Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 731 - Advertising

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 731 - Advertising.

SIC Industry Group 731 - Advertising is part of: SIC Major Group 73 - Business Services.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 731 - Advertising:

SIC 731 - Advertising

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 286,660 100.00% $16.42 $21.16 $44,010 2.1 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 43,380 15.13% $33.82 $37.57 $78,140 2.4 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 3,500 1.22% (4) $57.68 $119,970 0.0 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 8,750 3.05% $37.50 $39.99 $83,170 0.0 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 10,510 3.67% $30.29 $35.28 $73,380 0.0 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 4,790 1.67% $33.07 $36.12 $75,140 0.0 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 4,140 1.44% $38.56 $40.80 $84,860 0.0 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 770 0.27% $29.07 $31.02 $64,510 0.0 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 2,680 0.93% $22.47 $25.44 $52,920 0.0 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 1,020 0.36% $37.85 $38.86 $80,820 0.0 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 2,650 0.92% $30.55 $33.41 $69,490 0.0 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 770 0.27% $27.94 $28.79 $59,880 2.4 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 210 0.07% $32.16 $31.08 $64,640 3.5 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 680 0.24% $26.46 $28.33 $58,930 3.7 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers (5) (5) $34.94 $35.40 $73,640 0.0 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers (5) (5) $33.34 $34.73 $72,250 0.0 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 14,780 5.16% $20.01 $23.30 $48,470 4.2 %
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 130 0.05% $31.71 $39.31 $81,760 0.0 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) 220 0.08% $15.80 $20.30 $42,230 11.9 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 5,080 1.77% $17.67 $19.63 $40,830 2.9 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 70 0.02% $15.95 $18.10 $37,650 0.0 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 330 0.12% $16.96 $19.50 $40,560 4.7 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 280 0.10% $19.54 $20.87 $43,400 0.0 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 330 0.12% $17.93 $20.13 $41,870 0.0 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 190 0.07% $21.55 $23.08 $48,000 0.0 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 940 0.33% $32.28 $34.04 $70,800 0.0 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 190 0.07% $17.02 $17.60 $36,620 0.0 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 3,400 1.19% $19.02 $20.53 $42,710 2.0 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) 530 0.18% $20.05 $21.12 $43,930 2.9 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 520 0.18% $24.71 $27.25 $56,670 0.0 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 7,580 2.64% $24.37 $26.60 $55,320 4.0 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 1,970 0.69% $19.87 $22.55 $46,900 5.3 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 890 0.31% $30.00 $31.41 $65,330 0.0 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 790 0.28% $26.74 $32.74 $68,100 0.0 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 990 0.35% $18.21 $19.41 $40,370 0.0 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 590 0.21% $32.35 $32.51 $67,610 0.0 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 560 0.20% $23.02 $25.00 $51,990 4.3 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 840 0.29% $23.69 $24.42 $50,800 0.0 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 710 0.25% $24.35 $26.75 $55,640 0.0 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 120 0.04% $16.47 $17.79 $37,010 0.0 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations (5) (5) $26.24 $27.08 $56,320 4.1 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 1,700 0.59% $19.99 $23.70 $49,290 5.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,560 0.54% $20.08 $24.11 $50,140 0.0 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 140 0.05% $25.98 $29.67 $61,710 8.6 %
23-1011 Lawyers (5) (5) $26.21 $30.24 $62,890 0.0 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 290 0.10% $20.77 $23.54 $48,970 4.2 %
25-4021 Librarians (3) (5) (5) $21.23 $23.66 $49,200 2.9 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 55,830 19.48% $19.71 $23.22 $48,300 3.0 %
27-1011 Art Directors 8,430 2.94% $31.17 $33.88 $70,470 0.0 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 1,210 0.42% $16.40 $17.12 $35,620 0.0 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 4,650 1.62% $19.63 $21.82 $45,390 0.0 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 230 0.08% $17.36 $19.08 $39,700 0.0 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 14,810 5.17% $17.76 $19.45 $40,460 0.0 %
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers (3) (5) (5) $10.39 $10.45 $21,740 2.7 %
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers 70 0.02% $13.08 $12.87 $26,770 0.0 %
27-2012 Producers and Directors 2,190 0.76% (2) (2) $80,880 0.0 %
27-3010 Announcers (3) 70 0.02% $7.93 $10.75 $22,360 13.5 %
27-3020 News Analysts, Reporters and Correspondents (3) 50 0.02% $11.90 $16.48 $34,270 13.0 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 3,450 1.20% $17.82 $19.98 $41,560 2.3 %
27-3041 Editors 2,340 0.82% $20.20 $23.23 $48,330 0.0 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,730 0.60% $20.56 $22.94 $47,710 0.0 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 5,000 1.74% $23.91 $26.96 $56,070 0.0 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 160 0.06% $14.97 $15.93 $33,140 0.0 %
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians 230 0.08% $18.49 $19.11 $39,750 0.0 %
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 340 0.12% $16.99 $19.42 $40,380 0.0 %
27-4021 Photographers (3) 1,030 0.36% $13.73 $14.39 $29,930 3.6 %
27-4032 Film and Video Editors (3) 90 0.03% $15.09 $15.98 $33,230 4.4 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5)
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 30 0.01% $7.41 $8.75 $18,190 11.3 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 790 0.28% $7.71 $8.99 $18,700 4.7 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 610 0.21% $7.80 $8.68 $18,050 3.4 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 90 0.03% $7.02 $7.91 $16,450 4.7 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations (5) (5) $16.17 $15.93 $33,140 5.4 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 59,220 20.66% $17.21 $20.83 $43,340 3.0 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 690 0.24% $21.91 $25.16 $52,340 0.0 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 3,730 1.30% $28.55 $29.68 $61,720 0.0 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 940 0.33% $12.42 $14.23 $29,600 10.1 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 28,090 9.80% $18.10 $22.54 $46,880 2.4 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (3) 100 0.03% $16.09 $19.27 $40,090 13.3 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 12,240 4.27% $19.33 $21.12 $43,930 6.0 %
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters (3) 4,600 1.60% $8.61 $11.12 $23,130 5.1 %
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents (3) 120 0.04% $15.34 $16.23 $33,760 6.5 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 3,170 1.11% $9.64 $10.97 $22,830 0.0 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 78,280 27.31% $11.72 $12.79 $26,600 1.9 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 4,640 1.62% $16.50 $18.33 $38,130 1.4 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 1,860 0.65% $10.40 $10.76 $22,370 1.7 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 1,710 0.60% $13.40 $15.23 $31,680 4.6 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 1,730 0.60% $11.74 $12.95 $26,940 2.4 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 6,430 2.24% $12.69 $13.28 $27,620 1.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 170 0.06% $12.59 $13.77 $28,640 3.0 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 80 0.03% $13.58 $14.41 $29,980 4.8 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 280 0.10% $9.81 $10.36 $21,550 0.0 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 12,070 4.21% $11.42 $12.04 $25,050 0.0 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 1,190 0.42% $9.34 $9.83 $20,440 2.2 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 4,850 1.69% $9.14 $9.80 $20,390 0.0 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 390 0.14% $12.73 $13.26 $27,590 2.1 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 4,550 1.59% $10.42 $10.33 $21,480 1.2 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 790 0.28% $8.41 $8.45 $17,570 1.8 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 5,600 1.95% $13.97 $15.52 $32,280 2.2 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 2,710 0.95% $9.92 $10.38 $21,590 2.4 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 2,820 0.98% $8.04 $8.28 $17,220 2.7 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 7,710 2.69% $13.76 $14.55 $30,250 0.0 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 4,920 1.72% $12.95 $13.32 $27,700 0.0 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 310 0.11% $13.30 $14.27 $29,670 3.3 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 1,210 0.42% $10.02 $10.09 $20,990 2.1 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 420 0.15% $12.09 $13.31 $27,690 3.6 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 660 0.23% $18.12 $18.16 $37,770 0.0 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 1,220 0.43% $8.63 $8.89 $18,490 1.9 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 7,650 2.67% $10.41 $11.26 $23,430 0.0 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (3) 560 0.20% $12.55 $13.65 $28,400 2.8 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 6,370 2.22% $13.44 $13.67 $28,440 4.0 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 190 0.07% $16.18 $17.00 $35,360 0.0 %
47-2031 Carpenters 490 0.17% $14.27 $13.77 $28,650 0.0 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 640 0.22% $9.92 $10.37 $21,560 0.0 %
47-2111 Electricians (5) (5) $19.04 $18.11 $37,680 0.0 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 990 0.35% $15.08 $16.40 $34,110 0.0 %
47-2142 Paperhangers 3,240 1.13% $13.39 $13.24 $27,540 0.0 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 2,750 0.96% $14.60 $15.28 $31,780 5.1 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers (5) (5) $18.37 $19.58 $40,740 0.0 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 140 0.05% $16.87 $17.78 $36,980 0.0 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 390 0.14% $11.32 $12.31 $25,600 4.9 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) (5) (5) $9.23 $10.27 $21,370 5.5 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 5,030 1.75% $11.14 $12.94 $26,920 3.7 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 920 0.32% $18.35 $19.17 $39,860 0.0 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 130 0.05% $9.26 $10.28 $21,370 0.0 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (3) (5) (5) $10.72 $11.28 $23,460 3.8 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 240 0.08% $8.56 $9.50 $19,770 0.0 %
51-5021 Job Printers (3) 140 0.05% $10.29 $11.12 $23,120 5.3 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 880 0.31% $10.46 $11.46 $23,830 0.0 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) 590 0.21% $11.41 $11.91 $24,760 4.2 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 290 0.10% $9.65 $9.64 $20,050 3.3 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers (3) (5) (5) $8.48 $9.00 $18,720 4.4 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (3) 260 0.09% $8.10 $9.91 $20,620 7.4 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 9,760 3.40% $7.38 $8.91 $18,530 6.1 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 170 0.06% $15.24 $15.95 $33,170 0.0 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 150 0.05% $14.39 $14.11 $29,350 0.0 %
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 230 0.08% (2) (2) $39,800 0.0 %
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers (3) 710 0.25% $6.86 $8.18 $17,020 5.9 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 2,750 0.96% $8.67 $10.08 $20,960 0.0 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 140 0.05% $9.65 $10.18 $21,170 5.5 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 610 0.21% $6.37 $6.90 $14,360 0.0 %
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand (3) 3,600 1.26% $7.14 $7.94 $16,510 4.6 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(2) = Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(4) = Median hourly wage is equal to or greater than $70.00 per hour.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



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Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 73 - Business Services

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

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