Economic News Release

Volunteering in the United States News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, February 25, 2014                        USDL-14-0314

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        VOLUNTEERING IN THE UNITED STATES -- 2013


The volunteer rate declined by 1.1 percentage points to 25.4 percent for the year ending
in September 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. About 62.6 million
people volunteered through or for an organization at least once between September 2012
and September 2013. The volunteer rate in 2013 was the lowest it has been since the
supplement was first administered in 2002.

These data on volunteering were collected through a supplement to the September 2013
Current Population Survey (CPS). The supplement was sponsored by the Corporation for
National and Community Service. The CPS is a monthly survey of about 60,000 households
that obtains information on employment and unemployment for the nation's civilian
noninstitutional population age 16 and over. Volunteers are defined as persons who did
unpaid work (except for expenses) through or for an organization. For more information
about the volunteer supplement, see the Technical Note.

Volunteering Among Demographic Groups

The volunteer rates for both men and women (22.2 percent and 28.4 percent, respectively)
declined the year ending in September 2013. Women continued to volunteer at a higher rate
than did men across all age groups, educational levels, and other major demographic
characteristics. (See tables A and 1.)

By age, 35- to 44-year-olds were most likely to volunteer (30.6 percent). Volunteer rates
were lowest among 20- to 24-year-olds (18.5 percent). For persons 45 years and over, the
volunteer rate tapered off as age increased. Teens (16- to 19-year-olds) had a volunteer
rate of 26.2 percent.

Among the major race and ethnicity groups, whites continued to volunteer at a higher rate
(27.1 percent) than did blacks (18.5 percent), Asians (19.0 percent), and Hispanics 
(15.5 percent). Of these groups, the volunteer rate fell for whites (by 0.7 percentage
point) and blacks (by 2.6 percentage points) in 2013. The volunteer rates for Asians and
Hispanics were little changed.

Married persons volunteered at a higher rate (30.7 percent) in 2013 than did those who had
never married (20.0 percent) and those with other marital statuses (20.5 percent). The
rates declined over the year for each marital status category. In 2013, the volunteer rate
of parents with children under age 18 (32.9 percent) remained higher than the rate for
persons without children (22.7 percent). The volunteer rate of persons without children
under age 18 declined over the year, while the rate for parents was little changed.

Individuals with higher levels of education engaged in volunteer activities at higher rates
than did those with less education in 2013. Among persons age 25 and over, 39.8 percent of
college graduates volunteered, compared with 27.7 percent of persons with some college or
an associate’s degree, 16.7 percent of high school graduates, and 9.0 percent of those with
less than a high school diploma. The rate of volunteering was about unchanged for people
with less than a high school diploma, while the rate declined for persons in all other
educational attainment categories.

Volunteers by Employment Status

Among employed persons, 27.7 percent volunteered during the year ending in September 2013.
By comparison, 24.1 percent of unemployed persons and 21.9 percent of those not in the
labor force volunteered. Among the employed, part-time workers were more likely than
full-time workers to have participated in volunteer activities--31.7 percent, compared
with 26.8 percent. The volunteer rate was little changed among unemployed persons but
declined for the employed and those not in the labor force. (See table 1.)


Table A.  Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2009 through September 2013

                       September     September     September     September     September 
                         2009          2010          2011          2012          2013    
                                                                                         
  Characteristics            Per-          Per-          Per-          Per-          Per-
                             cent          cent          cent          cent          cent
                              of            of            of            of            of 
                     Number  pop-  Number  pop-  Number  pop-  Number  pop-  Number  pop-
                             ula-          ula-          ula-          ula-          ula-
                             tion          tion          tion          tion          tion
                                                                                         
           Sex                                                                           
                                                                                         
Total, both sexes... 63,361  26.8  62,790  26.3  64,252  26.8  64,513  26.5  62,615  25.4
 Men................ 26,655  23.3  26,787  23.2  27,354  23.5  27,238  23.2  26,404  22.2
 Women ............. 36,706  30.1  36,004  29.3  36,898  29.9  37,274  29.5  36,211  28.4
                                                                                         
           Age                                                                           
                                                                                         
Total, 16 years
 and over........... 63,361  26.8  62,790  26.3  64,252  26.8  64,513  26.5  62,615  25.4
 16 to 24 years.....  8,290  22.0   8,297  21.9   8,578  22.5   8,776  22.6   8,466  21.8
 25 to 34 years.....  9,511  23.5   9,140  22.3   9,691  23.3   9,513  23.2   9,118  21.9
 35 to 44 years..... 12,835  31.5  12,904  32.2  12,566  31.8  12,527  31.6  12,098  30.6
 45 to 54 years..... 13,703  30.8  13,435  30.3  13,420  30.6  12,777  29.3  12,184  28.2
 55 to 64 years.....  9,894  28.3   9,830  27.2  10,449  28.1  10,619  27.6  10,191  26.0
 65 years and over..  9,129  23.9   9,184  23.6   9,547  24.0  10,301  24.4  10,558  24.1
                                                                                         
  Race and Hispanic                                                                      
 or Latino ethnicity                                                                     
                                                                                         
White............... 54,078  28.3  53,556  27.8  54,432  28.2  53,778  27.8  52,685  27.1
Black or African                                                                         
 American...........  5,712  20.2   5,580  19.4   5,934  20.3   6,316  21.1   5,637  18.5
Asian...............  2,060  19.0   2,207  19.6   2,304  20.0   2,524  19.6   2,525  19.0
Hispanic or Latino                                                                       
 ethnicity..........  4,873  14.7   4,982  14.7   5,151  14.9   5,635  15.2   5,838  15.5
                                                                                         
   Educational                                                                           
  attainment (1)                                                                         
                                                                                         
Less than a high                                                                         
 school diploma.....  2,242   8.6   2,231   8.8   2,461   9.8   2,177   8.8   2,204   9.0
High school                                                                              
 graduates, no                                                                           
 college (2)........ 11,408  18.8  10,887  17.9  11,049  18.2  10,527  17.3  10,138  16.7
Some college or                                                                          
 associate degree... 15,931  30.5   5,505  29.2  15,946  29.5  15,832  28.7  15,562  27.7
Bachelor's degree                                                                        
 and higher (3)..... 25,490  42.8  25,870  42.3  26,218  42.4  27,202  42.2  26,244  39.8
                                                                                         
  Employment status                                                                      
                                                                                         
Civilian labor                                                                           
 force.............. 44,833  29.0  44,522  28.7  45,249  29.1  44,974  28.7  43,162  27.5
 Employed........... 41,372  29.7  40,980  29.2  41,881  29.6  42,083  29.1  40,401  27.7
  Full time (4)..... 32,085  28.7  31,625  28.2  32,517  28.7  32,568  28.1  31,524  26.8
  Part time (5).....  9,287  33.7   9,355  33.2   9,363  33.3   9,515  33.4   8,877  31.7
 Unemployed.........  3,462  22.9   3,542  23.8   3,368  23.8   2,891  23.8   2,761  24.1
Not in the labor                                                                         
 force.............. 18,528  22.6  18,268  22.0  19,003  22.5  19,539  22.4  19,452  21.9
                                                                                         
   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   5 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and
Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose
ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population
controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Data on volunteers
relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any
point in the year ending in September. See the Technical Note for further information.


Total Annual Hours Spent Volunteering

Volunteers spent a median of 50 hours on volunteer activities during the period from
September 2012 to September 2013. Time spent on volunteer activities was similar for
women and men. Among those who volunteered, median annual hours spent on volunteer
activities ranged from a low of 36 hours for those 25 to 34 years old to a high of 86
hours for those age 65 and over. (See table 2.)

Number and Type of Organizations

Most volunteers were involved with either one or two organizations--71.3 percent and
19.0 percent, respectively. Individuals with higher educational attainment were more
likely to volunteer for multiple organizations than were those with less education.
(See table 3.)

In 2013, the main organization--the organization for which the volunteer worked the most
hours during the year--was most frequently religious (33.0 percent of all volunteers),
followed by educational or youth service related (25.6 percent) and social or community
service organizations (14.7 percent). (See table 4.)

Older volunteers were more likely to volunteer mainly for religious organizations than
were their younger counterparts. Of volunteers age 65 and over, 42.9 percent did their
service mainly through or for a religious organization, compared with 26.8 percent of
volunteers age 16 to 24.

For all levels of educational attainment, volunteers were most likely to volunteer for
religious organizations, followed by educational or youth service organizations. Among
volunteers with less than a high school diploma, 47.5 percent volunteered mainly for
religious organizations and 23.8 percent volunteered for educational or youth service
organizations. Of volunteers with a bachelor's degree and higher, 29.6 percent 
volunteered mainly for religious organizations and 27.3 percent volunteered mainly
for educational or youth service organizations.

Among volunteers with children under 18 years old, 44.5 percent of mothers and 38.3 
percent of fathers volunteered mainly for an educational or youth service organization,
such as a school or scouting group. Volunteers without children under age 18 were more
likely than parents to volunteer for other types of organizations, such as social or
community service organizations and religious organizations.

Main Volunteer Activity for Main Organization

Collecting, preparing, distributing, or serving food (10.9 percent), fundraising (10.0
percent), and tutoring or teaching (9.8 percent) were the activities volunteers performed
most frequently for their main organization. Men and women tended to engage in different
main activities. Men who volunteered were most likely to engage in general labor (11.4
percent) or coach, referee, or supervise sports teams (9.9 percent). Female volunteers
were most likely to collect, prepare, distribute, or serve food (12.5 percent), fundraise
(11.5 percent), or tutor or teach (11.4 percent). (See table 5.)

The main types of activities volunteers performed varied by educational attainment. Persons
with a bachelor's degree and higher were more likely than those with less education to
provide professional or management assistance or to tutor or teach. Volunteers with less
than a high school diploma were more likely to engage in general labor or be an usher,
greeter, or minister than those with higher levels of education.

Parents were considerably more likely than those without children to engage mainly in
volunteer activities that are frequently related to children--including coaching,
refereeing, or supervising sports teams; tutoring or teaching; and mentoring youth.

How Volunteers Became Involved with Main Organization

About 40.8 percent of volunteers became involved with their main organization after being
asked to volunteer, most often by someone in the organization. About 43.0 percent became
involved on their own initiative--that is, they approached the organization. (See table 6.)




Technical Note

The data in this release were collected through a supplement to the September 2013
Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--focuses on
obtaining information on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian
noninstitutional population age 16 and over. The purpose of this supplement to the
CPS was to obtain information on the incidence of volunteering and the characteristics
of volunteers in the United States.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When
a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The 
component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known
as sampling error, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate
based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true 
population value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at
the 90-percent level of confidence.

The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, inability
to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

Additional information on the reliability of data from the CPS and estimating standard
errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

The Census Bureau introduces adjustments to the population controls for the CPS as
part of its annual update of population estimates. For this reason, data in this
release are not strictly comparable with data for earlier years. Additional
information is available on the internet at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

Volunteer questions and concepts

In the September supplement, questions on volunteer activities were asked of all
households. Efforts were made to have household members answer the volunteer
questions for themselves. (Generally, one member of the household answers all
the questions in the CPS on behalf of the entire household.) Self-response was
considered important for the volunteer supplement because research indicated that
self-respondents could more easily answer questions on the characteristics of the
volunteer activity. About 7 of 10 responses were self-reports. The survey was
introduced as follows: "This month, we are interested in volunteer activities, that
is, activities for which people are not paid, except perhaps expenses. We only want
you to include volunteer activities that you did through or for an organization,
even if you only did them once in a while."

Following this introduction, respondents were asked the first supplement question:
"Since September 1st of last year, have you done any volunteer activities through
or for an organization?"

If respondents did not answer "yes" to the first question, they were asked the
following question: "Sometimes people don't think of activities they do infrequently
or activities they do for children's schools or youth organizations as volunteer
activities. Since September 1st of last year, have you done any of these types of
volunteer activities?"

Respondents were considered volunteers if they answered "yes" to either of these
questions. This method has been used since the supplement was first administered
in 2002.

Respondents classified as volunteers were asked further questions about the number
and type of organizations for which they volunteered, total hours spent volunteering,
how they became involved with the main organization for which they volunteered, the
type of activities they performed for the main organization, and what their main
activity was. The reference period for the questions on volunteering was about
1 year, from September 1, 2012, through the survey reference week in September 2013.
The reference period for other characteristics--such as labor force status, educational
attainment, and marital status--refer to the survey reference week in September 2013.
It is possible that these characteristics were different at the time volunteer
activities were performed.

One new question was added to the 2008 survey to determine whether or not respondents
had donated money, assets, or property with a combined value of more than $25 to
charitable or religious organizations in the past 12 months. Two questions asked in
the 2007 supplement were removed in 2008. These questions asked how often respondents
who had attended public meetings or who had worked with others in their neighborhood
to fix a problem did so.

Definitions

Volunteers are persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities at any point during
the survey reference year. The count of volunteers only includes persons who
volunteered through or for an organization; the figures do not include persons who
volunteered in a more informal manner. For example, a woman who taught acting to
children through a local theater would be considered a volunteer. However, a woman
who, on her own, organized softball games for the children in her neighborhood would
not be counted as a volunteer for the purpose of this survey.

Organizations are associations, societies, or groups of people who share a common
interest. Examples include churches, youth groups, and civic organizations. For
the purpose of this study, organizations are grouped into eight major categories,
including religious, youth, and social or community service organizations.

In the 2005 survey, one organization category, immigrant/refugee assistance, was
added to the questionnaire as a possible response. Responses that were collected in
this category may have been distributed over at least six of the major organization
categories in previous years. For this reason, the addition of the new response
category created a break in the comparability of organizations between 2005 and prior
years. Because few people reported volunteering for immigrant/refugee assistance
organizations and because the group was not a definite subset of any of the major
organization categories, those persons who did report that they volunteered for
immigrant/refugee assistance organizations were placed in the "other" group.

The main organization is the organization for which the volunteer worked the most
hours during the year. If a respondent volunteered for only one organization, it
was considered the main organization, even if exact hours were not obtained.

In order to identify the type of main organization, respondents provided information
about the organization and, for those who volunteered for more than one organization,
annual hours worked for each. Some respondents did not provide the information
necessary to determine the main organization. For these respondents, the follow-up
questions on activities and how they became involved with the main organization
asked them to report on the organization for which they think they spent the most
time volunteering.

Activities are the specific tasks the volunteer did for an organization. Examples
include tutoring, fundraising, and serving food. The activity categories were
modified in 2005, thus creating a break in the comparability of activities between
2005 and prior years.

In 2006, a new question was added that asked respondents on which of the activities
they mentioned they spent the most time. Previously, respondents reported all of the
activities they did for their main organization. The new question identified which of
them was the main activity for the main organization.




Table 1. Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2013

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                              
                                              Total, both sexes                  Men                        Women             
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
                                                       Volunteers                  Volunteers                  Volunteers     
   Characteristics in September 2013       Civilian                    Civilian                    Civilian                   
                                           noninsti-                   noninsti-                   noninsti-                  
                                           tutional           Percent  tutional           Percent  tutional           Percent 
                                            popula-   Number    of      popula-   Number    of      popula-   Number    of    
                                             tion             popula-    tion             popula-    tion             popula- 
                                                               tion                        tion                         tion  
                    Age                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                              
  Total, 16 years and over................  246,168   62,615    25.4    118,807   26,404    22.2    127,361   36,211    28.4  
    16 to 24 years........................   38,822    8,466    21.8     19,569    3,733    19.1     19,253    4,734    24.6  
       16 to 19 years.....................   16,745    4,383    26.2      8,515    1,932    22.7      8,230    2,451    29.8  
       20 to 24 years.....................   22,077    4,083    18.5     11,055    1,800    16.3     11,022    2,283    20.7  
    25 years and over.....................  207,346   54,148    26.1     99,237   22,671    22.8    108,108   31,477    29.1  
       25 to 34 years.....................   41,685    9,118    21.9     20,585    3,686    17.9     21,101    5,432    25.7  
       35 to 44 years.....................   39,599   12,098    30.6     19,398    4,967    25.6     20,201    7,131    35.3  
       45 to 54 years.....................   43,167   12,184    28.2     21,087    5,263    25.0     22,079    6,921    31.3  
       55 to 64 years.....................   39,172   10,191    26.0     18,824    4,358    23.1     20,348    5,833    28.7  
       65 years and over..................   43,723   10,558    24.1     19,344    4,398    22.7     24,379    6,160    25.3  
                                                                                                                              
   Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                      
                                                                                                                              
  White...................................  194,610   52,685    27.1     95,013   22,435    23.6     99,597   30,250    30.4  
  Black or African American...............   30,462    5,637    18.5     13,790    2,260    16.4     16,672    3,377    20.3  
  Asian...................................   13,314    2,525    19.0      6,227      990    15.9      7,087    1,535    21.7  
  Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............   37,713    5,838    15.5     18,898    2,450    13.0     18,814    3,388    18.0  
                                                                                                                              
         Educational attainment (1)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
  Less than a high school diploma.........   24,461    2,204     9.0     12,105      941     7.8     12,356    1,264    10.2  
  High school graduates, no college (2)...   60,794   10,138    16.7     29,774    4,221    14.2     31,019    5,917    19.1  
  Some college or associate degree .......   56,233   15,562    27.7     25,595    5,987    23.4     30,639    9,575    31.3  
  Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   65,857   26,244    39.8     31,763   11,522    36.3     34,094   14,722    43.2  
                                                                                                                              
               Marital status                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                              
  Single, never married...................   74,351   14,851    20.0     39,108    6,417    16.4     35,243    8,434    23.9  
  Married, spouse present.................  122,725   37,719    30.7     61,794   16,907    27.4     60,931   20,812    34.2  
  Other marital status (4)................   49,092   10,045    20.5     17,904    3,080    17.2     31,187    6,965    22.3  
                                                                                                                              
          Presence of own children                                                                                            
             under 18 years (5)                                                                                               
                                                                                                                              
  Without own children under 18...........  180,102   40,847    22.7     89,507   17,646    19.7     90,594   23,201    25.6  
  With own children under 18..............   66,066   21,767    32.9     29,299    8,758    29.9     36,767   13,009    35.4  
                                                                                                                              
             Employment status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force....................  157,196   43,162    27.5     83,338   20,008    24.0     73,859   23,154    31.3  
    Employed..............................  145,740   40,401    27.7     77,067   18,775    24.4     68,673   21,626    31.5  
      Full time (6).......................  117,704   31,524    26.8     66,905   16,172    24.2     50,799   15,351    30.2  
      Part time (7).......................   28,036    8,877    31.7     10,162    2,603    25.6     17,874    6,275    35.1  
    Unemployed............................   11,456    2,761    24.1      6,271    1,233    19.7      5,186    1,528    29.5  
  Not in the labor force..................   88,972   19,452    21.9     35,469    6,396    18.0     53,502   13,057    24.4  

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, 
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2012, through the survey period in September 2013.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is
identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Table 2. Volunteers by annual hours of volunteer activities and selected characteristics, September 2013
                                                                                                                             
                                                       Percent distribution of total annual hours spent volunteering         
                                                                          at all organizations                               
                                                                                                                             
 Characteristics in September 2013          Total                                                            Not     Median  
                                         volunteers  Total  1 to 14 15 to 49  50 to 99   100 to    500    reporting  annual  
                                        (thousands)         hour(s)   hours     hours     499    hours     annual   hours (1)
                                                                                        hours  and over    hours             
                  Sex                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                             
Total, both sexes.......................   62,615   100.0     21.3     25.2     15.1    27.3      5.8       5.3        50    
   Men..................................   26,404   100.0     20.5     25.2     14.6    28.2      6.1       5.4        52    
   Women................................   36,211   100.0     21.9     25.1     15.5    26.7      5.6       5.2        50    
                                                                                                                             
                  Age                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                             
Total, 16 years and over................   62,615   100.0     21.3     25.2     15.1     27.3     5.8       5.3        50    
  16 to 24 years........................    8,466   100.0     23.0     27.6     15.7     22.6     4.1       7.0        40    
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,383   100.0     22.6     30.5     16.2     21.0     3.6       6.2        40    
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,083   100.0     23.4     24.6     15.1     24.3     4.7       7.9        42    
  25 years and over.....................   54,148   100.0     21.0     24.8     15.0     28.1     6.1       5.0        52    
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,118   100.0     27.6     26.9     13.4     21.6     5.0       5.5        36    
     35 to 44 years.....................   12,098   100.0     23.6     26.6     15.7     25.5     3.6       4.9        45    
     45 to 54 years.....................   12,184   100.0     20.8     25.9     15.5     28.3     5.0       4.6        52    
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,191   100.0     19.7     23.8     15.3     29.2     7.2       4.6        52    
     65 years and over..................   10,558   100.0     14.1     20.4     14.8     35.2     9.8       5.7        86    
                                                                                                                             
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                       
                                                                                                                             
White...................................   52,685   100.0     21.1     25.5     15.3     27.5     5.5       5.1        50    
Black or African American...............    5,637   100.0     21.2     22.2     14.4     27.2     8.1       6.9        52    
Asian...................................    2,525   100.0     26.2     23.5     14.9     23.4     5.2       6.8        42    
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,838   100.0     22.7     23.4     15.2     26.1     6.9       5.7        52    
                                                                                                                             
       Educational attainment (2)                                                                                            
                                                                                                                             
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,204   100.0     23.6     21.8     13.2     25.2     8.8       7.4        50    
High school graduates, no college (3)...   10,138   100.0     21.6     22.8     13.9     28.4     6.7       6.6        52    
Some college or associate degree .......   15,562   100.0     22.3     24.0     14.6     28.4     6.1       4.6        51    
Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........   26,244   100.0     19.8     26.2     15.9     28.0     5.6       4.5        52    
                                                                                                                             
             Marital status                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                             
Single, never married...................   14,851   100.0     24.1     27.2     14.4     23.3     4.5       6.5        40    
Married, spouse present.................   37,719   100.0     20.2     24.5     15.8     28.9     5.9       4.7        52    
Other marital status (5)................   10,045   100.0     21.2     24.5     13.7     27.5     7.4       5.7        52    
                                                                                                                             
        Presence of own children                                                                                             
           under 18 years (6)                                                                                                
                                                                                                                             
Men:                                                                                                                         
  No own children under 18 years old....   17,646   100.0     20.4     25.1     13.8     27.6     7.2       5.9        52    
  With own children under 18 years old..    8,758   100.0     20.6     25.4     16.3     29.3     4.0       4.4        52    
Women:                                                                                                                       
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,201   100.0     20.2     23.8     15.3     28.2     6.6       5.9        52    
  With own children under 18 years old..   13,009   100.0     25.0     27.6     15.9     24.0     3.6       4.0        40    
                                                                                                                             
           Employment status                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                             
Civilian labor force....................   43,162   100.0     22.8     26.7     15.2     25.5     4.7       5.1        48    
  Employed..............................   40,401   100.0     22.9     26.8     15.4     25.3     4.5       5.1        47    
    Full time (7).......................   31,524   100.0     23.7     26.8     15.4     24.9     4.1       5.0        44    
    Part time (8).......................    8,877   100.0     20.0     26.7     15.5     26.7     5.9       5.3        50    
  Unemployed............................    2,761   100.0     21.5     25.3     12.9     27.6     7.8       5.0        52    
Not in the labor force..................   19,452   100.0     17.9     21.8     14.9     31.4     8.2       5.8        65    

   1 For those reporting annual hours.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2012, through the survey period in September 2013.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.   Persons whose ethnicity
is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. 




Table 3. Volunteers by number of organizations for which volunteer activities were performed and       
selected characteristics, September 2013                                                                
                                                                                                        
                                                           Percent distribution of the number of        
                                                       organizations for which volunteer activities     
                                                                     were performed                     
                                            Total                                                       
  Characteristics in September 2013      volunteers                                               Not   
                                        (thousands)                                           reporting 
                                                                                       Five   number of 
                                                     Total    One   Two   Three  Four   or     organiza-
                                                                                       more     tions   
                                                                                                        
                   Sex                                                                                  
                                                                                                        
 Total, both sexes.......................   62,615   100.0   71.3  19.0    6.6   1.8    1.2        0.1  
    Men..................................   26,404   100.0   72.6  18.6    6.1   1.6    1.0         .1  
    Women................................   36,211   100.0   70.4  19.2    7.0   1.9    1.3         .1  
                                                                                                        
                   Age                                                                                  
                                                                                                        
 Total, 16 years and over................   62,615   100.0   71.3  19.0    6.6   1.8    1.2         .1  
   16 to 24 years........................    8,466   100.0   77.1  16.1    5.1   1.0     .7         .1  
      16 to 19 years.....................    4,383   100.0   75.4  17.4    5.3    .9    1.0         -   
      20 to 24 years.....................    4,083   100.0   78.9  14.8    4.8   1.0     .4         .1  
   25 years and over.....................   54,148   100.0   70.4  19.4    6.9   1.9    1.2         .1  
      25 to 34 years.....................    9,118   100.0   76.0  17.2    4.6   1.4     .7         .1  
      35 to 44 years.....................   12,098   100.0   69.5  20.9    7.1   1.6     .7         .2  
      45 to 54 years.....................   12,184   100.0   68.1  20.8    7.3   2.3    1.4         .1  
      55 to 64 years.....................   10,191   100.0   70.4  18.4    7.6   1.8    1.6         .2  
      65 years and over..................   10,558   100.0   69.3  19.0    7.3   2.5    1.7         .2  
                                                                                                        
  Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                 
                                                                                                        
 White...................................   52,685   100.0   70.3  19.5    7.1   1.9    1.2         .1  
 Black or African American...............    5,637   100.0   78.1  15.5    3.7   1.5     .9         .2  
 Asian...................................    2,525   100.0   80.1  14.7    3.9    .7     .6         -   
 Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,838   100.0   80.7  14.1    3.7   1.0     .4         -   
                                                                                                        
        Educational attainment (1)                                                                      
                                                                                                        
 Less than a high school diploma.........    2,204   100.0   88.2   9.2    2.0    -      .6         -   
 High school graduates, no college (2)...   10,138   100.0   79.6  14.4    4.3   1.0     .5         .2  
 Some college or associate degree .......   15,562   100.0   73.5  17.9    5.9   1.4    1.1         .1  
 Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   26,244   100.0   63.6  23.1    8.8   2.8    1.6         .1  
                                                                                                        
              Marital status                                                                            
                                                                                                        
 Single, never married...................   14,851   100.0   75.7  16.8    5.2   1.3     .8         .2  
 Married, spouse present.................   37,719   100.0   69.3  20.1    7.2   2.0    1.3         .1  
 Other marital status (4)................   10,045   100.0   72.6  17.9    6.2   1.9    1.2         .2  
                                                                                                        
 Presence of own children under 18 years (5)                                                            
                                                                                                        
 Men:                                                                                                   
   No own children under 18 years old....   17,646   100.0   73.3  18.0    5.9   1.7   1.0          .2  
   With own children under 18 years old..    8,758   100.0   71.2  19.9    6.4   1.6    .8          .1  
 Women:                                                                                                 
   No own children under 18 years old....   23,201   100.0   71.3  18.4    7.0   1.8   1.3          .2  
   With own children under 18 years old..   13,009   100.0   68.8  20.8    6.9   2.3   1.2          -   
                                                                                                        
            Employment status                                                                           
                                                                                                        
 Civilian labor force....................   43,162   100.0   70.5  19.8    6.6   1.8   1.2          .1  
   Employed..............................   40,401   100.0   70.2  19.9    6.7   1.9   1.1          .2  
     Full time (6).......................   31,524   100.0   70.5  19.7    6.6   1.9   1.1          .2  
     Part time (7).......................    8,877   100.0   69.1  20.6    6.9   2.0   1.4          .1  
   Unemployed............................    2,761   100.0   74.1  17.9    5.1   1.3   1.6          -   
 Not in the labor force..................   19,452   100.0   73.3  17.1    6.7   1.7   1.1          .1  

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are
nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an
organization at any point from September 1, 2012, through the survey period in September 2013. 
Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to
totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




 Table 4.  Volunteers by type of main organization for which volunteer activities were performed and selected characteristics,
 September 2013
                                                                                                                                    
                                            Percent distribution of volunteers by type of main organization (1)                     
                                                                                                                                    
                                            Total            Civic,                                                                 
       Characteristics in                   volun-           polit-  Educa-   Envi-  Hos-               Social   Sport,             
         September 2013                     teers            ical,  tional    ron-  pital  Pub-          or     hobby,          Not 
                                            (thou-  Total   profes-   or    mental   or    lic   Reli-  commu-   cul-   Other deter-
                                            sands)          sional,  youth    or    other safety gious   nity    tural,        mined
                                                           or inter-  ser-  animal health              service  or arts             
                                                           national   vice   care                                                   
                                                                                                                                    
                   Sex                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                    
 Total, both sexes.......................   62,615  100.0     5.1     25.6    2.7    7.3    1.1   33.0   14.7     4.0    3.9    2.5 
    Men..................................   26,404  100.0     6.4     24.2    2.5    5.8    2.0   32.0   15.3     4.8    4.4    2.5 
    Women................................   36,211  100.0     4.2     26.7    2.8    8.4     .5   33.8   14.3     3.4    3.6    2.4 
                                                                                                                                    
                   Age                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                    
 Total, 16 years and over................   62,615  100.0     5.1     25.6    2.7    7.3    1.1   33.0   14.7     4.0    3.9    2.5 
   16 to 24 years........................    8,466  100.0     4.2     30.1    3.3    8.2    1.7   26.8   14.5     4.0    3.9    3.4 
      16 to 19 years.....................    4,383  100.0     3.1     35.9    3.6    6.1     .7   29.1   12.5     3.9    2.4    2.6 
      20 to 24 years.....................    4,083  100.0     5.4     23.8    2.9   10.5    2.7   24.3   16.6     4.1    5.5    4.2 
   25 years and over.....................   54,148  100.0     5.3     24.9    2.6    7.1    1.0   34.0   14.7     4.0    4.0    2.3 
      25 to 34 years.....................    9,118  100.0     4.1     29.1    3.1    7.6    1.1   30.5   13.6     4.0    4.1    2.8 
      35 to 44 years.....................   12,098  100.0     3.8     40.6    2.0    6.0    1.3   26.4   11.3     3.7    2.6    2.2 
      45 to 54 years.....................   12,184  100.0     5.2     29.0    3.0    6.1     .7   32.3   14.1     3.6    3.9    2.0 
      55 to 64 years.....................   10,191  100.0     6.4     14.5    2.6    8.0    1.1   39.2   16.5     4.7    4.6    2.4 
      65 years and over..................   10,558  100.0     6.9      8.8    2.2    8.3    1.0   42.9   18.5     4.2    4.8    2.4 
                                                                                                                                    
  Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                    
 White...................................   52,685  100.0     5.3     25.3    3.0    7.3    1.2   32.2   15.0     4.2    4.2    2.4 
 Black or African American...............    5,637  100.0     4.5     25.8     .5    5.0     .6   44.6   12.2     1.7    2.3    2.8 
 Asian...................................    2,525  100.0     3.8     30.9    1.5   11.2     .4   30.1   12.0     3.7    3.3    3.2 
 Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,838  100.0     2.8     31.4    1.2    5.0     .8   38.8   11.2     3.2    3.2    2.4 
                                                                                                                                    
        Educational attainment (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                    
 Less than a high school diploma.........    2,204  100.0     3.1     23.8    1.1    5.7    1.3   47.5   10.6     2.0    2.7    2.1 
 High school graduates, no college (3)...   10,138  100.0     4.8     20.3    2.2    6.1    1.5   41.4   14.7     3.3    3.3    2.4 
 Some college or associate degree .......   15,562  100.0     5.0     24.2    2.6    7.3    1.3   34.8   15.3     3.3    4.1    2.1 
 Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........   26,244  100.0     5.8     27.3    2.9    7.5     .7   29.6   14.7     4.9    4.2    2.5 
                                                                                                                                    
              Marital status                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                    
 Single, never married...................   14,851  100.0     5.0     27.3    3.7    8.5    1.1   26.4   15.7     4.6    4.6    3.1 
 Married, spouse present.................   37,719  100.0     5.0     26.9    2.2    6.2    1.1   36.0   13.3     3.7    3.4    2.1 
 Other marital status (5)................   10,045  100.0     5.6     18.6    3.1    9.4    1.1   31.7   18.4     4.1    5.1    3.0 
                                                                                                                                    
         Presence of own children                                                                                                   
            under 18 years (6)                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                    
 Men:                                                                                                                               
   No own children under 18 years old....   17,646  100.0     7.4     17.3     3.1   6.5    2.1   32.9   17.9     4.9    5.3    2.7 
   With own children under 18 years old..    8,758  100.0     4.4     38.3     1.2   4.4    1.9   30.3   10.0     4.8    2.6    2.2 
 Women:                                                                                                                             
   No own children under 18 years old....   23,201  100.0     5.1     16.6     3.4   9.8     .6   36.7   17.0     3.8    4.2    2.9 
   With own children under 18 years old..   13,009  100.0     2.7     44.5     1.9   5.8     .3   28.6    9.5     2.6    2.4    1.7 
                                                                                                                                    
            Employment status                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                    
 Civilian labor force....................   43,162  100.0     5.4     28.0     2.8   7.3    1.2   30.6   14.1     4.2    3.8    2.6 
   Employed..............................   40,401  100.0     5.4     28.0     2.9   7.4    1.2   30.7   14.0     4.2    3.8    2.6 
     Full time (7).......................   31,524  100.0     5.6     28.0     2.7   7.8    1.4   30.2   13.8     4.3    3.6    2.6 
     Part time (8).......................    8,877  100.0     4.5     28.1     3.4   6.3     .5   32.3   14.6     3.9    4.1    2.4 
   Unemployed............................    2,761  100.0     5.7     27.6     2.7   5.8    2.2   29.3   16.0     3.9    4.4    2.4 
 Not in the labor force..................   19,452  100.0     4.5     20.5     2.3   7.1     .9   38.5   16.0     3.6    4.3    2.3 

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year. See the
Technical Note for more details.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren,
and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from
September 1, 2012, through the survey period in September 2013. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African
American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Table 5.  Main volunteer activity for main organization for which activities were performed and selected characteristics,
September 2013
                                                                                                                                                     
                                       Percent distribution of main volunteer activity for main organization (1)                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                               Pro-                                  
                                                                                                               vide                                  
                                                                           Collect,          Pro-             profes-            Engage              
                                                                           make or           vide             sional   Engage      in                
                                    Coach                           Col-   distri-          coun-               or       in       gen-               
                            Total    ref-                          lect,    bute    Fund-  seling,            manage-  music,     eral          Equal
                            volun-  eree,                 Be an    pre-    cloth-   raise   medi-  Provide     ment    perfor-   labor,          time
    Characteristics in      teers    or,   Tutor          usher,   pare,    ing,     or      cal   general    assis-   mance,    supply         among
      September 2013        (thou-  super-   or   Mentor  greet-   dis-    crafts   sell    care,  office     tance,     or,     trans-  Other   all 
                            sands)  vise   teach  youth   er, or   tri-  or goods  items    fire/,   ser-    includ-   other     port-               
                                    sports                 mini-   bute,   other     to      EMS,   vices     ing     artis-     ation               
                                    teams                  ster     or     than    raise     or,            serving    tic        to                 
                                                                  serve    food    money    pro-             on a     activ-    people               
                                                                   food                      tec-             board    ities                         
                                                                                            tive               or                                    
                                                                                            ser-             commit-                                 
                                                                                           vices              tee                                    
                Sex                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                     
 Total, both sexes........  62,615    5.7    9.8    6.7    4.4    10.9     3.7     10.0     2.9       4.4     6.9      3.8        8.2     14.9   7.8 
    Men...................  26,404    9.9    7.5    6.8    5.3     8.8     2.2      8.0     3.3       3.0     8.4      3.8       11.4     14.4   7.3 
    Women.................  36,211    2.6   11.4    6.6    3.8    12.5     4.7     11.5     2.6       5.5     5.8      3.8        5.8     15.2   8.1 
                                                                                                                                                     
                Age                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                     
 Total, 16 years and over.  62,615    5.7    9.8    6.7    4.4    10.9     3.7     10.0     2.9       4.4     6.9      3.8        8.2     14.9   7.8 
   16 to 24 years.........   8,466    5.6    9.9    9.2    2.5     8.6     3.2     10.6     3.2       3.9     1.3      5.5       10.8     17.8   7.9 
      16 to 19 years......   4,383    5.2   11.1    9.2    2.5     9.1     3.1      9.2     1.5       3.3     1.0      6.9       12.0     17.9   8.0 
      20 to 24 years......   4,083    6.0    8.7    9.1    2.6     8.1     3.3     12.1     5.0       4.6     1.5      4.0        9.6     17.7   7.7 
   25 years and over......  54,148    5.7    9.8    6.3    4.7    11.3     3.7      9.9     2.9       4.5     7.8      3.5        7.7     14.4   7.8 
      25 to 34 years......   9,118    7.7   11.2    9.0    3.3     8.9     3.1     10.7     3.0       3.7     4.7      3.5        8.9     16.0   6.4 
      35 to 44 years......  12,098   10.0   11.8    8.4    3.4     9.4     2.9     11.4     3.0       3.6     6.1      2.5        6.7     13.3   7.4 
      45 to 54 years......  12,184    6.3   10.2    7.0    4.3    10.8     3.6     10.2     2.5       4.0     8.2      3.2        8.3     13.1   8.4 
      55 to 64 years......  10,191    2.8    8.2    4.5    6.1    12.4     3.6      9.7     3.3       4.4     9.5      4.6        8.1     14.4   8.3 
      65 years and over...  10,558    1.1    7.1    2.4    6.5    15.0     5.5      7.5     2.5       7.0    10.2      4.0        6.9     15.9   8.2 
                                                                                                                                                     
   Race and Hispanic or                                                                                                                              
     Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                     
 White....................  52,685    5.7    9.9    6.4    4.1   10.7      3.6    10.5      2.9       4.5     7.4      3.6        8.3     14.9   7.6 
 Black or African                                                                                                                                    
  American................   5,637    6.1    9.0   10.1    7.5   12.5      4.3     6.2      3.0       4.1     3.7      4.7        6.5     13.0   9.5 
 Asian....................   2,525    3.3   11.5    6.1    5.7   13.2      3.2     8.2      3.2       4.2     4.5      4.2        8.6     17.2   7.1 
 Hispanic or Latino                                                                                                                                  
  ethnicity...............   5,838    6.3   12.7    5.6    5.9    9.9      3.2     7.9      2.4       4.1     2.8      4.8        9.7     17.0   7.9 
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                     
        Educational attainment (2)                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                           
 Less than a high school diploma.........   2,204    5.9  8.8   3.7    8.5  15.4    4.7   8.2    2.1    2.4    1.5    3.0   11.1 15.8   8.8
 High school graduates, no college (3)...  10,138    6.0  7.7   4.0    5.9  15.6    5.1   9.2    2.3    4.3    3.5    4.0   10.0 15.2   7.2
 Some college or associate degree .......  15,562    5.2  8.4   6.2    5.1  12.4    4.0  10.4    2.7    5.3    5.4    3.4    8.5 14.9   8.2
 Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........  26,244    5.9 11.4   7.5    3.7   8.6    3.0  10.1    3.2    4.3   11.4    3.4    6.1 13.7   7.6
                                                                                                                                           
              Marital status                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                           
 Single, never married...................  14,851    5.3  8.9   8.6    3.3   9.6    3.5  10.1    3.2    4.1    3.6    4.7    9.9 17.8   7.6
 Married, spouse present.................  37,719    6.3 10.7   6.7    4.9  10.7    3.3  10.0    2.6    4.3    8.5    3.4    7.4 13.3   7.9
 Other marital status (5)................  10,045    3.7  7.5   3.8    4.2  13.7    5.4  10.2    3.7    5.6    5.9    3.9    8.4 16.4   7.9
                                                                                                                                           
         Presence of own children                                                                                                          
            under 18 years (6)                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                           
 Men:                                                                                                                                      
   No own children under 18 years old....  17,646    5.5  6.7   6.1    5.8   9.7    2.4   8.3    3.3    3.2    8.8    4.2   12.6 15.8   7.8
   With own children under 18 years old..   8,758   18.8  9.1   8.3    4.2   7.1    1.7   7.5    3.3    2.4    7.5    3.1    8.9 11.6   6.4
 Women:                                                                                                                                    
   No own children under 18 years old....  23,201    1.8  9.4   5.3    4.4  12.9    5.1  10.5    2.9    5.9    6.3    4.3    6.4 16.4   8.3
   With own children under 18 years old..  13,009    4.2 15.0   8.9    2.6  11.6    4.0  13.3    2.1    4.9    5.0    2.9    4.7 13.1   7.8
                                                                                                                                           
            Employment status                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                           
 Civilian labor force....................  43,162    7.2  9.8   7.4    4.0  10.1    3.0  10.7    3.1    3.6    7.4    3.7    8.2 14.2   7.5
   Employed..............................  40,401    7.4  9.8   7.4    4.1   9.9    3.0  11.0    3.1    3.6    7.6    3.6    8.1 13.9   7.5
     Full time (7).......................  31,524    8.4  9.4   7.3    4.1   9.5    2.8  11.3    3.4    3.4    8.2    3.6    8.0 13.2   7.3
     Part time (8).......................   8,877    3.6 11.2   7.6    4.1  11.2    3.7   9.8    2.2    4.2    5.8    3.8    8.4 16.3   8.1
   Unemployed............................   2,761    5.2  9.1   7.9    2.7  12.4    3.5   7.1    2.7    4.4    4.0    4.7    9.7 18.6   8.0
 Not in the labor force..................  19,452    2.3  9.8   5.0    5.3  12.8    5.1   8.4    2.5    6.3    5.8    4.1    8.0 16.3   8.4

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year.  See the Technical
 Note for more details.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other
 related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
      NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from September
 1, 2012, through the survey period in September 2013.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian)
 do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of
 any race.  




Table 6. Volunteers by how they became involved with main organization for which volunteer activities were performed
and selected characteristics, September 2013                                                                        
                                                                                                                    
                                    Percent distribution of how volunteers became involved with main                
                                                            organization (1)                                        
                                                                                                                    
                           Total                              Was asked by:                                         
   Characteristics in      volun-                                                                              Not  
     September 2013        teers          Approach-                                                          report-
                           (thou-          ed the                        Rela-    Someone                    ing how
                           sands)  Total   organi-  Total    Boss or      tive     in the            Other   became 
                                           zation    (2)    employer    friend,   organi-    Some-             in-  
                                                                         or      zation/     one             volved 
                                                                          co-     school     else                   
                                                                        worker                                      
                                                                                                                    
          Sex                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                    
Total, both sexes......... 62,615  100.0    43.0    40.8       1.5       14.7      23.0       1.4    12.8      3.4  
   Men.................... 26,404  100.0    41.8    42.4       1.6       16.4      22.8       1.4    12.3      3.5  
   Women.................. 36,211  100.0    44.0    39.6       1.5       13.5      23.1       1.3    13.2      3.3  
                                                                                                                    
         Age                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                    
Total, 16 years and                                                                                                 
over...................... 62,615  100.0    43.0    40.8       1.5       14.7      23.0       1.4    12.8      3.4  
  16 to 24 years..........  8,466  100.0    43.1    38.1       1.2       15.7      19.9       1.3    14.5      4.3  
     16 to 19 years.......  4,383  100.0    45.0    37.6        .8       13.5      21.9       1.4    13.9      3.4  
     20 to 24 years.......  4,083  100.0    41.1    38.6       1.7       18.2      17.6       1.1    15.1      5.2  
  25 years and over....... 54,148  100.0    43.0    41.2       1.6       14.6      23.5       1.4    12.6      3.2  
     25 to 34 years.......  9,118  100.0    41.7    42.1       2.3       15.8      22.6       1.2    12.5      3.7  
     35 to 44 years....... 12,098  100.0    41.6    43.6       1.8       14.0      26.1       1.5    11.6      3.2  
     45 to 54 years....... 12,184  100.0    42.6    42.1       1.6       14.5      24.6       1.2    12.1      3.2  
     55 to 64 years....... 10,191  100.0    43.8    39.1       1.6       14.5      21.2       1.6    14.1      3.0  
     65 years and over.... 10,558  100.0    45.6    38.6        .7       14.4      21.9       1.3    12.8      3.0  
                                                                                                                    
 Race and Hispanic or                                                                                               
  Latino ethnicity                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                    
White..................... 52,685  100.0    43.1    40.8       1.5       14.8      22.9       1.4    12.9      3.2  
Black or African                                                                                                    
American..................  5,637  100.0    43.0    40.5        .9       14.1      23.7       1.3    12.3      4.2  
Asian.....................  2,525  100.0    46.2    37.6       2.4       11.8      22.7        .6    11.3      4.9  
Hispanic or Latino                                                                                                  
 ethnicity................  5,838  100.0    45.4    37.5       1.2       12.0      22.7       1.5    13.9      3.1  
                                                                                                                    
Educational attainment (3)                                                                                          
                                                                                                                    
Less than a high                                                                                                    
 school diploma...........  2,204  100.0    45.3    38.9        .3       12.9      23.9       1.5    12.0      3.8  
High school graduates,                                                                                              
 no college (4)........... 10,138  100.0    42.9    39.6       1.2       15.2      21.6       1.3    13.7      3.8  
Some college or                                                                                                     
 associate degree ........ 15,562  100.0    43.3    40.7       1.2       14.5      23.4       1.5    13.3      2.8  
Bachelor's degree and                                                                                               
 higher (5)............... 26,244  100.0    42.8    42.3       2.1       14.5      24.1       1.3    11.7      3.2  
                                                                                                                    
    Marital status                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                    
Single, never married....  14,851  100.0    43.4    39.0       1.5       16.6      19.5       1.3    13.4      4.3  
Married, spouse present..  37,719  100.0    42.9    41.7       1.5       14.0      24.7       1.3    12.5      2.9  
Other marital status (6).  10,045  100.0    42.9    39.9       1.8       14.6      21.6       1.7    13.3      3.8  
                                                                                                                    
Presence of own  children                                                                                           
 under 18 years (7)                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                    
Men:                                                                                                                
  No own children under                                                                                             
   18 years old..........  17,646  100.0    41.7    41.3       1.7       17.1      20.9       1.4    13.1      3.8  
  With own children under                                                                                           
   18 years old..........   8,758  100.0    41.8    44.6       1.5       14.9      26.7       1.3    10.7      2.9  
Women:                                                                                                              
  No own children under                                                                                             
   18 years old..........  23,201  100.0    45.5    37.2       1.5       14.6      19.5       1.4    13.7      3.6  
  With own children under                                                                                           
   18 years old..........  13,009  100.0    41.3    43.9       1.5       11.6      29.5       1.1    12.3      2.6  
                                                                                                                    
  Employment status                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                    
Civilian labor force.....  43,162  100.0    41.7    42.3       2.1       15.4      23.3       1.4    12.6      3.4  
  Employed............... 140,401  100.0    41.5    42.6       2.1       15.4      23.6       1.4    12.4      3.4  
    Full time (8)........  31,524  100.0    40.7    43.2       2.6       15.8      23.4       1.3    12.6      3.5  
    Part time (9)........   8,877  100.0    44.4    40.6        .6       14.0      24.1       1.7    11.8      3.1  
  Unemployed.............   2,761  100.0    43.8    37.8       1.0       15.6      19.4       1.7    14.8      3.6  
Not in the labor force...  19,452  100.0    46.1    37.4        .4       13.3      22.2       1.3    13.4      3.1  

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year.
See the Technical Note for more details.
   2 Includes persons who did not specify who asked them to volunteer, not shown separately.
   3 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   4 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   5 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   6 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   7 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   8 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   9 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any
point from September 1, 2012, through the survey period in September 2013. Estimates for the above race groups
(white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.
Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Last Modified Date: February 25, 2014
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