Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists

This broad occupation includes the following three detailed occupations:

19-1011 Animal Scientists
Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.

19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists
Use chemistry, microbiology, engineering, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, sugar, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to determine best ways to process, package, preserve, store, and distribute food.

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists
Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry divisions in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia.

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment 9,720 RSE = 4.8 %
Mean hourly wage $21.69 RSE = 1.0 %
Mean annual wage $45,110 RSE = 1.0 %
(1) (3)

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $12.52 $16.11 $20.56 $25.86 $33.58
Annual Wage $26,050 $33,510 $42,770 $53,790 $69,850
(1) (3)

About 1999 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Percentile wage estimates show what percentage of workers in an occupation earn less than a given wage and what percentage earn more. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) = Wage rates for this occupation are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

All Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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