Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Reading, PA MSA

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry divisions in the Reading, PA MSA, a metropolitan statistical area in Pennsylvania.

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

SOC Major Groups in the Reading, PA MSA:

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national estimates.

Management Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 10,460 $22.52 $25.78 $53,620 5.9 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 890 $42.05 $43.37 $90,210 5.6 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 3,180 $22.57 $27.69 $57,590 6.6 %
11-1031 Legislators (5) $5.95 $5.86 $12,180 6.6 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 160 $23.01 $22.28 $46,340 6.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers (5) $26.76 $28.95 $60,210 7.3 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 300 $32.03 $34.10 $70,930 4.7 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers (5) $12.78 $15.95 $33,170 13.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 240 $21.71 $22.65 $47,100 4.7 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 140 $26.89 $27.28 $56,750 5.1 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 1,560 $13.08 $18.23 $37,910 10.0 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 260 $20.64 $22.44 $46,680 3.8 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 290 $29.72 $30.08 $62,580 4.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 230 $19.93 $22.65 $47,110 5.6 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 130 $23.32 $24.79 $51,560 4.1 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 260 $28.74 $29.73 $61,840 7.2 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 190 (2) (2) $70,630 2.2 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers (5) $34.02 $34.49 $71,730 3.9 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 490 $15.48 $16.16 $33,600 4.8 %
11-9061 Funeral Directors (3) (5) $25.88 $25.82 $53,700 14.7 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 210 $27.95 $26.28 $54,670 16.0 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 40 $23.21 $21.49 $44,690 7.4 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 40 $22.64 $21.09 $43,880 9.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 2,970 $16.48 $17.33 $36,060 11.4 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products (5) $16.19 $16.72 $34,790 2.4 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) 170 $14.97 $17.03 $35,430 4.1 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 340 $19.22 $20.49 $42,620 5.4 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (5) $13.63 $13.64 $28,370 3.2 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 350 $19.69 $21.54 $44,810 3.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 80 $14.06 $16.36 $34,030 9.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists (5) $14.75 $15.31 $31,850 7.1 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 110 $15.77 $15.99 $33,250 5.9 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 500 $19.16 $21.21 $44,110 2.4 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) (5) $18.73 $19.00 $39,520 5.1 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts (3) (5) $24.90 $25.79 $53,640 11.4 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 150 $13.23 $17.46 $36,320 11.2 %
13-2081 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents (3) (5) $12.91 $14.97 $31,130 3.3 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 1,590 $19.99 $21.54 $44,800 5.6 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) (5) $21.45 $22.70 $47,210 5.9 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 60 $37.42 $32.52 $67,640 13.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software (5) $30.79 $30.77 $64,010 6.8 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 200 $15.27 $16.04 $33,350 4.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts (5) $24.41 $24.19 $50,320 8.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 50 $19.86 $21.92 $45,590 4.7 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators (5) $22.38 $23.26 $48,370 4.3 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts (5) $29.88 $29.84 $62,080 8.8 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts (5) $16.65 $17.94 $37,310 1.9 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 2,400 $19.02 $19.91 $41,400 3.9 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers (3) (5) $22.21 $23.65 $49,190 4.3 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 260 $21.49 $22.14 $46,050 5.9 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers (5) $25.34 $26.96 $56,080 7.7 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 30 $21.37 $21.28 $44,270 6.7 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 130 $26.72 $27.05 $56,250 2.7 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers (3) 60 $27.71 $26.20 $54,490 4.0 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (3) 260 $24.41 $25.64 $53,340 2.3 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters (5) $17.72 $17.20 $35,770 4.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters (5) $17.35 $17.12 $35,620 5.6 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 40 $17.37 $17.52 $36,450 4.6 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians (3) (5) $16.01 $17.05 $35,470 7.9 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 490 $13.47 $15.11 $31,420 4.6 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 60 $15.24 $15.84 $32,940 19.7 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians (3) (5) $18.48 $19.14 $39,810 4.6 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians (5) $15.81 $15.73 $32,710 6.5 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians (3) (5) $14.91 $14.68 $30,530 2.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 810 $19.15 $20.27 $42,170 3.6 %
19-2031 Chemists (3) 140 $22.20 $24.08 $50,080 5.3 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 130 $22.23 $22.46 $46,720 2.8 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 250 $17.54 $17.53 $36,470 4.5 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (5) $12.61 $12.45 $25,890 5.2 %
Community and Social Services Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,930 $15.26 $15.77 $32,810 6.2 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors (5) $14.20 $14.56 $30,290 1.9 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors (3) 140 $23.04 $22.88 $47,590 4.6 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 450 $13.70 $13.87 $28,850 4.4 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers (5) $18.17 $18.99 $39,500 3.0 %
21-1091 Health Educators 50 $15.29 $15.06 $31,330 15.9 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants (5) $9.22 $9.45 $19,660 3.4 %
Legal Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations (5) (5) (5) (5) (5)
23-2091 Court Reporters 40 $18.15 $17.67 $36,750 5.5 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 7,580 $18.19 $18.51 $38,490 2.7 %
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $49,390 7.6 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $60,830 7.8 %
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $48,230 11.4 %
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $57,200 4.2 %
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $60,510 4.3 %
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $57,380 8.3 %
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $50,760 5.6 %
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $46,050 3.3 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $33,590 21.8 %
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $47,880 7.0 %
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $47,820 7.9 %
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $55,780 7.7 %
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary (3) (5) (2) (2) $44,390 4.2 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 230 $8.16 $8.70 $18,100 3.5 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 100 (2) (2) $45,470 6.4 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 1,540 (2) (2) $47,220 3.3 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 530 (2) (2) $46,000 3.0 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 1,770 (2) (2) $42,820 1.3 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School (5) (2) (2) $45,870 2.6 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 270 (2) (2) $43,080 2.4 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School (5) (2) (2) $42,360 3.2 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 220 (2) (2) $42,390 3.7 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 30 $14.01 $13.66 $28,410 4.9 %
25-4021 Librarians (3) 140 $22.91 $22.71 $47,240 5.5 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 70 $13.84 $12.63 $26,260 6.9 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants (3) 1,070 (2) (2) $16,560 1.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,050 $12.46 $14.41 $29,980 6.9 %
27-1011 Art Directors (5) $19.24 $19.63 $40,830 9.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers (5) $22.35 $20.06 $41,730 12.7 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 120 $9.40 $9.17 $19,080 3.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers (5) $13.29 $14.26 $29,670 5.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) (5) $16.01 $19.35 $40,240 7.1 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 30 $15.92 $16.22 $33,740 8.3 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 60 $8.36 $10.62 $22,080 18.9 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture (3) (5) $9.92 $9.29 $19,330 9.7 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 7,110 $18.63 $20.69 $43,040 6.6 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (3) 250 $32.92 $31.79 $66,120 2.9 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners (5) $6.23 $16.10 $33,490 4.4 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists (5) $55.17 $57.14 $118,850 19.3 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (3) (5) $29.90 $29.03 $60,380 3.4 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses (3) 2,620 $20.01 $20.11 $41,820 1.8 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists (3) 70 $28.94 $30.24 $62,910 9.3 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists (3) 100 $36.16 $34.27 $71,270 7.7 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 50 $21.31 $24.58 $51,120 8.3 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians (3) (5) $14.76 $15.27 $31,760 1.6 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 100 $15.25 $15.16 $31,530 2.8 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics (3) (5) $9.49 $9.15 $19,030 5.5 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians (3) 160 $7.17 $7.82 $16,270 8.2 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists (3) (5) $12.57 $12.49 $25,980 6.0 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (3) 1,120 $14.84 $15.13 $31,480 2.8 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians (5) $13.26 $12.96 $26,960 13.0 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing (3) (5) $12.13 $11.59 $24,110 4.0 %
Healthcare Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 3,860 $9.88 $10.23 $21,270 9.8 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides (3) (5) $7.05 $7.27 $15,120 8.1 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants (3) 1,900 $9.23 $9.43 $19,610 2.1 %
Protective Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,170 $11.50 $13.44 $27,960 10.2 %
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives (3) 120 $22.28 $22.67 $47,150 2.4 %
33-3041 Parking Enforcement Workers (3) (5) $9.30 $9.03 $18,790 4.9 %
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers (3) (5) $17.90 $17.92 $37,270 2.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 910 $8.01 $8.63 $17,940 3.8 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards (3) (5) $9.47 $8.88 $18,470 3.4 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 12,340 $6.51 $7.26 $15,110 4.0 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 60 $22.86 $23.52 $48,920 10.0 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 280 $11.79 $12.48 $25,960 7.6 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (3) (5) $5.92 $6.24 $12,980 6.5 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria (3) 630 $9.28 $9.48 $19,730 2.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant (3) (5) $8.21 $8.52 $17,720 5.0 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (3) 480 $7.68 $7.64 $15,880 5.0 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 1,430 $8.77 $8.71 $18,120 5.1 %
35-3011 Bartenders (3) 720 $7.46 $7.65 $15,910 2.9 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (3) (5) $6.32 $6.62 $13,770 4.0 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (3) (5) $6.15 $6.21 $12,910 2.7 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (3) 2,590 $6.03 $6.14 $12,770 1.5 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant (3) (5) $6.75 $7.01 $14,580 7.1 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (3) 500 $6.17 $6.36 $13,220 2.0 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 440 $6.22 $6.33 $13,160 3.4 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (3) 370 $6.65 $6.91 $14,360 3.9 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 4,190 $8.47 $9.48 $19,710 2.0 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers (3) 180 $12.34 $13.40 $27,880 4.3 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 140 $14.56 $14.10 $29,340 5.3 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 2,280 $8.21 $8.79 $18,280 2.3 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 570 $7.13 $7.26 $15,110 2.4 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 830 $8.81 $9.57 $19,910 6.2 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 2,430 $7.50 $8.42 $17,520 10.0 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers (5) $12.25 $12.26 $25,510 4.3 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 70 $7.50 $7.51 $15,620 5.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 150 $6.82 $6.94 $14,440 6.2 %
39-4021 Funeral Attendants (3) (5) $7.13 $8.98 $18,680 23.3 %
39-5093 Shampooers (3) (5) $6.71 $6.83 $14,200 7.1 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers (3) 920 $7.51 $7.70 $16,010 5.2 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides (3) (5) $8.44 $8.15 $16,960 2.6 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 170 $9.64 $9.93 $20,660 6.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 16,160 $8.89 $12.53 $26,050 5.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,470 $13.34 $15.32 $31,870 5.1 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 270 $20.70 $23.87 $49,650 5.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 3,010 $6.24 $6.52 $13,570 1.1 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (3) 550 $6.38 $7.38 $15,350 4.5 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons (3) 450 $11.36 $12.03 $25,020 2.7 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 6,360 $7.75 $8.96 $18,630 2.6 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 30 $14.77 $16.85 $35,040 10.3 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 160 $21.58 $19.39 $40,320 10.3 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents (5) $14.46 $27.02 $56,200 6.8 %
41-3041 Travel Agents (3) 240 $12.76 $12.76 $26,550 2.7 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (3) 240 $21.53 $24.42 $50,800 4.9 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 1,700 $18.06 $20.14 $41,890 2.5 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (3) 40 $9.10 $9.76 $20,290 7.0 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents (3) (5) $8.21 $10.67 $22,200 13.3 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers (3) 80 $22.96 $25.18 $52,370 7.2 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 190 $9.44 $10.62 $22,090 5.7 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 25,040 $10.49 $11.43 $23,760 2.2 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 2,130 $15.26 $16.32 $33,940 2.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 180 $8.91 $8.99 $18,700 2.1 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 260 $11.78 $12.15 $25,270 3.8 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 510 $11.95 $12.24 $25,450 5.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 1,780 $11.35 $11.52 $23,970 1.1 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 290 $11.19 $11.62 $24,170 1.7 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 60 $11.40 $11.78 $24,490 3.6 %
43-3071 Tellers (3) 1,670 $8.56 $8.76 $18,230 1.5 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 50 $8.24 $9.83 $20,450 11.7 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 1,160 $10.96 $12.47 $25,940 3.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 90 $9.15 $9.54 $19,840 5.5 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical (5) $9.52 $9.76 $20,310 10.5 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 60 $11.91 $11.83 $24,600 5.4 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 390 $10.75 $10.98 $22,850 3.6 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 180 $12.04 $12.65 $26,310 2.3 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 860 $8.83 $8.85 $18,420 1.7 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 80 $7.89 $8.25 $17,150 3.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (3) 130 $12.13 $13.47 $28,010 5.2 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities (3) (5) $17.62 $16.26 $33,830 5.1 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 380 $15.01 $15.60 $32,450 2.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 1,090 $10.94 $11.33 $23,560 1.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 3,340 $7.87 $8.96 $18,630 4.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (3) 80 $11.41 $11.41 $23,740 3.6 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 1,440 $13.44 $14.04 $29,200 4.4 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 2,510 $10.17 $10.44 $21,720 3.2 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) (5) $12.03 $13.58 $28,250 5.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) (5) $8.14 $8.44 $17,550 2.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 180 $10.59 $10.99 $22,860 3.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) (5) $8.66 $8.74 $18,180 3.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,210 $9.64 $10.18 $21,170 2.9 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants (3) 30 $14.40 $13.59 $28,270 8.1 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 140 $8.06 $8.94 $18,590 4.5 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 7,520 $15.57 $16.33 $33,960 3.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 560 $19.79 $20.68 $43,020 7.9 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons (5) $29.91 $27.60 $57,400 8.7 %
47-2031 Carpenters 1,170 $14.23 $15.32 $31,870 8.2 %
47-2041 Carpet Installers (3) (5) $14.09 $14.58 $30,340 4.5 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 110 $14.56 $15.38 $31,980 3.8 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 400 $13.87 $13.08 $27,200 5.2 %
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators (3) 60 $11.52 $13.61 $28,300 9.1 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators (3) 160 $14.46 $14.46 $30,070 2.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 1,210 $20.54 $19.63 $40,840 6.9 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 350 $13.33 $13.12 $27,290 9.9 %
47-2151 Pipelayers (3) (5) $13.51 $14.49 $30,140 8.7 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) 820 $16.70 $17.94 $37,320 6.4 %
47-2181 Roofers (3) 210 $16.69 $18.26 $37,990 7.7 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (3) 190 $15.72 $16.81 $34,960 3.5 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters (3) (5) $14.55 $13.68 $28,460 7.7 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters (3) (5) $11.08 $11.23 $23,360 5.3 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons (3) (5) $10.58 $10.20 $21,220 3.6 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) (5) $8.24 $8.91 $18,530 4.3 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors (3) (5) $16.65 $16.91 $35,170 2.3 %
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers (3) (5) $13.52 $14.04 $29,210 4.2 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 6,760 $14.60 $15.26 $31,730 3.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 420 $19.88 $20.84 $43,340 2.8 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 180 $13.17 $15.35 $31,920 10.3 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment (5) $14.48 $15.23 $31,680 8.4 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers (5) $15.16 $15.10 $31,400 3.9 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (3) 820 $14.06 $13.50 $28,080 3.1 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (3) 360 $14.92 $15.13 $31,480 2.2 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (3) (5) $11.11 $11.64 $24,200 6.9 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers (3) 70 $9.37 $9.51 $19,790 5.7 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers (3) (5) $15.11 $16.09 $33,470 5.1 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 30 $16.89 $16.51 $34,340 18.6 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 140 $15.67 $15.61 $32,470 2.8 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 2,210 $13.48 $13.07 $27,190 2.2 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (3) 200 $12.30 $13.07 $27,190 2.7 %
49-9044 Millwrights (3) 130 $17.93 $17.79 $37,000 3.5 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (3) (5) $24.22 $25.36 $52,740 4.2 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers (3) (5) $18.45 $17.81 $37,050 5.0 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 350 $7.92 $9.52 $19,800 7.2 %
Production Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 27,730 $11.63 $12.25 $25,480 2.1 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,560 $19.77 $20.12 $41,860 2.1 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 200 $10.13 $10.35 $21,530 2.4 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 50 $12.65 $12.74 $26,490 4.7 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 4,540 $8.33 $9.16 $19,060 2.3 %
51-3011 Bakers (3) 420 $9.53 $9.37 $19,490 2.3 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 90 $17.82 $16.15 $33,580 13.6 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 180 $11.52 $11.21 $23,320 8.5 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 180 $11.81 $12.59 $26,190 10.5 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $14.81 $14.72 $30,620 6.3 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 $18.82 $18.55 $38,570 3.5 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 470 $14.73 $14.37 $29,880 2.5 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 $14.86 $14.74 $30,660 4.4 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 840 $10.44 $11.29 $23,470 3.3 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $15.36 $16.32 $33,930 12.4 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 $14.89 $14.62 $30,410 2.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 720 $15.06 $15.29 $31,810 4.6 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders (3) (5) $12.74 $13.70 $28,490 2.5 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal (3) 130 $13.46 $13.30 $27,670 2.9 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 30 $11.65 $11.60 $24,140 4.9 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 320 $11.58 $11.27 $23,440 2.2 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 440 $13.81 $13.76 $28,620 4.3 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (3) 80 $12.33 $12.02 $25,000 3.6 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers (3) 150 $19.65 $22.00 $45,760 8.1 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (3) 1,240 $13.86 $14.05 $29,220 2.2 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) (5) $12.74 $13.15 $27,350 3.1 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (3) 80 $13.61 $13.90 $28,910 6.3 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers (5) $10.39 $11.00 $22,870 5.1 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 230 $16.27 $16.85 $35,040 8.2 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) 280 $13.83 $14.65 $30,460 3.4 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 180 $11.33 $11.24 $23,370 8.8 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials (3) (5) $8.02 $8.30 $17,260 2.8 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (3) 2,060 $7.85 $8.16 $16,970 2.0 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 130 $7.28 $7.31 $15,190 6.4 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (5) $7.73 $8.14 $16,930 7.5 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 120 $13.59 $12.42 $25,840 10.1 %
51-6093 Upholsterers (3) 30 $8.00 $10.18 $21,170 21.1 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 210 $12.64 $13.98 $29,080 8.8 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers (3) (5) $8.32 $9.66 $20,100 7.3 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood (3) 30 $11.76 $11.79 $24,510 6.7 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators (5) $22.03 $20.89 $43,440 5.2 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (5) $18.36 $18.01 $37,450 4.7 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (3) (5) $15.70 $16.05 $33,380 3.2 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators (3) 40 $14.44 $17.44 $36,270 7.1 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders (3) 150 $16.37 $16.53 $34,380 3.4 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 330 $13.60 $13.34 $27,750 2.7 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand (3) 120 $10.68 $11.05 $22,990 4.2 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 200 $11.66 $11.53 $23,980 5.3 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) (5) $8.67 $8.86 $18,430 7.3 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 170 $14.96 $14.55 $30,250 3.1 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 960 $12.73 $13.64 $28,380 4.3 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians (3) (5) $10.16 $11.04 $22,960 5.2 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,020 $11.41 $11.65 $24,230 1.8 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 480 $11.56 $12.16 $25,290 2.5 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment (3) (5) $12.08 $11.48 $23,880 4.3 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators (3) (5) $8.09 $8.23 $17,130 3.1 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 90 $13.20 $14.54 $30,240 12.7 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 40 $12.71 $12.94 $26,910 4.2 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 900 $10.25 $10.37 $21,570 5.1 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 14,580 $10.05 $10.86 $22,590 3.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 340 $10.73 $13.85 $28,800 12.3 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 140 $16.06 $16.51 $34,340 8.6 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (3) (5) $11.20 $11.36 $23,630 3.3 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (3) 1,140 $11.18 $11.01 $22,900 2.4 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 370 $8.57 $10.40 $21,640 8.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 2,880 $13.19 $13.91 $28,930 6.7 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 1,710 $8.47 $9.12 $18,960 8.8 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (3) 130 $7.27 $7.75 $16,120 6.0 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants (3) 190 $7.41 $7.57 $15,740 3.2 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (3) (5) $10.88 $10.96 $22,800 6.8 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators (3) (5) $16.08 $16.24 $33,790 5.7 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators (3) (5) $14.72 $14.94 $31,060 2.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 980 $11.43 $11.59 $24,110 2.5 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment (3) 320 $8.20 $8.62 $17,930 3.8 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 2,860 $7.95 $8.40 $17,480 4.6 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (3) 420 $12.13 $11.83 $24,600 3.1 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand (3) 1,520 $10.71 $9.79 $20,360 5.2 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (3) 200 $11.91 $12.44 $25,880 5.1 %

About 1999 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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State estimates for Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania's metropolitan area estimates:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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