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Table 3. Average number of jobs and percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from age 18 through age 26 in 1998-2011 by age, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Table 3. Average number of jobs and percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from age
18 through age 26 in 1998-2011 by age, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity


                                                         Age 18 to 22 in 1998-2006          Age 23 to 26 in 2002-11
                                                            Percent of total weeks              Percent of total weeks
                     Characteristic                Average                     Not in Average                      Not in
                                                   number  Employed Unemployed labor  number  Employed  Unemployed labor 
                                                   of jobs                     force  of jobs                      force

Total .....................................         4.3     68.1      6.4      25.5    2.7      78.0       5.9      16.2
  Less than a high school diploma .........         3.8     51.0     12.6      36.4    2.3      56.6      11.1      32.2
  High school graduates, no college (1)....         4.0     68.3      8.7      23.0    2.6      73.8       7.5      18.7
  Some college or associate degree ........         4.5     73.6      5.9      20.5    2.7      80.2       5.6      14.2
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ........         4.5     65.9      3.0      31.0    3.0      85.3       3.1      11.6

Men .......................................         4.2     69.1      7.0      23.9    2.7      81.2       6.4      12.4
  Less than a high school diploma .........         4.2     58.8     13.9      27.3    2.5      66.1      12.3      21.5
  High school graduates, no college (1) ...         4.2     71.9      9.3      18.8    2.7      79.7       7.9      12.4
  Some college or associate degree ........         4.3     74.8      5.9      19.3    2.7      84.1       5.7      10.1
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ........         4.1     60.7      3.2      36.1    2.8      84.5       3.3      12.2

Women .....................................         4.5     67.0      5.8      27.1    2.7      74.6       5.3      20.2
  Less than a high school diploma .........         3.3     41.6     11.0      47.4    2.1      45.3       9.6      45.1
  High school graduates, no college (1) ...         3.9     63.1      8.0      28.9    2.3      65.4       6.9      27.7
  Some college or associate degree ........         4.7     72.2      6.0      21.8    2.8      76.2       5.4      18.3
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ........         4.8     69.9      3.0      27.2    3.1      85.9       2.9      11.2

White, non-Hispanic .......................         4.5     71.4      5.2      23.4    2.8      80.1       5.0      15.0
  Less than a high school diploma .........         4.3     56.1     11.7      32.2    2.6      59.1      11.5      29.3
  High school graduates, no college (1) ...         4.2     73.5      7.1      19.4    2.5      76.1       6.4      17.6
  Some college or associate degree ........         4.7     76.8      4.7      18.5    2.8      81.2       4.6      14.2
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ........         4.6     67.3      2.8      29.9    3.0      86.4       2.8      10.8

Black, non-Hispanic .......................         3.9     56.7     11.3      32.0    2.7      69.2      10.0      20.8
  Less than a high school diploma .........         2.8     34.8     17.8      47.5    1.9      44.4      13.9      41.7
  High school graduates, no college (1) ...         3.7     54.2     13.7      32.2    2.5      65.0      11.4      23.6
  Some college or associate degree ........         4.3     63.6     10.1      26.3    2.9      74.1       9.8      16.1
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ........         4.2     60.8      4.6      34.7    3.0      84.2       4.6      11.2

Hispanic or Latino ........................         3.8     67.1      7.1      25.7    2.6      78.4       5.7      15.9
  Less than a high school diploma .........         3.4     55.1     10.4      34.5    2.2      65.8       7.7      26.5
  High school graduates, no college (1) ...         3.8     65.1      9.1      25.8    2.6      75.7       7.2      17.1
  Some college or associate degree ........         4.0     72.5      5.9      21.7    2.5      83.0       4.9      12.1
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ........         3.9     66.6      4.0      29.4    2.8      82.0       3.6      14.4


   1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent (General Education Development (GED)) credential.
   2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degrees or professional degrees, such as law or medical degrees.
   NOTE: This table excludes individuals who had not yet turned age 27 when interviewed in 2011-12. The National Longitudinal
Survey of Youth 1997 consists of young men and women who were ages 12 to 16 on December 31, 1996. Race and Hispanic or
Latino ethnicity groups are mutually exclusive but not exhaustive. Other race groups, which are included in the overall 
totals, are not shown separately because their representation in the survey sample is not sufficiently large to provide 
statistically reliable estimates. Educational attainment is determined as of age 27.



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Last Modified Date: March 26, 2014
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