Economic News Release

Producer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL-15-0607
8:30 a.m. (EDT), Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Technical information:      (202) 691-7705  *  ppi-info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov                                    
          
      
                 

                            PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - MARCH 2015


The Producer Price Index for final demand increased 0.2 percent in March, seasonally adjusted, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Final demand prices moved down 0.5 percent 
in February and 0.8 percent in January. On an unadjusted basis, the index for final demand 
decreased 0.8 percent for the 12 months ended in March. (See table A.)

In March, more than half of the rise in final demand prices can be attributed to a 0.3-percent 
advance in the index for final demand goods. Prices for final demand services moved up 0.1 
percent.

Within intermediate demand, prices for processed goods edged down 0.1 percent, the index for 
unprocessed goods dropped 1.7 percent, and prices for services rose 0.2 percent. (See tables B 
and C.)

Final Demand

Final demand goods:  The index for final demand goods moved up 0.3 percent in March following 
eight consecutive decreases. A major factor in the advance was prices for final demand energy, 
which rose 1.5 percent. The index for final demand goods less foods and energy increased 0.2 
percent in March. In contrast, prices for final demand foods fell 0.8 percent.

Product detail:  Leading the March advance in prices for final demand goods, the index for gasoline 
jumped 7.2 percent. Prices for motor vehicles, jet fuel, pharmaceutical preparations, basic organic 
chemicals, and beef and veal also moved higher. Conversely, the index for pork declined 5.1 percent. 
Prices for utility natural gas and for plastic resins and materials also fell. (See table 4.)

Final demand services:  The index for final demand services inched up 0.1 percent in March 
following a 0.5-percent decrease in February. The advance can be traced to prices for final demand 
services less trade, transportation, and warehousing, which rose 0.3 percent. In contrast, the indexes 
for final demand transportation and warehousing services and for final demand trade services both 
declined 0.2 percent in March. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers 
and retailers.)

Product detail:  Over 60 percent of the March increase in the index for final demand services can be 
attributed to prices for portfolio management, which jumped 4.1 percent. The indexes for loan 
services (partial), food wholesaling, wireless telecommunication services, and gaming receipts 
(partial) also moved higher. Conversely, margins for machinery, equipment, parts, and supplies 
wholesaling decreased 0.7 percent. The indexes for apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories 
retailing; physician care; and rail transportation of freight and mail also declined. 

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected final demand price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Total
final
demand
Final demand goods Final demand services Change
in final
demand
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Total Foods Energy Less
foods
and
energy
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other

2014

Mar.

0.3 0.3 1.2 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 1.6

Apr.

0.1 0.3 1.8 -0.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.5 0.5 0.1 1.8

May

0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 1.1 0.3 -0.1 2.1

June

0.1 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.1 -0.1 -0.5 0.4 0.3 1.8

July

0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -0.8 0.2 0.6 1.6 0.2 0.1 1.9

Aug.

-0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -1.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.6 0.2 0.3 1.9

Sept.

-0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.9 0.2 -0.3 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 1.6

Oct.

0.3 -0.4 0.6 -2.6 -0.1 0.6 2.0 -0.4 0.0 1.5

Nov.(1)

-0.3 -0.8 0.1 -3.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.3 0.1 1.3

Dec.(1)

-0.2 -1.1 0.0 -6.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 -0.3 0.2 1.1

2015

Jan.

-0.8 -2.1 -1.1 -10.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.5 -0.8 -0.4 0.0

Feb.

-0.5 -0.4 -1.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.5 -1.5 -1.5 0.3 -0.6

Mar.

0.2 0.3 -0.8 1.5 0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.3 -0.8

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for November 2014 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Special grouping, Final demand less foods, energy, and trade:  The index for final demand less 
foods, energy, and trade services advanced 0.2 percent in March after no change in February. For the 
12 months ended in March, prices for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services rose 0.8 
percent.

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed goods for intermediate demand:  The index for processed goods for intermediate 
demand edged down 0.1 percent in March, the eighth consecutive decline. Leading the March 
decrease, prices for processed materials less foods and energy moved down 0.2 percent. The index 
for processed foods and feeds fell 0.8 percent. In contrast, prices for processed energy goods rose 0.5 
percent. For the 12 months ended in March, the index for processed goods for intermediate demand 
dropped 6.7 percent, the largest 12-month decrease since a 7.7-percent decline in October 2009. (See 
table B.)

Product detail:  In March, a 4.0-percent decrease in prices for plastic resins and materials accounted 
for three-quarters of the decline in the index for processed goods for intermediate demand. The 
indexes for electric power, steel mill products, utility natural gas, and prepared animal feeds also 
moved lower. Conversely, prices for gasoline advanced 7.2 percent. The indexes for basic organic 
chemicals, jet fuel, and beef and veal also increased. (See table 5.)

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand:  The index for unprocessed goods for intermediate 
demand fell 1.7 percent in March, the sixth straight decrease. Leading the broad-based decline in 
March, prices for unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs moved down 1.4 percent. The indexes for 
unprocessed nonfood materials less energy and for unprocessed energy materials fell 2.3 percent and 
1.4 percent, respectively. For the 12 months ended in March, the index for unprocessed goods for 
intermediate demand decreased 26.5 percent, the largest 12-month decline since a 31.7-percent drop 
in September 2009.

Product detail:  A major factor in the March decline in the index for unprocessed goods for 
intermediate demand was prices for hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds, which fell 4.2 percent. The indexes 
for crude petroleum, iron and steel scrap, corn, raw milk, and unprocessed finfish also decreased. In 
contrast, the index for slaughter poultry moved up 3.4 percent. Prices for natural gas and copper ores 
also moved higher. 

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for goods by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Processed goods for intermediate demand Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand
Total Foods
and
feeds
Energy
goods
Less
foods
and
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Total Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs
Energy
materials
Nonfood
materials
less
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)

2014

Mar.

0.0 0.7 0.6 -0.2 0.7 0.4 5.3 -3.6 -0.5 5.3

Apr.

0.0 2.3 -1.7 0.2 1.5 1.1 2.9 -1.0 1.4 6.5

May

0.1 0.0 0.8 -0.1 1.4 -1.1 -1.9 -0.8 -0.3 4.2

June

0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 1.5 -1.1 -2.1 0.1 -1.6 3.7

July

0.1 -0.7 -0.4 0.4 1.6 -1.7 -0.9 -3.5 0.3 0.9

Aug.

-0.1 -0.3 -1.0 0.2 1.4 -3.0 -2.1 -5.3 -0.8 -0.5

Sept.

-0.2 0.8 -1.1 -0.1 1.1 0.1 2.3 -1.9 0.1 -0.2

Oct.

-1.0 -1.7 -2.8 -0.3 0.2 -3.3 0.0 -7.0 -2.5 -2.1

Nov.(1)

-1.0 0.0 -3.6 -0.5 -0.6 -1.3 1.7 -4.3 -1.6 -1.6

Dec.(1)

-1.4 -0.2 -5.6 -0.3 -2.2 -4.6 -5.5 -5.6 -0.4 -8.1

2015

Jan.

-2.8 -2.5 -8.3 -1.3 -5.5 -9.4 -1.8 -23.6 -0.7 -18.4

Feb.

-0.6 -1.9 -0.6 -0.4 -6.4 -3.9 -6.7 0.9 -5.2 -25.0

Mar.

-0.1 -0.8 0.5 -0.2 -6.7 -1.7 -1.4 -1.4 -2.3 -26.5

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for November 2014 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Services for intermediate demand:  The index for services for intermediate demand advanced 0.2 
percent in March following a 0.1-percent rise in February. Leading the March increase, prices for 
services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand climbed 0.4 percent. 
The index for trade services for intermediate demand rose 0.2 percent. Conversely, prices for 
transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand fell 0.4 percent. For the 12 months 
ended in March, the index for services for intermediate demand advanced 1.0 percent, the smallest 
12-month increase since a 1.0-percent rise in April 2014. (See table C.)

Product detail:  In March, a 2.3-percent advance in the index for loan services (partial) was a major 
factor in the rise in prices for services for intermediate demand. The indexes for portfolio 
management; food wholesaling; securities brokerage, dealing, and investment advice; gross rents for 
office buildings; and wireless telecommunication services also moved higher. In contrast, prices for 
courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services fell 0.5 percent. The indexes for building materials, 
paint, and hardware wholesaling and for deposit services (partial) also decreased.
Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Table C. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for services by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Services for intermediate demand
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other Total, change
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2014

Mar.

0.4 0.5 0.2 0.4 1.7

Apr.

-0.2 -1.2 0.3 -0.1 1.0

May

0.0 1.0 0.3 -0.3 1.5

June

0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.2 1.3

July

0.6 1.4 0.3 0.5 1.9

Aug.

0.0 -0.3 0.2 0.0 1.7

Sept.

-0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 1.5

Oct.

0.4 1.4 -0.2 0.3 1.8

Nov.(1)

0.0 -0.4 0.1 0.1 1.5

Dec.(1)

0.1 -0.5 0.0 0.3 1.7

2015

Jan.

-0.2 0.7 -0.3 -0.4 1.3

Feb.

0.1 0.1 -0.8 0.2 1.2

Mar.

0.2 0.2 -0.4 0.4 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for November 2014 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Stage 4 intermediate demand:  The index for stage 4 intermediate demand edged up 0.1 percent in 
March following four consecutive declines. In March, prices for total services inputs to stage 4 
intermediate demand rose 0.5 percent. Conversely, the index for total goods inputs decreased 0.2 
percent. (See table D.) Increases in the indexes for portfolio management, gasoline, diesel fuel, food 
wholesaling, and gross rents for office buildings outweighed declines in the indexes for electric 
power; building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling; unprocessed finfish; and plastic 
packaging products. (See table 6.) For the 12 months ended in March, prices for stage 4 intermediate 
demand fell 1.1 percent.

Stage 3 intermediate demand:  Prices for stage 3 intermediate demand moved up 0.2 percent in 
March following five straight decreases. In March, the index for total goods inputs to stage 3 
intermediate demand climbed 0.3 percent while prices for total services inputs were unchanged. 
Increases in the indexes for gasoline, jet fuel, slaughter poultry, basic organic chemicals, loan 
services (partial), and food wholesaling outweighed declines in prices for raw milk; slaughter hogs; 
and courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services. For the 12 months ended in March, prices for stage 
3 intermediate demand moved down 5.6 percent.

Stage 2 intermediate demand:  The index for stage 2 intermediate demand decreased 0.5 percent in 
March following a 0.2-percent decline in February. In March, prices for total goods inputs to stage 2 
intermediate demand fell 1.5 percent. In contrast, the index for total services inputs moved up 0.2 
percent. Lower prices for crude petroleum; plastic resins and materials; steel mill products; hay, 
hayseeds, and oilseeds; prepared animal feeds; and courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services 
outweighed higher prices for portfolio management, natural gas, and basic organic chemicals. For the 
12 months ended in March, the index for stage 2 intermediate demand dropped 13.7 percent.

Stage 1 intermediate demand:  Prices for stage 1 intermediate demand fell 0.2 percent in March, 
the seventh straight decline. In March, the index for total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate 
demand decreased 0.4 percent. Conversely, prices for total services inputs moved up 0.2 percent. 
Decreases in the indexes for iron and steel scrap; nonferrous scrap; electric power; building 
materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling; corn; and utility natural gas outweighed advances in 
prices for loan services (partial), basic organic chemicals, and diesel fuel. For the 12 months ended in 
March, prices for stage 1 intermediate demand decreased 7.5 percent.

Table D. Monthly percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes by production flow, seasonally adjusted
Month Stage 4 intermediate
demand
Stage 3 intermediate
demand
Stage 2 intermediate
demand
Stage 1 intermediate
demand
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs

2014

Mar.

0.5 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.5 0.3 -1.2 -2.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.8 0.5

Apr.

-0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.2 0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4

May

0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

June

0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3

July

0.3 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 -0.9 -1.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.9

Aug.

0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.7 0.2 -1.6 -2.7 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Sept.

-0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.3 0.7 -0.2 -0.6 -1.0 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8 0.1

Oct.

0.0 -0.5 0.4 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 -2.3 -4.5 0.6 -0.9 -1.8 0.4

Nov.(1)

-0.3 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 -1.3 -2.3 -0.1 -1.5 -2.4 -0.3

Dec.(1)

-0.4 -0.9 0.2 -1.8 -3.1 -0.1 -1.7 -3.2 0.0 -1.0 -2.2 0.8

2015

Jan.

-0.7 -1.3 0.0 -2.4 -4.2 -0.1 -5.0 -9.8 -0.5 -3.3 -5.7 0.0

Feb.

-0.1 -0.4 0.2 -1.4 -2.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.6 0.2 -1.4 -2.2 -0.3

Mar.

0.1 -0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.0 -0.5 -1.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for November 2014 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

_____________
The Producer Price Index for April 2015 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, May 14, 
2015 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

                                               *****
 
                                  PPI to Update Samples More Frequently

The Producer Price Index (PPI) periodically updates the sample of producers providing index 
data in order to reflect current conditions more accurately when the structure, membership, 
technology, or product mix of an industry shifts. Since 1986, these sample changes have been 
updated at semi-annual intervals, with the release of data for January and July. Effective with the 
release of PPI data for June 2015 on July 15, 2015, PPI will update samples on a tri-annual basis, 
coinciding with the release of data for February, June, and October (in March, July, and 
November, respectively). This accelerated approach to replacing industry samples will result in 
indexes that better represent current industry production and will improve data quality.

With each sample update, PPI will continue to publish a notice listing the impacted industries in 
both the PPI News Release and PPI Detailed Report. In addition, PPI will continue to publish 
information on specific index additions, deletions, and recodes associated with the updated 
samples in the PPI Detailed Report. 

For further information, contact the PPI Section of Index Analysis and Public Information, at 
ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705.


                                          Technical Note


Brief Explanation of Producer Price Indexes

   The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a family of 
indexes that measures the average change over time in prices received (price changes) by 
producers for domestically produced goods, services, and construction.  PPIs measure 
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other measures, 
such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price change from the purchaser's 
perspective.  

   More than 10,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products are released each 
month. PPIs are available for the products of virtually every industry in the mining and 
manufacturing sectors. Over time, new PPIs have been introduced for products of 
industries in the services and construction sectors of the U.S. economy. As of January 
2013, the PPI covered about 70 percent of services as measured by 2007 Census revenue, 
and 34 percent of construction.

   More than 100,000 price quotations per month are organized into three sets of PPIs: 
(1) Final demand-Intermediate demand (FD-ID) indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and (3) 
indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The FD-ID structure 
organizes products by class of buyer and degree of fabrication as well as by stage of 
production.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of end use or 
product type.  The entire output of various industries is sampled to derive price indexes 
for the net output of industries and their products. 


Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Indexes

   The PPI FD-ID structure measures price change for goods, services, and construction 
sold to final demand and to intermediate demand. The FD-ID system replaced the PPI stage-
of-processing (SOP) system as PPI's primary aggregation model with the release of data 
for January 2014. The FD-ID model expands coverage beyond that of the SOP system through 
the addition of services, construction, exports, and government purchases.  

   Compared with finished goods under the SOP system, the PPI for final demand goods 
includes nearly a 50 percent expansion of coverage. This increase can be traced to the 
addition of government purchases and exports. For overall final demand, expansion to 
include final demand services represents an even larger increase in coverage. In December 
2012, final demand goods were about 34.5 percent of overall final demand, final demand 
services were roughly 63.5 percent, and final demand construction was about 2.0 percent 
of final demand. Within intermediate demand, coverage of services for intermediate demand 
resulted in about a 45 percent increase in coverage of the intermediate demand portion of 
the economy. 

   FD-ID indexes are constructed from commodity-based producer output price indexes.   
Commodities are allocated to aggregate indexes primarily based on the type of buyer.  The 
main source of data used to determine the type of buyer is the "Use of commodities by 
industries, before redefinition," table from the Benchmark Input-Output Accounts of the 
U.S. In many cases, the same commodity is purchased by different types of buyers.  As a 
result, commodities are often included in several FD-ID indexes.  For example, regular 
gasoline is purchased for personal consumption, export, government use, and business use. 
The PPI program publishes only one commodity index for regular gasoline (wpu057104), 
reflecting sales to all types of buyers, and this index is used in all aggregations 
regardless of whether the gasoline is sold for personal consumption, as an export, to 
government, or to businesses.  Proportions based on BEA "Use of Commodities" data are 
used to allocate the correct portion of the total weight of gasoline to each use 
category.   In cases when buyer type is an important price determining characteristic, 
indexes are created based on specific buyer type. For example, within the PPI category 
for loan services, separate indexes for consumer loans and business loans were 
constructed. For more information relating to the FD-ID structure, see "A new, 
experimental system of indexes from the PPI program" in the February 2011 Monthly Labor 
Review.   

Final Demand:  The final demand portion of the FD-ID structure measures price change for 
commodities sold for personal consumption, capital investment, government, and export.   
The system is composed of six main price indexes: final demand goods; final demand trade 
services; final demand transportation and warehousing services; final demand services 
less trade, transportation, and warehousing; final demand construction; and overall final 
demand. 

   The final demand goods index measures price change for both unprocessed and processed 
goods sold to final demand.  Fresh fruits sold to consumers and computers sold for 
capital investment are examples of transactions included in the final demand goods price 
index. The final demand trade services index measures price change for the retailing and 
wholesaling of merchandise sold to final demand, generally without transformation. (Trade 
indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.) The final 
demand transportation and warehousing services index tracks price change for 
transportation of passengers, as well as, transportation of cargo sold to final demand, 
and also includes prices for warehousing and storage of goods sold to final demand.  The 
final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index measures price 
change for all services other than trade and transportation sold to final demand.  
Publishing, banking, lodging, and health care are examples of these services.  The final 
demand construction index tracks price change for new construction, as well as 
maintenance and repair construction sold to final demand.  Construction of office 
buildings is an example of a commodity that would be included in the final demand 
construction index.  Lastly, the overall final demand index tracks price change for all 
types of commodities sold to final demand by combining the five final demand component 
indexes described above.

Intermediate Demand: The intermediate demand portion of the FD-ID system tracks price 
change for goods, services, and construction products sold to businesses as inputs to 
production, excluding capital investment. The system includes two parallel treatments of 
intermediate demand. The first treatment organizes intermediate demand commodities by 
type. The second organizes intermediate demand commodities into production stages, with 
the explicit goal of developing a forward-flow model of production and price change. 

   The intermediate demand by commodity type portion of the system organizes commodities 
by similarity of product.  The system is composed of six main price indexes: unprocessed 
goods for intermediate demand; processed goods for intermediate demand; intermediate 
demand trade services; intermediate demand transportation and warehousing services; 
intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing; and 
intermediate demand construction.   

   The unprocessed goods for intermediate demand price index measures price change for 
goods sold to businesses as inputs to production that have undergone no fabrication. 
Crude petroleum sold to refineries is an example of an unprocessed good sold to 
intermediate demand.  The processed goods for intermediate demand index tracks price 
change for fabricated goods sold as business inputs.  Examples include car parts sold to 
car manufacturers and gasoline sold to trucking companies.  The index for trade services 
for intermediate demand measures price change for the services of retailing and 
wholesaling goods purchased by businesses as inputs to production. The intermediate 
demand transportation and warehousing services index measures price change for business 
travel, as well as, transportation and warehousing of cargo sold to intermediate demand.  
The intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index 
measures price change for services other than trade, transportation, and warehousing sold 
as inputs to production.  Legal and accounting services purchased by businesses are 
examples of intermediate demand services excluding trade, transportation, and 
warehousing.  Finally, the construction for intermediate demand index measures price 
change for construction purchased by firms as inputs to production.  The index for 
construction for intermediate demand tracks price change for maintenance and repair 
construction purchased by firms.  

   The production flow treatment of intermediate demand is a stage-based system of price 
indexes. These indexes can be used to study price transmission across stages of 
production and final demand. This system is constructed in a manner that maximizes 
forward flow of production between stages, while minimizing back-flow of production. The 
production flow treatment contains four main indexes: intermediate demand stage 1, 
intermediate demand stage 2, intermediate demand stage 3, and intermediate demand stage 
4.   

   Indexes for the four stages were developed by first assigning each industry in the 
economy to one of four stages of production, where industries assigned to the fourth 
stage primarily produce output consumed as final demand, industries in the third stage 
primarily produce output consumed by stage 4 industries, industries assigned to the 
second stage primarily produce output consumed by stage 3 industries, and industries 
assigned to the first stage produce output primarily consumed by stage 2 industries.  The 
four indexes then track prices for the net inputs consumed by industries in each of the 
four stages of production.  The stage 4 intermediate demand index, for example, tracks 
price change for inputs consumed, but not produced, by industries included in the fourth 
stage of production.  Hence, the index tracks price change in inputs to industries that 
primarily produce final demand commodities (stage 4 producers primarily produce 
commodities sold to final demand).  

   Examples of heavily weighted goods-producing industries in stage 4 include the 
manufacture of light trucks and utility vehicles, automobiles, and pharmaceuticals.  
Retail trade, food service and drinking places, and hospitals are examples of heavily 
weighted service industries included in stage 4.  Stage 4 also includes all new 
construction industries.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 4 industries include motor 
vehicle parts, commercial electric power, plastic construction products, biological 
products, and beef and veal.  Engineering services, machinery and equipment wholesaling, 
long distance motor carrying, and legal services constitute examples of services consumed 
by stage 4 industries.

   Examples of highly weighted goods-producing industries included in stage 3 are motor 
vehicle parts manufacturing, animal (except poultry) slaughtering and processing, and 
semiconductor manufacturing.  Services industries classified in stage 3 include wholesale 
trade; insurance carriers; architecture, engineering, and related services; and hotels 
and motels.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 3 industries include slaughter steers 
and heifers, industrial electric power, and hot rolled steel bars, plates, and structural 
shapes.  Services commonly consumed by stage 3 industries include commissions from sales 
of property and casualty insurance, business loans, temporary help services, and 
administrative and general management consulting services.

   Petroleum refineries; electricity generation, transmission, and distribution; natural 
gas distribution; cattle ranching and farming; and plastic materials and resin 
manufacturing are among the goods-based industries assigned to stage 2.  Services 
industries that are heavily weighted in stage 2 include management of companies and 
enterprises; non-depository credit intermediation; insurance agencies and brokerages; and 
services to buildings and dwellings. Goods commonly purchased by stage 2 industries 
include crude oil, natural gas, formula feeds, and primary basic organic chemicals. 
Services that are heavily weighted in the intermediate demand stage 2 index are legal 
services, business loans, and cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication.

   Goods producing industries in stage 1 include oil and gas extraction, paper mills, and 
grain farming.  Real estate, legal services, and advertising services are examples of 
highly weighted services industries included in stage 1.  Examples of goods consumed by 
stage 1 industries are commercial and industrial electric power and gasoline. Services 
commonly consumed by stage 1 industries include solid waste collection, chemicals and 
allied products wholesaling, and guestroom or unit rental.  It should be noted that all 
inputs purchased by stage 1 industries are by definition produced either within stage 1 
or by latter stages of processing, leaving stage 1 less useful for price transmission 
analysis. For additional information on industry stage assignments, see 
http://www.bls.gov/ppi/industryflowstage.htm.


Comparing the PPI with CPI

   Although some data users utilize the PPI as a potential indicator of the Consumer 
Price Index (CPI), there are many reasons why the PPI and the CPI may diverge. The scope 
of the personal consumption portion of the PPI includes all marketable output sold by 
domestic producers for households. The scope of the CPI includes goods and services 
provided by business or government, where explicit user charges are paid by consumers. 
For example, the most heavily weighted item in the CPI, owners' equivalent rent, is 
excluded from the PPI. The scope of the CPI includes imports. The PPI excludes imports. 
The CPI only includes components of personal consumption directly paid for by the 
consumers, while the PPI includes components of personal consumption that may not be paid 
for by consumers. For example, the PPI includes medical services paid for by third 
parties. In contrast to CPI, PPI does not completely cover services. PPIs exclude taxes, 
since they do not represent producer revenue. Conversely, sales and other taxes paid by 
consumers are part of household expenditure and are included in the CPI. Additional 
technical differences between PPI and CPI also exist. For more information see "Comparing 
new final demand producer price indexes with other Government price indexes," Monthly 
Labor Review, January 2014, at http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/.


Commodity Indexes

   The commodity classification of the PPI organizes goods, services, and construction by 
similarity of product or end use, disregarding industry of origin. With the release of 
data for July 2009, PPI expanded its commodity structure to include indexes for services 
and construction products. Prior to this date, the PPI commodity structure only included 
products from goods producing sectors. Table 9 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data 
for commodity indexes, organized in a hierarchal structure, including major groupings, 
subgroups, product classes, sub-product classes, and individual items.


Industry Net-Output Price Indexes

   PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped according to the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  Prior to the release of January 
2004, industry-based PPIs were published according to the Standard Industrial 
Classification (SIC) system.  Industry price indexes are compatible with other economic 
time series organized by industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.  
Table 11 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry 
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes), Census product classes (7- and 8-digit codes), 
products (9-digit codes), more detailed sub-products (11-digit codes), and, for some 
industries, indexes for other sources of revenue.

   Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every industry has 
primary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments classified 
in the industry for products made primarily, but not necessarily exclusively, by that 
industry. The industry classification of an establishment is determined by which products 
make up a plurality of its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have 
secondary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments for 
products chiefly made in some other industry. Some industries have miscellaneous receipts 
indexes that track price changes for other sources of revenue received by establishments 
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products; for example, 
resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots owned by a manufacturing 
plant.


Data Collection

   PPIs are constructed using selling prices reported by establishments of all sizes, 
selected by probability sampling, with   the   probability   of   selection   
proportionate   to   size.  Individual items and transaction terms also are chosen by 
probability proportionate to size.  BLS strongly encourages cooperating companies to 
supply actual transaction prices at the time of shipment to minimize the use of list 
prices. Prices submitted by survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week 
containing the 13th day of the month. The survey is conducted via Internet, mail, and 
fax.

   Price data are provided on a voluntary and confidential basis; only sworn BLS 
employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.  BLS publishes price 
indexes instead of actual prices.  All PPIs are subject to revision 4 months after 
original publication to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by 
respondents. 

   BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to better reflect 
current conditions when the structure, membership, technology, or product mix of an 
industry shifts significantly and to spread reporting burden among smaller firms.  
Results of these resampling efforts are incorporated into the PPI with the release of 
data for January and July.  

   As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the economy other than 
mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of service and construction sector 
industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following list of industries 
introduced since the mid-1990s includes the month and year in which an article describing 
the industry's content appeared in the PPI Detailed Report.

                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC             
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998
                                                         
                                                              NAICS            
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
New health care building construction.........................236224  January 2013
Concrete contractors, nonresidential building work............23811X  July 2008
Roofing contractors, nonresidential building work.............23816X  July 2008
Electrical contractors, nonresidential building work..........23821X  July 2008
Plumbing / HVAC contractors, nonresidential building work.....23822X  July 2008
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Wholesale trade agents and brokers............................425120  July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers...444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Internet publishing and web search portals....................519130  January 2010
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment 
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Computer training.............................................611420  July 2007
Offices of dentists...........................................621210  January 2011
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007


Weights

   Weights for most commodity groupings of the PPI, as well as, weights for commodity-
based aggregate indexes calculated from commodity groupings, such as FD-ID indexes, 
currently reflect 2007 values of shipments as reported in the Census of Manufactures and 
other sources. From January 2007 to December 2011, PPI weights were derived from 2002 
shipment values. Industry indexes now are calculated under the 2012 NAICS structure 
utilizing 2007 value of shipment weights and 2002 net output ratios. The periodic update 
of the value weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more accurately reflect changes 
in production and marketing patterns in the economy.

   Net output values of shipments are used as weights for industry indexes. Net output 
values refer to the value of shipments from establishments within the industry to buyers 
outside the industry. However, weights for commodity indexes are based on gross shipment 
values, including values of shipments between establishments within the same industry. As 
a result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the PPI for All Commodities (which is 
composed of major commodity groupings 01 through 15), are affected by the multiple 
counting of price change at successive stages of processing, which can lead to 
exaggerated or misleading signals about inflation. The intermediate demand by commodity 
type FD-ID indexes partially correct for this defect, but industry indexes, final demand 
FD-ID indexes, and intermediate demand by production flow FD-ID indexes consistently 
correct for this at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and FD-ID indexes are 
more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for analysis of general price trends.


Price Index Reference Base

   Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI series (including 
most commodity groups and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 = 
100.   From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was 1967 = 
100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new reference base did not alter 
any previously published percent changes for affected PPI series. (See "Calculating Index 
Changes," below.)  The 1982 reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base 
later than December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.  The FD-
ID indexes typically have a reference base of November 2009 = 100.

   For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of the Producer 
Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in the BLS Handbook of Methods.  This 
chapter can be downloaded from the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14.htm.  


Calculating Index Changes

   Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals 100.0.  An 
increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the Final Demand Goods Price Index, 
for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change also can be expressed in dollars, as 
follows:  prices received by domestic producers of a sample of final demand goods have 
risen from $100 in November 2009 to $105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would 
indicate that prices received by producers of final demand goods are 10 percent lower 
than they were in November 2009.

   Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent 
changes, rather than as changes in index points.  Index point changes are affected by the 
level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The 
following example shows the computation of index point and percent changes.

   Index point change
      Final Demand Goods Price Index     107.5
      Less previous index                104.0
      Equals index point change            3.5

   Index percent change
      Index point change                   3.5
      Divided by the previous index      104.0
      Equals                             0.034
      Result multiplied by 100           0.034 x 100
      Equals percent change                3.4


Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

   Because price data are used for different purposes by different groups, BLS publishes 
seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each month.   Seasonally adjusted data are 
preferred for analyzing general price trends in the economy because these data eliminate 
the effect of changes that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same 
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather patterns, 
regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers, seasonal discounts, and 
holidays.   For these reasons, seasonally adjusted data more clearly reveal underlying 
trends.   Unadjusted data are of primary interest to users who need information that can 
be related to actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this 
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and cost analysts, 
contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the unadjusted data that are 
generally cited when escalating long-term contracts such as purchasing agreements or real 
estate leases.   For more information, see Escalation Guide for Contracting Parties, on 
the Web at www.bls.gov/ppi/ppiescalation.htm.  

   In 1998, the PPI implemented the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment Method; prior to that 
year, PPI employed the X-11 method. Each year, the seasonal status of most commodity 
indexes is reevaluated to reflect more recent price behavior. Industry net output indexes 
are not seasonally adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new 
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data from the prior 5 years.  
Updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the most recent 5 years of seasonal data. 

   Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an aggregative 
method. Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted using direct seasonal 
adjustment, which produces a more complete elimination of seasonal movements than does 
the aggregative method.  However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield 
figures that possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a broad 
category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent with all seasonally 
adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal movements for FD-ID indexes are derived 
indirectly through an aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of 
subproduct class (six-digit) series.

   Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously stable and 
predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern persists, the seasonal 
adjustment method will eventually reflect it; if the pattern keeps shifting, however, 
seasonally adjusted data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs 
relatively infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often affected 
manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

   Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment methods 
to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With this technique, outlier values that 
may distort the seasonal pattern are removed from the data prior to applying the standard 
seasonal factor estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large 
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the Persian Gulf War.  In 
this case, intervention techniques allowed for better estimates of seasonally adjusted 
data.  On the whole, very few series have required intervention.  Out of almost 300 
seasonally adjusted series, only 31 were subject to intervention in 2013.

   For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see "Summary of Changes 
to the PPI's Seasonal Adjustment Methodology" in the January 1995 issue of Producer Price 
Indexes, and "PPI and CPI Seasonal Adjustment: an Update" in the July 2010 Monthly Labor 
Review.


Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

   In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and technical information to 
both a World Wide Web (WWW) site and a file transfer protocol (FTP) site.  During the 
years following the introduction of PPI Internet services, use of these sites eclipsed 
more traditional methods of data dissemination, such as subscriptions to the PPI Detailed 
Report.  There were more than 5 million instances of PPI data and tables being downloaded 
from the Internet during the 12 months ended December 31, 2012.


Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site

   PPI data can be obtained from the WWW address (www.bls.gov/ppi). On this page, under 
the tab labeled "Featured PPI databases" links provide the following methods of data 
retrieval:

   Top Picks is a form-based application for both Industry Data and Commodity Data that 
allows the user to quickly obtain PPI time series data by selecting the high-level 
aggregate and other commonly requested time series, including the All Commodities Index 
and the FD-ID indexes (for example, Final Demand).  Within each list, any one-or all-of 
the time series shown can be selected.   A user can modify the date range and output 
options after executing the query, using the reformat button above the data output table.

   One-Screen Data Search and Multi-Screen Data Search are form-based query applications 
for both Industry Data and Commodity Data designed for users unfamiliar with the PPI 
coding structure.  These applications guide a user through the PPI classification by 
listing index titles and do not require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data 
retrieved are based on a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from lists 
provided.  Two options are available to create customized tables, depending on a user's 
browser capability.  The one-screen option is a JavaScript application that uses a single 
screen to guide a user through the available time series data.  The second option is a 
multiple-screen, non-Java-based application.  Both methods allow a user to browse the PPI 
coding structure and select multiple series.  Users can modify the date range and output 
options after executing the query using the reformat button above the data output table.

   Series Report is a form-based application that allows users to input multiple, 
formatted PPI time series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as inputs in 
extracting data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This 
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar with the format 
of PPI time series identifiers.  There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique 
PPI time series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access to a 
different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted) or an "s" 
(seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further specifies the type of data 
needed. Examples are provided below.

   For commodity and FD-ID indexes, series identifiers combine a "wpu" prefix (not 
seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.  

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wps141101        Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101        Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpufd4           Final demand, not seasonally adjusted
wpsid63          Services for intermediate demand, seasonally adjusted

   For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu" prefix (not 
seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.  

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wds019           Other farm products, seasonally adjusted 
wdu0635          Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally adjusted
wdusi138011      Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted

   Current price indexes grouped by industry according to NAICS have series identifiers 
that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the prefix, there are 12 digits (the 6-digit 
industry code is listed twice) followed by up to 7 alphanumeric characters identifying 
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series        Provides data for:
pcu325---325---             Chemical manufacturing 
pcu336110336110             Automobile and light duty motor vehicle manufacturing
pcu621111621111411          Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and 
single-
                            specialty group practices, general/family practice

   Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu" prefix and "#" 
between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.  Series identifiers for the 
discontinued dataset use underscores as placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC 
industry group code of fewer than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized 
by SIC were discontinued with the introduction of NAICS in 2004.)

Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series     Provides data for:
pdu28_ _#                   Chemicals and allied products
pdu331_#                    Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and finishing mills
pdu3711#111                 Passenger cars

   Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to NAICS have 
identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the prefix, there are 12 numeric 
digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric 
characters that identify product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-
level group codes.

Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series   Provides data for
ndu212231212231             Lead and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312            Lead, zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214          Lead  concentrates

   Text Files are best suited for users requiring access to either a large volume of time 
series data or other PPI-related documentation, such as seasonal factor tables and 
relative importance tables. The text files can be accessed at http://download.bls.gov/ or 
directly from links on the "PPI Databases" page or the PPI homepage. Data and 
documentation available for download include the following:

                                       Directory:
Industry Data                          /pub/time.series/pc
Industry Data - Discontinued 
                  (NAICS basis)        /pub/time.series/nd
                  (SIC basis)          /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity Data (incl. FD-ID)           /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity Data - Discontinued          /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                       /pub/special.requests/ppi


Additional information

   The PPI homepage (www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information regarding PPI data 
and methodology.  The top section of the homepage provides PPI news releases, both 
current and archived, as well as general PPI information.  The "PPI Tables" section found 
beneath the statistics section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.  
The remaining sections offer special notices and publications pertaining to PPI 
methodology and applications.

   For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification, methodology, or data 
availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the Section of Index Analysis and Public 
Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-info@bls.gov. 



Table 1. Producer price indexes and percent changes for final demand(1)
[Nov 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2014(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Mar. 2015
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Nov.
2014(3)
Feb.
2015(3)
Mar.
2015(3)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Dec. to
Jan.
Jan. to
Feb.
Feb. to
Mar.

Final demand

100.000 110.8 109.4 109.9 -0.8 0.5 -0.8 -0.5 0.2

Final demand goods

34.693 112.5 108.7 109.3 -4.4 0.6 -2.1 -0.4 0.3

Final demand foods

5.794 122.3 118.6 118.3 -1.4 -0.3 -1.1 -1.6 -0.8

Finished consumer foods(4)

00/82

4.634 215.7 209.7 209.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.9 -1.4 -0.6

Finished consumer foods, crude

00/82

0.409 206.0 197.9 194.1 3.4 -1.9 1.1 -7.3 -1.9

Finished consumer foods, processed

00/82

4.225 216.7 211.1 210.8 0.2 -0.1 -1.0 -0.8 -0.4

Government purchased foods

0.372 129.5 121.8 121.8 -2.8 0.0 -1.8 -2.1 -0.6

Foods for export

0.788 122.3 117.8 117.3 -11.0 -0.4 -2.2 -2.3 -1.8

Final demand energy

6.320 113.9 96.8 100.1 -21.7 3.4 -10.3 0.0 1.5

Finished consumer energy goods(4)

00/82

4.954 176.9 153.4 158.9 -19.1 3.6 -9.6 0.6 1.5

Government purchased energy

1.025 122.2 98.8 100.8 -28.8 2.0 -11.5 -2.5 1.5

Energy for export

0.341 118.4 85.7 88.9 -38.8 3.7 -17.0 -2.7 3.4

Final demand goods less foods and energy

22.579 109.8 109.8 109.8 0.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Finished goods less foods and energy(4)

00/82

13.472 189.9 191.1 191.7 2.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.5

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

00/82

7.630 206.9 208.9 209.6 2.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.5

Nondurable consumer goods less foods and energy

00/82

4.432 255.2 259.4 259.7 3.3 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Durable consumer goods

00/82

3.198 155.0 155.0 156.0 1.6 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.9

Private capital equipment

00/82

5.842 167.4 167.9 168.4 1.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5

Private capital equipment for manufacturing industries

00/82

1.384 169.3 170.2 170.4 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Private capital equipment for nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

4.458 166.6 166.9 167.6 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.5

Government purchased goods, excluding foods and energy

2.260 108.9 109.1 108.9 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Government purchased goods excluding foods, energy, and capital equipment

1.417 110.4 110.4 110.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 0.1 -0.2

Government purchased capital equipment

0.843 105.3 106.0 105.9 0.7 -0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1

Goods for export, excluding foods and energy

6.847 110.0 108.4 107.9 -2.4 -0.5 -0.9 -0.8 -0.4

Final demand services

63.288 109.7 109.5 109.9 1.0 0.4 -0.2 -0.5 0.1

Final demand trade services(5)

20.028 111.6 111.1 111.3 1.3 0.2 0.5 -1.5 -0.2

Trade of finished goods(4)

17.578 111.5 111.0 111.3 1.3 0.3 0.5 -1.7 -0.2

Trade of personal consumption goods

14.129 112.0 111.2 111.8 1.5 0.5 0.4 -1.7 -0.1

Trade of private capital equipment

3.449 109.0 108.9 108.3 0.4 -0.6 0.7 -1.7 -0.6

Trade of government purchased goods

0.672 110.9 111.0 110.8 1.2 -0.2 0.7 -1.0 -0.2

Trade of government purchased goods, excluding capital equipment

0.372 111.2 111.3 111.6 2.0 0.3 0.4 -0.4 0.3

Trade of government purchased capital equipment

0.300 110.4 110.6 109.7 0.0 -0.8 0.7 -1.7 -0.8

Trade of exports

1.778 111.8 111.8 111.5 1.8 -0.3 0.7 -0.8 -0.3

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

5.108 117.2 115.1 115.8 -1.4 0.6 -0.8 -1.5 -0.2

Transportation of passengers for final demand

1.261 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.5 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Transportation of private passengers

0.861 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.5 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Transportation of government passengers

0.130 116.6 114.3 116.4 -2.5 1.8 -1.1 -2.6 -0.3

Transportation of passengers for export

0.270 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.6 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods for final demand

3.847 117.4 115.3 115.5 -0.9 0.2 -0.6 -1.1 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of finished goods(4)

2.733 116.6 114.3 114.6 -1.1 0.3 -0.7 -1.1 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing of personal consumption goods

2.144 116.8 114.6 114.9 -1.0 0.3 -0.7 -1.1 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of private capital equipment

0.589 115.6 113.2 113.5 -1.2 0.3 -0.8 -1.2 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of government purchased goods

0.278 116.5 114.6 114.8 -0.7 0.2 -0.6 -0.9 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of exports

0.836 119.8 118.6 118.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.8 -0.4

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

38.152 107.9 108.2 108.6 1.1 0.4 -0.4 0.3 0.3

Finished services less trade, transportation, and warehousing(4)

34.074 108.3 108.6 109.0 1.2 0.4 -0.4 0.3 0.3

Finished consumer services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

31.149 108.3 108.6 109.1 1.3 0.5 -0.3 0.2 0.4

Private capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

2.925 109.2 109.0 108.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.7 0.6 -0.4

Government purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

2.594 104.7 105.0 105.3 1.1 0.3 -0.6 0.3 0.3

Gov. purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing, excl. capital investment

2.503 105.0 105.2 105.6 1.1 0.4 -0.6 0.3 0.3

Government purchased capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

0.091 97.3 97.6 97.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.8 -0.3

Services for export less trade, transportation, and warehousing

1.484 104.8 104.5 105.0 0.0 0.5 -0.6 0.5 0.6

Final demand construction

2.020 111.4 112.1 112.1 1.9 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.1

Construction for private capital investment

1.362 111.2 111.9 112.0 2.0 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Construction for government

0.658 111.8 112.2 112.2 1.8 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Special groupings

Final demand less exports

04/10

87.656 109.2 107.9 108.4 -0.6 0.5 -0.8 -0.4 0.3

Final demand less government

04/10

92.011 109.2 108.0 108.4 -0.6 0.4 -0.7 -0.5 0.2

Final demand less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(6)

04/10

87.329 108.7 108.6 108.9 0.9 0.3 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Final demand less foods and energy(6)

04/10

87.886 108.6 108.5 108.8 0.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.5 0.2

Final demand less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(6)

04/10

93.649 108.7 107.4 107.9 -0.8 0.5 -0.8 -0.4 0.3

Final demand less foods(6)

04/10

94.206 108.6 107.3 107.8 -0.8 0.5 -0.7 -0.4 0.2

Final demand less energy

04/10

93.680 109.2 108.8 109.1 0.7 0.3 -0.2 -0.5 0.1

Final demand less trade services

01/10

79.972 109.4 107.9 108.3 -1.5 0.4 -1.1 -0.2 0.3

Final demand less distributive services(7)

01/10

76.125 109.1 107.6 108.1 -1.4 0.5 -1.1 -0.1 0.3

Final demand goods less energy

01/10

28.373 111.2 110.5 110.5 0.2 0.0 -0.4 -0.5 0.1

Final demand goods less foods

04/10

28.899 108.1 104.4 105.2 -4.9 0.8 -2.4 -0.1 0.5

Final demand services less trade services

04/10

43.260 108.1 108.0 108.5 0.8 0.5 -0.5 0.1 0.3

Final demand distributive services(7)

04/10

23.875 110.3 109.6 109.8 0.9 0.2 0.4 -1.4 -0.2

Final demand goods plus final demand distributive services(7)

04/10

58.568 110.0 107.6 108.0 -2.2 0.4 -1.1 -0.8 0.0

Final demand less foods, energy, and trade services(6)

08/13

67.858 101.8 101.8 102.1 0.8 0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.2

Private and government purchased capital equipment

08/13

6.685 102.1 102.4 102.7 1.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4

Private and government purchased capital investment services

08/13

7.354 100.7 100.5 100.0 -0.1 -0.5 0.1 -0.8 -0.5

Total private and government purchased capital investment

08/13

14.039 101.7 101.9 101.8 0.8 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Total finished(4)

01/10

79.668 109.8 108.7 109.3 -0.2 0.6 -0.7 -0.4 0.3

Total finished less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(4)(6)

12/10

69.536 108.4 108.4 108.8 1.3 0.4 -0.1 -0.4 0.2

Total finished less foods and energy(4)(6)

01/10

70.080 109.2 109.2 109.6 1.2 0.4 0.0 -0.5 0.3

Total finished less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(4)(6)

12/10

74.490 108.0 107.0 107.6 -0.3 0.6 -0.6 -0.4 0.4

Total finished less foods(4)(6)

01/10

75.034 109.2 108.3 108.9 -0.3 0.6 -0.6 -0.4 0.3

Total finished less energy(4)

01/10

74.714 109.8 109.7 110.0 1.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.5 0.2

Finished goods(4)

00/82

23.060 198.2 192.1 193.8 -3.2 0.9 -2.1 -0.1 0.5

Finished goods less energy(4)

00/82

18.106 195.7 195.3 195.6 1.6 0.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.3

Finished goods, excluding foods(4)(6)

00/82

18.426 193.4 187.3 189.4 -4.1 1.1 -2.4 0.2 0.8

Finished services(4)

01/10

55.246 108.9 108.8 109.2 1.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.5 0.1

Private capital investment services

04/10

6.963 108.3 108.0 107.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.0 -0.7 -0.5

Finished distributive services(4)(7)

04/10

20.311 109.9 109.2 109.5 1.0 0.3 0.4 -1.6 -0.2

Finished services less trade services(4)

04/10

37.668 108.2 108.2 108.7 0.9 0.5 -0.4 0.1 0.3

Finished services less distributive services(4)(7)

04/10

34.935 107.8 108.0 108.5 1.1 0.5 -0.4 0.1 0.4

Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction)

04/10

14.167 107.6 107.6 107.6 0.7 0.0 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Finished goods plus finished distributive services(4)

04/10

43.371 110.3 108.1 108.8 -1.4 0.6 -1.0 -0.7 0.1

Total exports

04/10

12.344 108.5 106.3 106.2 -3.2 -0.1 -1.1 -0.8 -0.2

Goods for export

00/82

7.976 187.0 181.5 181.0 -5.3 -0.3 -1.7 -1.0 -0.4

Services for export

04/10

4.368 109.9 109.4 109.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 -0.5 0.0

Total government purchases

04/10

7.989 107.9 105.1 105.4 -3.5 0.3 -1.7 -0.4 0.1

Government purchased goods

00/82

3.657 186.8 175.9 176.7 -8.9 0.5 -3.4 -0.9 0.3

Government purchased services

04/10

3.674 106.6 106.6 106.9 0.8 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.2

Total government purchased capital investment (goods, services, construction)

08/13

1.892 101.8 102.2 102.0 0.9 -0.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Personal consumption

01/10

65.501 110.2 108.9 109.6 -0.5 0.6 -0.9 -0.4 0.3

Personal consumption goods (finished consumer goods)

00/82

17.218 211.1 202.2 204.3 -4.8 1.0 -2.9 -0.2 0.5

Personal consumption goods less energy

00/82

12.264 209.9 208.9 209.1 1.7 0.1 -0.1 -0.5 0.1

Personal consumption goods less foods

00/82

12.584 208.2 198.3 201.4 -6.6 1.6 -3.6 0.3 0.9

Personal consumption nondurable goods less foods

00/82

9.386 231.8 217.2 221.3 -9.1 1.9 -4.8 0.4 0.9

Personal consumption services

04/10

48.283 108.6 108.5 109.0 1.2 0.5 -0.1 -0.5 0.2

Personal consumption less trade services

04/10

51.372 109.5 108.0 108.7 -1.0 0.6 -1.3 0.0 0.4

Personal consumption less distributive services(7)

04/10

49.228 109.3 107.9 108.6 -0.9 0.6 -1.3 0.1 0.4

Personal consumption less foods and energy

04/14

55.913 101.1 101.1 101.6 - 0.5 0.0 -0.4 0.2

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and trade services(5)

04/14

41.784 100.6 100.8 101.3 - 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.4

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and distributive services(7)

04/14

39.640 100.6 101.0 101.5 - 0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.5

Personal consumption goods plus personal consumption distributive services(7)

08/13

33.491 101.4 98.8 99.5 -2.0 0.7 -1.4 -0.8 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at http://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm.
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for November 2014 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(4) PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.
(5) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
(6) The PPI definition of foods does not include food and beverages for immediate consumption. PPI defines food and beverages for immediate consumption as the service of preparing meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption.
(7) Distributive services include transportation, warehousing, and trade of goods.

"-" Data not available.


Table 2. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by commodity type(1)
[Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2014(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Mar. 2015
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Nov.
2014(3)
Feb.
2015(3)
Mar.
2015(3)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Dec. to
Jan.
Jan. to
Feb.
Feb. to
Mar.

Processed goods

Processed goods for intermediate demand

00/82

100.000 197.7 189.2 189.5 -6.7 0.2 -2.8 -0.6 -0.1

Materials and components for manufacturing

00/82

44.854 186.4 179.3 178.8 -5.1 -0.3 -2.3 -0.7 -0.4

Materials for manufacturing

28.089 115.7 108.6 108.1 -8.3 -0.5 -3.7 -1.2 -0.6

Materials for food manufacturing

00/82

3.730 212.7 200.1 200.5 -2.4 0.2 -2.6 -1.6 -0.5

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

00/82

14.409 229.7 210.2 209.8 -12.8 -0.2 -5.5 -1.2 -0.3

Materials for durable manufacturing

00/82

9.950 197.1 192.3 190.4 -2.8 -1.0 -1.1 -1.1 -1.0

Components for manufacturing

00/82

16.765 150.3 150.6 150.6 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Components for nondurable manufacturing

0.753 111.4 111.0 110.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Components for durable manufacturing

16.012 106.4 106.6 106.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Materials and components for construction

00/82

10.087 228.5 228.9 229.2 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Materials for construction

4.772 114.6 114.6 114.3 0.9 -0.3 0.1 -0.3 -0.4

Components for construction

5.315 111.5 112.0 112.5 1.3 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4

Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand

00/82

18.486 192.1 168.0 170.6 -20.6 1.5 -8.4 -0.7 0.5

Processed fuels and lubricants to manufacturing industries

00/82

4.811 193.6 178.6 175.9 -16.8 -1.5 -4.6 -0.6 -1.8

Processed fuels and lubricants to nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

13.675 192.1 164.7 169.2 -22.0 2.7 -9.7 -0.7 1.4

Containers for intermediate demand

00/82

2.820 219.9 220.2 220.2 0.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Supplies for intermediate demand

00/82

23.752 193.9 192.1 191.8 -1.0 -0.2 -0.6 -0.4 -0.4

Supplies to manufacturing industries

00/82

2.665 189.1 188.5 187.7 0.0 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 -0.4

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

21.087 193.1 191.2 190.9 -1.2 -0.2 -0.7 -0.4 -0.3

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, feeds

00/82

1.791 204.8 196.2 193.8 -13.7 -1.2 -3.2 -3.4 -2.6

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, other than feeds

00/82

19.296 193.8 192.5 192.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1

Unprocessed goods

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

00/82

100.000 232.9 193.9 192.6 -26.5 -0.7 -9.4 -3.9 -1.7

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

00/82

41.438 210.7 182.7 183.8 -15.0 0.6 -1.8 -6.7 -1.4

Unprocessed nonfood materials

00/82

58.562 236.6 191.1 188.0 -33.6 -1.6 -14.9 -1.6 -1.9

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel

00/82

40.344 277.4 222.4 216.6 -34.0 -2.6 -12.9 0.5 -2.9

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to manufacturing industries

00/82

38.391 259.8 205.7 199.9 -35.5 -2.8 -13.6 0.5 -3.1

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

1.953 227.4 229.7 230.7 3.5 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.3

Unprocessed fuel

00/82

18.218 165.0 136.8 138.0 -32.4 0.9 -19.3 -6.6 0.6

Unprocessed fuel to manufacturing industries

00/82

0.631 190.3 174.6 175.3 -18.9 0.4 -10.0 -3.1 0.1

Unprocessed fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

00/82

17.587 167.4 138.3 139.5 -32.9 0.9 -19.6 -6.8 0.7

Services

Services for intermediate demand

100.000 109.4 109.5 109.8 1.0 0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade services for intermediate demand(4)

17.660 111.8 112.4 112.5 2.4 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.2

Trade services for manufacturing industries

12/12

8.411 100.3 100.6 100.8 2.6 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.2

Trade services for nonmanufacturing industries

12/12

9.249 101.2 101.9 102.0 2.1 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.2

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

13.544 119.3 119.1 118.9 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.8 -0.4

Transportation of passengers for intermediate demand

1.170 116.6 114.3 116.4 -2.4 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.2

Transportation of passengers for manufacturing industries

0.195 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.6 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Transportation of passengers for nonmanufacturing industries

0.975 116.6 114.3 116.4 -2.4 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods for intermediate demand

12.374 119.5 119.5 119.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.6 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing of goods for manufacturing industries

12/12

1.858 102.1 100.5 100.0 -1.4 -0.5 -0.6 -1.0 -0.8

Transportation and warehousing of goods for nonmanufacturing industries

12/12

10.516 106.3 106.5 106.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.5 -0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

68.796 106.9 107.0 107.4 0.8 0.4 -0.4 0.2 0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for manufacturing industries

2.204 102.5 103.0 103.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for nonmanufacturing industries

66.592 107.1 107.1 107.6 1.0 0.5 -0.4 0.2 0.4

Construction

Construction for intermediate demand

100.000 108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Special groupings

Processed materials less foods and feeds

00/82

91.717 196.9 188.6 188.9 -6.8 0.2 -2.8 -0.5 -0.1

Processed foods and feeds

00/82

8.283 209.2 198.3 198.0 -4.6 -0.2 -2.5 -1.9 -0.8

Processed energy goods

00/82

18.486 194.1 168.8 171.4 -21.7 1.5 -8.3 -0.6 0.5

Processed materials less energy

00/82

81.514 196.2 192.0 191.7 -2.4 -0.2 -1.4 -0.5 -0.3

Processed materials less foods and energy

00/82

73.231 194.6 191.1 190.7 -2.2 -0.2 -1.3 -0.4 -0.2

Intermediate distributive services(5)

04/10

30.034 112.5 112.8 112.8 1.3 0.0 0.3 -0.2 0.0

Processed goods plus intermediate distributive services

04/10

- 109.2 105.7 105.8 -4.7 0.1 -1.9 -0.5 -0.1

Unprocessed materials less agricultural products

00/82

55.832 240.9 192.3 189.4 -34.1 -1.5 -15.5 -1.9 -1.6

Unprocessed energy materials(6)

00/82

35.851 199.6 145.9 144.0 -43.6 -1.3 -23.6 0.9 -1.4

Unprocessed materials less energy

00/82

64.149 241.9 216.0 215.5 -14.2 -0.2 -1.4 -6.2 -1.7

Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy(7)

00/82

22.711 329.9 311.0 305.2 -13.0 -1.9 -0.7 -5.2 -2.3

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at http://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for November 2014 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
(5) Includes intermediate trade, transportation, and warehousing services.
(6) Includes crude petroleum.
(7) Excludes crude petroleum.

"-" Data not available.


Table 3. Producer price indexes and percent changes for intermediate demand by production flow(1)
[Nov. 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Relative
Importance
Dec.
2014(2)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Mar. 2015
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Nov.
2014(3)
Feb.
2015(3)
Mar.
2015(3)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Dec. to
Jan.
Jan. to
Feb.
Feb. to
Mar.

Stage 4

Stage 4 intermediate demand

100.000 110.8 109.7 110.0 -1.1 0.3 -0.7 -0.1 0.1

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

30.317 109.9 109.2 109.0 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Goods

23.880 109.7 108.8 108.5 -1.4 -0.3 -0.5 -0.4 -0.4

Foods

2.722 119.7 114.8 114.1 -6.9 -0.6 -2.9 -2.0 -1.4

Energy

1.613 114.9 105.0 103.6 -21.6 -1.3 -0.6 -0.7 -1.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

19.545 108.6 108.2 108.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1

Services

6.437 110.3 110.4 110.6 2.9 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.1

Trade services

5.060 112.5 112.4 112.6 3.8 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.2

Transportation and warehousing services

0.249 116.5 114.0 115.1 -1.4 1.0 -0.9 -1.6 -0.1

Transportation of passengers

0.081 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.6 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

0.168 116.3 113.9 114.5 -1.0 0.5 -1.0 -1.0 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

1.128 102.4 103.8 103.4 0.8 -0.4 -0.1 1.0 -0.3

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

47.965 111.1 110.5 110.9 -0.6 0.4 -0.5 0.0 0.3

Goods

14.521 114.0 110.6 110.5 -5.2 -0.1 -1.3 -0.5 -0.4

Foods

3.086 130.0 122.2 121.6 -3.3 -0.5 -1.5 -2.5 -1.1

Energy

2.683 110.9 103.1 103.3 -14.7 0.2 -3.8 -0.1 -0.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

8.752 111.2 111.7 111.5 0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Services

33.313 109.4 110.0 110.7 1.7 0.6 -0.1 0.2 0.5

Trade services

3.597 110.3 110.7 111.7 2.0 0.9 0.1 -0.3 1.0

Transportation and warehousing services

2.408 116.0 115.0 115.3 -0.6 0.3 -0.4 -0.9 -0.2

Transportation of passengers

0.345 116.6 114.2 116.3 -2.4 1.8 -0.9 -2.8 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

2.063 116.0 115.4 115.4 -0.4 0.0 -0.4 -0.5 -0.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

27.308 108.4 109.2 109.8 1.9 0.5 -0.1 0.3 0.6

Construction

0.131 108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

21.718 111.2 108.6 109.0 -2.9 0.4 -1.6 0.0 0.2

Goods

15.551 113.1 109.0 109.6 -4.8 0.6 -2.5 -0.1 0.3

Energy

1.915 116.4 84.0 87.7 -36.8 4.4 -19.9 -0.9 2.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

13.636 113.3 113.5 113.6 1.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Services

6.167 106.8 107.6 107.5 1.3 -0.1 0.3 0.4 -0.1

Trade services

3.245 106.3 107.9 107.6 2.1 -0.3 0.9 0.9 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

0.940 115.4 113.0 113.6 -1.0 0.5 -0.9 -1.2 0.0

Transportation of passengers

0.038 116.3 114.2 116.0 -1.9 1.6 -0.8 -2.4 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

0.902 115.3 113.0 113.5 -1.0 0.4 -0.9 -1.1 -0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

1.982 105.1 105.2 105.1 0.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.4 -0.1

Stage 3

Stage 3 intermediate demand

100.000 116.3 110.1 110.9 -5.6 0.7 -2.4 -1.4 0.2

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

50.350 125.1 116.4 116.6 -7.5 0.2 -1.9 -2.7 -0.3

Goods

42.109 125.8 115.8 116.0 -8.5 0.2 -2.1 -3.2 -0.5

Foods

14.547 167.2 137.5 139.1 -15.7 1.2 -2.3 -8.0 -0.7

Energy

2.529 107.2 96.2 94.6 -21.3 -1.7 -6.2 -2.9 -1.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

25.033 113.5 111.1 110.8 -2.4 -0.3 -1.7 -0.4 -0.3

Services

8.187 110.2 110.9 111.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.3

Trade services

6.647 108.7 110.1 110.5 1.0 0.4 1.6 0.4 0.4

Transportation and warehousing services

0.541 117.9 115.8 114.1 -3.2 -1.5 -0.6 -1.4 -1.7

Transportation of passengers

0.028 116.7 114.8 116.7 -2.3 1.7 -1.1 -2.3 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing of goods

0.513 118.2 115.9 113.9 -3.1 -1.7 -0.3 -1.4 -1.8

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

0.999 106.1 106.3 106.7 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 -0.7 0.0

Construction

0.054 108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

47.529 109.2 105.2 106.5 -3.6 1.2 -2.6 -0.3 0.8

Goods

12.017 108.7 92.1 97.0 -17.0 5.3 -10.2 -1.3 3.4

Foods

0.002 146.6 130.9 130.0 -10.8 -0.7 -5.4 -1.5 -0.6

Energy

8.562 111.6 85.6 92.3 -28.0 7.8 -15.4 -1.8 4.9

Goods excluding foods and energy

3.453 107.3 107.3 107.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Services

34.621 109.0 109.2 109.2 0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Trade services

2.412 118.8 126.3 126.0 14.8 -0.2 -1.3 -0.3 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing services

8.276 122.6 123.6 123.1 0.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4

Transportation of passengers

0.031 116.5 114.4 116.3 -2.2 1.7 -1.0 -2.5 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

8.245 122.9 123.9 123.3 0.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

23.933 105.3 105.2 105.4 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Construction

0.891 108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

2.123 113.6 99.0 100.2 -18.1 1.2 -10.3 -0.3 0.9

Goods

1.721 112.9 91.5 93.0 -28.1 1.6 -14.5 -0.5 1.3

Energy

1.008 111.4 76.7 79.1 -43.4 3.1 -24.5 -0.9 2.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

0.713 116.1 116.2 116.1 1.0 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Services

0.402 113.8 115.5 115.2 1.5 -0.3 1.0 0.6 -0.2

Trade services

0.364 114.8 116.6 116.4 1.6 -0.2 1.1 0.7 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing services

0.001 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.6 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Transportation of passengers

0.001 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.6 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

0.037 104.6 104.6 104.0 0.6 -0.6 -0.3 -0.4 -0.7

Stage 2

Stage 2 intermediate demand

100.000 107.0 99.9 99.5 -13.7 -0.4 -5.0 -0.2 -0.5

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

47.381 106.8 93.8 92.7 -22.6 -1.2 -9.4 -0.6 -1.4

Goods

41.398 105.0 90.1 89.0 -26.6 -1.2 -10.9 -0.7 -1.6

Foods

4.094 120.5 120.3 120.0 -14.8 -0.2 -1.4 -2.1 -2.5

Energy

15.934 93.0 65.1 64.2 -47.9 -1.4 -25.1 1.2 -1.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

21.370 114.7 110.8 109.2 -7.1 -1.4 -2.3 -1.3 -1.4

Services

5.587 112.0 110.7 110.4 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.5 -0.5

Trade services

0.395 113.0 110.3 110.6 -0.5 0.3 -0.3 -1.6 0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

3.166 133.5 132.5 132.3 2.6 -0.2 0.1 -1.0 -0.6

Transportation of passengers

0.249 116.7 114.5 116.5 -2.5 1.7 -1.0 -2.6 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

2.917 133.6 132.7 132.3 2.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.9 -0.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

2.026 98.3 97.5 97.5 -1.4 0.0 -0.5 0.6 0.0

Construction

0.396 108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

52.619 106.8 106.3 106.6 0.0 0.3 -0.7 0.1 0.3

Goods

5.288 109.1 105.3 105.5 -5.9 0.2 -1.8 -0.3 0.0

Foods

0.068 - 98.5 98.3 - -0.2 - 2.4 -2.8

Energy

0.448 122.1 99.0 101.0 -27.4 2.0 -12.6 -0.6 1.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

4.772 106.4 105.9 105.9 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Services

46.071 106.4 106.2 106.6 0.7 0.4 -0.6 0.2 0.3

Trade services

1.145 112.1 114.7 114.5 4.7 -0.2 1.9 -0.2 0.0

Transportation and warehousing services

6.738 113.9 114.7 114.4 0.4 -0.3 0.8 -0.6 -0.5

Transportation of passengers

0.915 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.6 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

5.823 113.9 115.4 114.8 0.9 -0.5 1.0 -0.3 -0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

38.188 105.7 105.3 105.8 0.6 0.5 -0.9 0.4 0.5

Construction

1.260 108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Stage 1

Stage 1 intermediate demand

100.000 113.2 107.7 107.8 -7.5 0.1 -3.3 -1.4 -0.2

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

47.843 114.3 104.8 104.5 -13.1 -0.3 -4.7 -2.5 -0.6

Goods

38.986 114.2 102.3 101.9 -16.5 -0.4 -5.9 -3.1 -0.7

Foods

2.286 131.3 117.8 117.5 -13.1 -0.3 -5.5 -1.7 -2.1

Energy

6.393 109.3 95.4 95.2 -20.1 -0.2 -10.8 -1.1 -0.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

30.307 116.6 104.6 104.2 -15.6 -0.4 -4.9 -3.7 -0.5

Services

8.852 112.4 113.2 113.1 1.4 -0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.2

Trade services

6.664 113.0 114.6 114.4 2.6 -0.2 0.8 0.5 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing services

1.328 120.7 118.2 118.8 -1.4 0.5 -1.4 -0.8 0.0

Transportation of passengers

0.205 116.7 114.2 116.4 -2.5 1.9 -1.0 -2.8 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

1.123 120.8 118.5 119.0 -1.2 0.4 -1.6 -0.3 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

0.860 102.5 102.7 101.9 -0.7 -0.8 -1.5 1.3 -0.8

Construction

0.005 108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

44.536 112.2 110.3 110.8 -2.2 0.5 -2.2 -0.4 0.2

Goods

14.550 110.2 102.9 103.3 -9.8 0.4 -6.4 -0.4 0.2

Foods

0.112 120.2 108.7 113.5 -3.2 4.4 -7.8 1.6 -0.7

Energy

6.839 109.8 96.8 97.8 -15.3 1.0 -11.1 -0.5 0.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

7.599 111.5 111.1 111.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

Services

29.982 113.0 113.8 114.4 1.7 0.5 -0.2 -0.5 0.3

Trade services

3.816 112.1 111.6 111.3 0.8 -0.3 0.4 -0.6 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

2.307 126.4 123.5 124.2 -2.5 0.6 -1.3 -2.0 -0.7

Transportation of passengers

1.457 116.6 114.2 116.3 -2.5 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

0.850 129.0 127.7 126.6 -2.2 -0.9 -1.8 -0.5 -1.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

23.859 112.1 113.3 114.0 2.2 0.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.4

Construction

0.004 108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

7.620 112.7 110.1 110.6 -3.3 0.5 -1.3 0.0 0.3

Goods

5.408 113.5 108.9 109.5 -5.8 0.6 -2.3 -0.2 0.2

Energy

0.639 118.1 86.6 90.4 -35.1 4.4 -17.4 -1.9 1.9

Goods excluding foods and energy

4.769 113.4 113.4 113.5 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Services

2.212 110.5 112.4 112.7 2.5 0.3 1.2 0.5 0.4

Trade services

1.617 110.7 112.6 113.1 2.5 0.4 1.6 0.7 0.5

Transportation and warehousing services

0.091 114.8 113.6 113.8 -0.4 0.2 -1.2 -0.1 -0.3

Transportation of passengers

0.021 116.7 114.3 116.4 -2.6 1.8 -1.0 -2.7 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

0.070 114.7 114.1 113.9 -0.1 -0.2 -1.7 0.9 -0.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

0.504 107.7 108.7 108.6 2.0 -0.1 0.6 0.3 -0.1

Special groupings

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

53.952 109.1 106.6 106.6 -3.6 0.0 -1.3 -0.4 -0.2

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

45.917 108.7 109.3 109.7 1.7 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.5

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

0.131 108.0 108.3 108.3 1.7 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

5.808 122.0 115.4 114.8 -4.7 -0.5 -2.1 -2.3 -1.2

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

6.211 104.5 91.4 92.2 -21.0 0.9 -7.8 -0.5 0.0

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

41.933 108.7 108.6 108.6 0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

55.847 114.8 103.7 105.0 -10.6 1.3 -4.2 -2.7 0.3

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

43.210 108.1 108.3 108.3 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

0.945 108.0 108.3 108.3 1.7 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

14.549 148.9 122.4 123.9 -15.7 1.2 -2.3 -8.0 -0.7

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

12.099 103.6 83.4 87.9 -25.5 5.4 -13.4 -2.0 3.3

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

29.199 107.8 105.8 105.6 -1.9 -0.2 -1.5 -0.4 -0.3

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

46.686 100.5 87.4 86.4 -25.1 -1.1 -9.8 -0.6 -1.5

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

51.658 107.5 107.2 107.5 0.7 0.3 -0.5 0.2 0.2

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

1.656 108.0 108.3 108.3 1.7 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

4.162 120.9 120.8 120.4 -14.8 -0.3 -1.6 -2.1 -2.5

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

16.382 91.1 64.0 63.3 -47.3 -1.1 -24.8 1.1 -1.3

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

26.142 106.7 103.6 102.4 -6.1 -1.2 -2.0 -1.1 -1.2

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

58.944 101.5 92.5 92.4 -13.9 -0.1 -5.7 -2.2 -0.4

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

41.046 111.8 112.6 113.0 1.6 0.4 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

0.009 108.0 108.3 108.3 1.7 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

2.398 122.8 110.6 110.5 -12.2 -0.1 -5.5 -1.6 -2.1

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

13.871 105.4 91.9 92.4 -18.5 0.5 -11.2 -0.9 -0.1

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

42.675 97.8 90.3 90.1 -11.8 -0.2 -3.5 -2.7 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at http://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(3) The indexes for November 2014 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.


Table 4. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings by final demand category(1)
[1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Other
index
base
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Mar. 2015
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Nov.
2014(2)
Feb.
2015(2)
Mar.
2015(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Dec. to
Jan.
Jan. to
Feb.
Feb. to
Mar.

Final demand

11/09

110.8 109.4 109.9 -0.8 0.5 -0.8 -0.5 0.2

Final demand goods

11/09

112.5 108.7 109.3 -4.4 0.6 -2.1 -0.4 0.3

Final demand foods

11/09

122.3 118.6 118.3 -1.4 -0.3 -1.1 -1.6 -0.8

Fresh fruits and melons(3)

01-11

125.0 122.7 114.2 -0.8 -6.9 -4.9 -3.2 -6.9

Fresh and dry vegetables(3)

01-13

216.2 184.1 184.0 -4.0 -0.1 8.1 -17.1 -0.1

Grains(3)

01-2

151.7 159.0 158.8 -17.8 -0.1 -2.7 1.1 -0.1

Eggs for fresh use

01-71-07

12/91

170.1 189.2 195.4 16.3 3.3 -21.7 12.6 1.0

Oilseeds

01-83-01

190.7 181.6 182.8 -29.3 0.7 -4.0 -2.7 -2.4

Bakery products

02-11

272.6 275.0 274.8 2.1 -0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Milled rice(3)

02-13

211.5 206.1 205.3 -5.7 -0.4 -2.5 0.0 -0.4

Pasta products

02-14-02

06/85

202.3 218.4 214.5 7.1 -1.8 1.9 3.5 -1.1

Beef and veal

02-21-01

253.0 246.7 253.4 15.5 2.7 1.0 -3.2 1.2

Pork

02-21-04

184.0 149.0 142.8 -19.0 -4.2 -7.6 -7.4 -5.1

Processed young chickens

02-22-03

180.6 180.2 180.5 5.5 0.2 -0.2 -1.7 -0.9

Processed turkeys

02-22-06

179.6 160.2 149.2 -6.1 -6.9 -0.1 -3.7 -6.0

Finfish and shellfish

02-23

315.1 338.5 314.9 0.3 -7.0 10.1 -5.2 -7.6

Dairy products

02-3

221.4 191.6 190.1 -14.7 -0.8 -5.7 -3.0 -0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(3)

02-4

195.4 197.7 199.1 3.8 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7

Confectionery end products(3)

02-55

280.8 280.7 280.9 2.7 0.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1

Soft drinks(3)

02-62

194.9 197.5 198.4 1.2 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5

Roasted coffee(3)

02-63-01

207.7 207.9 205.9 6.4 -1.0 3.2 -1.2 -1.0

Shortening and cooking oils

02-78

251.3 244.4 246.0 -2.0 0.7 -3.3 0.7 -0.3

Frozen specialty food(3)

02-85

190.9 191.8 188.7 0.9 -1.6 0.1 0.1 -1.6

Final demand energy

11/09

113.9 96.8 100.1 -21.7 3.4 -10.3 0.0 1.5

Liquefied petroleum gas(3)

05-32

208.2 153.0 152.5 -44.6 -0.3 -11.0 7.6 -0.3

Residential electric power

05-41

12/90

168.5 171.2 170.2 2.3 -0.6 1.2 -0.1 -0.6

Residential natural gas

05-51

12/90

201.7 192.4 189.2 -15.5 -1.7 -4.2 -2.1 -1.7

Gasoline

05-71

231.2 158.8 180.9 -37.6 13.9 -24.0 1.5 7.2

Home heating oil and distillates

05-73-02

232.4 167.8 168.9 -40.0 0.7 -19.6 9.9 -1.9

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

272.3 189.9 194.2 -39.0 2.3 -19.2 -1.5 2.1

Final demand goods less foods and energy

11/09

109.8 109.8 109.8 0.5 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

02-61

191.2 192.2 192.2 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.1

Pet food(3)

02-94-02

252.2 252.4 252.3 0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Women's, girls', and infants' apparel(3)

03-81-06

12/03

104.6 106.6 106.1 1.2 -0.5 0.2 1.7 -0.5

Men's and boys' apparel(3)

03-81-07

12/03

114.0 111.6 111.6 -2.7 0.0 0.4 -3.0 0.0

Textile housefurnishings(3)

03-82

161.3 161.5 162.2 1.4 0.4 0.6 -0.4 0.4

Footwear(3)

04-3

192.3 192.9 193.6 2.1 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.4

Industrial chemicals(3)

06-1

275.1 241.8 245.4 -15.7 1.5 -9.1 -1.9 1.5

Pharmaceutical preparations

06-38

06/01

199.2 207.0 208.0 7.9 0.5 1.0 0.2 0.9

Soaps and detergents(3)

06-71

175.3 174.7 174.9 0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.1

Cleaning and polishing products(3)

06-72

06/83

174.8 175.6 173.9 0.6 -1.0 0.2 0.1 -1.0

Cosmetics and other toiletries(3)

06-75

161.2 161.2 161.3 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Tires(3)

07-12-01

147.4 147.7 147.3 -2.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Consumer, institutional, and commercial products, n.e.c.(3)

07-2B

12/06

129.9 131.4 130.9 2.5 -0.4 1.6 -0.2 -0.4

Sanitary paper products(3)

09-15-01

182.8 182.1 182.4 -0.9 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Agricultural machinery and equipment(3)

11-1

221.0 222.7 222.8 1.3 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0

Construction machinery and equipment

11-2

214.9 216.5 216.5 1.3 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Metal cutting machine tools(3)

11-37

196.5 198.6 198.5 1.5 -0.1 0.3 0.8 -0.1

Metal forming machine tools(3)

11-38

221.3 221.3 220.8 1.9 -0.2 0.7 0.0 -0.2

Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and industrial molds(3)

11-39

150.7 150.7 151.3 0.6 0.4 -0.2 0.1 0.4

Pumps, compressors, and equipment

11-41

242.0 244.1 244.4 2.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.2

Industrial material handling equipment(3)

11-44

203.5 207.4 206.6 2.7 -0.4 0.3 1.6 -0.4

Electronic computers and computer equipment(3)

11-5

12/98

29.9 29.5 29.4 -3.3 -0.3 0.0 -1.3 -0.3

Textile machinery and equipment(3)

11-62

176.3 176.3 176.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Paper industries machinery(3)

11-64

06/82

215.8 215.1 215.3 1.9 0.1 0.1 -0.5 0.1

Printing trades machinery and equipment(3)

11-65

160.3 161.5 161.4 0.8 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 -0.1

Transformers and power regulators(3)

11-74

222.7 217.2 216.0 -3.7 -0.6 -1.1 -1.0 -0.6

Communication and related equipment(3)

11-76

12/85

108.0 108.4 108.4 0.7 0.0 0.6 -0.4 0.0

Electronic components and accessories(3)

11-78

68.5 68.6 68.4 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

X-ray and electromedical equipment(3)

11-79-05

87.0 87.0 86.9 -1.0 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Oil field and gas field machinery(3)

11-91

216.7 216.4 216.9 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Mining machinery and equipment

11-92

257.0 258.5 258.5 1.1 0.0 -0.2 0.4 0.0

Office and store machines and equipment(3)

11-93

118.5 119.3 122.8 3.7 2.9 -0.2 0.8 2.9

Household furniture

12-1

201.8 203.3 203.8 2.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2

Commercial furniture(3)

12-2

210.9 211.9 212.4 2.0 0.2 -0.3 0.2 0.2

Floor coverings(3)

12-3

187.3 185.3 185.3 -0.3 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0

Household appliances(3)

12-4

117.5 117.0 117.4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3

Home electronic equipment(3)

12-5

51.3 51.3 51.4 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Silverware and hollowware(3)

12-6A

12/11

98.1 98.0 98.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Lawn and garden equipment excl. garden tractors(3)

12-66

143.6 143.5 143.8 0.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Passenger cars

14-11-01

133.0 131.8 133.8 2.0 1.5 0.3 -0.8 1.8

Light motor trucks

14-11-05

169.8 169.5 171.7 2.7 1.3 -0.7 0.5 2.2

Heavy motor trucks(3)

14-11-06

214.2 216.1 216.3 1.3 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.1

Motor vehicles parts(3)

14-12

125.9 126.1 126.2 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Truck trailers(3)

14-14

198.1 199.1 200.1 2.1 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.5

Travel trailers and campers(3)

14-16

06/84

189.6 190.9 191.5 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Aircraft

14-21

288.9 291.3 290.6 1.4 -0.2 0.4 0.1 -0.2

Ships(3)

14-31

12/85

223.6 225.4 223.8 0.0 -0.7 -0.3 0.9 -0.7

Railroad equipment(3)

14-4

199.9 200.7 199.3 1.3 -0.7 -0.8 0.5 -0.7

Toys, games, and children's vehicles(3)

15-11

152.0 152.4 155.2 2.3 1.8 0.1 -1.2 1.8

Sporting and athletic goods(3)

15-12

136.3 137.8 138.1 1.2 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.2

Cigarettes(3)

15-21

847.9 868.3 868.3 4.7 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Mobile homes

15-5

265.9 267.6 267.7 2.6 0.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Medical, surgical & personal aid devices

15-6

174.4 176.3 176.2 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.4 -0.2

Jewelry, platinum and karat gold(3)

15-94-02

217.0 218.0 216.7 1.1 -0.6 -0.4 0.3 -0.6

Costume jewelry and novelties(3)

15-94-04

174.1 175.4 175.5 2.2 0.1 1.4 -0.4 0.1

Final demand services

11/09

109.7 109.5 109.9 1.0 0.4 -0.2 -0.5 0.1

Final demand trade services(4)

11/09

111.6 111.1 111.3 1.3 0.2 0.5 -1.5 -0.2

Machinery and equipment wholesaling(3)

57-11-01

03/09

112.0 112.1 111.1 -0.3 -0.9 0.9 -2.0 -0.9

Furnishings wholesaling(3)

57-2

03/09

90.9 88.0 87.0 -4.1 -1.1 -1.8 -2.7 -1.1

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

113.9 112.9 113.5 3.6 0.5 1.4 -0.4 0.5

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

113.4 116.0 117.2 0.9 1.0 0.1 0.9 1.0

Apparel wholesaling(3)

57-7

03/09

117.4 118.3 117.3 -0.5 -0.8 2.2 -0.4 -0.8

Food and alcohol wholesaling(3)

57-8

06/09

104.9 102.6 104.4 8.0 1.8 0.4 -1.2 1.8

Food and alcohol retailing

58-1

03/09

124.1 124.1 123.3 6.2 -0.6 0.2 -2.3 -0.6

Health, beauty, and optical goods retailing(3)

58-2

03/09

120.5 120.2 118.8 -5.0 -1.2 1.2 -0.8 -1.2

Apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing

58-3

06/09

111.9 110.6 114.0 -0.5 3.1 3.6 -2.4 -1.7

Computer hardware, software, and supplies retailing(3)

58-4

03/09

92.2 93.7 90.0 5.0 -3.9 -2.4 3.7 -3.9

TV, video, and photographic equipment and supplies retailing(3)

58-5

03/09

76.7 59.6 63.5 -21.0 6.5 -31.1 16.2 6.5

Automobiles and automobile parts retailing(3)

58-6

06/09

102.6 102.5 102.5 -3.0 0.0 1.0 -0.2 0.0

Manufactured (mobile) homes retailing(3)

58-7

03/09

101.0 101.1 97.3 -0.6 -3.8 -3.2 0.5 -3.8

RVs, trailers, and campers retailing(3)

58-8

03/09

117.3 113.6 114.6 -0.7 0.9 2.5 -1.7 0.9

Sporting goods, including boats, retailing(3)

58-9

03/09

107.6 105.7 106.8 -6.2 1.0 -0.9 -1.5 1.0

Lawn, garden, and farm equipment and supplies retailing(3)

58-A

03/09

102.7 102.2 105.6 7.2 3.3 0.5 -0.9 3.3

Furniture retailing(3)

58-B

03/09

103.4 101.8 100.5 1.7 -1.3 -1.6 0.3 -1.3

Flooring and floor coverings retailing(3)

58-C

03/09

101.7 97.8 99.1 -5.1 1.3 9.3 -8.9 1.3

Hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing

58-D

03/09

112.1 114.7 113.7 3.6 -0.9 -0.1 2.3 -0.7

Major household appliances retailing(3)

58-E

03/09

71.5 82.9 92.3 3.0 11.3 3.6 7.5 11.3

Fuels and lubricants retailing(3)

58-F

06/09

142.5 136.3 130.4 16.7 -4.3 -9.3 -13.4 -4.3

Cleaning supplies and paper products retailing(3)

58-G

03/09

137.9 142.0 141.0 -2.6 -0.7 0.2 2.7 -0.7

Book retailing(3)

58-H

03/09

119.2 115.0 114.9 -6.1 -0.1 0.8 -5.7 -0.1

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

11/09

117.2 115.1 115.8 -1.4 0.6 -0.8 -1.5 -0.2

Rail transportation of freight and mail

30-11

12/08

120.9 118.4 116.3 -3.7 -1.8 -0.7 -1.4 -1.9

Truck transportation of freight

30-12

06/09

115.4 112.9 113.6 -0.9 0.6 -0.7 -1.3 0.1

Air transportation of freight(3)

30-14

12/08

114.4 114.0 110.9 -4.7 -2.7 -0.1 0.7 -2.7

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30-16

06/09

128.7 131.4 130.6 1.2 -0.6 0.0 -1.1 -0.5

Rail transportation of passengers(3)

30-21

12/08

114.6 114.7 114.7 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Airline passenger services

30-22

12/08

114.7 112.3 114.4 -2.6 1.9 -1.0 -2.8 -0.3

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

11/09

107.9 108.2 108.6 1.1 0.4 -0.4 0.3 0.3

Sales of books(3)

33-11

359.2 359.3 361.4 3.4 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.6

Sales and subscriptions of periodicals and newspapers(3)

33-12

06/09

108.1 108.6 108.2 1.4 -0.4 0.5 -0.1 -0.4

Application software publishing(3)

34-2

06/09

98.9 98.8 99.1 -1.4 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.3

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists

36-1

06/09

105.8 106.0 106.1 0.7 0.1 -0.8 0.3 0.2

Residential wired telecommunication services

37-11

06/09

122.5 125.4 124.2 3.8 -1.0 0.2 0.7 0.1

Cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication services

37-21

03/09

82.7 78.0 79.5 -7.7 1.9 -2.0 -5.1 2.3

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37-3

12/08

111.0 111.4 111.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Internet access services(3)

37-4

03/09

98.1 98.3 98.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

Bundled wired telecommunications access services(3)

37-5

12/11

101.1 102.0 102.6 2.0 0.6 0.9 -0.1 0.6

Consumer loans (partial)(3)

39-12

06/09

115.8 113.6 118.3 -1.3 4.1 1.0 -0.1 4.1

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.2 61.0 60.1 3.1 -1.5 1.1 -1.3 -1.5

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(3)

39-3

04/09

105.6 98.7 99.2 -2.8 0.5 -0.4 -5.5 0.5

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

101.9 102.7 102.8 -1.0 0.1 -4.5 1.3 0.1

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

178.3 181.3 188.7 9.5 4.1 -0.6 0.5 4.1

Life insurance

41-11-01

03/09

103.8 103.8 104.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Disability insurance, including accidental death

41-11-02

03/09

103.8 104.0 104.0 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Health and medical insurance

41-11-03

03/09

116.7 116.8 116.9 0.4 0.1 -0.9 0.5 0.2

Property and casualty insurance

41-11-04

03/09

111.0 110.7 111.4 1.4 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.7

Annuities(3)

41-2

03/09

111.1 109.7 109.6 -0.6 -0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1

Residential property sales and leases, brokerage fees and commissions

43-21

12/08

114.3 115.0 114.7 3.0 -0.3 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Passenger car rental

44-1

03/09

88.1 92.2 95.8 -11.8 3.9 5.0 -9.8 -2.8

Legal services

45-1

03/09

117.1 119.9 119.7 2.8 -0.2 -0.6 1.4 -0.1

Tax preparation and planning(3)

45-21-02

04/09

108.3 112.9 112.6 6.9 -0.3 1.9 2.4 -0.3

Architectural and engineering services

45-3

06/09

106.2 107.4 107.4 2.3 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.0

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services(3)

45-4

06/09

104.9 105.8 105.3 1.5 -0.5 -1.0 1.7 -0.5

Arrangement of flights (partial)(3)

47-1

06/09

109.7 107.0 106.1 -5.4 -0.8 -3.8 0.1 -0.8

Arrangement of vehicle rentals and lodging

47-2

12/08

82.6 85.9 84.3 8.8 -1.9 3.0 7.8 -1.5

Arrangement of cruises and tours(3)

47-3

12/08

102.8 97.9 98.2 -3.6 0.3 -1.1 -4.1 0.3

Physician care

51-11-01

03/09

107.0 107.0 106.4 -0.4 -0.6 -0.6 0.2 -0.5

Medical laboratory and diagnostic imaging care(3)

51-11-02

03/09

97.9 97.1 97.4 -0.4 0.3 -0.6 -0.1 0.3

Home health and hospice care(3)

51-11-03

12/08

103.8 103.8 103.9 1.2 0.1 -0.9 0.5 0.1

Hospital outpatient care

51-11-04

12/08

121.2 120.8 120.9 0.3 0.1 -1.3 0.5 0.2

Dental care(3)

51-11-05

06/10

107.5 109.1 109.2 2.1 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.1

Hospital inpatient care

51-21-01

12/08

117.7 117.9 118.1 1.2 0.2 -0.6 0.9 0.1

Nursing home care

51-21-02

12/08

111.4 112.6 112.1 2.0 -0.4 0.5 0.4 -0.6

Computer training school services(3)

52-1

12/08

103.2 103.3 103.4 2.3 0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Traveler accommodation services

53-11

06/09

106.6 109.6 112.9 4.8 3.0 0.8 0.5 0.2

Food and beverages for immediate consumption services (partial)

54-1

06/09

112.1 112.9 112.8 2.3 -0.1 0.3 -0.4 0.1

Motor vehicle repair and maintenance (partial)

55-2

12/08

123.5 123.5 122.7 0.9 -0.6 -1.0 0.0 -0.6

Membership dues and admissions and recreation facility use fees (partial)

56-1

06/09

110.1 112.4 113.4 3.4 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.6

Recreational activity instruction fees (partial)

56-2

12/08

114.4 117.7 117.7 3.1 0.0 0.7 -0.8 0.3

Gaming receipts (partial)(3)

56-3

12/08

106.2 105.8 108.8 4.4 2.8 0.8 -1.0 2.8

Mining services(3)

60-1

06/85

261.8 256.8 254.4 -3.3 -0.9 -3.2 1.1 -0.9

Final demand construction

11/09

111.4 112.1 112.1 1.9 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.1

New warehouse building construction(3)

80-11-01

12/04

138.9 139.7 139.8 1.8 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1

New school building construction(3)

80-11-02

12/05

147.7 148.2 148.2 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

New office building construction(3)

80-11-03

06/06

124.0 125.2 125.3 2.6 0.1 0.8 0.2 0.1

New industrial building construction(3)

80-11-04

06/07

117.3 118.0 118.0 2.1 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.0

New health care building construction(3)

80-11-05

06/12

105.0 105.0 105.4 1.2 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at http://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) The indexes for November 2014 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Not seasonally adjusted.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: The term "(partial)" denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.


Table 5. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings of intermediate demand by commodity type category(1)
[1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Other
index
base
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Mar. 2015
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Nov.
2014(2)
Feb.
2015(2)
Mar.
2015(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Dec. to
Jan.
Jan. to
Feb.
Feb. to
Mar.

Processed goods for intermediate demand

197.7 189.2 189.5 -6.7 0.2 -2.8 -0.6 -0.1

Processed foods and feeds

209.2 198.3 198.0 -4.6 -0.2 -2.5 -1.9 -0.8

Meats

02-21

215.8 198.5 199.7 2.8 0.6 -2.5 -3.4 -0.6

Processed poultry

02-22

173.5 170.2 168.7 3.6 -0.9 0.3 -2.4 -1.0

Dairy products

02-3

221.4 191.6 190.1 -14.7 -0.8 -5.7 -3.0 -0.9

Processed fruits and vegetables(3)

02-4

195.4 197.7 199.1 3.8 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7

Refined sugar and byproducts(3)

02-53

168.3 171.3 170.2 8.4 -0.6 2.0 -0.3 -0.6

Fats and oils(3)

02-7

253.4 246.1 247.5 -3.7 0.6 -2.5 0.0 0.6

Prepared animal feeds

02-9

208.0 200.7 198.8 -10.8 -0.9 -3.6 -2.8 -1.8

Processed materials less foods and feeds

196.9 188.6 188.9 -6.8 0.2 -2.8 -0.5 -0.1

Synthetic fibers(3)

03-1

124.1 122.3 122.3 -2.8 0.0 -1.1 -0.1 0.0

Processed yarns and threads(3)

03-2

139.7 136.8 136.8 -4.2 0.0 -2.2 0.1 0.0

Finished fabrics(3)

03-4

154.2 153.8 153.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1

Liquefied petroleum gas(3)

05-32

208.2 153.0 152.5 -44.6 -0.3 -11.0 7.6 -0.3

Commercial electric power

05-42

188.4 191.5 190.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.8

Industrial electric power

05-43

210.7 221.0 217.9 1.4 -1.4 4.1 -0.3 -1.7

Commercial natural gas(3)

05-52

12/90

193.6 189.6 182.1 -15.8 -4.0 -3.1 -1.4 -4.0

Industrial natural gas

05-53

12/90

179.2 175.4 169.5 -19.6 -3.4 -2.9 -4.0 -4.5

Natural gas to electric utilities

05-54

12/90

168.5 169.8 168.8 -15.9 -0.6 -3.4 -0.2 -2.2

Gasoline

05-71

231.2 158.8 180.9 -37.6 13.9 -24.0 1.5 7.2

Jet fuel

05-72-03

251.0 169.5 185.2 -36.9 9.3 -21.7 -7.4 8.9

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

272.3 189.9 194.2 -39.0 2.3 -19.2 -1.5 2.1

Residual fuels(3)

05-74

203.8 132.7 152.4 -47.2 14.8 -19.5 -8.4 14.8

Finished lubricants(3)

05-76

401.4 394.7 393.4 -1.7 -0.3 -0.6 -1.2 -0.3

Lubricating oil base stocks(3)

05-78

06/09

139.2 98.7 98.3 -46.0 -0.4 -19.1 5.3 -0.4

Asphalt

05-81-02

06/85

277.6 189.4 184.6 -25.7 -2.5 -16.8 -12.4 -1.2

Basic inorganic chemicals(3)

06-13

267.1 277.1 273.5 0.5 -1.3 3.6 -0.7 -1.3

Basic organic chemicals(3)

06-14

277.5 235.6 240.6 -18.6 2.1 -11.5 -2.1 2.1

Prepared paint(3)

06-21

276.5 275.8 273.2 -1.1 -0.9 -0.8 0.4 -0.9

Paint materials(3)

06-22

249.3 273.5 243.9 -5.6 -10.8 -4.6 9.6 -10.8

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(3)

06-31

176.0 177.3 177.5 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.1

Biological products, including diagnostics(3)

06-37

250.0 252.7 251.3 -0.6 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.6

Fats and oils, inedible

06-4

232.1 221.6 215.1 -23.1 -2.9 -1.8 -4.9 -4.5

Nitrogenates

06-52-01

315.1 321.7 317.2 -5.9 -1.4 -1.0 -0.7 -3.0

Phosphates(3)

06-52-02

237.2 236.6 241.4 7.6 2.0 -2.6 5.2 2.0

Other agricultural chemicals(3)

06-53

187.6 184.2 184.3 -1.2 0.1 -6.6 5.1 0.1

Plastic resins and materials(3)

06-6

259.7 240.8 231.1 -9.9 -4.0 -4.7 -2.4 -4.0

Industrial gases(3)

06-79-03

222.6 223.0 222.8 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 3.0 -0.1

Adhesives and sealants(3)

06-79-04

10/83

251.2 252.6 251.6 0.2 -0.4 0.5 -0.1 -0.4

Synthetic rubber(3)

07-11-02

216.7 195.3 195.0 -15.7 -0.2 -1.9 -6.1 -0.2

Tires(3)

07-12-01

147.4 147.7 147.3 -2.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Plastic construction products(3)

07-21

212.1 212.3 214.2 1.1 0.9 -0.1 1.0 0.9

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, other shapes(3)

07-22

219.6 216.4 215.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(3)

07-26

149.9 150.3 150.4 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Plastic packaging products(3)

07-2A

12/06

115.1 114.2 112.1 -3.6 -1.8 -0.3 -0.3 -1.8

Softwood lumber

08-11

201.0 198.9 195.8 -7.4 -1.6 -1.5 -3.7 -4.1

Hardwood lumber(3)

08-12

239.3 232.6 230.4 -4.7 -0.9 -2.0 -0.3 -0.9

Millwork

08-2

234.1 236.1 236.1 2.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Plywood(3)

08-3

212.0 204.5 203.4 3.0 -0.5 -0.3 -2.5 -0.5

Paper

09-13

192.7 192.6 190.7 -0.8 -1.0 0.5 -0.1 -1.0

Paperboard(3)

09-14

247.0 247.3 245.7 -1.6 -0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.6

Paper boxes and containers(3)

09-15-03

247.9 248.2 248.6 1.6 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Building paper and board(3)

09-2

186.5 186.0 185.8 -3.4 -0.1 1.2 -1.4 -0.1

Commercial printing(3)

09-47

06/82

169.9 170.0 169.8 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Foundry and forge shop products(3)

10-15

210.6 210.1 210.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.5 0.0

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

200.6 191.9 188.3 -4.8 -1.9 -1.2 -1.8 -1.9

Primary nonferrous metals(3)

10-22

190.1 183.1 177.2 -7.0 -3.2 -3.3 -0.7 -3.2

Secondary nonferrous metals(3)

10-24

228.9 225.2 222.1 -3.9 -1.4 -1.3 -1.1 -1.4

Aluminum mill shapes(3)

10-25-01

186.1 182.3 182.3 4.8 0.0 -2.2 -0.9 0.0

Copper and brass mill shapes(3)

10-25-02

392.6 363.7 367.6 -7.1 1.1 -3.6 -2.6 1.1

Nonferrous wire and cable(3)

10-26

251.4 243.5 243.5 -3.9 0.0 -3.3 0.8 0.0

Nonferrous foundry shop products(3)

10-28

210.9 210.4 210.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Metal containers(3)

10-3

151.4 151.9 151.7 1.2 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Hardware(3)

10-4

208.2 208.3 209.8 1.3 0.7 -0.1 0.0 0.7

Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings

10-5

254.1 257.1 257.0 2.5 0.0 0.8 -0.1 -0.3

Heating equipment(3)

10-6

246.0 246.1 246.6 1.9 0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.2

Fabricated structural metal products

10-7

215.7 216.5 217.7 1.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.4

Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers(3)

10-81

00/82

188.5 188.9 189.8 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5

Lighting fixtures(3)

10-83

00/82

166.2 167.7 168.1 2.0 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.2

Fabricated ferrous wire products

10-88

06/82

222.3 222.5 222.6 0.7 0.0 -0.8 -0.4 -0.2

Other miscellaneous metal products(3)

10-89

160.6 160.9 160.7 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Fluid power equipment(3)

11-43

242.4 243.4 243.5 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Mechanical power transmission equipment(3)

11-45

258.0 259.6 259.2 1.1 -0.2 0.2 0.3 -0.2

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(3)

11-48

178.4 179.3 179.6 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.2

Metal valves, except fluid power

11-49-02

12/82

297.3 298.2 300.1 1.8 0.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.5

Ball and roller bearings

11-49-05

255.9 255.2 255.7 2.0 0.2 -0.4 0.5 0.4

Wiring devices(3)

11-71

232.0 232.4 232.3 0.3 0.0 0.9 -0.1 0.0

Motors, generators, motor generator sets(3)

11-73

211.8 211.8 211.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Switchgear, switchboard, and industrial controls equip.(3)

11-75

217.6 218.9 219.5 1.0 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Electronic components and accessories(3)

11-78

68.5 68.6 68.4 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Internal combustion engines(3)

11-94

167.3 168.2 167.9 0.7 -0.2 0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Machine shop products(3)

11-95

183.7 183.7 183.8 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Flat glass(3)

13-11

120.5 122.4 123.4 2.8 0.8 -0.1 -0.6 0.8

Cement(3)

13-22

211.3 219.6 220.1 9.5 0.2 3.6 0.0 0.2

Concrete products

13-3

234.0 236.6 236.8 4.2 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.0

Asphalt felts and coatings

13-6

236.7 229.9 229.4 -1.3 -0.2 1.8 -1.6 -1.0

Paving mixtures and blocks(3)

13-94

326.9 322.1 319.1 -0.9 -0.9 -0.4 -1.3 -0.9

Motor vehicle parts(3)

14-12

125.9 126.1 126.2 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14-23

12/85

220.9 223.0 221.5 0.9 -0.7 -0.5 0.2 -0.6

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.(3)

14-25

06/85

181.7 183.3 183.2 1.2 -0.1 0.4 0.4 -0.1

Medical, surgical, and personal aid devices

15-6

174.4 176.3 176.2 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.4 -0.2

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

232.9 193.9 192.6 -26.5 -0.7 -9.4 -3.9 -1.7

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

210.7 182.7 183.8 -15.0 0.6 -1.8 -6.7 -1.4

Wheat(3)

01-21

179.1 167.2 164.5 -20.3 -1.6 -7.3 -2.7 -1.6

Corn

01-22-02

140.1 152.9 152.8 -18.3 -0.1 -4.3 1.1 -4.3

Slaughter cattle(3)

01-31

253.7 243.6 244.5 9.8 0.4 0.2 -1.2 0.4

Slaughter hogs

01-32

141.8 60.8 63.5 -55.1 4.4 -18.7 -21.9 -4.6

Slaughter chickens

01-41-02

294.3 246.0 274.4 -9.6 11.5 5.9 -17.1 4.1

Slaughter turkeys

01-42

241.6 192.7 198.5 -1.7 3.0 4.0 -4.6 0.5

Raw milk

01-6

171.9 122.8 118.1 -37.3 -3.8 -6.1 -12.5 -3.1

Alfalfa hay

01-81

339.4 341.3 303.8 -13.8 -11.0 11.1 -7.3 -11.2

Oilseeds

01-83-01

190.7 181.6 182.8 -29.3 0.7 -4.0 -2.7 -2.4

Raw cane sugar and byproducts(3)

02-52-01

145.0 150.5 148.4 5.7 -1.4 2.2 0.3 -1.4

Unprocessed nonfood materials

236.6 191.1 188.0 -33.6 -1.6 -14.9 -1.6 -1.9

Raw cotton(3)

01-51

103.6 105.5 91.8 -30.6 -13.0 -1.1 4.0 -13.0

Hides and skins(3)

04-1

331.2 306.7 305.5 -5.7 -0.4 -3.7 -2.7 -0.4

Coal

05-1

196.7 198.3 198.1 -3.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.6

Natural gas(3)

05-31

155.1 113.4 115.1 -45.3 1.5 -28.9 -11.2 1.5

Crude petroleum(3)

05-61

211.7 132.5 127.2 -55.0 -4.0 -30.6 12.3 -4.0

Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and woodchips(3)

08-5

244.7 247.0 245.8 1.6 -0.5 2.2 -0.1 -0.5

Wastepaper

09-12

328.1 306.1 306.6 -17.7 0.2 -3.1 -7.4 -3.9

Iron ore(3)

10-11

130.3 133.2 133.6 0.1 0.3 2.5 0.0 0.3

Iron and steel scrap(3)

10-12

484.6 383.5 355.9 -35.5 -7.2 0.3 -19.3 -7.2

Nonferrous metal ores(3)

10-21

12/83

300.5 286.3 288.4 -9.6 0.7 -1.3 -3.6 0.7

Copper base scrap(3)

10-23-01

510.8 459.0 442.1 -18.6 -3.7 -3.5 -5.1 -3.7

Aluminum base scrap

10-23-02

257.7 248.4 240.5 4.1 -3.2 -0.9 -4.4 -2.9

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

291.4 294.4 295.8 3.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.4

Services for intermediate demand

11/09

109.4 109.5 109.8 1.0 0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade services for intermediate demand(4)

11/09

111.8 112.4 112.5 2.4 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.2

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(3)

57-11-02

03/09

112.0 111.7 111.3 4.6 -0.4 1.0 -0.1 -0.4

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling(3)

57-3

03/09

87.9 89.9 87.4 0.1 -2.8 1.7 0.0 -2.8

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(3)

57-4

03/09

135.0 138.2 138.4 -0.5 0.1 0.5 3.5 0.1

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

113.9 112.9 113.5 3.6 0.5 1.4 -0.4 0.5

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

113.4 116.0 117.2 0.9 1.0 0.1 0.9 1.0

Food wholesaling(3)

57-81-01

03/09

102.6 100.0 102.1 8.4 2.1 0.2 -1.5 2.1

Automotive parts, including tires, retailing(3)

58-61-02

03/09

107.2 108.5 107.9 -4.6 -0.6 0.8 1.0 -0.6

Hardware, building material, and supplies retailing

58-D

03/09

112.1 114.7 113.7 3.6 -0.9 -0.1 2.3 -0.7

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

11/09

119.3 119.1 118.9 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.8 -0.4

Rail transportation of freight and mail

30-11

12/08

120.9 118.4 116.3 -3.7 -1.8 -0.7 -1.4 -1.9

Truck transportation of freight

30-12

06/09

115.4 112.9 113.6 -0.9 0.6 -0.7 -1.3 0.1

Water transportation of freight(3)

30-13

06/09

127.2 123.6 123.4 2.0 -0.2 -1.3 1.2 -0.2

Air transportation of freight(3)

30-14

12/08

114.4 114.0 110.9 -4.7 -2.7 -0.1 0.7 -2.7

Pipeline transportation of petroleum products(3)

30-15-01

06/09

146.7 148.0 148.1 5.7 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1

U.S. Postal Service(3)

30-16-01

06/89

213.9 213.9 213.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Courier and messenger services, except air mail

30-16-02

04/09

139.4 146.9 145.6 4.5 -0.9 0.6 0.6 -0.3

Air mail and package delivery services, excluding by USPS

30-16-03

04/09

146.0 147.1 144.9 -2.1 -1.5 -0.3 -1.2 -1.5

Transportation of passengers (partial)

30-2

06/09

124.3 121.8 124.1 -2.5 1.9 -1.3 -2.7 -0.3

Services related to water transportation(3)

31-1

06/09

114.4 113.2 112.4 -0.6 -0.7 0.0 -0.5 -0.7

Arrangement of freight and cargo(3)

31-31

12/08

106.3 104.5 104.5 -3.0 0.0 0.0 -1.7 0.0

Warehousing, storage, and related services(3)

32-1

12/08

97.8 97.9 97.9 0.7 0.0 0.5 -0.2 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

11/09

106.9 107.0 107.4 0.8 0.4 -0.4 0.2 0.4

Network compensation from broadcast TV, cable TV, radio(3)

35

06/09

115.1 117.7 117.7 6.9 0.0 2.3 0.0 0.0

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers

36-11

06/09

105.3 105.6 105.7 0.9 0.1 -1.0 0.3 0.3

Advertising space sales in directories and mail lists

36-12

12/08

109.2 109.2 109.2 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Television advertising time sales

36-2

06/09

114.2 106.1 106.6 -5.1 0.5 -3.4 -1.1 -1.0

Radio advertising time sales(3)

36-3

03/09

102.2 95.1 94.0 -8.0 -1.2 -10.2 1.6 -1.2

Internet advertising space sales, excluding Internet ads sold by print publishers(3)

36-5

12/09

84.3 82.0 83.8 -2.2 2.2 -7.3 1.6 2.2

Business wired telecommunication services(3)

37-12

06/09

95.8 95.9 96.7 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.8

Cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication services

37-21

03/09

82.7 78.0 79.5 -7.7 1.9 -2.0 -5.1 2.3

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37-3

12/08

111.0 111.4 111.2 0.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Bundled wired telecommunication access services(3)

37-5

12/11

101.1 102.0 102.6 2.0 0.6 0.9 -0.1 0.6

Data processing and related services(3)

38-1

06/09

100.7 100.7 101.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Business loans (partial)(3)

39-11

04/09

198.8 194.4 195.4 -7.0 0.5 3.5 0.0 0.5

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.2 61.0 60.1 3.1 -1.5 1.1 -1.3 -1.5

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(3)

39-3

04/09

105.6 98.7 99.2 -2.8 0.5 -0.4 -5.5 0.5

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related(3)

40-11

06/09

101.9 102.7 102.8 -1.0 0.1 -4.5 1.3 0.1

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

178.3 181.3 188.7 9.5 4.1 -0.6 0.5 4.1

Investment banking(3)

40-3

12/08

142.4 144.8 144.2 4.4 -0.4 -0.7 1.1 -0.4

Life insurance

41-11-01

03/09

103.8 103.8 104.0 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Health and medical insurance

41-11-03

03/09

116.7 116.8 116.9 0.4 0.1 -0.9 0.5 0.2

Property and casualty insurance

41-11-04

03/09

111.0 110.7 111.4 1.4 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.7

Annuities(3)

41-2

03/09

111.1 109.7 109.6 -0.6 -0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1

Commissions from sales of insurance(3)

42-1

06/09

102.6 102.9 103.1 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Nonresidential real estate rents

43-11

06/09

106.4 106.3 106.9 2.8 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.7

Nonresidential property sales and leases(3)

43-12

12/08

108.6 109.7 109.8 4.7 0.1 0.8 -0.1 0.1

Residential property management fees(3)

43-22

12/08

106.5 107.2 107.8 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.6

Passenger car rental

44-1

03/09

88.1 92.2 95.8 -11.8 3.9 5.0 -9.8 -2.8

Truck, utility trailer, and RV rental and leasing(3)

44-2

06/09

106.1 106.2 107.3 0.3 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0

Metal treatment services(3)

59-1

12/84

180.5 181.2 181.5 1.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(3)

44-3

03/09

101.5 100.2 98.1 -2.2 -2.1 -1.3 -1.3 -2.1

Legal services

45-1

03/09

117.1 119.9 119.7 2.8 -0.2 -0.6 1.4 -0.1

Accounting services (partial)

45-2

06/09

103.6 105.3 105.0 3.8 -0.3 0.1 1.3 0.1

Architectural and engineering services

45-3

06/09

106.2 107.4 107.4 2.3 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.0

Management, scientific, and technical consulting(3)

45-4

06/09

104.9 105.8 105.3 1.5 -0.5 -1.0 1.7 -0.5

Advertising and related services (partial)(3)

45-5

12/08

106.7 107.2 107.2 2.7 0.0 0.1 2.1 0.0

Permanent placement services(3)

46-1

03/09

111.4 113.0 113.8 5.2 0.7 -0.2 1.2 0.7

Executive search services(3)

46-2

12/08

99.1 99.1 99.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Staffing services(3)

46-3

06/09

106.4 106.4 106.7 1.1 0.3 0.7 -0.9 0.3

Security guard services(3)

48-1

03/09

104.4 105.2 105.0 2.2 -0.2 0.3 0.6 -0.2

Janitorial services(3)

49-1

03/09

107.3 107.5 107.4 1.9 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Waste collection

50-1

12/08

115.5 115.7 116.3 2.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.2

Traveler accommodation services

53-11

06/09

106.6 109.6 112.9 4.8 3.0 0.8 0.5 0.2

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance(3)

55-1

03/09

116.0 116.6 116.7 1.6 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.1

Aircraft repair and maintenance

55-4

04/09

110.7 113.9 112.8 2.6 -1.0 2.1 0.4 -0.8

Construction for intermediate demand

11/09

108.9 109.2 109.2 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Maintenance and repair of non-residential buildings (partial)

80-2

12/10

110.1 110.4 110.4 1.8 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at http://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) The indexes for November 2014 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Not seasonally adjusted.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: The term "(partial)" denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.


Table 6. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings of intermediate demand by production flow category(1)
[1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Other
index
base
Unadjusted index Unadjusted percent
change to Mar. 2015
from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Nov.
2014(2)
Feb.
2015(2)
Mar.
2015(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Dec. to
Jan.
Jan. to
Feb.
Feb. to
Mar.

Stage 4 intermediate demand

11/09

110.8 109.7 110.0 -1.1 0.3 -0.7 -0.1 0.1

Stage 4 intermediate demand goods

04/10

109.1 106.6 106.6 -3.6 0.0 -1.3 -0.4 -0.2

Grains(3)

01-2

151.7 159.0 158.8 -17.8 -0.1 -2.7 1.1 -0.1

Meats

02-21

215.8 198.5 199.7 2.8 0.6 -2.5 -3.4 -0.6

Unprocessed and packaged fish

02-23

315.1 338.5 314.9 0.3 -7.0 10.1 -5.2 -7.6

Dairy products

02-3

221.4 191.6 190.1 -14.7 -0.8 -5.7 -3.0 -0.9

Commercial electric power

05-42

188.4 191.5 190.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.8

Commercial natural gas(3)

05-52

12/90

193.6 189.6 182.1 -15.8 -4.0 -3.1 -1.4 -4.0

Gasoline

05-71

231.2 158.8 180.9 -37.6 13.9 -24.0 1.5 7.2

Jet fuel

05-72-03

251.0 169.5 185.2 -36.9 9.3 -21.7 -7.4 8.9

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

272.3 189.9 194.2 -39.0 2.3 -19.2 -1.5 2.1

Basic organic chemicals(3)

06-14

277.5 235.6 240.6 -18.6 2.1 -11.5 -2.1 2.1

Prepared paint(3)

06-21

276.5 275.8 273.2 -1.1 -0.9 -0.8 0.4 -0.9

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(3)

06-31

176.0 177.3 177.5 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.1

Biological products for human use(3)

06-37-19

06/09

118.0 120.0 120.1 3.0 0.1 -0.4 1.6 0.1

Pharmaceutical preparations

06-38

06/01

199.2 207.0 208.0 7.9 0.5 1.0 0.2 0.9

Plastic construction products(3)

07-21

00/82

212.1 212.3 214.2 1.1 0.9 -0.1 1.0 0.9

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes(3)

07-22

219.6 216.4 215.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(3)

07-26

149.9 150.3 150.4 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Plastic packaging products(3)

07-2A

12/06

115.1 114.2 112.1 -3.6 -1.8 -0.3 -0.3 -1.8

Lumber

08-1

00/82

211.2 207.4 204.6 -6.3 -1.4 -1.4 -2.4 -2.6

Millwork

08-2

234.1 236.1 236.1 2.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Sanitary paper products(3)

09-15-01

182.8 182.1 182.4 -0.9 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Paper boxes and containers(3)

09-15-03

247.9 248.2 248.6 1.6 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Commercial printing(3)

09-47

06/82

169.9 170.0 169.8 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

200.6 191.9 188.3 -4.8 -1.9 -1.2 -1.8 -1.9

Nonferrous wire and cable(3)

10-26

251.4 243.5 243.5 -3.9 0.0 -3.3 0.8 0.0

Fabricated structural metal products

10-7

215.7 216.5 217.7 1.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.4

Other miscellaneous metal products(3)

10-89

160.6 160.9 160.7 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(3)

11-48

178.4 179.3 179.6 1.5 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.2

Electronic components and accessories(3)

11-78

68.5 68.6 68.4 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Miscellaneous electrical machinery and equipment(3)

11-79

117.7 118.0 117.9 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.1

Internal combustion engines(3)

11-94

167.3 168.2 167.9 0.7 -0.2 0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Machine shop products(3)

11-95

183.7 183.7 183.8 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Concrete ingredients and related products

13-2

257.1 261.7 262.8 5.0 0.4 1.2 0.0 0.3

Concrete products

13-3

234.0 236.6 236.8 4.2 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.0

Prepared asphalt, tar roofing and siding products

13-61

227.8 224.1 224.4 -0.2 0.1 2.7 -1.4 -0.5

Paving mixtures and blocks(3)

13-94

326.9 322.1 319.1 -0.9 -0.9 -0.4 -1.3 -0.9

Motor vehicle parts(3)

14-12

125.9 126.1 126.2 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14-23

12/85

220.9 223.0 221.5 0.9 -0.7 -0.5 0.2 -0.6

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.(3)

14-25

06/85

181.7 183.3 183.2 1.2 -0.1 0.4 0.4 -0.1

Medical, surgical and personal aid devices

15-6

174.4 176.3 176.2 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.4 -0.2

Stage 4 intermediate demand services

04/10

108.7 109.3 109.7 1.7 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.5

Truck transportation of freight

30-12

06/09

115.4 112.9 113.6 -0.9 0.6 -0.7 -1.3 0.1

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30-16

06/09

128.7 131.4 130.6 1.2 -0.6 0.0 -1.1 -0.5

Warehousing, storage, and related services(3)

32-1

12/08

97.8 97.9 97.9 0.7 0.0 0.5 -0.2 0.0

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers

36-11

06/09

105.3 105.6 105.7 0.9 0.1 -1.0 0.3 0.3

Business wired telecommunication services(3)

37-12

06/09

95.8 95.9 96.7 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.8

Wireless telecommunication services

37-2

06/09

84.7 79.8 81.3 -7.7 1.9 -2.0 -5.0 2.3

Data processing and related services(3)

38-1

06/09

100.7 100.7 101.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Business loans (partial)(3)

39-11

04/09

198.8 194.4 195.4 -7.0 0.5 3.5 0.0 0.5

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.2 61.0 60.1 3.1 -1.5 1.1 -1.3 -1.5

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

101.9 102.7 102.8 -1.0 0.1 -4.5 1.3 0.1

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

178.3 181.3 188.7 9.5 4.1 -0.6 0.5 4.1

Investment banking(3)

40-3

12/08

142.4 144.8 144.2 4.4 -0.4 -0.7 1.1 -0.4

Insurance

41-11

06/09

111.4 111.3 111.7 0.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Annuities(3)

41-2

03/09

111.1 109.7 109.6 -0.6 -0.1 0.3 0.1 -0.1

Nonresidential real estate rents

43-11

06/09

106.4 106.3 106.9 2.8 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.7

Nonresidential property sales and leases(3)

43-12

12/08

108.6 109.7 109.8 4.7 0.1 0.8 -0.1 0.1

Nonresidential property management fees(3)

43-13

12/08

92.1 92.1 91.7 -2.3 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Residential property management fees(3)

43-22

12/08

106.5 107.2 107.8 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.6

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(3)

44-3

03/09

101.5 100.2 98.1 -2.2 -2.1 -1.3 -1.3 -2.1

Legal services

45-1

03/09

117.1 119.9 119.7 2.8 -0.2 -0.6 1.4 -0.1

Accounting services (partial)

45-2

06/09

103.6 105.3 105.0 3.8 -0.3 0.1 1.3 0.1

Architectural and engineering services

45-3

06/09

106.2 107.4 107.4 2.3 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.0

Management, scientific, and technical consulting(3)

45-4

06/09

104.9 105.8 105.3 1.5 -0.5 -1.0 1.7 -0.5

Advertising agency services(3)

45-51

12/08

106.7 107.2 107.2 2.7 0.0 0.1 2.1 0.0

Staffing services(3)

46-3

06/09

106.4 106.4 106.7 1.1 0.3 0.7 -0.9 0.3

Janitorial services(3)

49-1

03/09

107.3 107.5 107.4 1.9 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance(3)

55-1

03/09

116.0 116.6 116.7 1.6 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.1

Aircraft repair and maintenance

55-4

04/09

110.7 113.9 112.8 2.6 -1.0 2.1 0.4 -0.8

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(3)

57-11-02

03/09

112.0 111.7 111.3 4.6 -0.4 1.0 -0.1 -0.4

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling(3)

57-3

03/09

87.9 89.9 87.4 0.1 -2.8 1.7 0.0 -2.8

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(3)

57-4

03/09

135.0 138.2 138.4 -0.5 0.1 0.5 3.5 0.1

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

113.9 112.9 113.5 3.6 0.5 1.4 -0.4 0.5

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

113.4 116.0 117.2 0.9 1.0 0.1 0.9 1.0

Food and alcohol wholesaling(3)

57-8

06/09

104.9 102.6 104.4 8.0 1.8 0.4 -1.2 1.8

Metal treatment services(3)

59-1

12/84

180.5 181.2 181.5 1.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Stage 3 intermediate demand

11/09

116.3 110.1 110.9 -5.6 0.7 -2.4 -1.4 0.2

Stage 3 intermediate demand goods

04/10

114.8 103.7 105.0 -10.6 1.3 -4.2 -2.7 0.3

Corn

01-22-02

140.1 152.9 152.8 -18.3 -0.1 -4.3 1.1 -4.3

Slaughter cattle(3)

01-31

253.7 243.6 244.5 9.8 0.4 0.2 -1.2 0.4

Slaughter hogs

01-32

141.8 60.8 63.5 -55.1 4.4 -18.7 -21.9 -4.6

Slaughter poultry

01-4

276.7 231.3 253.9 -8.1 9.8 5.5 -14.7 3.4

Raw milk

01-6

171.9 122.8 118.1 -37.3 -3.8 -6.1 -12.5 -3.1

Bituminous coal and lignite

05-12

196.6 198.2 197.9 -3.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.6

Natural gas(3)

05-31

155.1 113.4 115.1 -45.3 1.5 -28.9 -11.2 1.5

Commercial electric power

05-42

188.4 191.5 190.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.8

Industrial electric power

05-43

210.7 221.0 217.9 1.4 -1.4 4.1 -0.3 -1.7

Commercial natural gas(3)

05-52

12/90

193.6 189.6 182.1 -15.8 -4.0 -3.1 -1.4 -4.0

Natural gas to electric utilities

05-54

12/90

168.5 169.8 168.8 -15.9 -0.6 -3.4 -0.2 -2.2

Gasoline

05-71

231.2 158.8 180.9 -37.6 13.9 -24.0 1.5 7.2

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

272.3 189.9 194.2 -39.0 2.3 -19.2 -1.5 2.1

Lubricating oil base stocks(3)

05-78

06/09

139.2 98.7 98.3 -46.0 -0.4 -19.1 5.3 -0.4

Basic inorganic chemicals(3)

06-13

267.1 277.1 273.5 0.5 -1.3 3.6 -0.7 -1.3

Basic organic chemicals(3)

06-14

277.5 235.6 240.6 -18.6 2.1 -11.5 -2.1 2.1

Paints and allied products(3)

06-2

273.9 279.5 270.0 -2.1 -3.4 -1.7 2.6 -3.4

Plastic resins and materials(3)

06-6

259.7 240.8 231.1 -9.9 -4.0 -4.7 -2.4 -4.0

Synthetic rubber(3)

07-11-02

216.7 195.3 195.0 -15.7 -0.2 -1.9 -6.1 -0.2

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes(3)

07-22

219.6 216.4 215.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3

Paper

09-13

192.7 192.6 190.7 -0.8 -1.0 0.5 -0.1 -1.0

Paperboard(3)

09-14

247.0 247.3 245.7 -1.6 -0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.6

Converted paper and paperboard products(3)

09-15

228.9 228.6 228.7 0.4 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Commercial printing(3)

09-47

06/82

169.9 170.0 169.8 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Foundry and forge shop products(3)

10-15

210.6 210.1 210.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.5 0.0

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

200.6 191.9 188.3 -4.8 -1.9 -1.2 -1.8 -1.9

Nonferrous metal ores(3)

10-21

12/83

300.5 286.3 288.4 -9.6 0.7 -1.3 -3.6 0.7

Nonferrous mill shapes(3)

10-25

204.2 197.5 198.0 0.7 0.3 -2.5 -1.3 0.3

Nonferrous foundry shop products(3)

10-28

210.9 210.4 210.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Metal containers(3)

10-3

151.4 151.9 151.7 1.2 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Structural, architectural, and pre-engineered metal products(3)

10-74

209.8 210.9 212.0 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5

Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers(3)

10-81

188.5 188.9 189.8 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5

Other miscellaneous metal products(3)

10-89

160.6 160.9 160.7 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

General purpose machinery and equipment(3)

11-4

223.9 225.5 225.5 1.6 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment(3)

11-7

113.8 113.9 113.9 0.2 0.0 0.3 -0.2 0.0

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

291.4 294.4 295.8 3.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.4

Cement(3)

13-22

211.3 219.6 220.1 9.5 0.2 3.6 0.0 0.2

Motor vehicle parts(3)

14-12

125.9 126.1 126.2 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Stage 3 intermediate demand services

04/10

108.1 108.3 108.3 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Rail transportation of freight and mail

30-11

12/08

120.9 118.4 116.3 -3.7 -1.8 -0.7 -1.4 -1.9

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30-16

06/09

128.7 131.4 130.6 1.2 -0.6 0.0 -1.1 -0.5

Airline passenger services

30-22

12/08

114.7 112.3 114.4 -2.6 1.9 -1.0 -2.8 -0.3

Arrangement of freight and cargo(3)

31-31

12/08

106.3 104.5 104.5 -3.0 0.0 0.0 -1.7 0.0

Freight forwarding(3)

31-32-01

12/08

98.5 98.3 98.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Warehousing, storage, and related services(3)

32-1

12/08

97.8 97.9 97.9 0.7 0.0 0.5 -0.2 0.0

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists

36-1

06/09

105.8 106.0 106.1 0.7 0.1 -0.8 0.3 0.2

Cable network advertising time sales

36-21-02

12/08

115.6 115.6 115.6 -2.2 0.0 -3.5 -0.4 0.7

Data processing and related services(3)

38-1

06/09

100.7 100.7 101.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Business loans (partial)(3)

39-11

04/09

198.8 194.4 195.4 -7.0 0.5 3.5 0.0 0.5

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.2 61.0 60.1 3.1 -1.5 1.1 -1.3 -1.5

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

101.9 102.7 102.8 -1.0 0.1 -4.5 1.3 0.1

Insurance

41-11

06/09

111.4 111.3 111.7 0.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Commissions from sales of insurance(3)

42-1

06/09

102.6 102.9 103.1 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Nonresidential real estate rents

43-11

06/09

106.4 106.3 106.9 2.8 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.7

Legal services

45-1

03/09

117.1 119.9 119.7 2.8 -0.2 -0.6 1.4 -0.1

Accounting services (partial)

45-2

06/09

103.6 105.3 105.0 3.8 -0.3 0.1 1.3 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting(3)

45-4

06/09

104.9 105.8 105.3 1.5 -0.5 -1.0 1.7 -0.5

Advertising agency services(3)

45-51

12/08

106.7 107.2 107.2 2.7 0.0 0.1 2.1 0.0

Permanent placement services(3)

46-1

03/09

111.4 113.0 113.8 5.2 0.7 -0.2 1.2 0.7

Staffing services(3)

46-3

06/09

106.4 106.4 106.7 1.1 0.3 0.7 -0.9 0.3

Security guard services(3)

48-1

03/09

104.4 105.2 105.0 2.2 -0.2 0.3 0.6 -0.2

Janitorial services(3)

49-1

03/09

107.3 107.5 107.4 1.9 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Metal treatment services(3)

59-1

12/84

180.5 181.2 181.5 1.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Stage 2 intermediate demand

11/09

107.0 99.9 99.5 -13.7 -0.4 -5.0 -0.2 -0.5

Stage 2 intermediate demand goods

04/10

100.5 87.4 86.4 -25.1 -1.1 -9.8 -0.6 -1.5

Corn

01-22-02

140.1 152.9 152.8 -18.3 -0.1 -4.3 1.1 -4.3

Alfalfa hay

01-81

339.4 341.3 303.8 -13.8 -11.0 11.1 -7.3 -11.2

Prepared animal feeds

02-9

208.0 200.7 198.8 -10.8 -0.9 -3.6 -2.8 -1.8

Natural gas(3)

05-31

155.1 113.4 115.1 -45.3 1.5 -28.9 -11.2 1.5

Liquefied petroleum gas(3)

05-32

208.2 153.0 152.5 -44.6 -0.3 -11.0 7.6 -0.3

Crude petroleum(3)

05-61

211.7 132.5 127.2 -55.0 -4.0 -30.6 12.3 -4.0

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

272.3 189.9 194.2 -39.0 2.3 -19.2 -1.5 2.1

Industrial chemicals(3)

06-1

275.1 241.8 245.4 -15.7 1.5 -9.1 -1.9 1.5

Plastic resins and materials(3)

06-6

259.7 240.8 231.1 -9.9 -4.0 -4.7 -2.4 -4.0

Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and wood chips(3)

08-5

244.7 247.0 245.8 1.6 -0.5 2.2 -0.1 -0.5

Paper

09-13

192.7 192.6 190.7 -0.8 -1.0 0.5 -0.1 -1.0

Paperboard, excluding corrugated paperboard(3)

09-14-11

12/82

262.3 262.6 260.7 -1.8 -0.7 0.2 0.0 -0.7

Iron and steel scrap(3)

10-12

484.6 383.5 355.9 -35.5 -7.2 0.3 -19.3 -7.2

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

200.6 191.9 188.3 -4.8 -1.9 -1.2 -1.8 -1.9

Nonferrous metal ores(3)

10-21

12/83

300.5 286.3 288.4 -9.6 0.7 -1.3 -3.6 0.7

Nonferrous mill shapes(3)

10-25

204.2 197.5 198.0 0.7 0.3 -2.5 -1.3 0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment(3)

11-7

113.8 113.9 113.9 0.2 0.0 0.3 -0.2 0.0

Electronic components and accessories(3)

11-78

68.5 68.6 68.4 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Stage 2 intermediate demand services

04/10

107.5 107.2 107.5 0.7 0.3 -0.5 0.2 0.2

Truck transportation of freight

30-12

06/09

115.4 112.9 113.6 -0.9 0.6 -0.7 -1.3 0.1

Pipeline transportation of petroleum products(3)

30-15-01

12/08

146.7 148.0 148.1 5.7 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1

U.S. Postal Service(3)

30-16-01

06/89

213.9 213.9 213.9 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Television advertising time sales

36-21

06/09

114.2 106.1 106.6 -5.1 0.5 -3.4 -1.1 -1.0

Radio advertising time sales(3)

36-3

03/09

102.2 95.1 94.0 -8.0 -1.2 -10.2 1.6 -1.2

Business wired telecommunication services(3)

37-12

06/09

95.8 95.9 96.7 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.8

Wireless telecommunication services

37-2

06/09

84.7 79.8 81.3 -7.7 1.9 -2.0 -5.0 2.3

Bundled wired telecommunications access services(3)

37-5

12/11

101.1 102.0 102.6 2.0 0.6 0.9 -0.1 0.6

Loan services (partial)(3)

39-1

06/09

135.1 132.0 135.1 -3.6 2.3 2.6 -0.6 2.3

Deposit services (partial)(3)

39-2

04/09

62.2 61.0 60.1 3.1 -1.5 1.1 -1.3 -1.5

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

101.9 102.7 102.8 -1.0 0.1 -4.5 1.3 0.1

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

178.3 181.3 188.7 9.5 4.1 -0.6 0.5 4.1

Insurance

41-11

06/09

111.4 111.3 111.7 0.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Nonresidential real estate services(3)

43-1

06/09

106.2 106.4 106.7 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Legal services

45-1

03/09

117.1 119.9 119.7 2.8 -0.2 -0.6 1.4 -0.1

Accounting services (partial)

45-2

06/09

103.6 105.3 105.0 3.8 -0.3 0.1 1.3 0.1

Architectural and engineering services

45-3

06/09

106.2 107.4 107.4 2.3 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.0

Management, scientific, and technical consulting(3)

45-4

06/09

104.9 105.8 105.3 1.5 -0.5 -1.0 1.7 -0.5

Staffing services(3)

46-3

06/09

106.4 106.4 106.7 1.1 0.3 0.7 -0.9 0.3

Traveler accommodation services

53-1

06/09

106.6 109.6 112.9 4.8 3.0 0.8 0.5 0.2

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance(3)

55-1

03/09

116.0 116.6 116.7 1.6 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.1

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(3)

57-11-02

03/09

112.0 111.7 111.3 4.6 -0.4 1.0 -0.1 -0.4

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling(3)

57-3

03/09

87.9 89.9 87.4 0.1 -2.8 1.7 0.0 -2.8

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(3)

57-4

03/09

135.0 138.2 138.4 -0.5 0.1 0.5 3.5 0.1

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

113.9 112.9 113.5 3.6 0.5 1.4 -0.4 0.5

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

113.4 116.0 117.2 0.9 1.0 0.1 0.9 1.0

Food and alcohol wholesaling(3)

57-8

06/09

104.9 102.6 104.4 8.0 1.8 0.4 -1.2 1.8

Stage 1 intermediate demand

11/09

113.2 107.7 107.8 -7.5 0.1 -3.3 -1.4 -0.2

Stage 1 intermediate demand goods

04/10

101.5 92.5 92.4 -13.9 -0.1 -5.7 -2.2 -0.4

Bituminous coal and lignite

05-12

196.6 198.2 197.9 -3.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.6

Commercial electric power

05-42

188.4 191.5 190.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.8

Industrial electric power

05-43

210.7 221.0 217.9 1.4 -1.4 4.1 -0.3 -1.7

Industrial natural gas

05-53

12/90

179.2 175.4 169.5 -19.6 -3.4 -2.9 -4.0 -4.5

Gasoline

05-71

231.2 158.8 180.9 -37.6 13.9 -24.0 1.5 7.2

No. 2 diesel fuel

05-73-03

272.3 189.9 194.2 -39.0 2.3 -19.2 -1.5 2.1

Lubricating oil base stocks(3)

05-78

06/09

139.2 98.7 98.3 -46.0 -0.4 -19.1 5.3 -0.4

Industrial chemicals(3)

06-1

275.1 241.8 245.4 -15.7 1.5 -9.1 -1.9 1.5

Plastic construction products(3)

07-21

212.1 212.3 214.2 1.1 0.9 -0.1 1.0 0.9

Wastepaper

09-12

328.1 306.1 306.6 -17.7 0.2 -3.1 -7.4 -3.9

Commercial printing(3)

09-47

06/82

169.9 170.0 169.8 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Iron and steel scrap(3)

10-12

484.6 383.5 355.9 -35.5 -7.2 0.3 -19.3 -7.2

Steel mill products(3)

10-17

200.6 191.9 188.3 -4.8 -1.9 -1.2 -1.8 -1.9

Primary nonferrous metals(3)

10-22

190.1 183.1 177.2 -7.0 -3.2 -3.3 -0.7 -3.2

Nonferrous scrap

10-23

383.2 358.6 349.5 -5.7 -2.5 -1.6 -5.0 -2.4

Nonferrous wire and cable(3)

10-26

251.4 243.5 243.5 -3.9 0.0 -3.3 0.8 0.0

Fabricated structural metal products

10-7

215.7 216.5 217.7 1.3 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.4

General purpose machinery and equipment(3)

11-4

223.9 225.5 225.5 1.6 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

291.4 294.4 295.8 3.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.4

Stage 1 intermediate demand services

04/10

111.8 112.6 113.0 1.6 0.4 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Rail transportation of freight and mail

30-11

12/08

120.9 118.4 116.3 -3.7 -1.8 -0.7 -1.4 -1.9

Truck transportation of freight

30-12

06/09

115.4 112.9 113.6 -0.9 0.6 -0.7 -1.3 0.1

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30-16

06/09

128.7 131.4 130.6 1.2 -0.6 0.0 -1.1 -0.5

Book, periodical, and newspaper publishing sales and subscriptions(3)

33-1

06/09

112.2 112.5 112.6 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists

36-1

06/09

105.8 106.0 106.1 0.7 0.1 -0.8 0.3 0.2

Business wired telecommunication services(3)

37-12

06/09

95.8 95.9 96.7 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.8

Wireless telecommunication services

37-2

06/09

84.7 79.8 81.3 -7.7 1.9 -2.0 -5.0 2.3

Data processing and related services(3)

38-1

06/09

100.7 100.7 101.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(3)

40-11

06/09

101.9 102.7 102.8 -1.0 0.1 -4.5 1.3 0.1

Portfolio management(3)

40-2

12/08

178.3 181.3 188.7 9.5 4.1 -0.6 0.5 4.1

Investment banking(3)

40-3

12/08

142.4 144.8 144.2 4.4 -0.4 -0.7 1.1 -0.4

Insurance

41-11

06/09

111.4 111.3 111.7 0.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Architectural and engineering services

45-3

06/09

106.2 107.4 107.4 2.3 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.0

Janitorial services(3)

49-1

03/09

107.3 107.5 107.4 1.9 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Waste collection

50-1

12/08

115.5 115.7 116.3 2.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.2

Traveler accommodation services

53-11

06/09

106.6 109.6 112.9 4.8 3.0 0.8 0.5 0.2

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance(3)

55-1

03/09

116.0 116.6 116.7 1.6 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.1

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(3)

57-11-02

03/09

112.0 111.7 111.3 4.6 -0.4 1.0 -0.1 -0.4

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling(3)

57-3

03/09

87.9 89.9 87.4 0.1 -2.8 1.7 0.0 -2.8

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(3)

57-4

03/09

135.0 138.2 138.4 -0.5 0.1 0.5 3.5 0.1

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(3)

57-5

03/09

113.9 112.9 113.5 3.6 0.5 1.4 -0.4 0.5

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(3)

57-6

03/09

113.4 116.0 117.2 0.9 1.0 0.1 0.9 1.0

Mining services(3)

60-1

06/85

261.8 256.8 254.4 -3.3 -0.9 -3.2 1.1 -0.9

Footnotes
(1) Further information about the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Aggregation system is available online at http://www.bls.gov/ppi/fdidaggregation.htm
(2) The indexes for November 2014 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Not seasonally adjusted.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: The term "(partial)" denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.


Table 7. Producer price indexes for selected final demand and intermediate demand categories, seasonally adjusted
[Nov 2009=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Other
index
base
Index(1)
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Final demand

111.4 111.1 110.9 110.0 109.5 109.7

Final demand goods

113.9 113.0 111.8 109.4 109.0 109.3

Final demand foods

122.5 122.6 122.6 121.3 119.4 118.5

Final demand energy

121.5 117.0 109.7 98.4 98.4 99.9

Final demand goods less foods and energy

109.8 109.7 109.9 109.7 109.6 109.8

Final demand services

109.8 109.8 110.2 110.0 109.5 109.6

Final demand trade services

111.9 111.5 112.3 112.9 111.2 111.0

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

117.9 118.3 118.0 117.1 115.4 115.2

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

107.9 108.0 108.2 107.8 108.1 108.4

Intermediate demand by commodity type

Processed goods for intermediate demand

00/82

201.0 198.9 196.2 190.8 189.7 189.5

Materials and components for manufacturing

00/82

188.4 186.5 185.0 180.8 179.5 178.8

Materials and components for construction

00/82

228.9 229.0 228.8 229.0 228.9 228.9

Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand

00/82

203.9 196.8 186.7 171.1 169.9 170.8

Containers for intermediate demand

00/82

218.7 219.9 220.8 220.5 220.2 220.2

Supplies for intermediate demand

00/82

194.1 194.4 194.3 193.2 192.5 191.8

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

00/82

237.7 234.7 223.8 202.7 194.8 191.5

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

00/82

209.9 213.5 201.7 198.0 184.8 182.3

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel

00/82

288.9 278.4 253.9 221.2 222.3 215.8

Unprocessed fuel

00/82

169.5 165.4 180.9 146.0 136.3 137.1

Services for intermediate demand

109.5 109.5 109.6 109.4 109.5 109.7

Trade services for intermediate demand

112.4 112.0 111.4 112.2 112.3 112.5

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

119.9 120.0 120.0 119.7 118.8 118.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

106.8 106.9 107.2 106.8 107.0 107.4

Intermediate demand by production flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand

111.5 111.2 110.8 110.0 109.9 110.0

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

110.1 110.1 110.0 109.7 109.4 109.1

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

111.8 111.5 111.2 110.6 110.6 110.9

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

112.3 111.8 110.5 108.7 108.7 108.9

Stage 3 intermediate demand

117.3 116.9 114.8 112.1 110.5 110.7

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

126.1 125.5 122.3 120.0 116.8 116.4

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

110.0 109.7 108.6 105.8 105.5 106.3

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

119.2 116.6 110.5 99.1 98.8 99.7

Stage 2 intermediate demand

108.6 107.2 105.4 100.1 99.9 99.4

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

109.4 107.2 104.3 94.5 93.9 92.6

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

106.8 106.7 106.7 106.0 106.1 106.4

Stage 1 intermediate demand

115.8 114.1 113.0 109.3 107.8 107.6

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

118.1 115.2 112.9 107.6 104.9 104.3

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

113.8 113.2 113.4 110.9 110.5 110.7

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

114.2 113.5 111.7 110.3 110.3 110.6

Special groupings

Final demand less foods and energy

04/10

108.7 108.7 109.0 108.9 108.4 108.6

Final demand less foods

04/10

109.1 108.8 108.6 107.8 107.4 107.6

Final demand less energy

04/10

109.2 109.2 109.5 109.3 108.8 108.9

Total finished(2)

01/10

110.3 110.1 110.0 109.2 108.8 109.1

Total exports

04/10

108.9 108.8 108.4 107.2 106.3 106.1

Total Government purchases

04/10

109.0 108.3 107.6 105.8 105.4 105.5

Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction)

04/10

107.4 107.5 107.7 107.8 107.5 107.5

Finished goods(2)

00/82

200.9 199.2 197.0 192.8 192.6 193.6

Processed materials less foods and feeds

00/82

200.4 198.1 195.2 189.8 188.9 188.8

Processed foods and feeds

00/82

209.9 210.0 209.6 204.3 200.5 198.8

Processed energy goods

00/82

206.1 198.6 187.4 171.8 170.7 171.6

Processed materials less foods and energy

00/82

195.7 194.8 194.3 191.8 191.0 190.6

Unprocessed materials less agricultural products

00/82

250.2 241.4 231.4 195.6 191.8 188.7

Unprocessed energy materials

00/82

208.9 199.9 188.8 144.3 145.6 143.5

Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy

00/82

337.1 331.8 330.5 328.1 310.9 303.7

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

110.3 109.7 108.7 107.3 106.9 106.7

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

04/10

108.8 108.8 109.0 109.0 109.2 109.7

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

116.5 115.6 112.0 107.3 104.4 104.7

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

04/10

108.1 108.3 108.2 108.1 108.2 108.2

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

103.3 100.9 97.7 88.1 87.6 86.3

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

04/10

107.5 107.4 107.4 106.9 107.1 107.3

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

105.3 102.8 100.5 94.8 92.7 92.3

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

04/10

112.3 112.0 112.9 112.9 112.6 112.8

Footnotes
(1) All seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change up to 5 years after original publication due to the recalculation of seasonal factors each January. The indexes for November 2014 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents.
(2) PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.


Table 8. Producer price indexes for selected commodity groupings, not seasonally adjusted
[1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Other
index
base
Index Percent change to Mar. 2015
from:
Nov. 2014(1) Feb. 2015(1) Mar. 2015(1) Mar. 2014 Feb. 2015

Goods

All commodities

200.9 191.1 191.6 -7.4 0.3

Farm products, processed foods and feeds

209.8 198.0 197.7 -5.6 -0.2

Farm products

01

196.1 173.9 174.4 -14.6 0.3

Processed foods and feeds

02

217.0 210.0 209.4 -1.6 -0.3

Industrial commodities

198.9 189.5 190.1 -7.8 0.3

Textile products and apparel

03

145.1 144.3 144.4 -0.8 0.1

Hides, skins, leather, and related products

04

232.7 224.7 225.6 -0.6 0.4

Fuels and related products and power

05

190.3 160.1 163.0 -25.5 1.8

Chemicals and allied products

06

277.3 266.5 266.0 -5.3 -0.2

Rubber and plastic products

07

190.2 188.8 188.3 -1.1 -0.3

Lumber and wood products

08

225.2 224.6 223.8 0.1 -0.4

Pulp, paper, and allied products

09

250.4 250.3 249.6 -0.5 -0.3

Metals and metal products

10

213.3 207.1 205.5 -4.1 -0.8

Machinery and equipment

11

136.5 136.9 137.0 0.7 0.1

Furniture and household durables

12

164.0 164.1 164.5 1.2 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

13

225.8 227.8 227.8 2.6 0.0

Transportation equipment

14

175.5 175.8 176.6 1.5 0.5

Miscellaneous products

15

243.2 246.1 246.2 1.8 0.0

Industrial commodities less fuels

197.4 195.3 195.1 -1.1 -0.1

Other commodity groupings

Petroleum products, refined

057

240.2 168.5 182.9 -37.8 8.5

Industrial chemicals

061

275.1 241.8 245.4 -15.7 1.5

Rubber and rubber products

071

178.0 174.2 174.1 -4.2 -0.1

Lumber

081

211.2 207.4 204.6 -6.3 -1.4

Iron and steel

101

226.3 210.0 204.7 -11.5 -2.5

Nonferrous metals

102

240.2 231.4 230.0 -3.8 -0.6

General purpose machinery and equipment

114

223.9 225.5 225.5 1.6 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment

117

113.8 113.9 113.9 0.2 0.0

Electronic components and accessories

1178

68.5 68.6 68.4 -0.3 -0.3

Aircraft and aircraft equipment

142

263.6 265.9 265.1 1.2 -0.3

Services and construction

Transportation services

30

06/09

122.5 121.3 121.6 -0.8 0.2

Services related to transportation activities

31

06/09

110.3 109.2 109.2 -1.2 0.0

Warehousing, storage, and related activities

32

12/08

97.8 97.9 97.9 0.7 0.0

Publishing sales, excluding software

33

06/09

110.6 110.9 111.0 1.9 0.1

Software publishing

34

06/09

90.7 90.7 90.2 -1.0 -0.6

Network compensation from broadcast and cable television and radio

35

06/09

115.1 117.7 117.7 6.9 0.0

Advertising space and time sales

36

06/09

105.9 102.5 102.8 -2.4 0.3

Telecommunication, cable, and internet user services

37

06/09

100.9 100.1 100.7 -0.8 0.6

Data processing and related services

38

06/09

100.7 100.7 101.1 0.0 0.4

Credit intermediation services (partial)

39

06/09

88.9 86.8 87.8 -1.8 1.2

Investment services

40

06/09

127.0 128.5 130.4 3.2 1.5

Insurance and annuities

41

06/09

111.0 110.7 111.0 0.6 0.3

Commissions and fees from sales and administration of insurance policies (partial)

42

06/09

102.6 102.9 103.1 0.9 0.2

Real estate services (partial)

43

06/09

109.0 109.3 109.5 2.5 0.2

Rental and leasing of goods (partial)

44

06/09

95.9 97.4 98.7 -6.0 1.3

Professional services (partial)

45

06/09

109.9 111.6 111.4 2.5 -0.2

Employment services

46

06/09

106.7 106.8 107.1 1.3 0.3

Travel arrangement services

47

06/09

103.2 102.2 101.5 0.6 -0.7

Selected security services (partial)

48

03/09

104.4 105.2 105.0 2.2 -0.2

Cleaning and building maintenance services (partial)

49

03/09

107.3 107.5 107.4 1.9 -0.1

Waste collection and remediation services (partial)

50

12/08

115.5 115.7 116.3 2.0 0.5

Health care services

51

06/09

112.6 112.8 112.7 0.8 -0.1

Education services (partial)

52

12/08

103.2 103.3 103.4 2.3 0.1

Accommodation services

53

06/09

106.6 109.6 112.9 4.8 3.0

Food and beverages for immediate consumption services (partial)

54

06/09

112.1 112.9 112.8 2.3 -0.1

Repair and maintenance services (partial)

55

06/09

117.6 118.3 117.6 1.3 -0.6

Entertainment services (partial)

56

06/09

107.6 108.7 110.6 3.8 1.7

Wholesale trade services

57

06/09

110.4 110.4 110.4 1.7 0.0

Retail trade services

58

06/09

113.1 112.3 113.0 1.4 0.6

Metal treatment services

59

12/84

180.5 181.2 181.5 1.7 0.2

Mining services

60

06/85

261.8 256.8 254.4 -3.3 -0.9

Contract work on textile products, apparel, and leather

61

06/10

105.5 106.6 106.2 2.1 -0.4

Construction (partial)

80

06/09

108.2 108.8 108.8 1.9 0.0

Footnotes
(1) The indexes for November 2014 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: The term "(partial)" denotes incomplete coverage of the index category.


Last Modified Date: April 14, 2015
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