Economic News Release

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, 2014-2015 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
State 2014 2015
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Alabama

1,887 204 10.8 228 12.1 1,863 190 10.2 204 11.0

Alaska

307 70 22.8 75 24.4 304 60 19.6 66 21.7

Arizona

2,593 138 5.3 173 6.7 2,661 138 5.2 163 6.1

Arkansas

1,108 52 4.7 60 5.4 1,155 58 5.1 74 6.4

California

15,135 2,472 16.3 2,652 17.5 15,657 2,486 15.9 2,689 17.2

Colorado

2,328 221 9.5 250 10.7 2,310 194 8.4 215 9.3

Connecticut

1,564 231 14.8 245 15.7 1,587 269 17.0 277 17.4

Delaware

384 38 9.9 43 11.3 412 38 9.2 43 10.4

District of Columbia

325 28 8.6 35 10.7 334 35 10.4 40 12.1

Florida

8,042 455 5.7 561 7.0 7,994 546 6.8 671 8.4

Georgia

3,926 170 4.3 193 4.9 4,016 162 4.0 206 5.1

Hawaii

572 124 21.8 131 22.9 583 119 20.4 126 21.7

Idaho

641 34 5.3 43 6.7 679 46 6.8 50 7.3

Illinois

5,500 831 15.1 880 16.0 5,566 847 15.2 892 16.0

Indiana

2,802 299 10.7 335 12.0 2,828 283 10.0 319 11.3

Iowa

1,459 156 10.7 184 12.6 1,435 138 9.6 174 12.2

Kansas

1,287 95 7.4 116 9.0 1,255 110 8.7 136 10.8

Kentucky

1,714 189 11.0 219 12.8 1,705 187 11.0 207 12.1

Louisiana

1,834 96 5.2 118 6.4 1,847 107 5.8 126 6.8

Maine

566 62 11.0 71 12.5 549 64 11.6 75 13.6

Maryland

2,612 310 11.9 347 13.3 2,757 287 10.4 337 12.2

Massachusetts

3,036 415 13.7 445 14.7 3,103 402 12.9 441 14.2

Michigan

4,028 585 14.5 631 15.7 4,083 621 15.2 672 16.5

Minnesota

2,538 360 14.2 380 15.0 2,565 363 14.2 385 15.0

Mississippi

1,028 38 3.7 46 4.5 1,103 60 5.4 75 6.8

Missouri

2,559 214 8.4 249 9.7 2,615 230 8.8 257 9.8

Montana

414 52 12.7 57 13.8 427 52 12.2 59 13.9

Nebraska

877 64 7.3 79 9.0 882 68 7.7 80 9.0

Nevada

1,173 169 14.4 192 16.4 1,232 177 14.3 203 16.5

New Hampshire

626 62 9.9 72 11.5 641 62 9.7 73 11.4

New Jersey

3,860 635 16.5 664 17.2 3,880 596 15.4 644 16.6

New Mexico

763 43 5.7 56 7.4 782 49 6.2 61 7.9

New York

8,060 1,980 24.6 2,081 25.8 8,249 2,038 24.7 2,141 26.0

North Carolina

3,936 76 1.9 126 3.2 4,089 123 3.0 167 4.1

North Dakota

353 18 5.0 24 6.9 352 19 5.4 24 6.8

Ohio

4,958 615 12.4 688 13.9 4,914 606 12.3 670 13.6

Oklahoma

1,465 89 6.0 106 7.2 1,567 88 5.6 116 7.4

Oregon

1,554 243 15.6 264 17.0 1,586 235 14.8 256 16.2

Pennsylvania

5,525 703 12.7 754 13.7 5,601 747 13.3 804 14.4

Rhode Island

453 68 15.1 72 15.8 483 68 14.2 72 14.9

South Carolina

1,884 41 2.2 61 3.2 1,960 41 2.1 57 2.9

South Dakota

363 18 4.9 22 6.0 382 22 5.9 26 6.9

Tennessee

2,514 127 5.0 141 5.6 2,693 146 5.4 175 6.5

Texas

11,205 543 4.8 700 6.2 11,177 503 4.5 626 5.6

Utah

1,236 46 3.7 57 4.6 1,274 50 3.9 67 5.2

Vermont

286 32 11.1 37 13.1 284 36 12.6 42 14.7

Virginia

3,665 179 4.9 228 6.2 3,736 202 5.4 258 6.9

Washington

2,914 491 16.8 536 18.4 2,977 500 16.8 536 18.0

West Virginia

687 73 10.6 80 11.6 665 83 12.4 91 13.7

Wisconsin

2,626 306 11.7 327 12.5 2,682 223 8.3 253 9.4

Wyoming

255 17 6.7 19 7.5 261 19 7.1 22 8.2

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 28, 2016
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