Economic News Release

Employment Situation of Veterans News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, March 20, 2014                         USDL-14-0434

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        EMPLOYMENT SITUATION OF VETERANS -- 2013


The unemployment rate for veterans who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces at
any time since September 2001--a group referred to as Gulf War-era II veterans--edged down
to 9.0 percent in 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The jobless
rate for all veterans also edged down to 6.6 percent. Twenty-nine percent of Gulf War-era
II veterans reported having a service-connected disability in August 2013, compared with
15 percent of all veterans.

This information was obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly sample
survey of about 60,000 households that provides data on employment and unemployment in
the United States. Data about veterans are collected monthly in the CPS; those monthly
data are the source of the 2013 annual averages presented in this news release. In August
2013, a supplement to the CPS collected additional information about veterans on topics
such as service-connected disability and veterans’ current or past Reserve or National
Guard membership. Information from the supplement is also presented in this release. The
supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and by the U.S.
Department of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training Service. For more information,
see the Technical Note, which provides definitions of terms used in this release.

Highlights from the 2013 data:

   --Among all veterans, the unemployment rate for women declined to 6.9 percent in
     2013. The rate for male veterans edged down to 6.5 percent. (See table A.)

   --Among the 722,000 unemployed veterans in 2013, 60 percent were age 45 and over.
     Thirty-five percent were age 25 to 44, and 5 percent were age 18 to 24. (See
     table 2A.)

   --Veterans with a service-connected disability had an unemployment rate of 6.2
     percent in August 2013, little different than the rate for veterans with no
     disability (6.6 percent). (See table 7.) 

   --One in 3 employed veterans with a service-connected disability worked in the
     public sector in August 2013, compared with 1 in 5 veterans with no disability.
     (See table 8.)

   --In 2013, the unemployment rate of veterans varied by state, ranging from over
     10 percent in Michigan and New Jersey to under 4 percent in Delaware, Iowa,
     North Dakota, Vermont, and Virginia. (See table 6A.)

The Veteran Population

In 2013, 21.4 million men and women, or 9 percent of the civilian noninstitutional
population age 18 and over, were veterans. In the survey, veterans are defined as men
and women who have previously served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and who
were civilians at the time these data were collected. Veterans are more likely to be
men and older than nonveterans. In part, this reflects the characteristics of veterans
who served during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era. Veterans who
served during these wartime periods accounted for nearly one-half (9.8 million) of the
total veteran population in 2013. Over one quarter of veterans (6.1 million) served
during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August 2001) or Gulf War era II (September 2001
forward). Another quarter (5.5 million) served outside the designated wartime periods.
(See table 1.)

Gulf War-era II Veterans

In 2013, about 2.8 million of the nation's veterans had served during Gulf War era II.
About 20 percent of these veterans were women, compared with 4 percent of veterans from
World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era. Over half of all Gulf War-era II
veterans were between the ages of 25 and 34. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

Among Gulf War-era II veterans, the unemployment rates in 2013 for men (8.8 percent) and
women (9.6 percent) were not statistically different from the prior year (9.5 percent
and 12.5 percent, respectively). Among women, the unemployment rate for Gulf War-era II
veterans (9.6 percent) was higher in 2013 than the rate for nonveterans (6.8 percent).
(See tables A and 2C.)

The unemployment rate for male Gulf War-era II veterans (8.8 percent) was higher than
the rate for male nonveterans (7.5 percent) in 2013. The unemployment rates differed by
age. Male Gulf War-era II veterans age 18 to 24 had a higher unemployment rate than male
nonveterans of the same age group (24.3 percent and 15.8 percent, respectively). For 
those age 25 to 34, male veterans also had a higher rate than male nonveterans (9.2
percent and 7.5 percent, respectively). For men 35 and older, unemployment rates were
little different for Gulf War-era II veterans and nonveterans. (See table 2B.)

Veterans of Gulf War era II and nonveterans had similar occupational profiles in 2013
after accounting for gender. About one-third of the employed men in both groups worked
in management and professional occupations, a higher proportion than in any other major
occupational group. Among employed women, over 40 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans
and nonveterans worked in management and professional occupations. (See table 4.)

A higher proportion of employed Gulf War-era II veterans worked in the public sector in
2013 than employed nonveterans--28 percent and 14 percent, respectively. The federal
government employed 16 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans, compared with about 2 percent
of employed nonveterans. (See table 5.)

In August 2013, 40 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans reported serving in Iraq,
Afghanistan, or both. (Some veterans did not report their location of service.) These
veterans had an unemployment rate of 10.2 percent, little different from Gulf War-
era II veterans who served elsewhere (10.9 percent). (See table 10.)

Gulf War-era I Veterans

For the 3.2 million veterans who served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to August
2001), the proportion that were women (19 percent in 2013) was similar to that of
Gulf War-era II veterans. Almost all Gulf War-era I veterans were age 35 and over
(91 percent) in 2013, compared with 41 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans. (See
tables 1 and 2A.)

In 2013, the unemployment rates for male and female Gulf War-era I veterans were 5.7
percent and 5.3 percent, respectively, lower than the rates for their Gulf War-era II
veteran counterparts (8.8 percent and 9.6 percent, respectively). These differences
in the unemployment rates reflect, at least in part, the older age profile of veterans
who served during Gulf War era I. Younger workers--whether veterans or nonveterans--are
more likely to be unemployed than older workers. Unemployment rates of Gulf War-era I
veterans were little different from their nonveteran counterparts of the same age and
gender groups. (See tables 2B and 2C.)

Veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Era

In 2013, about 9.8 million veterans were estimated to have served during World War II,
the Korean War, or the Vietnam era. All of these veterans were at least 55 years old,
and over 70 percent were at least 65 years old. Nearly all (96 percent) of these
veterans were men. In 2013, 30.0 percent of male veterans of these wartime periods
were in the labor force, and their unemployment rate was 6.5 percent. Male veterans
of these wartime periods had lower labor force participation rates than did male
nonveterans in the same age categories. (See tables 1 and 2B.)

Veterans of Other Service Periods

In 2013, about 5.5 million veterans had served on active duty during "other service
periods," mainly between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and between the Vietnam
era and Gulf War era I. Because these veterans served between the major wartime
periods, which span several decades, this group is concentrated in two age ranges.
Thirty-eight percent of these veterans were 45 to 54 years old in 2013, and another
38 percent were 65 years and over. (See table 2A.)

About 9 in 10 veterans of other service periods were men in 2013. Among most age
groups, male veterans of service periods between the designated wartime periods had
unemployment rates that were little different than those of male nonveterans. (See
tables 1 and 2B.)

Veterans with a Service-connected Disability

In August 2013, about 3.2 million veterans, or 15 percent of the total, had a service-
connected disability. (Some veterans did not report whether they had a service-connected
disability.) Veterans with a service-connected disability are assigned a disability
rating by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or the U.S. Department of Defense.
Ratings range from 0 to 100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points, depending
on the severity of the condition. (See table 7.)

Among veterans with a service-connected disability, 35 percent reported a disability
rating of less than 30 percent, while about 3 in 10 had a rating of 60 percent or
higher. In August 2013, veterans with a service-connected disability rating of less
than 30 percent were nearly twice as likely to be in the labor force as those with a
rating of 60 percent or higher (56.0 percent and 28.9 percent, respectively).

Among veterans who served during Gulf War era II, nearly 3 in 10 (827,000) reported
having a service-connected disability. Of these, 70.5 percent were in the labor force
in August 2013, lower than the labor force participation rate of 85.4 percent for
veterans from this period with no service-connected disability. Among Gulf War-era II
veterans, the unemployment rate of those with a disability was 8.6 percent, not
statistically different from those with no disability (11.1 percent).

In August 2013, nearly 20 percent (589,000) of veterans who served during Gulf War
era I reported a service-connected disability. Their labor force participation rate
(71.3 percent) was lower than the rate for veterans from the era who did not have a
disability (86.8 percent). Unemployment rates for Gulf War-era I veterans with and
without service-connected disabilities were not statistically different (4.1 percent
and 6.5 percent, respectively).

Among the 1.3 million veterans with a service-connected disability from World War II,
the Korean War, and the Vietnam era, 16.8 percent were in the labor force in August
2013, compared with 30.3 percent of veterans from these periods who did not have a
service-connected disability. The unemployment rate of veterans with a disability
from these wartime periods was 7.6 percent, not statistically different from their
counterparts with no disability (5.3 percent).

Veterans with a service-connected disability from other service periods had a labor
force participation rate of 55.5 percent in August 2013, compared with 56.2 percent
for veterans with no disability from these periods. Among veterans from other
service periods, the unemployment rates of those with and without service-connected
disabilities were not statistically different, at 2.7 percent and 5.3 percent,
respectively.

Regardless of period of service, many veterans with a service-connected disability
worked in the public sector. In August 2013, 31 percent of employed veterans with a
disability worked in federal, state, or local government, compared with 19 percent
of veterans with no disability and 13 percent of nonveterans. The federal government
employed 19 percent of veterans with a disability, compared with 7 percent of veterans
with no disability and 2 percent of employed nonveterans. (See table 8.)

Reserve or National Guard Membership

In August 2013, nearly 30 percent of both Gulf War-era I and Gulf War-era II veterans were
reported to be current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard. Unemployment
rates were similar for those veterans who were current or past members of the Reserve or
National Guard compared with those veterans who were never members. Among Gulf War-era II
veterans, those who were current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard had a
higher labor force participation rate than those who had never been members (85.4 percent
and 77.4 percent, respectively). For veterans of Gulf War-era I, labor force participation
rates were similar for members and nonmembers. (See table 9.)


   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                                    |
  |                    Adjustments to Veteran Population Estimates                     |
  |                                                                                    |
  |Effective with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population |
  |controls derived from an updated Department of Veterans Affairs’ population model.  |
  |In accordance with usual practice, BLS did not revise estimates for previous years. |
  |Information about the updated veteran population model is available from the        |
  |Department of Veterans Affairs at http://www1.va.gov/vetdata/Veteran_Population.asp.|
  |                                                                                    |
   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Table A. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, 2012-2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status and period of service 2012 2013
Total Men Women Total Men Women

TOTAL VETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,183 19,368 1,815 21,397 19,173 2,225

Civilian labor force

11,006 9,884 1,122 10,975 9,565 1,410

Participation rate

52.0 51.0 61.8 51.3 49.9 63.4

Employed

10,233 9,204 1,029 10,253 8,940 1,313

Employment-population ratio

48.3 47.5 56.7 47.9 46.6 59.0

Unemployed

773 680 93 722 625 97

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.9 8.3 6.6 6.5 6.9

Not in labor force

10,177 9,484 693 10,422 9,608 815

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,566 2,136 431 2,837 2,259 579

Civilian labor force

2,071 1,774 297 2,286 1,879 407

Participation rate

80.7 83.1 68.9 80.6 83.2 70.3

Employed

1,866 1,606 259 2,081 1,713 368

Employment-population ratio

72.7 75.2 60.2 73.3 75.8 63.6

Unemployed

205 168 37 205 166 39

Unemployment rate

9.9 9.5 12.5 9.0 8.8 9.6

Not in labor force

496 362 134 552 380 172

NONVETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

213,211 93,425 119,785 215,339 94,850 120,489

Civilian labor force

142,017 71,493 70,524 142,391 72,114 70,277

Participation rate

66.6 76.5 58.9 66.1 76.0 58.3

Employed

130,817 65,692 65,125 132,189 66,712 65,477

Employment-population ratio

61.4 70.3 54.4 61.4 70.3 54.3

Unemployed

11,200 5,801 5,399 10,202 5,402 4,800

Unemployment rate

7.9 8.1 7.7 7.2 7.5 6.8

Not in labor force

71,194 21,933 49,261 72,948 22,736 50,212

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Gulf War-era II veterans served on active duty anywhere in the world sometime since September 2001. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Effective with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from an updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


Technical Note

   The data in this release were collected through the Current Population Survey
(CPS). The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible households conducted by
the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--obtains information
on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian noninstitutional
population age 16 and over.

   Most of the data in this release are annual averages for 2013, compiled from the
results of the monthly survey. In August 2013, a supplement to the CPS collected
additional information about veterans on topics such as service-connected disability,
veterans' Reserve or National Guard status, and veterans who served in Iraq and/or
Afghanistan. The supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans
Affairs and by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training
Service. Questions were asked of persons 17 years of age and older regarding their
prior service in the U.S. Armed Forces. Data are tabulated for persons 18 years of
age and older.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   The definitions underlying the data in this release are as follows:

   Veterans are men and women who previously served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces and who were civilians at the time they were surveyed. Members of
the Reserve and National Guard are counted as veterans if they had ever been
called  to active duty. Persons who are on active duty at the time of the survey
are outside the scope of the survey and thus not in the estimates shown here, as
are persons who reside in institutions, such as nursing homes and prisons.

   Nonveterans are men and women who never served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces.

   World War II, Korean War, Vietnam-era, and Gulf War-era veterans are men and
women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during these periods of service, 
regardless of where in the world they served. Veterans who served in more than 
one wartime period are classified in the most recent one.

   Veterans of other service periods are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed
Forces at any time other than World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, or
the Gulf War era. Although U.S. Armed Forces were engaged in several armed conflicts
during other service periods, these conflicts were more limited in scope and included
a smaller proportion of the Armed Forces than the selected wartime periods. Veterans
who served during one of the selected wartime periods and during another period are
classified in the wartime period.

   Veteran status is obtained from responses to the question, "Did you ever serve
on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"

   Period of service identifies when a veteran served in the Armed Forces, but 
not the location of their service. It is obtained from answers to the question 
asked of veterans, "When did you serve on active duty in the  U.S. Armed Forces?"

   The following service periods are identified:

      Gulf War era II -- September 2001-present
      Gulf War era I  -- August 1990-August 2001
      Vietnam era     -- August 1964-April 1975
      Korean War      -- July 1950-January 1955
      World War II    -- December 1941-December 1946
      Other service periods -- All other time periods

   Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service. 
Veterans are counted only in one period of service, their most recent wartime period. 
Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent 
one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are 
classified in the wartime period. The period-of-service definitions are modified 
occasionally to reflect changes in law, regulations, and program needs of the survey 
sponsors.

   Veterans who served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both are individuals who served in
Iraq at any time since March 2003, in Afghanistan at any time since October 2001,
or in both locations. Service in Iraq or Afghanistan is determined by answers to
two questions: "Did you serve in Iraq, off the coast of Iraq, or did you fly missions
over Iraq at any time since March 2003?" and "Did you serve in Afghanistan, or
did you fly missions over Afghanistan, at any time since October 2001?"

   Presence of service-connected disability is determined by answers to the question,
"Has the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or Department of Defense (DoD) determined
that you have a service-connected disability, that is, a health condition or
impairment caused or made worse by any of your military service?"

   Service-connected disability rating is based on answers to the question, "What
is your current service-connected disability rating?" Answers can range from 0 to
100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points. Ratings are determined by the
VA or DoD from a rating schedule published in the Code of Federal Regulations,
Title 38, "Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief," Part 4--"Schedule for Rating
Disabilities." The rating schedule is "primarily a guide in the evaluation of 
disability resulting from all types of diseases and injuries encountered as a result
of or incident to military service. The percentage ratings represent as far as can
practicably be determined the average impairment in earning capacity resulting from
such diseases and injuries and their residual conditions in civil occupations." 
Part 4 contains a listing of hundreds of possible disorders and assigns ratings of
0 through 100 percent, with instructions for rating multiple disorders.

   Reserve and National Guard membership refers only to Gulf War-era veterans who are 
current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard. Members of the Reserve and
National Guard are counted as veterans if they had ever been called to active duty.
These data do not refer to all persons who may have ever served in the Reserve or 
National Guard. Reserve or National Guard status is obtained from answers to two 
questions. Gulf War-era veterans were asked: "Was any of your active service the 
result of a call-up from the Reserve or National Guard?" If the answer was no, they
were  asked, "Have you ever been a member of the Reserve or National Guard?" A 'yes' 
response to either question classified persons as "Current or past member of the 
Reserve or National Guard." A 'no' response to the latter question classified 
persons as "Never a member of the Reserve or National Guard."

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates will differ from the true population values they represent. The
component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known as
sampling error, and its variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on
a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population
value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent
level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, the
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, the inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the
collection or processing of the data.

   Information about the reliability of national data from the CPS and estimating
standard errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

   For a discussion of the reliability of state estimates from the CPS, such as those
in table 6 of this release, see www.bls.gov/opub/gp/gpapndb.htm.




Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, period of service,
sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL

Total, 18 years and over

236,737 153,366 64.8 142,442 60.2 10,924 7.1 83,370

Veterans

21,397 10,975 51.3 10,253 47.9 722 6.6 10,422

Gulf War era, total

6,070 4,984 82.1 4,627 76.2 357 7.2 1,086

Gulf War era II

2,837 2,286 80.6 2,081 73.3 205 9.0 552

Gulf War era I

3,233 2,698 83.5 2,546 78.8 152 5.6 534

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

9,828 2,943 29.9 2,752 28.0 191 6.5 6,885

Other service periods

5,500 3,048 55.4 2,874 52.3 174 5.7 2,451

Nonveterans

215,339 142,391 66.1 132,189 61.4 10,202 7.2 72,948

Men

Total, 18 years and over

114,023 81,679 71.6 75,653 66.3 6,027 7.4 32,344

Veterans

19,173 9,565 49.9 8,940 46.6 625 6.5 9,608

Gulf War era, total

4,885 4,117 84.3 3,823 78.3 294 7.1 768

Gulf War era II

2,259 1,879 83.2 1,713 75.8 166 8.8 380

Gulf War era I

2,626 2,238 85.2 2,110 80.3 128 5.7 388

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

9,458 2,838 30.0 2,655 28.1 183 6.5 6,619

Other service periods

4,830 2,610 54.0 2,463 51.0 147 5.7 2,220

Nonveterans

94,850 72,114 76.0 66,712 70.3 5,402 7.5 22,736

Women

Total, 18 years and over

122,713 71,687 58.4 66,790 54.4 4,897 6.8 51,027

Veterans

2,225 1,410 63.4 1,313 59.0 97 6.9 815

Gulf War era, total

1,185 867 73.2 804 67.8 63 7.3 318

Gulf War era II

579 407 70.3 368 63.6 39 9.6 172

Gulf War era I

606 460 75.9 436 71.9 24 5.3 146

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

370 105 28.3 98 26.4 7 6.8 266

Other service periods

669 438 65.5 411 61.4 27 6.1 231

Nonveterans

120,489 70,277 58.3 65,477 54.3 4,800 6.8 50,212

White

Total, 18 years and over

187,643 121,743 64.9 114,105 60.8 7,638 6.3 65,899

Veterans

18,003 8,959 49.8 8,402 46.7 557 6.2 9,044

Gulf War era, total

4,619 3,819 82.7 3,560 77.1 260 6.8 800

Gulf War era II

2,177 1,761 80.9 1,604 73.7 158 9.0 415

Gulf War era I

2,442 2,058 84.3 1,956 80.1 102 4.9 384

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

8,765 2,635 30.1 2,469 28.2 165 6.3 6,130

Other service periods

4,619 2,505 54.2 2,373 51.4 132 5.3 2,114

Nonveterans

169,640 112,785 66.5 105,704 62.3 7,081 6.3 56,855

Black or African American

Total, 18 years and over

29,088 18,409 63.3 16,080 55.3 2,329 12.7 10,679

Veterans

2,469 1,456 59.0 1,337 54.1 120 8.2 1,013

Gulf War era, total

1,025 819 79.9 753 73.4 66 8.1 206

Gulf War era II

433 339 78.4 308 71.3 31 9.0 94

Gulf War era I

592 480 81.0 444 75.0 36 7.4 112

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

762 217 28.4 197 25.9 20 9.1 545

Other service periods

683 420 61.6 387 56.7 34 8.0 262

Nonveterans

26,618 16,952 63.7 14,743 55.4 2,209 13.0 9,666

Asian

Total, 18 years and over

12,810 8,476 66.2 8,039 62.8 438 5.2 4,334

Veterans

314 195 62.0 179 57.0 16 8.1 119

Gulf War era, total

150 121 80.5 106 70.7 15 12.2 29

Gulf War era II

86 69 80.1 62 72.3 7 9.7 17

Gulf War era I

64 52 81.0 44 68.5 8 15.5 12

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

109 36 33.5 35 32.6 1 2.9 72

Other service periods

55 38 68.1 38 68.1 0 0.0 18

Nonveterans

12,496 8,282 66.3 7,860 62.9 422 5.1 4,215

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 18 years and over

35,519 24,371 68.6 22,228 62.6 2,142 8.8 11,149

Veterans

1,385 913 65.9 844 61.0 69 7.5 472

Gulf War era, total

657 546 83.2 499 76.0 47 8.7 111

Gulf War era II

370 293 79.1 263 71.0 30 10.3 77

Gulf War era I

287 253 88.4 236 82.4 17 6.8 33

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

428 152 35.6 145 34.0 7 4.6 275

Other service periods

300 214 71.5 200 66.7 14 6.7 86

Nonveterans

34,135 23,458 68.7 21,384 62.6 2,074 8.8 10,677

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2A. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

TOTAL VETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

21,397 10,975 51.3 10,253 47.9 722 6.6 10,422

18 to 24 years

215 156 72.7 123 57.1 34 21.4 59

25 to 34 years

1,750 1,421 81.2 1,292 73.8 129 9.1 329

35 to 44 years

2,344 2,085 88.9 1,960 83.6 124 6.0 260

45 to 54 years

3,407 2,797 82.1 2,641 77.5 156 5.6 610

55 to 64 years

4,367 2,651 60.7 2,481 56.8 170 6.4 1,716

65 years and over

9,315 1,865 20.0 1,755 18.8 110 5.9 7,450

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

6,070 4,984 82.1 4,627 76.2 357 7.2 1,086

18 to 24 years

215 156 72.7 123 57.1 34 21.4 59

25 to 34 years

1,750 1,421 81.2 1,292 73.8 129 9.1 329

35 to 44 years

2,106 1,868 88.7 1,754 83.3 114 6.1 237

45 to 54 years

1,296 1,087 83.8 1,029 79.4 57 5.3 210

55 to 64 years

549 405 73.8 384 69.9 21 5.2 144

65 years and over

154 47 30.2 44 28.7 2 5.0 108

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

2,837 2,286 80.6 2,081 73.3 205 9.0 552

18 to 24 years

215 156 72.7 123 57.1 34 21.4 59

25 to 34 years

1,468 1,193 81.2 1,080 73.5 113 9.5 275

35 to 44 years

552 461 83.6 432 78.3 29 6.4 90

45 to 54 years

421 354 83.9 331 78.5 23 6.5 68

55 to 64 years

154 116 75.4 111 71.9 5 4.6 38

65 years and over

27 5 - 5 - 0 - 22

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

3,233 2,698 83.5 2,546 78.8 152 5.6 534

25 to 34 years

281 228 81.0 212 75.4 16 6.9 53

35 to 44 years

1,554 1,407 90.5 1,322 85.1 85 6.0 147

45 to 54 years

875 733 83.8 699 79.9 34 4.7 142

55 to 64 years

395 289 73.1 273 69.2 16 5.4 106

65 years and over

127 41 32.5 39 30.8 2 5.3 86

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

9,828 2,943 29.9 2,752 28.0 191 6.5 6,885

55 to 64 years

2,776 1,494 53.8 1,386 49.9 108 7.2 1,282

65 years and over

7,051 1,449 20.5 1,366 19.4 83 5.7 5,602

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

5,500 3,048 55.4 2,874 52.3 174 5.7 2,451

35 to 44 years

239 217 90.6 206 86.4 10 4.7 22

45 to 54 years

2,111 1,711 81.0 1,612 76.4 99 5.8 400

55 to 64 years

1,041 752 72.2 711 68.3 41 5.4 289

65 years and over

2,109 369 17.5 345 16.3 25 6.7 1,740

TOTAL NONVETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

215,339 142,391 66.1 132,189 61.4 10,202 7.2 72,948

18 to 24 years

29,681 19,201 64.7 16,447 55.4 2,754 14.3 10,480

25 to 34 years

39,798 32,325 81.2 29,951 75.3 2,375 7.3 7,473

35 to 44 years

37,268 30,478 81.8 28,690 77.0 1,788 5.9 6,790

45 to 54 years

39,840 31,671 79.5 29,881 75.0 1,789 5.6 8,169

55 to 64 years

34,660 22,470 64.8 21,295 61.4 1,175 5.2 12,190

65 years and over

34,092 6,246 18.3 5,926 17.4 320 5.1 27,846

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2B. Employment status of men 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

VETERANS, MEN

Total, 18 years and over

19,173 9,565 49.9 8,940 46.6 625 6.5 9,608

18 to 24 years

142 111 78.2 84 59.2 27 24.3 31

25 to 34 years

1,378 1,164 84.5 1,060 77.0 104 8.9 213

35 to 44 years

1,909 1,730 90.6 1,628 85.3 102 5.9 179

45 to 54 years

2,829 2,367 83.7 2,238 79.1 129 5.5 462

55 to 64 years

3,915 2,365 60.4 2,210 56.4 155 6.6 1,550

65 years and over

9,000 1,828 20.3 1,720 19.1 107 5.9 7,172

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

4,885 4,117 84.3 3,823 78.3 294 7.1 768

18 to 24 years

142 111 78.2 84 59.2 27 24.3 31

25 to 34 years

1,378 1,164 84.5 1,060 77.0 104 8.9 213

35 to 44 years

1,711 1,551 90.7 1,457 85.2 94 6.1 160

45 to 54 years

1,043 903 86.6 855 82.0 48 5.3 140

55 to 64 years

468 344 73.6 326 69.7 18 5.3 123

65 years and over

144 43 29.6 40 28.0 2 5.4 101

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

2,259 1,879 83.2 1,713 75.8 166 8.8 380

18 to 24 years

142 111 78.2 84 59.2 27 24.3 31

25 to 34 years

1,160 981 84.6 891 76.8 90 9.2 179

35 to 44 years

434 372 85.8 348 80.3 24 6.4 62

45 to 54 years

369 316 85.6 296 80.2 20 6.2 53

55 to 64 years

128 94 73.6 89 69.7 5 5.3 34

65 years and over

26 5 - 5 - 0 - 21

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

2,626 2,238 85.2 2,110 80.3 128 5.7 388

25 to 34 years

217 183 84.2 169 77.9 14 7.4 34

35 to 44 years

1,277 1,179 92.3 1,109 86.8 70 6.0 98

45 to 54 years

674 587 87.2 559 83.0 29 4.9 86

55 to 64 years

340 250 73.7 237 69.7 13 5.3 90

65 years and over

118 38 32.2 36 30.3 2 5.8 80

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

9,458 2,838 30.0 2,655 28.1 183 6.5 6,619

55 to 64 years

2,609 1,410 54.0 1,308 50.1 102 7.2 1,199

65 years and over

6,848 1,428 20.9 1,347 19.7 81 5.7 5,420

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

4,830 2,610 54.0 2,463 51.0 147 5.7 2,220

35 to 44 years

198 179 90.4 171 86.5 8 4.3 19

45 to 54 years

1,786 1,464 82.0 1,383 77.4 81 5.5 322

55 to 64 years

838 610 72.8 576 68.7 35 5.7 228

65 years and over

2,008 357 17.8 333 16.6 24 6.7 1,651

NONVETERANS, MEN

Total, 18 years and over

94,850 72,114 76.0 66,712 70.3 5,402 7.5 22,736

18 to 24 years

14,902 9,981 67.0 8,406 56.4 1,575 15.8 4,921

25 to 34 years

19,133 17,123 89.5 15,846 82.8 1,277 7.5 2,010

35 to 44 years

17,495 15,875 90.7 14,962 85.5 913 5.8 1,620

45 to 54 years

18,296 15,704 85.8 14,795 80.9 909 5.8 2,591

55 to 64 years

14,840 10,756 72.5 10,166 68.5 590 5.5 4,084

65 years and over

10,185 2,675 26.3 2,537 24.9 138 5.2 7,510

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2C. Employment status of women 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

VETERANS, WOMEN

Total, 18 years and over

2,225 1,410 63.4 1,313 59.0 97 6.9 815

18 to 24 years

73 45 62.0 39 53.2 6 14.3 28

25 to 34 years

372 257 69.0 232 62.2 25 9.8 115

35 to 44 years

435 355 81.4 332 76.3 23 6.4 81

45 to 54 years

578 430 74.4 404 69.8 27 6.2 148

55 to 64 years

452 286 63.3 272 60.1 15 5.1 166

65 years and over

315 37 11.8 35 11.1 2 6.0 277

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

1,185 867 73.2 804 67.8 63 7.3 318

18 to 24 years

73 45 62.0 39 53.2 6 14.3 28

25 to 34 years

372 257 69.0 232 62.2 25 9.8 115

35 to 44 years

395 317 80.3 297 75.3 20 6.3 78

45 to 54 years

253 183 72.4 174 68.8 9 4.9 70

55 to 64 years

82 61 74.4 58 71.0 3 4.5 21

65 years and over

10 4 - 4 - 0 - 6

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

579 407 70.3 368 63.6 39 9.6 172

18 to 24 years

73 45 62.0 39 53.2 6 14.3 28

25 to 34 years

308 212 68.7 189 61.3 23 10.8 96

35 to 44 years

118 89 75.7 84 70.8 6 6.5 29

45 to 54 years

52 38 72.3 35 66.2 3 8.4 14

55 to 64 years

27 22 - 22 - 0 - 4

65 years and over

1 0 - 0 - 0 - 0

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

606 460 75.9 436 71.9 24 5.3 146

25 to 34 years

64 45 70.2 43 66.9 2 4.7 19

35 to 44 years

277 228 82.3 213 77.2 14 6.2 49

45 to 54 years

201 146 72.4 140 69.5 6 4.0 55

55 to 64 years

55 38 69.8 36 65.6 2 6.0 17

65 years and over

10 4 - 4 - 0 - 6

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

370 105 28.3 98 26.4 7 6.8 266

55 to 64 years

167 84 50.1 78 46.6 6 7.0 83

65 years and over

203 21 10.3 20 9.7 1 - 182

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

669 438 65.5 411 61.4 27 6.1 231

35 to 44 years

41 38 92.1 35 85.9 3 6.7 3

45 to 54 years

325 247 76.0 229 70.6 18 7.1 78

55 to 64 years

203 142 69.7 136 66.8 6 4.2 61

65 years and over

101 12 12.2 11 11.2 1 - 89

NONVETERANS, WOMEN

Total, 18 years and over

120,489 70,277 58.3 65,477 54.3 4,800 6.8 50,212

18 to 24 years

14,779 9,221 62.4 8,041 54.4 1,180 12.8 5,559

25 to 34 years

20,665 15,202 73.6 14,104 68.3 1,098 7.2 5,463

35 to 44 years

19,774 14,603 73.9 13,728 69.4 875 6.0 5,171

45 to 54 years

21,544 15,967 74.1 15,086 70.0 881 5.5 5,578

55 to 64 years

19,819 11,713 59.1 11,129 56.2 585 5.0 8,106

65 years and over

23,907 3,571 14.9 3,389 14.2 182 5.1 20,336

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 3. Employment status of persons 25 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and educational attainment, 2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status,
period of service, and educational attainment
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

VETERANS

Total, 25 years and over

21,182 10,819 51.1 10,130 47.8 689 6.4 10,364

Less than a high school diploma

1,221 255 20.9 229 18.8 26 10.3 966

High school graduates, no college

6,649 3,083 46.4 2,867 43.1 216 7.0 3,565

Some college or associate degree

7,314 4,082 55.8 3,785 51.7 297 7.3 3,232

Bachelor's degree and higher

5,998 3,398 56.6 3,249 54.2 149 4.4 2,601

Gulf War era, total

Total, 25 years and over

5,855 4,827 82.5 4,504 76.9 324 6.7 1,028

Less than a high school diploma

83 54 64.5 49 58.6 5 9.2 30

High school graduates, no college

1,474 1,200 81.4 1,107 75.1 93 7.8 274

Some college or associate degree

2,467 1,987 80.6 1,833 74.3 154 7.7 479

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,831 1,586 86.6 1,514 82.7 72 4.5 245

Gulf War era II

Total, 25 years and over

2,622 2,129 81.2 1,958 74.7 171 8.0 493

Less than a high school diploma

33 19 - 17 - 2 - 14

High school graduates, no college

610 491 80.5 446 73.2 44 9.0 119

Some college or associate degree

1,155 902 78.2 816 70.6 87 9.6 252

Bachelor's degree and higher

824 717 87.0 679 82.3 38 5.3 107

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

3,233 2,698 83.5 2,546 78.8 152 5.6 534

Less than a high school diploma

50 35 69.4 32 63.4 3 8.7 15

High school graduates, no college

864 710 82.1 661 76.4 49 6.9 155

Some college or associate degree

1,312 1,085 82.7 1,018 77.6 67 6.2 227

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,007 869 86.3 836 83.0 33 3.8 138

WWII, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 25 years and over

9,828 2,943 29.9 2,752 28.0 191 6.5 6,885

Less than a high school diploma

783 115 14.6 103 13.1 12 10.4 669

High school graduates, no college

3,185 840 26.4 781 24.5 59 7.1 2,345

Some college or associate degree

3,037 999 32.9 922 30.4 77 7.7 2,038

Bachelor's degree and higher

2,823 989 35.1 947 33.6 42 4.3 1,833

Other service periods

Total, 25 years and over

5,500 3,048 55.4 2,874 52.3 174 5.7 2,451

Less than a high school diploma

355 87 24.5 78 21.9 10 10.9 268

High school graduates, no college

1,989 1,043 52.4 979 49.2 64 6.1 946

Some college or associate degree

1,811 1,096 60.5 1,029 56.9 67 6.1 715

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,345 822 61.1 788 58.6 35 4.2 523

NONVETERANS

Total, 25 years and over

185,658 123,190 66.4 115,742 62.3 7,447 6.0 62,468

Less than a high school diploma

23,076 10,649 46.1 9,479 41.1 1,169 11.0 12,428

High school graduates, no college

55,231 33,249 60.2 30,731 55.6 2,518 7.6 21,981

Some college or associate degree

47,963 33,398 69.6 31,309 65.3 2,089 6.3 14,564

Bachelor's degree and higher

59,388 45,893 77.3 44,222 74.5 1,671 3.6 13,495

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 4. Employed persons 18 years and over by occupation, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2013 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Occupation and sex Veterans Non-
veterans
Total Gulf War era WW II,
Korean
War, and
Vietnam
era
Other
service
periods
Total Gulf War
era II
Gulf War
era I

TOTAL

Total employed (in thousands)

10,253 4,627 2,081 2,546 2,752 2,874 132,189

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

38.2 38.7 38.0 39.4 40.8 34.7 38.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

18.3 16.9 15.2 18.3 22.7 16.4 15.8

Professional and related occupations

19.9 21.9 22.8 21.1 18.1 18.4 22.5

Service occupations

13.9 15.5 16.6 14.6 11.8 13.5 18.0

Sales and office occupations

17.4 17.9 18.5 17.4 17.8 16.1 23.4

Sales and related occupations

8.8 8.3 8.4 8.2 10.8 7.9 10.7

Office and administrative support occupations

8.5 9.6 10.0 9.2 7.1 8.2 12.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14.0 13.5 14.3 12.8 12.7 16.2 8.7

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.7

Construction and extraction occupations

6.5 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.4 7.7 4.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

7.1 7.2 8.2 6.4 5.9 8.0 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

16.5 14.4 12.6 15.8 16.9 19.4 11.5

Production occupations

6.7 6.5 6.1 6.9 5.9 7.7 5.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

9.8 7.9 6.6 9.0 11.0 11.7 5.8

MEN

Total employed (in thousands)

8,940 3,823 1,713 2,110 2,655 2,463 66,712

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

36.7 36.5 36.4 36.6 40.8 32.7 34.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

18.4 16.8 15.3 18.0 22.9 16.2 16.8

Professional and related occupations

18.3 19.7 21.2 18.6 17.9 16.5 18.0

Service occupations

13.8 15.7 16.6 14.9 11.5 13.1 14.6

Sales and office occupations

15.4 15.1 15.5 14.8 17.2 13.9 16.7

Sales and related occupations

8.8 8.1 7.8 8.3 10.7 7.8 10.5

Office and administrative support occupations

6.6 7.0 7.7 6.5 6.5 6.1 6.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

15.9 16.0 17.0 15.3 13.2 18.6 16.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 1.0

Construction and extraction occupations

7.4 7.0 6.7 7.2 6.6 8.8 9.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

8.1 8.7 9.9 7.7 6.1 9.2 6.1

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

18.2 16.6 14.5 18.4 17.3 21.6 17.5

Production occupations

7.3 7.4 7.0 7.8 6.0 8.4 8.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

10.9 9.2 7.5 10.6 11.2 13.2 9.5

WOMEN

Total employed (in thousands)

1,313 804 368 436 98 411 65,477

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

47.8 49.3 45.2 52.7 39.0 46.9 41.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

17.3 17.3 14.7 19.5 16.9 17.4 14.8

Professional and related occupations

30.5 32.0 30.6 33.2 22.1 29.5 27.2

Service occupations

15.2 14.7 16.8 13.0 17.5 15.5 21.5

Sales and office occupations

30.8 31.0 32.2 30.1 35.0 29.3 30.3

Sales and related occupations

9.3 9.3 11.2 7.7 12.3 8.5 10.9

Office and administrative support occupations

21.5 21.7 21.0 22.4 22.6 20.8 19.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

1.4 1.3 1.8 0.8 0.3 2.0 0.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.3

Construction and extraction occupations

1.0 0.8 1.6 0.2 0.0 1.5 0.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

0.4 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

4.9 3.7 4.0 3.5 8.2 6.3 5.4

Production occupations

2.6 2.1 2.0 2.2 3.7 3.4 3.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

2.2 1.6 2.0 1.2 4.5 2.9 2.0

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period.


Table 5. Employed persons 18 years and over by industry, class of worker, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2013 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Industry, class of worker, and sex Veterans Non-
veterans
Total Gulf War era WW II,
Korean
War, and
Vietnam
era
Other
service
periods
Total Gulf War
era II
Gulf War
era I

TOTAL

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

10,253 4,627 2,081 2,546 2,752 2,874 132,189

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

1.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 3.9 1.5 1.4

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.9

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

1.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 2.8 0.7 0.5

Nonagricultural industries

98.3 99.4 99.4 99.3 96.1 98.5 98.6

Wage and salary workers(2)

91.4 96.0 96.9 95.2 84.4 90.8 92.6

Private industries

70.4 70.2 68.8 71.3 68.9 72.1 78.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1.2 1.5 1.7 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.7

Construction

5.8 5.3 4.9 5.6 6.0 6.4 5.1

Manufacturing

12.7 12.3 10.3 13.9 11.4 14.8 9.9

Wholesale trade

2.6 2.3 2.0 2.4 3.0 2.7 2.4

Retail trade

8.5 8.4 9.6 7.4 9.7 7.5 10.6

Transportation and utilities

6.8 6.3 6.1 6.5 6.1 8.3 3.8

Information

2.0 2.4 2.4 2.4 1.4 1.8 1.8

Financial activities

4.5 3.9 3.7 4.1 5.3 4.7 6.4

Professional and business services

10.2 11.6 12.0 11.2 9.5 8.8 10.0

Education and health services

8.9 9.5 9.3 9.7 7.7 9.2 15.3

Leisure and hospitality

3.7 3.9 4.2 3.7 3.9 3.3 8.5

Other services

3.4 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.9 3.7 4.2

Government

21.1 25.8 28.0 24.0 15.5 18.7 13.7

Federal

9.0 13.3 16.3 11.0 4.9 6.1 2.0

State

4.6 4.8 4.3 5.1 3.7 5.4 4.4

Local

7.4 7.7 7.4 7.9 6.9 7.3 7.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

6.8 3.4 2.5 4.1 11.7 7.6 5.9

MEN

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

8,940 3,823 1,713 2,110 2,655 2,463 66,712

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

1.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 3.9 1.7 2.1

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.8 1.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

1.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.9 0.8 0.7

Nonagricultural industries

98.1 99.3 99.3 99.3 96.1 98.3 97.9

Wage and salary workers(2)

90.8 95.8 96.7 95.0 84.3 90.2 91.2

Private industries

70.9 70.7 69.0 72.1 68.9 73.2 80.6

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1.3 1.8 2.1 1.7 0.9 1.0 1.2

Construction

6.4 6.2 5.6 6.6 6.2 7.2 9.0

Manufacturing

13.7 13.5 11.3 15.3 11.7 16.1 13.6

Wholesale trade

2.8 2.5 2.3 2.7 3.1 2.8 3.4

Retail trade

8.3 8.0 8.7 7.5 9.6 7.4 10.5

Transportation and utilities

7.4 7.1 6.5 7.5 6.2 9.3 5.7

Information

2.0 2.5 2.4 2.6 1.4 1.9 2.2

Financial activities

4.4 3.6 3.2 3.8 5.3 4.6 5.6

Professional and business services

10.4 11.8 12.6 11.2 9.6 9.2 11.0

Education and health services

6.9 6.9 7.5 6.5 7.3 6.5 6.7

Leisure and hospitality

3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.2 8.0

Other services

3.5 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.9 3.9 3.9

Government

20.0 25.1 27.7 22.9 15.3 17.0 10.6

Federal

8.4 12.5 15.8 9.9 4.8 5.7 1.9

State

4.3 4.7 4.4 5.0 3.6 4.5 3.3

Local

7.3 7.8 7.5 8.1 6.9 6.8 5.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

7.2 3.5 2.6 4.2 11.8 8.1 6.6

WOMEN

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

1,313 804 368 436 98 411 65,477

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4 2.0 0.4 0.8

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3 1.2 0.3 0.3

Nonagricultural industries

99.6 99.8 100.0 99.6 98.0 99.6 99.2

Wage and salary workers(2)

95.6 97.0 97.9 96.3 87.7 94.6 93.9

Private industries

66.9 67.7 68.3 67.1 67.0 65.5 77.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2

Construction

1.2 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.0 2.1 1.1

Manufacturing

6.5 6.6 6.0 7.1 3.9 6.9 6.2

Wholesale trade

1.5 1.0 0.6 1.4 2.6 2.1 1.5

Retail trade

9.4 10.1 13.7 7.0 11.5 7.6 10.8

Transportation and utilities

2.6 2.5 4.0 1.3 3.7 2.5 1.9

Information

1.5 1.8 2.1 1.5 1.8 0.8 1.5

Financial activities

5.4 5.5 5.9 5.2 5.9 5.0 7.2

Professional and business services

9.1 10.5 9.4 11.4 7.8 6.6 8.9

Education and health services

22.5 21.7 17.4 25.3 18.9 25.0 24.1

Leisure and hospitality

4.4 4.2 5.9 2.9 6.9 4.3 9.1

Other services

2.8 2.8 1.9 3.5 3.9 2.5 4.6

Government

28.6 29.4 29.7 29.1 20.7 29.0 16.9

Federal

13.7 17.2 18.5 16.1 6.6 8.4 2.1

State

6.8 5.0 4.2 5.7 4.9 10.7 5.5

Local

8.2 7.1 6.9 7.3 9.1 10.0 9.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

3.9 2.8 2.1 3.4 10.4 4.6 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers, not shown separately.
(2) Includes self-employed workers whose business are incorporated.

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period.


Table 6A. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by state, 2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
State Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL VETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

21,397 10,975 51.3 10,253 47.9 722 6.6 10,422

Alabama

358 179 50.0 169 47.2 10 5.6 179

Alaska

77 47 61.6 45 58.4 2 5.1 29

Arizona

573 272 47.5 256 44.7 16 5.8 301

Arkansas

219 83 37.9 79 36.0 4 5.0 136

California

1,788 870 48.7 801 44.8 69 7.9 917

Colorado

401 225 56.2 209 52.2 16 7.1 176

Connecticut

216 108 50.1 101 46.6 8 7.0 108

Delaware

78 38 48.5 37 46.9 1 3.3 40

District of Columbia

31 16 51.6 15 48.1 1 6.8 15

Florida

1,570 766 48.8 719 45.8 47 6.1 804

Georgia

725 434 59.9 403 55.6 31 7.1 291

Hawaii

103 51 49.6 49 47.5 2 4.2 52

Idaho

126 62 49.0 57 45.4 4 7.2 64

Illinois

740 382 51.6 347 46.8 35 9.2 359

Indiana

485 238 49.0 222 45.7 16 6.7 247

Iowa

228 126 55.3 122 53.4 4 3.4 102

Kansas

220 117 53.2 111 50.3 6 5.5 103

Kentucky

332 174 52.6 162 48.9 12 7.0 157

Louisiana

316 173 54.8 165 52.1 8 4.9 143

Maine

130 68 52.7 64 49.3 4 6.6 61

Maryland

422 243 57.7 229 54.2 14 5.9 179

Massachusetts

379 167 44.0 155 40.8 12 7.3 212

Michigan

642 295 46.0 264 41.1 31 10.6 347

Minnesota

368 193 52.6 184 49.9 10 5.0 174

Mississippi

193 90 46.8 82 42.5 8 9.2 103

Missouri

472 233 49.3 219 46.3 14 6.1 239

Montana

104 52 50.1 49 46.9 3 6.4 52

Nebraska

135 79 58.2 75 55.6 3 4.4 57

Nevada

233 120 51.4 110 47.1 10 8.4 113

New Hampshire

113 59 52.4 56 50.0 3 4.5 54

New Jersey

395 174 44.1 156 39.4 19 10.8 221

New Mexico

180 91 50.9 85 47.2 7 7.3 88

New York

922 403 43.7 370 40.1 33 8.2 519

North Carolina

773 408 52.7 383 49.5 25 6.2 366

North Dakota

53 32 60.1 31 58.2 1 3.2 21

Ohio

843 415 49.2 387 45.9 28 6.8 428

Oklahoma

300 159 53.1 152 50.8 7 4.4 141

Oregon

344 159 46.1 149 43.3 9 5.9 186

Pennsylvania

909 464 51.1 428 47.1 36 7.7 445

Rhode Island

71 35 48.9 32 44.7 3 8.7 36

South Carolina

351 167 47.5 160 45.6 7 4.1 184

South Dakota

73 41 56.5 39 53.6 2 5.1 32

Tennessee

518 272 52.5 254 48.9 19 6.9 246

Texas

1,640 946 57.7 897 54.7 49 5.2 694

Utah

144 73 50.6 69 48.3 3 4.7 71

Vermont

46 23 50.5 23 48.8 1 3.3 23

Virginia

782 484 61.9 466 59.7 18 3.6 298

Washington

662 355 53.7 329 49.8 26 7.3 307

West Virginia

164 76 46.6 72 43.6 5 6.4 88

Wisconsin

396 204 51.6 189 47.7 16 7.6 192

Wyoming

56 32 56.8 30 54.1 2 4.8 24

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.


Table 6B. Employment status of nonveterans 18 years and over by state, 2013 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
State Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL NONVETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

215,339 142,391 66.1 132,189 61.4 10,202 7.2 72,948

Alabama

3,290 1,990 60.5 1,854 56.4 136 6.8 1,300

Alaska

446 316 71.0 296 66.5 20 6.4 129

Arizona

4,313 2,707 62.7 2,494 57.8 213 7.9 1,607

Arkansas

1,975 1,204 61.0 1,113 56.3 92 7.6 770

California

26,746 17,595 65.8 16,061 60.1 1,534 8.7 9,151

Colorado

3,496 2,489 71.2 2,333 66.7 156 6.3 1,007

Connecticut

2,527 1,719 68.0 1,592 63.0 127 7.4 808

Delaware

622 395 63.6 367 59.1 28 7.0 227

District of Columbia

491 353 71.9 322 65.7 30 8.5 138

Florida

13,643 8,597 63.0 7,988 58.5 610 7.1 5,046

Georgia

6,551 4,272 65.2 3,931 60.0 341 8.0 2,279

Hawaii

930 592 63.6 563 60.6 28 4.8 338

Idaho

1,021 691 67.6 648 63.5 42 6.1 330

Illinois

8,902 6,071 68.2 5,547 62.3 524 8.6 2,832

Indiana

4,379 2,896 66.1 2,681 61.2 214 7.4 1,484

Iowa

2,088 1,514 72.5 1,446 69.2 69 4.5 573

Kansas

1,889 1,344 71.1 1,273 67.4 71 5.3 545

Kentucky

2,972 1,871 63.0 1,723 58.0 148 7.9 1,101

Louisiana

3,054 1,902 62.3 1,770 57.9 132 6.9 1,153

Maine

923 631 68.4 590 64.0 40 6.4 292

Maryland

4,064 2,855 70.2 2,673 65.8 182 6.4 1,209

Massachusetts

4,773 3,245 68.0 3,027 63.4 218 6.7 1,528

Michigan

6,875 4,342 63.1 3,983 57.9 359 8.3 2,534

Minnesota

3,691 2,701 73.2 2,577 69.8 125 4.6 989

Mississippi

1,986 1,156 58.2 1,057 53.2 99 8.5 830

Missouri

4,052 2,735 67.5 2,563 63.3 172 6.3 1,317

Montana

673 454 67.6 431 64.0 24 5.2 218

Nebraska

1,243 932 75.0 895 72.0 37 3.9 311

Nevada

1,856 1,255 67.6 1,133 61.1 122 9.7 601

New Hampshire

928 672 72.4 638 68.8 34 5.0 256

New Jersey

6,341 4,285 67.6 3,951 62.3 334 7.8 2,057

New Mexico

1,358 820 60.4 761 56.1 58 7.1 538

New York

14,176 9,131 64.4 8,455 59.6 676 7.4 5,045

North Carolina

6,522 4,212 64.6 3,887 59.6 325 7.7 2,310

North Dakota

488 367 75.3 357 73.2 10 2.8 120

Ohio

7,850 5,170 65.9 4,790 61.0 380 7.3 2,680

Oklahoma

2,520 1,632 64.8 1,544 61.3 88 5.4 888

Oregon

2,690 1,717 63.8 1,587 59.0 130 7.6 973

Pennsylvania

8,937 5,892 65.9 5,474 61.3 418 7.1 3,045

Rhode Island

745 510 68.4 464 62.3 45 8.9 235

South Carolina

3,230 1,990 61.6 1,836 56.8 153 7.7 1,241

South Dakota

548 397 72.5 384 70.1 13 3.3 151

Tennessee

4,394 2,764 62.9 2,550 58.0 214 7.7 1,630

Texas

17,252 11,756 68.1 11,043 64.0 713 6.1 5,496

Utah

1,818 1,310 72.0 1,256 69.1 54 4.1 508

Vermont

450 321 71.3 307 68.4 13 4.1 129

Virginia

5,413 3,733 69.0 3,526 65.1 206 5.5 1,680

Washington

4,611 3,078 66.7 2,875 62.3 203 6.6 1,534

West Virginia

1,280 722 56.4 675 52.7 47 6.5 558

Wisconsin

3,938 2,818 71.6 2,635 66.9 182 6.5 1,120

Wyoming

382 272 71.1 260 68.1 12 4.3 110

NOTE: Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces.


Table 7.  Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating,
period of service, and sex, August 2013, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
   Presence of disability, reported disability      Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
       rating period of service, and sex            noninsti-                                                                      labor  
                                                    tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                         population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                               population               labor             
                                                                                                                        force             
                      TOTAL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   21,359     10,809      50.6      10,139      47.5         671       6.2      10,550  
With service-connected disability.................    3,193      1,470      46.0       1,379      43.2          91       6.2       1,723  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,120        627      56.0         575      51.3          52       8.3         493  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      725        383      52.8         368      50.7          15       3.9         343  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........    1,046        303      28.9         281      26.9          22       7.1         743  
  Disability rating not reported..................      301        157      52.1         155      51.4           2       1.3         144  
Without service-connected disability..............   14,117      7,183      50.9       6,710      47.5         473       6.6       6,934  
Presence of disability not reported...............    4,049      2,156      53.3       2,050      50.6         107       4.9       1,893  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,982      4,794      80.1       4,428      74.0         366       7.6       1,188  
With service-connected disability.................    1,416      1,003      70.8         935      66.1          67       6.7         413  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      475        398      83.7         367      77.1          31       7.8          78  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      391        276      70.5         261      66.8          14       5.3         115  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      431        232      53.9         213      49.4          20       8.5         199  
  Disability rating not reported..................      118         97      82.1          95      80.4           2       2.0          21  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,312      2,854      86.2       2,611      78.8         243       8.5         458  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,255        938      74.7         882      70.2          56       6.0         318  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,883      2,263      78.5       2,036      70.6         226      10.0         621  
With service-connected disability.................      827        583      70.5         533      64.5          50       8.6         244  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      231        205      88.7         183      79.1          22      10.8          26  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      252        175      69.4         165      65.5          10       5.7          77  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      288        155      53.9         137      47.6          18      11.6         133  
  Disability rating not reported..................       56         48       (1)          48       (1)         -         (1)           8  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,460      1,247      85.4       1,109      75.9         138      11.1         213  
Presence of disability not reported...............      597        433      72.5         395      66.1          38       8.8         164  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    3,099      2,531      81.7       2,392      77.2         140       5.5         568  
With service-connected disability.................      589        420      71.3         403      68.4          17       4.1         169  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      244        193      78.9         184      75.2           9       4.7          52  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      139        101      72.4          96      69.2           4       4.4          38  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      143         78      54.1          76      52.9           2       2.2          66  
  Disability rating not reported..................       62         49       (1)          47       (1)           2       (1)          13  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,852      1,607      86.8       1,502      81.1         104       6.5         245  
Presence of disability not reported...............      659        505      76.7         487      73.9          18       3.6         153  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    9,758      2,852      29.2       2,705      27.7         147       5.1       6,906  
With service-connected disability.................    1,341        225      16.8         208      15.5          17       7.6       1,116  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      444         95      21.3          80      18.0          15      15.5         349  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      257         60      23.2          59      23.0           1       (1)         197  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      512         41       8.0          39       7.6           2       (1)         471  
  Disability rating not reported..................      129         29      22.8          29      22.8         -         (1)         100  
Without service-connected disability..............    6,716      2,032      30.3       1,924      28.6         108       5.3       4,684  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,701        595      35.0         574      33.7          22       3.6       1,106  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,618      3,163      56.3       3,005      53.5         158       5.0       2,455  
With service-connected disability.................      436        242      55.5         236      54.0           7       2.7         194  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      201        135      67.0         128      63.8           7       4.8          66  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       78         48      61.3          48      61.3         -         (1)          30  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      103         29      28.2          29      28.2         -         (1)          74  
  Disability rating not reported..................       54         30       (1)          30       (1)         -         (1)          23  
Without service-connected disability..............    4,090      2,298      56.2       2,175      53.2         123       5.3       1,792  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,093        623      57.1         595      54.4          29       4.6         469  
                                                                                                                                          
                       MEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   19,131      9,444      49.4       8,878      46.4         566       6.0       9,687  
With service-connected disability.................    2,870      1,270      44.3       1,204      41.9          67       5.3       1,599  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,010        539      53.4         506      50.1          33       6.2         471  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      632        323      51.1         308      48.7          15       4.6         309  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      945        270      28.6         253      26.8          17       6.1         675  
  Disability rating not reported..................      282        138      49.0         136      48.3           2       1.4         144  
Without service-connected disability..............   12,703      6,281      49.4       5,859      46.1         422       6.7       6,422  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,559      1,893      53.2       1,816      51.0          77       4.1       1,666  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    4,835      3,977      82.3       3,682      76.2         295       7.4         858  
With service-connected disability.................    1,138        824      72.4         777      68.3          46       5.6         314  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      385        322      83.5         307      79.5          15       4.8          64  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      299        216      72.3         202      67.5          14       6.7          83  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      352        205      58.3         191      54.1          15       7.1         147  
  Disability rating not reported..................      101         80      79.1          78      77.2           2       2.5          21  
Without service-connected disability..............    2,698      2,369      87.8       2,160      80.1         209       8.8         329  
Presence of disability not reported...............      999        784      78.5         745      74.5          40       5.0         215  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,280      1,848      81.0       1,664      73.0         183       9.9         432  
With service-connected disability.................      640        470      73.4         439      68.6          31       6.6         170  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      175        159      91.0         151      86.4           8       5.0          16  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      176        130      73.7         120      68.0          10       7.7          46  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      244        144      58.9         131      53.6          13       9.0         100  
  Disability rating not reported..................       45         37       (1)          37       (1)         -         (1)           8  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,158      1,016      87.7         892      77.0         124      12.2         142  
Presence of disability not reported...............      482        362      75.1         333      69.2          29       7.9         120  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,555      2,129      83.3       2,018      79.0         111       5.2         426  
With service-connected disability.................      498        354      71.1         338      68.0          16       4.4         144  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      210        163      77.3         155      73.8           7       4.5          48  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      123         86      70.4          82      66.7           4       5.2          36  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      108         62      57.0          60      55.4           2       (1)          46  
  Disability rating not reported..................       57         43       (1)          41       (1)           2       (1)          13  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,539      1,353      87.9       1,268      82.4          85       6.3         187  
Presence of disability not reported...............      517        422      81.7         412      79.5          11       2.6          95  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    9,386      2,753      29.3       2,614      27.9         139       5.0       6,633  
With service-connected disability.................    1,329        219      16.5         202      15.2          17       7.8       1,110  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      440         91      20.7          77      17.4          15      16.1         349  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      256         60      23.3          59      23.1           1       (1)         197  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      505         41       8.1          39       7.7           2       (1)         464  
  Disability rating not reported..................      127         28      21.7          28      21.7         -         (1)         100  
Without service-connected disability..............    6,438      1,960      30.4       1,856      28.8         104       5.3       4,479  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,618        574      35.5         556      34.4          18       3.1       1,045  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    4,910      2,714      55.3       2,582      52.6         132       4.9       2,196  
With service-connected disability.................      403        227      56.4         224      55.6           3       1.4         176  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      185        126      68.3         123      66.5           3       2.5          59  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       77         47      61.0          47      61.0         -         (1)          30  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       87         24      27.2          24      27.2         -         (1)          64  
  Disability rating not reported..................       54         30       (1)          30       (1)         -         (1)          23  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,566      1,952      54.7       1,843      51.7         109       5.6       1,614  
Presence of disability not reported...............      941        535      56.8         515      54.7          20       3.7         406  
                                                                                                                                          
                      WOMEN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,228      1,365      61.3       1,260      56.6         105       7.7         863  
With service-connected disability.................      323        199      61.7         175      54.2          24      12.2         124  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      110         88      80.1          69      62.7          19      21.7          22  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       93         60      64.4          60      64.4         -         (1)          33  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      101         33      32.3          28      27.3           5       (1)          69  
  Disability rating not reported..................       18         18       (1)          18       (1)         -         (1)         -    
Without service-connected disability..............    1,414        903      63.8         851      60.2          51       5.7         512  
Presence of disability not reported...............      491        264      53.7         234      47.7          29      11.2         227  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    1,148        817      71.2         746      65.0          71       8.7         330  
With service-connected disability.................      278        179      64.5         158      57.0          21      11.7          99  
Without service-connected disability..............      614        485      79.0         451      73.4          34       7.0         129  
Presence of disability not reported...............      256        153      59.9         137      53.5          16      10.7         103  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      603        415      68.8         372      61.7          43      10.3         188  
With service-connected disability.................      187        113      60.7          94      50.4          19      17.1          73  
Without service-connected disability..............      301        230      76.5         216      71.8          14       6.1          71  
Presence of disability not reported...............      115         71      61.5          62      53.4           9       (1)          44  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      545        403      73.9         374      68.7          28       7.1         142  
With service-connected disability.................       91         66      72.3          64      70.5           2       (1)          25  
Without service-connected disability..............      312        254      81.3         234      75.0          20       7.8          58  
Presence of disability not reported...............      141         83      58.5          75      53.5           7       8.6          59  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      372         99      26.6          91      24.5           8       7.8         273  
With service-connected disability.................       12          5       (1)           5       (1)         -          -            7  
Without service-connected disability..............      278         72      26.1          68      24.6           4       (1)         205  
Presence of disability not reported...............       83         22      26.0          18      21.4           4       (1)          61  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      708        449      63.4         423      59.8          26       5.8         259  
With service-connected disability.................       33         15       (1)          11       (1)           3       (1)          18  
Without service-connected disability..............      523        346      66.1         332      63.5          14       3.9         177  
Presence of disability not reported...............      152         89      58.4          79      52.4           9      10.3          63  

   1 Rates not shown where the base is less than 75,000.  Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey responses and,
thus, are subject to relatively large standard errors.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the
survey. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf
War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December
1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most
recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in
both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected disability is a health
condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from 0 to 100 percent,
is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears in the
Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 8.  Employed persons 18 years and over by veteran status, presence of service-connected disability, period of service,
and class of worker, August 2013, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                 Percent distribution by class of worker                        
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                   Nonagricultural industries                   
                                                                                                                                                
                                                 Total                                                                                          
 Veteran status, presence of disability, and   employed                                           Wage and salary workers (1)                   
              period of service               (thousands)           Agriculture                                                         Self-   
                                                           Total       and                                                            employed, 
                                                                     related                                   Government              unicor-  
                                                                    industries    Total                                                porated, 
                                                                                            Private                                   and unpaid
                                                                                            sector                            State     family  
                                                                                                        Total     Federal      and      workers 
                                                                                                                              local             
                                                                                                                                                
Veterans, total (2)..........................   10,139     100.0        1.8       98.2       70.9       20.2        8.7       11.5        7.1   
  With service-connected disability..........    1,379     100.0        1.3       98.7       62.3       30.6       19.1       11.5        5.8   
  Without service-connected disability.......    6,710     100.0        2.1       97.9       71.7       18.9        7.0       11.8        7.4   
                                                                                                                                                
  Gulf War era, total (2)....................    4,428     100.0         .7       99.3       70.0       26.7       14.0       12.7        2.5   
    With service-connected disability........      935     100.0         .5       99.5       63.7       33.4       23.1       10.3        2.5   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,611     100.0         .7       99.3       71.2       25.5       11.9       13.6        2.6   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era II (2)......................    2,036     100.0         .7       99.3       67.5       29.2       16.5       12.6        2.7   
      With service-connected disability......      533     100.0         .3       99.7       62.7       33.6       20.9       12.6        3.5   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,109     100.0         .6       99.4       67.2       29.6       15.5       14.0        2.6   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era I (2).......................    2,392     100.0         .8       99.2       72.1       24.7       11.9       12.8        2.5   
      With service-connected disability......      403     100.0         .7       99.3       65.0       33.2       26.1        7.2        1.1   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,502     100.0         .8       99.2       74.1       22.5        9.3       13.2        2.6   
                                                                                                                                                
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (2).....    2,705     100.0        3.9       96.1       67.6       15.3        4.7       10.7       13.2   
    With service-connected disability........      208     100.0        2.8       97.2       59.0       23.6        7.1       16.5       14.6   
    Without service-connected disability.....    1,924     100.0        4.4       95.6       67.3       14.9        4.2       10.8       13.4   
                                                                                                                                                
  Other service periods (2)..................    3,005     100.0        1.6       98.4       75.2       14.9        4.5       10.4        8.3   
    With service-connected disability........      236     100.0        3.5       96.5       59.9       25.3       13.5       11.8       11.3   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,175     100.0        1.8       98.2       76.1       14.4        3.6       10.7        7.7   
                                                                                                                                                
Nonveterans..................................  132,749     100.0        1.6       98.4       79.0       13.3        2.0       11.3        6.1   

   1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
   2 Includes veterans who did not report presence of disability.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of
service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War
(July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted
in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most
recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected
disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from
0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears
in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 9.  Employment status of Gulf War era veterans by Reserve or National Guard status, August 2013, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                         Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                        Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                Period of service and                   noninsti-                                                                      labor  
           Reserve or National Guard status             tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                       population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                             population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                                   population               labor             
                                                                                                                                              
                       VETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                              
                 Gulf War era, total                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     5,982      4,794     80.1        4,428     74.0          366      7.6        1,188 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...     1,657      1,386     83.6        1,285     77.5          101      7.3          272 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     3,081      2,483     80.6        2,270     73.7          213      8.6          598 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....     1,244        926     74.4          873     70.2           52      5.7          319 
                                                                                                                                              
                   Gulf War era II                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     2,883      2,263     78.5        2,036     70.6          226     10.0          621 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       803        685     85.4          630     78.5           56      8.1          117 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,503      1,163     77.4        1,023     68.1          140     12.0          340 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       578        414     71.7          383     66.4           31      7.4          163 
                                                                                                                                              
                    Gulf War era I                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     3,099      2,531     81.7        2,392     77.2          140      5.5          568 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       855        700     81.9          655     76.7           45      6.4          155 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,578      1,320     83.7        1,247     79.0           73      5.5          258 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       667        511     76.7          490     73.5           22      4.2          155 

   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
The Gulf War era began in August 1990 and continues to the present day. It is divided into two periods of service: Gulf War era II (September
2001-present) and Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001).  Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent period.
Data do not include Reserve and National Guard members who have never been called to Active Duty.




Table 10.  Employment status of Gulf War-era II veterans 18 years and over by location of service, August 2013, not seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                   
                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                            
                                                    Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in    
          Period of service and location            noninsti-                                                                      labor    
                                                    tutional               Percent                                                 force    
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent              
                                                                         population    Total       of        Total       of                 
                                                                                               population               labor               
                                                                                                                        force               
                                                                                                                                            
Total, Gulf War-era II veterans...................     2,883      2,263     78.5        2,036     70.6          226     10.0          621   
  Served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both (1)........     1,141        919     80.6          826     72.4           93     10.2          221   
    Served in Iraq (2)............................       946        761     80.4          684     72.3           76     10.0          185   
    Served in Afghanistan (3).....................       486        396     81.5          347     71.5           49     12.3           90   
    Served in both locations (4)..................       291        237     81.5          205     70.7           32     13.3           54   
  Served elsewhere................................     1,230        982     79.8          875     71.2          107     10.9          248   
  Location of service not reported................       512        361     70.5          335     65.4           26      7.3          151   

   1 Refers to veterans who served in Iraq at anytime since March 2003 and veterans who served in Afghanistan at anytime since October 2001.
Also includes veterans who served in both countries.
   2 Includes all veterans who served in Iraq at any time since March 2003, whether or not they also served in Afghanistan.
   3 Includes all veterans who served in Afghanistan at any time since October 2001, whether or not they also served in Iraq.
   4 Veterans who served in both Iraq and Afghanistan during the designated dates are also included in the totals of each location above.
   NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the 
survey. Gulf War-era II veterans served anywhere in the world at any time since September 2001.




Last Modified Date: March 24, 2014
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