Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 73 - Business Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group 73 - Business Services.

SIC Major Group 73 - Business Services consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 73 - Business Services:

SIC 73 - Business Services

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 9,560,090 100.00% $10.12 $14.42 $29,990 0.8 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 513,200 5.37% $32.73 $35.37 $73,570 0.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 40,570 0.42% $56.76 $50.69 $105,430 1.2 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 150,610 1.58% $31.63 $35.21 $73,230 1.1 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 19,690 0.21% $30.27 $34.52 $71,800 3.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 32,640 0.34% $34.85 $35.74 $74,350 1.8 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 35,370 0.37% $30.85 $34.61 $71,990 1.8 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 4,310 0.05% $23.32 $26.74 $55,620 6.7 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 30,270 0.32% $20.81 $23.16 $48,180 1.6 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 68,530 0.72% $38.28 $38.58 $80,240 1.4 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 35,990 0.38% $31.42 $33.14 $68,940 1.2 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 21,630 0.23% $21.59 $24.46 $50,890 2.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 2,890 0.03% $30.26 $30.60 $63,640 2.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 5,750 0.06% $25.48 $27.82 $57,870 4.4 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 2,970 0.03% $20.07 $21.61 $44,950 3.2 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 510 0.01% $28.80 $30.76 $63,990 4.9 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 19,550 0.20% $46.58 $46.30 $96,310 4.0 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 220 0.00% $26.43 $26.73 $55,590 8.9 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 600 0.01% $23.82 $28.25 $58,760 13.8 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 390 0.00% $37.12 $36.57 $76,070 5.2 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 1,590 0.02% $25.05 $26.74 $55,620 11.2 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 300,310 3.14% $19.60 $22.09 $45,950 1.1 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 340 0.00% $23.63 $26.18 $54,440 10.2 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 510 0.01% $44.91 $38.30 $79,670 5.2 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) 1,350 0.01% $18.88 $22.26 $46,300 4.1 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 13,110 0.14% $18.01 $19.45 $40,450 1.3 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 5,160 0.05% $15.08 $16.06 $33,400 2.4 %
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage (3) 50 0.00% $19.76 $19.49 $40,540 3.0 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,240 0.01% $19.66 $20.68 $43,010 4.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 3,560 0.04% $19.23 $21.39 $44,480 3.5 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists (5) (5) $16.18 $19.41 $40,360 12.2 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 64,690 0.68% $16.02 $20.10 $41,800 3.0 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 7,230 0.08% $18.16 $19.98 $41,550 3.0 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 25,210 0.26% $19.66 $20.81 $43,280 2.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 39,240 0.41% $27.71 $29.52 $61,410 2.4 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 1,630 0.02% $16.45 $17.91 $37,250 4.4 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 47,830 0.50% $17.72 $19.18 $39,890 1.1 %
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate (3) 240 0.00% $8.91 $13.44 $27,950 23.8 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) 3,270 0.03% $21.24 $22.77 $47,360 1.2 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts (3) 4,630 0.05% $16.06 $18.09 $37,630 4.0 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 10,300 0.11% $22.80 $23.64 $49,170 2.0 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 1,300 0.01% $20.69 $27.89 $58,020 22.7 %
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters (3) 690 0.01% $20.04 $24.49 $50,950 6.6 %
13-2061 Financial Examiners 500 0.01% $17.52 $19.66 $40,890 9.3 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors (5) (5) $17.75 $19.99 $41,580 9.0 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 890 0.01% $16.50 $19.42 $40,390 11.2 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers (3) 280 0.00% $14.09 $15.17 $31,550 4.8 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 998,260 10.44% $26.36 $27.96 $58,150 0.9 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 12,140 0.13% $31.85 $33.33 $69,330 1.7 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 250,020 2.62% $25.49 $27.67 $57,560 0.8 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 156,500 1.64% $31.12 $32.66 $67,940 1.6 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 80,410 0.84% $30.56 $31.83 $66,200 1.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 163,880 1.71% $17.76 $19.37 $40,280 2.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 149,830 1.57% $28.14 $29.41 $61,170 1.5 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 30,390 0.32% $24.85 $26.82 $55,790 1.4 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 57,060 0.60% $24.07 $25.32 $52,670 1.4 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 31,260 0.33% $27.61 $28.61 $59,510 2.1 %
15-2011 Actuaries 240 0.00% $21.22 $29.12 $60,560 10.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 10,210 0.11% $29.09 $32.65 $67,900 7.6 %
15-2041 Statisticians (3) 920 0.01% $22.68 $25.02 $52,030 9.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 162,150 1.70% $23.31 $25.33 $52,690 2.9 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval (3) 690 0.01% $22.90 $25.57 $53,180 3.4 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 700 0.01% $18.56 $19.25 $40,050 7.5 %
17-1022 Surveyors 1,630 0.02% $16.75 $18.88 $39,260 7.7 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers (5) (5) $28.69 $27.20 $56,580 9.4 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers (3) 140 0.00% $32.43 $31.28 $65,050 4.1 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers (3) 880 0.01% $25.25 $26.75 $55,640 3.6 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 18,530 0.19% $31.23 $31.99 $66,540 1.9 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 9,440 0.10% $31.75 $31.92 $66,390 4.0 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 2,700 0.03% $27.05 $29.21 $60,750 5.5 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 730 0.01% $42.34 $41.87 $87,090 8.4 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 15,400 0.16% $26.31 $27.57 $57,340 3.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (3) 14,840 0.16% $31.65 $29.50 $61,360 5.2 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 2,280 0.02% $17.40 $20.97 $43,620 15.5 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 5,900 0.06% $18.48 $19.25 $40,030 2.8 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 2,730 0.03% $17.68 $19.11 $39,760 4.6 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 2,770 0.03% $18.97 $18.68 $38,860 3.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 26,070 0.27% $16.93 $17.21 $35,800 4.2 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 2,490 0.03% $10.52 $12.99 $27,030 8.4 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 250 0.00% $12.27 $13.32 $27,700 6.2 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 4,080 0.04% $18.48 $19.30 $40,150 3.2 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians (3) 2,530 0.03% $12.33 $13.94 $28,990 3.8 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 26,310 0.28% $15.96 $18.96 $39,440 5.8 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 680 0.01% $19.85 $22.39 $46,570 7.1 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists (3) (5) (5) $27.66 $26.68 $55,490 5.7 %
19-2031 Chemists (3) 1,790 0.02% $18.49 $20.54 $42,730 3.4 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 100 0.00% $17.36 $18.45 $38,380 7.5 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 250 0.00% $29.83 $29.20 $60,730 13.2 %
19-3011 Economists 380 0.00% $24.65 $25.66 $53,370 10.8 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 7,650 0.08% $22.92 $26.07 $54,230 5.7 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 4,000 0.04% $7.76 $8.40 $17,470 12.0 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists (5) (5) $23.87 $24.17 $50,270 6.5 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 490 0.01% $14.74 $15.65 $32,550 7.0 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 1,410 0.01% $13.47 $14.06 $29,240 4.0 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (5) (5) $18.80 $18.20 $37,850 6.9 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 1,980 0.02% $11.20 $13.78 $28,670 11.3 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors (3) (5) (5) $20.37 $20.00 $41,610 12.1 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 180 0.00% $22.86 $22.91 $47,660 9.0 %
21-1091 Health Educators 50 0.00% $16.13 $17.67 $36,750 13.7 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 810 0.01% $8.30 $8.96 $18,640 4.3 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 11,150 0.12% $20.05 $24.54 $51,040 3.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers 2,710 0.03% $41.23 $42.83 $89,080 3.8 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 2,150 0.02% $16.37 $17.39 $36,170 4.8 %
23-2091 Court Reporters 4,340 0.05% $19.06 $20.42 $42,480 3.7 %
23-2092 Law Clerks (3) 210 0.00% $13.93 $16.43 $34,160 8.8 %
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers (3) 360 0.00% $13.36 $14.88 $30,940 6.6 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 9,110 0.10% $16.18 $18.32 $38,110 6.5 %
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary (3) ***,***,*** ***.**% (2) (2) $54,890 4.3 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary (5) (5) $23.68 $22.13 $46,030 8.2 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 700 0.01% $9.05 $8.98 $18,690 3.5 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers (5) (5) $11.64 $11.96 $24,880 7.6 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians (3) 50 0.00% $14.90 $18.47 $38,430 12.8 %
25-4021 Librarians (3) 580 0.01% $16.17 $18.19 $37,840 5.0 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 70 0.00% $11.22 $11.13 $23,150 6.6 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 800 0.01% $16.04 $18.34 $38,140 4.6 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants (3) 200 0.00% (2) (2) $17,890 4.8 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 182,470 1.91% $18.23 $20.63 $42,900 1.9 %
27-1011 Art Directors 11,070 0.12% $30.23 $33.47 $69,610 3.2 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 2,340 0.02% $15.87 $16.85 $35,050 4.7 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 15,650 0.16% $18.04 $20.54 $42,720 4.1 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 6,740 0.07% $26.49 $26.16 $54,410 3.0 %
27-1022 Fashion Designers (5) (5) $20.01 $24.21 $50,360 14.5 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 290 0.00% $10.69 $11.98 $24,910 3.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 46,740 0.49% $17.00 $18.72 $38,950 2.2 %
27-1025 Interior Designers (3) 1,910 0.02% $17.53 $20.09 $41,780 5.5 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (3) 10,320 0.11% $9.45 $10.31 $21,450 3.5 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 820 0.01% $15.77 $16.94 $35,240 4.8 %
27-2011 Actors 3,280 0.03% (2) (2) $17,340 10.3 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 4,210 0.04% (2) (2) $59,760 26.3 %
27-3010 Announcers (3) 240 0.00% $8.94 $12.22 $25,420 9.5 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents (3) 3,190 0.03% $20.39 $23.42 $48,720 12.5 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 6,370 0.07% $18.25 $20.23 $42,070 1.6 %
27-3041 Editors 8,180 0.09% $20.13 $21.82 $45,370 2.9 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 17,610 0.18% $22.13 $23.85 $49,600 3.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 9,890 0.10% $23.55 $25.44 $52,910 2.7 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 810 0.01% $14.65 $14.85 $30,890 5.3 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 5,500 0.06% $17.78 $22.64 $47,080 12.2 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 250 0.00% $18.70 $19.23 $40,000 1.7 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 510 0.01% $15.45 $18.18 $37,810 9.7 %
27-4021 Photographers (3) 8,140 0.09% $12.57 $15.04 $31,280 7.6 %
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture (3) 1,160 0.01% $15.72 $17.76 $36,950 10.0 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors (3) 220 0.00% $13.29 $14.34 $29,830 3.7 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 144,140 1.51% $19.98 $21.69 $45,110 2.5 %
29-1020 Dentists 210 0.00% $52.38 $49.29 $102,520 11.7 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (3) (5) (5) $31.97 $30.99 $64,450 1.7 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 2,190 0.02% $51.60 $44.49 $92,540 13.6 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (3) (5) (5) $28.03 $24.60 $51,170 4.3 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses (3) 72,750 0.76% $22.49 $23.24 $48,350 1.5 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists (3) 1,670 0.02% $22.46 $23.51 $48,890 3.6 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists (3) 1,240 0.01% $27.11 $28.32 $58,910 4.4 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists (3) 2,490 0.03% $16.76 $17.09 $35,550 4.6 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 610 0.01% $25.43 $26.10 $54,290 4.2 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists (3) 120 0.00% $18.81 $19.43 $40,400 3.3 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians (3) 1,980 0.02% $12.69 $14.01 $29,150 4.2 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists (3) 520 0.01% $25.48 $25.87 $53,800 3.0 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 390 0.00% $21.10 $23.09 $48,020 8.7 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics (3) (5) (5) $10.30 $11.06 $23,000 7.4 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians (3) (5) (5) $11.92 $11.74 $24,420 2.9 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 370 0.00% $14.40 $13.78 $28,670 3.2 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists (3) 460 0.00% $15.90 $17.42 $36,230 10.9 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (3) 37,080 0.39% $15.53 $15.76 $32,790 1.0 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 1,350 0.01% $10.61 $12.51 $26,020 8.5 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 1,340 0.01% $19.53 $20.89 $43,460 4.4 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 113,680 1.19% $8.98 $9.52 $19,800 1.6 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides (3) 41,330 0.43% $8.34 $8.70 $18,090 1.2 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants (3) 48,860 0.51% $8.97 $9.10 $18,930 1.1 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 120 0.00% $12.59 $13.64 $28,380 9.8 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants (3) 1,510 0.02% $12.65 $14.05 $29,230 7.9 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 2,210 0.02% $9.47 $9.67 $20,110 8.9 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers (5) (5) $10.81 $11.26 $23,420 7.2 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 9,250 0.10% $11.34 $11.79 $24,520 3.3 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 766,510 8.02% $7.97 $8.75 $18,200 1.0 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers (5) (5) $10.47 $11.43 $23,760 2.9 %
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers (3) 840 0.01% $21.76 $20.86 $43,400 17.1 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters (3) 4,060 0.04% $11.92 $14.38 $29,920 16.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators 8,700 0.09% $13.11 $14.80 $30,780 5.9 %
33-9031 Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 2,830 0.03% $9.48 $9.34 $19,440 2.0 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 691,560 7.23% $7.63 $8.05 $16,740 0.6 %
33-9091 Crossing Guards (3) 8,140 0.09% $8.48 $10.88 $22,620 5.3 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 75,570 0.79% $7.08 $7.71 $16,040 2.1 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 330 0.00% $15.48 $16.58 $34,490 6.0 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 2,950 0.03% $10.48 $11.23 $23,360 4.1 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (3) 120 0.00% $7.16 $7.48 $15,560 7.6 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria (3) 1,040 0.01% $9.28 $9.54 $19,840 2.4 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant (3) 890 0.01% $8.44 $8.84 $18,380 2.1 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (3) 3,530 0.04% $8.09 $8.71 $18,120 3.4 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 11,640 0.12% $7.18 $7.55 $15,700 2.5 %
35-3011 Bartenders (3) 3,060 0.03% $8.00 $8.69 $18,070 7.7 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (3) 17,000 0.18% $6.72 $7.07 $14,700 1.7 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (3) 250 0.00% $6.81 $6.96 $14,480 5.3 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (3) 5,180 0.05% $6.66 $7.49 $15,580 3.1 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant (3) 2,720 0.03% $6.72 $7.46 $15,520 7.6 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (3) 10,240 0.11% $7.27 $8.00 $16,640 5.7 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 10,110 0.11% $6.44 $6.71 $13,950 2.4 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (3) 230 0.00% $7.08 $7.20 $14,970 2.5 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 970,120 10.15% $7.22 $7.96 $16,560 1.6 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers (3) 54,860 0.57% $9.67 $10.60 $22,050 2.6 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 3,210 0.03% $14.78 $17.00 $35,360 15.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 716,800 7.50% $7.04 $7.59 $15,790 0.7 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 120,570 1.26% $6.86 $7.21 $14,990 0.7 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers (3) 36,850 0.39% $11.11 $11.51 $23,950 1.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 19,670 0.21% $7.74 $8.21 $17,070 1.4 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (3) (5) (5) $9.55 $9.89 $20,580 5.2 %
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners (3) 280 0.00% $8.31 $8.47 $17,610 2.8 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 37,530 0.39% $8.00 $9.23 $19,200 6.0 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 1,090 0.01% $13.24 $14.27 $29,670 4.9 %
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists (3) (5) (5) $13.30 $13.55 $28,190 7.0 %
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers (3) 4,730 0.05% $6.05 $6.20 $12,900 2.4 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 310 0.00% $6.05 $6.08 $12,650 5.5 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists (5) (5) $14.78 $13.84 $28,780 7.1 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops (3) 2,700 0.03% $6.50 $7.11 $14,800 6.1 %
39-6012 Concierges 210 0.00% $9.64 $9.98 $20,750 6.3 %
39-6021 Tour Guides and Escorts (5) (5) $8.42 $9.69 $20,150 5.2 %
39-6022 Travel Guides (5) (5) $9.39 $9.18 $19,090 7.9 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers (3) 1,440 0.02% $7.41 $7.64 $15,880 2.0 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides (3) 5,920 0.06% $7.90 $8.02 $16,680 3.7 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 870 0.01% $10.94 $12.95 $26,940 9.7 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 4,730 0.05% $7.82 $8.37 $17,400 3.6 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 667,380 6.98% $11.10 $15.22 $31,660 1.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 18,710 0.20% $16.38 $20.12 $41,850 4.4 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 26,520 0.28% $18.31 $22.71 $47,240 2.3 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 13,810 0.14% $7.09 $7.76 $16,130 1.8 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (3) 33,150 0.35% $8.36 $9.05 $18,830 1.0 %
41-2022 Parts Salespersons (3) 740 0.01% $9.07 $12.72 $26,460 4.4 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 13,940 0.15% $9.30 $10.83 $22,530 2.2 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 48,340 0.51% $18.18 $22.90 $47,640 3.0 %
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 1,200 0.01% $9.96 $10.59 $22,020 2.5 %
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents (5) (5) $19.72 $22.51 $46,830 11.8 %
41-3041 Travel Agents (3) 2,470 0.03% $10.57 $12.27 $25,520 3.6 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (3) 27,180 0.28% $23.16 $26.33 $54,760 2.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 71,250 0.75% $17.04 $20.12 $41,850 1.7 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (3) 40,410 0.42% $8.41 $9.69 $20,160 2.1 %
41-9012 Models (3) 790 0.01% $8.94 $12.32 $25,620 12.5 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents (3) 1,680 0.02% $10.26 $13.87 $28,860 9.3 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers (3) 11,930 0.12% $31.40 $31.49 $65,490 1.7 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 258,930 2.71% $8.47 $9.62 $20,010 2.1 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 7,800 0.08% $9.14 $11.52 $23,970 8.3 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 2,477,100 25.91% $9.95 $10.85 $22,570 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 82,330 0.86% $14.40 $16.09 $33,470 0.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 40,580 0.42% $8.29 $8.57 $17,820 1.3 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators (3) 14,960 0.16% $8.48 $9.32 $19,380 4.9 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 96,310 1.01% $10.46 $11.19 $23,270 0.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 36,380 0.38% $10.89 $11.62 $24,180 0.9 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 131,300 1.37% $11.32 $12.09 $25,150 0.8 %
43-3041 Gaming Cage Workers 150 0.00% $10.09 $12.63 $26,270 13.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 17,090 0.18% $11.53 $12.48 $25,960 1.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 1,300 0.01% $13.96 $14.49 $30,140 4.1 %
43-3071 Tellers (3) 2,900 0.03% $8.27 $8.76 $18,220 2.9 %
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks (3) (5) (5) $14.45 $14.79 $30,760 4.6 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 7,040 0.07% $9.71 $9.98 $20,750 1.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 10,280 0.11% $9.72 $10.29 $21,390 2.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 299,190 3.13% $9.99 $10.73 $22,320 1.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 56,500 0.59% $8.19 $8.55 $17,780 0.9 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks (3) 160 0.00% $7.70 $7.62 $15,850 2.0 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (3) 11,550 0.12% $8.83 $9.50 $19,770 1.6 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical (5) (5) $10.61 $11.71 $24,370 7.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 1,460 0.02% $13.76 $13.39 $27,840 7.3 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 30,810 0.32% $9.54 $10.23 $21,270 1.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 14,760 0.15% $11.71 $12.14 $25,260 0.9 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 122,510 1.28% $9.24 $9.45 $19,660 0.5 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 7,600 0.08% $8.99 $9.23 $19,190 5.4 %
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents (3) (5) (5) $16.85 $16.86 $35,070 3.7 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 11,930 0.12% $8.55 $8.92 $18,540 3.4 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (3) 13,150 0.14% $10.10 $11.30 $23,510 4.0 %
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities (3) 980 0.01% $9.41 $9.75 $20,290 4.1 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 27,680 0.29% $11.96 $13.49 $28,070 1.8 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 62,630 0.66% $8.64 $9.18 $19,090 0.7 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 85,660 0.90% $8.22 $8.65 $17,990 0.9 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (3) 1,460 0.02% $8.22 $8.45 $17,580 3.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 152,250 1.59% $13.26 $14.02 $29,160 0.7 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries (3) 9,810 0.10% $14.69 $15.15 $31,520 1.7 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries (3) 5,070 0.05% $10.44 $10.95 $22,770 1.7 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 159,110 1.66% $10.78 $11.14 $23,170 1.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 46,160 0.48% $11.69 $12.75 $26,510 1.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 220,660 2.31% $9.07 $9.30 $19,330 0.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 50,350 0.53% $10.58 $11.03 $22,940 0.8 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 5,210 0.05% $16.73 $16.26 $33,810 4.8 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 82,060 0.86% $8.00 $8.39 $17,450 0.6 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 357,400 3.74% $9.10 $9.61 $19,980 0.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 37,140 0.39% $8.77 $9.26 $19,250 0.8 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (3) 8,570 0.09% $8.51 $9.73 $20,240 2.8 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants (3) 2,330 0.02% $11.06 $11.89 $24,740 2.0 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 4,900 0.05% $8.60 $8.44 $17,560 3.3 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 70 0.00% $11.37 $11.26 $23,430 7.0 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 3,710 0.04% $8.80 $8.58 $17,850 3.6 %
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals (3) 320 0.00% $8.80 $8.84 $18,380 2.8 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 139,830 1.46% $10.28 $12.15 $25,260 2.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 11,270 0.12% $20.90 $21.16 $44,020 2.6 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 140 0.00% $13.08 $14.82 $30,820 12.9 %
47-2031 Carpenters 22,130 0.23% $11.82 $13.14 $27,340 3.1 %
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 100 0.00% $9.57 $9.82 $20,420 4.5 %
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 4,010 0.04% $10.28 $11.26 $23,430 5.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 23,090 0.24% $7.59 $7.77 $16,150 2.3 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators (3) 3,180 0.03% $21.67 $20.40 $42,430 5.0 %
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 1,850 0.02% $10.18 $10.60 $22,050 4.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 8,480 0.09% $15.44 $15.44 $32,120 2.4 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 7,880 0.08% $12.15 $12.76 $26,530 3.7 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 3,330 0.03% $13.48 $13.24 $27,550 5.5 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) 7,270 0.08% $13.64 $14.79 $30,770 2.9 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons (3) (5) (5) $13.23 $13.82 $28,750 3.4 %
47-2181 Roofers (3) 400 0.00% $10.28 $11.59 $24,110 4.9 %
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers (3) 230 0.00% $8.47 $10.35 $21,520 5.4 %
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers (3) 440 0.00% $15.68 $17.84 $37,120 5.6 %
47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters (3) 60 0.00% $8.92 $9.10 $18,920 7.3 %
47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters (3) 820 0.01% $7.70 $8.00 $16,650 2.8 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians (5) (5) $11.30 $10.80 $22,460 12.8 %
47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons (3) 490 0.01% $6.49 $6.94 $14,430 5.4 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) 370 0.00% $6.44 $7.92 $16,470 4.7 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors (3) 590 0.01% $18.99 $18.19 $37,830 8.1 %
47-4031 Fence Erectors (3) (5) (5) $11.03 $10.73 $22,310 5.3 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers (3) 2,560 0.03% $10.31 $12.35 $25,690 8.2 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas (3) (5) (5) $9.67 $10.88 $22,640 4.4 %
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas (3) 1,710 0.02% $9.32 $9.27 $19,280 2.3 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 173,010 1.81% $13.12 $14.13 $29,380 1.6 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 8,030 0.08% $19.77 $20.77 $43,200 2.2 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 15,540 0.16% $14.58 $15.04 $31,290 4.1 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 6,790 0.07% $16.57 $17.49 $36,370 6.2 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 150 0.00% $12.56 $14.63 $30,430 13.7 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 550 0.01% $16.59 $16.25 $33,800 3.7 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 6,590 0.07% $14.74 $15.36 $31,950 3.4 %
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (5) (5) $13.47 $13.17 $27,390 11.0 %
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 860 0.01% $12.98 $13.92 $28,940 14.3 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 12,590 0.13% $14.54 $14.53 $30,230 1.8 %
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 860 0.01% $16.76 $17.56 $36,530 6.8 %
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 610 0.01% $11.91 $12.40 $25,790 9.6 %
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers (5) (5) $13.54 $12.22 $25,410 5.0 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (3) 6,250 0.07% $12.20 $12.75 $26,510 3.4 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (3) 5,360 0.06% $13.21 $13.61 $28,310 1.8 %
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics (3) (5) (5) $13.22 $14.24 $29,630 4.2 %
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines (3) 10,570 0.11% $14.91 $15.74 $32,750 1.4 %
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 6,190 0.06% $10.37 $10.97 $22,820 2.5 %
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 190 0.00% $13.78 $12.61 $26,220 12.5 %
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers (3) 330 0.00% $10.50 $13.23 $27,510 7.9 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door (5) (5) $18.00 $15.97 $33,220 11.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers (3) 3,260 0.03% $14.16 $14.41 $29,960 3.2 %
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 510 0.01% $12.33 $13.10 $27,250 4.5 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,130 0.02% $16.86 $16.58 $34,490 7.1 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 41,990 0.44% $11.01 $11.92 $24,790 1.7 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (3) 810 0.01% $11.92 $12.69 $26,390 3.8 %
49-9044 Millwrights (3) 290 0.00% $17.69 $19.53 $40,620 6.7 %
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers (3) 400 0.00% $13.44 $13.79 $28,670 4.5 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers (3) 3,370 0.04% $21.82 $22.01 $45,780 7.2 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (3) 380 0.00% $9.03 $11.03 $22,940 8.1 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers (3) 870 0.01% $11.57 $12.76 $26,540 4.2 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 570 0.01% $12.73 $12.54 $26,080 8.1 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers (3) 240 0.00% $15.04 $14.90 $31,000 3.5 %
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 130 0.00% $9.88 $10.39 $21,620 6.4 %
49-9096 Riggers (3) 1,190 0.01% $11.62 $13.98 $29,070 6.0 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 10,940 0.11% $8.87 $10.01 $20,830 2.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 999,260 10.45% $7.83 $8.60 $17,890 0.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 22,740 0.24% $16.47 $18.00 $37,440 2.5 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 35,700 0.37% $7.35 $7.59 $15,780 2.4 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 1,290 0.01% $8.01 $9.01 $18,740 4.9 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 3,040 0.03% $9.40 $9.50 $19,760 2.9 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 1,590 0.02% $7.59 $7.73 $16,080 1.8 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 5,790 0.06% $7.78 $7.91 $16,460 1.7 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 43,930 0.46% $7.94 $8.49 $17,650 2.7 %
51-3011 Bakers (3) 190 0.00% $8.93 $9.82 $20,420 3.5 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers (3) (5) (5) $7.32 $7.50 $15,600 3.7 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 500 0.01% $6.52 $6.83 $14,210 6.3 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 140 0.00% $10.05 $11.15 $23,200 4.1 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers (5) (5) $6.01 $6.39 $13,280 6.9 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 9,670 0.10% $7.65 $7.70 $16,020 1.5 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 9,980 0.10% $7.16 $7.65 $15,900 2.8 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 3,430 0.04% $7.87 $8.72 $18,130 4.6 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 29,700 0.31% $8.02 $8.33 $17,330 1.4 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 340 0.00% $7.34 $7.65 $15,910 3.4 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 830 0.01% $15.16 $14.92 $31,030 3.5 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 310 0.00% $7.33 $7.20 $14,980 3.8 %
51-4041 Machinists 26,520 0.28% $8.90 $10.66 $22,180 2.7 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 5,490 0.06% $6.59 $6.69 $13,920 1.3 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (3) 430 0.00% $10.35 $11.35 $23,610 6.2 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers (3) 330 0.00% $11.61 $13.43 $27,930 6.8 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (3) 24,640 0.26% $9.96 $10.64 $22,130 1.3 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 1,180 0.01% $8.21 $8.94 $18,600 3.0 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (3) 190 0.00% $7.99 $8.57 $17,820 3.1 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 14,500 0.15% $7.62 $8.20 $17,050 1.9 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (3) (5) (5) $10.18 $10.22 $21,260 3.6 %
51-5021 Job Printers (3) 1,730 0.02% $10.73 $11.19 $23,270 3.1 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 8,670 0.09% $12.83 $13.47 $28,030 3.5 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) 15,420 0.16% $11.03 $11.91 $24,780 1.8 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 4,190 0.04% $7.48 $7.36 $15,310 2.5 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials (3) 110 0.00% $7.96 $7.99 $16,620 2.7 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (3) 2,970 0.03% $8.02 $8.61 $17,910 6.5 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 400 0.00% $6.36 $6.87 $14,300 6.1 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers (3) 340 0.00% $8.63 $8.94 $18,600 1.9 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 11,670 0.12% $7.70 $7.94 $16,520 2.8 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 3,970 0.04% $7.80 $8.22 $17,090 4.5 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (5) (5) $10.01 $10.04 $20,880 5.5 %
51-6093 Upholsterers (3) 270 0.00% $9.74 $10.33 $21,480 6.3 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 320 0.00% $9.21 $10.75 $22,360 12.0 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers (3) 440 0.00% $8.12 $9.16 $19,040 5.3 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 650 0.01% $6.66 $6.83 $14,210 2.6 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 230 0.00% $16.40 $17.57 $36,550 3.0 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 550 0.01% $18.18 $19.72 $41,010 15.5 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (3) 370 0.00% $8.34 $9.59 $19,950 4.3 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders (3) 580 0.01% $13.11 $14.57 $30,300 3.9 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 100 0.00% $8.48 $9.75 $20,290 7.7 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,150 0.01% $7.90 $8.20 $17,050 2.4 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand (3) (5) (5) $7.92 $8.26 $17,170 2.1 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 550 0.01% $8.24 $10.63 $22,110 10.8 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand (5) (5) $7.83 $7.90 $16,430 6.9 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 620 0.01% $9.70 $10.70 $22,260 3.9 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) (5) (5) $9.49 $9.36 $19,480 2.6 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders (3) 100 0.00% $9.85 $10.32 $21,470 7.5 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 52,140 0.55% $8.70 $10.34 $21,510 2.1 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers (3) 390 0.00% $14.13 $16.52 $34,350 12.0 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 73,320 0.77% $7.19 $7.38 $15,340 1.4 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 100 0.00% $9.33 $9.57 $19,900 3.2 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment (3) 70 0.00% $14.64 $16.64 $34,620 8.5 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers (3) 3,100 0.03% $8.62 $9.83 $20,450 4.1 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (3) 14,330 0.15% $9.80 $10.79 $22,450 3.1 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators (3) 14,480 0.15% $8.84 $9.74 $20,260 2.0 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 120 0.00% $6.43 $7.21 $15,000 10.6 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers (3) 790 0.01% $7.77 $8.10 $16,860 2.3 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) (5) (5) $7.22 $7.55 $15,710 3.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 203,870 2.13% $7.43 $7.66 $15,940 1.5 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 786,120 8.22% $7.83 $8.78 $18,260 1.0 %
53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 70 0.00% $13.02 $13.11 $27,280 4.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 5,810 0.06% $13.93 $15.10 $31,410 3.4 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 4,020 0.04% $15.66 $17.06 $35,490 2.7 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 440 0.00% (2) (2) $62,610 7.4 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 560 0.01% (2) (2) $35,220 9.3 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 14,160 0.15% $10.07 $10.95 $22,780 3.2 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 40,980 0.43% $13.63 $15.05 $31,300 2.9 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 68,300 0.71% $9.69 $10.36 $21,560 1.5 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (3) 3,180 0.03% $7.38 $8.49 $17,660 4.4 %
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers (3) (5) (5) $9.73 $11.81 $24,570 9.2 %
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels (3) 450 0.00% $14.74 $18.02 $37,470 5.0 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants (3) 500 0.01% $6.53 $6.97 $14,500 3.2 %
53-6031 Service Station Attendants (3) 550 0.01% $6.73 $7.35 $15,290 6.7 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (3) 930 0.01% $7.66 $8.20 $17,050 2.8 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators (3) 5,680 0.06% $17.07 $17.99 $37,420 2.7 %
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators (3) 1,300 0.01% $14.19 $15.80 $32,850 5.1 %
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators (3) 510 0.01% $15.22 $16.21 $33,710 2.0 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 44,970 0.47% $9.60 $10.79 $22,440 1.6 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment (3) 5,460 0.06% $7.50 $7.89 $16,410 2.1 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 337,470 3.53% $7.42 $7.81 $16,250 0.9 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (3) 1,510 0.02% $8.15 $8.30 $17,270 1.3 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand (3) 212,090 2.22% $6.90 $7.12 $14,820 0.8 %
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators (3) 130 0.00% $11.37 $11.33 $23,560 4.1 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers (3) 260 0.00% $15.57 $14.87 $30,920 6.3 %
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (3) 5,570 0.06% $6.13 $6.11 $12,710 4.0 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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