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Table 2. Industry multifactor productivity and related data, average annual compound rates of change, 1987-2011


Table 2. Industry multifactor productivity and related data, average annual compound rates of change, 1987-2011

                                                                                    Percent change
                                                             -----------------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                       Multifactor           Combined  Labor          Intermediate
  code                                                       productivity  Output   inputs   Hours  Capital  purchases

                              Manufacturing

3111         Animal food                                           0.2       1.7      1.5    -0.5      1.7       1.7
3112         Grain and oilseed milling                             0.2       1.0      0.7    -0.7      0.6       0.9
3113         Sugar and confectionery products                      0.0      -0.1     -0.1    -1.1      0.8      -0.4
3114         Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty          0.2       0.9      0.8    -0.1      1.2       0.8
3115         Dairy products                                       -0.1       1.0      1.2    -0.6      1.6       1.3
3116         Animal slaughtering and processing                    0.5       2.0      1.5     1.0      2.1       1.5
3117         Seafood product preparation and packaging            -0.5      -0.1      0.5    -0.8      1.2       0.6
3118         Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing                  -1.0       0.2      1.2    -0.3      1.3       1.9
3119         Other food products                                   0.6       2.0      1.4     1.3      1.2       1.5

3121         Beverages                                             0.7       1.4      0.7    -0.3      0.6       0.9
3122         Tobacco and tobacco products                         -1.2      -3.3     -2.1    -4.7     -2.1      -2.8

3131         Fiber, yarn, and thread mills                        -0.5      -2.7     -2.3    -5.2     -1.8      -1.6
3132         Fabric mills                                          1.1      -2.6     -3.6    -6.6     -2.0      -2.7
3133         Textile and fabric finishing mills                    0.6      -3.2     -3.8    -4.9     -2.0      -3.8

3141         Textile furnishings mills                            -0.4      -2.7     -2.2    -3.2     -0.8      -2.6
3149         Other textile product mills                           0.4      -0.6     -0.9    -2.6      1.1      -0.7

3151         Apparel knitting mills                               -0.8      -7.6     -6.8    -7.3     -2.6      -7.7
3152         Cut and sew apparel                                  -2.2      -7.9     -5.9    -7.0     -2.5      -6.8
3159         Accessories and other apparel                        -1.3      -6.8     -5.6    -5.5     -1.9      -5.9

3161         Leather and hide tanning and finishing               -0.2      -3.4     -3.2    -5.1     -2.1      -3.0
3162         Footwear                                              0.5      -5.6     -6.1    -7.7     -3.1      -5.8
3169         Other leather products                               -0.4      -3.8     -3.5    -4.2     -1.3      -4.2

3211         Sawmills and wood preservation                        0.6      -0.3     -0.9    -2.4     -0.9       0.1
3212         Plywood and engineered wood products                  0.0      -1.2     -1.2    -2.2      0.6      -0.8
3219         Other wood products                                  -0.4      -1.0     -0.6    -2.0      0.9      -0.1

3221         Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills                    -0.1      -0.4     -0.3    -3.2     -0.9       1.0
3222         Converted paper products                              0.0       0.0      0.0    -1.4      0.8       0.2

3231         Printing and related support activities               0.0      -0.7     -0.6    -2.1      1.4      -0.2

3241         Petroleum and coal products                           0.1       1.2      1.1    -1.4      1.1       1.3

3251         Basic chemicals                                      -1.0       0.3      1.3    -2.1      0.4       2.3
3252         Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers                  0.2       0.4      0.2    -1.9      0.3       0.5
3253         Agricultural chemicals                                0.7       0.3     -0.3    -1.7     -0.9       0.2
3254         Pharmaceuticals and medicines                        -1.5       2.1      3.7     1.9      4.5       3.5
3255         Paints, coatings, and adhesives                      -1.0      -0.7      0.4    -1.9      0.2       1.0
3256         Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries             0.3       1.8      1.5    -0.7      1.8       1.7
3259         Other chemical products and preparations             -0.7       0.0      0.7    -2.3      0.2       1.9

3261         Plastics products                                     0.1       1.3      1.2    -0.4      2.5       1.5
3262         Rubber products                                       0.6       0.4     -0.2    -1.9      0.1       0.7

3271         Clay products and refractories                       -0.1      -1.8     -1.7    -2.6     -1.1      -1.0
3272         Glass and glass products                              1.0       0.1     -0.9    -2.2     -0.1      -0.4
3273         Cement and concrete products                         -0.6      -0.5      0.1    -0.6      0.5       0.4
3274         Lime and gypsum products                             -0.3      -0.9     -0.6    -2.1      0.5      -0.6
3279         Other nonmetallic mineral products                    0.8       0.8      0.0    -0.9     -0.1       0.5

3311         Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy production        0.8       1.8      1.0    -2.3     -1.9       3.0
3312         Steel products from purchased steel                  -0.8      -1.1     -0.3    -0.5     -1.8       0.0
3313         Alumina and aluminum production                      -0.2       0.0      0.2    -2.6     -0.8       1.2
3314         Other nonferrous metal production                    -0.5      -1.2     -0.6    -2.2     -0.2      -0.3
3315         Foundries                                            -0.2      -0.2      0.0    -2.2     -0.5       1.6

3321         Forging and stamping                                  0.9       1.3      0.4    -1.4      1.2       1.2
3322         Cutlery and hand tools                                0.4      -0.6     -1.0    -2.7     -0.3       0.0
3323         Architectural and structural metals                  -0.5       0.5      0.9    -0.1      1.0       1.5
3324         Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers               0.3       0.0     -0.3    -0.7     -0.4      -0.2
3325         Hardware                                             -1.2      -3.5     -2.3    -4.0     -0.9      -1.6
3326         Spring and wire products                              0.7       0.0     -0.7    -2.7      0.5       0.1
3327         Machine shops and threaded products                   1.0       2.7      1.7     0.7      2.2       2.5
3328         Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals          1.3       2.7      1.4    -0.2      1.6       2.2
3329         Other fabricated metal products                      -0.1       0.3      0.4    -1.1      0.5       1.4

3331         Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery       0.9       3.2      2.3     0.4      0.6       3.4
3332         Industrial machinery                                  0.6       1.3      0.7    -1.3      1.5       1.8
3333         Commercial and service industry machinery            -0.6      -0.5      0.1    -2.0      0.1       1.2
3334         HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment           0.5       1.1      0.5    -1.0      1.3       1.0
3335         Metalworking machinery                                0.9       0.4     -0.6    -1.8      0.4       0.4
3336         Turbine and power transmission equipment              0.1       1.5      1.4    -0.4      0.9       2.5
3339         Other general purpose machinery                       0.5       1.6      1.0    -1.1      0.5       2.4

3341         Computer and peripheral equipment                    14.3      13.4     -0.8    -4.3      0.9      -0.7
3342         Communications equipment                              1.3       2.3      1.0    -2.8      3.2       2.5
3343         Audio and video equipment                             1.3      -2.4     -3.6    -4.6     -0.4      -3.8
3344         Semiconductors and electronic components             13.7      14.2      0.4    -1.6      6.0      -2.2
3345         Electronic instruments                                0.6       1.8      1.3    -2.1      1.1       3.7
3346         Magnetic media manufacturing and reproduction         2.4      -0.8     -3.1    -2.1      0.5      -4.1

3351         Electric lighting equipment                           0.2      -0.5     -0.7    -2.6      0.2      -0.1
3352         Household appliances                                  1.4      -0.2     -1.6    -3.5     -0.7      -1.2
3353         Electrical equipment                                  0.0      -0.3     -0.3    -2.4     -0.8       1.2
3359         Other electrical equipment and components             0.3       0.0     -0.2    -2.1      0.1       0.4

3361         Motor vehicles                                        0.5       1.3      0.9    -2.6      0.8       1.3
3362         Motor vehicle bodies and trailers                    -0.4       0.5      0.9    -0.5      0.9       1.3
3363         Motor vehicle parts                                   0.9       1.9      1.0    -1.3      0.0       1.9
3364         Aerospace products and parts                         -0.6      -0.3      0.4    -2.1      0.3       1.9
3365         Railroad rolling stock                                1.2       4.1      2.9    -1.0      0.1       4.6
3366         Ship and boat building                               -0.2       0.6      0.7    -1.7      0.2       2.2
3369         Other transportation equipment                        1.7       5.0      3.2    -0.4      3.2       4.2

3371         Household and institutional furniture                -0.1      -1.3     -1.2    -2.5      0.4      -0.6
3372         Office furniture and fixtures                         0.1      -0.3     -0.4    -1.6      0.8      -0.2
3379         Other furniture-related products                      1.1       1.2      0.1    -1.2     -0.1       0.5

3391         Medical equipment and supplies                        1.4       4.3      2.9     0.9      4.6       3.0
3399         Other miscellaneous manufacturing                     0.5       0.7      0.2    -1.6      1.1       0.8

                           Transportation

481          Air Transportation                                    1.3       2.7      1.4    -0.4      3.7       2.0
482111       Line-Haul Railroads                                   1.9       2.0      0.1    -1.8      0.0       2.0

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 25, 2013
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