Economic News Release

Green Technologies and Practices News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 29, 2012                           USDL-12-1291

Technical information:(202) 691-6599 * gtpinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/gtp
Media contact:        (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                      GREEN TECHNOLOGIES AND PRACTICES -- AUGUST 2011


About three-quarters of business establishments reported the use of at least one green
technology or practice during August 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Green technologies and practices (GTP) are those that lessen the environmental
impact of an establishment’s operations. About 854,700 jobs, representing approximately
0.7 percent of total U.S. employment, were held by workers who spent more than half of
their time involved in green technologies and practices in August 2011. Over one-quarter
of these GTP jobs were in building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations or
in installation, maintenance, and repair occupations.

These data are from the Green Technologies and Practices survey, a survey of business
establishments designed to collect data on establishments’ use of green technologies
and practices and the occupations of workers who spend more than half of their time
involved in green technologies and practices. More information about the GTP survey
is provided in the Technical Note.

Use of green technologies and practices by business establishments

   --Seventy-five percent of business establishments reported the use of at least
     one green technology or practice during the August survey reference period.
     (See table 1.)

   --The two most frequently reported types of green technologies and practices
     were those that improve energy efficiency within the establishment, reported
     by 57 percent of establishments, and those that reduce the creation of waste
     materials as a result of operations, reported by 55 percent of establishments.
     The least commonly used green technology or practice was generating electricity,
     heat, or fuel from renewable sources primarily for use within the establishment,
     reported by about 2 percent of establishments. (See table 1.)

   --Information and educational services were among the industries with the highest
     incidence of green technologies and practices, with 84 and 81 percent of
     establishments reporting the use of at least one green technology or practice,
     respectively. The industries with the lowest incidence of green technologies
     and practices were mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (49 percent)
     and transportation and warehousing (61 percent). (See table 2.)

   --The percentage of establishments reporting the use of at least one green
     technology or practice varied by region from 72 percent in the South to 77
     percent in the West. The general pattern of green technologies and practices
     usage was similar across all four Census regions, with improving energy
     efficiency and reducing the creation of waste materials the most commonly
     reported practices, and generating energy from renewable sources the least
     commonly reported practice. (See table 1.)

   --About 25 percent of establishments reported using only 1 of the 6 types of
     green technologies and practices listed on the GTP survey form, and an
     additional 26 percent reported using two green technologies and practices.
     Nine percent of establishments reported using four or more green technologies
     and practices. (See table 3.)

GTP employment by region and by industry

   --About 854,700 jobs, representing 0.7 percent of total U.S. employment, were
     held by workers who spent more than half of their time involved in green
     technologies and practices during the survey reference period. The South had
     267,600 GTP jobs, representing about 31 percent of total GTP employment. About
     26 percent of GTP employment was in the West, 23 percent in the Midwest, and
     20 percent in the Northeast. (See table 4.)

   --The industries with the highest levels of GTP employment included administrative
     and waste services (151,900) and construction (134,100). GTP employment as a
     percent of industry employment ranged from 2.3 percent in construction to 0.1
     percent in finance and insurance and information. (See table 5.)

GTP employment by occupation

   --Over one-quarter of all GTP jobs were in the building and grounds cleaning
     and maintenance occupational group or in the installation, maintenance, and
     repair occupational group. The transportation and material moving; production;
     and construction and extraction occupational groups made up an additional 23
     percent of GTP employment. Education, training, and library occupations and
     arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations were among the
     occupational groups with the lowest GTP employment. (See table 6.)

   --Detailed occupations with the largest number of GTP jobs included janitors
     and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners, with 56,700 GTP jobs;
     heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers (37,300);
     and general maintenance and repair workers (26,000). (See table 6.)

   --Among occupations with at least 2,500 GTP jobs, the highest paying included
     general and operations managers, with an annual mean wage of $103,780 for GTP
     jobs; construction managers ($83,480); and civil engineers ($82,810). The
     lowest paying occupations included maids and housekeeping cleaners ($17,950)
     and farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse ($21,630). (See 
     table 6.)


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                                |
   |         Differences between Green Technologies and Practices (GTP) and         |
   |             Green Goods and Services (GGS) employment estimates                |
   |                                                                                |
   |GTP employment is an estimate of the number of jobs in which workers spend      |
   |more than half of their time involved in technologies and practices that        |
   |make their establishment's production processes more environmentally friendly or|
   |use fewer natural resources. The GTP estimate is a measure of the BLS process   |
   |approach to green jobs. The separate Green Goods and Services (GGS) survey      |
   |measures the output approach to green jobs by identifying establishments        |
   |that produce green goods and services. The GGS measure of green employment is   |
   |based on the proportion of revenue the establishment derives from producing     |
   |green goods and services. The GGS employment estimate includes the workers      |
   |directly involved in producing such goods and services as well as other         |
   |employees of the establishment.                                                 |
   |                                                                                |
   |GTP and GGS employment are based on two distinct concepts. For this reason,     |
   |users should not sum the estimates to get a count of "total" green employment   |
   |nor should they consider the two estimates a range of the number of green       |
   |jobs. Users should decide which of the approaches best suits their analytical   |
   |needs. GTP and GGS estimates cannot be compared to each other to provide a      |
   |measure of the change in green employment over time.                            |
   |                                                                                |
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note

Overview

   The Green Technologies and Practices (GTP) survey is a special survey of business
establishments designed to measure the use of technologies and practices that lessen
the environmental impact of an establishment’s production processes. The survey also
collects occupational employment and wage data for wage and salary workers who spent
more than half of their time involved in green technologies and practices during the
survey reference period, the pay period including August 12, 2011. The GTP survey is
based on a probability sample of about 35,000 business establishments, drawn primarily
from state unemployment insurance (UI) files and stratified by Census region and 
industry sector.

   The GTP survey collects information on the BLS process approach to measuring
green jobs: jobs in which workers' duties involve making their establishment's
production processes more environmentally friendly or use fewer natural resources.
More information about the BLS green jobs initiative is available from the green
jobs homepage at www.bls.gov/green.

   Green technologies and practices are defined as technologies and practices that
lessen the environmental impact of an establishment’s production processes. Employers
were asked whether they had used each of the six green technologies and practices
listed below during the reference period. Examples of the types of technologies and
practices included in each of the six categories were provided.

1. Generate electricity, heat, or fuel from renewable sources primarily for use within
   the establishment.

      Examples of renewable sources:

        --Wind
        --Geothermal
        --Ocean
        --Landfill gas
        --Biomass
        --Solar
        --Hydropower
        --Municipal solid waste

2. Use technologies or practices to improve energy efficiency within the establishment.

      Examples:

        --Energy Star rated appliances
        --Occupying a LEED certified building
        --Energy efficient lighting
        --Programmable thermostats
        --Cogeneration (combined heat and power)
        --Energy efficient manufacturing equipment

3. Use technologies or practices in operations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
   through methods other than renewable energy generation and energy efficiency.

      Examples:

        --Purchase and use of carbon offsets
        --Promotion and/or subsidy of alternative forms of transportation for
          employees, such as carpools, fuel efficient vehicles, cycling, or
          mass transit
        --Implementation of a telework program for employees

4. Use technologies or practices to either reduce the creation or release of
   pollutants or toxic compounds as a result of operations, or to remove
   pollutants or hazardous waste from the environment.

      Examples of pollutants or toxic compounds:

        --Carbon monoxide
        --Sulfur dioxide
        --Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
        --Nitrogen oxides
        --Chlorinated hydrocarbons
        --Herbicides or pesticides
        --Heavy metals
        --Radioactive contamination

5. Use technologies or practices to reduce or eliminate the creation of waste
   materials as a result of operations.

      Examples:

        --Collecting and reusing or recycling waste
        --Managing wastewater
        --Composting solid waste
        --Remanufacturing

6. Use technologies or practices in operations to conserve natural resources,
   excluding the use of recycled inputs in production processes.

      Examples:

        --Managing land resources
        --Managing storm water
        --Conserving soil, water, or wildlife
        --Implementing organic agriculture or sustainable forestry practices

   An establishment is generally a single physical location at which economic
activity occurs (e.g., store, factory, restaurant, etc.). When a single physical
location encompasses two or more distinct economic activities, it is treated as
two or more separate establishments if separate payroll records are available and
certain other criteria are met.

   An occupation is a set of activities or tasks that employees are paid to perform.
Workers are classified into occupations based on their job duties and, in some cases,
on the skills, education, and/or training required. Workers with similar job duties
are classified in the same occupation, regardless of the industry in which they are
employed. The GTP survey uses the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC)
system to classify workers into occupations.

   Wages are money that is paid or received for work or services performed in a
specified period. For the purposes of the GTP survey, wages are straight-time, gross
pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base rate pay, cost-of-living allowances, guaranteed
pay, hazardous-duty pay, incentive pay such as commissions and production bonuses,
and tips are included. Back pay, jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift
differentials, nonproduction bonuses, employer costs for supplementary benefits, and
tuition reimbursements are excluded.

   GTP employment refers to the number of jobs in which workers spend more than half
of their time involved in green technologies and practices.

Survey sample

   The GTP survey draws its sample primarily from the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) state unemployment insurance (UI) files. A supplemental source is
used for rail transportation because this industry does not report to the UI program.
The GTP survey covers private and public sector establishments in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia.

   The GTP sampling frame of about 6.7 million in-scope establishments was stratified
by Census region and 2-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
sector. From this frame, a statistical sample of about 35,000 establishments was
selected. To provide better survey coverage, larger employers were more likely to be
selected than smaller employers.

Data collection

   Survey forms were mailed to sampled business establishments. Seventy percent of
sampled establishments responded to the GTP survey.

   Respondents were asked whether or not they used each of the six green technologies
and practices listed earlier during the pay period that included August 12, 2011. They
were also asked to provide the number of employees who spent more than half of their
time involved in green technologies and practices during the reference period. For
such workers, respondents were asked to provide job titles and brief job descriptions,
as well as the number of workers, by occupation, in each of 12 specific wage intervals.
The wage intervals were defined in terms of both hourly rates and the corresponding
annual rates, where the annual rate for an occupation is calculated by multiplying the
hourly wage rate by a typical work year of 2,080 hours. Respondents were instructed to
report part-time workers at their hourly rates. Full-time workers could be reported by
either hourly rates or annual salaries, depending on how the worker was paid.

Estimation methodology

Nonresponse

   About 30 percent of sampled establishments either did not respond to the GTP survey,
or did not provide sufficient information for their responses to be usable. To compen-
sate for these nonresponding units, the weights of responding units are adjusted through
the use of nonresponse adjustment factors (NRAFs). These NRAFs are incorporated into the
benchmarking process (see below) and are based on the ratio of weighted maximum 2011
QCEW employment for all viable sample units in the cell to weighted maximum 2011 QCEW
employment for usable responding units in the cell, where maximum employment is defined
as the largest employment over all 12 months in the 2011 QCEW.

   In addition to these nonrespondents, some units provided partial responses to the
GTP survey. Missing responses to green technologies and practices questions are imputed
based on a donor pool of respondents with similar establishment characteristics. For
establishments reporting occupational employment data but no wage information, the
missing occupational wages are imputed using the distribution of weighted employment
across wage ranges for respondents reporting that occupation. For establishments
reporting green employment but no occupational information, the green employment is
assigned to a residual "occupation not reported" category.

   Weighting and benchmarking. Sampled establishments are weighted to represent all
establishments for the reference period. Each sampled establishment is initially
assigned a sampling weight equal to the reciprocal of its probability of selection.
To ensure that GTP employment estimates are consistent with total employment for the
reference period, weights are further adjusted by the ratio of August 2011 QCEW
employment totals to response-adjusted employment totals from the GTP survey.

   Wage estimation. Because the GTP survey collects wage data by wage range rather
than by wage rate, special procedures are needed to produce mean and median wage
estimates. Mean wage estimates are calculated using a weighted mean of the 12 wage
intervals. In order to estimate this, means for the individual wage intervals are
needed. These are calculated using harmonic means for 11 of the 12 wage intervals.
The interval mean for the highest, open-ended interval is calculated based on data
from the BLS National Compensation Survey. For the lowest wage interval, state-
specific harmonic means are calculated that incorporate each state’s minimum wage.
Median wages are calculated based on a weighted median procedure.

Data available

   The GTP survey produces data on the incidence of specific green technologies and
practices and on the total number of jobs in which workers spent more than half of
their time involved in green technologies and practices. These data are available
for all industries combined at the national and Census region levels, and for NAICS
industry sectors at the national level. The GTP survey also produces national 
occupational employment, mean wage, and median wage estimates for jobs in which 
workers spent more than half of their time involved in green technologies and 
practices.

For more information

   Answers to frequently asked questions about the GTP survey are available at
www.bls.gov/gtp/faq.htm. Detailed technical information about the GTP survey is available
in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement at www.bls.gov/gtp/gtp_survey_methods.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Number and percent of establishments reporting green technologies and practices, by type of technology or practice,
United States and census regions, August 2011

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    |                 |                 |                 |                 |                 
                                    |   United States |  Northeast (1)  |    Midwest (2)  |     South (3)   |       West (4)  
                                    |                 |                 |                 |                 |                 
                                    |-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    |  Number |Percent|  Number |Percent|  Number |Percent|  Number |Percent|  Number |Percent
       Type of green technology     |    of   |  of   |    of   |  of   |    of   |  of   |    of   |  of   |    of   |  of   
           or practice              |  estab- | estab-|  estab- | estab-|  estab- | estab-|  estab- | estab-|  estab- | estab-
                                    |  lish-  | lish- |  lish-  | lish- |  lish-  | lish- |  lish-  | lish- |  lish-  | lish- 
                                    |  ments  | ments |  ments  | ments |  ments  | ments |  ments  | ments |  ments  | ments 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
Total, all establishments (5) ......|6,624,600| 100.0 |1,309,100| 100.0 |1,419,400| 100.0 |2,369,600| 100.0 |1,526,500| 100.0 
  No green technologies or practices|         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   reported ........................|1,691,100|  25.5 |  321,200|  24.5 |  339,900|  24.0 |  674,200|  28.5 |  355,800|  23.3 
  At least one green technology or  |         |       |         |  	|	  |	  |	    |	    |	      |       
   practice reported (6) ...........|4,933,500|  74.5 |  988,000|  75.5 |1,079,400|  76.0 |1,695,400|  71.5 |1,170,700|  76.7 
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
       By type of technology or     |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
             practice               |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  Generate  electricity, heat, or   |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   fuel from renewable sources      |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   primarily for use within the     |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   establishment ...................|  153,300|   2.3 |   35,300|   2.7 |   29,200|   2.1 |   39,200|   1.7 |   49,700|   3.3 
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  Use technologies or practices to  |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   improve energy efficiency within |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   the establishment ...............|3,799,400|  57.4 |  775,400|  59.2 |  858,700|  60.5 |1,271,100|  53.6 |  894,200|  58.6 
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  Use technologies or practices in  |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   operations to reduce greenhouse  |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   gas emissions through methods    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   other than renewable energy gen- |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   eration and energy efficiency ...|  835,000|  12.6 |  173,900|  13.3 |  163,400|  11.5 |  267,600|  11.3 |  230,100|  15.1 
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  Use practices to either reduce the|         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   creation or release of pollutants|         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   or toxic compounds as a result of|         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   operations, or to remove pollu-  |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   tants or hazardous waste from the|         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
   environment .....................|  861,400|  13.0 |  161,500|  12.3 |  187,700|  13.2 |  288,800|  12.2 |  223,400|  14.6 
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
 Use technologies or practices to   |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  reduce or eliminate the creation  |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  of waste materials as a result of |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  operations .......................|3,636,700|  54.9 |  761,400|  58.2 |  812,800|  57.3 |1,130,300|  47.7 |  932,200|  61.1 
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
 Use technologies or practices in   |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  operations to conserve natural    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  resources (excluding use of       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  recycled inputs in production     |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
  process) .........................|1,286,800|  19.4 |  246,700|  18.8 |  266,900|  18.8 |  445,700|  18.8 |  327,500|  21.5 
                                    |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       |         |       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

   2 Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and
Wisconsin.

   3 Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi,
North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

   4 Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

   5 Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.

   6 Total will not match the sum of data by type of technology or practice because establishments may report more than one
green technology or practice.




Table 2. Number and percent of establishments reporting green technologies and practices, by industry,
August 2011

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       |                                                  |   Number of |             |  Percent of 
       |                                                  |  establish- |             |  establish- 
       |                                                  |    ments    |             |    ments    
 NAICS |                                                  |  reporting  |     Total   |  reporting  
  code |                    Industry                      |   at least  |   number of |   at least  
       |                                                  |  one green  |  establish- |  one green  
       |                                                  |  technology |    ments    |  technology 
       |                                                  | or practice |             | or practice 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|-------------
       |                                                  |             |             |             
       | Total, all industries (1)........................|  4,933,500  |  6,624,600  |     74.5    
   11  |   Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ....|     64,600  |     81,900  |     78.9    
   21  |   Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction .|     13,400  |     27,100  |     49.4    
   22  |   Utilities .....................................|     16,900  |     23,800  |     71.1    
   23  |   Construction ..................................|    403,200  |    570,200  |     70.7    
 31-33 |   Manufacturing .................................|    221,700  |    295,200  |     75.1    
   42  |   Wholesale Trade ...............................|    302,400  |    422,700  |     71.5    
 44-45 |   Retail Trade ..................................|    712,900  |    916,500  |     77.8    
 48-49 |   Transportation and warehousing ................|    126,800  |    209,200  |     60.6    
   51  |   Information ...................................|     94,600  |    112,800  |     83.9    
   52  |   Finance and insurance  ........................|    294,700  |    389,300  |     75.7    
   53  |   Real estate and rental and leasing ............|    206,700  |    281,500  |     73.4    
       |   Professional, scientific, and technical        |             |             |             
   54  |    services .....................................|    540,200  |    742,600  |     72.8    
   55  |   Management of companies and enterprises .......|     29,500  |     41,500  |     71.1    
   56  |   Administrative and waste services .............|    252,100  |    359,900  |     70.0    
   61  |   Educational services ..........................|    114,300  |    142,100  |     80.5    
   62  |   Health care and social assistance .............|    560,800  |    736,900  |     76.1    
   71  |   Arts, entertainment, and recreation ...........|     80,200  |    102,200  |     78.5    
   72  |   Accommodation and food services ...............|    439,900  |    564,100  |     78.0    
   81  |   Other services (except public administration)..|    360,200  |    480,400  |     75.0    
   92  |   Public administration .........................|     98,300  |    124,700  |     78.8    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.




Table 3. Number and percent of establishments reporting green technologies
and practices, by number of green technologies or practices reported,
August 2011 
                                                                           
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      |                  |                 
    Number of green technologies      |     Number of    |     Percent of  
       or practices reported          |  establishments  |  establishments 
                                      |                  |                 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      |                  |                 
Total, all establishments ............|     6,624,600    |       100.0     
  No green technologies or practices  |                  |                 
   reported ..........................|     1,691,100    |        25.5     
  At least one green technology or    |                  |                 
   practice reported .................|     4,933,500    |        74.5     
                                      |                  |                 
    By number of practices reported   |                  |                 
                                      |                  |
  One ................................|     1,646,700    |        24.9     
  Two ................................|     1,721,800    |        26.0     
  Three ..............................|       976,100    |        14.7     
  Four ...............................|       421,600    |         6.4     
  Five ...............................|       136,400    |         2.1     
  Six ................................|        30,900    |         0.5     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------




Table 4. Employment for workers spending more than half of their time involved
in green technologies and practices (GTP employment), United States and census
regions, August 2011
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          |                 |     GTP     |                    
                          |                 |  employment |                    
                          |                 | in area as  |   GTP employment   
                          |      GTP        |  a percent  |    as a percent    
          Area            |  employment (1) | of U.S. GTP |   of total area    
                          |                 |  employment |    employment      
                          |                 |             |                    
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          |                 |             |                    
                          |                 |             |                    
United States (2).........|      854,700    |     100.0   |         0.7        
                          |                 |             |                    
       Census regions     |                 |             |                    
                          |                 |             |                    
 Northeast (3) ...........|      168,500    |      19.7   |          .7        
 Midwest (4) .............|      198,200    |      23.2   |          .7        
 South (5) ...............|      267,600    |      31.3   |          .6        
 West (6) ................|      220,300    |      25.8   |          .8        
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Defined as employees who spend more than half of their time involved in
green technologies and practices.

   2 Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.

   3 Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York,
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

   4 Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

   5 Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia,
Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

   6 Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada,
New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.




Table 5. Employment for workers spending more than half of their time involved in green technologies
and practices (GTP employment) by industry, August 2011

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       |                                                  |         |              |   Industry     
 NAICS |                                                  |         |              |     GTP        
  code |                     Industry                     |         |  Industry    |  employment    
       |                                                  | Industry|    GTP       |  as a percent  
       |                                                  |   GTP   | employment   |   of total     
       |                                                  | employ- | as a percent |   industry     
       |                                                  | ment (1)| of total GTP |  employment    
       |                                                  |         | employment   |                
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       |                                                  |         |              |                
       | Total GTP employment, all industries (2).........| 854,700 |     100.0    |      0.7       
   11  |   Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ....|  18,900 |       2.2    |      1.5       
   21  |   Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction .|   3,100 |       0.4    |       .4       
   22  |   Utilities .....................................|  16,800 |       2.0    |      2.1       
   23  |   Construction ..................................| 134,100 |      15.7    |      2.3       
 31-33 |   Manufacturing .................................|  57,600 |       6.7    |       .5       
   42  |   Wholesale Trade ...............................|  22,900 |       2.7    |       .4       
 44-45 |   Retail Trade ..................................|  39,700 |       4.6    |       .3       
 48-49 |   Transportation and warehousing ................|  35,100 |       4.1    |       .7       
   51  |   Information ...................................|   3,600 |        .4    |       .1       
   52  |   Finance and insurance  ........................|   4,700 |        .6    |       .1       
   53  |   Real estate and rental and leasing ............|  10,500 |       1.2    |       .5       
       |   Professional, scientific, and technical        |         |              |                
   54  |    services .....................................|  99,800 |      11.7    |      1.3       
   55  |   Management of companies and enterprises .......|   3,900 |        .5    |       .2       
   56  |   Administrative and waste services .............| 151,900 |      17.8    |      2.0       
   61  |   Educational services ..........................|  30,800 |       3.6    |       .3       
   62  |   Health care and social assistance .............|  63,900 |       7.5    |       .4       
   71  |   Arts, entertainment, and recreation ...........|  12,900 |       1.5    |       .5       
   72  |   Accommodation and food services ...............|  58,800 |       6.9    |       .5       
   81  |   Other services (except public administration)..|  27,800 |       3.2    |       .7       
   92  |   Public administration .........................|  57,800 |       6.8    |       .8       
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Defined as employees who spend more than half of their time involved in green technologies and
practices.

   2 Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.




Table 6. Occupational employment and wages for workers spending more than half of their time involved in green
technologies and practices (GTP employment), August 2011

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
        |                                                      |   GTP   |   Percent  | Hourly |  Annual | Hourly 
   SOC  |               Occupation title                       | employ- |   of GTP   |  mean  |   mean  |  mean  
  code  |                                                      | ment (1)| employment |  wage  |   wage  |  wage  
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |  mean  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
00-0000 |All occupations (2) ..................................| 854,700 |    100.0   | $21.05 | $43.790 | $16.88 
11-0000 |Management occupations ...............................|  42,900 |      5.0   |  41.17 |  85,630 |  37.61 
11-1021 | General and operations managers .....................|   8,600 |      1.0   |  49.89 | 103,780 |  45.12 
11-3011 | Administrative services managers ....................|   4,100 |      0.5   |  37.31 |  77,610 |  34.18 
11-3021 | Computer and information systems managers ...........|     200 |     (3)    |  60.84 | 126,560 |  64.85 
11-3051 | Industrial production managers ......................|     800 |       .1   |  65.16 | 135,530 |  62.05 
11-3071 | Transportation, storage, and distribution managers ..|   1,100 |       .1   |  37.93 |  78,900 |  33.08 
11-9021 | Construction managers  ..............................|   6,400 |       .7   |  40.13 |  83,480 |  35.35 
11-9041 | Architectural and engineering managers ..............|   4,500 |       .5   |  38.76 |  80,630 |   (4)  
11-9111 | Medical and health services managers ................|     100 |     (3)    |  61.67 | 128,280 |  63.75 
11-9121 | Natural sciences managers ...........................|   1,400 |       .2   |  41.08 |  85,450 |  40.32 
11-9199 | Managers, all other .................................|   4,100 |       .5   |  49.82 | 103,630 |  49.65 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
13-0000 |Business and financial operations occupations ........|  24,800 |      2.9   |  26.44 |  55,000 |  24.65 
13-1023 | Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm|         |            |        |         |        
        |  products ...........................................|   1,000 |       .1   |  23.15 |  48,150 |  24.13 
13-1041 | Compliance officers .................................|   3,800 |       .4   |  29.60 |  61,560 |  30.09 
13-1111 | Management analysts .................................|     300 |     (3)    |  26.75 |  55,650 |  21.09 
13-1199 | Business operations specialists, all other ..........|  11,700 |      1.4   |  25.17 |  52,350 |  22.32 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
15-0000 |Computer and mathematical occupations ................|   8,800 |      1.0   |   (4)  |    (4)  |   (4)  
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
17-0000 |Architecture and engineering occupations .............|  53,200 |      6.2   |  30.88 |  64,220 |  29.81 
17-2051 | Civil engineers .....................................|   6,000 |       .7   |  39.81 |  82,810 |  39.77 
17-2111 | Health and safety engineers, except mining safety    |         |            |        |         |        
        |  engineers and inspectors............................|     300 |     (3)    |  50.46 | 104,950 |  44.30 
17-2112 | Industrial engineers ................................|   1,300 |       .1   |  40.97 |  85,220 |  37.22 
17-2199 | Engineers, all other ................................|   3,800 |       .4   |  37.09 |  77,140 |  38.82 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
19-0000 |Life, physical, and social science occupations .......|  32,000 |      3.7   |  32.54 |  67,690 |  25.81 
19-1031 | Conservation scientists .............................|   2,400 |       .3   |  23.52 |  48,920 |   (4)  
19-2041 | Environmental scientists and specialists, including  |         |            |        |         |        
        |  health .............................................|   7,200 |       .8   |  29.40 |  61,160 |  27.18 
19-3051 | Urban and regional planners .........................|     900 |       .1   |  31.63 |  65,780 |  29.64 
19-4091 | Environmental science and protection technicians,    |         |            |        |         |        
        |  including health ...................................|   3,600 |       .4   |  22.81 |  47,450 |  21.17 
19-4099 | Life, physical, and social science technicians, all  |         |            |        |         |        
        |  other ................................  ............|     100 |     (3)    |  27.68 |  57,560 |  22.00 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
25-0000 |Education, training, and library occupations .........|     100 |     (3)    |  19.42 |  40,390 |  20.28 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
27-0000 |Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media        |         |            |        |         |        
        | occupations .........................................|     800 |       .1   |  30.11 |  62,620 |  30.79 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
29-0000 |Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations ...|  21,300 |      2.5   |  23.84 |  49,580 |  17.50 
29-9011 | Occupational health and safety specialists ..........|   3,500 |       .4   |  32.86 |  68,350 |  36.06 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
35-0000 |Food preparation and serving related occupations .....|  26,100 |      3.1   |  10.94 |  22,750 |   9.02 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
37-0000 |Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance         |         |            |        |         |        
        | occupations .........................................| 123,600 |     14.5   |  14.29 |  29,730 |  12.70 
37-1012 | First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, |         |            |        |         |        
        | and groundskeeping workers ..........................|  11,800 |      1.4   |  21.23 |  44,160 |  20.25 
37-2011 | Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping |         |            |        |         |        
        |  cleaners ...........................................|  56,700 |      6.6   |  14.45 |  30,050 |  12.59 
37-2012 | Maids and housekeeping cleaners .....................|  19,600 |      2.3   |   8.63 |  17,950 |   8.42 
37-3011 | Landscaping and groundskeeping workers ..............|  22,000 |      2.6   |  14.41 |  29,980 |  13.50 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
39-0000 |Personal care and service occupations ................|   3,900 |       .5   |  16.89 |  35,130 |  16.29 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
41-0000 |Sales and related occupations ........................|  30,200 |      3.5   |  23.20 |  48,260 |  19.86 
41-1011 | First-line supervisors of retail sales workers ......|   3,500 |       .4   |  16.33 |  33,970 |  16.29 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
43-0000 |Office and administrative support occupations ........|  31,700 |      3.7   |  17.76 |  36,950 |  14.44 
43-1011 | First-line supervisors of office and administrative  |         |            |        |         |        
        |  support workers ....................................|   9,700 |      1.1   |  20.15 |  41,920 |  18.51 
43-5071 | Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks .............|   1,300 |       .2   |  12.30 |  25,580 |  11.87 
43-6014 | Secretaries and administrative assistants, except    |         |            |        |         |        
        |  legal, medical and executive .......................|   4,000 |       .5   |  16.71 |  34,750 |   (4)  
43-9061 | Office clerks, general ..............................|   4,500 |       .5   |  18.01 |  37,460 |  13.58 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
45-0000 |Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations ...........|  17,100 |      2.0   |  12.58 |  26,170 |  10.65 
45-2092 | Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and         |         |            |        |         |        
        |  greenhouse .........................................|  11,600 |      1.4   |  10.40 |  21,630 |  10.16 
47-0000 |Construction and extraction occupations ..............|  79,600 |      9.3   |  19.33 |  40,200 |  17.45 
47-1011 | First-line supervisors of construction trades and    |         |            |        |         |        
        |  extraction workers .................................|  13,100 |      1.5   |  25.38 |  52,800 |  24.97 
47-2111 | Electricians ........................................|   2,700 |       .3   |  28.32 |  58,910 |  26.71 
47-4011 | Construction and building inspectors ................|     400 |       .1   |  28.17 |  58,600 |  25.08 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
49-0000 |Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations ....| 103,500 |     12.1   |  20.64 |  42,940 |  17.48 
49-1011 | First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and |         |            |        |         |        
        |  repairers ..........................................|  10,000 |      1.2   |  25.41 |  52,860 |  23.36 
49-3023 | Automotive service technicians and mechanics ........|  13,300 |      1.6   |  24.72 |  51,420 |  20.77 
49-9021 | Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration         |         |            |        |         |        
        |  mechanics and installers ...........................|  37,300 |      4.4   |  18.75 |  39,000 |  16.34 
49-9043 | Maintenance workers, machinery ......................|     500 |       .1   |  19.70 |  40,980 |  18.02 
49-9071 | Maintenance and repair workers, general .............|  26,000 |      3.0   |  21.32 |  44,350 |  17.65 
49-9099 | Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all   |         |            |        |         |        
        |  other ..............................................|     200 |     (3)    |  15.71 |  32,670 |  16.49 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
51-0000 |Production occupations ...............................|  60,800 |      7.1   |  18.13 |  37,710 |  16.15 
51-1011 | First-line supervisors of production and operating   |         |            |        |         |        
        |  workers ............................................|   9,100 |      1.1   |  22.93 |  47,700 |  23.46 
51-8013 | Power plant operators ...............................|   1,600 |       .2   |  29.82 |  62,020 |  30.65 
51-8021 | Stationary engineers and boiler operators ...........|   1,500 |       .2   |  23.42 |  48,720 |  22.02 
51-8031 | Water and wastewater treatment plant and system      |         |            |        |         |        
        |  operators ..........................................|  10,600 |      1.2   |  22.39 |  46,570 |  22.77 
51-9111 | Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders .|   1,300 |       .1   |  13.10 |  27,250 |  11.97 
        | Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters,     |         |            |        |         |        
51-9121 |  operators, and tenders .............................|   1,800 |       .2   |  19.27 |  40,090 |   (4)  
51-9199 | Production workers, all other .......................|  10,400 |      1.2   |  13.55 |  28,180 |  13.36 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
53-0000 |Transportation and material moving occupations .......|  59,800 |      7.0   |  15.38 |  31,990 |  13.30 
53-1021 | First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and     |         |            |        |         |        
        |  material movers, hand ..............................|   1,900 |       .2   |  22.77 |  47,360 |  21.25 
53-1031 | First-line supervisors of transportation and material|         |            |        |         |        
        |  moving machine and vehicle operators ...............|   7,100 |       .8   |  20.61 |  42,860 |  16.71 
53-7051 | Industrial truck and tractor operators ..............|   3,300 |       .4   |  22.02 |  45,810 |   (4)  
53-7062 | Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers,    |         |            |        |         |        
        |  hand ...............................................|  23,000 |      2.7   |  11.44 |  23,800 |  11.02 
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
99-9999 |Occupation not reported ..............................| 102,300 |     12.0   |   (4)  |    (4)  |   (4)  
        |                                                      |         |            |        |         |        
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Defined as employees who spend more than half of their time involved in green technologies and practices.

   2 Occupational data will not sum to the major group and all-occupations totals because the totals include
occupations for which data were not published separately.

   3 Less than 0.05 percent.

   4 Estimates not released.




Last Modified Date: June 29, 2012
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