Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 273 - Books

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 273 - Books.

SIC Industry Group 273 - Books is part of: SIC Major Group 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 273 - Books:

SIC 273 - Books

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 123,790 100.00% $14.36 $17.99 $37,420 2.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 11,930 9.64% $35.60 $38.82 $80,740 3.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 720 0.58% (4) $57.90 $120,430 6.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 2,750 2.22% $43.75 $44.37 $92,280 6.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 850 0.69% $24.22 $29.08 $60,490 9.2 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 940 0.76% $33.72 $35.37 $73,560 4.3 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 1,040 0.84% $33.34 $37.54 $78,070 4.8 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 200 0.16% $37.14 $37.07 $77,110 8.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 300 0.24% $29.99 $32.60 $67,810 8.5 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 650 0.53% $40.33 $41.00 $85,280 6.3 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 860 0.69% $35.83 $37.96 $78,950 4.5 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 340 0.27% $32.21 $32.35 $67,290 2.6 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 630 0.51% $30.82 $31.63 $65,800 1.9 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 180 0.15% $26.30 $27.23 $56,640 2.1 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 250 0.20% $26.74 $29.40 $61,140 5.5 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers (5) (5) $38.34 $38.27 $79,600 7.7 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers (5) (5) $26.36 $33.94 $70,590 9.9 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 5,070 4.10% $20.37 $22.70 $47,210 3.1 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) (5) (5) $12.92 $13.33 $27,740 4.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 630 0.51% $18.22 $19.80 $41,180 2.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 410 0.33% $17.90 $18.77 $39,030 2.0 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 190 0.15% $17.88 $19.83 $41,250 6.8 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 120 0.10% $20.03 $21.08 $43,850 3.7 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 170 0.14% $23.20 $23.82 $49,540 5.3 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 40 0.03% $16.90 $17.27 $35,910 6.7 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 1,620 1.31% $20.10 $22.06 $45,880 3.5 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) 30 0.02% $23.10 $25.13 $52,270 8.4 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 210 0.17% $24.79 $26.61 $55,340 5.4 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 4,750 3.84% $24.31 $25.49 $53,020 3.5 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 750 0.61% $21.96 $23.82 $49,540 2.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 860 0.69% $31.08 $30.47 $63,380 4.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 370 0.30% $28.41 $29.66 $61,700 4.9 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 950 0.77% $18.06 $19.22 $39,980 4.6 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 350 0.28% $24.17 $24.97 $51,940 3.1 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 420 0.34% $24.73 $26.65 $55,440 3.4 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 510 0.41% $21.75 $23.50 $48,880 4.0 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 290 0.23% $27.85 $29.41 $61,180 11.9 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 190 0.15% $20.73 $22.42 $46,630 3.9 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 40 0.03% $21.98 $23.64 $49,170 9.2 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 400 0.32% $21.83 $23.11 $48,060 5.5 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 370 0.30% $22.49 $23.67 $49,240 5.2 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 280 0.23% $24.73 $33.26 $69,180 14.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 200 0.16% $34.87 $39.42 $81,990 20.3 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 1,050 0.85% $14.63 $15.85 $32,960 4.0 %
25-4021 Librarians (3) 100 0.08% $16.91 $17.50 $36,390 1.6 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 30 0.02% $10.17 $10.93 $22,740 7.0 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 330 0.27% $13.18 $15.90 $33,070 8.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 17,200 13.89% $16.75 $18.92 $39,360 3.4 %
27-1011 Art Directors 290 0.23% $24.74 $27.03 $56,220 6.8 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 160 0.13% $13.84 $17.82 $37,070 14.3 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 150 0.12% $16.80 $18.30 $38,070 4.4 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 2,060 1.66% $16.90 $18.33 $38,120 4.0 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents (3) (5) (5) $14.45 $14.22 $29,580 4.9 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 510 0.41% $17.23 $19.59 $40,750 2.8 %
27-3041 Editors 11,140 9.00% $16.81 $19.02 $39,560 4.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers (5) (5) $20.97 $22.90 $47,630 10.1 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 940 0.76% $13.50 $15.08 $31,360 8.0 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 30 0.02% $13.54 $12.60 $26,220 10.2 %
27-4021 Photographers (3) 90 0.07% $11.65 $14.11 $29,360 6.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations (5) (5) $11.39 $11.47 $23,860 5.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 60 0.05% $10.38 $10.82 $22,510 3.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 70 0.06% $7.87 $7.91 $16,460 2.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 660 0.53% $9.99 $11.04 $22,970 4.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 440 0.36% $9.08 $9.49 $19,750 2.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 50 0.04% $10.20 $10.50 $21,850 5.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 9,300 7.51% $17.86 $21.48 $44,690 3.8 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 570 0.46% $24.57 $29.46 $61,280 7.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 260 0.21% $28.07 $30.97 $64,420 5.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 120 0.10% $7.41 $8.04 $16,730 5.4 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 60 0.05% $9.38 $11.26 $23,420 12.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 610 0.49% $12.73 $16.15 $33,590 9.2 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (3) (5) (5) $22.11 $24.54 $51,030 5.5 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 5,080 4.10% $19.47 $23.25 $48,350 3.5 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,880 1.52% $10.49 $11.49 $23,890 3.8 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 32,780 26.48% $12.12 $13.16 $27,380 1.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 2,260 1.83% $19.62 $21.03 $43,740 3.0 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 290 0.23% $10.57 $10.62 $22,090 1.4 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 710 0.57% $12.54 $13.14 $27,330 2.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 380 0.31% $11.91 $12.60 $26,220 2.0 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 2,190 1.77% $12.45 $12.89 $26,810 1.0 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 240 0.19% $13.22 $13.76 $28,630 1.4 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks (5) (5) $9.57 $10.09 $20,980 10.6 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 300 0.24% $10.94 $11.93 $24,810 3.9 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 4,620 3.73% $12.83 $14.03 $29,180 2.6 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 270 0.22% $9.34 $9.70 $20,170 2.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 740 0.60% $11.56 $11.98 $24,910 4.7 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 180 0.15% $12.66 $12.94 $26,920 1.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 610 0.49% $10.92 $11.13 $23,150 1.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 140 0.11% $8.99 $9.29 $19,320 2.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 1,380 1.11% $14.17 $15.35 $31,930 2.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 2,940 2.37% $10.07 $10.51 $21,860 1.2 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 2,430 1.96% $10.27 $10.95 $22,770 2.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 3,020 2.44% $14.36 $15.15 $31,500 2.6 %
43-6012 Legal Secretaries (3) 40 0.03% $18.80 $18.84 $39,190 3.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,460 1.18% $12.08 $13.15 $27,340 5.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 740 0.60% $10.83 $12.28 $25,540 6.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 530 0.43% $10.80 $11.49 $23,900 2.2 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 80 0.06% $12.27 $12.47 $25,930 2.6 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 1,720 1.39% $13.85 $15.14 $31,490 3.2 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 680 0.55% $9.31 $9.59 $19,950 2.0 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 2,700 2.18% $9.88 $10.12 $21,040 2.1 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 100 0.08% $10.87 $11.29 $23,480 3.1 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (3) 700 0.57% $11.49 $12.09 $25,140 2.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 1,590 1.28% $15.29 $15.53 $32,300 3.0 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 120 0.10% $21.27 $21.09 $43,870 2.9 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 100 0.08% $11.88 $12.06 $25,090 3.6 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics (5) (5) $17.37 $17.21 $35,790 6.1 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 820 0.66% $14.18 $14.35 $29,860 2.2 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 190 0.15% $9.89 $10.37 $21,560 6.1 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 30,700 24.80% $12.19 $13.29 $27,640 2.1 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,990 1.61% $21.19 $22.58 $46,980 4.3 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers (5) (5) $8.98 $9.49 $19,750 6.5 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 7,820 6.32% $10.60 $11.63 $24,190 2.9 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (3) 560 0.45% $10.89 $10.89 $22,650 3.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers (3) 2,330 1.88% $13.92 $14.50 $30,150 5.7 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 5,150 4.16% $13.26 $13.98 $29,080 3.5 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) 4,790 3.87% $15.27 $15.83 $32,930 1.3 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 480 0.39% $12.86 $12.96 $26,960 1.7 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 840 0.68% $10.79 $11.96 $24,880 2.4 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 70 0.06% $8.16 $9.36 $19,470 9.6 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (3) 50 0.04% $12.34 $13.24 $27,540 7.0 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators (3) 250 0.20% $10.52 $12.36 $25,710 7.6 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 990 0.80% $12.15 $12.28 $25,540 3.4 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 2,530 2.04% $8.88 $9.18 $19,100 3.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 7,680 6.20% $10.02 $11.52 $23,960 5.3 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 270 0.22% $15.61 $18.12 $37,690 7.8 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 80 0.06% $18.65 $19.39 $40,330 7.7 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 90 0.07% $13.39 $14.82 $30,820 8.3 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 350 0.28% $10.46 $11.46 $23,840 4.8 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 1,370 1.11% $12.17 $12.30 $25,580 1.9 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 2,310 1.87% $10.21 $13.13 $27,300 9.1 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (3) 1,610 1.30% $10.32 $10.34 $21,520 2.7 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand (3) 1,350 1.09% $8.82 $9.14 $19,010 3.0 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(4) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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