Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, October 7, 2014	USDL-14-1897

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – AUGUST 2014

There were 4.8 million job openings on the last business day of August, up from 4.6 million in July, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.3 percent) was down and the 
separations rate (3.2 percent) was essentially unchanged in August. Within separations, the quits rate 
(1.8 percent) was unchanged and the layoffs and discharges rate (1.1 percent) was little changed. This 
release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm 
sector by industry and by four geographic regions. 

Job Openings

There were 4.8 million job openings on the last business day of August and the rate was 3.4 percent. 
This was the highest level of job openings since January 2001. The number of job openings increased 
for total private and was little changed for government in August. (See table 1.) Job openings levels 
went up in nondurable goods manufacturing, health care and social assistance, and in accommodation 
and food services.  Job openings fell in state and local government and were little changed in all four 
regions.

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in August 
2014 for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The job openings level increased in many of the 
industries and in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 4.6 million hires in August, down from 4.9 million in July and the rate was 3.3 percent. The 
number of hires decreased for total private and was little changed for government. Hires decreased over 
the month in construction and retail trade and also in the South region. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in August, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed 
for total nonfarm, total private, government, and in all four regions. The hires level decreased over the 
year for educational services. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.4 million total separations in August and the rate was 3.2 percent. The number of 
separations was little changed from July for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in August at 2.5 million. The quits rate measured 1.8 percent for 
the seventh month in a row. The number of quits was also little changed in August for total private, 
government, and all four regions. The number of quits decreased in health care and social assistance 
(See table 4.)

The quits level (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in August for total 
nonfarm and government, and was little changed for total private. Over the year, the number of quits 
increased for several industries and in the Midwest. The quits level was down for information and 
federal government. (See table 10.)

The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in August at 1.6 million and the rate was 1.1 
percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month for total private, 
government, and for all four regions. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and 
discharges are not available for individual industries.

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in August for total nonfarm and total private, and was down for government. The number of 
layoffs and discharges increased for wholesale trade over the year and decreased for educational 
services, accommodation and food services, and state and local government. The number was down in 
the Midwest over the year. (See table 11.)

In August, there were 387,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from July. Over the 
month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 322,000 and for 
government at 65,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in August, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) was 
little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in August 2014, hires totaled 56.2 
million and separations totaled 53.6 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.5 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for September 2014 are scheduled to be 
released on Thursday, November 13, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,925 4,605 4,835 4,592 4,934 4,640 4,417 4,629 4,440

Total private(1)

3,552 4,129 4,382 4,301 4,651 4,347 4,144 4,369 4,160

Construction

107 139 115 298 371 298 293 331 272

Manufacturing

283 293 297 254 259 234 242 231 227

Durable goods

191 195 177 151 155 141 130 137 130

Nondurable goods

91 97 120 103 103 93 112 95 97

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

712 806 836 966 1,090 997 934 1,031 986

Retail trade

422 473 513 678 758 675 666 723 682

Professional and business services

715 880 879 976 1,012 995 937 946 932

Education and health services(3)

730 826 886 573 555 513 516 524 485

Health care and social assistance

660 746 809 472 485 442 426 450 409

Leisure and hospitality

532 622 705 763 852 837 736 827 808

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

76 63 73 108 138 128 107 126 133

Accommodation and food services

456 559 632 655 714 709 628 702 674

Government(4)

373 476 453 290 282 292 272 260 280

State and local

334 421 387 265 252 264 239 235 257

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.8 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2

Total private(1)

3.0 3.4 3.6 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.5

Construction

1.8 2.2 1.9 5.1 6.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 4.5

Manufacturing

2.3 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9

Durable goods

2.5 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7

Nondurable goods

2.0 2.1 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.7 3.0 3.1 3.7 4.1 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.7

Retail trade

2.7 3.0 3.2 4.5 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.4

Professional and business services

3.7 4.4 4.4 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8

Education and health services(3)

3.3 3.7 4.0 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3

Health care and social assistance

3.6 4.0 4.3 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

3.6 4.1 4.6 5.3 5.8 5.7 5.1 5.7 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.6 2.9 3.4 5.3 6.6 6.1 5.3 6.0 6.4

Accommodation and food services

3.6 4.3 4.8 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.1 5.6 5.4

Government(4)

1.7 2.1 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3

State and local

1.7 2.2 2.0 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

3,925 4,464 4,577 4,675 4,605 4,835 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,552 4,043 4,131 4,176 4,129 4,382 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6

Construction

107 92 125 152 139 115 1.8 1.5 2.0 2.5 2.2 1.9

Manufacturing

283 275 292 302 293 297 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4

Durable goods

191 179 175 194 195 177 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.3

Nondurable goods

91 95 117 108 97 120 2.0 2.1 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

712 877 731 797 806 836 2.7 3.2 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.1

Retail trade

422 570 419 465 473 513 2.7 3.6 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.2

Professional and business services

715 857 896 909 880 879 3.7 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4

Education and health services(6)

730 726 796 821 826 886 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.7 4.0

Health care and social assistance

660 658 723 728 746 809 3.6 3.5 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

532 677 752 643 622 705 3.6 4.4 4.9 4.2 4.1 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

76 88 79 68 63 73 3.6 4.1 3.6 3.1 2.9 3.4

Accommodation and food services

456 589 674 575 559 632 3.6 4.5 5.1 4.4 4.3 4.8

Government(7)

373 421 446 499 476 453 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.0

State and local

334 362 383 430 421 387 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.0

REGION(8)

Northeast

678 769 793 798 765 791 2.6 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9

South

1,477 1,614 1,695 1,736 1,722 1,851 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5

Midwest

881 1,047 1,075 1,055 1,087 1,065 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

West

889 1,034 1,014 1,086 1,031 1,129 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

4,592 4,770 4,738 4,791 4,934 4,640 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,301 4,477 4,452 4,503 4,651 4,347 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.7

Construction

298 286 301 268 371 298 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.5 6.1 4.9

Manufacturing

254 238 240 268 259 234 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.9

Durable goods

151 145 153 155 155 141 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8

Nondurable goods

103 94 88 113 103 93 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.5 2.3 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

966 1,074 1,073 1,107 1,090 997 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.1 3.8

Retail trade

678 764 742 756 758 675 4.5 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.4

Professional and business services

976 1,010 973 1,002 1,012 995 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.2

Education and health services(6)

573 575 525 538 555 513 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.4

Health care and social assistance

472 499 454 457 485 442 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

763 847 857 855 852 837 5.3 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

108 155 150 143 138 128 5.3 7.4 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.1

Accommodation and food services

655 692 707 712 714 709 5.3 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6

Government(7)

290 293 285 288 282 292 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

265 264 256 255 252 264 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

735 754 726 676 793 706 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.7

South

1,811 1,814 1,870 1,950 1,945 1,803 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.6

Midwest

1,039 1,137 1,122 1,059 1,119 1,019 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.2

West

1,006 1,066 1,020 1,105 1,077 1,112 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

4,417 4,550 4,530 4,520 4,629 4,440 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,144 4,269 4,246 4,229 4,369 4,160 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.5

Construction

293 259 276 241 331 272 5.0 4.3 4.6 4.0 5.5 4.5

Manufacturing

242 236 228 241 231 227 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9

Durable goods

130 143 134 136 137 130 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7

Nondurable goods

112 93 94 106 95 97 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.1 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

934 1,026 1,028 1,023 1,031 986 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.7

Retail trade

666 744 718 711 723 682 4.4 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.4

Professional and business services

937 970 906 937 946 932 5.0 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8

Education and health services(6)

516 531 483 518 524 485 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3

Health care and social assistance

426 468 412 443 450 409 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

736 817 837 820 827 808 5.1 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

107 150 140 129 126 133 5.3 7.2 6.7 6.2 6.0 6.4

Accommodation and food services

628 666 697 691 702 674 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4

Government(7)

272 281 284 291 260 280 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3

State and local

239 248 253 259 235 257 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

747 733 726 680 717 700 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7

South

1,636 1,739 1,715 1,816 1,835 1,781 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.5

Midwest

1,002 1,015 1,009 1,016 1,016 984 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1

West

1,031 1,062 1,079 1,008 1,061 975 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

2,346 2,467 2,487 2,484 2,547 2,473 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,220 2,331 2,355 2,355 2,413 2,328 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0

Construction

103 114 121 110 107 108 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8

Manufacturing

106 111 115 114 127 118 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0

Durable goods

49 61 67 61 70 67 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9

Nondurable goods

57 50 48 53 57 50 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

542 565 611 588 580 543 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1

Retail trade

417 422 448 442 428 398 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6

Professional and business services

458 487 438 461 470 449 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3

Education and health services(6)

300 305 305 323 348 294 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.4

Health care and social assistance

264 270 268 286 310 260 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

448 515 506 532 529 551 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

42 46 52 53 53 47 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3

Accommodation and food services

406 469 454 480 477 504 3.3 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.8 4.0

Government(7)

126 136 132 129 134 146 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7

State and local

114 125 122 119 125 139 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

339 341 335 330 339 332 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

South

961 985 1,019 1,061 1,040 1,022 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0

Midwest

504 573 599 583 590 574 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8

West

542 568 534 510 578 544 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

1,701 1,701 1,656 1,657 1,726 1,580 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,615 1,615 1,578 1,558 1,657 1,511 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

86 86 78 99 70 69 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

338 309 312 279 321 289 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1

South

549 624 540 599 634 602 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2

Midwest

426 354 317 351 358 342 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1

West

388 414 487 429 413 348 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

370 382 387 378 356 387 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

309 323 313 315 299 322 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

61 59 74 62 57 65 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

4,009 4,924 4,986 2.9 3.4 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,607 4,401 4,506 3.0 3.6 3.7

Mining and logging

21 36 28 2.3 3.7 2.9

Construction

120 149 125 1.9 2.3 1.9

Manufacturing

274 334 292 2.2 2.7 2.3

Durable goods

182 230 169 2.3 2.9 2.1

Nondurable goods

92 103 123 2.0 2.2 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

757 893 915 2.8 3.3 3.3

Wholesale trade

139 181 161 2.3 3.0 2.7

Retail trade

464 523 581 3.0 3.3 3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

154 189 172 3.0 3.6 3.2

Information

74 117 70 2.7 4.2 2.5

Financial activities

256 308 379 3.1 3.7 4.5

Finance and insurance

193 229 299 3.2 3.7 4.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

63 78 80 3.0 3.6 3.7

Professional and business services

711 895 881 3.6 4.4 4.3

Education and health services

735 860 907 3.4 3.9 4.1

Educational services

74 91 83 2.4 2.8 2.6

Health care and social assistance

660 769 824 3.6 4.1 4.4

Leisure and hospitality

550 665 727 3.6 4.2 4.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

88 58 84 3.7 2.4 3.4

Accommodation and food services

463 607 644 3.5 4.5 4.7

Other services

109 144 183 1.9 2.5 3.2

Government

401 523 480 1.9 2.5 2.3

Federal

40 51 70 1.4 1.8 2.5

State and local

361 473 410 2.0 2.6 2.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

727 805 854 2.8 3.0 3.2

South

1,449 1,845 1,854 2.8 3.5 3.5

Midwest

935 1,182 1,123 2.9 3.6 3.5

West

898 1,092 1,156 2.9 3.4 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

5,135 5,434 5,095 3.8 3.9 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,617 5,120 4,592 4.0 4.3 3.9

Mining and logging

27 44 32 3.0 4.7 3.4

Construction

288 455 286 4.7 7.2 4.5

Manufacturing

269 295 245 2.2 2.4 2.0

Durable goods

152 172 141 2.0 2.2 1.8

Nondurable goods

116 123 104 2.6 2.7 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,017 1,113 1,034 3.9 4.2 3.9

Wholesale trade

122 166 156 2.1 2.8 2.6

Retail trade

729 756 715 4.8 4.9 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

166 191 163 3.3 3.7 3.2

Information

70 82 74 2.6 3.1 2.8

Financial activities

209 212 216 2.6 2.6 2.7

Finance and insurance

137 142 130 2.3 2.4 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

71 71 85 3.5 3.4 4.1

Professional and business services

1,003 1,078 1,019 5.3 5.6 5.2

Education and health services

739 647 646 3.5 3.1 3.0

Educational services

172 94 122 5.6 3.0 3.9

Health care and social assistance

567 553 524 3.2 3.1 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

812 930 874 5.4 6.1 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

98 141 105 4.3 5.9 4.5

Accommodation and food services

713 789 769 5.6 6.1 5.9

Other services

183 263 166 3.3 4.7 3.0

Government

518 314 503 2.5 1.5 2.4

Federal

27 27 28 1.0 1.0 1.0

State and local

491 287 476 2.7 1.6 2.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

754 934 710 3.0 3.6 2.7

South

2,082 2,093 2,042 4.2 4.2 4.0

Midwest

1,207 1,193 1,150 3.9 3.8 3.7

West

1,092 1,214 1,194 3.6 3.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

5,304 5,083 5,341 3.9 3.7 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,897 4,748 4,932 4.2 4.0 4.2

Mining and logging

26 32 34 2.9 3.5 3.6

Construction

315 365 301 5.2 5.8 4.7

Manufacturing

304 250 288 2.5 2.0 2.4

Durable goods

166 141 168 2.2 1.8 2.2

Nondurable goods

138 109 120 3.1 2.4 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,040 1,072 1,092 4.0 4.1 4.1

Wholesale trade

112 166 161 1.9 2.8 2.7

Retail trade

756 735 764 5.0 4.8 5.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

172 171 167 3.4 3.3 3.3

Information

108 78 77 4.0 2.9 2.9

Financial activities

242 184 242 3.0 2.3 3.0

Finance and insurance

161 122 142 2.7 2.1 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

81 62 100 3.9 3.0 4.8

Professional and business services

1,051 1,001 1,059 5.6 5.2 5.4

Education and health services

657 633 607 3.2 3.0 2.9

Educational services

146 117 121 4.8 3.8 3.9

Health care and social assistance

511 516 486 2.9 2.9 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

921 901 1,024 6.2 5.9 6.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

149 109 182 6.5 4.5 7.7

Accommodation and food services

772 791 842 6.1 6.1 6.5

Other services

233 233 207 4.2 4.2 3.7

Government

407 335 410 2.0 1.6 2.0

Federal

43 23 29 1.5 0.8 1.0

State and local

364 312 381 2.0 1.7 2.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

911 786 856 3.6 3.0 3.3

South

1,955 2,049 2,117 3.9 4.1 4.2

Midwest

1,265 1,060 1,249 4.1 3.4 4.0

West

1,173 1,189 1,119 3.8 3.8 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

3,053 2,962 3,209 2.2 2.1 2.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,854 2,798 2,977 2.5 2.4 2.5

Mining and logging

16 21 22 1.8 2.2 2.4

Construction

132 139 140 2.2 2.2 2.2

Manufacturing

150 150 166 1.2 1.2 1.4

Durable goods

72 79 99 0.9 1.0 1.3

Nondurable goods

78 70 67 1.7 1.6 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

683 618 678 2.6 2.3 2.6

Wholesale trade

66 74 78 1.1 1.2 1.3

Retail trade

530 453 500 3.5 2.9 3.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

87 92 100 1.7 1.8 1.9

Information

67 42 50 2.5 1.5 1.9

Financial activities

147 115 147 1.9 1.4 1.8

Finance and insurance

98 82 88 1.7 1.4 1.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

49 33 59 2.4 1.6 2.8

Professional and business services

564 555 541 3.0 2.9 2.8

Education and health services

382 412 374 1.8 1.9 1.8

Educational services

62 50 59 2.0 1.6 1.9

Health care and social assistance

320 362 315 1.8 2.0 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

595 631 727 4.0 4.1 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

73 73 80 3.2 3.0 3.4

Accommodation and food services

522 558 648 4.1 4.3 5.0

Other services

118 115 133 2.1 2.1 2.4

Government

200 164 231 1.0 0.8 1.1

Federal

18 9 10 0.6 0.3 0.4

State and local

182 155 221 1.0 0.9 1.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

454 383 448 1.8 1.5 1.7

South

1,216 1,205 1,288 2.5 2.4 2.6

Midwest

706 679 793 2.3 2.2 2.5

West

678 695 680 2.2 2.2 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

1,871 1,720 1,721 1.4 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,731 1,626 1,617 1.5 1.4 1.4

Mining and logging

8 9 9 0.9 1.0 1.0

Construction

164 219 138 2.7 3.5 2.2

Manufacturing

130 74 98 1.1 0.6 0.8

Durable goods

80 49 53 1.1 0.6 0.7

Nondurable goods

51 25 46 1.1 0.6 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

264 339 309 1.0 1.3 1.2

Wholesale trade

34 83 69 0.6 1.4 1.2

Retail trade

166 192 189 1.1 1.2 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

65 64 51 1.3 1.2 1.0

Information

35 29 21 1.3 1.1 0.8

Financial activities

67 46 74 0.8 0.6 0.9

Finance and insurance

39 24 35 0.7 0.4 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

28 22 39 1.3 1.0 1.9

Professional and business services

443 392 477 2.4 2.0 2.5

Education and health services

228 179 177 1.1 0.8 0.8

Educational services

76 60 50 2.5 1.9 1.6

Health care and social assistance

152 118 126 0.9 0.7 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

293 237 247 2.0 1.5 1.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

72 33 100 3.1 1.4 4.3

Accommodation and food services

222 204 146 1.8 1.6 1.1

Other services

98 103 67 1.8 1.8 1.2

Government

140 94 104 0.7 0.5 0.5

Federal

12 5 10 0.4 0.2 0.4

State and local

128 88 94 0.7 0.5 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

388 337 327 1.5 1.3 1.3

South

609 654 660 1.2 1.3 1.3

Midwest

475 309 378 1.5 1.0 1.2

West

399 420 356 1.3 1.3 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)
Aug.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014(p)

Total

380 402 411 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

313 325 337 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 3 2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Construction

19 7 24 0.3 0.1 0.4

Manufacturing

24 26 24 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

14 12 17 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

10 13 7 0.2 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92 114 105 0.4 0.4 0.4

Wholesale trade

13 9 13 0.2 0.2 0.2

Retail trade

60 90 75 0.4 0.6 0.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

19 15 17 0.4 0.3 0.3

Information

6 8 7 0.2 0.3 0.2

Financial activities

28 23 22 0.4 0.3 0.3

Finance and insurance

24 16 20 0.4 0.3 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

3 7 2 0.2 0.3 0.1

Professional and business services

45 54 41 0.2 0.3 0.2

Education and health services

47 42 57 0.2 0.2 0.3

Educational services

7 6 11 0.2 0.2 0.4

Health care and social assistance

39 36 45 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

33 33 50 0.2 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4 4 2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Accommodation and food services

29 29 48 0.2 0.2 0.4

Other services

17 14 7 0.3 0.3 0.1

Government

67 77 74 0.3 0.4 0.4

Federal

13 8 8 0.5 0.3 0.3

State and local

55 69 66 0.3 0.4 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

69 65 82 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

132 190 168 0.3 0.4 0.3

Midwest

84 72 78 0.3 0.2 0.2

West

96 74 83 0.3 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: October 07, 2014
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