Economic News Release

Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-14-1642
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 5, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 142,000 in August, and the 
unemployment rate was little changed at 6.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in professional and business 
services and in health care.

Household Survey Data

In August, both the unemployment rate (6.1 percent) and the number of unemployed 
persons (9.6 million) changed little. Over the year, the unemployment rate and 
the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million, 
respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates in August showed little or 
no change for adult men (5.7 percent), adult women (5.7 percent), teenagers (19.6 
percent), whites (5.3 percent), blacks (11.4 percent), and Hispanics (7.5 percent). 
The jobless rate for Asians was 4.5 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little 
changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined 
by 192,000 to 3.0 million in August. These individuals accounted for 31.2 percent 
of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has 
declined by 1.3 million. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, changed little in 
August and has been essentially unchanged since April. In August, the employment-
population ratio was 59.0 percent for the third consecutive month but is up by 0.4 
percentage point from a year earlier. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in August at 7.3 million. 
These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or 
because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In August, 2.1 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down 
by 201,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and 
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as 
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the 
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 775,000 discouraged workers in August, 
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they 
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons 
marginally attached to the labor force in August had not searched for work 
for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See 
table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 142,000 in August, compared with 
an average monthly gain of 212,000 over the prior 12 months. In August, job 
growth occurred in professional and business services and in health care. (See 
table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 47,000 jobs in August and has added 
639,000 over the past year. In August, management of companies and enterprises 
gained 8,000 jobs. Employment continued to trend up over the month in administrative 
and support services (+23,000), architectural and engineering services (+3,000), 
and in management and technical consulting services (+3,000). 

Employment in health care increased by 34,000 in August. Within the industry, 
offices of physicians and hospitals added 8,000 jobs and 7,000 jobs, respectively. 
Social assistance employment continued to trend up over the month (+9,000) and has 
expanded by 104,000 over the year. 

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places 
continued to trend up in August (+22,000) and is up by 289,000 over the year.

Construction employment continued to trend up in August (+20,000). This is in line 
with its average monthly job gain of 18,000 over the prior 12 months. In August, 
employment trended up in specialty trade contractors (+12,000) and construction of 
buildings (+7,000).

Manufacturing employment was unchanged in August, following an increase of 28,000 
in July. Motor vehicles and parts lost 5,000 jobs in August, after adding 13,000 
jobs in July. Auto manufacturers laid off fewer workers than usual for factory 
retooling in July, and fewer workers than usual were recalled in August. Elsewhere 
in manufacturing, there were job gains in August in computer and peripheral 
equipment (+3,000) and in nonmetallic mineral products (+3,000), and job losses in 
electronic instruments (-2,000).
  
In August, retail trade employment was little changed (-8,000). Food and beverage 
stores lost 17,000 jobs; this industry was impacted by employment disruptions at a 
grocery store chain in New England. Elsewhere in retail trade, automobile dealers 
added 5,000 jobs. 

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, wholesale trade, 
transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities, and government, 
showed little change over the month.

In August, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 
34.5 hours for the sixth consecutive month. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 
0.1 hour to 41.0 hours, and overtime was unchanged at 3.4 hours. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
was 33.7 hours for the sixth consecutive month. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 6 
cents in August to $24.53. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 
2.1 percent. In August, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees rose by 6 cents to $20.68. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised from +298,000 
to +267,000, and the change for July was revised from +209,000 to +212,000. With 
these revisions, employment gains in June and July combined were 28,000 less than 
previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
October 3, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                            |
   |            2014 CES Preliminary Benchmark Revision to be released          |
   |                          on September 18, 2014                             |
   |                                                                            |
   | Each year, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey estimates are    |
   | benchmarked to comprehensive counts of employment from the Quarterly       |
   | Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the month of March. These counts |
   | are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax records that nearly |
   | all employers are required to file. On September 18, 2014, at 10:00 a.m.   |
   | (EDT), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary   |
   | estimate of the upcoming annual benchmark revision to the establishment    |
   | survey employment series. This is the same day the First Quarter 2014 data |
   | from the QCEW will be issued. Preliminary benchmark revisions for all      |
   | major industry sectors, as well as total nonfarm and total private levels, |
   | will be available on the BLS website at                                    |
   | www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesprelbmk.htm.                                     |
   |                                                                            |
   | The final benchmark revision will be issued with the publication of the    |
   | January 2015 Employment Situation news release in February.                |
   |                                                                            |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Change from:
July
2014-
Aug.
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

245,959 247,814 248,023 248,229 206

Civilian labor force

155,435 155,694 156,023 155,959 -64

Participation rate

63.2 62.8 62.9 62.8 -0.1

Employed

144,179 146,221 146,352 146,368 16

Employment-population ratio

58.6 59.0 59.0 59.0 0.0

Unemployed

11,256 9,474 9,671 9,591 -80

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 -0.1

Not in labor force

90,524 92,120 92,001 92,269 268

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.0 5.7 5.7 5.7 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.2 5.3 5.7 5.7 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

22.6 21.0 20.2 19.6 -0.6

White

6.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 0.0

Black or African American

12.9 10.7 11.4 11.4 0.0

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.1 5.1 4.5 4.5 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.3 7.8 7.8 7.5 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

6.0 5.0 5.0 5.1 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

11.3 9.1 9.6 9.1 -0.5

High school graduates, no college

7.5 5.8 6.1 6.2 0.1

Some college or associate degree

6.1 5.0 5.3 5.4 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.5 3.3 3.1 3.2 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,887 4,862 4,859 4,836 -23

Job leavers

890 854 862 860 -2

Reentrants

3,116 2,707 2,848 2,845 -3

New entrants

1,295 1,064 1,087 1,066 -21

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,527 2,410 2,587 2,609 22

5 to 14 weeks

2,738 2,416 2,431 2,449 18

15 to 26 weeks

1,704 1,472 1,412 1,486 74

27 weeks and over

4,269 3,081 3,155 2,963 -192

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,898 7,544 7,511 7,277 -234

Slack work or business conditions

4,788 4,525 4,609 4,261 -348

Could only find part-time work

2,663 2,648 2,519 2,587 68

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,305 19,880 19,662 19,526 -136

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,342 2,028 2,178 2,141 -

Discouraged workers

866 676 741 775 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

202 267 212 142

Total private

180 260 213 134

Goods-producing

17 34 67 22

Mining and logging

3 5 8 2

Construction

6 8 31 20

Manufacturing

8 21 28 0

Durable goods(1)

14 18 30 2

Motor vehicles and parts

7.6 6.7 12.8 -4.6

Nondurable goods

-6 3 -2 -2

Private service-providing(1)

163 226 146 112

Wholesale trade

10.4 12.9 6.0 6.5

Retail trade

29.4 35.4 20.9 -8.4

Transportation and warehousing

10.2 13.4 19.1 1.2

Information

-28 11 5 -3

Financial activities

-4 19 10 7

Professional and business services(1)

42 70 36 47

Temporary help services

17.1 15.0 9.7 13.0

Education and health services(1)

64 48 33 37

Health care and social assistance

57.8 33.7 40.1 42.7

Leisure and hospitality

34 21 12 15

Other services

6 -5 2 8

Government

22 7 -1 8

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.1 48.0 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.7 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$24.03 $24.45 $24.47 $24.53

Average weekly earnings

$829.04 $843.53 $844.22 $846.29

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

99.0 100.8 101.0 101.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

113.5 117.6 117.9 118.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.7 0.5 0.3 0.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$20.17 $20.58 $20.62 $20.68

Average weekly earnings

$679.73 $693.55 $694.89 $696.92

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

106.5 108.5 108.7 108.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 0.2 0.2 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

143.5 149.2 149.7 150.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 0.4 0.3 0.4

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

63.1 64.0 65.9 59.1

Manufacturing (81 industries)

55.6 54.3 54.9 51.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

245,959 248,023 248,229 245,959 247,439 247,622 247,814 248,023 248,229

Civilian labor force

155,971 157,573 156,434 155,435 155,421 155,613 155,694 156,023 155,959

Participation rate

63.4 63.5 63.0 63.2 62.8 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.8

Employed

144,509 147,265 146,647 144,179 145,669 145,814 146,221 146,352 146,368

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.4 59.1 58.6 58.9 58.9 59.0 59.0 59.0

Unemployed

11,462 10,307 9,787 11,256 9,753 9,799 9,474 9,671 9,591

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.5 6.3 7.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1

Not in labor force

89,988 90,451 91,794 90,524 92,018 92,009 92,120 92,001 92,269

Persons who currently want a job

6,291 6,624 6,382 6,241 6,146 6,438 6,115 6,259 6,304

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,700 119,788 119,893 118,700 119,488 119,582 119,680 119,788 119,893

Civilian labor force

83,110 84,284 83,567 82,499 82,586 82,590 82,860 83,043 82,968

Participation rate

70.0 70.4 69.7 69.5 69.1 69.1 69.2 69.3 69.2

Employed

76,962 79,064 78,576 76,182 77,292 77,310 77,653 77,866 77,843

Employment-population ratio

64.8 66.0 65.5 64.2 64.7 64.7 64.9 65.0 64.9

Unemployed

6,148 5,220 4,991 6,317 5,294 5,280 5,207 5,177 5,125

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.2 6.0 7.7 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2

Not in labor force

35,590 35,503 36,326 36,201 36,902 36,992 36,821 36,744 36,924

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

110,172 111,342 111,451 110,172 111,027 111,126 111,230 111,342 111,451

Civilian labor force

79,902 80,684 80,486 79,610 79,851 79,830 80,068 80,208 80,196

Participation rate

72.5 72.5 72.2 72.3 71.9 71.8 72.0 72.0 72.0

Employed

74,522 76,245 76,120 74,015 75,134 75,127 75,510 75,654 75,664

Employment-population ratio

67.6 68.5 68.3 67.2 67.7 67.6 67.9 67.9 67.9

Unemployed

5,381 4,439 4,366 5,595 4,718 4,703 4,558 4,554 4,531

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.5 5.4 7.0 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7

Not in labor force

30,269 30,658 30,965 30,562 31,176 31,296 31,162 31,133 31,256

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,260 128,236 128,336 127,260 127,951 128,040 128,133 128,236 128,336

Civilian labor force

72,861 73,288 72,867 72,937 72,835 73,023 72,835 72,979 72,991

Participation rate

57.3 57.2 56.8 57.3 56.9 57.0 56.8 56.9 56.9

Employed

67,547 68,201 68,071 67,997 68,376 68,504 68,568 68,486 68,525

Employment-population ratio

53.1 53.2 53.0 53.4 53.4 53.5 53.5 53.4 53.4

Unemployed

5,314 5,087 4,796 4,939 4,459 4,519 4,267 4,494 4,466

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.9 6.6 6.8 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.1

Not in labor force

54,398 54,947 55,469 54,323 55,116 55,017 55,299 55,256 55,345

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,018 120,052 120,156 119,018 119,760 119,852 119,948 120,052 120,156

Civilian labor force

69,821 69,853 69,898 70,115 70,037 70,153 69,987 70,177 70,222

Participation rate

58.7 58.2 58.2 58.9 58.5 58.5 58.3 58.5 58.4

Employed

65,129 65,468 65,631 65,743 66,057 66,137 66,254 66,197 66,247

Employment-population ratio

54.7 54.5 54.6 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.1 55.1

Unemployed

4,692 4,386 4,266 4,372 3,980 4,016 3,733 3,980 3,974

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.3 6.1 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.7

Not in labor force

49,197 50,199 50,258 48,903 49,724 49,699 49,961 49,875 49,934

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,770 16,629 16,622 16,770 16,652 16,644 16,636 16,629 16,622

Civilian labor force

6,248 7,035 6,050 5,710 5,534 5,630 5,640 5,637 5,542

Participation rate

37.3 42.3 36.4 34.1 33.2 33.8 33.9 33.9 33.3

Employed

4,859 5,553 4,896 4,421 4,479 4,550 4,457 4,501 4,457

Employment-population ratio

29.0 33.4 29.5 26.4 26.9 27.3 26.8 27.1 26.8

Unemployed

1,389 1,483 1,155 1,289 1,055 1,080 1,183 1,136 1,085

Unemployment rate

22.2 21.1 19.1 22.6 19.1 19.2 21.0 20.2 19.6

Not in labor force

10,522 9,594 10,571 11,059 11,119 11,014 10,996 10,992 11,080

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

194,489 195,537 195,652 194,489 195,210 195,310 195,416 195,537 195,652

Civilian labor force

123,786 124,477 123,667 123,327 123,111 123,287 123,379 123,314 123,275

Participation rate

63.6 63.7 63.2 63.4 63.1 63.1 63.1 63.1 63.0

Employed

115,884 117,509 117,095 115,463 116,601 116,669 116,778 116,757 116,754

Employment-population ratio

59.6 60.1 59.8 59.4 59.7 59.7 59.8 59.7 59.7

Unemployed

7,903 6,968 6,573 7,864 6,510 6,618 6,600 6,557 6,521

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.6 5.3 6.4 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3

Not in labor force

70,703 71,060 71,985 71,162 72,099 72,022 72,037 72,222 72,377

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,653 64,794 64,753 64,410 64,445 64,343 64,435 64,430 64,498

Participation rate

73.0 72.6 72.5 72.7 72.4 72.2 72.3 72.2 72.2

Employed

60,873 61,833 61,763 60,417 61,182 61,129 61,291 61,361 61,355

Employment-population ratio

68.7 69.3 69.2 68.2 68.7 68.6 68.8 68.8 68.7

Unemployed

3,781 2,961 2,990 3,993 3,264 3,214 3,144 3,069 3,142

Unemployment rate

5.8 4.6 4.6 6.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,261 54,077 54,112 54,456 54,277 54,520 54,454 54,356 54,356

Participation rate

58.1 57.6 57.6 58.3 57.9 58.1 58.0 57.9 57.8

Employed

51,083 51,129 51,345 51,489 51,730 51,864 51,847 51,695 51,761

Employment-population ratio

54.7 54.4 54.6 55.1 55.2 55.3 55.2 55.0 55.1

Unemployed

3,178 2,948 2,767 2,968 2,547 2,656 2,606 2,661 2,595

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.5 5.1 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,873 5,606 4,802 4,461 4,389 4,425 4,490 4,529 4,420

Participation rate

39.0 45.3 38.8 35.7 35.4 35.7 36.3 36.6 35.7

Employed

3,929 4,547 3,987 3,558 3,690 3,676 3,640 3,701 3,637

Employment-population ratio

31.5 36.7 32.2 28.5 29.8 29.7 29.4 29.9 29.4

Unemployed

944 1,059 815 903 699 749 850 827 783

Unemployment rate

19.4 18.9 17.0 20.3 15.9 16.9 18.9 18.3 17.7

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,426 30,856 30,893 30,426 30,755 30,787 30,821 30,856 30,893

Civilian labor force

18,578 19,249 18,931 18,468 18,720 18,715 18,791 19,025 18,849

Participation rate

61.1 62.4 61.3 60.7 60.9 60.8 61.0 61.7 61.0

Employed

16,071 16,895 16,653 16,084 16,556 16,564 16,784 16,853 16,693

Employment-population ratio

52.8 54.8 53.9 52.9 53.8 53.8 54.5 54.6 54.0

Unemployed

2,507 2,355 2,278 2,385 2,164 2,151 2,007 2,172 2,157

Unemployment rate

13.5 12.2 12.0 12.9 11.6 11.5 10.7 11.4 11.4

Not in labor force

11,847 11,607 11,963 11,957 12,035 12,072 12,029 11,832 12,044

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,337 8,753 8,623 8,306 8,435 8,496 8,592 8,671 8,605

Participation rate

66.7 68.6 67.5 66.4 66.4 66.8 67.5 68.0 67.3

Employed

7,224 7,749 7,700 7,197 7,522 7,519 7,660 7,704 7,676

Employment-population ratio

57.8 60.7 60.3 57.6 59.2 59.1 60.1 60.4 60.1

Unemployed

1,113 1,003 923 1,109 913 977 932 967 929

Unemployment rate

13.3 11.5 10.7 13.4 10.8 11.5 10.9 11.1 10.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,444 9,696 9,588 9,437 9,583 9,521 9,566 9,720 9,595

Participation rate

61.4 62.2 61.4 61.4 61.7 61.2 61.4 62.3 61.5

Employed

8,355 8,639 8,470 8,436 8,590 8,564 8,702 8,736 8,581

Employment-population ratio

54.4 55.4 54.3 54.9 55.3 55.1 55.9 56.0 55.0

Unemployed

1,088 1,056 1,118 1,001 993 957 864 984 1,015

Unemployment rate

11.5 10.9 11.7 10.6 10.4 10.0 9.0 10.1 10.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

797 801 720 726 701 698 632 634 649

Participation rate

31.2 32.0 28.8 28.4 27.9 27.8 25.2 25.3 25.9

Employed

491 506 483 451 443 481 421 413 436

Employment-population ratio

19.2 20.2 19.3 17.6 17.6 19.1 16.8 16.5 17.4

Unemployed

306 295 237 275 258 217 211 221 213

Unemployment rate

38.4 36.8 32.9 37.9 36.8 31.1 33.4 34.9 32.8

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,241 13,765 13,704 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,574 8,717 8,751 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.8 63.3 63.9 - - - - - -

Employed

8,133 8,329 8,354 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.4 60.5 61.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

441 389 398 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.5 4.5 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,667 5,047 4,952 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,630 38,430 38,512 37,630 38,203 38,277 38,352 38,430 38,512

Civilian labor force

24,964 25,536 25,465 24,918 25,055 25,108 25,409 25,320 25,432

Participation rate

66.3 66.4 66.1 66.2 65.6 65.6 66.3 65.9 66.0

Employed

22,656 23,529 23,567 22,603 23,232 23,162 23,433 23,345 23,523

Employment-population ratio

60.2 61.2 61.2 60.1 60.8 60.5 61.1 60.7 61.1

Unemployed

2,308 2,007 1,898 2,315 1,824 1,946 1,976 1,975 1,909

Unemployment rate

9.2 7.9 7.5 9.3 7.3 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.5

Not in labor force

12,666 12,895 13,047 12,712 13,148 13,169 12,943 13,110 13,080

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,895 14,086 14,137 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.8 81.0 81.1 - - - - - -

Employed

12,799 13,240 13,309 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

75.4 76.1 76.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,096 847 828 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.0 5.9 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,786 10,123 10,178 - - - - - -

Participation rate

57.6 58.2 58.4 - - - - - -

Employed

8,938 9,348 9,356 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.6 53.8 53.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

847 775 822 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.7 8.1 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,284 1,326 1,149 - - - - - -

Participation rate

35.1 36.2 31.3 - - - - - -

Employed

919 941 901 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

25.2 25.7 24.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

364 385 248 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

28.4 29.0 21.6 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,901 10,168 10,627 10,945 10,891 10,861 10,451 10,221 10,659

Participation rate

45.2 44.2 44.8 45.4 44.6 44.2 43.3 44.4 45.0

Employed

9,753 9,210 9,712 9,712 9,925 9,869 9,497 9,243 9,689

Employment-population ratio

40.5 40.0 41.0 40.3 40.7 40.2 39.4 40.2 40.9

Unemployed

1,148 958 914 1,232 965 993 954 978 970

Unemployment rate

10.5 9.4 8.6 11.3 8.9 9.1 9.1 9.6 9.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,336 36,239 36,291 36,607 36,089 36,096 36,112 36,146 36,338

Participation rate

58.6 57.9 58.1 59.0 58.0 57.9 57.8 57.7 58.1

Employed

33,680 34,050 34,100 33,857 33,830 33,750 34,001 33,931 34,094

Employment-population ratio

54.3 54.4 54.6 54.6 54.3 54.1 54.5 54.2 54.5

Unemployed

2,656 2,189 2,191 2,750 2,258 2,346 2,112 2,216 2,244

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.0 6.0 7.5 6.3 6.5 5.8 6.1 6.2

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,701 37,837 37,865 37,409 37,364 37,178 37,476 37,727 37,567

Participation rate

67.5 67.2 67.4 67.0 67.3 67.2 67.6 67.0 66.9

Employed

35,343 35,767 35,802 35,114 35,218 35,131 35,598 35,716 35,543

Employment-population ratio

63.3 63.6 63.7 62.9 63.4 63.5 64.2 63.5 63.3

Unemployed

2,358 2,070 2,063 2,295 2,146 2,047 1,878 2,011 2,024

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.5 5.4 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

48,944 49,891 49,836 49,091 49,934 50,208 50,383 50,355 50,093

Participation rate

75.1 74.0 74.2 75.4 75.1 75.4 75.2 74.7 74.6

Employed

47,097 48,154 48,062 47,394 48,279 48,611 48,728 48,771 48,474

Employment-population ratio

72.3 71.5 71.6 72.8 72.6 73.0 72.7 72.4 72.2

Unemployed

1,847 1,738 1,774 1,696 1,655 1,596 1,654 1,584 1,618

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,359 21,124 19,131 18,870 2,228 2,254

Civilian labor force

10,809 10,667 9,444 9,300 1,365 1,368

Participation rate

50.6 50.5 49.4 49.3 61.3 60.7

Employed

10,139 10,070 8,878 8,784 1,260 1,286

Employment-population ratio

47.5 47.7 46.4 46.5 56.6 57.1

Unemployed

671 598 566 516 105 82

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.6 6.0 5.5 7.7 6.0

Not in labor force

10,550 10,457 9,687 9,570 863 886

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,883 3,154 2,280 2,464 603 690

Civilian labor force

2,263 2,484 1,848 2,009 415 475

Participation rate

78.5 78.8 81.0 81.5 68.8 68.8

Employed

2,036 2,282 1,664 1,843 372 439

Employment-population ratio

70.6 72.4 73.0 74.8 61.7 63.6

Unemployed

226 201 183 165 43 36

Unemployment rate

10.0 8.1 9.9 8.2 10.3 7.6

Not in labor force

621 670 432 455 188 215

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,099 3,353 2,555 2,737 545 616

Civilian labor force

2,531 2,789 2,129 2,352 403 437

Participation rate

81.7 83.2 83.3 85.9 73.9 70.9

Employed

2,392 2,663 2,018 2,247 374 417

Employment-population ratio

77.2 79.4 79.0 82.1 68.7 67.6

Unemployed

140 125 111 105 28 20

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.5 5.2 4.5 7.1 4.6

Not in labor force

568 565 426 385 142 180

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,758 9,321 9,386 8,971 372 350

Civilian labor force

2,852 2,651 2,753 2,555 99 96

Participation rate

29.2 28.4 29.3 28.5 26.6 27.4

Employed

2,705 2,507 2,614 2,411 91 96

Employment-population ratio

27.7 26.9 27.9 26.9 24.5 27.4

Unemployed

147 144 139 144 8 0

Unemployment rate

5.1 5.4 5.0 5.6 7.8 0.0

Not in labor force

6,906 6,670 6,633 6,416 273 254

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,618 5,296 4,910 4,698 708 598

Civilian labor force

3,163 2,744 2,714 2,384 449 361

Participation rate

56.3 51.8 55.3 50.7 63.4 60.3

Employed

3,005 2,617 2,582 2,282 423 335

Employment-population ratio

53.5 49.4 52.6 48.6 59.8 56.0

Unemployed

158 127 132 101 26 26

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.6 4.9 4.3 5.8 7.1

Not in labor force

2,455 2,552 2,196 2,314 259 237

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

215,784 218,405 95,108 96,629 120,677 121,775

Civilian labor force

143,021 143,636 72,631 73,225 70,390 70,411

Participation rate

66.3 65.8 76.4 75.8 58.3 57.8

Employed

132,749 134,922 67,300 68,994 65,449 65,928

Employment-population ratio

61.5 61.8 70.8 71.4 54.2 54.1

Unemployed

10,272 8,713 5,331 4,231 4,941 4,482

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.1 7.3 5.8 7.0 6.4

Not in labor force

72,764 74,769 22,477 23,404 50,287 51,365

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,726 29,443 217,233 218,786

Civilian labor force

5,884 5,819 150,087 150,615

Participation rate

20.5 19.8 69.1 68.8

Employed

5,053 5,075 139,456 141,572

Employment-population ratio

17.6 17.2 64.2 64.7

Unemployed

831 744 10,631 9,043

Unemployment rate

14.1 12.8 7.1 6.0

Not in labor force

22,842 23,624 67,146 68,171

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,584 2,660 75,997 76,348

Participation rate

33.8 33.8 82.8 83.0

Employed

2,170 2,270 70,492 71,955

Employment-population ratio

28.4 28.8 76.8 78.2

Unemployed

413 390 5,505 4,392

Unemployment rate

16.0 14.7 7.2 5.8

Not in labor force

5,067 5,220 15,782 15,615

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,326 2,199 66,906 66,986

Participation rate

29.1 27.7 70.5 70.3

Employed

1,957 1,895 62,127 62,751

Employment-population ratio

24.5 23.8 65.4 65.8

Unemployed

368 304 4,779 4,235

Unemployment rate

15.8 13.8 7.1 6.3

Not in labor force

5,665 5,748 28,025 28,337

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

975 960 7,183 7,281

Participation rate

7.4 7.1 23.5 23.1

Employed

926 910 6,837 6,865

Employment-population ratio

7.1 6.7 22.4 21.8

Unemployed

49 50 347 416

Unemployment rate

5.0 5.2 4.8 5.7

Not in labor force

12,110 12,656 23,339 24,219

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,197 39,289 18,441 19,302 19,757 19,986

Civilian labor force

25,540 26,046 14,543 15,216 10,997 10,830

Participation rate

66.9 66.3 78.9 78.8 55.7 54.2

Employed

23,833 24,639 13,630 14,538 10,203 10,101

Employment-population ratio

62.4 62.7 73.9 75.3 51.6 50.5

Unemployed

1,707 1,407 913 678 794 728

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.4 6.3 4.5 7.2 6.7

Not in labor force

12,658 13,243 3,898 4,086 8,760 9,157

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,762 208,940 100,259 100,590 107,503 108,349

Civilian labor force

130,431 130,388 68,567 68,351 61,865 62,038

Participation rate

62.8 62.4 68.4 67.9 57.5 57.3

Employed

120,676 122,008 63,332 64,038 57,344 57,970

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.4 63.2 63.7 53.3 53.5

Unemployed

9,755 8,381 5,235 4,313 4,520 4,068

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.4 7.6 6.3 7.3 6.6

Not in labor force

77,331 78,552 31,692 32,240 45,639 46,312

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,398 2,403 2,472 2,205 2,161 2,045 2,138 2,133 2,224

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,509 1,620 1,699 1,370 1,382 1,273 1,379 1,413 1,522

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

855 755 756 819 767 738 734 709 727

Unpaid family workers

34 28 18 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

142,111 144,862 144,175 141,918 143,531 143,843 144,159 144,274 144,106

Wage and salary workers(1)

133,254 136,203 135,541 133,247 134,860 135,355 135,687 135,823 135,659

Government

19,729 19,525 19,410 20,373 20,320 20,051 20,357 20,453 20,120

Private industries

113,526 116,679 116,131 112,926 114,532 115,257 115,294 115,297 115,576

Private households

680 889 789 - - - - - -

Other industries

112,846 115,790 115,342 112,252 113,643 114,460 114,487 114,456 114,791

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,782 8,582 8,576 8,646 8,559 8,375 8,370 8,424 8,454

Unpaid family workers

74 76 58 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,690 7,665 7,083 7,898 7,465 7,269 7,544 7,511 7,277

Slack work or business conditions

4,632 4,670 4,055 4,788 4,555 4,453 4,525 4,609 4,261

Could only find part-time work

2,616 2,608 2,548 2,663 2,669 2,537 2,648 2,519 2,587

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,701 18,134 17,872 19,305 18,886 19,040 19,880 19,662 19,526

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,567 7,568 7,021 7,765 7,333 7,199 7,436 7,400 7,203

Slack work or business conditions

4,566 4,607 4,020 4,734 4,487 4,407 4,474 4,548 4,232

Could only find part-time work

2,598 2,585 2,538 2,676 2,623 2,530 2,637 2,507 2,585

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,376 17,809 17,523 18,817 18,603 18,727 19,533 19,250 19,098

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

144,509 147,265 146,647 144,179 145,669 145,814 146,221 146,352 146,368

16 to 19 years

4,859 5,553 4,896 4,421 4,479 4,550 4,457 4,501 4,457

16 to 17 years

1,622 1,924 1,655 1,430 1,472 1,494 1,451 1,494 1,475

18 to 19 years

3,238 3,629 3,241 3,007 3,016 3,052 3,010 3,030 2,998

20 years and over

139,650 141,713 141,751 139,758 141,190 141,264 141,763 141,851 141,912

20 to 24 years

13,777 14,532 14,076 13,568 13,879 13,952 13,933 13,976 13,893

25 years and over

125,873 127,180 127,675 126,192 127,211 127,277 127,810 127,827 128,022

25 to 54 years

94,379 95,098 95,548 94,431 95,151 95,041 95,507 95,365 95,617

25 to 34 years

31,171 31,826 31,951 31,173 31,713 31,699 31,923 31,885 31,986

35 to 44 years

30,737 30,689 30,908 30,778 30,905 30,840 30,940 30,843 30,945

45 to 54 years

32,471 32,583 32,689 32,480 32,533 32,503 32,643 32,637 32,685

55 years and over

31,494 32,082 32,128 31,761 32,060 32,236 32,303 32,462 32,405

Men, 16 years and over

76,962 79,064 78,576 76,182 77,292 77,310 77,653 77,866 77,843

16 to 19 years

2,441 2,819 2,456 2,167 2,159 2,183 2,143 2,212 2,179

16 to 17 years

784 959 798 684 644 689 648 700 702

18 to 19 years

1,657 1,861 1,658 1,505 1,516 1,492 1,500 1,514 1,496

20 years and over

74,522 76,245 76,120 74,015 75,134 75,127 75,510 75,654 75,664

20 to 24 years

7,154 7,651 7,422 6,969 7,206 7,194 7,227 7,250 7,237

25 years and over

67,368 68,594 68,698 67,123 67,875 67,915 68,263 68,357 68,464

25 to 54 years

50,670 51,507 51,506 50,405 50,909 50,837 51,146 51,178 51,255

25 to 34 years

16,936 17,423 17,422 16,807 17,185 17,110 17,322 17,306 17,322

35 to 44 years

16,634 16,793 16,795 16,573 16,657 16,676 16,762 16,713 16,731

45 to 54 years

17,100 17,291 17,288 17,025 17,066 17,052 17,062 17,159 17,203

55 years and over

16,698 17,087 17,192 16,718 16,966 17,079 17,117 17,179 17,208

Women, 16 years and over

67,547 68,201 68,071 67,997 68,376 68,504 68,568 68,486 68,525

16 to 19 years

2,418 2,733 2,440 2,254 2,320 2,367 2,314 2,289 2,278

16 to 17 years

838 965 857 746 828 805 803 795 773

18 to 19 years

1,581 1,768 1,583 1,502 1,500 1,560 1,510 1,517 1,502

20 years and over

65,129 65,468 65,631 65,743 66,057 66,137 66,254 66,197 66,247

20 to 24 years

6,624 6,881 6,654 6,599 6,672 6,758 6,706 6,726 6,656

25 years and over

58,505 58,587 58,978 59,069 59,336 59,362 59,547 59,469 59,558

25 to 54 years

43,709 43,591 44,042 44,026 44,242 44,205 44,361 44,186 44,361

25 to 34 years

14,235 14,403 14,529 14,365 14,528 14,589 14,601 14,578 14,664

35 to 44 years

14,103 13,895 14,113 14,205 14,247 14,164 14,178 14,130 14,214

45 to 54 years

15,371 15,292 15,401 15,456 15,466 15,451 15,582 15,478 15,483

55 years and over

14,796 14,996 14,936 15,043 15,094 15,157 15,186 15,283 15,197

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,112 44,248 44,374 43,973 44,525 44,608 44,508 44,331 44,273

Married women, spouse present

34,198 33,946 34,282 34,701 34,813 34,716 34,728 34,598 34,720

Women who maintain families

9,224 9,477 9,337 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

117,868 119,900 120,110 116,301 118,415 118,727 118,204 118,489 118,616

Part-time workers(2)

26,641 27,365 26,537 27,888 27,297 27,219 28,018 28,070 27,743

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,776 6,787 6,819 7,048 7,093 7,113 7,031 6,939 7,070

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,318 5,324 5,294 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,638 9,337 9,332 9,466 9,326 9,113 9,104 9,133 9,181

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

11,256 9,671 9,591 7.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1

16 to 19 years

1,289 1,136 1,085 22.6 19.1 19.2 21.0 20.2 19.6

16 to 17 years

501 448 458 26.0 22.1 23.0 23.3 23.1 23.7

18 to 19 years

824 703 649 21.5 17.4 17.1 19.3 18.8 17.8

20 years and over

9,967 8,535 8,506 6.7 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.7

20 to 24 years

1,989 1,772 1,646 12.8 10.6 11.1 10.5 11.3 10.6

25 years and over

8,028 6,780 6,906 6.0 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.1

25 to 54 years

6,337 5,231 5,382 6.3 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.3

25 to 34 years

2,620 2,239 2,359 7.8 6.6 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.9

35 to 44 years

1,840 1,559 1,552 5.6 4.9 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.8

45 to 54 years

1,877 1,433 1,471 5.5 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.2 4.3

55 years and over

1,698 1,540 1,549 5.1 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.6

Men, 16 years and over

6,317 5,177 5,125 7.7 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2

16 to 19 years

722 623 594 25.0 21.1 20.9 23.2 22.0 21.4

16 to 17 years

247 242 240 26.5 26.8 25.0 26.6 25.7 25.5

18 to 19 years

503 389 371 25.1 18.0 18.6 21.1 20.5 19.9

20 years and over

5,595 4,554 4,531 7.0 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7

20 to 24 years

1,152 1,039 938 14.2 12.0 11.9 11.7 12.5 11.5

25 years and over

4,485 3,502 3,636 6.3 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.0

25 to 54 years

3,533 2,724 2,843 6.5 5.3 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.3

25 to 34 years

1,535 1,204 1,220 8.4 6.6 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.6

35 to 44 years

985 839 856 5.6 4.8 5.1 4.5 4.8 4.9

45 to 54 years

1,012 681 767 5.6 4.6 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.3

55 years and over

953 778 794 5.4 4.7 4.6 4.9 4.3 4.4

Women, 16 years and over

4,939 4,494 4,466 6.8 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.1

16 to 19 years

567 513 492 20.1 17.1 17.5 18.7 18.3 17.8

16 to 17 years

255 206 218 25.5 18.0 21.2 20.5 20.6 22.0

18 to 19 years

320 313 278 17.6 16.7 15.7 17.5 17.1 15.6

20 years and over

4,372 3,980 3,974 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.7

20 to 24 years

837 734 709 11.3 9.0 10.2 9.1 9.8 9.6

25 years and over

3,543 3,278 3,269 5.7 5.2 5.2 4.9 5.2 5.2

25 to 54 years

2,804 2,507 2,540 6.0 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.4

25 to 34 years

1,084 1,035 1,139 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.5 6.6 7.2

35 to 44 years

855 720 696 5.7 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7

45 to 54 years

865 752 705 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.4

55 years and over

755 741 756 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.1 4.6 4.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,973 1,548 1,502 4.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.3

Married women, spouse present

1,515 1,432 1,350 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.7

Women who maintain families(1)

1,137 949 960 11.0 8.5 8.4 8.1 9.1 9.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

9,559 8,113 7,932 7.6 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.3

Part-time workers(3)

1,673 1,651 1,639 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,856 4,867 4,750 5,887 5,236 5,018 4,862 4,859 4,836

On temporary layoff

986 1,131 1,070 1,059 1,021 1,003 1,029 996 1,085

Not on temporary layoff

4,870 3,737 3,681 4,828 4,215 4,015 3,833 3,863 3,752

Permanent job losers

3,707 2,622 2,605 3,638 3,077 2,946 2,806 2,718 2,653

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,163 1,115 1,076 1,190 1,138 1,069 1,027 1,145 1,098

Job leavers

950 887 922 890 784 875 854 862 860

Reentrants

3,217 3,074 2,943 3,116 2,620 2,857 2,707 2,848 2,845

New entrants

1,439 1,479 1,171 1,295 1,043 1,062 1,064 1,087 1,066

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

51.1 47.2 48.5 52.6 54.1 51.1 51.2 50.3 50.3

On temporary layoff

8.6 11.0 10.9 9.5 10.5 10.2 10.8 10.3 11.3

Not on temporary layoff

42.5 36.3 37.6 43.2 43.5 40.9 40.4 40.0 39.1

Job leavers

8.3 8.6 9.4 8.0 8.1 8.9 9.0 8.9 9.0

Reentrants

28.1 29.8 30.1 27.9 27.1 29.1 28.5 29.5 29.6

New entrants

12.6 14.3 12.0 11.6 10.8 10.8 11.2 11.3 11.1

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.8 3.1 3.0 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8

New entrants

0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,523 2,933 2,664 2,527 2,447 2,559 2,410 2,587 2,609

5 to 14 weeks

3,116 2,923 2,802 2,738 2,359 2,390 2,416 2,431 2,449

15 weeks and over

5,822 4,452 4,321 5,973 4,985 4,814 4,553 4,566 4,450

15 to 26 weeks

1,525 1,244 1,354 1,704 1,533 1,441 1,472 1,412 1,486

27 weeks and over

4,297 3,207 2,967 4,269 3,452 3,374 3,081 3,155 2,963

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

36.6 30.8 31.2 37.0 35.1 34.5 33.5 32.4 31.7

Median duration, in weeks

15.2 11.3 12.0 16.5 16.0 14.6 13.1 13.3 13.2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

22.0 28.5 27.2 22.5 25.0 26.2 25.7 27.0 27.4

5 to 14 weeks

27.2 28.4 28.6 24.4 24.1 24.5 25.8 25.4 25.8

15 weeks and over

50.8 43.2 44.1 53.2 50.9 49.3 48.5 47.6 46.8

15 to 26 weeks

13.3 12.1 13.8 15.2 15.7 14.8 15.7 14.7 15.6

27 weeks and over

37.5 31.1 30.3 38.0 35.3 34.6 32.8 32.9 31.2

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

144,509 146,647 11,462 9,787 7.3 6.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,515 55,646 2,130 1,930 3.8 3.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,807 23,854 794 643 3.4 2.6

Professional and related occupations

31,708 31,792 1,336 1,287 4.0 3.9

Service occupations

26,305 26,183 2,407 2,139 8.4 7.6

Sales and office occupations

33,039 33,045 2,532 2,037 7.1 5.8

Sales and related occupations

15,741 15,102 1,214 900 7.2 5.6

Office and administrative support occupations

17,298 17,943 1,318 1,138 7.1 6.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,468 14,046 1,289 1,116 8.7 7.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,125 1,183 126 111 10.0 8.6

Construction and extraction occupations

7,449 7,888 873 752 10.5 8.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,894 4,975 291 253 5.6 4.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,182 17,727 1,593 1,372 8.5 7.2

Production occupations

8,389 8,586 771 623 8.4 6.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,793 9,141 822 749 8.5 7.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

11,462 9,787 7.3 6.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,391 7,200 6.9 5.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

59 74 5.3 6.3

Construction

758 678 9.1 7.7

Manufacturing

968 787 6.2 5.0

Durable goods

542 506 5.5 5.1

Nondurable goods

427 281 7.4 4.8

Wholesale and retail trade

1,454 1,160 7.2 5.8

Transportation and utilities

417 412 6.8 6.3

Information

192 131 6.6 4.5

Financial activities

347 322 3.8 3.5

Professional and business services

1,224 1,039 8.0 6.5

Education and health services

1,211 1,068 5.4 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

1,326 1,149 9.3 8.1

Other services

434 382 6.5 5.8

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

147 145 9.4 8.1

Government workers

961 798 4.6 3.9

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

524 473 5.1 4.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.7 2.8 2.8 3.8 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.8 3.1 3.0 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.3 6.5 6.3 7.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.9 7.0 6.7 7.8 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.6

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.7 7.8 7.5 8.6 7.6 7.6 7.3 7.5 7.4

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

13.6 12.6 12.0 13.6 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.2 12.0

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014
Aug.
2013
Aug.
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

89,988 91,794 35,590 36,326 54,398 55,469

Persons who currently want a job

6,291 6,382 2,715 2,657 3,575 3,725

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,342 2,141 1,168 984 1,174 1,157

Discouraged workers(2)

866 775 477 424 389 351

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,476 1,366 692 560 785 806

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,776 6,819 3,425 3,419 3,351 3,401

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.7 4.5 4.4 5.0 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,705 3,658 2,050 1,996 1,655 1,662

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,771 1,748 651 609 1,120 1,139

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

189 269 139 186 50 83

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,062 1,085 564 602 498 483

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Change from:
July2014 - Aug.2014(p)

Total nonfarm

136,477 139,772 138,662 138,989 136,636 138,764 138,976 139,118 142

Total private

115,709 117,913 118,061 118,179 114,783 116,874 117,087 117,221 134

Goods-producing

19,089 19,333 19,461 19,542 18,696 19,055 19,122 19,144 22

Mining and logging

887 916 931 936 870 908 916 918 2

Logging

55.0 55.1 56.9 58.1 52.5 54.9 55.1 55.5 0.4

Mining

832.3 860.8 874.3 878.3 817.9 852.8 860.7 862.5 1.8

Oil and gas extraction

201.2 212.9 214.7 214.1 198.7 211.3 212.1 211.7 -0.4

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

215.1 217.4 218.6 218.6 208.7 211.4 212.5 212.0 -0.5

Coal mining

79.9 79.2 79.5 79.2 79.6 78.6 79.0 78.7 -0.3

Support activities for mining

416.0 430.5 441.0 445.6 410.5 430.1 436.1 438.8 2.7

Construction

6,114 6,207 6,315 6,352 5,836 6,017 6,048 6,068 20

Construction of buildings

1,326.5 1,380.2 1,405.3 1,411.5 1,286.3 1,353.1 1,362.9 1,370.1 7.2

Residential building

638.3 678.7 692.2 695.1 615.3 660.6 667.2 671.2 4.0

Nonresidential building

688.2 701.5 713.1 716.4 671.0 692.5 695.7 698.9 3.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

955.2 965.1 978.1 988.1 887.3 916.6 918.8 919.7 0.9

Specialty trade contractors

3,832.1 3,861.4 3,931.4 3,952.5 3,662.3 3,747.7 3,766.3 3,777.8 11.5

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,641.5 1,671.1 1,697.1 1,710.1 1,558.9 1,610.3 1,616.9 1,626.1 9.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,190.6 2,190.3 2,234.3 2,242.4 2,103.4 2,137.4 2,149.4 2,151.7 2.3

Manufacturing

12,088 12,210 12,215 12,254 11,990 12,130 12,158 12,158 0

Durable goods

7,577 7,715 7,709 7,732 7,540 7,662 7,692 7,694 2

Wood products

357.4 372.2 373.9 374.6 353.2 367.4 368.3 370.0 1.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

384.0 395.4 396.1 398.6 375.0 386.8 385.7 388.6 2.9

Primary metals

394.8 400.8 401.3 403.6 393.8 399.7 401.5 402.8 1.3

Fabricated metal products

1,439.0 1,462.3 1,461.6 1,462.5 1,431.2 1,452.1 1,454.5 1,454.9 0.4

Machinery

1,104.5 1,133.5 1,135.0 1,134.3 1,102.5 1,128.2 1,130.0 1,132.5 2.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,072.2 1,059.2 1,062.2 1,064.0 1,066.8 1,055.7 1,057.2 1,058.4 1.2

Computer and peripheral equipment

161.1 166.3 168.5 172.3 160.1 166.1 167.6 170.8 3.2

Communications equipment

102.3 98.3 97.7 97.8 102.1 97.9 97.6 97.5 -0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

376.8 367.9 367.4 367.9 374.6 366.9 366.0 366.0 0.0

Electronic instruments

393.4 387.5 389.4 386.9 391.8 386.0 387.3 385.4 -1.9

Electrical equipment and appliances

373.1 375.3 375.2 374.9 372.6 374.3 373.8 374.7 0.9

Transportation equipment(1)

1,506.4 1,561.7 1,548.9 1,561.9 1,506.7 1,550.3 1,570.5 1,561.3 -9.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

826.3 869.4 855.5 869.5 826.2 861.4 874.2 869.6 -4.6

Furniture and related products

365.1 372.1 374.3 376.3 359.0 367.5 370.2 370.7 0.5

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

580.8 582.2 580.6 581.7 578.9 579.7 579.9 580.0 0.1

Nondurable goods

4,511 4,495 4,506 4,522 4,450 4,468 4,466 4,464 -2

Food manufacturing

1,506.5 1,478.5 1,493.1 1,510.4 1,466.2 1,474.1 1,472.5 1,474.0 1.5

Textile mills

116.9 117.6 116.9 117.5 116.8 116.7 116.7 117.2 0.5

Textile product mills

114.0 111.1 113.5 114.4 113.0 110.4 112.7 112.8 0.1

Apparel

140.6 132.8 130.2 130.6 140.9 132.1 131.3 130.8 -0.5

Paper and paper products

380.1 378.6 375.2 374.4 378.8 375.7 373.1 373.4 0.3

Printing and related support activities

445.8 443.3 441.5 440.4 444.4 441.3 440.4 439.5 -0.9

Petroleum and coal products

113.8 116.8 116.6 116.9 111.2 114.1 114.0 114.3 0.3

Chemicals

795.4 806.7 808.4 809.1 792.2 802.8 803.8 805.3 1.5

Plastics and rubber products

659.8 668.6 666.8 666.7 654.5 663.6 663.0 661.9 -1.1

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

237.7 241.1 243.4 241.8 231.5 237.0 238.3 235.2 -3.1

Private service-providing

96,620 98,580 98,600 98,637 96,087 97,819 97,965 98,077 112

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,901 26,441 26,441 26,423 25,911 26,391 26,439 26,440 1

Wholesale trade

5,782.3 5,912.4 5,914.8 5,907.1 5,759.5 5,872.4 5,878.4 5,884.9 6.5

Durable goods

2,891.9 2,962.3 2,964.2 2,960.0 2,879.2 2,943.9 2,945.3 2,947.6 2.3

Nondurable goods

1,992.8 2,031.3 2,032.1 2,026.7 1,986.8 2,015.0 2,018.8 2,020.8 2.0

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

897.6 918.8 918.5 920.4 893.5 913.5 914.3 916.5 2.2

Retail trade

15,123.3 15,353.6 15,384.3 15,369.5 15,118.2 15,353.9 15,374.8 15,366.4 -8.4

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,815.6 1,875.7 1,878.3 1,880.3 1,799.1 1,858.7 1,859.3 1,863.9 4.6

Automobile dealers

1,148.7 1,183.3 1,185.7 1,190.3 1,142.2 1,176.7 1,178.9 1,183.4 4.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

436.6 443.2 444.5 450.3 443.1 450.8 453.0 456.4 3.4

Electronics and appliance stores

488.6 488.1 491.5 493.3 500.1 502.1 503.6 504.8 1.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,222.0 1,293.3 1,273.3 1,242.2 1,210.4 1,231.8 1,234.6 1,231.1 -3.5

Food and beverage stores

2,966.6 3,030.5 3,036.7 3,013.6 2,949.5 3,008.7 3,013.6 2,996.5 -17.1

Health and personal care stores

1,013.9 1,017.0 1,015.6 1,015.2 1,017.3 1,017.7 1,019.0 1,017.9 -1.1

Gasoline stations

881.6 888.0 890.6 896.0 869.0 876.9 876.8 881.5 4.7

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,410.3 1,366.6 1,388.1 1,400.8 1,397.3 1,399.5 1,399.2 1,393.0 -6.2

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

593.4 576.9 573.2 581.3 593.3 590.5 587.6 583.6 -4.0

General merchandise stores(1)

3,034.8 3,080.6 3,096.0 3,098.7 3,072.6 3,121.4 3,129.0 3,136.6 7.6

Department stores

1,313.7 1,305.5 1,315.5 1,312.4 1,341.8 1,340.8 1,341.3 1,340.4 -0.9

Miscellaneous store retailers

803.5 811.0 814.4 813.7 802.0 804.7 807.4 809.4 2.0

Nonstore retailers

456.4 482.7 482.1 484.1 464.5 491.1 491.7 491.7 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,441.3 4,619.4 4,583.9 4,588.9 4,481.8 4,613.1 4,632.2 4,633.4 1.2

Air transportation

450.1 461.0 461.8 458.2 446.9 456.1 457.0 455.1 -1.9

Rail transportation

231.6 237.3 237.1 237.6 230.1 236.1 236.4 236.2 -0.2

Water transportation

67.5 69.7 70.7 71.0 65.3 68.4 68.4 68.7 0.3

Truck transportation

1,406.3 1,422.9 1,428.6 1,432.8 1,380.7 1,405.9 1,408.4 1,407.6 -0.8

Transit and ground passenger transportation

366.6 444.5 396.0 397.7 434.1 450.3 460.3 463.6 3.3

Pipeline transportation

44.3 45.7 45.8 45.4 44.1 45.4 45.5 45.3 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

36.5 36.4 38.1 38.0 28.8 29.4 29.7 30.1 0.4

Support activities for transportation

597.2 614.2 614.9 612.8 597.7 612.7 613.5 612.7 -0.8

Couriers and messengers

527.7 551.4 548.3 552.6 540.3 567.1 569.1 570.9 1.8

Warehousing and storage

713.5 736.3 742.6 742.8 713.8 741.7 743.9 743.2 -0.7

Utilities

553.8 555.6 558.4 557.9 551.8 551.6 553.8 555.4 1.6

Information

2,683 2,674 2,688 2,683 2,669 2,665 2,670 2,667 -3

Publishing industries, except Internet

735.9 727.6 730.2 730.1 732.3 728.1 727.0 726.8 -0.2

Motion picture and sound recording industries

335.9 312.6 316.9 308.2 324.6 305.6 304.0 298.0 -6.0

Broadcasting, except Internet

284.1 292.9 294.1 295.7 285.5 292.6 294.6 296.3 1.7

Telecommunications

858.9 859.9 861.8 859.0 859.5 859.5 861.0 859.2 -1.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

269.6 270.5 272.5 273.9 269.8 270.1 272.2 273.2 1.0

Other information services

198.8 210.5 212.8 216.3 196.9 209.4 211.0 213.7 2.7

Financial activities

7,950 7,999 8,028 8,022 7,897 7,946 7,956 7,963 7

Finance and insurance

5,898.6 5,905.9 5,927.0 5,928.0 5,887.2 5,895.1 5,903.3 5,910.8 7.5

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.2 18.3 18.4 18.3 17.9 18.2 18.1 18.1 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,628.3 2,575.1 2,581.0 2,578.9 2,622.9 2,571.7 2,570.5 2,571.0 0.5

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,735.4 1,704.4 1,705.5 1,704.5 1,730.1 1,701.0 1,697.9 1,698.5 0.6

Commercial banking

1,308.0 1,274.9 1,275.7 1,274.5 1,304.9 1,273.0 1,270.6 1,270.5 -0.1

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

868.6 876.8 885.1 883.8 865.0 873.6 879.1 879.9 0.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,383.5 2,435.7 2,442.5 2,447.0 2,381.4 2,431.6 2,435.6 2,441.8 6.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,051.5 2,092.8 2,101.4 2,094.0 2,009.7 2,050.6 2,052.5 2,051.7 -0.8

Real estate

1,491.0 1,507.0 1,511.5 1,508.8 1,464.7 1,483.9 1,483.0 1,482.5 -0.5

Rental and leasing services

536.9 563.5 567.5 562.9 521.7 544.5 547.4 547.2 -0.2

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.6 22.3 22.4 22.3 23.3 22.2 22.1 22.0 -0.1

Professional and business services

18,792 19,353 19,360 19,444 18,663 19,219 19,255 19,302 47

Professional and technical services(1)

8,127.3 8,329.1 8,366.2 8,368.0 8,162.2 8,353.0 8,375.9 8,392.7 16.8

Legal services

1,136.5 1,145.4 1,146.0 1,141.5 1,136.1 1,137.0 1,136.6 1,139.9 3.3

Accounting and bookkeeping services

867.4 895.1 896.6 900.9 939.5 954.9 961.7 965.9 4.2

Architectural and engineering services

1,375.6 1,417.8 1,429.3 1,430.8 1,357.9 1,404.1 1,410.1 1,412.8 2.7

Computer systems design and related services

1,713.3 1,761.7 1,769.5 1,768.5 1,707.0 1,761.4 1,760.8 1,762.3 1.5

Management and technical consulting services

1,189.9 1,236.6 1,244.2 1,245.9 1,186.2 1,232.9 1,237.2 1,240.2 3.0

Management of companies and enterprises

2,106.8 2,149.5 2,150.0 2,152.9 2,099.9 2,135.8 2,137.1 2,144.9 7.8

Administrative and waste services

8,558.3 8,874.5 8,843.6 8,922.8 8,400.7 8,730.0 8,741.6 8,764.6 23.0

Administrative and support services(1)

8,174.6 8,486.6 8,450.8 8,532.3 8,024.8 8,348.9 8,359.4 8,382.1 22.7

Employment services(1)

3,402.8 3,609.9 3,575.6 3,656.8 3,355.7 3,588.5 3,595.4 3,610.8 15.4

Temporary help services

2,712.9 2,890.4 2,858.8 2,927.4 2,681.3 2,873.5 2,883.2 2,896.2 13.0

Business support services

846.5 854.2 853.8 855.4 856.6 864.4 865.4 864.8 -0.6

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,998.7 2,056.5 2,061.8 2,050.1 1,898.6 1,940.7 1,944.7 1,949.4 4.7

Waste management and remediation services

383.7 387.9 392.8 390.5 375.9 381.1 382.2 382.5 0.3

Education and health services

20,842 21,271 21,164 21,213 21,172 21,469 21,502 21,539 37

Educational services

3,063.4 3,211.3 3,109.5 3,087.2 3,361.0 3,404.0 3,397.2 3,390.9 -6.3

Health care and social assistance

17,778.1 18,059.5 18,054.0 18,125.3 17,810.8 18,064.9 18,105.0 18,147.7 42.7

Health care(3)

14,569.1 14,740.1 14,762.0 14,809.1 14,547.3 14,726.3 14,746.3 14,780.3 34.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,522.0 6,672.7 6,686.6 6,721.7 6,516.4 6,668.3 6,688.3 6,711.1 22.8

Offices of physicians

2,442.7 2,487.0 2,496.8 2,507.3 2,443.3 2,490.0 2,498.3 2,506.1 7.8

Outpatient care centers

688.2 717.8 719.5 722.3 688.1 717.8 719.2 722.0 2.8

Home health care services

1,249.3 1,286.8 1,283.0 1,291.5 1,248.5 1,284.8 1,286.7 1,290.5 3.8

Hospitals

4,797.4 4,805.8 4,807.9 4,812.5 4,794.4 4,804.4 4,800.5 4,807.6 7.1

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,249.7 3,261.6 3,267.5 3,274.9 3,236.5 3,253.6 3,257.5 3,261.6 4.1

Nursing care facilities

1,664.5 1,657.8 1,659.5 1,660.6 1,659.8 1,653.3 1,654.7 1,655.3 0.6

Social assistance(1)

3,209.0 3,319.4 3,292.0 3,316.2 3,263.5 3,338.6 3,358.7 3,367.4 8.7

Child day care services

798.3 842.2 796.8 817.2 843.3 862.9 864.0 863.6 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

14,945 15,270 15,345 15,298 14,306 14,624 14,636 14,651 15

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,301.3 2,367.6 2,414.8 2,352.5 2,031.8 2,094.1 2,090.2 2,084.7 -5.5

Performing arts and spectator sports

443.1 467.1 462.3 459.1 416.3 441.8 437.8 433.9 -3.9

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

147.1 154.1 154.8 151.5 136.7 142.0 141.4 141.5 0.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,711.1 1,746.4 1,797.7 1,741.9 1,478.8 1,510.3 1,511.0 1,509.3 -1.7

Accommodation and food services

12,643.5 12,902.2 12,930.6 12,945.6 12,274.0 12,529.5 12,545.5 12,566.6 21.1

Accommodation

2,005.9 1,974.9 2,020.9 2,008.9 1,867.7 1,873.1 1,871.5 1,871.1 -0.4

Food services and drinking places

10,637.6 10,927.3 10,909.7 10,936.7 10,406.3 10,656.4 10,674.0 10,695.5 21.5

Other services

5,507 5,572 5,574 5,554 5,469 5,505 5,507 5,515 8

Repair and maintenance

1,214.0 1,223.5 1,220.1 1,225.2 1,211.4 1,216.4 1,215.0 1,221.3 6.3

Personal and laundry services

1,350.0 1,380.8 1,377.8 1,380.0 1,344.5 1,364.2 1,369.1 1,372.8 3.7

Membership associations and organizations

2,942.7 2,967.6 2,975.6 2,948.6 2,912.7 2,924.2 2,923.2 2,920.5 -2.7

Government

20,768 21,859 20,601 20,810 21,853 21,890 21,889 21,897 8

Federal

2,760.0 2,727.0 2,727.0 2,728.0 2,749.0 2,715.0 2,714.0 2,717.0 3.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,169.9 2,138.1 2,138.6 2,137.4 2,157.6 2,123.0 2,124.6 2,125.7 1.1

U.S. Postal Service

590.3 588.9 588.1 590.7 591.1 591.6 589.5 590.8 1.3

State government

4,765.0 4,824.0 4,735.0 4,777.0 5,039.0 5,061.0 5,055.0 5,056.0 1.0

State government education

2,096.1 2,142.9 2,056.9 2,106.0 2,386.1 2,402.2 2,395.6 2,400.2 4.6

State government, excluding education

2,669.3 2,680.6 2,677.9 2,670.8 2,652.9 2,658.3 2,659.6 2,655.6 -4.0

Local government

13,243.0 14,308.0 13,139.0 13,305.0 14,065.0 14,114.0 14,120.0 14,124.0 4.0

Local government education

6,796.7 7,818.4 6,587.1 6,805.0 7,795.2 7,802.4 7,803.5 7,802.1 -1.4

Local government, excluding education

6,445.8 6,489.9 6,551.6 6,500.4 6,269.8 6,311.8 6,316.1 6,322.2 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.5 40.6 40.5 40.6

Mining and logging

44.1 44.8 44.5 44.8

Construction

39.1 39.1 39.2 39.1

Manufacturing

40.9 41.1 40.9 41.0

Durable goods

41.2 41.6 41.4 41.5

Nondurable goods

40.3 40.2 40.0 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.4 34.4 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9

Retail trade

31.5 31.2 31.2 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 38.3 38.5 38.6

Utilities

42.2 42.2 42.5 42.4

Information

36.8 36.9 36.8 36.8

Financial activities

37.3 37.2 37.2 37.2

Professional and business services

36.1 36.2 36.1 36.2

Education and health services

32.7 32.7 32.7 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 26.1 26.2 26.2

Other services

31.8 31.6 31.6 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4

Durable goods

3.4 3.6 3.5 3.5

Nondurable goods

3.5 3.3 3.3 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)

Total private

$24.03 $24.45 $24.47 $24.53 $829.04 $843.53 $844.22 $846.29

Goods-producing

25.23 25.74 25.76 25.81 1,021.82 1,045.04 1,043.28 1,047.89

Mining and logging

29.88 31.12 31.01 31.10 1,317.71 1,394.18 1,379.95 1,393.28

Construction

26.18 26.71 26.70 26.72 1,023.64 1,044.36 1,046.64 1,044.75

Manufacturing

24.42 24.84 24.88 24.93 998.78 1,020.92 1,017.59 1,022.13

Durable goods

25.80 26.19 26.21 26.25 1,062.96 1,089.50 1,085.09 1,089.38

Nondurable goods

22.04 22.45 22.49 22.59 888.21 902.49 899.60 908.12

Private service-providing

23.75 24.14 24.16 24.23 790.88 803.86 804.53 806.86

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.05 21.40 21.41 21.49 728.33 736.16 736.50 741.41

Wholesale trade

27.71 28.06 28.02 28.20 1,077.92 1,091.53 1,089.98 1,096.98

Retail trade

16.70 17.00 17.03 17.06 526.05 530.40 531.34 533.98

Transportation and warehousing

22.51 22.90 22.87 22.97 871.14 877.07 880.50 886.64

Utilities

35.17 35.40 35.41 35.43 1,484.17 1,493.88 1,504.93 1,502.23

Information

32.83 33.97 34.05 34.08 1,208.14 1,253.49 1,253.04 1,254.14

Financial activities

30.31 30.77 30.77 30.90 1,130.56 1,144.64 1,144.64 1,149.48

Professional and business services

28.57 29.16 29.22 29.26 1,031.38 1,055.59 1,054.84 1,059.21

Education and health services

24.53 24.67 24.70 24.76 802.13 806.71 807.69 812.13

Leisure and hospitality

13.53 13.87 13.89 13.95 351.78 362.01 363.92 365.49

Other services

21.45 21.88 21.92 21.96 682.11 691.41 692.67 696.13

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
July
2014 - Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
July
2014 - Aug.
2014(p)

Total private

99.0 100.8 101.0 101.1 0.1 113.5 117.6 117.9 118.4 0.4

Goods-producing

86.3 88.1 88.2 88.6 0.5 98.4 102.5 102.7 103.3 0.6

Mining and logging

120.6 127.8 128.1 129.2 0.9 144.6 159.7 159.5 161.4 1.2

Construction

78.7 81.1 81.7 81.8 0.1 89.5 94.1 94.8 95.0 0.2

Manufacturing

88.2 89.7 89.5 89.7 0.2 100.2 103.6 103.5 104.0 0.5

Durable goods

87.5 89.7 89.7 89.9 0.2 100.2 104.4 104.4 104.8 0.4

Nondurable goods

89.5 89.6 89.1 89.6 0.6 100.1 102.1 101.7 102.7 1.0

Private service-providing

102.4 104.2 104.4 104.5 0.1 117.9 122.0 122.3 122.8 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.5 98.7 98.9 99.2 0.3 110.5 113.7 114.0 114.7 0.6

Wholesale trade

97.8 99.7 99.8 99.9 0.1 113.0 116.7 116.7 117.5 0.7

Retail trade

96.7 97.3 97.4 97.7 0.3 106.8 109.4 109.7 110.2 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

99.3 101.1 102.1 102.4 0.3 113.4 117.5 118.5 119.3 0.7

Utilities

100.7 100.7 101.8 101.9 0.1 117.1 117.8 119.1 119.3 0.2

Information

89.7 89.8 89.7 89.6 -0.1 104.9 108.6 108.8 108.8 0.0

Financial activities

96.5 96.8 96.9 97.0 0.1 114.1 116.2 116.3 116.9 0.5

Professional and business services

106.0 109.4 109.3 109.9 0.5 122.7 129.3 129.4 130.3 0.7

Education and health services

111.1 112.7 112.8 113.4 0.5 128.4 130.9 131.3 132.3 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

106.1 108.9 109.4 109.5 0.1 115.8 121.9 122.6 123.3 0.6

Other services

96.4 96.4 96.4 96.9 0.5 117.3 119.7 119.9 120.7 0.7

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

67,626 68,553 68,608 68,699 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

55,160 56,059 56,120 56,204 48.1 48.0 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,111 4,178 4,178 4,200 22.0 21.9 21.8 21.9

Mining and logging

117 121 122 123 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.4

Construction

746 765 768 772 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,248 3,292 3,288 3,305 27.1 27.1 27.0 27.2

Durable goods

1,736 1,766 1,766 1,775 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,512 1,526 1,522 1,530 34.0 34.2 34.1 34.3

Private service-providing

51,049 51,881 51,942 52,004 53.1 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,511 10,683 10,706 10,704 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,710.5 1,735.6 1,735.9 1,738.7 29.7 29.6 29.5 29.5

Retail trade

7,607.2 7,723.8 7,733.8 7,732.7 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,057.4 1,090.5 1,101.5 1,098.6 23.6 23.6 23.8 23.7

Utilities

135.9 133.5 134.7 133.9 24.6 24.2 24.3 24.1

Information

1,071 1,073 1,076 1,082 40.1 40.3 40.3 40.6

Financial activities

4,546 4,554 4,553 4,555 57.6 57.3 57.2 57.2

Professional and business services

8,338 8,585 8,586 8,614 44.7 44.7 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,264 16,492 16,522 16,545 76.8 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,448 7,602 7,608 7,618 52.1 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,871 2,892 2,891 2,886 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.3

Government

12,466 12,494 12,488 12,495 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)

Total private

94,815 96,617 96,762 96,847

Goods-producing

13,429 13,730 13,778 13,788

Mining and logging

638 663 666 670

Construction

4,401 4,536 4,558 4,565

Manufacturing

8,390 8,531 8,554 8,553

Durable goods

5,177 5,279 5,302 5,299

Nondurable goods

3,213 3,252 3,252 3,254

Private service-providing

81,386 82,887 82,984 83,059

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,914 22,301 22,322 22,323

Wholesale trade

4,642.4 4,754.2 4,749.4 4,758.2

Retail trade

12,958.1 13,110.0 13,116.4 13,104.2

Transportation and warehousing

3,867.8 3,990.3 4,008.2 4,010.5

Utilities

446.0 446.5 448.2 449.7

Information

2,175 2,163 2,171 2,171

Financial activities

6,084 6,139 6,152 6,161

Professional and business services

15,447 15,944 15,965 15,998

Education and health services

18,575 18,849 18,881 18,908

Leisure and hospitality

12,630 12,905 12,906 12,908

Other services

4,561 4,586 4,587 4,590

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.4 41.6 41.5 41.5

Mining and logging

46.1 47.4 47.2 47.3

Construction

39.7 39.6 39.9 39.7

Manufacturing

41.9 42.1 42.0 42.0

Durable goods

42.3 42.6 42.5 42.4

Nondurable goods

41.3 41.4 41.2 41.3

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 33.6 33.5 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.6 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

30.4 30.0 29.9 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.3 38.4 38.4

Utilities

41.7 42.2 42.5 42.3

Information

35.9 36.1 36.0 36.1

Financial activities

36.7 36.7 36.7 36.6

Professional and business services

35.3 35.4 35.5 35.5

Education and health services

32.0 32.0 31.9 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.1 25.0 25.1

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.7 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.5 4.4 4.5

Durable goods

4.3 4.7 4.6 4.6

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)

Total private

$20.17 $20.58 $20.62 $20.68 $679.73 $693.55 $694.89 $696.92

Goods-producing

21.25 21.57 21.63 21.65 879.75 897.31 897.65 898.48

Mining and logging

26.81 26.88 27.01 27.08 1,235.94 1,274.11 1,274.87 1,280.88

Construction

24.17 24.67 24.67 24.67 959.55 976.93 984.33 979.40

Manufacturing

19.33 19.56 19.61 19.64 809.93 823.48 823.62 824.88

Durable goods

20.38 20.64 20.70 20.72 862.07 879.26 879.75 878.53

Nondurable goods

17.59 17.75 17.79 17.84 726.47 734.85 732.95 736.79

Private service-providing

19.95 20.37 20.41 20.47 646.38 659.99 661.28 663.23

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.79 18.27 18.27 18.37 601.30 613.87 612.05 617.23

Wholesale trade

22.66 23.20 23.17 23.39 879.21 895.52 894.36 902.85

Retail trade

14.04 14.39 14.42 14.43 426.82 431.70 431.16 432.90

Transportation and warehousing

20.01 20.53 20.45 20.63 768.38 786.30 785.28 792.19

Utilities

32.24 32.80 32.85 32.84 1,344.41 1,384.16 1,396.13 1,389.13

Information

28.01 28.78 29.06 28.93 1,005.56 1,038.96 1,046.16 1,044.37

Financial activities

24.02 24.70 24.74 24.99 881.53 906.49 907.96 914.63

Professional and business services

23.74 24.23 24.27 24.31 838.02 857.74 861.59 863.01

Education and health services

21.34 21.58 21.59 21.64 682.88 690.56 688.72 694.64

Leisure and hospitality

11.82 12.06 12.09 12.11 295.50 302.71 302.25 303.96

Other services

18.05 18.40 18.46 18.50 554.14 564.88 566.72 567.95

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
July
2014 - Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
Aug.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
July
2014 - Aug.
2014(p)

Total private

106.5 108.5 108.7 108.8 0.1 143.5 149.2 149.7 150.3 0.4

Goods-producing

85.0 87.3 87.4 87.4 0.0 110.6 115.3 115.7 115.9 0.2

Mining and logging

156.3 167.0 167.0 168.4 0.8 243.7 261.1 262.4 265.2 1.1

Construction

87.5 89.9 91.1 90.7 -0.4 114.2 119.8 121.3 120.9 -0.3

Manufacturing

80.7 82.4 82.5 82.5 0.0 102.0 105.5 105.8 105.9 0.1

Durable goods

82.3 84.5 84.7 84.4 -0.4 104.7 108.9 109.4 109.2 -0.2

Nondurable goods

78.2 79.3 78.9 79.2 0.4 97.2 99.5 99.2 99.8 0.6

Private service-providing

112.3 114.4 114.5 114.6 0.1 153.7 159.8 160.3 160.9 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103.3 104.5 104.2 104.6 0.4 131.0 136.1 135.9 137.0 0.8

Wholesale trade

106.1 108.1 108.0 108.2 0.2 141.6 147.7 147.4 149.0 1.1

Retail trade

99.7 99.6 99.3 99.5 0.2 120.0 122.8 122.7 123.1 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

111.8 115.0 115.9 115.9 0.0 141.9 149.8 150.3 151.7 0.9

Utilities

95.1 96.4 97.4 97.3 -0.1 128.0 131.9 133.6 133.3 -0.2

Information

89.1 89.1 89.2 89.5 0.3 123.6 127.0 128.3 128.1 -0.2

Financial activities

105.1 106.1 106.3 106.2 -0.1 155.3 161.2 161.8 163.2 0.9

Professional and business services

122.2 126.5 127.0 127.3 0.2 172.6 182.4 183.5 184.1 0.3

Education and health services

126.9 128.7 128.6 129.5 0.7 178.6 183.3 183.1 185.0 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

115.7 118.6 118.2 118.7 0.4 155.2 162.5 162.3 163.2 0.6

Other services

98.2 98.7 98.8 98.8 0.0 129.1 132.4 132.8 133.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: September 05, 2014
Recommend this page using: