Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 20 - Food and Kindred Products

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group 20 - Food and Kindred Products.

SIC Major Group 20 - Food and Kindred Products consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 20 - Food and Kindred Products:

SIC 20 - Food and Kindred Products

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 1,694,150 100.00% $10.55 $12.88 $26,800 1.1 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 83,810 4.95% $30.55 $33.64 $69,970 1.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 5,470 0.32% $65.62 $55.90 $116,260 2.0 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 19,570 1.16% $33.79 $36.22 $75,330 1.8 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 690 0.04% $27.56 $30.66 $63,780 4.1 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 4,760 0.28% $36.04 $36.87 $76,680 2.7 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 6,970 0.41% $28.28 $31.40 $65,310 2.7 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 550 0.03% $36.59 $36.33 $75,560 3.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 1,880 0.11% $25.41 $27.27 $56,730 4.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,350 0.14% $34.42 $35.59 $74,030 3.7 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 6,500 0.38% $33.02 $34.60 $71,970 1.5 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 3,970 0.23% $26.91 $28.77 $59,850 1.0 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 15,790 0.93% $24.99 $26.91 $55,970 0.8 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 2,270 0.13% $25.95 $27.55 $57,310 0.8 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 3,500 0.21% $25.41 $26.97 $56,100 1.6 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers (5) (5) $36.31 $32.53 $67,670 10.9 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 2,480 0.15% $34.89 $35.36 $73,550 4.1 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 130 0.01% $17.33 $23.17 $48,200 19.6 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 930 0.05% $34.95 $36.42 $75,750 4.0 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 22,200 1.31% $19.63 $21.31 $44,320 2.1 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 1,710 0.10% $18.73 $20.53 $42,700 2.7 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) (5) (5) $16.35 $17.97 $37,390 3.8 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 3,350 0.20% $18.79 $19.84 $41,260 1.3 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 270 0.02% $11.14 $14.59 $30,350 20.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 460 0.03% $19.31 $21.07 $43,820 1.8 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 970 0.06% $17.72 $18.95 $39,420 2.8 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 830 0.05% $20.17 $21.35 $44,420 2.7 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,500 0.09% $13.10 $16.74 $34,830 7.0 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 230 0.01% $33.85 $33.68 $70,050 7.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 6,630 0.39% $19.50 $20.92 $43,510 0.8 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) 60 0.00% $22.54 $25.48 $53,000 5.3 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts (3) 110 0.01% $16.67 $17.48 $36,350 3.9 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 210 0.01% $23.62 $25.05 $52,110 4.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 8,620 0.51% $24.96 $25.62 $53,280 2.5 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 1,580 0.09% $22.52 $23.48 $48,850 1.1 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 60 0.00% $29.03 $30.51 $63,460 6.7 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,780 0.11% $18.85 $20.28 $42,180 6.8 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 3,550 0.21% $29.70 $29.52 $61,400 2.0 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 320 0.02% $22.71 $24.00 $49,920 1.5 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 770 0.05% $21.35 $22.12 $46,000 1.7 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 280 0.02% $27.46 $27.16 $56,490 4.1 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 9,970 0.59% $25.39 $25.87 $53,810 2.4 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers (3) 260 0.02% $25.74 $26.41 $54,930 4.7 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers (3) 310 0.02% $30.03 $29.97 $62,330 2.7 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 90 0.01% $30.00 $29.75 $61,880 7.3 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 50 0.00% $20.84 $25.93 $53,920 12.9 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 580 0.03% $22.37 $22.64 $47,080 2.5 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 4,380 0.26% $28.16 $28.31 $58,880 2.4 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (3) 1,540 0.09% $25.75 $26.54 $55,200 1.4 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 80 0.00% $16.00 $15.78 $32,820 5.1 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians (3) 400 0.02% $19.05 $20.44 $42,510 1.5 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 910 0.05% $18.62 $21.54 $44,800 16.6 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 12,830 0.76% $14.79 $16.92 $35,190 1.5 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists (3) 940 0.06% $23.58 $24.80 $51,580 2.5 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 110 0.01% $23.31 $24.31 $50,560 7.1 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 70 0.00% $15.74 $16.90 $35,160 6.0 %
19-2031 Chemists (3) 2,360 0.14% $19.89 $21.68 $45,100 1.7 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 150 0.01% $27.65 $29.02 $60,360 7.7 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 5,290 0.31% $13.13 $14.38 $29,920 1.7 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 840 0.05% $12.76 $13.08 $27,210 1.7 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 2,100 0.12% $12.88 $13.86 $28,830 3.3 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (5) (5) $16.99 $19.21 $39,950 9.7 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 40 0.00% $9.63 $9.74 $20,270 3.1 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 610 0.04% $47.38 $43.68 $90,840 6.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 450 0.03% $55.20 $51.48 $107,080 7.6 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 150 0.01% $20.68 $20.89 $43,450 4.7 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 120 0.01% $12.62 $14.18 $29,490 5.1 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 1,840 0.11% $12.71 $14.96 $31,120 6.6 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 110 0.01% $19.63 $21.27 $44,250 4.9 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (3) 1,170 0.07% $9.81 $9.96 $20,710 4.0 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 150 0.01% $18.27 $19.88 $41,350 6.5 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 680 0.04% $15.44 $16.27 $33,840 4.0 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists (3) (5) (5) $18.06 $19.45 $40,450 7.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses (3) 250 0.01% $16.80 $17.66 $36,730 1.8 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (3) 150 0.01% $11.63 $12.33 $25,640 2.7 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 190 0.01% $12.60 $14.52 $30,210 11.5 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations (5) (5) $7.44 $7.94 $16,520 9.2 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 3,130 0.18% $9.64 $11.14 $23,170 2.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 2,810 0.17% $8.94 $10.00 $20,810 1.2 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 16,810 0.99% $7.67 $8.88 $18,470 2.2 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks (5) (5) $12.12 $12.43 $25,850 4.6 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 1,920 0.11% $16.16 $17.21 $35,790 3.9 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria (3) 80 0.00% $8.19 $8.60 $17,880 4.8 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant (3) 170 0.01% $8.72 $8.81 $18,330 3.4 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (3) (5) (5) $7.87 $7.89 $16,410 2.2 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 6,580 0.39% $7.53 $7.83 $16,290 2.5 %
35-3011 Bartenders (3) (5) (5) $6.94 $7.46 $15,520 3.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (3) 4,100 0.24% $7.14 $7.28 $15,140 2.1 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (3) 1,880 0.11% $6.75 $6.88 $14,300 3.0 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (3) 1,120 0.07% $6.41 $6.79 $14,120 2.7 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 210 0.01% $6.73 $7.88 $16,390 12.8 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (3) 60 0.00% $6.05 $6.29 $13,080 3.2 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 35,270 2.08% $9.21 $10.14 $21,090 1.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers (3) 1,850 0.11% $16.26 $17.32 $36,030 1.3 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 30,280 1.79% $9.17 $9.76 $20,300 0.6 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 260 0.02% $9.64 $9.54 $19,850 2.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 380 0.02% $8.67 $9.79 $20,350 4.0 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (3) 570 0.03% $11.98 $12.52 $26,040 2.4 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 270 0.02% $6.90 $8.12 $16,890 7.6 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (5) (5) $9.17 $8.66 $18,020 7.0 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 51,840 3.06% $14.64 $16.94 $35,240 2.0 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 2,360 0.14% $18.12 $20.31 $42,250 3.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 4,640 0.27% $22.93 $25.79 $53,640 3.1 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 6,150 0.36% $7.50 $8.21 $17,080 1.5 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (3) 60 0.00% $6.95 $8.01 $16,660 7.2 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 8,600 0.51% $8.30 $9.93 $20,650 1.8 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) (5) (5) $12.13 $17.17 $35,710 13.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 22,900 1.35% $18.51 $20.16 $41,930 0.8 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (3) 1,900 0.11% $8.82 $10.33 $21,490 4.0 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers (3) 60 0.00% $26.64 $29.56 $61,490 4.4 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 110 0.01% $9.70 $10.05 $20,890 11.4 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 124,670 7.36% $11.69 $12.44 $25,870 0.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 6,750 0.40% $16.76 $17.75 $36,920 0.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 1,340 0.08% $10.08 $10.38 $21,580 0.7 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 300 0.02% $13.31 $13.83 $28,770 3.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 4,640 0.27% $11.34 $11.77 $24,490 0.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 14,730 0.87% $11.65 $12.19 $25,370 0.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 3,410 0.20% $12.49 $12.96 $26,950 0.5 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 1,110 0.07% $12.28 $12.63 $26,280 1.3 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 410 0.02% $11.88 $12.71 $26,430 4.1 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 160 0.01% $14.12 $13.76 $28,620 3.7 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 7,390 0.44% $12.44 $13.14 $27,330 2.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 500 0.03% $9.30 $9.91 $20,610 2.3 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 4,110 0.24% $11.05 $11.37 $23,650 2.1 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 3,020 0.18% $11.77 $12.32 $25,620 0.6 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 2,000 0.12% $9.90 $10.07 $20,950 0.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 50 0.00% $9.18 $9.00 $18,730 4.0 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (3) 160 0.01% $11.35 $13.46 $27,990 5.3 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 6,200 0.37% $14.37 $15.18 $31,570 0.9 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 19,630 1.16% $11.31 $11.71 $24,350 0.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 12,000 0.71% $10.42 $11.04 $22,960 0.8 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (3) 4,680 0.28% $9.80 $10.37 $21,580 1.1 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 7,520 0.44% $14.65 $15.24 $31,690 1.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 6,500 0.38% $11.70 $12.11 $25,180 3.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 900 0.05% $13.11 $14.05 $29,230 1.2 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 1,850 0.11% $10.04 $10.23 $21,280 1.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 250 0.01% $11.36 $11.66 $24,260 2.9 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 80 0.00% $9.92 $10.48 $21,790 3.8 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 12,170 0.72% $10.03 $10.43 $21,680 0.9 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 160 0.01% $10.42 $10.79 $22,450 2.4 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 24,700 1.46% $7.99 $8.90 $18,510 1.9 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 1,850 0.11% $15.44 $16.40 $34,120 7.9 %
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors 830 0.05% $10.89 $11.37 $23,650 2.8 %
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (3) 8,720 0.51% $7.54 $7.99 $16,620 1.4 %
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators (3) 2,100 0.12% $8.57 $9.44 $19,630 1.9 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 1,860 0.11% $7.54 $7.62 $15,860 3.6 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals (3) 5,230 0.31% $7.65 $8.03 $16,690 2.3 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 8,360 0.49% $15.72 $16.33 $33,970 3.1 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 100 0.01% $19.75 $20.74 $43,140 6.6 %
47-2031 Carpenters 170 0.01% $12.28 $13.25 $27,570 6.2 %
47-2111 Electricians 4,520 0.27% $17.63 $18.24 $37,940 2.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 1,090 0.06% $12.67 $13.56 $28,200 4.0 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) 770 0.05% $18.94 $18.56 $38,610 2.2 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (3) 290 0.02% $14.85 $15.50 $32,240 3.8 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 100,450 5.93% $15.00 $15.56 $32,360 0.7 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 6,780 0.40% $21.87 $22.32 $46,420 1.4 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 1,630 0.10% $15.28 $15.13 $31,460 2.6 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 1,500 0.09% $17.76 $17.61 $36,620 3.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (3) 1,240 0.07% $14.41 $15.00 $31,200 1.2 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (3) 5,270 0.31% $15.03 $15.44 $32,120 0.9 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (3) 1,040 0.06% $14.04 $14.29 $29,720 1.7 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers (3) 2,110 0.12% $14.41 $14.85 $30,890 0.9 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 22,910 1.35% $15.30 $15.77 $32,790 1.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 40,300 2.38% $13.50 $14.03 $29,180 0.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (3) 6,790 0.40% $13.34 $13.99 $29,100 1.3 %
49-9044 Millwrights (3) 1,710 0.10% $18.40 $18.39 $38,250 2.2 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 4,570 0.27% $14.72 $14.60 $30,360 1.6 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 2,380 0.14% $10.78 $11.36 $23,620 1.5 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 867,130 51.18% $9.56 $10.61 $22,060 0.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 51,920 3.06% $17.53 $18.63 $38,750 1.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 19,800 1.17% $10.48 $11.62 $24,170 5.0 %
51-3011 Bakers (3) 35,260 2.08% $11.01 $11.39 $23,700 1.0 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 12,170 0.72% $8.54 $8.89 $18,500 2.3 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers (3) 132,220 7.80% $8.03 $8.20 $17,060 0.7 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 112,180 6.62% $9.20 $9.15 $19,030 1.2 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 16,150 0.95% $10.28 $11.48 $23,880 7.7 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 57,280 3.38% $9.97 $10.50 $21,850 1.8 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 42,330 2.50% $10.02 $10.58 $22,000 2.6 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (5) (5) $9.40 $9.31 $19,360 4.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 2,460 0.15% $16.04 $16.94 $35,240 7.1 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 60 0.00% $9.77 $10.06 $20,930 7.3 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (3) 650 0.04% $13.19 $13.71 $28,520 2.9 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners (3) 220 0.01% $9.59 $10.12 $21,060 3.1 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (3) (5) (5) $10.14 $10.62 $22,090 10.1 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 4,100 0.24% $16.14 $16.77 $34,870 2.2 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (3) 820 0.05% $11.56 $12.64 $26,280 2.8 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders (3) 1,710 0.10% $14.73 $15.50 $32,250 6.4 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 12,750 0.75% $12.71 $12.74 $26,510 0.8 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 6,770 0.40% $10.52 $11.68 $24,300 5.3 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 27,940 1.65% $12.14 $12.20 $25,370 3.1 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 930 0.05% $8.16 $8.33 $17,330 3.1 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 10,640 0.63% $9.75 $10.40 $21,620 1.3 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 5,440 0.32% $11.47 $11.75 $24,440 1.0 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders (3) 840 0.05% $11.70 $12.16 $25,290 2.4 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 23,960 1.41% $10.60 $11.50 $23,910 0.9 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 129,740 7.66% $10.12 $10.88 $22,640 1.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 170 0.01% $9.45 $10.09 $20,990 5.8 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers (3) (5) (5) $8.21 $8.89 $18,490 7.2 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 7,540 0.45% $8.52 $9.38 $19,510 3.0 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders (3) 4,920 0.29% $9.25 $10.30 $21,430 1.8 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 450 0.03% $9.77 $10.42 $21,670 18.9 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 260 0.02% $11.25 $11.16 $23,220 4.2 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 62,370 3.68% $9.40 $9.82 $20,420 1.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 320,760 18.93% $10.35 $11.48 $23,870 1.1 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 120 0.01% $14.11 $16.15 $33,590 9.6 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 3,870 0.23% $17.08 $17.61 $36,630 1.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 4,360 0.26% $19.27 $19.75 $41,080 1.4 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 120 0.01% (2) (2) $59,810 12.7 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 28,270 1.67% $14.88 $15.31 $31,850 1.0 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 37,940 2.24% $14.12 $14.77 $30,720 1.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 18,770 1.11% $12.01 $12.58 $26,180 2.5 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (3) 6,420 0.38% $12.12 $12.14 $25,250 2.3 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 39,030 2.30% $11.82 $12.22 $25,420 0.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment (3) 16,160 0.95% $9.23 $9.83 $20,440 1.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 53,650 3.17% $9.20 $9.97 $20,730 2.3 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (3) 16,400 0.97% $8.89 $9.52 $19,810 1.6 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand (3) 89,470 5.28% $8.76 $9.09 $18,900 0.7 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers (3) 500 0.03% $11.97 $12.66 $26,330 2.2 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (3) 110 0.01% $9.04 $8.47 $17,610 4.3 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 1,660 0.10% $11.97 $11.85 $24,640 2.3 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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