Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 83 - Social Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Major Group 83 - Social Services.

SIC Major Group 83 - Social Services consists of:


Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 83 - Social Services:

SIC 83 - Social Services

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 2,726,020 100.00% $9.02 $10.90 $22,670 0.5 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 254,810 9.35% $18.08 $20.67 $42,990 0.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 13,980 0.51% $33.45 $36.05 $74,990 1.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 69,560 2.55% $19.96 $22.33 $46,440 1.7 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 3,660 0.13% $16.47 $18.88 $39,270 1.9 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,840 0.07% $18.57 $20.58 $42,800 2.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 280 0.01% $23.86 $26.08 $54,250 8.3 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 6,220 0.23% $20.08 $21.71 $45,160 1.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 23,430 0.86% $13.96 $15.52 $32,290 2.1 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 2,250 0.08% $22.23 $25.09 $52,190 3.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 15,250 0.56% $22.00 $23.38 $48,630 1.6 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 8,650 0.32% $18.36 $19.67 $40,910 1.5 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 140 0.01% $17.52 $19.29 $40,120 3.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 750 0.03% $17.57 $18.95 $39,410 1.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 120 0.00% $16.18 $18.49 $38,460 5.9 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 130 0.00% $20.48 $23.81 $49,530 14.4 %
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program 21,170 0.78% $13.57 $16.36 $34,030 4.2 %
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 370 0.01% (2) (2) $42,270 5.4 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 90 0.00% $16.41 $18.93 $39,370 9.8 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 6,310 0.23% $11.14 $12.24 $25,450 4.2 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 860 0.03% $12.23 $12.48 $25,950 6.3 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 14,920 0.55% $18.64 $20.88 $43,430 2.7 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 130 0.00% $19.72 $22.53 $46,850 12.1 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 730 0.03% $14.95 $15.67 $32,600 5.3 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 35,510 1.30% $16.56 $18.04 $37,520 0.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 56,950 2.09% $14.45 $15.65 $32,550 1.2 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products (5) (5) $15.19 $14.99 $31,180 3.3 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) 60 0.00% $13.18 $12.92 $26,880 4.3 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 990 0.04% $13.69 $14.45 $30,050 1.4 %
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (5) (5) $14.78 $16.58 $34,480 14.1 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 810 0.03% $17.43 $20.53 $42,700 11.3 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists 1,250 0.05% $14.88 $15.71 $32,680 4.7 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 11,720 0.43% $12.59 $13.26 $27,570 1.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 400 0.01% $15.88 $16.88 $35,100 3.8 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 10,790 0.40% $12.51 $13.80 $28,710 2.5 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 740 0.03% $17.63 $19.63 $40,830 5.8 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 970 0.04% $15.54 $16.55 $34,410 2.9 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 11,250 0.41% $16.44 $17.56 $36,520 0.8 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) 650 0.02% $17.13 $18.65 $38,800 1.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 240 0.01% $16.54 $18.68 $38,850 6.1 %
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors 260 0.01% $14.54 $15.18 $31,570 8.0 %
13-2071 Loan Counselors 150 0.01% $13.31 $14.28 $29,710 9.7 %
13-2072 Loan Officers 570 0.02% $20.92 $24.03 $49,990 5.3 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 10,910 0.40% $15.98 $18.01 $37,450 2.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 1,810 0.07% $17.36 $18.85 $39,210 1.6 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 340 0.01% $24.61 $24.33 $50,600 4.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,600 0.10% $13.70 $14.87 $30,940 2.1 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 280 0.01% $21.87 $21.20 $44,100 6.0 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 2,850 0.10% $16.33 $17.96 $37,370 1.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,800 0.07% $18.89 $20.20 $42,010 3.1 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 210 0.01% $20.85 $22.26 $46,300 5.6 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 70 0.00% $20.22 $21.31 $44,320 6.8 %
15-2041 Statisticians (3) 150 0.01% $15.60 $18.12 $37,690 4.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 310 0.01% $16.10 $17.98 $37,390 7.2 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers (5) (5) $15.26 $16.72 $34,780 10.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 16,240 0.60% $16.96 $19.67 $40,920 1.9 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists (5) (5) $13.94 $13.80 $28,710 3.4 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 80 0.00% $16.42 $22.08 $45,930 25.3 %
19-3011 Economists 160 0.01% $23.43 $27.17 $56,510 13.5 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts (5) (5) $17.72 $20.02 $41,650 2.4 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 140 0.01% $14.19 $14.97 $31,140 6.6 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 13,340 0.49% $17.10 $19.71 $41,000 2.1 %
19-3041 Sociologists (5) (5) $15.26 $15.87 $33,020 3.8 %
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners (3) 150 0.01% $17.73 $19.18 $39,900 5.7 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health (5) (5) $19.04 $18.23 $37,930 6.9 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 459,540 16.86% $11.17 $11.94 $24,830 0.6 %
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 27,400 1.01% $11.85 $12.37 $25,730 1.5 %
21-1012 Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors (3) 23,190 0.85% $11.54 $12.95 $26,940 1.2 %
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists 9,790 0.36% $15.48 $16.56 $34,440 2.3 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 27,400 1.01% $11.68 $12.46 $25,910 1.9 %
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 59,170 2.17% $10.05 $11.12 $23,130 1.8 %
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 91,710 3.36% $12.43 $12.92 $26,870 1.1 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 19,000 0.70% $13.58 $14.21 $29,560 2.2 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 22,140 0.81% $13.03 $13.91 $28,930 1.7 %
21-1091 Health Educators 10,420 0.38% $12.51 $13.92 $28,950 3.3 %
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 920 0.03% $10.10 $10.47 $21,780 4.6 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 128,700 4.72% $9.65 $9.94 $20,670 0.8 %
21-2011 Clergy (3) 1,380 0.05% $14.49 $14.97 $31,150 4.3 %
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education (3) (5) (5) $12.77 $13.97 $29,060 3.4 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 3,040 0.11% $16.59 $18.80 $39,110 5.0 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,400 0.05% $22.67 $25.89 $53,860 5.7 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 790 0.03% $12.28 $12.96 $26,960 5.2 %
23-2092 Law Clerks (3) (5) (5) $9.56 $10.74 $22,340 14.9 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 468,290 17.18% $8.07 $9.06 $18,840 1.1 %
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary (3) 50 0.00% (2) (2) $36,550 6.3 %
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary (3) ***,***,*** ***.**% (2) (2) $35,550 5.8 %
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary ***,***,*** ***.**% (2) (2) $23,190 13.7 %
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary 3,360 0.12% $13.96 $14.94 $31,080 5.9 %
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 265,120 9.73% $8.08 $8.62 $17,920 0.6 %
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 9,700 0.36% (2) (2) $20,230 1.6 %
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education (3) 7,340 0.27% (2) (2) $24,730 2.4 %
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 370 0.01% (2) (2) $36,440 6.1 %
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education 670 0.02% (2) (2) $31,220 7.6 %
25-2032 Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School 1,230 0.05% (2) (2) $39,290 10.6 %
25-2041 Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School 3,130 0.11% (2) (2) $28,470 11.6 %
25-2042 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 90 0.00% (2) (2) $28,030 6.1 %
25-2043 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 680 0.02% (2) (2) $36,630 8.5 %
25-3011 Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and Ged Teachers and Instructors 8,520 0.31% $13.35 $14.09 $29,310 2.8 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 14,190 0.52% $11.06 $12.30 $25,580 3.3 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians (3) (5) (5) $13.48 $15.38 $32,000 4.6 %
25-4021 Librarians (3) 410 0.02% $15.31 $15.82 $32,900 2.2 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 270 0.01% $9.87 $10.86 $22,580 7.5 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 6,080 0.22% $13.21 $13.89 $28,890 2.9 %
25-9041 Teacher Assistants (3) 118,580 4.35% (2) (2) $15,550 0.6 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 9,860 0.36% $14.59 $15.34 $31,910 2.0 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 100 0.00% $14.83 $14.81 $30,810 6.0 %
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts ***,***,*** ***.**% (2) (2) $17,600 8.9 %
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials ***,***,*** ***.**% (2) (2) $17,930 5.7 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers ***,***,*** ***.**% (2) (2) $27,630 19.2 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 5,870 0.22% $14.47 $15.59 $32,420 1.1 %
27-3041 Editors 700 0.03% $15.98 $18.32 $38,100 6.2 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 510 0.02% $13.56 $15.39 $32,020 7.1 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 1,010 0.04% $14.07 $14.06 $29,230 6.6 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 89,130 3.27% $15.52 $17.27 $35,920 1.3 %
29-1020 Dentists 200 0.01% $42.95 $45.38 $94,390 21.7 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists (3) 2,400 0.09% $13.62 $15.17 $31,550 2.6 %
29-1041 Optometrists 50 0.00% $48.64 $47.66 $99,130 26.4 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (3) (5) (5) $28.72 $27.73 $57,690 2.0 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 650 0.02% $56.36 $55.40 $115,230 13.8 %
29-1063 Internists, General 150 0.01% $61.64 $53.75 $111,800 21.0 %
29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists (5) (5) $33.27 $43.56 $90,600 22.6 %
29-1065 Pediatricians, General (5) (5) $49.43 $48.13 $100,110 3.7 %
29-1066 Psychiatrists 1,580 0.06% $63.06 $54.83 $114,050 5.5 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (3) 260 0.01% $22.13 $21.90 $45,560 5.5 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses (3) 32,660 1.20% $18.03 $18.42 $38,310 0.4 %
29-1121 Audiologists (5) (5) $24.55 $23.91 $49,740 4.9 %
29-1122 Occupational Therapists (3) 4,170 0.15% $19.86 $21.16 $44,020 1.7 %
29-1123 Physical Therapists (3) 2,110 0.08% $24.00 $24.62 $51,200 4.2 %
29-1125 Recreational Therapists (3) 3,430 0.13% $11.52 $12.86 $26,740 3.4 %
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists (3) 240 0.01% $15.07 $15.38 $32,000 4.2 %
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 2,960 0.11% $23.20 $23.79 $49,490 2.3 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists (3) 80 0.00% $18.76 $17.62 $36,650 5.8 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians (3) 1,060 0.04% $9.97 $10.75 $22,350 4.6 %
29-2021 Dental Hygienists (3) 110 0.00% $18.52 $19.22 $39,970 3.4 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians (5) (5) $15.25 $15.16 $31,530 2.6 %
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics (3) 210 0.01% $10.12 $11.40 $23,710 3.8 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians (3) 1,170 0.04% $8.27 $8.97 $18,650 1.7 %
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians (3) 90 0.00% $10.50 $10.69 $22,220 5.4 %
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians (3) 2,400 0.09% $8.69 $9.27 $19,290 1.9 %
29-2054 Respiratory Therapy Technicians (5) (5) $7.00 $6.89 $14,330 4.9 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (3) 23,890 0.88% $13.16 $13.60 $28,290 0.8 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 2,780 0.10% $9.73 $10.22 $21,250 2.4 %
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing (3) (5) (5) $11.17 $12.51 $26,010 10.5 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 230 0.01% $17.89 $16.49 $34,300 6.8 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 300,860 11.04% $7.76 $7.95 $16,530 0.7 %
31-1011 Home Health Aides (3) 212,750 7.80% $7.68 $7.84 $16,310 0.6 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants (3) 69,250 2.54% $7.66 $7.76 $16,140 0.5 %
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides (3) 4,890 0.18% $8.82 $8.99 $18,700 1.8 %
31-2011 Occupational Therapist Assistants 910 0.03% $13.00 $12.30 $25,580 6.9 %
31-2012 Occupational Therapist Aides 1,010 0.04% $7.52 $8.11 $16,880 9.5 %
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 540 0.02% $15.42 $15.48 $32,200 3.0 %
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides 420 0.02% $9.49 $10.25 $21,330 4.0 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists 60 0.00% $16.60 $18.89 $39,280 11.9 %
31-9091 Dental Assistants (3) 140 0.01% $11.08 $11.10 $23,090 2.8 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 2,040 0.07% $9.77 $9.96 $20,720 3.6 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers (5) (5) $6.64 $8.25 $17,160 17.8 %
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists 320 0.01% $9.96 $10.08 $20,970 2.6 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 14,100 0.52% $8.41 $8.97 $18,650 1.7 %
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers 170 0.01% $11.88 $12.19 $25,360 2.1 %
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers (3) 1,390 0.05% $7.91 $8.06 $16,760 4.4 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 10,050 0.37% $8.23 $8.59 $17,880 1.2 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 109,960 4.03% $7.24 $7.70 $16,010 0.7 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 520 0.02% $9.43 $11.00 $22,880 5.0 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 8,260 0.30% $10.17 $10.47 $21,780 2.1 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (3) (5) (5) $9.68 $9.52 $19,800 8.4 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria (3) 42,830 1.57% $7.58 $7.89 $16,420 0.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant (3) 240 0.01% $9.04 $9.30 $19,350 1.1 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (3) 840 0.03% $8.09 $8.24 $17,140 2.4 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 19,790 0.73% $6.74 $7.06 $14,690 1.5 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (3) 2,580 0.09% $6.81 $6.97 $14,500 1.6 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (3) 2,220 0.08% $7.05 $7.87 $16,360 4.9 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (3) 5,580 0.20% $6.60 $6.88 $14,320 1.2 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant (3) 9,820 0.36% $6.83 $7.25 $15,080 2.3 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (3) 4,810 0.18% $6.78 $7.02 $14,600 0.8 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 9,270 0.34% $6.49 $6.86 $14,270 2.9 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (3) 290 0.01% $7.78 $8.01 $16,670 1.3 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 85,540 3.14% $7.41 $8.02 $16,690 0.7 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers (3) 7,220 0.26% $10.08 $10.80 $22,460 1.0 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,820 0.07% $10.93 $12.22 $25,420 6.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 37,970 1.39% $7.13 $7.57 $15,740 0.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 29,350 1.08% $7.09 $7.25 $15,070 0.5 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 6,080 0.22% $7.34 $8.22 $17,110 3.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 449,880 16.50% $7.51 $7.89 $16,410 0.7 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors 150 0.01% $7.11 $8.46 $17,590 12.3 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 15,420 0.57% $11.98 $12.72 $26,460 2.5 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 340 0.01% $8.31 $10.71 $22,280 12.4 %
39-3012 Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 240 0.01% $7.97 $8.25 $17,170 7.0 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 780 0.03% $6.73 $7.21 $14,990 4.7 %
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 100 0.00% $9.33 $9.65 $20,070 7.1 %
39-6012 Concierges 160 0.01% $7.62 $7.62 $15,860 4.5 %
39-6032 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters (3) (5) (5) $6.07 $6.45 $13,420 2.6 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers (3) 199,160 7.31% $6.78 $7.19 $14,960 0.5 %
39-9021 Personal and Home Care Aides (3) 169,870 6.23% $7.61 $7.84 $16,310 0.7 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 1,120 0.04% $8.26 $10.38 $21,580 7.7 %
39-9032 Recreation Workers 26,960 0.99% $8.03 $8.66 $18,020 1.8 %
39-9041 Residential Advisors 20,820 0.76% $8.74 $9.30 $19,350 1.8 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 20,710 0.76% $7.35 $9.03 $18,790 2.2 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 1,570 0.06% $10.51 $12.12 $25,210 3.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 200 0.01% $13.73 $16.97 $35,300 11.5 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 7,310 0.27% $6.60 $7.18 $14,930 2.3 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (3) (5) (5) $6.38 $7.39 $15,370 7.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 2,140 0.08% $6.50 $7.09 $14,740 2.6 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (3) (5) (5) $15.95 $17.37 $36,120 6.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 180 0.01% $18.75 $19.38 $40,300 3.3 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents (3) (5) (5) $12.51 $13.19 $27,440 16.0 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 3,570 0.13% $7.47 $8.09 $16,840 3.5 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 270 0.01% $11.77 $12.55 $26,100 12.1 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 260,800 9.57% $10.11 $10.76 $22,370 0.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 19,610 0.72% $13.27 $14.01 $29,140 0.6 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 4,180 0.15% $8.61 $8.95 $18,620 1.0 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 1,200 0.04% $12.01 $13.51 $28,090 4.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 5,090 0.19% $10.60 $10.94 $22,760 0.7 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 30,430 1.12% $11.07 $11.41 $23,730 0.5 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 3,450 0.13% $11.27 $11.59 $24,110 0.5 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 470 0.02% $10.91 $10.97 $22,810 2.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 4,040 0.15% $9.63 $10.50 $21,840 3.2 %
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 2,640 0.10% $11.16 $11.49 $23,900 2.2 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 2,480 0.09% $8.09 $8.41 $17,480 1.2 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (3) 2,960 0.11% $10.06 $10.87 $22,600 3.0 %
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 190 0.01% $10.23 $11.66 $24,250 10.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 800 0.03% $9.66 $10.30 $21,420 5.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 4,150 0.15% $11.31 $11.55 $24,020 1.0 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 28,260 1.04% $8.26 $8.56 $17,800 0.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 620 0.02% $7.99 $8.21 $17,070 1.5 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (3) 720 0.03% $9.54 $9.84 $20,460 1.4 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 590 0.02% $10.36 $10.42 $21,670 5.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 1,990 0.07% $8.09 $8.44 $17,560 3.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 4,360 0.16% $7.96 $8.59 $17,870 2.0 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (3) 150 0.01% $6.66 $7.63 $15,860 9.2 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 40,990 1.50% $12.11 $12.72 $26,450 1.0 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries (3) (5) (5) $12.16 $14.37 $29,900 13.3 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries (3) 1,780 0.07% $10.29 $10.55 $21,950 1.7 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 34,940 1.28% $9.79 $10.04 $20,880 0.8 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 640 0.02% $10.96 $11.27 $23,440 1.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 3,820 0.14% $9.53 $9.81 $20,410 1.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 3,240 0.12% $9.27 $9.62 $20,010 1.3 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 60 0.00% $12.22 $12.20 $25,380 3.4 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 1,900 0.07% $8.32 $8.53 $17,750 2.1 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 45,950 1.69% $8.50 $8.65 $18,000 0.9 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 470 0.02% $8.17 $8.94 $18,590 3.7 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants (3) 90 0.00% $9.98 $10.54 $21,930 2.6 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 180 0.01% $8.33 $9.28 $19,310 7.9 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 2,440 0.09% $10.21 $11.17 $23,230 2.8 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 210 0.01% $16.84 $17.56 $36,520 5.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 820 0.03% $9.39 $9.92 $20,630 5.5 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 280 0.01% $9.09 $9.11 $18,950 6.1 %
47-2111 Electricians 160 0.01% $13.10 $13.55 $28,190 3.9 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers (3) 80 0.00% $9.82 $9.73 $20,240 6.9 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 110 0.00% $9.91 $10.48 $21,790 6.2 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) 100 0.00% $14.55 $15.70 $32,650 3.2 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors (3) 50 0.00% $12.55 $13.66 $28,400 8.2 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 21,970 0.81% $9.96 $10.60 $22,050 0.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,030 0.04% $16.95 $16.89 $35,130 2.6 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (3) 100 0.00% $10.25 $11.64 $24,210 4.0 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (3) 70 0.00% $12.59 $13.31 $27,680 4.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers (3) 120 0.00% $14.63 $14.40 $29,960 3.4 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics (5) (5) $11.06 $10.48 $21,800 4.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 19,550 0.72% $9.87 $10.24 $21,310 0.6 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (3) 50 0.00% $13.24 $13.20 $27,450 2.5 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 180 0.01% $7.52 $8.42 $17,520 5.8 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 24,490 0.90% $6.50 $7.40 $15,400 1.9 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 2,570 0.09% $9.93 $11.10 $23,080 3.6 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 2,540 0.09% $7.17 $7.76 $16,140 6.9 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) (5) (5) $11.49 $10.77 $22,390 4.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 3,590 0.13% $7.04 $7.35 $15,290 1.8 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials (3) 120 0.00% $6.34 $6.74 $14,010 6.7 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (3) 170 0.01% $7.39 $7.31 $15,210 3.3 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters (5) (5) $7.59 $7.47 $15,530 3.9 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 140 0.01% $13.62 $14.35 $29,850 5.5 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 790 0.03% $8.44 $9.58 $19,920 3.2 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers (5) (5) $6.09 $6.02 $12,520 5.2 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 66,010 2.42% $7.31 $7.88 $16,380 0.9 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 740 0.03% $10.36 $11.73 $24,400 7.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,660 0.06% $12.02 $12.65 $26,310 2.8 %
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians (3) 400 0.01% $7.46 $7.46 $15,530 3.1 %
53-3021 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity (3) 3,840 0.14% $7.48 $7.74 $16,110 0.9 %
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School (3) 17,980 0.66% $7.78 $8.05 $16,740 0.8 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 860 0.03% $7.37 $7.80 $16,230 2.3 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 340 0.01% $12.46 $12.03 $25,020 5.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 9,020 0.33% $8.06 $8.39 $17,450 1.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (3) 7,610 0.28% $7.45 $7.74 $16,100 2.0 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 310 0.01% $8.35 $8.83 $18,360 2.9 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment (3) 90 0.00% $6.20 $6.68 $13,890 6.1 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 14,660 0.54% $6.50 $7.02 $14,600 2.1 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand (3) 3,040 0.11% $6.29 $6.47 $13,450 2.3 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



top

Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC Major Groups:

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

Recommend this page using: