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Table 18. Number, incidence rate, and median days away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work and musculoskeletal disorders by selected worker occupation and ownership, 2013


     TABLE 18. Number, incidence rate(1), and median days(2) away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(3) and musculoskeletal
     disorders(4) by selected worker occupation(5) and ownership, 2013
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |                                                                                                                                               
                                   |                                                           Musculoskeletal disorders                                                           
                                   |                                                                     (MSDs)                                                                    
                                    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |                                                                                                                                               
                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                   |           Total private,          |              Private              |               State               |               Local               
               Occupation          |    state, and local government    |         industry(6)(7)(8)         |        government(6)(7)(8)        |        government(6)(7)(8)        
                                    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                   |           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days
                                   |   Number  |    rate   | away from |   Number  |    rate   | away from |   Number  |    rate   | away from |   Number  |    rate   | away from 
                                   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          Total....................|   380,600 |     35.8  |     11    |   307,640 |     33.5  |     11    |    18,410 |     45.3  |     12    |    54,560 |     52.7  |     11    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Nursing assistants............|    22,000 |    208.4  |      7    |    19,760 |    202.4  |      6    |       850 |    309.6  |     15    |     1,400 |    250.1  |      6    
     Laborers and freight, stock,  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      and material movers, hand....|    21,080 |    119.0  |     11    |    19,750 |    113.0  |     10    |       140 |    139.1  |     13    |     1,180 |    538.1  |     11    
     Heavy and tractor-trailer     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      truck drivers................|    15,730 |    105.4  |     22    |    15,340 |    103.3  |     22    |        40 |     -     |      8    |       340 |    199.4  |     20    
     Janitors and cleaners, except |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      maids and housekeeping       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      cleaners.....................|    14,390 |     95.4  |     10    |     7,630 |     67.0  |      8    |     1,120 |    175.3  |     12    |     5,640 |    190.5  |     12    
     Registered nurses.............|    11,430 |     55.7  |      8    |     9,820 |     56.2  |      7    |       740 |     62.5  |     13    |       860 |     44.3  |      8    
     Stock clerks and order fillers|    10,990 |     84.9  |     13    |    10,830 |     84.7  |     13    |        80 |     81.0  |      8    |        80 |     54.4  |     17    
     Maintenance and repair        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers, general.............|    10,660 |     98.1  |     12    |     8,030 |     88.0  |     12    |       740 |    179.7  |     12    |     1,890 |    144.3  |     10    
     Light truck or delivery       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      services drivers.............|     9,580 |    130.9  |     22    |     9,360 |    128.3  |     21    |        40 |     -     |      5    |       180 |    289.1  |     49    
     Retail salespersons...........|     9,070 |     28.6  |     10    |     9,040 |     28.4  |     10    |        30 |     98.5  |     28    |     -     |     -     |     -     
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Production workers, all other |     8,220 |     -     |     13    |     8,190 |     -     |     13    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        40 |     -     |      9    
     Maids and housekeeping        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      cleaners.....................|     7,510 |    112.1  |      8    |     6,950 |    107.8  |      9    |       210 |    292.7  |      9    |       350 |    175.4  |      6    
     Firefighters..................|     7,380 |    231.8  |     16    |        80 |     60.4  |     16    |       220 |    251.4  |     25    |     7,080 |    262.1  |     16    
     First-line supervisors of     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      retail sales workers.........|     5,970 |     52.3  |     12    |     5,950 |     52.1  |     12    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        20 |     52.6  |     15    
     Police and sheriffs patrol    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      officers.....................|     5,060 |     88.2  |     11    |        40 |     94.9  |      3    |       640 |     90.4  |     23    |     4,380 |     94.6  |     11    
     Construction laborers.........|     4,960 |     72.3  |      8    |     4,450 |     67.5  |      8    |       100 |     -     |     41    |       410 |    155.9  |     12    
     Personal care aides...........|     4,920 |     61.1  |      8    |     4,520 |     57.4  |      8    |       120 |     78.5  |     12    |       280 |    288.0  |     10    
     Assemblers and fabricators,   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      all other....................|     4,410 |     -     |     15    |     4,410 |     -     |     15    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Emergency medical technicians |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      and paramedics...............|     4,360 |     -     |      8    |     2,600 |    193.1  |      7    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     1,750 |    269.1  |      9    
     Cashiers......................|     4,250 |     20.5  |     10    |     3,990 |     19.5  |     11    |        20 |     23.2  |      2    |       240 |    103.9  |      2    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Home health aides.............|     3,880 |     -     |     10    |     3,780 |     63.8  |      9    |        60 |     -     |     14    |        40 |     -     |     13    
     Automotive service technicians|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      and mechanics................|     3,800 |     69.6  |      8    |     3,450 |     65.5  |      8    |       140 |    245.6  |      5    |       210 |    130.3  |      5    
     Landscaping and groundskeeping|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers......................|     3,650 |     54.5  |     14    |     2,080 |     35.7  |     14    |       240 |    159.4  |     21    |     1,330 |    187.5  |     14    
     Cargo and freight agents......|     3,530 |     -     |     18    |     3,530 |    565.3  |     18    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Plumbers, pipefitters, and    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      steamfitters.................|     3,280 |    103.4  |     36    |     2,920 |     97.1  |     36    |       160 |    372.9  |    180    |       190 |    153.0  |     21    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     
     Correctional officers and     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      jailers......................|     3,270 |     86.2  |     16    |       130 |     65.5  |     13    |     2,600 |    107.9  |     16    |       540 |     41.6  |     15    
     Food preparation workers......|     3,210 |     60.6  |      6    |     2,810 |     56.7  |      6    |       150 |    275.6  |     16    |       260 |     90.8  |      7    
     Carpenters....................|     3,200 |     65.1  |     11    |     3,020 |     62.7  |     11    |        90 |    223.3  |     24    |        90 |    104.2  |     10    
     Driver/sales workers..........|     2,770 |     -     |     14    |     2,770 |     73.2  |     14    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Electricians..................|     2,530 |     51.2  |      7    |     2,210 |     46.6  |      9    |        60 |     90.3  |     15    |       250 |    173.6  |      3    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Farmworkers and laborers,     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      crop, nursery, and greenhouse|     2,470 |     -     |      6    |     2,460 |     -     |      7    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Licensed practical and        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      licensed vocational nurses...|     2,400 |     44.1  |      8    |     1,990 |     41.0  |      7    |       160 |     62.1  |     24    |       250 |     69.8  |      9    
     Heating, air conditioning, and|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      refrigeration mechanics and  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      installers...................|     2,350 |    106.1  |     13    |     2,200 |    105.4  |     13    |        70 |    134.4  |      7    |        80 |     91.7  |      6    
     Combined food preparation and |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      serving workers, including   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      fast food....................|     2,300 |     11.9  |      6    |     2,240 |     12.2  |      6    |        20 |     27.2  |     11    |        40 |      4.5  |      3    
     Shipping, receiving, and      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      traffic clerks...............|     2,250 |     39.9  |      9    |     2,250 |     39.7  |      9    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Refuse and recyclable material|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      collectors...................|     2,280 |    230.9  |     10    |       500 |     79.9  |     17    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     1,780 |    532.0  |     10    
     Installation, maintenance, and|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      repair workers, all other....|     2,150 |     -     |      5    |     1,890 |     -     |      5    |        20 |     -     |     28    |       230 |     -     |     20    
     Teacher assistants............|     2,120 |     26.1  |      7    |       400 |     23.2  |      4    |        60 |     20.7  |      7    |     1,660 |     29.0  |      8    
     Telecommunications line       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      installers and repairers.....|     2,000 |    178.8  |     17    |     1,990 |    178.7  |     17    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Water and wastewater treatment|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      plant and system operators...|     1,990 |    199.2  |      3    |       130 |     59.7  |     30    |       150 |     -     |      5    |     1,710 |    246.2  |      3    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Psychiatric aides.............|     1,900 |    338.8  |     13    |       610 |    234.1  |      7    |     1,290 |    427.5  |     17    |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Industrial truck and tractor  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      operators....................|     1,800 |     39.2  |     14    |     1,740 |     37.6  |     13    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        70 |     -     |     26    
     Bus drivers, transit and      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      intercity....................|     1,780 |    162.3  |     12    |       480 |     83.1  |     15    |     -     |     -     |     -     |       840 |    184.3  |     19    
     Bus and truck mechanics and   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      diesel engine specialists....|     1,760 |     78.5  |     30    |     1,110 |     57.4  |     35    |       250 |    658.4  |     12    |       400 |    150.5  |     32    
     Cooks, institution and        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      cafeteria....................|     1,750 |     61.1  |      6    |       830 |     46.9  |      6    |       140 |    154.4  |     23    |       780 |     91.2  |      3    
     Telecommunications equipment  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      installers and repairers,    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      except line installers.......|     1,750 |     91.3  |     22    |     1,750 |     92.4  |     22    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     
     Customer service              |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      representatives..............|     1,690 |      9.0  |     24    |     1,620 |      8.9  |     26    |        20 |     10.2  |     15    |        50 |     12.9  |      2    
     Security guards...............|     1,650 |     20.1  |     14    |     1,290 |     17.3  |     15    |       190 |    107.1  |      3    |       170 |     31.1  |     60    
     First-line supervisors of     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      construction trades and      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      extraction workers...........|     1,630 |     35.6  |     11    |     1,290 |     30.5  |     11    |       100 |     92.2  |     32    |       240 |     92.7  |     45    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Managers, all other...........|     1,230 |     -     |     10    |     1,090 |     -     |     10    |       110 |     -     |     30    |        30 |     -     |     11    
     Bus drivers, school or special|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      client.......................|     1,560 |     45.0  |      8    |       560 |     34.4  |      5    |        20 |     -     |      2    |       970 |     58.6  |      9    
     Packers and packagers, hand...|     1,590 |     -     |     15    |     1,590 |     31.3  |     15    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Inspectors, testers, sorters, |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      samplers, and weighers.......|     1,490 |     34.2  |     20    |     1,460 |     33.4  |     20    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        20 |     -     |    110    
     First-line supervisors of food|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      preparation and serving      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers......................|     1,450 |     20.6  |     14    |     1,220 |     18.3  |     14    |        90 |    137.1  |     33    |       140 |     40.6  |      5    
     First-line supervisors of fire|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      fighting and prevention      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers......................|     1,400 |    234.3  |     15    |        30 |     -     |      2    |       130 |     -     |     21    |     1,250 |    238.4  |     15    
     Operating engineers and other |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      construction equipment       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      operators....................|     1,400 |     43.4  |     10    |       340 |     12.6  |     37    |       310 |    241.3  |      8    |       750 |    187.4  |      8    
     Machinists....................|     1,400 |     38.5  |     15    |     1,360 |     37.5  |     15    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        30 |     -     |      6    
     Office clerks, general........|     1,350 |      6.4  |     14    |       720 |      4.2  |     12    |       220 |     14.8  |     12    |       400 |     18.3  |     25    
     Dining room and cafeteria     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      attendants and bartender     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      helpers......................|     1,330 |     57.9  |      6    |       920 |     42.8  |      8    |        50 |     -     |      5    |       350 |    398.8  |      6    
     Cooks, restaurant.............|     1,320 |     -     |     10    |     1,280 |     16.7  |     10    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        40 |     89.8  |      3    
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


       1 Incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 10,000 full-time workers and were calculated as:  (N/EH) x 20,000,000 where            
       
       N     =number of injuries and illnesses                      
       EH    =total hours worked by all employees                   
              during the calendar year                             
       
       20,000,000=base for 10,000 equivalent full-time workers 
              (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year)
       
       2 Median days away from work is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of absences from work among the cases with days away from work. Half the cases involved
     more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days away from work are represented in actual values.
       3 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
       4 Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include cases where the nature of the injury or illness is pinched nerve; herniated disc; meniscus tear; sprains, strains, tears; hernia
     (traumatic and nontraumatic); pain, swelling, and numbness; carpal or tarsal tunnel syndrome; Raynaud's syndrome or phenomenon; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
     diseases and disorders, and when the event or exposure leading to the injury or illness is overexertion and bodily reaction, unspecified; overexertion involving outside
     sources; repetitive motion involving microtasks; other and multiple exertions or bodily reactions; and rubbed, abraded, or jarred by vibration.
       5 Selected occupations ranked in descending musculoskeletal disorder case count for private, State, and local government.
       6 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
       7 Data for Mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System-- United States, 2007) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health
     Administration rules and reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction and related support activities.  Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are
     provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.  Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining
     industries.  These data do not reflect the changes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002;
     therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates in other industries.     
       8 Data for employers in rail transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.  
       Source:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in cooperation with participating State agencies.

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Last Modified Date: December 16, 2014
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