Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 291 - Petroleum Refining

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 291 - Petroleum Refining.

SIC Industry Group 291 - Petroleum Refining is part of: SIC Major Group 29 - Petroleum Refining and Related Industries.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 291 - Petroleum Refining:

SIC 291 - Petroleum Refining

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 83,340 100.00% $22.41 $23.55 $48,990 3.5 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 4,940 5.93% $39.50 $40.23 $83,680 3.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 110 0.13% (4) $59.93 $124,640 9.8 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 580 0.70% $41.55 $42.32 $88,020 8.5 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers (5) (5) $33.35 $34.80 $72,380 14.5 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 290 0.35% $39.81 $39.53 $82,210 6.4 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 400 0.48% $37.68 $38.83 $80,770 5.0 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 60 0.07% $45.50 $40.46 $84,160 12.8 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 140 0.17% $38.09 $37.44 $77,870 8.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 120 0.14% $32.54 $35.44 $73,720 10.6 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 560 0.67% $40.57 $42.97 $89,370 4.9 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 280 0.34% $38.87 $38.07 $79,190 3.3 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 470 0.56% $38.71 $37.92 $78,880 2.2 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 120 0.14% $32.20 $32.87 $68,370 3.5 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 110 0.13% $29.41 $30.58 $63,610 5.1 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 630 0.76% $42.57 $42.71 $88,840 3.6 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 9,270 11.12% $27.53 $28.71 $59,720 1.7 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 370 0.44% $24.10 $24.84 $51,660 2.6 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 430 0.52% $28.83 $29.47 $61,290 4.9 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 50 0.06% $31.58 $34.89 $72,580 18.1 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 110 0.13% $25.81 $26.75 $55,640 5.3 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 510 0.61% $27.01 $27.13 $56,430 3.1 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,530 1.84% $30.41 $31.64 $65,810 2.3 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 1,950 2.34% $21.52 $23.46 $48,800 2.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) 60 0.07% $25.76 $27.14 $56,460 3.3 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 580 0.70% $27.16 $28.01 $58,250 5.2 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 2,520 3.02% $29.18 $29.42 $61,190 4.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 370 0.44% $27.36 $25.99 $54,060 4.4 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 150 0.18% $22.01 $22.65 $47,120 2.7 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 1,480 1.78% $31.51 $31.27 $65,030 4.4 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 40 0.05% $25.87 $27.85 $57,920 3.2 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 40 0.05% $27.85 $28.41 $59,090 8.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 110 0.13% $26.03 $27.47 $57,140 7.8 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 7,670 9.20% $30.44 $31.19 $64,870 2.5 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers (3) 280 0.34% $33.57 $31.83 $66,200 1.3 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers (3) 130 0.16% $33.12 $32.71 $68,030 3.0 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 90 0.11% $36.68 $35.53 $73,900 3.1 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 180 0.22% $27.04 $30.11 $62,620 5.5 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 220 0.26% $28.85 $29.64 $61,650 3.2 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,210 1.45% $29.95 $29.98 $62,360 2.7 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers (3) 90 0.11% $32.61 $32.49 $67,570 5.1 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (3) 280 0.34% $32.12 $30.56 $63,570 1.3 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers (3) 570 0.68% $35.92 $34.56 $71,880 1.8 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters (5) (5) $21.42 $24.31 $50,570 8.2 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians (5) (5) $22.95 $22.08 $45,940 4.9 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 40 0.05% $25.78 $25.63 $53,310 6.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians (3) 110 0.13% $29.63 $28.17 $58,600 2.5 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians (5) (5) $23.42 $22.53 $46,870 2.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 6,030 7.24% $23.35 $24.20 $50,330 5.2 %
19-2031 Chemists (3) 530 0.64% $26.38 $27.20 $56,580 2.5 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 350 0.42% $29.30 $29.59 $61,550 3.4 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 80 0.10% $18.67 $18.57 $38,620 3.7 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 2,960 3.55% $22.06 $20.68 $43,020 7.4 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 550 0.66% $21.97 $22.57 $46,940 2.0 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 300 0.36% $23.26 $22.94 $47,710 2.5 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 850 1.02% $40.69 $41.15 $85,600 7.7 %
23-1011 Lawyers 500 0.60% $57.40 $53.46 $111,200 9.2 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants (5) (5) $21.62 $22.40 $46,590 1.3 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 350 0.42% $24.59 $26.37 $54,860 5.5 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 70 0.08% $20.01 $20.00 $41,600 9.4 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 230 0.28% $30.44 $29.84 $62,060 4.5 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 140 0.17% $24.38 $24.15 $50,240 6.3 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses (3) 60 0.07% $29.34 $28.28 $58,820 4.5 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 30 0.04% $27.29 $28.13 $58,500 10.1 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 290 0.35% $20.35 $20.44 $42,510 6.7 %
33-2011 Fire Fighters (3) 120 0.14% $21.48 $20.34 $42,310 5.5 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) (5) (5) $12.62 $13.98 $29,090 5.4 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 130 0.16% $13.15 $13.46 $28,000 14.2 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 120 0.14% $10.40 $12.36 $25,720 6.3 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 3,140 3.77% $14.15 $17.52 $36,430 9.6 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 380 0.46% $24.53 $25.73 $53,510 3.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 110 0.13% $7.00 $7.30 $15,170 3.0 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 1,710 2.05% $15.93 $20.35 $42,340 8.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 8,080 9.70% $14.17 $15.30 $31,810 3.7 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 610 0.73% $21.38 $23.00 $47,840 2.3 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) (5) (5) $10.73 $11.41 $23,740 3.0 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) (5) (5) $13.06 $13.71 $28,510 4.4 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 630 0.76% $13.52 $14.01 $29,140 2.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 190 0.23% $13.98 $14.62 $30,400 4.3 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 90 0.11% $15.70 $16.33 $33,970 3.5 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 660 0.79% $14.70 $15.22 $31,650 5.9 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 220 0.26% $10.23 $11.39 $23,680 4.7 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 440 0.53% $10.95 $11.29 $23,480 7.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 320 0.38% $15.75 $16.09 $33,470 2.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 130 0.16% $11.75 $12.40 $25,800 4.4 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) (5) (5) $21.23 $22.07 $45,910 4.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 330 0.40% $20.46 $18.99 $39,500 9.0 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 190 0.23% $17.87 $17.47 $36,340 3.2 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 1,270 1.52% $17.23 $18.09 $37,630 3.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 450 0.54% $12.75 $13.89 $28,880 7.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 70 0.08% $12.26 $12.83 $26,690 4.3 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 90 0.11% $17.87 $18.01 $37,460 6.5 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 190 0.23% $11.70 $11.95 $24,850 3.6 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 1,340 1.61% $12.14 $12.75 $26,510 5.8 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 2,240 2.69% $22.75 $21.17 $44,030 3.3 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 30 0.04% $30.43 $34.19 $71,120 15.5 %
47-2011 Boilermakers (3) 330 0.40% $21.34 $19.42 $40,400 4.3 %
47-2031 Carpenters 60 0.07% $20.24 $19.26 $40,060 9.0 %
47-2111 Electricians 620 0.74% $22.85 $21.84 $45,430 3.7 %
47-2130 Insulation Workers (3) (5) (5) $22.12 $20.70 $43,060 3.3 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) 920 1.10% $21.59 $20.13 $41,880 3.2 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 7,730 9.28% $20.58 $20.81 $43,290 2.8 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 760 0.91% $30.01 $28.93 $60,180 10.6 %
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers (5) (5) $20.41 $23.08 $48,010 11.2 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 90 0.11% $24.45 $24.42 $50,800 4.7 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (3) 40 0.05% $19.94 $18.55 $38,580 3.5 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (3) (5) (5) $15.79 $16.38 $34,070 4.1 %
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 360 0.43% $24.36 $24.12 $50,170 2.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 2,750 3.30% $21.68 $20.65 $42,950 5.0 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 1,590 1.91% $20.97 $20.09 $41,780 3.3 %
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery (3) 660 0.79% $22.15 $20.96 $43,590 5.2 %
49-9096 Riggers (3) 40 0.05% $20.95 $18.79 $39,080 9.0 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 22,640 27.17% $20.85 $20.06 $41,730 4.9 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 2,080 2.50% $27.92 $26.36 $54,820 6.9 %
51-4041 Machinists 850 1.02% $22.22 $19.88 $41,340 6.7 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (3) (5) (5) $19.73 $17.97 $37,370 3.4 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (5) (5) $23.03 $23.27 $48,400 5.5 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (3) 50 0.06% $20.89 $19.60 $40,770 4.3 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators (3) 1,150 1.38% $23.01 $22.45 $46,690 2.2 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators (3) 1,080 1.30% $13.71 $13.39 $27,850 6.0 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers (3) 14,560 17.47% $22.16 $21.11 $43,900 2.5 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 40 0.05% $22.48 $22.60 $47,000 7.0 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (5) (5) $21.21 $21.93 $45,620 6.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 700 0.84% $21.61 $21.24 $44,180 3.3 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 150 0.18% $8.33 $10.50 $21,840 13.0 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 200 0.24% $18.51 $17.07 $35,500 9.7 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 7,050 8.46% $21.58 $19.74 $41,060 4.5 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand (5) (5) $20.75 $21.12 $43,920 6.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 130 0.16% $21.03 $22.86 $47,550 7.5 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 3,000 3.60% $19.63 $18.66 $38,810 11.7 %
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders (3) (5) (5) $17.76 $16.89 $35,120 7.0 %
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators (3) 50 0.06% $22.18 $20.92 $43,500 3.8 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 120 0.14% $15.96 $16.43 $34,170 6.0 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 200 0.24% $16.93 $15.57 $32,380 10.5 %
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers (3) 2,050 2.46% $23.42 $22.93 $47,690 1.8 %
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 450 0.54% $18.86 $18.78 $39,050 5.4 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(4) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



top

Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 29 - Petroleum Refining and Related Industries

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

Recommend this page using: