 1,256.4 1,259.2 2.8

Food and beverage stores

2,962.2 2,995.6 2,990.7 3,000.5 2,990.5 3,026.7 3,026.6 3,030.2 3.6

Health and personal care stores

1,008.0 1,024.8 1,022.5 1,023.3 1,015.6 1,028.8 1,030.1 1,030.1 0.0

Gasoline stations

869.4 879.7 884.8 893.4 877.6 896.4 898.4 900.9 2.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,333.6 1,325.4 1,325.8 1,324.0 1,382.7 1,376.3 1,377.0 1,373.7 -3.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

592.0 593.7 591.1 590.2 612.7 612.1 612.0 610.9 -1.1

General merchandise stores(1)

3,045.2 3,076.6 3,108.5 3,109.8 3,100.8 3,146.1 3,155.9 3,157.6 1.7

Department stores

1,310.2 1,307.5 1,304.4 1,297.2 1,350.6 1,339.0 1,339.6 1,333.2 -6.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

800.3 804.5 797.7 809.7 815.6 820.1 822.2 823.0 0.8

Nonstore retailers

485.7 515.8 517.8 518.0 499.9 524.9 529.2 531.3 2.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,550.9 4,678.3 4,692.1 4,706.3 4,593.9 4,734.8 4,742.9 4,758.1 15.2

Air transportation

439.1 441.3 442.3 445.4 439.5 444.6 443.6 445.3 1.7

Rail transportation

232.2 243.3 244.4 245.6 231.7 244.5 244.9 245.6 0.7

Water transportation

66.3 64.7 64.7 65.3 67.1 66.4 66.6 66.5 -0.1

Truck transportation

1,392.2 1,413.4 1,413.2 1,423.0 1,408.3 1,445.0 1,438.3 1,440.2 1.9

Transit and ground passenger transportation

475.0 481.6 483.9 484.2 461.2 469.1 471.3 470.9 -0.4

Pipeline transportation

46.8 47.9 48.2 48.8 47.1 47.9 48.3 48.5 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

27.0 24.4 24.9 28.1 30.0 31.0 30.6 30.8 0.2

Support activities for transportation

619.7 630.7 639.7 646.6 620.8 634.8 643.4 648.2 4.8

Couriers and messengers

529.7 582.5 579.9 569.0 555.8 594.9 598.3 601.8 3.5

Warehousing and storage

722.9 748.5 750.9 750.3 732.4 756.6 757.6 760.3 2.7

Utilities

549.2 555.9 558.3 559.0 550.5 558.9 559.9 561.2 1.3

Information

2,720 2,769 2,776 2,780 2,728 2,780 2,780 2,783 3

Publishing industries, except Internet

723.7 717.1 716.9 716.5 726.0 720.3 719.3 718.7 -0.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

378.5 381.5 383.2 390.7 380.2 385.6 382.3 385.5 3.2

Broadcasting, except Internet

282.8 287.2 289.0 289.7 283.1 288.6 289.7 290.5 0.8

Telecommunications

847.4 862.1 863.2 856.3 849.7 861.6 863.2 861.5 -1.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

276.5 290.6 292.2 294.6 276.1 291.5 292.6 292.7 0.1

Other information services

210.6 230.9 231.4 232.0 212.6 231.9 232.9 233.6 0.7

Financial activities

7,908 8,025 8,041 8,057 7,942 8,077 8,084 8,093 9

Finance and insurance

5,888.2 5,991.0 5,998.2 5,999.6 5,906.5 6,002.4 6,009.0 6,018.5 9.5

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.3 18.4 18.4 18.2 18.4 18.6 18.6 18.5 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,555.6 2,563.2 2,563.8 2,559.8 2,563.6 2,568.3 2,569.9 2,570.6 0.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,707.7 1,697.0 1,695.6 1,692.9 1,710.7 1,698.8 1,698.0 1,696.3 -1.7

Commercial banking

1,296.0 1,281.8 1,279.6 1,275.7 1,297.8 1,281.7 1,280.2 1,277.8 -2.4

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

874.4 892.6 890.7 894.3 876.4 894.3 892.6 896.4 3.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,439.9 2,516.8 2,525.3 2,527.3 2,448.1 2,521.2 2,527.9 2,533.0 5.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,019.7 2,033.5 2,043.0 2,057.0 2,035.2 2,074.2 2,075.2 2,074.0 -1.2

Real estate

1,472.3 1,481.7 1,488.4 1,499.9 1,481.0 1,505.5 1,508.1 1,509.7 1.6

Rental and leasing services

523.9 528.9 531.6 534.0 530.5 545.4 543.9 541.1 -2.8

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.5 22.9 23.0 23.1 23.7 23.3 23.2 23.2 0.0

Professional and business services

18,917 19,236 19,342 19,604 18,951 19,508 19,543 19,605 62

Professional and technical services(1)

8,351.5 8,603.7 8,620.5 8,661.9 8,283.9 8,539.2 8,562.7 8,583.4 20.7

Legal services

1,116.0 1,114.7 1,116.0 1,117.7 1,120.1 1,121.2 1,119.8 1,122.1 2.3

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,046.2 1,119.3 1,116.7 1,097.7 947.8 991.1 999.0 997.5 -1.5

Architectural and engineering services

1,356.8 1,388.9 1,396.0 1,411.6 1,367.8 1,410.5 1,415.6 1,419.3 3.7

Computer systems design and related services

1,761.0 1,825.9 1,821.7 1,844.7 1,764.7 1,829.9 1,834.2 1,843.3 9.1

Management and technical consulting services

1,218.2 1,280.7 1,284.1 1,294.6 1,224.2 1,292.0 1,296.2 1,302.2 6.0

Management of companies and enterprises

2,158.1 2,182.3 2,191.9 2,189.8 2,167.0 2,193.8 2,198.8 2,198.4 -0.4

Administrative and waste services

8,407.6 8,450.4 8,529.4 8,752.7 8,499.9 8,775.2 8,781.9 8,823.2 41.3

Administrative and support services(1)

8,027.8 8,066.9 8,145.8 8,363.5 8,115.9 8,383.2 8,389.9 8,429.3 39.4

Employment services(1)

3,301.9 3,379.9 3,425.7 3,491.4 3,371.5 3,519.6 3,534.4 3,546.6 12.2

Temporary help services

2,667.7 2,729.2 2,768.8 2,827.1 2,729.4 2,851.1 2,864.3 2,880.4 16.1

Business support services

869.5 912.6 908.4 913.9 877.9 910.6 912.1 919.3 7.2

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,924.0 1,801.7 1,831.2 1,970.1 1,928.0 1,962.2 1,954.3 1,970.0 15.7

Waste management and remediation services

379.8 383.5 383.6 389.2 384.0 392.0 392.0 393.9 1.9

Education and health services

21,524 21,917 22,005 22,103 21,353 21,821 21,856 21,917 61

Educational services

3,574.7 3,593.4 3,618.3 3,640.1 3,406.5 3,454.3 3,459.6 3,464.8 5.2

Health care and social assistance

17,948.8 18,323.3 18,387.0 18,462.7 17,946.6 18,366.2 18,396.8 18,452.4 55.6

Health care(3)

14,587.2 14,887.6 14,927.5 14,986.5 14,611.0 14,934.2 14,955.8 15,001.0 45.2

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,577.1 6,784.3 6,809.8 6,849.1 6,586.1 6,807.6 6,826.4 6,851.7 25.3

Offices of physicians

2,451.6 2,518.3 2,525.0 2,536.1 2,458.2 2,523.7 2,529.0 2,538.3 9.3

Outpatient care centers

703.8 728.7 732.2 736.4 703.9 729.6 732.6 736.0 3.4

Home health care services

1,245.9 1,286.7 1,294.6 1,303.7 1,246.8 1,295.4 1,300.2 1,302.9 2.7

Hospitals

4,761.4 4,831.3 4,844.6 4,854.6 4,772.2 4,839.2 4,846.8 4,858.6 11.8

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,248.7 3,272.0 3,273.1 3,282.8 3,252.7 3,287.4 3,282.6 3,290.7 8.1

Nursing care facilities

1,649.1 1,646.7 1,644.7 1,648.5 1,651.0 1,655.3 1,649.3 1,652.3 3.0

Social assistance(1)

3,361.6 3,435.7 3,459.5 3,476.2 3,335.6 3,432.0 3,441.0 3,451.4 10.4

Child day care services

869.8 876.0 886.0 890.3 847.9 863.1 865.5 867.5 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

14,527 14,415 14,636 14,980 14,610 15,033 15,027 15,044 17

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,036.6 1,917.4 1,983.0 2,087.8 2,088.2 2,128.8 2,133.3 2,131.1 -2.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

456.5 419.3 442.8 471.2 442.5 454.6 460.1 459.0 -1.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

143.3 133.2 137.3 143.8 145.2 144.4 144.6 145.0 0.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,436.8 1,364.9 1,402.9 1,472.8 1,500.5 1,529.8 1,528.6 1,527.1 -1.5

Accommodation and food services

12,490.7 12,497.2 12,652.9 12,892.6 12,521.5 12,903.7 12,893.7 12,912.6 18.9

Accommodation

1,841.9 1,816.6 1,835.2 1,849.2 1,887.5 1,901.0 1,898.4 1,891.3 -7.1

Food services and drinking places

10,648.8 10,680.6 10,817.7 11,043.4 10,634.0 11,002.7 10,995.3 11,021.3 26.0

Other services

5,562 5,574 5,599 5,629 5,567 5,626 5,627 5,633 6

Repair and maintenance

1,244.4 1,255.6 1,264.0 1,270.6 1,240.6 1,265.8 1,265.5 1,265.3 -0.2

Personal and laundry services

1,365.8 1,361.5 1,372.9 1,388.6 1,363.7 1,379.0 1,381.8 1,386.1 4.3

Membership associations and organizations

2,951.3 2,956.4 2,962.5 2,969.9 2,962.9 2,980.9 2,980.1 2,981.3 1.2

Government

22,270 22,202 22,288 22,336 21,843 21,906 21,897 21,907 10

Federal

2,728.0 2,715.0 2,719.0 2,742.0 2,726.0 2,731.0 2,730.0 2,732.0 2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,128.2 2,122.0 2,125.9 2,135.2 2,134.0 2,136.0 2,135.3 2,136.0 0.7

U.S. Postal Service

599.7 593.2 592.8 606.4 591.6 595.4 595.0 596.0 1.0

State government

5,224.0 5,216.0 5,239.0 5,247.0 5,060.0 5,086.0 5,082.0 5,083.0 1.0

State government education

2,573.6 2,582.3 2,600.3 2,607.3 2,408.7 2,441.6 2,438.2 2,441.5 3.3

State government, excluding education

2,649.9 2,633.9 2,638.3 2,639.3 2,651.1 2,644.6 2,644.2 2,641.4 -2.8

Local government

14,318.0 14,271.0 14,330.0 14,347.0 14,057.0 14,089.0 14,085.0 14,092.0 7.0

Local government education

8,125.8 8,101.5 8,133.6 8,122.1 7,781.9 7,791.4 7,782.6 7,786.0 3.4

Local government, excluding education

6,191.8 6,169.9 6,196.3 6,225.3 6,274.9 6,297.3 6,302.1 6,305.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.6 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.5 40.6 40.4 40.3

Mining and logging

44.6 44.6 44.5 44.3

Construction

39.1 39.5 39.0 38.9

Manufacturing

40.9 41.0 40.9 40.8

Durable goods

41.4 41.3 41.3 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.0 40.3 40.2 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.4 33.4 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.6 34.5 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.9 38.8 38.7

Retail trade

31.4 31.4 31.3 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 39.0 38.8 38.9

Utilities

42.3 42.5 43.0 42.6

Information

36.8 36.5 36.4 36.4

Financial activities

37.1 37.5 37.5 37.6

Professional and business services

36.2 36.2 36.2 36.0

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.4 26.2 26.2

Other services

31.8 31.8 31.7 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2

Durable goods

3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)

Total private

$24.34 $24.78 $24.84 $24.87 $839.73 $857.39 $856.98 $858.02

Goods-producing

25.57 25.92 26.05 26.08 1,035.59 1,052.35 1,052.42 1,051.02

Mining and logging

30.65 30.84 30.98 30.90 1,366.99 1,375.46 1,378.61 1,368.87

Construction

26.57 26.95 27.23 27.28 1,038.89 1,064.53 1,061.97 1,061.19

Manufacturing

24.68 25.02 25.09 25.12 1,009.41 1,025.82 1,026.18 1,024.90

Durable goods

26.05 26.36 26.40 26.43 1,078.47 1,088.67 1,090.32 1,086.27

Nondurable goods

22.29 22.64 22.76 22.81 891.60 912.39 914.95 916.96

Private service-providing

24.05 24.51 24.56 24.58 800.87 818.63 820.30 818.51

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.35 21.67 21.66 21.67 736.58 749.78 747.27 747.62

Wholesale trade

28.07 28.36 28.41 28.46 1,089.12 1,103.20 1,102.31 1,101.40

Retail trade

16.94 17.33 17.29 17.32 531.92 544.16 541.18 542.12

Transportation and warehousing

22.93 22.91 22.84 22.76 887.39 893.49 886.19 885.36

Utilities

35.29 36.65 36.94 36.97 1,492.77 1,557.63 1,588.42 1,574.92

Information

33.88 34.48 34.55 34.62 1,246.78 1,258.52 1,257.62 1,260.17

Financial activities

30.56 31.22 31.31 31.37 1,133.78 1,170.75 1,174.13 1,179.51

Professional and business services

29.11 29.74 29.83 29.89 1,053.78 1,076.59 1,079.85 1,076.04

Education and health services

24.60 25.03 25.07 25.07 804.42 820.98 822.30 822.30

Leisure and hospitality

13.77 14.25 14.23 14.31 360.77 376.20 372.83 374.92

Other services

21.84 22.27 22.25 22.21 694.51 708.19 705.33 704.06

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Mar.
2015 - Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Mar.
2015 - Apr.
2015(p)

Total private

100.5 103.1 102.8 103.0 0.2 116.8 121.9 121.9 122.3 0.3

Goods-producing

88.3 90.5 89.9 89.9 0.0 102.0 106.0 105.9 105.9 0.0

Mining and logging

124.2 125.0 123.1 120.4 -2.2 152.8 154.8 153.1 149.4 -2.4

Construction

82.3 86.4 85.2 85.6 0.5 95.0 101.2 100.8 101.5 0.7

Manufacturing

89.3 90.9 90.7 90.4 -0.3 102.5 105.7 105.8 105.7 -0.1

Durable goods

89.1 90.7 90.7 90.3 -0.4 103.0 106.2 106.4 105.9 -0.5

Nondurable goods

89.9 90.9 90.7 90.7 0.0 101.6 104.5 104.7 105.0 0.3

Private service-providing

103.8 106.4 106.6 106.4 -0.2 121.0 126.5 126.9 126.9 0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

98.5 100.7 100.5 100.6 0.1 113.2 117.4 117.2 117.4 0.2

Wholesale trade

98.3 100.1 100.0 99.7 -0.3 115.2 118.5 118.6 118.4 -0.2

Retail trade

97.6 99.2 99.1 99.1 0.0 109.3 113.7 113.2 113.5 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

101.8 105.7 105.3 105.9 0.6 118.4 122.9 122.1 122.4 0.2

Utilities

100.7 102.8 104.2 103.4 -0.8 117.5 124.4 127.1 126.3 -0.6

Information

91.7 92.7 92.4 92.5 0.1 110.6 113.8 113.7 114.0 0.3

Financial activities

96.5 99.2 99.3 99.7 0.4 115.0 120.8 121.3 121.9 0.5

Professional and business services

107.9 111.1 111.3 111.0 -0.3 127.2 133.8 134.5 134.4 -0.1

Education and health services

112.1 114.9 115.1 115.4 0.3 129.9 135.4 135.9 136.3 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

109.2 113.2 112.3 112.5 0.2 121.3 130.2 129.0 129.8 0.6

Other services

98.1 99.1 98.8 98.9 0.1 121.6 125.3 124.8 124.7 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

68,344 69,549 69,627 69,695 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

55,869 57,018 57,105 57,169 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,185 4,269 4,271 4,275 21.9 21.8 21.9 21.8

Mining and logging

117 122 121 119 13.2 13.7 13.8 13.8

Construction

770 799 798 805 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6

Manufacturing

3,298 3,348 3,352 3,351 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.2

Durable goods

1,758 1,805 1,808 1,809 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.2

Nondurable goods

1,540 1,543 1,544 1,542 34.2 34.1 34.2 34.1

Private service-providing

51,684 52,749 52,834 52,894 53.1 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,648 10,830 10,861 10,858 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,717.0 1,729.8 1,737.7 1,736.9 29.6 29.3 29.4 29.4

Retail trade

7,712.1 7,844.3 7,865.0 7,858.9 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,085.0 1,121.7 1,123.8 1,127.8 23.6 23.7 23.7 23.7

Utilities

133.9 133.7 134.4 134.5 24.3 23.9 24.0 24.0

Information

1,094 1,117 1,118 1,113 40.1 40.2 40.2 40.0

Financial activities

4,561 4,619 4,628 4,630 57.4 57.2 57.2 57.2

Professional and business services

8,467 8,672 8,695 8,709 44.7 44.5 44.5 44.4

Education and health services

16,408 16,780 16,813 16,858 76.8 76.9 76.9 76.9

Leisure and hospitality

7,595 7,791 7,777 7,784 52.0 51.8 51.8 51.7

Other services

2,911 2,940 2,942 2,942 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.2

Government

12,475 12,531 12,522 12,526 57.1 57.2 57.2 57.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)

Total private

96,322 98,262 98,334 98,446

Goods-producing

13,807 14,108 14,084 14,102

Mining and logging

653 654 645 633

Construction

4,620 4,780 4,766 4,809

Manufacturing

8,534 8,674 8,673 8,660

Durable goods

5,260 5,372 5,372 5,364

Nondurable goods

3,274 3,302 3,301 3,296

Private service-providing

82,515 84,154 84,250 84,344

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,199 22,539 22,578 22,568

Wholesale trade

4,699.4 4,756.4 4,753.7 4,748.7

Retail trade

13,079.9 13,237.7 13,273.4 13,263.2

Transportation and warehousing

3,974.7 4,094.7 4,100.9 4,105.2

Utilities

445.0 449.9 450.2 451.0

Information

2,212 2,253 2,253 2,255

Financial activities

6,129 6,232 6,240 6,244

Professional and business services

15,687 16,074 16,082 16,123

Education and health services

18,751 19,151 19,178 19,226

Leisure and hospitality

12,897 13,225 13,235 13,244

Other services

4,640 4,680 4,684 4,684

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.8 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.4 41.5 41.2 41.2

Mining and logging

47.1 46.6 46.4 46.2

Construction

39.8 39.9 39.4 39.5

Manufacturing

41.9 41.9 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.4 42.2 42.1 42.0

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.5 41.4 41.5

Private service-providing

32.4 32.5 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.8 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.5

Retail trade

30.1 30.2 30.0 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.7 38.7 38.8

Utilities

42.3 42.5 42.9 42.2

Information

35.9 36.0 35.9 36.0

Financial activities

36.6 36.9 37.0 37.0

Professional and business services

35.5 35.5 35.4 35.2

Education and health services

32.0 32.0 32.0 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

25.2 25.2 25.0 25.0

Other services

30.7 30.8 30.7 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3

Durable goods

4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)

Total private

$20.52 $20.82 $20.88 $20.90 $691.52 $703.72 $703.66 $704.33

Goods-producing

21.51 21.71 21.82 21.84 890.51 900.97 898.98 899.81

Mining and logging

26.53 26.46 26.43 26.26 1,249.56 1,233.04 1,226.35 1,213.21

Construction

24.61 24.78 25.08 25.10 979.48 988.72 988.15 991.45

Manufacturing

19.49 19.70 19.76 19.78 816.63 825.43 825.97 826.80

Durable goods

20.60 20.79 20.84 20.83 873.44 877.34 877.36 874.86

Nondurable goods

17.66 17.91 17.96 18.04 725.83 743.27 743.54 748.66

Private service-providing

20.31 20.63 20.67 20.69 658.04 670.48 669.71 670.36

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.23 18.50 18.56 18.55 612.53 625.30 623.62 623.28

Wholesale trade

23.24 23.43 23.52 23.55 897.06 904.40 907.87 906.68

Retail trade

14.34 14.63 14.65 14.67 431.63 441.83 439.50 440.10

Transportation and warehousing

20.51 20.72 20.76 20.66 787.58 801.86 803.41 801.61

Utilities

32.81 33.53 33.98 34.01 1,387.86 1,425.03 1,457.74 1,435.22

Information

28.59 28.63 28.52 28.69 1,026.38 1,030.68 1,023.87 1,032.84

Financial activities

24.54 25.12 25.18 25.25 898.16 926.93 931.66 934.25

Professional and business services

24.22 24.46 24.53 24.56 859.81 868.33 868.36 864.51

Education and health services

21.54 21.93 21.92 21.92 689.28 701.76 701.44 705.82

Leisure and hospitality

11.97 12.34 12.34 12.38 301.64 310.97 308.50 309.50

Other services

18.42 18.77 18.78 18.76 565.49 578.12 576.55 574.06

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Mar.
2015 - Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Apr.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Mar.
2015 - Apr.
2015(p)

Total private

108.2 110.7 110.4 110.6 0.2 148.3 154.0 154.1 154.4 0.2

Goods-producing

87.3 89.5 88.7 88.8 0.1 115.1 118.9 118.5 118.7 0.2

Mining and logging

163.4 162.0 159.0 155.4 -2.3 252.2 249.2 244.5 237.3 -2.9

Construction

92.1 95.5 94.0 95.1 1.2 122.3 127.8 127.3 128.9 1.3

Manufacturing

82.1 83.4 83.2 83.1 -0.1 104.6 107.5 107.5 107.5 0.0

Durable goods

83.8 85.2 85.0 84.7 -0.4 107.8 110.6 110.6 110.1 -0.5

Nondurable goods

79.3 80.7 80.5 80.6 0.1 98.9 102.2 102.2 102.7 0.5

Private service-providing

113.9 116.5 116.3 116.4 0.1 158.6 164.8 164.8 165.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

104.0 106.2 105.8 105.7 -0.1 135.2 140.2 140.0 139.9 -0.1

Wholesale trade

106.8 108.1 108.1 107.7 -0.4 146.2 149.2 149.7 149.4 -0.2

Retail trade

99.7 101.2 100.8 100.7 -0.1 122.5 126.9 126.6 126.6 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

114.9 119.3 119.5 119.9 0.3 149.5 156.8 157.3 157.1 -0.1

Utilities

96.3 97.8 98.8 97.3 -1.5 131.8 136.9 140.1 138.2 -1.4

Information

90.6 92.6 92.3 92.7 0.4 128.3 131.2 130.3 131.6 1.0

Financial activities

105.6 108.3 108.7 108.8 0.1 159.4 167.3 168.4 169.0 0.4

Professional and business services

124.8 127.9 127.6 127.2 -0.3 179.9 186.1 186.2 185.9 -0.2

Education and health services

128.1 130.8 131.0 132.1 0.8 182.0 189.2 189.4 191.1 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

119.0 122.1 121.2 121.3 0.1 161.8 171.1 169.8 170.5 0.4

Other services

99.9 101.1 100.8 100.5 -0.3 134.1 138.3 138.0 137.4 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: May 08, 2015
Recommend this page using: