Economic News Release

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 30, 2014                       USDL-14-2327

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  •  sminfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  •  lausinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


         METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2014 


Unemployment rates were lower in November than a year earlier in 341 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 27 areas, and unchanged in 4 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Twelve areas had jobless rates of at least
10.0 percent and 147 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 313 metropolitan areas, decreased in 55
areas, and was unchanged in 4 areas. The national unemployment rate in November
was 5.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 6.6 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in
November, 23.1 percent and 22.6 percent, respectively. Lincoln, Neb., had the
lowest unemployment rate, 2.1 percent, followed by Fargo, N.D.-Minn., and 
Mankato-North Mankato, Minn., 2.2 percent each. A total of 200 areas had
November unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 5.5 percent, 158 areas
had rates above it, and 14 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See
table 1.)

Decatur, Ill., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in November
(-4.3 percentage points), followed by Yuma, Ariz. (-4.2 points), and Danville, Ill.
(-4.1 points). Forty-four other areas had rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage
points. Alexandria, La., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+1.6
percentage points).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more,
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate in
November, 8.0 percent. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest
jobless rate among the large areas, 3.0 percent. Forty-eight of the large areas had
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, while New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, La.,
had the only rate increase (+1.4 percentage points). The largest rate decline
occurred in Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-2.4 percentage points),
followed by Cincinnati-Middletown, Ohio-Ky.-Ind.; Columbus, Ohio; and Providence-
Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass. (-2.2 points each).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
November, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the highest unemployment rate
among the divisions, 8.2 percent. Nashua, N.H.-Mass., had the lowest division rate,
4.0 percent. (See table 2.)

Thirty-three of the metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases in November. The largest of the declines occurred in Chicago-Joliet-
Naperville, Ill. (-2.6 percentage points). The only unemployment rate increase was
in Tacoma, Wash. (+0.1 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, 313 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 55 had decreases, and 4 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+125,300),
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+111,500), and New York-Northern New Jersey-
Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+107,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in
employment occurred in Midland, Texas (+6.2 percent), followed by Odessa, Texas
(+4.7 percent), and Elkhart-Goshen, Ind. (+4.6 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton,
N.J. (-8,600), and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. (-4,800). The
largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Atlantic City-
Hammonton, N.J. (-6.4 percent), Ocean City, N.J. (-3.9 percent), and Steubenville-
Weirton, Ohio-W.Va. (-2.9 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 37 of the 38 metropolitan areas with annual
average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Houston-Sugar
Land-Baytown, Texas (+4.4 percent), followed by Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla.
(+4.3 percent), and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+3.8 percent). The only
over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Philadelphia-Camden-
Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. (-0.2 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in November 2014 for 32 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within
a metropolitan area. Thirty-one of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year
employment gains. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+88,700),
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+87,700), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale,
Calif. (+60,000). The over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Philadelphia,
Pa. (-16,700).

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.0 percent), followed by Fort
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla., and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla.
(+3.7 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in
Philadelphia, Pa. (-0.9 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2014 
is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, January 27, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2014
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 4, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


    _________________________________________________________________________ 
   |                                                                         |
   |           Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data        |
   |                                                                         |
   |Effective with the release of January 2015 estimates on March 17, 2015,  |
   |all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented  |
   |in tables 3 and 4 of this news release will be adjusted to 2014 benchmark|
   |levels. Seasonally adjusted series will be subject to revision from 1990 |
   |forward. Not seasonally adjusted payroll data back to April 2013 will    |
   |also be subject to revision.                                             |
   |_________________________________________________________________________|


    __________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                          |
   |        Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data       |
   |                                                                          |
   |Effective with the issuance of Regional and State Unemployment 2014 Annual|
   |Averages on March 4, 2015, the civilian labor force and unemployment data |
   |for census regions and divisions and all states, the District of Columbia,|
   |and the seven modeled substate areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this  |
   |news release will be replaced with data produced using a new generation of|
   |time-series models. Revised estimates will be loaded into the BLS time-   |
   |series database back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990, or 1994 at   |
   |that time. Both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data will |
   |be affected. The revisions to model-based data at the state level and     |
   |below for 2013 and 2014 also will incorporate updated estimation inputs,  |
   |while the revisions for all model-based data from April 2010 forward will |
   |reflect new population controls from the U.S. Census Bureau.              |
   |                                                                          |
   |For non-modeled substate areas, data will reflect methodological changes  |
   |and the incorporation of estimation inputs from the American Community    |
   |Survey effective with the issuance of the January 2015 Metropolitan Area  |
   |Employment and Unemployment news release on March 20, 2015. Subsequently  |
   |on April 21, 2015, comprehensive revisions for substate areas from 2010-14|
   |will be loaded into the BLS time-series database. More information on all |
   |upcoming changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics data is available  |
   |on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lauschanges2015.htm.                |
   |__________________________________________________________________________|


    ______________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                              |
   | Upcoming Changes to Metropolitan Area and Metropolitan Division Delineations |
   |                                                                              |
   |In addition to the changes described above, both the civilian labor force     |
   |data presented in tables 1 and 2 and the nonfarm payroll employment data      |
   |presented in tables 3 and 4 of this news release will reflect implementation  |
   |of revised metropolitan area and metropolitan division delineations effective |
   |with the January 2015 issuance on March 20, 2015. The revised delineations    |
   |were issued by the Office of Management and Budget for solely statistical     |
   |purposes through Bulletin No. 13-01 on February 28, 2013, based on the        |
   |application of updated statistical standards to U.S. Census Bureau population |
   |and journey-to-work data. The Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas    |
   |(NECTAs) and NECTA Divisions again will be used for the six New England       |
   |states, rather than the county-based delineations, for purposes of this news  |
   |release. Compared with the Census 2000-based delineations, the number of      |
   |metropolitan areas in the U.S. and Puerto Rico will increase from 380 to      |
   |394, while the number of metropolitan divisions will increase from 34 to 38.  |
   |The analyses of both unemployment rates and nonfarm payroll employment        |
   |changes for large metropolitan areas will focus on the 51 areas with 2010     |
   |Census populations of 1 million or more.                                      |
   |                                                                              |
   |Within the BLS time-series database, both civilian labor force and nonfarm    |
   |payroll employment series reconstructed back to January 1990 to reflect the   |
   |revised metropolitan area and metropolitan division delineations will be      |
   |loaded on March 17, 2015, three days before the issuance of the January 2015  |
   |Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release. More information  |
   |about the upcoming statistical area changes is available on the BLS website   |
   |at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.                                               |
   |______________________________________________________________________________|



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Last Modified Date: December 30, 2014
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