Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 12, 2015	USDL-15-1559

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JUNE 2015

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.2 million on the last business day of June, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The number of hires and separations were little changed at 5.2 
and 4.9 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate remained at 1.9 percent for the third 
month in a row and the layoffs and discharges rate was little changed at 1.3 percent. This release 
includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector 
by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

Job openings were little changed at 5.2 million on the last business day of June. The job openings rate 
for June 2015 remained at 3.6 percent for the third month in a row. The number of job openings was 
little changed for total private and government. Job openings decreased in nondurable goods 
manufacturing and were little changed in all four regions. (See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in June for 
total nonfarm and total private. The number of job openings for government was little changed. Job 
openings rose over the year for several industries with the largest increases occurring in professional and 
business services and in health care and social assistance. Job openings decreased over the year in 
mining and logging and in finance and insurance. The number of job openings increased over the year in 
the South and Midwest regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

The number of hires was 5.2 million in June, little changed from May. The hires rate was 3.7 percent. 
The number of hires was little changed for total private and government in June. There was little change 
in the number of hires in all industries and regions over the month. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in June, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. At the industry level, hires increased in construction, other 
services, and state and local government. Among the industries, the number of hires decreased over the 
year in mining and logging. The number of hires increased in the Midwest region. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.9 million total separations in June, about the same as in May. The separations rate was 
3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and government. Total 
separations increased in construction. There was little change in all regions over the month. (See table 
3.)

There were 2.7 million quits in June, little changed from May. The quits rate in June remained 
unchanged at 1.9 percent. The number of quits was little changed for total private and government over 
the month. The quits level was little changed in all industries and in all four regions in June. (See table 
4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in June for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, quits increased in durable goods manufacturing 
and in state and local government. The number of quits increased in the Northeast and West regions. 
(See table 10.)

There were 1.8 million layoffs and discharges in June, about the same as in May. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.3 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month 
for total private and government, and in all four regions. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of 
layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries.

The number of layoffs and discharges (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in June for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and discharges 
increased over the year in construction and educational services but decreased in health care and social 
assistance. There was little change in layoffs and discharges over the year in all four regions. (See table 
11.)

In June, there were 392,000 other separations for total nonfarm, about the same as in May. Over the 
month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 334,000 and decreased for 
government to 57,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in June, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) was little 
changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Other separations increased in professional 
and business services, health care and social assistance, and accommodation and food services. Other 
separations decreased in wholesale trade. The number of other separations was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in June 2015, hires totaled 60.6 million 
and separations totaled 57.9 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.7 million. These totals 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for July 2015 are scheduled to be released 
on Wednesday, September 9, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

4,710 5,357 5,249 4,820 5,060 5,177 4,523 4,799 4,931

Total private(1)

4,201 4,857 4,762 4,522 4,732 4,853 4,232 4,480 4,620

Construction

150 163 143 267 320 333 251 280 348

Manufacturing

299 333 308 273 245 274 251 238 269

Durable goods

182 194 196 154 141 159 138 141 159

Nondurable goods

116 139 112 118 104 115 112 97 110

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

807 957 949 1,097 1,107 1,159 1,022 1,071 1,108

Retail trade

464 537 539 747 782 792 710 745 762

Professional and business services

888 1,103 1,151 990 1,040 1,029 914 961 965

Education and health services(3)

815 968 990 540 598 584 500 547 539

Health care and social assistance

728 883 900 455 515 497 426 467 451

Leisure and hospitality

678 735 687 881 932 927 853 892 887

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

72 77 67 147 154 148 133 120 147

Accommodation and food services

606 658 620 735 778 779 719 772 740

Government(4)

509 499 487 298 328 325 291 319 311

State and local

440 427 409 264 286 294 260 280 281

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

3.3 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.5

Total private(1)

3.5 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.9

Construction

2.4 2.5 2.2 4.4 5.0 5.2 4.1 4.4 5.5

Manufacturing

2.4 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.2

Durable goods

2.3 2.4 2.5 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.0

Nondurable goods

2.5 3.0 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.1 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

3.0 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.1 4.3 3.9 4.0 4.1

Retail trade

2.9 3.3 3.3 4.9 5.0 5.1 4.6 4.8 4.9

Professional and business services

4.4 5.3 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.2 4.8 4.9 4.9

Education and health services(3)

3.7 4.2 4.3 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

3.9 4.6 4.6 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

4.4 4.6 4.3 6.0 6.2 6.1 5.8 5.9 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.3 3.4 3.0 7.0 7.1 6.8 6.3 5.5 6.8

Accommodation and food services

4.6 4.8 4.6 5.8 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.7

Government(4)

2.3 2.2 2.2 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.4

State and local

2.3 2.2 2.1 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

4,710 5,144 5,109 5,334 5,357 5,249 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,201 4,656 4,626 4,849 4,857 4,762 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.8

Construction

150 160 168 137 163 143 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.1 2.5 2.2

Manufacturing

299 323 333 335 333 308 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.4

Durable goods

182 206 211 215 194 196 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.5

Nondurable goods

116 117 122 120 139 112 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 3.0 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

807 903 880 951 957 949 3.0 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4

Retail trade

464 543 515 530 537 539 2.9 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

Professional and business services

888 940 1,014 1,070 1,103 1,151 4.4 4.6 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.5

Education and health services(6)

815 925 903 992 968 990 3.7 4.1 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.3

Health care and social assistance

728 818 810 893 883 900 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.6 4.6 4.6

Leisure and hospitality

678 734 740 716 735 687 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

72 73 92 67 77 67 3.3 3.3 4.1 3.0 3.4 3.0

Accommodation and food services

606 661 649 649 658 620 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.6

Government(7)

509 488 483 485 499 487 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2

State and local

440 420 416 414 427 409 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1

REGION(8)

Northeast

784 856 827 833 805 782 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.9

South

1,773 1,862 1,881 1,994 2,021 2,063 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9

Midwest

1,070 1,229 1,203 1,199 1,240 1,211 3.3 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7

West

1,083 1,197 1,198 1,308 1,290 1,194 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

4,820 5,011 5,088 5,034 5,060 5,177 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,522 4,700 4,759 4,698 4,732 4,853 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0

Construction

267 326 307 345 320 333 4.4 5.1 4.8 5.4 5.0 5.2

Manufacturing

273 259 257 252 245 274 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2

Durable goods

154 154 152 144 141 159 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.0

Nondurable goods

118 105 105 109 104 115 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,097 1,042 1,105 1,039 1,107 1,159 4.2 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.3

Retail trade

747 714 756 722 782 792 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.6 5.0 5.1

Professional and business services

990 1,033 1,073 1,040 1,040 1,029 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2

Education and health services(6)

540 619 591 598 598 584 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

455 527 518 517 515 497 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

881 919 928 907 932 927 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.2 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

147 147 152 130 154 148 7.0 6.9 7.1 6.0 7.1 6.8

Accommodation and food services

735 772 776 777 778 779 5.8 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0

Government(7)

298 311 329 336 328 325 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

State and local

264 278 294 300 286 294 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

673 820 784 770 803 758 2.6 3.1 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9

South

1,957 1,881 1,947 1,944 1,966 2,054 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0

Midwest

1,044 1,179 1,215 1,214 1,150 1,182 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.7

West

1,146 1,131 1,142 1,107 1,141 1,184 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

4,523 4,793 5,065 4,895 4,799 4,931 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,232 4,466 4,735 4,574 4,480 4,620 3.6 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.9

Construction

251 311 345 300 280 348 4.1 4.9 5.4 4.7 4.4 5.5

Manufacturing

251 264 264 262 238 269 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.2

Durable goods

138 157 152 153 141 159 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.0

Nondurable goods

112 107 112 109 97 110 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,022 956 1,120 1,028 1,071 1,108 3.9 3.6 4.2 3.8 4.0 4.1

Retail trade

710 652 768 713 745 762 4.6 4.2 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9

Professional and business services

914 1,006 1,019 1,005 961 965 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9

Education and health services(6)

500 558 536 520 547 539 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

426 496 465 450 467 451 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

853 859 933 948 892 887 5.8 5.7 6.2 6.3 5.9 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

133 153 150 132 120 147 6.3 7.2 7.0 6.2 5.5 6.8

Accommodation and food services

719 706 783 816 772 740 5.7 5.5 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.7

Government(7)

291 327 331 321 319 311 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4

State and local

260 293 296 285 280 281 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

679 722 785 756 730 728 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7

South

1,834 1,905 1,942 1,952 1,909 1,888 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7

Midwest

998 1,065 1,193 1,138 1,087 1,135 3.2 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.6

West

1,011 1,101 1,145 1,049 1,073 1,180 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

2,469 2,720 2,769 2,709 2,730 2,748 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,340 2,571 2,611 2,562 2,579 2,590 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2

Construction

103 118 122 120 115 111 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7

Manufacturing

113 131 129 141 122 139 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1

Durable goods

60 75 72 80 71 79 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0

Nondurable goods

53 56 56 62 51 60 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

583 564 649 611 624 628 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3

Retail trade

437 413 492 446 444 469 2.8 2.7 3.2 2.9 2.8 3.0

Professional and business services

450 516 474 506 516 511 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6

Education and health services(6)

321 388 353 346 358 350 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

Health care and social assistance

284 357 313 309 315 309 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

538 560 613 562 573 585 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

52 52 46 47 53 55 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.5

Accommodation and food services

486 508 567 515 520 531 3.9 3.9 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.1

Government(7)

129 149 158 147 151 158 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

State and local

119 137 147 136 140 148 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

312 348 398 388 381 375 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4

South

1,071 1,098 1,128 1,125 1,123 1,121 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2

Midwest

563 631 629 603 632 607 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9

West

524 643 613 593 595 646 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

1,700 1,688 1,894 1,784 1,660 1,791 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,599 1,579 1,791 1,679 1,562 1,695 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

100 110 103 105 98 96 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

303 305 308 295 273 274 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0

South

615 662 690 682 615 618 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2

Midwest

364 340 479 432 380 457 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.4

West

418 381 418 374 392 442 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

354 385 403 402 409 392 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

292 316 333 333 340 334 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

62 69 70 70 69 57 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

4,717 5,450 5,250 3.3 3.7 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,178 4,926 4,731 3.4 3.9 3.8

Mining and logging

30 18 18 3.3 2.1 2.1

Construction

169 183 159 2.6 2.8 2.4

Manufacturing

304 348 302 2.4 2.7 2.4

Durable goods

189 191 197 2.4 2.4 2.4

Nondurable goods

116 157 105 2.5 3.4 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

800 975 948 2.9 3.5 3.4

Wholesale trade

155 165 161 2.6 2.7 2.6

Retail trade

472 547 547 3.0 3.4 3.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

173 263 240 3.2 4.7 4.3

Information

106 100 96 3.7 3.5 3.3

Financial activities

335 321 264 4.0 3.8 3.1

Finance and insurance

265 234 186 4.3 3.7 3.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

70 88 78 3.3 4.1 3.5

Professional and business services

862 1,097 1,150 4.3 5.3 5.5

Education and health services

772 961 945 3.5 4.2 4.2

Educational services

86 83 88 2.6 2.3 2.6

Health care and social assistance

686 878 858 3.7 4.5 4.4

Leisure and hospitality

691 775 690 4.3 4.8 4.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

64 95 58 2.6 4.0 2.3

Accommodation and food services

627 680 632 4.6 4.9 4.5

Other services

108 146 158 1.9 2.5 2.7

Government

540 524 519 2.4 2.3 2.3

Federal

62 75 73 2.2 2.7 2.6

State and local

477 450 446 2.4 2.2 2.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

801 835 791 3.0 3.1 2.9

South

1,760 2,040 2,065 3.3 3.8 3.8

Midwest

1,073 1,275 1,219 3.3 3.8 3.7

West

1,083 1,300 1,175 3.3 3.9 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

5,510 5,677 5,939 3.9 4.0 4.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,110 5,318 5,501 4.3 4.4 4.5

Mining and logging

41 24 30 4.6 2.9 3.6

Construction

335 412 422 5.3 6.4 6.4

Manufacturing

321 273 333 2.6 2.2 2.7

Durable goods

183 161 191 2.4 2.1 2.4

Nondurable goods

138 113 142 3.0 2.5 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,087 1,176 1,161 4.1 4.4 4.3

Wholesale trade

186 142 186 3.2 2.4 3.1

Retail trade

733 855 782 4.8 5.5 5.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

168 179 193 3.2 3.4 3.6

Information

91 84 94 3.3 3.0 3.4

Financial activities

219 219 234 2.7 2.7 2.9

Finance and insurance

141 146 154 2.4 2.4 2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

78 72 80 3.7 3.5 3.8

Professional and business services

1,068 1,113 1,110 5.6 5.7 5.6

Education and health services

613 573 660 2.9 2.6 3.0

Educational services

91 52 99 2.8 1.5 3.0

Health care and social assistance

522 521 561 2.9 2.8 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,100 1,213 1,154 7.2 7.9 7.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

229 257 232 9.6 11.4 9.5

Accommodation and food services

871 956 923 6.7 7.3 6.9

Other services

236 231 303 4.2 4.1 5.3

Government

400 358 437 1.8 1.6 2.0

Federal

45 55 41 1.7 2.0 1.5

State and local

355 304 396 1.9 1.6 2.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

834 918 923 3.2 3.5 3.5

South

2,139 2,156 2,259 4.2 4.2 4.4

Midwest

1,203 1,377 1,356 3.8 4.3 4.2

West

1,333 1,225 1,401 4.2 3.8 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

4,700 4,787 5,108 3.4 3.4 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,245 4,401 4,602 3.6 3.7 3.8

Mining and logging

26 36 25 2.9 4.3 2.9

Construction

233 271 314 3.7 4.2 4.8

Manufacturing

249 231 279 2.0 1.9 2.2

Durable goods

136 138 161 1.8 1.8 2.1

Nondurable goods

113 94 118 2.5 2.1 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

969 1,028 1,045 3.7 3.8 3.9

Wholesale trade

146 121 164 2.5 2.0 2.8

Retail trade

675 734 726 4.4 4.7 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

149 173 156 2.9 3.3 2.9

Information

63 76 74 2.3 2.7 2.6

Financial activities

171 182 181 2.1 2.2 2.2

Finance and insurance

116 119 119 2.0 2.0 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

55 63 62 2.6 3.0 2.9

Professional and business services

904 958 945 4.7 4.9 4.8

Education and health services

604 565 648 2.8 2.6 3.0

Educational services

131 91 167 4.1 2.6 5.1

Health care and social assistance

473 474 481 2.6 2.6 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

841 859 873 5.5 5.6 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

96 99 105 4.0 4.4 4.3

Accommodation and food services

745 759 768 5.7 5.8 5.8

Other services

185 196 220 3.3 3.5 3.8

Government

456 386 506 2.1 1.7 2.3

Federal

33 39 29 1.2 1.4 1.1

State and local

423 348 476 2.2 1.8 2.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

712 672 748 2.7 2.5 2.8

South

1,941 1,987 1,977 3.8 3.8 3.8

Midwest

1,011 1,066 1,147 3.2 3.3 3.6

West

1,038 1,062 1,236 3.3 3.3 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. .
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

2,641 2,784 2,936 1.9 2.0 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,448 2,605 2,695 2.1 2.2 2.2

Mining and logging

14 17 13 1.6 2.1 1.6

Construction

116 126 125 1.8 2.0 1.9

Manufacturing

121 127 150 1.0 1.0 1.2

Durable goods

62 74 84 0.8 0.9 1.1

Nondurable goods

58 54 67 1.3 1.2 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

590 624 632 2.2 2.3 2.3

Wholesale trade

74 83 79 1.3 1.4 1.3

Retail trade

434 454 468 2.8 2.9 3.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

82 87 85 1.6 1.6 1.6

Information

35 40 38 1.3 1.4 1.3

Financial activities

88 105 97 1.1 1.3 1.2

Finance and insurance

60 66 67 1.0 1.1 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

28 39 30 1.3 1.9 1.4

Professional and business services

460 527 523 2.4 2.7 2.6

Education and health services

351 361 382 1.7 1.6 1.7

Educational services

53 45 61 1.7 1.3 1.9

Health care and social assistance

297 317 320 1.6 1.7 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

569 557 619 3.7 3.6 3.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

58 52 62 2.4 2.3 2.5

Accommodation and food services

511 505 557 3.9 3.8 4.2

Other services

105 119 117 1.9 2.1 2.0

Government

193 179 241 0.9 0.8 1.1

Federal

12 13 11 0.4 0.5 0.4

State and local

181 166 230 0.9 0.8 1.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

333 377 395 1.3 1.4 1.5

South

1,149 1,154 1,202 2.3 2.2 2.3

Midwest

609 645 652 1.9 2.0 2.0

West

550 608 686 1.7 1.9 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

1,640 1,584 1,709 1.2 1.1 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,489 1,458 1,551 1.3 1.2 1.3

Mining and logging

7 15 9 0.8 1.8 1.0

Construction

104 117 173 1.6 1.8 2.6

Manufacturing

105 78 100 0.9 0.6 0.8

Durable goods

58 47 60 0.8 0.6 0.8

Nondurable goods

47 31 40 1.0 0.7 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

280 283 323 1.1 1.1 1.2

Wholesale trade

56 26 77 1.0 0.4 1.3

Retail trade

173 188 188 1.1 1.2 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

52 69 57 1.0 1.3 1.1

Information

22 23 28 0.8 0.8 1.0

Financial activities

51 46 57 0.6 0.6 0.7

Finance and insurance

30 29 30 0.5 0.5 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

21 17 27 1.0 0.8 1.3

Professional and business services

399 388 355 2.1 2.0 1.8

Education and health services

212 164 200 1.0 0.7 0.9

Educational services

69 41 97 2.1 1.2 3.0

Health care and social assistance

143 123 103 0.8 0.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

245 280 212 1.6 1.8 1.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

34 44 38 1.4 2.0 1.6

Accommodation and food services

211 235 174 1.6 1.8 1.3

Other services

66 65 93 1.2 1.1 1.6

Government

151 126 158 0.7 0.6 0.7

Federal

10 11 9 0.4 0.4 0.3

State and local

141 115 149 0.7 0.6 0.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

294 226 253 1.1 0.9 1.0

South

615 649 600 1.2 1.3 1.2

Midwest

319 345 410 1.0 1.1 1.3

West

412 365 446 1.3 1.1 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
June
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)

Total

419 419 463 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

307 338 356 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

4 4 3 0.5 0.4 0.3

Construction

14 28 16 0.2 0.4 0.2

Manufacturing

24 26 28 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

16 17 17 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

8 9 11 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99 121 90 0.4 0.5 0.3

Wholesale trade

16 11 7 0.3 0.2 0.1

Retail trade

68 91 69 0.4 0.6 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

15 18 14 0.3 0.3 0.3

Information

6 12 8 0.2 0.4 0.3

Financial activities

32 31 27 0.4 0.4 0.3

Finance and insurance

26 25 22 0.4 0.4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

6 6 5 0.3 0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

45 43 68 0.2 0.2 0.3

Education and health services

42 40 66 0.2 0.2 0.3

Educational services

9 6 8 0.3 0.2 0.3

Health care and social assistance

33 34 58 0.2 0.2 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

28 22 42 0.2 0.1 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

5 3 5 0.2 0.1 0.2

Accommodation and food services

23 19 37 0.2 0.1 0.3

Other services

14 12 10 0.3 0.2 0.2

Government

112 81 107 0.5 0.4 0.5

Federal

10 14 10 0.4 0.5 0.4

State and local

102 67 97 0.5 0.3 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

84 68 100 0.3 0.3 0.4

South

176 184 175 0.3 0.4 0.3

Midwest

82 76 85 0.3 0.2 0.3

West

77 90 103 0.2 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: August 12, 2015
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