Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, June 9, 2015      USDL-15-1131

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – APRIL 2015

The number of job openings rose to 5.4 million on the last business day of April, the highest since the 
series began in December 2000, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The number of hires 
was little changed at 5.0 million in April and the number of separations was little changed at 4.9 million. 
Within separations, the quits rate was 1.9 percent and the layoffs and discharges rate was 1.3 percent, 
both little different from the previous month. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of 
job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions. 

Job Openings

Job openings rose to 5.4 million on the last business day of April, the highest point since the series 
began in December 2000. The job openings rate for April 2015 was 3.7 percent. The number of job 
openings increased for total private and was essentially unchanged for government. At the industry 
level, job openings rose over the month in health care and social assistance but fell in arts, 
entertainment, and recreation. In the regions, job openings increased in the West. (See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in April for 
total nonfarm, total private, and government. Job openings increased over the year for many industries 
with the largest changes occurring in professional and business services and in health care and social 
assistance. Job openings decreased over the year in mining and logging and in arts, entertainment, and 
recreation. The number of job openings increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

The number of hires was 5.0 million in April, little changed from March. The hires rate was 3.5 percent. 
The number of hires was little changed for total private and government in April. There was little change 
in the number of hires in all industries and regions over the month. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in April, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for 
total nonfarm and total private, and increased for government. At the industry level, hires increased in 
accommodation and food services and in state and local government. The number of hires decreased 
over the year in mining and logging and in arts, entertainment, and recreation. The number of hires was 
essentially unchanged over the year in all four regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.9 million total separations in April, little changed from March. The separations rate was 
3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and government, and in 
all industries and regions over the month. (See table 3.)

There were 2.7 million quits in April, little changed from March. The quits rate in April was 1.9 
percent. The number of quits was little changed for total private and government over the month. The 
number of quits did not increase over the month for any industries, but fell in retail trade and in 
accommodation and food services. In all four regions, the number of quits was little changed in April. 
(See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in April for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, quits increased in several industries with the 
largest rises occurring in durable goods manufacturing; finance and insurance; and health care and social 
assistance. The number of quits increased over the year in the South region. (See table 10.)

There were 1.8 million layoffs and discharges in April, about the same as in March. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.3 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month 
for total private and government, and in all four regions. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of 
layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries.

The number of layoffs and discharges (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in April for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and discharges 
increased over the year in mining and logging and in accommodation and food services, but decreased in 
health care and social assistance. There was little change in layoffs and discharges over the year in all 
four regions. (See table 11.)

In April, there were 395,000 other separations for total nonfarm, about the same as in March. Over the 
month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 326,000 and for 
government at 69,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in April, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) was 
little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government, and in all industries and regions. (See 
table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in April 2015, hires totaled 60.0 million 
and separations totaled 57.2 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.8 million. These totals 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for May 2015 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

4,417 5,109 5,376 4,790 5,088 5,007 4,522 5,065 4,881

Total private(1)

4,050 4,626 4,887 4,497 4,759 4,669 4,253 4,735 4,553

Construction

110 168 153 304 307 326 269 345 284

Manufacturing

282 333 327 251 257 256 238 264 259

Durable goods

183 211 209 150 152 148 142 152 153

Nondurable goods

99 122 119 101 105 108 97 112 107

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

848 880 968 1,051 1,105 1,039 1,018 1,120 1,033

Retail trade

541 515 543 742 756 718 733 768 714

Professional and business services

866 1,014 1,058 987 1,073 1,035 935 1,019 1,001

Education and health services(3)

732 903 1,009 590 591 596 549 536 522

Health care and social assistance

661 810 910 510 518 513 481 465 452

Leisure and hospitality

679 740 734 849 928 915 798 933 949

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

90 92 67 151 152 123 143 150 132

Accommodation and food services

589 649 667 698 776 792 654 783 817

Government(4)

367 483 489 292 329 339 269 331 328

State and local

305 416 418 262 294 303 238 296 293

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

3.1 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.5

Total private(1)

3.4 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.6 4.0 3.8

Construction

1.8 2.6 2.3 5.0 4.8 5.1 4.4 5.4 4.4

Manufacturing

2.3 2.6 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

2.3 2.6 2.6 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0

Nondurable goods

2.1 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.5 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

3.1 3.2 3.5 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.9

Retail trade

3.4 3.2 3.4 4.8 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.6

Professional and business services

4.4 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.3 4.9 5.2 5.1

Education and health services(3)

3.3 4.0 4.4 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

3.6 4.2 4.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

4.4 4.7 4.7 5.8 6.2 6.1 5.5 6.2 6.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4.1 4.1 3.0 7.2 7.1 5.8 6.9 7.0 6.2

Accommodation and food services

4.5 4.8 4.9 5.6 6.0 6.1 5.2 6.1 6.3

Government(4)

1.7 2.2 2.2 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.5

State and local

1.6 2.1 2.1 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.5 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

4,417 4,877 4,965 5,144 5,109 5,376 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,050 4,396 4,459 4,656 4,626 4,887 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.9

Construction

110 140 137 160 168 153 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.6 2.3

Manufacturing

282 310 324 323 333 327 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

Durable goods

183 195 199 206 211 209 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6

Nondurable goods

99 115 125 117 122 119 2.1 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

848 831 844 903 880 968 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.5

Retail trade

541 516 494 543 515 543 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.4

Professional and business services

866 967 929 940 1,014 1,058 4.4 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.9 5.1

Education and health services(6)

732 923 907 925 903 1,009 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.4

Health care and social assistance

661 837 812 818 810 910 3.6 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.7

Leisure and hospitality

679 651 727 734 740 734 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

90 65 64 73 92 67 4.1 3.0 2.9 3.3 4.1 3.0

Accommodation and food services

589 586 663 661 649 667 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9

Government(7)

367 482 506 488 483 489 1.7 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2

State and local

305 409 432 420 416 418 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1

REGION(8)

Northeast

764 817 817 856 827 857 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.1

South

1,658 1,902 1,867 1,862 1,881 1,993 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.7

Midwest

1,042 1,086 1,140 1,229 1,203 1,201 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.6

West

953 1,072 1,141 1,197 1,198 1,325 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

4,790 5,239 4,994 5,011 5,088 5,007 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,497 4,920 4,679 4,700 4,759 4,669 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9

Construction

304 438 353 326 307 326 5.0 7.0 5.6 5.1 4.8 5.1

Manufacturing

251 276 259 259 257 256 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

150 164 157 154 152 148 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9

Nondurable goods

101 112 102 105 105 108 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,051 1,118 1,080 1,042 1,105 1,039 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.1 3.9

Retail trade

742 787 760 714 756 718 4.8 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.6

Professional and business services

987 1,040 1,003 1,033 1,073 1,035 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.3

Education and health services(6)

590 602 563 619 591 596 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

510 528 499 527 518 513 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

849 930 901 919 928 915 5.8 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

151 137 144 147 152 123 7.2 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.1 5.8

Accommodation and food services

698 793 757 772 776 792 5.6 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.1

Government(7)

292 319 315 311 329 339 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5

State and local

262 289 280 278 294 303 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

749 819 719 820 784 770 2.9 3.1 2.7 3.1 3.0 2.9

South

1,799 2,072 1,986 1,881 1,947 1,919 3.6 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.7

Midwest

1,164 1,170 1,182 1,179 1,215 1,209 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8

West

1,078 1,177 1,108 1,131 1,142 1,109 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

4,522 4,901 4,834 4,793 5,065 4,881 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,253 4,593 4,504 4,466 4,735 4,553 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.8

Construction

269 393 299 311 345 284 4.4 6.3 4.7 4.9 5.4 4.4

Manufacturing

238 253 251 264 264 259 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

142 146 147 157 152 153 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0

Nondurable goods

97 108 104 107 112 107 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,018 1,079 1,076 956 1,120 1,033 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.6 4.2 3.9

Retail trade

733 767 743 652 768 714 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.2 4.9 4.6

Professional and business services

935 942 1,003 1,006 1,019 1,001 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1

Education and health services(6)

549 541 529 558 536 522 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

481 470 462 496 465 452 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

798 881 863 859 933 949 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.7 6.2 6.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

143 131 148 153 150 132 6.9 6.1 6.9 7.2 7.0 6.2

Accommodation and food services

654 750 715 706 783 817 5.2 5.9 5.6 5.5 6.1 6.3

Government(7)

269 308 330 327 331 328 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

State and local

238 280 282 293 296 293 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

715 844 795 722 785 755 2.8 3.2 3.0 2.7 3.0 2.9

South

1,731 1,989 1,917 1,905 1,942 1,949 3.4 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8

Midwest

1,039 976 1,052 1,065 1,193 1,139 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.8 3.6

West

1,038 1,092 1,070 1,101 1,145 1,037 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

2,413 2,715 2,779 2,720 2,769 2,669 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,282 2,572 2,636 2,571 2,611 2,518 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1

Construction

118 144 105 118 122 105 1.9 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.6

Manufacturing

111 135 140 131 129 141 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1

Durable goods

61 77 85 75 72 83 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.1

Nondurable goods

50 58 54 56 56 59 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

555 650 623 564 649 610 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.3

Retail trade

413 459 452 413 492 443 2.7 3.0 2.9 2.7 3.2 2.8

Professional and business services

451 444 554 516 474 491 2.4 2.3 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.5

Education and health services(6)

310 336 361 388 353 345 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.6

Health care and social assistance

275 297 327 357 313 308 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

499 588 582 560 613 556 3.4 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.1 3.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49 49 56 52 46 47 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.2

Accommodation and food services

449 540 526 508 567 509 3.6 4.2 4.1 3.9 4.4 3.9

Government(7)

131 144 143 149 158 151 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

State and local

120 133 132 137 147 140 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

340 422 385 348 398 374 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.4

South

957 1,169 1,126 1,098 1,128 1,108 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2

Midwest

572 528 637 631 629 594 1.8 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9

West

543 596 631 643 613 593 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

1,703 1,725 1,722 1,688 1,894 1,817 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,621 1,623 1,603 1,579 1,791 1,709 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

82 102 119 110 103 108 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

288 355 335 305 308 313 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

South

627 617 656 662 690 697 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

Midwest

383 358 370 340 479 449 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.4

West

405 394 361 381 418 358 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

406 461 333 385 403 395 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

349 399 265 316 333 326 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

57 62 68 69 70 69 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

4,816 5,048 5,851 3.4 3.5 4.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,437 4,569 5,346 3.7 3.7 4.3

Mining and logging

25 18 17 2.8 2.0 2.0

Construction

136 173 182 2.2 2.8 2.8

Manufacturing

301 332 349 2.4 2.6 2.8

Durable goods

199 214 227 2.5 2.7 2.8

Nondurable goods

102 117 122 2.2 2.5 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

880 859 1,017 3.3 3.1 3.7

Wholesale trade

166 139 179 2.8 2.3 2.9

Retail trade

555 511 569 3.5 3.2 3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

158 209 269 3.0 3.8 4.9

Information

131 102 112 4.6 3.5 3.9

Financial activities

295 244 403 3.6 2.9 4.8

Finance and insurance

248 173 305 4.0 2.8 4.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

47 71 98 2.3 3.4 4.5

Professional and business services

935 994 1,153 4.7 4.9 5.6

Education and health services

785 869 1,091 3.5 3.8 4.7

Educational services

76 86 103 2.1 2.3 2.8

Health care and social assistance

709 783 988 3.8 4.1 5.1

Leisure and hospitality

793 778 845 5.2 5.0 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

118 96 84 5.5 4.6 3.9

Accommodation and food services

675 682 761 5.1 5.1 5.6

Other services

156 200 177 2.7 3.5 3.0

Government

379 479 505 1.7 2.1 2.2

Federal

66 79 79 2.3 2.8 2.8

State and local

314 400 426 1.6 2.0 2.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

832 788 944 3.1 2.9 3.5

South

1,832 1,887 2,225 3.5 3.6 4.2

Midwest

1,120 1,193 1,282 3.5 3.6 3.9

West

1,032 1,179 1,401 3.2 3.6 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

5,216 4,781 5,423 3.8 3.4 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,001 4,534 5,162 4.3 3.8 4.3

Mining and logging

44 29 31 5.0 3.3 3.7

Construction

395 296 414 6.6 4.9 6.6

Manufacturing

268 254 271 2.2 2.1 2.2

Durable goods

167 152 163 2.2 2.0 2.1

Nondurable goods

102 102 108 2.3 2.3 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,111 1,056 1,084 4.3 4.0 4.1

Wholesale trade

166 165 150 2.9 2.8 2.6

Retail trade

786 736 745 5.2 4.8 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

159 154 189 3.1 2.9 3.6

Information

79 72 74 2.9 2.6 2.7

Financial activities

195 171 217 2.5 2.1 2.7

Finance and insurance

114 124 136 1.9 2.1 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

81 47 81 4.0 2.3 3.9

Professional and business services

1,120 1,021 1,172 5.9 5.3 6.0

Education and health services

573 515 579 2.7 2.3 2.6

Educational services

50 48 52 1.4 1.3 1.4

Health care and social assistance

523 468 527 2.9 2.5 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,035 941 1,112 7.1 6.4 7.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

212 151 172 10.4 7.6 8.2

Accommodation and food services

823 790 940 6.6 6.2 7.3

Other services

180 179 208 3.2 3.2 3.7

Government

216 247 261 1.0 1.1 1.2

Federal

30 35 37 1.1 1.3 1.4

State and local

185 212 224 0.9 1.1 1.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

827 723 848 3.2 2.8 3.2

South

1,958 1,875 2,079 3.9 3.7 4.1

Midwest

1,311 1,128 1,360 4.2 3.6 4.3

West

1,121 1,056 1,136 3.6 3.3 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

4,431 4,338 4,749 3.2 3.1 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,244 4,112 4,520 3.7 3.5 3.8

Mining and logging

28 42 40 3.2 4.9 4.7

Construction

258 278 259 4.3 4.6 4.1

Manufacturing

235 237 259 1.9 1.9 2.1

Durable goods

142 140 156 1.9 1.8 2.0

Nondurable goods

93 97 102 2.1 2.2 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

971 945 999 3.7 3.6 3.8

Wholesale trade

128 147 138 2.2 2.5 2.3

Retail trade

705 640 696 4.7 4.2 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

139 158 165 2.7 3.0 3.1

Information

72 78 71 2.7 2.8 2.5

Financial activities

186 161 213 2.4 2.0 2.6

Finance and insurance

121 120 140 2.1 2.0 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

65 41 73 3.2 2.0 3.6

Professional and business services

996 961 1,058 5.3 5.0 5.4

Education and health services

542 480 521 2.5 2.2 2.4

Educational services

50 47 51 1.4 1.3 1.4

Health care and social assistance

492 433 470 2.7 2.4 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

799 765 922 5.5 5.2 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

158 110 146 7.8 5.5 7.0

Accommodation and food services

641 656 776 5.1 5.2 6.0

Other services

157 165 179 2.8 3.0 3.2

Government

187 227 228 0.8 1.0 1.0

Federal

28 31 31 1.0 1.2 1.1

State and local

159 195 197 0.8 1.0 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

697 627 721 2.7 2.4 2.7

South

1,740 1,734 1,960 3.5 3.4 3.8

Midwest

974 964 1,068 3.1 3.1 3.4

West

1,020 1,013 999 3.3 3.2 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. .
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

2,463 2,466 2,705 1.8 1.8 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,360 2,346 2,585 2.0 2.0 2.2

Mining and logging

17 10 14 1.9 1.2 1.6

Construction

124 105 109 2.1 1.7 1.7

Manufacturing

116 121 150 1.0 1.0 1.2

Durable goods

66 70 90 0.9 0.9 1.2

Nondurable goods

50 51 60 1.1 1.1 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

576 572 633 2.2 2.2 2.4

Wholesale trade

72 77 89 1.2 1.3 1.5

Retail trade

424 421 453 2.8 2.7 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

80 73 91 1.6 1.4 1.7

Information

38 45 40 1.4 1.6 1.4

Financial activities

88 91 118 1.1 1.1 1.5

Finance and insurance

52 69 75 0.9 1.2 1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

35 22 43 1.8 1.1 2.1

Professional and business services

461 454 498 2.4 2.3 2.5

Education and health services

312 322 345 1.5 1.5 1.6

Educational services

30 30 31 0.8 0.8 0.8

Health care and social assistance

282 292 315 1.6 1.6 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

526 532 574 3.6 3.6 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

45 35 41 2.2 1.8 2.0

Accommodation and food services

481 497 532 3.9 3.9 4.1

Other services

104 93 104 1.9 1.7 1.9

Government

102 120 121 0.5 0.5 0.5

Federal

10 10 11 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

92 109 110 0.5 0.6 0.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

346 337 375 1.3 1.3 1.4

South

1,009 1,042 1,164 2.0 2.0 2.3

Midwest

565 538 580 1.8 1.7 1.8

West

543 549 587 1.7 1.7 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

1,608 1,525 1,679 1.2 1.1 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,563 1,466 1,620 1.3 1.2 1.4

Mining and logging

9 30 24 1.0 3.5 2.8

Construction

126 151 133 2.1 2.5 2.1

Manufacturing

97 92 85 0.8 0.8 0.7

Durable goods

63 56 54 0.8 0.7 0.7

Nondurable goods

34 36 31 0.8 0.8 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

308 289 278 1.2 1.1 1.0

Wholesale trade

46 64 34 0.8 1.1 0.6

Retail trade

218 159 187 1.4 1.0 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

44 66 56 0.9 1.3 1.1

Information

28 25 23 1.0 0.9 0.8

Financial activities

65 50 73 0.8 0.6 0.9

Finance and insurance

40 36 45 0.7 0.6 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

25 13 28 1.3 0.7 1.4

Professional and business services

472 439 491 2.5 2.3 2.5

Education and health services

177 120 119 0.8 0.5 0.5

Educational services

17 15 17 0.5 0.4 0.5

Health care and social assistance

160 105 101 0.9 0.6 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

244 208 330 1.7 1.4 2.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

112 72 102 5.5 3.6 4.9

Accommodation and food services

132 136 228 1.1 1.1 1.8

Other services

36 62 64 0.6 1.1 1.1

Government

45 59 60 0.2 0.3 0.3

Federal

9 13 11 0.3 0.5 0.4

State and local

36 46 49 0.2 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

270 221 282 1.0 0.8 1.1

South

606 598 665 1.2 1.2 1.3

Midwest

339 361 402 1.1 1.1 1.3

West

393 345 330 1.3 1.1 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)
Apr.
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015(p)

Total

360 348 364 0.3 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

321 300 316 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

3 2 2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Construction

8 21 17 0.1 0.4 0.3

Manufacturing

22 24 24 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

13 14 12 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

9 10 12 0.2 0.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

87 83 88 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

10 5 15 0.2 0.1 0.2

Retail trade

63 59 56 0.4 0.4 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

14 19 18 0.3 0.4 0.3

Information

6 8 8 0.2 0.3 0.3

Financial activities

33 19 22 0.4 0.2 0.3

Finance and insurance

29 14 20 0.5 0.2 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

4 5 2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Professional and business services

62 68 69 0.3 0.4 0.4

Education and health services

53 38 57 0.2 0.2 0.3

Educational services

3 2 3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

50 36 54 0.3 0.2 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

29 25 18 0.2 0.2 0.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 2 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

27 23 16 0.2 0.2 0.1

Other services

17 10 11 0.3 0.2 0.2

Government

40 48 48 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

8 9 10 0.3 0.3 0.4

State and local

31 40 38 0.2 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

81 68 65 0.3 0.3 0.2

South

126 95 130 0.3 0.2 0.3

Midwest

70 64 86 0.2 0.2 0.3

West

84 120 83 0.3 0.4 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: June 09, 2015
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