Economic News Release

Volunteering in the United States News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 25, 2015			USDL-15-0280

Technical information:	(202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

	
		VOLUNTEERING IN THE UNITED STATES -- 2014


The volunteer rate was little changed at 25.3 percent for the year ending in 
September 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. About 62.8
million people volunteered through or for an organization at least once between
September 2013 and September 2014. The volunteer rate in 2013 was 25.4 percent.

These data on volunteering were collected through a supplement to the September
2014 Current Population Survey (CPS). The supplement was sponsored by the
Corporation for National and Community Service. The CPS is a monthly survey of
about 60,000 households that obtains information on employment and unemployment
for the nation's civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over. Volunteers
are defined as persons who did unpaid work (except for expenses) through or for
an organization. For more information about the volunteer supplement, see the
Technical Note.

Volunteering Among Demographic Groups

The volunteer rates for both men and women (22.0 percent and 28.3 percent,
respectively) were little changed in the year ending in September 2014. Women
continued to volunteer at a higher rate than did men across all age groups,
educational levels, and other major demographic characteristics. (See tables
A and 1.)

By age, 35- to 44-year-olds were most likely to volunteer (29.8 percent).
Volunteer rates were lowest among 20- to 24-year-olds (18.7 percent). For persons
45 years and over, the volunteer rate tapered off as age increased. Teenagers
(16- to 19-year-olds) had a volunteer rate of 26.1 percent.

Among the major race and ethnicity groups, whites continued to volunteer at a
higher rate (26.7 percent) than did blacks (19.7 percent), Asians (18.2 percent),
and Hispanics (15.5 percent). Of these groups, the volunteer rate declined for
whites (by 0.4 percentage point) and increased for blacks (by 1.2 percentage
points) in 2014. The volunteer rate for Asians edged down by 0.8 percentage point,
and the rate for Hispanics was unchanged.

Married persons volunteered at a higher rate (30.0 percent) in 2014 than did those
who had never married (20.2 percent) and those with other marital statuses
(21.1 percent). Over the year, the rate declined for married persons by 0.7
percentage point. In 2014, the volunteer rate of parents with children under age
18 (31.6 percent) remained higher than the rate for persons without children under 
age 18 (23.0 percent). The volunteer rate of parents with children under age 18 
declined over the year, while the rate for persons without children under age 18
was little changed.

Individuals with higher levels of education engaged in volunteer activities at
higher rates than did those with less education in 2014. Among persons age 25 and
over, 39.4 percent of college graduates volunteered, compared with 27.3 percent of
persons with some college or an associate's degree, 16.4 percent of high school
graduates, and 8.8 percent of those with less than a high school diploma. The rate
of volunteering was little changed over the year for persons across all levels of
educational attainment.

Volunteers by Employment Status

During the year ending in September 2014, 27.5 percent of employed persons
volunteered. By comparison, 24.0 percent of unemployed persons and 21.8 percent
of those not in the labor force volunteered. Among the employed, part-time workers
were more likely than full-time workers to have participated in volunteer activities--
31.7 percent, compared with 26.5 percent. (See table 1.)

Total Annual Hours Spent Volunteering

Volunteers spent a median of 50 hours on volunteer activities during the period from
September 2013 to September 2014. Time spent on volunteer activities was similar for
women and men. Among those who volunteered, median annual hours spent on volunteer
activities ranged from a low of 32 hours for those 25 to 34 years old to a high of
96 hours for those age 65 and over. (See table 2.)

Number and Type of Organizations

Most volunteers were involved with either one or two organizations--71.4 percent and
18.6 percent, respectively. Individuals with higher educational attainment were more
likely to volunteer for multiple organizations than were those with less education.
(See table 3.)

In 2014, the main organization--the organization for which the volunteer worked the
most hours during the year--was most frequently religious (33.3 percent of all
volunteers), followed by educational or youth service related (25.1 percent) and
social or community service organizations (14.4 percent). (See table 4.)

Older volunteers were more likely to volunteer mainly for religious organizations
than were their younger counterparts. Of volunteers age 65 and over, 43.0 percent
did their service mainly through or for a religious organization, compared with 26.1
percent of volunteers age 16 to 24.

For all levels of educational attainment, volunteers were most likely to volunteer
for religious organizations, followed by educational or youth service organizations.
Among volunteers with less than a high school diploma, 49.6 percent volunteered
mainly for religious organizations and 21.3 percent volunteered for educational or
youth service organizations. Of volunteers with a bachelor's degree and higher, 30.0
percent volunteered mainly for religious organizations and 26.8 percent volunteered
mainly for educational or youth service organizations.

Among volunteers with children under age 18, 46.0 percent of mothers and 38.6 percent
of fathers volunteered mainly for an educational or youth service organization, such
as a school or scouting group. Volunteers without children under age 18 were more
likely than parents to volunteer for all other types of organizations.

Main Volunteer Activity for Main Organization

Collecting, preparing, distributing, or serving food (10.8 percent); fundraising
(10.3 percent); and tutoring or teaching (9.3 percent) were the activities volunteers
performed most frequently for their main organization. Men and women tended to engage
in different main activities. Men who volunteered were most likely to engage in general
labor (11.5 percent) or coach, referee, or supervise sports teams (9.4 percent).
Female volunteers were most likely to collect, prepare, distribute, or serve food
(12.1 percent); fundraise (11.6 percent); or tutor or teach (11.1 percent). 
(See table 5.)

The main types of activities volunteers performed varied by educational attainment.
Persons with a bachelor's degree and higher were more likely than those with less
education to provide professional or management assistance or to tutor or teach. 
Volunteers with less than a high school diploma were more likely to collect, prepare,
distribute, or serve food or engage in general labor than were those with higher levels
of education.

Parents with children under age 18 were more likely than those without children under
age 18 to engage mainly in volunteer activities that are frequently related to children--
including coaching, refereeing, or supervising sports teams; tutoring or teaching; and
mentoring youth.

How Volunteers Became Involved with Main Organization

In 2014, the proportion of volunteers who became involved with their main organization
after being asked to volunteer (41.0 percent) was about the same as the proportion
who became involved on their own--that is, those who approached the organization (40.8
percent). Those who were asked to volunteer were most often asked by someone in the
organization. (See table 6.)



Table A.  Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2010 through September 2014
(Numbers in thousands)                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                      
                                             September 2010        September 2011        September 2012        September 2013        September 2014   
                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                      
                                           Number   Percent of   Number   Percent of   Number   Percent of   Number   Percent of   Number   Percent of
                                                    population            population            population            population            population
                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                      
                  Sex                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                      
Total, both sexes.......................   62,790       26.3     64,252       26.8     64,513       26.5     62,615       25.4     62,757       25.3  
 Men....................................   26,787       23.2     27,354       23.5     27,238       23.2     26,404       22.2     26,375       22.0  
 Women .................................   36,004       29.3     36,898       29.9     37,274       29.5     36,211       28.4     36,381       28.3  
                                                                                                                                                      
                  Age                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                      
Total, 16 years and over................   62,790       26.3     64,252       26.8     64,513       26.5     62,615       25.4     62,757       25.3  
 16 to 24 years.........................    8,297       21.9      8,578       22.5      8,776       22.6      8,466       21.8      8,469       21.9  
 25 to 34 years.........................    9,140       22.3      9,691       23.3      9,513       23.2      9,118       21.9      9,291       22.0  
 35 to 44 years.........................   12,904       32.2     12,566       31.8     12,527       31.6     12,098       30.6     11,783       29.8  
 45 to 54 years.........................   13,435       30.3     13,420       30.6     12,777       29.3     12,184       28.2     12,204       28.5  
 55 to 64 years.........................    9,830       27.2     10,449       28.1     10,619       27.6     10,191       26.0     10,331       25.9  
 65 years and over......................    9,184       23.6      9,547       24.0     10,301       24.4     10,558       24.1     10,679       23.6  
                                                                                                                                                      
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                      
White...................................   53,556       27.8     54,432       28.2     53,778       27.8     52,685       27.1     52,201       26.7  
Black or African American...............    5,580       19.4      5,934       20.3      6,316       21.1      5,637       18.5      6,094       19.7  
Asian...................................    2,207       19.6      2,304       20.0      2,524       19.6      2,525       19.0      2,513       18.2  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    4,982       14.7      5,151       14.9      5,635       15.2      5,838       15.5      5,982       15.5  
                                                                                                                                                      
       Educational attainment (1)                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                      
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,231        8.8      2,461        9.8      2,177        8.8      2,204        9.0      2,100        8.8  
High school graduates, no college (2)...   10,887       17.9     11,049       18.2     10,527       17.3     10,138       16.7     10,075       16.4  
Some college or associate degree........   15,505       29.2     15,946       29.5     15,832       28.7     15,562       27.7     15,494       27.3  
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   25,870       42.3     26,218       42.4     27,202       42.2     26,244       39.8     26,619       39.4  
                                                                                                                                                      
           Employment status                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                      
Civilian labor force....................   44,522       28.7     45,249       29.1     44,974       28.7     43,162       27.5     42,780       27.3  
 Employed...............................   40,980       29.2     41,881       29.6     42,083       29.1     40,401       27.7     40,497       27.5  
  Full time (4).........................   31,625       28.2     32,517       28.7     32,568       28.1     31,524       26.8     31,557       26.5  
  Part time (5).........................    9,355       33.2      9,363       33.3      9,515       33.4      8,877       31.7      8,940       31.7  
 Unemployed.............................    3,542       23.8      3,368       23.8      2,891       23.8      2,761       24.1      2,283       24.0  
Not in the labor force..................   18,268       22.0     19,003       22.5     19,539       22.4     19,452       21.9     19,977       21.8  

  1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
  2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
  3 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
  4 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
  5 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
  NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all
races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the
release of January data. Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point in the year
ending in September. See the Technical Note for further information.




Technical Note

The data in this release were collected through a supplement to the September 2014
Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible
households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--
focuses on obtaining information on employment and unemployment among the nation's
civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over. The purpose of this supplement
to the CPS was to obtain information on the incidence of volunteering and the
characteristics of volunteers in the United States.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When
a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The 
component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known
as sampling error, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate
based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true 
population value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at
the 90-percent level of confidence.

The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, inability
to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

Additional information on the reliability of data from the CPS and estimating standard
errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

The Census Bureau introduces adjustments to the population controls for the CPS as
part of its annual update of population estimates. For this reason, data in this
release are not strictly comparable with data for earlier years. Additional
information is available on the internet at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

Volunteer questions and concepts

In the September supplement, questions on volunteer activities were asked of all
households. Efforts were made to have household members answer the volunteer
questions for themselves. (Generally, one member of the household answers all
the questions in the CPS on behalf of the entire household.) Self-response was
considered important for the volunteer supplement because research indicated that
self-respondents could more easily answer questions on the characteristics of the
volunteer activity. About 7 of 10 responses were self-reports. The survey was
introduced as follows: "This month, we are interested in volunteer activities, that
is, activities for which people are not paid, except perhaps expenses. We only want
you to include volunteer activities that you did through or for an organization,
even if you only did them once in a while."

Following this introduction, respondents were asked the first supplement question:
"Since September 1st of last year, have you done any volunteer activities through
or for an organization?"

If respondents did not answer "yes" to the first question, they were asked the
following question: "Sometimes people don't think of activities they do infrequently
or activities they do for children's schools or youth organizations as volunteer
activities. Since September 1st of last year, have you done any of these types of
volunteer activities?"

Respondents were considered volunteers if they answered "yes" to either of these
questions. This method has been used since the supplement was first administered
in 2002.

Respondents classified as volunteers were asked further questions about the number
and type of organizations for which they volunteered, total hours spent volunteering,
how they became involved with the main organization for which they volunteered, the
type of activities they performed for the main organization, and what their main
activity was. The reference period for the questions on volunteering was about
1 year, from September 1, 2013, through the survey reference week in September 2014.
The reference period for other characteristics--such as labor force status, educational
attainment, and marital status--refer to the survey reference week in September 2014.
It is possible that these characteristics were different at the time volunteer
activities were performed.

One new question was added to the 2008 survey to determine whether or not respondents
had donated money, assets, or property with a combined value of more than $25 to
charitable or religious organizations in the past 12 months. Two questions asked in
the 2007 supplement were removed in 2008. These questions asked how often respondents
who had attended public meetings or who had worked with others in their neighborhood
to fix a problem did so.

Definitions

Volunteers are persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities at any point during
the survey reference year. The count of volunteers only includes persons who
volunteered through or for an organization; the figures do not include persons who
volunteered in a more informal manner. For example, a woman who taught acting to
children through a local theater would be considered a volunteer. However, a woman
who, on her own, organized softball games for the children in her neighborhood would
not be counted as a volunteer for the purpose of this survey.

Organizations are associations, societies, or groups of people who share a common
interest. Examples include churches, youth groups, and civic organizations. For
the purpose of this study, organizations are grouped into eight major categories,
including religious, youth, and social or community service organizations.

In the 2005 survey, one organization category, immigrant/refugee assistance, was
added to the questionnaire as a possible response. Responses that were collected in
this category may have been distributed over at least six of the major organization
categories in previous years. For this reason, the addition of the new response
category created a break in the comparability of organizations between 2005 and prior
years. Because few people reported volunteering for immigrant/refugee assistance
organizations and because the group was not a definite subset of any of the major
organization categories, those persons who did report that they volunteered for
immigrant/refugee assistance organizations were placed in the "other" group.

The main organization is the organization for which the volunteer worked the most
hours during the year. If a respondent volunteered for only one organization, it
was considered the main organization, even if exact hours were not obtained.

In order to identify the type of main organization, respondents provided information
about the organization and, for those who volunteered for more than one organization,
annual hours worked for each. Some respondents did not provide the information
necessary to determine the main organization. For these respondents, the follow-up
questions on activities and how they became involved with the main organization
asked them to report on the organization for which they think they spent the most
time volunteering.

Activities are the specific tasks the volunteer did for an organization. Examples
include tutoring, fundraising, and serving food. The activity categories were
modified in 2005, thus creating a break in the comparability of activities between
2005 and prior years.

In 2006, a new question was added that asked respondents on which of the activities
they mentioned they spent the most time. Previously, respondents reported all of the
activities they did for their main organization. The new question identified which of
them was the main activity for the main organization.




Table 1. Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2014
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                            Total, both sexes                  Men                        Women             
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                     Volunteers                  Volunteers                  Volunteers     
 Characteristics in September 2014       Civilian                    Civilian                    Civilian                   
                                         noninsti-                   noninsti-                   noninsti-                  
                                         tutional           Percent  tutional           Percent  tutional           Percent 
                                          popula-   Number    of      popula-   Number    of      popula-   Number    of    
                                           tion             popula-    tion             popula-    tion             popula- 
                                                             tion                        tion                        tion   
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                  Age                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
Total, 16 years and over................  248,446   62,757    25.3    120,004   26,375    22.0    128,442   36,381    28.3  
  16 to 24 years........................   38,679    8,469    21.9     19,498    3,771    19.3     19,180    4,698    24.5  
     16 to 19 years.....................   16,615    4,334    26.1      8,437    1,982    23.5      8,178    2,351    28.8  
     20 to 24 years.....................   22,064    4,135    18.7     11,061    1,789    16.2     11,003    2,347    21.3  
  25 years and over.....................  209,768   54,288    25.9    100,506   22,604    22.5    109,262   31,684    29.0  
     25 to 34 years.....................   42,242    9,291    22.0     20,902    3,714    17.8     21,340    5,577    26.1  
     35 to 44 years.....................   39,568   11,783    29.8     19,391    4,847    25.0     20,177    6,936    34.4  
     45 to 54 years.....................   42,762   12,204    28.5     20,897    5,229    25.0     21,865    6,975    31.9  
     55 to 64 years.....................   39,929   10,331    25.9     19,198    4,428    23.1     20,731    5,903    28.5  
     65 years and over..................   45,266   10,679    23.6     20,118    4,386    21.8     25,148    6,293    25.0  
                                                                                                                            
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                      
                                                                                                                            
White...................................  195,777   52,201    26.7     95,662   22,113    23.1    100,115   30,088    30.1  
Black or African American...............   30,932    6,094    19.7     14,042    2,427    17.3     16,890    3,667    21.7  
Asian...................................   13,806    2,513    18.2      6,373    1,022    16.0      7,433    1,491    20.1  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............   38,596    5,982    15.5     19,344    2,555    13.2     19,252    3,427    17.8  
                                                                                                                            
       Educational attainment (1)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                            
Less than a high school diploma.........   23,977    2,100     8.8     11,943      925     7.7     12,034    1,174     9.8  
High school graduates, no college (2)...   61,456   10,075    16.4     30,077    4,193    13.9     31,379    5,882    18.7  
Some college or associate degree .......   56,748   15,494    27.3     26,253    6,051    23.0     30,495    9,443    31.0  
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   67,586   26,619    39.4     32,233   11,435    35.5     35,353   15,184    42.9  
                                                                                                                            
             Marital status                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
Single, never married...................   75,158   15,183    20.2     39,731    6,774    17.0     35,427    8,409    23.7  
Married, spouse present.................  123,855   37,160    30.0     62,206   16,572    26.6     61,649   20,588    33.4  
Other marital status (4)................   49,434   10,414    21.1     18,067    3,030    16.8     31,367    7,384    23.5  
                                                                                                                            
        Presence of own children                                                                                            
           under 18 years (5)                                                                                               
                                                                                                                            
Without own children under 18...........  181,912   41,751    23.0     90,931   18,184    20.0     90,981   23,567    25.9  
With own children under 18..............   66,534   21,005    31.6     29,073    8,191    28.2     37,461   12,814    34.2  
                                                                                                                            
           Employment status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                            
Civilian labor force....................  156,975   42,780    27.3     83,550   19,738    23.6     73,426   23,041    31.4  
  Employed..............................  147,474   40,497    27.5     78,691   18,841    23.9     68,782   21,656    31.5  
    Full time (6).......................  119,300   31,557    26.5     68,408   16,261    23.8     50,893   15,296    30.1  
    Part time (7).......................   28,173    8,940    31.7     10,284    2,580    25.1     17,890    6,360    35.6  
  Unemployed............................    9,501    2,283    24.0      4,858      898    18.5      4,643    1,385    29.8  
Not in the labor force..................   91,471   19,977    21.8     36,455    6,637    18.2     55,017   13,340    24.2  

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2013, through the survey period in September 2014. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is
identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Table 2. Volunteers by annual hours of volunteer activities and selected characteristics, September 2014
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                     Percent distribution of total annual hours spent volunteering         
                                                                         at all organizations                              
                                            Total                                                                          
                                         volunteers                                                                        
   Characteristics in September 2014     (thousands)                                                          Not    Median
                                                             1 to 14  15 to  49 50 to 99  100 to     500   reporting annual
                                                      Total  hour(s)   hours    hours      499     hours    annual   hours 
                                                                                          hours  and over   hours     (1)  
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                  Sex                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                           
Total, both sexes.......................   62,757     100.0     21.7     24.3     14.8     27.5      6.1      5.5     50   
   Men..................................   26,375     100.0     21.5     23.5     15.1     27.9      6.4      5.6     52   
   Women................................   36,381     100.0     21.8     24.9     14.6     27.3      5.9      5.5     50   
                                                                                                                           
                  Age                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                           
Total, 16 years and over................   62,757     100.0     21.7     24.3     14.8     27.5      6.1      5.5     50   
  16 to 24 years........................    8,469     100.0     23.8     27.0     15.1     23.0      4.4      6.6     40   
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,334     100.0     22.1     28.7     16.4     23.7      3.2      6.0     40   
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,135     100.0     25.5     25.1     13.9     22.4      5.8      7.3     40   
  25 years and over.....................   54,288     100.0     21.4     23.9     14.8     28.2      6.4      5.4     52   
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,291     100.0     30.6     25.4     11.7     22.3      4.5      5.4     32   
     35 to 44 years.....................   11,783     100.0     24.1     26.3     15.0     24.8      5.1      4.6     42   
     45 to 54 years.....................   12,204     100.0     20.1     25.3     16.0     27.7      5.7      5.2     52   
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,331     100.0     18.9     23.3     15.9     30.2      6.1      5.6     54   
     65 years and over..................   10,679     100.0     14.2     18.9     14.7     35.9     10.3      6.1     96   
                                                                                                                           
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
White...................................   52,201     100.0     21.3     24.5     15.1     28.0      5.9      5.1     52   
Black or African American...............    6,094     100.0     21.6     21.1     13.8     27.8      7.9      7.7     52   
Asian...................................    2,513     100.0     27.8     25.6     12.8     20.8      3.5      9.6     36   
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,982     100.0     23.6     21.7     14.7     26.3      7.6      6.1     51   
                                                                                                                           
       Educational attainment (2)                                                                                          
                                                                                                                           
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,100     100.0     23.6     22.5     14.6     24.3      8.4      6.6     50   
High school graduates, no college (3)...   10,075     100.0     23.4     22.2     14.3     26.3      7.6      6.2     52   
Some college or associate degree .......   15,494     100.0     22.1     24.0     14.3     27.9      6.5      5.2     50   
Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........   26,619     100.0     20.0     24.6     15.2     29.5      5.7      5.0     52   
                                                                                                                           
             Marital status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                           
Single, never married...................   15,183     100.0     25.2     25.5     14.0     23.6      5.0      6.8     40   
Married, spouse present.................   37,160     100.0     20.3     24.2     15.4     28.9      6.4      4.8     52   
Other marital status (5)................   10,414     100.0     21.5     22.9     14.0     28.5      6.7      6.4     52   
                                                                                                                           
        Presence of own children                                                                                           
           under 18 years (6)                                                                                              
                                                                                                                           
Men:                                                                                                                       
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,184     100.0     20.9     22.9     14.8     27.9      7.1      6.3     52   
  With own children under 18 years old..    8,191     100.0     22.8     24.7     15.8     27.7      4.8      4.1     50   
Women:                                                                                                                     
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,567     100.0     20.1     24.0     14.6     28.4      6.7      6.2     52   
  With own children under 18 years old..   12,814     100.0     25.1     26.5     14.6     25.3      4.3      4.1     40   
                                                                                                                           
           Employment status                                                                                               
                                                                                                                           
Civilian labor force....................   42,780     100.0     23.4     25.8     15.0     25.8      4.6      5.3     48   
  Employed..............................   40,497     100.0     23.4     26.0     15.0     25.8      4.5      5.3     47   
    Full time (7).......................   31,557     100.0     24.1     26.3     15.0     24.9      4.2      5.5     42   
    Part time (8).......................    8,940     100.0     21.1     24.7     14.9     28.8      5.7      4.8     52   
  Unemployed............................    2,283     100.0     23.3     22.1     16.1     26.8      6.6      5.0     52   
Not in the labor force..................   19,977     100.0     18.0     21.2     14.3     31.2      9.2      6.0     67   

   1 For those reporting annual hours.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2013, through the survey period in September 2014. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity
is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. 




Table 3. Volunteers by number of organizations for which volunteer activities were performed and
selected characteristics, September 2014
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                                                          Percent distribution of the number of     
                                                      organizations for which volunteer activities  
                                                                     were performed                 
                                            Total                                                   
   Characteristics in September 2014     volunteers                                                 
                                         (thousands)                                         Not    
                                                                                    Five  reporting 
                                                    Total   One   Two  Three  Four   or   number of 
                                                                                    more   organiza-
                                                                                            tions   
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
                  Sex                                                                               
                                                                                                    
Total, both sexes.......................   62,757   100.0  71.4  18.6   6.4   2.1   1.2       0.2   
   Men..................................   26,375   100.0  73.0  17.6   6.0   1.9   1.2        .2   
   Women................................   36,381   100.0  70.3  19.4   6.7   2.2   1.3        .2   
                                                                                                    
                  Age                                                                               
                                                                                                    
Total, 16 years and over................   62,757   100.0  71.4  18.6   6.4   2.1   1.2        .2   
  16 to 24 years........................    8,469   100.0  75.2  17.9   4.8   1.5    .4        .1   
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,334   100.0  72.5  18.8   5.9   2.0    .6        .2   
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,135   100.0  78.0  17.0   3.7   1.1    .3       -     
  25 years and over.....................   54,288   100.0  70.9  18.7   6.6   2.2   1.4        .2   
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,291   100.0  76.4  16.1   5.1   1.1   1.2        .2   
     35 to 44 years.....................   11,783   100.0  71.4  19.1   6.3   2.1   1.0        .1   
     45 to 54 years.....................   12,204   100.0  69.7  18.9   7.1   2.7   1.4        .2   
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,331   100.0  71.1  19.1   6.1   2.2   1.3        .2   
     65 years and over..................   10,679   100.0  66.6  20.1   8.4   2.7   1.9        .4   
                                                                                                    
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                              
                                                                                                    
White...................................   52,201   100.0  70.5  19.1   6.8   2.2   1.2        .2   
Black or African American...............    6,094   100.0  75.0  17.8   4.0   1.2   1.5        .5   
Asian...................................    2,513   100.0  80.1  13.4   5.2   1.1    .1       -     
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,982   100.0  82.7  12.1   3.5   1.0    .5        .2   
                                                                                                    
       Educational attainment (1)                                                                   
                                                                                                    
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,100   100.0  86.6  10.3   1.8    .5    .5        .4   
High school graduates, no college (2)...   10,075   100.0  81.5  13.5   3.4   1.0    .5        .2   
Some college or associate degree .......   15,494   100.0  73.7  17.4   6.3   1.4   1.0        .2   
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   26,619   100.0  63.9  22.2   8.5   3.2   2.0        .2   
                                                                                                    
             Marital status                                                                         
                                                                                                    
Single, never married...................   15,183   100.0  74.3  17.6   5.3   1.6   1.0        .1   
Married, spouse present.................   37,160   100.0  70.3  19.6   6.6   2.2   1.2        .2   
Other marital status (4)................   10,414   100.0  71.6  16.6   7.4   2.5   1.6        .5   
                                                                                                    
Presence of own children under 18 years (5)                                                         
                                                                                                    
                                                                                                    
Men:                                                                                                
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,184   100.0  73.8  16.9   6.0   1.8   1.2        .3   
  With own children under 18 years old..    8,191   100.0  71.3  19.3   5.9   2.4   1.2       -     
Women:                                                                                              
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,567   100.0  70.5  19.5   6.4   2.2   1.2        .2   
  With own children under 18 years old..   12,814   100.0  69.8  19.1   7.3   2.2   1.4        .2   
                                                                                                    
           Employment status                                                                        
                                                                                                    
Civilian labor force....................   42,780   100.0  71.0  19.2   6.4   2.1   1.2        .2   
  Employed..............................   40,497   100.0  71.0  19.2   6.4   2.1   1.2        .2   
    Full time (6).......................   31,557   100.0  71.4  19.1   6.1   2.1   1.2        .2   
    Part time (7).......................    8,940   100.0  69.7  19.5   7.4   2.0   1.1        .2   
  Unemployed............................    2,283   100.0  70.5  20.4   5.7   2.3   1.1       -     
Not in the labor force..................   19,977   100.0  72.4  17.3   6.5   2.1   1.4        .2   

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are
nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an
organization at any point from September 1, 2013, through the survey period in September 2014. 
Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to
totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 4. Volunteers by type of main organization for which volunteer activities were performed and selected characteristics,
September 2014
                                                                                                                                    
                                            Percent distribution of volunteers by type of main organization (1)                     
                                                                                                                                    
                                            Total            Civic,                                                                 
       Characteristics in                   volun-           polit-  Educa-   Envi-  Hos-               Social   Sport,             
         September 2014                     teers            ical,  tional    ron-  pital  Pub-          or     hobby,          Not 
                                            (thou-  Total   profes-   or    mental   or    lic   Reli-  commu-   cul-   Other deter-
                                            sands)          sional,  youth    or    other safety gious   nity    tural,        mined
                                                           or inter-  ser-  animal health              service  or arts             
                                                           national   vice   care                                                   
                                                                                                                                    
                   Sex                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                    
 Total, both sexes.......................   62,757  100.0     5.2     25.1    2.6   7.4    1.1   33.3   14.4     3.9    4.3    2.6  
    Men..................................   26,375  100.0     6.6     23.7    2.6   6.1    1.8   32.2   14.8     4.7    4.7    2.7  
    Women................................   36,381  100.0     4.2     26.2    2.6   8.4     .5   34.1   14.2     3.3    4.0    2.6  
                                                                                                                                    
                   Age                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                    
 Total, 16 years and over................   62,757  100.0     5.2     25.1    2.6   7.4    1.1   33.3   14.4     3.9    4.3    2.6  
   16 to 24 years........................    8,469  100.0     3.9     28.7    3.9   9.9    1.3   26.1   15.0     3.7    3.9    3.7  
      16 to 19 years.....................    4,334  100.0     3.7     33.2    3.0   7.0    1.0   28.3   13.7     3.3    3.3    3.5  
      20 to 24 years.....................    4,135  100.0     4.0     24.0    4.8  12.9    1.5   23.9   16.4     4.1    4.6    3.9  
   25 years and over.....................   54,288  100.0     5.4     24.6    2.4   7.0    1.0   34.4   14.4     3.9    4.4    2.5  
      25 to 34 years.....................    9,291  100.0     4.5     29.7    2.5   8.6    1.8   27.6   14.1     3.1    5.1    3.0  
      35 to 44 years.....................   11,783  100.0     3.8     39.3    2.1   5.7     .9   27.9   11.0     3.6    3.2    2.3  
      45 to 54 years.....................   12,204  100.0     5.0     29.1    2.3   6.1     .8   33.7   13.1     3.8    3.8    2.3  
      55 to 64 years.....................   10,331  100.0     6.5     14.8    3.4   7.6    1.1   39.9   15.7     5.0    3.7    2.3  
      65 years and over..................   10,679  100.0     7.4      8.1    2.0   7.6     .7   43.0   18.3     4.3    6.3    2.5  
                                                                                                                                    
  Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                    
 White...................................   52,201  100.0     5.5     25.0    2.9   7.5    1.2   32.4   14.4     4.2    4.4    2.4  
 Black or African American...............    6,094  100.0     3.7     21.0     .7   6.2     .3   44.0   15.1     2.2    3.1    3.8  
 Asian...................................    2,513  100.0     3.7     31.1    1.5   9.6    -     28.9   13.6     3.3    4.4    4.0  
 Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,982  100.0     3.4     30.6     .9   5.9    1.1   39.2   10.8     1.9    3.7    2.5  
                                                                                                                                    
        Educational attainment (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                    
 Less than a high school diploma.........    2,100  100.0     3.4     21.3    1.8   3.3    1.1   49.6   11.8     2.1    4.1    1.5  
 High school graduates, no college (3)...   10,075  100.0     4.5     20.5    2.5   5.4    1.7   41.0   14.5     3.1    4.5    2.4  
 Some college or associate degree .......   15,494  100.0     5.1     23.7    2.4   7.6    1.3   35.7   14.1     3.7    4.2    2.2  
 Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........   26,619  100.0     6.1     26.8    2.5   7.6     .6   30.0   14.7     4.6    4.4    2.7  
                                                                                                                                    
              Marital status                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                    
 Single, never married...................   15,183  100.0     4.5     25.8    3.8   9.9    1.5   24.7   17.0     4.2    4.8    3.7  
 Married, spouse present.................   37,160  100.0     5.1     26.2    2.1   6.1     .9   37.2   12.6     3.7    3.9    2.2  
 Other marital status (5)................   10,414  100.0     6.5     20.1    2.8   8.5     .9   31.9   17.2     4.2    5.1    2.7  
                                                                                                                                    
         Presence of own children                                                                                                   
            under 18 years (6)                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                    
 Men:                                                                                                                               
   No own children under 18 years old....   18,184  100.0     7.4     16.9    3.2   6.8    1.8   33.1   17.4     4.8    5.5    3.0  
   With own children under 18 years old..    8,191  100.0     4.7     38.6    1.3   4.6    1.6   30.4    9.0     4.5    3.1    2.2  
 Women:                                                                                                                             
   No own children under 18 years old....   23,567  100.0     5.2     15.4    3.3  10.2     .7   36.7   17.1     3.8    4.7    2.9  
   With own children under 18 years old..   12,814  100.0     2.2     46.0    1.4   5.0     .3   29.3    8.9     2.3    2.7    1.9  
                                                                                                                                    
            Employment status                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                    
 Civilian labor force....................   42,780  100.0     5.3     26.9    2.9   7.7    1.3   31.0   14.1     4.2    4.1    2.6  
   Employed..............................   40,497  100.0     5.3     26.7    2.9   7.8    1.3   31.1   14.0     4.2    4.1    2.6  
     Full time (7).......................   31,557  100.0     5.5     26.8    2.8   7.8    1.5   30.2   14.3     4.1    4.1    2.7  
     Part time (8).......................    8,940  100.0     4.6     26.3    3.0   7.6     .8   34.0   13.0     4.4    3.9    2.5  
   Unemployed............................    2,283  100.0     3.9     30.4    3.0   5.8     .9   29.8   14.9     5.4    4.1    2.0  
 Not in the labor force..................   19,977  100.0     5.1     21.3    2.2   6.9     .5   38.2   15.3     3.2    4.8    2.7  
                                                                                                                                    
   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year. See the
Technical Note for more details.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren,
and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from
September 1, 2013, through the survey period in September 2014. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African
American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 5. Main volunteer activity for main organization for which activities were performed and selected characteristics,
September 2014
                                                                                                                                                     
                                       Percent distribution of main volunteer activity for main organization (1)                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                               Pro-                                  
                                                                                                               vide                                  
                                                                           Collect,          Pro-             profes-            Engage              
                                                                           make or           vide             sional   Engage      in                
                                    Coach                           Col-   distri-          coun-               or       in       gen-               
                            Total    ref-                          lect,    bute    Fund-  seling,            manage-  music,     eral          Equal
                            volun-  eree,                 Be an    pre-    cloth-   raise   medi-  Provide     ment    perfor-   labor;          time
    Characteristics in      teers    or,   Tutor          usher,   pare,    ing,     or      cal   general    assis-   mance,    supply         among
      September 2014        (thou-  super-   or   Mentor  greet-   dis-    crafts   sell    care,  office     tance,     or,     trans-  Other   all 
                            sands)  vise   teach  youth   er, or   tri-  or goods  items    fire/,   ser-    includ-   other     port-               
                                    sports                 mini-   bute,   other     to      EMS,   vices     ing     artis-     ation               
                                    teams                  ster     or     than    raise     or             serving    tic        to                 
                                                                  serve    food    money    pro-             on a     activ-    people               
                                                                   food                      tec-             board    ities                         
                                                                                            tive               or                                    
                                                                                            ser-             commit-                                 
                                                                                           vices              tee                                    
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
          Sex                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                     
Total, both sexes.........  62,757    5.5    9.3    6.0    4.5    10.8     3.7     10.3     2.9       4.3     7.1      3.9      8.2      14.7    8.8 
   Men....................  26,375    9.4    6.9    6.3    5.3     9.0     2.5      8.5     3.4       2.9     8.5      3.9     11.5      13.9    7.9 
   Women..................  36,381    2.6   11.1    5.8    3.9    12.1     4.7     11.6     2.6       5.2     6.1      3.9      5.7      15.2    9.4 
                                                                                                                                                     
          Age                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                     
Total, 16 years and over..  62,757    5.5    9.3    6.0    4.5    10.8     3.7     10.3     2.9       4.3     7.1      3.9      8.2      14.7    8.8 
  16 to 24 years..........   8,469    5.4   10.3    8.4    2.6     9.7     3.3      9.5     2.7       3.3     1.8      5.5     12.5      15.8    9.2 
     16 to 19 years.......   4,334    5.3   10.3    7.7    2.6    10.5     2.9      9.4     1.6       2.2     1.1      6.4     13.4      16.4   10.2 
     20 to 24 years.......   4,135    5.5   10.3    9.1    2.7     8.9     3.7      9.6     3.8       4.5     2.4      4.5     11.6      15.2    8.2 
  25 years and over.......  54,288    5.5    9.2    5.7    4.8    11.0     3.8     10.4     3.0       4.4     7.9      3.7      7.5      14.5    8.7 
     25 to 34 years.......   9,291    5.9    9.9    7.5    3.6     9.3     3.8     10.9     3.8       3.8     4.7      3.3      8.4      16.7    8.4 
     35 to 44 years.......  11,783   10.2   11.9    7.4    2.9     8.8     3.6     10.8     2.4       3.7     6.9      3.1      6.6      12.9    8.9 
     45 to 54 years.......  12,204    6.5    8.7    6.4    4.4    12.1     3.3     11.1     2.5       4.4     8.7      2.9      7.2      13.1    8.8 
     55 to 64 years.......  10,331    2.9    8.3    4.8    6.0    11.8     3.2     10.0     3.5       4.5     9.7      4.9      8.1      13.9    8.4 
     65 years and over....  10,679    1.2    6.8    2.3    7.2    12.8     5.2      9.3     2.9       5.8     9.4      4.3      7.4      16.5    9.0 
                                                                                                                                                     
   Race and Hispanic or                                                                                                                              
    Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                     
White.....................  52,201    5.7    9.4    5.9    4.3    10.4     3.7     11.0     2.9       4.2     7.6      3.8      8.3      14.4    8.3 
Black or African                                                                                                                                     
 American.................  6,094     4.3    8.1    7.5    7.1    12.9     4.4      6.5     3.3       4.8     3.8      4.8      6.5      14.0   12.1 
                                                                                                                                                     
Asian.....................   2,513    3.0   10.2    5.0    2.9    11.5     4.9      6.7     3.3       4.3     6.6      3.6      8.1      20.0    9.7 
Hispanic or Latino                                                                                                                                   
 ethnicity................   5,982    6.5   10.8    6.0    7.7    11.5     3.4      8.4     2.5       3.1     3.5      3.6      8.2      16.1    8.7 
                                                                                                                                                     
   Educational attainment (2)                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                     
Less than a high school                                                                                                                              
 diploma..................   2,100    3.2    6.9    4.3    9.1    17.4     5.2      7.3     2.2       1.7     1.8      2.7     13.9      15.8    8.6 
High school graduates, no                                                                                                                            
 college (3)..............  10,075    5.2    6.7    4.2    5.9    13.7     4.7     10.0     2.7       4.7     3.6      3.5      9.9      16.4    8.9 
Some college or associate                                                                                                                            
 degree ..................  15,494    5.3    8.6    5.6    5.2    11.8     4.1     11.4     2.7       4.5     5.0      4.0      7.6      14.5    9.9 
Bachelor's degree and                                                                                                                                
 higher (4)...............  26,619    5.9   10.6    6.4    3.8     9.0     3.2     10.3     3.4       4.5    11.8      3.6      6.0      13.6    8.0 
                                                                                                                                                     
     Marital status                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                     
Single, never married.....  15,183    5.1    9.0    6.8    3.3    10.3     3.6     10.0     3.5       4.0     3.8      4.5     11.0      16.3    8.9 
Married, spouse present...  37,160    6.1   10.0    6.1    4.8    10.6     3.6     10.5     2.6       4.1     8.7      3.8      7.3      13.3    8.5 
Other marital status (5)..  10,414    3.8    7.3    4.6    5.1    12.4     4.6     10.1     3.2       5.4     6.3      3.5      7.2      17.0    9.5 
                                                                                                                                                     
   Presence of own children                                                                                                                          
      under 18 years (6)                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                     
Men:                                                                                                                                                 
  No own children under                                                                                                                              
   18 years old...........  18,184    5.1    6.8    5.5    5.8    10.1     2.5      8.3     3.8       3.6     8.6      4.2     12.7      15.3    7.8 
                                                                                                                                                     
  With own children under                                                                                                                            
   18 years old...........   8,191   18.9    7.1    8.2    4.2     6.6     2.4      8.9     2.8       1.6     8.4      3.1      9.0      10.6    8.2 
Women:                                                                                                                                               
  No own children under                                                                                                                              
   18 years old...........  23,567    1.8    9.3    4.9    4.9    12.8     5.0     11.0     3.0       5.5     6.3      4.6      6.2      15.7    9.1 
  With own children under                                                                                                                            
   18 years old...........  12,814    4.2   14.3    7.7    2.1    10.9     4.0     12.7     1.8       4.6     5.8      2.7      4.8      14.4   10.0 
                                                                                                                                                     
   Employment status                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                     
Civilian labor force......  42,780    7.0    9.3    6.6    4.1     9.9     3.1     11.0     3.1       3.7     7.9      3.9      7.9      13.7    8.7 
  Employed................  40,497    7.0    9.5    6.6    4.1     9.8     3.0     11.1     3.2       3.6     8.1      3.8      7.9      13.6    8.7 
    Full time (7).........  31,557    7.9    8.7    6.9    4.1     9.6     3.0     11.5     3.4       3.3     8.4      3.5      8.1      13.3    8.5 
    Part time (8).........   8,940    3.7   12.4    5.8    4.0    10.7     3.2     10.0     2.5       4.8     7.2      4.8      7.1      14.6    9.4 
  Unemployed..............   2,283    6.7    6.3    6.8    5.3    10.8     5.4      8.9     2.0       4.6     4.3      6.0      8.9      15.6    8.5 
Not in the labor force....  19,977    2.2    9.3    4.8    5.3    12.9     5.0      8.8     2.5       5.5     5.4      3.9      8.6      16.7    9.1 
                                                                                                                                                     
  1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year. See the Technical
Note for more details.
  2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
  3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
  4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
  5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
  6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other
related and unrelated children.
  7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
  8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
  NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from September
1, 2013, through the survey period in September 2014. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian)
do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of
any race. 




Table 6. Volunteers by how they became involved with main organization for which volunteer activities were performed and
selected characteristics, September 2014
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                             Percent distribution of how volunteers became involved with main               
                                                                     organization (1)                                       
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                           Total                       Was asked by:                                        
                                           volun-                                                                     Not   
   Characteristics in September 2014       teers          Approach-                                                 report- 
                                           (thou-          ed the                   Rela-  Someone                  ing how 
                                           sands)  Total   organi-        Boss or    tive,  in the           Other  became  
                                                           zation  Total employer  friend, organi-   Some-            in-   
                                                                    (2)             or    zation/    one            volved  
                                                                                     co-   school    else                   
                                                                                   worker                                   
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                  Sex                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
Total, both sexes.......................   62,757  100.0    40.8    41.0    1.6     14.3     23.6    1.4     14.6    3.6    
   Men..................................   26,375  100.0    40.2    42.1    1.5     15.7     23.4    1.3     14.2    3.4    
   Women................................   36,381  100.0    41.3    40.2    1.7     13.3     23.6    1.5     14.8    3.7    
                                                                                                                            
                  Age                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
Total, 16 years and over................   62,757  100.0    40.8    41.0    1.6     14.3     23.6    1.4     14.6    3.6    
  16 to 24 years........................    8,469  100.0    40.2    37.4    1.4     15.0     18.5    2.1     18.1    4.3    
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,334  100.0    39.0    38.9     .3     14.8     21.5    2.2     17.7    4.3    
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,135  100.0    41.5    35.7    2.7     15.3     15.4    2.1     18.4    4.3    
  25 years and over.....................   54,288  100.0    40.9    41.6    1.6     14.2     24.3    1.3     14.0    3.5    
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,291  100.0    40.8    41.4    2.6     15.6     22.2    1.0     13.8    4.0    
     35 to 44 years.....................   11,783  100.0    38.4    43.9    2.0     13.0     27.6    1.1     14.6    3.0    
     45 to 54 years.....................   12,204  100.0    40.1    42.2    1.6     13.9     25.4    1.2     14.0    3.7    
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,331  100.0    42.7    40.3    1.8     14.5     22.5    1.4     13.6    3.4    
     65 years and over..................   10,679  100.0    43.0    39.8     .4     14.2     23.2    1.8     13.9    3.3    
                                                                                                                            
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                      
                                                                                                                            
White...................................   52,201  100.0    41.0    41.2    1.6     14.5     23.7    1.2     14.4    3.4    
Black or African American...............    6,094  100.0    38.8    40.9    1.4     13.6     23.3    2.5     15.4    4.9    
Asian...................................    2,513  100.0    40.7    38.2    2.2     11.9     22.5    1.5     15.2    5.8    
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,982  100.0    43.6    39.0    1.5     12.6     23.4    1.4     13.7    3.7    
                                                                                                                            
       Educational attainment (3)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                            
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,100  100.0    44.1    40.6    -       15.1     24.2    1.3     12.8    2.5    
High school graduates, no college (4)...   10,075  100.0    41.1    41.0    1.4     14.9     23.3    1.2     14.2    3.6    
Some college or associate degree .......   15,494  100.0    41.2    41.1    1.4     14.6     23.8    1.2     14.4    3.3    
Bachelor's degree and higher (5)........   26,619  100.0    40.4    42.2    2.0     13.6     25.1    1.4     13.8    3.6    
                                                                                                                            
             Marital status                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
Single, never married...................   15,183  100.0    40.2    38.0    1.8     15.3     19.0    1.7     17.1    4.7    
Married, spouse present.................   37,160  100.0    40.7    43.0    1.6     13.9     26.0    1.2     13.3    3.0    
Other marital status (6)................   10,414  100.0    42.4    38.5    1.3     14.2     21.3    1.6     15.1    4.0    
                                                                                                                            
Presence of own children under 18 years (7)                                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
Men:                                                                                                                        
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,184  100.0    41.2    40.2    1.5     16.2     20.9    1.3     14.8    3.8    
  With own children under 18 years old..    8,191  100.0    37.9    46.5    1.6     14.6     29.0    1.2     13.0    2.7    
Women:                                                                                                                      
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,567  100.0    42.1    38.6    1.6     14.7     20.5    1.7     15.2    4.1    
  With own children under 18 years old..   12,814  100.0    39.7    43.2    1.7     10.7     29.4    1.2     14.1    3.0    
                                                                                                                            
           Employment status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                            
Civilian labor force....................   42,780  100.0    39.7    42.1    2.2     14.9     23.6    1.3     14.7    3.5    
  Employed..............................   40,497  100.0    39.6    42.3    2.3     14.8     23.7    1.2     14.6    3.5    
    Full time (8).......................   31,557  100.0    39.2    42.7    2.8     15.3     23.3    1.2     14.5    3.6    
    Part time (9).......................    8,940  100.0    40.7    40.8     .7     13.1     25.3    1.5     15.1    3.4    
  Unemployed............................    2,283  100.0    42.0    39.0     .7     15.6     20.8    2.0     16.4    2.6    
Not in the labor force..................   19,977  100.0    43.2    38.8     .3     13.1     23.5    1.7     14.2    3.8    
                                                                                                                            
  1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year. See
the Technical Note for more details.
  2 Includes persons who did not specify who asked them to volunteer, not shown separately.
  3 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
  4 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
  5 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
  6 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
  7 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
  8 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
  9 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
  NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2013, through the survey period in September 2014. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity
is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Last Modified Date: February 25, 2015
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