Economic News Release

Table 1. National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2013

Table 1. National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2013


                                       Occupation                                         Employment          Mean wages    Median hourly

                                                                                                          Hourly    Annual¹

All occupations                                                                          132,588,810      $22.33    $46,440    $16.87

 Management occupations                                                                    6,542,950       53.15    110,550     45.96
    Top executives.....................................................................    2,278,260       58.18    121,010     48.22
     Chief executives..................................................................      248,760       85.77    178,400     82.50
     General and operations managers...................................................    1,973,700       55.81    116,090     46.36
     Legislators.......................................................................       55,800        (²)      39,320      (²)
    Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers...........      608,470       59.92    124,640     53.55
     Advertising and promotions managers...............................................       28,530       54.27    112,870     45.13
     Marketing and sales managers......................................................      526,220       60.88    126,640     54.61
      Marketing managers...............................................................      174,010       64.28    133,700     59.24
      Sales managers...................................................................      352,220       59.21    123,150     52.18
     Public relations and fundraising managers.........................................       53,730       53.49    111,260     47.45
    Operations specialties managers....................................................    1,582,020       54.88    114,160     49.60
     Administrative services managers..................................................      269,500       43.36     90,190     39.57
     Computer and information systems managers.........................................      319,080       63.74    132,570     59.59
     Financial managers................................................................      499,320       60.89    126,660     54.18
     Industrial production managers....................................................      165,340       47.78     99,370     43.65
     Purchasing managers...............................................................       69,620       52.71    109,640     49.89
     Transportation, storage, and distribution managers................................      102,610       43.86     91,220     40.33
     Compensation and benefits managers................................................       17,570       53.87    112,040     48.79
     Human resources managers..........................................................      110,650       53.45    111,180     48.46
     Training and development managers.................................................       28,340       51.81    107,770     47.50
    Other management occupations.......................................................    2,074,200       44.32     92,180     40.21
     Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers................................        3,770       35.20     73,210     33.71
     Construction managers.............................................................      213,720       44.57     92,700     40.58
     Education administrators..........................................................      431,540       42.68     88,780     40.31
      Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program.................       47,560       25.00     52,010     21.58
      Education administrators, elementary and secondary school........................      226,760        (²)      90,670      (²)
      Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................      126,340       48.37    100,600     42.02
      Education administrators, all other..............................................       30,880       39.99     83,170     37.20
     Architectural and engineering managers............................................      183,430       65.65    136,540     61.62
     Food service managers.............................................................      191,030       25.54     53,130     23.12
     Funeral service managers..........................................................        8,810       38.58     80,250     32.89
     Gaming managers...................................................................        4,460       35.46     73,760     31.83
     Lodging managers..................................................................       30,950       26.83     55,810     22.51
     Medical and health services managers..............................................      300,180       48.72    101,340     43.72
     Natural sciences managers.........................................................       51,900       63.87    132,850     56.17
     Postmasters and mail superintendents..............................................       17,930       31.89     66,340     31.32
     Property, real estate, and community association managers.........................      165,960       30.90     64,270     25.58
     Social and community service managers.............................................      115,330       31.61     65,750     29.40
     Emergency management directors....................................................        9,800       32.28     67,150     30.18
     Managers, all other...............................................................      345,390       52.11    108,380     49.78

 Business and financial operations occupations                                             6,658,090       34.14     71,020     30.67
    Business operations specialists....................................................    4,137,510       33.19     69,030     30.36
     Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes.................       11,680       46.35     96,410     31.01
     Buyers and purchasing agents......................................................      408,060       29.76     61,900     27.71
      Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products......................................       11,290       29.07     60,470     26.66
      Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products................................      112,290       27.99     58,210     25.18
      Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products...................      284,480       30.49     63,420     28.74
     Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators........................      288,680       29.99     62,370     29.43
      Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................      275,500       29.97     62,340     29.42
      Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................       13,180       30.34     63,100     29.65
     Compliance officers...............................................................      236,090       32.10     66,770     30.93
     Cost estimators...................................................................      202,600       30.61     63,660     28.59
     Human resources workers...........................................................      503,940       29.21     60,760     27.09
      Human resources specialists......................................................      426,570       29.60     61,560     27.23
      Farm labor contractors...........................................................        1,210       20.63     42,920     17.03
      Labor relations specialists......................................................       76,160       27.20     56,590     26.27
     Logisticians......................................................................      120,340       36.70     76,330     35.29
     Management analysts...............................................................      567,840       43.26     89,990     38.40
     Meeting, convention, and event planners...........................................       73,290       24.13     50,190     22.24
     Fundraisers.......................................................................       50,530       27.05     56,270     24.80
     Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists..............................       81,520       30.44     63,310     28.76
     Training and development specialists..............................................      224,110       29.22     60,780     27.33
     Market research analysts and marketing specialists................................      430,350       32.59     67,780     29.23
     Business operations specialists, all other........................................      938,480       34.42     71,590     31.78
    Financial specialists..............................................................    2,520,580       35.71     74,270     31.20
     Accountants and auditors..........................................................    1,168,330       34.86     72,500     31.29
     Appraisers and assessors of real estate...........................................       60,210       27.42     57,040     24.53
     Budget analysts...................................................................       58,740       34.89     72,560     33.71
     Credit analysts...................................................................       66,490       34.90     72,590     30.78
     Financial analysts and advisors...................................................      526,630       43.62     90,730     35.86
      Financial analysts...............................................................      250,670       44.05     91,620     37.68
      Personal financial advisors......................................................      183,420       48.04     99,920     36.21
      Insurance underwriters...........................................................       92,540       33.71     70,110     30.66
     Financial examiners...............................................................       30,680       41.82     86,980     36.97
     Credit counselors and loan officers...............................................      329,570       33.43     69,540     28.41
      Credit counselors................................................................       27,710       21.62     44,960     19.37
      Loan officers....................................................................      301,860       34.52     71,800     29.53
     Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents.......................      132,600       23.84     49,590     21.25
      Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................       64,790       26.98     56,120     24.33
      Tax preparers....................................................................       67,810       20.84     43,350     16.98
     Financial specialists, all other..................................................      147,330       32.76     68,130     30.05

 Computer and mathematical occupations                                                     3,696,180       39.43     82,010     37.43
    Computer occupations...............................................................    3,573,120       39.36     81,860     37.42
     Computer and information research scientists......................................       24,380       52.53    109,260     51.10
     Computer and information analysts.................................................      585,120       41.40     86,100     39.46
      Computer systems analysts........................................................      507,100       41.02     85,320     39.03
      Information security analysts....................................................       78,020       43.85     91,210     42.59
     Software developers and programmers...............................................    1,442,500       44.63     92,820     42.88
      Computer programmers.............................................................      312,340       38.91     80,930     36.60
      Software developers, applications................................................      643,830       46.28     96,260     44.55
      Software developers, systems software............................................      373,510       50.23    104,480     48.75
      Web developers...................................................................      112,820       32.47     67,540     30.37
     Database and systems administrators and network architects........................      618,480       39.88     82,960     37.93
      Database administrators..........................................................      114,910       38.82     80,740     37.75
      Network and computer systems administrators......................................      362,310       37.46     77,910     35.58
      Computer network architects......................................................      141,270       46.97     97,700     45.85
     Computer support specialists......................................................      706,360       25.80     53,660     23.64
      Computer user support specialists................................................      541,250       24.26     50,450     22.41
      Computer network support specialists.............................................      165,100       30.85     64,160     28.93
     Computer occupations, all other...................................................      196,280       40.02     83,240     39.59
    Mathematical science occupations...................................................      123,070       41.57     86,470     37.72
     Actuaries.........................................................................       20,080       51.80    107,740     45.35
     Mathematicians....................................................................        3,030       49.67    103,310     49.25
     Operations research analysts......................................................       72,680       39.26     81,660     35.88
     Statisticians.....................................................................       24,950       40.05     83,310     38.12
     Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations....................................        2,330       31.22     64,930     27.70
      Mathematical technicians.........................................................        1,080       28.97     60,260     26.07
      Mathematical science occupations, all other......................................        1,240       33.18     69,000     29.24

 Architecture and engineering occupations                                                  2,380,840       38.51     80,100     35.83
    Architects, surveyors, and cartographers...........................................      153,200       34.51     71,790     32.46
     Architects, except naval..........................................................      100,550       37.43     77,850     34.92
      Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................       84,210       38.29     79,650     35.63
      Landscape architects.............................................................       16,330       32.97     68,570     31.15
     Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists...................................       52,650       28.95     60,210     27.47
      Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................       11,290       30.07     62,540     28.29
      Surveyors........................................................................       41,360       28.64     59,570     27.21
    Engineers..........................................................................    1,547,580       44.31     92,170     41.96
     Aerospace engineers...............................................................       71,500       50.70    105,450     49.94
     Agricultural engineers............................................................        2,590       37.92     78,880     35.79
     Biomedical engineers..............................................................       19,890       45.18     93,960     42.63
     Chemical engineers................................................................       33,300       50.16    104,340     46.02
     Civil engineers...................................................................      262,170       41.17     85,640     38.83
     Computer hardware engineers.......................................................       77,670       51.41    106,930     50.12
     Electrical and electronics engineers..............................................      303,450       45.86     95,380     43.92
      Electrical engineers.............................................................      168,100       44.89     93,380     42.88
      Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................      135,350       47.05     97,870     45.31
     Environmental engineers...........................................................       53,020       41.12     85,520     39.53
     Industrial engineers, including health and safety.................................      254,430       40.00     83,190     38.55
      Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......       23,850       39.10     81,320     37.89
      Industrial engineers.............................................................      230,580       40.09     83,390     38.61
     Marine engineers and naval architects.............................................        6,640       45.21     94,040     43.05
     Materials engineers...............................................................       24,190       43.23     89,930     41.98
     Mechanical engineers..............................................................      258,630       41.31     85,930     39.47
     Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers................        7,990       46.61     96,950     41.76
     Nuclear engineers.................................................................       16,400       51.38    106,860     48.85
     Petroleum engineers...............................................................       34,910       71.72    149,180     63.62
     Engineers, all other..............................................................      120,810       45.34     94,310     44.56
    Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians.........................      680,070       26.20     54,490     25.21
     Drafters..........................................................................      196,460       25.79     53,640     24.43
      Architectural and civil drafters.................................................       88,860       24.64     51,250     23.46
      Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................       29,600       29.01     60,350     27.53
      Mechanical drafters..............................................................       63,180       26.21     54,510     24.77
      Drafters, all other..............................................................       14,820       24.49     50,930     22.92
     Engineering technicians, except drafters..........................................      435,650       26.96     56,080     26.22
      Aerospace engineering and operations technicians.................................       10,540       30.07     62,540     30.14
      Civil engineering technicians....................................................       69,830       23.74     49,380     22.97
      Electrical and electronics engineering technicians...............................      141,150       28.26     58,770     28.15
      Electro-mechanical technicians...................................................       15,540       26.04     54,160     24.68
      Environmental engineering technicians............................................       18,020       23.64     49,180     22.19
      Industrial engineering technicians...............................................       68,520       26.04     54,170     25.01
      Mechanical engineering technicians...............................................       46,090       26.09     54,280     25.19
      Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other..............................       65,960       29.78     61,940     29.12
     Surveying and mapping technicians ................................................       47,950       20.93     43,540     19.55

 Life, physical, and social science occupations                                            1,135,030      $33.37    $69,400    $29.26
    Life scientists....................................................................      277,080       38.11     79,270     33.78
     Agricultural and food scientists..................................................       30,490       31.17     64,830     28.63
      Animal scientists................................................................        2,320       35.06     72,930     30.89
      Food scientists and technologists................................................       15,010       31.41     65,340     28.67
      Soil and plant scientists........................................................       13,160       30.21     62,830     28.36
     Biological scientists.............................................................      100,620       37.32     77,630     34.04
      Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................       29,110       44.06     91,640     40.54
      Microbiologists..................................................................       19,880       36.17     75,230     32.61
      Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................       18,530       30.10     62,610     27.61
      Biological scientists, all other.................................................       33,100       36.14     75,160     34.96
     Conservation scientists and foresters.............................................       27,810       29.76     61,890     28.55
      Conservation scientists..........................................................       18,590       30.45     63,330     29.43
      Foresters........................................................................        9,220       28.37     59,000     27.46
     Medical scientists................................................................      109,620       42.98     89,390     37.90
      Epidemiologists..................................................................        5,350       35.11     73,040     31.89
      Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................      104,280       43.38     90,230     38.39
     Life scientists, all other........................................................        8,550       36.97     76,900     32.18
    Physical scientists................................................................      276,740       40.53     84,300     36.32
     Astronomers and physicists........................................................       19,090       55.98    116,440     52.95
      Astronomers......................................................................        1,750       53.09    110,440     53.10
      Physicists.......................................................................       17,340       56.27    117,040     52.94
     Atmospheric and space scientists..................................................       10,800       42.38     88,140     41.84
     Chemists and materials scientists.................................................       94,950       37.88     78,780     35.32
      Chemists.........................................................................       87,560       37.37     77,740     34.79
      Materials scientists.............................................................        7,400       43.83     91,160     42.63
     Environmental scientists and geoscientists........................................      128,610       39.11     81,360     34.03
      Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................       87,380       34.02     70,770     31.29
      Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................       34,690       52.12    108,420     44.19
      Hydrologists.....................................................................        6,540       38.11     79,260     36.40
     Physical scientists, all other....................................................       23,290       45.65     94,950     44.82
    Social scientists and related workers..............................................      237,770       35.92     74,700     33.61
     Economists........................................................................       17,230       48.78    101,450     44.75
     Survey researchers................................................................       17,370       25.58     53,210     22.94
     Psychologists.....................................................................      116,390       35.73     74,310     33.42
      Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists...................................      104,480       34.96     72,710     32.58
      Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................        1,040       42.29     87,960     38.62
      Psychologists, all other.........................................................       10,870       42.50     88,400     43.82
     Sociologists......................................................................        2,690       37.56     78,120     34.82
     Urban and regional planners.......................................................       35,940       32.66     67,920     31.56
     Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers...............................       48,160       37.84     78,700     35.99
      Anthropologists and archeologists................................................        6,560       29.53     61,420     28.06
      Geographers......................................................................        1,480       36.09     75,070     35.94
      Historians.......................................................................        3,200       28.85     60,010     26.53
      Political scientists.............................................................        5,570       48.51    100,900     48.52
      Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................       31,360       38.68     80,450     36.91
    Life, physical, and social science technicians.....................................      343,440       22.00     45,770     20.16
     Agricultural and food science technicians.........................................       19,390       17.79     37,010     16.72
     Biological technicians............................................................       71,590       21.02     43,710     19.57
     Chemical technicians..............................................................       63,880       22.40     46,590     20.82
     Geological and petroleum technicians..............................................       15,190       28.26     58,780     25.68
     Nuclear technicians...............................................................        6,930       35.31     73,450     34.91
     Social science research assistants................................................       26,830       19.92     41,430     18.42
     Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians......................      139,630       21.97     45,710     20.33
      Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............       34,510       21.86     45,470     20.05
      Forensic science technicians.....................................................       13,430       27.57     57,340     26.13
      Forest and conservation technicians..............................................       29,740       18.13     37,720     16.79
      Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................       61,950       22.67     47,150     21.25

 Community and social service occupations                                                  1,901,730       21.50     44,710     19.62
    Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists.....    1,830,190       21.49     44,690     19.62
     Counselors........................................................................      601,300       22.99     47,820     21.29
      Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors...............................       83,120       19.75     41,090     18.57
      Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors.........................      241,870       27.00     56,160     25.77
      Marriage and family therapists...................................................       29,060       24.85     51,690     23.15
      Mental health counselors.........................................................      115,580       21.01     43,700     19.51
      Rehabilitation counselors........................................................      103,840       18.10     37,660     16.46
      Counselors, all other............................................................       27,830       22.28     46,330     20.97
     Social workers....................................................................      591,240       23.25     48,370     21.66
      Child, family, and school social workers.........................................      276,760       22.14     46,060     20.25
      Healthcare social workers........................................................      141,830       25.25     52,520     24.44
      Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................      110,010       21.36     44,420     19.70
      Social workers, all other........................................................       62,640       26.95     56,060     27.17
     Miscellaneous community and social service specialists............................      637,660       18.44     38,350     16.51
      Health educators.................................................................       56,720       25.87     53,800     23.66
      Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................       86,810       25.44     52,910     23.29
      Social and human service assistants..............................................      355,500       15.04     31,280     14.05
      Community health workers.........................................................       45,800       18.10     37,640     16.64
      Community and social service specialists, all other..............................       92,830       20.52     42,690     19.26
    Religious workers..................................................................       71,540       21.70     45,130     19.65
     Clergy............................................................................       45,020       22.86     47,540     21.06
     Directors, religious activities and education.....................................       18,600       21.27     44,240     18.35
     Religious workers, all other......................................................        7,920       16.11     33,520     13.82

 Legal occupations                                                                         1,041,700       47.89     99,620     36.59
    Lawyers, judges, and related workers...............................................      651,840       61.57    128,070     53.66
     Lawyers and judicial law clerks...................................................      603,560       62.78    130,580     54.24
      Lawyers..........................................................................      592,670       63.46    131,990     54.95
      Judicial law clerks..............................................................       10,890       25.91     53,890     22.90
     Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers...................................       48,280       46.48     96,690     44.96
      Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................       14,270       43.09     89,630     41.92
      Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................        6,830       36.94     76,840     29.06
      Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................       27,190       50.66    105,380     56.80
    Legal support workers..............................................................      389,860       25.02     52,040     22.76
     Paralegals and legal assistants...................................................      271,320       24.60     51,170     22.87
     Miscellaneous legal support workers...............................................      118,540       25.97     54,020     22.54
      Court reporters..................................................................       19,200       26.33     54,760     23.83
      Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................       53,640       22.76     47,340     20.59
      Legal support workers, all other.................................................       45,700       29.60     61,560     25.27

 Education, training, and library occupations                                              8,400,640       24.76     51,500     22.19
    Postsecondary teachers.............................................................    1,511,280        (²)      74,620      (²)
     Business teachers, postsecondary..................................................       85,220        (²)      89,100      (²)
     Math and computer teachers, postsecondary.........................................       89,740        (²)      76,910      (²)
      Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................       35,770        (²)      80,990      (²)
      Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................       53,970        (²)      74,210      (²)
     Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary..............................       42,210        (²)      98,930      (²)
      Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................        7,340        (²)      80,180      (²)
      Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................       34,870        (²)     102,880      (²)
     Life sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................................       62,500        (²)      86,860      (²)
      Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................       10,120        (²)      86,710      (²)
      Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................       50,230        (²)      87,080      (²)
      Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................        2,140        (²)      82,620      (²)
     Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary.........................................       50,650        (²)      87,330      (²)
      Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........       10,690        (²)      90,830      (²)
      Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................       20,820        (²)      83,330      (²)
      Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................        5,130        (²)      87,450      (²)
      Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................       14,010        (²)      90,570      (²)
     Social sciences teachers, postsecondary...........................................      119,940        (²)      80,500      (²)
      Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................        5,920        (²)      83,190      (²)
      Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................        9,700        (²)      77,550      (²)
      Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................       13,600        (²)     100,490      (²)
      Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................        4,400        (²)      73,980      (²)
      Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................       17,660        (²)      84,110      (²)
      Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................       40,380        (²)      76,060      (²)
      Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................       17,200        (²)      74,470      (²)
      Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................       11,080        (²)      79,490      (²)
     Health teachers, postsecondary....................................................      220,120        (²)      96,760      (²)
      Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................      163,850        (²)     105,880      (²)
      Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................       56,270        (²)      70,200      (²)
     Education and library science teachers, postsecondary.............................       67,860        (²)      66,150      (²)
      Education teachers, postsecondary................................................       63,190        (²)      65,630      (²)
      Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................        4,670        (²)      73,260      (²)
     Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary....................       41,240        (²)      87,190      (²)
      Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................       14,870        (²)      61,850      (²)
      Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................       15,600        (²)     122,280      (²)
      Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................       10,780        (²)      71,380      (²)
     Arts, communications, and humanities teachers, postsecondary......................      275,820        (²)      70,530      (²)
      Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................       92,930        (²)      72,630      (²)
      Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................       29,920        (²)      69,620      (²)
      English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................       75,320        (²)      68,360      (²)
      Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................       30,590        (²)      66,300      (²)
      History teachers, postsecondary..................................................       23,640        (²)      74,100      (²)
      Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................       23,430        (²)      72,200      (²)
     Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers..............................................      455,970        (²)      56,490      (²)
      Graduate teaching assistants.....................................................      118,820        (²)      31,810      (²)
      Home economics teachers, postsecondary...........................................        3,870        (²)      67,110      (²)
      Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................       18,820        (²)      63,770      (²)
      Vocational education teachers, postsecondary.....................................      121,360       25.33     52,680     23.22
      Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................      193,110        (²)      73,140      (²)
    Preschool, primary, secondary, and special education school teachers...............    4,024,430        (²)      54,740      (²)
     Preschool and kindergarten teachers...............................................      510,540       18.29     38,040     16.06
      Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................      352,730       15.11     31,420     13.26
      Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................      157,800        (²)      52,840      (²)
     Elementary and middle school teachers.............................................    1,984,360        (²)      56,420      (²)
      Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................    1,344,240        (²)      56,320      (²)
      Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............      621,970        (²)      56,630      (²)
      Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................       18,150        (²)      56,830      (²)
     Secondary school teachers.........................................................    1,031,750        (²)      58,170      (²)
      Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........      946,730        (²)      58,260      (²)
      Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................       85,020        (²)      57,200      (²)
     Special education teachers........................................................      497,780        (²)      58,050      (²)
      Special education teachers, preschool............................................       24,420        (²)      55,990      (²)
      Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school...................      198,350        (²)      56,690      (²)
      Special education teachers, middle school........................................       96,770        (²)      59,540      (²)
      Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................      133,490        (²)      60,410      (²)
      Special education teachers, all other............................................       44,750        (²)      54,920      (²)
    Other teachers and instructors.....................................................    1,157,660       17.88     37,190     14.42
     Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors.........       69,880       25.89     53,850     24.57
     Self-enrichment education teachers................................................      187,180       19.56     40,680     17.07
     Miscellaneous teachers and instructors............................................      900,610       16.91     35,170     13.61
      Substitute teachers..............................................................      630,320       14.11     29,350     12.42
      Teachers and instructors, all other, except substitute teachers..................      270,290        (²)      48,750      (²)
    Librarians, curators, and archivists...............................................      258,820       22.96     47,750     21.63
     Archivists, curators, and museum technicians......................................       26,330       24.41     50,770     22.10
      Archivists.......................................................................        5,560       25.32     52,670     23.61
      Curators.........................................................................       10,910       26.74     55,620     24.30
      Museum technicians and conservators..............................................        9,860       21.31     44,330     19.24
     Librarians........................................................................      136,510       27.67     57,550     26.78
     Library technicians...............................................................       95,980       15.86     33,000     15.04
    Other education, training, and library occupations.................................    1,448,450        (²)      30,460      (²)
     Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists...............................        8,840       22.52     46,840     21.33
     Farm and home management advisors.................................................        9,120       23.56     49,010     22.29
     Instructional coordinators........................................................      133,840       30.32     63,070     29.14
     Teacher assistants................................................................    1,190,720        (²)      25,570      (²)
     Education, training, and library workers, all other...............................      105,930       19.80     41,190     17.65

 Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                                1,758,310       26.72     55,580     21.45
    Art and design workers.............................................................      507,370       24.63     51,240     20.72
     Artists and related workers.......................................................       87,240       36.19     75,270     31.17
      Art directors....................................................................       32,250       46.46     96,650     39.90
      Craft artists....................................................................        4,750       17.60     36,600     14.62
      Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................       11,980       24.47     50,900     20.48
      Multimedia artists and animators.................................................       30,790       34.81     72,400     30.99
      Artists and related workers, all other...........................................        7,470       28.11     58,460     25.83
     Designers.........................................................................      420,130       22.23     46,250     19.19
      Commercial and industrial designers..............................................       28,540       31.04     64,570     29.99
      Fashion designers................................................................       17,370       35.37     73,570     30.65
      Floral designers.................................................................       46,490       12.55     26,100     11.65
      Graphic designers................................................................      194,360       23.85     49,610     21.55
      Interior designers...............................................................       43,710       26.06     54,200     23.32
      Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................       72,590       14.39     29,930     13.21
      Set and exhibit designers........................................................        9,750       25.96     53,990     24.04
      Designers, all other.............................................................        7,330       25.34     52,700     22.61
    Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers............................      488,570       28.25     58,750     18.97
     Actors, producers, and directors..................................................      155,740       42.80     89,020     30.48
      Actors...........................................................................       63,230       41.94       (²)      22.15
      Producers and directors..........................................................       92,510       43.38     90,240     33.40
     Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers...................................      236,100        (²)      39,310      (²)
      Athletes and sports competitors..................................................       13,880        (²)      71,850      (²)
      Coaches and scouts...............................................................      206,080        (²)      37,610      (²)
      Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................       16,140        (²)      33,020      (²)
     Dancers and choreographers........................................................       17,840       21.41     44,540     16.90
      Dancers..........................................................................       11,540       20.00       (²)      14.87
      Choreographers...................................................................        6,300       24.00     49,930     21.22
     Musicians, singers, and related workers...........................................       62,450       29.92       (²)      23.46
      Music directors and composers....................................................       23,190       26.23     54,560     23.24
      Musicians and singers............................................................       39,260       32.10       (²)      23.74
     Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other................       16,440       25.69       (²)      17.11
    Media and communication workers....................................................      553,780       28.61     59,500     24.71
     Announcers........................................................................       38,010       19.80     41,190     13.61
      Radio and television announcers..................................................       30,530       20.10     41,800     13.95
      Public address system and other announcers.......................................        7,480       18.60     38,690     12.01
     News analysts, reporters and correspondents.......................................       48,460       23.26     48,380     17.71
      Broadcast news analysts..........................................................        4,820       40.73     84,710     29.07
      Reporters and correspondents.....................................................       43,630       21.33     44,360     17.11
     Public relations specialists......................................................      202,530       30.30     63,020     26.41
     Writers and editors...............................................................      189,680       31.81     66,160     28.22
      Editors..........................................................................       98,790       30.20     62,820     26.04
      Technical writers................................................................       47,300       33.80     70,290     32.64
      Writers and authors..............................................................       43,590       33.30     69,250     27.77
     Miscellaneous media and communication workers.....................................       75,110       23.87     49,650     20.83
      Interpreters and translators.....................................................       49,060       23.04     47,920     20.39
      Media and communication workers, all other.......................................       26,040       25.44     52,910     21.73
    Media and communication equipment workers..........................................      208,580       23.23     48,320     19.15
     Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators...................       98,880       22.17     46,110     19.56
      Audio and video equipment technicians............................................       56,440       22.03     45,830     19.83
      Broadcast technicians............................................................       27,800       20.02     41,630     17.65
      Radio operators..................................................................        1,160       21.74     45,210     21.45
      Sound engineering technicians....................................................       13,480       27.22     56,610     22.35
     Photographers.....................................................................       54,830       17.88     37,190     14.08
     Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors................       38,780       29.87     62,120     23.20
      Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture..........................       16,860       25.26     52,530     20.45
      Film and video editors...........................................................       21,920       33.41     69,490     26.20
     Media and communication equipment workers, all other..............................       16,090       32.00     66,570     32.52

 Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                        7,755,810       35.93     74,740     29.38
    Health diagnosing and treating practitioners.......................................    4,761,110       44.87     93,320     35.76
     Chiropractors.....................................................................       28,850       37.70     78,410     31.40
     Dentists..........................................................................      112,300       81.19    168,870     72.74
      Dentists, general................................................................       96,000       79.12    164,570     70.36
      Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................        5,280      105.27    218,960      (³)
      Orthodontists....................................................................        5,570       94.36    196,270      (³)
      Prosthodontists..................................................................          290       61.69    128,310     43.87
      Dentists, all other specialists..................................................        5,160       81.90    170,340     78.58
     Dietitians and nutritionists......................................................       59,530       27.07     56,300     26.88
     Optometrists......................................................................       32,040       53.67    111,640     48.70
     Pharmacists.......................................................................      287,420       56.01    116,500     57.35
     Physicians and surgeons...........................................................      623,380       92.25    191,880      (³)
      Anesthesiologists................................................................       30,200      113.01    235,070      (³)
      Family and general practitioners.................................................      120,860       88.43    183,940     84.87
      Internists, general..............................................................       46,410       90.60    188,440     89.83
      Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................       21,730      102.20    212,570      (³)
      Pediatricians, general...........................................................       30,890       81.98    170,530     75.78
      Psychiatrists....................................................................       25,040       87.82    182,660     86.03
      Surgeons.........................................................................       41,030      112.09    233,150      (³)
      Physicians and surgeons, all other...............................................      307,220       90.00    187,200      (³)
     Physician assistants..............................................................       88,110       45.36     94,350     44.70
     Podiatrists.......................................................................        8,850       64.94    135,070     56.83
     Therapists........................................................................      600,660       35.08     72,970     34.21
      Occupational therapists..........................................................      108,410       37.45     77,890     36.99
      Physical therapists..............................................................      195,670       39.51     82,180     38.96
      Radiation therapists.............................................................       16,950       39.30     81,740     38.05
      Recreational therapists..........................................................       18,640       21.88     45,520     20.76
      Respiratory therapists...........................................................      118,640       27.83     57,880     27.06
      Speech-language pathologists.....................................................      125,050       35.56     73,970     34.04
      Exercise physiologists...........................................................        6,010       23.46     48,790     22.12
      Therapists, all other............................................................       11,280       28.18     58,610     26.61
     Veterinarians.....................................................................       59,230       46.22     96,140     41.66
     Registered nurses.................................................................    2,661,890       33.13     68,910     31.84
     Nurse anesthetists................................................................       35,430       75.81    157,690     72.64
     Nurse midwives....................................................................        5,460       44.34     92,230     44.37
     Nurse practitioners...............................................................      113,370       45.71     95,070     44.55
     Audiologists......................................................................       11,550       35.75     74,360     34.22
     Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other...........................       33,070       41.69     86,720     35.04
    Health technologists and technicians...............................................    2,849,330       21.39     44,480     19.65
     Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians.................................      319,720       24.05     50,020     23.43
      Medical and clinical laboratory technologists....................................      162,630       28.59     59,460     28.09
      Medical and clinical laboratory technicians......................................      157,080       19.35     40,240     18.26
     Dental hygienists.................................................................      192,330       34.39     71,530     34.19
     Diagnostic related technologists and technicians..................................      355,290       28.73     59,750     28.19
      Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................       51,010       25.95     53,990     25.58
      Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................       58,250       32.29     67,170     31.93
      Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................       20,020       34.60     71,970     34.19
      Radiologic technologists.........................................................      194,000       27.29     56,760     26.54
      Magnetic resonance imaging technologists.........................................       32,000       31.71     65,960     31.75
     Emergency medical technicians and paramedics......................................      237,660       16.77     34,870     15.04
     Health practitioner support technologists and technicians.........................      687,480       16.17     33,620     15.22
      Dietetic technicians.............................................................       26,420       13.74     28,580     12.32
      Pharmacy technicians.............................................................      362,690       14.83     30,840     14.25
      Psychiatric technicians..........................................................       66,760       16.09     33,470     14.37
      Respiratory therapy technicians..................................................       12,070       23.01     47,850     22.61
      Surgical technologists...........................................................       97,930       21.36     44,420     20.54
      Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................       87,870       15.27     31,760     14.66
      Ophthalmic medical technicians...................................................       33,740       17.44     36,280     16.80
     Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.................................      705,200       20.63     42,910     20.15
     Medical records and health information technicians................................      180,760       18.13     37,710     16.81
     Opticians, dispensing.............................................................       68,390       17.17     35,710     16.24
     Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians................................      102,500       22.70     47,210     20.34
      Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................        8,330       34.01     70,740     30.27
      Hearing aid specialists..........................................................        5,170       23.03     47,900     20.86
      Health technologists and technicians, all other..................................       88,990       21.62     44,960     19.67
    Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations...........................      145,370       28.48     59,230     26.80
     Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians........................       76,490       31.59     65,710     30.83
      Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................       62,830       33.20     69,050     32.67
      Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................       13,660       24.23     50,390     22.78
     Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers..........................       68,880       25.01     52,030     22.20
      Athletic trainers................................................................       22,340        (²)      44,720      (²)
      Genetic counselors...............................................................        1,980       30.19     62,800     30.57
      Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other........................       44,560       26.54     55,210     23.37

 Healthcare support occupations                                                            3,924,390       13.61     28,300     12.54
    Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides........................................    2,361,910       11.87     24,700     11.22
     Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides.......................................    2,361,910       11.87     24,700     11.22
      Home health aides................................................................      806,710       10.60     22,050     10.10
      Psychiatric aides................................................................       75,340       12.98     26,990     12.08
      Nursing assistants...............................................................    1,427,830       12.51     26,020     11.97
      Orderlies........................................................................       52,030       12.66     26,340     11.75
    Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides...................      160,430       21.19     44,080     20.80
     Occupational therapy assistants and aides.........................................       39,160       23.75     49,390     24.16
      Occupational therapy assistants..................................................       30,450       26.56     55,250     26.57
      Occupational therapy aides.......................................................        8,710       13.90     28,900     12.67
     Physical therapist assistants and aides...........................................      121,270       20.37     42,360     19.43
      Physical therapist assistants....................................................       72,640       25.63     53,320     25.65
      Physical therapist aides.........................................................       48,630       12.50     25,990     11.69
    Other healthcare support occupations...............................................    1,402,060       15.66     32,570     14.92
     Massage therapists................................................................       79,040       19.42     40,400     17.27
     Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations......................................    1,323,010       15.44     32,110     14.83
      Dental assistants................................................................      309,540       17.13     35,640     16.78
      Medical assistants...............................................................      571,690       14.80     30,780     14.24
      Medical equipment preparers......................................................       51,300       16.02     33,320     15.25
      Medical transcriptionists........................................................       68,350       16.95     35,260     16.63
      Pharmacy aides...................................................................       42,250       11.78     24,510     10.85
      Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................       71,800       12.07     25,110     11.32
      Phlebotomists....................................................................      108,210       15.10     31,410     14.50
      Healthcare support workers, all other............................................       99,880       16.80     34,950     16.42

 Protective service occupations                                                            3,257,690       20.92     43,510     17.68
    Supervisors of protective service workers..........................................      270,500       33.03     68,700     30.99
     First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers.................................      146,300       36.64     76,200     34.87
      First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................       44,980       29.59     61,540     27.74
      First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................      101,320       39.76     82,710     38.07
     First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers....................       59,700       34.94     72,670     33.68
     First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other...................       64,510       23.08     48,000     22.04
    Fire fighting and prevention workers...............................................      316,120       23.36     48,580     22.09
     Firefighters......................................................................      302,870       23.21     48,270     21.92
     Fire inspectors...................................................................       13,250       26.84     55,820     25.57
      Fire inspectors and investigators................................................       11,520       27.93     58,100     26.66
      Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................        1,730       19.54     40,640     16.16
    Law enforcement workers............................................................    1,213,870       26.44     54,990     24.34
     Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers......................................      449,050       21.26     44,220     19.01
      Bailiffs.........................................................................       16,360       19.53     40,620     17.83
      Correctional officers and jailers................................................      432,680       21.32     44,350     19.02
     Detectives and criminal investigators.............................................      109,960       38.00     79,030     36.89
     Fish and game wardens.............................................................        6,640       24.27     50,470     23.44
     Parking enforcement workers.......................................................        8,790       17.90     37,220     17.40
     Police officers...................................................................      639,440       28.23     58,720     26.99
      Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................      635,380       28.23     58,720     26.99
      Transit and railroad police......................................................        4,060       27.98     58,200     26.68
    Other protective service workers...................................................    1,457,200       13.54     28,160     11.70
     Animal control workers............................................................       13,590       16.29     33,870     15.40
     Private detectives and investigators..............................................       25,820       25.91     53,890     22.24
     Security guards and gaming surveillance officers..................................    1,076,980       13.26     27,590     11.60
      Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators............................       10,260       15.37     31,970     14.15
      Security guards..................................................................    1,066,730       13.24     27,550     11.57
     Miscellaneous protective service workers..........................................      340,810       13.36     27,780     11.53
      Crossing guards..................................................................       68,050       12.75     26,530     11.49
      Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........      130,700       10.05     20,890      9.16
      Transportation security screeners................................................       45,790       17.98     37,400     17.83
      Protective service workers, all other............................................       96,260       16.08     33,450     14.43

 Food preparation and serving related occupations                                         11,914,590       10.38     21,580      9.15
    Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers................................      950,270       16.17     33,640     14.53
     Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...............................      950,270       16.17     33,640     14.53
      Chefs and head cooks.............................................................      107,730       22.42     46,620     20.43
      First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................      842,540       15.38     31,980     14.09
    Cooks and food preparation workers.................................................    2,978,730       10.61     22,070      9.78
     Cooks.............................................................................    2,154,650       10.79     22,440      9.99
      Cooks, fast food.................................................................      507,940        9.07     18,870      8.88
      Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................      399,940       11.86     24,670     11.14
      Cooks, private household.........................................................          590       13.15     27,350     11.17
      Cooks, restaurant................................................................    1,057,550       11.27     23,440     10.65
      Cooks, short order...............................................................      167,480       10.18     21,160      9.51
      Cooks, all other.................................................................       21,160       12.61     26,230     11.58
     Food preparation workers..........................................................      824,080       10.15     21,110      9.35
    Food and beverage serving workers..................................................    6,678,930        9.63     20,020      8.91
     Bartenders........................................................................      555,560       10.46     21,770      9.09
     Fast food and counter workers.....................................................    3,474,600        9.13     18,980      8.83
      Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food...............    3,022,880        9.08     18,880      8.81
      Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop..................      451,730        9.45     19,650      8.99
     Waiters and waitresses............................................................    2,403,960       10.04     20,880      8.94
     Food servers, nonrestaurant.......................................................      244,820       10.77     22,400      9.58
    Other food preparation and serving related workers.................................    1,306,660        9.46     19,670      8.97
     Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers........................      409,700        9.59     19,940      8.95
     Dishwashers.......................................................................      498,110        9.22     19,180      8.95
     Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop..........................      360,970        9.46     19,670      8.96
     Food preparation and serving related workers, all other...........................       37,880       11.22     23,330      9.94

 Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                 4,291,410       12.51     26,010     11.04
    Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...............      269,540       19.73     41,030     18.27
     First-line supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...      269,540       19.73     41,030     18.27
      First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................      169,920       18.45     38,380     17.15
      First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..       99,620       21.91     45,560     20.47
    Building cleaning and pest control workers.........................................    3,099,520       11.75     24,430     10.50
     Building cleaning workers.........................................................    3,035,070       11.66     24,260     10.44
      Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................    2,101,810       12.09     25,140     10.86
      Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................      917,470       10.64     22,130      9.51
      Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................       15,790       14.57     30,300     13.77
     Pest control workers..............................................................       64,450       15.61     32,480     14.58
    Grounds maintenance workers........................................................      922,350       12.95     26,930     11.73
     Grounds maintenance workers.......................................................      922,350       12.95     26,930     11.73
      Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................      839,780       12.65     26,300     11.51
      Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................       22,830       15.72     32,690     14.82
      Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................       40,720       16.57     34,470     15.67
      Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................       19,030       15.25     31,720     13.52

 Personal care and service occupations                                                     3,986,740       11.88     24,710     10.10
    Supervisors of personal care and service workers...................................      183,180       19.01     39,540     17.59
     First-line supervisors of gaming workers..........................................       32,880       21.82     45,380     21.35
      Gaming supervisors...............................................................       25,150       23.53     48,940     23.20
      Slot supervisors.................................................................        7,730       16.25     33,800     15.13
     First-line supervisors of personal service workers................................      150,300       18.39     38,260     16.97
    Animal care and service workers....................................................      164,960       11.09     23,060      9.71
     Animal trainers...................................................................       10,610       14.92     31,030     12.17
     Nonfarm animal caretakers.........................................................      154,350       10.82     22,510      9.57
    Entertainment attendants and related workers.......................................      534,830       10.22     21,270      9.08
     Gaming services workers...........................................................      125,300       10.60     22,050      9.06
      Gaming dealers...................................................................       98,790       10.04     20,890      8.88
      Gaming and sports book writers and runners.......................................       12,760       12.44     25,870     10.82
      Gaming service workers, all other................................................       13,750       12.91     26,860     11.77
     Motion picture projectionists.....................................................        7,630       10.78     22,430      9.73
     Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers.......................................      106,770        9.79     20,370      8.98
     Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers........................      295,130       10.21     21,230      9.11
      Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................      260,680        9.76     20,310      9.05
      Costume attendants...............................................................        5,900       23.75     49,400     17.62
      Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................       18,910       10.78     22,420      9.42
      Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................        9,640       12.79     26,590     11.58
    Funeral service workers............................................................       62,080       17.44     36,270     14.16
     Embalmers.........................................................................        4,390       20.55     42,750     20.00
     Funeral attendants................................................................       33,400       11.62     24,180     10.83
     Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors....................................       24,280       24.87     51,720     22.64
    Personal appearance workers........................................................      490,050       12.98     27,000     10.80
     Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists............................      367,070       13.24     27,540     11.16
      Barbers..........................................................................       15,100       13.32     27,710     12.03
      Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................      351,960       13.24     27,530     11.12
     Miscellaneous personal appearance workers.........................................      122,980       12.20     25,370      9.67
      Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................        2,440       31.89     66,330     22.70
      Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................       71,220       10.48     21,790      9.30
      Shampooers.......................................................................       15,650        9.09     18,910      8.90
      Skincare specialists.............................................................       33,680       15.86     32,990     13.92
    Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges..........................................       73,980       12.61     26,220     11.28
     Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges.........................................       73,980       12.61     26,220     11.28
      Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................       43,790       11.38     23,660      9.77
      Concierges.......................................................................       30,190       14.39     29,930     13.37
    Tour and travel guides.............................................................       38,780       13.10     27,250     11.78
     Tour and travel guides............................................................       38,780       13.10     27,250     11.78
      Tour guides and escorts..........................................................       34,530       12.51     26,020     11.43
      Travel guides....................................................................        4,250       17.93     37,300     16.26
    Other personal care and service workers............................................    2,438,890       11.35     23,620     10.00
     Childcare workers.................................................................      597,900       10.33     21,490      9.42
     Personal care aides...............................................................    1,135,470       10.09     20,990      9.67
     Recreation and fitness workers....................................................      555,470       14.81     30,800     11.95
      Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors........................................      238,170       18.17     37,790     15.88
      Recreation workers...............................................................      317,310       12.29     25,560     10.76
     Residential advisors..............................................................       88,220       12.78     26,580     11.79
     Personal care and service workers, all other......................................       61,820       11.31     23,530     10.04

 Sales and related occupations                                                            14,068,190       18.37     38,200     12.10
    Supervisors of sales workers.......................................................    1,459,330       23.29     48,430     19.17
     First-line supervisors of sales workers...........................................    1,459,330       23.29     48,430     19.17
      First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................    1,213,550       19.93     41,450     17.88
      First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................      245,780       39.85     82,890     33.92
    Retail sales workers...............................................................    8,500,690       11.39     23,690      9.58
     Cashiers..........................................................................    3,363,530        9.83     20,450      9.12
      Cashiers.........................................................................    3,343,470        9.82     20,420      9.12
      Gaming change persons and booth cashiers.........................................       20,060       12.05     25,070     11.43
     Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons..................................      651,970       13.89     28,880     12.13
      Counter and rental clerks........................................................      430,700       13.05     27,130     11.24
      Parts salespersons...............................................................      221,270       15.52     32,290     14.15
     Retail salespersons...............................................................    4,485,180       12.20     25,370     10.16
    Sales representatives, services....................................................    1,653,600       33.02     68,680     24.62
     Advertising sales agents..........................................................      148,770       27.62     57,440     22.03
     Insurance sales agents............................................................      354,460       30.58     63,610     23.18
     Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents......................      325,140       49.28    102,510     34.92
     Travel agents.....................................................................       64,250       17.88     37,200     16.60
     Sales representatives, services, all other........................................      760,980       29.54     61,450     24.53
    Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing.................................    1,756,600       33.11     68,880     27.86
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing................................    1,756,600       33.11     68,880     27.86
      Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific 
         products......................................................................      352,830       41.16     85,610     35.83
      Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and 
         scientific products...........................................................    1,403,770       31.09     64,670     26.16
    Other sales and related workers....................................................      697,970       21.20     44,090     14.05
     Models, demonstrators, and product promoters......................................       82,330       13.84     28,800     11.64
      Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................       76,870       13.92     28,950     11.75
      Models...........................................................................        5,470       12.79     26,600      9.15
     Real estate brokers and sales agents..............................................      197,820       28.32     58,900     20.49
      Real estate brokers..............................................................       38,970       39.60     82,380     28.65
      Real estate sales agents.........................................................      158,850       25.55     53,140     19.14
     Sales engineers...................................................................       65,730       48.94    101,790     45.14
     Telemarketers.....................................................................      231,900       12.42     25,830     10.87
     Miscellaneous sales and related workers...........................................      120,180       16.29     33,870     12.91
      Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........        6,090       12.18     25,330      9.82
      Sales and related workers, all other.............................................      114,100       16.50     34,330     13.11

 Office and administrative support occupations                                            21,442,800       16.78     34,900     15.39
    Supervisors of office and administrative support workers...........................    1,366,510       25.81     53,690     24.13
     First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers...............    1,366,510       25.81     53,690     24.13
    Communications equipment operators.................................................      130,890       13.53     28,150     12.71
     Switchboard operators, including answering service................................      118,060       13.11     27,270     12.45
     Telephone operators...............................................................       10,280       16.69     34,720     15.67
     Communications equipment operators, all other.....................................        2,550       20.36     42,350     19.58
    Financial clerks...................................................................    3,274,960       16.82     34,990     16.01
     Bill and account collectors.......................................................      368,850       16.66     34,650     15.83
     Billing and posting clerks........................................................      493,840       16.80     34,940     16.26
     Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks......................................    1,586,380       17.91     37,250     17.18
     Gaming cage workers...............................................................       17,360       12.59     26,190     11.86
     Payroll and timekeeping clerks....................................................      170,400       19.16     39,850     18.59
     Procurement clerks................................................................       68,690       18.72     38,940     18.64
     Tellers...........................................................................      527,680       12.62     26,260     12.21
     Financial clerks, all other.......................................................       41,770       19.52     40,590     18.39
    Information and record clerks......................................................    5,344,530       15.54     32,320     14.45
     Brokerage clerks..................................................................       60,300       22.96     47,760     21.85
     Correspondence clerks.............................................................        7,800       17.22     35,810     16.75
     Court, municipal, and license clerks..............................................      127,170       17.72     36,850     16.89
     Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks..........................................       50,240       17.15     35,660     16.13
     Customer service representatives..................................................    2,389,580       16.04     33,370     14.84
     Eligibility interviewers, government programs.....................................      123,920       20.15     41,910     20.15
     File clerks.......................................................................      152,920       13.79     28,680     12.89
     Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks..............................................      234,750       10.58     22,010      9.81
     Interviewers, except eligibility and loan.........................................      192,360       15.22     31,660     14.56
     Library assistants, clerical......................................................      101,990       12.43     25,850     11.37
     Loan interviewers and clerks......................................................      213,270       17.76     36,940     17.33
     New accounts clerks...............................................................       56,990       16.32     33,940     15.96
     Order clerks......................................................................      200,210       15.33     31,880     14.48
     Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping........................      136,960       18.52     38,520     18.12
     Receptionists and information clerks..............................................      973,580       13.20     27,450     12.70
     Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks....................      141,900       16.69     34,710     16.34
     Information and record clerks, all other..........................................      180,570       18.05     37,530     17.71
    Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers..............    3,798,670       15.67     32,600     13.84
     Cargo and freight agents..........................................................       73,760       20.97     43,620     19.35
     Couriers and messengers...........................................................       74,060       13.35     27,770     12.61
     Dispatchers.......................................................................      282,130       18.78     39,050     17.61
      Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers..........................................       96,860       18.73     38,960     17.81
      Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................      185,270       18.80     39,100     17.50
     Meter readers, utilities..........................................................       37,950       18.79     39,080     17.51
     Postal service workers............................................................      500,980       23.90     49,720     25.89
      Postal service clerks............................................................       71,910       22.87     47,570     25.88
      Postal service mail carriers.....................................................      307,490       24.47     50,890     27.16
      Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........      121,580       23.09     48,040     25.88
     Production, planning, and expediting clerks.......................................      281,930       22.30     46,390     21.46
     Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks...........................................      677,450       14.93     31,060     14.10
     Stock clerks and order fillers....................................................    1,800,410       11.99     24,940     10.81
     Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping........................       69,990       14.59     30,340     13.64
    Secretaries and administrative assistants..........................................    3,647,870       18.39     38,250     17.15
     Secretaries and administrative assistants.........................................    3,647,870       18.39     38,250     17.15
      Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................      755,210       24.94     51,870     23.70
      Legal secretaries................................................................      220,680       21.65     45,030     20.38
      Medical secretaries..............................................................      512,970       15.93     33,140     15.33
      Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..    2,159,000       16.35     34,000     15.79
    Other office and administrative support workers....................................    3,879,380       14.96     31,110     14.01
     Computer operators................................................................       67,450       19.25     40,040     18.69
     Data entry and information processing workers.....................................      295,850       15.28     31,790     14.64
      Data entry keyers................................................................      207,660       14.27     29,670     13.69
      Word processors and typists......................................................       88,200       17.68     36,770     17.32
     Desktop publishers................................................................       14,360       19.77     41,130     18.20
     Insurance claims and policy processing clerks.....................................      236,160       18.27     38,010     17.42
     Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service.....................       99,140       13.83     28,760     13.20
     Office clerks, general............................................................    2,832,010       14.42     29,990     13.49
     Office machine operators, except computer.........................................       66,840       14.29     29,710     13.51
     Proofreaders and copy markers.....................................................       11,260       16.97     35,300     15.93
     Statistical assistants............................................................       15,640       20.45     42,530     19.92
     Office and administrative support workers, all other..............................      240,670       16.35     34,000     15.38

 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                  435,250       11.70     24,330      9.32
    Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..............................       18,540       22.09     45,940     20.90
     First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..................       18,540       22.09     45,940     20.90
    Agricultural workers...............................................................      373,350       10.61     22,080      9.16
     Agricultural inspectors...........................................................       13,740       20.96     43,600     20.52
     Animal breeders...................................................................        1,240       19.38     40,310     18.24
     Graders and sorters, agricultural products........................................       38,120       10.10     21,000      9.24
     Miscellaneous agricultural workers................................................      320,250       10.20     21,210      9.11
      Agricultural equipment operators.................................................       22,650       13.34     27,740     12.58
      Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................      261,720        9.65     20,080      9.00
      Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................       31,000       11.91     24,760     10.89
      Agricultural workers, all other..................................................        4,870       14.03     29,170     11.73
    Fishing and hunting workers........................................................          560       17.43     36,250     16.75
     Fishers and related fishing workers...............................................          480       17.71     36,840     16.96
    Forest, conservation, and logging workers..........................................       42,800       16.59     34,510     15.89
     Forest and conservation workers...................................................        6,940       13.88     28,860     12.39
     Logging workers...................................................................       35,870       17.12     35,600     16.38
      Fallers..........................................................................        5,790       19.50     40,550     16.60
      Logging equipment operators......................................................       24,490       16.69     34,700     16.39
      Log graders and scalers..........................................................        2,780       16.39     34,090     15.90
      Logging workers, all other.......................................................        2,810       16.67     34,680     16.44

 Construction and extraction occupations                                                   5,088,030       21.94     45,630     19.55
    Supervisors of construction and extraction workers.................................      467,130       30.70     63,860     29.03
     First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers..............      467,130       30.70     63,860     29.03
    Construction trades workers........................................................    3,760,870       21.40     44,510     19.01
     Boilermakers......................................................................       15,950       27.85     57,920     27.74
     Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons.........................................       69,150       23.60     49,090     21.67
      Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................       58,730       24.37     50,700     22.41
      Stonemasons......................................................................       10,410       19.23     39,990     17.54
     Carpenters........................................................................      580,570       21.62     44,980     19.47
     Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers..................................       68,950       19.81     41,210     17.58
      Carpet installers................................................................       24,640       19.39     40,330     17.19
      Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................       10,020       19.15     39,840     17.27
      Floor sanders and finishers......................................................        4,200       17.70     36,810     16.94
      Tile and marble setters..........................................................       30,090       20.68     43,010     18.06
     Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers...........................      145,120       19.55     40,660     17.40
      Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................      141,910       19.52     40,610     17.37
      Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................        3,220       20.69     43,030     18.80
     Construction laborers.............................................................      824,970       16.84     35,020     14.64
     Construction equipment operators..................................................      400,280       22.31     46,410     20.16
      Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................       55,720       20.06     41,720     18.16
      Pile-driver operators............................................................        3,620       27.03     56,220     23.91
      Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................      340,950       22.63     47,080     20.45
     Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers...........................       96,080       21.20     44,090     18.19
      Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................       79,950       20.75     43,160     17.89
      Tapers...........................................................................       16,120       23.41     48,690     21.10
     Electricians......................................................................      542,680       25.75     53,560     24.28
     Glaziers..........................................................................       44,050       20.46     42,560     18.08
     Insulation workers................................................................       51,600       20.38     42,380     17.53
      Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................       23,850       17.76     36,940     15.81
      Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................       27,740       22.63     47,060     19.47
     Painters and paperhangers.........................................................      196,350       18.88     39,280     17.00
      Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................      192,890       18.89     39,290     17.01
      Paperhangers.....................................................................        3,460       18.47     38,410     16.19
     Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters...............................      392,460       25.19     52,390     23.31
      Pipelayers.......................................................................       41,080       19.29     40,120     17.44
      Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................      351,380       25.88     53,820     24.13
     Plasterers and stucco masons......................................................       20,600       19.95     41,490     17.64
     Reinforcing iron and rebar workers................................................       17,280       26.17     54,430     24.52
     Roofers...........................................................................       99,060       18.65     38,790     17.08
     Sheet metal workers...............................................................      134,110       22.81     47,440     21.10
     Structural iron and steel workers.................................................       57,480       24.80     51,590     22.36
     Solar photovoltaic installers.....................................................        4,130       20.11     41,820     19.04
    Helpers, construction trades.......................................................      216,320       13.65     28,400     12.97
     Helpers, construction trades......................................................      216,320       13.65     28,400     12.97
      Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......       24,280       14.83     30,860     13.59
      Helpers--carpenters..............................................................       37,400       13.20     27,450     12.54
      Helpers--electricians............................................................       63,660       13.91     28,920     13.32
      Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................       11,640       12.68     26,370     11.97
      Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................       47,160       13.69     28,460     13.19
      Helpers--roofers.................................................................       13,130       12.46     25,910     11.69
      Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................       19,050       13.54     28,160     12.73
    Other construction and related workers.............................................      379,760       21.40     44,500     19.40
     Construction and building inspectors..............................................       87,620       27.13     56,430     26.18
     Elevator installers and repairers.................................................       21,270       36.64     76,220     37.81
     Fence erectors....................................................................       19,960       15.87     33,000     15.02
     Hazardous materials removal workers...............................................       40,290       20.30     42,220     18.23
     Highway maintenance workers.......................................................      139,070       17.78     36,980     17.25
     Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators.............................       15,590       22.24     46,260     22.25
     Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.....................................       24,030       17.63     36,660     16.60
     Miscellaneous construction and related workers....................................       31,920       18.51     38,510     16.92
      Segmental pavers.................................................................        1,110       16.97     35,290     15.77
      Construction and related workers, all other......................................       30,810       18.57     38,620     16.97
    Extraction workers.................................................................      263,940       21.66     45,050     19.84
     Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining...........      108,790       24.79     51,570     21.79
      Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................       22,400       23.48     48,830     22.64
      Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................       27,130       29.38     61,110     24.79
      Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining.....................................       59,260       23.19     48,230     20.57
     Earth drillers, except oil and gas................................................       17,620       22.15     46,060     20.48
     Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters.......................        6,540       24.19     50,310     23.69
     Mining machine operators..........................................................       21,780       23.71     49,320     24.24
      Continuous mining machine operators..............................................       12,180       23.98     49,870     24.43
      Mine cutting and channeling machine operators....................................        6,850       23.31     48,490     23.96
      Mining machine operators, all other..............................................        2,740       23.55     48,990     24.10
     Rock splitters, quarry............................................................        4,130       16.51     34,350     15.77
     Roof bolters, mining..............................................................        5,880       26.25     54,590     26.34
     Roustabouts, oil and gas..........................................................       68,230       17.39     36,170     16.62
     Helpers--extraction workers.......................................................       23,020       16.89     35,120     16.30
     Extraction workers, all other.....................................................        7,960       19.73     41,040     19.02

 Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                         5,138,130       21.35     44,420     19.92
    Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................      428,620       30.52     63,490     29.43
     First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers....................      428,620       30.52     63,490     29.43
    Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...........      570,200       23.50     48,880     22.56
     Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers..........................      110,850       18.42     38,310     17.50
     Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers...................      223,440       25.80     53,670     26.05
      Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers....................       14,090       23.26     48,380     22.24
      Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....      209,350       25.98     54,030     26.32
     Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and 
        repairers......................................................................      235,910       23.71     49,320     22.89
      Avionics technicians.............................................................       17,310       27.38     56,940     26.92
      Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................       18,490       19.47     40,500     18.28
      Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....       15,340       25.95     53,970     25.40
      Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........       67,410       26.07     54,230     25.67
      Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........       23,210       32.82     68,270     33.52
      Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................       11,900       16.14     33,570     15.02
      Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers.................       26,960       17.94     37,310     17.15
      Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................       55,300       21.09     43,870     20.19
    Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers..................    1,463,720       19.87     41,330     18.63
     Aircraft mechanics and service technicians........................................      115,410       27.70     57,610     26.91
     Automotive technicians and repairers..............................................      755,550       19.17     39,880     17.78
      Automotive body and related repairers............................................      134,650       20.49     42,620     18.68
      Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................       15,910       15.89     33,050     15.54
      Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................      604,990       18.97     39,450     17.65
     Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists.............................      238,150       21.21     44,120     20.54
     Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics..............      170,720       21.98     45,710     21.55
      Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................       34,840       17.50     36,390     17.05
      Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................      116,590       23.00     47,830     22.53
      Rail car repairers...............................................................       19,290       23.89     49,700     24.33
     Small engine mechanics............................................................       62,860       16.63     34,590     15.86
      Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................       19,650       17.99     37,430     17.35
      Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................       14,960       17.02     35,400     16.15
      Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................       28,250       15.47     32,180     14.68
     Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...      121,020       12.82     26,660     11.72
      Bicycle repairers................................................................       10,450       12.58     26,160     12.22
      Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................       11,200       17.69     36,790     16.89
      Tire repairers and changers......................................................       99,370       12.29     25,570     11.34
    Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............................    2,675,590       20.24     42,100     18.85
     Control and valve installers and repairers........................................       57,990       23.83     49,570     22.36
      Mechanical door repairers........................................................       17,050       18.75     39,000     17.63
      Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............       40,940       25.95     53,970     25.47
     Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers.............      251,700       22.17     46,110     21.10
     Home appliance repairers..........................................................       32,920       17.89     37,220     16.90
     Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers................      436,800       23.24     48,340     22.44
      Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................      306,860       23.83     49,560     23.03
      Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................       89,510       20.68     43,010     20.00
      Millwrights......................................................................       38,680       24.58     51,130     24.05
      Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................        1,750       20.87     43,410     20.78
     Line installers and repairers.....................................................      231,400       27.83     57,890     28.72
      Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................      111,350       30.47     63,380     30.85
      Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................      120,050       25.38     52,790     25.30
     Precision instrument and equipment repairers......................................       64,730       22.01     45,790     20.78
      Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................        3,180       19.09     39,700     17.99
      Medical equipment repairers......................................................       40,090       22.65     47,120     21.24
      Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................        7,240       16.82     34,990     15.26
      Watch repairers..................................................................        2,840       18.25     37,970     17.05
      Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................       11,390       24.81     51,600     24.67
     Maintenance and repair workers, general...........................................    1,249,080       18.13     37,710     17.14
     Wind turbine service technicians..................................................        3,290       25.51     53,050     23.79
     Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................      347,690       16.86     35,060     15.16
      Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................       33,250       15.79     32,840     15.16
      Commercial divers................................................................        3,600       26.38     54,880     23.04
      Fabric menders, except garment...................................................          800       13.42     27,910     12.24
      Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................       17,400       19.15     39,820     18.25
      Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................        3,510       15.01     31,210     13.91
      Riggers..........................................................................       17,330       21.24     44,180     20.32
      Signal and track switch repairers................................................        7,960       26.83     55,810     26.75
      Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................      127,820       13.04     27,120     11.78
      Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other.........................      136,010       19.09     39,700     17.66

 Production occupations                                                                    8,765,180       16.79     34,930     15.03
    Supervisors of production workers..................................................      580,620       27.96     58,150     26.29
     First-line supervisors of production and operating workers........................      580,620       27.96     58,150     26.29
    Assemblers and fabricators.........................................................    1,757,500       15.10     31,400     13.93
     Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers.....................       42,810       23.84     49,580     22.76
     Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers.........................      267,950       15.30     31,830     14.31
      Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................       14,590       15.54     32,320     15.09
      Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers...................................      203,880       15.07     31,350     14.01
      Electromechanical equipment assemblers...........................................       49,480       16.17     33,630     15.29
     Engine and other machine assemblers...............................................       39,620       18.78     39,060     17.93
     Structural metal fabricators and fitters..........................................       77,860       18.19     37,840     17.49
     Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators..........................................    1,329,260       14.48     30,120     13.33
      Fiberglass laminators and fabricators............................................       18,800       14.24     29,620     13.68
      Team assemblers..................................................................    1,058,100       14.71     30,590     13.54
      Timing device assemblers and adjusters...........................................        1,460       15.10     31,410     13.04
      Assemblers and fabricators, all other............................................      250,900       13.55     28,190     12.37
    Food processing workers............................................................      753,020       12.75     26,530     11.86
     Bakers............................................................................      165,270       12.08     25,120     11.13
     Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.....................      381,890       12.69     26,400     11.96
      Butchers and meat cutters........................................................      138,900       14.40     29,950     13.63
      Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................      160,920       11.47     23,850     11.12
      Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................       82,070       12.21     25,400     12.01
     Miscellaneous food processing workers.............................................      205,860       13.41     27,890     12.42
      Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......       18,750       14.14     29,410     13.37
      Food batchmakers.................................................................      109,660       13.73     28,560     12.77
      Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................       34,040       13.66     28,410     12.86
      Food processing workers, all other...............................................       43,400       12.07     25,110     11.27
    Metal workers and plastic workers..................................................    1,887,930       18.04     37,510     17.12
     Computer control programmers and operators........................................      164,270       18.78     39,070     17.87
      Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic....................      139,930       17.94     37,310     17.26
      Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic......       24,340       23.64     49,170     22.36
     Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic................      128,250       16.68     34,690     16.14
      Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.       73,140       15.94     33,160     15.51
      Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............       22,570       16.89     35,120     16.14
      Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............       32,550       18.19     37,830     17.80
     Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...........      344,000       16.03     33,350     15.26
      Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and 
         plastic.......................................................................      187,640       15.15     31,520     14.40
      Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and 
         plastic.......................................................................       19,880       17.59     36,580     16.48
      Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and 
         tenders, metal and plastic....................................................       70,910       16.27     33,850     15.49
      Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic       41,730       17.73     36,890     17.18
      Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...       23,850       17.98     37,400     17.21
     Machinists........................................................................      391,130       19.72     41,020     19.03
     Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters............................       32,250       18.80     39,110     18.54
      Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................       21,930       19.59     40,750     19.49
      Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................       10,320       17.13     35,630     16.15
     Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................       10,360       21.90     45,560     21.31
      Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................        6,200       23.04     47,920     22.15
      Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................        4,160       20.21     42,030     20.10
     Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....      137,910       14.63     30,440     13.76
      Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................       13,100       15.07     31,350     14.59
      Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal 
         and plastic...................................................................      124,810       14.59     30,340     13.68
     Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic..........       93,100       17.02     35,400     16.50
     Tool and die makers...............................................................       78,700       23.74     49,390     23.06
     Welding, soldering, and brazing workers...........................................      403,100       18.60     38,700     17.51
      Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................      352,250       18.80     39,110     17.66
      Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........       50,860       17.21     35,800     16.54
     Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers...................................      104,850       17.10     35,560     16.04
      Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......       21,500       17.27     35,930     16.66
      Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................       13,420       21.03     43,740     20.69
      Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...       36,120       15.52     32,280     14.49
      Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................       11,540       17.34     36,060     16.50
      Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................       22,270       16.99     35,340     15.63
    Printing workers...................................................................      256,620       17.19     35,750     16.43
     Printing workers..................................................................      256,620       17.19     35,750     16.43
      Prepress technicians and workers.................................................       38,000       18.82     39,150     18.00
      Printing press operators.........................................................      166,620       17.48     36,350     16.79
      Print binding and finishing workers..............................................       52,000       15.06     31,330     14.18
    Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers..........................................      573,650       11.73     24,390     10.67
     Laundry and dry-cleaning workers..................................................      197,650       10.46     21,750      9.66
     Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials.................................       51,520       10.03     20,870      9.55
     Sewing machine operators..........................................................      143,370       11.25     23,400     10.33
     Shoe and leather workers..........................................................       10,760       12.50     26,000     11.68
      Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................        6,460       12.85     26,730     12.03
      Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................        4,300       11.97     24,890     11.12
     Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers..................................................       27,100       13.64     28,360     11.97
      Sewers, hand.....................................................................        5,700       11.89     24,720     11.35
      Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................       21,400       14.10     29,330     12.30
     Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders...................................       75,060       12.69     26,390     12.41
      Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................       11,680       12.36     25,710     11.78
      Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................       15,160       12.58     26,180     12.00
      Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............       22,200       13.16     27,370     12.91
      Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and 
         tenders.......................................................................       26,020       12.50     25,990     12.43
     Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...........................       68,180       15.74     32,740     14.52
      Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and 
         glass fibers..................................................................       18,890       15.64     32,540     15.27
      Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................        6,060       21.97     45,700     19.29
      Upholsterers.....................................................................       28,790       15.47     32,170     14.78
      Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................       14,440       13.79     28,680     12.52
    Woodworkers........................................................................      215,240       14.59     30,340     13.76
     Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters................................................       82,770       15.84     32,960     14.96
     Furniture finishers...............................................................       14,470       14.49     30,140     13.69
     Model makers and patternmakers, wood..............................................        2,110       17.50     36,390     15.86
      Model makers, wood...............................................................        1,240       16.30     33,910     14.63
      Patternmakers, wood..............................................................          870       19.20     39,940     17.89
     Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders...............................      108,750       13.57     28,230     13.01
      Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................       42,210       13.47     28,010     12.79
      Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............       66,540       13.64     28,370     13.13
     Woodworkers, all other............................................................        7,150       14.82     30,820     13.27
    Plant and system operators.........................................................      310,600       26.77     55,680     26.21
     Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers..............................       58,860       33.89     70,500     33.92
      Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................        7,790       37.69     78,400     37.67
      Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................       11,260       36.82     76,580     36.10
      Power plant operators............................................................       39,810       32.32     67,230     32.74
     Stationary engineers and boiler operators.........................................       35,960       27.01     56,190     26.26
     Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators.........................      110,230       21.67     45,070     20.77
     Miscellaneous plant and system operators..........................................      105,550       28.04     58,320     28.19
      Chemical plant and system operators..............................................       38,890       26.29     54,690     26.31
      Gas plant operators..............................................................       13,890       30.18     62,770     30.62
      Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................       41,390       29.50     61,350     29.77
      Plant and system operators, all other............................................       11,390       26.10     54,300     26.19
    Other production occupations.......................................................    2,430,000       15.72     32,690     14.32
     Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders.......................      102,950       21.75     45,240     21.01
      Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................       60,450       23.30     48,470     22.95
      Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, 
         operators, and tenders........................................................       42,510       19.55     40,660     18.43
     Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers.......................      179,200       16.45     34,220     15.59
      Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........       30,580       16.36     34,040     15.52
      Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................       31,240       14.11     29,360     13.38
      Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................      117,390       17.10     35,560     16.32
     Cutting workers...................................................................       73,240       15.19     31,580     14.66
      Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................       13,800       13.24     27,540     12.19
      Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................       59,450       15.64     32,520     15.29
     Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and 
        tenders........................................................................       69,740       16.02     33,320     15.27
     Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders......................       19,840       17.94     37,320     17.05
     Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers..............................      471,750       18.20     37,860     16.80
     Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.....................................       22,890       19.24     40,010     17.08
     Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians............................       78,870       17.36     36,120     16.01
      Dental laboratory technicians....................................................       36,790       19.13     39,780     17.52
      Medical appliance technicians....................................................       13,320       18.38     38,220     17.09
      Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................       28,760       14.64     30,450     13.96
     Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders...............................      372,210       13.82     28,740     12.65
     Painting workers..................................................................      149,780       17.15     35,680     15.94
      Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........       87,070       15.52     32,290     14.88
      Painters, transportation equipment...............................................       46,770       21.12     43,930     19.05
      Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................       15,930       14.40     29,960     13.64
     Semiconductor processors..........................................................       22,750       17.34     36,070     16.32
     Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.....................       37,130       13.18     27,410     11.46
     Miscellaneous production workers..................................................      829,640       13.77     28,650     12.40
      Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................       18,280       15.65     32,540     14.68
      Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............       16,460       13.56     28,210     12.73
      Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................        7,660       14.24     29,620     13.31
      Etchers and engravers............................................................        8,570       14.45     30,060     13.70
      Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................       32,920       15.14     31,480     14.32
      Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................       94,910       17.23     35,830     16.73
      Tire builders....................................................................       17,570       18.86     39,240     19.09
      Helpers--production workers......................................................      426,670       12.05     25,070     11.13
      Production workers, all other....................................................      206,600       14.89     30,980     13.26

 Transportation and material moving occupations                                            9,005,120       16.28     33,860     13.99
    Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..........................      371,250       25.08     52,180     23.70
     Aircraft cargo handling supervisors...............................................        6,270       23.54     48,970     21.56
     First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand............      167,190       23.02     47,880     21.99
     First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle 
        operators......................................................................      197,800       26.88     55,910     25.68
    Air transportation workers.........................................................      234,220        (²)      84,100      (²)
     Aircraft pilots and flight engineers..............................................      110,370        (²)     113,090      (²)
      Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................       73,030        (²)     129,600      (²)
      Commercial pilots................................................................       37,340        (²)      80,800      (²)
     Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists.......................       30,310       49.40    102,750     48.98
      Air traffic controllers..........................................................       23,060       57.05    118,650     58.31
      Airfield operations specialists..................................................        7,250       25.09     52,190     23.71
     Flight attendants.................................................................       93,550        (²)      43,860      (²)
    Motor vehicle operators............................................................    3,664,240       16.98     35,320     15.87
     Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians............       18,380       11.98     24,920     11.35
     Bus drivers.......................................................................      653,940       15.21     31,640     14.27
      Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................      157,830       18.63     38,750     17.64
      Bus drivers, school or special client............................................      496,110       14.12     29,380     13.62
     Driver/sales workers and truck drivers............................................    2,758,700       17.77     36,970     16.72
      Driver/sales workers.............................................................      396,470       13.41     27,900     10.92
      Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................    1,585,300       19.68     40,940     18.61
      Light truck or delivery services drivers.........................................      776,930       16.10     33,490     14.02
     Taxi drivers and chauffeurs.......................................................      170,030       12.12     25,200     10.98
     Motor vehicle operators, all other................................................       63,200       15.44     32,110     13.25
    Rail transportation workers........................................................      123,420       26.50     55,110     25.86
     Locomotive engineers and operators................................................       43,870       25.96     53,990     24.86
      Locomotive engineers.............................................................       36,860       26.76     55,660     25.63
      Locomotive firers................................................................        1,880       23.03     47,900     21.59
      Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................        5,140       21.28     44,260     20.33
     Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators......................................       23,950       24.00     49,920     24.44
     Railroad conductors and yardmasters...............................................       43,100       27.90     58,030     26.95
     Subway and streetcar operators....................................................        8,930       28.31     58,880     30.60
     Rail transportation workers, all other............................................        3,570       28.42     59,110     28.15
    Water transportation workers.......................................................       72,440       28.78     59,850     24.59
     Sailors and marine oilers.........................................................       28,810       19.56     40,690     18.73
     Ship and boat captains and operators..............................................       33,700       34.41     71,570     31.66
      Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................       30,290       36.34     75,580     33.62
      Motorboat operators..............................................................        3,400       17.25     35,880     15.17
     Ship engineers....................................................................        9,930       36.37     75,650     33.49
    Other transportation workers.......................................................      338,080       13.16     27,360     10.47
     Bridge and lock tenders...........................................................        3,170       21.17     44,040     22.29
     Parking lot attendants............................................................      130,190       10.26     21,340      9.38
     Automotive and watercraft service attendants......................................      112,970       10.56     21,960      9.84
     Traffic technicians...............................................................        6,220       21.12     43,920     19.15
     Transportation inspectors.........................................................       23,970       32.83     68,280     31.71
     Transportation attendants, except flight attendants...............................       21,280       12.57     26,150     11.27
     Transportation workers, all other.................................................       40,290       16.54     34,400     15.44
    Material moving workers............................................................    4,201,450       13.28     27,620     11.72
     Conveyor operators and tenders....................................................       40,760       15.95     33,180     14.70
     Crane and tower operators.........................................................       41,580       24.82     51,620     23.38
     Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators.................................       49,710       20.88     43,420     19.07
      Dredge operators.................................................................        1,750       21.91     45,580     19.04
      Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators............................       44,780       20.66     42,970     18.70
      Loading machine operators, underground mining....................................        3,180       23.36     48,600     24.35
     Hoist and winch operators.........................................................        2,980       23.26     48,370     18.62
     Industrial truck and tractor operators............................................      504,560       15.70     32,660     14.77
     Laborers and material movers, hand................................................    3,374,770       12.32     25,630     11.03
      Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................      311,940       11.05     22,980      9.72
      Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................    2,284,650       12.83     26,690     11.52
      Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................      106,160       14.19     29,510     13.61
      Packers and packagers, hand......................................................      672,020       10.90     22,670      9.60
     Pumping station operators.........................................................       31,090       22.81     47,450     22.26
      Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................        4,520       25.84     53,740     26.16
      Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................       13,170       22.00     45,760     20.80
      Wellhead pumpers.................................................................       13,410       22.59     46,990     22.10
     Refuse and recyclable material collectors.........................................      116,460       16.96     35,280     15.73
     Mine shuttle car operators........................................................        2,730       25.27     52,560     25.49
     Tank car, truck, and ship loaders.................................................       12,560       21.80     45,340     20.33
     Material moving workers, all other................................................       24,250       18.75     39,000     16.64


   1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; 
for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the 
reported survey data.
   2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual 
salaries depending on how they are typically paid.
   3 Represents a wage above $90.00 per hour.



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Last Modified Date: April 01, 2014
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