Economic News Release

Employment Situation Summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until              USDL-14-2037
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 7, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- OCTOBER 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 214,000 in October, and the unemployment 
rate edged down to 5.8 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Employment increased in food services and drinking places, retail trade, and 
health care. 

Household Survey Data

Both the unemployment rate (5.8 percent) and the number of unemployed persons 
(9.0 million) edged down in October. Since the beginning of the year, the 
unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons have declined by 0.8 
percentage point and 1.2 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for whites declined to 4.8 
percent in October. The rates for adult men (5.1 percent), adult women (5.4 
percent), teenagers (18.6 percent), blacks (10.9 percent), and Hispanics (6.8 
percent) changed little over the month. The jobless rate for Asians was 5.0 percent 
(not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, 
and A-3.)

In October, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or 
more) was little changed at 2.9 million. These individuals accounted for 32.0 
percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term 
unemployed has declined by 1.1 million. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate was little changed at 62.8 percent 
in October and has been essentially flat since April. The employment-population 
ratio increased to 59.2 percent in October. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged in October 
at 7.0 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, 
were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they 
were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In October, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for 
work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not 
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks 
preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 770,000 discouraged workers in 
October, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million 
persons marginally attached to the labor force in October had not searched for 
work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See 
table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 214,000 in October, in line with 
the average monthly gain of 222,000 over the prior 12 months. In October, job 
growth occurred in food services and drinking places, retail trade, and health 
care. (See table B-1.)

Food services and drinking places added 42,000 jobs in October, compared 
with an average gain of 26,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months.

Employment in retail trade rose by 27,000 in October. Within the industry, 
employment grew in general merchandise stores (+12,000) and automobile dealers 
(+4,000). Retail trade has added 249,000 jobs over the past year. 

Health care added 25,000 jobs in October, about in line with the prior 12-month 
average gain of 21,000 jobs per month. In October, employment rose in ambulatory 
health care services (+19,000). 

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up over 
the month (+37,000).  Over the prior 12 months, job gains averaged 56,000 per 
month. In October, employment continued to trend up in temporary help services 
(+15,000) and in computer systems design and related services (+7,000). 

In October, manufacturing employment continued on an upward trend (+15,000). 
Within the industry, job gains occurred in machinery (+5,000), furniture and 
related products (+4,000), and semiconductors and electronic components (+2,000). 
Over the year, manufacturing has added 170,000 jobs, largely in durable goods.

Employment also continued to trend up in transportation and warehousing (+13,000) 
and construction (+12,000). 

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, wholesale 
trade, information, financial activities, and government, showed little change 
over the month.

In October, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
edged up by 0.1 hour to 34.6 hours. The manufacturing workweek was unchanged at 
40.8 hours, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.4 hours. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 3 
cents to $24.57 in October. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 
2.0 percent. In October, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees increased by 4 cents to $20.70. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for August was revised from 
+180,000 to +203,000, and the change for September was revised from +248,000 
to +256,000. With these revisions, employment gains in August and September 
combined were 31,000 more than previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
December 5, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



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Last Modified Date: November 07, 2014
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