Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 581 - Eating and Drinking Places

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 581 - Eating and Drinking Places.

SIC Industry Group 581 - Eating and Drinking Places is part of: SIC Major Group 58 - Eating and Drinking Places.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 581 - Eating and Drinking Places:

SIC 581 - Eating and Drinking Places

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 7,985,030 100.00% $6.61 $7.94 $16,510 0.7 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 372,830 4.67% $16.36 $19.44 $40,440 1.8 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 18,890 0.24% $41.22 $41.92 $87,200 5.7 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 99,150 1.24% $19.50 $22.13 $46,020 3.8 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 1,850 0.02% $16.01 $18.54 $38,560 5.6 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 420 0.01% $28.54 $27.31 $56,800 8.3 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 2,820 0.04% $23.13 $25.96 $53,990 9.8 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 430 0.01% $12.89 $17.93 $37,290 14.6 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 8,660 0.11% $15.01 $17.95 $37,340 5.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 500 0.01% $36.41 $35.72 $74,300 11.5 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,840 0.06% $24.60 $27.94 $58,110 5.0 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 2,980 0.04% $28.96 $32.65 $67,920 8.7 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 80 0.00% $17.42 $18.59 $38,670 9.0 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 1,620 0.02% $20.11 $21.49 $44,700 6.2 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 590 0.01% $22.71 $23.98 $49,880 5.4 %
11-9021 Construction Managers (5) (5) $35.54 $33.90 $70,510 16.9 %
11-9051 Food Service Managers 219,920 2.75% $14.85 $15.87 $33,000 1.5 %
11-9071 Gaming Managers 40 0.00% $17.74 $16.31 $33,930 11.1 %
11-9081 Lodging Managers 1,230 0.02% $27.82 $27.41 $57,020 3.8 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers (5) (5) $19.30 $20.55 $42,740 20.3 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 17,910 0.22% $17.12 $18.96 $39,440 2.6 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) (5) (5) $16.99 $17.40 $36,190 4.2 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 970 0.01% $19.38 $19.57 $40,700 4.3 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,110 0.01% $19.03 $19.91 $41,410 4.2 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists (5) (5) $16.74 $18.09 $37,640 7.5 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 3,060 0.04% $13.28 $14.50 $30,160 6.1 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 1,220 0.02% $16.07 $16.24 $33,780 6.2 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 7,250 0.09% $17.41 $18.07 $37,580 2.6 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 4,840 0.06% $20.85 $22.06 $45,890 3.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 1,790 0.02% $16.91 $17.25 $35,870 3.2 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 650 0.01% $25.35 $25.79 $53,630 5.1 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,480 0.02% $26.28 $26.54 $55,200 4.7 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations (5) (5) $26.20 $28.98 $60,270 3.4 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations (5) (5) $18.17 $21.41 $44,530 12.2 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 420 0.01% $28.52 $26.67 $55,460 10.3 %
23-1011 Lawyers 250 0.00% $32.41 $34.14 $71,000 6.4 %
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants (5) (5) $15.53 $15.72 $32,690 4.0 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 25,970 0.33% $7.41 $9.97 $20,730 6.5 %
27-1023 Floral Designers 580 0.01% $9.87 $10.09 $20,980 3.7 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers (5) (5) $18.98 $18.54 $38,560 8.0 %
27-1025 Interior Designers (3) (5) (5) $8.31 $10.60 $22,050 8.5 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers (5) (5) $11.89 $13.96 $29,040 10.3 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors ***,***,*** ***.**% (2) (2) $30,450 3.7 %
27-2031 Dancers 4,480 0.06% $5.99 $5.95 $12,380 4.5 %
27-2042 Musicians and Singers 3,450 0.04% (2) (2) $23,360 19.7 %
27-3010 Announcers (3) 830 0.01% $7.66 $9.47 $19,690 10.3 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 950 0.01% $17.90 $17.33 $36,040 12.1 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 6,240 0.08% $14.65 $14.85 $30,880 1.9 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists (3) 2,670 0.03% $15.51 $17.24 $35,860 7.0 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 900 0.01% $19.00 $17.22 $35,820 6.6 %
31-9011 Massage Therapists (5) (5) $19.38 $17.44 $36,280 6.8 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 34,180 0.43% $8.23 $9.41 $19,580 4.1 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 30,600 0.38% $8.11 $9.27 $19,270 2.6 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 6,800,710 85.17% $6.52 $7.23 $15,030 0.5 %
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 82,200 1.03% $10.90 $12.25 $25,480 2.3 %
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 355,140 4.45% $10.17 $11.08 $23,040 1.3 %
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food (3) 401,570 5.03% $6.23 $6.51 $13,540 0.5 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria (3) 65,590 0.82% $8.15 $8.58 $17,840 1.5 %
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant (3) 557,850 6.99% $7.90 $8.31 $17,290 0.4 %
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order (3) 99,840 1.25% $7.06 $7.37 $15,330 0.7 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 379,120 4.75% $7.10 $7.32 $15,220 1.3 %
35-3011 Bartenders (3) 223,980 2.81% $6.44 $6.88 $14,320 0.6 %
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food (3) 1,579,500 19.78% $6.21 $6.46 $13,430 0.4 %
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (3) 195,790 2.45% $6.30 $6.54 $13,600 0.6 %
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses (3) 1,708,180 21.39% $6.05 $6.36 $13,220 0.5 %
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant (3) 61,120 0.77% $6.92 $8.12 $16,890 3.7 %
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers (3) 275,780 3.45% $6.12 $6.37 $13,250 0.5 %
35-9021 Dishwashers 398,630 4.99% $6.53 $6.65 $13,840 0.7 %
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop (3) 341,860 4.28% $6.65 $6.97 $14,500 0.4 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 89,710 1.12% $7.38 $7.79 $16,200 1.3 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers (3) 1,730 0.02% $11.71 $12.69 $26,390 3.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 300 0.00% $13.93 $13.33 $27,720 9.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 61,570 0.77% $6.68 $7.03 $14,620 0.5 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 19,920 0.25% $6.91 $7.24 $15,060 1.2 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 4,150 0.05% $8.09 $8.57 $17,830 6.1 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations (5) (5) $7.29 $9.33 $19,410 11.7 %
39-1011 Gaming Supervisors (5) (5) $14.34 $14.08 $29,280 8.1 %
39-1012 Slot Key Persons 70 0.00% $8.50 $8.16 $16,960 6.2 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 220 0.00% $11.44 $15.36 $31,940 19.5 %
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 3,910 0.05% $6.24 $6.37 $13,250 5.8 %
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants (5) (5) $8.03 $8.08 $16,800 6.3 %
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops (3) 770 0.01% $7.33 $7.22 $15,030 2.9 %
39-6012 Concierges (5) (5) $7.57 $7.92 $16,480 9.1 %
39-9011 Child Care Workers (3) (5) (5) $7.22 $7.33 $15,250 2.3 %
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors (5) (5) $22.09 $23.32 $48,500 2.7 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 265,640 3.33% $6.57 $7.24 $15,060 1.6 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 10,060 0.13% $12.86 $13.08 $27,200 4.2 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,610 0.02% $10.95 $13.66 $28,410 12.4 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 217,980 2.73% $6.24 $6.53 $13,590 0.4 %
41-2012 Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 360 0.00% $6.13 $6.15 $12,790 3.2 %
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks (3) 2,090 0.03% $6.67 $7.02 $14,600 3.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 14,620 0.18% $7.01 $7.78 $16,180 1.4 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 50 0.00% $6.18 $8.30 $17,270 13.1 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) (5) (5) $10.56 $13.15 $27,350 13.2 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 101,750 1.27% $9.63 $10.52 $21,880 2.1 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 6,090 0.08% $11.84 $13.10 $27,250 1.9 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 590 0.01% $8.39 $8.39 $17,450 5.9 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 2,620 0.03% $9.38 $9.37 $19,490 2.8 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 25,450 0.32% $9.90 $10.49 $21,820 1.1 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 3,300 0.04% $11.10 $11.51 $23,940 3.6 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 940 0.01% $9.96 $11.09 $23,080 4.7 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 10,140 0.13% $8.05 $8.51 $17,700 4.4 %
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks (3) 3,060 0.04% $7.73 $7.79 $16,200 1.8 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 2,800 0.04% $8.22 $8.91 $18,530 7.9 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 2,020 0.03% $9.91 $10.23 $21,280 6.0 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 2,060 0.03% $8.12 $8.65 $18,000 3.3 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (3) 480 0.01% $11.21 $11.90 $24,760 5.2 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 1,360 0.02% $14.60 $13.87 $28,840 10.9 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 8,620 0.11% $8.39 $9.04 $18,800 2.5 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 2,370 0.03% $7.66 $8.16 $16,970 2.7 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (3) 380 0.00% $9.38 $9.51 $19,780 4.0 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 7,120 0.09% $13.77 $14.05 $29,230 4.8 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 3,850 0.05% $8.56 $9.30 $19,340 6.7 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 250 0.00% $12.44 $13.11 $27,280 5.1 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 90 0.00% $9.88 $9.94 $20,670 3.3 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 14,270 0.18% $8.87 $9.42 $19,600 3.7 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 80 0.00% $10.87 $10.64 $22,140 7.0 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations (5) (5) $13.05 $13.16 $27,380 4.4 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 17,720 0.22% $10.93 $12.11 $25,190 3.4 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 620 0.01% $16.46 $19.66 $40,890 8.6 %
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists (3) (5) (5) $14.57 $14.10 $29,320 2.9 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers (3) 470 0.01% $17.21 $17.00 $35,350 8.4 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 13,800 0.17% $8.13 $9.45 $19,650 2.8 %
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 1,660 0.02% $11.76 $14.22 $29,580 14.2 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 36,760 0.46% $8.35 $9.09 $18,910 1.8 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers (5) (5) $14.85 $15.97 $33,210 7.8 %
51-3011 Bakers (3) 27,450 0.34% $8.01 $8.50 $17,680 1.0 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 1,340 0.02% $9.86 $10.21 $21,230 3.2 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers (3) (5) (5) $8.55 $9.89 $20,570 6.0 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers (5) (5) $6.75 $6.77 $14,090 5.4 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders (5) (5) $8.11 $8.42 $17,510 13.7 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 1,100 0.01% $6.89 $7.45 $15,490 2.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 150 0.00% $16.30 $16.70 $34,730 2.5 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) 150 0.00% $11.59 $11.71 $24,350 7.5 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 0.00% $9.44 $9.68 $20,140 9.1 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders (5) (5) $11.23 $10.34 $21,500 4.1 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders (3) 180 0.00% $11.14 $11.86 $24,680 2.9 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 195,180 2.44% $6.49 $7.47 $15,530 3.2 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 140 0.00% $12.33 $13.39 $27,850 12.9 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,700 0.02% $10.06 $12.19 $25,360 22.1 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 121,210 1.52% $6.12 $6.75 $14,030 1.7 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 170 0.00% $13.90 $13.10 $27,250 8.5 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 54,880 0.69% $6.38 $7.28 $15,130 3.7 %
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (3) 130 0.00% $6.13 $6.39 $13,280 4.8 %
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants (3) 2,350 0.03% $6.35 $6.49 $13,500 1.8 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 12,630 0.16% $8.19 $8.39 $17,450 3.7 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 58 - Eating and Drinking Places

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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