Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, April 5, 2016	USDL-16-0697

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – FEBRUARY 2016

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.4 million on the last business day of February, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires increased to 5.4 million while separations were 
little changed at 5.1 million. Within separations, the quits rate was 2.1 percent, and the layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.2 percent. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, 
hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

Job openings were little changed at 5.4 million in February. The job openings rate was 3.7 percent. The 
number of job openings was little changed in February for total private and for government. Job 
openings increased in educational services (+48,000) and federal government (+19,000) but decreased in 
health care and social assistance (-147,000), finance and insurance (-54,000), and mining and logging 
(-8,000). Job openings edged up in construction (+36,000) and edged down in durable goods 
manufacturing (-19,000). The number of job openings edged down in the Midwest region. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires increased to 5.4 million (+297,000) in February, the highest level since November 
2006. The hires rate in February was 3.8 percent. The number of hires increased for total private 
(+278,000) and was little changed for government. Hires increased in retail trade (+102,000), 
accommodation and food services (+78,000), educational services (+44,000), and state and local 
government, excluding education (+25,000). Hires declined in mining and logging (-9,000). In the 
regions, hires increased in the South. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 5.1 million total separations in February, little changed from January. The total separations 
rate in February was 3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and 
for government. Total separations rose in accommodation and food services (+98,000). In arts, 
entertainment, and recreation, total separations edged down (-31,000). The number of total separations 
was little changed over the month in all regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in February at 3.0 million. The quits rate was 2.1 percent. Over 
the month, the number of quits edged up for total private (+107,000) and was little changed for 
government. Quits increased in health care and social assistance (+32,000) and decreased in mining and 
logging (-8,000). The number of quits edged up in arts, entertainment, and recreation (+10,000) and 
edged down in other services (-29,000) and state and local education (-7,000). In the regions, quits 
increased in the Midwest. (See table 4.)

There were 1.7 million layoffs and discharges in February, little changed from January. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.2 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month 
for total private and for government. In February, layoffs and discharges decreased in arts, 
entertainment, and recreation (-41,000) and federal government (-6,000). Layoffs and discharges edged 
up in accommodation and food services (+58,000). The number of layoffs and discharges edged down in 
the Midwest. (See table 5.)

In February, other separations was little changed for total nonfarm, edged down for total private 
(-44,000), and edged up for government (+8,000). The number of other separations increased in retail 
trade (+31,000), nondurable goods manufacturing (+5,000), mining and logging (+3,000), and federal 
government (+3,000). Other separations decreased in health care and social assistance (-29,000), finance 
and insurance (-14,000), transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-10,000), real estate and rental and 
leasing (-8,000), and information (-6,000). In the regions, the number of other separations declined in 
the Northeast. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in February, hires totaled 62.1 million 
and separations totaled 59.4 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.7 million. These totals 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for March 2016 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, May 10, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

5,131 5,604 5,445 5,091 5,125 5,422 4,740 4,977 5,050

Total private

4,595 5,137 4,960 4,759 4,789 5,067 4,420 4,631 4,706

Mining and logging(1)

10 17 9 26 26 17 42 43 37

Construction(1)

152 157 193 336 305 327 304 279 305

Manufacturing

300 336 313 260 274 277 259 266 302

Durable goods(1)

189 183 164 154 168 167 154 158 183

Nondurable goods(1)

111 153 149 106 106 110 104 108 119

Trade, transportation, and utilities

883 979 968 1,061 1,062 1,189 954 1,052 1,066

Wholesale trade(1)

162 199 191 155 137 144 132 142 132

Retail trade

539 602 617 731 765 867 660 725 765

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

183 178 160 175 161 178 161 185 168

Information(1)

110 97 96 80 84 79 78 79 66

Financial activities

344 372 328 171 229 234 151 215 215

Finance and insurance

252 298 244 112 164 162 102 154 150

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

92 74 85 59 65 72 48 60 65

Professional and business services

920 1,088 1,050 1,049 1,080 1,063 1,010 1,053 1,033

Education and health services

952 1,129 1,031 617 579 647 550 557 548

Educational services(1)

105 83 131 85 60 104 65 77 85

Health care and social assistance

848 1,046 899 531 519 544 485 480 464

Leisure and hospitality

745 745 745 932 967 1,035 873 907 975

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 68 58 155 157 146 151 157 126

Accommodation and food services

680 677 687 777 810 888 722 750 848

Other services(1)

177 217 227 226 183 198 200 181 162

Government

536 467 486 332 335 355 320 346 344

Federal(1)

93 80 99 37 41 43 33 41 39

State and local

443 387 387 295 295 312 286 304 305

State and local education

154 152 152 146 162 154 146 168 163

State and local, excluding education(1)

289 235 235 149 133 158 140 137 142





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.5

Total private

3.7 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.2 3.7 3.8 3.9

Mining and logging(1)

1.1 2.2 1.2 3.0 3.4 2.3 4.8 5.7 5.0

Construction(1)

2.3 2.3 2.8 5.3 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.2 4.6

Manufacturing

2.4 2.6 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.4

Durable goods(1)

2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.4

Nondurable goods(1)

2.4 3.2 3.1 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.2 3.5 3.4 4.0 3.9 4.4 3.6 3.9 3.9

Wholesale trade(1)

2.7 3.3 3.1 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.2

Retail trade

3.4 3.7 3.7 4.7 4.8 5.5 4.2 4.6 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

3.3 3.2 2.9 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.1

Information(1)

3.9 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.4

Financial activities

4.1 4.3 3.8 2.1 2.8 2.9 1.9 2.6 2.6

Finance and insurance

4.0 4.7 3.8 1.9 2.7 2.7 1.7 2.5 2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

4.3 3.4 3.9 2.9 3.1 3.4 2.3 2.9 3.1

Professional and business services

4.5 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.2

Education and health services

4.2 4.8 4.4 2.8 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.4

Educational services(1)

2.9 2.3 3.6 2.5 1.7 3.0 1.9 2.2 2.4

Health care and social assistance

4.4 5.2 4.5 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

4.7 4.6 4.6 6.2 6.3 6.7 5.8 5.9 6.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.0 3.0 2.6 7.3 7.1 6.6 7.1 7.2 5.7

Accommodation and food services

5.0 4.9 4.9 6.0 6.1 6.7 5.6 5.7 6.4

Other services(1)

3.1 3.7 3.8 4.0 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.2 2.8

Government

2.4 2.1 2.2 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6

Federal(1)

3.3 2.8 3.5 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.5 1.4

State and local

2.3 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6

State and local education

1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6

State and local, excluding education(1)

3.1 2.5 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

5,131 5,422 5,198 5,281 5,604 5,445 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,595 4,938 4,725 4,786 5,137 4,960 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.1 3.9

Mining and logging(3)

10 19 15 14 17 9 1.1 2.3 1.9 1.8 2.2 1.2

Construction(3)

152 129 101 124 157 193 2.3 1.9 1.5 1.8 2.3 2.8

Manufacturing

300 311 238 317 336 313 2.4 2.5 1.9 2.5 2.6 2.5

Durable goods(3)

189 181 138 174 183 164 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.2 2.3 2.1

Nondurable goods(3)

111 130 100 143 153 149 2.4 2.8 2.1 3.0 3.2 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

883 931 861 822 979 968 3.2 3.3 3.1 2.9 3.5 3.4

Wholesale trade(3)

162 183 128 137 199 191 2.7 3.0 2.1 2.3 3.3 3.1

Retail trade

539 563 527 538 602 617 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

183 185 205 147 178 160 3.3 3.3 3.6 2.6 3.2 2.9

Information(3)

110 114 68 101 97 96 3.9 4.0 2.4 3.5 3.4 3.3

Financial activities

344 308 356 390 372 328 4.1 3.6 4.2 4.5 4.3 3.8

Finance and insurance

252 242 312 319 298 244 4.0 3.8 4.9 5.0 4.7 3.8

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

92 67 44 71 74 85 4.3 3.1 2.0 3.3 3.4 3.9

Professional and business services

920 1,149 1,126 1,034 1,088 1,050 4.5 5.5 5.4 4.9 5.2 5.0

Education and health services

952 1,050 1,113 1,075 1,129 1,031 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.4

Educational services(3)

105 107 89 93 83 131 2.9 3.0 2.5 2.6 2.3 3.6

Health care and social assistance

848 942 1,023 982 1,046 899 4.4 4.8 5.2 4.9 5.2 4.5

Leisure and hospitality

745 737 732 710 745 745 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 62 64 62 68 58 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.7 3.0 2.6

Accommodation and food services

680 676 668 648 677 687 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9

Other services(3)

177 190 116 199 217 227 3.1 3.3 2.0 3.4 3.7 3.8

Government

536 484 473 495 467 486 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2

Federal(3)

93 61 72 80 80 99 3.3 2.2 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.5

State and local

443 423 401 415 387 387 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0

State and local education

154 153 160 171 152 152 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5

State and local, excluding education(3)

289 270 241 245 235 235 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5

REGION(4)

Northeast

839 907 897 887 900 845 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.1

South

1,881 2,057 2,071 1,981 2,077 2,062 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8

Midwest

1,199 1,293 1,121 1,100 1,311 1,238 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.9 3.7

West

1,213 1,166 1,109 1,313 1,316 1,300 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.9 3.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

5,091 5,212 5,253 5,401 5,125 5,422 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,759 4,856 4,904 5,042 4,789 5,067 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.2

Mining and logging

26 32 21 33 26 17 3.0 4.0 2.8 4.3 3.4 2.3

Construction

336 314 340 322 305 327 5.3 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.9

Manufacturing

260 264 278 274 274 277 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

154 144 153 163 168 167 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2

Nondurable goods

106 120 126 112 106 110 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,061 1,057 1,085 1,087 1,062 1,189 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.4

Wholesale trade

155 128 134 128 137 144 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4

Retail trade

731 748 766 760 765 867 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

175 181 186 199 161 178 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.0 3.3

Information

80 87 71 72 84 79 2.9 3.1 2.6 2.6 3.0 2.9

Financial activities

171 205 208 217 229 234 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9

Finance and insurance

112 136 137 142 164 162 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

59 70 71 75 65 72 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.1 3.4

Professional and business services

1,049 1,058 1,056 1,175 1,080 1,063 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.9 5.4 5.3

Education and health services

617 644 661 641 579 647 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.9

Educational services

85 87 102 84 60 104 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.4 1.7 3.0

Health care and social assistance

531 558 559 557 519 544 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

932 991 992 1,024 967 1,035 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.3 6.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

155 171 131 151 157 146 7.3 7.8 5.9 6.9 7.1 6.6

Accommodation and food services

777 820 861 873 810 888 6.0 6.3 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.7

Other services

226 204 190 198 183 198 4.0 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.5

Government

332 356 349 359 335 355 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6

Federal

37 40 45 45 41 43 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6

State and local

295 316 304 314 295 312 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6

State and local education

146 152 157 165 162 154 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5

State and local, excluding education

149 165 148 149 133 158 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

843 846 851 827 795 849 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2

South

1,933 1,954 1,985 2,109 1,851 2,059 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.5 3.9

Midwest

1,160 1,192 1,197 1,249 1,259 1,287 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0

West

1,155 1,220 1,219 1,216 1,220 1,227 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

4,740 4,912 4,958 5,128 4,977 5,050 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,420 4,544 4,616 4,774 4,631 4,706 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9

Mining and logging

42 34 35 45 43 37 4.8 4.3 4.6 5.9 5.7 5.0

Construction

304 275 292 283 279 305 4.8 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.6

Manufacturing

259 271 267 263 266 302 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.4

Durable goods

154 150 154 162 158 183 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.4

Nondurable goods

104 120 113 101 108 119 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

954 1,003 1,040 1,074 1,052 1,066 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.0 3.9 3.9

Wholesale trade

132 121 127 133 142 132 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.2

Retail trade

660 706 744 762 725 765 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

161 176 169 178 185 168 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.1

Information

78 81 79 61 79 66 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.2 2.9 2.4

Financial activities

151 192 190 203 215 215 1.9 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.6

Finance and insurance

102 123 136 142 154 150 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

48 69 54 62 60 65 2.3 3.3 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.1

Professional and business services

1,010 1,002 1,020 1,095 1,053 1,033 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.3 5.2

Education and health services

550 558 600 578 557 548 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4

Educational services

65 80 97 74 77 85 1.9 2.3 2.8 2.1 2.2 2.4

Health care and social assistance

485 479 503 504 480 464 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

873 935 939 1,003 907 975 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.5 5.9 6.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

151 168 130 141 157 126 7.1 7.7 5.9 6.5 7.2 5.7

Accommodation and food services

722 767 809 862 750 848 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.6 5.7 6.4

Other services

200 191 154 168 181 162 3.6 3.4 2.7 3.0 3.2 2.8

Government

320 369 342 354 346 344 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

Federal

33 44 42 40 41 39 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4

State and local

286 325 300 314 304 305 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

State and local education

146 166 160 161 168 163 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

State and local, excluding education

140 160 140 153 137 142 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

717 733 797 855 775 814 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.2 2.9 3.1

South

1,931 1,972 1,952 2,011 1,906 1,979 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.8

Midwest

999 1,091 1,112 1,105 1,114 1,140 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6

West

1,093 1,117 1,098 1,156 1,182 1,117 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

2,703 2,797 2,862 3,088 2,851 2,950 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,554 2,631 2,705 2,922 2,684 2,791 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.3

Mining and logging

12 14 18 16 19 11 1.4 1.8 2.4 2.1 2.6 1.5

Construction

121 87 129 137 86 102 1.9 1.3 2.0 2.1 1.3 1.5

Manufacturing

131 147 145 133 147 156 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3

Durable goods

74 74 74 80 83 90 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2

Nondurable goods

57 73 71 54 64 66 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

575 646 627 719 637 647 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.4

Wholesale trade

69 68 72 81 86 90 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5

Retail trade

422 470 471 518 462 471 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.3 2.9 3.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

84 108 85 120 90 87 1.6 2.0 1.6 2.2 1.6 1.6

Information

47 43 42 35 38 38 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4

Financial activities

91 114 86 122 111 125 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.5

Finance and insurance

67 69 62 87 81 87 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.4

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

24 45 24 36 30 38 1.1 2.1 1.1 1.7 1.4 1.8

Professional and business services

521 531 522 614 550 566 2.7 2.7 2.6 3.1 2.8 2.8

Education and health services

380 364 408 385 343 371 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.6

Educational services

35 38 55 49 47 43 1.0 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.2

Health care and social assistance

345 326 353 336 296 328 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

564 588 636 671 636 687 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

51 56 53 60 64 74 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.4

Accommodation and food services

513 532 583 611 572 613 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.6

Other services(3)

111 97 91 89 117 88 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.6 2.1 1.6

Government

149 166 157 166 167 159 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7

Federal

11 14 14 13 13 13 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

138 152 143 153 154 146 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8

State and local education

68 77 72 75 80 73 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7

State and local, excluding education

70 75 71 78 73 72 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8

REGION(4)

Northeast

350 382 400 445 401 423 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6

South

1,119 1,126 1,137 1,286 1,179 1,172 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.2

Midwest

600 648 687 656 629 734 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.3

West

633 641 638 701 641 621 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.0 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

1,683 1,721 1,718 1,672 1,704 1,715 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,575 1,593 1,599 1,549 1,582 1,594 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

Mining and logging(3)

27 18 12 26 21 21 3.1 2.2 1.6 3.4 2.8 2.8

Construction

175 177 157 138 182 193 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.1 2.7 2.9

Manufacturing

107 102 101 104 97 117 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0

Durable goods

68 61 64 65 61 78 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0

Nondurable goods

38 41 37 39 35 39 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

281 273 302 266 312 295 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1

Wholesale trade(3)

49 46 45 39 48 34 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6

Retail trade

165 176 189 177 194 194 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

67 51 69 50 71 67 1.3 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.3 1.2

Information

23 29 31 19 25 18 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.7

Financial activities

42 46 58 62 57 64 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8

Finance and insurance

19 27 32 38 37 40 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 19 26 24 20 24 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1

Professional and business services

429 409 441 414 442 418 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1

Education and health services

135 146 156 149 152 145 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6

Educational services

25 37 37 22 27 38 0.7 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.8 1.1

Health care and social assistance

109 109 119 127 126 107 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

283 314 280 298 237 254 1.9 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

95 109 72 80 91 50 4.5 5.0 3.3 3.6 4.1 2.3

Accommodation and food services

188 205 208 219 146 204 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.1 1.5

Other services

75 79 59 72 56 69 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.2

Government

108 129 119 123 122 120 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Federal

12 11 11 10 15 9 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3

State and local

96 118 108 113 108 112 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

State and local education

50 61 62 61 65 67 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7

State and local, excluding education

46 57 46 52 43 44 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5

REGION(4)

Northeast

298 285 329 324 299 341 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3

South

674 669 647 601 576 649 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2

Midwest

322 364 348 374 407 329 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.0

West

389 404 393 372 422 396 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

354 394 378 368 422 385 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

291 320 311 303 365 321 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

3 2 5 3 2 5 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.7

Construction(3)

7 11 6 8 11 10 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Manufacturing

21 22 20 26 22 28 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

12 15 15 17 13 14 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods(3)

9 7 5 8 9 14 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97 84 110 89 102 123 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5

Wholesale trade

14 7 10 14 8 8 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Retail trade

73 60 84 68 69 100 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

10 17 15 8 24 14 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3

Information(3)

8 9 5 7 16 10 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.4

Financial activities

18 32 46 19 47 26 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.3

Finance and insurance

16 27 42 17 36 22 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

2 5 4 2 11 3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.2

Professional and business services

61 63 56 66 61 49 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Education and health services

35 48 36 44 61 33 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1

Educational services(3)

5 4 5 4 3 4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance(3)

31 44 31 40 58 29 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

26 34 23 34 34 34 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

5 4 5 2 3 3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

21 30 18 32 32 31 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services(3)

14 15 4 7 8 4 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Government

63 74 66 65 56 64 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

10 19 17 17 14 17 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6

State and local

52 55 49 48 43 47 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

28 27 26 25 22 22 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

24 28 23 23 20 25 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

69 66 67 86 75 51 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

South

138 177 168 125 151 158 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Midwest

77 79 77 75 77 77 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

71 72 66 82 119 100 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

4,964 5,635 5,291 3.4 3.8 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,451 5,196 4,827 3.7 4.2 3.9

Mining and logging

10 17 9 1.2 2.2 1.3

Construction

152 157 193 2.5 2.5 3.0

Manufacturing

300 336 313 2.4 2.7 2.5

Durable goods

189 183 164 2.4 2.3 2.1

Nondurable goods

111 153 149 2.4 3.3 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

819 940 912 3.0 3.4 3.3

Wholesale trade

162 199 191 2.7 3.3 3.2

Retail trade

474 563 560 3.0 3.5 3.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

183 178 160 3.3 3.2 2.9

Information

110 97 96 3.9 3.4 3.3

Financial activities

315 411 301 3.8 4.8 3.6

Finance and insurance

223 337 217 3.6 5.2 3.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

92 74 85 4.3 3.5 3.9

Professional and business services

924 1,106 1,050 4.6 5.3 5.1

Education and health services

910 1,214 984 4.0 5.2 4.2

Educational services

105 83 131 2.8 2.4 3.5

Health care and social assistance

806 1,131 852 4.2 5.7 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

732 702 743 4.8 4.6 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

62 69 53 3.1 3.4 2.6

Accommodation and food services

670 633 689 5.1 4.7 5.1

Other services

177 217 227 3.1 3.7 3.9

Government

513 439 464 2.3 2.0 2.0

Federal

93 80 99 3.3 2.8 3.5

State and local

420 359 365 2.1 1.8 1.8

State and local education

131 124 130 1.2 1.2 1.2

State and local, excluding education

289 235 235 3.2 2.6 2.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

788 896 785 3.0 3.3 2.9

South

1,844 2,139 2,024 3.5 4.0 3.8

Midwest

1,157 1,263 1,205 3.6 3.8 3.7

West

1,174 1,338 1,277 3.6 4.0 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

4,142 4,847 4,445 3.0 3.4 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,900 4,547 4,185 3.3 3.8 3.5

Mining and logging

22 31 14 2.6 4.2 2.0

Construction

278 267 271 4.7 4.3 4.4

Manufacturing

227 287 242 1.9 2.3 2.0

Durable goods

138 183 149 1.8 2.4 1.9

Nondurable goods

89 105 93 2.0 2.3 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

793 876 908 3.0 3.2 3.4

Wholesale trade

134 150 127 2.3 2.6 2.2

Retail trade

532 585 657 3.5 3.7 4.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

128 141 124 2.4 2.6 2.3

Information

65 96 63 2.4 3.5 2.3

Financial activities

133 249 190 1.7 3.0 2.3

Finance and insurance

90 183 136 1.5 3.0 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

43 65 55 2.1 3.2 2.7

Professional and business services

925 1,173 933 4.8 6.0 4.7

Education and health services

513 595 546 2.3 2.7 2.4

Educational services

67 55 87 1.9 1.6 2.4

Health care and social assistance

447 540 459 2.4 2.9 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

743 804 846 5.2 5.5 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

101 120 95 5.3 6.2 4.8

Accommodation and food services

643 684 751 5.2 5.4 5.9

Other services

199 168 173 3.6 3.0 3.1

Government

243 300 260 1.1 1.4 1.2

Federal

28 35 33 1.0 1.3 1.2

State and local

215 265 227 1.1 1.4 1.2

State and local education

107 151 113 1.0 1.5 1.1

State and local, excluding education

108 114 114 1.2 1.3 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

615 712 628 2.4 2.7 2.4

South

1,647 1,880 1,771 3.2 3.7 3.4

Midwest

910 1,148 1,019 2.9 3.6 3.2

West

970 1,107 1,027 3.1 3.5 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

3,830 5,465 4,100 2.7 3.9 2.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,628 5,134 3,888 3.1 4.3 3.2

Mining and logging

40 43 34 4.6 5.9 4.7

Construction

256 325 260 4.3 5.2 4.2

Manufacturing

216 263 262 1.8 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

132 161 163 1.7 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods

85 101 99 1.9 2.2 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

808 1,382 909 3.1 5.1 3.4

Wholesale trade

118 153 119 2.0 2.6 2.0

Retail trade

571 953 665 3.7 6.1 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

120 277 125 2.3 5.1 2.3

Information

65 98 54 2.4 3.6 1.9

Financial activities

115 251 169 1.4 3.1 2.1

Finance and insurance

73 183 109 1.2 3.0 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

42 68 60 2.1 3.3 2.9

Professional and business services

870 1,156 888 4.5 5.9 4.5

Education and health services

452 576 444 2.1 2.6 2.0

Educational services

37 70 47 1.0 2.1 1.3

Health care and social assistance

415 506 397 2.3 2.7 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

622 864 723 4.3 5.9 4.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

85 134 75 4.4 6.9 3.8

Accommodation and food services

538 731 649 4.3 5.7 5.1

Other services

183 175 145 3.3 3.1 2.6

Government

202 330 212 0.9 1.5 0.9

Federal

26 71 30 1.0 2.6 1.1

State and local

176 259 182 0.9 1.4 0.9

State and local education

72 133 78 0.7 1.3 0.7

State and local, excluding education

104 126 104 1.2 1.4 1.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

532 876 624 2.1 3.3 2.4

South

1,599 2,072 1,654 3.2 4.0 3.2

Midwest

798 1,234 897 2.6 3.9 2.8

West

901 1,282 924 2.8 4.0 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

2,215 2,835 2,429 1.6 2.0 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,106 2,689 2,315 1.8 2.3 1.9

Mining and logging

10 18 9 1.2 2.4 1.2

Construction

97 75 81 1.6 1.2 1.3

Manufacturing

103 131 126 0.8 1.1 1.0

Durable goods

58 77 72 0.7 1.0 0.9

Nondurable goods

45 55 53 1.0 1.2 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

482 673 545 1.8 2.5 2.0

Wholesale trade

58 92 79 1.0 1.6 1.4

Retail trade

356 496 397 2.3 3.2 2.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

68 85 68 1.3 1.6 1.3

Information

39 44 30 1.4 1.6 1.1

Financial activities

72 112 103 0.9 1.4 1.3

Finance and insurance

48 82 65 0.8 1.3 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

24 30 38 1.2 1.4 1.8

Professional and business services

441 559 485 2.3 2.8 2.5

Education and health services

320 357 314 1.5 1.6 1.4

Educational services

22 44 28 0.6 1.3 0.8

Health care and social assistance

298 313 287 1.6 1.7 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

432 603 534 3.0 4.1 3.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

33 52 49 1.7 2.6 2.5

Accommodation and food services

399 551 485 3.2 4.3 3.8

Other services

111 117 88 2.0 2.1 1.6

Government

109 146 115 0.5 0.7 0.5

Federal

10 14 11 0.3 0.5 0.4

State and local

100 132 104 0.5 0.7 0.5

State and local education

42 67 44 0.4 0.7 0.4

State and local, excluding education

58 65 60 0.7 0.7 0.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

278 418 338 1.1 1.6 1.3

South

933 1,193 978 1.8 2.3 1.9

Midwest

472 589 590 1.5 1.9 1.9

West

533 635 522 1.7 2.0 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

1,297 2,114 1,319 0.9 1.5 0.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,246 1,996 1,266 1.1 1.7 1.1

Mining and logging

27 21 21 3.2 2.9 2.9

Construction

152 238 170 2.6 3.8 2.7

Manufacturing

94 105 110 0.8 0.9 0.9

Durable goods

63 67 79 0.8 0.9 1.0

Nondurable goods

31 37 31 0.7 0.8 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

236 579 242 0.9 2.1 0.9

Wholesale trade

49 48 34 0.8 0.8 0.6

Retail trade

145 364 166 1.0 2.3 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

42 167 42 0.8 3.1 0.8

Information

18 38 14 0.7 1.4 0.5

Financial activities

30 77 48 0.4 0.9 0.6

Finance and insurance

14 50 29 0.2 0.8 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

17 28 18 0.8 1.3 0.9

Professional and business services

370 502 357 1.9 2.5 1.8

Education and health services

96 158 97 0.4 0.7 0.4

Educational services

10 22 16 0.3 0.7 0.4

Health care and social assistance

86 135 81 0.5 0.7 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

165 228 156 1.1 1.6 1.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

46 80 23 2.4 4.1 1.2

Accommodation and food services

119 148 132 1.0 1.2 1.0

Other services

58 50 52 1.0 0.9 0.9

Government

51 118 53 0.2 0.5 0.2

Federal

8 35 5 0.3 1.3 0.2

State and local

43 83 48 0.2 0.4 0.2

State and local education

17 48 25 0.2 0.5 0.2

State and local, excluding education

25 35 23 0.3 0.4 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

187 361 238 0.7 1.4 0.9

South

543 704 533 1.1 1.4 1.0

Midwest

259 532 239 0.8 1.7 0.8

West

309 517 309 1.0 1.6 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016(p)

Total

318 516 351 0.2 0.4 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

276 450 307 0.2 0.4 0.3

Mining and logging

2 4 4 0.3 0.6 0.6

Construction

7 11 10 0.1 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

20 27 26 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

11 17 12 0.1 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

9 9 14 0.2 0.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

91 130 122 0.3 0.5 0.5

Wholesale trade

11 13 6 0.2 0.2 0.1

Retail trade

70 92 102 0.5 0.6 0.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

10 24 14 0.2 0.5 0.3

Information

8 16 10 0.3 0.6 0.4

Financial activities

13 63 18 0.2 0.8 0.2

Finance and insurance

11 52 15 0.2 0.8 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

2 11 3 0.1 0.5 0.2

Professional and business services

59 95 46 0.3 0.5 0.2

Education and health services

35 61 33 0.2 0.3 0.1

Educational services

5 3 4 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

31 58 29 0.2 0.3 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

26 34 34 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

5 3 3 0.3 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

21 32 31 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services

14 8 4 0.2 0.1 0.1

Government

42 67 44 0.2 0.3 0.2

Federal

8 23 14 0.3 0.8 0.5

State and local

33 44 30 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

13 18 9 0.1 0.2 0.1

State and local, excluding education

21 26 21 0.2 0.3 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

68 97 47 0.3 0.4 0.2

South

124 176 143 0.2 0.3 0.3

Midwest

67 113 68 0.2 0.4 0.2

West

60 130 93 0.2 0.4 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: April 05, 2016
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