Economic News Release

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, 2012-2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
State 2012 2013
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Alabama

1,807 166 9.2 190 10.5 1,894 203 10.7 222 11.7

Alaska

298 67 22.4 71 23.9 306 71 23.1 75 24.5

Arizona

2,434 125 5.1 159 6.5 2,452 122 5.0 147 6.0

Arkansas

1,157 37 3.2 43 3.7 1,072 38 3.5 44 4.1

California

14,483 2,489 17.2 2,666 18.4 14,835 2,430 16.4 2,579 17.4

Colorado

2,165 169 7.8 190 8.8 2,243 171 7.6 207 9.2

Connecticut

1,541 216 14.0 232 15.1 1,535 207 13.5 220 14.3

Delaware

377 39 10.4 44 11.8 370 38 10.3 41 11.0

District of Columbia

309 27 8.6 32 10.3 308 29 9.3 34 11.0

Florida

7,602 440 5.8 555 7.3 7,655 414 5.4 529 6.9

Georgia

3,914 171 4.4 210 5.4 3,958 209 5.3 248 6.3

Hawaii

537 116 21.6 124 23.2 549 121 22.1 129 23.6

Idaho

613 29 4.8 36 5.8 617 29 4.7 36 5.8

Illinois

5,486 801 14.6 852 15.5 5,397 851 15.8 882 16.3

Indiana

2,702 246 9.1 269 10.0 2,682 249 9.3 275 10.3

Iowa

1,390 145 10.4 172 12.4 1,421 143 10.1 171 12.0

Kansas

1,248 85 6.8 105 8.4 1,252 94 7.5 106 8.4

Kentucky

1,742 174 10.0 198 11.4 1,735 194 11.2 226 13.0

Louisiana

1,733 107 6.2 130 7.5 1,728 75 4.3 95 5.5

Maine

559 64 11.5 78 13.9 574 64 11.1 75 13.1

Maryland

2,636 280 10.6 325 12.3 2,665 308 11.6 349 13.1

Massachusetts

2,896 417 14.4 470 16.2 2,940 401 13.7 430 14.6

Michigan

3,785 629 16.6 648 17.1 3,889 633 16.3 656 16.9

Minnesota

2,465 351 14.2 368 14.9 2,532 362 14.3 381 15.0

Mississippi

1,113 48 4.3 64 5.7 1,040 38 3.7 44 4.2

Missouri

2,507 224 8.9 253 10.1 2,537 219 8.6 264 10.4

Montana

392 54 13.9 65 16.5 403 52 13.0 60 14.8

Nebraska

864 52 6.0 70 8.1 870 63 7.3 79 9.0

Nevada

1,101 162 14.7 181 16.4 1,154 169 14.6 186 16.1

New Hampshire

621 65 10.5 74 12.0 623 60 9.6 67 10.7

New Jersey

3,796 611 16.1 636 16.8 3,814 611 16.0 632 16.6

New Mexico

780 50 6.5 68 8.7 751 46 6.2 55 7.3

New York

7,936 1,841 23.2 1,975 24.9 8,149 1,986 24.4 2,104 25.8

North Carolina

3,805 112 2.9 162 4.3 3,879 117 3.0 184 4.8

North Dakota

329 20 6.1 27 8.2 342 22 6.4 29 8.5

Ohio

4,800 604 12.6 665 13.9 4,786 605 12.6 674 14.1

Oklahoma

1,531 115 7.5 140 9.1 1,516 114 7.5 144 9.5

Oregon

1,526 240 15.7 250 16.4 1,504 208 13.9 223 14.8

Pennsylvania

5,452 734 13.5 787 14.4 5,501 701 12.7 754 13.7

Rhode Island

455 81 17.8 84 18.4 459 77 16.9 82 17.8

South Carolina

1,773 58 3.3 82 4.6 1,855 69 3.7 86 4.7

South Dakota

351 20 5.6 24 6.7 362 17 4.8 21 5.8

Tennessee

2,586 124 4.8 152 5.9 2,543 155 6.1 188 7.4

Texas

10,590 599 5.7 721 6.8 10,877 518 4.8 647 6.0

Utah

1,179 61 5.2 77 6.6 1,253 49 3.9 67 5.4

Vermont

288 31 10.7 38 13.1 285 31 10.9 38 13.2

Virginia

3,592 159 4.4 197 5.5 3,601 180 5.0 229 6.4

Washington

2,776 513 18.5 541 19.5 2,882 546 18.9 568 19.7

West Virginia

697 84 12.1 91 13.1 686 87 12.7 93 13.5

Wisconsin

2,605 293 11.2 312 12.0 2,569 317 12.3 337 13.1

Wyoming

252 17 6.7 20 8.1 259 15 5.7 17 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 24, 2014
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