Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 275 - Commercial Printing

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 275 - Commercial Printing.

SIC Industry Group 275 - Commercial Printing is part of: SIC Major Group 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 275 - Commercial Printing:

SIC 275 - Commercial Printing

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 578,880 100.00% $13.31 $15.93 $33,140 0.8 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 37,610 6.50% $30.54 $34.96 $72,720 1.5 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,180 0.55% $63.66 $54.24 $112,810 2.4 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 15,720 2.72% $33.63 $37.30 $77,580 2.7 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 530 0.09% $16.85 $21.69 $45,120 8.1 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 1,250 0.22% $28.62 $31.80 $66,150 4.3 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 3,430 0.59% $31.87 $35.58 $74,010 3.4 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 60 0.01% $32.52 $32.11 $66,790 3.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 550 0.10% $22.56 $24.16 $50,240 5.3 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,080 0.19% $31.21 $31.90 $66,340 1.9 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,050 0.35% $32.23 $33.85 $70,410 2.1 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 1,080 0.19% $24.74 $26.42 $54,960 1.1 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 5,780 1.00% $24.95 $27.52 $57,230 1.4 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 920 0.16% $23.68 $25.01 $52,020 1.3 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 550 0.10% $20.61 $22.55 $46,900 3.0 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 210 0.04% $32.54 $33.10 $68,850 3.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 13,840 2.39% $18.58 $19.86 $41,300 1.7 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) 30 0.01% $15.88 $16.90 $35,150 6.8 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 1,710 0.30% $18.00 $18.67 $38,840 1.0 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 40 0.01% $19.19 $19.03 $39,580 11.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 7,340 1.27% $17.80 $18.82 $39,150 1.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 350 0.06% $19.02 $19.82 $41,230 3.4 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 60 0.01% $18.86 $20.02 $41,650 5.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 260 0.04% $19.76 $20.20 $42,010 3.8 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 2,870 0.50% $18.51 $19.64 $40,840 1.0 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 40 0.01% $23.63 $23.25 $48,370 4.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 5,140 0.89% $20.05 $21.60 $44,930 2.2 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 1,660 0.29% $19.34 $21.15 $43,990 2.0 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications (5) (5) $29.94 $28.77 $59,840 3.9 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 970 0.17% $16.36 $17.45 $36,290 3.7 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 790 0.14% $24.36 $24.80 $51,580 2.8 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 420 0.07% $21.17 $22.77 $47,370 2.9 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 660 0.11% $22.07 $22.87 $47,570 2.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts (5) (5) $18.26 $18.67 $38,830 2.3 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 1,010 0.17% $22.99 $24.35 $50,660 3.8 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 190 0.03% $26.85 $26.26 $54,630 5.2 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers (3) 70 0.01% $21.19 $21.15 $44,000 5.9 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (3) 100 0.02% $25.60 $26.38 $54,880 2.0 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 110 0.02% $19.59 $19.59 $40,750 3.7 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians (3) 200 0.03% $18.43 $19.92 $41,440 3.7 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 70 0.01% $18.91 $21.55 $44,820 15.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 50 0.01% $19.44 $21.85 $45,440 22.2 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 18,490 3.19% $14.24 $15.70 $32,650 3.1 %
27-1011 Art Directors 190 0.03% $18.28 $19.49 $40,540 4.2 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 920 0.16% $12.29 $16.28 $33,870 14.2 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 250 0.04% $14.54 $16.02 $33,320 11.4 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 570 0.10% $15.47 $16.91 $35,170 6.3 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 13,050 2.25% $13.80 $14.87 $30,930 4.1 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents (3) (5) (5) $9.92 $11.94 $24,840 6.6 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 100 0.02% $16.65 $19.33 $40,210 5.9 %
27-3041 Editors 1,540 0.27% $15.69 $17.78 $36,980 14.8 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 60 0.01% $19.55 $19.32 $40,190 8.3 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 150 0.03% $15.08 $17.27 $35,930 11.3 %
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators 30 0.01% $13.38 $14.30 $29,730 6.8 %
27-4021 Photographers (3) 170 0.03% $13.93 $15.52 $32,290 2.6 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 230 0.04% $10.39 $11.01 $22,910 5.8 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 230 0.04% $10.71 $11.77 $24,470 3.4 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 4,240 0.73% $9.13 $9.90 $20,590 2.9 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers (3) 50 0.01% $18.16 $18.39 $38,260 6.0 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 3,900 0.67% $8.41 $9.00 $18,710 1.2 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 33,760 5.83% $20.08 $24.56 $51,080 2.1 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 390 0.07% $16.82 $20.66 $42,970 6.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,260 0.22% $25.41 $31.38 $65,270 6.8 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) (5) (5) $7.74 $8.00 $16,630 3.7 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (3) (5) (5) $6.66 $7.18 $14,940 11.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 800 0.14% $9.20 $12.91 $26,850 9.9 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 2,390 0.41% $15.90 $20.86 $43,380 2.5 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (3) 70 0.01% $17.20 $21.04 $43,760 4.8 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 23,090 3.99% $19.84 $24.01 $49,930 1.2 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 1,510 0.26% $8.98 $9.97 $20,740 6.3 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 710 0.12% $13.49 $17.25 $35,880 8.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 105,470 18.22% $12.11 $13.20 $27,450 0.9 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 5,070 0.88% $15.43 $16.98 $35,330 1.8 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 1,220 0.21% $10.30 $10.43 $21,700 0.8 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 1,180 0.20% $11.68 $12.32 $25,620 2.2 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 3,800 0.66% $11.76 $12.43 $25,840 1.8 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 9,520 1.64% $11.95 $12.57 $26,150 1.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 1,150 0.20% $12.74 $13.24 $27,540 0.9 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 160 0.03% $12.67 $13.16 $27,380 1.8 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 30 0.01% $12.13 $12.22 $25,420 2.0 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 110 0.02% $12.74 $13.24 $27,540 3.3 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 22,440 3.88% $13.80 $14.72 $30,620 1.5 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 730 0.13% $9.30 $9.78 $20,330 2.0 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 4,580 0.79% $10.40 $11.12 $23,140 2.5 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 970 0.17% $13.19 $14.03 $29,180 1.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 5,230 0.90% $9.61 $9.79 $20,370 0.9 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 2,070 0.36% $8.93 $8.95 $18,620 2.9 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (3) 150 0.03% $14.76 $15.66 $32,560 2.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 4,630 0.80% $15.52 $16.39 $34,080 1.0 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 11,470 1.98% $10.65 $11.04 $22,970 0.9 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 2,170 0.37% $9.94 $10.33 $21,480 2.0 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (3) 420 0.07% $10.65 $11.08 $23,050 2.9 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 2,520 0.44% $13.72 $14.17 $29,470 1.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,900 0.33% $10.96 $12.04 $25,040 6.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 1,010 0.17% $13.32 $14.38 $29,920 3.7 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 1,530 0.26% $10.39 $10.90 $22,670 1.6 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 450 0.08% $10.35 $10.51 $21,860 2.3 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 7,360 1.27% $14.82 $15.78 $32,830 3.6 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 3,610 0.62% $9.39 $9.82 $20,430 1.3 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 6,380 1.10% $9.73 $10.45 $21,740 2.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 680 0.12% $11.03 $11.66 $24,250 6.8 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (3) 1,700 0.29% $10.86 $10.94 $22,750 1.5 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations (5) (5) $8.33 $11.92 $24,800 11.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 110 0.02% $19.43 $20.29 $42,190 5.1 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 7,720 1.33% $16.67 $17.48 $36,350 1.5 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 740 0.13% $22.60 $23.16 $48,170 2.3 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 480 0.08% $19.03 $19.41 $40,380 4.1 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 350 0.06% $16.00 $16.02 $33,320 4.9 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 4,990 0.86% $15.45 $15.77 $32,800 1.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (3) 440 0.08% $12.97 $13.69 $28,480 2.5 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 360 0.06% $9.82 $10.69 $22,230 3.3 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 311,340 53.78% $12.90 $14.09 $29,310 0.9 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 19,410 3.35% $20.50 $21.76 $45,260 1.4 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 120 0.02% $13.10 $13.83 $28,770 8.1 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers (5) (5) $8.31 $8.58 $17,840 5.6 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,290 0.22% $11.33 $12.16 $25,280 6.2 %
51-4041 Machinists 170 0.03% $15.85 $16.15 $33,590 4.2 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (3) (5) (5) $8.31 $8.73 $18,160 5.9 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers (3) 330 0.06% $13.55 $14.36 $29,860 3.9 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (3) (5) (5) $11.72 $11.59 $24,110 6.7 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 56,300 9.73% $10.28 $11.54 $24,000 1.5 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (3) 4,770 0.82% $10.84 $11.77 $24,480 2.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers (3) 25,120 4.34% $12.78 $13.39 $27,860 1.8 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 49,120 8.49% $14.56 $15.21 $31,630 1.2 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) 86,130 14.88% $13.72 $14.60 $30,370 0.6 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators (3) (5) (5) $7.61 $7.81 $16,250 3.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 190 0.03% $12.52 $12.57 $26,150 4.2 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 910 0.16% $11.99 $12.72 $26,450 5.2 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 10,730 1.85% $11.94 $12.50 $25,990 0.8 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 160 0.03% $11.30 $11.48 $23,870 2.3 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 7,290 1.26% $10.27 $11.18 $23,260 1.9 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,690 0.29% $8.90 $9.54 $19,840 4.7 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 40 0.01% $8.43 $9.27 $19,280 6.8 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (3) 1,510 0.26% $15.24 $16.20 $33,710 3.8 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators (3) 2,550 0.44% $12.68 $14.07 $29,260 4.7 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders (3) 1,240 0.21% $10.30 $10.95 $22,770 2.9 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers (3) 270 0.05% $11.74 $11.61 $24,140 4.8 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 4,730 0.82% $12.60 $12.84 $26,710 2.3 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 14,570 2.52% $9.66 $9.97 $20,730 2.0 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 39,460 6.82% $9.65 $10.45 $21,730 1.3 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 920 0.16% $17.37 $19.20 $39,930 5.8 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 490 0.08% $17.59 $18.14 $37,720 3.3 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 1,630 0.28% $8.89 $9.72 $20,210 5.1 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 850 0.15% $12.42 $13.19 $27,440 3.1 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 7,790 1.35% $10.06 $10.64 $22,120 2.1 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (3) 210 0.04% $9.26 $10.35 $21,530 7.2 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 3,290 0.57% $11.30 $11.81 $24,570 1.7 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 7,070 1.22% $9.01 $9.62 $20,020 2.8 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (3) 7,670 1.32% $9.80 $10.26 $21,350 1.7 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand (3) 9,330 1.61% $8.24 $8.63 $17,940 1.1 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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