Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 9, 2014	USDL-14-2206

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – OCTOBER 2014

There were 4.8 million job openings on the last business day of October, little changed from 4.7 million 
in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires (5.1 million) and separations 
(4.8 million) were steady in October. Within separations, the quits rate (1.9 percent) was little changed 
and the layoffs and discharges rate (1.2 percent) was unchanged. This release includes estimates of the 
number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four 
geographic regions.

Job Openings

There were 4.8 million job openings on the last business day of October. The job openings rate was 3.3 
percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and declined for government in 
October. (See table 1.) The level of job openings decreased for state and local government. The job 
openings level was little changed in all four regions.

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in October 
for total nonfarm and total private, and was little changed for government. The job openings level 
increased over the year for many industries, including both professional and business services and 
accommodation and food services. The number of openings also increased over the year in all four 
regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

The hires level was unchanged at 5.1 million in October, maintaining the prior month’s increase. The 
hires rate in October was 3.6 percent. The number of hires was little changed for total private and 
government. Hires increased over the month in retail trade and was little changed in all four regions. 
(See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in October, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for total 
nonfarm and total private, and was little changed for government. The hires level increased over the year 
in many industries, including retail trade and professional and business services. The number of hires 
increased in the Midwest and South regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.8 million total separations in October, little changed from September. The separations 
rate was 3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and government 
and in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was unchanged at 2.7 million in October, maintaining the prior month’s increase. 
The quits rate in October was 1.9 percent. The number of quits was little changed for total private and 
government. The quits level increased in retail trade and decreased in the Midwest region. (See table 4.)

The quits level (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in October for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, the number of quits increased for many 
industries, including both retail trade and health care and social assistance. The number of quits also 
increased over the year in three out of the four regions:  Northeast, South, and West. (See table 10.)

The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in October at 1.7 million. The rate was 1.2 
percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month for total private, 
unchanged for government, and rose in the Midwest region. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted estimates 
of layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries.

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in October for total nonfarm. The number increased for total private and decreased for 
government. The number of layoffs and discharges increased over the year in three industries:  
nondurable goods manufacturing; transportation, warehousing, and utilities; and professional and 
business services. The number decreased over the year in three industries:  mining and logging; real 
estate and rental and leasing; and federal government. The number of layoffs and discharges rose over 
the year in the Midwest region. (See table 11.)

In October, there were 405,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from September. 
Over the month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 331,000 and for 
government at 74,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in October, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) rose 
for total nonfarm and total private, and was little changed for government. The number rose over the 
year for many industries, including retail trade and professional and business services. The number fell 
over the year in finance and insurance. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in October 2014, hires totaled 57.2 
million and separations totaled 54.5 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.6 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for November 2014 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, January 13, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,996 4,685 4,834 4,512 5,075 5,055 4,305 4,809 4,824

Total private(1)

3,603 4,219 4,421 4,232 4,764 4,749 3,975 4,500 4,513

Construction

129 112 136 348 284 305 310 263 280

Manufacturing

280 293 290 229 279 275 208 256 260

Durable goods

174 179 190 140 160 166 126 142 147

Nondurable goods

106 115 100 90 119 109 82 115 114

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

711 803 840 966 1,020 1,143 911 977 1,051

Retail trade

455 493 486 687 693 778 636 679 719

Professional and business services

729 941 937 886 1,168 1,079 851 1,088 1,066

Education and health services(3)

672 872 878 530 636 605 496 578 576

Health care and social assistance

599 776 786 454 543 515 426 495 496

Leisure and hospitality

535 661 735 813 887 883 752 861 827

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

81 52 66 138 142 137 116 136 128

Accommodation and food services

455 608 669 675 745 746 636 725 698

Government(4)

393 466 413 281 311 306 330 308 311

State and local

354 395 354 252 281 278 284 277 279

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.8 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.1 3.4 3.5

Total private(1)

3.0 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.8

Construction

2.2 1.8 2.2 5.9 4.7 5.0 5.3 4.3 4.6

Manufacturing

2.3 2.4 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.3 1.7 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

2.2 2.3 2.4 1.8 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.8 1.9

Nondurable goods

2.3 2.5 2.2 2.0 2.7 2.4 1.8 2.6 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.7 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.8 4.3 3.5 3.7 4.0

Retail trade

2.9 3.1 3.1 4.5 4.5 5.0 4.2 4.4 4.7

Professional and business services

3.7 4.6 4.6 4.7 6.0 5.6 4.5 5.6 5.5

Education and health services(3)

3.1 3.9 3.9 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.3 2.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

3.2 4.1 4.1 2.5 3.0 2.8 2.4 2.7 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

3.6 4.3 4.7 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.2 5.9 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.8 2.4 3.0 6.7 6.7 6.5 5.7 6.4 6.1

Accommodation and food services

3.6 4.6 5.0 5.5 5.9 5.9 5.2 5.8 5.5

Government(4)

1.8 2.1 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4

State and local

1.8 2.0 1.8 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

3,996 4,675 4,605 4,853 4,685 4,834 2.8 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,603 4,176 4,129 4,411 4,219 4,421 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.6

Construction

129 152 139 121 112 136 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.2

Manufacturing

280 302 293 296 293 290 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3

Durable goods

174 194 195 179 179 190 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.4

Nondurable goods

106 108 97 118 115 100 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.6 2.5 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

711 797 806 821 803 840 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1

Retail trade

455 465 473 500 493 486 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1

Professional and business services

729 909 880 928 941 937 3.7 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.6

Education and health services(6)

672 821 826 866 872 878 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.9

Health care and social assistance

599 728 746 789 776 786 3.2 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

535 643 622 700 661 735 3.6 4.2 4.1 4.6 4.3 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

81 68 63 71 52 66 3.8 3.1 2.9 3.3 2.4 3.0

Accommodation and food services

455 575 559 629 608 669 3.6 4.4 4.3 4.8 4.6 5.0

Government(7)

393 499 476 443 466 413 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.8

State and local

354 430 421 378 395 354 1.8 2.2 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

667 798 765 796 769 777 2.5 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.9

South

1,445 1,736 1,722 1,897 1,816 1,868 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.6

Midwest

961 1,055 1,087 1,076 1,064 1,115 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

West

923 1,086 1,031 1,084 1,035 1,075 2.9 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

4,512 4,791 4,934 4,742 5,075 5,055 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,232 4,503 4,651 4,450 4,764 4,749 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.0

Construction

348 268 371 330 284 305 5.9 4.5 6.1 5.4 4.7 5.0

Manufacturing

229 268 259 236 279 275 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.3

Durable goods

140 155 155 139 160 166 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods

90 113 103 97 119 109 2.0 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.7 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

966 1,107 1,090 1,011 1,020 1,143 3.7 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.8 4.3

Retail trade

687 756 758 686 693 778 4.5 4.9 4.9 4.5 4.5 5.0

Professional and business services

886 1,002 1,012 1,049 1,168 1,079 4.7 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.0 5.6

Education and health services(6)

530 538 555 514 636 605 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.9 2.8

Health care and social assistance

454 457 485 437 543 515 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4 3.0 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

813 855 852 845 887 883 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 6.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

138 143 138 136 142 137 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.5

Accommodation and food services

675 712 714 709 745 746 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.9

Government(7)

281 288 282 293 311 306 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4

State and local

252 255 252 265 281 278 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

712 676 793 728 827 778 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.0

South

1,775 1,950 1,945 1,872 1,971 2,022 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.0

Midwest

956 1,059 1,119 1,018 1,139 1,136 3.1 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.6

West

1,069 1,105 1,077 1,124 1,139 1,120 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

4,305 4,520 4,629 4,531 4,809 4,824 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,975 4,229 4,369 4,247 4,500 4,513 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8

Construction

310 241 331 316 263 280 5.3 4.0 5.5 5.2 4.3 4.6

Manufacturing

208 241 231 237 256 260 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

126 136 137 134 142 147 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9

Nondurable goods

82 106 95 103 115 114 1.8 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

911 1,023 1,031 987 977 1,051 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.7 4.0

Retail trade

636 711 723 681 679 719 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.7

Professional and business services

851 937 946 974 1,088 1,066 4.5 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.6 5.5

Education and health services(6)

496 518 524 484 578 576 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

426 443 450 410 495 496 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

752 820 827 818 861 827 5.2 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

116 129 126 142 136 128 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.8 6.4 6.1

Accommodation and food services

636 691 702 675 725 698 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.5

Government(7)

330 291 260 284 308 311 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4

State and local

284 259 235 259 277 279 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

676 680 717 715 756 784 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.0

South

1,753 1,816 1,835 1,827 1,943 1,909 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8

Midwest

934 1,016 1,016 996 1,065 1,090 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.5

West

942 1,008 1,061 993 1,044 1,041 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

2,426 2,484 2,547 2,510 2,735 2,720 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,290 2,355 2,413 2,364 2,574 2,563 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2

Construction

90 110 107 127 109 107 1.5 1.8 1.8 2.1 1.8 1.7

Manufacturing

108 114 127 121 131 127 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0

Durable goods

63 61 70 68 73 75 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0

Nondurable goods

45 53 57 54 59 52 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

557 588 580 554 565 622 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.3

Retail trade

408 442 428 406 402 453 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.9

Professional and business services

475 461 470 454 572 527 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 3.0 2.7

Education and health services(6)

309 323 348 297 343 352 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.6

Health care and social assistance

273 286 310 263 305 304 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

517 532 529 549 566 557 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

48 53 53 53 53 55 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6

Accommodation and food services

469 480 477 496 513 501 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.0

Government(7)

136 129 134 145 161 157 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7

State and local

124 119 125 139 150 146 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

344 330 339 339 372 396 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5

South

1,017 1,061 1,040 1,030 1,119 1,142 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.3

Midwest

550 583 590 597 665 573 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.8

West

515 510 578 544 579 608 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

1,547 1,657 1,726 1,619 1,653 1,700 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,423 1,558 1,657 1,547 1,573 1,618 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

124 99 70 72 81 81 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

258 279 321 296 300 318 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2

South

612 599 634 639 645 594 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2

Midwest

330 351 358 332 336 439 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.4

West

347 429 413 352 371 348 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

332 378 356 402 420 405 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

262 315 299 335 354 331 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

70 62 57 66 66 74 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

4,214 4,694 5,109 3.0 3.2 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,821 4,236 4,709 3.2 3.5 3.8

Mining and logging

25 28 36 2.7 2.8 3.8

Construction

129 105 142 2.1 1.6 2.2

Manufacturing

286 296 295 2.3 2.4 2.4

Durable goods

170 175 189 2.2 2.2 2.4

Nondurable goods

116 121 107 2.5 2.6 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

795 901 937 3.0 3.3 3.4

Wholesale trade

112 137 163 1.9 2.3 2.7

Retail trade

549 586 581 3.5 3.7 3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

134 178 193 2.6 3.3 3.5

Information

130 101 89 4.6 3.6 3.2

Financial activities

267 260 358 3.3 3.2 4.3

Finance and insurance

230 210 296 3.8 3.4 4.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

37 50 62 1.8 2.4 2.9

Professional and business services

795 891 1,021 4.0 4.4 5.0

Education and health services

710 863 919 3.2 3.9 4.0

Educational services

77 95 101 2.1 2.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

633 767 819 3.4 4.1 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

531 648 741 3.6 4.2 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

80 47 66 3.8 2.1 3.1

Accommodation and food services

451 601 675 3.5 4.5 5.1

Other services

153 144 169 2.7 2.5 3.0

Government

393 458 400 1.7 2.1 1.8

Federal

37 69 54 1.3 2.5 2.0

State and local

356 388 346 1.8 2.0 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

732 776 851 2.7 2.9 3.1

South

1,495 1,787 1,951 2.9 3.4 3.7

Midwest

1,012 1,092 1,170 3.1 3.3 3.6

West

975 1,039 1,137 3.1 3.2 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

4,741 5,296 5,349 3.4 3.8 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,475 4,896 5,068 3.9 4.2 4.3

Mining and logging

34 36 34 3.9 3.9 3.6

Construction

348 272 306 5.7 4.3 4.8

Manufacturing

228 285 279 1.9 2.3 2.3

Durable goods

136 157 165 1.8 2.0 2.1

Nondurable goods

92 127 114 2.0 2.8 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,157 1,028 1,369 4.4 3.9 5.1

Wholesale trade

133 151 170 2.3 2.6 2.9

Retail trade

858 701 967 5.6 4.6 6.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

165 176 231 3.2 3.4 4.4

Information

73 71 85 2.7 2.6 3.1

Financial activities

208 192 186 2.6 2.4 2.3

Finance and insurance

133 139 123 2.3 2.4 2.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

75 53 63 3.7 2.6 3.1

Professional and business services

929 1,132 1,134 4.9 5.8 5.8

Education and health services

552 764 647 2.6 3.6 3.0

Educational services

79 192 95 2.2 5.7 2.6

Health care and social assistance

473 572 553 2.6 3.2 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

777 924 855 5.4 6.2 5.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

109 138 108 5.4 6.4 5.2

Accommodation and food services

668 786 747 5.4 6.2 5.9

Other services

170 191 173 3.1 3.5 3.1

Government

266 400 281 1.2 1.8 1.3

Federal

28 30 27 1.0 1.1 1.0

State and local

237 370 254 1.2 1.9 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

736 949 804 2.8 3.6 3.0

South

1,885 1,961 2,168 3.8 3.9 4.2

Midwest

990 1,170 1,186 3.2 3.7 3.7

West

1,130 1,216 1,192 3.7 3.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

4,387 5,181 4,991 3.2 3.7 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,128 4,822 4,734 3.6 4.1 4.0

Mining and logging

29 31 34 3.3 3.3 3.6

Construction

346 269 318 5.7 4.3 5.0

Manufacturing

222 279 279 1.8 2.3 2.3

Durable goods

132 151 153 1.8 2.0 2.0

Nondurable goods

89 128 125 2.0 2.8 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

912 980 1,073 3.5 3.7 4.0

Wholesale trade

145 138 175 2.5 2.3 3.0

Retail trade

625 676 712 4.1 4.4 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

143 166 185 2.8 3.2 3.5

Information

62 72 84 2.3 2.7 3.1

Financial activities

199 184 181 2.5 2.3 2.3

Finance and insurance

125 130 118 2.1 2.2 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

74 53 62 3.7 2.6 3.0

Professional and business services

845 1,079 1,082 4.5 5.5 5.5

Education and health services

456 613 536 2.1 2.8 2.5

Educational services

50 93 57 1.4 2.8 1.6

Health care and social assistance

406 520 479 2.3 2.9 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

883 1,097 969 6.2 7.4 6.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

155 258 164 7.7 12.0 7.9

Accommodation and food services

728 839 805 5.9 6.6 6.4

Other services

174 218 180 3.2 4.0 3.3

Government

259 359 257 1.2 1.6 1.2

Federal

46 38 34 1.7 1.4 1.3

State and local

213 321 223 1.1 1.7 1.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

695 918 825 2.7 3.5 3.1

South

1,771 1,984 1,970 3.5 3.9 3.9

Midwest

945 1,164 1,115 3.0 3.7 3.5

West

976 1,115 1,082 3.2 3.6 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

2,478 2,964 2,821 1.8 2.1 2.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,364 2,781 2,684 2.0 2.4 2.3

Mining and logging

12 20 21 1.3 2.1 2.3

Construction

104 114 120 1.7 1.8 1.9

Manufacturing

114 147 132 0.9 1.2 1.1

Durable goods

66 76 81 0.9 1.0 1.0

Nondurable goods

48 71 51 1.1 1.6 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

574 611 663 2.2 2.3 2.5

Wholesale trade

84 83 98 1.5 1.4 1.7

Retail trade

420 436 476 2.8 2.9 3.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

70 92 89 1.4 1.8 1.7

Information

34 38 53 1.3 1.4 2.0

Financial activities

87 111 112 1.1 1.4 1.4

Finance and insurance

56 75 75 0.9 1.3 1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

31 36 38 1.5 1.7 1.8

Professional and business services

473 578 534 2.5 3.0 2.7

Education and health services

306 371 353 1.4 1.7 1.6

Educational services

30 47 40 0.9 1.4 1.1

Health care and social assistance

276 323 312 1.5 1.8 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

561 647 608 3.9 4.3 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49 71 57 2.4 3.3 2.8

Accommodation and food services

511 576 551 4.2 4.5 4.4

Other services

100 145 87 1.8 2.6 1.6

Government

114 182 137 0.5 0.8 0.6

Federal

11 12 10 0.4 0.5 0.4

State and local

103 170 127 0.5 0.9 0.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

350 450 411 1.4 1.7 1.6

South

1,020 1,165 1,174 2.0 2.3 2.3

Midwest

580 729 598 1.9 2.3 1.9

West

528 620 637 1.7 2.0 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

1,599 1,799 1,790 1.2 1.3 1.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,504 1,679 1,719 1.3 1.4 1.5

Mining and logging

16 8 11 1.8 0.9 1.2

Construction

235 144 177 3.9 2.3 2.8

Manufacturing

91 113 119 0.8 0.9 1.0

Durable goods

55 62 54 0.7 0.8 0.7

Nondurable goods

36 51 65 0.8 1.1 1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

257 254 299 1.0 1.0 1.1

Wholesale trade

50 48 53 0.9 0.8 0.9

Retail trade

158 152 166 1.0 1.0 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

49 54 80 1.0 1.0 1.5

Information

21 24 26 0.8 0.9 1.0

Financial activities

71 36 49 0.9 0.5 0.6

Finance and insurance

36 21 35 0.6 0.4 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

35 15 13 1.7 0.7 0.6

Professional and business services

337 440 488 1.8 2.3 2.5

Education and health services

124 187 152 0.6 0.9 0.7

Educational services

18 41 14 0.5 1.2 0.4

Health care and social assistance

106 146 138 0.6 0.8 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

289 408 320 2.0 2.7 2.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

104 183 101 5.2 8.5 4.9

Accommodation and food services

185 225 219 1.5 1.8 1.7

Other services

61 64 77 1.1 1.2 1.4

Government

95 119 71 0.4 0.5 0.3

Federal

22 16 14 0.8 0.6 0.5

State and local

73 103 57 0.4 0.5 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

271 380 346 1.0 1.5 1.3

South

636 645 629 1.3 1.3 1.2

Midwest

320 372 450 1.0 1.2 1.4

West

373 402 365 1.2 1.3 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014(p)

Total

310 419 381 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

261 361 332 0.2 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 2 1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Construction

7 11 21 0.1 0.2 0.3

Manufacturing

17 19 27 0.1 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

11 12 18 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

5 6 9 0.1 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

81 116 110 0.3 0.4 0.4

Wholesale trade

11 7 24 0.2 0.1 0.4

Retail trade

47 88 71 0.3 0.6 0.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

24 20 16 0.5 0.4 0.3

Information

7 10 5 0.3 0.4 0.2

Financial activities

41 36 19 0.5 0.4 0.2

Finance and insurance

33 34 8 0.6 0.6 0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

8 2 11 0.4 0.1 0.5

Professional and business services

35 62 60 0.2 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

26 56 31 0.1 0.3 0.1

Educational services

2 5 3 0.1 0.2 0.1

Health care and social assistance

24 50 28 0.1 0.3 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

33 42 41 0.2 0.3 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1 4 5 0.1 0.2 0.2

Accommodation and food services

32 38 36 0.3 0.3 0.3

Other services

12 9 16 0.2 0.2 0.3

Government

50 57 49 0.2 0.3 0.2

Federal

13 10 11 0.5 0.3 0.4

State and local

37 48 38 0.2 0.3 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

74 90 67 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

116 174 167 0.2 0.3 0.3

Midwest

46 62 66 0.1 0.2 0.2

West

75 93 80 0.2 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: December 09, 2014
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