Economic News Release

Table 3. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry

Table 3. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2013 2014
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

47,723 5,726 12.0 6,490 13.6 48,890 5,835 11.9 6,612 13.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

18,334 804 4.4 961 5.2 18,717 870 4.6 1,016 5.4

Management occupations

12,174 493 4.1 596 4.9 12,550 562 4.5 653 5.2

Business and financial operations occupations

6,159 311 5.0 365 5.9 6,168 308 5.0 362 5.9

Professional and related occupations

29,389 4,922 16.7 5,529 18.8 30,173 4,965 16.5 5,597 18.5

Computer and mathematical occupations

3,767 163 4.3 208 5.5 4,057 169 4.2 223 5.5

Architecture and engineering occupations

2,666 194 7.3 224 8.4 2,635 160 6.1 190 7.2

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,178 118 10.0 147 12.5 1,232 122 9.9 149 12.1

Community and social service occupations

2,263 361 16.0 390 17.2 2,373 358 15.1 396 16.7

Legal occupations

1,424 76 5.4 88 6.2 1,440 86 6.0 107 7.5

Education, training, and library occupations

8,457 2,986 35.3 3,304 39.1 8,437 2,976 35.3 3,279 38.9

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

2,043 120 5.9 138 6.8 2,071 117 5.6 137 6.6

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

7,591 903 11.9 1,029 13.6 7,928 977 12.3 1,115 14.1

Service occupations

23,390 2,491 10.6 2,701 11.5 23,481 2,498 10.6 2,740 11.7

Healthcare support occupations

3,364 314 9.3 347 10.3 3,326 305 9.2 346 10.4

Protective service occupations

3,107 1,096 35.3 1,160 37.3 3,128 1,103 35.3 1,166 37.3

Food preparation and serving related occupations

8,037 341 4.2 375 4.7 8,021 338 4.2 389 4.9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

4,708 488 10.4 534 11.3 4,916 504 10.2 560 11.4

Personal care and service occupations

4,174 252 6.0 285 6.8 4,090 248 6.1 279 6.8

Sales and office occupations

30,637 2,008 6.6 2,220 7.2 30,903 2,023 6.5 2,277 7.4

Sales and related occupations

13,316 381 2.9 437 3.3 13,529 415 3.1 499 3.7

Office and administrative support occupations

17,321 1,627 9.4 1,783 10.3 17,374 1,608 9.3 1,778 10.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

11,195 1,866 16.7 2,000 17.9 11,627 1,782 15.3 1,909 16.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

861 18 2.1 22 2.5 935 24 2.5 30 3.2

Construction and extraction occupations

5,809 1,119 19.3 1,181 20.3 6,196 1,104 17.8 1,167 18.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,525 729 16.1 797 17.6 4,496 655 14.6 711 15.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

16,165 2,438 15.1 2,617 16.2 16,530 2,438 14.8 2,614 15.8

Production occupations

7,936 1,070 13.5 1,156 14.6 8,098 1,066 13.2 1,150 14.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,229 1,367 16.6 1,461 17.8 8,432 1,372 16.3 1,464 17.4

INDUSTRY

Private sector

108,681 7,318 6.7 8,128 7.5 111,228 7,359 6.6 8,224 7.4

Agriculture and related industries

1,096 11 1.0 13 1.2 1,199 14 1.1 19 1.6

Nonagricultural industries

107,585 7,307 6.8 8,114 7.5 110,028 7,345 6.7 8,205 7.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1,026 55 5.4 67 6.6 1,040 50 4.8 61 5.9

Construction

6,474 915 14.1 967 14.9 6,968 968 13.9 1,023 14.7

Manufacturing

14,195 1,431 10.1 1,558 11.0 14,471 1,409 9.7 1,517 10.5

Durable goods

8,933 883 9.9 956 10.7 9,111 876 9.6 944 10.4

Nondurable goods

5,262 549 10.4 602 11.4 5,359 534 10.0 572 10.7

Wholesale and retail trade

17,998 838 4.7 927 5.2 18,372 769 4.2 892 4.9

Wholesale trade

3,235 163 5.0 184 5.7 3,232 107 3.3 129 4.0

Retail trade

14,763 675 4.6 743 5.0 15,141 662 4.4 763 5.0

Transportation and utilities

5,563 1,144 20.6 1,212 21.8 5,750 1,153 20.1 1,217 21.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,686 920 19.6 974 20.8 4,814 945 19.6 996 20.7

Utilities

877 225 25.6 238 27.1 935 209 22.3 221 23.7

Information(3)

2,582 231 8.9 251 9.7 2,681 231 8.6 255 9.5

Publishing, except Internet

541 26 4.7 30 5.5 581 21 3.6 22 3.8

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

337 32 9.5 34 10.0 347 25 7.3 29 8.2

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

538 30 5.5 34 6.3 569 40 7.0 43 7.6

Telecommunications

916 132 14.4 141 15.4 915 135 14.8 151 16.5

Financial activities

8,515 170 2.0 219 2.6 8,481 169 2.0 200 2.4

Finance and insurance

6,392 84 1.3 118 1.8 6,409 92 1.4 112 1.8

Finance

4,090 39 1.0 61 1.5 4,039 53 1.3 63 1.6

Insurance

2,302 45 2.0 56 2.5 2,370 39 1.6 49 2.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,123 86 4.0 102 4.8 2,071 77 3.7 88 4.2

Professional and business services

12,890 304 2.4 371 2.9 13,300 309 2.3 389 2.9

Professional and technical services

7,711 115 1.5 154 2.0 8,045 109 1.4 157 2.0

Management, administrative, and waste services

5,179 189 3.6 217 4.2 5,254 199 3.8 232 4.4

Education and health services

20,596 1,718 8.3 1,961 9.5 21,147 1,728 8.2 2,003 9.5

Educational services

4,169 536 12.9 628 15.1 4,338 508 11.7 599 13.8

Health care and social assistance

16,426 1,182 7.2 1,333 8.1 16,809 1,220 7.3 1,404 8.4

Leisure and hospitality

11,973 326 2.7 386 3.2 11,997 387 3.2 454 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,248 118 5.2 130 5.8 2,166 140 6.5 158 7.3

Accommodation and food services

9,726 208 2.1 257 2.6 9,831 247 2.5 296 3.0

Accommodation

1,354 95 7.0 108 8.0 1,455 130 8.9 143 9.8

Food services and drinking places

8,372 113 1.3 149 1.8 8,377 117 1.4 153 1.8

Other services(3)

5,774 175 3.0 194 3.4 5,821 171 2.9 193 3.3

Other services, except private households

5,056 163 3.2 182 3.6 5,026 157 3.1 178 3.5

Public sector

20,429 7,210 35.3 7,900 38.7 20,203 7,218 35.7 7,927 39.2

Federal government

3,515 932 26.5 1,096 31.2 3,408 939 27.5 1,078 31.6

State government

6,353 1,966 30.9 2,147 33.8 6,264 1,867 29.8 2,056 32.8

Local government

10,561 4,311 40.8 4,658 44.1 10,532 4,412 41.9 4,793 45.5

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 23, 2015
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