Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

other SOC major groups


These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry divisions in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia.

Click on the SOC Code Number to view that occupation's definition, additional wage estimates, and relative standard error (RSE) estimates.

Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 909,530 $20.00 $21.95 $45,660 0.6 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists (3) 9,720 $20.56 $21.69 $45,110 1.0 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 11,810 $25.15 $27.01 $56,170 2.3 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 15,630 $22.21 $24.37 $50,690 1.9 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 11,120 $20.12 $20.87 $43,400 2.1 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 12,240 $21.64 $21.78 $45,310 0.4 %
19-1032 Foresters 10,090 $19.73 $20.34 $42,300 1.3 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 2,270 $22.03 $23.57 $49,020 3.0 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 21,200 $23.93 $26.87 $55,880 4.3 %
19-2011 Astronomers 680 $36.96 $36.47 $75,860 1.4 %
19-2012 Physicists 10,290 $36.63 $36.61 $76,140 1.2 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists (3) 7,170 $25.60 $25.76 $53,580 1.7 %
19-2031 Chemists (3) 73,840 $23.07 $24.80 $51,580 0.7 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 8,200 $27.33 $28.39 $59,060 2.5 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 53,610 $20.99 $22.60 $47,000 1.3 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 20,940 $26.18 $29.33 $61,000 2.1 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 6,890 $25.53 $26.26 $54,620 1.1 %
19-3011 Economists 14,490 $27.92 $29.59 $61,550 2.1 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 67,670 $22.89 $25.33 $52,680 1.8 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 21,990 $8.36 $10.84 $22,540 4.1 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 92,460 $22.75 $23.90 $49,720 1.1 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 1,780 $33.59 $34.23 $71,200 3.2 %
19-3041 Sociologists 1,320 $20.78 $22.74 $47,310 11.0 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners (3) 28,730 $21.41 $22.44 $46,670 0.8 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 3,220 $16.89 $17.79 $37,010 4.4 %
19-3092 Geographers 720 $19.98 $21.37 $44,450 2.3 %
19-3093 Historians 1,510 $18.35 $19.88 $41,350 3.7 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 4,280 $35.71 $35.03 $72,860 5.3 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 15,050 $12.75 $14.09 $29,310 2.6 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 39,580 $14.66 $15.42 $32,060 1.0 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 78,730 $16.46 $17.35 $36,080 1.5 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 10,830 $17.43 $19.58 $40,730 5.4 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians (3) 2,640 $24.00 $24.81 $51,600 2.5 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 26,240 $15.63 $16.47 $34,270 1.6 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians 5,340 $17.40 $18.37 $38,200 1.4 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians 17,140 $13.20 $14.11 $29,340 0.5 %

About 1999 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.


National OES estimates by SOC major group



1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

Recommend this page using: