Economic News Release

Table 2. Average annual percent change in labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data, 1987-2012

Table 2. Average annual percent change in labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data, 1987-2012
Industry NAICS code Average annual percent change, 1987-2012
Labor productivity Output Hours Labor compensation Unit labor costs

Mining Industries

Mining

21

-0.5 0.4 0.9 5.5 5.0

Oil and gas extraction

211

0.1 0.3 0.2 5.8 5.5

Oil and gas extraction

2111

0.1 0.3 0.2 5.8 5.5

Mining, except oil and gas

212

1.3 0.2 -1.0 2.3 2.1

Coal mining

2121

1.3 -0.5 -1.8 1.2 1.7

Metal ore mining

2122

0.1 1.0 0.9 5.2 4.2

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

2123

1.3 0.3 -1.0 2.5 2.2

Support activities for mining

213

1.7 4.8 3.1 8.6 3.6

Support activities for mining

2131

1.7 4.8 3.1 8.6 3.6

Utilities

Power generation and supply

2211

1.7 0.5 -1.2 2.8 2.3

Natural gas distribution

2212

2.6 1.2 -1.4 3.4 2.2

Water, sewage and other systems(1)

2213

-0.5 1.0 1.5 5.6 4.5

Transportation and Warehousing

Air transportation

481

3.2 2.6 -0.6 2.9 0.3

Line-haul railroads

482111

3.8 2.0 -1.7 1.5 -0.4

Truck transportation(1)

484

0.4 1.8 1.3 2.7 0.9

General freight trucking(1)

4841

1.1 2.3 1.1 3.2 0.9

General freight trucking, local(1)

48411

2.8 3.6 0.9 3.8 0.1

General freight trucking, long-distance

48412

1.2 2.2 1.0 2.4 0.2

Used household and office goods moving

48421

-1.6 -1.0 0.6 2.0 3.1

Postal service

491

0.7 -0.5 -1.3 2.9 3.5

Postal service

4911

0.7 -0.5 -1.3 2.9 3.5

Couriers and messengers

492

-0.8 1.1 1.9 4.9 3.8

Warehousing and storage(1)

493

2.7 5.9 3.0 5.3 -0.5

Warehousing and storage(1)

4931

2.7 5.9 3.0 5.3 -0.5

General warehousing and storage(1)

49311

4.9 8.1 3.0 5.8 -2.1

Refrigerated warehousing and storage(1)

49312

-0.3 2.9 3.2 4.4 1.4

Information

Publishing

511

3.8 3.4 -0.3 4.9 1.4

Newspaper, book, and directory publishers

5111

0.1 -1.8 -1.9 2.1 4.0

Newspaper publishers

51111

-1.0 -3.8 -2.8 0.5 4.4

Periodical publishers

51112

0.6 -0.1 -0.7 3.8 3.8

Book publishers

51113

-0.3 -0.8 -0.5 4.4 5.2

Software publishers

5112

12.5 19.1 5.9 11.3 -6.6

Motion picture and video exhibition

51213

1.8 1.8 0.1 3.4 1.6

Broadcasting, except Internet

515

2.2 2.6 0.4 4.6 1.9

Radio and television broadcasting

5151

1.3 0.8 -0.5 3.3 2.5

Radio broadcasting

51511

3.5 2.5 -1.0 3.9 1.4

Cable and other subscription programming

5152

3.8 7.3 3.3 10.1 2.6

Wired telecommunications carriers

5171

4.3 3.3 -1.0 1.9 -1.3

Wireless telecommunications carriers

5172

10.9 20.3 8.5 12.0 -6.9

Finance and Insurance

Commercial banking

52211

3.6 3.6 0.0 5.5 1.9

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Passenger car rental

532111

2.4 2.8 0.4 4.9 2.0

Truck, trailer and RV rental and leasing

53212

2.5 1.9 -0.6 3.1 1.1

Video tape and disc rental

53223

6.7 0.7 -5.6 -1.6 -2.4

Professional and Technical Services

Offices of certified public accountants(2)

541211

1.9 2.3 0.5 5.3 2.9

Tax preparation services

541213

0.5 2.4 1.9 4.5 2.0

Architectural services

54131

1.3 1.9 0.7 4.1 2.1

Engineering services

54133

0.7 2.4 1.7 6.1 3.5

Advertising agencies

54181

2.4 2.8 0.4 4.7 1.9

Photography studios, portrait

541921

0.9 1.6 0.8 3.5 1.9

Administrative and Waste Services

Employment placement agencies(3)

561311

6.2 7.1 0.8 6.0 -1.0

Travel arrangement and reservation services(2)

5615

6.6 3.5 -2.9 1.6 -1.8

Travel agencies

56151

5.6 4.0 -1.5 3.3 -0.6

Janitorial services

56172

1.8 3.4 1.6 5.2 1.7

Health Care and Social Assistance

Medical and diagnostic laboratories(3)

6215

2.4 5.7 3.3 6.0 0.2

Medical laboratories(3)

621511

2.2 5.4 3.2 5.5 0.1

Diagnostic imaging centers(3)

621512

2.7 6.3 3.6 7.0 0.7

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Amusement and theme parks

71311

-0.9 2.2 3.1 6.4 4.1

Golf courses and country clubs(4)

71391

-0.7 0.0 0.7 4.2 4.2

Fitness and recreational sports centers(4)

71394

4.9 3.9 -1.0 2.6 -1.2

Bowling centers

71395

0.0 -1.7 -1.7 1.1 2.8

Accommodation and Food Services

Accommodation and food services

72

0.8 2.1 1.3 5.0 2.9

Accommodation

721

1.7 2.3 0.6 4.5 2.2

Traveler accommodation

7211

1.7 2.3 0.6 4.6 2.2

Hotels and motels, except casino hotels

72111

1.0 1.6 0.6 4.6 3.0

Food services and drinking places

722

0.5 2.0 1.5 5.2 3.1

Full-service restaurants

7221

0.5 2.1 1.6 6.0 3.8

Limited-service eating places

7222

0.5 2.2 1.7 5.0 2.7

Special food services

7223

1.4 2.4 1.0 3.7 1.3

Drinking places, alcoholic beverages

7224

-0.1 -0.7 -0.5 2.6 3.3

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

8111

0.9 1.2 0.3 3.6 2.4

Reupholstery and furniture repair

81142

-0.8 -3.3 -2.4 0.5 3.8

Personal care services

8121

2.3 3.4 1.0 5.2 1.7

Hair, nail and skin care services

81211

2.3 3.0 0.7 4.9 1.9

Funeral homes and funeral services

81221

-0.4 -0.5 -0.1 3.7 4.2

Drycleaning and laundry services

8123

1.5 0.6 -0.9 2.6 2.0

Coin-operated laundries and drycleaners

81231

1.8 0.4 -1.4 2.7 2.3

Drycleaning and laundry services

81232

0.7 -1.1 -1.7 1.3 2.4

Linen and uniform supply

81233

1.5 2.2 0.6 4.0 1.8

Photofinishing

81292

3.5 -3.7 -6.9 -2.9 0.8

Footnotes
(1) For NAICS industries 2213, 484, 4841, 48411, 493, 4931, 49311, and 49312, average annual percent changes are for 1992-2012.
(2) For NAICS industries 541211 and 5615, average annual percent changes are for 1997-2012.
(3) For NAICS industries 561311, 6215, 621511, and 621512, average annual percent changes are for 1994-2012.
(4) For NAICS industries 71391 and 71394, average annual percent changes are for 2002-2012.