Economic News Release

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 9, 2014                 USDL-14-2207

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2014


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 354 of the 372 
metropolitan areas, higher in 14 areas, and unchanged in 4 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eight areas had jobless rates of at 
least 10.0 percent and 144 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm 
payroll employment increased over the year in 318 metropolitan areas, decreased 
in 46 areas, and was unchanged in 8 areas. The national unemployment rate in 
October was 5.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.0 percent a year 
earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in 
October, 24.7 percent and 23.7 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the 
lowest unemployment rate, 2.0 percent, followed by Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 2.2 
percent. A total of 194 areas had October unemployment rates below the U.S. 
figure of 5.5 percent, 168 areas had rates above it, and 10 areas had rates 
equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October 
(-5.5 percentage points), followed by Decatur, Ill. (-4.2 points). Eighty other 
areas had rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points. Alexandria, La., had 
the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+0.5 percentage point).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, 
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., 
had the highest unemployment rates in October, 8.1 percent each. Minneapolis-St. 
Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest jobless rate among the large areas, 
3.2 percent. Forty-eight of the large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate 
decreases, while New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, La., had the only rate increase 
(+0.2 percentage point). The largest rate declines occurred in Las Vegas-Paradise, 
Nev. (-2.8 percentage points); Providence-Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass. (-2.7 
points); and Cincinnati-Middletown, Ohio-Ky.-Ind. (-2.6 points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. 
In October, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., had the highest unemployment rate 
among the divisions, 9.3 percent. Nashua, N.H.-Mass., had the lowest division 
rate, 3.8 percent. (See table 2.)

All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in 
October. The largest of the declines occurred in Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H. 
(-3.0 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 318 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll 
employment, 46 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increases occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-
N.J.-Pa. (+123,900), Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+120,600), and Dallas-Fort 
Worth-Arlington, Texas (+111,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in 
employment occurred in Midland, Texas (+7.2 percent), followed by Elkhart-Goshen, 
Ind. (+4.9 percent), and Greeley, Colo. (+4.8 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, 
N.J. (-9,900), followed by Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-2,200), and 
Syracuse, N.Y. (-1,800). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in 
employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J. (-7.3 percent), Ocean City, 
N.J. (-3.4 percent), and Steubenville-Weirton, Ohio-W.Va. (-1.8 percent). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 38 metropolitan areas with 
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year 
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred 
in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+4.3 percent), followed by Dallas-Fort 
Worth-Arlington, Texas, and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+3.6 percent 
each). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in October 2014 for 32 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers 
within a metropolitan area. Thirty of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-
the-year employment gains and 2 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase 
in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White 
Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+93,400), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas 
(+88,200), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+56,900). The over-the-
year decreases in employment occurred in Philadelphia, Pa. (-5,500), and Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-3,700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.0 percent), followed by 
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla., and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif. 
(+3.5 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred 
in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-0.5 percent), and Philadelphia, Pa. (-0.3 
percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Friday, December 19, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). 
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, December 30, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 372
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimation was extended
to the following areas and their respective balances of state in 2005:
the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-
Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Livonia,
MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL
Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Metropolitan
Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan
Division. (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner
metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane Katrina; the
indirect estimation methods described below will be used for this area
until further notice.) Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any
revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All
substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised
model-based estimates.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month’s employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, relatively small sample sizes limit the 
reliability of the weighted link-relative estimates. In these cases, 
BLS uses the CES small domain model (SDM) to generate employment estimates. 
The SDM combines the direct sample estimates (described above) and forecasts 
of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease the volatility of the estimates. 
For more detailed information about the CES small domain model, refer to the 
BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for 
states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm 
level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as 
well. In some metropolitan areas deemed large enough to be subdivided into 
metropolitan divisions, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment totals 
are computed by aggregating the seasonally adjusted total nonfarm estimates 
for each of the component metropolitan divisions. Revisions of historical 
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with 
annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for 
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the 
BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error 
are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on 
recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management
and Budget on December 1, 2009. Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to
develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and
Earnings Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the
administration of various federal economic assistance programs are
available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the
CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                             September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2013     2014     2013     2014p    2013     2014     2013     2014p   2013  2014  2013 2014p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,135.2  2,110.0  2,126.1  2,130.1    138.1    128.1    132.9    124.2   6.5   6.1   6.3   5.8
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     49.7     47.6     49.5     48.2      3.7      3.2      3.7      3.1   7.5   6.7   7.5   6.5
  Auburn-Opelika........................     70.2     70.0     70.0     70.8      3.4      3.3      3.3      3.3   4.8   4.7   4.8   4.6
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    526.2    518.3    526.2    525.9     30.0     27.8     29.0     27.3   5.7   5.4   5.5   5.2
  Decatur...............................     70.9     69.4     70.3     69.8      4.4      4.3      4.3      4.1   6.3   6.2   6.1   5.8
  Dothan................................     62.0     61.8     61.6     62.3      4.0      3.9      3.8      3.7   6.4   6.3   6.1   5.9
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     68.5     68.1     68.5     68.8      4.4      4.7      4.2      4.4   6.5   6.8   6.1   6.4
  Gadsden...............................     44.8     44.0     44.6     44.3      2.9      2.6      2.8      2.5   6.6   5.9   6.2   5.7
  Huntsville............................    211.5    208.9    210.7    212.0     11.7     11.1     11.5     10.8   5.5   5.3   5.5   5.1
  Mobile................................    182.4    178.9    182.4    179.8     13.7     12.5     13.1     12.1   7.5   7.0   7.2   6.7
  Montgomery............................    165.6    162.5    165.7    163.9     11.2     10.3     10.9     10.0   6.8   6.4   6.5   6.1
  Tuscaloosa............................    101.0    102.1    101.0    103.3      6.0      5.7      5.8      5.5   5.9   5.6   5.8   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    365.3    367.2    361.5    364.6     21.3     21.3     22.3     21.8   5.8   5.8   6.2   6.0
  Anchorage.............................    196.6    197.7    198.4    200.6      9.9     10.1     10.3     10.2   5.1   5.1   5.2   5.1
  Fairbanks.............................     46.0     46.3     45.7     46.8      2.3      2.3      2.4      2.5   5.0   5.0   5.2   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,020.1  3,050.3  3,003.4  3,074.2    243.7    206.0    240.2    203.3   8.1   6.8   8.0   6.6
  Flagstaff.............................     73.5     73.5     72.8     73.7      5.7      4.7      5.9      4.6   7.7   6.4   8.1   6.3
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     83.8     83.8     83.4     83.9      7.9      6.5      8.0      6.4   9.4   7.8   9.6   7.6
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,048.7  2,082.9  2,039.3  2,103.0    142.2    121.6    138.4    120.6   6.9   5.8   6.8   5.7
  Prescott..............................     91.4     91.6     90.5     93.4      7.1      5.6      6.9      5.6   7.7   6.1   7.6   6.0
  Tucson................................    451.2    454.8    447.5    457.5     31.9     27.3     31.1     27.2   7.1   6.0   6.9   6.0
  Yuma..................................     89.7     85.0     90.6     84.6     26.8     22.0     27.4     20.9  29.8  25.9  30.2  24.7
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,331.1  1,310.4  1,321.9  1,314.0     95.4     74.6     93.9     67.5   7.2   5.7   7.1   5.1
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    236.5    233.8    235.1    233.8     12.9     10.3     12.6      9.1   5.5   4.4   5.4   3.9
  Fort Smith............................    130.7    126.0    129.7    126.0      9.8      7.2      9.8      6.8   7.5   5.7   7.5   5.4
  Hot Springs...........................     40.9     39.9     40.4     40.0      3.2      2.4      3.1      2.2   7.7   6.1   7.8   5.6
  Jonesboro.............................     59.8     59.3     59.6     60.0      4.0      3.1      3.9      2.9   6.7   5.2   6.6   4.8
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    341.2    333.3    341.4    334.6     22.6     17.7     22.3     16.2   6.6   5.3   6.5   4.8
  Pine Bluff............................     41.0     39.2     41.0     39.6      3.9      2.9      4.0      2.7   9.6   7.5   9.7   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,646.1 18,760.1 18,554.7 18,841.7  1,577.8  1,301.8  1,581.6  1,312.7   8.5   6.9   8.5   7.0
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    399.9    397.2    393.7    396.1     41.0     35.1     41.4     35.5  10.3   8.8  10.5   9.0
  Chico.................................    102.7    103.1    104.2    104.4      9.4      7.5      9.4      7.6   9.1   7.3   9.0   7.3
  El Centro.............................     80.6     81.5     81.0     80.7     21.1     21.2     20.8     19.1  26.1  26.0  25.7  23.7
  Fresno................................    451.3    451.1    442.9    446.8     50.3     42.6     52.9     45.4  11.1   9.4  11.9  10.2
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     59.8     59.0     59.1     58.9      6.9      5.8      7.3      6.3  11.5   9.7  12.3  10.7
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,605.7  6,663.7  6,574.4  6,658.0    576.3    473.5    573.8    477.9   8.7   7.1   8.7   7.2
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     70.4     70.1     67.4     68.0      6.8      5.7      7.0      6.0   9.6   8.2  10.4   8.9
  Merced................................    115.1    114.3    115.5    115.8     13.7     11.8     13.8     12.0  11.9  10.3  12.0  10.3
  Modesto...............................    239.5    238.3    235.3    236.7     27.1     22.9     27.9     23.5  11.3   9.6  11.8   9.9
  Napa..................................     81.0     81.2     81.0     82.1      4.4      3.6      4.4      3.6   5.4   4.4   5.5   4.4
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    430.4    432.0    432.3    439.6     33.3     27.8     32.9     27.5   7.7   6.4   7.6   6.3
  Redding...............................     81.5     80.3     80.9     81.3      7.8      6.2      7.9      6.3   9.6   7.7   9.7   7.7
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,814.1  1,815.9  1,812.7  1,836.6    179.8    148.7    179.3    148.3   9.9   8.2   9.9   8.1
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,043.4  1,045.1  1,036.3  1,055.1     84.8     68.6     85.3     69.4   8.1   6.6   8.2   6.6
  Salinas...............................    225.8    224.6    223.7    225.4     17.4     14.6     17.6     15.1   7.7   6.5   7.9   6.7
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,586.7  1,598.7  1,581.2  1,613.6    116.0     94.2    116.5     94.2   7.3   5.9   7.4   5.8
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,361.0  2,392.3  2,350.3  2,410.3    148.6    120.5    148.1    120.6   6.3   5.0   6.3   5.0
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    955.1    971.1    950.4    977.8     63.0     50.6     62.7     50.7   6.6   5.2   6.6   5.2
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    139.9    140.0    140.6    143.3      9.0      7.5      9.0      7.6   6.4   5.4   6.4   5.3
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    222.3    222.8    221.7    226.3     14.0     11.9     14.3     12.2   6.3   5.3   6.4   5.4
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    150.7    151.1    151.4    153.1     11.5      9.3     11.8      9.8   7.7   6.2   7.8   6.4
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    263.9    266.6    262.7    268.6     16.2     13.1     16.2     13.3   6.2   4.9   6.2   5.0
  Stockton..............................    299.5    297.2    296.1    296.4     34.7     28.8     35.2     29.3  11.6   9.7  11.9   9.9
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    218.4    218.6    217.6    220.3     17.3     13.8     17.3     13.8   7.9   6.3   8.0   6.3
  Visalia-Porterville...................    201.0    200.8    199.2    199.9     25.5     22.3     26.3     23.2  12.7  11.1  13.2  11.6
  Yuba City.............................     68.3     67.9     67.5     67.6      8.7      7.1      8.8      7.2  12.8  10.5  13.1  10.7
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,773.0  2,814.0  2,757.4  2,818.1    174.8    112.4    173.4    105.0   6.3   4.0   6.3   3.7
  Boulder...............................    183.0    186.1    182.6    187.9      9.0      5.8      9.1      5.5   4.9   3.1   5.0   2.9
  Colorado Springs......................    315.7    309.1    313.2    309.0     23.7     15.6     23.6     14.5   7.5   5.1   7.5   4.7
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,448.7  1,463.2  1,444.5  1,469.2     89.4     58.0     88.0     53.8   6.2   4.0   6.1   3.7
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    184.4    187.3    183.6    188.2      9.1      5.9      9.4      5.6   4.9   3.2   5.1   3.0
  Grand Junction........................     77.4     76.6     77.3     76.7      5.7      3.5      5.5      3.2   7.3   4.5   7.1   4.1
  Greeley...............................    129.2    134.5    129.2    135.8      8.4      5.2      8.3      4.9   6.5   3.8   6.5   3.6
  Pueblo................................     74.8     74.2     74.6     74.6      6.8      4.2      6.7      3.9   9.0   5.7   8.9   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,850.8  1,878.3  1,848.4  1,900.2    138.2    110.6    137.0    119.2   7.5   5.9   7.4   6.3
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    471.4    481.2    469.4    485.7     32.8     26.7     32.6     28.9   7.0   5.5   6.9   5.9
  Danbury...............................     90.8     92.7     90.9     93.8      5.3      4.2      5.3      4.6   5.9   4.6   5.9   4.9
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    584.3    592.4    584.6    600.3     43.8     34.9     43.3     37.8   7.5   5.9   7.4   6.3
  New Haven.............................    310.4    315.1    310.4    319.3     24.3     19.3     24.0     20.7   7.8   6.1   7.7   6.5
  Norwich-New London....................    145.3    144.9    144.2    145.9     11.2      8.8     11.2      9.3   7.7   6.0   7.8   6.4
  Waterbury.............................     99.8    100.7    100.0    102.1      9.9      7.9      9.7      8.4  10.0   7.9   9.7   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    439.4    449.6    440.6    454.0     28.1     27.8     28.3     27.4   6.4   6.2   6.4   6.0
  Dover.................................     75.6     76.3     76.1     77.7      4.9      5.0      4.9      4.7   6.5   6.5   6.5   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    368.3    378.9    367.0    382.8     29.9     29.7     32.9     27.6   8.1   7.8   9.0   7.2
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,210.4  3,213.1  3,202.7  3,230.4    170.8    161.7    181.3    152.6   5.3   5.0   5.7   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,490.5  9,710.7  9,415.5  9,681.8    671.1    590.9    635.3    561.4   7.1   6.1   6.7   5.8
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    296.5    300.7    295.3    301.2     20.9     18.2     19.4     17.3   7.1   6.1   6.6   5.7
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    100.0    102.9     98.4    101.5      5.1      4.7      4.7      4.5   5.1   4.6   4.8   4.5
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    253.9    260.2    252.0    258.7     17.9     15.4     17.0     14.8   7.1   5.9   6.7   5.7
  Gainesville...........................    142.4    145.3    141.3    145.0      7.6      7.1      7.0      6.8   5.4   4.9   4.9   4.7
  Jacksonville..........................    710.1    737.1    701.9    734.9     46.9     43.1     44.0     40.9   6.6   5.8   6.3   5.6
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    275.2    279.4    272.6    277.2     22.7     20.3     21.1     18.9   8.3   7.3   7.8   6.8
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,980.5  3,048.3  2,966.0  3,051.0    213.7    185.1    206.6    175.1   7.2   6.1   7.0   5.7
  Naples-Marco Island...................    153.6    158.7    154.6    161.3     11.5      9.9     10.4      9.2   7.5   6.3   6.7   5.7
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    312.3    324.8    309.5    324.3     21.9     19.4     20.6     18.6   7.0   6.0   6.6   5.7
  Ocala.................................    133.0    132.4    131.4    131.7     10.7      9.5     10.1      9.1   8.0   7.1   7.7   6.9
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,173.6  1,223.9  1,166.1  1,215.8     77.8     69.6     72.9     66.2   6.6   5.7   6.2   5.4
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    265.3    267.6    262.0    265.0     20.4     17.2     19.5     16.6   7.7   6.4   7.5   6.3
  Palm Coast............................     35.4     36.1     35.1     35.8      3.5      3.0      3.4      2.9   9.9   8.4   9.6   8.2
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                   
    Panama City Beach...................     91.6     91.3     89.1     89.6      5.6      5.2      5.4      5.2   6.2   5.7   6.1   5.8
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    213.8    217.9    209.5    215.9     14.4     12.8     13.3     12.1   6.7   5.9   6.3   5.6
  Port St. Lucie........................    193.3    195.3    192.2    196.6     17.8     14.4     16.6     13.2   9.2   7.4   8.7   6.7
  Punta Gorda...........................     70.9     73.1     70.3     73.1      5.1      4.6      4.8      4.4   7.2   6.2   6.8   6.0
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.7     62.5     62.7     62.5      6.0      4.9      5.5      4.4   9.5   7.9   8.8   7.0
  Tallahassee...........................    193.1    198.3    192.1    197.5     11.5     10.9     10.6     10.4   6.0   5.5   5.5   5.2
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,344.1  1,371.1  1,328.9  1,361.5     95.0     84.8     89.9     81.3   7.1   6.2   6.8   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,758.2  4,756.2  4,734.0  4,766.9    372.4    354.2    374.4    342.5   7.8   7.4   7.9   7.2
  Albany................................     72.8     71.5     72.5     71.7      6.2      5.9      6.2      5.6   8.6   8.2   8.6   7.9
  Athens-Clarke County..................    114.3    113.5    113.9    113.6      6.5      6.5      6.5      6.1   5.7   5.7   5.7   5.4
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,722.5  2,727.3  2,711.9  2,735.4    205.9    197.9    207.4    191.1   7.6   7.3   7.6   7.0
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    260.8    262.7    259.0    264.0     20.4     19.3     20.6     18.6   7.8   7.3   7.9   7.0
  Brunswick.............................     49.5     48.6     49.2     48.7      4.3      4.0      4.8      3.9   8.7   8.3   9.7   8.0
  Columbus..............................    130.6    128.3    129.9    129.1     10.7     10.4     10.7     10.1   8.2   8.1   8.2   7.8
  Dalton................................     58.5     57.3     58.1     57.0      5.6      5.1      5.6      5.0   9.6   8.9   9.7   8.8
  Gainesville...........................     91.6     92.2     91.1     92.3      5.8      5.5      5.9      5.3   6.4   6.0   6.4   5.7
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     32.8     32.6     32.6     32.6      2.8      2.7      2.9      2.6   8.6   8.2   8.9   8.0
  Macon.................................    111.5    109.8    110.3    110.2      9.2      8.5      9.2      8.4   8.2   7.7   8.4   7.7
  Rome..................................     47.2     46.6     47.0     46.8      4.0      3.5      4.0      3.4   8.5   7.5   8.4   7.2
  Savannah..............................    181.6    182.4    181.7    182.8     13.2     12.8     13.2     12.2   7.2   7.0   7.3   6.7
  Valdosta..............................     66.3     66.1     66.0     66.3      5.0      5.0      5.0      4.8   7.5   7.6   7.6   7.2
  Warner Robins.........................     69.0     67.8     68.7     67.9      4.8      4.8      4.9      4.7   6.9   7.1   7.1   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    647.8    666.5    646.6    663.3     31.8     28.2     31.6     27.8   4.9   4.2   4.9   4.2
  Honolulu..............................    455.6    468.0    457.7    469.0     20.3     18.6     20.3     18.5   4.5   4.0   4.4   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    776.3    772.9    776.0    776.2     41.6     27.3     41.7     24.7   5.4   3.5   5.4   3.2
  Boise City-Nampa......................    308.5    310.8    307.0    311.0     16.4     11.0     16.4      9.7   5.3   3.5   5.4   3.1
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     72.3     73.2     72.0     72.8      4.2      2.7      4.4      2.6   5.8   3.7   6.1   3.5
  Idaho Falls...........................     63.4     62.9     64.0     63.8      3.1      2.0      3.0      1.7   4.8   3.1   4.6   2.7
  Lewiston..............................     28.6     28.1     28.6     28.2      1.6      1.0      1.5      1.0   5.4   3.7   5.4   3.6
  Pocatello.............................     43.0     42.6     43.7     43.6      2.4      1.6      2.4      1.5   5.6   3.9   5.4   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,540.4  6,510.0  6,529.3  6,578.1    563.8    403.4    569.3    410.5   8.6   6.2   8.7   6.2
  Bloomington-Normal....................     88.0     87.5     88.0     88.7      6.3      4.9      6.7      5.2   7.2   5.6   7.6   5.9
  Champaign-Urbana......................    114.6    116.1    116.5    118.5      9.1      6.9      9.7      7.4   7.9   6.0   8.3   6.3
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,881.8  4,861.6  4,867.1  4,914.3    412.4    294.6    412.2    297.4   8.4   6.1   8.5   6.1
  Danville..............................     35.3     34.9     35.5     35.3      4.2      2.9      4.4      3.0  12.0   8.2  12.5   8.5
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    199.0    199.6    199.0    199.4     14.0     12.7     14.2     12.6   7.0   6.3   7.1   6.3
  Decatur...............................     52.4     51.1     52.6     51.6      6.4      4.1      6.5      4.2  12.2   7.9  12.4   8.2
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     54.9     54.7     55.3     55.3      5.9      4.2      6.0      4.3  10.7   7.7  10.9   7.8
  Peoria................................    194.3    190.7    194.3    193.6     18.1     12.6     18.6     13.3   9.3   6.6   9.6   6.9
  Rockford..............................    162.4    160.6    162.1    162.2     18.4     13.1     18.6     13.6  11.3   8.2  11.5   8.4
  Springfield...........................    111.4    111.8    111.8    112.9      8.4      6.5      8.7      6.9   7.5   5.8   7.8   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,186.8  3,229.3  3,184.0  3,272.5    218.8    166.0    218.8    174.1   6.9   5.1   6.9   5.3
  Anderson..............................     59.9     60.6     60.0     61.7      4.8      3.5      4.8      3.7   8.0   5.8   8.0   6.0
  Bloomington...........................     96.3     96.4     96.4     98.8      5.9      4.8      5.9      5.3   6.1   5.0   6.1   5.4
  Columbus..............................     41.1     42.5     41.0     43.1      2.1      1.6      2.2      1.7   5.2   3.8   5.3   4.0
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     94.7     98.7     95.0     99.6      6.5      4.6      6.6      4.8   6.9   4.6   6.9   4.8
  Evansville............................    179.8    180.9    180.1    182.9     11.5      8.5     11.4      8.7   6.4   4.7   6.3   4.7
  Fort Wayne............................    207.0    212.7    206.5    214.8     14.1      9.8     13.3     10.4   6.8   4.6   6.4   4.8
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    924.0    940.4    923.7    951.8     57.8     45.0     58.3     47.4   6.3   4.8   6.3   5.0
  Kokomo................................     43.7     45.0     43.8     45.6      3.2      2.4      3.2      2.6   7.2   5.3   7.3   5.7
  Lafayette.............................    100.9    101.1    101.0    103.4      6.2      4.7      6.2      4.9   6.2   4.6   6.1   4.8
  Michigan City-La Porte................     48.6     48.4     48.4     49.1      4.2      3.1      4.1      3.3   8.5   6.5   8.5   6.7
  Muncie................................     52.0     55.3     53.7     55.8      4.1      3.3      4.1      3.5   7.9   5.9   7.7   6.2
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    149.7    151.0    150.3    152.9     11.9      8.7     11.9      8.9   7.9   5.8   7.9   5.8
  Terre Haute...........................     77.2     77.6     77.6     78.9      6.7      5.1      6.6      5.3   8.7   6.6   8.5   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,675.7  1,707.9  1,673.7  1,718.0     68.5     72.0     66.7     66.9   4.1   4.2   4.0   3.9
  Ames..................................     51.3     53.1     51.5     53.6      1.5      1.7      1.6      1.6   3.0   3.1   3.1   2.9
  Cedar Rapids..........................    145.6    147.8    145.6    147.7      6.3      6.5      6.2      5.8   4.3   4.4   4.3   3.9
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    323.1    330.6    324.9    332.8     13.3     13.6     13.2     13.4   4.1   4.1   4.0   4.0
  Dubuque...............................     53.9     56.1     54.2     56.9      2.0      2.2      2.0      2.0   3.8   3.9   3.7   3.4
  Iowa City.............................     95.9     98.9     95.9     99.8      2.9      3.1      2.9      2.8   3.0   3.2   3.0   2.8
  Sioux City............................     78.4     79.3     78.2     80.1      3.3      3.5      3.3      3.2   4.2   4.4   4.2   4.0
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     95.8     97.3     96.2     97.9      3.9      4.2      3.8      3.9   4.1   4.3   3.9   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,480.8  1,492.6  1,472.9  1,493.6     75.5     64.4     71.6     56.2   5.1   4.3   4.9   3.8
  Lawrence..............................     62.1     62.9     62.0     64.0      2.9      2.5      2.6      2.1   4.7   3.9   4.1   3.2
  Manhattan.............................     62.6     63.7     62.1     64.0      3.1      2.6      2.9      2.2   5.0   4.0   4.6   3.4
  Topeka................................    119.3    119.5    118.4    119.5      6.7      5.4      6.2      4.8   5.6   4.5   5.2   4.0
  Wichita...............................    299.4    298.5    297.4    298.3     17.9     15.4     16.6     13.8   6.0   5.2   5.6   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,063.9  1,993.5  2,041.7  1,993.7    163.9    118.8    162.1    106.2   7.9   6.0   7.9   5.3
  Bowling Green.........................     66.5     66.0     65.9     66.0      4.5      3.3      4.5      3.0   6.7   5.0   6.8   4.5
  Elizabethtown.........................     56.4     54.7     55.8     54.7      4.2      3.1      4.2      2.8   7.4   5.6   7.5   5.1
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    245.3    238.2    242.1    238.8     15.9     11.9     16.0     10.8   6.5   5.0   6.6   4.5
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    640.1    625.6    636.0    626.8     47.4     34.8     47.7     32.1   7.4   5.6   7.5   5.1
  Owensboro.............................     58.3     56.7     57.9     56.6      3.9      2.9      3.9      2.5   6.7   5.0   6.7   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,106.4  2,161.2  2,103.9  2,187.7    125.6    131.4    120.2    130.2   6.0   6.1   5.7   6.0
  Alexandria............................     67.2     67.4     66.6     68.2      4.1      4.4      3.9      4.3   6.1   6.5   5.8   6.3
  Baton Rouge...........................    392.9    407.4    394.1    410.5     22.2     23.0     21.2     22.9   5.6   5.6   5.4   5.6
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    109.7    112.9    109.5    115.3      4.2      4.7      4.2      4.8   3.9   4.2   3.8   4.2
  Lafayette.............................    144.0    148.5    145.0    151.0      6.3      6.9      6.2      7.0   4.4   4.6   4.3   4.6
  Lake Charles..........................     96.2     99.9     97.1    101.8      5.3      5.5      5.0      5.4   5.5   5.5   5.2   5.3
  Monroe................................     82.2     83.6     82.2     84.9      5.1      5.5      4.9      5.5   6.2   6.5   6.0   6.4
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    557.6    573.7    558.9    582.2     33.9     35.6     32.3     35.1   6.1   6.2   5.8   6.0
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    177.8    181.5    177.5    183.6     11.6     12.0     11.3     11.9   6.5   6.6   6.3   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    711.6    704.3    709.8    706.1     41.4     36.3     42.0     36.0   5.8   5.2   5.9   5.1
  Bangor................................     72.9     71.8     74.2     73.0      4.1      3.8      4.2      3.8   5.7   5.3   5.7   5.2
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     58.0     57.7     58.7     58.5      3.4      2.8      3.3      2.8   5.8   4.9   5.7   4.8
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    211.2    211.2    210.3    211.6     10.4      8.8     10.4      8.7   4.9   4.2   5.0   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,124.8  3,097.6  3,115.1  3,104.4    195.2    172.3    200.8    166.6   6.2   5.6   6.4   5.4
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,474.7  1,468.2  1,471.0  1,471.1     96.2     85.4     96.1     82.6   6.5   5.8   6.5   5.6
  Cumberland............................     49.5     49.3     49.4     49.4      3.3      3.1      3.2      2.9   6.7   6.3   6.5   5.9
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    125.7    123.0    125.2    123.6      8.3      7.7      8.4      7.3   6.6   6.2   6.7   5.9
  Salisbury.............................     63.4     62.6     63.4     62.5      4.8      4.2      4.9      4.3   7.5   6.7   7.7   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,478.6  3,527.8  3,469.7  3,541.9    247.7    218.4    238.6    180.6   7.1   6.2   6.9   5.1
  Barnstable Town.......................    137.7    140.7    133.5    136.1      8.9      7.9      8.8      6.7   6.4   5.6   6.6   4.9
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,550.3  2,586.3  2,551.7  2,605.2    165.9    146.3    161.9    122.1   6.5   5.7   6.3   4.7
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     70.7     71.3     70.6     71.4      6.7      5.7      6.4      4.6   9.5   7.9   9.1   6.5
  New Bedford...........................     87.9     88.2     87.7     88.1      9.6      7.9      9.0      6.5  10.9   8.9  10.3   7.4
  Pittsfield............................     37.8     38.2     37.5     38.2      2.8      2.4      2.7      2.0   7.4   6.3   7.2   5.3
  Springfield...........................    341.2    346.5    341.0    349.3     27.5     24.5     26.6     21.1   8.1   7.1   7.8   6.0
  Worcester.............................    291.2    296.0    290.8    298.2     22.6     19.9     21.7     16.6   7.8   6.7   7.5   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,714.2  4,736.2  4,696.8  4,754.6    388.1    317.4    384.7    304.7   8.2   6.7   8.2   6.4
  Ann Arbor.............................    182.3    186.9    183.9    189.6     10.5      8.7     10.7      7.8   5.8   4.7   5.8   4.1
  Battle Creek..........................     64.6     65.4     64.7     65.6      4.6      3.7      4.6      3.3   7.2   5.7   7.1   5.1
  Bay City..............................     51.5     52.2     51.4     52.2      4.3      3.2      4.2      2.9   8.3   6.2   8.2   5.5
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,048.2  2,016.2  2,038.4  2,036.1    185.9    162.6    181.9    164.9   9.1   8.1   8.9   8.1
  Flint.................................    183.1    183.4    183.9    183.9     17.1     12.7     17.3     11.3   9.4   6.9   9.4   6.2
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    398.8    416.1    400.0    419.1     25.0     19.5     25.0     17.4   6.3   4.7   6.2   4.2
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    131.8    137.3    131.8    137.8      8.2      6.2      8.3      5.7   6.2   4.5   6.3   4.1
  Jackson...............................     69.7     70.0     69.7     69.6      5.8      4.5      5.9      4.1   8.3   6.4   8.4   5.8
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    160.1    163.2    159.3    163.1     11.3      8.9     11.3      7.9   7.0   5.5   7.1   4.9
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    233.2    239.8    234.6    241.5     15.8     12.8     15.9     12.3   6.8   5.3   6.8   5.1
  Monroe................................     70.4     71.3     70.6     71.4      5.1      4.2      5.1      3.7   7.3   5.9   7.3   5.1
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     82.7     84.5     82.3     83.7      7.0      5.1      7.0      4.6   8.5   6.1   8.6   5.5
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     72.0     72.4     71.6     71.5      6.0      4.4      6.0      3.8   8.4   6.0   8.3   5.4
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     89.8     92.1     89.6     92.2      7.7      5.9      7.7      5.2   8.5   6.4   8.5   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,977.7  2,991.0  2,965.3  2,997.1    135.7    109.0    126.2     95.6   4.6   3.6   4.3   3.2
  Duluth................................    144.6    143.9    144.1    143.9      8.0      6.3      7.6      5.7   5.5   4.4   5.3   4.0
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.1     59.3     59.1     60.7      2.2      1.8      2.0      1.5   3.7   3.0   3.4   2.5
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,865.8  1,883.6  1,858.9  1,885.8     85.5     68.5     79.4     59.6   4.6   3.6   4.3   3.2
  Rochester.............................    105.1    105.1    104.2    105.3      4.1      3.2      3.8      2.9   3.9   3.1   3.6   2.7
  St. Cloud.............................    108.5    109.1    109.0    110.0      4.7      3.9      4.4      3.4   4.4   3.5   4.0   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,281.3  1,249.4  1,272.5  1,255.9    107.8     91.9    103.9     91.3   8.4   7.4   8.2   7.3
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    111.5    108.2    111.2    108.6      8.8      7.6      8.5      7.7   7.9   7.1   7.6   7.1
  Hattiesburg...........................     65.5     64.1     65.7     65.0      4.7      4.1      4.4      4.1   7.2   6.4   6.8   6.3
  Jackson...............................    261.2    252.8    260.7    256.0     17.7     15.1     16.7     14.9   6.8   6.0   6.4   5.8
  Pascagoula............................     70.1     69.5     70.4     70.3      6.2      5.4      5.9      5.4   8.8   7.8   8.4   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,012.9  3,055.1  3,003.7  3,056.6    181.1    184.4    176.8    147.2   6.0   6.0   5.9   4.8
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     47.3     47.2     47.2     47.6      2.8      2.7      2.9      2.1   5.8   5.7   6.2   4.5
  Columbia..............................    100.4    100.8    101.1    101.8      4.0      4.2      4.1      3.2   4.0   4.1   4.0   3.1
  Jefferson City........................     75.5     76.2     75.8     76.4      3.7      3.9      3.8      2.9   4.9   5.1   5.0   3.8
  Joplin................................     86.7     87.1     86.7     87.2      4.6      4.5      4.6      3.5   5.3   5.2   5.3   4.0
  Kansas City...........................  1,039.7  1,041.0  1,028.3  1,036.4     61.8     62.1     60.0     50.0   5.9   6.0   5.8   4.8
  St. Joseph............................     71.5     72.4     71.3     72.6      3.6      3.6      3.6      2.8   5.1   4.9   5.0   3.8
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,408.0  1,421.7  1,401.0  1,421.7     95.8     89.9     95.3     76.9   6.8   6.3   6.8   5.4
  Springfield...........................    220.9    224.3    220.9    224.0     11.2     11.4     11.0      8.8   5.1   5.1   5.0   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    513.6    519.5    509.6    517.6     24.8     19.6     26.1     19.6   4.8   3.8   5.1   3.8
  Billings..............................     89.2     90.7     89.1     91.2      3.5      2.8      3.5      2.6   3.9   3.0   3.9   2.9
  Great Falls...........................     41.0     41.1     40.9     41.3      1.8      1.4      1.8      1.3   4.5   3.4   4.3   3.3
  Missoula..............................     60.7     61.9     60.9     62.4      2.7      2.2      2.8      2.1   4.5   3.5   4.7   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,018.0  1,016.8  1,017.5  1,023.5     36.0     32.1     35.8     28.2   3.5   3.2   3.5   2.8
  Lincoln...............................    177.3    178.5    176.8    180.0      5.6      5.0      5.5      4.2   3.1   2.8   3.1   2.3
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    460.3    458.8    458.4    461.5     18.0     16.6     17.9     14.6   3.9   3.6   3.9   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,372.0  1,370.6  1,365.6  1,368.2    129.8     95.3    127.9     90.9   9.5   7.0   9.4   6.6
  Carson City...........................     26.9     26.3     26.5     26.3      2.6      1.9      2.5      1.8   9.5   7.1   9.5   6.8
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    989.7    988.4    985.1    988.4     96.1     70.6     94.5     67.5   9.7   7.1   9.6   6.8
  Reno-Sparks...........................    223.9    225.6    223.8    223.9     19.9     14.5     19.6     13.7   8.9   6.4   8.8   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    739.7    736.2    736.8    740.3     36.6     29.1     37.0     26.7   5.0   4.0   5.0   3.6
  Manchester............................    107.2    107.0    107.1    107.6      5.2      4.1      5.2      3.7   4.9   3.9   4.9   3.5
  Portsmouth............................     46.1     46.2     45.7     46.1      2.0      1.6      2.0      1.5   4.3   3.5   4.4   3.2
  Rochester-Dover.......................     84.2     83.3     84.1     83.8      4.0      3.1      4.0      2.9   4.7   3.7   4.7   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,506.7  4,483.9  4,491.2  4,544.9    347.2    281.7    336.8    283.5   7.7   6.3   7.5   6.2
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    133.4    125.7    131.0    124.8     14.3     13.5     14.3     13.9  10.7  10.7  10.9  11.2
  Ocean City............................     60.4     59.2     55.2     53.7      5.1      4.2      5.4      5.0   8.4   7.2   9.9   9.3
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    206.6    207.9    206.6    211.8     12.9     10.6     12.7     10.7   6.3   5.1   6.2   5.1
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     67.1     65.4     67.4     66.5      7.6      6.0      7.2      6.1  11.3   9.2  10.7   9.1
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    924.4    918.8    925.4    928.5     61.0     55.9     61.9     55.1   6.6   6.1   6.7   5.9
  Albuquerque...........................    390.9    385.7    389.8    389.9     27.3     24.8     27.5     24.4   7.0   6.4   7.0   6.3
  Farmington............................     55.2     54.1     56.2     56.7      3.6      3.3      3.6      3.2   6.5   6.0   6.4   5.6
  Las Cruces............................     92.8     92.6     93.6     93.7      6.5      6.0      6.7      5.9   7.0   6.5   7.1   6.3
  Santa Fe..............................     74.4     73.7     74.1     74.4      4.0      3.7      4.0      3.6   5.3   5.0   5.3   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,619.6  9,478.6  9,600.4  9,564.9    708.1    532.9    703.8    548.8   7.4   5.6   7.3   5.7
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    444.1    431.8    442.6    436.2     27.1     20.9     25.9     20.9   6.1   4.8   5.8   4.8
  Binghamton............................    114.2    110.2    114.5    111.3      8.4      6.6      8.1      6.6   7.3   6.0   7.1   5.9
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    571.0    553.0    570.4    556.7     40.2     31.6     38.8     31.8   7.0   5.7   6.8   5.7
  Elmira................................     38.8     37.4     38.6     37.6      3.0      2.3      2.9      2.3   7.8   6.1   7.6   6.0
  Glens Falls...........................     65.9     63.5     64.8     63.6      4.2      3.3      4.1      3.3   6.4   5.1   6.3   5.2
  Ithaca................................     59.0     57.4     59.5     58.9      2.8      2.2      2.7      2.3   4.7   3.9   4.6   3.9
  Kingston..............................     86.0     83.6     86.2     84.6      6.2      4.8      6.0      4.8   7.2   5.8   7.0   5.7
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                     
       Long Island......................  9,554.1  9,516.3  9,539.9  9,629.6    725.8    552.8    722.4    568.7   7.6   5.8   7.6   5.9
     New York City......................  4,057.0  4,071.3  4,059.0  4,126.2    345.7    248.7    354.6    263.8   8.5   6.1   8.7   6.4
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    318.2    309.3    318.7    311.5     21.3     16.6     20.6     16.4   6.7   5.4   6.5   5.3
  Rochester.............................    520.3    502.5    520.1    506.7     35.2     27.7     33.7     27.7   6.8   5.5   6.5   5.5
  Syracuse..............................    317.8    305.6    315.1    305.8     22.7     17.4     21.5     17.6   7.1   5.7   6.8   5.8
  Utica-Rome............................    134.1    129.3    134.3    130.2      9.7      7.6      9.4      7.7   7.2   5.9   7.0   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,691.8  4,655.9  4,684.7  4,678.8    341.2    282.8    339.4    256.9   7.3   6.1   7.2   5.5
  Asheville.............................    218.0    218.7    218.0    222.4     12.1     10.1     11.7      9.1   5.5   4.6   5.4   4.1
  Burlington............................     72.3     71.9     72.3     72.4      5.2      4.3      5.2      4.0   7.2   6.0   7.2   5.5
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    922.2    922.3    927.0    932.8     68.5     57.2     68.0     52.4   7.4   6.2   7.3   5.6
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    273.2    274.0    272.4    274.7     15.2     13.5     15.2     12.3   5.6   4.9   5.6   4.5
  Fayetteville..........................    163.2    159.9    163.8    160.7     13.9     11.4     13.9     10.4   8.5   7.1   8.5   6.5
  Goldsboro.............................     54.1     53.4     54.3     53.7      4.0      3.5      4.0      3.2   7.4   6.5   7.4   6.0
  Greensboro-High Point.................    369.2    363.2    369.4    365.2     27.9     22.8     28.1     20.7   7.6   6.3   7.6   5.7
  Greenville............................     97.9     97.3     97.6     97.3      7.2      6.0      7.2      5.4   7.3   6.2   7.4   5.6
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    166.2    162.9    165.7    164.0     13.3     10.7     13.1      9.6   8.0   6.5   7.9   5.9
  Jacksonville..........................     67.8     67.7     67.4     68.2      4.7      4.4      4.7      4.0   6.9   6.4   7.0   5.9
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    612.9    620.0    613.0    625.6     35.3     30.9     35.2     28.0   5.8   5.0   5.7   4.5
  Rocky Mount...........................     66.1     64.2     66.7     64.8      7.1      5.6      7.2      5.3  10.8   8.8  10.7   8.1
  Wilmington............................    185.9    185.8    183.1    185.4     13.7     11.2     13.5     10.2   7.4   6.0   7.4   5.5
  Winston-Salem.........................    242.4    239.2    242.7    241.3     16.3     13.5     16.2     12.2   6.7   5.7   6.7   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    403.3    415.1    400.0    417.6      8.5      8.9      8.1      8.8   2.1   2.1   2.0   2.1
  Bismarck..............................     62.7     63.7     61.9     64.3      1.2      1.3      1.1      1.3   1.9   2.1   1.8   2.0
  Fargo.................................    121.9    123.8    120.8    125.1      3.0      2.8      2.8      2.8   2.5   2.3   2.3   2.2
  Grand Forks...........................     53.8     53.6     54.3     54.3      1.6      1.5      1.4      1.3   2.9   2.8   2.6   2.4
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,778.8  5,740.9  5,767.8  5,762.8    411.0    289.9    407.2    263.5   7.1   5.0   7.1   4.6
  Akron.................................    370.4    371.5    372.2    372.8     25.6     17.7     25.7     16.2   6.9   4.8   6.9   4.3
  Canton-Massillon......................    199.8    199.2    200.8    200.5     14.5      9.7     14.4      9.1   7.2   4.9   7.2   4.5
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,099.6  1,094.8  1,101.8  1,099.9     75.7     52.1     76.0     47.4   6.9   4.8   6.9   4.3
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,052.5  1,053.1  1,044.2  1,041.4     76.6     63.9     74.3     56.6   7.3   6.1   7.1   5.4
  Columbus..............................    991.9    977.4    987.8    987.1     62.1     42.1     60.5     38.2   6.3   4.3   6.1   3.9
  Dayton................................    398.7    394.3    396.3    397.2     30.0     20.3     29.8     18.5   7.5   5.1   7.5   4.7
  Lima..................................     48.9     48.4     48.9     48.5      3.8      2.4      3.7      2.2   7.7   5.0   7.6   4.5
  Mansfield.............................     56.4     56.0     56.3     56.2      4.5      3.1      4.4      2.8   7.9   5.5   7.8   5.0
  Sandusky..............................     41.1     41.4     40.8     41.1      2.7      1.9      3.1      1.9   6.6   4.7   7.7   4.5
  Springfield...........................     69.0     69.0     69.2     69.9      4.6      3.2      4.5      2.9   6.7   4.6   6.5   4.2
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     53.8     52.5     54.0     52.6      4.6      3.6      4.6      3.2   8.6   6.9   8.6   6.2
  Toledo................................    322.1    317.5    322.4    317.9     24.9     16.8     24.9     15.1   7.7   5.3   7.7   4.7
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    264.3    259.2    262.9    262.7     20.4     14.2     20.2     13.1   7.7   5.5   7.7   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,825.1  1,792.7  1,821.5  1,805.6     98.4     80.0    103.2     74.6   5.4   4.5   5.7   4.1
  Lawton................................     48.0     46.2     48.1     46.2      3.1      2.5      3.3      2.4   6.6   5.5   7.0   5.2
  Oklahoma City.........................    608.2    607.0    608.6    610.6     31.4     25.8     33.1     23.9   5.2   4.3   5.4   3.9
  Tulsa.................................    453.2    441.2    453.5    447.6     25.5     20.5     26.7     19.3   5.6   4.7   5.9   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,928.0  1,951.6  1,921.0  1,967.9    130.5    118.8    134.7    127.0   6.8   6.1   7.0   6.5
  Bend..................................     78.4     78.6     77.3     78.7      6.2      5.2      6.6      5.7   7.9   6.6   8.5   7.2
  Corvallis.............................     42.2     42.6     43.3     44.0      2.3      2.1      2.2      2.1   5.3   5.0   5.2   4.9
  Eugene-Springfield....................    169.5    171.7    172.9    175.5     11.6     10.7     12.0     11.4   6.8   6.2   6.9   6.5
  Medford...............................     98.5     97.0     98.0     98.4      8.0      7.2      8.3      7.4   8.1   7.4   8.5   7.5
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,165.9  1,187.4  1,163.5  1,196.7     75.5     67.9     77.5     72.5   6.5   5.7   6.7   6.1
  Salem.................................    192.1    193.7    190.9    194.5     13.7     11.9     14.0     12.7   7.1   6.2   7.3   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,460.8  6,371.0  6,417.6  6,381.2    440.7    311.8    435.8    289.9   6.8   4.9   6.8   4.5
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    434.1    427.0    428.7    428.3     31.7     22.2     30.5     21.1   7.3   5.2   7.1   4.9
  Altoona...............................     64.2     63.8     63.8     63.8      3.8      2.8      3.8      2.6   5.9   4.3   6.0   4.0
  Erie..................................    139.9    138.4    138.8    138.8      9.2      6.7      9.2      6.2   6.5   4.9   6.6   4.5
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    287.6    286.1    286.1    284.5     17.3     12.0     17.1     11.1   6.0   4.2   6.0   3.9
  Johnstown.............................     66.3     64.8     66.9     65.5      5.1      3.5      5.1      3.3   7.7   5.4   7.5   5.0
  Lancaster.............................    269.2    267.0    268.6    266.9     14.9     10.5     14.6      9.7   5.6   3.9   5.4   3.6
  Lebanon...............................     74.1     73.2     73.8     73.5      4.1      2.9      4.0      2.7   5.5   4.0   5.4   3.6
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,994.3  2,958.5  2,980.8  2,978.9    222.7    168.4    218.9    160.1   7.4   5.7   7.3   5.4
  Pittsburgh............................  1,247.2  1,241.6  1,235.3  1,242.6     76.2     56.7     74.9     52.3   6.1   4.6   6.1   4.2
  Reading...............................    204.5    199.9    203.3    201.0     14.1      9.8     13.8      9.0   6.9   4.9   6.8   4.5
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    282.5    273.7    279.2    273.4     23.5     16.0     23.6     15.0   8.3   5.9   8.4   5.5
  State College.........................     77.2     77.0     77.4     78.3      3.9      2.8      3.7      2.5   5.0   3.6   4.7   3.2
  Williamsport..........................     63.0     63.0     62.9     63.1      4.4      3.1      4.4      2.9   6.9   4.8   7.0   4.5
  York-Hanover..........................    227.9    224.0    224.9    223.1     14.6     10.3     14.5      9.6   6.4   4.6   6.5   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    554.3    555.8    552.6    555.6     49.8     40.4     49.7     35.1   9.0   7.3   9.0   6.3
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    689.8    692.0    687.0    691.0     63.3     51.9     61.7     43.9   9.2   7.5   9.0   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,179.0  2,187.7  2,170.6  2,196.3    157.1    145.2    153.1    139.2   7.2   6.6   7.1   6.3
  Anderson..............................     87.7     87.7     87.6     88.4      5.6      5.1      5.4      5.0   6.4   5.9   6.2   5.6
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                                     
    Summerville.........................    337.3    336.6    333.5    338.0     20.8     19.8     19.9     18.8   6.2   5.9   6.0   5.6
  Columbia..............................    375.9    375.0    373.9    375.4     24.8     23.5     23.8     22.2   6.6   6.3   6.4   5.9
  Florence..............................     92.4     93.4     92.4     93.6      7.8      7.1      7.6      6.9   8.5   7.6   8.2   7.4
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    317.4    320.0    316.8    321.8     19.4     18.4     18.6     17.6   6.1   5.7   5.9   5.5
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    130.3    133.2    127.4    130.5      9.8      8.8      9.8      8.9   7.5   6.6   7.7   6.8
  Spartanburg...........................    139.1    138.9    138.9    139.8      9.7      8.6      9.4      8.2   7.0   6.2   6.7   5.9
  Sumter................................     44.1     44.1     44.0     44.4      3.6      3.3      3.5      3.1   8.2   7.5   8.0   7.0
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    449.1    450.1    448.1    453.8     15.0     13.4     15.1     12.6   3.3   3.0   3.4   2.8
  Rapid City............................     69.0     67.8     67.1     68.5      2.3      2.0      2.4      1.9   3.3   2.9   3.6   2.8
  Sioux Falls...........................    134.4    135.4    133.9    137.0      3.9      3.6      3.9      3.4   2.9   2.6   2.9   2.5
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,062.5  3,000.1  3,051.9  3,020.1    244.5    198.3    244.8    190.8   8.0   6.6   8.0   6.3
  Chattanooga...........................    257.3    252.2    256.1    253.4     19.2     16.2     19.0     15.6   7.4   6.4   7.4   6.2
  Clarksville...........................    115.9    112.1    115.3    112.3     10.2      8.0     10.2      7.7   8.8   7.1   8.9   6.8
  Cleveland.............................     57.6     56.1     57.5     56.5      4.3      3.5      4.4      3.4   7.4   6.2   7.6   5.9
  Jackson...............................     56.1     54.8     56.1     55.0      4.6      3.7      4.6      3.6   8.2   6.7   8.3   6.5
  Johnson City..........................     95.9     92.7     95.6     93.4      7.3      6.0      7.3      5.6   7.6   6.5   7.7   6.0
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    144.2    140.8    143.7    141.4     10.5      9.0     11.0      8.5   7.3   6.4   7.6   6.0
  Knoxville.............................    358.0    355.3    356.2    357.6     24.2     19.8     24.2     19.0   6.7   5.6   6.8   5.3
  Memphis...............................    597.2    582.1    596.8    585.7     55.2     46.1     55.1     44.0   9.2   7.9   9.2   7.5
  Morristown............................     61.1     59.1     61.2     60.1      5.5      4.2      5.5      4.1   9.0   7.2   9.0   6.8
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                      
    Franklin............................    848.8    846.9    847.7    854.2     54.4     44.9     54.3     43.1   6.4   5.3   6.4   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,881.9 13,043.7 12,824.2 13,067.7    804.0    653.9    781.1    625.6   6.2   5.0   6.1   4.8
  Abilene...............................     84.2     83.6     84.2     83.5      4.2      3.4      4.1      3.2   5.0   4.0   4.8   3.9
  Amarillo..............................    134.5    133.5    134.6    133.8      6.2      4.8      5.9      4.7   4.6   3.6   4.4   3.5
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........  1,012.2  1,033.9  1,010.8  1,032.2     52.8     43.5     52.1     41.6   5.2   4.2   5.2   4.0
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    182.7    180.7    182.5    183.6     18.0     13.6     17.6     12.6   9.9   7.5   9.7   6.9
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    164.0    163.1    164.1    162.8     16.2     13.1     16.1     12.5   9.9   8.0   9.8   7.7
  College Station-Bryan.................    121.7    121.2    122.2    122.9      6.0      4.8      5.7      4.6   4.9   3.9   4.7   3.7
  Corpus Christi........................    218.7    220.9    217.8    222.0     13.2     10.7     12.8     10.8   6.0   4.8   5.9   4.9
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,428.5  3,482.6  3,409.7  3,488.2    208.0    172.9    203.8    166.2   6.1   5.0   6.0   4.8
  El Paso...............................    326.8    323.5    324.9    324.5     28.1     22.5     27.5     21.6   8.6   7.0   8.5   6.6
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  3,130.7  3,204.3  3,112.9  3,210.3    191.4    158.0    185.1    150.5   6.1   4.9   5.9   4.7
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    173.1    172.8    172.0    172.7     12.5     10.2     12.2      9.8   7.2   5.9   7.1   5.7
  Laredo................................    101.3    101.9    100.5    102.1      6.6      5.5      6.4      5.2   6.5   5.4   6.3   5.1
  Longview..............................    114.7    117.0    114.6    118.0      6.6      5.1      6.3      4.9   5.7   4.3   5.5   4.1
  Lubbock...............................    149.2    151.8    149.4    151.9      7.3      5.8      6.9      5.6   4.9   3.8   4.6   3.7
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    317.0    315.4    316.3    319.5     33.2     26.9     32.1     25.3  10.5   8.5  10.2   7.9
  Midland...............................     95.4    100.1     95.2    100.8      3.2      2.6      3.0      2.5   3.4   2.6   3.2   2.5
  Odessa................................     85.1     87.9     84.7     88.0      3.4      2.7      3.2      2.6   4.0   3.1   3.8   3.0
  San Angelo............................     57.1     57.3     57.1     57.4      2.9      2.2      2.7      2.1   5.0   3.9   4.8   3.7
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,054.1  1,058.7  1,046.6  1,062.0     62.8     49.8     60.7     47.8   6.0   4.7   5.8   4.5
  Sherman-Denison.......................     58.8     58.7     58.4     58.9      3.8      2.9      3.6      2.8   6.4   5.0   6.1   4.8
  Texarkana.............................     62.2     61.5     62.2     61.7      4.6      3.6      4.5      3.4   7.4   5.8   7.2   5.5
  Tyler.................................    104.0    103.0    104.0    103.5      7.0      5.3      6.6      5.1   6.7   5.2   6.4   4.9
  Victoria..............................     63.3     64.4     63.2     64.4      3.3      2.6      3.2      2.4   5.2   4.0   5.0   3.7
  Waco..................................    115.4    114.9    114.1    114.0      6.9      5.7      6.7      5.4   6.0   5.0   5.8   4.7
  Wichita Falls.........................     70.7     69.7     70.5     69.5      4.1      3.4      3.9      3.3   5.8   4.9   5.6   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,432.4  1,438.4  1,431.7  1,444.5     58.0     46.9     58.4     49.6   4.0   3.3   4.1   3.4
  Logan.................................     69.9     70.6     70.1     71.0      2.3      1.8      2.2      1.9   3.3   2.6   3.1   2.7
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    273.9    271.4    275.0    273.1     11.6      9.5     13.8     10.1   4.2   3.5   5.0   3.7
  Provo-Orem............................    250.3    252.2    251.3    254.2      9.7      7.9      9.3      8.3   3.9   3.1   3.7   3.2
  St. George............................     62.5     63.3     62.8     63.7      2.9      2.3      2.8      2.4   4.6   3.6   4.4   3.8
  Salt Lake City........................    635.3    635.9    634.3    639.0     25.2     20.2     23.8     21.4   4.0   3.2   3.8   3.3
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    352.3    351.1    349.7    352.1     14.9     14.6     13.2     12.1   4.2   4.2   3.8   3.4
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    118.0    116.1    116.6    115.7      4.2      4.3      3.8      3.5   3.6   3.7   3.2   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,244.6  4,258.6  4,225.0  4,270.1    228.9    221.0    228.4    206.8   5.4   5.2   5.4   4.8
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     84.0     85.0     85.0     85.9      4.8      4.6      4.8      4.4   5.7   5.4   5.6   5.1
  Charlottesville.......................    111.3    111.6    112.4    114.1      5.0      5.0      4.9      4.7   4.4   4.5   4.3   4.1
  Danville..............................     50.7     49.6     50.2     49.7      3.7      3.6      3.6      3.3   7.4   7.2   7.2   6.7
  Harrisonburg..........................     67.3     68.1     67.7     69.2      3.5      3.4      3.5      3.3   5.1   5.0   5.1   4.8
  Lynchburg.............................    120.2    119.3    119.9    119.7      7.3      7.0      7.2      6.6   6.1   5.9   6.0   5.5
  Richmond..............................    673.0    683.0    670.5    685.8     38.6     37.5     37.9     35.1   5.7   5.5   5.6   5.1
  Roanoke...............................    158.7    156.6    157.4    157.0      8.9      8.4      8.6      7.8   5.6   5.4   5.5   5.0
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    834.2    837.4    822.7    833.6     48.8     47.0     48.2     44.2   5.9   5.6   5.9   5.3
  Winchester............................     68.7     69.2     69.0     69.7      3.5      3.3      3.5      3.1   5.1   4.8   5.0   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,465.5  3,479.6  3,456.1  3,507.3    220.4    187.5    225.7    202.4   6.4   5.4   6.5   5.8
  Bellingham............................    101.7    101.6    103.1    103.5      6.2      5.3      6.3      6.3   6.1   5.2   6.1   6.1
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    114.7    114.0    115.4    114.6      7.2      6.0      7.3      7.1   6.2   5.2   6.3   6.2
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    131.9    132.8    131.0    134.0      9.4      7.4      9.6      8.9   7.1   5.6   7.3   6.7
  Longview..............................     41.2     41.2     41.5     41.2      3.6      2.9      3.8      3.5   8.8   7.0   9.1   8.5
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.0     55.8     56.3     56.3      4.0      3.3      4.2      3.9   7.2   5.9   7.4   7.0
  Olympia...............................    124.0    123.6    125.1    124.2      8.0      6.6      8.2      7.9   6.5   5.4   6.6   6.3
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,909.1  1,923.3  1,896.5  1,934.1    109.7     97.8    112.3     97.3   5.7   5.1   5.9   5.0
  Spokane...............................    222.9    219.9    223.4    222.1     15.2     12.5     15.5     14.8   6.8   5.7   6.9   6.7
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     62.9     64.0     63.1     66.0      3.4      2.8      3.5      3.4   5.5   4.4   5.6   5.2
  Yakima................................    131.4    131.4    130.1    135.5      9.2      7.3      9.1      9.0   7.0   5.6   7.0   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    797.1    799.2    790.8    798.2     45.4     46.9     45.4     44.4   5.7   5.9   5.7   5.6
  Charleston............................    134.4    135.4    132.4    134.7      7.2      7.7      7.1      7.3   5.4   5.7   5.4   5.4
  Huntington-Ashland....................    126.4    124.9    125.8    125.5      8.7      7.1      8.3      6.4   6.9   5.7   6.6   5.1
  Morgantown............................     68.5     70.5     67.9     70.3      2.8      3.0      2.5      2.5   4.1   4.2   3.7   3.6
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     75.2     75.4     74.9     76.1      4.4      4.0      4.3      3.6   5.8   5.2   5.8   4.8
  Wheeling..............................     68.0     68.1     68.2     68.6      4.3      3.7      4.3      3.4   6.3   5.5   6.3   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,075.8  3,095.1  3,061.2  3,107.9    183.5    144.7    180.3    143.9   6.0   4.7   5.9   4.6
  Appleton..............................    122.9    123.9    123.1    124.4      6.6      5.2      6.4      5.1   5.4   4.2   5.2   4.1
  Eau Claire............................     91.3     91.6     91.3     92.8      4.7      3.7      4.5      3.6   5.2   4.0   4.9   3.9
  Fond du Lac...........................     56.3     56.4     55.9     56.8      3.1      2.5      2.9      2.4   5.6   4.4   5.3   4.3
  Green Bay.............................    173.4    172.5    173.2    174.6      9.5      7.4      9.3      7.3   5.5   4.3   5.4   4.2
  Janesville............................     79.9     81.0     79.9     81.3      5.7      4.5      5.6      4.5   7.2   5.5   7.1   5.5
  La Crosse.............................     77.8     78.4     77.9     79.0      3.7      2.8      3.5      2.7   4.7   3.6   4.5   3.5
  Madison...............................    353.5    359.8    352.9    361.6     15.3     12.1     14.8     12.0   4.3   3.4   4.2   3.3
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    796.9    806.8    791.8    809.3     54.2     43.3     53.2     43.0   6.8   5.4   6.7   5.3
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     94.3     94.8     94.4     95.9      5.4      4.2      5.1      4.1   5.7   4.4   5.4   4.3
  Racine................................     96.8     97.4     97.0     97.8      7.5      5.9      7.9      6.0   7.8   6.1   8.1   6.1
  Sheboygan.............................     62.5     62.6     61.5     62.5      3.3      2.5      3.2      2.4   5.3   4.0   5.1   3.9
  Wausau................................     71.9     71.2     71.5     71.6      4.3      3.1      4.1      3.1   6.0   4.4   5.8   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    307.0    311.0    306.1    312.5     12.0     12.0     12.8     13.0   3.9   3.9   4.2   4.1
  Casper................................     44.9     45.2     45.4     45.8      1.7      1.7      1.8      1.8   3.8   3.7   3.9   3.9
  Cheyenne..............................     45.9     46.0     45.9     46.9      2.0      2.0      2.0      2.1   4.3   4.4   4.4   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,183.9  1,137.2  1,189.7  1,145.1    179.1    170.5    175.2    155.9  15.1  15.0  14.7  13.6
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......     98.5     96.1     99.3     97.4     16.5     14.9     16.3     13.7  16.8  15.5  16.5  14.1
  Fajardo...............................     24.2     23.6     24.2     23.6      4.1      3.9      4.0      3.6  16.9  16.5  16.6  15.1
  Guayama...............................     22.7     21.0     22.6     20.9      5.2      4.7      5.0      4.4  22.9  22.6  22.3  20.9
  Mayaguez..............................     31.6     30.3     31.8     30.3      5.8      5.0      5.7      4.5  18.4  16.4  17.8  14.9
  Ponce.................................     81.6     77.7     82.4     78.0     12.8     12.2     12.5     11.2  15.6  15.7  15.1  14.3
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     44.5     41.0     44.4     41.2      8.2      6.7      7.9      6.1  18.4  16.4  17.8  14.9
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    793.9    764.1    798.0    769.0    108.9    106.3    106.6     97.1  13.7  13.9  13.4  12.6
  Yauco.................................     34.1     32.8     33.8     32.6      6.1      5.7      6.0      5.2  17.8  17.3  17.6  15.8

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under
Illinois for operational reasons. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                               September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2013     2014     2013     2014p    2013     2014     2013     2014p   2013  2014  2013 2014p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,646.1 18,760.1 18,554.7 18,841.7  1,577.8  1,301.8  1,581.6  1,312.7   8.5   6.9   8.5   7.0
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,605.7  6,663.7  6,574.4  6,658.0    576.3    473.5    573.8    477.9   8.7   7.1   8.7   7.2
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,997.1  5,042.2  4,967.1  5,019.5    478.8    391.5    476.1    395.6   9.6   7.8   9.6   7.9
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,608.7  1,621.6  1,607.4  1,638.5     97.5     82.1     97.7     82.3   6.1   5.1   6.1   5.0
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,361.0  2,392.3  2,350.3  2,410.3    148.6    120.5    148.1    120.6   6.3   5.0   6.3   5.0
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,324.7  1,333.4  1,317.5  1,341.9     93.9     76.0     93.6     76.1   7.1   5.7   7.1   5.7
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.  1,036.3  1,059.0  1,032.8  1,068.4     54.7     44.5     54.5     44.5   5.3   4.2   5.3   4.2
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    368.3    378.9    367.0    382.8     29.9     29.7     32.9     27.6   8.1   7.8   9.0   7.2
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,210.4  3,213.1  3,202.7  3,230.4    170.8    161.7    181.3    152.6   5.3   5.0   5.7   4.7
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    664.3    656.1    659.6    657.9     33.4     29.7     34.5     28.5   5.0   4.5   5.2   4.3
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,546.1  2,557.0  2,543.2  2,572.5    137.4    132.1    146.8    124.1   5.4   5.2   5.8   4.8
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,490.5  9,710.7  9,415.5  9,681.8    671.1    590.9    635.3    561.4   7.1   6.1   6.7   5.8
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,980.5  3,048.3  2,966.0  3,051.0    213.7    185.1    206.6    175.1   7.2   6.1   7.0   5.7
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,043.3  1,081.9  1,031.5  1,076.3     61.3     56.2     57.5     53.6   5.9   5.2   5.6   5.0
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,284.2  1,297.2  1,289.2  1,308.2    104.2     88.8    104.5     84.3   8.1   6.8   8.1   6.4
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    653.1    669.3    645.3    666.5     48.2     40.1     44.7     37.2   7.4   6.0   6.9   5.6
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,540.4  6,510.0  6,529.3  6,578.1    563.8    403.4    569.3    410.5   8.6   6.2   8.7   6.2
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,881.8  4,861.6  4,867.1  4,914.3    412.4    294.6    412.2    297.4   8.4   6.1   8.5   6.1
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,109.3  4,083.9  4,092.0  4,125.5    351.0    246.2    349.5    247.3   8.5   6.0   8.5   6.0
     Gary (3).............................    325.2    326.3    326.0    331.8     26.6     21.8     26.4     22.2   8.2   6.7   8.1   6.7
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    447.2    451.5    449.1    456.9     34.8     26.6     36.4     28.0   7.8   5.9   8.1   6.1
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,478.6  3,527.8  3,469.7  3,541.9    247.7    218.4    238.6    180.6   7.1   6.2   6.9   5.1
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,550.3  2,586.3  2,551.7  2,605.2    165.9    146.3    161.9    122.1   6.5   5.7   6.3   4.7
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,547.6  1,573.4  1,549.8  1,586.4     96.3     86.2     94.2     71.6   6.2   5.5   6.1   4.5
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    128.8    130.2    129.1    131.1      9.9      8.9      9.5      7.3   7.7   6.8   7.4   5.6
     Framingham...........................    148.3    151.1    148.5    152.1      8.5      7.5      8.3      6.2   5.8   4.9   5.6   4.1
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    125.7    126.8    125.5    128.0      8.1      7.1      8.1      6.1   6.5   5.6   6.5   4.7
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     74.8     74.1     74.3     74.0      8.6      6.9      8.2      5.9  11.5   9.3  11.0   8.0
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    154.9    157.2    154.6    158.1     11.2      9.8     10.8      8.1   7.2   6.3   7.0   5.1
     Nashua (2)...........................    178.1    178.8    178.1    180.0      9.5      7.6      9.6      6.9   5.3   4.2   5.4   3.8
     Peabody..............................    129.6    131.5    129.5    132.3      9.2      8.3      8.9      6.8   7.1   6.3   6.9   5.1
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     62.5     63.2     62.3     63.2      4.5      4.0      4.3      3.3   7.2   6.4   6.9   5.2
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,714.2  4,736.2  4,696.8  4,754.6    388.1    317.4    384.7    304.7   8.2   6.7   8.2   6.4
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,048.2  2,016.2  2,038.4  2,036.1    185.9    162.6    181.9    164.9   9.1   8.1   8.9   8.1
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    823.8    808.5    820.7    816.4     84.0     74.5     81.9     75.9  10.2   9.2  10.0   9.3
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,224.5  1,207.7  1,217.7  1,219.7    102.0     88.1    100.0     89.0   8.3   7.3   8.2   7.3
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,619.6  9,478.6  9,600.4  9,564.9    708.1    532.9    703.8    548.8   7.4   5.6   7.3   5.7
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,554.1  9,516.3  9,539.9  9,629.6    725.8    552.8    722.4    568.7   7.6   5.8   7.6   5.9
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,216.0  1,209.7  1,211.3  1,224.8     85.5     68.9     83.6     69.7   7.0   5.7   6.9   5.7
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,485.1  1,459.0  1,479.1  1,464.9     88.2     69.8     85.4     69.7   5.9   4.8   5.8   4.8
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,765.9  5,762.3  5,764.8  5,837.8    468.5    346.9    472.6    362.0   8.1   6.0   8.2   6.2
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,087.1  1,085.3  1,084.7  1,102.1     83.6     67.2     80.8     67.4   7.7   6.2   7.4   6.1
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,460.8  6,371.0  6,417.6  6,381.2    440.7    311.8    435.8    289.9   6.8   4.9   6.8   4.5
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,994.3  2,958.5  2,980.8  2,978.9    222.7    168.4    218.9    160.1   7.4   5.7   7.3   5.4
     Camden (3)...........................    648.8    643.6    646.6    654.4     52.8     42.2     51.0     42.2   8.1   6.6   7.9   6.4
     Philadelphia.........................  1,992.7  1,953.7  1,980.1  1,959.3    146.3    103.8    144.6     96.3   7.3   5.3   7.3   4.9
     Wilmington (3).......................    352.8    361.1    354.1    365.1     23.6     22.3     23.3     21.6   6.7   6.2   6.6   5.9
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,881.9 13,043.7 12,824.2 13,067.7    804.0    653.9    781.1    625.6   6.2   5.0   6.1   4.8
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,428.5  3,482.6  3,409.7  3,488.2    208.0    172.9    203.8    166.2   6.1   5.0   6.0   4.8
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,289.3  2,331.1  2,275.2  2,333.0    140.3    116.5    137.4    111.8   6.1   5.0   6.0   4.8
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,139.2  1,151.5  1,134.4  1,155.2     67.7     56.4     66.5     54.4   5.9   4.9   5.9   4.7
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,465.5  3,479.6  3,456.1  3,507.3    220.4    187.5    225.7    202.4   6.4   5.4   6.5   5.8
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,909.1  1,923.3  1,896.5  1,934.1    109.7     97.8    112.3     97.3   5.7   5.1   5.9   5.0
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,531.0  1,545.9  1,520.3  1,558.1     82.1     75.5     83.9     70.6   5.4   4.9   5.5   4.5
     Tacoma...............................    378.1    377.4    376.2    376.0     27.6     22.3     28.4     26.7   7.3   5.9   7.6   7.1

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town
Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the
state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions
lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.
Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.,
the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville,
Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and Illinois, respectively. Estimates
for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area September October Change from
October 2013 to October 2014(p)
2013 2014 2013 2014(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,906.2 1,938.8 1,915.5 1,948.6 33.1 1.7

Anniston-Oxford

45.7 44.8 45.6 45.2 -0.4 -0.9

Auburn-Opelika

58.9 60.5 58.9 60.4 1.5 2.5

Birmingham-Hoover

507.8 512.2 510.4 515.7 5.3 1.0

Decatur

54.4 53.9 54.2 53.9 -0.3 -0.6

Dothan

56.7 57.2 56.8 57.6 0.8 1.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.7 56.1 56.0 56.5 0.5 0.9

Gadsden

36.7 37.2 36.9 37.3 0.4 1.1

Huntsville

213.8 216.4 213.8 218.0 4.2 2.0

Mobile

172.8 173.9 174.2 173.6 -0.6 -0.3

Montgomery

167.4 168.1 168.6 168.7 0.1 0.1

Tuscaloosa

97.2 100.5 97.5 101.2 3.7 3.8


Alaska

350.8 348.8 332.9 330.5 -2.4 -0.7

Anchorage

183.4 183.4 178.8 178.4 -0.4 -0.2

Fairbanks

40.9 41.0 39.3 39.7 0.4 1.0


Arizona

2,526.7 2,580.5 2,542.6 2,609.0 66.4 2.6

Flagstaff

65.3 65.7 65.2 66.0 0.8 1.2

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

45.3 45.6 45.5 46.0 0.5 1.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,818.7 1,860.8 1,833.0 1,886.5 53.5 2.9

Prescott

57.6 58.4 57.9 59.5 1.6 2.8

Tucson

362.4 368.3 364.6 370.6 6.0 1.6

Yuma

50.2 49.5 51.1 50.3 -0.8 -1.6


Arkansas

1,183.3 1,199.1 1,189.4 1,205.7 16.3 1.4

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

216.8 219.5 217.4 220.1 2.7 1.2

Fort Smith

116.5 116.6 116.8 116.6 -0.2 -0.2

Hot Springs

37.2 37.6 37.0 37.6 0.6 1.6

Jonesboro

52.4 53.4 52.9 54.3 1.4 2.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

345.9 348.5 347.8 350.4 2.6 0.7

Pine Bluff

35.1 34.7 35.6 35.3 -0.3 -0.8


California

15,205.3 15,513.3 15,327.4 15,670.1 342.7 2.2

Bakersfield-Delano

250.6 255.4 252.0 257.5 5.5 2.2

Chico

73.8 75.7 75.8 76.3 0.5 0.7

El Centro

50.6 51.3 51.4 52.2 0.8 1.6

Fresno

308.8 316.5 312.3 320.7 8.4 2.7

Hanford-Corcoran

37.7 37.9 37.1 37.4 0.3 0.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,577.1 5,674.5 5,638.1 5,725.3 87.2 1.5

Madera-Chowchilla

36.0 35.9 35.7 35.7 0.0 0.0

Merced

61.5 62.0 62.7 63.4 0.7 1.1

Modesto

160.2 163.0 157.7 160.5 2.8 1.8

Napa

69.1 70.4 70.2 71.1 0.9 1.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

285.9 292.3 288.8 295.6 6.8 2.4

Redding

61.6 62.2 61.5 62.4 0.9 1.5

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,228.4 1,256.9 1,242.9 1,272.6 29.7 2.4

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

865.7 883.5 870.1 892.7 22.6 2.6

Salinas

126.5 128.1 127.3 128.9 1.6 1.3

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,312.2 1,346.0 1,323.9 1,358.5 34.6 2.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

2,114.6 2,175.9 2,132.5 2,192.0 59.5 2.8

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

970.6 1,004.3 976.8 1,011.5 34.7 3.6

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

105.1 106.6 107.1 109.0 1.9 1.8

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

171.4 174.2 173.5 177.3 3.8 2.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

92.2 93.7 94.4 96.0 1.6 1.7

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

185.6 190.3 187.3 191.4 4.1 2.2

Stockton

203.2 206.2 204.0 207.3 3.3 1.6

Vallejo-Fairfield

126.0 128.3 126.9 129.4 2.5 2.0

Visalia-Porterville

113.3 115.3 113.6 115.9 2.3 2.0

Yuba City

38.8 39.2 39.2 39.6 0.4 1.0


Colorado

2,404.3 2,467.1 2,408.5 2,466.6 58.1 2.4

Boulder

174.8 179.8 175.6 180.9 5.3 3.0

Colorado Springs

259.5 258.9 259.0 258.9 -0.1 0.0

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,308.8 1,347.3 1,315.6 1,348.9 33.3 2.5

Fort Collins-Loveland

146.5 149.7 146.7 149.7 3.0 2.0

Grand Junction

61.0 60.9 61.4 60.9 -0.5 -0.8

Greeley

92.0 95.8 92.9 97.4 4.5 4.8

Pueblo

59.3 60.1 59.6 60.6 1.0 1.7


Connecticut

1,656.2 1,676.8 1,669.8 1,694.6 24.8 1.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

412.5 420.2 413.2 422.1 8.9 2.2

Danbury

68.8 70.2 69.6 70.7 1.1 1.6

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

550.6 556.9 554.9 562.4 7.5 1.4

New Haven

275.5 279.5 277.8 282.7 4.9 1.8

Norwich-New London

128.5 127.8 128.0 128.2 0.2 0.2

Waterbury

64.3 65.2 65.4 66.1 0.7 1.1


Delaware

430.4 442.3 432.3 444.8 12.5 2.9

Dover

66.4 66.3 66.9 67.5 0.6 0.9


District of Columbia

747.9 753.5 751.3 761.8 10.5 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,080.4 3,086.7 3,093.3 3,110.9 17.6 0.6


Florida

7,577.2 7,783.5 7,657.9 7,867.5 209.6 2.7

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

216.6 218.2 219.0 221.2 2.2 1.0

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

79.6 81.6 80.0 81.4 1.4 1.8

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

157.5 160.8 159.3 161.5 2.2 1.4

Gainesville

130.0 131.9 131.4 133.0 1.6 1.2

Jacksonville

611.3 630.7 615.1 637.1 22.0 3.6

Lakeland-Winter Haven

196.6 198.4 198.2 200.0 1.8 0.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,346.3 2,416.0 2,364.1 2,440.7 76.6 3.2

Naples-Marco Island

120.1 124.2 123.7 128.5 4.8 3.9

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

253.8 263.3 256.3 265.9 9.6 3.7

Ocala

92.4 91.4 92.8 91.8 -1.0 -1.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,068.7 1,109.2 1,080.3 1,117.9 37.6 3.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

193.5 194.8 194.3 195.0 0.7 0.4

Palm Coast

20.4 20.7 20.5 21.0 0.5 2.4

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

74.3 73.3 73.4 72.7 -0.7 -1.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

161.2 163.2 161.1 163.9 2.8 1.7

Port St. Lucie

125.3 127.3 127.1 130.2 3.1 2.4

Punta Gorda

42.5 43.7 42.9 44.2 1.3 3.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

45.0 45.1 45.6 45.6 0.0 0.0

Tallahassee

168.6 171.6 170.6 172.8 2.2 1.3

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,179.5 1,196.3 1,184.0 1,203.8 19.8 1.7


Georgia

4,049.2 4,132.6 4,070.4 4,166.4 96.0 2.4

Albany

61.2 61.0 61.8 61.6 -0.2 -0.3

Athens-Clarke County

90.9 91.1 91.5 91.9 0.4 0.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,416.7 2,470.3 2,431.3 2,489.1 57.8 2.4

Augusta-Richmond County

216.7 222.4 217.2 224.7 7.5 3.5

Brunswick

40.4 40.4 40.4 40.8 0.4 1.0

Columbus

121.3 121.1 122.0 122.3 0.3 0.2

Dalton

63.9 63.9 64.0 63.8 -0.2 -0.3

Gainesville

77.5 79.5 77.8 80.1 2.3 3.0

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.7 19.9 19.9 20.0 0.1 0.5

Macon

99.0 99.0 98.7 99.7 1.0 1.0

Rome

38.7 39.2 39.1 39.7 0.6 1.5

Savannah

161.6 165.5 163.4 166.7 3.3 2.0

Valdosta

54.0 54.1 54.4 54.7 0.3 0.6

Warner Robins

58.6 58.3 58.9 58.8 -0.1 -0.2


Hawaii

617.7 626.5 621.7 629.4 7.7 1.2

Honolulu

455.6 461.1 460.0 464.3 4.3 0.9


Idaho

649.9 653.6 650.0 657.4 7.4 1.1

Boise City-Nampa

279.0 285.2 279.8 286.9 7.1 2.5

Coeur d'Alene

57.6 60.0 57.5 59.2 1.7 3.0

Idaho Falls

51.4 52.0 52.0 52.3 0.3 0.6

Lewiston

27.0 27.1 27.0 27.4 0.4 1.5

Pocatello

36.7 37.0 37.2 37.7 0.5 1.3


Illinois

5,837.5 5,888.3 5,875.0 5,915.5 40.5 0.7

Bloomington-Normal

89.9 89.2 89.9 89.7 -0.2 -0.2

Champaign-Urbana

107.3 108.9 108.9 110.5 1.6 1.5

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,473.6 4,515.6 4,498.7 4,537.1 38.4 0.9

Danville

28.6 28.9 28.6 28.9 0.3 1.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

183.3 182.3 184.2 182.0 -2.2 -1.2

Decatur

51.6 51.7 51.8 51.5 -0.3 -0.6

Kankakee-Bradley

43.7 44.2 44.2 44.5 0.3 0.7

Peoria

179.0 177.5 179.4 178.7 -0.7 -0.4

Rockford

148.1 148.1 147.8 148.8 1.0 0.7

Springfield

110.9 110.9 111.3 111.6 0.3 0.3


Indiana

2,969.1 3,023.5 2,988.6 3,046.6 58.0 1.9

Anderson

40.6 41.3 40.7 42.0 1.3 3.2

Bloomington

84.2 83.7 84.6 85.0 0.4 0.5

Columbus

49.3 51.0 49.4 51.3 1.9 3.8

Elkhart-Goshen

120.2 126.7 120.9 126.8 5.9 4.9

Evansville

177.3 179.9 178.6 180.9 2.3 1.3

Fort Wayne

211.8 219.3 213.2 220.1 6.9 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel

947.4 962.5 949.4 967.9 18.5 1.9

Kokomo

44.5 46.2 44.6 46.3 1.7 3.8

Lafayette

100.1 100.1 100.3 102.0 1.7 1.7

Michigan City-La Porte

42.0 42.0 41.9 42.3 0.4 1.0

Muncie

49.3 53.2 51.7 53.1 1.4 2.7

South Bend-Mishawaka

134.8 136.2 136.0 137.0 1.0 0.7

Terre Haute

70.5 71.3 71.5 72.0 0.5 0.7


Iowa

1,543.0 1,561.0 1,560.8 1,576.7 15.9 1.0

Ames

51.6 52.8 52.2 53.5 1.3 2.5

Cedar Rapids

141.2 142.2 141.9 142.7 0.8 0.6

Des Moines-West Des Moines

338.9 342.9 343.7 346.6 2.9 0.8

Dubuque

58.7 60.4 59.6 61.6 2.0 3.4

Iowa City

98.0 99.8 98.9 101.5 2.6 2.6

Sioux City

76.4 76.8 77.0 77.4 0.4 0.5

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.6 92.8 94.2 93.6 -0.6 -0.6


Kansas

1,384.2 1,392.4 1,394.5 1,408.4 13.9 1.0

Lawrence

52.3 53.5 53.3 55.4 2.1 3.9

Manhattan

57.3 58.7 57.6 59.7 2.1 3.6

Topeka

110.2 111.3 111.0 112.4 1.4 1.3

Wichita

289.2 289.8 291.9 292.6 0.7 0.2


Kentucky

1,848.7 1,867.1 1,841.9 1,878.1 36.2 2.0

Bowling Green

64.6 66.7 64.5 67.0 2.5 3.9

Elizabethtown

49.2 49.7 49.1 49.7 0.6 1.2

Lexington-Fayette

261.8 263.2 260.5 264.8 4.3 1.7

Louisville-Jefferson County

631.6 637.1 630.9 641.6 10.7 1.7

Owensboro

52.7 53.4 53.0 53.5 0.5 0.9


Louisiana

1,951.1 1,981.2 1,973.1 1,996.8 23.7 1.2

Alexandria

62.6 61.9 62.9 62.2 -0.7 -1.1

Baton Rouge

387.4 399.2 391.9 398.8 6.9 1.8

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

100.4 102.3 100.9 103.6 2.7 2.7

Lafayette

159.1 162.9 161.3 164.5 3.2 2.0

Lake Charles

92.2 95.2 94.0 96.2 2.2 2.3

Monroe

78.1 78.3 78.7 79.1 0.4 0.5

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

543.8 555.5 550.4 559.4 9.0 1.6

Shreveport-Bossier City

170.1 172.1 171.2 173.4 2.2 1.3


Maine

615.0 623.5 614.5 620.3 5.8 0.9

Bangor

66.4 66.4 67.6 67.3 -0.3 -0.4

Lewiston-Auburn

49.1 49.6 49.5 50.3 0.8 1.6

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

198.6 202.4 197.1 201.9 4.8 2.4


Maryland

2,604.3 2,619.4 2,613.5 2,630.8 17.3 0.7

Baltimore-Towson

1,336.2 1,359.1 1,349.5 1,364.2 14.7 1.1

Cumberland

39.6 40.0 39.9 40.3 0.4 1.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

104.5 103.6 104.7 104.7 0.0 0.0

Salisbury

52.4 53.3 53.1 53.9 0.8 1.5


Massachusetts

3,379.9 3,442.8 3,408.0 3,465.9 57.9 1.7

Barnstable Town

104.8 108.2 102.7 103.8 1.1 1.1

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,568.1 2,611.2 2,589.5 2,630.1 40.6 1.6

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

48.5 49.2 48.7 49.6 0.9 1.8

New Bedford

69.5 70.8 70.5 71.6 1.1 1.6

Pittsfield

35.9 36.5 35.8 36.5 0.7 2.0

Springfield

295.9 302.1 297.7 304.4 6.7 2.3

Worcester

248.5 254.1 250.4 257.3 6.9 2.8


Michigan

4,148.8 4,177.9 4,170.2 4,205.7 35.5 0.9

Ann Arbor

208.0 210.5 210.9 215.4 4.5 2.1

Battle Creek

58.5 58.8 59.2 59.2 0.0 0.0

Bay City

37.6 37.7 37.9 38.0 0.1 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,875.2 1,877.6 1,883.9 1,890.8 6.9 0.4

Flint

137.1 137.3 139.0 138.8 -0.2 -0.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

406.0 420.2 410.0 426.3 16.3 4.0

Holland-Grand Haven

115.9 120.2 116.5 121.1 4.6 3.9

Jackson

54.7 54.3 54.9 54.3 -0.6 -1.1

Kalamazoo-Portage

139.3 140.6 139.6 141.4 1.8 1.3

Lansing-East Lansing

222.9 227.1 225.9 228.9 3.0 1.3

Monroe

41.6 41.7 42.2 42.2 0.0 0.0

Muskegon-Norton Shores

62.3 63.3 62.0 62.8 0.8 1.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.2 61.5 61.5 61.1 -0.4 -0.7

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

87.5 90.0 87.9 90.6 2.7 3.1


Minnesota

2,804.5 2,852.2 2,826.4 2,876.3 49.9 1.8

Duluth

133.2 134.3 134.4 134.6 0.2 0.1

Mankato-North Mankato

54.3 56.0 56.1 57.7 1.6 2.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,812.2 1,846.5 1,826.6 1,857.8 31.2 1.7

Rochester

107.7 108.7 108.2 109.1 0.9 0.8

St. Cloud

104.5 106.5 106.0 107.8 1.8 1.7


Mississippi

1,117.9 1,125.3 1,123.8 1,127.9 4.1 0.4

Gulfport-Biloxi

107.2 107.0 107.4 106.7 -0.7 -0.7

Hattiesburg

60.0 60.5 60.7 61.1 0.4 0.7

Jackson

260.9 260.3 261.6 262.7 1.1 0.4

Pascagoula

57.7 59.5 58.3 60.2 1.9 3.3


Missouri

2,746.3 2,799.8 2,763.9 2,816.0 52.1 1.9

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

44.7 44.7 44.8 45.3 0.5 1.1

Columbia

101.9 102.7 103.7 104.1 0.4 0.4

Jefferson City

76.2 76.9 76.8 77.5 0.7 0.9

Joplin

81.8 82.7 82.7 83.2 0.5 0.6

Kansas City

1,016.5 1,019.7 1,017.2 1,024.2 7.0 0.7

St. Joseph

62.4 63.5 62.8 64.1 1.3 2.1

St. Louis(1)

1,322.9 1,341.3 1,326.2 1,346.9 20.7 1.6

Springfield

200.3 203.9 202.2 205.1 2.9 1.4


Montana

457.2 464.6 453.0 461.5 8.5 1.9

Billings

82.3 84.0 82.6 84.4 1.8 2.2

Great Falls

36.5 36.7 36.5 36.9 0.4 1.1

Missoula

59.1 60.6 59.4 61.0 1.6 2.7


Nebraska

985.2 993.3 990.5 999.3 8.8 0.9

Lincoln

184.1 188.4 185.7 189.8 4.1 2.2

Omaha-Council Bluffs

478.2 482.0 481.1 485.0 3.9 0.8


Nevada

1,184.7 1,225.8 1,193.7 1,226.8 33.1 2.8

Carson City

27.7 27.6 27.6 27.6 0.0 0.0

Las Vegas-Paradise

855.2 881.3 859.6 882.8 23.2 2.7

Reno-Sparks

199.3 206.5 201.3 205.3 4.0 2.0


New Hampshire

644.5 652.2 647.2 653.4 6.2 1.0

Manchester

100.6 101.7 101.0 102.0 1.0 1.0

Portsmouth

58.0 59.2 57.6 58.4 0.8 1.4

Rochester-Dover

56.6 56.5 57.0 56.6 -0.4 -0.7


New Jersey

3,955.8 3,962.6 3,964.0 3,978.6 14.6 0.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

138.7 128.8 136.4 126.5 -9.9 -7.3

Ocean City

46.8 46.8 41.1 39.7 -1.4 -3.4

Trenton-Ewing

247.2 251.6 249.1 254.5 5.4 2.2

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

57.3 57.7 58.3 58.6 0.3 0.5


New Mexico

814.4 821.1 816.6 825.7 9.1 1.1

Albuquerque

371.4 369.5 371.3 371.6 0.3 0.1

Farmington

49.7 49.0 50.1 50.7 0.6 1.2

Las Cruces

70.7 71.1 71.5 71.7 0.2 0.3

Santa Fe

61.6 61.4 61.8 61.9 0.1 0.2


New York

8,935.8 9,049.5 9,022.5 9,129.0 106.5 1.2

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

448.2 451.4 453.3 458.0 4.7 1.0

Binghamton

106.3 106.1 107.8 107.5 -0.3 -0.3

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

551.9 553.5 558.8 560.1 1.3 0.2

Elmira

38.7 38.8 39.0 39.3 0.3 0.8

Glens Falls

55.0 54.7 54.3 54.8 0.5 0.9

Ithaca

70.4 70.6 71.9 72.6 0.7 1.0

Kingston

60.3 61.0 61.5 61.8 0.3 0.5

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,710.1 8,844.0 8,786.7 8,910.6 123.9 1.4

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

254.0 255.3 258.2 258.7 0.5 0.2

Rochester

515.7 515.6 522.9 522.2 -0.7 -0.1

Syracuse

317.3 316.3 319.0 317.2 -1.8 -0.6

Utica-Rome

128.0 127.8 130.2 129.3 -0.9 -0.7


North Carolina

4,089.5 4,174.9 4,124.6 4,217.9 93.3 2.3

Asheville

176.1 180.4 178.3 183.5 5.2 2.9

Burlington

58.7 59.7 59.2 60.4 1.2 2.0

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

877.5 898.5 890.4 910.6 20.2 2.3

Durham-Chapel Hill

286.4 292.0 288.1 292.4 4.3 1.5

Fayetteville

130.5 131.1 131.9 131.9 0.0 0.0

Goldsboro

42.8 43.1 43.2 43.5 0.3 0.7

Greensboro-High Point

348.1 350.4 351.0 353.1 2.1 0.6

Greenville

81.5 83.0 81.9 83.2 1.3 1.6

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

145.0 145.6 145.8 147.0 1.2 0.8

Jacksonville

48.5 49.3 48.9 49.9 1.0 2.0

Raleigh-Cary

547.8 564.7 553.0 570.9 17.9 3.2

Rocky Mount

54.1 54.0 55.0 55.0 0.0 0.0

Wilmington

143.8 147.3 143.2 147.0 3.8 2.7

Winston-Salem

210.0 211.8 212.1 213.9 1.8 0.8


North Dakota

453.2 476.0 456.8 479.2 22.4 4.9

Bismarck

69.8 72.0 70.4 72.8 2.4 3.4

Fargo

134.6 138.5 135.8 140.0 4.2 3.1

Grand Forks

56.6 57.1 57.8 57.9 0.1 0.2


Ohio

5,298.8 5,333.4 5,320.9 5,357.3 36.4 0.7

Akron

328.1 333.0 330.7 333.1 2.4 0.7

Canton-Massillon

170.9 172.7 172.6 173.3 0.7 0.4

Cincinnati-Middletown

1,033.5 1,047.2 1,039.2 1,051.4 12.2 1.2

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

1,030.8 1,042.0 1,033.7 1,046.7 13.0 1.3

Columbus

988.8 983.2 988.5 990.5 2.0 0.2

Dayton

378.7 379.7 377.0 381.8 4.8 1.3

Lima

52.8 53.1 52.9 53.3 0.4 0.8

Mansfield

52.2 52.7 52.3 52.7 0.4 0.8

Sandusky

38.1 38.9 37.3 38.2 0.9 2.4

Springfield

52.3 53.2 52.9 53.7 0.8 1.5

Steubenville-Weirton

44.0 43.2 44.3 43.5 -0.8 -1.8

Toledo

314.9 315.1 316.1 314.8 -1.3 -0.4

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

227.3 226.1 227.4 229.3 1.9 0.8


Oklahoma

1,640.8 1,674.6 1,648.3 1,685.2 36.9 2.2

Lawton

43.9 43.9 44.3 43.7 -0.6 -1.4

Oklahoma City

609.6 632.3 614.9 634.5 19.6 3.2

Tulsa

432.2 437.4 435.7 443.7 8.0 1.8


Oregon

1,688.7 1,731.5 1,704.2 1,752.6 48.4 2.8

Bend

66.2 67.4 65.8 67.3 1.5 2.3

Corvallis

37.6 38.2 39.4 39.7 0.3 0.8

Eugene-Springfield

142.8 145.5 147.0 148.5 1.5 1.0

Medford

78.5 77.7 79.6 79.3 -0.3 -0.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,043.8 1,071.8 1,051.1 1,082.8 31.7 3.0

Salem

147.9 150.5 148.6 151.4 2.8 1.9


Pennsylvania

5,766.9 5,814.1 5,809.3 5,864.8 55.5 1.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

349.6 350.3 350.1 353.3 3.2 0.9

Altoona

60.6 61.3 60.9 61.5 0.6 1.0

Erie

130.4 131.1 130.8 132.5 1.7 1.3

Harrisburg-Carlisle

327.9 332.4 330.5 331.9 1.4 0.4

Johnstown

58.0 57.9 59.6 59.0 -0.6 -1.0

Lancaster

233.2 236.3 234.5 236.9 2.4 1.0

Lebanon

51.1 51.3 51.4 51.9 0.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,751.8 2,761.4 2,775.2 2,784.3 9.1 0.3

Pittsburgh

1,162.4 1,172.5 1,169.6 1,180.0 10.4 0.9

Reading

170.4 170.1 171.3 172.1 0.8 0.5

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

255.2 252.9 255.6 254.0 -1.6 -0.6

State College

76.6 77.4 77.9 79.2 1.3 1.7

Williamsport

56.0 57.2 56.5 57.5 1.0 1.8

York-Hanover

179.3 178.4 178.7 178.5 -0.2 -0.1


Rhode Island

478.1 485.0 479.2 483.5 4.3 0.9

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

564.1 573.0 566.2 573.1 6.9 1.2


South Carolina

1,911.2 1,947.5 1,919.2 1,960.2 41.0 2.1

Anderson

65.8 66.9 66.5 67.6 1.1 1.7

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

313.0 316.6 312.1 318.8 6.7 2.1

Columbia

363.9 368.0 365.3 369.3 4.0 1.1

Florence

84.1 86.3 84.8 86.8 2.0 2.4

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

314.6 321.9 316.7 324.6 7.9 2.5

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

121.3 126.6 118.7 123.5 4.8 4.0

Spartanburg

129.4 131.5 130.3 132.8 2.5 1.9

Sumter

37.7 38.3 38.1 38.8 0.7 1.8


South Dakota

422.5 425.3 420.1 426.1 6.0 1.4

Rapid City

64.8 64.2 62.9 64.0 1.1 1.7

Sioux Falls

144.6 146.8 144.7 147.5 2.8 1.9


Tennessee

2,769.9 2,831.9 2,782.7 2,842.2 59.5 2.1

Chattanooga

240.2 242.9 240.9 243.9 3.0 1.2

Clarksville

88.5 89.0 88.5 88.9 0.4 0.5

Cleveland

44.9 45.4 44.9 45.4 0.5 1.1

Jackson

61.5 62.1 61.8 62.5 0.7 1.1

Johnson City

78.2 78.1 78.5 78.7 0.2 0.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

120.2 120.4 120.2 120.4 0.2 0.2

Knoxville

335.4 344.7 335.3 346.0 10.7 3.2

Memphis

605.1 611.1 606.9 614.1 7.2 1.2

Morristown

46.0 46.3 46.4 47.2 0.8 1.7

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

817.6 843.5 821.7 847.7 26.0 3.2


Texas

11,251.8 11,663.6 11,331.6 11,768.3 436.7 3.9

Abilene

66.5 67.1 67.4 67.3 -0.1 -0.1

Amarillo

112.8 113.8 114.3 114.8 0.5 0.4

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

869.9 902.4 876.8 906.4 29.6 3.4

Beaumont-Port Arthur

155.1 157.8 156.9 162.0 5.1 3.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

133.4 135.9 134.6 136.7 2.1 1.6

College Station-Bryan

104.5 105.7 105.9 107.7 1.8 1.7

Corpus Christi

187.6 193.0 189.2 194.2 5.0 2.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,118.9 3,221.3 3,133.2 3,245.1 111.9 3.6

El Paso

288.2 292.0 289.6 294.4 4.8 1.7

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,802.3 2,920.4 2,818.9 2,939.5 120.6 4.3

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

131.6 133.8 132.1 134.6 2.5 1.9

Laredo

95.4 97.6 95.6 98.1 2.5 2.6

Longview

100.0 104.0 101.1 105.5 4.4 4.4

Lubbock

132.8 137.7 134.6 138.3 3.7 2.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

233.0 237.6 235.4 243.1 7.7 3.3

Midland

86.2 91.5 86.7 92.9 6.2 7.2

Odessa

72.9 76.6 73.6 76.7 3.1 4.2

San Angelo

47.1 48.1 47.7 48.4 0.7 1.5

San Antonio-New Braunfels

910.3 931.0 914.2 937.7 23.5 2.6

Sherman-Denison

44.2 45.0 44.6 45.2 0.6 1.3

Texarkana

54.7 55.2 55.0 55.6 0.6 1.1

Tyler

96.2 97.0 97.4 98.0 0.6 0.6

Victoria

54.0 55.8 54.4 56.4 2.0 3.7

Waco

106.7 107.8 106.6 107.7 1.1 1.0

Wichita Falls

57.6 57.3 57.8 57.4 -0.4 -0.7


Utah

1,302.1 1,348.7 1,312.1 1,359.5 47.4 3.6

Logan

56.3 56.5 56.8 57.3 0.5 0.9

Ogden-Clearfield

209.2 211.1 208.9 212.5 3.6 1.7

Provo-Orem

207.9 214.5 210.1 216.9 6.8 3.2

St. George

52.2 54.3 52.9 54.9 2.0 3.8

Salt Lake City

663.9 682.7 667.0 687.3 20.3 3.0


Vermont

307.6 309.2 310.2 313.4 3.2 1.0

Burlington-South Burlington

119.5 118.8 119.8 121.0 1.2 1.0


Virginia

3,772.8 3,781.8 3,784.1 3,799.6 15.5 0.4

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

74.0 75.1 75.5 76.1 0.6 0.8

Charlottesville

104.3 104.4 106.2 107.0 0.8 0.8

Danville

40.3 39.3 40.2 39.5 -0.7 -1.7

Harrisonburg

64.4 65.4 65.2 66.5 1.3 2.0

Lynchburg

101.8 101.0 102.3 101.8 -0.5 -0.5

Richmond

634.5 644.5 637.2 648.1 10.9 1.7

Roanoke

159.3 157.4 159.5 158.1 -1.4 -0.9

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

755.6 759.1 750.7 756.4 5.7 0.8

Winchester

59.1 59.6 59.8 60.4 0.6 1.0


Washington

3,018.3 3,083.7 3,026.0 3,099.9 73.9 2.4

Bellingham

84.2 85.2 86.2 87.3 1.1 1.3

Bremerton-Silverdale

83.3 83.9 84.2 84.8 0.6 0.7

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

103.4 106.7 104.1 107.6 3.5 3.4

Longview

37.4 38.4 37.6 38.1 0.5 1.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

47.0 47.7 47.3 48.1 0.8 1.7

Olympia

102.6 104.2 104.1 105.2 1.1 1.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,801.7 1,852.8 1,802.9 1,860.1 57.2 3.2

Spokane

216.5 217.2 217.1 220.8 3.7 1.7

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

40.9 42.5 41.5 42.8 1.3 3.1

Yakima

81.1 82.1 82.4 83.1 0.7 0.8


West Virginia

766.4 779.8 771.1 783.4 12.3 1.6

Charleston

145.9 146.8 145.6 146.9 1.3 0.9

Huntington-Ashland

113.9 114.5 114.8 115.9 1.1 1.0

Morgantown

69.0 71.1 69.5 71.5 2.0 2.9

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

70.2 70.6 70.6 71.5 0.9 1.3

Wheeling

68.2 68.9 69.1 69.7 0.6 0.9


Wisconsin

2,848.0 2,891.6 2,870.1 2,905.3 35.2 1.2

Appleton

117.9 120.0 119.4 119.9 0.5 0.4

Eau Claire

83.0 83.8 84.1 85.1 1.0 1.2

Fond du Lac

47.4 47.5 47.8 48.0 0.2 0.4

Green Bay

171.1 171.0 172.6 173.4 0.8 0.5

Janesville

63.9 65.8 64.6 66.1 1.5 2.3

La Crosse

76.9 77.8 77.7 78.6 0.9 1.2

Madison

361.8 369.8 365.3 372.4 7.1 1.9

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

834.1 852.1 836.3 855.5 19.2 2.3

Oshkosh-Neenah

93.2 94.5 94.5 96.0 1.5 1.6

Racine

74.7 76.1 75.2 76.5 1.3 1.7

Sheboygan

60.1 60.5 59.7 60.4 0.7 1.2

Wausau

67.7 67.4 68.1 68.0 -0.1 -0.1


Wyoming

296.3 301.1 294.7 299.4 4.7 1.6

Casper

42.5 42.9 43.0 42.9 -0.1 -0.2

Cheyenne

46.4 46.6 46.6 47.2 0.6 1.3


Puerto Rico

914.5 916.1 923.7 921.1 -2.6 -0.3

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

46.1 46.3 46.7 46.9 0.2 0.4

Fajardo

15.1 15.5 15.1 15.5 0.4 2.6

Guayama

15.3 14.6 15.2 14.5 -0.7 -4.6

Mayaguez

34.8 35.3 35.1 35.4 0.3 0.9

Ponce

61.3 60.1 61.8 60.6 -1.2 -1.9

San German-Cabo Rojo

19.1 18.3 19.2 18.5 -0.7 -3.6

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

685.1 679.6 688.7 683.6 -5.1 -0.7

Yauco

13.5 13.4 13.4 13.3 -0.1 -0.7


Virgin Islands

37.8 37.9 37.8 37.9 0.1 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division September October Change from
October 2013 to October 2014(p)
2013 2014 2013 2014(p) Number Percent

California

15,205.3 15,513.3 15,327.4 15,670.1 342.7 2.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,577.1 5,674.5 5,638.1 5,725.3 87.2 1.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,122.9 4,188.6 4,166.7 4,223.6 56.9 1.4

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,454.2 1,485.9 1,471.4 1,501.7 30.3 2.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

2,114.6 2,175.9 2,132.5 2,192.0 59.5 2.8

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

1,038.9 1,060.2 1,045.4 1,066.7 21.3 2.0

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

1,075.7 1,115.7 1,087.1 1,125.3 38.2 3.5


District of Columbia

747.9 753.5 751.3 761.8 10.5 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

3,080.4 3,086.7 3,093.3 3,110.9 17.6 0.6

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

573.0 575.8 574.1 576.9 2.8 0.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,507.4 2,510.9 2,519.2 2,534.0 14.8 0.6


Florida

7,577.2 7,783.5 7,657.9 7,867.5 209.6 2.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,346.3 2,416.0 2,364.1 2,440.7 76.6 3.2

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

751.5 772.5 754.8 778.8 24.0 3.2

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,056.3 1,091.2 1,066.5 1,104.3 37.8 3.5

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

538.5 552.3 542.8 557.6 14.8 2.7


Illinois

5,837.5 5,888.3 5,875.0 5,915.5 40.5 0.7

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,473.6 4,515.6 4,498.7 4,537.1 38.4 0.9

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,798.0 3,835.1 3,819.0 3,849.2 30.2 0.8

Gary(2)

274.5 274.9 276.5 278.6 2.1 0.8

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

401.1 405.6 403.2 409.3 6.1 1.5


Massachusetts

3,379.9 3,442.8 3,408.0 3,465.9 57.9 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,568.1 2,611.2 2,589.5 2,630.1 40.6 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,779.9 1,815.3 1,796.5 1,830.0 33.5 1.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

93.6 94.7 95.0 96.0 1.0 1.1

Framingham

160.6 164.9 162.3 165.0 2.7 1.7

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

81.9 83.3 82.0 84.2 2.2 2.7

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

120.6 123.2 121.0 124.5 3.5 2.9

Nashua(1)

128.0 130.6 128.5 130.9 2.4 1.9

Peabody

103.2 105.2 104.2 106.1 1.9 1.8


Michigan

4,148.8 4,177.9 4,170.2 4,205.7 35.5 0.9

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,875.2 1,877.6 1,883.9 1,890.8 6.9 0.4

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

721.4 718.1 726.3 722.6 -3.7 -0.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,153.8 1,159.5 1,157.6 1,168.2 10.6 0.9


New York

8,935.8 9,049.5 9,022.5 9,129.0 106.5 1.2

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,710.1 8,844.0 8,786.7 8,910.6 123.9 1.4

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

1,023.2 1,025.7 1,025.2 1,027.1 1.9 0.2

Nassau-Suffolk

1,280.6 1,298.1 1,291.8 1,309.6 17.8 1.4

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,422.4 5,525.9 5,479.5 5,572.9 93.4 1.7

Newark-Union(2)

983.9 994.3 990.2 1,001.0 10.8 1.1


Pennsylvania

5,766.9 5,814.1 5,809.3 5,864.8 55.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,751.8 2,761.4 2,775.2 2,784.3 9.1 0.3

Camden(2)

504.9 509.1 507.1 513.7 6.6 1.3

Philadelphia

1,904.8 1,900.4 1,923.1 1,917.6 -5.5 -0.3

Wilmington(2)

342.1 351.9 345.0 353.0 8.0 2.3


Texas

11,251.8 11,663.6 11,331.6 11,768.3 436.7 3.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,118.9 3,221.3 3,133.2 3,245.1 111.9 3.6

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,194.8 2,273.7 2,202.2 2,290.4 88.2 4.0

Fort Worth-Arlington

924.1 947.6 931.0 954.7 23.7 2.5


Washington

3,018.3 3,083.7 3,026.0 3,099.9 73.9 2.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,801.7 1,852.8 1,802.9 1,860.1 57.2 3.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,518.0 1,565.0 1,521.6 1,573.3 51.7 3.4

Tacoma

283.7 287.8 281.3 286.8 5.5 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: December 09, 2014
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