Occupational Employment Statistics

2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Production Occupations

other SOC major groups


These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry divisions in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia.

Click on the SOC Code Number to view that occupation's definition, additional wage estimates, and relative standard error (RSE) estimates.

Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (1) Mean RSE
51-0000 Production Occupations 12,400,080 $11.24 $12.72 $26,450 0.3 %
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 769,540 $19.39 $20.68 $43,020 0.2 %
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 32,680 $19.64 $18.34 $38,150 4.2 %
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 53,050 $9.77 $10.55 $21,940 1.2 %
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 367,150 $10.31 $11.03 $22,950 0.7 %
51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 72,550 $11.16 $11.81 $24,560 1.4 %
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 66,090 $13.47 $14.09 $29,320 2.5 %
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 101,490 $13.11 $13.70 $28,490 1.0 %
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 46,700 $10.82 $11.75 $24,430 1.6 %
51-2092 Team Assemblers 1,306,430 $10.32 $11.29 $23,490 0.9 %
51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators 11,020 $10.78 $11.66 $24,250 2.5 %
51-3011 Bakers 156,100 $9.48 $10.12 $21,050 0.6 %
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters 134,250 $11.60 $12.35 $25,690 0.7 %
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 148,100 $8.06 $8.51 $17,710 0.8 %
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers 118,900 $9.33 $9.29 $19,330 1.0 %
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 19,140 $10.91 $12.10 $25,170 3.0 %
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 67,320 $10.09 $10.71 $22,280 1.0 %
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 36,020 $9.92 $10.49 $21,830 1.8 %
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 162,360 $13.17 $13.84 $28,780 0.6 %
51-4012 Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 22,460 $17.70 $18.12 $37,690 1.2 %
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 114,210 $11.66 $12.03 $25,030 0.9 %
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 53,950 $12.11 $13.30 $27,660 1.8 %
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 49,710 $12.85 $13.39 $27,850 1.4 %
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 351,050 $11.03 $11.67 $24,280 0.6 %
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 71,490 $12.25 $12.97 $26,990 1.1 %
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 124,080 $11.71 $12.42 $25,820 0.7 %
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 84,020 $13.77 $14.27 $29,680 0.8 %
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 35,610 $13.25 $14.00 $29,130 1.1 %
51-4041 Machinists 420,320 $14.78 $15.20 $31,610 0.4 %
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 19,770 $13.47 $14.12 $29,370 1.0 %
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal 15,660 $12.67 $13.38 $27,840 1.5 %
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 10,540 $16.07 $17.10 $35,570 4.4 %
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 8,290 $14.83 $15.88 $33,040 2.9 %
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers 34,130 $11.88 $12.45 $25,900 1.7 %
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 158,280 $10.40 $11.36 $23,630 1.0 %
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 109,950 $12.96 $14.11 $29,350 2.4 %
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers 131,080 $19.76 $20.07 $41,740 0.9 %
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 413,720 $13.13 $13.98 $29,080 0.5 %
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 69,670 $13.09 $14.30 $29,730 1.8 %
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 35,840 $12.64 $13.47 $28,020 1.1 %
51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 16,770 $14.27 $15.22 $31,650 2.2 %
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 54,760 $11.23 $11.82 $24,580 0.7 %
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 28,360 $13.22 $14.22 $29,580 1.2 %
51-5011 Bindery Workers 102,020 $10.05 $11.14 $23,180 0.8 %
51-5012 Bookbinders 9,080 $11.42 $12.89 $26,810 2.6 %
51-5021 Job Printers 50,070 $13.61 $14.37 $29,880 1.5 %
51-5022 Prepress Technicians and Workers 104,920 $14.57 $15.31 $31,840 1.3 %
51-5023 Printing Machine Operators 214,880 $13.57 $14.47 $30,090 0.6 %
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 216,630 $7.59 $7.99 $16,630 0.6 %
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 100,190 $7.77 $8.14 $16,940 0.9 %
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 362,010 $7.80 $8.39 $17,450 0.7 %
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 12,210 $8.32 $9.07 $18,860 1.8 %
51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 8,070 $8.89 $9.17 $19,060 2.4 %
51-6051 Sewers, Hand 24,240 $8.09 $9.09 $18,900 3.8 %
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 32,840 $10.14 $11.20 $23,300 1.2 %
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 38,350 $9.42 $9.49 $19,750 1.6 %
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 39,730 $9.23 $9.74 $20,260 1.1 %
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 69,110 $10.32 $10.45 $21,730 0.8 %
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 82,320 $9.89 $10.12 $21,040 0.8 %
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 36,350 $12.66 $12.68 $26,380 1.5 %
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 14,890 $11.57 $14.32 $29,790 2.3 %
51-6093 Upholsterers 42,410 $11.42 $12.30 $25,580 1.3 %
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 132,630 $10.83 $11.60 $24,140 0.6 %
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 36,870 $10.34 $10.95 $22,770 0.8 %
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood 4,900 $11.70 $13.31 $27,680 2.3 %
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood 5,420 $13.59 $14.50 $30,160 3.6 %
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 54,330 $10.23 $10.71 $22,290 0.7 %
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 99,410 $10.00 $10.44 $21,710 0.6 %
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 2,550 $27.51 $28.41 $59,100 1.6 %
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 15,050 $23.35 $23.65 $49,190 1.6 %
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 34,720 $22.16 $21.79 $45,330 0.8 %
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 56,330 $19.43 $19.94 $41,470 1.0 %
51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 87,760 $15.09 $15.60 $32,450 0.8 %
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 62,450 $19.59 $19.31 $40,160 0.9 %
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators 12,890 $21.50 $21.47 $44,660 1.4 %
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 31,230 $21.72 $21.15 $43,980 1.3 %
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 60,380 $17.21 $17.46 $36,310 1.0 %
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 36,110 $13.09 $13.77 $28,650 1.3 %
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 45,010 $11.99 $12.60 $26,200 0.8 %
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 48,610 $10.48 $11.53 $23,990 1.1 %
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 111,480 $12.58 $13.05 $27,150 0.8 %
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 34,340 $9.78 $11.07 $23,030 2.5 %
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 82,450 $11.48 $11.98 $24,920 0.7 %
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 76,370 $11.94 $12.57 $26,150 1.2 %
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 31,800 $13.13 $13.60 $28,300 0.8 %
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 571,220 $12.22 $13.47 $28,010 0.5 %
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 31,030 $12.66 $13.91 $28,930 3.4 %
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians 40,580 $12.94 $14.04 $29,200 1.3 %
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians 11,480 $11.97 $13.44 $27,950 3.9 %
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 36,980 $9.88 $10.45 $21,740 1.3 %
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 370,080 $9.45 $10.43 $21,700 0.8 %
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 103,650 $11.37 $12.09 $25,140 0.9 %
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 43,270 $14.64 $15.82 $32,910 1.3 %
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 33,940 $9.55 $10.48 $21,810 1.3 %
51-9131 Photographic Process Workers 26,650 $9.44 $10.65 $22,140 1.3 %
51-9132 Photographic Processing Machine Operators 51,950 $8.39 $9.39 $19,540 1.7 %
51-9141 Semiconductor Processors 67,000 $12.23 $13.06 $27,170 1.7 %
51-9191 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 34,220 $10.49 $11.14 $23,170 1.8 %
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 18,440 $10.17 $11.10 $23,100 1.5 %
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 7,410 $9.70 $10.58 $22,010 2.0 %
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers 11,060 $10.12 $11.42 $23,740 2.1 %
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 40,260 $11.24 $11.83 $24,620 1.6 %
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 121,300 $12.75 $13.32 $27,700 1.3 %
51-9197 Tire Builders 15,790 $17.56 $16.30 $33,910 3.7 %
51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 533,720 $8.66 $9.30 $19,350 0.5 %

About 2000 National, State, and Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.


National OES estimates by SOC major group



2000 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2000 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2000 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

2000 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Last Modified Date: November 15, 2001

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