Economic News Release

Table 2. Percent change in labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data, 1987-2014

Table 2. Average annual percent change in labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data, 1987-2014
Industry 2012 NAICS code Average annual percent change, 1987-2014
Labor productivity Output Hours Labor compensation Unit labor costs

Wholesale Trade

Wholesale trade

42

3.1 3.5 0.3 4.2 0.7

Durable goods

423

4.9 4.9 0.0 4.1 -0.8

Motor vehicles and parts

4231

3.9 3.5 -0.4 3.5 0.0

Furniture and furnishings

4232

2.1 1.6 -0.5 3.7 2.0

Lumber and construction supplies

4233

1.4 1.5 0.1 2.8 1.3

Commercial equipment

4234

12.7 12.9 0.2 4.4 -7.5

Metals and minerals

4235

-0.2 0.1 0.3 3.7 3.7

Appliances and electric goods

4236

8.3 7.8 -0.5 4.2 -3.4

Hardware and plumbing

4237

1.8 2.3 0.5 4.2 1.8

Machinery and supplies

4238

2.3 2.3 0.0 4.2 1.8

Miscellaneous durable goods

4239

1.3 2.0 0.7 4.5 2.4

Nondurable goods

424

1.7 1.8 0.1 4.3 2.4

Paper and paper products

4241

1.3 0.6 -0.7 2.8 2.2

Druggists' goods

4242

4.1 5.2 1.1 8.2 2.8

Apparel and piece goods

4243

2.8 2.3 -0.4 3.2 0.9

Grocery and related products

4244

1.2 1.9 0.6 4.3 2.4

Farm product raw materials

4245

1.8 0.1 -1.6 3.9 3.8

Chemicals

4246

0.8 1.1 0.3 4.2 3.0

Petroleum

4247

2.8 1.2 -1.5 3.2 2.0

Alcoholic beverages

4248

-0.1 1.8 1.9 5.1 3.2

Miscellaneous nondurable goods

4249

0.3 -0.1 -0.4 3.0 3.1

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

425

0.7 3.0 2.3 4.7 1.7

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

4251

0.7 3.0 2.3 4.7 1.7

Retail Trade

Retail trade

44-45

2.8 3.2 0.4 3.3 0.0

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

441

2.1 2.9 0.7 3.5 0.7

Automobile dealers

4411

2.2 2.9 0.7 3.6 0.6

Other motor vehicle dealers

4412

2.7 3.5 0.7 4.3 0.8

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

4413

1.0 1.8 0.8 3.2 1.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

442

3.7 3.5 -0.2 2.6 -0.9

Furniture stores

4421

3.3 3.0 -0.3 2.3 -0.6

Home furnishings stores

4422

4.3 4.2 -0.2 2.9 -1.2

Electronics and appliance stores

443

11.3 12.1 0.7 3.3 -7.8

Electronics and appliance stores

4431

11.3 12.1 0.7 3.3 -7.8

Building material and garden supply stores

444

2.5 3.2 0.6 3.3 0.1

Building material and supplies dealers

4441

2.4 3.1 0.8 3.4 0.2

Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores

4442

3.4 3.4 0.0 2.5 -0.9

Food and beverage stores

445

0.3 0.3 0.0 2.9 2.5

Grocery stores

4451

0.2 0.3 0.1 3.1 2.8

Specialty food stores

4452

0.2 -0.3 -0.5 1.8 2.1

Beer, wine and liquor stores

4453

2.2 1.2 -1.0 1.7 0.6

Health and personal care stores

446

2.2 3.2 1.0 4.6 1.3

Health and personal care stores

4461

2.2 3.2 1.0 4.6 1.3

Gasoline stations

447

1.5 1.0 -0.5 2.3 1.3

Gasoline stations

4471

1.5 1.0 -0.5 2.3 1.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

448

4.1 3.8 -0.3 2.7 -1.1

Clothing stores

4481

4.5 4.3 -0.2 2.8 -1.5

Shoe stores

4482

3.0 2.6 -0.4 1.9 -0.7

Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores

4483

3.2 2.8 -0.4 2.9 0.1

Sports, hobby, music instruments, book stores

451

3.5 4.0 0.4 3.3 -0.6

Sporting goods and musical instrument stores

4511

4.1 4.8 0.7 3.7 -1.1

Book stores and news dealers

4512

1.7 0.9 -0.9 1.7 0.9

General merchandise stores

452

3.1 4.5 1.3 3.6 -0.9

Department stores

4521

0.7 1.0 0.3 1.8 0.8

Other general merchandise stores

4529

5.4 7.9 2.4 5.5 -2.3

Miscellaneous store retailers

453

3.2 3.2 -0.1 2.2 -1.0

Florists

4531

2.3 -0.1 -2.3 0.3 0.3

Office supplies, stationery and gift stores

4532

5.2 4.2 -1.0 1.6 -2.5

Used merchandise stores

4533

4.8 6.3 1.4 3.9 -2.2

Other miscellaneous store retailers

4539

1.1 2.2 1.1 2.5 0.3

Nonstore retailers

454

7.9 8.6 0.7 4.2 -4.1

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses

4541

9.9 14.2 3.9 8.1 -5.4

Vending machine operators

4542

0.2 -2.3 -2.6 0.5 3.0

Direct selling establishments

4543

2.3 0.9 -1.4 1.3 0.4

Food Services and Drinking Places

Food services and drinking places

722

0.4 2.0 1.6 5.1 3.1

Special food services

7223

1.1 2.4 1.3 3.6 1.2

Drinking places, alcoholic beverages

7224

-0.3 -0.7 -0.3 2.6 3.2

Restaurants and other eating places

7225

0.4 2.2 1.8 5.5 3.3

Restaurants and other eating places

72251

0.4 2.2 1.8 5.5 3.3

Full-service restaurants

722511

0.5 2.2 1.7 5.9 3.7

Limited-service eating places

722513,4,5

0.3 2.1 1.9 5.0 2.8