Occupational Employment Statistics

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

SIC 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in SIC Industry Group 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services.

SIC Industry Group 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services is part of: SIC Major Group 87 - Engineering, Accounting, Research, Management, and Related Services.

Links to other industry-specific estimates and cross-industry estimates

SOC Major Groups in in SIC 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services:

SIC 873 - Research, Development, and Testing Services

Click on the SOC code number to view that occupation's definition and national cross-industry estimates.

Industry Total top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
00-0000 Industry Total 617,450 100.00% $17.74 $21.68 $45,100 1.4 %
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
11-0000 Management Occupations 76,680 12.42% $36.90 $38.51 $80,090 1.3 %
11-1011 Chief Executives 7,900 1.28% $61.33 $53.49 $111,270 2.3 %
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 17,400 2.82% $39.81 $41.49 $86,290 3.4 %
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 780 0.13% $29.60 $32.34 $67,260 6.4 %
11-2021 Marketing Managers 3,950 0.64% $40.74 $39.83 $82,840 5.8 %
11-2022 Sales Managers 1,410 0.23% $38.11 $37.89 $78,810 3.9 %
11-2031 Public Relations Managers 1,330 0.22% $23.48 $27.12 $56,400 5.2 %
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 4,470 0.72% $21.61 $24.71 $51,400 4.2 %
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 3,980 0.64% $34.66 $35.74 $74,340 3.2 %
11-3031 Financial Managers 4,340 0.70% $34.53 $36.16 $75,220 1.8 %
11-3040 Human Resources Managers (3) 4,750 0.77% $36.67 $34.82 $72,420 4.7 %
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers (3) 790 0.13% $35.37 $36.35 $75,600 5.3 %
11-3061 Purchasing Managers (3) 790 0.13% $26.40 $27.94 $58,120 2.0 %
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers (5) (5) $22.82 $23.33 $48,530 4.3 %
11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers (5) (5) $18.46 $20.05 $41,700 10.0 %
11-9021 Construction Managers 500 0.08% $30.13 $31.21 $64,910 5.4 %
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 40 0.01% $30.57 $30.69 $63,820 3.5 %
11-9041 Engineering Managers 6,940 1.12% $43.82 $43.80 $91,100 2.0 %
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 1,400 0.23% $28.99 $31.39 $65,290 3.7 %
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 5,930 0.96% $36.90 $37.90 $78,830 2.6 %
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers (5) (5) $22.29 $21.61 $44,950 5.6 %
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 500 0.08% $18.74 $19.49 $40,540 6.2 %
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 47,760 7.74% $22.04 $24.70 $51,370 3.4 %
13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 60 0.01% $24.47 $23.76 $49,420 4.7 %
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products (3) 80 0.01% $18.63 $20.53 $42,690 3.6 %
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products (3) 2,150 0.35% $20.01 $21.72 $45,170 2.3 %
13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 1,050 0.17% $19.98 $24.29 $50,510 8.3 %
13-1051 Cost Estimators (3) 770 0.12% $22.52 $23.37 $48,600 2.7 %
13-1061 Emergency Management Specialists (5) (5) $16.35 $21.35 $44,410 10.1 %
13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 1,890 0.31% $9.15 $13.64 $28,370 7.3 %
13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 580 0.09% $21.41 $23.15 $48,140 3.4 %
13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 1,230 0.20% $21.66 $21.88 $45,510 3.2 %
13-1111 Management Analysts 6,120 0.99% $30.32 $31.96 $66,480 4.8 %
13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 730 0.12% $16.30 $17.39 $36,160 3.7 %
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors (3) 4,700 0.76% $20.33 $22.17 $46,100 2.9 %
13-2031 Budget Analysts (3) 570 0.09% $22.13 $22.91 $47,660 2.2 %
13-2041 Credit Analysts (3) 30 0.00% $22.63 $22.75 $47,310 4.6 %
13-2051 Financial Analysts 1,420 0.23% $24.32 $25.68 $53,410 3.6 %
13-2082 Tax Preparers (3) (5) (5) $20.13 $23.97 $49,860 6.4 %
Computer and Mathematical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations 47,980 7.77% $27.66 $28.66 $59,600 1.7 %
15-1011 Computer and Information Scientists, Research 2,170 0.35% $35.24 $34.34 $71,430 3.4 %
15-1021 Computer Programmers (3) 6,550 1.06% $24.18 $25.53 $53,100 1.5 %
15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 3,900 0.63% $30.94 $31.05 $64,590 2.9 %
15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 3,460 0.56% $35.08 $35.16 $73,130 3.1 %
15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,860 0.46% $17.48 $18.39 $38,250 2.9 %
15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 3,710 0.60% $23.81 $25.19 $52,400 1.6 %
15-1061 Database Administrators (3) 1,670 0.27% $22.78 $24.42 $50,800 1.7 %
15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 2,240 0.36% $23.59 $24.85 $51,690 2.2 %
15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 1,340 0.22% $22.93 $23.76 $49,420 2.4 %
15-2021 Mathematicians (5) (5) $34.72 $33.92 $70,550 2.7 %
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 900 0.15% $21.23 $23.24 $48,340 3.5 %
15-2041 Statisticians (3) 2,150 0.35% $23.58 $25.77 $53,600 2.7 %
15-2091 Mathematical Technicians (3) (5) (5) $18.95 $20.23 $42,080 3.9 %
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 62,630 10.14% $24.87 $26.43 $54,980 1.9 %
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval (3) (5) (5) $29.11 $31.21 $64,920 12.2 %
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 80 0.01% $12.75 $16.81 $34,970 11.8 %
17-1022 Surveyors (5) (5) $11.93 $13.01 $27,070 11.3 %
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers (3) 1,920 0.31% $34.71 $33.36 $69,390 2.3 %
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers (3) 410 0.07% $28.86 $29.52 $61,390 13.1 %
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers 600 0.10% $26.14 $27.89 $58,000 2.7 %
17-2041 Chemical Engineers (3) 1,370 0.22% $35.18 $33.70 $70,090 4.5 %
17-2051 Civil Engineers (3) 1,120 0.18% $30.82 $30.97 $64,410 5.1 %
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers 1,750 0.28% $31.77 $33.24 $69,140 8.1 %
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 5,340 0.86% $34.74 $33.84 $70,380 3.3 %
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 3,710 0.60% $35.64 $36.43 $75,770 4.6 %
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 1,950 0.32% $24.27 $28.20 $58,650 9.0 %
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 1,460 0.24% $18.64 $22.28 $46,340 9.0 %
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,160 0.19% $28.21 $27.86 $57,940 2.6 %
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects (3) 30 0.00% $28.19 $27.35 $56,880 7.9 %
17-2131 Materials Engineers (3) 1,150 0.19% $31.97 $30.89 $64,260 1.8 %
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers (3) 6,120 0.99% $31.62 $30.40 $63,230 1.2 %
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 50 0.01% $16.01 $16.41 $34,140 16.3 %
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers (3) 1,950 0.32% $38.22 $36.70 $76,330 2.3 %
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers (3) (5) (5) $30.08 $30.78 $64,030 4.6 %
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 420 0.07% $16.45 $16.43 $34,180 8.9 %
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 370 0.06% $18.80 $20.52 $42,690 8.0 %
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 890 0.14% $22.29 $22.16 $46,080 3.8 %
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 270 0.04% $18.74 $19.20 $39,940 8.1 %
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians (3) 1,260 0.20% $12.50 $13.95 $29,010 3.1 %
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 8,780 1.42% $20.26 $20.12 $41,850 3.9 %
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 1,720 0.28% $17.92 $18.00 $37,450 7.7 %
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 2,180 0.35% $13.31 $14.04 $29,200 3.3 %
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians (3) 260 0.04% $16.34 $18.88 $39,280 13.5 %
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 4,050 0.66% $18.25 $19.02 $39,550 2.9 %
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians (3) 280 0.05% $11.64 $13.07 $27,180 5.3 %
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 128,180 20.76% $16.78 $20.35 $42,320 2.2 %
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists (3) 690 0.11% $19.88 $23.37 $48,610 4.1 %
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists 5,260 0.85% $28.89 $29.14 $60,610 2.7 %
19-1022 Microbiologists 4,000 0.65% $21.40 $24.51 $50,980 4.4 %
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 2,100 0.34% $12.51 $14.74 $30,660 6.6 %
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 100 0.02% $16.12 $24.45 $50,850 21.7 %
19-1041 Epidemiologists 210 0.03% $28.51 $28.72 $59,740 2.6 %
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 7,660 1.24% $26.09 $28.58 $59,450 3.0 %
19-2011 Astronomers 220 0.04% $29.09 $31.75 $66,040 3.4 %
19-2012 Physicists 4,830 0.78% $37.13 $36.30 $75,500 1.7 %
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists (3) 1,580 0.26% $24.67 $26.93 $56,010 2.9 %
19-2031 Chemists (3) 12,780 2.07% $18.84 $22.24 $46,250 2.6 %
19-2032 Materials Scientists 1,900 0.31% $29.08 $30.67 $63,790 6.5 %
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 5,410 0.88% $19.47 $22.29 $46,360 4.8 %
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 1,170 0.19% $20.40 $23.51 $48,910 6.9 %
19-2043 Hydrologists 70 0.01% $18.21 $19.28 $40,110 12.1 %
19-3011 Economists 1,700 0.28% $37.67 $38.64 $80,380 5.2 %
19-3021 Market Research Analysts 5,530 0.90% $19.58 $22.65 $47,110 10.2 %
19-3022 Survey Researchers 14,000 2.27% $8.31 $10.07 $20,950 4.0 %
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 40 0.01% $29.70 $29.65 $61,660 16.1 %
19-3041 Sociologists 580 0.09% $24.61 $26.03 $54,150 10.8 %
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists 1,420 0.23% $13.63 $14.20 $29,540 4.5 %
19-3093 Historians 160 0.03% $15.62 $15.73 $32,720 4.2 %
19-3094 Political Scientists 1,390 0.23% $36.85 $35.67 $74,190 13.3 %
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 4,000 0.65% $13.41 $14.85 $30,880 7.4 %
19-4021 Biological Technicians 15,840 2.57% $16.03 $16.45 $34,210 2.0 %
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 12,990 2.10% $12.86 $13.48 $28,030 3.0 %
19-4041 Geological and Petroleum Technicians 790 0.13% $13.58 $13.66 $28,420 4.5 %
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians (3) 220 0.04% $27.01 $26.61 $55,350 4.4 %
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 5,110 0.83% $12.85 $14.34 $29,820 5.7 %
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians (5) (5) $21.49 $22.69 $47,200 6.9 %
19-4093 Forest and Conservation Technicians (5) (5) $10.39 $11.47 $23,850 6.1 %
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations 2,560 0.41% $13.31 $14.21 $29,550 6.8 %
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors 50 0.01% $16.56 $17.30 $35,980 12.2 %
21-1022 Medical and Public Health Social Workers 80 0.01% $15.36 $16.21 $33,720 9.2 %
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 30 0.00% $12.78 $17.46 $36,320 17.6 %
21-1091 Health Educators 400 0.06% $18.88 $19.43 $40,410 4.6 %
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 390 0.06% $11.27 $12.50 $25,990 10.7 %
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
23-0000 Legal Occupations 2,020 0.33% $30.90 $33.27 $69,210 4.4 %
23-1011 Lawyers 1,250 0.20% $38.98 $39.71 $82,600 7.7 %
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 4,310 0.70% $17.68 $19.93 $41,460 6.6 %
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 210 0.03% $10.11 $13.16 $27,370 13.9 %
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians (3) 260 0.04% $15.70 $16.61 $34,540 6.6 %
25-4021 Librarians (3) 1,120 0.18% $19.42 $21.17 $44,030 1.8 %
25-4031 Library Technicians 120 0.02% $14.62 $15.00 $31,190 7.3 %
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Advisors (3) 40 0.01% $19.91 $20.19 $42,000 5.1 %
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 730 0.12% $16.28 $19.23 $40,000 6.7 %
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 8,570 1.39% $19.96 $21.13 $43,950 2.3 %
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 60 0.01% $20.50 $24.23 $50,400 15.8 %
27-1014 Multi-Media Artists and Animators 260 0.04% $17.49 $18.12 $37,680 8.5 %
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 830 0.13% $26.74 $28.22 $58,700 2.8 %
27-1024 Graphic Designers 1,280 0.21% $18.17 $18.42 $38,320 2.2 %
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists (3) 1,760 0.29% $17.43 $19.57 $40,710 3.3 %
27-3041 Editors 1,430 0.23% $19.94 $20.83 $43,330 5.3 %
27-3042 Technical Writers 1,520 0.25% $20.52 $21.01 $43,710 3.5 %
27-3043 Writers and Authors 500 0.08% $22.52 $22.43 $46,650 4.7 %
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians (5) (5) $12.42 $14.83 $30,850 22.3 %
27-4021 Photographers (3) 90 0.01% $17.81 $18.78 $39,070 5.1 %
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations 15,650 2.53% $18.75 $22.21 $46,200 8.7 %
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists (3) 30 0.00% $22.77 $23.45 $48,770 4.8 %
29-1051 Pharmacists (3) 50 0.01% $29.40 $30.02 $62,440 6.0 %
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 60 0.01% $63.89 $59.97 $124,730 13.0 %
29-1071 Physician Assistants (3) 210 0.03% $32.24 $30.16 $62,740 3.0 %
29-1111 Registered Nurses (3) 3,300 0.53% $23.35 $24.40 $50,760 2.2 %
29-1131 Veterinarians 80 0.01% $31.51 $31.26 $65,020 6.0 %
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists (3) 1,600 0.26% $17.67 $18.28 $38,030 2.0 %
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians (3) 3,400 0.55% $14.06 $14.60 $30,360 2.7 %
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians (3) (5) (5) $16.85 $17.02 $35,410 8.5 %
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians (5) (5) $22.58 $19.20 $39,940 22.3 %
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians (3) 60 0.01% $11.17 $10.93 $22,720 11.0 %
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 90 0.01% $12.95 $12.73 $26,480 7.6 %
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses (3) 360 0.06% $17.01 $17.26 $35,900 10.1 %
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 390 0.06% $13.98 $14.43 $30,010 5.9 %
29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 170 0.03% $20.17 $21.82 $45,380 5.0 %
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 8,160 1.32% $11.24 $11.84 $24,630 4.9 %
31-1012 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants (3) 360 0.06% $11.51 $11.70 $24,350 7.9 %
31-9092 Medical Assistants 2,320 0.38% $13.21 $13.87 $28,860 6.4 %
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers (5) (5) $8.83 $8.47 $17,620 9.5 %
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 3,190 0.52% $11.36 $11.83 $24,610 4.0 %
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 2,050 0.33% $13.68 $15.39 $32,020 6.6 %
33-9032 Security Guards (3) 1,430 0.23% $11.19 $11.81 $24,560 3.8 %
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 330 0.05% $7.44 $8.17 $16,980 9.3 %
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria (3) 80 0.01% $10.43 $10.93 $22,720 5.8 %
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers (5) (5) $9.34 $9.22 $19,170 8.7 %
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 3,970 0.64% $9.83 $10.69 $22,240 3.1 %
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers (3) 220 0.04% $13.61 $14.18 $29,500 2.9 %
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 90 0.01% $15.86 $17.67 $36,760 6.6 %
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 2,480 0.40% $9.21 $9.93 $20,650 2.4 %
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners (3) 340 0.06% $8.73 $9.32 $19,390 3.3 %
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 450 0.07% $9.67 $11.08 $23,060 9.6 %
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,300 0.21% $9.20 $10.60 $22,050 7.1 %
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 70 0.01% $16.04 $16.59 $34,500 10.0 %
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 330 0.05% $9.40 $10.51 $21,870 9.1 %
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 15,100 2.45% $12.75 $18.86 $39,230 8.4 %
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 90 0.01% $25.22 $26.27 $54,640 14.3 %
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,050 0.17% $16.96 $22.89 $47,610 16.2 %
41-2011 Cashiers (3) 270 0.04% $7.19 $7.74 $16,110 5.8 %
41-2031 Retail Salespersons (3) 210 0.03% $10.47 $12.40 $25,780 8.3 %
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents (3) 110 0.02% $15.26 $18.25 $37,950 11.6 %
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products (3) 3,220 0.52% $22.60 $25.94 $53,950 4.6 %
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products (3) 950 0.15% $20.74 $25.02 $52,050 7.2 %
41-9031 Sales Engineers (3) 1,220 0.20% $27.62 $28.14 $58,540 2.6 %
41-9041 Telemarketers 5,370 0.87% $8.05 $8.61 $17,920 4.5 %
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 143,820 23.29% $11.10 $12.18 $25,340 1.6 %
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers (3) 8,050 1.30% $16.04 $17.21 $35,810 1.1 %
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service (3) 920 0.15% $10.29 $10.47 $21,770 1.2 %
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors (3) 870 0.14% $12.06 $12.13 $25,220 2.7 %
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators (3) 990 0.16% $12.22 $12.74 $26,500 1.8 %
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (3) 6,070 0.98% $13.36 $13.83 $28,760 1.3 %
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks (3) 710 0.11% $13.63 $14.15 $29,440 2.7 %
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (3) 580 0.09% $14.27 $14.42 $30,000 2.4 %
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks 450 0.07% $13.20 $12.71 $26,440 6.4 %
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 3,950 0.64% $12.36 $13.64 $28,380 4.4 %
43-4071 File Clerks (3) 950 0.15% $9.39 $10.19 $21,190 3.6 %
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (3) 46,640 7.55% $8.05 $8.59 $17,860 1.1 %
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 40 0.01% $11.69 $11.69 $24,320 3.6 %
43-4151 Order Clerks 880 0.14% $11.61 $12.10 $25,160 2.8 %
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping (3) 1,030 0.17% $13.12 $13.61 $28,310 1.8 %
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks (3) 3,970 0.64% $10.53 $10.74 $22,330 1.5 %
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 100 0.02% $11.56 $12.40 $25,790 10.3 %
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers (3) 480 0.08% $7.98 $8.42 $17,520 4.8 %
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (3) 110 0.02% $12.09 $12.55 $26,100 8.7 %
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks (3) 3,150 0.51% $14.50 $15.83 $32,930 2.4 %
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks (3) 770 0.12% $10.83 $11.78 $24,490 2.1 %
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers (3) 520 0.08% $11.38 $11.97 $24,890 2.0 %
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping (3) 1,540 0.25% $10.20 $10.81 $22,470 3.5 %
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 15,520 2.51% $16.33 $16.92 $35,200 1.4 %
43-6013 Medical Secretaries (3) 100 0.02% $13.78 $13.63 $28,340 2.6 %
43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 13,610 2.20% $13.17 $13.70 $28,490 1.9 %
43-9011 Computer Operators (3) 1,700 0.28% $11.05 $12.08 $25,130 4.4 %
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers (3) 4,070 0.66% $9.78 $10.03 $20,850 1.5 %
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (3) 2,290 0.37% $12.39 $12.98 $26,990 1.3 %
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 190 0.03% $16.64 $17.34 $36,060 5.5 %
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service (3) 1,050 0.17% $9.49 $10.07 $20,940 2.2 %
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 14,680 2.38% $11.37 $11.89 $24,740 1.8 %
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (3) 470 0.08% $10.39 $11.54 $24,010 2.7 %
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (3) 480 0.08% $9.45 $10.53 $21,910 4.2 %
43-9111 Statistical Assistants (3) 2,220 0.36% $11.12 $11.88 $24,710 2.8 %
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 900 0.15% $7.99 $9.09 $18,910 11.2 %
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 70 0.01% $15.58 $17.05 $35,460 6.2 %
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (5) (5) $6.68 $6.70 $13,930 4.9 %
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers (5) (5) $9.00 $8.59 $17,870 10.1 %
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 8,100 1.31% $14.75 $15.96 $33,200 5.0 %
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 800 0.13% $20.40 $20.49 $42,620 10.8 %
47-2031 Carpenters 260 0.04% $19.32 $19.91 $41,400 4.1 %
47-2061 Construction Laborers 40 0.01% $6.59 $9.24 $19,230 26.4 %
47-2111 Electricians 550 0.09% $20.16 $20.51 $42,660 4.3 %
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 300 0.05% $16.47 $16.25 $33,790 4.3 %
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (3) (5) (5) $17.32 $17.10 $35,560 6.3 %
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors (3) 3,640 0.59% $14.36 $16.30 $33,900 5.0 %
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers (3) 690 0.11% $13.80 $15.01 $31,220 5.0 %
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas (3) 220 0.04% $12.46 $12.64 $26,280 4.4 %
47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers (5) (5) $9.53 $9.22 $19,170 5.9 %
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 9,350 1.51% $16.69 $17.63 $36,660 3.9 %
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 410 0.07% $23.96 $24.63 $51,220 4.1 %
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 570 0.09% $18.65 $18.34 $38,160 6.3 %
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers (5) (5) $18.55 $18.21 $37,870 7.4 %
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 640 0.10% $16.99 $17.56 $36,530 7.3 %
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics (3) (5) (5) $15.46 $16.16 $33,610 4.4 %
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers (3) 280 0.05% $17.95 $17.20 $35,780 4.7 %
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 710 0.11% $21.99 $20.52 $42,690 10.2 %
49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General (3) 3,730 0.60% $14.34 $15.02 $31,240 1.4 %
49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers (3) 50 0.01% $5.99 $7.19 $14,950 7.2 %
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 22,840 3.70% $12.68 $14.20 $29,530 2.5 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 900 0.15% $20.94 $21.65 $45,030 5.2 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 590 0.10% $11.60 $11.73 $24,390 6.1 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 180 0.03% $10.72 $13.40 $27,870 8.2 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 890 0.14% $11.38 $11.53 $23,970 2.5 %
51-4041 Machinists 1,460 0.24% $17.36 $17.75 $36,910 3.2 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (3) 50 0.01% $17.69 $17.07 $35,500 4.0 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (3) 590 0.10% $14.41 $15.12 $31,460 6.9 %
51-5021 Job Printers (3) (5) (5) $17.53 $23.44 $48,750 14.0 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators (3) (5) (5) $11.42 $12.36 $25,720 4.7 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators (5) (5) $18.18 $18.92 $39,350 6.2 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders (3) 1,060 0.17% $17.25 $18.04 $37,530 7.0 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 0.01% $17.85 $17.81 $37,040 5.4 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (3) 9,190 1.49% $12.05 $13.60 $28,300 1.9 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (3) (5) (5) $11.60 $12.24 $25,460 2.9 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers (3) (5) (5) $12.96 $14.95 $31,100 8.1 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders (5) (5) $8.01 $8.36 $17,390 4.8 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 330 0.05% $7.85 $7.94 $16,510 4.3 %
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 5,200 0.84% $8.11 $9.41 $19,570 5.7 %
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 70 0.01% $13.95 $14.82 $30,830 11.2 %
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 60 0.01% $10.51 $12.82 $26,670 15.9 %
53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 210 0.03% $11.79 $11.57 $24,060 6.4 %
53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 930 0.15% $9.68 $10.66 $22,160 6.9 %
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (3) 180 0.03% $12.43 $13.97 $29,060 5.8 %
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment (3) 230 0.04% $7.33 $7.81 $16,240 2.8 %
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,550 0.25% $8.46 $9.20 $19,130 5.2 %

About 1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) = Wage rates are calculated using three years of data: 1997, 1998, and 1999.

(5) = Estimates not released due to high relative standard error.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.



top

Industry-Specific occupational employment and wage estimates for other SIC groups:

SIC 87 - Engineering, Accounting, Research, Management, and Related Services

1999 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Other OES estimates and related information:

1999 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

1999 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last modified: October 16, 2001

Recommend this page using: