Economic News Release

Major Work Stoppages (Annual) News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 12, 2014                                  USDL-14-0217

Technical information:
     (202) 691-6275   workstoppagesinfo@bls.gov   http://www.bls.gov/wsp
Media contact:
     (202) 691-5902   pressoffice@bls.gov


                                        MAJOR WORK STOPPAGES IN 2013


In 2013, there were 15 major strikes and lockouts involving 1,000 or more workers and lasting at least 
one shift, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The 15 major work stoppages beginning 
in 2013 were down from 19 major work stoppages beginning in 2012.  (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Major work stoppages beginning in 2013 idled 55,000 workers, lower than 2012 with 148,000 idled 
workers. In 2013, there were 290,000 days idle from major work stoppages in effect, also lower than 
2012 with 1.13 million days idle. In 2013, two-thirds of major work stoppages lasted three or less 
workdays. State and local government accounted for 60 percent of major work stoppages beginning in 
2013. In addition, over half of major work stoppages beginning in 2013 occurred in the state of 
California.  (See chart 2, and tables 1 and 2.) 

The longest and most days idle of any major work stoppage beginning in 2013 was between the New 
York City Public Schools and the Amalgamated Transit Union Local 1181, with 8,000 workers 
accounting for 176,000 days idle. The greatest number of workers involved in a major work stoppage 
beginning in 2013 was between the University of California Medical Centers and American Federation 
of State County and Municipal Employees Local 3299 (including the University Professional and 
Technical Employees Union for one day), involving as many as 18,800 workers. (See table 2.)

Other notable work stoppages beginning in 2013 included the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) and the 
Service Employees International Union Local 1021 and the Amalgamated Transit Union Local 1555.  
BART was involved in two major work stoppages, occurring in July and October. (See table 2.)



                                        TECHNICAL NOTE

The major work stoppages series dates back to 1947. The term “major work stoppage” includes both 
worker-initiated strikes and employer-initiated lockouts that involve 1,000 workers or more and lasting 
at least one shift. BLS does not distinguish between lockouts and strikes in its statistics.

Information on work stoppages is obtained from reports from the Federal Mediation and Conciliation 
Service, state labor market information offices, BLS Strike Reports from the Office of Employment 
and Unemployment Statistics, and from media sources. One or both parties involved in the work 
stoppage (employer or union) is contacted to verify the duration and number of workers idled by the 
stoppage. 

Days of idleness is calculated by multiplying the number of workers involved in the strike or lockout 
by the number of days workers are off the job. The number of lost workdays for every major work 
stoppage is based on a 5-day workweek (Monday through Friday), excluding Federal holidays.  

Monthly major work stoppages data

The Bureau of Labor Statistics compiles detailed monthly statistics on major work stoppages at 
http://www.bls.gov/wsp.  

Detailed data for each major work stoppage since 1993 includes the organization involved, location, 
beginning and ending work stoppage dates, the number of workers, and days idle.  

Monthly time series data since 1981 have been published (http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ws) 
for the following tables:

   *  Number of work stoppages involving 1,000 workers or more beginning in the period
   *  Number of work stoppages involving 1,000 workers or more in effect in the period
   *  Number of workers involved in work stoppages beginning in the period
   *  Number of workers involved in work stoppages in effect in the period
   *  Days of idleness resulting from work stoppages in effect in the period
   *  Days of idleness resulting from work stoppages in effect in the period, as a percent of estimated 
      working time

Major work stoppages detailed information and measures

For more information on Work Stoppages methods and measures, see “Chapter 8. National 
Compensation Measures” of the BLS Handbook of Methods at: 
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch8.pdf.



                  Table 1.  Work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers, 1947-2013
                                                                                                          
                  ________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         Number of                      Days idle(2)      
                                                           work      Numbers of                           
                                                         stoppages     workers                            
                                 Period                  beginning    involved                 Percent of 
                                                            in      (thousands)-    Number      estimated 
                                                          period         (1)      (thousands)    working  
                                                                                                 time(3)  
                                                                                                          

                                                                                                          
                   2013...............................       15            55           290        (4)    
                   2012...............................       19           148         1,131        (4)    
                   2011...............................       19           113         1,020        (4)    
                   2010...............................       11            45           302        (4)    
                   2009...............................        5            13           124        (4)    
                                                                                                          
                   2008...............................       15            72         1,954        .01    
                   2007...............................       21           189         1,265        (4)    
                   2006...............................       20            70         2,688        .01    
                   2005...............................       22           100         1,736        .01    
                   2004...............................       17           171         3,344        .01    
                                                                                                          
                   2003...............................       14           129         4,091        .01    
                   2002...............................       19            46           660        (4)    
                   2001...............................       29            99         1,151        (4)    
                   2000...............................       39           394        20,419        .06    
                   1999...............................       17            73         1,996        .01    
                                                                                                          
                   1998...............................       34           387         5,116        .02    
                   1997...............................       29           339         4,497        .01    
                   1996...............................       37           273         4,889        .02    
                   1995...............................       31           192         5,771        .02    
                   1994...............................       45           322         5,021        .02    
                                                                                                          
                   1993...............................       35           182         3,981        .01    
                   1992...............................       35           364         3,989        .01    
                   1991...............................       40           392         4,584        .02    
                   1990...............................       44           185         5,926        .02    
                   1989...............................       51           452        16,996        .07    
                                                                                                          
                   1988...............................       40           118         4,381        .02    
                   1987...............................       46           174         4,481        .02    
                   1986...............................       69           533        11,861        .05    
                   1985...............................       54           324         7,079        .03    
                   1984...............................       62           376         8,499        .04    
                                                                                                          
                   1983...............................       81           909        17,461        .08    
                   1982...............................       96           656         9,061        .04    
                   1981...............................      145           729        16,908        .07    
                   1980...............................      187           795        20,844        .09    
                   1979...............................      235         1,021        20,409        .09    
                                                                                                          
                   1978...............................      219         1,006        23,774        .11    
                   1977...............................      298         1,212        21,258        .10    
                   1976...............................      231         1,519        23,962        .12    
                   1975...............................      235           965        17,563        .09    
                   1974...............................      424         1,796        31,809        .16    
                                                                                                          
                   1973...............................      317         1,400        16,260        .08    
                   1972...............................      250           975        16,764        .09    
                   1971...............................      298         2,516        35,538        .19    
                   1970...............................      381         2,468        52,761        .29    
                   1969...............................      412         1,576        29,397        .16    
                                                                                                          
                   1968...............................      392         1,855        35,367        .20    
                   1967...............................      381         2,192        31,320        .18    
                   1966...............................      321         1,300        16,000        .10    
                   1965...............................      268           999        15,140        .10    
                   1964...............................      246         1,183        16,220        .11    
                                                                                                          
                   1963...............................      181           512        10,020        .07    
                   1962...............................      211           793        11,760        .08    
                   1961...............................      195         1,031        10,140        .07    
                   1960...............................      222           896        13,260        .09    
                   1959...............................      245         1,381        60,850        .43    
                                                                                                          
                   1958...............................      332         1,587        17,900        .13    
                   1957...............................      279           887        10,340        .07    
                   1956...............................      287         1,370        26,840        .20    
                   1955...............................      363         2,055        21,180        .16    
                   1954...............................      265         1,075        16,630        .13    
                                                                                                          
                   1953...............................      437         1,623        18,130        .14    
                   1952...............................      470         2,746        48,820        .38    
                   1951...............................      415         1,462        15,070        .12    
                   1950...............................      424         1,698        30,390        .26    
                   1949...............................      262         2,537        43,420        .38    
                                                                                                          
                   1948...............................      245         1,435        26,127        .22    
                   1947...............................      270         1,629        25,720        (5)    
                   _______________________________________________________________________________________

                    1 Number of workers involved includes only those workers who participated in work
                  stoppages that began in the calendar year. Workers are counted more than once if they
                  are involved in more than one stoppage during the reference period. Numbers are rounded
                  to the nearest thousand. 
                    2 Days idle includes all stopages in effect during the reference period. For work
                  stoppages that are still ongoing at the end of the calendar year, only those days of
                  idleness in the calendar year are counted. 
                    3 Agricultural and government employees are included in the calculation of estimated
                  working time; private households, forestry, and fishery employees are excluded. 
                    4 Less than .005. 
                    5 Data not available. 



          Table 2. Work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers beginning in 2013
          _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
                                                            | Industry | Beginning|  Ending  | Number of|          
                       Organizations involved,              |  code(1) |   date   |   date   |workers(2)| Days idle
                         location, and sector               |          |          |          |          |          
          _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          New York City Public Schools                      |          |          |          |          |          
            New York, NY                                    |          |          |          |          |          
            Amalgamated Transit Union                       |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 1181                                      |          |          |          |          |          
            (Local Government)..............................|  611110  | 1/16/13  | 2/15/13  |   8,000  |  176,000 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          G4S, Allied Barton, Securitas, Viking Security,   |          |          |          |          |          
            ABM Security, and Whelan Security               |          |          |          |          |          
            Minneapolis - St. Paul, MN                      |          |          |          |          |          
            Service Employees International Union           |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 26, Security Guards                       |          |          |          |          |          
            (Private Industry)..............................|  561612  | 2/27/13  | 2/27/13  |   2,000  |    2,000 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Sheet Metal Contractors Association               |          |          |          |          |          
            of Philadelphia and Vicinity                    |          |          |          |          |          
            Philadelphia Metropolitan Area, PA, NJ          |          |          |          |          |          
            Sheet Metal Workers Union                       |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 19                                        |          |          |          |          |          
            (Private Industry)..............................|  236220  |  5/1/13  |  5/2/13  |   1,300  |    2,600 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Sutter Health Hospitals                           |          |          |          |          |          
            Hospital Corporation of America                 |          |          |          |          |          
            San Francisco Bay Area, CA                      |          |          |          |          |          
            California Nurses Association                   |          |          |          |          |          
            National Nurses United                          |          |          |          |          |          
            (Private Industry)..............................|  622110  | 5/17/13  | 5/24/13  |   4,200  |   25,200 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          University of California Medical Centers          |          |          |          |          |          
            Sacramento, San Francisco, Los Angeles,         |          |          |          |          |          
            Irvine and San Diego, CA                        |          |          |          |          |          
            American Federation of State, County,           |          |          |          |          |          
            and Municipal Employees                         |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 3299, (3)University Professional,         |          |          |          |          |          
            and Technical Employees Union                   |          |          |          |          |          
            (State Government)..............................|  622110  | 5/21/13  | 5/22/13  |  18,800  |   34,300 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)                     |          |          |          |          |          
            San Francisco Bay Area, CA                      |          |          |          |          |          
            Service Employees International Union           |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 1021                                      |          |          |          |          |          
            Amalgamated Transit Union                       |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 1555                                      |          |          |          |          |          
            (Local Government)..............................|  485112  |  7/1/13  |  7/5/13  |   2,400  |    9,600 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          City of Oakland                                   |          |          |          |          |          
            Oakland, CA                                     |          |          |          |          |          
            International Federation of Professional        |          |          |          |          |          
            and Technical Engineers                         |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 21                                        |          |          |          |          |          
            (Local Government)..............................|  921110  |  7/1/13  |  7/1/13  |   2,500  |    2,500 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Bell Helicopter Textron, Inc.                     |          |          |          |          |          
            Hurst, TX                                       |          |          |          |          |          
            United Auto Workers                             |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 218                                       |          |          |          |          |          
            (Private Industry)..............................|  336411  |  9/6/13  |  9/6/13  |   2,600  |    2,600 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Los Angeles County, CA                            |          |          |          |          |          
            Service Employees International Union           |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 721                                       |          |          |          |          |          
            (Local Government)..............................|  921110  | 10/1/13  | 10/1/13  |   2,500  |    2,500 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Steamship Trade Association of Baltimore          |          |          |          |          |          
            Maryland Port Administration                    |          |          |          |          |          
            Baltimore, MD                                   |          |          |          |          |          
            International Longshoremen's Association        |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 333                                       |          |          |          |          |          
            (Private Industry)..............................|  488310  | 10/16/13 | 10/18/13 |   2,000  |    6,000 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)                     |          |          |          |          |          
            San Francisco Bay Area, CA                      |          |          |          |          |          
            Service Employees International Union           |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 1021                                      |          |          |          |          |          
            Amalgamated Transit Union                       |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 1555                                      |          |          |          |          |          
            (Local Government)..............................|  485112  | 10/18/13 | 10/21/13 |   2,300  |    4,600 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Will County                                       |          |          |          |          |          
            Joliet, IL                                      |          |          |          |          |          
            American Federation of State, County,           |          |          |          |          |          
            and Municipal Employees                         |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 1028                                      |          |          |          |          |          
            (Local Government)..............................|  921110  | 11/18/13 | 12/4/13  |   1,000  |   12,000 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          University of California Medical Centers          |          |          |          |          |          
            Statewide, CA                                   |          |          |          |          |          
            American Federation of State, County,           |          |          |          |          |          
            and Municipal Employees                         |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 3299, UC Student-Workers                  |          |          |          |          |          
            (State Government)..............................|  622110  | 11/20/13 | 11/20/13 |   2,100  |    2,100 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Deaconess Medical Center, Valley Hospital         |          |          |          |          |          
            Spokane, WA                                     |          |          |          |          |          
            Service Employees International Union           |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 1199NW Healthcare                         |          |          |          |          |          
            (Private Industry)..............................|  622110  | 12/4/13  | 12/4/13  |   1,100  |    1,100 
                                                            |          |          |          |          |          
          Los Angeles County, CA                            |          |          |          |          |          
            Service Employees International Union           |          |          |          |          |          
            Local 721 Social Workers                        |          |          |          |          |          
            (Local Government)..............................|  624110  | 12/5/13  | 12/10/13 |   1,700  |    6,800 
          _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

            1 Industry code is from the 2012 NAICS (North American Industry Classification System). 
            2 The number of workers involved is rounded to the nearest 100. 
            3 3,300 members of the University Professional and Technical Employees Union participated in the strike
          for one day only on May 21, 2013.


Last Modified Date: February 12, 2014
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