Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 80 - Health Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group 80 - Health Services.

SIC Major Group 80 - Health Services consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 80 - Health Services:

SIC 80 - Health Services

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 10,930,740 100.00% $12.99 $16.34 $33,990 0.4 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 439,650 4.02% $25.19 $27.70 $57,610 0.5 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 23,650 0.22% $45.46 $46.49 $96,690 1.3 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 66,900 0.61% $27.81 $30.88 $64,220 1.3 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 3,300 0.03% $20.13 $23.24 $48,340 2.8 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 7,710 0.07% $21.06 $23.91 $49,740 1.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 540 0.00% $26.57 $33.21 $69,070 17.2 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 4,450 0.04% $21.75 $23.27 $48,400 1.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 31,420 0.29% $20.60 $21.93 $45,600 2.5 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 11,300 0.10% $29.97 $31.08 $64,640 1.1 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 27,490 0.25% $25.95 $28.05 $58,340 3.7 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 15,590 0.14% $22.44 $24.16 $50,250 0.5 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 200 0.00% $28.61 $27.58 $57,360 2.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 5,190 0.05% $20.18 $21.85 $45,450 0.9 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 310 0.00% $22.17 $23.22 $48,290 2.9 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 440 0.00% $31.74 $33.53 $69,750 4.1 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 1,270 0.01% $19.42 $20.62 $42,900 3.5 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 90 0.00% (2) (2) $62,420 9.4 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 640 0.01% $29.31 $31.10 $64,680 3.6 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 690 0.01% $33.40 $35.15 $73,100 2.7 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 11,620 0.11% $15.16 $16.21 $33,720 0.8 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 410 0.00% $23.39 $22.01 $45,790 4.4 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 170,160 1.56% $25.82 $27.78 $57,770 0.8 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 1,610 0.01% $24.43 $25.91 $53,890 7.5 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 240 0.00% $21.59 $22.02 $45,810 6.1 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 12,620 0.12% $16.61 $18.32 $38,100 1.4 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 127,720 1.17% $17.76 $19.11 $39,740 0.9 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 220 0.00% $14.71 $14.69 $30,550 5.6 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) 570 0.01% $13.86 $15.28 $31,780 4.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 10,520 0.10% $15.01 $15.82 $32,910 0.5 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,000 0.01% $15.53 $16.11 $33,500 2.6 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,760 0.02% $19.36 $20.56 $42,770 2.2 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 50 0.00% $21.21 $22.80 $47,420 4.1 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 1,290 0.01% $19.77 $21.06 $43,810 2.7 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 9,370 0.09% $16.41 $17.57 $36,540 1.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 3,130 0.03% $17.35 $18.65 $38,800 1.2 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 13,450 0.12% $19.44 $19.96 $41,510 1.0 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 7,650 0.07% $23.73 $25.43 $52,890 4.8 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 640 0.01% $14.47 $15.85 $32,960 7.7 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 26,330 0.24% $17.59 $18.77 $39,030 0.9 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) 2,410 0.02% $20.57 $21.67 $45,070 0.9 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts (3) 100 0.00% $18.61 $19.61 $40,780 6.0 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 2,810 0.03% $21.35 $22.21 $46,200 1.3 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 63,340 0.58% $20.63 $21.88 $45,510 0.8 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 120 0.00% $21.95 $24.95 $51,890 8.1 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 9,340 0.09% $21.62 $22.70 $47,210 1.1 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 6,340 0.06% $24.66 $25.74 $53,550 2.1 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 550 0.01% $27.00 $27.90 $58,030 4.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 15,290 0.14% $15.69 $16.46 $34,240 1.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 9,310 0.09% $24.49 $25.21 $52,450 1.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 4,590 0.04% $22.33 $23.42 $48,710 0.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 6,620 0.06% $21.84 $22.55 $46,900 0.9 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 2,090 0.02% $23.97 $24.48 $50,920 2.2 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 1,060 0.01% $19.63 $25.73 $53,510 19.4 %
15-2041 Statisticians (3) 800 0.01% $24.25 $25.16 $52,340 3.5 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 7,080 0.06% $20.28 $21.45 $44,610 2.0 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval (3) 130 0.00% $24.91 $26.20 $54,510 2.6 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 1,900 0.02% $20.59 $21.07 $43,820 6.0 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers (3) 130 0.00% $24.49 $26.33 $54,770 2.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 60 0.00% $26.19 $26.51 $55,130 6.0 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 470 0.00% $21.73 $22.29 $46,360 8.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 70 0.00% $29.60 $28.65 $59,590 2.2 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 50 0.00% $15.69 $16.04 $33,370 5.6 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 430 0.00% $18.09 $18.42 $38,320 5.2 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 150 0.00% $19.33 $22.03 $45,830 14.5 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 63,730 0.58% $19.92 $22.34 $46,470 2.2 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 530 0.00% $26.75 $27.84 $57,900 11.7 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 2,740 0.03% $20.98 $22.29 $46,370 1.5 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 580 0.01% $24.60 $27.66 $57,530 7.0 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 9,040 0.08% $20.13 $23.61 $49,110 10.3 %
19-2012 Physicists 660 0.01% $43.55 $43.70 $90,900 21.3 %
19-2031 Chemists (3) 570 0.01% $20.21 $23.04 $47,920 4.7 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,760 0.02% $19.41 $21.21 $44,120 3.9 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 29,170 0.27% $23.44 $25.07 $52,140 2.5 %
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 380 0.00% $26.38 $29.87 $62,120 7.7 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 4,580 0.04% $12.22 $13.09 $27,220 3.9 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 60 0.00% $12.51 $14.48 $30,110 9.5 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 480 0.00% $12.86 $15.20 $31,620 11.4 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 247,120 2.26% $14.60 $15.65 $32,560 0.8 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 17,940 0.16% $13.17 $14.40 $29,950 2.7 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors (3) 2,300 0.02% $15.75 $16.86 $35,060 2.8 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 3,470 0.03% $15.05 $15.88 $33,030 5.4 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 24,150 0.22% $13.47 $15.21 $31,630 2.3 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 13,920 0.13% $12.68 $14.17 $29,480 3.5 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 15,410 0.14% $15.26 $16.16 $33,610 1.9 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 64,470 0.59% $17.08 $17.90 $37,230 0.9 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 28,960 0.26% $13.89 $14.72 $30,620 1.8 %
21-1091 Health Educators 15,850 0.15% $16.55 $17.13 $35,630 3.0 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 850 0.01% $15.95 $16.51 $34,340 3.7 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 31,810 0.29% $10.96 $11.67 $24,280 1.2 %
21-2011 Clergy (3) 8,850 0.08% $16.25 $16.68 $34,690 0.6 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education (3) 160 0.00% $17.83 $17.61 $36,640 5.1 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 1,670 0.02% $19.78 $25.97 $54,030 5.6 %
23-1011 Lawyers 560 0.01% $41.01 $44.02 $91,560 6.7 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 500 0.00% $17.92 $18.40 $38,270 2.0 %
23-2092 Law Clerks (3) 100 0.00% $14.82 $16.24 $33,780 5.7 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 54,360 0.50% $12.07 $14.58 $30,320 3.7 %
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary (3) 1,090 0.01% (2) (2) $57,710 4.4 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary (3) 5,800 0.05% (2) (2) $50,810 0.6 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 1,020 0.01% $13.47 $14.93 $31,060 4.9 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education (3) (5) (5) $7.46 $8.64 $17,980 3.7 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 120 0.00% (2) (2) $28,150 4.4 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 180 0.00% (2) (2) $37,360 2.5 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 790 0.01% (2) (2) $36,900 13.7 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 190 0.00% (2) (2) $39,350 7.6 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 170 0.00% (2) (2) $39,540 8.1 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors (5) (5) $11.66 $12.94 $26,910 14.1 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 1,620 0.01% $15.62 $16.95 $35,250 4.8 %
25-4021 Librarians (3) 2,540 0.02% $18.85 $19.38 $40,320 1.1 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 1,140 0.01% $10.96 $11.55 $24,020 2.2 %
25-9011 Audio-Visual Collections Specialists 80 0.00% $13.20 $14.93 $31,050 6.2 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 1,870 0.02% $18.18 $19.33 $40,210 3.1 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants (3) 5,500 0.05% (2) (2) $18,780 1.4 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 13,860 0.13% $15.14 $16.13 $33,540 1.6 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 80 0.00% $18.43 $17.80 $37,020 3.3 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 60 0.00% $8.73 $9.26 $19,250 6.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 540 0.00% $16.41 $16.49 $34,310 2.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 6,900 0.06% $16.07 $17.08 $35,530 0.8 %
27-3041 Editors 170 0.00% $20.32 $25.81 $53,680 15.4 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 110 0.00% $16.66 $20.64 $42,920 13.7 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 210 0.00% $18.62 $19.62 $40,800 3.8 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 1,760 0.02% $12.77 $13.80 $28,700 3.7 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 380 0.00% $13.93 $13.75 $28,600 2.7 %
27-4021 Photographers (3) 330 0.00% $13.32 $14.86 $30,900 3.8 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 4,522,730 41.38% $19.08 $22.51 $46,830 0.6 %
29-1011 Chiropractors 11,020 0.10% $27.90 $34.08 $70,880 9.3 %
29-1020 Dentists 65,810 0.60% $54.22 $51.65 $107,440 4.6 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists (3) 26,980 0.25% $18.01 $18.44 $38,360 0.5 %
29-1041 Optometrists 17,190 0.16% $38.61 $39.43 $82,020 3.6 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (3) 57,970 0.53% $31.93 $30.25 $62,920 0.2 %
29-1061 Anesthesiologists 25,570 0.23% (4) $59.65 $124,060 9.3 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 96,280 0.88% $63.29 $54.92 $114,230 3.4 %
29-1063 Internists, General 46,910 0.43% (4) $59.89 $124,580 4.0 %
29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists 18,000 0.16% (4) $65.83 $136,920 5.8 %
29-1065 Pediatricians, General 18,630 0.17% $59.08 $54.51 $113,380 4.3 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 12,690 0.12% $56.33 $50.11 $104,230 4.6 %
29-1067 Surgeons 46,750 0.43% (4) $65.50 $136,250 4.0 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (3) 50,900 0.47% $25.04 $24.15 $50,230 1.2 %
29-1081 Podiatrists 3,890 0.04% $54.86 $50.42 $104,880 5.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses (3) 1,846,810 16.90% $20.29 $21.43 $44,580 0.2 %
29-1121 Audiologists 8,130 0.07% $21.21 $22.29 $46,360 2.2 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists (3) 59,050 0.54% $24.48 $26.06 $54,210 0.6 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists (3) 121,250 1.11% $27.33 $28.25 $58,760 0.5 %
29-1124 Radiation Therapists (3) 12,000 0.11% $20.07 $20.80 $43,250 1.1 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists (3) 22,700 0.21% $13.30 $13.73 $28,550 0.6 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists (3) 75,050 0.69% $17.42 $17.76 $36,930 0.3 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 34,700 0.32% $23.94 $25.30 $52,620 1.3 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists (3) 134,400 1.23% $18.44 $18.84 $39,190 0.4 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians (3) 122,220 1.12% $12.82 $13.55 $28,190 0.6 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists (3) 87,510 0.80% $22.74 $23.19 $48,240 0.9 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians (3) 40,650 0.37% $15.46 $15.98 $33,230 0.7 %
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 28,870 0.26% $20.37 $21.05 $43,780 0.8 %
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists (3) 17,500 0.16% $19.66 $20.41 $42,460 0.5 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians 170,770 1.56% $16.44 $17.04 $35,450 1.3 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics (3) 43,730 0.40% $10.50 $11.15 $23,180 0.9 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians (3) 22,960 0.21% $9.30 $9.99 $20,790 0.8 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians (3) 49,320 0.45% $10.94 $11.26 $23,410 0.5 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians (3) 42,490 0.39% $11.17 $11.79 $24,530 1.3 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians 32,910 0.30% $15.19 $16.16 $33,610 5.8 %
29-2055 Surgical Technologists (3) 63,750 0.58% $12.80 $13.19 $27,440 0.4 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 310 0.00% $11.51 $11.96 $24,880 3.1 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (3) 559,140 5.12% $13.27 $13.80 $28,710 0.3 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 126,560 1.16% $10.18 $10.94 $22,760 0.9 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing (3) 29,070 0.27% $10.91 $11.73 $24,390 1.4 %
29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists 1,460 0.01% $15.27 $18.21 $37,880 6.8 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 5,220 0.05% $18.76 $19.40 $40,350 1.6 %
29-9091 Athletic Trainers 3,750 0.03% (2) (2) $31,780 2.2 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 2,216,010 20.27% $9.09 $9.59 $19,950 0.4 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides (3) 273,790 2.50% $8.32 $9.25 $19,240 6.3 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants (3) 1,089,900 9.97% $8.25 $8.52 $17,720 0.3 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides (3) 31,080 0.28% $10.07 $10.63 $22,100 1.3 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 14,520 0.13% $16.03 $16.27 $33,830 0.9 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 7,530 0.07% $9.64 $11.34 $23,590 4.2 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 45,590 0.42% $15.98 $16.29 $33,870 0.8 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 42,860 0.39% $9.02 $9.69 $20,140 1.2 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 3,880 0.04% $12.42 $14.04 $29,200 4.1 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants (3) 166,880 1.53% $11.22 $11.59 $24,100 0.8 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 264,020 2.42% $10.47 $10.84 $22,540 1.3 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers 27,110 0.25% $9.69 $10.11 $21,030 2.6 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 84,920 0.78% $11.68 $11.85 $24,640 0.6 %
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides (3) 12,080 0.11% $10.25 $10.42 $21,670 0.5 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 150 0.00% $10.87 $10.59 $22,020 2.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 50,050 0.46% $10.30 $11.39 $23,680 1.7 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 290 0.00% $18.47 $19.27 $40,070 5.8 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters (3) 160 0.00% $17.13 $16.53 $34,380 4.9 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers (3) 1,100 0.01% $14.09 $14.66 $30,500 6.8 %
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators (5) (5) $6.12 $8.53 $17,740 27.9 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 42,120 0.39% $9.86 $10.58 $22,000 0.7 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 377,550 3.45% $7.73 $8.24 $17,140 0.4 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 870 0.01% $14.92 $16.42 $34,140 4.7 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 26,120 0.24% $11.55 $12.04 $25,050 1.2 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (3) 330 0.00% $8.10 $8.45 $17,570 3.2 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria (3) 87,150 0.80% $8.34 $8.79 $18,270 0.3 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant (3) (5) (5) $6.94 $7.93 $16,490 7.9 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (3) 6,610 0.06% $8.30 $8.71 $18,110 1.0 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 103,540 0.95% $7.39 $7.67 $15,950 0.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (3) 8,930 0.08% $7.73 $8.28 $17,230 1.6 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (3) 10,060 0.09% $7.57 $7.75 $16,120 0.7 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (3) 7,760 0.07% $7.01 $7.43 $15,450 1.6 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant (3) 65,360 0.60% $7.59 $7.94 $16,520 0.5 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (3) 21,840 0.20% $7.26 $7.50 $15,610 0.6 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 24,870 0.23% $6.61 $6.90 $14,360 0.7 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (3) 880 0.01% $7.89 $8.66 $18,010 3.2 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 378,900 3.47% $7.85 $8.40 $17,480 0.5 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers (3) 25,320 0.23% $11.37 $12.08 $25,120 0.6 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 4,870 0.04% $11.06 $12.64 $26,300 4.8 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 89,390 0.82% $8.05 $8.49 $17,670 0.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 241,270 2.21% $7.50 $7.85 $16,320 0.4 %
37-2021 Pest Control Workers (3) 600 0.01% $6.96 $8.20 $17,050 4.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 9,530 0.09% $8.75 $9.40 $19,550 1.8 %
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation (3) (5) (5) $7.85 $8.10 $16,850 3.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 183,130 1.68% $7.61 $8.21 $17,070 1.3 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 6,140 0.06% $11.43 $12.19 $25,350 4.6 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 210 0.00% $6.68 $9.28 $19,300 19.9 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants (5) (5) $9.57 $9.35 $19,450 5.2 %
39-5011 Barbers (3) 150 0.00% $11.40 $11.69 $24,320 2.4 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 1,100 0.01% $9.71 $10.39 $21,610 3.2 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers (3) 8,570 0.08% $7.56 $7.88 $16,400 1.0 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides (3) 113,520 1.04% $7.14 $7.37 $15,330 0.8 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 5,690 0.05% $11.63 $12.42 $25,840 5.8 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 31,190 0.29% $8.34 $9.36 $19,480 4.1 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 3,210 0.03% $9.32 $9.87 $20,540 3.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 27,920 0.26% $10.42 $13.09 $27,220 3.0 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,090 0.01% $14.22 $15.97 $33,220 2.9 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 400 0.00% $22.41 $23.52 $48,920 5.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 14,620 0.13% $8.66 $9.35 $19,450 1.7 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 1,500 0.01% $9.08 $11.95 $24,850 13.9 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 190 0.00% $15.39 $18.35 $38,160 5.0 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (3) 1,420 0.01% $19.95 $21.02 $43,720 4.2 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 430 0.00% $17.76 $18.96 $39,430 4.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,530 0.01% $10.17 $12.07 $25,110 8.5 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 1,893,420 17.32% $10.55 $11.18 $23,250 0.4 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 129,290 1.18% $15.12 $15.92 $33,100 0.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 53,430 0.49% $9.09 $9.29 $19,310 0.3 %
43-2021 Telephone Operators (3) 1,200 0.01% $10.47 $10.86 $22,590 2.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 54,010 0.49% $11.28 $11.53 $23,990 0.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 176,300 1.61% $10.94 $11.20 $23,300 0.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 91,500 0.84% $11.70 $12.29 $25,570 0.6 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 14,240 0.13% $11.75 $12.12 $25,220 0.4 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 4,790 0.04% $11.07 $11.24 $23,380 0.5 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 1,240 0.01% $10.48 $10.51 $21,850 2.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 1,630 0.01% $14.57 $13.83 $28,770 4.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 45,670 0.42% $10.53 $11.08 $23,040 1.2 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 1,390 0.01% $12.48 $13.08 $27,200 2.8 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 71,880 0.66% $7.97 $8.33 $17,320 0.5 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (3) 71,990 0.66% $10.04 $10.41 $21,660 0.4 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 750 0.01% $9.90 $10.16 $21,140 3.1 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 60 0.00% $10.82 $11.80 $24,540 6.4 %
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks (3) (5) (5) $10.65 $10.52 $21,890 2.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 7,310 0.07% $9.61 $9.70 $20,170 19.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 15,610 0.14% $11.78 $12.13 $25,220 0.4 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 272,870 2.50% $9.78 $10.04 $20,880 0.4 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 18,790 0.17% $8.34 $8.66 $18,020 0.5 %
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers (3) 1,130 0.01% $10.33 $10.80 $22,460 1.1 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (3) 1,200 0.01% $10.68 $11.29 $23,480 1.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 5,300 0.05% $11.75 $12.25 $25,470 1.3 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 9,910 0.09% $9.77 $10.12 $21,040 0.6 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 27,780 0.25% $9.70 $10.08 $20,970 0.5 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (3) 340 0.00% $10.05 $10.79 $22,440 2.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 77,130 0.71% $13.71 $14.29 $29,730 0.8 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries (3) 390 0.00% $14.16 $14.57 $30,300 5.7 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries (3) 232,400 2.13% $10.97 $11.53 $23,990 0.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 127,880 1.17% $10.82 $11.19 $23,270 0.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 11,300 0.10% $12.30 $12.67 $26,360 0.5 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 27,260 0.25% $9.82 $10.15 $21,110 0.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 16,420 0.15% $11.02 $11.21 $23,320 0.9 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 110 0.00% $18.12 $17.65 $36,710 4.3 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 2,170 0.02% $9.52 $9.58 $19,930 1.3 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 253,330 2.32% $9.78 $10.03 $20,870 0.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 2,000 0.02% $10.31 $10.91 $22,690 1.6 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants (3) 4,790 0.04% $10.01 $10.58 $22,000 0.8 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations (5) (5) $10.46 $11.57 $24,070 4.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 20,710 0.19% $16.04 $16.83 $35,020 1.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 1,170 0.01% $21.66 $22.93 $47,700 1.9 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (3) 160 0.00% $15.93 $15.15 $31,510 4.6 %
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 70 0.00% $16.44 $18.59 $38,670 6.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 3,220 0.03% $15.65 $16.90 $35,150 2.3 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 280 0.00% $17.81 $15.63 $32,500 6.4 %
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators (3) 50 0.00% $14.16 $13.29 $27,640 5.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 6,080 0.06% $16.93 $17.63 $36,660 1.2 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 2,820 0.03% $14.82 $15.36 $31,950 1.9 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) 3,240 0.03% $17.17 $18.64 $38,780 1.6 %
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons (3) 160 0.00% $15.84 $16.90 $35,140 2.1 %
47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 310 0.00% $6.25 $9.25 $19,240 6.9 %
47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) 160 0.00% $6.44 $10.20 $21,210 6.8 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 81,830 0.75% $12.64 $13.41 $27,890 0.7 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 3,610 0.03% $18.11 $18.87 $39,250 1.1 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 390 0.00% $16.36 $16.38 $34,080 3.7 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 650 0.01% $15.25 $15.17 $31,550 4.3 %
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 360 0.00% $21.67 $21.10 $43,880 18.9 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 150 0.00% $15.81 $17.00 $35,370 7.4 %
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 80 0.00% $13.92 $14.35 $29,850 6.2 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (3) 240 0.00% $14.27 $14.56 $30,280 1.9 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (3) 60 0.00% $14.15 $14.04 $29,200 3.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers (3) 5,050 0.05% $15.50 $15.87 $33,010 0.6 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 230 0.00% $14.47 $14.08 $29,280 4.5 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 57,560 0.53% $11.37 $11.87 $24,690 0.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (3) 860 0.01% $16.01 $15.96 $33,200 2.4 %
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers (3) 100 0.00% $10.53 $14.15 $29,440 8.9 %
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers (3) 120 0.00% $8.15 $8.35 $17,370 2.2 %
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers (3) 7,200 0.07% $16.07 $16.45 $34,220 1.8 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 120 0.00% $11.24 $12.47 $25,930 9.9 %
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers (3) 280 0.00% $15.24 $14.90 $30,980 1.9 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 880 0.01% $9.80 $10.03 $20,860 1.9 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 119,160 1.09% $9.34 $10.98 $22,850 1.2 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 2,820 0.03% $18.57 $20.74 $43,130 5.2 %
51-3011 Bakers (3) 440 0.00% $9.33 $9.69 $20,150 1.0 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (3) 70 0.00% $13.77 $14.09 $29,310 3.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers (3) 420 0.00% $11.72 $11.58 $24,080 1.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) 350 0.00% $11.72 $11.82 $24,580 1.5 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 54,150 0.50% $7.24 $7.51 $15,620 0.5 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials (3) 220 0.00% $7.60 $7.91 $16,440 1.6 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (3) 150 0.00% $9.78 $9.98 $20,760 2.6 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 60 0.00% $10.78 $10.70 $22,250 4.9 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers (3) 110 0.00% $11.06 $10.86 $22,600 2.4 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 110 0.00% $14.99 $15.23 $31,690 3.6 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 370 0.00% $18.62 $18.14 $37,730 15.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 9,740 0.09% $16.94 $17.55 $36,510 2.1 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) (5) (5) $10.17 $11.58 $24,090 4.2 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians (3) 40,110 0.37% $12.38 $14.02 $29,160 1.5 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians (3) 1,360 0.01% $12.45 $13.44 $27,950 2.8 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians (3) 3,160 0.03% $11.21 $11.41 $23,740 3.4 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (3) 610 0.01% $10.95 $10.94 $22,760 3.9 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 520 0.00% $9.20 $9.33 $19,400 3.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 40,750 0.37% $8.81 $9.70 $20,170 1.3 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 320 0.00% $14.00 $14.33 $29,800 3.1 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,120 0.01% $14.71 $15.25 $31,730 2.2 %
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 70 0.00% (2) (2) $58,180 2.4 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 60 0.00% (2) (2) $45,300 6.5 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians (3) 3,550 0.03% $9.50 $11.08 $23,040 2.1 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (3) 940 0.01% $8.07 $8.27 $17,200 3.2 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (3) 2,130 0.02% $8.67 $9.30 $19,350 2.7 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 180 0.00% $8.18 $8.69 $18,070 4.7 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 170 0.00% $13.32 $13.75 $28,610 4.5 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 15,080 0.14% $8.69 $9.20 $19,140 1.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (3) 7,390 0.07% $8.32 $8.68 $18,050 0.7 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants (3) 1,250 0.01% $7.54 $7.94 $16,520 1.4 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 4,510 0.04% $8.36 $8.87 $18,450 2.2 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(4) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



top

Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

Recommend this page using: