Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 279 - Service Industries For The Printing Trade

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 279 - Service Industries For The Printing Trade.

SIC Industry Group 279 - Service Industries For The Printing Trade is part of: SIC Major Group 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 279 - Service Industries For The Printing Trade:

SIC 279 - Service Industries For The Printing Trade

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 48,540 100.00% $15.66 $18.90 $39,300 4.0 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 4,480 9.23% $31.93 $36.40 $75,720 3.0 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 420 0.87% $50.57 $48.08 $100,000 6.5 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 1,920 3.96% $33.80 $37.74 $78,500 4.8 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 70 0.14% $24.35 $30.58 $63,600 18.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 120 0.25% $33.08 $36.93 $76,810 12.5 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 340 0.70% $31.00 $35.72 $74,300 6.9 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 120 0.25% $29.85 $30.76 $63,970 13.3 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 150 0.31% $29.05 $29.87 $62,140 9.4 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 260 0.54% $30.00 $33.20 $69,050 9.2 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 80 0.16% $27.71 $30.04 $62,480 3.7 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 650 1.34% $27.27 $29.91 $62,210 2.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 30 0.06% $25.11 $28.48 $59,230 4.5 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 710 1.46% $21.56 $21.83 $45,400 2.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 50 0.10% $19.26 $20.79 $43,240 3.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 280 0.58% $19.79 $20.88 $43,420 1.9 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 260 0.54% $20.12 $21.51 $44,730 2.8 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 780 1.61% $23.20 $25.03 $52,060 8.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 330 0.68% $20.88 $23.00 $47,850 6.3 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 60 0.12% $22.19 $23.04 $47,930 8.1 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 60 0.12% $16.40 $20.30 $42,220 16.3 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 90 0.19% $21.08 $21.88 $45,510 5.8 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 100 0.21% $24.89 $25.96 $53,990 7.1 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts (5) (5) $23.71 $24.19 $50,320 3.1 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 130 0.27% $27.47 $25.76 $53,580 5.5 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (3) 30 0.06% $28.28 $27.35 $56,880 4.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 3,740 7.70% $16.29 $17.84 $37,110 3.0 %
27-1011 Art Directors 40 0.08% $20.16 $21.54 $44,800 9.1 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 220 0.45% $15.39 $17.75 $36,920 14.0 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 320 0.66% $21.68 $22.36 $46,510 8.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 2,560 5.27% $16.14 $17.69 $36,800 3.4 %
27-3041 Editors 250 0.52% $13.22 $15.65 $32,540 13.1 %
27-4021 Photographers (3) 90 0.19% $17.70 $18.00 $37,440 4.1 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 360 0.74% $8.89 $9.29 $19,330 3.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 350 0.72% $8.65 $9.10 $18,930 1.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 3,280 6.76% $21.12 $24.62 $51,210 3.1 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers (5) (5) $32.45 $39.19 $81,510 25.5 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 90 0.19% $25.89 $31.83 $66,210 11.9 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 630 1.30% $20.22 $25.45 $52,930 3.7 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 2,200 4.53% $23.07 $26.96 $56,080 2.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 120 0.25% $9.54 $10.62 $22,100 8.2 %
41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 70 0.14% $21.52 $21.45 $44,610 11.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 14,230 29.32% $13.43 $14.95 $31,090 3.0 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 590 1.22% $18.04 $20.08 $41,770 2.7 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 110 0.23% $10.55 $10.85 $22,570 2.5 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 50 0.10% $15.58 $16.47 $34,250 6.4 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 450 0.93% $12.67 $13.44 $27,960 1.5 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 700 1.44% $13.66 $14.22 $29,570 2.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 60 0.12% $13.80 $14.67 $30,510 2.4 %
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 30 0.06% $12.17 $12.17 $25,320 9.7 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 2,630 5.42% $17.25 $18.17 $37,800 4.3 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 60 0.12% $8.97 $9.60 $19,960 3.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 310 0.64% $13.17 $13.12 $27,290 7.7 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) (5) (5) $13.94 $14.35 $29,840 2.7 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 470 0.97% $10.53 $10.44 $21,720 1.5 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 600 1.24% $8.22 $8.60 $17,880 1.7 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 440 0.91% $16.60 $17.96 $37,350 2.0 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 640 1.32% $11.12 $11.72 $24,370 1.9 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 70 0.14% $11.27 $12.01 $24,980 4.3 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 310 0.64% $15.57 $16.49 $34,300 5.9 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 250 0.52% $10.59 $10.82 $22,510 4.3 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 720 1.48% $16.29 $17.27 $35,910 2.5 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) (5) (5) $10.31 $10.95 $22,770 7.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 220 0.45% $10.47 $10.97 $22,810 2.9 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 2,790 5.75% $15.80 $16.63 $34,590 5.1 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) (5) (5) $7.99 $8.29 $17,230 2.6 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 870 1.79% $9.97 $10.63 $22,120 6.5 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 30 0.06% $12.90 $12.67 $26,350 6.4 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (3) 900 1.85% $11.45 $12.25 $25,490 2.0 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations (5) (5) $16.28 $17.36 $36,110 4.7 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 220 0.45% $13.01 $13.42 $27,920 2.7 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 30 0.06% $11.00 $11.40 $23,720 6.7 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 17,790 36.65% $15.30 $17.83 $37,090 10.0 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 1,500 3.09% $23.37 $24.47 $50,890 5.2 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic (5) (5) $12.79 $13.99 $29,100 14.7 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (3) 210 0.43% $15.19 $15.12 $31,440 5.4 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 730 1.50% $11.84 $12.10 $25,170 4.3 %
51-5012 Bookbinders (3) (5) (5) $16.51 $15.67 $32,590 7.7 %
51-5021 Job Printers (3) 660 1.36% $12.51 $13.26 $27,570 5.3 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 8,000 16.48% $16.87 $21.09 $43,860 17.8 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) 1,370 2.82% $14.62 $15.46 $32,160 3.0 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 260 0.54% $10.41 $11.35 $23,600 3.5 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 270 0.56% $12.92 $14.66 $30,490 5.5 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers (3) 120 0.25% $14.81 $14.51 $30,180 7.5 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (3) 780 1.61% $18.36 $19.10 $39,740 5.2 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators (3) 330 0.68% $13.98 $15.46 $32,150 2.8 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers (3) 720 1.48% $14.35 $16.32 $33,950 7.4 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 200 0.41% $8.31 $8.62 $17,920 9.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 2,580 5.32% $9.42 $10.45 $21,740 8.7 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 110 0.23% $9.96 $11.80 $24,550 10.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 550 1.13% $10.69 $10.84 $22,550 3.6 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 90 0.19% $12.32 $12.51 $26,030 5.5 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,110 2.29% $8.58 $10.15 $21,110 19.9 %
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers (3) 460 0.95% $8.71 $9.59 $19,950 6.2 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand (3) 160 0.33% $7.47 $8.14 $16,920 5.6 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 27 - Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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