Economic News Release

Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Monday, May 13, 2013                               USDL-13-0926

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- FIRST QUARTER 2013


Employers in the private nonfarm sector initiated 914 mass layoff events in the first
quarter of 2013 that resulted in the separation of 154,374 workers from their jobs for
at least 31 days, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the year,
total extended mass layoff events and associated worker separations were down from
1,294 and 246,956, respectively. Total events and separations both fell to their lowest
first quarter levels on record (with first quarter data available back to 1996). (See
table A.) First quarter 2013 layoff data are preliminary and are subject to revision.
(See the Technical Note.)

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Manufacturing industries had 184 extended mass layoff events and 30,870 separations in
the first quarter of 2013, due to both insufficient demand and the completion of seasonal
work. Total events and separations in this sector declined to their lowest levels in
program history (with quarterly data available back to 1995). (See table 1.)

During the quarter, the construction sector had 178 extended mass layoff events and
20,071 separations, largely due to contract completion. The administrative and waste
services sector reported 143 layoff events and 23,284 separations. (See table 1.)


   ______________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                      |
  |                           Mass Layoffs Data Discontinued                             |
  |                                                                                      |
  |On March 1, 2013, President Obama ordered into effect the across-the-board spending   |
  |cuts (commonly referred to as sequestration) required by the Balanced Budget and      |
  |Emergency Deficit Control Act, as amended. Under the order, the Bureau of Labor       |
  |Statistics (BLS) must cut its current budget by more than $30 million, 5 percent of   |
  |the current 2013 appropriation, by September 30, 2013. In order to help achieve these |
  |savings and protect core programs, the BLS will eliminate two programs, including     |
  |Mass Layoff Statistics, and all "measuring green jobs" products. This news release is |
  |the final publication of quarterly extended mass layoff survey data. The final release|
  |of monthly Mass Layoff Statistics data will occur on June 21st, with publication of   |
  |the May 2013 data.                                                                    |
  |______________________________________________________________________________________|
   

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Business demand factors, primarily contract completion, accounted for 39 percent of
extended mass layoff events and 42 percent of related separations in the private nonfarm
sector during the first quarter of 2013. Layoffs due to the completion of seasonal work
accounted for 28 percent of events and 27 percent of separations during the quarter.
(See table 2.)

Movement of Work

In the first quarter of 2013, 21 extended mass layoff events involved movement of work and
were associated with 3,421 worker separations, a program low for both figures (movement of
work data begin in first quarter 2004). Layoffs involving the movement of work accounted
for only 3 percent of all nonseasonal layoff events. Eleven of the events related to
movement of work were from manufacturing industries. Employers cited organizational
changes as the economic reason for layoff in 9 of the 21 events involving movement of
work. Among workers affected by the movement of work, the largest proportion was in the
Midwest. (See tables 6-8.)

The 21 events with movement of work for the first quarter involved 30 identifiable
relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers were able to provide information
on the specific number of worker separations for 19 of these actions. Among these actions,
the majority were domestic reassignments and involved work moving within the same company.
(See table 10.)


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity

     Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

     2009

January-March ..........          3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June .............          3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September .........          2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December .......          2,416            406,212            468,577

     2010

January-March ..........          1,870            314,512            368,664
April-June .............          2,008            381,622            396,441
July-September .........          1,370            222,357            260,077
October-December .......          1,999            338,643            390,584

     2011

January-March ..........          1,490            225,456            258,220
April-June .............          1,810            317,546            342,530
July-September .........          1,393            235,325            291,066
October-December .......          1,903            334,383            403,457

     2012

January-March ..........          1,294            246,956            291,174
April-June (r) .........          1,959            385,983            383,492
July-September (r) .....          1,124            199,781            228,818
October-December (r) ...          2,123            424,492            432,792

     2013

January-March (p) ......            914            154,374            133,294

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.


Recall Expectations

Permanent worksite closures accounted for 10 percent of the total extended mass layoff
events and separations reported during the first quarter of 2013, primarily in the
manufacturing and retail sectors. Conversely, 49 percent of the private nonfarm
employers reporting a layoff event not involving a closure expected to recall at least
some of the workers displaced during the quarter. Of those employers anticipating a
recall, 18 percent indicated the offer would be extended to all displaced workers and
57 percent anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the employees. Among
those employers expecting to recall laid-off workers, 56 percent intend to do so within
6 months. Excluding extended mass layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation period,
employers anticipated recalling  the laid-off workers in 36 percent of the events. (See
table 11.)

Size of Extended Layoffs

The average size of a layoff (as measured by the number of separations per layoff event)
was 169 workers during the first quarter of 2013. (See table 12.) Events were largely
concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size spectrum, with 71 percent
involving fewer than 150 workers. Conversely, only 4 percent of layoff events involved
500 or more workers. (See table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 133,294 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated with
extended mass layoffs in the first quarter of 2013, the fewest claimants reported for
any first quarter on record (data are available back to 1996). Of these claimants,
14 percent were black, 21 percent were Hispanic, 37 percent were women, and 20 percent
were 55 years of age or older. (See table 3.) In the entire civilian labor force for the
same period, 12 percent of all persons were black, 16 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent
were women, and 21 percent were 55 years of age or older.


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in the first quarter 2013, by residency of claimants

                                                     2012 I (r)            2013 I (p)    

            Metropolitan area                    Initial                Initial          
                                                claimants     Rank     claimants   Rank  
                                                                                         
        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ........   253,522                112,634          

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. .....    76,620        1        27,042       1  
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                        
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. ....................    15,081        3         8,693       2  
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. .....    16,549        2         6,562       3  
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. ....     7,782        5         5,513       4  
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ........    12,276        4         3,011       5  
Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. .....................     2,598       15         2,515       6  
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ........     7,684        6         2,392       7  
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. ...............     2,351       18         1,952       8  
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.                                                      
    -N.J.-Del.-Md. ...........................     3,192       11         1,488       9  
Fresno, Calif. ...............................     2,597       16         1,483      10  
                                                                                         
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are
defined in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the West had the highest number of extended mass layoff
events in the first quarter of 2013, primarily in the administrative and support services
sector. Among the nine census divisions, the highest number of extended mass layoff
events was in the Pacific. (See table 4.)

California had the largest number of extended mass layoff events in the first quarter
of 2013, followed by New York, Illinois, and Ohio. Excluding layoff activity due to
seasonal work and vacation period reasons, California, New York, and Illinois reported
the largest numbers of events. (See table 5.)

Eighty-five percent of the initial claimants for unemployment insurance associated with
extended mass layoff events in the first quarter resided within metropolitan areas. Among
the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., had the highest
number of resident initial claimants. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days duration
that involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing initial claims for
unemployment insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. Approximately 30 days after a
mass layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted for additional information.  Data for
the current quarter are preliminary and subject to revision. This release also includes
revised data for previous quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data
suggest that there is a seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive
quarters should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional information about the
program, see the Technical Note.

________________
The Mass Layoffs news release for April 2013 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday,
May 22, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which identifies,
describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each state's
unemployment insurance database. Employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed
against them during a consecutive 5-week period are contacted by the state agency to
determine whether these separations are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so,
information is obtained on the total number of persons separated and the reasons for
these separations. Employers are identified according to industry classification and
location, and unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic
factors as age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence. The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when regular
unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the U.S. to a
location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to a different company
altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer. A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers
is obtained from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is
administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more initial claims
for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a 5-week period, with at least
50 workers separated for more than 30 days. Such layoffs involve both persons subject to
recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate a request
either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for compensation, or for a
subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Movement of work. The reassignment of work activities previously performed at the
worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite within the
company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrangements at the same
worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual arrangements at another
worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house by employees paid
directly by a company to a different company under a contractual arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the U.S. to a
location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same company or to a
different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action. A movement-of-work action where the employer provides
information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers affected by the
movement. Events may involve more than one action per employer if work is moved to more
than one location.

   Separations. The number of individuals who have become displaced during an extended
mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether they file for
unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure of an
employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs are closed.

Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary. After
the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected as remaining
employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional initial claimant
information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas relocation"
were replaced by the movement of work concept. The movement of work data are not collected
in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior to 2004; therefore, the movement
of work data are not comparable to the data for those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when the
reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as these are
unlikely. Movement of work questions  are asked after the analyst verifies that a layoff
in fact occurred  and lasted more than 30 days. If the reason for layoff is other than
seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s) to a
       different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff  include your company moving work that was performed in-house by
       your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by: "Is the location inside or outside
of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the employer responds "yes"
to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the location(s) was inside the U.S.; "overseas
relocation" indicates that the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and associated
characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered employers and
unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to issues associated
with sampling error. Nonsampling errors such as typographical errors may affect the
identification of layoff events and associated claimants, but are not likely to be
significant.

   With one exception, all employers in the private nonfarm sector identified as having
a mass layoff based on administrative data are asked the interview questions. These
employer responses are also subject to nonsampling error. Nonsampling errors can occur
for many reasons, including the inability to obtain information for all respondents,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors
made in the collection or processing of the data.

   Beginning with first quarter 2013 data, employers in California identified as having
mass layoff events from the administrative and support services (NAICS 561) industry
subsector are randomly selected to participate in the employer interview. Sampling
weights are applied to data collected from these employer interviews, which represent
responses for those employers not selected for employer contact. These data are subject
to sampling errors which can result from the variation that occurs by chance because a
sample is surveyed rather than the entire universe of NAICS 561 employers in California
identified as having layoff events.

   For the first quarter of 2013, outright refusal to participate in the employer
interview accounted for 5.4 percent of all private nonfarm events. Although included
in the total number of instances involving the movement of work, employers in 11
relocations were unable to provide the number of separations specifically associated
with the movement of work, 2 of which involved out-of-country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

                                                                                                           Initial claimants for
                                                         Layoff events              Separations            unemployment insurance
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                       I      IV      I          I       IV       I           I       IV       I
                                                     2012   2012r   2013p      2012    2012r    2013p       2012    2012r    2013p
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  1,294   2,123     914    246,956  424,492  154,374    291,174  432,792  133,294

    Mining .......................................     16      42      11      1,760    5,073    1,575      1,523    5,384    1,064
    Utilities ....................................      3       9       -        421    1,785        -        879    1,898        -
    Construction .................................    261     632     178     33,701   86,884   20,071     42,014   98,712   20,537
    Manufacturing ................................    233     368     184     33,099   73,283   30,870     36,610   71,159   25,730
         Food ....................................     56     104      41      8,731   31,742   11,015     10,406   29,407    6,640
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........      3      12       4        485    1,449      965        320    1,489    1,134
         Textile mills ...........................      4       3     (2)        382      592      (2)        374      708      (2)
         Textile product mills ...................      3       3     (2)        435      443      (2)        964      868      (2)
         Apparel .................................      4       7       5      1,182      731      723      1,184      801      915
         Leather and allied products .............      -       -       3          -        -      258          -        -      256
         Wood products ...........................     13      11       5      1,686    1,066      370      1,314    1,335    1,129
         Paper ...................................      6     (2)       7        645      (2)      784        663      (2)      467
         Printing and related support activities .      7      11       3      1,202    1,100      614      1,001    1,201      525
         Petroleum and coal products .............      4      22       3        810    3,218      376        327    2,935      247

         Chemicals ...............................      9       9       7      1,222    3,448    1,175      1,087    1,044      812
         Plastics and rubber products ............     11      10       5      1,119      839    1,727        890    1,077    1,579
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     21      34      13      2,143    5,202    1,132      2,295    6,030    1,323
         Primary metals ..........................    (2)      14       6        (2)    2,446      730        (2)    2,151    1,008
         Fabricated metal products ...............     12      24       9      1,093    2,711      967      1,126    3,356      777
         Machinery ...............................     11      30      11      1,030    6,253    1,194      1,731    6,531    1,126
         Computer and electronic products ........     19      21       9      2,256    3,116      971      2,049    2,704      999
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....    (2)       4       7        (2)      371    1,215        (2)      375      918
         Transportation equipment ................     27      39      30      5,464    6,553    4,953      8,172    7,403    4,194
         Furniture and related products ..........     10     (2)       6      1,454      (2)      618      1,292      (2)      623
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............      8       6       7      1,160    1,388      873        954    1,187      799

    Wholesale trade ..............................     27      51      16      3,032    8,339    2,529      2,765    7,171    2,214
    Retail trade .................................    139     124      86     35,434   32,448   16,694     37,343   32,534   12,372
    Transportation and warehousing ...............     50      61      39      8,622   18,621    9,823      7,060   11,864    4,700
    Information ..................................     74      75      49     31,454   36,187   14,111     45,997   41,928   15,009
    Finance and insurance ........................     36      25      24      7,143    4,119    4,323      6,209    5,493    2,952
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........      6      15       4      3,341    2,381      648      1,621    2,579      645
    Professional and technical services ..........     63      86      52     12,879   13,734   12,952     18,608   14,723   12,757
    Management of companies and enterprises ......     12       4       7      1,871      697      724      1,824      493      607
    Administrative and waste services ............    189     317     143     46,583   67,275   23,284     60,760   85,265   21,198
    Educational services .........................      6      15       6        496    2,031      544        619    2,073      503
    Health care and social assistance ............     30      50      16      4,575   12,309    1,882      4,636    7,271    1,546
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     46      72      34      5,979   18,551    5,267      7,282   11,363    3,720
    Accommodation and food services ..............     89     143      57     15,045   35,167    7,904     13,814   28,014    6,668
    Other services, except public administration .     10      29       6      1,156    4,901      719      1,276    4,078      605

    Unclassified .................................      4       5       2        365      707      454        334      790      467
                                                                                                                                   
   1 For the first quarter of 2013, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                         I        IV        I           I         IV        I            I         IV        I
                                       2012     2012r     2013p       2012      2012r     2013p        2012      2012r     2013p
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   1,294     2,123       914      246,956   424,492   154,374      291,174   432,792   133,294

Business demand ...................     519       704       361      107,736   145,269    64,307      152,217   175,403    62,800
  Contract cancellation ...........      20        24       (2)        4,694     6,309       (2)        3,891     3,279       (2)
  Contract completion .............     359       500       235       83,506   115,802    48,394      124,771   146,598    48,196
  Domestic competition ............     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................     (2)         6       (2)          (2)     1,002       (2)          (2)       932       (2)
  Import competition ..............       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown.     135       169       108       17,797    20,713    13,620       19,533    23,477    12,797
    
Organizational changes ............      75        69        49       15,277    24,614     8,435       13,857    11,963     5,825
  Business-ownership change .......      15        23         9        3,844    13,922     2,149        1,623     3,111     1,045
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................      60        46        40       11,433    10,692     6,286       12,234     8,852     4,780

Financial issues ..................     115       117        59       22,056    31,173    10,324       17,915    25,940     6,557
  Bankruptcy ......................      16        44         7        2,557    19,152     1,201        1,514    14,182       679
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........      53        40        28       10,230     6,530     5,634        9,832     7,586     3,602
  Financial difficulty ............      46        33        24        9,269     5,491     3,489        6,569     4,172     2,276

Production specific ...............      16        20        12        2,469     3,960     2,660        2,785     3,744     2,129
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................       3         3       (2)          626       427       (2)          911       359       (2)
  Energy related ..................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       3         5         5          528     1,020     1,686          479       768     1,266
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........     (2)         3       (2)          (2)       675       (2)          (2)       330       (2)
  Material or supply shortage .....     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Model changeover ................     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................       3       (2)       (2)          265       (2)       (2)          447       (2)       (2)
  Product line discontinued .......     (2)         4       (2)          (2)       860       (2)          (2)       869       (2)

Disaster/safety ...................       4        36         3          676     6,181       600          715     7,897       359
  Hazardous work environment ......     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Non-natural disaster ............       -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)        32       (2)          (2)     5,555       (2)          (2)     7,486       (2)

Seasonal ..........................     325       851       253       54,324   150,186    42,388       60,130   145,243    31,670
  Seasonal ........................     (2)       823       246          (2)   145,306    41,461          (2)   140,394    30,895
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................     (2)        28         7          (2)     4,880       927          (2)     4,849       775

Other/miscellaneous ...............     240       326       177       44,418    63,109    25,660       43,555    62,602    23,954
  Other ...........................      24        20        14        4,905     2,815     3,447        4,564     2,329     1,777
  Data not provided: refusal ......      70        83        51       13,369    19,679     7,945       13,369    19,679     7,945
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     146       223       112       26,144    40,615    14,268       25,622    40,594    14,232

                                                                                                                                
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, fourth quarter, 2012 and first quarter, 2013

                                                         Total                              Percent of total
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over
              State                                                                                                                
                                    IV      I         IV       I         IV     I        IV     I        IV     I        IV     I
                                  2012r   2013p     2012r    2013p     2012r  2013p    2012r  2013p    2012r  2013p    2012r  2013p

    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  2,123     914    432,792  133,294     11.9   13.5     21.7   20.6     31.4   36.9     19.5   20.3

Alabama ........................     10       6      2,162    1,919     48.5   37.6      2.8    2.9     48.3   24.3     17.1   18.8
Alaska .........................     14       5      3,001      437      5.8    7.1     11.4   11.0     26.3   22.4     21.4   16.2
Arizona ........................     11       6      1,580    1,177      8.2   10.3     31.1   40.5     27.9   41.5     15.4   17.0
Arkansas .......................     10       5      2,249      500     19.3   20.0      6.6    3.0     33.2   32.4     22.3   17.6
California .....................    614     254    171,076   52,288      8.8    8.5     34.8   32.0     36.6   38.2     16.9   17.8
Colorado .......................     22       5      2,959      569      5.6    6.9     30.4   19.3     21.2   19.5     22.7   12.3
Connecticut ....................     10       6      1,753      651     11.2   15.1     12.0   10.8     16.8   59.8     23.3   34.1
Delaware .......................      3       3        588      287     57.3   45.3     10.2    7.7     53.6   27.9     33.5   13.9
District of Columbia ...........      3     (2)        566      (2)     74.7   60.6      7.8   12.7     57.4   57.7     19.1   22.5
Florida ........................     19      17      4,065    2,422     26.6   29.2     23.3   23.5     39.5   47.1     30.6   25.5
Georgia ........................      9      10      2,274    1,004     72.0   46.4       .9     .6     39.8   31.9     16.8   25.0
Hawaii .........................    (2)       3        (2)      322      2.6    2.2      4.5    9.6     43.9   19.9     16.8   16.5
Idaho ..........................     14       5      1,841      758       .1     .3     14.8    9.4     24.8   40.0     21.3   15.2

Illinois .......................    164      73     26,965    8,281     15.8   22.8     19.5   14.0     24.4   34.3     17.3   16.7
Indiana ........................     37       9      7,996    1,674      8.2    4.7      3.7    2.4     15.5   20.0     18.5   22.5
Iowa ...........................      9       3      1,812    1,067      4.1    1.2      5.5    5.5     12.4   36.9     25.5   33.9
Kansas .........................      9     (2)      2,326      (2)      9.8    8.9      1.9    1.8     23.1   53.0     15.7   28.0
Kentucky .......................     33      17      4,589    1,633      8.0   17.4       .2     .1     25.4   38.9     21.9   16.0
Louisiana ......................     18       7      2,922      812     39.9   29.9      6.0   11.0     24.6   34.6     25.5   41.0
Maine ..........................     10       3      1,935      254      2.1     .4       .6      -     29.1   57.1     27.9   29.1
Maryland .......................     35       8      5,417      651     30.0   16.4      1.4    3.5     43.0   22.0     21.2   28.3
Massachusetts ..................     27      13      4,689    1,380     10.1   16.4      1.0    1.9     41.2   45.0     21.1   17.8
Michigan .......................     66      22      8,628    2,288      9.3    8.7      7.2    2.0     15.9   29.6     16.1   20.3
Minnesota ......................     79      18     10,622    1,836      2.8    6.1      9.2    3.6     14.2   27.7     19.4   22.4
Mississippi ....................      9       5        939      293     48.3   47.8      6.3    3.4     28.4   30.4     15.8   24.2
Missouri .......................     32      22      5,130    1,918     16.7   14.2      2.6    2.2     36.6   40.8     27.6   20.5

Montana ........................     14       -      1,590        -       .6      -      4.3      -     20.2      -     24.3      -
Nebraska .......................      8     (2)        892      (2)      3.4    4.3     11.3    1.7     22.3   30.8     31.3   18.8
Nevada .........................     39      14      8,821    2,641      9.4    9.8     29.3   30.8     39.7   50.0     22.5   25.4
New Hampshire ..................      8     (2)        859      (2)       .6    1.6      1.4      -     19.2   10.9     32.8   32.8
New Jersey .....................     66      21     13,864    2,349     14.2   18.3     24.8   18.3     45.7   43.6     26.8   28.5
New Mexico .....................     12     (2)      1,576      (2)      2.0     .5     53.0   63.5     36.1   44.2     21.4   28.8
New York .......................    149      82     23,792   10,351     15.2   16.2     16.9   20.1     35.2   37.3     23.2   24.9
North Carolina .................     22      10      3,632    2,349     35.3   51.2      9.3    2.6     28.0   47.6     25.8   31.8
North Dakota ...................     15     (2)      2,172      (2)      1.6    1.6      4.0     .5      9.3   64.1     24.1   11.4
Ohio ...........................    100      55     16,825    5,639     11.5    8.9      3.8    3.6     19.7   20.0     18.4   21.1
Oklahoma .......................      9     (2)      1,134      (2)     10.9   10.4      6.4    6.4     35.4   32.4     21.3   30.1
Oregon .........................     28      12      6,519    1,361      1.3    1.2     27.9   17.5     41.8   37.5     22.9   22.7
Pennsylvania ...................    115      43     23,935    5,463      8.7   10.1      3.3    5.9     20.6   37.4     23.8   26.7

Rhode Island ...................      4     (2)        260      (2)      2.3    2.4      6.5   10.7      7.7    8.3     21.2   26.2
South Carolina .................      8       6      1,427      839     49.6   60.9      1.3    3.9     35.1   53.2     25.9   14.9
South Dakota ...................      -       -          -        -        -      -        -      -        -      -        -      -
Tennessee ......................     18       6      3,190      514     18.0   39.7       .1      -     26.4   44.2     29.0   13.4
Texas ..........................     40      29      9,763    5,137     21.1   19.6     43.4   41.6     22.2   41.2     15.0   15.6
Utah ...........................     13      10      2,740      938      1.1    1.2     13.0   18.3     10.7   25.4     16.4   20.3
Vermont ........................      3     (2)        320      (2)       .3    3.2       .3      -     16.6   48.4     24.7   22.6
Virginia .......................     28      17      6,208    1,623     45.6   35.6      5.4    7.9     40.5   34.9     20.3   23.7
Washington .....................     69      44      9,546    4,482      5.6    6.4     19.3   15.6     34.3   34.6     19.5   19.4
West Virginia ..................     10       3        958      208       .5    1.0       .3      -     16.6   44.2     19.3   24.0
Wisconsin ......................     74      24     13,964    3,765      5.1    7.7     11.0    6.9     24.0   35.8     20.0   20.7
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.8      -      4.4   21.7     43.8   26.5     27.7   18.1

Puerto Rico ....................     10      13      3,469    1,622        -     .2     98.9   98.6     51.6   33.5      8.4    9.2
                                                                                                                                   
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

												    Initial claimants for
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                     I        IV        I            I        IV        I             I       IV       I
                                   2012     2012r     2013p        2012     2012r     2013p        2012     2012r    2013p
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   1,294     2,123       914      246,956   424,492   154,374      291,174  432,792  133,294

Northeast .....................     248       392       171       36,369    64,454    25,622       39,462   71,407   20,658

    New England ...............      46        62        25        8,244     9,926     2,788        6,273    9,816    2,495
    Middle Atlantic ...........     202       330       146       28,125    54,528    22,834       33,189   61,591   18,163

South .........................     219       284       152       37,036    54,413    23,160       35,778   52,083   20,435

    South Atlantic ............     112       137        75       15,859    25,945     9,638       15,215   25,135    9,454
    East South Central ........      55        70        34       11,125    12,494     5,646        7,859   10,880    4,359
    West South Central ........      52        77        43       10,052    15,974     7,876       12,704   16,068    6,622

Midwest .......................     263       593       230       39,078   103,902    31,841       44,342   97,332   26,937

    East North Central ........     216       441       183       33,762    73,674    25,745       39,252   74,378   21,647
    West North Central ........      47       152        47        5,316    30,228     6,096        5,090   22,954    5,290

West ..........................     564       854       361      134,473   201,723    73,751      171,592  211,970   65,264

    Mountain ..................      60       127        43        9,223    26,432     7,240        8,591   21,673    6,374
    Pacific ...................     504       727       318      125,250   175,291    66,511      163,001  190,297   58,890
                                                                                                                           

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England: 
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: 
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West 
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, 
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

													Initial claimants for
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance
              State                                                                                                             
                                       I         IV        I           I         IV        I             I        IV        I
                                      2012     2012r     2013p        2012     2012r     2013p         2012     2012r     2013p

    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     1,294     2,123       914      246,956   424,492   154,374      291,174   432,792   133,294

Alabama ........................         6        10         6          892     2,290     2,076        1,733     2,162     1,919
Alaska .........................         4        14         5          534     6,167       492          433     3,001       437
Arizona ........................        15        11         6        2,597     1,640       885        1,969     1,580     1,177
Arkansas .......................         6        10         5          990     2,503       447        1,517     2,249       500
California .....................       446       614       254      114,906   153,670    58,304      151,922   171,076    52,288
Colorado .......................         8        22         5        1,419     3,397       787        1,251     2,959       569
Connecticut ....................         7        10         6          763     1,753       651          763     1,753       651
Delaware .......................         4         3         3          260       466       150          505       588       287
District of Columbia ...........         3         3       (2)          239       566       (2)          239       566       (2)
Florida ........................        20        19        17        3,273     5,339     2,531        2,728     4,065     2,422
Georgia ........................        19         9        10        2,729     2,214       860        2,729     2,274     1,004
Hawaii .........................       (2)       (2)         3          (2)       (2)       220          (2)       (2)       322
Idaho ..........................         5        14         5          529     1,866       999          654     1,841       758

Illinois .......................        75       164        73       12,596    25,100    10,969       12,761    26,965     8,281
Indiana ........................        22        37         9        2,668     6,048     1,377        3,832     7,996     1,674
Iowa ...........................         -         9         3            -     1,434       565            -     1,812     1,067
Kansas .........................         6         9       (2)          752     2,118       (2)          643     2,326       (2)
Kentucky .......................        29        33        17        6,879     5,148     2,306        3,257     4,589     1,633
Louisiana ......................        10        18         7        2,320     3,265     1,118        1,534     2,922       812
Maine ..........................         6        10         3        1,770     1,758       414          852     1,935       254
Maryland (3) ...................        18        35         8        2,705     6,248       701        1,732     5,417       651
Massachusetts ..................        20        27        13        3,052     4,797     1,511        2,924     4,689     1,380
Michigan .......................        29        66        22        5,109    11,100     2,780        9,620     8,628     2,288
Minnesota ......................        18        79        18        2,495    14,075     2,485        2,508    10,622     1,836
Mississippi ....................         9         9         5        1,319     2,122       634          954       939       293
Missouri .......................        21        32        22        1,923    10,033     2,088        1,762     5,130     1,918

Montana ........................       (2)        14         -          (2)     3,173         -          (2)     1,590         -
Nebraska .......................       (2)         8       (2)          (2)       737       (2)          (2)       892       (2)
Nevada .........................        18        39        14        3,104     8,781     2,878        3,243     8,821     2,641
New Hampshire ..................         7         8       (2)          807     1,044       (2)          558       859       (2)
New Jersey .....................        44        66        21        7,426    14,276     6,929        6,444    13,864     2,349
New Mexico .....................         6        12       (2)          758     2,421       (2)          683     1,576       (2)
New York .......................        90       149        82       12,896    22,984    11,347       16,346    23,792    10,351
North Carolina .................        16        22        10        1,345     2,994     1,958        1,794     3,632     2,349
North Dakota ...................       (2)        15       (2)          (2)     1,831       (2)          (2)     2,172       (2)
Ohio ...........................        62       100        55        8,656    18,158     6,173        8,069    16,825     5,639
Oklahoma .......................         5         9       (2)          761     1,197       (2)          479     1,134       (2)
Oregon .........................        24        28        12        5,978     5,750     2,624        5,321     6,519     1,361
Pennsylvania ...................        68       115        43        7,803    17,268     4,558       10,399    23,935     5,463

Rhode Island ...................         -         4       (2)            -       250       (2)            -       260       (2)
South Carolina .................        10         8         6        1,398     1,191     1,313        1,351     1,427       839
South Dakota ...................         -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
Tennessee ......................        11        18         6        2,035     2,934       630        1,915     3,190       514
Texas ..........................        31        40        29        5,981     9,009     6,176        9,174     9,763     5,137
Utah ...........................         5        13        10          487     3,194     1,141          492     2,740       938
Vermont ........................         6         3       (2)        1,852       324       (2)        1,176       320       (2)
Virginia .......................        17        28        17        2,634     5,602     1,859        3,293     6,208     1,623
Washington .....................        29        69        44        3,777     9,420     4,871        5,059     9,546     4,482
West Virginia ..................         5        10         3        1,276     1,325       195          844       958       208
Wisconsin ......................        28        74        24        4,733    13,268     4,446        4,970    13,964     3,765
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        17        10        13        2,524     1,956     1,365        4,994     3,469     1,622
                                                                                                                                
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance procedures.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

							       Layoff events                            Separations

                     Industry
                                                         I           IV           I            I             IV            I
                                                       2012        2012r        2013p        2012          2012r         2013p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) ................       34           36           21         5,294         8,616         3,421

    Mining ......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       20           13           11         3,092         2,590         1,764
         Food ...................................        4            3          (2)           712           398           (2)
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile mills ..........................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Textile product mills ..................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Apparel ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Leather and allied products ............        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Wood products ..........................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Paper ..................................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Printing and related support activities       (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         
         Chemicals ..............................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Plastics and rubber products ...........        4          (2)          (2)           529           (2)           (2)
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Primary metals .........................      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Fabricated metal products ..............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Machinery ..............................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Computer and electronic products .......      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Transportation equipment ...............        3          (2)          (2)           607           (2)           (2)
         Furniture and related products .........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -

    Wholesale trade .............................      (2)            5            -           (2)           815             -
    Retail trade ................................      (2)            5          (2)           (2)           584           (2)
    Transportation and warehousing ..............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Information .................................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Finance and insurance .......................        5            3          (2)           (2)           484           (2)
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    Administrative and waste services ...........        -            3          (2)             -         1,720           (2)
    Educational services ........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Accommodation and food services .............      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    Other services, except public administration         -            -            -             -             -             -

    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
                                                                                                                               

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.    
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations

         Reason for layoff                I          IV          I                I                IV               I
                                        2012       2012r       2013p            2012             2012r            2013p

   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       34          36          21             5,294            8,616            3,421

Business demand ..................        5          12         (2)               803            4,611              (2)
  Contract cancellation ..........        -           3         (2)                 -            1,825              (2)
  Contract completion ............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Domestic competition ...........        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Excess inventory/saturated
    market .......................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Import competition .............        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown      (2)           3         (2)               (2)              635              (2)

Organizational changes ...........       17         (2)           9             2,825              (2)            1,720
  Business-ownership change ......        3         (2)           -               388              (2)                -
  Reorganization or restructuring
    of company ...................       14         (2)           9             2,437              (2)            1,720

Financial issues .................      (2)          12         (2)               (2)            1,808              (2)
  Bankruptcy .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)

Production specific ..............      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)
  Automation/technological
    advances .....................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......        -           -           -                 -                -                -

Disaster/safety ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -

Other/miscellaneous ..............        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Other ..........................        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Data not provided: does not
    know .........................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
                                                                                                                             
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the
movement of work, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

                                       Layoff events                             Separations
 Census region and division
                                 I           IV          I             I              IV             I
                               2012        2012r       2013p         2012           2012r          2013p

        United States (1) .     34           36          21          5,294          8,616          3,421

Northeast .................      9            7         (2)          1,232          2,646            (2)

    New England ...........      -          (2)          -              -             (2)              -
    Middle Atlantic .......      9          (2)         (2)          1,232            (2)            (2)

South .....................      8           11           6          1,150          3,077            858

    South Atlantic ........    (2)            6         (2)            (2)          1,354            (2)
    East South Central ....      4            5         (2)            433          1,723            (2)
    West South Central ....    (2)            -           -            (2)              -              -

Midwest ...................      6            7           7            829            960          1,495

    East North Central ....    (2)          (2)           4            (2)            (2)            559
    West North Central ....    (2)          (2)           3            (2)            (2)            936
    
West ......................     11           11         (2)          2,083          1,933            (2)

    Mountain ..............      3          (2)         (2)            479            (2)            (2)
    Pacific ...............      8          (2)         (2)          1,604            (2)            (2)

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

                                                 Layoff events                                Separations               
                Action                                                                                                  
                                            I           IV           I               I              IV              I   
                                          2012        2012r        2013p           2012           2012r           2013p 

Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     1,294        2,123          914         246,956         424,492         154,374

    Total, excluding seasonal
        and vacation events (2) ....       969        1,272          661         192,632         274,306         111,986

        Total, movement of work (3)         34           36           21           5,294           8,616           3,421
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
             Movement of work
               actions .............        48           52           30             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......        37           30           19           2,787           3,886           1,572
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        11           22           11             (4)             (4)             (4)

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
   3 Movement of work can involve more than one action.
   4 Data are not available.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary. 




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by
employers, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations         
           Activities                                                                                
                                        I         IV         I               I         IV         I  
                                      2012      2012r      2013p           2012      2012r      2013p

With separations reported (2) .        37         30         19           2,787      3,886      1,572

           By location

  Out-of-country relocations ..         4         10          1             247      1,117        170
      Within company ..........         4          9          -             247        935          -
      Different company .......         -          1          1               -        182        170

  Domestic relocations ........        33         20         18           2,540      2,769      1,402
      Within company ..........        31         14         17           2,340      1,229      1,291
      Different company .......         2          6          1             200      1,540        111

  Unable to assign place of
     relocation ...............         -          -          -               -          -          -

           By company

  Within company ..............        35         23         17           2,587      2,164      1,291
      Domestic ................        31         14         17           2,340      1,229      1,291
      Out of country ..........         4          9          -             247        935          -
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -
  Different company ...........         2          7          2             200      1,722        281
      Domestic ................         2          6          1             200      1,540        111
      Out of country ..........         -          1          1               -        182        170
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

   1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are shown.
   2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   Note: Dash represents zero.




Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

                                  Percent of total layoff events (1)      Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,   
                                                                            due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to    
    Nature of recall                                                         and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period 

                                   I          IV            I              I          IV         I              I           IV          I  
                                 2012r      2012r         2013p          2012r      2012r      2013p          2012r       2012r       2013p

Anticipate a recall .....        48.5        62.0          49.3          85.8        92.0       85.0          35.9         42.0        35.7

         Timeframe                                                                                                                         

Within 6 months .........        51.2        67.4          56.1          73.8        85.8       77.7          33.0         40.3        36.4
      Within 3 months ...        36.0        31.1          42.1          46.2        32.6       57.7          27.9         29.0        28.0

         Size of recall

At least half ...........        57.3        69.9          57.0          87.5        90.0       81.4          33.0         40.3        34.7
      All workers .......        19.8        31.7          18.4          34.8        43.7       30.7           7.8         14.0         7.2

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.




Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected measures,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2012 and 2013

                                                        Average number of separations       
          Measure                                                                           
                                                   I                  IV                 I  
                                                 2012r              2012r              2013p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            191                200                 169

           Industry

Mining ...............................            110                121                 143
Utilities ............................            140                198                   -
Construction .........................            129                137                 113
Manufacturing ........................            142                199                 168
Wholesale trade ......................            112                164                 158
Retail trade .........................            255                262                 194
Transportation and warehousing .......            172                305                 252
Information ..........................            425                482                 288
Finance and insurance ................            198                165                 180
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            557                159                 162
Professional and 
  technical services .................            204                160                 249
Management of companies 
  and enterprises ....................            156                174                 103
Administrative and waste services ....            246                212                 163
Educational services .................             83                135                  91
Health care and social assistance ....            153                246                 118
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            130                258                 155
Accommodation and food services ......            169                246                 139
Other services, except 
  public administration ..............            116                169                 120
Unclassified establishments ..........             91                141                 227

      Reason for layoff groupings                                                           

Business demand ......................            208                206                 178
Organizational changes ...............            204                357                 172
Financial issues .....................            192                266                 175
Production specific ..................            154                198                 222
Disaster/Safety ......................            169                172                 200
Seasonal .............................            167                176                 168
Other/miscellaneous ..................            185                194                 145

   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm 
sector, first quarter 2013(p)

                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                   Number      Percent          Number      Percent

 Total .....................          914       100.0          154,374       100.0 

   50-99 ...................          408        44.6           29,804        19.3 
   100-149 .................          238        26.0           28,040        18.2 
   150-199 .................           91        10.0           15,040         9.7 
   200-299 .................           86         9.4           19,916        12.9 
   300-499 .................           52         5.7           18,810        12.2 
   500-999 .................           25         2.7           18,022        11.7 
   1,000 or more ...........           14         1.5           24,742        16.0 
                                                                                   
   p = preliminary.




Last Modified Date: May 13, 2013
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