Economic News Release

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

 	
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, April 8, 2014	USDL-14-0564

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – FEBRUARY 2014

There were 4.2 million job openings on the last business day of February, up from January, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.3 percent) and separations rate (3.2 percent) 
were unchanged in February. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, 
hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.

Job Openings

There were 4.2 million job openings in February, up from 3.9 million in January. The number of 
openings rose for total private and was little changed for government. The number of job openings 
increased in retail trade and in professional and business services, while the number of job openings 
decreased in arts, entertainment, and recreation. The South region experienced a rise in job openings in 
February. (See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the year for total nonfarm and total 
private and was little changed for government. Over the year, the number of job openings increased in 
three industries and decreased in three industries. The Midwest and West regions experienced an 
increase in the number of job openings over the 12 months ending in February. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 4.6 million hires in February, little changed from January. The number of hires was 
essentially unchanged for total private and government. The number of hires rose in February in retail 
trade and was little changed in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in February, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) changed little for 
total nonfarm, total private, and government. Hires levels increased over the year in educational services 
and decreased in construction and federal government. The number of hires rose in the Midwest region. 
(See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.4 million total separations in February, little changed from January. The number of total 
separations was essentially unchanged for total private and government. (See table 3.)

In February, the quits rate was unchanged at 1.7 percent for total nonfarm. The rate also was unchanged 
for total private (1.9 percent) and government (0.6 percent). The quits rate was essentially unchanged 
over the month in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending in February 
for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of quits was essentially unchanged in all 
industries and in all four regions over the year. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate was unchanged in February at 1.2 percent. The rate was little changed 
over the month for total private (1.3 percent) and government (0.4 percent). The layoffs and discharges 
rate was little changed in all four regions. Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and discharges are 
not available for individual industries. (See table 5.) 

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending 
in February for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and discharges fell 
over the year in federal government. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 11.)

In February, there were 383,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from January. The 
number of other separations also was little changed over the month for total private and government. 
(See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available for individual 
industries or regions. Over the 12 months ending in February, the number of other separations (not 
seasonally adjusted) increased for total nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. 
(See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in February 2014, hires totaled 54.3 
million and separations totaled 52.2 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.1 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________	
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for March 2014 are scheduled to be 
released on Friday, May 9, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

4,015 3,874 4,173 4,551 4,516 4,587 4,212 4,419 4,384

Total private(1)

3,591 3,477 3,780 4,234 4,228 4,287 3,919 4,113 4,089

Construction

123 124 120 379 281 273 323 241 238

Manufacturing

299 259 250 241 244 234 228 242 236

Durable goods

193 155 143 147 138 139 138 138 136

Nondurable goods

106 103 107 94 106 95 90 104 99

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

653 675 784 933 921 986 879 947 936

Retail trade

425 379 489 655 607 675 605 655 644

Professional and business services

765 614 816 849 980 975 764 940 914

Education and health services(3)

695 700 706 522 556 524 500 561 486

Health care and social assistance

636 631 628 461 475 440 428 471 420

Leisure and hospitality

500 618 592 800 789 824 746 763 807

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

56 110 64 122 117 129 108 106 127

Accommodation and food services

444 508 528 678 672 695 637 657 679

Government(4)

424 396 393 317 288 300 293 306 295

State and local

355 345 340 271 262 273 251 261 263

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.9 2.7 2.9 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2

Total private(1)

3.1 2.9 3.2 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.5

Construction

2.1 2.0 2.0 6.6 4.7 4.6 5.6 4.1 4.0

Manufacturing

2.4 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0

Durable goods

2.5 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

Nondurable goods

2.3 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.5 2.5 2.9 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.4 3.6 3.6

Retail trade

2.8 2.4 3.1 4.4 4.0 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.2

Professional and business services

4.0 3.1 4.1 4.6 5.2 5.1 4.2 5.0 4.8

Education and health services(3)

3.2 3.2 3.2 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.3

Health care and social assistance

3.5 3.4 3.4 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

3.4 4.1 3.9 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.7 5.0 3.0 6.1 5.6 6.1 5.4 5.1 6.1

Accommodation and food services

3.5 3.9 4.1 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.5

Government(4)

1.9 1.8 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4

State and local

1.8 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

4,015 3,996 4,126 3,914 3,874 4,173 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.9

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,591 3,603 3,757 3,552 3,477 3,780 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.2

Construction

123 129 165 124 124 120 2.1 2.2 2.7 2.1 2.0 2.0

Manufacturing

299 280 298 288 259 250 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0

Durable goods

193 174 175 177 155 143 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.0 1.8

Nondurable goods

106 106 123 111 103 107 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

653 711 786 763 675 784 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.9

Retail trade

425 455 439 474 379 489 2.8 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.4 3.1

Professional and business services

765 729 750 680 614 816 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.1 4.1

Education and health services(6)

695 672 682 624 700 706 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.2

Health care and social assistance

636 599 610 552 631 628 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

500 535 562 524 618 592 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

56 81 84 43 110 64 2.7 3.8 3.9 2.0 5.0 3.0

Accommodation and food services

444 455 477 481 508 528 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.1

Government(7)

424 393 369 361 396 393 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.8

State and local

355 354 313 311 345 340 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

704 667 692 688 666 690 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.6

South

1,578 1,445 1,535 1,490 1,440 1,587 3.1 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1

Midwest

830 961 941 836 846 904 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.8

West

903 923 957 900 921 992 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

4,551 4,512 4,574 4,578 4,516 4,587 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,234 4,232 4,286 4,291 4,228 4,287 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7

Construction

379 348 299 251 281 273 6.6 5.9 5.1 4.3 4.7 4.6

Manufacturing

241 229 269 253 244 234 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9

Durable goods

147 140 147 146 138 139 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8

Nondurable goods

94 90 122 107 106 95 2.1 2.0 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

933 966 1,012 1,003 921 986 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.8

Retail trade

655 687 694 734 607 675 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.0 4.4

Professional and business services

849 886 950 980 980 975 4.6 4.7 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.1

Education and health services(6)

522 530 522 539 556 524 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5

Health care and social assistance

461 454 448 461 475 440 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

800 813 792 795 789 824 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

122 138 141 126 117 129 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.1 5.6 6.1

Accommodation and food services

678 675 651 668 672 695 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6

Government(7)

317 281 288 287 288 300 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

State and local

271 252 249 259 262 273 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

745 712 696 702 684 688 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7

South

1,838 1,775 1,824 1,761 1,849 1,797 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.6

Midwest

874 956 1,022 1,053 944 1,024 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.3

West

1,095 1,069 1,032 1,063 1,039 1,079 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

4,212 4,305 4,316 4,468 4,419 4,384 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,919 3,975 4,028 4,170 4,113 4,089 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.5

Construction

323 310 275 287 241 238 5.6 5.3 4.7 4.9 4.1 4.0

Manufacturing

228 208 228 247 242 236 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0

Durable goods

138 126 126 145 138 136 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8

Nondurable goods

90 82 103 102 104 99 2.0 1.8 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

879 911 933 927 947 936 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6

Retail trade

605 636 668 671 655 644 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2

Professional and business services

764 851 888 952 940 914 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1 5.0 4.8

Education and health services(6)

500 496 492 517 561 486 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.3

Health care and social assistance

428 426 416 442 471 420 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

746 752 761 771 763 807 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

108 116 127 116 106 127 5.4 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.1 6.1

Accommodation and food services

637 636 634 655 657 679 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.5

Government(7)

293 330 287 297 306 295 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

State and local

251 284 253 265 261 263 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

661 676 659 732 745 700 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.7

South

1,700 1,753 1,680 1,716 1,695 1,688 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4

Midwest

895 934 941 965 990 951 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.1

West

956 942 1,036 1,055 989 1,046 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

2,268 2,426 2,448 2,417 2,368 2,382 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,141 2,290 2,325 2,286 2,240 2,252 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9

Construction

111 90 75 85 96 84 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.4

Manufacturing

106 108 120 121 118 114 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9

Durable goods

63 63 66 66 61 62 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8

Nondurable goods

43 45 54 55 56 53 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

498 557 559 529 539 531 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0

Retail trade

362 408 410 383 421 398 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.6

Professional and business services

344 475 500 540 474 428 1.9 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.3

Education and health services(6)

303 309 283 316 305 303 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

269 273 250 283 269 268 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

498 517 540 457 485 538 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

59 48 53 53 42 41 3.0 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.0 2.0

Accommodation and food services

438 469 487 404 443 497 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.3 3.6 4.0

Government(7)

126 136 124 131 129 130 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

State and local

116 124 113 119 118 121 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

317 344 344 342 328 341 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

South

985 1,017 1,007 983 978 1,002 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

Midwest

489 550 551 518 541 530 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7

West

477 515 547 574 522 508 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

1,618 1,547 1,511 1,702 1,703 1,619 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,515 1,423 1,419 1,597 1,596 1,523 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

103 124 92 105 106 97 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

273 258 252 318 335 290 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.1

South

595 612 551 603 596 562 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1

Midwest

335 330 304 368 376 339 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1

West

415 347 404 412 395 429 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

326 332 356 349 348 383 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

262 262 285 287 277 315 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

64 70 71 62 71 68 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

3,769 3,970 4,008 2.7 2.8 2.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,370 3,607 3,628 2.9 3.1 3.1

Mining and logging

25 29 24 2.9 3.2 2.7

Construction

104 124 104 1.9 2.2 1.9

Manufacturing

292 263 237 2.4 2.2 1.9

Durable goods

190 155 134 2.5 2.0 1.7

Nondurable goods

102 108 103 2.3 2.4 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

568 678 694 2.2 2.5 2.6

Wholesale trade

101 144 151 1.8 2.4 2.5

Retail trade

344 358 406 2.3 2.3 2.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

123 176 137 2.4 3.3 2.6

Information

84 99 88 3.0 3.6 3.2

Financial activities

284 248 214 3.5 3.1 2.6

Finance and insurance

224 203 168 3.7 3.4 2.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

60 44 45 3.0 2.2 2.2

Professional and business services

741 689 831 3.9 3.6 4.3

Education and health services

667 744 686 3.1 3.4 3.1

Educational services

56 68 76 1.6 2.0 2.1

Health care and social assistance

611 676 610 3.4 3.6 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

494 572 598 3.5 4.0 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

56 99 62 3.0 5.0 3.2

Accommodation and food services

438 473 536 3.6 3.8 4.3

Other services

110 162 151 2.0 2.9 2.7

Government

399 363 379 1.8 1.6 1.7

Federal

71 48 58 2.5 1.7 2.1

State and local

327 315 322 1.7 1.6 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

645 684 640 2.5 2.6 2.4

South

1,518 1,534 1,576 3.0 3.0 3.1

Midwest

761 823 842 2.5 2.6 2.7

West

845 929 950 2.7 3.0 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

3,699 4,358 3,750 2.8 3.2 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,469 4,098 3,527 3.1 3.6 3.1

Mining and logging

28 34 27 3.3 3.9 3.1

Construction

306 243 215 5.7 4.4 3.9

Manufacturing

216 259 206 1.8 2.2 1.7

Durable goods

135 150 127 1.8 2.0 1.7

Nondurable goods

81 109 79 1.8 2.5 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

715 804 766 2.8 3.1 3.0

Wholesale trade

111 136 130 2.0 2.4 2.3

Retail trade

493 477 504 3.4 3.1 3.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

112 191 131 2.2 3.8 2.6

Information

58 76 46 2.2 2.9 1.7

Financial activities

173 168 148 2.2 2.1 1.9

Finance and insurance

107 110 99 1.8 1.9 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

67 59 49 3.4 3.0 2.5

Professional and business services

740 1,075 851 4.1 5.8 4.6

Education and health services

438 586 436 2.1 2.8 2.0

Educational services

47 87 67 1.4 2.7 1.9

Health care and social assistance

391 499 369 2.2 2.8 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

642 661 671 4.8 4.8 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

84 87 88 4.7 4.7 4.7

Accommodation and food services

559 574 582 4.8 4.8 4.9

Other services

153 192 162 2.8 3.5 3.0

Government

230 259 223 1.0 1.2 1.0

Federal

35 22 21 1.3 0.8 0.8

State and local

195 237 201 1.0 1.2 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

537 624 495 2.1 2.5 1.9

South

1,580 1,893 1,543 3.2 3.9 3.1

Midwest

687 878 814 2.3 2.9 2.6

West

896 962 898 3.0 3.2 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

3,381 4,977 3,501 2.5 3.7 2.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,192 4,692 3,314 2.9 4.1 2.9

Mining and logging

24 32 27 2.9 3.6 3.1

Construction

275 274 196 5.1 4.9 3.5

Manufacturing

193 261 199 1.6 2.2 1.7

Durable goods

119 156 118 1.6 2.1 1.6

Nondurable goods

74 105 81 1.7 2.4 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

756 1,263 809 3.0 4.9 3.1

Wholesale trade

103 130 113 1.8 2.3 1.9

Retail trade

529 875 564 3.6 5.8 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

124 258 132 2.5 5.1 2.6

Information

51 89 63 1.9 3.4 2.4

Financial activities

161 208 136 2.1 2.6 1.7

Finance and insurance

101 135 87 1.7 2.3 1.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

60 73 49 3.1 3.7 2.5

Professional and business services

640 1,045 763 3.6 5.6 4.1

Education and health services

408 574 393 1.9 2.7 1.8

Educational services

41 77 38 1.2 2.4 1.1

Health care and social assistance

367 497 355 2.1 2.8 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

528 765 575 3.9 5.5 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

59 85 65 3.3 4.5 3.4

Accommodation and food services

469 680 510 4.0 5.7 4.3

Other services

154 183 152 2.9 3.4 2.8

Government

189 285 187 0.8 1.3 0.8

Federal

34 59 27 1.2 2.2 1.0

State and local

155 227 161 0.8 1.2 0.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

512 828 526 2.0 3.3 2.1

South

1,390 1,916 1,381 2.9 3.9 2.8

Midwest

695 1,139 735 2.3 3.7 2.4

West

784 1,094 859 2.6 3.6 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

1,839 2,359 1,925 1.4 1.7 1.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,747 2,246 1,832 1.6 2.0 1.6

Mining and logging

12 11 15 1.4 1.3 1.8

Construction

88 90 67 1.6 1.6 1.2

Manufacturing

84 105 91 0.7 0.9 0.8

Durable goods

50 56 50 0.7 0.7 0.7

Nondurable goods

34 49 41 0.8 1.1 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

425 573 455 1.7 2.2 1.8

Wholesale trade

56 59 50 1.0 1.0 0.9

Retail trade

307 450 340 2.1 3.0 2.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

62 64 65 1.2 1.3 1.3

Information

28 46 35 1.0 1.8 1.3

Financial activities

88 74 68 1.1 0.9 0.9

Finance and insurance

46 36 43 0.8 0.6 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

42 39 25 2.1 2.0 1.3

Professional and business services

292 464 350 1.6 2.5 1.9

Education and health services

249 310 250 1.2 1.5 1.2

Educational services

23 35 24 0.7 1.1 0.7

Health care and social assistance

226 275 226 1.3 1.5 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

380 465 421 2.8 3.4 3.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

38 31 25 2.1 1.7 1.3

Accommodation and food services

342 434 396 2.9 3.6 3.3

Other services

101 107 79 1.9 2.0 1.5

Government

92 113 94 0.4 0.5 0.4

Federal

9 12 7 0.3 0.4 0.3

State and local

83 102 86 0.4 0.5 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

248 325 265 1.0 1.3 1.0

South

809 1,004 826 1.7 2.0 1.7

Midwest

383 522 415 1.3 1.7 1.3

West

400 508 420 1.3 1.7 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

1,266 2,155 1,239 0.9 1.6 0.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,212 2,067 1,195 1.1 1.8 1.0

Mining and logging

11 13 10 1.3 1.5 1.2

Construction

181 176 116 3.4 3.2 2.1

Manufacturing

91 122 86 0.8 1.0 0.7

Durable goods

58 80 57 0.8 1.1 0.8

Nondurable goods

34 42 29 0.8 1.0 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

253 589 266 1.0 2.3 1.0

Wholesale trade

42 51 58 0.7 0.9 1.0

Retail trade

169 357 161 1.2 2.4 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

42 180 47 0.8 3.5 0.9

Information

21 36 23 0.8 1.4 0.9

Financial activities

45 102 44 0.6 1.3 0.6

Finance and insurance

33 71 22 0.6 1.2 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

12 31 22 0.6 1.6 1.1

Professional and business services

308 480 354 1.7 2.6 1.9

Education and health services

133 222 106 0.6 1.1 0.5

Educational services

16 39 12 0.5 1.2 0.3

Health care and social assistance

117 183 95 0.7 1.0 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

129 269 134 1.0 2.0 1.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

19 52 39 1.1 2.8 2.1

Accommodation and food services

110 217 95 0.9 1.8 0.8

Other services

40 58 55 0.7 1.1 1.0

Government

53 88 44 0.2 0.4 0.2

Federal

15 25 6 0.5 0.9 0.2

State and local

39 63 38 0.2 0.3 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

201 388 197 0.8 1.5 0.8

South

475 758 443 1.0 1.5 0.9

Midwest

256 507 252 0.8 1.7 0.8

West

334 502 347 1.1 1.7 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)

Total

276 463 336 0.2 0.3 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

233 379 287 0.2 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

1 7 1 0.1 0.8 0.2

Construction

7 8 13 0.1 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

18 34 22 0.1 0.3 0.2

Durable goods

11 20 11 0.1 0.3 0.1

Nondurable goods

7 14 12 0.2 0.3 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

78 101 87 0.3 0.4 0.3

Wholesale trade

6 20 4 0.1 0.3 0.1

Retail trade

53 67 63 0.4 0.4 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

20 14 21 0.4 0.3 0.4

Information

2 7 4 0.1 0.3 0.2

Financial activities

29 31 23 0.4 0.4 0.3

Finance and insurance

22 28 22 0.4 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

7 3 2 0.3 0.2 0.1

Professional and business services

40 100 60 0.2 0.5 0.3

Education and health services

27 41 37 0.1 0.2 0.2

Educational services

2 3 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

25 38 35 0.1 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

19 30 20 0.1 0.2 0.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1 1 1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Accommodation and food services

17 29 19 0.1 0.2 0.2

Other services

13 18 18 0.2 0.3 0.3

Government

43 84 49 0.2 0.4 0.2

Federal

10 22 13 0.4 0.8 0.5

State and local

33 62 37 0.2 0.3 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

63 114 64 0.3 0.4 0.2

South

106 157 113 0.2 0.3 0.2

Midwest

57 110 68 0.2 0.4 0.2

West

50 82 92 0.2 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: April 08, 2014
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