Economic News Release

Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 9, 2014                 USDL-14-2207

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2014


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 354 of the 372 
metropolitan areas, higher in 14 areas, and unchanged in 4 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eight areas had jobless rates of at 
least 10.0 percent and 144 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm 
payroll employment increased over the year in 318 metropolitan areas, decreased 
in 46 areas, and was unchanged in 8 areas. The national unemployment rate in 
October was 5.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.0 percent a year 
earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in 
October, 24.7 percent and 23.7 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the 
lowest unemployment rate, 2.0 percent, followed by Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 2.2 
percent. A total of 194 areas had October unemployment rates below the U.S. 
figure of 5.5 percent, 168 areas had rates above it, and 10 areas had rates 
equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October 
(-5.5 percentage points), followed by Decatur, Ill. (-4.2 points). Eighty other 
areas had rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points. Alexandria, La., had 
the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+0.5 percentage point).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, 
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., 
had the highest unemployment rates in October, 8.1 percent each. Minneapolis-St. 
Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest jobless rate among the large areas, 
3.2 percent. Forty-eight of the large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate 
decreases, while New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, La., had the only rate increase 
(+0.2 percentage point). The largest rate declines occurred in Las Vegas-Paradise, 
Nev. (-2.8 percentage points); Providence-Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass. (-2.7 
points); and Cincinnati-Middletown, Ohio-Ky.-Ind. (-2.6 points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. 
In October, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., had the highest unemployment rate 
among the divisions, 9.3 percent. Nashua, N.H.-Mass., had the lowest division 
rate, 3.8 percent. (See table 2.)

All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in 
October. The largest of the declines occurred in Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H. 
(-3.0 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 318 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll 
employment, 46 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increases occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-
N.J.-Pa. (+123,900), Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+120,600), and Dallas-Fort 
Worth-Arlington, Texas (+111,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in 
employment occurred in Midland, Texas (+7.2 percent), followed by Elkhart-Goshen, 
Ind. (+4.9 percent), and Greeley, Colo. (+4.8 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, 
N.J. (-9,900), followed by Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-2,200), and 
Syracuse, N.Y. (-1,800). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in 
employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J. (-7.3 percent), Ocean City, 
N.J. (-3.4 percent), and Steubenville-Weirton, Ohio-W.Va. (-1.8 percent). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 38 metropolitan areas with 
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year 
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred 
in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+4.3 percent), followed by Dallas-Fort 
Worth-Arlington, Texas, and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+3.6 percent 
each). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in October 2014 for 32 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers 
within a metropolitan area. Thirty of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-
the-year employment gains and 2 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase 
in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White 
Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+93,400), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas 
(+88,200), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+56,900). The over-the-
year decreases in employment occurred in Philadelphia, Pa. (-5,500), and Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-3,700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.0 percent), followed by 
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla., and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif. 
(+3.5 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred 
in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-0.5 percent), and Philadelphia, Pa. (-0.3 
percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Friday, December 19, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). 
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, December 30, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



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Last Modified Date: December 09, 2014
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