Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, November 13, 2014	USDL-14-2064

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – SEPTEMBER 2014

There were 4.7 million job openings on the last business day of September, little changed from 4.9 
million in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires (5.0 million) and separations 
(4.8 million) increased in September. Within separations, the quits rate (2.0 percent) increased and the 
layoffs and discharges rate (1.2 percent) was unchanged. This release includes estimates of the number 
and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four 
geographic regions.

Job Openings

There were 4.7 million job openings on the last business day of September. The job openings rate was 
3.3 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and government in 
September. (See table 1.) The level of job openings decreased for arts, entertainment, and recreation. 
The job openings level was little changed in all four regions.

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in 
September for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The job openings level increased over the 
year for many industries, including both professional and business services and health care and social 
assistance. The number of openings also increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

The hires level increased to 5.0 million in September, up from 4.7 million in August. This was the 
highest level of hires since December 2007. The hires rate in September was 3.6 percent. The number of 
hires increased for total private and was little changed for government. Hires increased over the month 
in health care and social assistance as well as in the Midwest region. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in September, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for 
total nonfarm, total private, and government. The hires level increased over the year in many industries, 
including both professional and business services and health care and social assistance. The level 
decreased for real estate and rental and leasing. The number of hires increased in the Midwest and West 
regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.8 million total separations in September, up from 4.5 million in August. The separations 
rate was 3.4 percent. The number of total separations increased for total private and was little changed 
for government. (See table 3.)

The number of quits increased from 2.5 million in August to 2.8 million in September. This was the 
highest level of quits since April 2008. The quits rate in September was 2.0 percent. The number of quits 
increased for total private and government. The quits level increased in professional and business 
services, health care and social assistance, and state and local government. Quits increased in the 
Midwest region. (See table 4.)

The quits level (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in September for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, the number of quits increased for many 
industries, including health care and social assistance, and accommodation and food services. The 
number of quits also increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 10.)

The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in September at 1.6 million and at the rate of 
1.2 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month for total private, 
government, and in all four regions. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and 
discharges are not available for individual industries.

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in September for total nonfarm and total private, and decreased for government. The number of 
layoffs and discharges decreased for several industries, including arts, entertainment, and recreation and 
in accommodation and food services. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the 
year in all four regions. (See table 11.)

In September, there were 388,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from August. 
Over the month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 324,000 and for 
government at 64,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in September, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) 
was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in September 2014, hires totaled 56.6 
million and separations totaled 54.0 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.6 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for October 2014 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, December 9, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,948 4,853 4,735 4,701 4,742 5,026 4,500 4,531 4,788

Total private(1)

3,559 4,411 4,290 4,408 4,450 4,711 4,231 4,247 4,480

Construction

117 121 98 304 330 276 288 316 260

Manufacturing

252 296 285 259 236 280 243 237 268

Durable goods

169 179 170 159 139 157 141 134 144

Nondurable goods

84 118 115 100 97 123 102 103 124

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

800 821 830 960 1,011 1,007 894 987 965

Retail trade

511 500 508 662 686 686 639 681 666

Professional and business services

644 928 964 1,028 1,049 1,145 969 974 1,069

Education and health services(3)

684 866 899 546 514 635 518 484 584

Health care and social assistance

618 789 803 472 437 548 441 410 505

Leisure and hospitality

541 700 658 818 845 881 833 818 869

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

58 71 53 141 136 140 147 142 136

Accommodation and food services

482 629 605 677 709 742 686 675 733

Government(4)

389 443 445 293 293 315 269 284 308

State and local

342 378 373 267 265 285 238 259 278

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.8 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.4

Total private(1)

3.0 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.8

Construction

2.0 2.0 1.6 5.2 5.4 4.5 4.9 5.2 4.3

Manufacturing

2.1 2.4 2.3 2.2 1.9 2.3 2.0 1.9 2.2

Durable goods

2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.9

Nondurable goods

1.9 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.8 2.3 2.3 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

3.0 3.0 3.0 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.7 3.6

Retail trade

3.3 3.1 3.2 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.4 4.3

Professional and business services

3.3 4.6 4.7 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.5

Education and health services(3)

3.1 3.9 4.0 2.6 2.4 2.9 2.4 2.2 2.7

Health care and social assistance

3.4 4.2 4.2 2.6 2.4 3.0 2.5 2.3 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

3.6 4.6 4.3 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.8 3.3 2.4 6.9 6.5 6.6 7.3 6.8 6.5

Accommodation and food services

3.8 4.8 4.6 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.8

Government(4)

1.7 2.0 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.4

State and local

1.8 1.9 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

3,948 4,577 4,675 4,605 4,853 4,735 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,559 4,131 4,176 4,129 4,411 4,290 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.5

Construction

117 125 152 139 121 98 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.6

Manufacturing

252 292 302 293 296 285 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3

Durable goods

169 175 194 195 179 170 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.2

Nondurable goods

84 117 108 97 118 115 1.9 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.6 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

800 731 797 806 821 830 3.0 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0

Retail trade

511 419 465 473 500 508 3.3 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2

Professional and business services

644 896 909 880 928 964 3.3 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.7

Education and health services(6)

684 796 821 826 866 899 3.1 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.0

Health care and social assistance

618 723 728 746 789 803 3.4 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

541 752 643 622 700 658 3.6 4.9 4.2 4.1 4.6 4.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

58 79 68 63 71 53 2.8 3.6 3.1 2.9 3.3 2.4

Accommodation and food services

482 674 575 559 629 605 3.8 5.1 4.4 4.3 4.8 4.6

Government(7)

389 446 499 476 443 445 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0

State and local

342 383 430 421 378 373 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.9

REGION(8)

Northeast

696 793 798 765 796 789 2.6 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9

South

1,474 1,695 1,736 1,722 1,897 1,787 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.4

Midwest

893 1,075 1,055 1,087 1,076 1,078 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

West

885 1,014 1,086 1,031 1,084 1,081 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

4,701 4,738 4,791 4,934 4,742 5,026 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,408 4,452 4,503 4,651 4,450 4,711 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.0

Construction

304 301 268 371 330 276 5.2 5.0 4.5 6.1 5.4 4.5

Manufacturing

259 240 268 259 236 280 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.3

Durable goods

159 153 155 155 139 157 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 2.0

Nondurable goods

100 88 113 103 97 123 2.2 2.0 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

960 1,073 1,107 1,090 1,011 1,007 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.8

Retail trade

662 742 756 758 686 686 4.4 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.5 4.5

Professional and business services

1,028 973 1,002 1,012 1,049 1,145 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.9

Education and health services(6)

546 525 538 555 514 635 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.9

Health care and social assistance

472 454 457 485 437 548 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

818 857 855 852 845 881 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

141 150 143 138 136 140 6.9 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.6

Accommodation and food services

677 707 712 714 709 742 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.9

Government(7)

293 285 288 282 293 315 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

State and local

267 256 255 252 265 285 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

744 726 676 793 728 797 2.9 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 3.0

South

1,837 1,870 1,950 1,945 1,872 1,925 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.8

Midwest

1,069 1,122 1,059 1,119 1,018 1,160 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.7

West

1,051 1,020 1,105 1,077 1,124 1,144 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

4,500 4,530 4,520 4,629 4,531 4,788 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,231 4,246 4,229 4,369 4,247 4,480 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.8

Construction

288 276 241 331 316 260 4.9 4.6 4.0 5.5 5.2 4.3

Manufacturing

243 228 241 231 237 268 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.2

Durable goods

141 134 136 137 134 144 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.9

Nondurable goods

102 94 106 95 103 124 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

894 1,028 1,023 1,031 987 965 3.4 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.6

Retail trade

639 718 711 723 681 666 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.3

Professional and business services

969 906 937 946 974 1,069 5.2 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.5

Education and health services(6)

518 483 518 524 484 584 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.7

Health care and social assistance

441 412 443 450 410 505 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

833 837 820 827 818 869 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

147 140 129 126 142 136 7.3 6.7 6.2 6.0 6.8 6.5

Accommodation and food services

686 697 691 702 675 733 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.8

Government(7)

269 284 291 260 284 308 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4

State and local

238 253 259 235 259 278 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

742 726 680 717 715 765 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9

South

1,786 1,715 1,816 1,835 1,827 1,900 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8

Midwest

980 1,009 1,016 1,016 996 1,097 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.5

West

993 1,079 1,008 1,061 993 1,025 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

2,381 2,487 2,484 2,547 2,510 2,753 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,267 2,355 2,355 2,413 2,364 2,585 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2

Construction

94 121 110 107 127 122 1.6 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.0

Manufacturing

119 115 114 127 121 133 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1

Durable goods

67 67 61 70 68 75 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0

Nondurable goods

52 48 53 57 54 59 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

539 611 588 580 554 558 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1

Retail trade

410 448 442 428 406 396 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.6

Professional and business services

504 438 461 470 454 545 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.8

Education and health services(6)

300 305 323 348 297 364 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.7

Health care and social assistance

268 268 286 310 263 328 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

465 506 532 529 549 584 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

42 52 53 53 53 57 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.7

Accommodation and food services

423 454 480 477 496 527 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.2

Government(7)

114 132 129 134 145 168 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8

State and local

103 122 119 125 139 157 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

328 335 330 339 339 383 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5

South

975 1,019 1,061 1,040 1,030 1,099 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.2

Midwest

567 599 583 590 597 668 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.1

West

510 534 510 578 544 604 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

1,783 1,656 1,657 1,726 1,619 1,647 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,680 1,578 1,558 1,657 1,547 1,571 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

103 78 99 70 72 76 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

346 312 279 321 296 299 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1

South

695 540 599 634 639 638 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3

Midwest

330 317 351 358 332 363 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2

West

413 487 429 413 352 347 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

336 387 378 356 402 388 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

283 313 315 299 335 324 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

53 74 62 57 66 64 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

3,969 5,000 4,762 2.8 3.5 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,595 4,529 4,326 3.0 3.7 3.5

Mining and logging

17 26 26 1.9 2.7 2.7

Construction

114 135 90 1.8 2.1 1.4

Manufacturing

253 292 285 2.1 2.3 2.3

Durable goods

167 172 166 2.2 2.2 2.1

Nondurable goods

87 120 118 1.9 2.6 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

891 889 942 3.3 3.3 3.4

Wholesale trade

124 150 145 2.1 2.5 2.4

Retail trade

596 560 608 3.8 3.5 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

172 179 189 3.3 3.4 3.5

Information

102 81 106 3.7 2.9 3.8

Financial activities

240 378 264 2.9 4.5 3.2

Finance and insurance

204 313 214 3.4 5.0 3.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

36 65 50 1.7 3.0 2.4

Professional and business services

627 935 918 3.2 4.6 4.5

Education and health services

665 878 893 3.1 4.0 4.0

Educational services

62 81 93 1.9 2.6 2.7

Health care and social assistance

603 797 800 3.3 4.2 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

535 722 650 3.6 4.5 4.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

54 81 47 2.5 3.3 2.1

Accommodation and food services

481 641 603 3.7 4.7 4.5

Other services

151 192 152 2.7 3.3 2.7

Government

374 470 436 1.7 2.2 2.0

Federal

44 67 70 1.6 2.4 2.5

State and local

329 403 366 1.7 2.2 1.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

702 863 799 2.7 3.2 3.0

South

1,452 1,896 1,755 2.8 3.6 3.3

Midwest

928 1,138 1,113 2.9 3.5 3.4

West

886 1,103 1,095 2.8 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

4,851 5,203 5,262 3.5 3.7 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,480 4,705 4,849 3.9 4.0 4.1

Mining and logging

30 32 38 3.4 3.4 4.1

Construction

292 325 266 4.8 5.1 4.2

Manufacturing

253 249 287 2.1 2.0 2.3

Durable goods

150 140 155 2.0 1.8 2.0

Nondurable goods

103 109 132 2.3 2.4 2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,002 1,047 1,028 3.9 4.0 3.9

Wholesale trade

132 157 153 2.3 2.7 2.6

Retail trade

690 721 699 4.6 4.7 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

180 168 175 3.5 3.3 3.4

Information

68 78 69 2.6 2.9 2.6

Financial activities

211 189 186 2.7 2.4 2.3

Finance and insurance

129 129 133 2.2 2.2 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

82 60 53 4.0 2.9 2.6

Professional and business services

976 1,076 1,111 5.2 5.5 5.7

Education and health services

629 655 750 3.0 3.1 3.5

Educational services

137 133 172 4.2 4.3 5.1

Health care and social assistance

492 522 578 2.8 2.9 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

835 877 919 5.8 5.7 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

135 118 134 6.5 5.0 6.2

Accommodation and food services

700 759 785 5.6 5.9 6.2

Other services

183 177 195 3.4 3.2 3.5

Government

372 498 413 1.7 2.4 1.9

Federal

26 27 30 0.9 1.0 1.1

State and local

346 471 383 1.8 2.6 2.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

828 732 918 3.2 2.8 3.5

South

1,820 2,110 1,916 3.7 4.2 3.8

Midwest

1,089 1,155 1,202 3.5 3.7 3.8

West

1,114 1,205 1,226 3.6 3.9 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

4,844 5,451 5,178 3.5 3.9 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,521 5,034 4,822 3.9 4.3 4.1

Mining and logging

27 34 32 3.1 3.6 3.4

Construction

297 360 268 4.9 5.7 4.2

Manufacturing

258 296 291 2.1 2.4 2.4

Durable goods

149 170 154 2.0 2.2 2.0

Nondurable goods

109 126 137 2.4 2.8 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

910 1,104 974 3.5 4.2 3.7

Wholesale trade

117 166 144 2.0 2.8 2.4

Retail trade

650 771 665 4.3 5.0 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

143 166 165 2.8 3.2 3.2

Information

73 73 73 2.7 2.7 2.7

Financial activities

219 204 175 2.8 2.5 2.2

Finance and insurance

136 135 121 2.3 2.3 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

84 69 54 4.2 3.3 2.6

Professional and business services

940 1,105 1,084 5.0 5.7 5.6

Education and health services

529 604 615 2.5 2.8 2.9

Educational services

81 116 90 2.5 3.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

448 488 525 2.5 2.7 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,071 1,026 1,094 7.4 6.7 7.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

288 197 252 13.8 8.3 11.7

Accommodation and food services

782 829 843 6.3 6.4 6.6

Other services

197 227 214 3.6 4.1 3.9

Government

322 417 356 1.5 2.0 1.6

Federal

37 30 37 1.3 1.1 1.4

State and local

285 388 319 1.5 2.1 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

892 880 928 3.5 3.4 3.5

South

1,809 2,184 1,940 3.6 4.3 3.8

Midwest

1,071 1,256 1,221 3.5 4.0 3.9

West

1,072 1,131 1,089 3.5 3.6 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

2,554 3,245 2,993 1.9 2.3 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,424 3,014 2,805 2.1 2.5 2.4

Mining and logging

14 22 19 1.6 2.4 2.1

Construction

102 169 132 1.7 2.7 2.1

Manufacturing

129 168 149 1.1 1.4 1.2

Durable goods

69 97 80 0.9 1.2 1.0

Nondurable goods

60 72 70 1.3 1.6 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

588 698 609 2.3 2.6 2.3

Wholesale trade

59 80 86 1.0 1.4 1.5

Retail trade

453 518 432 3.0 3.4 2.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

76 99 91 1.5 1.9 1.7

Information

33 50 40 1.2 1.9 1.5

Financial activities

111 135 108 1.4 1.7 1.3

Finance and insurance

72 85 73 1.2 1.4 1.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

39 49 35 1.9 2.4 1.7

Professional and business services

491 537 547 2.6 2.8 2.8

Education and health services

318 379 390 1.5 1.8 1.8

Educational services

39 58 44 1.2 1.9 1.3

Health care and social assistance

279 321 345 1.6 1.8 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

529 716 673 3.6 4.7 4.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

59 91 78 2.8 3.9 3.6

Accommodation and food services

470 625 595 3.8 4.8 4.7

Other services

110 140 138 2.0 2.5 2.5

Government

130 230 188 0.6 1.1 0.9

Federal

12 10 12 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

118 220 176 0.6 1.2 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

393 456 458 1.5 1.8 1.8

South

1,005 1,297 1,151 2.0 2.6 2.3

Midwest

607 815 733 2.0 2.6 2.3

West

550 676 651 1.8 2.2 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

1,958 1,780 1,804 1.4 1.3 1.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,813 1,669 1,691 1.6 1.4 1.4

Mining and logging

10 10 11 1.2 1.0 1.1

Construction

179 163 127 3.0 2.6 2.0

Manufacturing

109 100 123 0.9 0.8 1.0

Durable goods

68 57 63 0.9 0.7 0.8

Nondurable goods

41 43 60 0.9 0.9 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

234 299 254 0.9 1.1 1.0

Wholesale trade

49 72 49 0.9 1.2 0.8

Retail trade

139 178 148 0.9 1.2 1.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

46 49 56 0.9 1.0 1.1

Information

33 17 23 1.2 0.6 0.9

Financial activities

88 47 35 1.1 0.6 0.4

Finance and insurance

50 30 17 0.9 0.5 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

38 17 18 1.9 0.8 0.9

Professional and business services

410 528 489 2.2 2.7 2.5

Education and health services

167 171 178 0.8 0.8 0.8

Educational services

39 49 43 1.2 1.6 1.3

Health care and social assistance

129 123 135 0.7 0.7 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

504 258 384 3.5 1.7 2.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

222 102 170 10.6 4.3 7.9

Accommodation and food services

282 156 214 2.3 1.2 1.7

Other services

76 75 68 1.4 1.3 1.2

Government

145 111 113 0.7 0.5 0.5

Federal

14 10 16 0.5 0.4 0.6

State and local

131 101 97 0.7 0.6 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

430 342 382 1.7 1.3 1.5

South

693 716 633 1.4 1.4 1.2

Midwest

381 363 423 1.2 1.2 1.3

West

454 358 366 1.5 1.1 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Sept.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)

Total

332 426 381 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

284 351 325 0.2 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

3 2 2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Construction

16 28 10 0.3 0.4 0.2

Manufacturing

20 27 18 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

12 16 12 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

8 11 7 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

88 106 111 0.3 0.4 0.4

Wholesale trade

9 14 8 0.2 0.2 0.1

Retail trade

58 75 85 0.4 0.5 0.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

21 17 19 0.4 0.3 0.4

Information

7 5 10 0.3 0.2 0.4

Financial activities

20 22 33 0.3 0.3 0.4

Finance and insurance

14 20 31 0.2 0.3 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

6 2 2 0.3 0.1 0.1

Professional and business services

38 40 48 0.2 0.2 0.2

Education and health services

44 54 47 0.2 0.3 0.2

Educational services

4 9 2 0.1 0.3 0.1

Health care and social assistance

40 44 45 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

38 52 38 0.3 0.3 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

7 4 4 0.3 0.2 0.2

Accommodation and food services

31 48 33 0.2 0.4 0.3

Other services

11 13 8 0.2 0.2 0.1

Government

48 76 56 0.2 0.4 0.3

Federal

11 9 9 0.4 0.3 0.3

State and local

37 67 47 0.2 0.4 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

70 83 89 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

111 170 156 0.2 0.3 0.3

Midwest

83 77 65 0.3 0.2 0.2

West

68 97 72 0.2 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: November 13, 2014
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