Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                 USDL-15-0158
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 6, 2015

Technical information: 
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2015


  NOTE: This news release was reissued on February 6, 2015, to correct data
  in table C for the employed (Dec.-Jan. change, after removing the population
  control effect). No other data were affected.


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 257,000 in January, and the unemployment rate
was little changed at 5.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Job gains occurred in retail trade, construction, health care, financial activities,
and manufacturing.

    ____________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                            |
   |                  Changes to The Employment Situation Data                  |
   |                                                                            |
   |Establishment survey data have been revised as a result of the annual       |
   |benchmarking process and the updating of seasonal adjustment factors. Also, |
   |household survey data for January 2015 reflect updated population estimates.|
   |See the notes at the end of this news release for more information about    |
   |these changes.                                                              |
   |____________________________________________________________________________|


Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate, at 5.7 percent, changed little in January and has shown no net
change since October. The number of unemployed persons, at 9.0 million, was little
changed in January. (See table A-1. See the note at the end of this news release and
tables B and C for information about annual population adjustments to the household
survey estimates.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers (18.8 percent)
increased in January. The jobless rates for adult men (5.3 percent), adult women
(5.1 percent), whites (4.9 percent), blacks (10.3 percent), Asians (4.0 percent),
and Hispanics (6.7 percent) showed little or no change. (See tables A-1, A-2,
and A-3.)

In January, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more)
was essentially unchanged at 2.8 million. These individuals accounted for 31.5 percent
of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed is down
by 828,000. (See table A-12.)

After accounting for the annual adjustments to the population controls, the civilian
labor force rose by 703,000 in January. The labor force participation rate rose by
0.2 percentage point to 62.9 percent, following a decline of equal magnitude in the
prior month. Total employment, as measured by the household survey, increased by
435,000 in January, and the employment-population ratio was little changed at
59.3 percent. (See table A-1. For additional information about the effects of the
population adjustments, see table C.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged in January at 6.8 million.
These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a
full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In January, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by
358,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a
job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 682,000 discouraged workers in January, down
by 155,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are
available for them. The remaining 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in January had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or
family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 257,000 in January. Job gains occurred in
retail trade, construction, health care, financial activities, and manufacturing.
After incorporating revisions for November and December (which include the impact of
the annual benchmark process), monthly job gains averaged 336,000 over the past
3 months. (See table B-1 and summary table B. See the note at the end of this news
release and table A for information about the annual benchmark process.)

Employment in retail trade rose by 46,000 in January. Three industries accounted
for half of the jobs added--sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores (+9,000);
motor vehicle and parts dealers (+8,000); and nonstore retailers (+6,000). 

Construction continued to add jobs in January (+39,000). Employment increased in
both residential and nonresidential building (+13,000 and +7,000, respectively).
Employment continued to trend up in specialty trade contactors (+13,000). Over the
prior 12 months, construction had added an average of 28,000 jobs per month. 

In January, health care employment increased by 38,000. Job gains occurred in
offices of physicians (+13,000), hospitals (+10,000), and nursing and residential
care facilities (+7,000). Health care added an average of 26,000 jobs per month 
in 2014.

Employment in financial activities rose by 26,000 in January, with insurance 
carriers and related activities (+14,000) and securities, commodity contracts,
and investments (+5,000) contributing to the gain. Financial activities has added
159,000 jobs over the past 12 months. 

Manufacturing employment increased by 22,000 over the month, including job gains
in motor vehicles and parts (+7,000) and wood products (+4,000). Over the past
12 months, manufacturing has added 228,000 jobs. 

Professional and technical services added 33,000 jobs in January, including
increases in computer systems design (+8,000) and architectural and engineering
services (+8,000).

In January, employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend
up (+35,000). In 2014, the industry added an average of 33,000 jobs per month.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, wholesale
trade, transportation and warehousing, information, and government, showed little
change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged
at 34.6 hours in January. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 0.1 hour to 41.0
hours, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.5 hours. The average
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls
edged down by 0.1 hour to 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
increased by 12 cents to $24.75, following a decrease of 5 cents in December. Over
the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.2 percent. In January, average
hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased
by 7 cents to $20.80. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was revised from +353,000
to +423,000, and the change for December was revised from +252,000 to +329,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in November and December were 147,000 higher than
previously reported. Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from
businesses since the last published estimates and the monthly recalculation of
seasonal factors. The annual benchmark process also contributed to these revisions.

_____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on Friday,
March 6, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



                       Revisions to Establishment Survey Data


In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data released today have
been benchmarked to reflect comprehensive counts of payroll jobs for March 2014. These 
counts are derived principally from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW),
which enumerates jobs covered by the unemployment insurance tax system. The benchmark
process results in revisions to not seasonally adjusted data from April 2013 forward.
Seasonally adjusted data from January 2010 forward are subject to revision. In addition,
data for some series prior to 2010, both seasonally adjusted and unadjusted, incorporate
revisions.

The total nonfarm employment level for March 2014 was revised upward by 91,000 (+67,000
on a not seasonally adjusted basis, or less than 0.05 percent). The average benchmark
revision over the past 10 years was plus or minus 0.3 percent. Table A presents revised
total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally adjusted basis for January through
December 2014.

An article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions and other technical
issues can be accessed through the BLS website at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.pdf.
Information on the data released today also may be obtained by calling (202) 691-6555.


Table A. Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2014, seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

__________________________________________________________________________________________
                    |                                    |                                
                    |                Level               |      Over-the-month change     
                    |____________________________________|________________________________
    Year and month  |    As     |           |            |    As    |         |           
                    |previously |    As     | Difference |previously|   As    | Difference
                    |published  |  revised  |            |published | revised |           
____________________|___________|___________|____________|__________|_________|___________
                    |           |           |            |          |         |           
          2014      |           |           |            |          |         |           
                    |           |           |            |          |         |           
 January............|  137,539  |  137,642  |     103    |    144   |    166  |      22   
 February...........|  137,761  |  137,830  |      69    |    222   |    188  |     -34   
 March..............|  137,964  |  138,055  |      91    |    203   |    225  |      22   
 April..............|  138,268  |  138,385  |     117    |    304   |    330  |      26   
 May................|  138,497  |  138,621  |     124    |    229   |    236  |       7   
 June...............|  138,764  |  138,907  |     143    |    267   |    286  |      19   
 July...............|  139,007  |  139,156  |     149    |    243   |    249  |       6   
 August.............|  139,210  |  139,369  |     159    |    203   |    213  |      10   
 September..........|  139,481  |  139,619  |     138    |    271   |    250  |     -21   
 October............|  139,742  |  139,840  |      98    |    261   |    221  |     -40   
 November...........|  140,095  |  140,263  |     168    |    353   |    423  |      70   
 December (p).......|  140,347  |  140,592  |     245    |    252   |    329  |      77   
____________________|___________|___________|____________|__________|_________|___________

    p = preliminary


               Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

Effective with data for January 2015, updated population estimates have been used in the
household survey. Population estimates for the household survey are developed by the
U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau updates the estimates to reflect new
information and assumptions about the growth of the population since the previous
decennial census. The change in population reflected in the new estimates results
from adjustments for net international migration, updated vital statistics and other
information, and some methodological changes in the estimation process.

In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household survey
estimates for December 2014 and earlier months. To show the impact of the population
adjustments, however, differences in selected December 2014 labor force series based on
the old and new population estimates are shown in table B.

The adjustments increased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional population
in December by 528,000, the civilian labor force by 348,000, employment by 324,000, and
unemployment by 24,000. The number of persons not in the labor force was increased by
179,000. The total unemployment rate, employment-population ratio, and labor force
participation rate were unaffected.

Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments can affect the
comparability of household data series over time. Table C shows the effect of the
introduction of new population estimates on the comparison of selected labor force
measures between December 2014 and January 2015. Additional information on the 
population adjustments and their effect on national labor force estimates is
available at www.bls.gov/cps/cps15adj.pdf.


Table B. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2014 estimates by sex,
race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

_______________________________________________________________________________________
                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
                              |      |     |      |       |  Black |       |           
                              |      |     |      |       |    or  |       |  Hispanic 
            Category          |Total | Men | Women| White | African| Asian | or Latino 
                              |      |     |      |       |American|       | ethnicity 
                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
______________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|___________
                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
  Civilian noninstitutional   |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
   population.................|  528 | 173 |  354 |  139  |  114   |  243  |     243   
    Civilian labor force......|  348 | 131 |  218 |  101  |   81   |  144  |     141   
      Participation rate......|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |   .0  |   .0   |  -.1  |      .0   
     Employed.................|  324 | 120 |  204 |   94  |   72   |  138  |     133   
      Employment-population   |      |     |      |                        |           
       ratio..................|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |   .0  |   .0   |  -.1  |      .0   
     Unemployed...............|   24 |  10 |   14 |    7  |    9   |    7  |       7   
      Unemployment rate.......|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |   .0  |   .0   |   .0  |      .0   
    Not in labor force........|  179 |  42 |  137 |   38  |   33   |   99  |     102   
______________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|___________

   NOTE:  Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above race
groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data
are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or
Latino may be of any race.


Table C. December 2014-January 2015 changes in selected labor force measures,
with adjustments for population control effects
(Numbers in thousands)

______________________________________________________________________________
                                       |           |            |             
                                       |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                       | Dec.-Jan. |    2015    |   change,   
                                       |  change,  | population |  after re-  
                Category               |    as     |   control  |  moving the 
                                       | published |   effect   |  population 
                                       |           |            |   control   
                                       |           |            |  effect (1) 
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                       |           |            |             
  Civilian noninstitutional population.|    696    |     528    |     168     
    Civilian labor force...............|  1,051    |     348    |     703     
      Participation rate...............|     .2    |      .0    |      .2     
     Employed..........................|    759    |     324    |     435(c)     
      Employment-population ratio......|     .1    |      .0    |      .1     
     Unemployed........................|    291    |      24    |     267     
      Unemployment rate................|     .1    |      .0    |      .1     
    Not in labor force.................|   -354    |     179    |    -533     
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                                                              
   c = corrected.
   1 This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population 
control effect from the over-the-month change in the published seasonally
adjusted estimates.
   NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.


    ___________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                           |
   |              Changes to The Employment Situation News Release             |
   |                                                                           |
   |Effective with this release, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics introduced|
   |several changes to The Employment Situation news release tables.           |
   |                                                                           |
   |Household survey table A-2 introduced seasonally adjusted series on the    |
   |labor force characteristics of Asians. These series appear in addition to  |
   |the not seasonally adjusted data for Asians displayed in the table. Also,  |
   |in summary table A, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Asians   |
   |replaced the not seasonally adjusted series that was previously displayed  |
   |for the group.                                                             |
   |                                                                           |
   |Household survey table A-3 introduced seasonally adjusted series on the    |
   |labor force characteristics of Hispanic men age 20 and over, Hispanic women|
   |age 20 and over, and Hispanic teenagers age 16 to 19. The not seasonally   |
   |adjusted series for these groups continue to be displayed in the table.    |
   |                                                                           |
   |The establishment survey introduced two data series: (1) total nonfarm     |
   |employment, 3-month average change and (2) total private employment,       |
   |3-month average change. These new series have been added to establishment  |
   |survey summary table B. Additionally, in the employment section of summary |
   |table B, the list of industries has been expanded to include utilities     |
   |(also published in table B-1). Also, hours and earnings of production and  |
   |nonsupervisory employees were removed from summary table B, although these |
   |series continue to be published in establishment survey tables B-7 and B-8.|
   |___________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Change from:
Dec.
2014-
Jan.
2015

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

246,915 248,844 249,027 249,723 -

Civilian labor force

155,486 156,402 156,129 157,180 -

Participation rate

63.0 62.9 62.7 62.9 -

Employed

145,206 147,331 147,442 148,201 -

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.2 59.2 59.3 -

Unemployed

10,280 9,071 8,688 8,979 -

Unemployment rate

6.6 5.8 5.6 5.7 -

Not in labor force

91,429 92,442 92,898 92,544 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.6 5.8 5.6 5.7 -

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.3 5.4 5.3 5.3 -

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.9 5.2 5.0 5.1 -

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

20.8 17.5 16.8 18.8 -

White

5.7 4.9 4.8 4.9 -

Black or African American

12.1 11.0 10.4 10.3 -

Asian

4.8 4.7 4.2 4.0 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

8.3 6.6 6.5 6.7 -

Total, 25 years and over

5.3 4.7 4.5 4.6 -

Less than a high school diploma

9.6 8.5 8.6 8.5 -

High school graduates, no college

6.5 5.6 5.3 5.4 -

Some college or associate degree

5.9 4.9 4.9 5.2 -

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.3 3.2 2.9 2.8 -

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,354 4,480 4,325 4,242 -

Job leavers

815 835 798 851 -

Reentrants

2,911 2,761 2,701 2,829 -

New entrants

1,181 1,045 971 1,033 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,449 2,505 2,375 2,383 -

5 to 14 weeks

2,428 2,378 2,293 2,318 -

15 to 26 weeks

1,699 1,403 1,274 1,380 -

27 weeks and over

3,628 2,822 2,785 2,800 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,274 6,851 6,790 6,810 -

Slack work or business conditions

4,419 4,068 4,061 4,012 -

Could only find part-time work

2,592 2,447 2,432 2,460 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,317 19,971 19,730 19,822 -

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,592 2,109 2,260 2,234 -

Discouraged workers

837 698 740 682 -

- December - January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

166 423 329 257

Total private

183 414 320 267

Goods-producing

90 76 73 58

Mining and logging

5 1 3 -3

Construction

69 30 44 39

Manufacturing

16 45 26 22

Durable goods(1)

4 28 21 18

Motor vehicles and parts

-6.1 9.3 6.2 6.7

Nondurable goods

12 17 5 4

Private service-providing

93 338 247 209

Wholesale trade

17.5 8.0 11.3 12.7

Retail trade

-16.5 61.2 7.2 45.9

Transportation and warehousing

-2.7 25.9 33.8 -8.6

Utilities

-1.8 2.8 1.9 0.5

Information

0 7 4 6

Financial activities

4 28 9 26

Professional and business services(1)

36 96 80 39

Temporary help services

-5.2 30.8 25.0 -4.1

Education and health services(1)

19 51 48 46

Health care and social assistance

14.5 61.9 47.2 49.7

Leisure and hospitality

28 42 47 37

Other services

10 16 5 4

Government

-17 9 9 -10

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

197 298 324 336

Total private

203 289 317 334

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 47.9 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.5 82.5 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.6 34.6 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$24.22 $24.68 $24.63 $24.75

Average weekly earnings

$833.17 $853.93 $852.20 $856.35

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

99.6 102.4 102.7 102.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

115.1 120.6 120.7 121.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.6 0.8 0.1 0.7

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (263 industries)

62.4 75.3 69.0 62.4

Manufacturing (80 industries)

57.5 76.3 64.4 58.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 588,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-55,000 to +155,000 (50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

246,915 249,027 249,723 246,915 248,446 248,657 248,844 249,027 249,723

Civilian labor force

154,381 155,521 156,050 155,486 155,845 156,243 156,402 156,129 157,180

Participation rate

62.5 62.5 62.5 63.0 62.7 62.8 62.9 62.7 62.9

Employed

143,526 147,190 146,552 145,206 146,607 147,260 147,331 147,442 148,201

Employment-population ratio

58.1 59.1 58.7 58.8 59.0 59.2 59.2 59.2 59.3

Unemployed

10,855 8,331 9,498 10,280 9,237 8,983 9,071 8,688 8,979

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.4 6.1 6.6 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.7

Not in labor force

92,534 93,506 93,674 91,429 92,601 92,414 92,442 92,898 92,544

Persons who currently want a job

6,508 6,212 6,467 6,350 6,385 6,545 6,556 6,445 6,358

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,218 120,301 120,559 119,218 120,004 120,112 120,208 120,301 120,559

Civilian labor force

81,804 82,800 82,851 82,664 82,983 82,950 82,961 83,210 83,771

Participation rate

68.6 68.8 68.7 69.3 69.2 69.1 69.0 69.2 69.5

Employed

75,652 78,052 77,477 77,037 78,094 78,286 78,084 78,400 78,869

Employment-population ratio

63.5 64.9 64.3 64.6 65.1 65.2 65.0 65.2 65.4

Unemployed

6,153 4,748 5,374 5,627 4,890 4,664 4,877 4,810 4,903

Unemployment rate

7.5 5.7 6.5 6.8 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9

Not in labor force

37,414 37,501 37,708 36,554 37,021 37,161 37,247 37,091 36,787

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

110,746 111,875 112,117 110,746 111,567 111,679 111,778 111,875 112,117

Civilian labor force

79,310 80,068 80,179 79,899 80,163 80,023 80,029 80,271 80,804

Participation rate

71.6 71.6 71.5 72.1 71.9 71.7 71.6 71.8 72.1

Employed

73,748 75,801 75,364 74,905 75,889 75,928 75,675 76,026 76,496

Employment-population ratio

66.6 67.8 67.2 67.6 68.0 68.0 67.7 68.0 68.2

Unemployed

5,562 4,267 4,815 4,994 4,273 4,094 4,354 4,245 4,308

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.3 6.0 6.3 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.3

Not in labor force

31,436 31,807 31,938 30,848 31,404 31,656 31,749 31,603 31,313

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,696 128,726 129,165 127,696 128,442 128,545 128,637 128,726 129,165

Civilian labor force

72,576 72,721 73,199 72,821 72,862 73,293 73,442 72,919 73,408

Participation rate

56.8 56.5 56.7 57.0 56.7 57.0 57.1 56.6 56.8

Employed

67,874 69,138 69,075 68,168 68,514 68,974 69,247 69,042 69,332

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.7 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.7 53.8 53.6 53.7

Unemployed

4,702 3,584 4,124 4,653 4,348 4,318 4,195 3,878 4,076

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.9 5.6 6.4 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6

Not in labor force

55,120 56,005 55,966 54,875 55,581 55,253 55,195 55,807 55,756

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,497 120,557 120,970 119,497 120,265 120,370 120,465 120,557 120,970

Civilian labor force

70,003 70,058 70,554 70,045 70,037 70,354 70,599 70,111 70,558

Participation rate

58.6 58.1 58.3 58.6 58.2 58.4 58.6 58.2 58.3

Employed

65,775 66,797 66,894 65,913 66,192 66,560 66,894 66,632 66,983

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.4 55.3 55.2 55.0 55.3 55.5 55.3 55.4

Unemployed

4,228 3,262 3,660 4,131 3,845 3,794 3,705 3,479 3,575

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.7 5.2 5.9 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.1

Not in labor force

49,495 50,499 50,416 49,453 50,228 50,016 49,866 50,446 50,412

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,671 16,595 16,636 16,671 16,615 16,608 16,602 16,595 16,636

Civilian labor force

5,068 5,395 5,317 5,542 5,645 5,866 5,775 5,747 5,817

Participation rate

30.4 32.5 32.0 33.2 34.0 35.3 34.8 34.6 35.0

Employed

4,003 4,592 4,294 4,388 4,527 4,772 4,762 4,784 4,722

Employment-population ratio

24.0 27.7 25.8 26.3 27.2 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.4

Unemployed

1,065 803 1,023 1,155 1,119 1,094 1,013 963 1,096

Unemployment rate

21.0 14.9 19.2 20.8 19.8 18.7 17.5 16.8 18.8

Not in labor force

11,603 11,201 11,320 11,129 10,970 10,742 10,827 10,849 10,819

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

194,944 196,091 196,307 194,944 195,777 195,896 195,995 196,091 196,307

Civilian labor force

122,492 122,650 123,199 123,461 122,996 123,287 123,391 123,058 124,119

Participation rate

62.8 62.5 62.8 63.3 62.8 62.9 63.0 62.8 63.2

Employed

114,915 117,068 116,637 116,409 116,760 117,300 117,307 117,186 118,035

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.7 59.4 59.7 59.6 59.9 59.9 59.8 60.1

Unemployed

7,576 5,582 6,562 7,052 6,236 5,987 6,084 5,872 6,084

Unemployment rate

6.2 4.6 5.3 5.7 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9

Not in labor force

72,452 73,441 73,109 71,482 72,781 72,609 72,604 73,033 72,189

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,040 64,262 64,377 64,510 64,290 64,234 64,339 64,392 64,871

Participation rate

72.1 71.8 71.9 72.6 72.0 71.8 71.9 71.9 72.4

Employed

60,082 61,410 61,016 61,046 61,447 61,507 61,388 61,551 61,953

Employment-population ratio

67.6 68.6 68.1 68.7 68.8 68.8 68.6 68.8 69.2

Unemployed

3,959 2,852 3,361 3,464 2,843 2,727 2,951 2,842 2,918

Unemployment rate

6.2 4.4 5.2 5.4 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.4 4.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,393 54,207 54,635 54,511 54,237 54,452 54,587 54,223 54,683

Participation rate

58.1 57.5 57.9 58.2 57.7 57.9 58.0 57.5 57.9

Employed

51,497 51,992 52,140 51,702 51,677 51,945 52,142 51,824 52,267

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.2 55.2 55.2 54.9 55.2 55.4 55.0 55.4

Unemployed

2,896 2,216 2,495 2,809 2,561 2,507 2,445 2,399 2,416

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.1 4.6 5.2 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,058 4,181 4,186 4,440 4,468 4,601 4,466 4,443 4,565

Participation rate

32.7 33.9 33.9 35.8 36.1 37.2 36.2 36.0 37.0

Employed

3,337 3,666 3,481 3,661 3,636 3,848 3,777 3,811 3,814

Employment-population ratio

26.9 29.7 28.2 29.5 29.4 31.1 30.6 30.9 30.9

Unemployed

722 515 706 780 832 753 689 632 751

Unemployment rate

17.8 12.3 16.9 17.6 18.6 16.4 15.4 14.2 16.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,651 31,040 31,188 30,651 30,932 30,969 31,005 31,040 31,188

Civilian labor force

18,483 18,933 18,895 18,597 19,067 19,024 19,056 19,037 19,040

Participation rate

60.3 61.0 60.6 60.7 61.6 61.4 61.5 61.3 61.0

Employed

16,161 17,009 16,877 16,349 16,974 16,953 16,957 17,050 17,071

Employment-population ratio

52.7 54.8 54.1 53.3 54.9 54.7 54.7 54.9 54.7

Unemployed

2,322 1,924 2,018 2,248 2,093 2,071 2,099 1,986 1,969

Unemployment rate

12.6 10.2 10.7 12.1 11.0 10.9 11.0 10.4 10.3

Not in labor force

12,168 12,107 12,293 12,054 11,865 11,945 11,949 12,003 12,148

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,378 8,698 8,633 8,400 8,756 8,672 8,594 8,717 8,676

Participation rate

66.3 67.6 66.8 66.4 68.4 67.6 66.9 67.8 67.1

Employed

7,287 7,741 7,652 7,390 7,791 7,742 7,630 7,756 7,757

Employment-population ratio

57.6 60.2 59.2 58.4 60.9 60.4 59.4 60.3 60.0

Unemployed

1,091 957 981 1,010 965 930 964 962 919

Unemployment rate

13.0 11.0 11.4 12.0 11.0 10.7 11.2 11.0 10.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,505 9,561 9,638 9,534 9,591 9,624 9,709 9,598 9,667

Participation rate

61.4 60.9 61.2 61.6 61.4 61.5 61.9 61.2 61.3

Employed

8,508 8,800 8,792 8,546 8,682 8,720 8,786 8,812 8,824

Employment-population ratio

55.0 56.1 55.8 55.2 55.5 55.7 56.1 56.2 56.0

Unemployed

997 761 847 989 909 904 922 785 843

Unemployment rate

10.5 8.0 8.8 10.4 9.5 9.4 9.5 8.2 8.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

600 674 624 663 720 728 754 722 697

Participation rate

23.7 27.1 24.9 26.2 28.8 29.2 30.2 29.0 27.9

Employed

366 468 433 414 501 491 541 482 490

Employment-population ratio

14.5 18.8 17.3 16.4 20.1 19.7 21.7 19.4 19.6

Unemployed

234 206 191 249 219 237 213 240 207

Unemployment rate

39.0 30.6 30.6 37.6 30.4 32.5 28.2 33.2 29.7

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,636 13,886 14,253 13,636 13,788 13,782 13,927 13,886 14,253

Civilian labor force

8,693 8,796 8,895 8,703 8,759 8,782 8,768 8,771 8,899

Participation rate

63.7 63.3 62.4 63.8 63.5 63.7 63.0 63.2 62.4

Employed

8,271 8,424 8,530 8,290 8,365 8,340 8,353 8,398 8,540

Employment-population ratio

60.7 60.7 59.8 60.8 60.7 60.5 60.0 60.5 59.9

Unemployed

421 372 365 414 394 443 415 373 359

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.2 4.1 4.8 4.5 5.0 4.7 4.2 4.0

Not in labor force

4,943 5,090 5,359 4,933 5,029 5,000 5,159 5,115 5,355

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,976 38,839 39,165 37,976 38,596 38,679 38,760 38,839 39,165

Civilian labor force

24,919 25,630 25,956 25,050 25,491 25,665 25,655 25,644 26,047

Participation rate

65.6 66.0 66.3 66.0 66.0 66.4 66.2 66.0 66.5

Employed

22,647 23,995 23,998 22,980 23,718 23,931 23,963 23,988 24,305

Employment-population ratio

59.6 61.8 61.3 60.5 61.5 61.9 61.8 61.8 62.1

Unemployed

2,271 1,635 1,958 2,070 1,772 1,734 1,692 1,656 1,742

Unemployment rate

9.1 6.4 7.5 8.3 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.7

Not in labor force

13,058 13,209 13,208 12,927 13,106 13,013 13,105 13,196 13,118

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,811 14,299 14,426 13,884 14,154 14,218 14,258 14,264 14,479

Participation rate

80.5 81.3 81.8 80.9 81.0 81.2 81.3 81.1 82.1

Employed

12,678 13,490 13,413 12,917 13,387 13,458 13,432 13,507 13,647

Employment-population ratio

73.9 76.7 76.0 75.3 76.6 76.9 76.5 76.8 77.3

Unemployed

1,133 810 1,013 967 766 760 826 757 832

Unemployment rate

8.2 5.7 7.0 7.0 5.4 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,108 10,167 10,364 10,103 10,277 10,259 10,253 10,168 10,344

Participation rate

58.9 57.9 58.1 58.8 58.9 58.6 58.5 57.9 58.0

Employed

9,216 9,535 9,677 9,266 9,532 9,522 9,590 9,501 9,704

Employment-population ratio

53.7 54.3 54.3 54.0 54.6 54.4 54.7 54.1 54.4

Unemployed

892 631 687 838 745 737 663 667 640

Unemployment rate

8.8 6.2 6.6 8.3 7.3 7.2 6.5 6.6 6.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,000 1,164 1,165 1,063 1,059 1,187 1,144 1,211 1,224

Participation rate

27.4 31.6 31.6 29.2 28.9 32.3 31.1 32.9 33.2

Employed

753 970 908 798 799 950 942 980 954

Employment-population ratio

20.7 26.4 24.6 21.9 21.8 25.9 25.6 26.6 25.9

Unemployed

246 194 257 265 261 237 202 231 270

Unemployment rate

24.6 16.6 22.1 24.9 24.6 20.0 17.7 19.1 22.1

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,821 11,003 11,353 10,930 10,691 10,831 11,153 11,031 11,439

Participation rate

43.8 45.3 45.7 44.2 44.5 45.3 45.7 45.4 46.0

Employed

9,618 10,007 10,226 9,885 9,806 9,975 10,201 10,079 10,468

Employment-population ratio

38.9 41.2 41.1 40.0 40.8 41.7 41.8 41.5 42.1

Unemployed

1,203 996 1,126 1,045 884 856 952 952 971

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.1 9.9 9.6 8.3 7.9 8.5 8.6 8.5

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,973 35,281 35,238 36,090 35,937 36,183 35,478 35,164 35,418

Participation rate

58.2 57.7 57.6 58.4 57.9 58.0 57.8 57.5 57.9

Employed

33,359 33,406 33,083 33,747 34,016 34,127 33,476 33,310 33,492

Employment-population ratio

54.0 54.6 54.1 54.6 54.8 54.7 54.5 54.5 54.8

Unemployed

2,614 1,875 2,155 2,343 1,920 2,056 2,002 1,854 1,926

Unemployment rate

7.3 5.3 6.1 6.5 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.3 5.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,759 36,845 37,208 37,098 37,421 37,304 37,246 37,140 37,479

Participation rate

66.9 66.3 66.7 67.5 66.6 66.5 66.7 66.9 67.2

Employed

34,448 35,079 35,118 34,891 35,389 35,460 35,422 35,310 35,540

Employment-population ratio

62.7 63.2 63.0 63.5 63.0 63.2 63.5 63.6 63.8

Unemployed

2,310 1,766 2,090 2,207 2,032 1,843 1,824 1,831 1,939

Unemployment rate

6.3 4.8 5.6 5.9 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

50,404 51,727 51,695 50,299 50,449 50,471 51,222 51,772 51,550

Participation rate

75.6 74.5 74.7 75.5 74.7 74.6 74.7 74.6 74.4

Employed

48,729 50,350 50,212 48,657 48,983 48,937 49,608 50,290 50,084

Employment-population ratio

73.1 72.5 72.5 73.0 72.6 72.4 72.3 72.5 72.3

Unemployed

1,676 1,377 1,483 1,642 1,465 1,534 1,614 1,482 1,466

Unemployment rate

3.3 2.7 2.9 3.3 2.9 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,323 21,352 19,082 19,363 2,241 1,989

Civilian labor force

10,757 10,802 9,322 9,509 1,435 1,294

Participation rate

50.4 50.6 48.9 49.1 64.0 65.0

Employed

10,158 10,232 8,789 9,019 1,369 1,213

Employment-population ratio

47.6 47.9 46.1 46.6 61.1 61.0

Unemployed

599 570 533 489 66 80

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.3 5.7 5.1 4.6 6.2

Not in labor force

10,566 10,550 9,760 9,854 806 695

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,985 3,465 2,392 2,850 593 615

Civilian labor force

2,392 2,754 1,952 2,310 440 445

Participation rate

80.1 79.5 81.6 81.0 74.2 72.3

Employed

2,203 2,536 1,792 2,118 411 417

Employment-population ratio

73.8 73.2 74.9 74.3 69.2 67.8

Unemployed

189 219 160 191 29 27

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.9 8.2 8.3 6.7 6.2

Not in labor force

594 711 440 540 153 171

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,404 3,471 2,716 2,938 688 533

Civilian labor force

2,830 2,853 2,344 2,443 486 410

Participation rate

83.2 82.2 86.3 83.1 70.7 77.0

Employed

2,675 2,741 2,205 2,358 470 382

Employment-population ratio

78.6 79.0 81.2 80.3 68.4 71.8

Unemployed

155 112 139 85 16 27

Unemployment rate

5.5 3.9 5.9 3.5 3.3 6.7

Not in labor force

573 618 372 495 202 123

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,591 9,091 9,231 8,768 360 323

Civilian labor force

2,746 2,463 2,662 2,372 84 91

Participation rate

28.6 27.1 28.8 27.0 23.3 28.2

Employed

2,626 2,338 2,546 2,254 80 84

Employment-population ratio

27.4 25.7 27.6 25.7 22.2 26.1

Unemployed

120 125 116 118 4 7

Unemployment rate

4.4 5.1 4.3 5.0 5.1 7.6

Not in labor force

6,845 6,628 6,569 6,396 276 232

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,343 5,325 4,743 4,807 600 518

Civilian labor force

2,789 2,732 2,364 2,385 425 348

Participation rate

52.2 51.3 49.8 49.6 70.8 67.1

Employed

2,654 2,618 2,246 2,289 409 329

Employment-population ratio

49.7 49.2 47.4 47.6 68.1 63.6

Unemployed

134 114 118 96 16 18

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.2 5.0 4.0 3.8 5.3

Not in labor force

2,554 2,593 2,379 2,422 175 170

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

216,676 219,511 95,646 96,751 121,030 122,761

Civilian labor force

141,835 143,425 71,642 72,474 70,193 70,951

Participation rate

65.5 65.3 74.9 74.9 58.0 57.8

Employed

131,956 134,845 66,214 67,765 65,742 67,080

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.4 69.2 70.0 54.3 54.6

Unemployed

9,879 8,580 5,427 4,709 4,451 3,871

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.0 7.6 6.5 6.3 5.5

Not in labor force

74,841 76,086 24,004 24,277 50,837 51,810

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,532 29,213 218,382 220,510

Civilian labor force

5,190 5,722 149,190 150,327

Participation rate

18.2 19.6 68.3 68.2

Employed

4,502 5,041 139,024 141,511

Employment-population ratio

15.8 17.3 63.7 64.2

Unemployed

688 681 10,166 8,816

Unemployment rate

13.3 11.9 6.8 5.9

Not in labor force

23,342 23,491 69,192 70,183

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,243 2,545 74,998 75,687

Participation rate

30.0 33.6 81.4 81.7

Employed

1,903 2,220 69,407 70,856

Employment-population ratio

25.5 29.4 75.3 76.5

Unemployed

340 324 5,591 4,832

Unemployment rate

15.2 12.7 7.5 6.4

Not in labor force

5,223 5,019 17,136 16,962

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,060 2,211 66,804 66,997

Participation rate

26.7 28.0 70.1 69.9

Employed

1,761 1,904 62,580 63,337

Employment-population ratio

22.8 24.2 65.7 66.1

Unemployed

299 306 4,224 3,660

Unemployment rate

14.5 13.9 6.3 5.5

Not in labor force

5,670 5,673 28,515 28,851

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

887 967 7,388 7,643

Participation rate

6.6 7.0 23.9 23.9

Employed

838 916 7,036 7,318

Employment-population ratio

6.3 6.7 22.8 22.9

Unemployed

49 51 352 324

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.3 4.8 4.2

Not in labor force

12,449 12,800 23,541 24,370

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,165 39,967 18,466 19,524 19,699 20,443

Civilian labor force

25,139 26,073 14,409 15,228 10,730 10,845

Participation rate

65.9 65.2 78.0 78.0 54.5 53.1

Employed

23,467 24,553 13,478 14,351 9,989 10,202

Employment-population ratio

61.5 61.4 73.0 73.5 50.7 49.9

Unemployed

1,673 1,520 931 877 741 643

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.8 6.5 5.8 6.9 5.9

Not in labor force

13,026 13,894 4,057 4,296 8,969 9,598

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

208,749 209,756 100,752 101,035 107,997 108,722

Civilian labor force

129,241 129,977 67,395 67,623 61,846 62,354

Participation rate

61.9 62.0 66.9 66.9 57.3 57.4

Employed

120,059 121,999 62,174 63,126 57,885 58,873

Employment-population ratio

57.5 58.2 61.7 62.5 53.6 54.2

Unemployed

9,182 7,978 5,222 4,497 3,961 3,480

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.1 7.7 6.7 6.4 5.6

Not in labor force

79,508 79,780 33,356 33,412 46,151 46,368

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

1,999 2,220 2,234 2,171 2,377 2,402 2,392 2,358 2,419

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,252 1,426 1,410 1,394 1,549 1,581 1,621 1,506 1,566

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

720 764 802 755 783 784 749 815 835

Unpaid family workers

27 30 22 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

141,527 144,970 144,317 143,010 144,254 144,982 144,939 145,101 145,743

Wage and salary workers(1)

133,132 136,371 135,748 134,376 135,452 136,016 136,093 136,415 136,949

Government

20,564 20,098 20,555 20,387 19,751 19,885 19,956 19,956 20,330

Private industries

112,568 116,272 115,193 114,022 115,738 116,059 116,144 116,469 116,664

Private households

806 771 937 - - - - - -

Other industries

111,762 115,501 114,257 113,191 114,968 115,281 115,361 115,676 115,724

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,321 8,540 8,512 8,555 8,669 8,908 8,794 8,660 8,725

Unpaid family workers

73 59 57 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,771 6,970 7,269 7,274 7,058 7,012 6,851 6,790 6,810

Slack work or business conditions

4,924 4,176 4,450 4,419 4,165 4,215 4,068 4,061 4,012

Could only find part-time work

2,483 2,377 2,353 2,592 2,528 2,437 2,447 2,432 2,460

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,473 20,089 20,033 19,317 19,579 19,793 19,971 19,730 19,822

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,617 6,855 7,125 7,143 6,941 6,911 6,731 6,699 6,690

Slack work or business conditions

4,834 4,100 4,372 4,349 4,088 4,149 3,997 3,983 3,951

Could only find part-time work

2,468 2,372 2,338 2,562 2,518 2,407 2,412 2,411 2,432

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,118 19,732 19,681 18,911 19,235 19,443 19,594 19,416 19,446

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

143,526 147,190 146,552 145,206 146,607 147,260 147,331 147,442 148,201

16 to 19 years

4,003 4,592 4,294 4,388 4,527 4,772 4,762 4,784 4,722

16 to 17 years

1,412 1,609 1,474 1,586 1,522 1,626 1,663 1,678 1,651

18 to 19 years

2,591 2,983 2,819 2,799 2,992 3,141 3,065 3,090 3,058

20 years and over

139,523 142,598 142,258 140,818 142,081 142,488 142,569 142,658 143,480

20 to 24 years

13,369 13,755 13,618 13,779 13,817 14,088 13,939 13,847 14,011

25 years and over

126,154 128,843 128,640 127,007 128,278 128,522 128,673 128,860 129,435

25 to 54 years

94,512 95,985 95,834 95,204 95,653 95,772 95,856 95,975 96,464

25 to 34 years

31,485 32,452 32,309 31,757 32,089 32,228 32,271 32,354 32,574

35 to 44 years

30,866 30,987 31,005 31,050 31,025 30,994 31,018 31,021 31,157

45 to 54 years

32,161 32,546 32,520 32,397 32,539 32,550 32,567 32,600 32,734

55 years and over

31,642 32,858 32,806 31,803 32,625 32,750 32,817 32,885 32,971

Men, 16 years and over

75,652 78,052 77,477 77,037 78,094 78,286 78,084 78,400 78,869

16 to 19 years

1,903 2,251 2,113 2,133 2,204 2,358 2,409 2,374 2,372

16 to 17 years

649 801 692 748 744 785 847 828 802

18 to 19 years

1,254 1,450 1,420 1,384 1,451 1,584 1,552 1,531 1,560

20 years and over

73,748 75,801 75,364 74,905 75,889 75,928 75,675 76,026 76,496

20 to 24 years

6,781 7,083 6,915 7,062 7,195 7,337 7,114 7,167 7,198

25 years and over

66,967 68,718 68,449 67,782 68,685 68,673 68,593 68,890 69,248

25 to 54 years

50,284 51,326 51,186 50,930 51,384 51,327 51,282 51,448 51,809

25 to 34 years

16,861 17,532 17,458 17,121 17,366 17,367 17,336 17,534 17,722

35 to 44 years

16,587 16,702 16,641 16,764 16,805 16,802 16,784 16,748 16,807

45 to 54 years

16,837 17,092 17,087 17,045 17,214 17,159 17,162 17,166 17,281

55 years and over

16,683 17,392 17,263 16,852 17,300 17,346 17,311 17,441 17,439

Women, 16 years and over

67,874 69,138 69,075 68,168 68,514 68,974 69,247 69,042 69,332

16 to 19 years

2,099 2,341 2,181 2,255 2,322 2,414 2,353 2,410 2,349

16 to 17 years

763 808 782 837 778 841 816 850 849

18 to 19 years

1,336 1,533 1,399 1,414 1,541 1,557 1,513 1,559 1,499

20 years and over

65,775 66,797 66,894 65,913 66,192 66,560 66,894 66,632 66,983

20 to 24 years

6,588 6,672 6,703 6,717 6,622 6,751 6,825 6,680 6,813

25 years and over

59,187 60,125 60,191 59,225 59,594 59,849 60,080 59,970 60,187

25 to 54 years

44,228 44,658 44,648 44,273 44,268 44,445 44,574 44,527 44,655

25 to 34 years

14,625 14,919 14,852 14,636 14,723 14,861 14,935 14,820 14,852

35 to 44 years

14,279 14,285 14,364 14,286 14,220 14,192 14,234 14,273 14,350

45 to 54 years

15,324 15,454 15,432 15,352 15,325 15,391 15,406 15,434 15,453

55 years and over

14,959 15,467 15,543 14,952 15,325 15,404 15,506 15,443 15,532

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,812 44,610 44,555 44,198 44,322 44,380 44,267 44,588 44,934

Married women, spouse present

34,628 34,921 34,929 34,555 34,799 34,833 34,799 34,645 34,843

Women who maintain families

9,340 9,330 9,300 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

115,774 119,394 118,840 117,650 119,310 119,681 119,507 119,934 120,711

Part-time workers(2)

27,752 27,796 27,712 27,559 27,347 27,690 27,775 27,506 27,546

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,685 7,308 7,289 6,892 7,171 7,674 7,403 7,285 7,485

Percent of total employed

4.7 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,452 5,666 5,483 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,042 9,304 9,315 9,311 9,452 9,692 9,543 9,475 9,560

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

10,280 8,688 8,979 6.6 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.7

16 to 19 years

1,155 963 1,096 20.8 19.8 18.7 17.5 16.8 18.8

16 to 17 years

447 389 411 22.0 20.5 22.3 17.8 18.8 19.9

18 to 19 years

698 561 678 20.0 19.9 16.8 17.6 15.4 18.2

20 years and over

9,125 7,725 7,883 6.1 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.2

20 to 24 years

1,866 1,673 1,517 11.9 11.5 10.5 10.9 10.8 9.8

25 years and over

7,176 6,068 6,273 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.6

25 to 54 years

5,647 4,761 4,870 5.6 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.8

25 to 34 years

2,300 2,015 2,029 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.9

35 to 44 years

1,640 1,389 1,436 5.0 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4

45 to 54 years

1,708 1,356 1,405 5.0 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1

55 years and over

1,514 1,352 1,417 4.5 3.9 4.1 4.5 3.9 4.1

Men, 16 years and over

5,627 4,810 4,903 6.8 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9

16 to 19 years

633 565 595 22.9 21.8 19.5 17.8 19.2 20.0

16 to 17 years

227 207 211 23.2 21.3 25.5 20.1 20.0 20.8

18 to 19 years

393 341 374 22.1 22.6 16.7 16.6 18.2 19.4

20 years and over

4,994 4,245 4,308 6.3 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.3

20 to 24 years

1,045 940 933 12.9 12.6 10.4 11.8 11.6 11.5

25 years and over

3,878 3,312 3,325 5.4 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.6

25 to 54 years

3,063 2,545 2,571 5.7 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.7

25 to 34 years

1,272 1,067 1,092 6.9 5.8 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.8

35 to 44 years

876 753 780 5.0 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4

45 to 54 years

914 725 699 5.1 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.9

55 years and over

815 768 754 4.6 4.0 4.3 4.7 4.2 4.1

Women, 16 years and over

4,653 3,878 4,076 6.4 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6

16 to 19 years

522 398 501 18.8 17.8 17.8 17.2 14.2 17.6

16 to 17 years

221 182 200 20.9 19.8 19.0 15.2 17.6 19.0

18 to 19 years

305 221 304 17.8 17.2 17.0 18.6 12.4 16.9

20 years and over

4,131 3,479 3,575 5.9 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.1

20 to 24 years

821 732 584 10.9 10.2 10.7 10.0 9.9 7.9

25 years and over

3,298 2,756 2,949 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.7

25 to 54 years

2,584 2,216 2,299 5.5 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.9

25 to 34 years

1,027 949 937 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.9

35 to 44 years

764 636 655 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.4

45 to 54 years

794 631 706 4.9 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.4

55 years and over

722 598 670 4.6 3.9 3.7 4.2 3.7 4.1

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,725 1,388 1,356 3.8 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.9

Married women, spouse present

1,407 1,129 1,206 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.3

Women who maintain families(1)

934 791 824 9.1 8.3 8.7 8.2 7.8 8.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

8,752 7,249 7,525 6.9 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.9

Part-time workers(3)

1,490 1,438 1,433 5.1 5.7 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,152 4,355 4,912 5,354 4,521 4,349 4,480 4,325 4,242

On temporary layoff

1,493 1,034 1,328 996 924 847 1,070 959 902

Not on temporary layoff

4,660 3,320 3,584 4,359 3,597 3,501 3,410 3,366 3,339

Permanent job losers

3,460 2,340 2,491 3,298 2,653 2,505 2,446 2,388 2,371

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,199 980 1,093 1,061 944 997 964 977 968

Job leavers

825 741 868 815 816 782 835 798 851

Reentrants

2,869 2,422 2,832 2,911 2,805 2,856 2,761 2,701 2,829

New entrants

1,008 814 885 1,181 1,094 1,058 1,045 971 1,033

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

56.7 52.3 51.7 52.2 49.0 48.1 49.1 49.2 47.4

On temporary layoff

13.8 12.4 14.0 9.7 10.0 9.4 11.7 10.9 10.1

Not on temporary layoff

42.9 39.9 37.7 42.5 39.0 38.7 37.4 38.3 37.3

Job leavers

7.6 8.9 9.1 7.9 8.8 8.6 9.2 9.1 9.5

Reentrants

26.4 29.1 29.8 28.4 30.4 31.6 30.3 30.7 31.6

New entrants

9.3 9.8 9.3 11.5 11.8 11.7 11.5 11.0 11.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.0 2.8 3.1 3.4 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.9 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8

New entrants

0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,876 2,261 2,780 2,449 2,372 2,455 2,505 2,375 2,383

5 to 14 weeks

2,587 2,149 2,468 2,428 2,495 2,322 2,378 2,293 2,318

15 weeks and over

5,392 3,922 4,250 5,327 4,373 4,321 4,225 4,059 4,180

15 to 26 weeks

1,702 1,229 1,396 1,699 1,423 1,416 1,403 1,274 1,380

27 weeks and over

3,690 2,693 2,853 3,628 2,951 2,904 2,822 2,785 2,800

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

33.3 32.4 30.3 35.3 31.8 32.9 33.0 32.8 32.3

Median duration, in weeks

14.3 13.0 12.3 15.9 13.3 13.5 12.8 12.6 13.4

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

26.5 27.1 29.3 24.0 25.7 27.0 27.5 27.2 26.8

5 to 14 weeks

23.8 25.8 26.0 23.8 27.0 25.5 26.1 26.3 26.1

15 weeks and over

49.7 47.1 44.7 52.2 47.3 47.5 46.4 46.5 47.1

15 to 26 weeks

15.7 14.8 14.7 16.6 15.4 15.6 15.4 14.6 15.5

27 weeks and over

34.0 32.3 30.0 35.6 31.9 31.9 31.0 31.9 31.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

143,526 146,552 10,855 9,498 7.0 6.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,096 57,367 1,784 1,741 3.1 2.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,498 23,447 796 721 3.4 3.0

Professional and related occupations

32,598 33,920 988 1,020 2.9 2.9

Service occupations

25,286 25,342 2,338 2,082 8.5 7.6

Sales and office occupations

33,232 33,114 2,544 1,941 7.1 5.5

Sales and related occupations

15,483 15,394 1,253 950 7.5 5.8

Office and administrative support occupations

17,750 17,721 1,291 991 6.8 5.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,921 13,007 1,470 1,433 10.2 9.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

888 983 146 212 14.2 17.7

Construction and extraction occupations

7,094 7,190 1,059 901 13.0 11.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,939 4,834 265 320 5.1 6.2

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,991 17,722 1,672 1,379 9.0 7.2

Production occupations

8,365 8,573 709 642 7.8 7.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,627 9,149 963 737 10.0 7.5

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,855 9,498 7.0 6.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,437 7,334 7.0 6.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

72 64 6.5 6.0

Construction

1,045 811 12.3 9.8

Manufacturing

867 811 5.6 5.2

Durable goods

503 480 5.1 4.9

Nondurable goods

364 331 6.4 5.8

Wholesale and retail trade

1,579 1,289 7.8 6.2

Transportation and utilities

411 330 6.8 5.2

Information

196 128 6.6 4.4

Financial activities

360 279 3.8 3.0

Professional and business services

1,308 1,069 8.4 6.8

Education and health services

906 898 4.1 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,231 1,260 9.5 9.4

Other services

461 394 7.4 6.1

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

179 206 13.0 13.3

Government workers

725 604 3.4 2.8

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

505 467 5.2 4.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.5 2.5 2.7 3.4 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.0 2.8 3.1 3.4 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.0 5.4 6.1 6.6 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.5 5.8 6.5 7.1 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.1

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.6 6.7 7.4 8.1 7.3 7.1 7.1 6.9 7.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

13.5 11.1 12.0 12.7 11.7 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.3

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2015

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

92,534 93,674 37,414 37,708 55,120 55,966

Persons who currently want a job

6,508 6,467 3,146 3,030 3,363 3,437

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,592 2,234 1,317 1,215 1,275 1,019

Discouraged workers(2)

837 682 466 463 370 219

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,755 1,552 851 751 904 800

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,685 7,289 3,210 3,556 3,475 3,734

Percent of total employed

4.7 5.0 4.2 4.6 5.1 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,412 3,927 1,822 2,185 1,590 1,742

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,892 1,929 670 609 1,222 1,321

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

236 172 155 87 81 85

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,092 1,222 539 658 553 564

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Change from:
Dec.2014 - Jan.2015(p)

Total nonfarm

135,516 141,478 141,483 138,728 137,642 140,263 140,592 140,849 257

Total private

113,837 119,097 119,217 116,976 115,831 118,371 118,691 118,958 267

Goods-producing

18,456 19,545 19,394 19,030 18,984 19,425 19,498 19,556 58

Mining and logging

860 916 913 895 876 912 915 912 -3

Logging

51.5 55.0 53.6 53.0 52.0 53.4 53.0 53.3 0.3

Mining

808.1 861.4 859.1 842.3 823.9 858.9 862.2 858.7 -3.5

Oil and gas extraction

193.8 201.0 202.0 198.9 194.0 201.0 201.4 199.5 -1.9

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

198.7 208.0 203.8 197.6 208.6 206.8 207.4 207.2 -0.2

Coal mining

75.6 72.7 72.0 70.7 76.1 72.7 72.0 71.3 -0.7

Support activities for mining

415.6 452.4 453.3 445.8 421.3 451.1 453.4 452.0 -1.4

Construction

5,609 6,339 6,177 5,916 6,006 6,231 6,275 6,314 39

Construction of buildings

1,272.3 1,398.4 1,381.9 1,350.8 1,328.8 1,377.0 1,389.4 1,408.9 19.5

Residential building

607.0 688.7 674.7 659.9 636.4 677.3 679.3 691.8 12.5

Nonresidential building

665.3 709.7 707.2 690.9 692.4 699.7 710.1 717.1 7.0

Heavy and civil engineering construction

786.7 954.2 898.3 833.4 894.3 925.2 934.4 940.3 5.9

Specialty trade contractors

3,549.8 3,986.8 3,896.6 3,731.3 3,782.6 3,928.4 3,951.2 3,964.5 13.3

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,513.2 1,729.9 1,685.4 1,613.2 1,618.2 1,705.6 1,717.6 1,725.2 7.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,036.6 2,256.9 2,211.2 2,118.1 2,164.4 2,222.8 2,233.6 2,239.3 5.7

Manufacturing

11,987 12,290 12,304 12,219 12,102 12,282 12,308 12,330 22

Durable goods

7,538 7,769 7,788 7,748 7,597 7,768 7,789 7,807 18

Wood products

357.5 377.9 374.6 373.8 364.7 377.6 377.9 382.0 4.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

363.7 397.0 392.7 380.9 377.8 393.2 396.1 394.7 -1.4

Primary metals

394.9 405.2 408.2 407.5 395.7 405.8 407.9 407.9 0.0

Fabricated metal products

1,433.9 1,469.0 1,475.5 1,463.6 1,445.2 1,467.0 1,473.7 1,473.0 -0.7

Machinery

1,108.0 1,139.6 1,143.0 1,142.5 1,111.8 1,143.6 1,144.2 1,147.4 3.2

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,048.3 1,053.7 1,055.3 1,053.9 1,052.3 1,053.9 1,054.7 1,057.0 2.3

Computer and peripheral equipment

157.6 167.1 167.9 167.7 158.1 166.8 167.5 167.7 0.2

Communications equipment

96.3 92.3 91.7 90.4 96.1 92.2 91.4 90.4 -1.0

Semiconductors and electronic components

369.5 368.1 369.2 369.8 371.2 368.4 369.4 371.5 2.1

Electronic instruments

387.8 387.9 388.1 388.1 389.5 388.4 388.3 389.3 1.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

375.6 373.0 372.7 372.4 375.8 372.7 371.9 372.7 0.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,517.8 1,587.6 1,597.7 1,592.7 1,526.9 1,589.3 1,595.9 1,603.2 7.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

840.3 900.5 908.8 907.4 846.3 900.3 906.5 913.2 6.7

Furniture and related products

361.3 380.1 382.1 378.4 366.6 381.2 382.7 383.8 1.1

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

577.2 586.2 585.8 582.1 580.2 583.4 584.0 585.1 1.1

Nondurable goods

4,449 4,521 4,516 4,471 4,505 4,514 4,519 4,523 4

Food manufacturing

1,460.7 1,484.7 1,483.3 1,461.8 1,492.3 1,480.7 1,483.9 1,489.9 6.0

Textile mills

115.7 118.5 118.1 117.5 117.9 118.3 118.4 119.4 1.0

Textile product mills

111.7 116.6 116.9 112.8 113.1 115.2 115.8 114.4 -1.4

Apparel

143.2 138.8 138.5 141.1 143.3 139.1 138.4 140.6 2.2

Paper and paper products

374.8 367.8 368.2 365.6 375.8 368.1 367.7 366.5 -1.2

Printing and related support activities

450.7 452.0 452.3 446.1 453.0 450.4 450.2 448.0 -2.2

Petroleum and coal products

106.4 110.5 109.6 108.4 111.0 110.4 111.9 112.4 0.5

Chemicals

794.6 808.8 811.6 806.1 796.3 808.5 811.4 808.0 -3.4

Plastics and rubber products

664.8 683.7 681.6 678.5 669.8 683.7 682.5 683.2 0.7

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

226.1 240.0 235.9 233.5 232.9 239.1 239.2 240.4 1.2

Private service-providing

95,381 99,552 99,823 97,946 96,847 98,946 99,193 99,402 209

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,990 27,106 27,396 26,574 26,155 26,615 26,669 26,720 51

Wholesale trade

5,729.4 5,873.4 5,879.8 5,836.6 5,779.3 5,861.2 5,872.5 5,885.2 12.7

Durable goods

2,864.8 2,925.5 2,935.1 2,917.8 2,880.8 2,925.1 2,932.6 2,933.9 1.3

Nondurable goods

1,981.8 2,038.4 2,030.9 2,011.5 2,006.1 2,028.8 2,030.1 2,035.0 4.9

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

882.8 909.5 913.8 907.3 892.4 907.3 909.8 916.3 6.5

Retail trade

15,164.9 15,903.6 16,058.5 15,465.9 15,257.3 15,497.5 15,504.7 15,550.6 45.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,803.8 1,885.9 1,881.6 1,872.4 1,834.3 1,887.6 1,893.2 1,900.9 7.7

Automobile dealers

1,154.5 1,205.0 1,203.0 1,198.8 1,167.5 1,204.8 1,207.7 1,210.6 2.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

452.7 476.7 482.1 461.8 448.4 459.0 456.4 457.8 1.4

Electronics and appliance stores

520.1 522.1 522.9 512.0 502.7 490.8 491.1 492.0 0.9

Building material and garden supply stores

1,162.6 1,217.5 1,208.7 1,185.0 1,226.0 1,242.2 1,245.7 1,249.4 3.7

Food and beverage stores

2,950.5 3,037.8 3,051.2 3,010.1 2,965.3 3,016.1 3,022.2 3,026.3 4.1

Health and personal care stores

1,023.9 1,043.4 1,045.2 1,030.2 1,021.9 1,029.5 1,026.1 1,027.8 1.7

Gasoline stations

864.5 890.4 886.4 881.3 876.5 888.7 889.1 892.5 3.4

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,391.9 1,489.8 1,534.8 1,384.3 1,385.0 1,381.0 1,370.7 1,374.5 3.8

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

613.1 673.9 688.6 650.4 608.7 630.6 632.9 641.4 8.5

General merchandise stores(1)

3,107.4 3,286.1 3,368.7 3,156.7 3,095.9 3,132.8 3,139.9 3,144.3 4.4

Department stores

1,377.1 1,442.6 1,501.6 1,364.7 1,354.4 1,341.9 1,343.2 1,342.2 -1.0

Miscellaneous store retailers

788.8 833.3 836.6 801.7 807.4 821.6 823.2 823.2 0.0

Nonstore retailers

485.6 546.7 551.7 520.0 485.2 517.6 514.2 520.5 6.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,547.4 4,773.8 4,900.7 4,714.2 4,569.5 4,700.1 4,733.9 4,725.3 -8.6

Air transportation

438.4 443.8 442.0 441.8 440.9 445.5 443.6 444.6 1.0

Rail transportation

229.8 240.0 241.4 240.5 230.8 240.1 241.4 241.7 0.3

Water transportation

64.6 66.5 66.8 65.2 66.5 67.4 67.5 67.2 -0.3

Truck transportation

1,363.5 1,441.1 1,437.6 1,413.8 1,394.7 1,428.7 1,440.6 1,443.0 2.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

470.9 489.4 487.5 484.7 457.9 471.8 470.5 472.3 1.8

Pipeline transportation

46.2 47.6 47.6 47.2 46.1 47.4 47.5 47.3 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

22.8 26.2 25.9 23.8 30.2 30.8 30.5 31.0 0.5

Support activities for transportation

612.4 635.9 637.2 630.5 613.7 634.6 632.7 632.2 -0.5

Couriers and messengers

581.2 621.0 749.9 626.3 565.1 589.8 613.4 599.3 -14.1

Warehousing and storage

717.6 762.3 764.8 740.4 723.6 744.0 746.2 746.7 0.5

Utilities

547.8 555.2 557.2 557.2 549.3 556.1 558.0 558.5 0.5

Information

2,689 2,778 2,773 2,739 2,724 2,761 2,765 2,771 6

Publishing industries, except Internet

725.6 725.2 724.8 716.8 728.7 722.6 721.1 719.9 -1.2

Motion picture and sound recording industries

355.0 384.0 377.0 356.5 383.7 377.0 380.3 382.5 2.2

Broadcasting, except Internet

280.8 288.2 288.9 284.9 281.9 286.5 287.5 286.2 -1.3

Telecommunications

847.3 866.3 866.0 861.1 846.8 862.3 862.2 861.8 -0.4

Data processing, hosting and related services

273.1 286.5 286.1 285.9 274.9 285.6 284.3 287.6 3.3

Other information services

207.6 227.3 230.1 233.3 208.1 227.1 229.8 233.4 3.6

Financial activities

7,863 8,041 8,060 8,022 7,918 8,042 8,051 8,077 26

Finance and insurance

5,885.4 5,984.2 5,995.3 5,990.6 5,897.6 5,974.7 5,980.2 6,002.6 22.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.2 18.4 18.5 18.9 18.4 18.3 18.6 19.0 0.4

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,575.9 2,567.6 2,573.3 2,565.5 2,579.6 2,564.4 2,566.1 2,569.2 3.1

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,718.3 1,700.3 1,701.9 1,700.1 1,718.3 1,701.0 1,700.2 1,699.8 -0.4

Commercial banking

1,305.0 1,285.6 1,285.0 1,284.2 1,303.7 1,286.2 1,283.8 1,282.6 -1.2

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

869.3 889.9 889.1 890.1 872.5 890.7 888.5 893.5 5.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,422.0 2,508.3 2,514.4 2,516.1 2,427.1 2,501.3 2,507.0 2,520.9 13.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,977.8 2,056.4 2,064.4 2,031.5 2,020.4 2,067.1 2,070.9 2,074.8 3.9

Real estate

1,449.7 1,494.9 1,503.8 1,482.1 1,474.6 1,500.4 1,502.0 1,506.4 4.4

Rental and leasing services

505.0 537.8 536.8 526.6 522.3 543.1 545.5 545.0 -0.5

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.1 23.7 23.8 22.8 23.5 23.6 23.4 23.4 0.0

Professional and business services

18,438 19,507 19,522 19,159 18,771 19,367 19,447 19,486 39

Professional and technical services(1)

8,218.8 8,452.7 8,527.7 8,536.8 8,209.7 8,464.1 8,492.7 8,525.2 32.5

Legal services

1,115.5 1,121.2 1,124.7 1,111.1 1,122.7 1,119.2 1,119.6 1,118.2 -1.4

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,003.6 928.4 980.9 1,067.7 924.6 982.9 981.7 987.8 6.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,341.5 1,404.5 1,402.7 1,395.0 1,358.3 1,399.3 1,404.3 1,412.1 7.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,737.9 1,815.5 1,818.0 1,816.8 1,743.7 1,805.6 1,814.5 1,822.5 8.0

Management and technical consulting services

1,193.5 1,287.5 1,297.6 1,269.7 1,208.1 1,274.3 1,281.4 1,285.0 3.6

Management of companies and enterprises

2,137.0 2,184.0 2,193.5 2,179.8 2,143.2 2,184.6 2,188.7 2,186.2 -2.5

Administrative and waste services

8,082.4 8,870.7 8,800.8 8,442.0 8,418.2 8,718.1 8,765.2 8,774.2 9.0

Administrative and support services(1)

7,709.9 8,483.2 8,415.2 8,059.5 8,039.5 8,330.1 8,376.2 8,385.6 9.4

Employment services(1)

3,180.4 3,632.2 3,638.4 3,393.8 3,326.9 3,514.9 3,541.5 3,539.2 -2.3

Temporary help services

2,556.2 2,949.4 2,957.9 2,740.0 2,683.7 2,842.3 2,867.3 2,863.2 -4.1

Business support services

874.5 915.2 927.9 908.6 871.4 895.8 901.2 904.5 3.3

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,751.8 1,953.7 1,872.3 1,793.7 1,916.1 1,945.4 1,952.2 1,957.9 5.7

Waste management and remediation services

372.5 387.5 385.6 382.5 378.7 388.0 389.0 388.6 -0.4

Education and health services

21,120 21,912 21,888 21,627 21,249 21,664 21,712 21,758 46

Educational services

3,296.8 3,616.9 3,542.4 3,340.2 3,379.0 3,433.9 3,434.2 3,430.4 -3.8

Health care and social assistance

17,822.8 18,295.4 18,346.0 18,286.7 17,870.2 18,230.2 18,277.4 18,327.1 49.7

Health care(3)

14,514.3 14,866.9 14,915.0 14,865.2 14,560.2 14,826.7 14,864.0 14,902.3 38.3

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,525.8 6,772.6 6,794.4 6,772.3 6,546.8 6,745.2 6,766.7 6,788.4 21.7

Offices of physicians

2,438.0 2,505.1 2,515.5 2,512.7 2,442.0 2,497.1 2,500.4 2,513.8 13.4

Outpatient care centers

695.0 725.0 728.8 727.2 696.5 723.4 726.9 728.5 1.6

Home health care services

1,237.9 1,295.6 1,298.4 1,289.1 1,244.4 1,286.2 1,291.1 1,295.2 4.1

Hospitals

4,758.1 4,816.2 4,825.9 4,816.6 4,767.8 4,806.9 4,814.4 4,824.0 9.6

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,230.4 3,278.1 3,294.7 3,276.3 3,245.6 3,274.6 3,282.9 3,289.9 7.0

Nursing care facilities

1,641.2 1,656.1 1,657.1 1,650.4 1,649.1 1,653.1 1,654.0 1,657.5 3.5

Social assistance(1)

3,308.5 3,428.5 3,431.0 3,421.5 3,310.0 3,403.5 3,413.4 3,424.8 11.4

Child day care services

852.5 877.5 873.6 870.4 844.5 859.8 860.4 861.9 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

13,815 14,616 14,595 14,281 14,494 14,892 14,939 14,976 37

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,848.8 1,978.3 1,967.4 1,901.3 2,076.3 2,134.7 2,135.1 2,135.4 0.3

Performing arts and spectator sports

389.4 445.7 440.8 408.1 433.1 460.4 459.6 455.4 -4.2

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

132.3 141.7 138.4 133.2 144.2 145.7 145.3 145.3 0.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,327.1 1,390.9 1,388.2 1,360.0 1,499.0 1,528.6 1,530.2 1,534.7 4.5

Accommodation and food services

11,966.1 12,638.0 12,627.3 12,379.6 12,417.6 12,757.2 12,803.9 12,841.0 37.1

Accommodation

1,778.3 1,832.5 1,827.6 1,796.2 1,881.2 1,893.9 1,895.0 1,897.5 2.5

Food services and drinking places

10,187.8 10,805.5 10,799.7 10,583.4 10,536.4 10,863.3 10,908.9 10,943.5 34.6

Other services

5,466 5,592 5,589 5,544 5,536 5,605 5,610 5,614 4

Repair and maintenance

1,212.6 1,244.4 1,242.3 1,240.8 1,227.5 1,248.2 1,251.4 1,255.6 4.2

Personal and laundry services

1,336.7 1,379.1 1,380.9 1,363.4 1,357.1 1,382.0 1,381.5 1,384.1 2.6

Membership associations and organizations

2,916.8 2,968.9 2,966.2 2,939.9 2,951.4 2,975.1 2,976.8 2,974.5 -2.3

Government

21,679 22,381 22,266 21,752 21,811 21,892 21,901 21,891 -10

Federal

2,719.0 2,725.0 2,743.0 2,712.0 2,731.0 2,729.0 2,731.0 2,725.0 -6.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,127.7 2,130.2 2,131.9 2,119.2 2,144.7 2,133.8 2,133.2 2,133.5 0.3

U.S. Postal Service

591.1 594.8 611.3 592.6 586.3 595.0 597.4 591.3 -6.1

State government

4,955.0 5,252.0 5,196.0 4,982.0 5,053.0 5,072.0 5,080.0 5,077.0 -3.0

State government education

2,315.3 2,612.9 2,556.9 2,351.4 2,401.8 2,423.8 2,430.4 2,433.0 2.6

State government, excluding education

2,639.8 2,638.6 2,639.1 2,630.7 2,651.6 2,647.9 2,649.1 2,644.3 -4.8

Local government

14,005.0 14,404.0 14,327.0 14,058.0 14,027.0 14,091.0 14,090.0 14,089.0 -1.0

Local government education

7,869.8 8,146.5 8,112.5 7,896.5 7,765.0 7,797.4 7,796.4 7,795.1 -1.3

Local government, excluding education

6,134.8 6,257.0 6,214.1 6,161.4 6,262.3 6,293.8 6,294.0 6,294.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.6 34.6 34.6

Goods-producing

40.2 40.6 40.5 40.5

Mining and logging

44.1 44.9 45.0 44.8

Construction

38.6 39.0 39.1 38.9

Manufacturing

40.7 41.1 40.9 41.0

Durable goods

41.2 41.6 41.4 41.5

Nondurable goods

39.9 40.3 40.1 40.2

Private service-providing

33.2 33.4 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.6 34.6 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.9 38.9 38.9

Retail trade

31.1 31.4 31.4 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 38.8 39.1 39.0

Utilities

42.1 42.7 42.3 42.5

Information

36.6 36.7 36.4 36.5

Financial activities

37.1 37.3 37.4 37.4

Professional and business services

36.1 36.3 36.3 36.3

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.7 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.2 26.2 26.3

Other services

31.7 31.8 31.8 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5

Durable goods

3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)

Total private

$24.22 $24.68 $24.63 $24.75 $833.17 $853.93 $852.20 $856.35

Goods-producing

25.47 25.86 25.78 25.86 1,023.89 1,049.92 1,044.09 1,047.33

Mining and logging

30.56 30.81 30.65 30.48 1,347.70 1,383.37 1,379.25 1,365.50

Construction

26.38 26.91 26.84 26.98 1,018.27 1,049.49 1,049.44 1,049.52

Manufacturing

24.64 24.96 24.87 24.94 1,002.85 1,025.86 1,017.18 1,022.54

Durable goods

26.05 26.27 26.20 26.26 1,073.26 1,092.83 1,084.68 1,089.79

Nondurable goods

22.18 22.62 22.50 22.58 884.98 911.59 902.25 907.72

Private service-providing

23.93 24.40 24.35 24.49 794.48 814.96 813.29 817.97

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.21 21.53 21.48 21.60 729.62 744.94 743.21 747.36

Wholesale trade

27.94 28.24 28.18 28.33 1,084.07 1,098.54 1,096.20 1,102.04

Retail trade

16.78 17.18 17.11 17.29 521.86 539.45 537.25 541.18

Transportation and warehousing

22.69 22.88 22.86 22.79 878.10 887.74 893.83 888.81

Utilities

35.46 36.00 35.91 36.01 1,492.87 1,537.20 1,518.99 1,530.43

Information

33.43 34.38 34.37 34.42 1,223.54 1,261.75 1,251.07 1,256.33

Financial activities

30.40 31.09 31.01 31.09 1,127.84 1,159.66 1,159.77 1,162.77

Professional and business services

28.95 29.53 29.48 29.74 1,045.10 1,071.94 1,070.12 1,079.56

Education and health services

24.57 24.99 24.94 25.06 803.44 819.67 815.54 821.97

Leisure and hospitality

13.68 14.11 14.09 14.15 357.05 369.68 369.16 372.15

Other services

21.79 22.18 22.19 22.34 690.74 705.32 705.64 712.65

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2014 - Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2014 - Jan.
2015(p)

Total private

99.6 102.4 102.7 102.9 0.2 115.1 120.6 120.7 121.5 0.7

Goods-producing

86.9 89.9 90.0 90.2 0.2 100.1 105.0 104.8 105.5 0.7

Mining and logging

121.4 128.7 129.4 128.4 -0.8 148.9 159.2 159.2 157.1 -1.3

Construction

79.9 83.8 84.6 84.7 0.1 91.6 97.9 98.6 99.3 0.7

Manufacturing

88.6 90.8 90.6 90.9 0.3 101.5 105.4 104.7 105.5 0.8

Durable goods

88.1 91.0 90.8 91.2 0.4 101.9 106.1 105.6 106.4 0.8

Nondurable goods

89.7 90.8 90.4 90.7 0.3 101.0 104.2 103.2 104.0 0.8

Private service-providing

102.9 105.8 106.0 106.2 0.2 119.4 125.1 125.2 126.2 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.9 100.2 100.4 100.5 0.1 111.7 116.1 116.0 116.9 0.8

Wholesale trade

97.8 99.5 99.7 99.9 0.2 114.1 117.2 117.2 118.1 0.8

Retail trade

96.4 98.8 98.9 98.9 0.0 106.9 112.3 111.9 113.0 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

101.2 104.4 105.9 105.5 -0.4 116.5 121.2 122.9 122.0 -0.7

Utilities

100.1 102.7 102.1 102.7 0.6 117.2 122.2 121.2 122.2 0.8

Information

91.1 92.5 91.9 92.4 0.5 108.4 113.3 112.5 113.2 0.6

Financial activities

96.2 98.2 98.6 98.9 0.3 114.1 119.1 119.3 120.0 0.6

Professional and business services

106.6 110.6 111.0 111.3 0.3 125.0 132.3 132.6 134.0 1.1

Education and health services

111.5 114.0 113.9 114.5 0.5 129.1 134.3 133.9 135.2 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

107.9 111.3 111.7 112.4 0.6 119.1 126.7 127.0 128.3 1.0

Other services

97.2 98.8 98.8 99.2 0.4 120.2 124.3 124.5 125.8 1.0

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

67,964 69,168 69,314 69,415 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

55,511 56,668 56,801 56,918 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.8

Goods-producing

4,161 4,251 4,267 4,275 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

115 123 124 124 13.1 13.5 13.6 13.6

Construction

760 792 798 802 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,286 3,336 3,345 3,349 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.2

Durable goods

1,750 1,791 1,798 1,804 23.0 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,536 1,545 1,547 1,545 34.1 34.2 34.2 34.2

Private service-providing

51,350 52,417 52,534 52,643 53.0 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,606 10,762 10,780 10,815 40.6 40.4 40.4 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,714.1 1,717.7 1,714.0 1,720.7 29.7 29.3 29.2 29.2

Retail trade

7,681.4 7,801.1 7,819.8 7,844.3 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,076.1 1,109.3 1,112.2 1,115.6 23.5 23.6 23.5 23.6

Utilities

134.4 134.0 134.3 134.6 24.5 24.1 24.1 24.1

Information

1,091 1,107 1,112 1,115 40.1 40.1 40.2 40.2

Financial activities

4,546 4,603 4,611 4,615 57.4 57.2 57.3 57.1

Professional and business services

8,356 8,635 8,658 8,657 44.5 44.6 44.5 44.4

Education and health services

16,319 16,651 16,690 16,730 76.8 76.9 76.9 76.9

Leisure and hospitality

7,537 7,723 7,743 7,768 52.0 51.9 51.8 51.9

Other services

2,895 2,936 2,940 2,943 52.3 52.4 52.4 52.4

Government

12,453 12,500 12,513 12,497 57.1 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)

Total private

95,644 97,671 97,915 98,101

Goods-producing

13,675 13,991 14,050 14,092

Mining and logging

644 669 671 668

Construction

4,545 4,682 4,715 4,745

Manufacturing

8,486 8,640 8,664 8,679

Durable goods

5,219 5,346 5,363 5,373

Nondurable goods

3,267 3,294 3,301 3,306

Private service-providing

81,969 83,680 83,865 84,009

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,094 22,437 22,468 22,500

Wholesale trade

4,664.4 4,729.3 4,738.8 4,746.9

Retail trade

13,036.1 13,192.1 13,186.2 13,214.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,948.9 4,068.4 4,093.7 4,088.4

Utilities

444.9 447.0 449.7 450.0

Information

2,208 2,240 2,246 2,254

Financial activities

6,096 6,204 6,216 6,234

Professional and business services

15,524 15,996 16,040 16,073

Education and health services

18,651 19,018 19,062 19,092

Leisure and hospitality

12,784 13,120 13,163 13,186

Other services

4,612 4,665 4,670 4,670

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.5 33.8 33.9 33.8

Goods-producing

40.8 41.6 41.6 41.4

Mining and logging

46.4 47.6 47.7 46.9

Construction

38.5 39.7 39.8 39.3

Manufacturing

41.6 42.2 42.1 42.1

Durable goods

42.0 42.5 42.4 42.5

Nondurable goods

41.0 41.6 41.5 41.4

Private service-providing

32.3 32.5 32.6 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.5 33.7 33.9 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

29.8 30.1 30.3 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 38.5 39.0 38.7

Utilities

42.1 42.6 42.2 42.5

Information

35.8 36.0 35.8 36.1

Financial activities

36.6 36.8 36.8 36.8

Professional and business services

35.4 35.7 35.7 35.7

Education and health services

31.9 32.0 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.1 25.2 25.1

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.8 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.6 4.6 4.4

Durable goods

4.4 4.6 4.7 4.5

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)

Total private

$20.40 $20.77 $20.73 $20.80 $683.40 $702.03 $702.75 $703.04

Goods-producing

21.39 21.71 21.66 21.68 872.71 903.14 901.06 897.55

Mining and logging

26.80 27.13 26.66 26.56 1,243.52 1,291.39 1,271.68 1,245.66

Construction

24.40 24.83 24.79 24.91 939.40 985.75 986.64 978.96

Manufacturing

19.44 19.64 19.61 19.62 808.70 828.81 825.58 826.00

Durable goods

20.53 20.71 20.67 20.67 862.26 880.18 876.41 878.48

Nondurable goods

17.66 17.86 17.85 17.87 724.06 742.98 740.78 739.82

Private service-providing

20.19 20.57 20.53 20.61 652.14 668.53 669.28 669.83

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.03 18.45 18.38 18.52 604.01 621.77 623.08 622.27

Wholesale trade

22.99 23.47 23.42 23.52 885.12 905.94 904.01 907.87

Retail trade

14.20 14.55 14.43 14.65 423.16 437.96 437.23 439.50

Transportation and warehousing

20.12 20.70 20.74 20.66 776.63 796.95 808.86 799.54

Utilities

32.78 33.03 33.14 33.16 1,380.04 1,407.08 1,398.51 1,409.30

Information

28.45 28.57 28.46 28.38 1,018.51 1,028.52 1,018.87 1,024.52

Financial activities

24.29 25.03 25.01 25.08 889.01 921.10 920.37 922.94

Professional and business services

24.10 24.37 24.31 24.37 853.14 870.01 867.87 870.01

Education and health services

21.53 21.83 21.83 21.88 686.81 698.56 700.74 702.35

Leisure and hospitality

11.88 12.26 12.28 12.29 297.00 307.73 309.46 308.48

Other services

18.33 18.71 18.71 18.78 562.73 574.40 576.27 576.55

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2014 - Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014(p)
Jan.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2014 - Jan.
2015(p)

Total private

106.8 110.0 110.6 110.5 -0.1 145.6 152.7 153.2 153.6 0.3

Goods-producing

85.3 88.9 89.3 89.2 -0.1 111.7 118.2 118.5 118.4 -0.1

Mining and logging

158.8 169.2 170.1 166.5 -2.1 247.5 267.0 263.7 257.2 -2.5

Construction

87.6 93.1 94.0 93.4 -0.6 115.4 124.8 125.8 125.6 -0.2

Manufacturing

81.0 83.7 83.7 83.9 0.2 103.0 107.5 107.4 107.6 0.2

Durable goods

82.4 85.4 85.4 85.8 0.5 105.6 110.4 110.3 110.7 0.4

Nondurable goods

78.9 80.7 80.7 80.6 -0.1 98.5 101.9 101.8 101.8 0.0

Private service-providing

112.8 115.9 116.5 116.3 -0.2 156.1 163.4 164.0 164.4 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103.2 105.4 106.2 105.4 -0.8 132.7 138.7 139.2 139.2 0.0

Wholesale trade

105.8 107.5 107.7 107.9 0.2 143.2 148.6 148.6 149.5 0.6

Retail trade

98.3 100.5 101.1 100.3 -0.8 119.7 125.3 125.1 126.0 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

114.7 117.9 120.2 119.1 -0.9 146.4 154.8 158.1 156.1 -1.3

Utilities

95.8 97.4 97.0 97.8 0.8 131.1 134.3 134.2 135.4 0.9

Information

90.2 92.0 91.8 92.9 1.2 127.1 130.2 129.3 130.5 0.9

Financial activities

105.0 107.5 107.7 108.0 0.3 157.0 165.5 165.7 166.6 0.5

Professional and business services

123.2 128.0 128.3 128.6 0.2 176.6 185.6 185.7 186.5 0.4

Education and health services

127.0 129.9 130.6 130.8 0.2 180.4 187.1 188.1 188.8 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

117.1 120.6 121.5 121.2 -0.2 157.9 167.9 169.4 169.2 -0.1

Other services

99.3 100.4 100.9 100.5 -0.4 132.6 136.9 137.5 137.6 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: February 06, 2015
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